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JOHN W. FORNEY.
• - . • • • Editor and Proprletet.
Pnblicatidd Ofd, of Tat PhEal, no. 411
Oheatnut, 9400, PbViiidelphts:
COVERINGS TOR THE READ,
' Einbraoo ail therioluts necessary to
and ell the details andlitcei:eleganctee wlileh impart
FINISII, OOMFORT, , AND DURABILITY.
Gentlemen are Invited to. call and elattairle.-
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L EGAN TL 'ILLUSTRATEIY EN(:
MU VISIT BOOKS FOR THE lIOLI H AYS.
For mile ; at REDUCE!) RATES •,
ImorfCi - of English Books, Choice Eogmiinga,'&e.;
No. 33 Epith fAxilx street, above Chest:mit.
THE HOME AFFECTIONS. By the Poets. Edited
by Charles Mackay., Iliustrated by Blrket Foster, Wil
lard, Weir; arid other enlehiatW*lsis. Small 4to.
cloth and morocco.
THE POETS OR THE NINETEENTH CENTURY,
leautlfullyllluatrated pith ingrevlngS on *rood, by the
most celebrated artletg. Smsdrato. cloth And morocco.
LONGFELLOW'S POETICAL WORKS. Illustrated
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BRYAN VS FORMAL+ WORKS. Finely illastratcat
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RITY}IESAND ROUNDELAYS In praise of a Country
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WORLD.NOTED ‘WOMEN. Edited by Sire. Coirden
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COWBER'S l'Afill‘-`l.leautffully Dluatrafed with en.
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English Masters, Folio; half tnotocco,
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THE CLANS OF• SCOTLAND: , By Malan.. Spleri•
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of the various clans. Beautifully colored. Small
ENGRAVINGS FROM THE ENGLISK ANNUALS.
From 1827 to 1829, both Inclusive. Artist's proohl on
large papet.,l col - folio,miorocco. 'Very rare.- '
DEFOIPS OOMPLETE WORKS. Tallborabeautiful
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ITALY, CLASSICAL, mSTORTOAL AND PIC
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uteri plates, and dencliptioe letter pron.
'LOCKHART'S SPANISH BALLADS Spleodidly il
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MOUNTAINS AND LAKES — OF .-SWITZZIILAND,
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THE WDIALIB-SiALLURY. Beautifully illustrated
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SCOTT'S OMPLETO WORKS.' The Superb Abbots.
ford Edition. Illustrated with beautiful engravings on
eteel end Wood. 17 vela:, royal S vo., cloth.
TURNERS RIVERS OF FR %NOE.' Comprising 62
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letter press. With memoirs of 11. W. Tanner. Small
Ito , choice impressiona,moineco antique.
A . CIIOICE COLLECTION OF ENGLISII WORKS
in every Department of Literature, now' on hand, and
telling at reduced prices, for cash. An unrivalled tat
surtment of-fine , Line Engravings,' Wrter•Color raintl
logs, and Chromollithographs, selling off at'ceeacto re
duce the stock.' • de 16-8 t
ORIGINAL EDITION OF CHARLES
Iug the Dotabtfal 'Plays and' Biography, and illustrated
with very numerous Engraving. on Wood, In the high
est etylti of art; forming 8 Vols., imperial Sta.,
Theaubseribere have been enabled to secure three
copies of this magnifisent edition of Bhakspeare, which
beta ion been exceedingly seeice. ' - Immediate applies
ti on win. be 13864111Saiy to prevent diaappointment in pro-
curing copies. 0, J. PHIOS & Qo_,
'lmporters of Baglieh'Books,
02-y No. 33 eon% Sixth Bt., above Chestnut,
B AILEY & CO.) CHESTNUT STREET
- lianktabtutifir of =
troster,thelr ineyeutlos, on' the premises exelodTely
Milieu. rad Strangers its turited to Tilit our menu
Coniston!ly on hand _a ei!endid stook of Sopezio:
--Wet-Oben, of all the celebrated makers
Necklaces, Bracelets, Brooehee, .19fts•Itinge, Pingo-
Ringo, and all other siticles In the Diamond line.
Drawfase of NEW `DISBIGNS wlll the made free of
ethane for those addling work made to order.
RIOIr GOLD AVITELRY. , „
A beautiful assortment of all
,the new etylee fit line
Jewelry, via u Ilpeale, stone and Shell o.ameO,
Pearl, 1 ral,Aarbaaale, Itlgrquislte;
• Lava, .&e., &o. -
.811111111.ELD , OA8TOW, DABKICTB, ,WAITEBB )
Also, trona* and Marble, OLOOIIe, of nougat
mil of superior quality. aul-d twkwly
T E. OALD WELL & CO.,
ON • ' ' 432 CHESTNUT Street,
,reeeired, per steamers. new stiles
Jewelry, 01110.611 nm, Vest OWN.
Sidendid Fans, Halr Tint •
Pruitaands, Sugar Deatete.
Jet Goode and Plower Vises.
Condi Lava and Honda Beta.
Sole Agents in Philadelphia lot the sale of Charles
Fr odshantoa LONDON. TIME•NEEPERS. , delo
• - iIAI'NIIPASITURERB OP WATCH 0/1810
AND IMPOSTORS OF WAIVERS,
121 BOUM THIRD MOOT, 11111,0 W CHESTNUT,
Common Pectuunto2. AtIOUSTR PECIIMONOT
1 S. JARDEN - & 11R0.
it, • inantinaoruirtoto AND 1011118 OP
No. 'NW Ow:4mA , Street, above Third, (op stain,
tlootantty on band and for Edo to (ha Trade,
TEA lINTO, 004/11LTNIOli 8,E11V10.8 ,StaB, URNS
PITOITRES, GOBLETS, OUPS; WAITERS, BAB
EBTO;CiASTOBS; UNITES, BPOONS, HOWLS,
LADLES, he., ho.
Gilding and plating on all kind. or metal. .;2•lp
‘411, - VER, WARE.— - , •
•• :WILLIAM WILSON' & 11019.1
MANUFACTURERS OF SILVER WARE,
DOINIZN rxrra AND amour ottestrre.
A 14rgo_wattnent of PILVEII WARE, of etery de.
feription, ootottanEy Lend, or mAde to order toutatcb
lorpoitiro of Eihofflat tad Eirsiinglliito Imp:hied
ware:, - _ • , se3o.d&wly
Fq"• REGISTER OF WILLS
, WU. lIANOOOKB,
d244:4 • Babied to aio Wean
CALEB EL WRIGHT,
Subject to Demee ntia tutee
1 - 1 OU, SHERXF
littbJent to Dermot' tatio Wen.,
le - ,
Snot to Democratla Ades. -
.FOR SHERIFF, ' •
EDWARD T. MOTT O
-; , • TWELFTH WARD
81:11 1 / 1 101 , 10 Dillooa4vsa - stutati. oel6-2m*
NOTICE -TO PASSENGERE.- - L . -Paaaen,
gees far 'Ship PIIILA.DELPIITA, Captain Popj,
for LiverPoat, wilt please berm board, at Bhippen 'street
wharf on'TIICRSDAN MOAN! h:(1, December 17, "at II
Cabin paasige s9oi, Second Cabin $20,• Sticiage'
; • • THOS 2110HARDSON k Co.;
Second Cabin andllteerage pandengerS furnished with
provision according to the American passenger act.
ooitPANY.RiILADsoniA, Doom, 1857..
At s *Sting of the Dosrd of Trnstees,held thin even
ing, the fel/owing rosolution was unanimously mt . pted
Breolued,,That the, price of OAB: furnishe&by this
Comiessy Isprieeto goatee:ter*, frorend after the let
day oC Jimuery next, is hereby redneed tb $d to per
I,o'o cubic - feet, with flte per tent, iiineount for pay
ment of Mile within five Atm ae heretofore.
Extreet from the minutes. J. D. BUDD,
40140 - • Auletant Beeretary.
VOL. I-NO. 119...
MUSICAL' FUND HALL.'
511S8 JULIANA DIAT , B
' ." • FIRST CONCERT,
, TRUAX EVENING,,Docembes 18, 1857
1. " Mucha du Smote," Le Prophete Illeyerbeer
Mr HARRY SANDERSON.
Regnava wit Bilenzio, ,, Lucia
de Lammermoor - Donezettl
Miss JULIANA MAY.
8. ", V len i mia Vend etta, ,, Literals Borgia. Don frail
4. lIERR RIMOLPIISEN.
Dallad—y , , Floating on the VI ind, ,, Step'n Clover
Miss JULIANA MAY.
6. Beglia Agonotti
- Signor TIBERINI.
6. ". Di Piacer , t—La Oasts Lades Rossini
Bliss JULIANA MAY.
1. Pantailia, Il Trovatore Verdi
Sir HARRY SANDERSON.
2. Ballets, Rigoletto Verdi
3.." Robert tol qua,' 'gime," Ideyerbeer
- arise JULIANA MAY.
4. ‘, Polerse , -11. Troystore Verdi
lIERR RUDOLF USN.
5. Cantina, Linda di Chisinounix Donizetti
Miss JULIANA MAY.
O. Roma= Don Sebastian°
, Admission to all parts of the Hall, Fifty Cents.
Doors open at 7 o'clock. - Concert to commence at 8
The splendid new grandTiano used on this occasion,
fot the make of Mallet dr. Davie. Doston,) will be kindly
furnished by Mr. J. E. Could, Chestnut street. d17.2t
MUSICAL FUND HALL,—
SATURDAY EVENING, Dee. ID.
- ' VANCIDI AND VIEVXTEDIVS CONVERT
Pita Appearance in PhiledeSphia of
MLLE. GIIILIETTA OARIOLI,
Prints Donna Anoints. from the ltellert Opora Houses,
and Aoadetny of Music. N. Y.
: A.1132120°4 to all part► of the 110.11,60 cent,.
lINPREOEDENTED COMBINATION OP TALENT,
TIIREN , PILIAIA. DONNAS
MLLE . ELENA lk o N n O th ll e e lme evening.
- (the celebrated Contralto;)
. 3ILLE.,(IIIILIEtTA OARIOLI,
MISS ANNIE MILNER,
the English' Prima Donna, Academy of Idneic, N. Y.)
Will jointly appear with
U. YIEUXTESIPS, ERNEST PERING,
• (the eminent English Tenor,)
SIG. ROCIO, II. KLETZER.
Encouraged by the unprecedented success which at.
tended the lest Concerts of M. Visuatimps; when the
price of admission was Cud at fifty tante, the Manager
has been induced to come again before the Ptdiadelphirt
public, hat with a greatly increased attraction. On this
occasion the abOve eminent Artistes will be. presented
at the Caine price of admission.
NOVICE—To prevent an overelouded Rouse, the
I Management has decided' to limit' the number of tic kets.
No more Wilt be 'Old Oulu 'can be Comfortably acoomo•
dated. • The limited nifmbir uf Tickets can be obtained
at the Musical Ennd4lall-and at theDlueic Stored.
ON TUESDAY, December 224,
0 ORAND MATINEE MUSICALE
performance, at.2)4 o'clock '
M., at the
Grand Concert and laid appearance or Mmes. D'Angri,
earroli, Milner, Vleuxtainpe, Perting, Rocco, Kletzer,
and Abello. ,Tickets 60 eenl,e4 dell -at
MRS. D. P, BOWERS'
WALNUT 81104 ET TIINATNE.
Bole.Li3este' ' • • MRS. D. P. DOWERS,
ancLsl4,6 Marmot " RICIUNGB.
THE OPENING MGM,
BA.TI7REAY EVENING, Dec. 19th, 11497
Grand Overture "La Gazza Ladra,w by a full °robes
trit. tinder, the direction of Dr. OUNNINGTON.
alltS. ' BOWERS ' WILL THEN ADDRESS IIER
PATRON R. .. . .
After which , r ill be presented , Bourcicault's great
'Comedy of • ,
LONDON ASSUit &NOE,
With the following combination of arNetic excellence :
Sir Ramona Courtly l Mr. G. footrace,
(hie Bret appearance)
Mr. J. E. trees,
(his first appearance,)
Mr. Spanker Mr. Chapeau.
Mtles Courtly tr. Blumell.
Max Itarkaway ... . ...... . ...... Mr. Brookes,
(his first appearance.)
truly Day Rptinker Mrs. D. P. flowers.
Grace itarksway..4 • ' Mice Caroline 'Belling,.
Pert. Mrs. G. Boni:See.
The enseroble heightened by appropriate Scenery and
Furniture . .
' 'PAS DE DEUX, by MR. and MUSS' WOOD.
NationarChorus—"listlto the Union," by the Vocal
Quartette of the eitahlishment.
, A new "Introduction Pettit," by the Orchestra,
composed and dedicated to Mne, Dowers, by
• DR. , CUNNINOTON.
The Entertainments concluding with the Grand Na
tional Tableau of
One Geo. Washington Mr. Richings.
Goddess of Liberty ffiiss G. Richlogs.
In *lab character she will Sing our National An
them, a The Star Spangled Benner," aided by the en
tire company.- - •
PREPARATION, MANY , NOVELTIES.
Prices of Admission, Twenty-Ave Gents.
Secured Seats. Thirty-se ven and,a half Cents.
-parquetand 'Orchestra - Beats, come two hundred - of
:which have been expressly remodeled-and recushioned
for the aceoinniodation of Ladies, Fifty Gents,
Private Doled, Tim and Five Dollars,
JAMES ILUTORIDISON., Treasurer.
Box Office open from 10 o'clock A. Id. to 3 P.M.
Doors opened at aquarter to T o'clock; curtain will
rise at is quarter past 7 o'clock. : delB.2t
AMERICAN ACADEMY OF MUSIC.—
Z. A. MARSHALL Bole Le 6508.
On THIS (Frida) EVENING, December 18,
• Will be presented the New Grand Bellet, entitled
L' ALLOOGIO MILITARE.
Bartolomeo Signor Olovanoi Prateei
Brigade Bus Eloglie . • .. . • .Bignora Outeeppino Pretest
.To conclude with, lor the second time in ibis city : a
new Grand Ballet Divertiaement, entitled
• V lUD/HONE PUN PITTORE.
Alfredo Big Phillippo Daratti
Jenny Mlle Lartioreaux
The performance to commence with the Comedy of
Mr Pillicoddy, - Mr Chapman; - Captain O'Scuttle, Mr
Le Moyne; Mrs O'Scuttle, Mine Price.
Doom open at 13X o'clock. Performances will nom.
mecca at half-past 7.
PRIORS OF ADMISSION :
Balcony, Parquet, and Parquet Circle 50 cents.
Family Circle and Amphitheatre 25 g
Prirato Boxes, (for eight persons) ES
11:77 . The Box Office open from 0 A. M to 4 P. M. for
the securing of onto and bona, without eXtra charge,
TREASURED TIIO3. McKBON.
WHEATLEY's ARCH ST. THEATRE.
—SOLD LESSEE. W. WHEATLEY
THU (Pride') EVENING. Deo. 18th. 1857,
Will be presented, third Lime, a New Play, in 5 Acts, by
Oliver 8. Leland, Esq., entitled
Or, The False and the True.
Ramiro de Peschiera, Mr Davenport; Lord Welter
Courtenay, Mr Wheatley Lord Landsmere, Mr Dol
man; Beatrice di Negra, Mrs. Davenport.
To conclude with the operatic Cornedletta of
- SWISS SWAINS.
Walter, Mr Dunn; Swig, Mr J 8 Clarke; Dame Gib,
Mre Thayer; Rosetta, Miss A Cruise.
BdALII or Patois.-Boxer, 26 cents; Secured Seats,
88; Orchestra Stalls, 60 cents Seats in Private Dozes,
76 cents; Gallery, 13 cen t s; Gallery for Colored
Persons, 25 cents; Private Box in Gallery for Colored
Persons, 88 cents.
Rex Office open from 10 A. M. until 3P. M. room
will open at 6,l o'oleck ; performance to commence at
rVATIONAL THEATRE AND CIRCUS,
/ WALNUT ETREET, NEAR INGTITII.
LESSEE WESLEY IWIDIORN.
ASSISTANT MANAGER R. JOHNSTON.
EQUESTRIAN MANAGER TROS. RING.
THIS (Friday) EVENING, Dec. 18th, 1857,
Will be repeated the entite new Drama, in three
• • DR. SANE;
Or, Life to the Arctic Regions.
Dr Kane, Mr Wm Myers; Will, 3lr Bannon); Bbanghu,
Mr Drink; Ratty, Mr Cunningham.
To conclude with
DANCING, '&e. Sm.
During the erening,
EEQUIN the whole compecly will appear as
Petiole or Aowtesioc—Drese Circle 81% yenta. Fa
mily Circle 28 cents. , Private Boxes 50 cents.
Poore open at 6% o'clock, Performance to com
mence at TX o'clock.
lAYNE'S NEW HALL, CHESTNUT ST.,
EY BELOW SEVENTH.
Complimentary Testimonial to the Ethiopian Comedian,
R. 1118110 P BUCKLEY,
_And most positively the Last Night but ono of the
DUCKLETS , BERENADEEB.
TIIIB (ffriday) EVENING, Deo. 18, 1867,
Will be performed the Burlerquo Opern of,
Count Lunn-tick, Mr It D Buckley; Lady Lemmonora,
111/6.4 0 Mina.
'Preceded by their inimitable
- • ETHIOPIAN MINSTRELSY.
Admission, 26 cents.
Doors open at halt - last 6 o'clock. Curtain rises at
half-past 7 precisely.
SANFORD's OPERA HOUSE—
ELEVENTH Street, above Cheatnut.
ETHIOPIAN PERFOItHANCES THIS EV BEING.
Ethlopion Life Illustrated by Benfonl'a Troupe of
Stern—New Dances by the Sanford Children.
Doors open at T o'clock—to commence quartor before
To conclude with
A LAUGHABLE ATTEBPIEOIS.
Admittance 25 cents.
'NEW YORK RIO:MANOR
AT melon CURRENT RAUB,
PECIR BRO KERS,
n024-dtt 40 BOUTH THIRD ST
SCULL, CAMBLOS, & 00.,
No. 3 South Third Street.
The highest premium paid for
NEW YORK EXOHANOR.
Minuet:lt 'Fonds bought and sold.
Stocks boughtaud sold on commission only. nolo,2m*
BW. TINGLEY & 00., BANKERS
e No. S 7 South THIRD Street, Philadelphia.
COLLECTIONS promptly made on all aceessible points
In the United Staten and Canada.
Stork', Bonds, &a., Bought and Sold on Commiseiou.
Vneurrent Bank Notee, Ohooke, &0., bought at the
m DDepolits reeelved and Interest allowed, IS per aigies.
tent -- , nos 2.8 m
NOTICE.-NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN
that TEE BANK , OP OHAMBEESBMIG I , will
apply to the Legieleture of Pennsylvania, at its next
Benton; for the plumage of s Law, In the nature of
an Act to edam the title of the said Bank to that car
t-sin EATER EffOR)I4IOUOR and Lot of oround, situate
op-the east aide of Routh PRONT Street, new No. 21,
between Market and Chestnut streets, in the city of
Philadelphia, JAMES LESLEY,
CONGRESS RANGE.—SOLD BY CHAD
WION. & uo, , N0,1Q3 N. nooND MO.
. . .
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FRIDAY. DECEMBER N. 1867.
Yesterday, we published a well-written com
munication, suggested by and in reply to our
declaration that, de filet' thorn never was any
such person as Lord Bumf, the groat states
man and politician so called, having succes
sively received the titles of Sir Fammts BACON,
Baron Verulam, and Viscount St. Albans,
but never having obtained a peerage as Baron
Our correspondent argues that he was en
titled to have the aristocratical "Lord" pre
fixed to his name, by virtue of an office which
he hold before he was elevated to the peer
age. Our friend says that the eminent author
of the as Novum Organum" was Lord Keeper
of the Groat Seal, (an office now merged in the
Chancellorship,) " and, as such, entitled to
sit in the House of Lords, (though not a
Peer,) and to boar the title, and to be ad
dressed as Lord BACON."
In the first place, the Lord Keeper, if a
Commoner, would sometimes
. have to act as
Speaker of tho House of Lords, and would be
addressed, in that position only, as " My Lord"
and" Your Lordship." But ho had no autho
rity to rote—a privilege wholly reserved for
actual members of that House. The proof
that there was only a temporary and courtesy
title of " Lord" from the Keepership of the
Groat Seal is to he found in the fact, which,
we submit, wholly closes the adverse argument,
that FRANCIS BACON'S own father, Sir Metro
ras BACON, actually preceded him in the office
of Lord Keeper, during the first twenty years
of ELIZABETH'S reign, and, no ono has ever
thought of calling him "Lord B`Aooir." So,
also, the , tioneus Sir
(of ,dancing memory,who is immortalized in
a stanza by GRAY) was Lord. Keeper, in the
time of Queen ELIZABETH, and no one ever
speaks or writes of him as " Lord" HATTON.
As for having letters addressed to him, in
which the', Words, "My Lord," and " Your
Lordship" may have been used, there is no
thing in it. There is no letter of his own
signed " BACON." To this hour Sir Fas
t:kerma PoLtocx, as Chief Baron of the Ex
chequer of England, and Sir ALEXANDER
Coonniratr, and Chief Baron of the Common
Pleas, are spoken to and written to as "My
Lord," and " Your Lordship," but no one at
this moment, and no one, after they are dead,
will call them Lord POLLOCK or Lord COCK
BURN. Further, when our correspondent says
that, as Chief Justice of England is correctly
called a Lord COKE," though he never was a
peer or nobleman, being so designated, "by
right," we deny that he was In any way enti
tled to the title. And we state, as a public
fact, with which, no doubt, onr Intelligent
friend is familiar, that the late Sir Ctuntas
ABBOTT, who was Chief Justice of England
from 1818 to 1832, was never called " Lord"
Annex?: He was raised to the peerage in
1827, under Mr. CANNINO'S administration,
and then was properly addressed as Lord
That the Lord Keeper should have been
called Dominus," at a time when the Latin
langpngo was much used in the English law
courts, means nothing, and gives nothing.
To this hour, in Trinity College,
every under-graduate has the courtesy prefix
of "Dominus." Who will declare that Do
minus Murphy or Dominus Mulligan is entitled
to ho spoken and written of as " Lord" Mur
phy or " Lord" Mulligan.
There are, at present, two eminent ex-Chan
ellors in England, -Lords .I.lllllolUStrr • and
ST. LEONARDS, who obtained nearly SS much
reputation under their simple patronymics
as BACON did under his. Sir Jona Cot ,
LEY, our countryman, (son of the historical
painter,) was createdßaron Lyndhurst In 1827,
when Mr. CANNING made him Master of the
Rolls. Sir EDWARD SIOUAN, author of the
great law-treatise upon " Powers," was created
Baron St. Leonardo, in 1862, by tho Derby-
Disraeli Government. No one calls them
Lord Copley or Lord Sugden,—they are ad
dressed, rightly and naturally, as Lords Lynd
hurst slid Lord St. Leonardo, their given titles.
Yet, if it be right to speak of Viscount St. Al
bans as " Lord BACON," a title he never pos.
nosed, it would be equally right to confuse
matters by speaking of Lord Copley and Lord
BACON was appointed Lord Chancellor of
England on the dtli of January, 1618, and con
tinued to preside over the House of Lords,
simply RS Sir FRANCIS BACON, until July 11,
in the same year, when, his biographer says,
" he was created Baron Verulam, and look his
scat among the peers." In the interval between
his appointment as Lord Chancellor and his
elevation to the peerage, Sir FRANCIS BACON
always signed public documents and private
letters simply as "Fe. BACON," it commoner.
Ho sat on the Woolsack, it Is true, but he had
no privilege of taking part in the debates or of
giving a vote. All this time he was addressed
as " My Lord" by the different peers, but they
know better than to speak of him or write to
him RS " Lord BACON."
Our correspondent, rather loosely, tells us,
"It is Bald that Lord BROUGHAM assumed his ti
tle, went to the House of Lords, and presided
there iminedi , tely after ho received the Great
Seal from the handset' WILLIAM IV, though a
short interval subsequently •lapsed before ho
was created 'Baron Bnountima,' or entitled to
take his sent as a peer." The title he received
was Baron BROUGHAM and VAux, (the writer
of this article has repeatedly had the Letters
Patent of this peerage in his hand,) and we
can say, from personal knowledge, as a spec
tator, on that memorable day, that it was as
a Peer, and not for one hour as a Commoner,
that BROUGHAM took his neat upon the Wool
seek, as Lord Chancello r.
Our correspondent is scarcely correct in men
tioning that Lords JEFFREY and CocKsvON
had no legal right to the title. It is conferred
upon them, however, by more than courtesy.
Up to the Union, in 1707, each Judge of the
supreme Court of Scotland (Lord of Session
is the name) were entitled to sit in the Scot
tish House of Lords. At the Union, the
Scottish was merged in the British Legislature,
but the Judges were allowed to retain their
nominal honors of title. So, to this day, each
Scottish judge is called "Lord," but, with great
want of gallantry, against which the strong
minded women of Scotland should complain,
though the Judge may bo called Lord JEFFREY,
his wife Is not called Lady. She remains
plain Mrs. JErrnuy, despite her husband's
We have now given some of tho,roasons on
which we formed the opinion that Sir Fit Anus
BACON, Baron Vernlam, and Viscount St.
Albans, Is improperly spoken of as Lord
BAtion, a title which he never possessed. Wo
have stated these reasons to show that our
opinion was not hastily nor crudely formed,
and also because wo really wish to satisfy our
correspondent, who has conducted this little
controversy in such a manner, that, though
we do not yield to his arguments, we are not
unwilling to admit ourselves almost disarmed
by his gentle courtesy.
The matter under consideration is almost
worthy of being considered one of the Curi
osities of Literature. We have been unable
to ascertain at what time BACON first received,
in common parlance, the prefix of " Lord."
Ile really was a Lord, as baron and viscount,
but not in the way the title is ordinarily ap
plied to him. As our correspondent remarks,
BACON'S title brought to him little save dis
honor. He was fifty-seven years old when ho
received it. His great works had been written,
though not all published, before he was called
to the House of Lords. Always improvident,
making money largely and spending It lavishly,
the additional cost of supporting what is called
" the dignity of the peerage" involved him in
difficulties, and ho received bribes, as Judge,
to meet his wants. He confessed his guilt.
He had stained the purity of the Ermine.
Tie exhibited great contrition, and when a
PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1857.
deputation of the lords waited on him to in-,
quire if ho had indeed signed a full confession
of the truth of each particular charge against
him, he replied, "It is my act—my hand—my
heart. Oh t my lords, spare a broken reed."
With all his guilt, which nothing can extenuate,
there is something very touching in the
closing words of his will, , c My name and
memory I leave to foreign nations, and to my
own countrymen, after some time be passed
over." Justice has long since been fairly,
and even favorably meted to him, at home
and abroad. As a lawyer, an orator, a states
man; and a man of science, FRANCIS BACON
is confessedly one of the master-minds of his
ago and country. Above all Englishmen, he
has deserved the name of Father of Natural
FORREST AND TILE CALIFORNIANS
The Californian papers convey to us copies
of a correspondence between the magnates of
California and our highly distinguished towns
man, EDWIN FORREST, the tragedian. Consi
dering how great aro his qualifications, no man
of his celebrity has gone less upon the starring
system. Those attributes have won him good
wishes and favorable opinions every where.
From California, those aro earnest and warm.
When the mountain could not go to Mations;
it was necessary for Matiourr to go to the
mountain. The Californians could scarcely
come eastward, with the sole mission of see
ing Mr. FORREST, so the Governor and Lieu.
tenant Governor of the State, with the State
Secretary, State Comptroller and Treasurer,
Secretary and Assistant Secretaries of the
Senate, the Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate,
twenty-seven members of the Senate, the
Speaker of the house of Representatives, and
forty-eight members, dating front the State
Capital, at Sacramento, April 20, 1857, have
sent the following address to Mr. FORREST ;
'RESPECTED Sin : The undersigned State offi
cers and members of the Senate and Assembly, a
small Portion of your many admirers on the coast
of the'Pacitic, avail themselves of this. the only
mode' under their control, of signifying to
you the very high estimation, as a gentleman
and an actor, in which you aro generally and
universally held by all who have a taste for the
legitimate drama, Genuine taste and rigid oriti
aim have united with the verdict of impartial
history to pronounce you the heed and leader of
the noble profession to which you bare consecrated
abilities that would in any sphere of life render
you eminent. We believe that so long as Shake
pears is remembered, and his words revered, your
name, too, will bo remembered with pride by all
Rho glory in the triumphs• of our Saxon litera
conclusion, permit us to express the hope that
your existing engagements will so for coincide
with our wishes as to permit us, at an early day,
to wolcomo you to the shores of the Pacific, assu
ring you of a warm and sincere reception, so far as
our efforts can accomplish the same, and we feel
that wo but express the feelings of ovary good °Ri
sen of the State."
Mr. FORREST'S reply, dated Philadelphia,
July 10,1857, is to the following effect :
"GENTLEMEN : With a grateful pleasure I ac
knowledge your oommunioation of April 20th, de
livered to me a short time nines by the hands of
" Your flattering Invitation, BO generously be
stowed, and so gracefully expronsed, to enter the
Golden Gate, and visit your beautiful land, is one
of the highest compliments I have over received.
It in an honor, I venture to say, that MS never
before conferred on one of my profession.
" It comes not from the lovers of the drama or
men of letters merely, but from the Executive, the
Representatives, and other high officials of a great
State of the American Confoderaoy ; and I shall
over regard it as one of the proudest compliments
in all my professional career.
" Believe use, I deeply feel this mark of your
kindness, not as more incense to professional or
personal vanity, but as a proud tribute to that art
which I have loved so well, and have followed so
"'The youngest of the niter Arte,
Where all their beauty blends.,
"This art, pormit me . to add, which from my
youth 1 have sought porsonally to elevate, and
professionally to improve, more from the truths in
nature's infallible volume than from the podantio
words of the schools—a volume open to all, and
which needs neither grook nor Latin lore to under
"And now gentlemen, although I greatlyeeirat
that it is not n my power to accept your invitation,
I sincerely trust there will be a time for such a
word, when we may yet meet together under the
roof of one of these proud temples consecrated to
the drams, by the taste and the munificence of
It will bo seen that though ho declines ac
cepting this invitation at present, Mr. Foattner
holds out a promise of accepting it, ore long.
Indeed, the solicitation has been so entirely
complimentary, we might say so kind, that wo
do not ace how it could be declined altogether.
The Californians, many of whom have wit
nessed Mr. Foanctrr's performances in the
Northern and Eastern States, must have the
opportunity of seeing him on their own
ground, in the maturity of his powers and
the fulness of his fame. They will have a
gratification of no ordinary degree, and Mr.
Fonansr is bound to let his Californian friends
MISS JULIANA MAY'S CONCEIIT.—Thera is no
doubt now that Miss May will have a crowded at
tendance at Musical Fund Hall. Much interest is
excited by the foots that the lady, in the first
place, is an American Prima Donna—also, she is
young; next, she has numerous personal attrac
tions; and, what most concerns the public, that
she has a fine voice, with the advantage of having
been exceedingly well trained by the first masters
in this country and Europe. She will sing in Eng
lish, Italian, and French. By the programme,
which we publish in another part of our paper to
day, it will bo seen that Miss May will have the
assistance of Signor Tiborini, the tenor, and Herr
Rudolphson, the baritone—both very good sing.
em. Above all, Mr. Harry Sanderson, certainly
the best pianist, for his years, in Ibis country,
will make his first appearance in this, his
native city. Ile was literally "to the manor
born," having first seen the light, some
nineteen years ago, in the Merchants' Ho
tel, north Fourth street. At the age of three
years, he commenced playing with the keys of a
piano•forto, and his father, allowing his evident
predilection for music to have its way, has had
him carefully instructed. He Is now an excellent
pianist, and this we say not without cause, having
had the gratification of hearing him in private.
R. Bishop Buckley's testimonial benefit will
come off at Jayne's Hall, this evening, and the
programme presents 0 fine melange of musical and
other performances of no ordinary merit and In
terest. This will be the last night but ono of the
Buckley's' performances in this city during the
present year. They perform in New York next
Tho new play " Beatrice," which was so success
ful at the Arch-street Theatre on Wednesday eve
ning, woo repeated last night, and a little judi
cious pruning has considerably improved It as an
acting play. It ran—if possible—even smoother
than on the first night, and bids fair to have a very
brilliant career. Considering that Mrs. Daven
port was unable, from severe illness, to attend the
last rehearsal, on Wednesday, and made a great
effort to appear on that evening (rather than disap
point tho audience, by having the play deferred),
her performance must be accepted, not only as a
strong effort of genius but of will also. Mies
Taylor's admirable acting should also be greatly
commended, as well as the sneeersful efforts of Mr.
Wheatley and Mr. Davenport. The great.oharm
of the whole performance was Its groat natural
ness; it seemed a succession of life-scenes, and
note mere actors' drama.
Mrs. Bowers opons tho Walnut Street Thontro,
to-morrow evening, with Mr. Richingn an her not
ing manager. After tho overture, Mrs. Bowen
will speak an address. Bourcionuit'n comody of
"London Assurance" will follow, with Mrs.
Bowers as Lady Gay Spanker, Miss Riohings as
Grace Iladaufay, Mr. Etchings as Dazzle, Mr.
J. B. Owens as Meddle, and Mr. G. Bonifeco as
Sir Harcourt Courtlty. Dancing by Mr. anti
Miss Wood, with singing, a now polka, and tho
National tableau of "Washington," complete the
programme. Many novelties tore announced no in
preparation, and the audience part of the house
has undergone some improvements, Mrs. Bowers
has the best wishes of the publie for hor succors.
Tllll Albany Argl(3. speaking of the Constitution
prepared by the Kansas Convention, says that " it
is ndocumont drawn up with ability, and in clear
and statesmanlike language," and that " it is evi
dently modelled after the Constitution of New
York." It enumerates the several points of stmt.
larity, but in ono respect, at least, it Is in error.
It says :
" The declaration of rights is very full and com
prehensive. It even nouns to froo negroes the
right to live in the State—a right not granted to
them probably by the Constitution of any other
State in the Union."
This is entirely erroneous, as will appear by
perusal of the 23(1 section or the Bill of RION,
whiob provides that "free nogroee Aral MI be per.
lnizied to live in this State, under any eiroum
A young woman in Cincinnati got drunk the
other day end was taken to tho station ; whiled
there she had constant convulsions, during which
two men could not hold her, and ahe afterward.
died The dootora said the fits were caused by free
indulgence in etryahnine whiskey.
Niesmo n ge of Governor Stantoa to the Territorial
LECOUPTON, DeColllber 8, 1851.
Fellow•titizeds of the Conned and Hou3e of
In tho absence of the Governor, who, by leave
of the President, has gone for a short time to
Washington, on important public, business, and
while thus temporarily clothed, by the organic
net, with all the powers and duties of the Chief
Executive offico of the Territory,l find myself
compelled, by a sense of duty, to nail you together,
in mice that you may adopt prompt legislative
nicecurce to Avert the calamities which imminent
ly threaten the public peace. From the repro
eentatione of a majority of your own bodies, as well
tie from other information of an authentic charac
ter,l luvt6 reason to know that recant events have
prouced b profound agitation of the public mind,
and that it sense of wrong and injustice, whether
well or 111 Pounded, anti An apprehension 6f greater
evils to ariso therefrom, have aroused the people
of tho , Territory to a condition of dangerous ex
citement., Tbo proceedings of the late Constitu
tional Co)si , ention are the immediate cause of this
trouble ajid alarm.
Tho lakparred at the last session of the Legis
lative Arrembly, providing for the organization of
a Convention to frame a Constitution for the go.
verninout of Kansas as one of the States of the
Union, 'Om adopted at a period when, unfortunate
ly, the pesieles of .the Territory were divided 'by a
bitter 10014, resulting from the previous Mate of
cothmotion and civil war. In consequence of this
embittaked feeling, and the mutuel distrust natu
rally thercray engendered, one of the parties, con
sti Whim+ /ergo major' tje of . the people, refrained
aimed , elt1; aly from any participation in the pro
ceedinaltetituted under the Jaw eforeraid. The
census Iherein provided for was imperfectly ob•
Mined from an unwilling people, in nineteen cram'
ties of theTarritory ; while in the remaining coun
ties, betng +tiro nineteen in number, from various
onuses, fie attempt was made to comply with the
some instancos, people and officers were
alike sworn° to the proceeding ; inothers, the rah
errs neglected or refused to cot; find in some,
there wee but a email population, and no efficient
orgenliation, enabling the people to secure a repre
sentation in the Convention. Under the opera
tion of all these causes combined, a census list
wog oblained of only nine thousand two hundred
and fft.ime legal voters, confined to preoirely one
half the zennties of the Territory, though these,
undoubtedly, contained much the larger part of
At the election which followed in pursuance of
the late, only two thousand two hundred persons,
being Itkr than ono-fourth of the registered voters,
partleipeted, In any manner, in the choice of dele
gates, either by voting for those clouted, or for
other pertains. 'The average aggregate vote in
favor of the successful candidates was about
eighte!Hi hundred. •
It Liras appears that in the election of the 15th
June Last, for delegates to the Convention, the
great Dram of the people refrained from voting,
and left the whole proceeding, with all Its import
ant consequences, to the active minority, under
whore auspices the law had boon enacted, and
also executed, so far no that could be done by the
executive officers, without the concurrence of a
mejority of the people.
That the refusal of the majority to go into the
eleatien for delegates was unfortunate, is now too
apparent to bo denied. It bas produced all the
evils and dangers of the present critical hour. It
hair enabled a body of nien, not actually repre
senting the opinions of the people, though regu
larly and legitimately clothed with their authority,
to prepare for them a form of government, and to
withhold the greater part of its most important
provisions from the test of popular judgment and
motion. It has created the present profound ex.
oitetnent, consequent upon the apprehension that
Congress may admit the State under this Corlett
tutlora.and that the people of Kansas May be thus
forced to submit to the operation of a fundamental
law in the adoption of which they have had no ac
It is not my purpose, nor is it necessary, to in
qtfire bow far either of the parties into which the
peciple wore unhappily divided upon the proceed-
Inge ht question, was justifiable in the course pur
sued, The only important question which seems
now to concern tho people, or their representatives,
is, as; to the legal and political effect of the facts as
statt—whethor they do or do not impose upon the
whole people an obligation to accept the work of
the Convention, and to acquiesce in its plan of
adopting the Constitution and sending it up to
Congress for the admission of Kansas as a State
Into the Union.
If a Convention, organized as this was, eon bo
considered as embodying in itself the sovereignty
of the people, the diffioulty Is undoubtedly insu
perable, and the omission of the majority to vote
last.rune is past all present remedy But, in my
judgment, such a position cannot be successfully
The fundamental principle of popu
lar self-government, nod especially of that " re
publiean form, " which the Constitution of the
United States guaranties to every member of the
Confederacy, exeludes the possibility of the dole
igetthg or transfer of their sovereignty, by the peo
ple guar authority whatever. In its very na
titirthat sovereignty i 5 b erects Governments
and endows them with their legitimate powers,
can be a:embed only by the people themselves
It is incapable of alienation, end is as insepara
bly inherent in the body of the people as are per
sonal Identity and independent will in each indi
The people cannot divest themselves of it, any more
than at individual can divest himself of his own
moral responsibility. Any other theory would in
volve the absurdity of the possible subjection of
the sovereign to its delegated agent; for if the
sovereignty be actually delegated or transferred,
it may evidently be used to enslave the sovereign
people themselves. If the Convention could enact
a Constitution, and put it in force of its own au
thority, it could readily adopt and perpetuate the
most tyrannical provisions ; for if the Constitution,
as in this ease, may he made permanent until
16t8, it might equally be made perpetual and La
In its essential character, when about to frame
a State Government, the sovereignty of the pooplo
of a Territory is identical with that of the people
of a State. It must necessarily be equally as pie
nay and independent; otherwise, the new State
would not stand upon an equality with the old
once. The perfect equality of all the members of
the Confederacy is the very basis of the Federal
Constitution. It is true that a Territory cannot
become a Stale of the Union without the consent
of Congress. But this discretion on the part of
Congreqs does not imply the power to dictate in
stitutions to the people of the Territory, or in any
way to restrain, or limit, or force their sovei eignty
in the exorcise of its high function of framing its
own Stats Government The only rightful power
which Congress has in the
. premises is to determine
when the new community is sufficiently mature to
Resume an independent Government, and to re
cognise the identity of the people in their new
form of a State.
That clause of the Constitution guarantying to
the States a "republican form of government,"
Imposes the obligation to protect the people in their
svereignty, end to prevent Its alienation, if that
were possible, as a doparturo from tho true repub
lican farm. Congress, therefore, line no rightful
power to accept a State Government which has not
resolved the sanotion of tho people who aro to live
ardor it. The attempt to exorcise such a power
would be a plain violation of the Constitution. It
would be none the loss n usurpation because the
Ample might afterwards regain their violated 8010-
rehrnty . .
The Instances in which Congress has recognised
nod received now States. without the actual sub
mission of their Constitutions in the vote of the
people, are not necessarily to conflict with the
principios now assorted. Doubtless, if the people
of a Territory should quietly acquiesce in the
adoption of a Constitution passed for them, they
might thus give very satisfactory evidonce of their
approbation. But no instance can bo found on
record of n Constitution accepted by Congress,
against the will of a majority of the people, ex
pressed in any distinct, manner whatever.
It is not intended heroin to assume that the
people of the Territory are opposed to the Consti
pation which is tee be submitted, in a certain form,
on the 21st instant. It is sufficient for the occasion
which now convenes the Legislative Assembly, and
for tho purpose of this communication, that there
is wide-spread dissatisfaction, Wreatoning to die-
Urfa the tranquillity of the poems. If there be any
moans of provonting the discord and possible vie-
Pomo, which are co soriously apprehended as the
moult of the partial and imperfect election autho
rized to be held at tho time named, under the au
thority of the Constitutional Convention, it is the
mlonin duty of the Legislature to ascertain and
*gout the monsures most effectunl for that end.
What appropriate and eftioiont measure oan bo
adopted, in the existing emergency, is a question
not without difficulty. Some hare proposed a re
peal of the oat of tho hot Legislature tinder which
the Convention assemble , ' and performed its func
tions. lint inasmuch as that law has bcon par
tially executed, it is doubtful whether en not of re
'eat would have the effect intended. It is eer-
ain, that if tho Constitution %vero to bo really
submitted to the people, and they should ratify it
by their vote, a legislative repeal, between the
dates of the submimion and of the election, would
not affect the validity of tho sovereign not of rati-
The true purposo which, in my judgment, ought
to control your legislation on the present occasion,
andithnt which is, perhaps, the most pertinent and
practicable within your power, is to provide for
the regular and legitimate exorcise of the sove
reignty of the people on those points in which the
Convention has attempted to trammel or restrain
It: in other words, to provide for a direct, vote,
under your own authority, upon the adoption of
the Constitution which is to bo partially submit
ted, on the 21st, under the authority of the Con-
I have already expressed the grave doubts I
entertain as to the power of the Legislature in any
scanner to interfere with the proceedings of the
Convention. But there can be no question as to
your authority to provide, by is suitable law, for a
fair expression of the will of the people upon the
vital question of approsing the Constitution. That
highest act of sovereignty—the act of delegating
appropriate powers in the best form of words, and
with the proper limitations, to a State °rimies
t:on—so deeply involves the dearestfrights and in
terests of the people, that the very safety of our
whole system of sell-government demands, in all
cases, but especially where tiny doubt or dislatis
faction prevails, an unequivocal ratification of the
Constitution to be adopted.
Perhaps a majority of the people may accept the
instrument now before them, in one or the other of
the forms in which it is presented by the Cenven.
Con. In that case, there could be no ground of
complaint ; for I doubt not the whole people will
cheerfully acquiesce in the will of the majority,
fairly unattained, On the other hand, if the peo
ple should deoldo against the Constitution in both
forms, it would not bo possible for Congress, with
out a violation of all popular rights, to admit
Kansas into the Union under it The way would
then be fairly open for the passage of any other
appropriate measure, by virtue of which the peo
ple, relieved from all former embarrassments,
could elect their delegates to a Convention, and
establish their own institutions, in their own way,
In accordance with the provisions of the organic
act apd the fundamental principles of soft-govern
It is difficult to see what objection could be raised
to such a law passed at the present time, and to
be executed' cotemporaneously with the vote
upon the Constitution, as provided by the Conven
tion. That body itself had its existence from the
authority of the Legislative Assembly. This con
stitutes its whole title to regularity and legiti
macy ; for no valid claim eon be based upon any
supposed recognition by the people,
the great majority of them refrained from all par
ticipation in the eleotion. If that Convention,
thus deriving its authority solely- from the legis
lative enactment which called it into existence,
clan send up to Congress a Constitution for the
State of Kansas, without actually submitting it
to the people, the same Legislature may, with
equal regularity and legality, provide for an inde
pendent vote or the people upon the actual rati
fication of the instrument which is sought to
be imposed upon them. It le not to be supposed
that Congress will disregard the voice of the peo
ple, legally expressed in the manner proposed,
whether its decision shall be for or against the
In pursuance of these views, I recommend the
passage of a law, directing an election to be held,
either under existing regulations, or in pursuance
of other suitable provisions to be expressed in the
act, in whieli the people shall be authorized to vote
for the Constitution in either of the'forms pre
sented by the Convention, and also against that
Constitution in both forms. As any law attempt
ing to control . the officers of the Convention, and
those acting under thorn, would be of more than
doubtful validity, and might be wholly disregarded
by them, it would bo prudent to provide for a se
parate proceedlig under different officers, but it
might be of groat convenience to. the ,
et /Wee ef fi ciency for the ebjeole 'in view, to bold
this eleogon at thstamts !kid; end at the Cattle
places., provided for in the proclamation of the
President of the late Convention, iii order that the
result may be communicated to Congress at the
earliest practicable moment, as the sovereign will
of the people of Kansas.
It would seem to Me that this single act will be
sufficient to moot this whole emergency, and to dis
pel the excitement which now threatens the peace
of tho Territory. If it be adopted, substantially
in the form proposed, without any embarrassing
adjuncts calculated to arouse prejudice and to pro
duce discord, the earnest directness and unity of
the act, looking alone to the one great and rightful
end of ascertaining the true will of the people and
securing its ascendency, cannot fail to commend it
to the approbation of till patriotic hearts in the
Territory and throughout the Union.
The laws now prevailing In this Territory pro
vide for the proper punishment of illegal and
fraudulent voting ; but there is no provision which
will reach the case of fraudulent returns. The
ease of the late Oxford precinct, in Johnson coca
ty. was an enormity so groat that it has nowhere
been defended or justified. Yet the evil oonse
(ponces of it are seen in the fact, that oven the
late Convention has been so far imposed upon,
that in its apportionment for the State Legislature
under the Constitution, it has assigned to Johnson
county four Representatives, which must necessa
rily ho based on the notoriously false returns
from that county. In order to meet the apprehen
sions naturellyg,rowingout of these circumstances,
I recommend the adoption of a provision, making
it felony, with suitable punishment, for any judge
or clerk of election knowingly to place on the pot
hooks the names of persons not actually present
and voting, or otherwise corruptly to make false
returns. either of the election held by order of the
Convention, or of any other election to be held in
I cannot close this communication without ex
pressing my deep regret that the absence of the
governor, in this grave emergency, will deprive
you of the benefit of his wile and patriotic coun
sel. the great experience in public affairs, his
profound knowledge of the causes and effects of
political action,would have been of infinite ser
vice to the Trritory in this dangerous crisis.
Upon all occasions where he has addressed the
people, officially or otherwise, upon the affairs of
the Territory, he has uniformly proclaimed his
determination to exert all his official power and
all his personal influence to secure to the people
of Kansas the right to decide, fully and inde
pendently, upon the adoption of their own insti
tutions. Although my authority as acting Gover
nor is II wholly independent of his, and cannot
commit hint in any way for my acts, I conceive
that in taking the responsible step of sailing you
and making the recommendations now
submitted, I am but following to its logical eon.
elusion his whole policy, in all ,of which I have
heretofore cordially concurred.
That your labors may be directed to the attain
ment of only good ends that a benign Providence
may preside over your deliberations, and give you
wisdom and moderation, and forbearance, such as
shall bo appropriate and efficient to allay the ex
citement and dispel the dangers which surround
this distracted community, is the earnest hope . and
prayer with which I commit to you the grave inte
rests upon which you are called to act.
FRED. P. STANTON.
VERY LATE AND INTERESTING FROM
(From the Rt. Louie Republican of Deo. 14.)
The train from Jefferson City last night brought
down a very large number of passengent from the
upper part of this State and Kansas. Many of
them arrived at JeTerson on the Florida, from St.
By passengers in the care we have been kindly
furnished with the Lawrence Republican of Thurs
day last, containing a notice of the proceedings of
the Territorial Legislature and the message of
noting Governor Stanton. The circumstances
under which the message was delivered give it
great importance, and we put it in the hands of
tho compositors without having had time to look at
a paragraph in it.
The Legislature met on the 7th, but there was
no quorum present, and there was an adjournment
to the next day.
On Tuesday there were eleven members present
in tho Council, and twenty-one in the Mouse.
The Council organized by electing C. W. Babcock,
President; J. IC. Goodwin, Secretary: G. A. Col
ton, Assistant Secretary; 1) H. Weir, Engrossing
Clerk, and divers other officers. In the House,
0. W. Doiteler was elected President, C. F. Cur
rier Chief Clerk, and a full set of officers.
We hear from the Territory that there was an
intense excitement among all classes of people,
and it in hardly probable that the party opposed
to the Lecoinpton Convention will permit an elec
tion to be held on the 21st at all. Lane, with
three or four hundred of his myrmidons and fol
lowers, was encamped near Lecompton, ostensibly
to keep the peace, but really to overawe, as it
seems to us, the members of the Legislature, end
to secure such action as they desire with reference
to the Lecomptort Constitution, Many threats of
determination to drive Gen. Calhoun, and all
the members who were concerned with him in the
formation and submission of the Constitution, out
of the Territory, and oven to take their lives,
have been made, but no outbreak of this kind had
News of the dismissal of Mr. Secretary Stanton,
end of the appointment of General Denver in his
stead, had not reached Kansas, but the impression
of our informant is, that It will bring things to an
issue in tho Territory at ones. Perhaps when they
find that the President has adopted his eouree, and
will employ all the means at his command to sus
tain the legally constituted authorities and cnaot
meets, they may hesitate about bringing matters
to a bloody termination, as they declare they will
do, "regardless of coweguences."
Ten Reasons why every Democrat in Congress
■honld Vole against the ndinission of Kan
sas Unless the Whole Constitution is sub
mitted to the People.
f Ftmn the Warren Lodger.]
1. Because the Cincinnati platform was explicit
in the declaration that the "people, acting through
the legally and fairly-e rresseil will of the ma
jority of actual residents," mienulcolde whatkind
of a Constitution they would or would not have.
2. Because Mr. Thwharan's Inaugural and the
President's instructions to nov. Walker expressed
the sentiment that the majoury of the people
should have a fair chance to decide all matters per
taining to that Territory.
1. Because the election of a Democratic Presi
dent in 105 G was secured by adeitting the principle
of popular sovereignty.
4. Because Governer Walker promised tho peo
ple of Kansas that they should have the privilege
of voting upon their Constitution; and his course
has been approved by every Democratic newspaper
in the Northern Statos, and a largo number in the
5. Because the Calhoun Constitution is no more
tbo expression of the people of Kansas than was
the Topeka Constitution, which lacked legality in
adoption, and was rejected by Democrats on that
G. Because the Democracy will insist upon a
precedent being established in this case to govern
like cases in all coming ; thus disposing of a
7. Decauso nineteen-twentioths of the people of
17nneaq desire to veto either for or against the
Constitution, and the Calhoun Convention will only
allow them to vote for the Constitution.
8. Derange the method proposed of "for the
Constitution with slavery,' or •' for the Constitu
tion without slavery," is an anomaly in American
politics, and a dangerous experiment.
P. Because the Calhoun Convention did not re
present tho viii o/• the ma Jo; ity.
10. Decntvo the Democratic party is fully com•
milted on this question ; and " backing down " at
this time would only ploaso a few fanatical fire
eaters, and would destroy the only party which
has stood by (ho people in every vicissitude.
[resin the Westmoreland Democrat ] •
The Kansas question occupies a considerable
portion of the message. In some of Mr. Buchanan's
views wo heartily concur. We thriht—we ought
to say. that we don't believe the Csllioun Conven
tion was a legal body We disapprove of the man
ner in which the adoption or rejection of the
slavery clause was presented to tho people. They
were forced to rote for other objectionable clauses.
Why was not the people to be entrusted
with approving or disapproving of the en
tire Constitution 5 If they were capable
of voting on one clothe, why not the whole?
Would not this be moreconsistent with the much
vaunted doctrine of "squatter sovereignty." We
believe that the entire Constitution should have
been submitted to the people. Ifow far the
neglect to do b 0 011,7:11t to influence Congress in re
jecting the application of Kansas into the Union as
a sovereign State is not our purpose to say. On
this question Democrats may honestly differ.
On Monday evening, about eight o'clock,
a well-known citizen of Allegheny city, Pa ,
Captain John F. Cole, attempted to take the life
of big wife, by tiring a pistol at her. For a num
ber of years past Captain Cole ham bean addicted
to the excessive used ardent spirits, which affected
him in a peculiar manner, inducing remarkable
paroxysms of insanity. During une of these fits
the sad mishap occurred. She as not expected to
Ex-Secretary Guthrie declines running for
Uniteti Ste.tce Senator in Kentucky,
Tim KANSAS CONSTITUTION.
(Prom the Greensburg Democrat.]
Scarcely a paper comes to us that does not con
tain more or less upon the subject of the admission
of Kansas as a State under the Constitution framed
by the Lecompton Convention—almost each one
differing, in the views or Its editor, from the
other. Even among Democrats there seems
to be a radical difference as to the proper come
to be pursued by Congress upon the considera
tion of the application of Kansas, under
that instrument, to emerge from its present
position of a territorial dependent to that of a
member of the Confederacy of sovereign Stelae
The Convention which framed this ConstituiWn
has seen proper to declare that only a portion
thereof shall be submitted to the people for their
approval or rejection. By the schedule annexed
to that document, it is provided that, on a certain
day, the Lona Alm resident settlers of the Territory
shall vote by ballot, as follows: "Constitution
with slavery clause." or " Conatitusion without
It will be observed that an opportunity to vote
against the whole Constitution is not allowed to
the people. This, in our judgment, is all wrong.
We do net believe that the Lecompton Convention
is superior to the people of Kansas. We believe
that the people should be permitted to vote upon
the whole Constitution—that they should not be.
Compelled to vote for the Constitution, as it
stands apart from that slavery clause, (for
if they vote at all—whether for or against
the slavery clause—they vote for the remain
der of the Constitution) no matter Whether
there be in it other matters which, in their
judgments, are wrong. This choice to vote for or
against the Constitution is nothing different from
what would have been the choice of the people of
this country in their selection of a President, last
year, had only the opportunity been given to vote
for." Fremont for President and slavery in Kan
-11414;" or Fremont for President and freedom in
Kansas," They might have settled the Kansas
Buestion as suited them, it is true; but President
uchanan,their titmice, would nut have figured
largely in the returns, from any notion.Jwtrw
it is in Kansas. They may vote as they please,
but they must vote for the Constitution
whether it be right or whether it be wrong
And why is this 7 It is because it was alleged that
if the whole Constitution had been submitted to
the people, they would have voted it down. Is
not that the strongp.,t argument that can be used
against the usurpationists ? fa a Constitution to
he forced upon the people of Kansas which has
not been submitted to them for their approval
—which does not receive their endorsement, and
which would be rejected, if opportunit was
afforded them, by an overwhelming majority'
If the Constitution is right, ought it not
to be submitted to the people" It it be
just and equitable in its provisions, there can
he no wrong dune by having it receive the
sanction of those who are directly interested in
its operations. But if it ho wrong, and if it is
feared that it would be voted down upon a direct
submission to the sovereign people of the Terri
tory, how much greater is the necessity how
much stronger the reaaons and arguments—in
favor of placing it before those people to be con
demned and stricken down'
Upon this question of the Kansas Constitution
wo believe our people arc almost unanimous. They
maintain the same position they occupied in the
campaigns of the last two years. The doctrine of
popular sovereignty, the right of the people to
regulate their own domestic concerns, i s the doe
trine of our Democracy. For our individual part.
we were an advocate and supporter of the Nebras
ka bill, because we believed it tooontain this very
just and equitable principle. We shall not stul
tify ourselves by taking back one single word
from our position on this question two years ago.
We consider it right, and so we shall maintain.
The Position of Walker and Douglas.
We have no hesitation in declaring that we be
lieve the stand taken by these distinguished states
men upon the Kansas question meets the views of
ninety-nine oat of every hundred Democrats in this
county. The right of the people to ratify by their
votes their organic law will be maintained by the
yeomanry of Pennsylvania at all hazards. The
Lecimipton Constitution from the beginning to the
end has been fraudulent. The men that framed it
never reprosente4 the popular sentiment of Kansas.
In addition to theoverwholming evidence that has
marked this conspiracy from the commencement,
the very fact that they guard in the instrument
itself against any attempt upon the part of the
mass of the people from nullifying its obnoxious
provisions, confirms all the charges of wrong that
have been made against these conspirators.
We are for a free vote upon a free Constitution.
We are against this force work of a band of politi
cal desperadoes in a matter involving the vital in
terests of a community. We are for popularl sore
reignty—reglly, not nominally. In short, although
we say it with regret, we arc, upon thisquestion,
against the 'Administration, and with \Talker,
!Ningbo, Forney, and other leading Democrats.
If the Democracy of the North wish to sink
into utter insignificance—if they wish to be
routed and overthrown in every State north
of Mason and Dixon's line, they have only
to sustain the Lecompton iniquity. Oar word
for it, the pore love of freedom—the sturdy inde
pendence and proud Democracy of the free States
will never consent that their sons and brothers
that have peopled Kansas shall be shackled - as
common bondmen. The Northern blood in Kansas
shall have its rights—we ask for nothing more and
assuredly will accept of nothing less. We claim
but an equality with our Southern brethren—we
yield that to them. The fortune of war has given
the now State to the North, and no bluster or
fraud will change its destiny.—ThwringdonGlobe
of December the Kith.
THE UTAH EXPEDITION.
Burning of Store& at Fort Bridger
Wo find the following in the Kansas Journal
of Commerce, of the sth instant, which is con
firmatory of the statement by the same gentleman,
which we published some days ago :
Mr Joseph Mageau, a French trader on Green
river, arrived in Kansas city on Tuesday night,
being the last arrival from Utah and the moun
tains. His accounts confirm our previous advises
concerning the hostility and the outrages of the
Mormons. No "Gentile" is any longer safe in the
He reports that nearly all emigrant trains are
suffering from Mormon depredations, their wagons
being burned and cattle stolen. Brigham Young
is exhorting his followers to resist to tho last ex
tremity, and if overpowered by the Government
troops to flea to the mountains and defend them
selt es. Ile reports that the army is buying up all
the stores it can ?ramie. He says the army has
plenty of provisions for the winter, if they can
only concentrate in sufficient force to protect them
from the Mormons; but scattered as they are, on
the route, ho fears many will be cut off.
Mr. Mageau has mado large contrasts for flour
at Sdlt Lake city for the winter trade, but on
sending his train after it, they refused to let him
hove it lest the army might be supplied by him,
and sent him back with only 400 lbs for his own
Large quantities of grain and forage were stored
at Fort Bridger, which was burned by the Mor
mons to prevent its purchase by the Government.
They had also burned all the grass on the route
The Double Murder :a Lancaster County—
(From the Lancaster (Pa ) ILspress of Wednesday
We briefly referred last evening to the acres
and commitment of Ander.son and Richards
charged tvith fhb' murder We give further de
Intelligence of the murder was communicated to
the mayor about one o'clock. Officers Myers and
Gormley were dospatched to the gate-keeper,
about a mile from the city, from whom it was
learned that two men, answering the description,
had passed. In the meantime, Officer Baker, hav
ing procured a debeription of the men, and suspect
ing that they would strike across the fields around
the city, in tho direction of the Old Factory, where
Anderson formerly lived when in town, he went
out the Now Holland pike, but saw.nothing of
theta. There was a crowd of " boys ' playing
shiuncy" in the neighborhood of the Locomotive
Works, to wlimo ho communicated the state of
affairs, requesting them to keep a sharp look
out while he wont to his house for a revolver, and
If they raw the men to let hint know at once, either
at his house or at the mayor's office.
Ito then returned to the mayor's °Moe, and had
just gone out, when ho met some of the boys, who
stated that the rest of the party wore chasing the
murderers in the direction of the Old Factory,
whereupon 01Ezers Baker, But:Ennio, and Kuhns
started up tke street and intercepted the fugitive
in Middle street, near Stony alley.
When arrested, rill the money, except the half
dollars, woe fraud concealed on Anderson's per
A double•bladed pocket-knife and three half
dollars wore found on Richards.
When the prironers were brought to the mayeer
office, a large and excited crowd gathered in and
around the building. and when they were finally
brought out to be taken up to prison, the excite
ment was irten , e. exceeding oven that manifested
in the Ilagges - ty murder case, the last horrid tit
geily which occurred in this vicinity.
In the alderman's office, Anderson appeared to
be sensible of his position and shed tears; hut Ri
chards noted the bravo throughout, remarking, at
ono time, that ho "didn't care a d—n what they
done with him "' As we stated last evening, blood
was found on his shirt in several places, a largo
blotch appearing uron on e of his wrist-bands, which
ho said came there by killing a turkey. Both de
nied having emno throui•,h the Litiz toll-gate, but
the gate-keeper fully identifies thorn as the men
who passed through.
Whou they store stripped at the prison, blood
was found upon other portions of their clothes, and
one conclusive eirourestance of their guilt is the
fact of a half blotch of blood upon the outside and
lower edge of Richard's pantaloons, which corres
ponds with the other half upon ono of the old
shoes found under Garber's dres.,er, noticed by our
reporter. These slices he lett there, taking a pair
belonging to a member of the family,which he wore
into town and lied on when arrested.
Meer Baker was notified this morning that the
men accused of the murder had left a number of
articles at a place known ns the "Cottage," or
Spook House," near the bridge on the Philadel
phia Railroad, about a mile from this city. The
officer went to the spot and found a mantilla and a
pair of stockings, with marks of blood upon them,
a pair of ear-rings, and some other articles tied in
handketehief, all of which were identified by
Mr. Garber as his property. The shoes worn by
Anderson, when arrested, have also been identified
as having belonged to Mrs. G.
Marvin 11. Lines, a highly respectable citi
zen, of Utica, N. Y., committed suicido by cutting
his throat, on Monday morning. lie Mid given
frequent indications of insanity, and at one time
was a patient in the insane asylum.
The sheriff of Pittsburgh has received the
warrants of Covernor Pollock, authorizing and
directing the evocation, on the 12th of February
next, of Henry Fife and Charlotte Jones, and
Monroe Stewart en the 25th of the raise month.
Clortsrportforkts for i 4 Phis; lair l:
nalad tke following salsa:
/trey,' Connunnleitfon end be lieecerpeafee b the
name of the writer. In order to Were ootreet•age of
the typography, but one aide of a abed dwell be
we shall be great/y obliged to gentleman in Roan , 7l.
mate and other States far contributions giving the car.
rent um of the day In their partienlar localities, the
MM . ." of the surrounding eonntry, the Imetwaes of
population, and any Information that will be Interesting
to the general raider
A largo dog had been accustomed to get
bits of money from his master to go tog, meat stall
to get his lune!) of fresh meat. .011 a day, when
*barge was short; his master gave growler a pima
of white paper on which was an order for the
moat. The dog, after mach urging. carried It to
the meat-stall and received his food,- and so, for
several days, when thinking one piece of paper
was as good as anothet. he would pick tip places of
. paper and carry them to the' Mall wham&
applying to his muter. It was not long before a
long bill came in from the meat dealer, who had
snob confidence in the dog that he did not think
to look at the paper, and the dog himself was very
fat. No arrest was made, and the dog occupies as
respectable a position in moiety as ever.
prom a computation recently nude, it
is caulated there are in occupation 150,000 acres
of improved, and 300,000 acres of unimproved lands
in Oregon. The value of farms is estimated at
$5,900,000,and the total rained' live stock at 52,-
500.000. The total number of acres of surveyed
Jonas west of the Cascade mountains, as computed
by the surveyor general, is 5,705,553. Number of
acres yet to be surveyed, r4,4n0. This land is all
susceptible of cultivation. Breltisite of this, there
is east of the CaScitde mountains a vast scope of
country peculiarly adapted for grazing, Valet wilt
one day probably be settled andECOIXte a separate
Territory or State, as the ease may be.
A very singular thing •i 9 being .brought to
light at the Minnesota mine,Lahe Superior. By
examination among the broken-rocks on the aide
of the bluff, pieces of reinstorte, 'with copper and
silicate, were picked up at one paint In considera
ble quantities, and it was thought best !spell away
the adjacent rubbish and examine for the outcrop
of the Vein. A party of teen were put urn tab_
ground, and soon found the coagannezate with
channel or bench passing throunggh it some Asa ex
aix feet in width. Thb was filled with soa naibish„
containing charcoal and other tracer of the watt*
of the ancient miners. Its depth has not yet been
LOST AT SZA.—Mr. George Carroll Beach,
who left Isere for New York, on board the steamer
Wsidternport, T.hursitay last, fell overboard at sea
and was drowned. Mr. B. and the mate were
leaning against the railing when it broke, and
both wore precipitated into the water. The mate
was recovered, but every effort to are his unfortu
nate companion was unavailing. Mr. Beach was
twentpeight years of age, a native of Michigan,
and bad been spending some few menthe with his
brother, Mr. E. C. Bench, of this city.
Samuel Rice, a teamster in the employ of
Messrs. Shelter k Kauffman, at the Mount Penn
Furnace, in Cumrn township,) Busks county, Pa.,
was instantly killed on Tuesday alfirincon, by
being run over by a wagon. It it, somewhat re
markable, says the Gazette, that dry three weeks
ag% Peter Freeman, another teamster in the em
ploy of the same firm, was killed under precisely
distiller circumstances, and within half a mile of
the, place where the occident above mentioned
A murder war committed in Columbus, Ga.,
on the night of the 4th in L, on the body of a,
young man named John J. Calhoun. The deed
wa4 perpetrated by one James Thompson, aided by
a youth named James Guilford. The principal
actor in this melancholy tragedy has undergone a
trial, in which he Wag found guilty. The Daily
Suit announces that a similar verdict has been.
rendered against the accessory.
in one of the churches in New Bedford, on
Sunday evening last, while the following atanra
was being sung, the gas lights flickered for a mo
ment and then went out--a noticeable coincidence
"Thou stin, with golden beams,
! And moon with paler rays
Ye , tarry lights, ye twiniling flames,
Shine to your Ahuster's
9no year ago to-day (says the Trenton True
Airierican of yesterday) the Delaware and Raritan
Canal was frozen up, and the navigation along the,
line was suspended. The boats are still pushing
their way through loaded with freight, without,
any impediment. and with a smiling sun and an
Tho Charleston Courier says the Niger ex
ploration is likely to receive early attention from
the present Congress. The bill was adopted in the
Sedate last winter on the report of an able com
mittee, composed of Northern and Southern mem
bora ; but it was neglected in the House in the
haste of the last few days of the session.
The St. Louis Republican presumes that
movements will at once be made to concentrate an
army of at least 5,500 men at Fort Leavenworth,
with a view to an early spring campaign.
William Marshall, who was convicted in New
York, before Recorder Smith, for seriously stab
bing a man, was sentenced to nine years and six
mosths impriednment in the State prison.
Thc last survivor of the Wyoming manse,
croVeremilh Spencer) ir living in Torringford,
A. boy named Lewis Jacobs, about fourteen
years of age, was drowned in the Monongahela.
river, at Pittsburgh, on Saturday evening.
*r. James Dening, a well known citizen of
Ifairisburc, died suddenly in that city on Wed
nesday morni ng. James Gallagher has been convicted in that
Kings county court of New York, of the murder of
Counterfeit California three dollar gold
pieces are in circulation at Harrisburg, Pa.
Matilda. Heron and Charlotte Cushman aro
playing in Buffalo.
Thos. Jefferson, Esq., a lawyer of Cam
bridge, Md., died a few days ago.
Dr. Wm. E. Davis died in Boonaboro',
on Sunday night last.
Nicholas Bower, a brakeman on the Bearer
Meadow Railroad, was killed a few days nnee.
Arrival of Santa Anna's Wife—Murder by th,
/Correspondence of the Lolll9lll,l4Conrier
fisves.k, Thursday, Dee. 3. 15,57
The wife of the ex-Dictator of 3[ezico. Santa
Anna, is now in this pity, having arrived here in
the English steamer Solent, on the 23th ult., from
St. Thomas. liar arrival was not known to this
public until a day or two afterwards, ber name not
having been published in the list of passengers
who arrived by the Solent. the name of Don P.
Velez and family only having been published in
the list of passengers who arrived. Senor Veles
is, I believe, an aid-de-camp of Santa Anna; heist
quiet and gentlemanly in his bearing, and firm in
his manner. I should suppose Lim to be anything
but a " fighting man." It may be that the old.
tyrant, Santa Anna, has sent his wife on as a sort of
avant coterie, to feel the Mate of the feeling enter
tained towards hint by the Captain-general of this
island, and to see whet aid and assistance he may
count upon obtaining here, should he resolve to go
I hare heard rather a rood story respecting the
Chinese. Some time last year the mayor , :f.
(driver) of a sugar estate near Cardenas was found
dead, his death haling been occasioned by a single
stab, which of course could only have been in
flicted by one man. Five of these Chinese were,
however, arrested. charged with having committed
the murder. Ai is customary with them on such
occasions. they declared that all five of them had
done the deed, which was immssible, as the
mayoral, as before stated, had been killed by a.
single stab. Yet all five of the Chinese were gar•
noted for the offence. as a sort of example, I sup
pose Yet the twelve Chinese that were arrested
some months ago for the murder of the mayoral of
the ulmacenes (warehouses) at Regis, and in which
foul act no doubt exists of their having all been
concerned, still remain in prison awaiting their
condemnation and sentence.
Is it because their cost to the warehouse company
was so great that their lives are to bo spared"' It
would almost seem that such is to be the case.
There hare been, I am told, no fewer than twen
ty-nine flayo taiS murdered, in differentparts of
the island, by these Chinese ! This fact does not
convey the idea, that "John Ch'uaman" is the pa
tient, unresisting creature, under injury, he has
been stated to be.
The intelligence received here on the lgt inat .
by the Columba, of the injury Eustained by the
sugar crop of your State, has cowed the plonter3
and holders of sugar here to become quite elated.
United States Court
Tho Hamilton attachments maser J. P. Jaffrey
Eons ; Clapp, Kent, S: Buckley, and Etirraid.
Lambert & Co., vs. N G. Curtis, which have been
on trial for several days past, were decided in this
The court held • 1. That an affida sit made in
the language of the statute was sufficient. 2.
it is not necessary to file apetition. 3. That the
defendant had disposed of his property with the
intent to defraud his creditors. 4. That the at.
tempt of Curtis to pay and secure his home credi
tors, leaving nothing for his Eastern creditors, was
void, and that the Eastern creditors must share
equally with the home creditors; thus deciding
all the points in favor of plaintiffs' attorney.
Time are the first suits of the kind ever brought
in this court—soma of them being brought be
fore the debt wastlue—and for this reason the de
cision is an important one, many lawyers being
of the opinion the suits could not be maintained.
The defendant fought the case with great power,
having retained most of the Butler county bar
and several leading Cincinnati lawyers; but they
were ably met at all points by plaintiffs' attor
neys, Thompson Nesmith, of thia
1106 Enqn, rer.
f Reported for The Prom]
tat PRIUS —Winter d Latimer i s The Dela
ware Mutual Insurance Company. Jury out
ConnOn PLEAS—Judge Tholupson —Orphans'
Court argument list.
DISTRICT Cut:M.—Judges Sharswood. Stroud,
01 ER ANT TERM'S) n—Judge. All i.4 - m and Lui
low.—The ease of James Diamond, charged with
the murder of Edward Muldoon, Still occupies the
attention of the court District Attorney loug
head summed up for the Commonwealth this morn
ing, and was followed in a very able speech by
Daniel Dougherty, Evi., for the primner. F. C
Brewster, Esq . sustained his wellitnorrh reputa
tion by a speech remarkable for its closeness of
reasoning and force of legal argument. He was
very severe on the officers of the Commonwealth,
for keeping back certain testimony in order that
his client should be hung, and compared such con
duct to a game of cards. where the most skald
player held back a trump card to win the game.
Ile denounced such conduct as diSgracef d in a
case of life and death, and declared it to be, un
worthy of the criminal juriaprnderwe of HE'S CiTil
ized community. District Attorney Mann will elz-e
for the Commonwealth, and Judge Allison charge
the jury. who are expected to bring in their ver
dict in the morning. The prisoner's friends are
sanguine of an acquittal,