Newspaper Page Text
DEMOCRAT JKD SEKTIKEL.
m beard wnrrE::::::::::::::::::::::HKXRT o. devixe
WHITE & DEVINE, Editors and Proprietors.
V. B. PALMER, the American Newspaper
Agent, is the only authorized Agent for this paper
in the cities of Boston, iNew i ork and I'hilaelel
phiaand is duly empowered to take advertise'
tnenU and subscription at the rates required by
as. His receipts will be regarded as payments
His offices are Boston, Scollay's Buildiujn New
York, Tribune Bladings: Philadelphia, N. W.
corner Third and Chcsnut Sts.
5u?jf to tht decision of the Democratic Convention
- FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER.
.HEM S. MOTT.
Subject lo the d-cision of the Democratic Cnnrtnion
C7 We are under obligations to Messrs. Cress
well, Collins, Daugherty and Humphreys, for
many favors received ; and like Oliver Twist, we
will " ask for more."
"We, are also under a particular compliment to
Our wide awake Representative in Congress for
many favors not yet come to hand.
The Message Gov. Bigler.
The message has been received with very gen
eral approbation ; it has elicited much commen
dation from men of all parties ; the Governor's
handful of enemies are much puzzled to find any
flaws in it.
During the past week, the elections in Pliila
delphia city and county, for delegates to the
March convention have come off: Biglcr dele
gates were returned from nearly every district ;
the large vote of the City and Connty, will tliere
fore be cast in Convention fr him, thereby ren
dering his re-nomination a fixed fact a positive
William Bigler is then, to all intents and pur
poses, the candidate of the Democratic party, for
- the office of Governor, and the campaign may be
aid to have already begun, on our side, at least.
We are curious to see what shaped man the
opposition will scare np as a candidate.
We- are glad to announce the election of our old
friend as Sergeant-at-Arms, to the Lower House ;
it is a deserved compliment to a brave and ac-
complished soldier ; we have no doubt that he
will win the respect of all in his new situation.
The 15th District.
Our Senatorial District has been remarkably
lucky at Ilarrisburg : thus while of course we
have the inevitable Jack in the Lower House,
Maj. Mag lire has been elected Clerk of the Sen
ate ; and the two Sergeants at-Arms both hail
from this district.
The Erie Waf .
The following synopsis of the Erie question, as
set forth in the message, presents the question
in a nut shell.
" The principle involved in the Erie difficulty
is cieariy ana Dneny statea. uur uovernor an
swers triumphantly the denunciations heaped
tibon Pennsylvania by the New Yorkers, Cleve
landers and Cincinnatians. The whole question
lies in a nutshell. Buffalo and Dunkirk are anx
ious to ruin Erie as a port, by changing the break
of guage and consequent transhipment of goods
from that place to themselves. - Cleveland is noth
ing averse to the same object- Some of her weal
thy citizens are interested in the Franlin Canal
Company, which with almost unparalleled effron
tery and arrogance, has defied the sovereignty of
the state of Tonnsylvania by building a railroad
Without a charter, from Frio to the Ohio line.
Things have come to a prety pass if every purse-
proud and unscrupulous corporation can build
railroads at pleasure, trusting to? a subsequent
purchase of a legislative sanction. If our State
is to relinquish its right of sovereignty over its
own soil to every band of Ohio and New York spe
nlators, it should petition at once to be annexed
' to one of those States.
A correspondent of tb St. - Ixxrfn Republican
writes from Washington: " Col. Benton looks
lost and humbled in the House. He comes in of
a morning, sits an hour or two, and then leaves.
As you may have seen, he has generally voted
with the administration, and been quite silent
thus far. He had made several efforts to obtain
the floor, but his slow, solemn, dignified, Senato
rial rising, is not fast enough for the House, and
about twenty "Mr Speakers " have reached the
ear of the Chair before he is compelled to take his
seat with the same silent dignity with which he
arose. It is clear the house is unsuited to him
and he to it.
: Cy The Ilarrisburg Union, under its new pnv-
prietors, bids fair to become a first rate paper ; it
is well printed, and is filled with an interesting
variety. Some of the Democratic papers seem
disposed to pitch, into it, we can hardly under
stand for why ; they had better not be in so
much of a hurry.
$y From the Pittsburg papers, wc glean that
an election was held for Mayor, Councils, &c.,
on Tuesday the 10th inst.; so far as heard from,
the election of Mr. Ferdinand Vols was consider
ed certain. H is a clever fellow, and will make
a good Mayor ; we would commend to his tender
mercies, any stray country gentleman who may
be caught napping in his bailiwick.
C7 Ji resolution has been introduced into the
duties on imparts should he ocuideraWr refaw. J
Try We are indebted to Hon, Wm. T. Dough
erty for a copy of the Auditor General's Report,
from which we mate uie louowing siaiemema :
BKCKIPTS FOll THE tlSCAL TEAR 18o3.
From Lands, S37.904 09
Auction commissions, lo.izo tv)
Auction duties, 56,747 05
Tax on bank dividends, 220,004 33
Tax on corporation stocks, 171,589 92
Tax on real and personal estate, 1,3S 1,550 59
Tavern licenses, yti,y. 31
Retailers' licenses, 177,039 19
Sample licenses, ,12 50
I'edlers licenses, . i.vta oo
Brokers' licenses. 3,020 43
Theatre, circus and menagerie licenses, 3,5S1 50
TVistiHprv and brewerv licenses. 2.496 10
Billiard room, bowline saloon, and ten-
pin alley licenses, 3,108 02
Eating house, beer house and rcstau
Patent medicine licenses.
Foreign insurance agencies,
Tax on writs, wilU, deeds, Ac
Tax on certain officers.
Collateral inheritance tax.
Canal and railroad tolls,
Canal fines, Ac-, '
Tax on enrolment of laws.
Premiums on charters.
Loans : For the re
demption of six
per cent. Slate
cates, Ac, $3,130,333 33
Temporary loans, 1,075,000 00
Intercut on loans,
Sales of public pro
perty, Tax oii f onagc and
Divid'ds from bridge
Annuity for right of
Fees of the public
Balance in the Trea
sury Dec. 1; 1852,
Depreciated funds in
the Treasury, una
vailable. 15,027 78
EXPBX DITUTtE.1 EOIt 1S53.
Public improvements, $2,755,936 64
Expenses of government, 253,160 39
Militia expenses, 2,236 37
Pennsylvania volunteers in the
late war with Mexico, 814 00
Pensions and gratuities, 12,857 31
Charitable institutions, 57,113 58
Pennsylv'a Colonization Society. 625 00
Pennsylvania State Agricultural
Society, 2,000 00
Common Schools, 164,852 43
Commissioner.? of the Sinking
Fund, 505,057 55
Loans, 4,010.287 26
Interest on loans, 2,135,853 78
Guarantied interest, : 17,500 00
Domestic creditors, 41,185 16
Damages on the public works, 24.914 15
Special Commissioners, 7,467 71
Registration of marriages, births
and deaths, 1,985 19
Public buildings and grounds, 2,898 85
Houses of Refuge, 21,000 00
Penitentiaries, 31,083 00
Nicholson lands, 7 50
Escheats, 543 61
Colonial Becords and Pennsyl
vania Archives. 17,288 52
Amendments to the Constitution, 270 00
Geological survey, - 5,437 50
Abatements State tax, . ' 39,052 28
Re-issuing relief notes, 20 00
turnpike road companies, 4,000 00
I'hiladelphia riots, 950 25
Mercantile appraisers, 587 65
Counsc. fees and commissions, 7,769 15
Miscellaneous, 8,848 90
Balance in the State
Depreciated funds in
the Treasury, un
available, 724,417 35
Work for 1854.
The New York Sun, speaking of the questions
awaiting solution the present year, cuts out the
following work for Congress. The job is rather
an extensive one, and involves Tiiany intricate
First. The Railroad to the Pacific.
Second. The annexation of Sandwich Islands
Third. The Quest ion of Cuban Independence.
Fourth. A new settlement with Mexico, in
eluding the Mesilla Valley and Tehauntepec dis
putcs, and Santa Anna's Imperial pretensions.
Fifth. The practical assertion and vindication
of the Monroe doctrine against British coloniza
tfcni .Mjliemes In Centra f America.
Sixth. Opening the Valley of the Amazon t
American trade and enterpnze.
Seventh. Adjustment of the Fishery Question.
Besides these, there are purely local questions
of great interest; such as Tariff Amendment;
Naval Reform; Public Land Distribution; Cheap
Postage, Increased Ocean Steam Mail Communi
cation; Formation of New Territories; Mint
New York, &c.
uy e are informed by pri vate letter from
Pliiladelphia, that the contract made last July for
the purchase of Bedford Springs, was cancelled
on Thursday last, 29th ult., without compromi
sing the honor, and to the satisfaction of the par
ties interested. We regret this, - as we had un
derstood.that arrangements were contemplating
by the purchasers for erecting several magnifi
cent hotels at the Springs, and otherwise impro
ving the place extensively. We regard Bedford
as a Pennsylvania Institution, andin that respect
of vastly greater interest to us than Cape May,
Long Branch, Newport, Old Point or Saratoga.
ts local, political and romantic associations, the
excellence of its waters, the policy of spending
our loose cath near home, and then our Pennsyl
vania State pride, have together-made it more
endearing to us than any of the other summer re
sorts. . : - -
However, perhaps Mr. Anderson, the present
proprietor, will, as far as it is in his power, en
taU COm,"J7 ; tf Virtn 7
j,. Unionr . j
Sale of the Public Works.
We had prepared an article npoa this subject, ,
but we defer it to give place to the following from
the Pittsburg Post, it takes a fair common sense
view of the question.
The Whig newspapers of late have little to say
on the subject of the sale of the public works.
Some months ago they were insisting that these
valuable works must be sold, and that the legis
lature of this winter ought to provide for their
sale as soon as possible. They, at the same
time, argued that the railroads and canals owned
by the State were almost worthless.
These works have cost the State many mil
lions of dollars, and wc believe they are worth all
they have cost, and ought not to be sold for less.
They were never before in as good a condition to
be profitable, and afford a large revenue to the
Commonwealth, as they will be next spring.
The Delaware Division Canal affords a handsome
revenue to the commonwealth, more than twelve
oer cent, per annum on its entire cost. Tie North
Branch Canal will be in good working ordei
throughout next spring, and will, undoubtedly
be, in a short time, a source of large revenue to
the State. That is a very important division of
the works owned by our commonwealth open
ing, as it does, to the great markets of te coun
try a largo section of Northern Pcnnsjjlvania,
with its inexhaustible coal fields, and rich farm
ing lands. The business on that canal rannot
ail to be large, and the revenues from ft' conse
quently large. . .. 4 . . . - i - .
The main line of the works, the canals and
railroads extending from Pittsburg to Philadel
pliia, has cost the State many millions of dollars,
and is still incomplete. The new road over the
mountains, to avoid the inclined planes, will re
quire a considerable appropriatioa yet to com
plete it. And, we believe if the kgislature now
in session docs its duty, it will, uithout delay,
make the necessary appropriat ion to push forward
the entire work to completion as speedily as pos
sible. The money appropriated last session is
exhausted, and the work must stqi till the means
ore furnished to carry it forward. Every day's
delay in making the appropriation is a loss to the
State. That new road completed, and the planes
all avoided, the expenses of the State will be im
mediately reduced to the amount: of about four
hundred thousand dollars per ytar, more than a
thousand dollars per day, in keeping up and work
ing the old road and the planes, with its costly
aud lumbering machinery, and its army of offi
cials. This new road over the mountains completed,
and the double track on the Columbia road laid
down, this line of works from Pittsburg to Phil
adelphia will become one of the mast profitable
and thronged avenues of commerce in the coun
try. . A letter from Mr. Baker, published in this pa
per some time ago, discloses several facts worthy
of remembrance. This has been an unfavorable
year for this Line of Works. The Ohio river has
been low nearly all the season, and tliat has
doubtless reduced the amount of freights arriv
ing at Pittsburgh for transit eastward over this
line. The water in the canal was sometimes so
low as to impede its navigation. The tolls had
to be considerably reduced last spring to enable
it to compete successfully with rival lines. It
has had to compete, not only with the New York
and Maryland railroads, but with our own Cen
tral road. Yet, notwithstanding all these disad
vantages, the receipts from it have been larger
this year than ever before some $35,000, we be
lieve, larger than last year. Complete speedily
the new road over the mountains, and avoid all
the planes, and the vexatious delays they occa
sion, and the business of this channel of commerce
will soon be nearly doubled, notwithstanding all
competition, while the expense will at the same
time be greatly reduced. The reasons are obvi
ous. It will be the last channel for heavy freights
between the East and West. All know how rap
idly and vastly the trade between the East and
West is increasing. It will require all the ave
nues that can be opened to accommodate that
vast commerce. And this line properly mana
ged, will ever be one of the most successful and
popular of those avenues ; and the State will de
rive, from it a revenue to reduce and perhabs ulti
mately extinguish the debt. .
We assert that this line of works has already
been profitable to the State. It is difficult to find
reasons for the assertion. The property of the
city and county of Philadelphia is now assessed
at about $155,000,000. What was the valuation
before these public'works were commenced ? We
have not the figures before us, but it is doubtless
safe to say it was less than half that sum. The
same is true of Pittsburg and Allegheny county,
and of all the counties along the line of the pub
lic works. This avenue to the seaboard markets
has greatly enhanced the value of every acre of
their soil, and of the products of the soil and
mines. While individual and general wealth and
prosperity have been thus increased, the revenues
of the commonwealth have proportionately in
creased, from taxation upon this enhanced value
We believe the people ' of this State have no
reason to regret the construction of these works
at the time they were undertaken. ' Individual
and corporate wealth and credit could not then
have done it. If it has run the State largely in
debt, it has vastly increased its capacity to pay.
Complete the new road over the mountains, and
the anuual expense is at once greatly reduced, the
capacity of the line for business greatly increas
ed, and it will pay for itself. . .:, -
It would, in our humble opinion, be the most
suicidal policy to attempt to sell the main line in
its present unfinished state, yet so near comple
ted ; and in the midst of the constant clamor of
the AVhig presses that it is worthless. Complete
it, and test Jairly its capacity for producing rev
enues, and a favorable restdt is not doubtful, as
the past year s experience proves.
The New York canal has not been injured by
competing railroads. : On the contrary, so great
is the pressure of business upon it, that it is pro-
popo&ed to enlarge it to double its present capa
city. Lnder proper management the main line
of the Pennsylvania canal and roads may be
come equally prosperous and profitable. . v-
They will then sell for cost, and the tate be
subjected to no loss, as it would undoubtedly be
by selling them now. ' - . ..
C7 A bill for satisfying the French Spoliation
Claims, which was referred to. the Committee on
FS Relations, has been introduced . into' th.
United Sutts Senate.-; ;, r, : -
4 .. Harkisbcbo, Jan. 5.
SENATE. The Senate met at 11 o'clock.
Mr. Hamilton presented a petition from John
W. Stokes and other citizens of Philadelphia, ac
companied by a lengthy memorial on the subject,
contesting the seat of Levi Foulkrod, as a Sena
tor from Philadelphia county, which, on motion,
was read. The memorial sets forth various er
rors and frauds in the returns of the several elec
tion districts, and declares that Mr. Stokes is en
titled to the seat. The papers were laid on the
Mr. Goodwin rend in place a bill to incorpo
rate the Northern Gas Company of Penn District;
also, a supplement to the act to incorporate the
Towando Railroad Company.
Mr. Price, a bill to equalize Green street, in
Mr. Crabb, a bill to incoqorate the Penn
Steam Towing and Transportation Company, and
one relative to Cemeteries.
Mr. Kuaklc a bill to extend the charter of the
Bank of Northumberland.
' Mr. Darsie, a bill to extend the charter of the
Fittsburg Trust Company.
Mrf Cresswell, a supplement to the bill incor
pprating the Broad Top Railroad and Coal Coui-
Mr. Evans, a bill providing for a reform in the
militia system, and one for the protection of me
chanics and laborers.
Mr. Quiggle submitted a resolution for the ap
pointment of a committee to inquire into the pro
priety of contracting fT the publication of a dai
ly record of the proceedings of both Houses. A
lengthy and animated discussion arose upon the
resolution, and after being variously amended, it
was agreed to. ...
It provides for the appointment of a . Joint
Committee of the Senate and House to receive
proposals for the publication of the Records.
The Secretary of the Commonwealth was in
troduced, and presented a message from the Gov
ernor, returning the following bills with his ob
A bill supplementary to the act regulating the
Banks of the Commonwealth.
The bill to incorporate the York County Hy
draulic Cement Company.
The bill to incorporate the Beaver Canal. Coal
and Mining Company.
The Senate then proceeded to the election of
Clerks and other officers, when all the nominees
ef the Democratic caucus were elected, by a vote
of eighteen to fifteen the Whigs voting for the
The following are the officers elected :
Chief Clerk Thomas A. Maguire of Cambria.
Assistant Clerk Henry Pettibone of Luzerne.
Transcribing Clorks A. L. Heuncrboltz, of
Berks ? Nelson Weiser, of Lehigh; William n.
Blair, of Centre, aud Samuel Stehley, of Dauphin.
Sergcant-at-Anns Win. B. Cutnmings, of
Door-keeper Wm. Alberger, of Berks.
Assistant Door-keeper Wm. Ralston, of Arm
strong. Messenger Henry Mendle.
Assistant Sergeant-at Arms Daniel Von Nei
da, of Philadelphia ; Wm. Brady of Dauphin.
Mr. McCIintick offered a resolution, tendering
the thanks of the Senate to the former Clerk,
which was unanimously adopted.
Mr. Kunkle moved that A. Young, be retained
as Messenger until otherwise ordered, which was
The Senate then adjourned.
HOUSE. The House met at 10 o'clock, and
after the reading the journal and the presentation
of quite a number of petitions, memorials, Ac,
on motion proceeded to the election of officers,
when the following were chosen :
Scrgeant-at-Arms Gen. John Humphries.
Door-keeper A. J. Horn.
Messenger Wm. M. Barren.
Several local and other bills, of a private char
acter, were introduced.
It was then moved that 10,000 additional cop
pies of the Governor's Message be printed in the
English language, and 3000 in the German.
Considerable debate arose upon this motion.
Mr. Bell, of Erie, spoke at some length in ref
erence to the various matters treated upon in the
message. He eulogised the message highly as a
truly Pennsylvania document in its tone, and en
dorsed many of the principal ideas and recom
mendations contained in it.
The motion to print was finally agreed to.
The Secretary of the Commonwealth was intro
duced and presented a message from the Gover
nor returning to the House, in which they origi
nated, a number of bills with his objections.
The following are the more important of the
bills passed :
A bill supplementary to the general manufac
A bill to incorporate the independent medical
" A bill to incorporate the Dillsburg and Harris- I
burg itanroaa wminr. - ,r. .
u incorporate the Trout Run Mining
Several other bills were also returned.
The message having been read, the bills were
severally taken up, the question being on their
' Considerable debate arose upon some of the
bilLs, but the objections of the Governor were in
every instance sustained.
The House then, after some little unimportant
In the Senate, on Saturday, the Speaker an
nounced the following committees:
Finance Messrs. . Buckalew, Darsie, L W.
Hamlin. Crabb and McFarland. ' 1
Judiciary Messrs. Kunkel, Quiggle Price and
Accounts Messrs. Evans, Sager, Barns, Wher
ry and Frick.
Estates and Escheats Messrs B. D. Hamlin,
Hendricks, Cresswell, Price and Foulkrod.
Pensions end Gratuities Messrs. Barnes, Fry,
Hamilton, Hoge and Furguson.
. Corporations Messrs.- Goodwin, Darlington,
Halderaan, M'Clintock and Mellinger.
Library -Messrs. Jamison Creswell and Kin
zer. : -' ' '
. PublicHuilditLgs Messrs. MTarland, Skinner
and Piatt., - f . 1
. Bants Messrs. Haldeman, Crabb, Buckalew,
Hendricks and Fry." " - - J '
Sdvigation Messrs. F. W. Hamlin, Hamilton,
Hrester, Darsis and TouIkrouV". " : " '" i
Railroails Messrs. Quiggle, Slyfcr, Goodwin,
Kunkle and M'Clintock. .
Education Messrs. M'Clintock, Evans, Jami
son, Darlington and Hcister.
Election Districts Messrs. Sager, Skinner, Jam
ison, Hamilton and Wherry.
Retrenchment and Reform Messrs. Cresswell,
Mcllinger, E. W. Hamlin, Kinzer and Sager.
Agricxdtvrt and Domestic 31anuactures
Messrs. Skinner, "Wherry, Frick, Hamilton and
- Militia Messrs. Fry, Crabb, MTarland, Hen
dricks and Jamison.
Roads and Bridges Messrs MTarland, Barnes,
Jamison, Hoge and Frick.
To Compare Kills Messrs. Faulkland, Furgu
son. Wherry, Mellinger, and Fry.
Vice and IminttraU.it y Messrs. Slifcr' Coodwin,
Mellinger, Hoge and Price. ' .
Private Claims Messrs. Kinzer, Cresswell, Dar
sie, Foulkrod and B. D. Hamlin.
Public Printing Messrs. Darlington, Evans,
B. D. Hamlin, Mellinger and Foulkrod.
iVrie Counties and County Seats Messrs. Piatt,
Kunkel,' Buckalcw, Sly for and Quiggle.
Both Houses adjourned over until Tuesday.
XXXIII COKGHESS FIRST SESSION.
Washington, J'-. 10.
IIorsE Mr. Drum announced the death of Mr.
Muhlenberg, who died last night.
After passing an eulogy on his private and
public character, he substituted resolutions ex
pressive of deep regret in consequence of the
event, tendering to the relatives of the deceased
the sympathy of the House, and resolving to wear
crape on the left arm for thirty days, and that a
committee of four members be appointed to ac
company the remains to the late 1 evidence of the
deccasid, this afternoon.
Mr. Dawson having been intimately associated
with Mr. Muldenbcrg, felt himself called upon to
discharge the last painful duty of adding a fvw
works of eulogy.
Mr. Straub likewise sjoke in warm terms of
After the resolutions were passed, the House
Skvatk After unimjiortaiit business, Mr.
Cass's speech, in reply to Mr. Clayton, vasost
poned until to-morrow.
The death of Mr. Muhlenberg was announced.
.Mr. Brodhead delivered an eulogy, when the
Death of the Hon. H. A. Muhlenberg. .
Philadelphia, Jan. 10.
The Hon. Mr. Muhlenberg died st Senator
Brodhead's residence, Washington City, last
night at 10 o'clock. His death was announced
to-day. His remains were taken to his late res
idence in Pennsylvania.
Lovisvii.i.D, Ky., Jan 10.
Crittcndon was elected this evening to the U.
S. Senate. The democrats voted for Gov. Howell;
the vote stood as follows : Crittendon 78, How ell
The San Francisco.
We find the following in the Baltimore .n" in
relation to the steamer San Francisco. It is
more favorable to the safety of the vessel than at
first reported :
The following interesting dispatch was receiv
ed yesterday by the Secretary of the Navy, from
Messrs. Aspinwall & Co., owners of the steamer
San Francisco :
New York, January 8th. Mate of the brig
Napoleon spoke the steamer San Francisco, Dc
ccmber 25th. He gives a consistent and intelli
gent report, and states that Capt. Watkins had
plenty of provisions. He had, however, light
ened the snip. 1 here were no men at tiic
The bt ig Napoleon was at the nearest point
within thirty yards of her, and saw twenty male
passengers on deck. The cabin, hurricane deck
forward and wheels were standing. The dama
ges to the steamer were merely in her upper
works, amid-ships. The wheel-houses were
gone, but the wheels were entire, and both guards
in good order. The mate is sure that the rudder
was all right. The foremast was gone above
deck, but the mizzen-mast, (an important fact
towards her safety) was standing. Both smoke
stacks were entirely gone. The hull looked to
be in good order. The sea was heavy with a
strong night breeze from the north-west. As
far as could be ascertained the same pumps were
The steamer was again seen on the 20th De
cember safe, with the drag out forward, and her
head to the wind. The damages to her occurred
in the gale of Dec 24, which was intensely se
The San Francisco is insured in Wall street for
$300,000. It is stated the Government paid
$80,000 for the conveyance of the troops to their
ports of destination.. A ' ..,
. a married daughter of Mr. Everett,
and a married daughter of Judge Taney, the wife
of Colonel Taylor.
" We learn from the Washington Globe that the
Secretary of the Navy has directed two energetic
officers of the Navy, Lieutenants Gansevoort and
Boggs, to proceed in the Alabama, (the vessel
chartered by the War Department for the pur
pose of rendering assis tance to the San Francisco,)
to afford such aid and advice as their experience
and judgment may suggest. The Alabama, with
coal sufficient to last fifteen to eighteen days,
and fresh provisions for passengers, sailed from
New York early yesterday morning. The Globe
says: ' ' ' " ;
The Secretary has also directed the sloop of
war Decatur, now fitting for sea at Boston, to
proceed in the search, if, in the opinion of the
commandant of the yard, she can be of service.
Since the above was in type, we learn that the
Secretary of the Navy has directed the steamer
North Star, at New. York, to be chartered,. offi
cered and manned, and sent to the relief of the
San Francisco. . "
XT' The United States Senate was in session
just twenty minutes one day last week, and the
members received for this laborious duty lust
two dollars for every five minutes spent in the
public service. This may be considered cood
pay, for both the amount and the quality of the
work performed. - -
fcs There are three Johnsons Governors at
this time one in Virginia, another in Tennessee,
a third Governor elect of Georgia." " J '
Arrival of tne Steamship Canada.
ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE.
ILiLirAX, Jan. 4.
The Cunard steamship Canada arrived here at
9 o'clock this morning, having made the run
hither from Liverpool in less than eleven days.
She brings Liverpool dates of Saturday the 24th
ult., which is a week later than the dates previ
The steamship Baltic, from New York, ar
rived in IJverpool on the evening of the 22d ult.
kCSSIA AND TUBXET.
It is reported that the Persians have been in
duced to declare against Turkey, by a direct
promise from the Czar to remit the debt and res
tore to the State the disputed territory. The
Shah places 30,000 troops at the disposal of the
Turkey "has forbidden the exportation f grain.
The comb'ned French, British and Turkish
fleets entered the Black Sea on the 10th ult., and
it is supposed their destination was Sebastople.
Three ships of each squadron remained for the
protection of Constantinople.
The Czar having frequently declared that tht
entry of the Black Sea by the combined fleets
would be considered as equivalent to a declara
tion of war, the withdrawal of the Russian Min
isters from Paris and London were immediately
looked for. "
The skirmishing between the Russian and
Turkish forces was continued.
Kalafat was attacked on the 4th, when tha
Russians were repulsed. The carnage was, how
ever, very severe on both sides.
On the 13th, two Russian steamers and sever
al gun-boats attacked Matschinn with what re
sult was not stated.
There is nothing later from Asia, but the gen
eral tenor of the advices indica'e the operations
as unfavorable to the Turks."
The BritLh Consul, at Jassy, in Moldavia, has
retired from the Principalities.
The Russian Government lias ordered all for
eign merchant thips going to the. Ottoman ports
in the Black Sea, and carrying munitions of was
shall be seized, though under neutral flags.
An insurrection has broken out in Crimea, tha
Russian Peninsula on the Black Sea, in favor cf
the cause of Turkey.
The Russian provinces of Bessarabia, immedi
ately to the cast of Moldavia, and the provinces
of Kherson and Taurus, or Taurida, have in con
sequence of the insurrection, been placed under
martial law by Russia.
The Paris papers publish a document purpop
ting to be a letter of instructions from the four
great jiowers to their Ambassadors at Constanti
nople. It bears rather hard on Turkey. Ti;4
document reached Constantinople on tle 13th,
and the Sultan's reply was expected on the2Gih-
It is reported thar the Sultan refuses the pro
o.ed armistice, but conse-nts to send a represen
tative to the proposed Conference. It is also ru
mored that the Czar consents to send an Envoy.
Four thousand Russians and Tuiks are said to
have be-en killed in the last attack ou Kalafat. '
LATER. FltOM ASIA.
The Turkish army in Asia had crosse-d the
Georgian frontiers and marched upon Tiflis. ILe
Turks were everywhere vCXlcomcd by the Geor
gians. The Turkish anuy took posse-saion c-f aud
occupied Erivan, the capital of Russian America,
ou the river Ze-ngui, it having been abandoned
by the Russian troops on the appreiavh of the
Turks. The report the Turkish defeat at Ai
halzik is doubted, although a battle was fought
there on the 26th of November, atteuded with
The intelli gence that the Turkish fleet was at
Sinopc was carried to the Russian Admiral by
an Aurtrian steamer.
KUPTUKE BETWEEN FKBSIA AND ENGLANP.
A rupture between Persia and England hap
pened anterior to the declaration of war by Persia
against Turkey, occasioned by an insult to tho
The vacancy in the British ministry, caused
by the resignation of Lord ralmerston, has not
yet been filled.
The weather is reported to have been very se
vere upon the Irish coast, and many shipwrecks
have occurred." The ship Niagara had gono
ashore near Wexford. Her passengers, 150 in
number, and cargo, were saved.
The ship Pollock, from Mobile, had put into
Queenstown, much damaged. .
The English Cabinet met on the 23d of Decem
ber. Sir George Grey had declined the offer of
the Home Secretaryship, and it was reported that
Lord Palmcrston had leen invited to again re
sume the office, in consequence of Lord Claren
den having threateneel to resign. - "
The Liberal papers complain that Princa Al
bert is too busy in the affairs of the army. Some
of the papers attribute Lord t.i resig-
ntu L- uus m that quarter.
Reports that the sincerity of the Emperor Na
poleon in the Turkish alliance, was distrusted in
England, caused great indignation, and the French
Cabinet was considering the expediency of ma
king an explicit denial. Napoleon had express
ed himself as favorable to such an action.
' . - SPAIN.
The difficulty' between young Soule and the
Duke of Alba has resulted in a hostile meeting,
which, however, terminated without bloodshed1. ;
Mr. Soule, the American Minister, had also
fought a duel with the Marquis Turgot, tho
French Minister, which likewise resulted m no
damage to either party. - y
The China Insurgents keep firm possession of
The Insurgents were defeated by the Imperi
alists, at Amoy.
.Vienna papers say that the allied fleets had
entered the Black Sea on a peaceful errand to
prevent further collision between the Russian
and Turkish vessels of war.
Iowa. The immigration into Iowa," the pres.
ent season, is astonishing and unprecedented
For mires and miles, day after day, the prairea
of Illinois are lined with cattle and wagons, push
ing on towards the prsoperous State. At a point
beyond Peoria, during a single month, seventeen
hundred and forty three wagons had passed and
all for Iowa. Allowing five persons to a wagon;
which is a fair average, would, give 8,715 sou!s