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of ilclognleB on llio third Monday of Juno
to n convention to meet on tbo 1st Monday
of (September, for llio pnrpojo of framing
' n Constitution preparatory to admission
into thtl'Urilon. 'Thillaw Wts'lntirr' mitlti
fair and just; and it, is to bis rogrctted
ll,l ,HH,a r,t!RJ nl..tlnra 1,1.1 .,
islcrcd llicmselvs? and voted under ita except on tbo suVjcot of slavery. Tho
provisions. ' ' truth is that tbo general provisions of our
'! La not of ,tho territorial legislaturo had recent Stato constitutions arc so similar
omitted to provido for. submitting to tbo and, I may add, so excellent that tho
pcoplo tho constitution which might difforcn'o between them is not essential.
bo framed by tbo convention ; and in tho Under tho earlier practiro of tho govern
pxeited stato of public feeling throughout incut, no constitution framed by the con
Kansas an apprehension cxtonsivcly pre-1 vention of a Territory preparatory to its
vaueu mat a ucsign cxis'cu to torco upon
Ihctn a constitution in relation to-lnvcry
naainst tneir will, in tms emerecnev it
bscamo my duty, as ii-wes my unqueslion
ably right, having'in view tho union of all Minnesota "should ho subject to tbo an.
f;ood 'citizens in support of the territorial provsl, and ratiGostiou of tho pcoplo of the-
aws, to express an opinion on tho true proposed State," may bo followed 'on future
instruction of the provisions concerning ' occisiops. LtooLr it for granted that the
slavery contained in tho crganio act of convention of Kansas would act iu accord-
Congress of tho 30th May, 18C4. Congress 1 anco with tlii example, founded, as it is,
dcrhrpd it to bo "tbo truo intcat andjon correct principles! and hence my in -
aioaniug of.this. act not to legislate slavery Btruclions to Governor Walker, io favor of
into suy Totr'itory or State, nor to exclude submitting tho constitution to tho people,
it Ihnriifcom, but to Icavo the nconla I wero expressed in cencrnl and unnuililiod
tliercof perfectly free to form and rcgula
their doinostio institutions in their own'
way." Under it Kansas, " when admitted
as n Slate," was to "bo received into tho
Union, with or without slavery, as their
Constitution may proscribo at tho timo of
Did Congress moan br tbU lano-iimr
that tho delegates elected to frame a con-
dilution should havo authority finnllv tn
decido (ho question of slavory, or did they
intend by,lcnvim it to tho people that tho
ppoplo of Kansas themselves should decide
this question by n direct voto t On this
subject I confess I had never entertained
n serious doubt, and, therefore, iu my in
B'ructions lo Govornor Walker of tho 28ib
March last, ,1 raerely said that when " a
oonstitulion shall bo submitted to tbo people
of tho Territory, they must bo tirotnirrl
in tho exorciso of their risht of votiorr forl'er nu4.sUvo and a few others hie '
or against that instrument, and the fair
expression of tbo popular will must not lie
interrupted by fraud or violence.
In expressing this opioion it was far
from my intention to interfero. wit! the
decision of tbo people of Kansas, cither for
vt agaiD5t slavery, -from tms 1 havo al
ways carefully abstained. Intrusted with
Ilia duty of taking " oare that the laws bo
faithfully cxeoutod,1' my only desiro was
tint the pcoplo ot ivansas t-liould furnish
ip Congress the evidence required by tho
nrp auic act, wnenicr ior or against slavery)
nnd in this manner smooth their passage
into tho Union. In emerging from tho
oonuition ot territorial tlcpondenco into
that of a sovereign. State, it was their
duly, in my opinion, to ruako known their
will by the votes of tho majority, oa tho
direct question whether this important
omcsiio institution enowa or should not
continao to exist. Iadeed, this was the
only possiblo mode in which their will
eould bo authentically ascertained.
Tho cleclinn of delegates to a coavaation
must necessarily take place in separate
districts. Frqm this ctuso it may roadily.
happen, ai bus often been the case, that a
majority of the people of a State or Terri
tory are ono lido of a question, whilst a
majority of the representative from tho
several districts into which it is divided
may ba upon tho other side. This arises
from'tbo fact that in somo districts dele
gates may be elaoted, by, small majorities,
whilst in others those of different scntimcnU
may receive majorities sufficiently great
not to overcome the votes given for the
tormer, but to leave a largo majority of
tbi j?holc people in direct opposition to a
majority: of, tho dolegates. Besides, our
history proves that influences may bebrought
io bear on iho representative sufficiently
powerful tn induce him to disregard the
will of his constituents. Tho truth is, that
no other authentic and satisfactory mode
exists of ascertaining tho will of a msjoiity
of tho people of sny State or Territory on
cn important and cxcitiDg question like
that of slavery in Kansas, except by leav
ing it to a direct vote. How wise, then,
was it for Oonsress to pas3 over all 'subor! !
ornate ana intermediate agencies, and
proceed directly to tho source of nil legiti
mate power uudcr our institutions !
How vain would any othor principle
nro?e in practice I This may bo illustrated
by the case of Kansas. Should sho be
admitted into the Union, with a Constitu
tion maintaining or abolishing slavery,
against the sentiment of the people, this
oould havo no other effect than to continue
nnd to exasperate the cxis'ing agitation
during tho brie.f period- required tct make
tbc Constitution conform to the irrcsis ible
will of the majority.
Tho friends and supporters of tho Ne
braska nnd Kansas net, when struggling
on a tecen.t occasion to' sustain its wise
provit-ions before the great tribunal of the
American pcoplo, never differed about its
truo meaning on this subject. Everywhere
throughout the Union they publicly pledged
their taith and their honor, that they would
cheerfully submit the question of slavery
to tho decision of tho bona fide people tTfl
Kansas, without any restriction or qualifi-'
nation whatever. All woro cordially united. I
upon the great docirino of popular sove-'
totgnty, wbich.is tho vital principle of our!
frco institutions. Had it then been insin. '
uatcd from any quarter that it would bo at
hufficient compliance with tho requisitions
of th drganio law for tho members of a '
convention, thereafter to bo elected, to
withhold the question of slavery from tho
people, nnd to substituto their own will for
ttiat oi a legany ascenaincu majority oi an
thpir constituents, this would have been
instantly rejected, iivcrywhoro llicy re
mained true to the resolutions adopted on
a celebrated pecaeion recognizing " tho
right of the people of all Territories in
rluding Kansas and Nebraska actiog
through the legally and fairly expressed
nil o? a majority of actual residents, and
wboncver the number of their inhabitants
justifies it, to form a Constitution, with or
vithout slavery, anil be admitted into the
Union upon terms of perfect equality with
the othef Sta'cs."
The Convention lo frame a Constitution
for Kansas met on tie first Monday of
September last. They were called together
by virtue of an act of tho Territorial Log.
isl&turp, whoso lawful csistonce had been
recognized by Congress in different forms
and by different enactments. A large
proportion of the citizens of Kansas did
not' think proper to register their names
and to votS c,t the election for debates,
int ap epportuoity to dp this baying bteH
fairly afforded, their refusal to avail them-
selves of tliclr riglit could in no manner
affect tbo legality of tho Convention.
fhis Convention prooccded to frnmo t
Constitution for Kansas, and finillvn.il
jnurncd on tlio 7th day of November. 3Jut
II, ll .ItfC- ! ll..
aunussion into ino union as a Stato liul
boon subnuttca to the people.
However, the cxamnio set uv llio last (Jen-
press, requiring that the Constitution of
in the Kansas Nebraska act. however,
tins requirement, as app!icalil3.to the. wholo
Constitution, had, not been, inserted, and
'the convention was not bound by its terms
to submit any other portion of tbo instru -
jracut to an election, except that which
. relates to tbo dotnestia. institution" of
slavery. This will be rendered cloar by a
simplo reference t ) its lannuniro. It was
I" Bot toleiislato slavery into any Territory
or Stato, nr to exclude it therefrom, but
to leave tbo pcoplo thereof perfectly frco
to form and rcgulato their domcstio insti-
tutions in their own way." Accortling to
tho plain construction of the sentence" tbo'
words "domestic institutions?' lia.vs.a direct,
as thev havo an annronriato.
lato, roforcneo ti
to tbo family, The relation between inas -
' "iettiQ,instilutions,"and are entirely dis
from.institutions of a political character.
uesiucs, thore was no qucstiou then beforo
Congress, nor indeed has thcro since been
any, serious question upiore mo people ol
Kansas or tbo country, except that which
relates to tho "domestic institution" rf
Tbo convention after an nngry and esci
tod debate, finally determined, by a ma
jority of only two, to subaiit tho question
of slavery to tho people, though at the last
fortytbreo of the fifty, delegates present
affixod thcir.sigoitures to the constitution.
A largo majority of the convention were
in favor of cstablishinc slavery in Kansas.
They accordingly inserted nn article in tho
constitution for this purpose similar in
form to those which had been adopted, by
otuer territorial conventions. in the
schedulo, .however, providing for. the Iran
sition from a territorial to a Stato govarn
moot, the question his been fairly and
explicitly rearrcd to tho peoele, whether
tboy will havo a constitution "with or with
out slavery," It declares that beforo tho
constitution adopted by the convention
'shall bo sont to Couiic33 for admission
into the Union as a State," an, election
shall bo hold to decide this oucstion. at
which oil tbo white, tnalo inhabitants of tbo
I crritory above tbo ago. ol, 21. arc entitled
to voto. Thay nro to voio by li.ijct.niicl
tho "ballot cast at said election shall bo
endored 'Constitution with slavery,' and
'Constitution with no slavery."1 If there
bo a majority in favor, of tho 'Constitution
with slavery,' tbon it is to bo transmitted
to Congress by the President of tho Con
vention in its original form. If, on tbo
contrary, there shalLba n, majority. favor
of the "Constitution with no Blavery," "then
tho article providing lor slavery shall be
stricken from tbo Constitution by the
Presidont of this Conveniion ;" and it is
cxnresily declared ithat 'no slivery shall
cxfst in tbo Stato of Kansas except that the
right of proporty in slaves now in tho
Territory shall in uo manner bo interfered
with,' and in that event it is made his duty
to havo the Constitution thus ratified
'ransmitted, to "i .Con3rcf 'II0 United
States for tho admission of tho Stato into I
tho Union. I
At this election cv.cry citizen will have
an opportunity of expressing las opinion
by his voto "whether Kansas shall ho re
ceived into tho Union with or without
slavery," aDd thus this exciting question
may be peacefully settled in tho very mode
required by tho organic law. The election
will be held under legitimate authority, and
if any portion cf the, inhabitants ihall re
fuse to vote, a fair opportunity to do so
having.bccn presented, this will bo their
own voluntary act, and they alone will be
responsible for tho conscqueuccs.
Whether Kansas shall bo a free or a
slave State must eventually, under some
authority, bo decided by no election ; aad
the question can never 'bo mine clearly or
distinctly presented to the people than it is
at tho present moment. Should thu op
portunity bo rejected', she may bo involved
lor jcars in domestic d,iseor,d, and possibly
m civil war, beforo she can again roach, tho
F01Dt suo ua3 a'reauy attaineu.
Kansas has for emoq years occupied too
much of tho publio attention. It is high
timo tlloy s,10altl directed to far laoie
important objects. When cmco admitted
into the Union, whether with or without
slavery, the excitement beyond her own
limits will speedily pass away, and she
will then for tho first timo bo left, as she
ought to have been long since, to manage
her own affairs in her own way. If her
tuuMimuuu ou mu ouujtti, ui omvury, or
any other subject, bo displeasing to a ma
jority of the people, no human power can
prevent tnem irom clianging it within a
brief period. Under theso circumstances'
it may well be questioned whether the poacojtbero with such an imposing forco as to
and quiet of tho whole country aro not cf , convinco theso deluded peoplo that resist-
o country aro not cf ( convmco theso deluded peoplo that resist
han tho pioro tempo-1 anc would bo vain, and thus sparo tho
of thopoliticalpartics effusion of blood. Wo can in this manner
j best convinco them that wo aro their friends,
greater imporlanco than
rary triumph of either
Should tho Constitution without slavery not their enemies. In cider to accomplish I OfM-VO 01, were applied to the ro
be adopted by the voters of tho majority, 1 this object it will be necessary, according demption of tho publio debt, including
thcjrjrjjhts of property in slaves now in the , to the estimate of tho War Department, to interest and promium, leaving in tho troa
tc?ritory aro reserved. Tho number of,raiso four additional regiments j and this I sory as tho conimcncomont of iho present
theso is very email ; but if it were greater oarnestly recommend to Congress, At the fiscal year ou tho 1st July, 1857, soventeen
the provision would bo equally just and present moment of depression in tho rove- million soven hundred and ten thousand
reasonable. These hlavcs were brought nucs of tho country, I am sorry to be ono hundred aud fburtoen dollars and
into the Territory under tho Constitution obliged to recommend such a moasurc j but twenty seven cents, 817,710,1 14 37.
of tho United Stales, and aro now the I feel confident of Hie support of Congress, Tho roeeipts into tho treasury for the
properly of their masters. This point has, cost what it may, in suppressing the insur- first quarter of the present fiscal year,
at Ininrth linen fiuallv decided bv tho highest , rection aud iu restoring and maintaining I Mmmnnnim, 1st Ti i.-.r ni
judicial tribunal ol tho coumry and this .
upon tho plain principle (hit when a con-1
federaoy of sovereign Ststes acquired a new
territory a Uerjoiniexpeusebtli equality
and jusllco dennnded that tho citizen? of
ono and all of them shall harothc right to
take into it whatsoever is rrcoenisod ns
property by tho common CoiiHilntion. To
jiinu cuinmarny oouuscaiau ino property
in slaves already In tbo Territory, would
havo been an net of1 gro;a injustice and
contrary toMho' practico of tho, older States
of tho Union which havo abolished slavery.
A lonUorial covernmont was established
for Utah by act of Congress approved tiio
Oth September. 18CO.andtho Constitution
and laws of tho United Males wcro thereby
cxtondod over it ''so far as tho same or any
io same or any
provisions thereof, may bo applicable."
J mi net providou lor tho appointment by
the President, by and with tho advice and
uuusuni, 01 mo ouaatoj.ot a flrwcrnnr, who
was to bo cx-ofriciosuporintcndeiitof Indian
oitairs, a, secretary, tbrco Judges of tho
tapremo Court, a Marshal, and n District
Attorney'. Subsequent act? provided for
1 nppointmont of the officers necessary to
'extend our laws and our Indian system over
1 tho Territory. Urigham Young was np -
! pointed tho first Governor on tbo 'JOth
September, 1830, and has held tbo oflico
over since. Whilst Govarnor Youna; has
boon both Govcraor ami Superintendent of
, lauinn nttnirs throughout this pcnoil, hoi
had boon at tbo samo litno the head of tho
church called, tho Latter Day Saints, and
professes to govern its members and dispose I
of their property by direct inspiration and.)
, authority Irom tho Almighty. His power
l'3 teen, therefore, absolute over boili
Church and Stato.
' Tiro pooplo of Utah, almsst exclusively,
belong to this church, mid Icliovimr throtiah
' a inutical spint.tbat bo ia Governor of tho
' Tcrritory.by Divipoappointincnt,they obey
'l,s coniuwnda as if these wcro direct rcvo-
lnlions from. Heaven. If,, therefore, ho
ohposcs that his. govcwimont sball come into
collision with tho government ot tho United
State, tho members of tho .Mcrmon.ChurchJ
t ,vl" mipljcit ohtdienco to Ins will.
Unfortunately, existing facts loavo but
1 little doubt that such is his determination.
"""uui, uuicuug upou a uimu'.s History oi
occurrences, it is sufficient to say. that. all
tho olhc.'rs of tho United States, judicial
and executive, with tho single exception of
tivo Indian agents, have found it necessary
tulj1? unu personal saiciy to wituuraw
Tom .tjS Territory, nnd thcro no longer
, reniain,any govornmeut iq Utah but the
ucspotistn otlintrham iounr. J lnabein
the condition of affairs in tbe'Torritorv. I
could not mistake the path of duty. As
Chief Iixccutivo Magistrate, I was hound
to restore the supremacy of tho Constitution
ana, laws v.ltmu us Hunt., ju oidcr to
effect this purpose, I appointed a new gov
ernor and other federal, officers f-r, Utah,
nnd sent with them a military forco for
their protection, nnd to aid as a posse
comilatus. in caso of need, in the cxecutiou
of Iba lawj.
With tbs religious opinions of the Mor
mons, ns lonsr as thev remained mere
opinions, however deplorable .themselves
and revolting to tho moral and relLnous
sontimeuts of all Christendom, I bad no I
right to.interfero. Actions alo.no,. when ip
violation of the constitution and laws of tbo.
United States, become the legitimate sub
jects for tho jurisdiction of the civil magis-
trnle, lily instructions to Gov. Cumminc
lavo therefore been iramcd in strict ac-
cordanco with those principles. At their,, Atl.tntu and Pacific States, havo been
date a hope was indulged that no necessity greatly exaggerated. Tho distance cp. thu
-nnJif ;sf br cruuly fug tho milhaty iu ! S rlaoaa. i on S near the 3M paralc!! o!
restoring ond maintaiuing tbo authotityof , noith lntitujlj, between tbo Western boun
tho law j but this hope has now vauichad. ( dary. of. Texas on the llio Grande and tho
Gov, Young has, by proilamaticu, declared , eastern boundary of California on the
bis determination to luaiutaiu, his power by Coli.rado, from the best exploration, now
torce, ana has already committed acts ot ,
l.-.i!lii -!.... it.. 11.!...! Ill I
hostility against, the United States. Unloss
ho should retrace bis steps tho Territory of
Utah will be in a stato of open rebellion,
He has committed tbeso acts of hostility
notwithstanding Major Van Vliot, an officer
of tho army, sent to Utah by tho comman
ding general to purchase provisions for tho
troops, bad given him tho, strongest assu
rances of tho peaceful intentions of the
government, and, that tho trjops yould only i
bo employed as a posse couiitatus when
called on bv tho civil authority ti aid in
the execution of tho laws.
Thcro is reasnn to hr-lWn tlmf. Clnv.
Young has long contemplated this result. (
lie knows that the contiuuanco of his
despotic power depends upon the exclusion I
of all settlors from tlin 'Pn-ritnrp orr-nnt I
thoso who will acknowledge his divine
., . .... . . . y .. '
mission and implicity obey his will j and
that an culightoned public opinion there
would eoou prostrate institutions at war
with tho laws of both God and man. Ho
has threfore, for several years, in order to
maintain hk independence, been industri
ously employed in collecting and fabrica
ting arms ond munitions of war, aud iu
disciplining the Mormons fpr military
service. As superintendent of Indian af
fairs ho has had an opportunity of tamper
ing with tho Indian tribes, aad exciting
their hostile fceliug3 against the United
States, This, according to our informa
tion, ho has accomplished in regard to samo
of tbeso tribes, while others havo remained
true to their allcgunco, and have commu-
nicated his intrigues to oui Indian agents. !
Uo has laid in a store cf provisions far
threo years, which, in caso of necessity, as I
ne miiirincu major van vnct, no wilP
conceal, vanu tlicutako to tlio mountains,
and bid defianco to all tho powers of gov
ernment." A groat part of all this may be. idlo
boasting; hut yet no wiso government will
lightly estimato tho efforts which may bo
inspired by such frensied fanaticism Ja3
pxist3 among tho Mormons in Utah. This
is the first rebellion which has existed in
our Territories j and humanity itself re
quires that wo should put it down in such
a manner that it eliall bo the list. To
trifle with it would be to encouraijo it and
to render it formidable.
Wo. ought to Co
tho sovereignty of tho constitution and laws
over tho Territory of Utah.
I recommend lo Congress tho establish-1
niebl of a tenitorial government ofer
I Arliona, incorporating wjtliitsuch portions
of Now Mexico ns tboymav tlceni expo
dient. I need wwccly (dduco arcumonti
in suppirt of lliis recofitnotidntlon. Wo
nro nonnu to protect jno lives anil tlio
nronortv of our citizens ilbabitlni Arijonn.
i nt)d thes'c arc now wili'iut any efficient
protection. ' Their pesent number is
. already con?idcr4lc, nnl is rapidly increas
ing, notwithstanding , tho disadvantage
under which they lrtbit, llcsidcs, tho
propo.scu Territory is loiievca to. bo rich
m mineral nnu agricultural
r. TlA malls
csnoeinlW in silver and Conner.
ol tho United States toCillfomi
carried over it throughout its wlndo cxtctit,
and this routo is known to bo tho nearest,
nnu iiciievcu to uo iao host t the I'aci tic.
I Long experienco has deeply convinced
I mo that a stnct construction of tho powers
gratitcd to Congress is tho only true, as
1 well as tbo only safe, theory of thoconsti.
! tution. Whilst this principle shall guide,
my puM c cowJuct, I lonsitlcr it clonr that
itndor tbo var-mating poivcr Congress
jinny appropriate money for tho. construction
I cf a military road through tho Territories
of the Untcd S atcs, when this is absolutely
nccossari for tho defence nf-nnv of the
btalcs atnmst foreign invasion. T,
1 stitution lias cenferrod upon 0 'Uti-ren
power ' to dcclaio war," " to raise and
aupportirmics,"'"to-providc and nniuUin
a navy and to call forth tho militia to.
" repel hvasi iu?.'' Those high sovereign
paweH leccssarily involve important nud
rospjinsillo public duties, and- among them
there is none so saorcu nud op mine ativo
as tnai ot. preserving our soil, lro:u tho
vasion of a foreign cnemv. Tho coustitu
i tion has, tborcforo, left nothing on this,
paint to construction, but especially requires
( that "tbo United Gtatca shall pro'ect ccb
of them ( ho States) against invasion.''
(Now, if u military road over our own Ter-
ritoricsbe indispensably necessary to cnabl:
us to meet and repel tho invader, itollows
i as a necessary conjoquenco not only that
I we possess tha.powjr, but it is our itnper-
alive duty.to construct such a road. It
would ho an absurdity to invest a govern.
, mcnt with
iho unlimited power tJ make
, and conduct war, nnd nt tho samo time
t deny to it tho only mcaiu of roaehinrr nml
i ucivuiiug ma enemy at ino iroyupr. With
I out such a road it is qu'4c evident wt
cannot "protect" California and our Pa
cific possessions "ngaicst invasion." We
cannot by any other means transport men
and munitions of war from the Atlantic
States in sufficient timo successfully to
defend these remote and distant portions
of tho. republic..
JJxpe.-ienco las proved th it the routes
across the Isthmus of Central America are
nt best but a very uncertain and unrcliiblo
mode of communication. Hut oven if this
wcro not the caso, they would at once bo
closed cgaicsLus in tho event of war with
a naval power, so much stronger th in our
own as to enable it to blockade the ports
at cither as.a oi ineso routes. Alter nil
therefore, we can only rely upon a military
road through our own territories; and ever
sinco the origin of tho government Congress
uus myj. m iiiu practice ci appropriating
money from tbo publio treasury for thu
construction of such roads.
Tho difficulties and expense of construct
ino a military railroad to connect our
wi ir.u our Knowledge, doc3 not, exceed
I 1 1 . . "., " . .
iour uuiiurea una scvetiiy mui s, ar.a the
laca ii ii.o ciuntry is, in tlio main, favura
Ll- v. -l..: .i , . '
bio. I'or obvious reasons tho Government
ought not to undertake tho worlt itself by
means of it3 own agents. This ought tn
bo committed to other neencie?. which
Congress minht assist cither by erants of
ijtnu or money, o. Dy uoih, upon such
i v. ...a ,... buuiiiiiuua ua, Ultj' llia.y UCUIll
most beneficial for the country. Provision
raijiht thtii bo made not only for tho sjfe,
rapid, and economical transportition of
trcops and munitions of wa?, but also of tho
public mails. The ooiutnorcrM interests of
tfl wliolo country, both Kast and West,
wotuu uo greatly promoted by hucli a road;
"""j aovo all, it would bo a powerful'
additional bond of union. And ultlioush
i,i...i . -e ,i.:, i.:..i i.,t.- . ,
,iMi,iiia u, mii iiui'j, tyncincr postal,
commercial, or political, cannot comer
constitutional power, yet they may furnish I .r lJUr su ho coostautly on our Atlau
auxiliary arguments in favor ofoxpeditinc' tl0,UU(1 1''Go coasts, licouomy, utility,
a worlt wuicli, in mv luuement. 11 clearlv
embraced within the war making power.
For theso reasons I commend to tbo
friendly constderjtion of Congress tlio sub-1
ject of the i'acific railroad, without finally
committing myself to any particular route
The report of tbc Secretary of the Troa-1
sury will furnish a detailed st iteiuetit of'
the condition ot tli ptiblio flnances and of
tho resnc;tiyc, branches of tho publio ser
vice dootvfcil upon that tb partcient of the
government. Hy this report it apposrs
that the amouut of revonue received from,
all sources, into the treasury durini; the!
fiscal year, ending tho UOth Juno, 185J,
was sixty eight million six huudrcd and
thirty ono thousaud five hundred aid thir-
teen uouars arm sixty seven cents, (SOS,.
031,513 (37.) which amount, with tho
hnLnor. nf ,;i!i .. i, ' a "Z i
ond ono thousand three hundred and twentv
fivo dollars and forty five cents, (SI 9,0011
321 -15,) remaining in the treasury at the
commencement of tho year, mado on ag
gregate for tho scrvico of tho year of
eighty eight million fivo hundred and
thirty two thousand eight hundred and
thirty nino dollara and twelve cents, (S88.
Tho public expenditures for tho fiscal
year ending 30th June, 1857, amounted to
seventy million eight hundred and twenty
two thousand seven hundred nnd twenty
four dollars and eighty fivo cents, (70,922.
721 85,) of which fivo milliop nino hundred
and forty threo thousand eight hundred
and ninety six dollars and ninety ono cents
million nfno hnudrcd and twenty-nino
thousand eight hundred and nineteen
dollars and cigbty.or.e cents, (?20,020,81l).
81 ,) sod the eetimal'yd' receipts of tho re
maining throo quarters to the SOth.Juno.
185U, arc thirty-six million sevon hundred
and fifty thousand dullors. (a0.7CO,000.)
.!.!.. !. I. .1.. 1 il l.e ... 1 "
I making with tho bnlnnco beforo st.itod,nn
"Kb""1" wjiiiiij'uiii iiiiiiiuh uircc
uunurcu nnu cignry-nino uioiisanti nine'
nunUrcil and tliirlylour ilollnrs nnu oight
cents, (87G,:i89. 1)3.1 0.8.) for thos'crvicoof
tbo pro..cntt soal year.
Iho actual expenditures during tho first
quarterpi lllO presont IlSCalyoar was twenty-
i threo tnilliou seven hundred atld fourteen
f thousand fij-e hundred and, twenty-oiuht
dollars and thirty-seven" cents, (23, 714,.
mm n- r l.i it' '-if. i.
JiJ 01 WUICU tlirco million eight
! hundred and. mnciy-tivo thousand two
I hundred and thirty-two dollars and thirty-
' nine cents .tauu.'-'uv; au; wore npphod lo
flinr.iiomntinn f tho nt.Min rlolil inM,l!
. , . ', . L '
interest and premium.
Tbo probablo expenditures of tho re
jitilncihrco ntiarlcrs, to 30th Juno, 1857
tlltiitilncihrco ntiarlcrs. to 30tll Juno. 1857.
arc fifty-one million two hundred and forty
" ' . . ' - '
dollars and four cents (831.348030 0-1,5
nw.hf tl.rt,.eti,l ft., 1...nA.1
including interest on tho publio debt, ttu
king au uggrogato of seventy-four million
nine hundred and sixty-three thousand nine
hundred and rifty-cwht dollars and forty
one cents, (74,003, 0,")3 41,) leaving an
estimated balance in the treasury at tho
oloso of tho present fiscal year of four
huudrcd and twenty-six thou and eight
hundred and scvcnty-Gvc dollars and sixty
seven cents (8120,875 07.)
The amount of tbo publio debt at tho
commyncsmont of tbo present fiscal yonr
was twenty tuna, millions pixty thousand
threo hundred and eighty-six dollars nnd
ninety cents (20.000.;i(j 00 )
Tha nnicuni redeemed - since tho 1st of
July was threo mill! in, eight humlrad and
ninelyhvo thousand, to hundred and
thirty two dollars, nnd thirty nine cent',
(t3,885,23iJ 30) kMvin a balinrc, un
redeemed at this time, nf twenty five
m.llion, ono hundred and sixty fire thous
nnd, ono hundred nnd fi'ty-tour dollars,
nu l fifty-one cents (823.103,151 51 ).
The 8mount.of cbtirj.ated expenditures
for the remaining three quarters of the
present fiscal year will, iu all probability,
ho increased from the causes set forth in the
report of tbo Secretary. His suggestion,
thercforo, U nt authority should bo given to
supply auy tomporary deficiency by the
isuos to a limited amount ol Treasury notes,
is approved, nudiliaccorclitigly recommend
tho passage of snob a law.
1 transmit herewi'h tlio reports made to
me by tbo Secretaries of War and of ;be
Navy, of tbo interior nnd ol the Postmaster
Gnnornl TIipjj nil contain valuable apd
important information a' d snggo'tions
which I commend to the lavorable consi
deration of Congress.
As st.ited iu the report of the Secretary,
lite tariff of March H. 1857, has been in
opcratiou for so 6hort a period of lime, and
undox circumstances so Ttr.fivorabla to n
just tlcwlop'tccnt of its result ns a revenue I
measuM, that I should ro.-nrd it as expo-
client, at least for the present, to undcrt ike
I Lave already rccominoinled.tho r ising
of four.additicnol regiments, and.lha report
of tho Secretary of War presents strdng
reasons proving this incroaso of tho army,
undor existing circumstances, to be indis
1 would call tho nvoeiul atlention
f'ouirreis to the recommendation of tlio i
Scurutnijr of tho Invy ill fllVOr of tllC
cotisiruction of ten Email war steamers ot
ror some years Hie Uovernmcut has been
obliged on many ocaieious to hire such
stealers from individuals to supply its
pressing w.ar,Js. At tho present ili'omeiit
wo h&7c no armed vcfscI in the Navy
which con penetrate the river3 ol China.
We have but few who can enter any of the
harbors south of iNorfolkj although many
millions of, foreign and domcstio commerce
annually pts in and cut. of thesa harbors.
Some of our most valuable interests and
most vulnerable points arethus loft exposed.
This class of vessels of light draught, great
speed, and heavy gun3 would bo fotmidable
in tbo coast defence, The cost of their
construction will not bo great and they
will icquirc but a comparatively small
expenditure to keep thorn in commission
In time of peace they will provo as eifec-
tiveas much larger vtsscls, uud often more
One of them should bo at every station
where we mainUin a squadron, and threo
and efEoicncy combine to reeoinmond them
as almost indispensable. Ten ofthe-ie small
ves-cls would bo of incalculable advantago
to thu naval service, and the whole cost of
their construction would not exceed two
million threo hundred thousaud dollars cr
The report of the Secretary of the In
tsri n is worthy of grave consideration. It
treats of tho numerous, important aad
divcrfiCed bvanches of domestic adminis
tration intrusted to him by law. Among
theso the most important aro tho public
lands and our relation with them Indians.
Our syitem for the disposal of the public
lauds, originating wjth the fathcr.s of tho
republic, has been improved as experience
pointed tho way, and gradually adapted to
k, P -f T ,CI ur,wc.stor"
Sat" "'J '"ritoncs. It has worked well
tne gronlti and sett ement ot our western
in practice. Already tiirteca Statjs and
seven lorritoncs navo been carved out of
these lands, and still more than a thousaud
millions of acres remain unsold, What a
uounciiess prospect tms presents to our
couutry of future prosperity and powor.
Wo havo heretofore disposed of303,602,101
acres of the publio land.
Whilst the publio lands as a sjurco of
revenue aro ot groat importance, their
imporlanco is far croiter as furnishing
homes for a hardy and independent raco of
uonest and industrious citizens, who desire
to subduo and cultivate tho soil. Thev
ought to bo administered mainly with a
viow of promoting this wiso arid benevolent
pouoy. xn appriipria'ing tnem lor any
other purposo,wo ought to u?o oven greater
economy than if they had been cpnvorted
into monoy and tho proceeds wcro 'rjlready
in tbo public treasury. To squander away
this richest ond noblest inheritance which
any peoplo havo ever enjoyed, upon objects
of doubtful constitutionality or expedicnov,
nnn1.1 I."- i lr il : V
tant trusts ever oommitteil to nnv nnr.nlp.
"wum iu Yiuiukuuuu U. tlio ItlUSL fuipor
Whilst I ilo not denv to Oonirress iho 1
power, when acting bona fide as a propric- Mio coming holiday weok. It will corn
tor, to (jive away porions of them for tbo j menco on Monday, tho 23th inst. Tho
purpose of increasing the valuo of tho e t r m e ,
remainder, yet.ooDsidoLs.be great temp- rv.ces of Prof Tennf.v, of th9 New
tationto ubueothis powor, n-e cannot bo . "gl1""' Normal Inatttuto, Lanoaalori
loo Oiutious in its exorcise Jlnns., have bfen securod for the orcafion,
Attunl rattler uiM eilitlnj laws urn protMlelj
against either piirfrn'ers ill Iho public nli, In tlii-lr
right of preemption, to Ihecxicnrola nusrUr section,
or 100 acre, of land, Tho remainder may then In
illrAil ..f .1 ,...1.1 In nr .. ..I. I....
Fp'tniation has of years pieMilcJ id a treat
c"' ' mo puMie lands, tub consequence hasujn
"ia,"!,TJpt"""n". ofi'" '"''"' n
"f Iniltlitua'i mi com pan pi, am lliui llic nrl'
Miir.hd io mole Who at,9 10 Prcim.
nf.ml.ettlcraent. in order to limit thonrca of i
1 lailon n much as pomUe, tho ntlnctlunarihe lr
title agd the ctentonur thn nubile iiirvrvjonelit
10 kcc' p"" wl1" "" "fcmljiailon.
JZZ',' 'JTu"' ' e''Run"M''
IO""'" or conipanle, m lliejliatc done licreli
I rcconimcnd the ImcrnUale
povcrnmi-innho.ii.ibe iuhjcci io pro empilon tij-nctual
The extension of our tlmlm lias brought wlinln our
I J"rliltiloit rainy tdilillunal anil nopuloni tribes ofi
Indians, a larae pronorttonof which are ivllit.untract.
Ublcnud difficult to control, rrrdatory aJ w.Hi In
thetr ilirpofltlon nmt Italilts.H !s imnoff.ble ntio?eit,o
to restrain them from emnnililnf ncsresslons on encii
I . .. . . . .
ether, ns well ns upon our frontier citizens nnd those
emlgntins to our distant State and Tcrrltorlee,
Tho present system of mat, I nj them talmble pres
ents, to Influence them lo remain nt pence lias prmet!
Incfleclunt, ' it Is lellcved In bo ttie better policy lo
colonist) them In snltnblc localities, where they ran
reccivcthe rudimBnt of eititiziliou nnd bo itradunlly
induced to adopt habits of in-liistry uofirns exper
meet lias been tried il lias worked well in
n pnic co,
nJ it will doubtless prove to la less crp
the prcrent system.
The who number ol Indiana within our lerrlictlal
limits Is believed to be from the Lest data In Ino inter,
ior department, about 325 oon.
The tribesof Cherohces.Chor.lan's.Chlcfcas.iiva anil
decks, ei'llled In the territory set npirl for thera writ
of Arkansas, are rapidly advancing In education and
nil the art of ctvtlirnt on and retf governmintt and
we nnv indulge thi Agreeable anticipation Unit ol no
distant day they will bo incorporated into the Union as
one cr the sovereign states.
II will be seen Irom the report of tin rn.tmnlcr
Gtncral, that the Tost Office Department nil I continues
to depend nn the Treasury, as il lias tcCA compelled to
do for several jents post, for an important portion of
the nisons of sustaining and extending its opcintions.
1'lisir rapid growth nnd czinr.3lon ate fchown by a
decennial statement ot the number of Poet Office,;, nud
the length of post roods, commencing wllh Hie jear
1327. In that year there were 7000 pos- offices; in
IW, 11 177 in 1717, 13, Hi; nndliiie.17, they number
S'i,a36. In this year 1725 post offices hato been citn
bit, hcJ nnd 701 dii:ontinucd, lending a net Increase ot
102 1. The postmasters zi 508 ofjecs arc nprtpti J 17
The liinslli of post roads in If 27, was 103.330 miles,
In la?, there are C12,C01 miles ofpo't load, including
22,533 mitcBof railroad on which the malls are Iran-
77.j ttptnJitvrti pf the department for th fatal year
. ' r J "
ending on the 20th rfjunt, 1 87 . at adjusted by the Auditor
cyinuntti iCll.SOT.bTO. To dtfrs thte epcnaitures
then Kt$ to tkt traUt rf t department on tht Jint ff
July, 18.'6. the tun f$7d'J,5Vi ; the grott rtvtnus vf the
year,, tttiWinf the annual aJlowanert fur the irantpott.i
ttow cf iTrM vtnil natter, produced SS.0j3 051 ; antl tf-r
ttmatnder teat ivpplitd ey mt opprirpfiation from thi
Trtatury pf $2,P50,Ul)0, granted, by the att of Cong ret
pppr?ced Jlvgvtt 18, lSiU, and bj the appropriation of
gGCii.K-a nadeby the att ofMarth , 13iT, leasing $25-2,708
to be camtd to the crtdit of the department in the turrtnt
year, commend to your eontidtration te rtpo't tf tKf
dtpartmtut tnreUtionto the estallishmtvt if tht overland
rouijron the Mittistippl rltcr to San Frantlsto, Cahfor
" . ?c "r""" -,
7 As lata dttattrovs monttaty rtvhtttvn may liavi Jne gaoti
ejttt sa.u'rf ft eaute loth tU portrnmtntenilthiptople to
rttitrn to thiframci cf a ictts and Jud'ciey. tconemy ,olA
la fulUcand pritale eiptndlturts.
,4n av:rjtouU trtasxy hat lid tt altt3 fif prodigality
and fxtraragantt la ttgulafon It han induced Corgrm
to rials large appropriations lo cbjicti uhich they ntter
would have proiidtd had it ieen necenary to raue the
amount of reeenul required to meet them ly tnereaied taea
ffthil or ltf tins, lie are veto lempelled to pour a in our
caietr, ami io sctvtxniie cur eipinuiturte MM Ihe utmost
J,,(r.llnl. the estenl cf my eontmuvanal competency,
jrilaneej and In yerfvrtntiig this duty, pledge my e
It ought to he chsencd at the same lime that true pullle
economy dossvoteonsitt in uuhholdivg the meant necessary
ti accomplish iinpcrlant notional ejects enlruettd to vt ly
me constitution, and especially suc at maybe ntcesscry fur
the common otfence Jnthep'csrnt crisis rf the country it
is our duty to tontine our opprebattone to cbjcttl nf this
chancier, itnleslln eases ichtre justice to individuals may
demand a different ceurse. In all eases care ought to be
taken tUl the money granltilj Congress shall be faithfully
and economically applied.
Under the federal Constitution, "tvery bill ichich shall
'hart passli te House cf Rtpresentathts and tht Senate
shell, btfars it becomes aiir,-' be approted and sigrsd by
the Ptstident; and. if not approved, he shall return u
tilth hit objections tolhat houeein irHfeWl originated."
In orikrlo peiUrm this lilgli und rcsponsib'ii duly,
sufficient time must lie allmvtd Hie rrcslilent lo lead
a.id e:ai:i'i: every Mllptostnicd lolilm for approml.
Unless lliis to riTjr.i.'J, tbn Constitution lircumes a
tlcs.il letter in this particular, nnd wen worsij ,it bcroime
u means of deception Clttr rem tltite nl s, itetnc the
rre.idcnl'sul-provnlandeiin.'lUiie suucIimI to eaclinel
of Ciiiigtess, are induced to believe !N1 l.r Laiacl';ol lj
performed tills duly, when, in trulls , notlilne is,' In
marycuses, more unfounded.
r.om thepraclire ofCnnjrcss. sjch an ciaminuion
'of er.di liill as the constitution requires, tins let-n ren
dered impossible. The most linvoitanl business of
each f.tsio.i is generally cioK'dcd lilo Hs last houre,
aud thu alternative presented to tlie rresidrnt Is either
to violate tlie constitutional dtty nliich lie ones tothc
people, and approve bills ttliich, for want of time, it Is
impossible lie should have examined, or, by Ins rtfasal
lo do this, subject the country and lidividu-tls to fircal
loss n'nl inconvenience.
llcsides, n prn' tice has yrotvn up ol late jears lo
lesislatein apprubnliuK bills at Ihe I itt horns oftlie
session, on nt iv nnd important subjects, 'I his prarljcc
consiialns liie President eillicr lo suflcr metmircs io
heroine Jaws uhir;i hu dots not r.ppiove, nr toinctir Die
risk of slopping tlie wheels of the government hy ve
loing on appropriation bill, rorinerly sucli bills were
confirid to rpcnfti appropriations far carrying Into
effect tttlnliig laws mid i.N votl cslabli.lied policy
of ihe cojntry. nnd tiltle limn vas then rciuirid ly
tlie I'residi'lit for ttip rinminnlion.
formy own pun, t Lave deliberately determined
lliat I shall upprovo m hill wturli I havu not esamined
and it willle a cure of exlremn nnt most urgul
necessity, which shall ever indnee m to depart from
tliU rule. Illiertforo rcpeillully, bul enriifcstly ru
commend that ihetwu houses will allow the rirsideul
at leasltno days pretioiii to Iheadiouruuicnt of each
scssioh w'llhin nhlcli liobi I shall l,u nicieiiteil m him
loiiipproTiil. Under llio enitinf joint rulo one iloy
to bi prcjcnlert to lum tip till Km vry lait moments of
tht' BC9S101. I n a larCC nia.nrllV nfraioi nn nrmi nn I,.
lie inCoiuf niciicr can arise front the want of timo to
L-iamiiie nivir pro iimii, beraueu tlie cormtiltitlon lias
dcciartil Unit If a till be prtientcil to tho President
w j tin ii tlio (ant l1 ii (lays of tho xramon he Is not renin.
led to rrturn il, rithr witlian onproval otw ilh a veto,
over, nntl liu Inkfii utt and naHPd m th ncii iPiainr. i
in wliicJi cau jt rhnll not tea law." Itniayticn lie
Great iiicoiivrmeiicc womtl only be rxperienced-fn '
regard to appropriation lill: but forttinatf'.y, under)
tlie late ricllpiil law a I losing a salary. H'teaJofa
per diem to meraberi of Congreis, the Pipcrmlani
InconveuitiicQot u railed ieiEion will lie g-cnUyiu-l
I rannot ronelude wliliout commending tn your'
favorabeconsiileration the Interesiiof thcpfopleof
tliii Uitinct, Wi'liout a rtprcseutative on the floor of,
(.'onKtes. 'tliep have tor thu vtrv i-eaton oieuli&r
claims upon our just rr;ard. To tins I Know, troinruy
loncjicuaiiitaucc uitli them, they are conntntlj en-
WASIttMGTON, Dee, H, 1857.
LEVI L. TATC, nillTOR.
Bloomsbui'g, Doc. 19, 1857.
- - . , . 1
VST Waaro authorized to Say, that v -
rangements havo been mado to hold a
Teacher's Inititutt, in this placo, tlurinc
Lackawaijiia & Bloomsbiirg!taTrHoail.
' i 'llf. annual mfalmrr nf I ii. inM.i..u.
I r . i - . , c ... --' vjviiuiui:
DISSOLUTION OP PARTNERSHIP.
NOTICr, ll lierrby Ivcn Itial the co paitneriblp
liereloforcrxl-tlnR bemrm the uoifetilinetl, im
der Hit- derlinatlon nl Low ft llroiljtri.nl Lima lldie,
Columbia county, tin Mill day been dtirolveil by mu
tual consent - '
c. w. r.otv.
O. 1,. l,ow,
K.' WM. LOW.
llm Mill: Ctl, 1, 1307,
N. II. Th Ulldrrsiffnrft h.1vln h,rlin,,l .iui
of 6noiti, will continue huflntl at Iheold ln J.lTtlrro
tu!f "'.'S1 .h'.5,T,l,C ' '-"I", iiotci.ie.
innj-coii nnu eoiiie ineir ncco'ints with the
I 'cc r-'
fi. fM. LOW.
Estate of John Snyder, late of the UorongK
of lknciik deceased.
Tilt: helri and .':;trlb'Uces of the V, nt Jour
Shydcr, lilt ol n Uorotigh of Jlcrwlck, In h
County or Columliin, (U renieJ, v III take notice triRt
Hie uii(((rlgMd, tiiTotntcd Aui'Jior of I lie OrpliaVi
turfof Colmnljti i;uunlv, tn make dlftritttitlon f I lr
h.ihnce hi tlie liande ofCli.trlrs Hnyricr. Admi:iifa(of
ol Joiiit Sit drrt rirr'd ninnii? iIt hrlre of th dtfctpnt
win niiend ax utn unlets In iioonitbntf, in nail county
011 Tliumloy tlieSHi iny of January ncxl.at 1 o'cloclt
' ! M of said my, wlien oinl nhen jon may attenil If
I you ill) tik propci, ROIlLHr T CLAUK,
Jlloontiburgt Dec. ID, IPS. 4w
Estate of Samuel A JSowmant late tJ
Mifflin township, deceased.
TI1U hfrn on.l (Uitrltiitfrr cf itic Estate of Same il
A. IUmuie, l.itu ot llii township ot JtURln In the
County of Columbia, rtfcnmd, will lKe notice mat Hit
unilerslRncd nppointeil Aurtllor by Ihe Orh.in' Court
ot Columbia county, lo make distribution of the bilnneo
In tlie h indi of tiirnurl Crvny nnd tftth ll, Uowman
Adniinltstriurt ofHsiinnel A. lovmtn, d-cM, amine
tlie liflri ol tur decedent, n ill ntieud at )tta r Rice in
HlDnmpburg. In tnlt! county, on Tliurrdity the Sgtli dxy
of Janunry ntt nl 10 o'clock ol r-iIii day niton at) 4
vlit-ro all pariiwn itttcrrstcd can intend if tltey tbluK
proper, KUMi.it r r. i;i.ahk.
lliooinnbitr?, Dec. 19, 1857. 4t . AOMtca.
Eitatc of John IVcaver. late, of Mahoning
township. Columbiu C ounty. decl,
TUB Execute and Legatees ond nil ottirr prrrooi
IniercPied in tlio F.ruite of John Weaver, late of
Alt'lionlng townplilp. In tlie Counlv of Columbia, dt
rencil, will take notice lliat the undcriltncd npnoln
ted Attilltor by the ttrplum'n Court ul" Cilumbla Co.,
to tiiaVe d.rirrhtitln of'llio ln!anre In the WluJi m
tji1 lufcutors nl tte ld Jhn VaTPr, decerned,
Junotip the Lfgntcf nmned In the lust Will and tci
tamcnt of the nnhl John Weaver, ('ee'd, vlll aifnd
nt 14 office In Mooiiislmrp . In enld County, cn Hnt-
1 "rJ''' "'f , Y 'f, M oflork,
i A. M nf tintH i1.iv. t hin rtnrf w bwr nil nrrioni I ti
urca:eu niry aiicnd if tU(y iuhik pro if r.
Uce. 19, lSj7. It.
A Valualilo Mill Pi'operty
HjHR subscriber offers for sale that d;
tVntln Mill property riluntc In Grppnuftnil twp.
ree run nrcione. uvermct
Iirrl 17 fept Imh. ntiJ n
tSmv Mill, a Dwelling
JJoNst on I Jfarii.
raTnspiher wltli a 1 rati of cx
:y- TIMBER LAND.
Conti.t.a of SCO ACRC3 T.lm nbovo mills are fitua
til up on h troni sirinu. of Water, nnJ in a nelnbtior.
hood glvlns auiricieiit cuitgm to kprp iliem runnlnt
'Jim oboVP proprty U Hcntcd 5 mile from Rlioi
Urjc nJ 8 1 rorn Millvill'1.
'J't-rms $lWcitMt n-r Tbtcttg pOMenion, L&J tb
rrm.nlii'ier in tlirre rquil JpiD) invmenti.
13 Tor lurllifr pnMlru'arii opfily ' io tin mbftrllff
In 'i'urbui lowntliln, .oitliumlcrlunil cn , ff mMrfta
Miltan t)rr. IX l?37-t.3 '
rijiiuitfijiM.!. rjuv. 3' iki7. i
NOTICE id licrct y pivrn that in ftccor.i
nnc iv I Hi prrrif iotn vC I lie ori nf Inrcir por
tion, pn UErtii-n i r Nine re r son a in FTveut f)irc("rt
-f Mip Cofuiul i,i c;o.il hdiI Iron Contpmy, until l
tltt i,iv iHmiili'r, lAri, or until ilicir pucrrtfi
are I- jrillir ciio-f n , will if helil nt the- ofjict t.f m
coiiip.iny.H. il, (orner rf U'alnin nnd X'oiirtti (rfr.
" I lliHir, No 3, on 11iursln . ihf :ilrt dtv ol DcrvKi'iur
ld07, bvtwern thu J:uiiri. oi l au-l 7 n'elrw k, P M
W. i. hMITK.
Ore IS), 1J57 1e Ajerfary.
OMR or thi rrajj tfnth'V rl!ri too SUmo'tnt in f
port A pirtv prtk. TtlitNKW VOKK DAILY
A.VD HT.nKtW MJVCd . now wril emMittiui! tUm
Dfinocratic orp.in o Nnv Vorfcttiy. i Konr nf ih
ueii new fp'tpcr nf tlieOny, raorcovtr. Hnl iu jour
uliHitriittoiia Wpkly N?vs owtv Onp I II ir a )far.'
I'uUlislii'il ni No. 10 J .aiau etreell New York. '
UfC 19. 1H57
W7"itl' c'""! a Serio? cf Exhibitions iu
T7 ih'fCOURV flOUrfC, In l.,o(iniJl,ii:s, dh
Thurs-lay, Friday if- Saturday Evcnitigs,
the ilth, iOli ami 2i)lh of Ltnmhcr.
To comnicnco with Knowi.w' Colobrated
Ma si 4 aJw?jj
HERO OF SWITZERLAND.
Win. Tell, J! J4ro4T
lies'er, A H. Ttk.
Vemor, H ISamilks
l.mi, H D. Yonnv.
&Hrnoin, Xt. l.Lic-ocif, Jr.
rurst. J. M. TnoHKTOit.
I.utold, r. .M. fiinrim,
llodolph, 1. WlTr
Alhirt, .Master 0. Loeo.
rnnsants, its.,. &.C.
A COIVVEIUEST DIsrAXOE. (Comic.)
Pat H'joney. P.. H. Vofhy
M'lijflT . J. H HlKDKIt
Mr. DjUpi. II Jauiv.
MafttarToni. 3. I. Mf)cr.
Tamer Day, I). Lacoi(.
Juli i Lfilper, Mil
Tlie Swiss Cottage,
" . u, ijrai
, Nti I'nlk.
Uor'til Mti, 3
Soldiers, FeaianU, fce.
BOX. AND COX,
'ox, I!, n VordylMrs Ilounter. MUs
Danserwood. r. Jtfoby. I Servant, Y. M. Clrloh.
1'ust, J. M. Thornton,
P. S. MOYliK.
. . E. JACojiy.
j Stage Manager.
Tho liloomsburt; String Band, uu-ler
tlie supervlion of IMIUI'. nice, mil enliven th.
ocearion with some ol their soul stirring niuiic.
ITJ- Tifkets 1! ecntsi or 55 cents for the Belies.
Iioors open at ti o'clock, to commence it 7.
December 19, iej".-lr. Oralis.
i WIIKiTJ,KHS ACCU ST. THKATUE
ARCll'STRVUT, ADrvn SIXTH.
TUB STAR C0MPANV. composed of the anest Ar
tltea in the world, nnd ejcredlne In fltienelh and
Talent a y Uruutatir. combininioii iiKrelofhle ollcrtd Iq
at Uurletui, ic. lie. wneu vlsilluc lue i.iiy,-co
i aSiLESir St3 !U tD tL
1 aUABTCR IIA8 JUBT COMMENCE!!. Apply
i lor admission nl the School Room on Talid slruelt
or at ihe residence of Mrs. J, Ilarlon.
i n T KATON.
nioimsti'irf, Nnv W. 1W
'I 'lit: Til lull nrrlvnl ' ntliillrt br n,r S-a'.m
Company, will be lielj Bl Hie llnuie of r V. WambniV
c'l. ONIMV, Janiair lliu. b.iween the IVum ot lo
o clock. A M.i tnd 4 o'clock, p. jvi .for iheWn tt if
clPctltijarcIcltainnJUvelte lllrrcloi ,n. ,l .
peril suing ear II,
..iinn Wyomlnj, Dec, It, 1837.