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MORIN wEALTTI OP PE*NSVINANIX,i
11111 ANICADICH DT THE CONvENTIor OF ilfir. TIIOOOAWS
"Rif BoPo No* of- the Commonwealth of - Perm.,
4714nizt, ordain and' establish this emnatitutiUnlfor
Airria.z I.l_ ,j
Teetionl. The legislative pow rof this Comm:o
I T shaU `be vested in a : eneial Avrembly c ,
we shallebusist dr a Senate d Muse of Repres
seesslntivtm. , 1. 1
'titian -IL The representative* shall be choien 4
atm tx by the citizens of the city df etdladeltibia ,
and id each county rtes Lively on the second Tees
-- 11 - I I sell" '
alocihni W. -No gum:ft sha__ -br,,e ;rem_ tatter ,
Illftnlithillmotthave attained kthe. twenty-one
7 mahave been a citizen an hilts .• of o f h e.
ilta three years next preceding is erectiym, , he
.hat 'ear thereof an inhabitant oflthe aristractin ,
Tor !hes/tall be chosen a repreientatire, unless
n I ' v e . asewe vvi al th bee in nt
the ri p r u s b r lic te b r 0
esiness e 1
n or ;
rate fltates and this State:, , , ,
tree • gof the General Assemble, an with': every
au t term of seven years, an enumeration of
Ilse . inhabitants shall be made in such man
ner as shall be directed by law, The number of
rep ntativerehall, at the sevei periods of make
dog , s : enumeration, be fixed y the Legildatire,
mad 'cored among the airy Phihdelphin rat
slim venal counties, according I to the number
- bleinhabitsmts in each: and tali never be leii
:sixty .n* greater than one hhndred. Each
-can tylkall hive at least one reptesebtative, but' no
.cat ty,hereafter erected shall be entitled to a Rept
wit entation until a suffie nt number of tax
a iUbabitante shall .be cone: nO within it,, , to•
anti 'Menlo - one impiesentietiv agreeably to the
gat Which shall then'be istabli4ied,
8 EuuN. The senators shall he chosen fort er
7 by- the citizens of Phitadrlphia and of he
sea ial counties at the same time, in the same mim
ner,land at the same ,ptaces alters they shall note
Salfien NI. The number•of Senahus shall, at the
aevnral, petiods of making the enumeration before
menttioned, be axed by the Legisl duce and appor
tioned among the stistsiets foiniedlai herein titer
directed, aecortreng to ttie number of taxable inhar
tante in each; and shall hover be less than 0 e
fouttb, nor greater than one-third, of the number of
acpresehiatices. a • •
• Tantitiu XII. lillievenators Shall beehosen in di -
"inch, to'be formed by the legastature i but no dis-
Sri shall he so formed as to entitle it to elect mare
tha Poo senators, unless the nabs; V taxable ik
, Arab tants in any city or coun'y'shail, at nay tinle,
tee has to entitle it to elect more than two, but en .
•ci roe 'county shalt be entitled to hied more than
T sematrom -; when a district shall be compos
o or more •coirrifies, they shall be adjmnin ;
• mei hertba city of Philadelphia nor county sh IL
be ivided in forming a district. i ,
un VIII. No person shall be a senator, w o
sha I not have attained the age ..4 twenty-fine yea
•have been a citizen and inhabitant of the Ste f.
lon years next before his election, mid the last ye rl
the if an inhabitant of the diftild for whith he'
elm Übe fi1 , 4141, unless he sit:Alit:vac been absent its!
•the public business of the United grates nt at' rte.
State; and no person elected as Voresaid. shall hold
said etre Vier he shall have read:red/root such Mks
tridt. , ,
Siection IX. The senators u$ may be elected pt
the' rst general etektion after- fh. lidelgioin of the .
; to the ronstitution,lhall be dittitied, .Y.
lot nto three daunt. Ow vale of lhe senators
the ,first doss shall be vacated at the 'e.rpirbtion
thejlrst year; of the second dais at. the erpiratiail
sqf the serond year_:, and of the thir&rbus at the tbs..
piration of the thitd year r so thatithereafter orW,
third of the whole rtiariber of sere may be chosen ,
every year. The senators elected before theanimill-
Pleats to the constitution shall he adapted, shall hold
their offices during the terra* _Or Which thky studi
waspectirely 'hove been elected. '
Section X. The General Assembly, shall Meet
the first Tuesday of January, in every year, antes.
!Sooner convened by the Govenior.
Section XL Each house shall ehobse its fipeak r
and. other offieers; and the Sen4e .11 alai cli
a Speaker pro tempore, when the SPeaker shall e - r
ereise the office of Governor.
Section XIE Eaetrksause shill judke. of the qual -
fications of ;its members. Contektedfrlections she
nesieterminedhy a committee toihe selected;form tt
and; regulated in such manner as isball be directed %
Jaw A enajority of each house shill' consritute a
•quii•-um to do business % but a smaller number m.
edit um from day to day, and ma! be autholized
law to compel the attendance/if absent merr hers,
such manner and Under sue% penalties as Inlay
Section Xldl. Each house may ;detern ne e.
rules of its proceedings, puntsh itt members f
+disorderly behavi.mr, and wit r the x01:1CU ace f
two'-thirds, expel a member, but:noi a s nd t" e•
fur the same cause ; and shall have all tube powe
necOgwary..for a r. Mauch of the .beg f ature a
~Section XI V. The leg-Wei:re eihuil not iv: *paw
to owlet laws aunalfing• the contra, ;.of liwe
any rase where, by taw, the courts b
ier:llth are or may hereafter be empowered, o denim
a divorce. ; I
Section XV. Each house shall klitep a jot
its ;proceedings, and publish them iweekl_
suet parts as may require secrecy: and
and nays of the members no' any question
the; desire of any two of them, belentete
• Section'XVl. The. doors of eaC house
todimittees of the whole shall t+ open
stetWn the business shall be such as ought '
Section XVII. [either house 'shill, ori,
— consent of the other, adjourn for More the
dais, nor to any other place than that in
tw hopes shall be sitting.
=thin XVIIL The Senators slat l rep
s l receive a compensation for their 11 . .
a Wain' al by law, and paid out ofthe tre
the Commonwealth. • They shall M all ea
mpg treason,. felony and breach or snret
peace, be privileged from arrest during '
tantalite at the session of their reepectiv
and in going,to end returning 'from the-sa
for any speech,or debate In either. house, ti
notl be questioned in any other. place.
Section XIX. No Senator or repttotatil
do g the time fur which, be shill - ave het
ed, be appointedlci any civil office der tl
mo wealth which shall have Wed! create ,
em laments of which shall hay* ;'been " I
du nr such timer and .no mrnhet of .Co
oth r person holding any office (ex:Sent of
at at w and in the militia) under the Unit :Stab
or his Commonwealth, shall be *member if eithi.
.bo s• during his conthusance iis COngnet or h
. dog XX. When vacancies happen - either
the Sioaker shall home writs of el don .0
111 stkh irscuwielt •
doe XXI. MI bills for raiding reven
art In` he houseof representativea;
ate now propose amendments 'as in - oth
Lion XXII: No money . ;hall be d
e treas ury but in consequenai of appro
1 by iaw.
ection XXIII . - Leery bill - which s •
both houses shalt be. ;witted
r. If be approve he Shall It,
l not approve be Shall return it with I
s to the house in Which it shill utve P
shall enter the objections ti I?irge :u
Mats and proceed to . te-CulitidOr it.
re-consideration, two-thirds of that ho
to paw the"bill. it .bair be s4nt will
' upfar ; oards and I' is Lai
2( .001) FEET ittel) roptall Board», •
40.000 Plagtet ing Lath, far At.* ha
katbritie.,4.ly Is, 1838. 95
_ 1:4,1,1 •
. I vi •
.1 • •
1 , 1
et' • es , to:. N. , iti 41tlitrae g trjwinekli ,ese..st
..shall bre , Mired...and-if , appnivedVb.gAinfe•
'thirds Of; thatthouse it shall be s law. lint.iit.sucb
•easesill t :e v . , 'pf 11:414' holYses shill be'detiiittin .
oy y ..md ys, and the names of persons Voting
for o !Sno ts the hillahall be entered on the jour
nals bil 'eitAz 'Arse respectively.' Warty bill' sball
not iil returned by the:Governor within tem days
(Sundays-murpted) after it shalt have been pre
sented;lo 'hi it Shall be a law-inihlre manner sts-ii
'he had s' it, unless the.peneril Assembly, by
their adjour' nt, prevent its retum,•in which Mir ;
it shall be law, unless sent back - Within! threw
days:after ih it nest meeting.
~. -, -
' Seethe' X .IV: t leery ' order ; "msrifition or von
i So mthich 6 seoneurnyme - of both• houses new b.
' `timelier) , (ealeept on. I uuestio_n of adjournment:
Fahall; be preknted to the tovemor, and before f it
than, take eit, be approved by him, or being dis
approved,. ll be repaued by tweathirds of bop.
houses seco ing to the rules and limitations pm
scribed in; •of it bill.
• Section XXV. No crirporrate body shaft he hereafter
crafted., reneged or extended, miffs buttilzing or dis '
counting prdrib•ges t without air nsorifirs previow“,
ptdik, notic4 -4 'the intended applical ton for th. ..
smelt nee in melt nee as shrill he - present' by bar t
-Nor dial charter for the purpnes: aforesaid, Err
;granted for longer period than twenty years, ar• .
every such &brier shall contain a chute reserving
to the legislaturethe pourer to oiler, maks or annul
.same sr/ureter tin 'their opinion it may be filo.
srfinorfo #re ' izene of the .cammorytealth, in eruct
winner fro that no infirsrice shalt to done to,the
corporator*. - hereafter encurted, shall create.
renew ; or ealqiut lheilsweter of more than one corpo-
L ARTICL . • 1 -
Seelicm 11. ,Mt•e -Supreme Exerut , wet Of thi• ,
Commonwealth shall he vested in •G, KM
Sett; on II .1 The Governer shall . e •ehwe th. •
rteeo Tuesday of October, by t • citizens of
Commonwe-ilth,.at the places whete they shall re ,
spectiyelr, rate for representativds. The return
Of every e 1 lion for Governor shall be sealed a •
and transmitted to the seat of government, direc .
to the Spealtsr of ;the 'Senate, who a open •
publish theta in the presence of he members of
both houses of the legislature. Theiperron bavin
the highest mumber of votes shall' be - Governor
'But •tf .two of more shall be equal and highest in
votes, one oft themihAll be-chosen Curvernorl7 • -
joint viite u' the members of both tunnies: C.
testedeleCtions shall be determined by &Committee
to be seletted frum both_ houses of the Legislature
and -formed and regulated" ansuch manner as shall
be directed b law. . ,
Section n ' The Governor shall hold his 'office
'luring th •ears from the third Tuesday of Janu
ary next e uing his election, and shall not, be
capable of himg.itdunger than *ix in any to !,
of "tine yes .
Section 111 He Shall be at least' thirty -years of
age, and timid been a citizen and an inhabitant of
this State 'riven , years next before his election I
unless he shall have been absent on the public
buSineas of the United States'or of this State.
Section 1 74 110 member of Cengress or Annsttor
holdingany Office under the Unitee Stdim or 'this'
'Stare shall exercise the office of Governor.
Section 174 4 The Governor shall at stated times
receive for Ids services acornpensatiou, which strait
be neither increased nor diminished during the
period for which he shall have been elected. " A.
Section Vl3. He shall be comirriallerzluschiel4
the army any navy of this Commonwealth, and of
the militia,cern when they shall be Called lute
the actual s viAe of the United States.
Section V • I. He shill appoint a Neerdary (V • the
Carnmsmwen h during pleasure, and he shalt nomi
nate and by wi h the advice and consent of the
Senate appoint all judirial officers of me* c
record, unls'y otherwise provided/be in this Consti
tution_ He Mall hare power to fill all mzenncies
bat may halin in such judicial offi , :es rho Ing the
recess of the Benate,•by granting. ConlatisSiOsug which
shall expire V the end of their next s tsion,: Pm
. aled, that is acting on executive nomiiseeioes the
,)mate sletkeit wish open doors. and in costuming
ar rejestmg the emanations of the Governor, the
”ate oh ill be aken by yeas and nays.
Section 1. 'lle shall have power in remit fines
od forfeits! , and grant reprieves and pardons,
, xcept in cafes of impeachment.
Section K.:lHeriisty require information in writing,
irons the offi cers in the executive department upon
.ny.subject relating to the, duties of their respec
tive offices. i
Section Xl. He shall, from time 1p time, giie lo
.tie C,enseral itsmetably information of the state of
,hemmontvealth, and recommend to their cons
sidera ion svi' ll measuses as he 1 h..11 judge expedients
pec ion XII. He may, on extraordinary occasions,
oonveise the sGreuersi Assemhly ; and in case of
t retween the two fissuses. with respect
to the time adj .ornment,•astj urn them to *rich
ime as he shall think proper, not exceeding ism. •
Section Vii i . He shall take care that the laws
e f s rth folly leaLrerahrd.
S. el LOP Xl ' . In case of the death o- rpc.; ••••• i , I ,
of the Govainor, or of his removal from office, the
Sues er of the Senate shall exercise the o ffi ce of T •
Gov nor, until another Governor shall be duly '
quail ed j, bid in such case antitrust. Gamernor ahnL
'be eh at the nest manual election of representa .
tires, urdeel such death, resignation or removal, .
shall rur Within three calendar months ininsedi
ately *receding such nett annual election, in which
case 4 Govednor shall be chosen at the second suc
ceeding mutual election 1 representatives, And
if the trial of a contested election shall eontinue
longs: thaM until the third Monday -1 January next morn the election of Governor, the Governor'
of the, tam, or the Speaker of the Senate who
may lie in , t e exercise of the executive authority,
shall "continier therein until the detertaination or
such eontesind election, and until a' Governbrishall
be duly qualified as aforesaid.
Section V. The Secretary of the Conanonanaltit
shall keep alfair register of all the official acts and
proceedings lot the Gamma, and shall, when re
quired, lay the same and all papers, minutes and
vouchers relative thereto, before either brioch of
the legislaire, and shall perform such other duties
as !ha." be ajoined him by law.
Section 14 In elections by the citizens ere* white
' freeman 1 the age of
years, haying re , :
sided in /hid itate one pear. and In, the election ass.
trirt.where !lir offers Ideate. ten • days immediately
' preceding seh election, and within two years paid
a State or County tar. which Ad! have been as
, sassed at leafen dap before the election, sha ll enjoy
i the rights as elector. But a citizen of the United
States who previously been a qualified voter of
' this State, Out removed therefrom caul retravied,and
OW shall haniZerided in the electiOn dittrirt, and
j. *id fazes all afore**, shall be entitled to cote, after
reeiding in the stare sir months. Provided, Ilast white
' freemen, citizens of the United Stales, beldam the
: ages of tweedy -one and twenty-tiro bears, diet hoc
. sssg resided n the State one yerr, Sod in-the 'election.
district ten days as aforesaid. sheik be entitled to
vol., eetthh they shall not have paid tares. '
, Section Ito' All elections shall be by ballot, ex-I
eept those b persons in their representative capeo
cities, whoball vote viva voce. I . 1
Section I . Electors shall in all cram, eseel4
treason, fey, and breach or surety of the peacej
be privileged from arrest, during their- attendance
on eleict and in going to mid Interning from
ARTICLE IV. i
Section II The House .of Repreeentativie shall
have the se p ower of im Mg. I
Section IL All impeachments shall be tried - by
• the Senate . when sitting for that purpose, the
Senators s 11 be upon oath or affirmation: Ncopery .
soot shall 'convicted without the ,concurre nc e of
. t two-thirds d the members present. '
Section II The Governor, and nil other civil --.
' officers and this CoMmonweal th , *ll be liabler to::
• inipeachme for any alLidertmealuigf in offices WV judgment , judgment , :: Mich eases, shall not iezbendlfurtines_
than torent4v e al from office, and ditiqualitiestkal to
bold any u of honour, trust or protit,ernder ibis
' Commorivrertu The partyorliettr itunvicled or
1 Mould Vandles4 -,- ,- ,-.
IQ Royce: old needles, received on-Convithi;-
e 7 meet; add for sale by the Bor. to manitNet us
i er's priee, 1 SAMUEL HARTZ.
Pottsvillet.luly 14, 1838. ;4_
, ttnnal of
of t e
7 . Ana
bet t e
the G I
tit if 1
.•rn th •
• sr, • • .1,0
••-• • ' •-• • " . =
Enr is • . I
ej , 4'14
'' tiiiiiA` . ; 9 .-• • :II - ireiiktiFigitilheGhle to Indieta',M4l,
reksi,ll , ~ ' , ' :I; andinaiiahnientinkording tolait. "
?.. - 1 ..:, ...`" .. ARTICLE T.`: ''• ; :
,4 Sethmi. The. judicial . Romer ; off ibis COMMOTh
inealth t shall be vested in a Supreme Court, in .
Paints of Oyer end Terininer and General fail De
nse:7,, ' Paint Of :Common Pleas. Olphans° Court,
. Coast, Ind a Court of QuarterSesdons
rif'pe .for each Ceuta,' , its. itntices of, the
Kane kin - twat OM,. Courts as the legislature
u p ts
may e 'date to time eStsblith. .
- : -ilia "IVTlie-istettetorthe Supreme Cone; qf
Om ,Costritt of, Came= Phase, and of such
other ' I 1 Record as are or sitalUbe established ,
by brat skiff be nominated by the Governor, and by
and with the consent qf the Senate-appointed 'and
roinmitt k ling4 Witt.; Th e judges of the Supreme
root natal their offices for the term ofAlteen .
years Atihn;Shdra so Ifni 'lsolate themmilees well.
77te judge s of the sere Cowls (if COMIWA
IPleas dad; of
such 'other Couch of 'Record as are or
shall bei erfablisked liy late, and di atticr judges re-.
quir, ed to be learned in the law, shalt hold their affirm
for thOtehn of ten years eldhershall oolong behave
tbenteines. well. ,The itactaciate - juditivoiniel'ourts
)i Coseirson.Pitas shalt &hi their druenfor the term
.f five pure if they shah so long have themsares
'.reii. ur for any reasonable cau se rhich skill - not
`e. soffirient ground of impeachment ' the Governor
May rein/tee any of them on the address of pro-thirds
, t ( eachibranch 0" thelegisldture. The judges of the
:IttepreMe Court • and the president, of the several
'owls If Calmness Pleas shall al stated times receite
.(or ()Mir services en adequate compensation to be
two which shall mit t e.diminithed during
'heir rontinuanee in office, but they shall receive no
'ens or perquisites of office, nor Mid any other office
if profit under !hie Commonweal. h.
section 111. Until abet-wise direited by taw, the
• uur.siof Common PlPORithial rodlinueiss at prawn!
• •ctabli*d. Not more than fire counties shall at any
.'.me b included in one judicial district organized
A-ct . IV. The jurisdiction of the Supreme
,C•ourt dhall ' end over the Site; and the Jaques
• liereat shall by 'ruse of their .fees, be ja-tiem
.1 Oyer and Tennine nd General Jail •htetliveryi in
' he smieral•counties.
Section-V: The judges dT thei s m:not •Cenumon
"leas, jdo each county, ithall try- virtue of their
IlitovJhe justices of t let and Terminer and Gene
al Delivery, fur the trial of cipitsl and other
otiendOrs therein ; any two of the said judges, the
president being one, shall' be a quorum : but. they
:hall not hold a court of oyer and tertniner, or jail
['enemy., in any county; :when the judges of the
Aupretrie Court, or any df them, shall be sitting ii;
:he same -county. The party accused, as well as ;
the Conimunwealth, may; under each regulations
shall tsf prescribed by law, remove the indictrrumt •
and proceedings, or a transcript thereof, into the
,Section VI. The Supreme Court, and the several
eourts 'of common pleas, shall, beside the powers
heretofore usually exeicised by them, have th. ;
power' f a culla of Chancery, so far as relates p
the perpetuating of testi:many, the obtaining of _
evidente from places nut within the State, and do
care of the persons and estates of those who an
klOrl COWOOteI mends. And thelegislature shall
vest in the said courts such other powers to gran
relief in equity, as shall be found necessary: an•
truly. from time to time, eulaw or donnish tboti
ppweraur vest them in such other courts as the shat
judge proper, fur the due administration of justice.
Section VII. The judges of the court of comma;
pleas Of each county, any two of whom shall be
ou.unro. Khali compose the court of (louder ite
+ions of the oe.ice, and orphans'•court there..f ; an
the register.of wills, together with the said judge ,
or any two of them, shall compose th e :-..e t st e :
court of e Bch eolintv.
Section VIII. The judges of the courts of common
pleas shall, within their respective counties, have
the lilfe powers with the judges of the. Supreme
Court, to issue writs of certiorari to the justices of
the i peee, and to cause their proceedings to be
broughtbefore them, and the dike right and justice
to be dime.
Section IX. The presißent of the court in each
circuit within such circuit, and the judges of the
court cif common visas within the' r respective
counties, shall be justices of the pace, so far sa
related to criminal matters.
S-tion X. A register's office, for the probate of
willi and granting letteri of administration, and an
office for the recording of deeds, shall be kept in
Section XI. The" styie of all process shall be
" The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania." All prose
cutioni shaft be carried on in- the niune and by the
auihority of the Commonwealts of Pennsylvania,
and eimciude "against the peace and dignity of the
Section I. Sheriffs and coroners , Ote".
times .arid plates of election of re oratlves, be
chugeti by the citizens of each county . , One person
shot!' he chosen for each office, who shall be Commis
sioned! by the Governor. • They shall hold their
olfwesi for three 'wane, if they shall so king behave
themselves well, and until' a successor be duly
qualified ; but no person shall! be twicechosen or
appoidted sheiiff r in may term of six years. Vacan
cies igither of the said offices shall be filled by
an a intment, to be made by the Governor, to
contiulte until the next general election, and until
a successor shall be chosen and qualified as afore
Section li. The freemen of this, commoneseslth
shall be armed, organized - and disciplined for its
defence, when and in such manner as may be - directsd
by lam. Those who conscientiously scruple to bear
analliall not be compelled to do so, bet stall pay
an "valent for personal service.
on 111. Prothonotaries of the Supreme
Cuuri, shall be appointed by the said Court fur
Me term of three years if they so long behave
themselves well. Prothonotaries and clerks ((the
sears? other ' Retbriers deeds. ald Re-
tow*, _ 41s. ara. __
gisteri sr wills, shall at Mellows and places f
eieetohi rrpmsentatives, be elected by the qua&
* fled tclors each county, or the districts over
which t he jurisdiction said courts extends , and
shall cominisaiiated by the Vorernerr.
shall hold their °lca for threeears if they shall
ten behave themselves wel land until their
Insewirwrs deal be du% yitial;ficd. The kgiala
tare shall provide by law, Me number qf persons
eaah manly E c ho all Judd said o ffi ces, and
how many and - aniirA ojs alid Iffices Malin held
Vacancies in any of the an of•
d :B=7/ilia by appointments to be made
thelGovernor,to animist until the next gene
ralaisle's, and until suceessais shall be eluted
and. tied as afermaid.
See on I V:. - Prolnotaries„ clerks of the pen*
and-orphins' emu; recorders of deeds, resiiters of
wills, and sdke - riffs, dal keep their offices in the
county town of the county in Whitt they, respec
tively, shall be officers, unless when the Govern*
theft, for special reasons, dispense , th erewith, for
any term not exceeding
re. five years after the - county
shall hive been erected.
Sec V. MI commissions shall be in the name
and by the authority of the Commonwealth of Penn.
sylvan a, and be scaled with the State seal. and sign
ed by Governor.
See it yl. State Treasurer shall be elected
antehnual y, by joint wawa both iressches of the legis
dux on ekd. Vll. 4l l in tistiars the Luse paree ivarth or ,
and. - "pc at the time= of tbe dection,.of wa
s . by /4e 'Oudified voters', Theme, en suite.:
1 2 mak
nuas shall hi i'.....d by law, and shall be
..- 7 . ~
-comm i ssioned by the .Govemor for a knit of fine
but M towsphip ! ,‘Wird ar borough Oaa
elect more Mamba, jneham of lbie peace or alder
men without the ionsaal'of a estority of la qua-
Vied deeksii willOsactaii Owiky, want or ba•
my I _
VA liicrikiraleadie H eketion or V'
point la ni; grovideiVor Ihil'ionstitution,
shall Octint sr tippidideiit :' shall bi,itireded'
S'l4 l l. " . IDlDilitgrain gi4ottipt..- Moo -stitten
er . tiiiikinal'ellirj N ea NT 3 47l g ANT IT: ed by . Co:'
Pot4viße . , Jury 21, 1838. .
9, igyl,_...s_ , :pOzgqi "" 7.- ' 04 6 0 1 *lb 'TAO.--e: .
Asti, ,, , Any cosktii4OLvisill , hriec beelirti"
citizena an Inhabitant therein one yaw to*
1 . 4'4a0. . Appaintlii ent, if the m 44, Shall hot
been so . ng erected i but if it shall not hare'be4n
so link B*i:tied, axis within the,Prolis d •
county qr tsrUpiia qui of whist! 11 Maim* betta
- taken . .:• Ka me3nler gr. - C6%7as ,' tlas disk,
or , dnyjapaj&islaprrir
... quit o
' ''''' 7gitbr'
porsiinunit ilf "'raid - 4)r profa in .4 e nitcd
-.stales,Shall at thesamalime holdMt iremise arty
oft iwth is -it, ph, to..t*b. a .eaktly , jet, ar-fir.. Or
perquisites are ity iiiii;, 04;444 d the kgisha ,
titre may by lius deelvie 'what' i offices art in
conspalibk. ' No member of Me:.
. o rnate or fit the
house - if reprme!daticer skull be Avpiiintellzby the
.-Guvernor Jo any ece.during the - kinnfornaieh
iseithairlume'beememta. . -. , I
Sectisn IC , X 11 .400 : 0- 2 ,fiff . 41- te;n l of years
shill hold , their prteat fir the terms revectivet:y .
&pep:bd.:only on Me Condition that they so how
6rhaae Mensal= well, and shall , be removed on
eintrietion-of misbehaviour in office or of-any in
Seetion Ir.: Amj person lobo shill, of :the
adoptiim of the - ansendments proposed by ihn
Convention. to. the Coratitution; - fight- a dueibr
send a aka/lenge for Mat "purpose; or be aide► hr
abellorin)fediriga dueloduill &Ida/rived ofthe'
riol oft: Wing any offiecif Armour or prctfa in
tins Mate,an ti shall be punished otherwise in mai
manner as. is, to may be prescribed .bylkoa 1 bui
. the executive auTsit-ithe said Iffence and all
_ A TROIA VII.
Section L The leftist:Aare shallots won as con
veniently may be, provide by law, for the establish-.
inent of schools throughout the State, in suet)
manner that the poor may he taught gratis.
Section 11. The arts awl sciences shall be prrH
muted in one mr•more seminaries of learning.
Section MI. The rights, privileges, Immunities
send estates of religious societies and corporate bb
•dies,Shall remain self the constitution of this State
'bad not !Sven altered or amended. i ,
Section IV. Thelegislature shall. not invest at!ry
corporate .botiyor individual with -, the pria ikge
of taking private property fore use, without
. requiting such corporation or tvidividual to make
compensation to the Otlgnersof said propert y tor
give adequate security iherefor, before such pro
perly shall be taken.
A'RT.ICLb VI/T. .
Members or therreneral Assembly, and all 0%.
cers, executive and judicial, shall be bound by Dap,.
or affirmation, to support the constitution of this
rnmne , nwesPh and to petrol= the dillies of their
'respective cases with fidelity.
ARTICLE - IX. •
'That the general, great and essential principles of
liberty and free government may-be recognised and
unalterably established, WE DECLARE, THAT
anti= 1. All men are born equally free and in
dependent, and have certain inherent and indefeasible
rights, among which ere those of cojoying and de.
fending life and liberty, Of Requiting, possessing
. and reputation, and of par-,
-suing...their own happiness.
Section TI. AU power is inherent in the people,
and all free governments are founded on their au
thority, and instituted fdr their peace, safety and
happiness ; For the advancement of these ends, they
have at all times, in unalienable and indefeasiblerighAo alter, reform or abolish their, government,„in
such manner as they may think proper.
Section 11l Ail men'have a natural and indefee
sthle right to worship Almighty God, according to
the dictates Of their own conscience' ; no man can,
of right, 'be compelled to attend, erect, or !tipped
vary place of worship, of to maintain any ministry
against his consent; no human authority earn; in any
case whatever, control or interfere with the rights
of conscience ; and. no preference- shalt ever be
given, by law, to 114 religious establishments or
modes of wonthip.
Section IV. No person who aelmoteledgo the be•
keg of a Cod and a future state of Bewails and pn
nislunents, shall on account of his .religious pen*
ments be disqualified to hold any office or place bf
trust or prolitnrider this Conitnonwealth.
Section V. Elections shall be free ! and equal
Sect* VI. Trial by jury shall bit as heretofore.
and the r igh t thereof remain intiolite.
Section 11. The printing pressesishall he free to
every person who undertakes to canine the pro
ceedings of the legislature, or any branch of go
vernment? And no law 'shall ever be made to re
strain Ibe tight thereof. The free' communication
of thoughts and opinions is one off. the invaluable
rights of ananq mud everreitisen clay freely speak,
write mid print on any subject, Deicing responsible
for the abuse of that liberty. In prosecutions for
the publication Of papers investigating the official
conduct of officers, or men in a ptthlic capacity, or
where the matter published is proper for public b..
formation, the truth thereof maybl r gAven in eve.
dence.i And in all indictments for libels -the jury ;
thallhave a right to determine the ht and direr facts,.
ender the direction-of the court, as in other cases.
Section VIII. The people hallhe sem* in their
persons, honseac PaPera and P a a a4 =P a t r
scalable searches end seizures: no t, to
search any place, or to seise - nay person or things,
Shall issue, witout describing theta as hearty as
may be, nor without probable tame :supported by
oath or affirmation.
Section Ds. In all crunmal prosecutions, the se•
eused.hatb a tight to be heard by himself and his
counsel, to demand the nature and cause of the ac
cusation against him, to meet the avitneirses lice to
face, to have compalsory aromas for obtaining wit
nesses in 'his favour, and, an prosecutions by injfiet
, Meta or inform-'lion, a speedy politic trial, by en
impartial jury, of the vicin.oge ; he cannot be com
pelled to give . evidenee arrinst himself, nor can he
be deprived of his life, liberty, or property, unless
by the judgment . of_his peers or the law of the
Section X. 'IND person shall, for . any indictable
offence, be proceeded against criminally by infortia
don, eSeept in cases arising in the land or naval
forme, or in the militia when in actual service in
time of war or public danger, or, - by leave of the
court, for Oriplerinti and mhdiriesurrar in office. No
person shall, for the same offence,,be twice put in
jeopardy/uf life or limb; nor shall any man's pro
perty be taken,or applied to public use, without- the,
consent of his representatives, and without just
'compensation tieing made.
Section XI. All courts shall be open, and every
man for 1141 injury dime him in his lapds, goods, per
son or reputation, shall tia_Ve remedy by the due
.course of la*, and right and justice administered,
without sale, denial or delay: Snits may be brought
.against the CoMmonwealth in anchmanner, in such
coints,andin such eases as the legislature may by .
law direct..:. ' -.2 •
Section XII. No , power of suspentile g laws shall
be exercised, unless he the . ieltitala(nreso f iuan
Section XIIL "Excessive hail shall not be re
quired, nor excessive, fines imposed, 'nor cruel pn- .
Sectioe XIV. All prisbeerthall bailable
suffieient suretiels unless for capital offences, whit
the proof is evident or presumption (greats and the
privilege of .the writ of habeas corpus shall - notibe
suspended, unless when, in eases of tebellion or in
vasions safety may require it. •
Seetkrn.XV. Nocommissinii, *facer andTerminer
or il, delivery alai' be issued.
XVL The . periun of a debtor,. 'where
theriiii not inning presumption of ' frand, shell not
beiOntitmed in prison, afterdelivering op his estate
foe thesbenefit of his -eMitots, In such manner es
,hall beprescribed-by law. I ..
Section XVIL No tepostlforto law,.nor any
Impairing contracts *twill* Rade. . _
treas% .*a n...cir 3rY felon ill y7b li y ° tlM P 7lature. ll"7
Seetion,XlX No attain er shall *Mk" enr - rup
orblifikt, not, except dtiritiethit li ce
feilititere Of hate to"the 'fionlitionntealle r the .
tiles • Of- saes persons of shill le4l.ttsy their . •
liniett„, , 'ithaft.cliene. end sir vest as m - ease of na • tai=
for bilitiyoribscribt . r.
it C. KER '
juz• 16 • 46.-
' 1~. ~. :~
and. 41r.ailbt4enoRYibiln-111 - 4ftleii
- casualty ? , .riere still ,be-oro forfeittukatty -smotr
thekeof , • _
Sletion ' s 6C.thifilliciii a:Alitit. in 'keeac6-
ribbriniitherni) artembllelreetherjtor thitr mum
pist-tard tO346 , bilhareftriested wittithe powers
. of gorrnmeot-f , !!redress . ,,q stev r aaree, °othertriVer ,r
Seetkra.XVl: Tbwriglitof citizens hbfwar arum,
in Menem of themselves bad the Stateohall pot be.
of peace, be Irepkup without OPE muscat of the tor:
Ilislatore t• lad Alitunilitery ittlll,lkk. all. Mau. sat
•at dipei:ke . - i n sttict'iudird . uratiojt ccii3O* 44.
Section XXiiL Ifo soldier idiall v in time oTtie)t_
'bognartered in itnytout the Consent `the
owner; nor ibothnefrif leer, tibtln a manner to Me
prescribed hy , lineF •t' ' .
Section , 101 1 1 1.4" The 'le/Ishtar". shall not grand:
anyof 'edbillty or hereditary
. distinetion 'nor
•ereate aboisliele appointment to which all be
for a lopgeg l e than during good behaviour. '
" Section IbiligrAtion from the State shill'
sot be ' ;
Section acxvn. To guardpagshost transgressions
of the high .phsers which we have deleptet
VEgirAILE. sultwveryl-thing in. this art/vie is sati•t
cepted out of thp - generblpowert of government, and:.
shall for ever,rinain inviolate.
I. - ARTICLE .X. 4
iisty ansephlsent:or 4ransilaurtsts4co !Air cotuti h ,
lion may 'besed jaw Sentileor !A.
presentatives, t fame shall gArel 4 lob
a majority o ft fleeted to each House, such
proposal a , or; amendments shall be entered
'on their pursuits, with - the yeas and nays taken
thereon, and the Secretary of the Commonwealth shall
cause the acme Lobe published three *ninths before the
next election, in at least one newspaper in every
cow yin which a newspaper shell bet publishat4 and
if it the 'legit/awe neat, afterwards chosen such pro,
posedqr. amendments shall be agreed to
/by a majority the vambers elected to each *asse t
The Secretary qF the Cimutioswealth shall cause the
seine again- to tn , pStblished in manner aforesaid, and
ruck proposed amendment or amendments, chain be
submitted to the people in such manner and at else%
time, Gillett three indatis,nfter being so agreed to
by the two Ammar , Me.legislature shall prescribe; .
and if the people shall approve and ratify such
amendment or amendseenteby a majority of the qua.
tufted voters 'rads State voting therm% minds trauma
inent or amendments shall become a part ql"the cat.
seihdian ; but no amendment or amendmaits shall
be subisitteddothe people oftener than in jive
rears ; Provided E that if more than one amendment
be submitted, they than be submitted in such manner
and form, that the people may voteprr or agnielst
each amendment separately and ctistinct/y.
That moibwonvenienoe may arise from the albeit
dons and amendments in 'the Constitution of this
Commonwealthk and in order to carry the same into
complete operaoam, it is hereby declared and ordain.
Sention I. All lowed this Commonwealth in force'
at the than when the said alterations and amend.
menta in the said. Constitution shall take effect, and,
not inconsistent therewith, and all rights, actions,
prosecutions, claims,and contracts as well of indi
viduals as of bodies corporate, shall continue as if
the said alteration, and amendments had not been
Section U. The alterations and intendmentsin the
said Constitution shall take effect from the lint day
of January', eighteen hundred and thirty-nine.
Section lII,e clauses, sections, and erticles of
the said Consti t ion, which remain unaltered, shall
continue to be trued and have effect as if the
said Constituti had not been. amended.
Section IV. The General Assembly mum sna:.l
convene in December; eighteen hundred and thirty.-
eight, shall con tinue its session, as :heretofore, not
withstanding e provision in the eleventh section
of the first article, and shall at all times be regarded
as the that ngenerail Assembly under the amended
Constitution. - :
Section V. The'epverner who shall be elected in
October, eigheierilrundreff and thirty-eight, shall - be
inaugurated oE di the thjed Tuesday •n: January,
eighteen hand And Thirty-nine,' to which time
the preterit - ex threlernt is hereby extended.—
Section NI: The . eommissions of the judges of the
Supreme Court„.who may be in office on the firstday
of January nett, shall expire in the following man
ner : The commission which bears the earliest date
'shall expire on The first day of January, Anno Do
mini one thonnuldeig' ht hundred and forty-two ; the
commission next dated shall expire on the first-day
of January, Anno Domini one thousand eight
' died and forty five; the eommissiOn Bent dated shall!
expire on the first &gyp': Jou:nary, itnno-Domini
one thousankieight hundred' and forty-eight; the
commission reia. dated shall" expire on the first day
of January, Anno Domini one thousand eight hun
dred andfdty4onel and the voinurission last dated
shall expire oil the first day df Sammy, Anno
nrini one that'll:rad Atilt hufdred and fiftv- four. •
Seel:ion VTL' ereminsifons of the President
judges! 'of the' setreral judicial districts and of the
associate tisk fudge, of the firstjndicial district hail
expire as follows ! The commis,' ioni of one-batf of
those who Shall have held their offices ten years or
more at The addptionnf the amendments to the consii
- tution, shall expire : on the twenty-seventh day ofFe
bruary, one-thumtandeight hundred and thirty-nine;
the commissions of the other half of those who shall
have' eld their offices ten years or more atibe adop
tion of the amendments to the constitution, Mall
expire on the twenty-seventh day . of February, one
Thousand eight hundred and forty-two; thefirst half
Ito embrace those whose commissions shalt bear the
oldest date The sawnmissiont - of .all the remaining
1 judges who shill .nieluive held their offices Torten
years at the adoption of the amendments to the con.
stitution shall e i tre- on the twenty-seventh day of
•Febreary nt spt ter the end of ten years from the
date of their comnsindons..
Section VIM The Recorders of the several May.
lone Courts, and other criminal -courts in this Coto-
Imonwealth, shall be appointed for the nee time,
land in the wale Manlier, as the president judges
ler the _several judicial districts; of those sow, in
!office, the commission oldest in date shall expire on
!the twenty-seventh day. of February, one thousand
!eight hundred and forty-one, nd the others every
two' yews. thereafter according to their respect ive 'dates. Those oldest in date expiring first.
Section I.X. The legislature at Its first session un
der the amended constitution, shall divide the other
associatejudges of the State into four damn. The
commissions of those of the - finst class shall expire
on the twentpletteiiithiday of Febniars eiesteen
hundred and forty ; of those of the second class on
the twenty-seventh day, of February, eighteen - bun.
_dyed and forty-ope ;Lot' 'Mon or the third class on
the twenty-seventh .day of Febmary, eighteen hen
dred and forty-two; and of *film fourtli'class
on the twenty-6 1 0414day- of Febmsry, eiOdems
hundred and forsr.illisiee. Tfilkilidlshisses from the
brat to the fourth shallbee:ranged Wending to the
seniority of thecodebaions of themveraljudges.
Section X . elerlur,of the several
coats (except of the firiPrente - Ccilart) recorders of
deeds and registers of wills, sheltie first elected under
the amended Constitution, at the election of repre
sentatives in tbeyear eightess.Musind.mod thirty_
nine, in such'esannei us may eivleteribea by law.
Section XL Me emulating power shall remain as
hereteffire, Site all alts in the appoinlihent of the
executive dargeseent shall,contmue in the exercise
of the duties 'of thiii respective offices until the
legislature stall pose suds laws as may be required
by the eighthisection el- the •sixth article of the
ode. •• !tion, and until appointments shall
be made under such laws' unless lbeil'echuni" w °*
,halt Ass *l3 -..by new appointments - , or shall
soonercipre by their own limitations, or the suid.,
office shn !• • • ••• *apt by death or resignation,
and:inch latvi Ibi enacted , by the first *gists,.
tem Under the ndederonstitutlon. -
Section' xn. - Thefiest election for aleeimen
joistireA of the -shall be held in the yeareight
:eels hundred- .". forty, at the time fixed%for *id
selection of - stablee. The legialatirt
, Crab' der. - r:;"1r 3
4 - 11 H
uF for sale by
MILLER & HAGG - ERTII.
- Pottsiille, Jpiy 11, ' . 53
k . •
ieshaiimmme 'me am - •'•.!
1**..4,..,Tht..1 , 4 4 The , ;
r y:M ? ' . or - 1 !.,
PP 6 iiiked; 0 12trfrue- i
heti - Tee/mei ' 2 - 'eflietia, •••
day tihielVehalt be ken'
hew t ottimisalota;- at- the',
• ' marimiseleas dual* •
I • testtmouy that, the 1
. eonatttatihe of - Pen • I
• --?..''', tieheitttiee, We the- •
• ...huateatioChave hee l
- Phlbitelphin,' theme',
• aiY. Anno unniAl oia!
~. 4iiid. tb4ti-eight„ and
. '.. the Trniped Stateyof -;
, • ~ ' , JOHN
t . etAgnesS. ' I , -
laL" Vtl i t i !isitf, 1- ..-
plaralin Banks, -
ohn Y, Batibry, •
eob Barndotar, -
.ndiew Bedflirk 4 :
1 , . . S.. Dell, •
' bbeus L. Bige'ldw
„ I. C. Boidialn,
has. Brown, .
k mein' lab Brown,
Pierce„Butler,, • ; ,
as B. Cunningham,
William Curti, ,
Wm. - Darlington,
. rge Chambers, ' .
I athaniel Olopt 1
4 obn Clarke, -
A. J. Cline;
R. E. Cochran,
Joshua V. OIPX, , ,
llitaifirrellag,i r • -
-Rich& M. Cribs, .
'Geo. T: 2 Crint,ford, •
' :Benjn. Martin,
John L. M'Caben,
E. T. M.DOWeII,
h ames APSherry,
i dm armar ,Denny,
- ha Dickey,
t•Diinagan .. , , s /L . Dennef4 .
I es Dunlop, .
" m amas .
Fanini Earle .
- bt. Fleming, -
- a n ite =k7l "4'
j J j Tk 1 11 1
i dl i
am P - A:hFu F ry,lGilmo re, ilerGea r h ar t, r.Gamb l e,
illiam L. Barris,
( . ttesti Sj Spoce, Secritary:'
6 . L FAl3 ' Assiriant Secretaries.
• J. WILLIIIIOI,
StiIitIETARY” .1 1 3'FICE.
- r- • 1 }I4IUtISItitIG. FIIIIIII3IIIIIY 28, 1838.1
1 1 iertifY,lthiat the foleieitig is an extrt and literal
py of!' - t e Constitution of the Commonwealth of
' osylva i s - as amended by the Coneentiop of 0,.e
mend : iiht hundred rod hirty-seven—thirty.•
. ." d ited4in thii office on the nib day of
um4nntpt, 838 thi ' bei gin ic,
a ' , d the retaine d porticei.s of t e prey nt Constittr.
letter. • 1 4. „;
Ten. M. Etlllll. ES.,
- - . Seel M -Cote n weal , h. -
B IN . BAN NAN Ot 12411:nitnep
• .erytin connect' wiol
- II ere ail kinds of 800 a 411
stiortealt nolieiat low tales.' ,
1' . . illillik *OOl
of . ;tore ri:6seiiption to/de to
TaYes—and the trade Supplied
dt4phia prices.' • .
P IRON &ST E E STOR E.
1111 TE pubairtibers base' stonily on hand •
toll •aiitirtment of limn. , comprising Round
and Squirrel Iron from 3-. 1 .61 op to 6 inches di
ameter; Rat lion. by-
. 4. W.: G. up to
6 in. by 11;io,; boiler, flue aii idieet iron of beat
and 2d quality,, sellable for I Moir bodies - or
whales; rall road iron 14 by: ,1i by 2by I.
21 by 1. Ttrey are also prepared to reeeive
rs . to import Rail Road ron upon the most
a n acres' terms in large nantities; alive rail
rolid 'Ca rattles.
4 1 1 ill assortment oil Steel , prising cam and
• steel+. American and glish blister Steel.
German and riming • steel, a !I. : yr:mod Iron and
octagonal Steal for. drills.
W. co rni.r . Market
fl, . BOOkS ..
" - - 11'451NAN Orate
f standard Work
8 me, Smbilleit and
4 vole! sheep; Wit
C ila'S Cti . ntittentar:
lissilfiltrkii, 10 et
8 It'sl'ii Ickicaram.
' I's Elible'rand .Coma -.17.
1 . . ii i ). . l l .* • ' • 6 011
8 . ire works. Dearbornels Edition:limp, 4 S.
R llin's•Mieleitt 'Biometry; 1 , vol. starexit
Delitibine's Edition with Mai* and" ,
1 p,' ..-
~ 4.. 4 -
1, phitellir el: with plates - • It' 23'
311.rryatt'a 1 works Complete. 1 ;v01... , 1 23' .
:Rnore's irks, Library Editi ' ''.-: •t? ' 225
13OrOs wor st. !.: -',.•. -.4 2OO
Ctiwper an 'ThootitendiS w . iii --, 2 .4 2 25-
Pilley's works . ..
~„. a . , ,.-„,-,..,..-,,-..... ':,;,:? t ro - 2My
8 riien's V illage Beriitoni; - ,•••71 I'l . ' -2 00
Eldildridg.... Family,. E 4-0604,.. ' 1- 3 50
Edeyelo , .ia ofT t eoliapliyol in * 6,i t h • •
I 1210 ~o tWand 100 Pierer. •: ' i 10 50
Fo's Book Of Marty* with plates, ! - 225
lit Kenzie* $OOO-11atieiribr, ', - i ..1 37
ogethe 'with w variety of other Rooks at very
5 ) ~tlll, . *it the tithes. .
• 1ip...7 . 1,- . 1 eFA - Y-.. - .1..-- •
iller4r,...llagerly; • - •
fiSSALB AND RSTAIL. -•
iaiocergiWine 4. Liquor Sion(
t dint to 3tortirner's
• • ;.. .oini with ahOuee in Thiltdelphti •
in to keel, on handy : ii,htemexto„
oodd. which the
Store end' Taveig44lwwW.
families, aoWtI do wtiii . tc'olll and .
. r l;
. 1 1
; '.-,1 t::: : :,:. !
11- - 04
1, J priial
Upon Shall pho
ttete of the puce -
kai the duties of
• days after the
r - thileAssahl of
.0f 'tibia time,
meet' to i s ,
*abets of the
olif 'stow Febro-
I, lleight bandied
.. Hen .' .n,
m. a ndenton,
' illia High,
os. H kinscui,
ohn H upt,
. des. fi red lngere t
•.. 4e , .
e eorge Kelm.,
.. s. Saucily, •
of. Kat * `ache)
, b to.
It I . llg•
Da id na,
Alcz. M 4ee,
Joel K. Mann,
W'. .lib ~
amen errdl„ .
Levi M rkel,
Wm. Miller ,
. Asti i Meyers,
b. He 6,
amen 'Atari Porter %
.Geo. : •Riter,
Jno. tter ,
James M. Russell,
Danie , 4 i Saeger,
John min Scott,
, Ge,o, Sesrill,''
' Hear* Schnets, ,
Geo. 14mith, _
Jno. 1. Sterigere.
E.be ' W. Sturdevadi
Thu s Taggart;
'Ma nJ. Thomas,
Jacob R. Weidman,
R. G. bite
•Heo. V. Wdodward,
R. Y ng.
iced 41 Book Bind
Ina Book Store,
1. be bound at the
rdeK at the lowest
%wholesale at Phil .