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Presbyterian Ibuissorg Vs up VII, Its. 04.
Pralbytorlsa Advouat% Vol. XII. X 666 29 I
DAVID IVicSINNEY and JAMES ALLISON, Editors.
The Death-Bed Vision.
My failing frame now totters near the grate,
soon be free.;
Redeeming blood—l trust its power to save,
To, shelter me,
0 Lord, I feel thy.wondrous love—
Dwell in my heart sweet Heavenly Dove,
And clothe my soul for reelme shove,
A. chilling band near stops my .faltering breath--
I scarcely , see
This fading ligbt—it is—ft must be death
0 welbome be.
My glorious home! I'll eons be there,
To breathe with seraph," heavenly air;
All free from sorrow, free f i rom care,
To rest with Thee.
Those pearly gates aro open thrown for me *
, . Tranemting. sight,
Angelic, throngs about the lamb I • see, ,
• . . AlLelothecl iu light ;
()jamb of God, I come, I come,
I speed with angels to my home,
And leave my body ts tho tomb
Through portals, streaming floods of matchless
To waft me home,
With golden harp, let me repent His story,
No more to roam.
Ye ransomed hosts, hosanna's raise, '
With heavenly anthem, rapturous lays;
Sound I sound I our great Immanuel's praise,
Who born our doom.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advosate
The Atonement. •
DESIGN OF THE. ATONEMENT.
Having ascertained in , a former article,
the nature of the Atonement, the way is
open to examine its design and extent; I ,
couple together the extent and design, be
cause the obedience and,sufferiogs'of Christ
in themselves considered and apart from the
Divine design, constitute no atonement for'
any thing; and, of course, they constitute
an atonement only to the extent designed.
It is obvious from the remarks just made,
that the nature of the Atonement is fro.'
quently Misapprehended, which ' necessarily
produces a corresponding mietakein relation`
to its extent. Arid that the latter may be
more distinctly apprehended, we must first;
look into the design of the Atonement.
Such a stupendous demonstration as the sac
rifice and death of the innocent Lamb of
God, must have had some specific design ; a
design, too, corresponding with the mighty
magnitude of the transaction, and a:design
which shall as certainly be socompliehed.
And t I. The Atonement is not designed,
as some suppose, to make God a merciful
Being. This would seem to imply that. God
ia ant mereifuly irrespective elan atonement.
lnathe ,nontrafy, meek t •
Divine,;okistanee,.. , an , . z
course is entirely independent, of the Atone.
moist; while, at the same time, the ,Mani
festations of that mercy toward a guilty
world are inseparably connected with the
Atonement, and dependent upon it. In
itself considered, God never took pleasure
in the death of the winked; yet still he
could not possibly display his mercy to sin
neroexoept in a way- to vindicate his law
and sustain the rectitude of his Government,
and that way is through the atoning death
and sacrifice of Jesus Christ. While God
proclaims himself "the Lord God, merciful
and gracious, long.suffering and abundant in
goodness and truth," &a ~he declares, in
the same breath, that " he will by no means,
clear the guilty;" i. e. be eannotomnsist
eetly with his perfections, clear the guilty
without an atonement.
2. The Atonement was not designed, as
others have imagined, to constitute a mere
governmental display intended "to make a
grand impression upon the Universe." It
is freely admitted that the Atonement has
indeed made a mighty impression on ,the
whole intelligent Universe, but that impree
aion is simply one of its incidental results,
while . its main design is to , meet the claims
of violated law, and thus to "make recon
ciliation for iniquity, and bring in an ever.
lasting righteousness. =Dan. ix ; 24. An
Atonement which would trample law and jus
toe beneath its feet, and fling to the
winds the eternal principles of right and
reason, must indeed make an "impression"
on an' intelligent Universe, but a most un
happy impression, viz,: That God utterly
disregarded the claims of his own eternal
law, annulling its awful penalties without
the least satisfaction; thus himself setting
aside the claims of "everlasting righteous•
nese ;" an impression whioh would create a
jubilee in Hell, while it would bang all
Heaven in mourning. Such surely could
not have been the design of the Atonement
3, Nor was the Atonement designed
merely to open the way for the pardon and
reconciliation of the sinner, on certain eon
ditions on the sinner's part. There is in
deed a condition of pardon and reconoilia
tion, but not in the will of God; that will
was absolutely and unconditionally, by the
Atonement of Christ, to procure pardon and
reconciliation here, and eternal glory here.
aftor. To make any contingent act of ours
an indispensable condition of God's accom
plishing his own will, is utterly injurious to
the infinite wisdom, power and sovereignty
of God; and comes but little short of down.
right blasphemy'. This were to answer
Paul's unanswerable question,-" Who bath
resisted his will 1" " Suppose the, onndi
tion required, to be faith; then the condition
is such as the sinner can perform, or he can.
not; if he can, then have all men the
power to believe, which is untrue, If he
cannot, then the Lord will give grace to be
lieve, or he will not. If he will, why then
do not all believe 7 If he will not, then
the purchase of salvation for all by the
blood of Christ, amounts to this, via : God,
intends by Christ's death, to purchase for
all, pardon, reconciliation and eternal glory,
yet so conditioned as never to benefit one of
them, unless they do what God well knows
they have no moral power to do, and which
none but God can enable them to do, and
which, as to most, of them, he is determined
not to do." At thin rate, the death of
.Christ can benefit none.; nay, under suoh
conditions, his death.- will but increase the
misery and wretohednm of sinners. This
is empatically, to " promise a blind man one
thousand.pounds on condition thathe will see"
4. Nor was the Atonement designed to se
cure the salvation of all men. It is freely
admitted that the Atonement secures not
only for the wicked, but for the whole ra
tional creation, temporal benefits of vast im
portance ; and that, in its own nature, it is
• sufficient to secure the eternal salvation of
the whole world, bad such been the Divine
intention; but the . question under discussion,'
touelmo amply the saving' benefits 44 the
Atonement. Did God design an applidation
of those benefits to all mankind An =af.
I've passed the night
&illative answer to this question, by s logi
cal necessity, involves , the doctrine of uni-
;venal salvation. To demonstrate this, take
the folioxving syllogism, viz : GCd designs
an application of the saving benefits of the
Atonement to all mankind. But whatever
God designs, he will infallibly accomplish.
Therefore, an application of those benefits
will actually be made to all mankind. The
argument is conclusive; if not, let the flaw
be pointed To weaken Its force, an
Arminian writer once quoted a similar syl.
logism employed by a noted Universalist to
proife the doctrine of universal salvatiod.
In answer, I remark that those whq main
tain that God wills•or. desagn§ the
of-all mankind, may be
to meet and overturn the argument., The
Univerrialist takes Arminian ground in this
instance, and very consistently, nay inevit
ably, reaches the doctrine of universal`
vation. Bat, replies the Arminian, Grid's
design, in the application of the Atonement,
is conditional. That poor, erring, feeble
man Should form coaditionatdisigns, is the
nedesSary result of his= ignoramie, weak.
nesget and consequent dependence. But to
talk , of condi i tiottdi designs existing .iu the
Mind of a Being of:infinite wisdom, knowl
edge; and power,is certainly trifling with,
if not insulting to the Divine character, and.
exposes us to the danger of the .man of
whom s 4 God has spoken with indignation,
[Ps. 1: 21,] "Thou thoughtest that r was
altogether such an one as thyseif." This,
in a word, is, to represent the omniscient, in
dependent, eternal Jehovah as dependent
,eternal purposes on creatures not in
existence ; as purposing.to do this or that,
if some other event should take place, but
if not, to act differently. Such representa
tion is manifestly derogatory to the Supieme
Being; and yet it is fully sustained by the
assertion that the designs of God are condi
Bat what are the conditions required.?
Faith and Bepentance, reply the advocates
of this view.; is e. God•designs to apply to
all, the saving benefits of the Atonement,
if .all repent and believe the. Gospel. Bat
did not God know from all eternity that
not one of the raee would' ever believe and
repent, "except it were given him from
above ?" The inspired record, moreover,
fully establishes the fact, that faith and re
pentance are the gifts of 'God; and if gifts,
certainly not conditions, in any prope'r
sense. That they are denominated gifts, is
proven by such declarations as'the following:
Ep. :8, "By grace are ye saved through
faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the
gift'of God'; Phil. i': 29, "Unto you it is
given in behalf of Chriit, not only to be.•
line. on ‘hirn,"' &o.; Acts v 31, "Him bath
God 'exalted to be a Prince and a Saviour,
for to- give Repentenoe unto Israel," &o.
Now as the conditions spoken.of, are shown
to be .nothing :more nor less than the sover
eign gifts of .God, and as those gifts are es
sential to salivation, it follows inevitably that
if God designed to, apply. the saving, benefits,
of •the Atorment to all mankind, he
must have designed, at the , same time, to
give faith and repentance to all mankind.
But this again is .dorynrig t Univers:dieter.
Cadlesigned a saving application 'of the
Atonement to all mankind, he 'designed, at
the same time, to withhold what was abso
lutely essential to such appplioation. This
were to design, and not to design; or to
form two &aim, the one destructive of the
other. It is futile to talk about conditions,
when the conditions themselves are God's
peculiar gifts, and •not only necessary to, but
an essential part of salvation. No demon
stration, then, can be more conclusive, after
all said and done about conditions, than, that
God's design to apply the saving benefits of
the Atonement to all mankind, involves the
doctrine of universal salvation. This con
clusion can be evaded only by denying that
faith' and repentance are the gifts of God.
Brit this is palpably to contradict, not only the
plain and repeated statements of the Bible,
but every evangelical creed 'under' heaven,
not - excepting the Book of Discipline of the
Methodist Church.—See Section 8, on Free
will, in which it is expressly 'declared that
" the condition of man after the fall is such
that he connot turn, and prepare himself, by
his own 'natural strength and works, to faith
and calling upon God," &a.
5. Nor was the Atonement designed merely
to render salvation possible. If nothing more
was designed, the Atonement might have
been made in vain. Christ's whole work on
earth accomplished, and yet no sinner saved !
To make salvation possible is not to make it
certain. The same result accrues if salvation
be offered on impossible conditions; on con
dition, for instance, of faith and repentance,
which no sinner, without special grace, ever
did or could originate. According to this
notion, where is the benefit resulting from
the Atonement? Surely this is not Christ's
coming to save sinners; not the work, the
Father sent him to accomplish; not the
work the apostle declares [l. Tim. i : 15,]
he came to accomplish. " Christ Jesus
came into the world to save sinners ;" this
was his express design. But if the Atone
ment does not save sinners, his design is
frustrated. If any thing be clearly taught
in the Bible. it is that Christ came to pur
ohase pardon, peace, reconciliation with God;
in a word, every thing [including faith .and
repentance, of course] necessary to secure
the complete salvation of his people
To' say, 'moreover; that the Atonement
was designed merely to place man in a sal
vable state, and not to save him, is at once a
concession that Jesus Christ is not a full Sav
iour, and of course not entitled to the full
glory. If Christ did not purchase the gifts'
of faith and repentance, he purchased no-•
thing of real value to the sinner, and might
as well have purchased nothing at all. And
to say that the sinner possesses inherent
power to exercise faith and repentance, is to
assert that he possesses equal power to ex
ercise all the other graces and gifts of
Christianity; and consequently to be , his
own Saviour. It is obvious, therefore, that
if the death and sufferings of Christ; did not
purchase for the sinner, the gifts of faith
and repentance, the' Atonement has not put
man into a salvable state at all, nor made•
salvation possible at all; it simply tantalises
the sinner, and represents the Saviour as
saying, "You may have the saving benefits
of my suffering and death on conditions I
well know no sinner ever did, or can per
form, without the bestowment of additional
A Praying Preacher.
And who needs prayer more than a
preacher of the Gospel ? Chalmers was
right : " A minister has no ground to hope
for fruits from his exertions until in himself
be has no hope; but he has learned to put
no faith in the point and energy of senten
ces until he feels that a man may be mighty
to compel attention, and mighty to regale
the imagination, and mighty to silence the
gainsayer, and yet not mighty to the palling
down of strongholds." The apostles' felt
at liberty to devolve the distribution'of the
'Church's alms on Others chosen for the
pose. Bat they did'not dare to quit pray
' d preaohini
ing an •
N ONE THING IS NEEDFUL:" "ONE THING HAVE IVESIRED OF THE LORD:" "THIS ONE THING I DO."
PUBLICATION OFFICE, GAZETTE BUILDING, FIFTH STREET, ABOVE SIifITHARLD, PITTSBURGH; PA.
FOR THE WEEK ENDIN4i , SATURDAY A , MAY 14,,1859.
From our London. Correspondent.
Another Money Pause—Rs Cause—Austria's De
mand Refused—Will the Congress Meet at all,
Austria's Reckoning Day —Napoleon's Bad
Faith—The Approaching Dissolution --4;leetion
Expenses and their Causes—A Pe? at a Metro
politan Borough—Two Model Candidates—True
Source of Electoral Purity—The Temper of ,the
• Press -- Everett's "'Seasonable Hint" Trans.
ferred- to England—The Penitent.." Star" re-;
proving Sin—A Rara Avis of Scurrility—The
Religious Press and its Tone-:-The f Britiih'
Standard," and Professor Finney—Hot and
Cold—A• Heresy. Charged Horne—The Heretic
yet " Sun'! with " Spots"—The Finney
Theology and RiOivids—Real Revivals-Piety in
the,Army,-Tarkiah Missions, and an Evening in
the WestEnd—Postscript. '
LosmoN, April 12%1,1859.
ANOTEEIt PANIC has convulsed the funds
of every country in Europe. in the midst
of the discussions and negotiations about a
Congress of the Powers, we found Austria
last week insisting on, the disarmament of
Sardinia, as an absolute prerequisite to the
proposed Conference. The French Govern
ment refuses to ask' this from Sardiriii,-and'
moreover dertiurredlo `disarm hinielf. .The
exact state 6f the matter, a few.days agq,:if
not at this moment, is clearly, put by one, of
the morning journals, thus :
The immediate cause of this sinister change in
the aspect of affairs is thus explained. Atistria
demands - as a preliminary to her entering the
Congress that Piedmont shall disarm. maintaining,
that the latter cannot be' serious in stibtnitting
the dispute to reference while having recourse to
such, xtreme and irrevocable steps as enlisting
volunteers into ber service even from the Austrian
possessions in Italy. France refuses ler consent
to the stipulation for Sardinian disarmarnent;:nn
lees Austria were to do the same.. The Court of
Vienna replies with, it must be admitted, some
appearance of readon, that forasmuch as ; they are
avowedly menaced by France as well as Sardinia,
the disarmament to be Safe must be general, as
between the three parties who have assumed:
a belligerent attitude toward each other. But
France won't submit to this on her part, and thus
we have three Powers, all of them loudly pro
fessing to be, civilised and Christian, deteraiined,
in spite of all persuasion and advice, upon rush
ing into' the fray like so many mad bulls which
have irritated .eaoh other into fury •by 'mutual
bellowing. "Sint duo genera decertandi," says
Cicero, " unum per diseeptationem, ulterunt per
vim; illud proprium sit hominis, hoc beiinarum. '
The b' ollapse in the' Louden Stock Ex
change, on Saturday 1 Ist, was neacly one
percent. This arose from the receipt of
news that fresh troops were being sent to
Italy, by Austria, that the garrison of Milan
were, by proelaniation, urged to prepare for
battle, ant, by the memory of Novara,lonce
more to annihilate Sardinia, together with
the• rumors, hat immense bodies, of French
troops were being dispatched to 'Lyons.,
It seemed to be clearly taken for granted
that Austria anticipated the rejection 'of her
disarmament' proposal by- France,.and was.
hastening to concentrate her legions so as to
strike a first and terrible blow in Italy..
The expense of the preient state of
preparation is even greater than war itself
would be. Austria seems judicially shut up
to financial' ruin, or to hostileconetssion,
first.from France, and ultimately, it may be,
even from Russia also. Russia has never
forgiien her for her "ingratitude," (die
played in connexion with the Crimean sting
*3jolliigiven-jier in t
p fissisidir 'dflifir t Hungarian insuireeliori
of 1848. Over -Hungary, tyranny and
priestoraft reign malignantly,supreme.. Even
the sans of those who took any part in the
'4B movement, are Shut out from all State
patronage I So, in like manner, the poor
Jews are persecuted, servants of that com
munion being, by a recent decree, prohibited
from taking places in Catholic families. A
Rothschild went the other day to remon
strate with the young Emperor, who-gave
him an obscure answer. The provision
may be relaxed in Vienna, for. State, rea
sons, but will be. enforced elsewhere. These
things add to the terrible account running
up in Heaven's Chancery against this
wicked and impenitent Power, and forebode
a terrible reckoning day.
The BAD FAITH of the Emperor of the
French seems to be generally believed all
over Germany. He ,has issued a seeond
manifesto, deprecating the suspicions of
Germany, and declaring that the same gym;
pathy for liberty which be shows in refer
ence to Italy, would necessarily lead him to
respect Germanic iedependence. The effect
this will have in cooling down the Anti-
French feeling in Germany, will be but
small. The Emperor Francis Joseph has
no faith in Louis Napoleon, whose "foot- ;
ball," he last week was heard to say, he
would not be.
To day, news more reassuring reaches us,
to the effect. that. Austria withdrawe her
demand for the disirmament of Sardinia,
and - that the Congress will yet meet. No
doubt Austria finds that she cannot overrun
Sardinia by a sudden rush. The Morning Post
has an article conelnsively showing that her
ultimate chastisement from France will be
terrible, if she begin a war. Whole regi
ments of seasoned French troops are ,being
brought home from Algiers; if a Congress
fail, then we victis
THE DISSOLUTION OF ,PARLIAMENT,. at
a crisis in European affairs, is warmly con
demned by Lord Pahnerston and his friends,
inasmuch as it will dismiss that Legislature
to which Europe would have looked as the
true exponent of English feeling. The
Ministry have been putting. off the time of
dissolution somewhat beyond what precedent
or necessity seems to warrant. Mr. D'laraeli
(pious man 1) has a decided objection to
issue writs " during passion week 1" This
is the man who talks in one of his novels,
in virtual praise of the Jews for having
crucified the Christ, and thereby conferred
such benefits on the world I On the same
"principle, he could pass a panegyric , on
Judas, to say nothing of Pontius Pilate, and
I hive no doubt. it would be as glib and'
plausibly eloquent at Satan himself could
The Appeal 'to the Country invokes an
expenditure of about a million and a. half
sterling Corruption and treating will ac
count, for a part of this, but the necessary
expenses of county and borough elections are
enormous; and that is the reason why men
of the Andrew Marvell type cannot often
afford to stand. One of the first necessary
steps in a borough, is, for one or other of the
candidates to engage as many of the public
houses as possible, in different districts.
Thus the publican interest is enlisted in the
political struggle, their 11;-Puees form therhead
quarters for local Committees, and their
votes go with the party who engage them.
Over the walls and on the pendona of, the
hotels, are great poster bills—as for example,
in our own Finsbury Borough, (in the North
of the metropolis,) "Cox,the Resident
Candidate," - and " Sir S. M. Peto, Bart.,
for Finsbury." This last named gentleman,
who gave up his seat in Parliament during
the Crimean war, in order to make the rail
way 'at Balaklava, that was found so useful
during the siege of Sebastopol, now comes
forward by the request of the religious part
of the community. He is an ardent Liberal;
has risen from•the carpenter's bench to be a
millionaire.; has been a great Railway con
'tractor ;, , the friend, in the highest sense, of
the ti..Navvies ;" and. is the generous sup
port of "livery philanthropic movement. He
Will, I trust, unseat the fiwit-mentioned candi
date, of whom the (less said the better.
What we want to see 4p Alie Housm of 'born
mons an inoteasirthand of God-fearing
men, Who will 'legislate with the - Wad' of
God as their directoliiy, and who, while
taking differebt viewelof Tarty: polities, .are
truiN patriots, and i truee, friends to,the,poor
man, in.seeking to coneervq, his dayyif. rest
and worship, which the semi infid k el Liberal
ism of - the day woulte recklessly elithabge
foi a French Sanday,4ith its mingled
.Smongthe•new metOikely to' enter. the,
House of Commons, is Edward Raines, the,
proprietor of the .iegi „Mercury, whose
position and aceomplisliiiitiiits as a literary
man, and whose embigitlierVie r es at 3 i friend.
of :religion cannot,.beitoo highly estimated.
A party in power o hm the , advantage: 9f
considerable ,intizencts in these boroui t hs
which are naval :ppitsi&t. f W41411'
meat cm bring to bear other kind of pres
mir&besides yulgar bAllery. The latter,
Unit, is mot commopi z.but probably till we
get the ballot---,forrWbieh some of the Whigs
themselves; are, begiWri to " pronounce . '"
—true protection teihoseyotera who; are in
situations where' AIMS may . frown them
out-of their means of earning their bread,
will uot, be an siecOrn pasted fact. After all,
popular eloction will never , be ,pure, eVert
with the ballot, till the people themselves
are enlightened:and Oapgelip3d: Even the
ballot box, may be tampered with . ; neither
Republics, nor Constibitional Monarchies can
boast of a vitality uribarmed, or an incor
ruptibleness not corruptible, if the public
conscience is *debandhed , , and the -moral:
sense faithless. - • • • •
The TONE AND TEMPER OF THE riszss,
in this country, are bdoubtedly 'improved,
as compared with former times. Amid
political excitement, thowever, amenities‘ of
style are too apt to b forgotten, and so the•
Times, and other pa ens,' have quoted the
following from the le ier of Edwardlverett,
in the New York Leßger, evidently intend
ing—niutatis mutandis—that it should be
taken as a word in season by the British
press also :
A SEASONABLI the press of the Uni.
ted States could learnt that an opponent is not
necessarily an unprincipled and selfish adventurer.
a traitor, a coward, and a koave ; and that our
neighbors on an average' are about as - honest-and
right minded as ourselyps;:it would increase its
own power,, and the great, interests of the, coun
try (which languish ceder the poiion of our party
hitteruesss would be indalculably promoted.
Imputation of evil motives to .political
opponents, I havet;Oftee noticed' in the
earlier career, of the;./Iforting ''Sear, which
i l l
is Mr.: Bright's orga ~, a nd even the pugna
cious. Quaker times f, ;(for- he has a ,thost,
anti.!" Friend' :hung of combativeness, and
.' pitching•inte , " tevlenby to struggle with,y
&/5 injured his j einee many a time by gross,
and unjust ~imputations against the upper
ten thousand of
,r Dena. . But the Star
is improving sow .at in its tone; at all
events, if .the "k:, ~ " ‘is in its own eye,
it finds` something ,f bigger than .a " mote"
in, another's eye. , ,iL2'nd - sO we have a se
ierely virtuous i , ,rpstl'reiieiritncl reproof
stzYtkyLa L' ' ' .. ~
cation called, "The Constitutional Press."'
This is a monthly magazine, and is certainly
destined to perish, by reason of its violent
abusiveness. All the 'opponents of the
Government Reform measure, we are told,
are either "hirelings of Leagues," or
"unscrupulous representatives of transcen
dent mediocrity ;" the popular demonstra-
tions against the bill-have been "stipendiary
antics of a savage agitation ;" the gentlemen
who have spoken at Reform meetings ' are
"fellows who express any opinion for which
they are paid best," and so on.
Lord John Russel is honored with a
torrent of fieroeimprecation ; and "unprin
cipled old- man " is one of the mild epithets
applieil to him, I presume 'because he wound
up the speeoh with which he prefaced 'the
Resolution that condemned the Ministerial
measure, by declaring, "I was the friend
of Reform when I was young, and I shall
not desert it now when I am old." '
The best idea of the tone of this new
champion of Toryism, is given by a poor
imitation , of the ofd "Nootes Ambrosianae"
of Blackwood, called " Suppers of the
Tories." The scene is the "Editor's Sane.
turn ;" around the table with him are gath
ered his literary assistants, and there lies at
the foot of one, a bloodhound, alled "Tory."
Let the worthies speak for themselves :
Manleverer: Well, .13ngo, my boy, here's the
first number complete. Centuries hence, Tories
make pilgrimage to this place, where we write
slashers and drink claret.
Loraine: Pass the jug: and don't talk poetry,
which is my department What shall I give you
for that dog?
Mo.uleverer : I'd as soon sell my father. Tory
is my dearest friendwith an exception or two.
He hates Radicals as strongly aa . l do.
Loraine:. Instinct is a wonderful thing. I
never knew a.Whig or Radical who could obtain
the affections of a dog of any noble breed. You'll
notice; those fellows• are always 'followed by curs
and mongrels. • ,
Swingate: Lord . John Russell pets a poodle.
Mauleverer: Of course. r A bloodhound or a
mastiff wouldn't condescend to associate "with
him. He might manage to become intimate with
a skunk. t
* * * * * *
Maulsverer : !Riot sort ofpeople are provinois
Swingate ; With a very few exceptions, the
same class, only duller. 'The Conservative editors
are mostly high-minded gentlemen ; for nobody
would take to Toryism as a trade=it doesn't pay.
The Radical editors are wretched fellows.
Mauleverer Oh, I never read newspapers..
What makes them pay, down in the country ?
Swingate: Local advertisements and scurrilous
personality. I hate personality.
Loraine: So do L The:" Constitutional Press "
must never be personal.
Mauleverer : Don't talk nonsense. It will al
ways be personal. When a political proposal is
dull, it reflects the dullness of its proposer. You
can't dissociate measures from men. If a bill is
bad, its introducer must 'be a: fool or a rogue.
Smashing the bill is.only a temporary good,; the
thing to n do is to smash its author.
The 11.m.Liurous PRESS sometimes errs, by
an excess of the odium. theologieutn, in the
use of strong language.' But thid I am
bound to say, is the exception , rather than
the .rule. It was conspicuous in the• tone of
the articles of the Morning Advertiser, and
especially in the "slashing" leaders of Dr.
ijampbell of the British Standard, in con
nexion with " The Negative Theology " ex
citement. Dr. Campbell , is 'unmerciful to
his opponents. I only wish that be would
be as consistently severe' to his " friend "
from across the Atlantic, when convicted of
I refer now to Professor Finney. Some
seven years ago or mere, he was in London,
preached at, the Tabernacle—Dr. Campbell
then and ( still being the pastor, add Mr.
Finney residing, I believe, under his roof at
that period. On Mr. Finney's reappearance
in London some six weeks ago, Dr. Tregel
les, the well.known scholar, writes from
Plymouth, detailing from Professor Finney's
own published Lectures, a series of open
contradictions of those dootrines, such as
Original Sin in the depravity and guiltiness
of human nature, and Justification by the
impitation of Christ's,ltighteousness, which
are most surely believed amongst us. Dr.
',,Oampbell expressed surprise, and asked Mr.
F. to reply. He 41id so ; and after-saying
there might'have been a mistake by the re
porters and, publishers of his Lectures at
NeivYork (which he had never Been in
print) be Went on to let out his real opin
ions in'a way 'to Idiot* and disgust multi
tudes. •On..the day this letter appeared in
the Standard, Dr. Q. said no mere, than
that " our friend ; " had lost no time in send
ing a "reply but not- one'word about
Meanwhile many were astoishedand in
dignant. ,To be apparently deserted by, their,
champion,,, was too bad. And so showers of
letters of remonstrance destidnd on the ed.
itOr's title, and he conies out with' a leader,
grtoting from' Professor Finney's works, and
condemning them strongly; but still at the
beginning saying that ,nette of these views
were prepounded When Professor Finney
was - last in London, and tbwafd 'the close
!' tionirirful4ininf"theoleView , appears 4 4,
lostlvreek're Standard, coupled with a notice
of a, parn.plalet brth,e ' Bev. A. IllaeleOd4f,
Alas grz , • ,author "The Faithful Prom
leer and other Worki,) ;in; Doctor C,'
says,'" our Mend Mr. Finney - figures twine
,what prenii'nentlY:" Then it is,said, depre,
oatingly, ' 44 In this ease, as usual in, matters •
analogous, it.would seem. that the evil only
has been taken, without the good."
Dr. C. resuming his review of Mr. Fin=
nay's opinione on, justification ~bsy imputed ,
;righteousness, containing questioni.psertdo.!
metaphysical and pseudo-logical like ; this:
"If justified by imputed righteousness,
why pardon him whom the law accounts as
already and perpetually and perfectly right
eous ?' Dr. 0 expresses surprise that " so,
;acute a man" should express himself so,",
and;that " he seems tows utterly to, confound
things that differ—the forgiveneas of an
erring son, with the justification of an err= 7
He also says that " Mr. Finney is much
in the habit of blending truth with error,
or which has the - same effect,-setting forth
half truths, and charging his opponents
with things they not only do not hold, but
utterly abhor." Yea, he says, it makes the
blood run cold to hear •hlr. F.'s language
about the imputation of Chriet's righteous
ness, and of the ortht.doi " ' dogmas ' thereon
(" fabulous," says Finney, " and 'better be
fitting„n romance thin 'a system of theolo
gir) as he thus attacks "vital:truth:"
Yea, "leathoint.life,'mustlow" from such
teaching. To diffuse it., is to blast or de
stroy. So, likewise, Finney's, language
about the Atonement is " startling, alarm
ing, wild,.and audit is asked, who
that his learned' even the firsfprinoipks of
the Goscel,:ever imagined: that " the ,work
of the Holy Spirit ,was - the, foundation of
our justification ?"..:.It, is not 64 Lineation of
words, but of things .funordental." It is
"`bad, thoiaughly badrto . mille " ivreturn
to -personal holiness" "condition'of
jusifficaaan ; 'it were " tot consign all flesh
„disease and • -death." • The , school that
teaches it is an " arch destroyer."
Well, are not these expressions
ion on 'Dr. Campbell's paitoll that could be
desired Yes% but---but—ere the, article
.eloses, yes Mid,. the -following *page::
"I.The.,patattgetc.tralutte ;Inoted'are undoubt
edly 'spots, bttt they; are on the ' sun.' "
Mr. Finney is a " stin " with 'only :`a few
" spotsr while yet "vital truth , " is denied
by, him, and while the school that teaches it
is an "Arch Destroyer"
Last of all, we have ,printed the preface
to Finney's " Systematic Theology," 'by Dr.
Redford, who pronounced it "a key to per
plexing enigmas, and a powerful reinforce
ment of faith in Christian verities," Then,
says Dr, Campbell, "among diving English-,
men, none better understand the Gospel
than Dr. Redford, or whose theological• rep-.
Lutationis more above suspicion. Let the
system of Mr. Finney, therefore, have the:
full benefit of his,important testimony."
Is not this lamentable I It is 80, and,
something more. Paul and John knew no
"friend " in any one who taught falsehood.
If, on Dr. C. l B own showing, Finney over
turns the foundationS, and preaches another.
Gospel, then is truth to be betrayed 7 4. Of
the Heresiarch, shall we say, " Let him be
Deep disappointment will be evoked 'by
this line of the Standard, and 'confidence
must be shaken when one heresy is mauled
to death,, and another is knocked down, and
they •its defender lifted up with—" I hope
you are not hurt; I did not mean to hit so
hard; but people expected me to give you a
fall !" Professor, -Finney and his school
arehitter enemies of the theology of Paul,
of Augustine, of the English, Scottish, and
Continental Reformers, of the truth as it is
in Jesus. Their miserable attempts at met
aphysics, but make confusion worse con
founded. You can best tell whether the
revivale of last year had any connexion with
the " theology " so . called, which was pil•
loried long since with such amazing success,
in the Princeton Review.
REAL REVIVALS are in progress in Wales
and.elsewhere. The Spirit of prayer is be
ing poured out, and the children of God, of
various sections of the Church, are thus
being.drawn closely and lovingly together.
The Bishop of London preached on a recent
Sabbath evening, in a shed in the yard of
the Metropolitan Omnibus Company, to a
congregation of the employees, numbering
about five hundred men. It was a solemn
scene, and the address was marked by that
simplicity, and earnestness peculiar to all
Dr. Tait's sermons. The subject of the
discourse was "the bread of life," and the
duty of " laboring " for it, as set forth in
John's Gospel, chapter sixth.
It is stated that.some. of the Artillery Ca
dets at Addiscombe, now hold meetings for
united prayer, and there is no doubt at all,
that both at home' and abroid there is a de
cided increase of piety in the army. In the
Artillery in India, especially, there is and
has long been a band of men, whose hearts
God has • touched. I met one of these—a
retired Major of the Madras Army—a short
time since, at a public meeting at Richmond.
Such men, on theirreturn. home, furnish
.noble specimens of that modest yet manly
piety which makes a Christian officer so
loveable. They throw themselves into every
good cause. They are thorough men of
business, and they consecrate the wealth
(which they have so painfully acquired, it
may be under half a century's exposure to
India'a.burning clime,) to the glory of God
and the suetentation of his Gospel. May
this class of men, both in our army and
navy, be multiplied a thousand fold 1 3 •
AMERICAN MISSIONS in Turley, received
full consideration` from a large and influen
tial assembly, gathered, last Friday ,even
ing, at Sir C. E. Eardley's • house in
Grosvenor Street, in Grosvenor Square.
I had the 'honor of being one of the
invited, and listened with great satisfac
tion, to the details given by Dr. Pomeroy,
of his personal• observation of the missions
in the East, of the present remarkable move
ments going on, including the open avowals
of 'Christianity, and the open ,rejection of
the Koran by Mohammedans, of the increas
ing certainty that the Law of .Religions Lib
erty (resulting: from the Crimean war ) ) is
Philadetphta, South West Corner of Seventh (and Chestnut Streets.
the pioneer of a marvellous spiritual revolu
tion, as well as to P re heodary Burgess' ac
count of his visit to the East, and of the
deices of the American Missions. The_
Malta Protestant College, also, which is
founded'on strictly Protestant , andlivingel
ioal,principles, is doing a noble work in pre
paring native missionaries for Italy:the Le
vant, and theTuritiSh Empire. •
The skims of the Angto.Turkish Litera
tore Society was brought under notice. Dr..
Meunier, in passing through . London, last
year, was the instrument of enlisting the
sympathies of au Amorican 'Merchant, who,
struck with the value of the , euterprise3for •
fourteen millions. of the Turkish speaking,
race, gave £1,400, required for, the . pnr i chase.
of Abe copyrights of an existing Dictiouttry,
Grammar, and Dialogue.BOok in the'Tuuk
ish language. • The ComMittee ''d esires to`
publish similar works for the -benefit of the
/trellis i3pe all in g -Traoesi.'listimposing_tio logs
than eighty millionsi of the , liumau farriVy.
P. S.—Allow me express hearty that:lke'
to ladies at, Washington, Pa , to yourself
Your lady, and.ta'othervehieWlibre, eivii.a . re
for warding .etielits.: and,igifttif Of) t,lYmPlittl4t
and love,-to , our approaching }leper. They ,.
will - doubtless . reach me ina few days.
george IL Stuart, Esg.,has"sent me a noble'
dentition' of money, in lien of •ladies' work;
and as the sale' Will not - realize the4,ooo;
whieh we require (A 1,300 paid off preoi-•
ouslyi without aid, byr oursehos,) if .other
ladies,and gentlemen will,serid email sums
to yourself or Mr. Stuart, they will be vat.
ued ;' ei "many links make a tuuckle?'
How to be like Enoch,
Do ya see k &loch s introduction to the
living God ?. Go to him, as Enoch , went,
believing.that he is, and he is acceasible,
(Ileb. 6,) and seek, to get into the same
just and realizing knowledge of him that
Enoch got. He is revealed to pia more
amply, perhaps, than he was to Enoch.
Believe. - Believe that he is , not afar off, but
nigh. Believe that be is , :not, hostile ; but
propitious. Believe that he is all, that Jesue
said—that he is all that Jesus was—and 'be•
Having this, walk with him. Admit hiin
into your home, that he May bless , it. Ad
mit him into your, hourly ocettpatiOns?that
he may elevate and expedite them. .Adpit
him, into your happy moments, that he may
enhance them; and into your hours of an
guish, that his presence may tranqiiilize and
transform 'them. Let his recollected j Pres
ence be the brightness of eveiyoandseape,
the zest- of every. pleasure, - • the a energy, of
every. undertaking,, the refuge from every
danger, tke solace in every sorrow, the
aeylum of your Bidden fife, and, the ''constant
Sabbath of your 'soul: 'beam,' with all
reverence for his-greatness, but with equal
reliance on his goodness--learn to.mike the
eye that never slumbers the' companion of
your nightsandrdornings;. and the ear that
never wearies, make it .the confident of your
weakness, your Solitiide, your ecstasy, , and
woe. Learn to have not one life ,for God
and another for the world; but let yeurlife
be-divinely , devoted, and divinely quickened
=let every footstep lie 'At walk with
Dr. Hamilton. •
Poi the Presbyterian Banner and , A &orate
Presbytery of Genesee River.
The Spring meeting of this body was held at
South Sparta, N. Y., on the:26th nit, and opened,
with a sermon by the Rev. J. M. Harlow, the
retiring Moderator. Rev. J. Jones was chosen
Moderator, and the Rev. W. D. McKinley, tem-
The Commissioners •elected to the ensuing
General Assembly, were the Rev. Joseph B. Nas
sau,. and ruling elder Wm. W. McNair.
The Rev. L. R. Lockwood was dismissed to
connect himself with the Presbytery of Dubuque.
The recent organization of the Central Presby
terian church at Genesee was reported, and grat
ifying prospects were given. -
The intereating. Narrative of the State of Re
ligien, prepared by the Rev F. De W. Ward, in.
(heated the existence of a vergi Cheering Work of
grace at Bath, and that some other;.churehes in
the bounds of Presbytery, were enjoying the fruits
of recent reireshings.
The Overture of the last General Miserably re
specting the Demission 'of the Ministerial, Office,
was answered in the affirmative.
The phurch of Wyoming prosecuted,their call
for the ministerial services of the Rey. John
Jones; but after selemn deliberation and prayer,
the Presbytery refused to translate him from his
Rev. George D. Stewart resigned the office of
Stated Clerk, and the Rev. 'Jos. R. Nassau was
chosen his successor. Brother Stewart also .re
quested permission to resign the pastoral charge of
the church at Bath ;" which request, (the , people of
that charge through their Commissioner acquies
cing,) the Presbytery, after mature consideration,
granted, and Brother Stewart was appointed to
declare the pulpit , of the . Bath church vacant, on
the first Sahbath of June next. '
Two spdcial 13811110118 were preached during the
sessions of Preshytery,, the one by Rev. W. B.
Jones, on " The Holy Spirit, the Coniforter of
God's people ;" and the other, by the Rev. G. D.
Stewart, on " The Sufficiency of the Sacred Scrip
After a prootraeted, harmonious, laborious,
and, deeply interesting session, 'Presbytery ad.
journed, to hold its next stated meeting at. Pore.
agevifie, on the fourth Tuesday of September
next. Jos. E. NASSAU, Stated Clerk.
Tor the,Preabyterian Banner and Advocate.
Presbytery, of- Bloomington.
Agreeably to the order of the Synod of Illinois,
the Presbytery of Bloomington convened, in the
First Presbyterian church, of Bloomington, April
12th, at 7 o'clock P. M., and was opened , with
a sermon by Rev. R. H. Lilly, from L Tim. is
16. Rev. F. N. Ewing was chosen Moderator,
Rev. W. T. Adams, Temporary Clerk, and Rev.
R. Conover, Stated Clerk.
The Standing Committee on Domestic Missions,
Ministerial Credentials, and Presbyterial Supplies
are, Rev. H. R. Price, Rev. R. Conover, and Dr.
T. F. - WorrelL
The Presbytery consists of eighteen ministers,
with twenty-nine churches, one thousand one
hundred.communice.nts, and one licentiate under
It is`worthy of note; that at this first meeting
of a new Presbytery so large, covering nine
thousand square miles, every minister was pres
ent, eighteen churches were represented, and en
tire harmony , prevailed in all their proceedings.
The pastoral relation between Rev. John Dale
and the church of Mackinaw was dissolved.
Rev. H. R. Price, who was received from the
Presbytery of Sydney, received and accepted a
can from the First Presbyterian church of Bloom
Rev. James E. Marquis received a call from
the church of Crowmeadow.
Rev. T. M. Newell ' ;' and Elder Jacob Smith ,
were chosen delegates to the General Assembly,
and Rev. J. A. Cornelison and Elder R. Brown,
The Overture of the General Assembly,.with
reference to the Dendesion of the Ministerial
Office, was answered in the negative.
• The following action was adopted with refer
ence to the Theological Seminary of the' North-
In reply to a paperlaid before the Presbytery of
Bloomington, containing the action of a constitu-,
tional majority of 'the Synods having the control'
of the Seminary of the NorthhWest, .by. which
the constitution of said Seminary is altered, so
far as to give the entire control and =taw:intent
of the Seminary into the bands :of. the General
The Presbytery highly approves of this action
of the Synods, and is in favor of , thaAseettibly's
going forward in the work of; establishinr the
SeminaTy on a broad and liberal basis, as fast as
"the providence of God opens thetWay; that is to
say, we are in favor of the Assembly locating
the Seminary this Spring, at any suitable point,
as central. as Possible to the larire'%region , of
0 39 11 utrY calledthe NirtillWest,, provided
point (out of its own resources,) )had) pike in
By Mared n, or at
the 0 theOfflee, .111.004er Year•.f 888 -PROSPXOTVIL
Delive in ifdr, 2.00 "
offer of intone) and other available means, suf
idea to jnetify the hope that at least three
chains Will be soon and fully endowed, and suit
able gronoda given for Seminary purposes,
We wish, alto, the. General Aseembly to elect
Profeei,rs, sod put the Seminary in active epee-,
ation at as early a day as there is sufficient en
dowment secured' to juutily Professors accepting
-professorships he the Seminary, having the assur
ance that their salaries will be paid. We most
earnestly desire to see carried out in its spirit
and' to the letter, the first resolution of the
Synods,-as coutathed in the• paper before Pres
bytery, viz :
"-That the direction of the Seminary, the right
to determine the number of directors and Pro
fessors, and to appoint the same ; and all the
powers which have heretofore been vested In the
Synocis,:she.li he and, are hereby, transferred to
toe General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church
of the 'United= States of America, without the
intervention of any , body, pr council between the
Synods, and the "'General 'Assembly not contem
minted, in these vesoltuious of the Syneds, , hut
leaving , the Assembly: -free to earry, eut;lm.thei
ffiarfot,God , thelsartnifeserdesign.,of the Synods,
in. milting thia transfer-of, the Seminary to their
cent:rel. '; . .
Aehp.-Dale,teraesdleutitiagdate uttite *qt.
the-Pmgefilfiehpof Sangamon, and PetF. N.
Valrigio Amite -witli-lhe'Pfechytery of, Chicago.
'Pfeetryteryrholdattits peat,, stated. meeting: at
West Tarbatio/oh.thfefourttg Jilueedey of Berea. ,
tier, at Z., o'clock r ~
r•l'Adjtfurnedttol natit,atllaioe lfar,oiw,clraroh,• ou,
the third Tuesday of Jove, at 3 o'clock P. M. ,
Cocovaa. o Stated. Clerk.
'For the Preobyteriau banner' and Advocerts.
Narrative of the State of. Religion
lA' THWI CHURCHES UNDER THE CARE. OP THZ
PRESBYTERY , OP xaBW BRDI4BWIOIE.
In preeenting to the' General Assembly their
annual Narrative of the State of Religion, the
Preabytery of New Brunswick would record their
gratitude, to tlie. great Head of the Church, for
the general prosperitY that has attended the
several congregations under their cat's.
During the year past, our churches have been
blessed in temporal things. Some of them have
collected and appropriated large sums of money
to . 'the cancellation of church debts, and -the
erection of parsonages. The salaries of our
pastors have been promptly paid. The plan of
systematic benevolence gains; ground, and is
found to work well. Liberal contributions have
been made to the various objects of benevolence
under the-care-of the Boards of our Church 3 as
well as to the Bible, Tract, and otter causes.
The subject of infant baptism has received
more thin usual attention in many of our
,ehurehes. A commendable interest is manifested
irt, the religious training of our youth, and in
BIM - it Class instruction. Our Sabbath Schools are
,niimerous and . flourishing, while the more im
portant and bpppier influence of home training
is not neglect ' s ' A good degree of religions in
terest has existed among the young in several
schpOls witbin our bounds. In the female school
at ' Freehold; (Mt:. Richeson's,) several eases of
conversion have occurred. In the Female Semi
nary at Lawrenceville,• under the care of Rev.
Dr. Nassau, and in that at Pennington, under the
care Cr - Miss Hale, a number have passed from
-death untnlife: A precious period of refreshing
haa been enjoyed in the. High School at Law-
He, resulting in Me l hopeful conversion of
. fourteen youth, several of whom look
fotward to the Gospel ministry as their future
The Nenerable College of New Jersey has a
larger number ef students than at any former
period. A' healthful religious influence prevails
among them. The Institution is highly pros
perous; and is manned by' an able, learned, and
vigorous Faculty. The, Theological Seminary at
Princeton was never more fidurishing. A number
of the students propose , devoting themselves to
work.,of.Foreign. Missiona, and several have
leffother professions, to serve the Meathr 'in the
work cif the ministry. Our churches, too, have
more candidates for the ministry than usual.
While revivals of religion have not been as
general among our congregations as they were
twelve months ago ;;yet the- Spirit' of the Lord
.ha 3 been poured out upon several of them. This
hag bean the case in the church at Millstone, in
the first and second churches at Cranbury, the
first church at Princeton, and the first and
second churches of New Brunswick ; while in
several others there have been:marked indications
of the Spirit's presence. And as •a result of
the revivals of the preceding year, there exists
a more elevated standard of active piety, greater
attention to the means of grace, more faithful
exercise of Church discipline, and a more geqp . ral
inquiry on - the subject of religion.
One of ouromembers, Bev. Charles S. Stewart,
Chaplain in the United States Navy, reports the
conversion of a hundred sailors on board the
Noith darehiwand other government vessels in
the harbor of New York. Sixty of these united
with the Presbyterian Church.
The cause of temperance seems to be at a
etand, or retrograding. Cases of discipline, from
intemperance, are multiplying. We feel that the
Church should awake to a higher sense of
responsibility in relation to this matter.
Prayer meetings are kept up in the churches
throughout our bounds, and with the most happy
results, while a spirit of union and harmony
prevails that augurs well for the interests of
Zion. The Gospel has been preached in its
purity, and the word of truth, in the hands of
the' Spirit, has become.powerful for the salvation
of the aged and the young.
We have been called to mourn over the death
of two aged and venerable members of our Pres
bytery. Jebob - Jones Janeway, A.D., departed
this life in the month of June last, full of years
and honors, and of faithful services in the min
istry of reconciliation. He was once the Mod
erator of your , body, and filled every Position to
which he war called with signal'ability.
James Carnaghan. D. D., • the accomplished
scholar, the judicious counsellor, and for more
than thirty years the able and successful Presi
dent of the College of New Jersey, sleeps with
Davies, and Witherspoon, and Edwards, and
Stanhope Smith, men . "who have washed their
race and made them white in the blood of the
Lamb." While we mourn the loss of these dis
tinguished 'servants of God, we would cherish
their memories, emulate their virtues, and follow
them as. they ollow Christ. We would gird on
anew our armor for the conflict, and go forth
with fresh vigor " to the help of the Lord, the
help of the Lord against the mighty."
R. S. MATNIPG, Moderator.
arewaSury, N. J., April 28, 1859. .
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
Presbytery of Newton.
The Presbytery of Newton commenced its
Spring sessions at Blairstown, on the 26th inst.,
by a sermoiron Rom. xiv : 17, from Rev. James
Y. Mitchell. of Phillipsburg.
Rev." Myron Barrett was chosen Moderator, and
Rev. Rebt. B. Foresman, clerk, for the ensuing
Rev. Mr. Barrett applied for the dissolution of
the pastoral relation existing between himself
and the church of Newton, which was granted.
Presbytery, upon the request of the church, ap
pointed supplies until the next meeting.
The Overture on the Demission question was
unanimously ordered to be answered in the nega
Revs; Messrs. McNair and Foreman, were
appointed the clerical Commissioners, and .Tudge
Robt. S. Remedy and David Neighbor, the lay
members to the General Assembly.
Mr. J. Sandford Smith accepts a call from the
new church of Attdovsr.
The nest meeting of Presbytery is appointed
,atAackettstown on the first Tuesday of October
for the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
Hrortettp, Kansas Territory,
htsroh 12th, 1859.
The committee appointed to draw up a minute
respecting the resignation and departure of the
Rev. Jag. Campbell, President of our Board, de
sire to report that they find in the mind of this
Boaid and the community,
'lst. A deep regard for the scholarship, fidelity,
-and piety of the retiring brother.
2d. A most kind and lively sympathy in the
sickness and suffering of his family, which have
made it necessary for him to resign and separate
' from us.
'N. A cordial and earnest detdre to commend
hinvand his afflicted family ; to>. the Itind care of
covenant keeping God, as well as to the Chris
confidence and esteem — of 'all 'with whom
:his lot'tnay he cast.
I ,certify.that the above is a true copy of the
minute, es it is one the book of the Board, page
20. ' In tratimony whereof, I'set my hand, and
seal of the University, and the date above.
B. AL fuvisr, Beifyr.