Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1913.
of the News
Right Off the Reel
An ordinance Introduced In Lexing
ton, Ky., declares motorcycles a nui
sance and forblda their operation In
The enemies of Mayor Sam Tschap
pott of Clarlngton, O., have tried to
havo him removed because ho refuses
to wear shoes.
Pat Crowe, famous as the. kidnaper,
of Eddie Cudahy, was ordered to leavo
Washington on penalty of Imprison
ment for vagrancy.
Vlncenzo GIlllo, an Italian, and Anna
Cslnadia, an Austrian, were married
In Clarksville, W. Va. lie proposed
through an Interpreter. Neither un
derstands the language of tlio other.
The resignation of the Rev. A. T.
Cox of Elm Grove, W. Vn., has been
asked. The father of Elsie Gamble,
fourteen years old. was about to chas
tise fier when Cox announced the child
had been bis wife since July 7.
LEGISLATION TO HELP
STATE FARMERS SELL.
Kansas Educators Plan Co-operative
Bureau to Cut Living Cost.
A marked feature of legislation In
tho western and southern states last
winter was tho trend toward the en
couragement and development of the
co-operative principle among farmers
or among farmers and producers to
gether. In some states this was tue natural
outcome of recent efforts, usually un
der tho direction of the state uni
versity or agricultural school, to bring
together sellers and buyers of agri
cultural products. Thus the Kansas
Agricultural college and the University
of Missouri have served as clearing
mouses for apples in their respective
states. They obtained lists of produ
cers and lists of buyers and acted as
So successful was this work In Kan
sas that Dean Miller of the extension
division of tho Kansas Agricultural
college and his colleagues plan to es
tablish at once a co-operative buying
and selling bureau for all Kansas farm
products. Professor Miller says:
"We shall co-operate with all exist
ing organizations of farmers of tho
state, making each local association a
sort of branch of tho central bureau at
the college. In counties where count'
demonstration agents are employed
much of tho work of organization and
operation will be done through these
Tho University of Wisconsin Is lead
ing in similar work in that state, where
an effort has been In progress for
some time to establish co-operative
storehouses and markets. One of the
bills introduced at tho present session
of the legislature provided for a com
mission, to bo composed of representa
tives from various organizations, such
as tho Consumers league, Dairy
men's, Horticultural, Tobacco Grow
ers' and Live Stock association, tho
grange, tho Society of Equity, tho
Federation of Women's Clubs and tho
Federation of Labor, which should
consider plans "for tho encouragement
of co-operative buying and selling, the
betterment of tho condition of agri
culture and tho reduction of the cost
AFRICAN CHIEF TO COLLEGE.
A Tribe Without a Written Language
Represented at Harvard.
A full blooded African chieftain this
fall will enter Harvard university as
a member of tho class of 1017.
Ho is P. Gbo Wolo. His people,
300,000 strong, are tho Krus of Liberia.
They have no written language, so
that tho only way bo can communi
cate with bis family is through traders
on tho coast who send" the message
by word of mouth along tho trail.
With tho assistance of Mrs. Charles
E. Dlckerson, wife of tho principal of
Northfleld seminary, and Professor
Frank L. Duley of tho seminary, be
has begun the stupendous task of re
ducing his languago ,to writing, mak
ing a grammar and translating the
At Mount Hormon, bis preparatory
school, Wolo made an excellent record
In his studies. He delivered the Latin
oration at his commencement Ho
speaks French fluently and English
without tho traoo of an accent
DANES DISCARD UNIFORMS.
Socialistic Tendencies Responsible For
Extreme Simplicity of Ministry.
Tbo now Danish ministry, in session
nt Copenhagen, which went Into office
Inst Juno, is radical, with certain well
defined leanings toward Socialism.
The membera arc so democratic that
ihey recently asked tho king to bo ex
cused from tho necessity of wearing
tlio customary ministerial uniforms on
official occasions. His majesty con
sented, and, although ho will wear his
own uniform in tho cabinet councils,
hereafter tho ministers will moot In
An exception, howover, had to be
mado in tho caso of tho minister of
foreign affairs. When meeting foreign
ministers ho win mako a concession
and appear in uniform.
UNCLE SAM'S LAST
Fort Peck Indian Reservation
8,406 FARMS AVAILABLE.
Drawing Commences Sept 1 and
Will Continue Until the 20th For
Homesteads, Which Are Worth on
the Average $25 an Acre Terms of
Payment Very Easy.
Nearly 0,000 100-acro farm homes
will be drawn by the "lucky ones" as
the result of the throwing open of
1,345.000 acres of land upon the Fort
Peck Indian reservation in northeast
ern Montana early In September. This
Is the Inst gresit land drawing Uncle
Sam has to offer his people and one of
tho greatest In the history of the gov
ernment land openings in point of fer
tility. Government agricultural experts es
timate that when this vast stretch of
soli is tilled it will add ubout 25.000.
000 bushels of grain annually to tho
production of the United States
enough to feed an entire nation.
Tho Interior department Is making
extensive preia rations to rush n big
corps of clerks to Glasgow, Havre and
Great Falls, Mont, which are to be
the registration points. These land of
fices will bo open Sept 1, and the work
of Qling for this land will then begin.
Tlio people will have a chnuee to con
tinue filing until Sept 20.
Good Chance For All,
Tbo vastiiess of the area opened to
whlto settlement Is expected to make
this one of the most alluring land open-
lugs ever presented to the people Inas
much as their opportunity of getting
something in the drawing will be
much tetter thau In any previous land
opening. For instance, when the Coeur
d'Alene, Flathead and Spokane land
drawings were hold last year 00,000
persons flled and drew for the lands
In those three Indian reservations, tho
total area of which was nbout one-
fourth of the area to be opened upon
the Fort Peck reservation.
Government officials do not believe
that more than 75,000 people will file
for tho Fort Peck land. Hence the
chances of drawing u quarter section
in tho Fort Peck reservation "lottery"
are about four times as good as they
have been In previous government land
drawings. The' actual value of this
land is said by government agricultur
al experts to average about 25 an
ncre. However, the government's ap
praisal for Its opening to white settle
ment is only from 52.50 to $7 an acre,
thus making real prizes for those who
draw this land.
Method of Drawing.
Tho drawing will take place in this
way. The names of all who fllo for
land will be placed In a big box, and
the envelopes drawn out one by one
and numbered, until enough, envelopes
are taken from tho box to correspond
with tho number of quarter sections
available 8,400. Thoso getting tho
early numbers will; of course, got first
pick of tho land, in rotation, accord
ing to tho numbers drawn. Tho ac
tual settlement of tho land wiIL.begln
May 3, 1014
Settlement is tho some ns under tho
homestead law, except that tho ap
praised valuation must bo paid from
$2.50 to $7 an aero, at thoso terms.
One-fifth of the total down at time of
entry and the rest in five annual pay
ments, Tho settler, however, has the
option of taking advantage of tho new
throo year homestead law by paying
for his land at tho end of three years
and thus proving up on it That gives
the man of small means a chanco for
his "whlto nlley."
Half a dozen modern townsites al
ready have been located by tho gov
ernment at points along tho main
transcontinental lino of tho Great
Northern railway which runs through
tho Fort Peck reservation for 100
FLEET TO SAIL IN OCTOBER.
Mediterranean Cruise Will End In Time
For Christmas Holidays.
Oct 25 has been set as tho date for
tho Atlantic fleet to start on Its Med
iterranean tour. Plans for tho trip
were discussed recently by Secretary
of tho Navy Daniels and Rear Admiral
Badger aboard tho flagship Wyoming.
Tho fleet will return Dec 20, so tho
sailors may spend tho Christmas holi
days nt homo. Tho ports at which it
will call will bo tentatively decldod
upon by Admiral Badger and submit
ted to tho navy department
Secretary Daniels also announced
that tho battleship Oregon, mado fa
mous by her run around Cape Horn
from tho Pacific to the Atlantic In tho
Spanish war, will comp through the
Panama canal next spring to lead tho
Atlantic fleet through to tho Pacific.
B'artholdi's Last Work Unveiled.
Tho last work of Frederic Augusto
Bartholdl, tho sculptor of tho statue of
Liberty, has jttst been unveiled nt Bel
fort Franco, with Impressive ceremo
nies by Antolno Ratler, tho French
minister of justico. It Is a monument
commemorating tho three sieges of
Belfort In 1813, 1814 and 187a It was
loft unfinished by Bartholdl and was
completed by Louis Noel, one of bis
of the News
Right Off the Reel
Over 51,000 wish has been found in
the dead letter mall during tho last
Ordinance , just passed by the St.
Louis city council to end the tipping
habit had the Indorsement of the
Birth strike is suggested by Berlin
Socialists to bring about electoral re
forms in Prussia. Zero birth rate
would quickly bring tho government to
terms, they assert.
Tho first women's jury to be Impan
eled In Illinois since tho recent en
franchisement of tho sex In that state
convicted a woman In East St. Louis,
111., of disturbing tho peace
The government of India has under
consideration fifty-five schemes for ir
rigation. Tho capital involved Is ?1S2,
403,730, and it is planned to irrigate by
these works nearly 10,000,000 acres of
Colebrook, N. H., In tho Whlto moun
tains, has only 2,000 inhabitants, and
more than 200 have been operated on
for appendicitis. The operations con
tinue at the rate of two a week, and
social functions consist of appendix
dinners and dances.
MODEL OF UNSINKABLE
SHIP SHOWN IN WALES.
Water Tight Belting the Secret
Craft's Remarkable Buoyancy.
Remarkable experiments with the
model of an unslnkablo ship are de
scribed in a letter to the London
Times by John Roes, harbor superin
tendent at Llanolly, Wales. Tho mod
el, four feet In "length, nine inches
wide and scaled to represent a steam
boat 410 feet long and 72 wide, draw
ing 21 feet was loaded thrqugh five
hatchways with copper ore down to
thopilnisoll mark, and Mr. Rocs was
invited to do what he liked with it.
Ho tilted tho vessel sidowlse until
water filled the whole Interior to tho
deck level; then ho let go. She imme
diately righted herself and floated easi
ly and buoyantly, with tho deck just
above tho water level.
Mr. Itees pressed her well down un
der tho wnter and then let go. She
immediately bobbed up to the sur
face and floated exactly as before.
With her whole cargo shlf ted and still
full of water, she had a correspond
ing list but still three-quarters of her
deck was well out of water.
This floating power Is obtained by
such a plan of construction as to al
low water tight belting being built
outward and downward from tho deck
level. It Is nbsorbed in tho ship's
form, does not extend to the water
level and, following the lilies of the
ship, is roughly triangular in section.
Thoro is thus apparently no Interfer
ence with speed, so far as water con
tact with the hull Is concerned, nor
does it interfere with cargo carrying,
for tho vessel to all intents and pur
poses is an ordinary sized and shaped
Tho Inside belting being divided into
water tight compartments, if any por.
tion of it is Injured owing to a collision
there is only a loss of floating power
corresponding to the section crushed In
and rendered useless.
The Inventor has been working on
his idea for twenty years. Ho says
that the added cost of construction to
embody his idea is about 5 per cent
MAKEUP STONE AT GRAVE.
William D, Ho wells Writes Brother's
Epitaph on Printer's Block.
One of tbo most remarkable grave
stones on record has Just been placed
in the cemetery at Jefferson, O.
It stands ab tle head of tho grave of
J. A no wells, Hie veteran joditor of
tno Asntauuia cienunei, wno uiea re
cently. It consists of tho makeup
stone used by Mr. Howells for fifty
years, during his successive evolutions
as printer's devil, printer, and editor.
It is inscrild with thoso lines, written
by WiHlam Dean Howells, a brother of
Stone, upon whWft with hands of boy and
Ho framed tho history of his time until,
Week after week, the varying record ran
To Its half oenrurled tale of well and ill,
Homember now how true through all those
He was friend, brother, husband, eon
Fill the whole limit of your space with
There needs no room for hlamo blame
there was none.
Tho boyhood of William Dean How
ells was spent In the office of the Sen
tinel. Tho father of William Dean
Howells and J. A. Howells was editor
of the paper.
Trees on Lighthouse Grounds.
Tho lighthouse service, so far as the
rcat lakes are concerned, proposes to
grow its own timber for tho manufac
ture of spar buoys, piling and tho oth
er wood necessary to tho service.
Four forest service experts will Inves
tigate tho reservations on which the
lighthouses stand with a view to their
forestatlon. Lighthouso reservations
rn tho lumber states of Michigan and
Wisconsin aggregate nearly 5,500 acres.
On these reservations whlto and Nor
way pine and cedar will be planted.
CORN BELT FARMERS
Now Building Concrete Floors and
(Xatiimal Crop Improvement Service)
C iitnty agents, especially from corn
belt counties, report that .a great deal
of concrete work is being done by
farmers. Concrete feeding floors seem
to be especially popular and where
feeding floors were built last year,
many farmers arc building concrete
barnyards also. After a farmer rea
lizes the great saving in time and
money, especially in feeding hogs by
the use of a concrete feeding floor,
he plans to extend his operations. The
next step frequently is to build a con
crete barnyard which will be sani
tary at all times of the year and give
good footing to man and beast every
day of the year. These concrete barn
yards are easily drained, and kept in
a clean and sanitary condition, and all
the valuable manure is easily saved.
Where a feeding floor and barnyard
have been built, sanitary water
troughs are also built of concrete as
the next step. County agents also
find that when the farmer sees it easy
to keep out of the mjid around his
barnyard, he naturally builds a cement
sidewalk connecting his farm build
ings and aUo connecting the buildings
with the house, so that at all times of
the year, regardless of the mud, rain
or snow, he can keep himself and his
cattle in a dry and sanitary condition.
Good Concrete Is Watertight.
County agents and State agricultu
ral experts during last winter's Short
Course work, found out that hundreds
of farmers had concrete basements,
but did not know how to make the
walls waterproof. All that is neces
sary m building a concrete cellar wall,
cistern or silo, to make them water
proof is to use a little care and com
mon sense in mixing the cement.
Use a 1:2:4 mix for the cellar and
cistern walls, and a 1:2:3 mix for the
silo. A 1:2:3 mix is a mixture of one
part Portland cement, not more than
two parts coarse, sharp well graded
sand and not more than three parts
of crushed stone or gravel, for silo
or cistern work not over one inch in
diameter. Everything which passes
through a J4-inch screen or wire cloth
can be classed as sand. Both the sand
and gravel must be free from clay,
dirt, vegetable matter or other .for
eign substance. In order to make his
cellar walls or other structures water
tight, the farmer must be v.ery careful
to use clean materials, screen them as
indicated above and when putting
them into the forms, must tamp down
carefully and thoroughly. By spading
up and down along the edges of the
forms, the cement mortar will come to
the surface, making the wall tighter.
Then the mix should not be too dry
or too wet, but should be what con
crete engineers call of' a "quaky" con
sistence, that is, the cement mortar and
water should come readily to the sur
face when it is worked. Farmers
should remember that concrete, prop
erly mixed, is water-tight.
A PERMANENT BASIS.
How County Farm Bureaus Are to
Be Financed in the Future Ap
propriations Made in Fifteen
States Other States to Make Sim
National Crop Improvement Service.
It has worried our friends consid
erably to know how the County
Agent movement is to be placed upon
a permanent basis and financed after
the first year. We have always re
plied that when a county had dulv
qualified and had raised its own quota
from individual sources, that the
work should be financed from taxa
tion by county, state and govern
ment funds. Our prophecy in this
regard has come true, and fifteen
states have already passed bills in
support of this County Farm Bureau
proposition, lhese states are, Wis
consin, New York, Minnesota, In
diana, Michigan, Missouri, New Jer
sey, Uhio, Utah, Oregon, Washing'
ton, Vermont, Colorado, Montana
and Idaho. We have been instru
mental in framing some of these
bills. Bills are also pending in Penn
sylvania and Illinois with some pros
pect of success. Some of the states
which have passed no county farm
bills are North Dakota, South Da
kota, Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas
The More Active the Market, Usually
the More Steady the Price.
National Crop Improvement Service.!
"Ownership of any commodity im
poses a risk," says Mr, J. C. F. Mer
rill, President of the Council of Grain
"Many unthinking persons confuse
the word 'speculation' with 'gam
bling;' Every human endeavor has its
elements of chance, of course. The
great grain exchanges of America dis
tribute the surplus grain at a mini
mum expense. Somebody must own
the grain from the time it is harvested
to the time it is consumed. Hence,
the speculator who carries this grain
is a very necessary adjunct. The
farmer wants his money usually as
soon as harvest is over, i,f possible.
The speculator makes it possible for
him to get his money and forego all
risk of fire, rats, weevil, dampness, and
a hundred other things, to say nothing
of the risk of bad roads, lack of cars,
congestion and storage charges. All
of this risk is undertaken for a cor
responding charge. Somebody must
do this work and take this risk. The
farmer is welcome to do so if he
chooses and frequently does. The
middle man could not live unless he
had a service to perform.
Tlio Largest Mncazlno in tho World.
To-day's Magazine is tho largest
and best edited magazine published
at 50c per year. Flvo cents per copy
at all newsdealers. Every lady who
appreciates a good magazine should
send for a free sample copy and
premium catalog. Address, Today's
Magazine, Canton, Ohio. 14tf.
-The Citizen has tho news.
'New Way" Air
No Water to freeze. No pipes to burst.
No weather too cold.
No weather too hot.
Less Gasoline. More Power.
Have you seen our Reo delivery truck?
It's a dandy. Better look it over.
REO OVERLAND and FORD AUTOMOBILES.
No better cars mado for anywhere near the price. Place your
order right now.
Better times coming; help it along. '
For sale at bargain prices: Auto Car Runabout, Liberty Brush
Runabout and Maxwell Runabout.
Get in tho swim and own a car.
E. W. Gamtnell
1871 FORTY-TWO YEARS OF SUCCESS 1913
The Leading Financial Institution of Wayne County
We lead in CAPITAL STOCK $ 200,000.00
We lead in SURPLUS and UNDIVIDED PROFITS . 372,862.00
We Jead In TOTAL CAPITALIZATION 572,862.00
(Our CAPITALIZATION .Is tho DEPOSITORS SECURITY)
We lead In Deposits 2,403,348. CO
We lead In TOTAL RESOURCES 3,040,099.22
This year completes the FORTY FIRST since tho founding of the
WAYNE COUNTY SAVINGS BANK.
MANY BANKS have come and gone during that period.
PATRONIZE one that has withstood the TEST of TIME.
W. B. HOLMES, President H. S. SALMON, Cashier
A. T. SEARLE, Vice-President W. J. WAilD, Asst. Cashier.
W. B. HOLMES F. P. KIMBLE T. B. CLARK
A. T. SEARLE W. F. SUYDAM C. J. SMITH
H. J. CONGER H. S. SALMON J. W. FARLEY
E. W. GAMMELL
Nov. 12. 1912.
It wouldn't pay you. Why, then, expect your book
keeper to work with tools that are antiquated ? The
Adding and Subtracting Typewriter
(Wahl Adding Mechanism)
ha's opened the door of every accounting department to the writing
machine. This machine, which writes and adds (or subtracts) in one
operation, is the last word in typewriter efficiency.
You know how the typewriter saves time and labor in correspond
ence. In billing and statement work the Adding and Subtracting
Typewriter does the same and more. It stops errors, prevents errors
it gives you machine accuracy in place of brain fallibilty.
The prevention of loss through errors alone makes this machine worth more
than its cost Jto you. And the time and labor saving are clean gain.
Our illuttrated bfoilet, "The New Remington
Idea, "lent on request, will tell you all about it.
Remington Typewriter Company
515 LINDEN STREET,
OTICE OF ADMINISTRATION,
Orrln E. Babcock, late of Hawley.
All persons Indebted to said estate
aro notified to mako Immediate pay
ment to the undersigned; and those
having claims against said estate are
notified to present them, duly attest
ed, for settlement,
HENRY F. BABCOCK,
' 1435 Church Ave., Scranton, Pa.
Or John Conklln, Hawley, Pa. G9wG
- Cooled Gasoline
to Help You
Help him to give you
more efficient service.
You wouldn't want your
stenographer to transcribe
your letters with a pen.