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aniter mil) .Aliboiitt.
JAMES ALLISON, *PRoParsTous.
PITTSBITRGR, MAY 7, 1859.
401.30 1 . 1n advanoo; oz 1s Clubs
,or, delivered at regildiniesi of Sialbssrle
bor., 104.6 011 SOO PrOOPOOtliit OK Third PM..
R raw ALAI should be prompt; a little
while before the year eapirsei that we iway
matte Wall arrattgoalente for a steady nippily,.
WWI 'HMIs W.R.APPIAYA. indicate■ that we
desire a renewal. If, however, in the haste
of Damning, this signal should be osalited, we
hope oar friends will Hill not forget ns.
payment by safe
when sonveitient. Or, send by seens
enclosing with ordlaary eery and troubling
agiltatidy with a knowledge of what yon are
doing. For a large ansonnt,send a Draft, or
large notes. Ivor moor two papers, send Gold
or small motor. •
TO MAWS CELAJIGE, Mead poutage stomp%
or bettor still, mead for otore paperal mart)"
or 19ev•aty assmallersi or $1 for Ifbartlrmtbreo
DIRECV all totters sod Comunimoalcations
to DAVID DIsKINNEIV & 00.9 Pittsburgh.
The. General Assembly of the Presbyterian
Church in the United States of America, will hold
itt next meeting in the Third Presbyterian church,
Indisnapolls, , lndiana, at eleven o'clock, A. M , on
Thursday, the 19th of May next, and will be
opened with a sermon by the Rev. William A.
Scott, D. D., Moderator of the last Assembly.
The Committee of Commissions 'sill meet in
the,Leoture-rooin of the (thumb, on the Wednes
day evening preceding, at eight o'clock, to receive
Commissions, and on Thursday morning the day
of the meeting, at nine o'clock, for the same pur
JOHN LavauaN, Stated Clerk.
ALEXANDER T. MoGrm t Permanent Clerk.
P. s.—Stated Clerks of Presbyteries are re
!modally requested to make out their lists of per-,
eons entitled to the Minutes on a separate theet,
and "to• send that together with moneys 'for the
Minutes, to G. H. Van Gelder, Esq., Treasurer of
the Genera/ Assembly, office 320 Walnut Street,
FOREIGN MissioNa.—See article in an
Rrv. Joan W. Ognmx.—The Presbyte
rian Herald contains an obituary , notice of
this respected minister. He died at his
residence, near Nashville, Tenn., April . sth,
1859, in the 66th year of his age.
BOARD OF COLPORTAGE.-A meeting of
this Board is to be held at the Presbyterian
Book Rooms, St. Clair Street, Pittsburgh, on
Tuesday, the 10th of May, et 2 o'clock P.
M. A full attendance is requested.
Wm. BAXEWELL, Seo'y.
NOTICE.—The Board of Tiustees of tho
Western Theological Seminary, will hold
their Semi• Annual. Meeting on the second
Thursday, (12th) of May, in the Lecture-
Room of the First church, Pittsburgh, at
10 o'clock A. M.
Faction; G. BATLEY, Pres't
NORTH-WESTERN THEOLOGICAL SEMI
NAEY.-7.-Tho Board of Directors of 'the
North. Western Theological Seminary, is ad
journed to meet in the city of Indianapolis,
on Tuesday, May 17, at 7 P. M., in the
Third church. A full attendance is de
sired. • ,
S. T. WiLsoN, Presit.
P3lo.—The First Presbyterian church,
Wilmington, N. C., was destroyed by, fire,
some two weeks ago. Subscriptions toward
its rebuilding, are already made .to the
amount of $13,060. A bell,and an Organ
have also been tendered.
"A Lover of Reforms"
Desires, us to say something toward the cor
recting of evils which he finds attendant
upon Social Prayer-Meetings. One is, that,
often, prayers are too long, and the same
sentiments too oft repeated; another, that
young men are not called upon to do their
proper part in leading the devotions; and
a third is, the habit, by those who reach
the place of meeting, a few minutes earlier
than their 4 seniors, of spending the time in
talking and laughing.
_These things should
be all corrected; and, probably, this simple
statement will be enough for the present.
Our Enlarged Sheet.
We commence, this week, with a much
enlarged sheet, of very excellent paper, and
with no increase of price. The addition of
two inches to the length of the paper, ena
bles us , to giie more reading matter, even if
eight or nine columns are occupied with
advertisements, than. we could previously
give when but six or seven columns were so
000upied. It is our earnest desire to make
our sheet All that can reasonably be ex
pected of a weekly religious journal--equal
to the best, and ohpaper than any other.
We solicit the continued , aid of the friends
of true knowledge, and of a wholesome and
all-pervading Christian influence.
We are authorized to state that the au
thorities of the Pennsylvania Railroad, with
tbeir.nsual prompt generosity, have agreed
to carry Commissioners to the ensuing Gen
eral Asseinbly, going and returning, for one
fare. Excursion tickets will be issued, good
from thei 15th of May to the Bth of June,
The Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago
Railroad, has also acted in the same liberal
spirit. Delegates to the General Assembly
will pay full fare in " going" to Indian
apolis, but - in "returning" they will be
passed, free, upon exhibiting to the con
duotore the certificate of the presiding
officer, that they have been in attendance at
the General. Assembly. The certificate
should state the points on the road between
which the person presenting at traveled, in
going fO the 'Assembly.
Western Theological Seminary.
The annual meeting of the Board of Di
rectors of the Western Theological Semi
nary, will be held in .the Lecture Room of
the First church, Pittsburgh, on Wednes,
day, May 11th, at 2 o'clock P. M.
The examination of the students will
commence' Monday, May 9th, at 10
o'clock A. M Committee , or, gxamination
are, Rev. Messrs. C. DieksonjO. D., James
.tt Platt, and A. B. Brown, D. D., and
Eiders James Caruthers, M. T.,. and L.
Flattery, Esq. •
On Tuesday evening, May 10th, sermon
helms the Society of Inquiry, by Rev. N.
L. Rice, D. D., of Ohicago,lll., in the First
Presbyterian church, Pittsburgh.
On Wednesday evening, astay 11th, ad.
drclusei by the - Graduating Olaiss, and fare.
*ell address to , the Class by
Isola"; in the First Presbyterian church :
W. B. MOILVAINE, Seo'y.
ly Review of Literature, Science,
(By OUR LONDON OORRNODONVENT.)
Lorrnox, April 7th, 1859.
Not all your readers are aware—some
know it, doubtless—that the number of
books published. in, the United States, and
now in the British Museum, exceeds thirty
thousand. This is more than double the
number of any similar collection in America.
In a few years a-great portion of this collec
tion will be unique; that is to say, the
British Museum will be the chief deposi
tory of the literature of the United States.
Mr. Barnum, some time ago, published a
correspondence with Messrs. Routledge, by
which it appeared that the latter had offered
£l2OO for the copyright of his Lectures on
the Art of Money Making—if with imme
diate publication. Barnum was too "cute"
for the noted publishers, who wished to
practice, after their own fashion, the "art"
which he teaches with such pecksniffian
righteousness of aspect., He declined the
offer, and increased his "working capital,"
by publishing the fact, as another testimo
nial to his lecturing ability ! Was not that
Barnum all over !
A contributor to the Journal General de
la Libraire, estimates the total number of
of publications issued from the French
Press in 1858, at thirteen thousand. Ser
mons by Jesuit Fathers, like Ventura, form
part of these, as well as political pamphlets,
and those peculiar things, French novels,
which ever remind you .of what one of our
poets said about the city of Cologne, and
the impassibility of sweetening its stoles
phere, by the whole of its "plus vevtable"
and famous perfumes. There is in the
French novel, abundance of the eau de
cologne; it exhales from Monsieur's shirt
front, and Madame's fines robes, and her
Cambray handkerchief; but, after all,
moral foulness is there, which taints the
air around, and which, as polluting young
minds, and stirring afresh the foetid depths
of the foul souls of veteran roues, is " rank
and smells to heaven."
Nevertheless, in France, literature is
taking a higher tone, and a more solid lit.
erature than formerly, finds acceptance from
an ever-increasing public. "Intellectual
progress," it is reported, "shows itself
everywhere, and some of our great towns
have entered into rivalry with Paris, in
typographical art and industry."
The Publisher's Circular has spoken very
favorably of " Critical Dictionary
of English and American Literature."
uNo book has appeared in either country,
so significant of the real union between
England and America. It evinces the
study and veneration given by America to
the literature of the old country, and at the
same time the recording care bestowed upon
its own literature; we could not have pro
duced so complete a dictionary of American
authors and books, and it may be doubted
whether we could have succeeded better
with one of our own."
In harmony with the foregoing, the
Index to - the Subjects of Books published
daring the last twenty years, has been
ompleted. It presents no less than seventy
four thousand references to books published
since 1837; giving the size, price, pub
lisher, and date. Thus the bookseller and
the book-bnyer are shown at once what
books to recommend or consult, on any given
.Boak Clubs are very common all over
the country. A number of gentlemen—
ministers or others—in a country town or
district, or even in a particular locale of the
metropolis itself, having a small Committee
to purchase and manage the affair, pass
etatedly a series of the best literature from
hand to hand
As to Circulating Libraries, that of
Moody's, in Oxford Street, is one of the
world's wonders. Its growth has been' very
rapid ; its agencies are all over London, and
its boobs are sent by rail, parcel, &0., far
and wide. Country libraries make up their
shelved by purchasing the extra copies of
Moody's b%et books, (of a popular book,
they have at the first publication, hundreds
on hand ;) and thus in obscure places, real
literature, worthy of the name, is pushing
out of sight the mawkish novels of the
Minerva school, and elevating and educating
the public intellect, taste, and, I may add,
the public conscience.
We have had quite a number of new
books of Traiel and Research, particularly
bearing on Syria and Palestine. TWa of
these have been reprinted froin America—
Dr. Thompson's " Land and the Book,"
and the Rev. S. Osborne's "Palestine, Past
and Present." Dr.. Robert> Buchanan, of
Glasgow, author of -the " Ten Years' Con
flict," has' published a superior work, de
tailing his visit to Egypt and the Holy Land,
with observations and descriptions indi
cating taste, industry, close observation, and
genuine piety. His, book is called a "Cler
ical Furlough." Its very name 'makes me
sigh, and look Eastward toward Jerusalem
I once heard Dr. Henry Cooke, of - Belfast,
say of Robert MeCheyne, as he sat on the
platform of the first General Assembly of the
Irish Presbyterian Church, (on that' great
and memorable day when there was wit
nessed " the meeting of the wateri," love
lier-than ever seen Avoca's sweet vale,
namely, the union of two. Synods, long
divided,) that Mr. M'Cheyne was, the only
man, be (Dr. C) had ever envied, because
that his feet had stood on the Mount of
Olives. Well, now, does not that book's
title, 66 Clerical Furlough," put thoughts of
Palestine and Olivet into the mind of many
an American pastor. No doubt many have
been there already ; but those that are going,
if they come by London, will find a host of
books to " guide them, if they can ,only
find room to carry them Eastward. After
all, "seeing is believing," and the way to
Jerusalem is now so plain and easy, that it
wants but time and money—those two
things of which it is so hard for men of liter
ary longings for travel, to say, " Both are
As to Light, yet Instructive Literature,
Dickens' Household Words are about tt be
severed from that author's name, and yet
not discontinued, by. Bradbury &, Evans,
the publishers. Dickens, "a fewweeks ago,
announced the discontinuance; but the
publishers complained - before a Court of
Law, and the Judge ruled in 'their fayor;
inasmuch as the copyright is theirs, and
they intend to,catiy'on
,the work There is
plenty:of talent in:the work, and the mar
uraa's 'growth - ef the reeding public makes
sure a fair measure of success. The truth
THE PRESBYTERIAN BANNER AND ADVOCATE.
is, Dickens has written little for the
" Words," for many a day. Now he is
about to begin a new serial, " All Round
the Year," with a tale from his own pen,
continued in the weekly numbers, and the
price 2d. per week for each number. Mr.
Dickens has had an offer from an American
publisher, to secure him, for his new tale,
as large a sum as he could have expected
from an international Copyright. On the
general question 'of copyright, it has been
said that "some recognition of it in America,
would cheapen to the people our best books;
Macaulay, Carlyle, &0., obtaining fair re
muneration from their millions of readers in
America, would no longer require all their
recompense from their own people."
Great complaints are made by the Cana
dian booksellers, that the Colonial Govern
ment contemplate imposing a duty of ten
per cent., ad valorem, on books; and on
prints, engravings, charts, and globe., twenty
per cent. This seems a " monstrous" way
of raising money, and it bears heaviest on
the best books. It is hoped, here, that • the
United States Congress will not yield to the
views of influential American booksellers, in
favor of a restrictive duty on the importa
tion of English books. •
In my ordinary letters, I have referred to
the controversy about the authorship of the
" Vestiges." Mi. David Page, in reply to
Professor Nichol, reaffirms that Robert
Chambers is "the sole and responsible
author; I say responsible in a somewhat
qualified sense, leaving others to fix the
amount of responsibility they would attach
to an ingenious but very general compila
tion, of the scientific opinions and discoveries
Professor Nichol has intimated that be
intends, ere long, making apparent how far
he agrees in the conclusionb of the author
of "The Vestiges," (George Combe, as he
believes,) and, considering them as scientifie
conclusions, "how far he differs from them."
Mr. Murray is publishing• People's Edi
tions of eminent authors, including Lord
Byron's Poetical Works, Croker's Boswell's
Life of Johnson, °rabbets Life and -Poetical
Works, and Moore's Life of Lord Byron.
Mr. Murray has the copyright of Byron's
Poems, and Byron's Life, by Moore. He
makes more gold out of them by this move;
but if we are to have all Byron's Works,
and such an apology for badness as the
" Epicurean " Tom Moore's Life, the pub
lic will not at all be benefited.
These editions of popular works are pub
lished in parts, at a shilling each. In like
manner, Shakespeare has many editors and
part publishers, also. 'Lord Campbell, the
Chief Justice, has written an ingenious
work, " Shakespeare's Legal Acquirements
Considered," pointing out the legal knowl
edge of the Bard of Avon. But the fact
is, Shakespeare was lawyers' clerk, a Sing,
a Court fool, a soldier, a peasant, any thing
and every thing by turns. Marvellously
was his, that intuition of genius, which
mirrors all things in its olear depths. A book
also has been published, to show that
Shakespeare, although a player and a play
writer, had not the rollicking habits of his
class, nor a hard liver like Ben Johnson, in
fact, that he was a frugal, careful, money
making man, and that there is fragmentary
evidence that he died a good Christian.
41 Expository Lectures on the Epistles to
the Corinthians," by , the late Rev. Fred. W.
Robertson, M. A.,of Brighton, have been pub
lished by Smith & Elder. The theology of
this remarkable man was, and is, as unsound as
his style is elegant, and his suggestiveness
great. It is hardly to be wondered at that
such eloquence should be popular on both
sides of the Atlantic; but as many , suspect
nothing, and as I have seen, ere now, favor
able notices, without qualification, of the
writings of this author, in a religious Amer
ican newspaper, it is my duty to repeat
what I proved some eighteen months ago,
by au analysis of some of the " sermons,"
that the fundamental doctrine of sacrifice
and substitution is totally perverted and
ignored by this author.
Dr. Guthrie's " City, Its Sins and Sor
rows," has come out, issued by the Scottish
Temperance League, in a cheap form. His
"Inheritance of the . Saints," has reached
its twenty-third thousand. Mr. Wilson, a
well known Free Church minister at Dun
dee, has published a valuable book on the,
Kindom of God. One of our own Minis
ters, the Rev. Alexander Roberts, A. M.,
has in the press—to be published by Bag:
star & Son—an "Inquiry into the Orig.
inal Language of St. Matthew's Gospel, with
Relative Discourses on the Language of
Palestine in the time of Christ, and on the
Origin of the Gospels." In this work, the
true and exclusiveoriginality of the Greek
Gospel of Matthew is maintained in opposi
tion to the views of Drs. Davidson, Tre
gelles, and Cureton.* . I believe Mr. Rob
erts, from his peculiir habits and tastes , as
to study, and from his learning, and (though
young in yeare,)the judicial oharaoter of
his mind, very competent to discuss ques
tions of this kind.
The Messrs. Clark, of Edinburgh, an
nounce that the whole stock and Copy
rights of the Works of Calvin, published
by the Calvin Translation Society, are now
their property. The series consists of fifty
one volumes,and they offer tbem for aale either
in whole or in parts. Thus, the complete
sets, including Bonnet's Letters, are a little
under £lO ; a selection of six volumes or
more, at the dame proportion, with the
exception of "The Institutes," 3 vols.,
which are sold for 24e.
The Queen paid a visit, with her third
son, to the British Museum, taking special
interest in the Natural History Department.
A fresh defence of the reputation of
liam Penn, as assailed by Lord Macaulay,
has appeared from the pen of John Paget.,
Esq., Barrister at Law.. It is considered
very able. A "Journal of the Reign of
George 111., from the year 1771 to 1783,"
by Horace Walpole, has been published,
under the editorial supervision, and accom
panied by the annotations of Dr. ,Doran.
Walpole, as everybody knows, was a most
censorious scandal-monger. He is always
lively, but it is hard to believe that he is
always truthful. Want of heart was, and is
still, the character of the man of fashion,
and of your mere "curiosity shop" collector,
and Walpole was the very pink and prince of
heartless ones. There must, however, be
something real in these piquant and gossip
*The Rey.M. Onreton in token of approbation
of his learned labors, has been recently appointed
a Royal Trustee of the British Museum. •
ping accounts of Court intrigues, and family
The Duke of Buckingham has given the
world " Memoirs of the Court of George
IV., 1820-30, from original family dom.
ments." The book throws fresh light on the
character of a man, who, called by his par.
asites "the first gentleman in Europe," was
the " Sardaimpalas "of our annals. Thank
God I a new Court Regime is now an estab
lished fact. Never, again, ,I
. trust, will
England see aught in the highest circle, of
the profligacy of that time-but recently past.
Horace Walpole, in his book, shows us
George, Prince of Wales, n boy prodigal.
The Duke of Buckingham brings proofs out
of the " Family Documents," which had
better been burnt—how George (or " Gor
gius," as Thackeray always scoffingly calls
him,) was very vile, even when he was old.
Mrs. Beecher Stowe's " Minister's Woo
ing," does not seem to excite interest in lit.
erary circles. Vol. 111. , of Prescott's " His.
tory of Philip IL," is now read by his ad
mirers with melancholy interest. • One of
these remarks that this volume proves that
"the historian was never more competent to
his function, than when his pen, dropped
from his hand."
Chevalier and Baron Bunsen Is laboring
with extraordinary industry with his pen.
Not only has he issued his third volume of
" Egypt's Place in Universal History," in
which came out unmistakably his Ration
alistic notions, believing, as has been re
marked, that man was created some twenty
thousand years before the Christian
era, and setting aside antagonists as " hypo-.
orite,s and fools," but he has . also ad
dressed himself to the execution of a task
which has been a cherished object for long
years. He has even declined a seat in the
new Prussian Cabinet, rather than be divert
ed from it. His object is to produce " A
Complete Bible and Commentary for the
Christian Congregation,"in•three parts, which
is to be the opus magnum of hislife. The first
part 'has lately appeared in an English trans
lation. It is a translation of the Pentateuch
with notes. Strange to say, he is for " a
historical Christ," and yet, while vehement
ly denouncing the school of Straus, and
generally the Tubingen schoOl, he aims to
bring in the unbelief and hatred to " super
naturalism " that prevaile4 fifty years ago.
His very reticence, in passing over the
miracles wrought in the plagues of Egypt,
is significant. And then the "sundering,"
of the. Red Sea was " a manifestly figura
tive interpretation," 'and the pillar of the
cloud' was nothing but the smoke from the
Israelite army, blown back by the East wind.
Then again, all the Patriarchs prior to Abra
ham, or- at least to Teyah, are resolved into
myths ; Adam and Eve are generalized into
min and woman .respectively; Noah also
loses all individual existence, and in open
contradiction to the views and arguments o'
my old College friend, Dr. Thomas Smyth ;
(of Charleston, South Carolina,) the Baron,
hints that humanity may have sprung
from several distinct pairs, and so denies the
" Common Origin of the, Human Race."
A curious book, " Man and his Dwelling
Place," has been lately published. It is
professedly " an* attempt toward the inter
pretation, of. Nature.". Its object is to es
tablish a Spiritualist theory of the Universe.
" The Friendly Disputants," is an at
tempt to establish the doctrines of Univer
salism, which has marvelously few disciples
in this country.
Medical Missions will receive an impulse
from a new book, entitled " The Healing
Art, the Right. Hand of the Church, or
Practical Medicine an Essential Element in
the Christian System." It is by " Thera
peutes, Edinburgh," and the anonymous
Healer remarks : "Certain it is, that with
out the Christian healer, the Evangelist,
whether in Christian or Pagan lands, is ad
dressing only one-half of man's nature, and,
consequently can only partially meet his ne
cessities. Indeed many of the objects to
which the Church is now directing her en
ergies, and which require a thorough knowl
edge of human nature, and of the true con
dition of human society, in order to deal
with them, are altogether impracticable
without the co-operation of the physician."
Speaking of medicine, one naturally passes
to MEDICAL AND GENERAL SCIENCE, on
which, however, as well as ART, I feel that
space and time both forbid me to dwell.
Dr. Copeland, a fine, hale old Shetlander,
has, with indefatigable industry, concluded
a Medical Dictionary which has been corn;
ing out in parts for years. So Dr ; Todd has
finished his Cyclopedia of Anatomy and
" The Geology of Pennsylvania, a Gov
ernment Survey," by Professor Henry D.
Rogers, ,State Geologist, comes out here as
well as at Edinburghand Philadelphia, and
reminds us that the distinguished author is
now Professor of Natural History in the
University of Glasgow. The illustrated
Maps, views, and sections, were producet
by the - Messrs. Johnston, of Edinburgh.
A valuable treatise on Physical Geogra
phy, has just appeared at Berlin, the first of
a series intended to eittbrace Descriptive
Geography. This first of the series is based
Mr. Bayne, editor of the 'Witness, has
republished his Defence of Hugh Miller's
Testimony of the Rooks versus the North.
British' Review. An eleitentary wori, by
Miller, on Geology- 1 --Substance of Popular
Lectures—is alsO announced.
A new Geological !Map of .Scotland's
Lochs, Mountains, Islands, Sites of the
Minerals, (including an examination of the
Sibirian and Cambrian' Rooks in the North
West High'oxidic by Sir R..Murehison,) has
just appeared. There is a carefully colored
map, done by the hand of London artists,
and is putolished on one large sheet. Price,
LI is. The Constructor is J. A. Knipe,
Esq., who embodies in the map the results
of „his own researches for many years.
- 14 The Primeval World, a Treatise on the
Relations of Geology to Theology, by the
Rev. P.. 1. Gloag," has ;been issued by
Messrs. Clark, and might be worth ordering
by any American student. It is a book
under two hundred pages. It does not differ
in its views materially from those of Hitch
cock, King, Hugh Miller, Sz,e.
As to ART, we have exhibitions of
French pictures open at present in London,
besides those of British painters at the Suf
folk Street Gallery. . The Boottish Academy
is holding its Annual Exhibition at Edin
burgh. .The Art Unions of both countries,
England and Scotland, are .gathering
scribers for new engravings. The , Glasgow
Art Union-excells In its pictures. A num-
ber of new and precious pictures of the old
Masters, have been recently added to the
National Gallery. The whole of the build
ing called the National Gallery, at Trafalgar
Square, is to be given up by the Royal
Academicians to the nation, and on that site
(not Kensington, as some wished,) we ex
pect to see, if not a second Louvre, at least a
building worthy of the accumulated treas
ures of our own and foreign lands. The
patronage of Art is rapidly increasing, and
the - professions of ' Sculptors, Painters, and
Wood Engravers, of the first class, and of
real genius; is alike the source of princely
gains, and the cynosure of general admiration.
Decease of Rev. John Bums.
This excellent minister and estimable
man, died at his residence in Millwood,
Knox County, Ohio, on Wednesday, April
13th, aged forty years. Mr. Burns was
pastor of the Presbyterian 'church, and
Principal of the Millwood Academy. An
intimate friend of the deceased sends to us
the following notice : •
His malady was disease of the spine, produced
by over-exertion, and too constant a drain upon
his nervous powers.
The early history of the deceased is character
istic of a mind strongly imbued with a sense of
love to God, and duty to man—first leading him
to embrace the Gospel ofjesus— and then to ded
icate his life to its ministry. Possessed of an
ardent temperament and fixed energy of purpose,
he bad only to be convinced of his duty, and
nothing could make him deviate from it. With
a mind well trained in, the learning of his pro
fession, and shrewd penetration into the motives
that control human nature, and a heart full of
true Christian sympathy, and a soul glowing
with love to all for whom his Master died, he
brought all this powerful machinery to bear in
nis walk of duty and labor of love. His influ
ence, though 'silent, was felt ; and, were his
physical frame 'equal to his great heart, his
family might still have had a fond parent, his
country, a true benelaator, his church, a faithful,
and persevering pastor.
-His arrival at Millwood dates some Seven years
back. At that time, more dram-sbops than
churches could be found there, more dram
drinkers than church-goers. The tone of society
and education were at a much lower ebb than
can now be easily realized. The diligence of the
pastor, combined• with the energy of the popular
educator, soon produced a marked change. Edu
cation flourished. The - writer can speak from
personal knowledge when he says, that Millwood
has sent some strong men ,to College. Religion
gained the hearts of many—the wellefilled church
bears ample evidence. Morality pervaded the
neighborhood—let the silent tears of a loving
and bereaved people testify. If the originator
be asked for, the treasured memory of Mr. Burns
will tell. Indeed, so sensible were the Faculty, of
Kenyon College to the merits of the deceased,
that they conferred upon him the Honorary de.
gree of A. M., at their last commencement. His
theological studies had been pursued in the Sem
inary of Allegheny City, Pa.
The writer had frequent and sweet interviews
with Mr. Burns, while on his bed of pain. The
Sabbath previous to his death was the last time.
Never can he forget the eagerness with which the
siok man assembled every soul in the house to
unite in devotion around his couch. St. Paul's
Epistle to the Philippians formed our reading.
It was nearly all read. After a brief exposikion,
in which the writer of this notice, sitting by the
side of hie dying friend, spoke as his representa
tive—making uee'of the Apostle's words to convey
his own feelings—all knelt in prayer. None but
must have felt " it was good to be there," for
surely the Lord was in this place.
He died as he lived—calmly reposing on the
bosom of his Master. To his sorrowing wife and
four tender little ones, he could say, " your loss
is my eternal gain." To the elders of his church
his message was, " Let the church go forward."
To a friend who asked, "Do you feel Jesus is
precious ?" he calmly replied, "Oh yes, no clouds
obscure my way." The last hour of night was
nearly reached—midnight was but a step away—
but ere that step was taken, a soul had taken its
flight, another voice was chaining the chorus of
glory. J. 'W. M.
The Presbyterian Sentinel.
Rev. Ed. E. -Porter has become associated
with Rev. F. A. Thayer, in the editorial
management of this journal.. It is published
at Memphis, as we once before noted. The
seventh issue is now before us. It evinces
spirit and enterprise.
Our brethren seem to be deeply impressed
under the injunction to " contend earnestly
for the faith." They say :
" We wish two things to be very distinct
ly understood. First, that, as conductors
of the Sentinel, we shall attack what we be
lieve to be erroneous and wrong any where
and every where we find it, without fear,
favor, or affection, without mincing matters,
and without putting on any gloves. * *
"We believe controversy useful, in the
right spirit. We beliive reason should be
left FREE to combat error. And our ears
are forever closed to all remonstrances
against the boldest proclamations of truth.
We regard controversy as right, useful and
indispensable to elicit truth. It will be a
dark moral day , when the press is gagged
from the fearless assertion of individual
opinions and convictions, lest 'somebody
should take offence."
Recantation of Popery.
An Eastern paper informs us that Mr.
Frank,P. Bakewell, the son of an Episcopal
minister, for a long time a well known
teacher in this city, has renounced his al
legiance to the Romieh Church, with which
he became connected several years ago, in a
letter to Dr. Shelton, of St. Paul's church,
Buffalo, and has returned to the communion
of the Episcopal Church. His father, who
like him, bad become a pervert to Roman
ian', renounced it some eighteen months ago.
Mr. Bakewell, the younger was for a time
the editor of the aepherti of the Valley,
the Romish paper published at St. Louis,
that so boldly avowed the objects and designs
LONG PASTORATE. - Thee Presbyterian
Magazine says : "In the Presbyterian
Church we know of no pastorate of longer
duration than that of Dr. Spring, which is
nearly half a century." We know of one
which is probably still nearer to the half
century. Reir. James Linn, b D., was or
dained, and installed in Bellefonte, Pa., in
the Autumn of 'lBO9
_; and he had been
preaching there some months previously.
He still serves the same congregation with
Commissioners to the General Assembly
Erie, David Grier, Mr. Miller.
Huntingdon, 5 John Moore. S. Woods, Beg.
10. 0. M'Olean,
Schuyler, i J. T. Bliss, John Clark,
/ J. C. King, S. 0. Jackson,
Wooster, R. O. Grammy, - ' Robert Noble. '
Maumee, D. S. Anderson, J. L. Hosack.
Newton, f Solomon &Mak, It. S. Kennedy,
/ R. It Foreman, David Neighbor.
Bloomington, T. M. Newell, Jacob Smith.
S. Carolina, fJ. 0. Lindsay, James Farrow,
1 Joseph Gibert, Thomas Weir.
Ouachita, A. R. Banks ; O."L. Bullock,
Harmony, 5 James Douglass, G. W. Lee,
'James McDowell, J. A. Mayes,
West Jersey, O. B. Ford, Wm. Black.
Blisantown, fJ. C. Rankin, Wm. AL Roes,
W. M. Martin, - S. E. Ames.
Nusau, H. J. Van Dyko k James Rider.
Mohawk, C. R. Gregory, 1. G. K. Truair.
Potomac, B. F. Bittinger,, W. L. Waller.
Passaic, J. O. Edwards, Wm. Stevens.
Omaha, A. B. Billingsley, , Luther Headley.
Nashville, , J. B. Hays, W. B. A. Ramsay
Tnscumbia, A. L. Cline„ B. Harrington.
Kaskaskia, B. H. Charles, R. Douglas.
Mnblenburg, J. J. Pierce, David Banks.
Videennes, B. R. Alexander, Roht. MsChord.
Now York, fJ. C. Lowrie, D.D.,
/ . .T. M. Stevenson, D D.,
Palestine, John A. Steel, David Dryden.
Western Dist, B. 8. Campbell, J. G. Latta.
Endue'', - I. I. Drake, Z. Harner.
Ft. Wayne, J, M. Lowrie, J. L. Williams.
Madison, H. H. Thomson, Victor Ring.
Whitewater, P. If. Goliklay,,. -R. P. Patterson.
Columbus .Q. L. Kalb, ' B. C. Clarke.
Red River,. . J.M., Hall, R. B. Zones.
TusealOosa, ' j: W. Pratt, ' ' --' Y. Boardman.
-Ma* Orli - IMS ..' B. BT. Palmer, D.D.i. ,:. 'IL Thomas, Jr,
Memphis, D. H. Cummins, - T. J. Blackmore,
Steubenville, M. A. Parkinson, Wm. Patterson.
Rev. JAMES C. MARQUIS has received a
call from the church of Crowmeadow,
Presbytery of Bloomington.
Rev. JAMES FERGUSON has removed from
West Jersey, Stark County, 111., to
Brimfield, Peoria County, 111., to take
charge of the church there.
Rev. E. T. HYDE'S pastoral relation to the
churches of Midway and Broadway, was
dissolved by the Presbytery of South
Carolina, at its late meeting.
Messrs. J. C. KENNEDY and J. S. WILL
BANKS were licensed to preaoh the Gospel,
by the Presbytery of South Carolina, at
its late meeting.
Rev. 'JOHN' ELLIOTT'S Post• Office address
is changed from Genoa, De Kalb County,
111., to Springville, Coles County, 111.
Correspondents will please note the
Rev. J. C. Woons' Post Office address is
changed, for the present, from Bentons
port, lowa, to Carrick, Allegheny Co., Pa.
Bev. T. P. SPEER'S Post Office address is
changed from' Alliance, Ohio, to North
Jackson, Mahoning County, Ohio. Cor
respondents will please note the change.
Rev. A. R. HAMILTON'S pastoral relation
to the churches of Brownsville and Un
iontown, was dissolved by the Presbytery
of Zanesville, at its late meeting.
Rev. Tuos. BEER'S pastoral relation to the
church of Congress, was dissolved by the
Presbytery of Wooster, at its late meet
Boston and New England.
The Artists of Boston having undertaken the
erection in bronze of Ball's statue of Washington,
have invited the Hon. R. C. Winthrop, to inau
gurate the movement to secure the necessary
funds by a public leoture. Mr. Winthrop has
accepted the invitations, and has intimated that
his subject will be the Relations Between. the Fine
Arts and Historical Monuments. Mr. Winthrop is
not only a popular orator and a finished scholar,
but also well versed in the fine arts, and takes
graatinterest in antiquarian research.
The Music Hall, was filled a few Sabbath ago,
by as great a crowd as ever greeted Theodore
Parker in his palmiest days, to hear the Rev.
Mrs. Antoinette Brown, deliver a discourse from
the text, " Bear ye one another's burdens."
The Rev. J. I. T. Coolidge, who seceded from the
Unitarian ranks, some months ago, has been or
dained to the full work of the ministry in the,
Episcopal Church, in St. Paul's church, Boston.
Never before was there so large,an attendance at
an Episcopal ordination, in Massachusetts. Sev
eral Unitarian ministers were present. It is pro
bable that he will be settled in Providence,
The Rev. E. H. Sears, author of a work on
.s Regeneration," that excited considerable in
terest among Orthodox readers at the time of its
appearance, and of some of the best , publications
of the Unitarian Association, in the last number
of . the Religious Monthly Magazine, distinctly
avows his belief in the supreme and absolute
Divinity of the Lord Jesus Christ. He says:
Every form of faith that leaves out the essen
tial Divinity of the Lord Jesus Christ—Arian,
Socinian, and all shades between, is radically de
fective—and every sect that gets stranded here,
will die sooner or later, of inanition, or Arctic
And does not the history of Unitarianism in
Boston and vicinity prove the remark to be true.
Some thirty years ago, even men of strong faith
were afraid that it would spread over the entire
country. The greater part of the wealth, learning,
and refinement of some partaof New England, es
pecially of the Eastern half of. Massachusetts,
was devoted to its propagation and support. In
Boston there was only a single Congregational
church, and that one wavering, with a few Epis
copal churches, and a few of other denominations,
to oppose it. The power of the State was in the
hands of .its friends. To attempt to resist it, or
to advocate the Orthodox doctrine, was to be made
a subject of sport or contempt. In social life,
fora - young person to declare hie belief in the
Trinitarian doctrine, was almost to forfeit his
position in Society. The Sabbath was, in a
great measure, divested of its sanctity, and after
a single service at church, in the morning, /me
spent in visiting, riding, or strolling around.
The old religious sentiment seemed to be entirely
destroyed. The people, seeing men of genius,
like Edward Everett, Palfrey, Ralph Waldo
Emerson, Jared Sparks, Holley, Bnckminster, and
the eloquent Charming, in the Unitarian pulpits,
supposed this denomination was about to concen
trate in itself all the intellect and power of the
clergy. But what a change ! The novelty has
worn out; the people have, had time for reflection;
and the fruits have long since been apparent.
Buckmineter and Charming are dead. And
Everett, Palfrey, Sparks, and Emerson, early
left the ministry that they had chosen, having
found, as they supposed, a better avenue for their
talents. In Theodore Parker, the heresy long
ago ran to seed, and the sober part of the de
nomination have been for many years ashamed of
his open Skepticism. Coolidge has left them,
and Huntingdon is regarded as far more Orthodox
than Unitarian. The churches in the country
are dying out, and the congregations in the
cities are by no means what they once were, and
at the present rate of decrease, the influence of
this denomination will be altogether gone, before
another generation has passed away. Most im
pressively does this history teach us that a re
ligion with no inherent vitality, and without
forms to please the people, such as. Romanism
and Tractarianism employ, or novelties like
Parkerism, must soon die oat.
The two hundredth anniversary of the Settle
ment of the Town of Hadley will be celebrated on
the Bth day of June next. To many persons in
different parts of the-land, this will be an occasion
of much interest. All, persons connected by birth
or marriage with the first settlers, or with the
inhabitants of the original town of Hadley, and
all the present residents of the original territory
of the town, in particular of Hatfield, South
Hadley, Amherst, and Granby, are hereby invited
to take part in this celebration. An oration is
expected from Prof. Huntingdon, of Cambridge,
and a poem from Mr. Edvrard C. Porter.
Of the four hundred and fifty.six under•gradn
ates of Yale College, three hundred and thirty
seven are hopefully pious. During last year there
were one hundred and thirteen conversions in the
College, of - whom ninety-two were members of
the Senior Class.
A few years ago, this city embarked very
largely in the Ocean Steamship Business.
cent steamers were built; they were furnished
most gorgeously; all their appointments were com
plete ; and their speed was unparalleled. The
achievements of the Atlantic and Baltic were
themes for editorial leaders and review articles,
and were used to set off many a tame passage in
dull publio speeches. At the mention of their
names, the school boys were ready to throw up
their hats and shout. But how soon has all this
been changed. The American steamship is
now scarcely spoken of. Competition is , no
longer feared. During the present Summer there
Will be feet of forty-five steamships plying
between the ports of Canada and the United
States, and those of Europe, a majority of which
are first class, and allure profitably employed. Of
these, thirty-two are owned by subjects of Great
Britain, eigbt by . German citizens, and only
five by 'American citizens; and of these five, only
three are in actual service. The tonnage of the
thirty-two English 'steamships, is sixty one
thousand ; of the German steamships, twenty
thousand ; and of the American, twelve thousand.
The American linen connecting with Germany and
Liverpool, no long& exist. The only business
'still retained by, the American enterprise iii that
to France, through the port of I;iavre. Great
Britain novreinploys two thousand steam. 'vessels
in her foreign, mercantile, and postal service;
while the entire steam shipping of the United
States in the same department, is confined to seven
vessels The two vessels in addition to the five
engaged in the European trade are, the Tenneasee
running from Louisiana to Mexico, and the habd
from Charleston to Havana. This condition of
things is certainly not very flattering to our
national vanity in this direction.
The Quarantine Regulations have been the sub
ject of frequent discuision. The grievance com
plained of was, that passengers from ports where
yellow fever prevailed, or in ships sup
posed to be infected by it, were to be sub
jected to ail the rigors of quarantine. The
opinion that long prevailed among medical men
was, that persona so situated were liable to con
vey the disease to others. But gradually, this
opinion has been giving way. And the other day
at the Quarantine and the Sanitary Convention,
Dr. Stevens challenged all the experience of the
veterans in yellow fever to name one ease in.
which a man sick with yellow feVer, communicated
the disease to others, as small pox is communi
cated. But the challenge was not accepted; and
when it was proposed that persons in health, in
port, on board of ships infected with yellow fever,
should be permitted to land, their baggage and
clothing only being subject to delay, and that
persons arriving sick of yellow fever, having been
carefully washed, should be allowed to go to their
homes or the hospitals. The resolution passed
by a vote of seventy ayes to four nays. The Con
vention embraced a great array of medical talent
familiar with yellow fever, typhus, small pox, and
cholera—the four diseases against which quaran
tine lbarriers are erected. How - ever, the vene
rable Dr. Francis, aftbr a half a century of ex
perience,opposed the resolution, but only one other
physician voted with him.
Afr. James W. Simonton, the well known
correspondent of the New York Times, has become
editor of the San Francisco Bulletin. Mr.
Simonton bad been connected with the Times, in
one department or another, from its commence..
ment. During the Spring and Summer of last
year, he was its special correspondent in Utah ;
and at the close of the troubles there, he proceed
ed to the Frazer River region, during the preys..
lance df the gold fever there, and returned home
by way of California and the Isthmus. His let,
tern during this journey were eagerly read and
widely copied. He was also correspondent of the
London Times in Utah, and wrote for that journal
the extended and careful exposition of Mormon
affairs, that attracted I , o'much notice in Europe.
Prof. B. S. Al' Culloh, who was for several•
years Professor of Mathematics and Natural
Sciences in Jefferson College, Pa., and afterwards
in Princeton College, N. J., but now of Columbia
College, in this city, has obtained temporary
leave of absence for a sea voyage, in order to re
cruit his impaired health. Previous to his
departure, a valuable gold chronometer, set to
New York time, was presented to him by the
Senior and Junior Classes.
The Trustees for the Asylum for Inebriates, at
Binghampton, having failed to obtain an appro
priation of $lOO,OOO from the Legislature,
appeals to the public for that sum, in a paper
containing some startling statements with regard
to the number and character of the applications
already made for the benefit of the Institution.
There are two thousand eight hundred applicants,
of whom four hundred and ten are women " from
the high walks of life !"
Some time , ago, a paper called The Layman's
Advocate, was established in this city, to discuss
certain reforms.in the Methodist Church, and to
advocate the admission of laymen to its Confer
ences, which is now discontinued, and anew
paper, called The Methodist, is to take its place..
Its purpose is thus stated:
It will specially advocate lay representation.
(not co-operation); . indefinite extension of the
time of ministerial services ; will give to the
Church a new platform on the subject of slavery.
It will be open to such full and free discussion as
no official journal legitimately can be. In a pe
culiar sense, without trenching upon the right of
any administration paper, it will aim to be the
organ of the Methodist people. •
Horace Greeley, notwithstanding his many od
dities, is never choices possessed of much practi
cal-wisdom; and not nnfrequently his words con
tain important truths. Speaking of an enterprise
that has succeeded beyond all expectation, he
Business in our day has four cardinal elements
—l. The article offered must be well worth the
money; 2. It must be adapted to the needs and
the tastes of the million; 3. It must be so adver
tised that the million are made fully aware of its
existence ; and, 4. It must be sold for cash down
and nothing short. Based on these foundations,
busineis may succeed, even these dull, bard
The Rev. Dr. Patton some time ago addressed
six letters to the Hon. Thomas Williams, Presi
dent of the . American Tract Society, in which he
charged that Society with nneecessary outlay in
the publication and distribution of its works, as
compared with the London Tract Society.- This
led a number of large hearted and liberal Chris
tian gentlemen, to address a note to the Rev. R.
S. Cook, who is not now connected with the So
ciety, but who was actively engaged in its service
for eighteen years, asking for a distinct state
ment with regard to his views of the system of
the American Tract Society as compared with
other Societies. Mr. Cook has replied in along
communication, in which be takes the ground
that after his long experience and careful examio
nation of the workings of other Societies, the
systein adopted by the American Tract Society in
the manufacture of its publications, and in their
sale and distribution, is the most economical that
oan be employed in this country so as to comlime
the greatest efficiency and u efulness. This So.'
ciety is about to issue a new work, on Revivals of
Religion, by Rev. Dr. Humphrey, of New Eng.
land., In this work will be incorporated :Chill
account of the wonderful revivals in Western
Pennsylvania in the beginning of, the present
century, which has been prepared by a hand fully
competent to the work, and having within reach
the most ample materials.
Great Divereity of Opinion continues to exist ss
to the propriety and usefulness of accepting
theatres and places of amusement for preaching
purposes; The following opinion by the Journal
of Commerce, is worthy of consideration. This
ournal is known to be highly conservative in its
Character, and generally takes a high stand on
questions of morality and religion:
The trial of Sunday preaching In theatres has
thus far been fully tested. I think it will not be
repeated another year. As a general thing the
voice of the pastors of the city do not approve of
it. And the'wisdom of hiring a theatre at the
cost of -from one „hundred to one hundred and
'fifty dollars per night, calling people from many
churches, thinning those churches that are kept
open, and shutting up many that would be open
but for this, is not apparent. The great. crowds
that attend, come not from the remises that do not
attend anywhere, 'but from the mass who are
among the elite of our churches. On last Sunday
the Academy of Music held a large audience, but
it was not crowded as of old. The National
Theatre is closed as a house for preaching. Niblo's
Saloon will be closed with the last Sabbath in
April, and those,who have led in the experiment
are satisfied that churches are the place to hold
services on the Sabbath.
The people of this city, are again excited on
the subject of Ocean Steamship Navigation. The
failure of the New York enterprises seems to
have awakened new interest in the matter here.
Philadelphia is several -hundred miles farther
from Europe than New York, and seventy miles
from the mouth of the Delaware, so that to com
pete with the lines running to New York, vessels
superior in sailing qualities and accommodations
to any now in use, must be secured. A model is
yroposed by Captain Henry Randall, a gentleman
of large experience in steam navigation on the
Hudson, the Northern Lakes, and the Pacific
Ocean. He built the first large steamer that ran
on our lakes, and at that time the scheme was re
garded aa most visionary. The model which be
now proposes for steamers from this city to Biz-•
rope, haLmet with the , approbation of some of
the' most eminent navigators now living.
steamer after the same patternohe City of Beak
is now running on Lake Erie. Each of the pro.
' posed vessels is computed to., carry two thousand
five hundred pawners, and: two thousand tone