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p r osbyserhuiMuer/ VW. VII I 1..
p a ymbreerlas Advocate. Vol. XXI. 80. WY
DAVID McKINNEY and JAMES ALLISON, Editors.
Toiling in Rowing -•Mark vi: 48,
The twelve disciples being sent
,Across the deep, their way they bent,
While Jesus to a mountain went
To pray, there lowly bowing.
And as they went without their Lord, -
Though going at his hely word,
Contrary winds their rage afford
To Make them 'toil to rowing.
When midnight hourthad passed away,
The Saviour then had ceased to pray ;
He saw them in their vain essay, •
To oross the waves high soaring.
He walked upon the mighty deep,
Though,billowe ran both high and steep;
That he might them in safety keep,
He quell'd the tempests roaring.
But though the' sea be calm and still,
Obrdlent to its Master's will
Whose glories now the heavens fill,
Where seraphs worship bowing— •
Yet there are suffering saints on earth
Whose lives show forth a Saviour's worth;
And while exposed to Satan's mirth
In oorrow toil in rowing.
Though when our faith , is very weak,
in disguise should seem to speak ;
Yet wilt he never fail to seek
Those who in tears are porting ;
Hardness for Mm we must egittre,
If we would dwell with angetpure,
Where we shall find hie promise sure,
Nor longer toll in rowing. MAL
Bor the Presbyterian Itanner'end Advocate.
Minor Reforms Needed.4-No. 3.
TWO SERMONS IN SIMMER.
MESSRS. EDITORS :—lt is hard to change
religious tillages, especially where they have
been of long standing, and have acquired a
sort of saorednesd from being associated With
our best religious feeling!. And it is well
that snob a conservative principle should
exist within us, as s restraint upon our na
tural fondness for novelty and change. Re
ligious'customs should not , be lightly med
dled with. Even the prejudicial, of Weaker/
brethren ought to be respected, lest, their
confederates should be offended by innova
tions which others may think desirable.
Still, our , corissivatiiim mayiebmetimes be
carried too i ftir. The time )968, when,r9any
I oodkpeople stere' , opposelifito the eying out
pf more than: onenlice at,a time, by the pre
centor.;, and afterW#rdifpo • t d*disusc" of
~. Ms y. yue alto . gethe, ic t the eine of the
sr Mews inunlieof, amlingering MI
' taehment tf' our
rsil . . WO* : i n)
Rouse's Version, may be due telhis ,, sort of
pioue prejudice, as welt as to More ineteiligeilit
conviction, I Jwould ' not atternyt,-t(if Bay,
412<ouser-oistoketua. , "4 , utterly uttahnts ; ;ln , the
inoonaistent, witli,,pyr r ntinpipled of ripen ,c3om
gmuniom Stilt. Itugers. in .6 few . o ff. our
'ehurblies So also, and.roore - gendriill'r're
tained, is the use,of several long and unne
cessary tables, in the administration orthe
Lord's Supper, besides the one common
" table of the Lord," on which the elements
are placed; and the " serving" of two or
three suceeesive,tables, instead of gathering
the whole family of Christ at one sitting, in
the nearest convenient pews, around the one
There are 80 many stored associations
connected with these old usages, in the
minds of the more aged members of our
churches, especially in the country, that, al
though the reasons are entirely in favor of
,the changes ishich I have indicated, it may
,not be expedient to introduce them where
any opposition would be excited.
There is, however, another relic of_ the
olden times, • the removal of whic h . I regard
as of more importance. I refer to the hold
ing of two religious services on the, S abbath,
in immediate succession, in tie; *Summer.
This prevails only in our country °burettes.
Ever since I was a boy, and used eitbOr
to be asleep 'myself, or to watch the elders
and half the congregation eleeping under
the second sermon on warm 'Hummer-after
noons, I have doubted whether such a course
is either profitable to men or acceptable to
God. , As, to its itillpiring influpnce .on sthe
minister, when be has to preach to a drowsy
congregation, .I have also had some expe
Why should not this second service he
dispensed with in Summer, as well as in
Winter' It is true the days are longer, so
that there is time enough for two services;
' but that our people are prepared to hear,
remember, and inwardly digest, two sermons
at once, in Summer, any more than in Win
ter, may well be,-doubted. I have beard
many minister sly that they thought this
" second sermon," almost labor lost,
The custom probably originated when con
gregations were few and farbet*een, when
the opportunities for hearing pretiebing'iiiere
comparatively rare, when many - had to
travel far to the place of worehip, and'when
the people had patience to endure long'ser
vices, even until sun-down, if necessary.
But all these things have changed. Con
' more' contiguous, and religions
privileges are more abundant, people are 1
more impatient of long , exercises, and there
is no need of holding a protracted- meeting
every Sabbath Besides, we now have Bible
Classes and Sabbath Schools to be attended
to, which did not exist in the days of our
fathers, The two Sermons with a half-hour
interval, might be endured, if there was no
thing else. But now,- our families are
hurried on Sabbath morning, so as to bah'
every thing ready for being' at the Sabbath
School by 9i or 10 o'clock. 'Then follow
the two sermons with the accompanying ex
enlace, the whole occupying some four or
five hours. And besides all thia,> there .is
often a third service at some school house,
in the evening l This is certainly a wear''u•
someness to the flesh, which is very little
conducive to spiritual edification. Ai for
the minister who has to go through ill this
labor—Bible Class and all—he certainly
ought never to preach on the sixth Corn-
mandment, so long as he itrthus killing him
self. every Sabbath. day. And as for the
people, and especially the children, who may
have to attend upon all these services, the
Sabbath must certainly be " weariness," at
leant physically, rather than a day of re
freshing spiritual rest. There can be no
time for family Cateobetical instruction—Au-
,".ONE THING Is NEEDFUL:" "ONE THING HAVE I DE
tie so important and yet so much neglected
—(nor for private religious reading and
A more excellent way, surely, would be,
to have - but one sermon at the church, in
Summer as well as in Winter; an hour
having previously Veen employed in the ex
ercises of the Sabbath School, and in Bible
Class or other Catechetiaal exercises for the
adult members of the congregation. Under
this arrangement the people might be ex
pected, more generally, to form themselves
into small voluntary classes for free conker-
cation on portions of, Scripture, or such
other religious topics a& they might agree
upon. This, when followed by a single Ser
mon, would certainly afford spiritual food
enough for one meal. More „tilan this is
surfeiting, and not conducive: to religious
Let a second' service still be held; but
let it be in the evening, after . both minister
and people have had time to rest, and let it
be at various school houses or other places
in the congregation, where aged or infirm
persons• may reside, and where the Gospel
may reach some who seldom• attend at the
church. Much useful missionary work may
thus be done, ,
Another important advantage,of the pro r
posed arrangement would be, the possibility
of weak or vacant congregations being sta.
tedly supplied with preaching. One minis
ter might be pastor of two contiguous con
gregations, and could preach to bothtpn the
same day;.or two houses of worship might
be built.'within the limits of thelame con
gregation; if desirable, and one service be
held at each of them, every Sabbath. Thus
one of the evils connected with the undue
multiplication , of congregatiois, Might be
I will only add further, that the arrange
ment proposed would 'afford opportunity for
the observance of the' Monthly Ooncert• of
prayer for the missionary cause, now so gen
erally neglected through want of time. On
the drat Sabbath- of each month, the hour
usually allotted to the Sabbath School, &c.,
might be profitably devoted, to this Concert;
the minister taking pains to prepare himself
for communicating such , missionary • intelli
gence as might be interesting to both parents
Will not-church Settsionstake this matter
,i4d4tityirful ''and wise 'consideration ; or
ivEviotloiiiiklOtligr in" earth Presbytery,
1411 apprOe,of 010941gggestions, bring
up they subjeekrfoA s thepurpose,of having
the proposed 'ohange,mposemende4 to tip® congregations, ..thlksectiring that ,con
certed notion without irhioh iittle can .be
„ro tor t . ,4k.qta=r"— C."
• A.lllrom our London Correspondent.
The-Parliamentary Strttole—Pro9ress2Bf the De
bate—Sir.ifamee Graham and 4011 Pahneraton
—D' Israeli Bitter and ,Wrathful,;- Speculation as
to a New ifints&e
The Saluting of the Ho_settrYa'fftiOned . r. Suit
ter's Remains .ant; Weateninger Abbey—ilave-
eian e o f oventraent COll /airy
Yining Men's Missionary for India—The "Pres
byterian Almanac "—English Sympathy with
German Protestantism Meeting at -Sir C.
Eardley's—Dr. .Pomeroy—French Protestantism
and the Emperor--Satire on Popery and the Pope
LONDON, March 29th, 1859
THE !PARLIAMENTARY. REFORM Bill
Debate still continues, and •is likely to last
for '4veral nights longer. The Cabinet
measure is clearly doomed, and Lord J.
Ruesel's Resolution will be carried. There
have been very fierce 'imputations 'made on
that•noble Liird by twit Irish orators,
Whithside, the Attorney-General for Ire
land, and Sir. H. Cairns, Solicitor-General
for England; but making due allowance for
buman infirmity, his Lordship is a true and
temperate Reformer, and has a far better
right from his long services to the cause—
including the carrying hy him of the Re
form measure' through the House of Com
mons of 1832—than any other living man,
to assume the place of Premier at such a
crisis as the present.
Sir .James: Graham has made a speech
which may be described as " a finisher" to
the Cabinet measure. It Understood that •
'he will not accept office—he is growing old
—but the weight of his opinions and argu
,tnents eau hardly be over-estimated on the
present occasion. As for Palmerston, he
took a very curious, and yet characteristic,
part in 'the debate. He eame out with a
voice and manner of, great vivacity, avowing
I his intention . to vote for Lord John's' Reso
lution. But be produced some confusion in
thi; Opposition ranks, (on his own side of
the house,) and awakened" hope of escape
in the underlings, at least, on the Ministe
rial side, when, he coolly told the •Cabinet
that thq ought not to resignif the Resolu
tion was carried, but accepting it, to alter
and amend their bill, giving up, the MO
borough franchise. Whiteside fiercely re
sented the proposal, as " offensive ;" and Sir
John 'Pakington, the first Lord of the Ad
miralty, says that the Ministry are not in
power to do tlfe, noble viscount's bidding.
Some the Popish members have been
bought over, it appears—as indicated in my
last—to vote with the Cabinet ; ; but 4, to do
Dr. Mc.Hale and the Irish Ultramontaniets
justice, they are dead against the Miniatry,
and advise their Parliamentary friends to
vote accordingly. It is, however, worthy of
notice that Cardinal Wiseman would' keep
in the Derby-Cabinet, as indicated by the
resolution of his "henchman," Mr. Bowyer,
(who has given himself up to perpetual
celibacy, by becoming •a Knight of St.. John
of Jerusalem,) to voteagaingt the resolution.
D'lsraeli angrily said, the other night,
that the Cabinet never would have brought
in the Bill, had' they believed that Parlia
ment would not give the measure (as
recommended in the Queen's speech,) " a
calm ,and impartial consideration." This
,kifid Of sneering defiance indicates that he
is getting desperate, and no doubtere he
falls, he will be his former self, throwing off
official reserve, and shoot his arrows right
'and left, every one of them dipped •in gall
SPRotr.LATiorr on,a new Ministry, ie rife
at the Clubs. A dissolution of Parliament
will scarcely .be Attempted by the Cabinet.*
It would be a very impudent, thing in the
face of the whole country, one may say,
dead against their Reform Bill. And there
foie we are told, of course, that Lord John
will be Premier, and that Palmerston and
hie clique will be shut out of the Ministry.
That would please the country well, as
*This rtitissnre is since determined upon.—Bvs
PUBLICATION OFFICE, GAZETTE BUILDING; FIFTH Bp,
FOR THE WEEK. ENDING SA
would the appointment of Lord Carlisle as
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Mr Sidney
Herbert as Minister of War, the Duke of
Newcastle as Colonial Secretary, Lord'
Clarence Paget (who is a great Naval Re
former,) as First Lord of the Admiralty,
and Lord Broughton , (formerly 'Sir John
Cain Hobhouse,) as Secretary of State for
India. It is probable'that Lord John would
propitiate the Manchester school as far as
possible, and in this way Mr. Milner Gibson
would probably become President of the
Beard of Trade. A Russel Ministry, how
ever, may turn out to be verydifferent from
The PEACE or Errno - PE seems secured
for the pr.:went. The gratifying; statement
was made last night, by Lord Malmes
bury, that there can be no doubt that Lord
Cowley's mission to Vienna will have the
effect of preventing war ; and that it is the
opinion of Her Majesty's. Government, the
Italian States should have an:opportunity of
laying their grievances before the Congress.
This Congress will have repreeentatives from
all the great Powers* It was thought that
Austria would resist the presence of any
Representative of Sardinia, against whi'
her wrath burns so fiercely. But Russia is
friendly toAhe little plucky power that acts
as a tborri in the side of her old treacherous
fiienkr t arhom she (Russia) saved 'from de
feat in gungary, in 1848-
In the which country of 'Hungary, let me
remark - in passing, the poor Protestants are
still 'shamefully oppressed, notwithstanding
the repeated promises . of Francis. Joseph.
Moreover, France will stand ,by Count
Cavour and Victer 4mmanuel, in this
Diplomatiq busineis, and so Austria must
give way, and allow either the Count or
some other representative of Sardinia to
take his seat Iris cs•vis to her Representative
at the Council Table. This Congress cannot
meet immediately, and its very delays will
tend to ,tide over the Summer months. But
it remains to be seen whether will settle
the Italian question. In tmth, the . struggle
is only postponed, to be more terrible and
bloody in the end.
, SALUTING OP TEE nosy, at Malta,
by British troops, is, I am, glad to say, to
cease. The Archbishop of the island is to
be saluted by the presentation of arms, on
account of his temporal dignity, as . ofbeiallY
the representative of the'- old - St. John
Knights, or , Grand Masters, but when pass
ing with the host, that mark of 'respect is
not to be shown to him. Thus ,we have a
great grievance to conscience removedi and
the arrogance of Popery rebuked.
Ax INTEREBTIIiq SOBNE, took place, yes
terday, in Westminster Abbey. Recently
the remains of the r eelebrated. London stir
geop, John Hunter, who died in 1193,were
discovered in a leaden coffin in ,
vaults of the church of, St. ,Martins,• in
the Fields. The Dean and Chapter were
asked for a grave for . these remains under
ft:minor-of the Cathedral, vAtere the ashes
; ~"•h aide
IVC 'es -avy Off
The request was instantly - complied with,
and yesterday afternoon, in presence of the
representatives of most of the learned and
scientific societies, the interment took place.
There is an increasing tendency to do
honor to the memory of the truly. great and
good. Ere long a noble statue of Havelock
will be set up in Trafalgar Square, and that
of Jenner is already'there. Lady Havelock
and her daughters have taken up a perma'-
'Tient residence in Kensington Park G-ardens.
A letter from Mr. Russel, the Times' cor
respondent, describes a visit to the grave of
Havelock, at Lucknow. It is a little mound
of earth, and the letter " H.," :on _a ; tree at
hand, is the only ancl'imperfect <index to
what precious dust lies beneath. A private
soldier now in England, writes to the Times
to say that his was the hand which marked
the tree with that' letter " H.," and asks is
there to be no other local monument and
memorial to the 4 i gaViOtir of India?" There
is no doubt the want will be remedied. It
is' pleasing to hear from'-Constantinople that
the.burial place of so many of , our officers
and men who died- in ;the hospitals at
Scutari, is admirably kept -by the Turkish
Government, and that the Russians at Se
bastopol treat with equal respect and rever
ence the graves and bead-stones that tell so
affectingly where Headley Vicars. and many
others sleep, on the bleak bill side.
INDIAN FINANCE is in a more embar-
rassed con ditimithan Lord Stanley supposed;
and besides the £7,000,000 already-bor.
rowed, £5,000,000 more will be required.
Nevertheless there is a great recuperative
power in the resources of that country, if
properly developed by the steam navigation
of the rivers, by irrigation and public
works, and by: encouragement to the growth
of flax, (now greatly wanted here,) as well
as other products of the teeming soil.
Lord Clyde is not coming home at present,
and as long, as Tantis Topes and-the Nana
are at large, his presence is important.
Oude is now , wonderfully tranquil, and
between seven hundred and eight hundred
forts have been levelled to the dust.'
As to GOVERNMENT CONNEXION WITH
IDOLATRY, it is confidently stated, in pit
vete and well-informed circles, although, not
yet formally announced, that Lord Stanley
has sent a dispatch to Lord Harris, Gov
ernor of the Presidency of 'Madras, 'by
which that 0011110Xj011 is finally put an end
to. It appears that the' Indian Coiincil
have had this matter brought up by the re
ligious riots that' took place at Tinnevelly,
and the insolent and violent conduct (as to
funerals of native Christians,) on the' part
of the fanatical Hindoo& I may, perhaps,
put too strongly the actual condition of this
question, buEstate what 'I have heard, =and
will correct or modify; khe statement, if ,
Meantime India is more and more.an ob
ject of prayerful . interest. Our Presbyte
rian young men in London, last year, in
augurated a Missionary Society, whose ob
ject should be to add another missionary to
the staff of the Free; Church• of Sootland in
India. They held their first anniversary
last week at our College in Queen's Square;
I had the pleasure of taking part in it.
Dr. MoOrie occupied ' the chair, and the
Hon. and Rev. Baptist Noel, delivered a
most interesting and practical address.
Good progress has been made by the young
men to the desired consummation ; and the
reflex benefits to themselves from such be
nevolent activity, cannot be over estimated.
The PRESBYTERIAN ALMANAC,published
by Mr. Jos. M. Wilson, of Ph adelphia, (re.
ceutly delivered to Messrs: , isbett
London,) has just come ,intol y hands, and
I 'baleen to express my- gri, t satisfaction
with its goodly size, its,oomplehensive ohar
aster, its most impornuit c , formation on
those various points of la interest
which it concerns the gref Presbyterian
family to know, and which , ill tend to•bind
them all together in still, oser ympathy
and brotherhood. t mup not: ' forget the
pictorial illastrations of the
of the places of, Synodic`
meetings, and of churehe'
ehitecture, or the 'Toners
the Presbyterian xealrand
time. f trust that. the ~1;
such encouragement as to
ed publisher in continuin
Very touching was 'it , me, to read.thet
full abstract of the sera: delivered last
July, by Dr. Goudy, the i °aerator Of the
Irish , Amen*, since th so audden3Y.tak
en away. -I could recall s noble foray his,
flashing eye, his fall to 4 and even read
by any brother on eith ide of the ;Agen
tic—as it, is found in th ,„,.' mane-it cornea .
with, a trumpet like f hires to the heart,'
bearing the animating huiekening„ solemn.
Message, " Buy the t h, and sell it not"
SYMPATHY WITH, 0 ,MA.N.PHOTESTANT- . 1
ISM in its' evangelisti • iflc:ite in the diffu
sion of its theological t t eratnie,,and in the
promotion of closer u iy or,..feeling, is : now
finding practical expr Fon in London. 'A
German Uommittee ha min* been formed,,
including a large nu rof eiri,inent litera
ry men, clergy and Tty, in and around
the metropolis, and co using both Church
men and Nonemifor to. I waMvited,
last week, in mum ' ith 'many others, to
a Convertazione on `t `above` topic; at the
mansion'of Sir Culli'E. Eardley, Bart.,
Grosvenor Street, G svenor Square. In
the fine old house, ling with ancestral
pictures, and the pr etecif the , Great Mas.
term, was gathered. - reasembly of 'about
sixty gentlemen, a er'also . Several ladies.
Sir Culling receivedhaelrgu4t courteously,
and after refreshments, the meeting . was
opened by singing, - ypin, and by prayer.
Among. those who slre on the occasion,
was Di.' Thomas ki3 rim, wholwelestiongly
on the godly unity diet had unitedthe Eng
lish and German Re corners in the sixteenth
ceritiiry, and hailing the: present movement
as tending to drai . 11.°Evangelicat Protest.:.
ants more 'closely -together, ,, and to - 3 , piece
them' on . the platform of that memorable
age. These sentiments were fully 'endorsed
by the•ReV. William-Goode, a London Rec
tor, Who, in his' " Rule of Truth," snd in
various Other win* has rendered *abide
ble service. to they cause. of Protestantism
versus Romanilan and Tractarianisut This
gentlemari-- , -inodeet in 'aspect; but rich in
learning 'and info4mation—spnlre Ter 'some
time,, showing holt the Foreign Reformed
wnini .l '
reoognisedA r [their
orders, ko., even 4 Engish HthChurch
tbt 4,Atil6nore ahmly in
dieati O grthat.t erewasidways:
in the Engligh Establishment who thorough
ly; fraternized with the Continental Churches.
Professor Lorimer pointed out the popu
lar mistake that Rationalism was now in
the ascendant among German Divines, and
from personal examination was able be give
most encouraging information aitO the prat
deal-as well as Evangelical character of.
many' books now published in Germany.
The •Divines there .certainly excelled us in
point of profound criticism and learning;
and if to our practical and • busy aggressive
ness, it-were possible to add the German
quietude. of research and thought, without
the taint of Mystecism or Rationalism, it
would be a grand desideratum. What is
practicable ~perhaps, perhaps, is the closer attention
in our theological training of candidates for
the ministry, to the spirit of German inves
tigation and thoroughness. Protessor Lori
mer remarked, that it was deeply to be re
gretted, that while the prodations of the
Tabbinger School of historical (Infidel,)
criticism were being rendered into' English,
especially by the writers of the Westminster
Review—little or' nothing was being done to
make known the rich harvest of Evangeli
cal literature which: had sprung.up in oppo
&lion to that school. The antidote should
be given as well as the bane.
Mr. Goodels remarks were regarded as so
valuable, that a request , was made that they
should be printed,
,which will be done. He
dwelt on the principles of true Christian
union. Ecclesiastical incorporation he re
garded as unattainable, and he urged the
strong motives' to union suggested by, the
present aspects of Romanism,
ism, and Infidelity. In reference to the
last of these, he could not but regard Lord
Stanley's allusion in Parliament to the wri
tings of Bolyoake kthe secularist apostle,)
as " philoeophical speculations," as a sign tif
Dr. Pomeroy, Sedretary of the Boa l% of
American Miesions, assured the meeting of
the fraternal feeling of Christians on your
side of the Atlantic, and in reference to
proposed Continentid Reflikes for 'priests
(the one half of the Bohemian prieethood
are disaffected to Berne) suggested caution,
in the sense that .none should be e reeeived
who had not' stood the fire of persecution
for a time. He dwelt on the -number uf
Germans who settled in the United' States,
and also on the' effects of the Bible, Edu
cation, and Schools, on. the children of Irish
Immigrants. Biz' address was marked by
good sense, 28 well as by quiet humor. In
reference to American slavery—about which
a remark was dropped by : another speaker
—he said that it was introduced by Eng
land, that American Christians needed the
sympathy of England in effecting, the re
moval of the evil, and that. it was sectional
and not national. ,
Returning to the theme of Germany, pe
ouniary aid was invoked for scattered con
gregations in Austria and Bohemia.
Among those present at this meeting,
were the Swedish minister, Lord Calthorpe,
and the representatives of Episcopalianism,
Presbyterianism, Independency,' Moravian
ism, and Wesleyanisne
Another meeting is to be held in April,
in the same place, when the Bishop of Lon
don is to preside—the subject to be " Re
ligion , and Religions Liberty, in France."
The , Emperor's 'Government has issued
orders on this subject, which, while they re
lieve local pastors from the oppression of
priests and prefects, and refer each case of
opening a place of worship, &a., to head
quarters, yet are clearly repressive in their
R • a e :" THIS ONE T - NC ••.
T, ABOVE SMITHPBILD, PITTgBITRGH, PA.
URLOAY, APRIL 80, 1S 59.
tendency. For example, none lint a native-
French Tastor can officiate in any of the
Protestant churches. The Eiliperor , wishes
to encourage only the slow-going endowed
Establishment, or at all events to hold an
Erastian grasp of the " Protestant Conks
sions," and to repress all efforts to propa
gate their principles.. In that, he will as
suredly fail, and there are men ready to endure
rather than be quiet in the presence of the
monstrous heresy 'which corrupts 'and en
slaves unhappy France, an inva
bly produces a tearful orop of Infidelity,
both theoretical and practical, especially
among the male population.
Liberties with Popery, howeyer,, are. al
lowed in 'France,:ichi6h Weuld.not`be en
dured in Austria.- Thus,' for example,4t
Brussels has lately been published a volume,
"The Roman,Question," by a clever literaiAy .
man, who had been sent to Rome oh a liter=
a ry mission, by the Emperor. The Nuncio
at Paris, had oomplaided of, his oontribi
tions to the Mon/few, bat it was " out of
the frying-pan into the fire." - For, lo I out
ooroffs er book' Ylf ith satire on Ro
rnanism and the Pope. The first chapter , on
"The Kinidem .of the Pope," commences
t BO' Assembly
ibeautiful in ar
i e. Memorials of
ty of the olden
rk Will receive
it from year to
"The Catholic 'Church; for which I feel a sin
cere respect,•eoneists,of one, hundred and thirty
nine millions of individuals, exclusive of young
" The Cardinal Bishop of „ Sonici who is lso
designated by ite” appellations of', -Vice of
Christ,' of ' Het i -Father,' or or vP6 1
,', is' in
veiled withWnlinii&l authofity:Cviet minds of
the one hundred andthirty-nine million'iof Cath
olics. , • .
"This mental disoiPline is-highly - Cre ditable to
the 19th century. Posterity will-think us for
submitting to it, if it has:any sense of justice.
"This regal poier Of tlie Pope t irfounded on
numerous abuses, and hetet allstimes created
"Deduct the . Conservativeparty—that is to
say, the men who have an iisteKstC r inallib Main
tenance of that Government, and,the nnfortunite
wretches whom it has reduced **tate oeßassiv,
brutishness—and all the, rest arciValdelidenm,
"If the - complaints of , the Moderitikparty
reach the ears of the Pope, and he makes- a few
observations to his advisers, the Cardinal kinister
replies that the
,edifice is cid, and that on any
attempt at reparati4n it would fill' inLiiins.
, After us the deluge,' he exclaims; 'We have no
children. The edifice will last es long' as your
Holiness.' and the good intentions of the pope
allot with the fate proverbially assigned' to:good
And thee this disrespectful sketch of the
IfOly Father himself :
" 'Pius IX, looks older than he is ; his stature is
diminutive 'he is obese; sallow,• and hie health"is
threatening ' His paternal" et
and sleepy featur
give' Idea: of kindness andlassitude there is
nothing imposing about them. :Pine IX, performs
his part iathe grand public representationsefithe
Catholic Vhirch with only secondary ability.
The belieVkii;:who have Come along, way tO eon
template hithrat mass, are astounded to see hint
taking a pitich of snuff While surrounded by the
bine Wreaths of incense. * * In his
leisure ',hours he plays billiards, gentle exercise
having been rev:lute:tended him by his physicians.
He; beheyes - -in He is not only' a true
Christian, but a bigot; /tills enthusiasm for the
Virgin' Mary he has _invented s. useless dogma,
and raised' a tastelesi monument
. that disgraces
the, -Piazza di Bpagna.: .The ..character of this
worthy-old=lean is compound of devotion; gen
iality, vanity, weakness, and' obstinacy, with a
dash- of peevish rancour, •which, is perceptible
now and then.. He. bestows his- blessing with
great unction, but only,grants, a pardon with re
luctance ; he is a good priest, but an- unsatisfac
tory monarch. Ide not believes.him to be infal
lible in timpOralMatters. * * * * He ex
presses himself tolerably in French. The failure
of all'he undertakes, and three' or four accidents
which have happened in his, presenCe, have given
rise to a strong prejudice against him among .the
lower daises at Rome. They imagine that the
Vicar of Christ is a jettatore—that he has the
evil eye.' When he drives along the Corso the
women, plump down on' their knees, but with their
thumb;and index they. Make the sign supposed
destroy the charm, under cover of their, mantilla.
The Italian, question would be greatly simplified
if there Were nakope at Aoine.. After hiving been
for two years the lion of Europe, he was com
pelled to-evacuate;- at the shotteit• notice, his
palace in the Quirinal. Now he sulkswitk his
people, with the French, and with himself. The
murmurs of his conscience are stifled' by his
remembrance of 1848, which is' kept constantly
before his, eyes, •and by -the fear , of "revolution,
which is constantly dinned into his ears. He
stops his eyes and his ears,, and prepares to die in
peace among his obdurate subjects and his dis
satisfied protectors. He is' riot so Much to blame
as weakness and old age; but I confess I should
not -like to undertake the cause of Cardinal An
P. S.—The judgment• of the Archbishop
of Canterbury against' Mr. Poole and the
Confessional, is very important and decisive.
Nevertheless, the Tractarians, ,by means of
":sisterhoods" in many parishes, , continue
the evil. The lido% has a letter.trying to
show that the " Immaculate Conception " is
a dogma of the 'English Chureh Whit
iOr the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
...Presbytery of New Castle.
The following paper, adopted by the- Presby
tery of New Castle, is published by request,. for
the information of the members and their
churches: ' •
WHARVIAS, During the past year, God has in a
wonderful manner answered •the' prayers of his
people, and blessed the efforts of his servants in
reviving his work throughout the land; and as
God is'still pouring, out his blessing Upon the
ohurchas, it seems' proper to your committee that
some special effort be made by this Presbytery to
awaken a greater interest in the subject of re
ligion in our churches. The success that has, du
ring the two past years, uniformly attended Pres
byterial and Synodical action in this respeat'con
tirma the opinion of your committee in the im
portance of some action by, this Presbytery.
The committee recommend, that the members
of PresbYtery be divided into committees of two,
to visit the chinches, to hold protracted meetings,
and-preach so long as to' them seems necessary,
and would further recommend that in each con
gregation, previous to the visit of the Committee,
a day of special prayer be observed for the .out
pouring ''of' God's `Spirit.
The Committee recommend the following ar
rangement, with the understanding that any min
ister aipointed, be empowered to procure a sub
sante, if he cannot himself attend ;
Penningtonville,' Mr. Love• and Dr. Grier;
Forks of. Brandywine, Dr. Diokey and Mr. Carter;
Red Clay. Creek, Messrs. Latta and Morrison;
Coatesville, Dr. Hamilton and Mr. Reed; Fagg's
Manor, 'Messrs. Du Bois and De Witt; New Lon
don, Messrs.= Vallandigham and Marshall:; First
church of Wilmington, Messrs. - Otterson and
Murphey; . New Castle, Messrs. Roberts and
Squter Doe Run, Messrs. }lusted and Hodge ;
Dover and Simms, Messrs. S. A. Gayley and
Squier ; Port Deposit, Dr. Spotswood and Mr. Dn
Bois; •White Clay Creek, Dr. Spotswood and Mr.
Mclntire ; Zion, • Dr. Martin and Mr. Ralston;
Green Hill, Messrs. Roberts and Love ; Lower
West Nottingham, Dr. Dickey and Mr. Reed ;
Rock, Messrs,Hodge and J. W. Grier ; Oxford
and Upper Wst Nottingham; Mr. Morrison, and
Dr. Grier; Upper Oetorara,,Dr. Martin and Mr.
Carter; Iced of Christiana and Newark, Messrs.
Marshall and Dewitt. R. P. Du Bois,
, Stated Clerk.
This ,book has free circulation. in France
Philadelphia, South West Corner of Seventh and Chestnut Streets
For the Presbyterian Benner and'Advocate.
Presbytery of Steubenville.
AMUR, Ohio, April 15th,1859,
Misfits Emmons z—The Presbytery of Steuben
ville has just olosed an interesting meeting, held
in the First church of . Steubenville- The mem
bers of Presbytery, with one efception, .Were all
present; and nearly every congregationov united
pastoral charm, was represented.
A considerable amount of Presbyterial business
was transacted - in a kind andexpeditions manner.
Two young „ gentlemen,,. Messrs. William
Johnson. and A. W. Boyd, students at the Western
Theological Seminary, were licensed to preach
Two candidates .for, the ministry, and three
beneficiaries were' taken' elder•the care' of Pres
A nail was presented to ,the Rev. Alexander
Swaney, froria the congregation. of New Rigors
The call placed in the hands _of REM. W. W r
Laverty, some time since,. from the congregation
of Welisiill% was - accepted by him, and arrange
ments were made for hie- installation. A call
from the congregation of Richmond, was present
ed to the Rev. Laverty' Grier, and accepted by
him.- Ms installation-will speedily take platte.,
.It appeared that considerable advinci . * have
hien made by the churches, in 'this Presbytery,
on the subject of Systematic Benevolence.
The Overture from-the General Assembly, on
the = Demission of the Ministerial Offte,e,
answered unanimously in the negative:
The reports-from the different churches ,on the,
Subject of religion, show that they are generally
in 'a prosperous condition. Seine of them have
been signally blessed . during the past year., One
of the churches, which last year numbered forty
five members, now numberweightylour. Of this
inerease, forty-three were added- on examination.
Others received some taventy-five, somethirty, and
thirty-five members each.
Presbytery adjourned on: Thursday forenoon,
having, been in session from Tuesday
10 o'clock A. M. and as the Members separated;
they:evinced that therhadleit. it good for.them
to be there.
The folloWing actiOn'iras taken 'in referenae to
the Western Theological Seminary. The Synod
of Wheeling having recopmended.that each con
gregation under its eare:be expected- -to raise for
the endowment of a Fourth -Professorship in that
Jnititutron, sawn , at least aqui& "to 'fifty Cats
per, member, this appearing, mho quite. within
the ability of 'all our members ; therefor% ,
.Reselved, That' all- the congregations , within
this Presbytery, be urged, an& earnestlyenjeined,
to endeavor to come up to the recomMendatigit
oft Synod; and that the ehniches•bii rasusd Upon;
at' the, Tall meeting,..to i report :what T th!iy these
done, in order that Presbytery. may. report i ng&
;lotion to Synod at itsikeit meeting.
ki,solved, That-this whole, subjeathe committed
to the supervision of ,Rev. Dr. ;Beatty,,,whone
counsel and aid we hereb:r solicit; in order to
facilitate and secure. the - accontpliihment of the
shove recemmendatfon. „
The follAring eapplieivrereappiiinted : •
Centre. " First Sabbath ot.lilay, Mr. — Reldt
,Firet Sehhath of June, Mr. Price ;..to administer
the Lord's Supper, and take a collection for the
'Board ofr Miisiona' ' -
Island, Creek.--Feurth 'Sabbath of lidan
Campbell. ' Fifth Sabbath of May, Mr. 'Waitron.
Wvossburyh.LL-First Sabbath of '16.1Y,
Baton. Second-Sabbath of August, Mr.'Watronl
to administer the Lore's Sapper,, and take a col
lection for Bduoation. '
Ninervi—Sehond Se.bbatit of htly;Mr. Braglr.
First Sabbath of September, Mr. Brown;..,to ad
minister the Lord's Sapper, and take 'Collection
for Foreign Missions.
. Rtiltsui'llsanourStited Clerk.
ror the PresbYteribtvilanTAr_F*Al?""ite
Presbytery of Newcastle.
At the recent meeting, the Commissioners
elected to the Assembly were Dr. Grier apd Mr.
Tallandigham, ministers, and . Messrs.:B. .7;
Dickey and James Springer, Ruling Etders.
The Rev. James Mclntyre was received from
the Prefsbytery of Wilmington. Alao, , at:a recent
adjourned meeting, the Rev. John P. Carter was
received from the Presbytery of Baltimore, and
Mr. William D. Mackey, lieentiate, was dismissed
to the Presbytery of Lewes. . - -
.oae candidate for the ministry was takentmder
= Messrs. James Amos, Arthistead Miller, and
Thomas H. Amos, students, from the Ashman
Institute were ordained as 'Evangelisti, with a
view to laboring in 'Africa as , missionaries,; and
were also dismissed in girder to connect them
'aelVes with the Presbytery of Western Africa.
'.Dr. Dickey Wag appointed to correspond , with
the member of our body who, is a missionary in
Atrica, and Dr. Spotswood to correspond with the
on o who is a missionary in China, and theie
missionaries were requested to send us an an
Mr. Du Bois was appointed to attend to the mat
ter of the Fend for Disabled Ministers, ito.,
recommended by the ; Synod.
Dr. Martin's recent installment at Doe Run,
was reported. -
Supplies were appointed to preach once a
month at the Chester County -Almshouse.
A report was adopted appointing our ministers,
in pairs, to visit eaoh congregation, and hold
protracted meetings therein. The action of
Presbytery , on this - subject be. found in•
another part of this paper.
The Rev. J. W;Danforth addressed the Presby
tery in behalf of the. Colonization Society, and
this cause was commended to our churches.
The congregations that have not yet contribu
ted their quota to the Lafaletteseholarship, were
requested* dp(so within tho,next-six t months.
A requeit was made to' dissolvelle pastoral
relation between Mr. Murphy 'and the Congrega
tion,ot Smyrna, but the .Presbytery, deeming,. it
'unwise to do so at this time, refused the request.
• ' The Prisbytery is to meet Fagg's Manor; on
the 26th inst., at 11 o'olook A. M., to ,take into
gonsideration a call that has: been made to...the
'pastor by the First church:of Aurora,
The Overture from the Assembly in 'regard to
the'Demission of 'the MinistrY, was answered in
the negative, almost'unanimously.
A memorial from a Convention held at Dover,
to the Assembly, asking for a new arrangement;
of boundaries in the territory no*, covered hp
the Presbyteries of Newcastle, Lewes, and Phila
delphia, and sent to us for our concurrence, was
indefinitely postponed, by , a vote of thirteen to
.four, the vote being so small because it Was taken
at the very dome the meeting.
There, were present in all twenty:two ministers,
'sixteen elders, and ten correspondents.
The next stated meeting will be held at Lower
Weat Nottingham. 11.P.D.
'per the Preebiterfan Banner and Advocate
Preobytery. of, Carlisle.
This Presbytery held its stated meeting in the
Paxton church, Dauphin County,' Pa., corn-.
menoing on Tuesday, April 12th, and was opened
with a sermon by Rey. J. Smith Gordon, from 1.
Cor. ii: '5.
Rev. Edwin Emerson was chosen Moderator,
and Rev. J. Smith Gordon, Temporary Clerk, for,
the ensuing year.
Rev,' W.` W. Bells ' with Rev. Geo. P. Vanwik,
alternate, and Rev. N. G. White, with Rev.R.l.
Sample; alternate, and Messrs. Melianahan
and Holmes Crawford z , were elected Commis
shiners tiethe General Assemhly.
liagerstown was selected for cthe . next stated
Meeting 'of Presbytery; to be On the' First
Tuesday of October, at 7 o'clock P.'
The pastoral relations between:Rev. James P.
Kennedy and the church of- Dickinson was
dissolved. Also, thatbetweeißev. J. K eramer
and the churches of WilliatusPortand'Welsh Run.
An application , was' made by the Church of
Waynesboro', for the pesters] `Services of Rev. E.
Emerson, for one-fourth part-of his -time, which
was favorably received; and said church requested
to put their call in a regular and constitutional
form, 'as soon as convenient.
Supplies wereappointed for Dickinson, as fol
lows : Dr. KarPer, •to preach ;ortli!the Fourth
Sabbath in April; and 'declare theopulpittvacant.
By Nail, or at the Moe, $1.60 pe r Year, szx nosp E ons i
Delivered in the City, 2,00 "
WHOLE NO. 844
Mr. Vanwyck, to administer the Sacrament of
the Lord's Supper on the Third Sabbath in May.
Mr. J. H. Clark, First Sabbath in June. Mr.
Joseph Clark. Third Sabbath in June. Mr.
Reeves, First Sabbath in July. Mr. Hays, Third
Sabbath in July. Mr. Henderson, First Sabbath
in August. Mr. Murray, Third Sabbath in
August. W. W. Bells, First Sabbath in Septem
ber. Dr. Creigh, Third Sabbath in September ;
to administer the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper.
Rev. J. R. Warner, with Rev. W. W. Eels as
alternate, was appointed to preach the opening
sermon at the n..x.t stated meeting , of Presby
tery: and Rev. E. Emerson, with Rev. A. D.
Mitchell, alternate, se preach on the morning of
the second day's session.
The Overture sent down from the General Assem
bly in regard to , the Demission of the Ministerial
Office, after some discussion, was negatived—
ayes, 7; noes, 27; excused from voting, 3.
Presbytery adjourned at noon on Thursday, to
meet in .the German Reformed church, at Harris
burg, for the ordinations of Mr. Ashbel G.
Simonton, under appointment from the Foreign
Board as. a missionary to Brazil. His trial
sermon was preached from Acts svi: 9.
At night, Rev. Wm. , D. Snodgrass, D.D., of
Goshen, New York, by request of Presbytery,
preached the ordination sermon from Rev, xis , : 6.
Rev. Edwin Emerson• presided, proposed the con
stitutional. question's; and made the ordaining
prayer;.and the Rev. Thos. Creigh, D.D., gave
the charge to the newly ordained missionary.
The whole service trio ' deeply solemn and inter
eating: Many were the 'tears that trickled down,
'unbidden,' and many the silent yearnings' and
fervent prayers sent up to the mercy seat in
..behalf of him< who was soon to leave home, and
friends, anti country, for the sake 'of Christ and
his , Goepel.. . ' " -
.Presbytery adjourned to meet in.Shippensburg,
on the Second Tuesday of June, at 4 o'clock P. M.
J. SMITE GORDON, Tem. Clerk.
por the Presbyter/in Banner and Advocate.
Presbytery of Redstone.
At the late Sessions of the Presbytery of Red
stone, Rev. Daniel 'Williams was dismissed to
connect,himself with the Presbytery of , Carlisle.
The ,pastoral relation between
. Rev. Reuben
Lewis and the church of Fairmont, wasifissolved.
fay:James Black and Cephai Potter were ap
pointed. Commissioners to the next General
Mr. B. F. Myers having beenreceived from the
+Presbytery of Allegheny City, under our care, a
call from the, church of Somerset was put !into
hatids;''oflwltich 'he declared his acceptance.
ilentsi , fflilliam Nerd Campbell, and Samuel
Jack Niccolls, were licensed to preach the
The' , question of demitting the ministerial
office was answered in the negative.
7aiff4o2dhi.-41. 'W. Biggs, First Sabbath in
May. W. W. Campbell, First Sabbath of Jane.
„Samuel J. Isllecolls, First Sabbath of July.
Peierebtfrg.--=Dr. Fairahild, 'one Sabbath
at discretion, and. administer the Lord's Supper.
W. W..Carnpbell, First Sabbath of May. Samuel
J. Niceolls, First Sabbath of June.
Mt.,ifsehingtott gad-Brown's Ciltcrch.—J. Stone
road,. one Sabbath at discretion, and administer
the'Lord's - Supper. W. F. Hamilton, one Sab
bath. at discretion. W. W. Campbell,. First Sab
bath of July. . Samuel J. Niccolls, First Sabbath
' Daunt Run Vied Sandy Greek.-4. Flanagan,
First i Sabbath of. June. .11..0. Rosberough, First
"Sabbath'' of • August. W. "W. Campbell, First
Sabbath - in September.
Wallace, Fourth Sabbath
of May. Dr. S. Wilson, Fifth Gabbed' of May.
; By order of Presbytery.
J. M'Crinnoox, StatatOlerk.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
Extracts from the Minutes of the. Preeby. ,
tery of Cedar.
Presbytery met in Lisbon , on April 12th.
Reyn. K Stene was dismissed to the Presby
tery. of Peoria, and, Mr. D. D. Christy to the
Presbytery of Columbus.
Siiice the last meeting of Presbytery, churches
were organized on Old Man's Creek, in Dewitt,
Millersburg, and. Hebron.
Rev. Jaoles'V Mason was appointed to preach
at the next stated meeting, on the Pastoral
The following churches reported .:settlement
with. their pastors : First German , church of
Muscatine, Davenport, Linn Grove, Linden,
Suminit, .tolido, Mechanicsville, Marion, and
A. Committee composed of Messrs. Jones,
Mason, and Lyon, was appointed to see that the
church of lowa City settle up ,with Bro. Shearer
Resolved, That the same Committee write to all
the churches under our care, thereby enjoining
upon them the , duty and importance of settling
with their pastors once a year and that such as
are in,arrears make an immediate settlement.
The pastoral relation between Bro. R. IL
Morrow and the church at Cedar Rapids was
John Ekin, D.D., minister, and Samuel Knox
elder, were elected delpgates to the next General
Assembly. • •
Presbytery opposed any action on the Demis
'ion Of the Ministerial office.
Bro •Mason asked to be dismissed from his
Presbytery adjourned to meet in Muscatine,
the Tuesday preceding the Thursday on which
the Synod meets, at ,2 o'clock P. M.
F. A. SIENARBIL, Stated Clerk.
For the Presbyterian Zenner and Aditoostn.
Presbytery of Donegal.
The Presbytery of Donegal met at Bellevue, on
the ' , l2th. inst.,land was opened with a sermon
by the, RCM Jos. M. Rittenhouse, from Isa. is : 6.
The Rev. Walter Powell was elected Moderator,
aid the Rev. James Smith, Clerk, for the ensuing
Mr. John Y. Cowhick was received as a Been
tiate`from the Presbytery of Columbus.
The , Rev. John J. Lane, or the Rev. John
Faisinhar, and Mr. Samuel M. Smith, or Hugh
Ross, Ben., elders, were elected Commissioners to
the, next General Assembly.
The Overture of the General Assembly, on the
Demission of the Mmistry, was answered in the
Rev. J. J. Lane accepted the call from the
church of .Donegal, placed In his hands at the last
meeting of the. Presbytery.
The next stated meeting, will take place on the
first Tuesday of October, at II o'clock A. M., in
the church of Middle Octorara.
Two adjourned, meetings wdl take place during
the month"of Vey, viz , one on the 6th, at Hope
,well, when it is expected that Mr. Cowhiok will
be ordained and installed pastor of that church ;
and the other on the 19th, at Waynesburg, when
it is expected that Mr. Thom will be ordained
and installed over that churob.
Very cheering accounts of the progress of
religion:came up from nearly all our churches.
The- meetings for. worship diking the sessions
were exceedingly pleasant, and we trust profita
ble, and the bUsinestemeetings were characterized
by the utmostthartectty. The people of Bellevue
received, as ,they well deserved, the thanks of
the' Presbytery for their generous hospitality..
Their -pastor, A Mr.. , -.Ciamble, has been greatly
blessed in. his whole charge (Bellevue and Les
cock,) duririg Ids eighteen months' pastorate.
A COUNTRY MFR.—The country life is
to be preferred, for there we see the works
of God- but in cities, little else but the
works of men.:, and the one makes a better
subject for contemplation than the other.
The country is both the philosopher's gar
4den and library, in which he reads and eon
tetoplatespthe power, wisdom, and goodness