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OLUlf Bt A DSMOORAT, STAR OF TtlR NORTn, and CO
Itiel Weekly, erery I'rldny J)Iornln, nl
DLOOMSUUnO, COLUMMA CO., Pa.
it two dollars tier year. To aiitwcrlbo nm m
tho county the terras nro strictly In ftdrance.
fsTVNo piper discontinued oxcept at the option
ol tha puullshors, until nil nrrcaratfes nro paid, but
tone continued credits will not be Klvcn.
All papers sent out of tlia state or to distant post
offices must be paid for In advance, unless a respon
sible person In Columbia county assumes to nay
the subscription duo on domand.
roa TAG K Is no longer exacted from subscribers
n tne county. .
The Jobbing Department of the Columbian Is very
complete, and our Job ranting will comparo favor
Ably with that of tho largo cities. All work dono on
ihort notlco, neatly and at moderate prices.
r E. WAIiliEH,
omce ovor 1st. National U.siik.
VT U. PUNK,
omnia tnt's llulldlng.
p It. BUOKAtiEW,
J ' AT I'ORNE Y-AT-L AW.
omce over 1st National Hank.
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
offlce over Moyer Bros. Drug Store.
omce In Browor'a butldlng.second floor.room No. 1
D FRANK ZRR,
omco corner of Centre and Main Streets. Clark J
Can be consulted In German.
QEO. E. ELWELL,
Nxw Coluubiam Bciloino, Bloomsburg, Pa,
Member of the United States Law Association,
Collections made In any part of America or Ku
rope. pAUL E. WIRT,
Offlce In Columbian building, Room No. t, second
8, KNORR. I S. WINTXR8TXIN.
KNORU & WINTERSTEEN,
nm 111 1st National Bank bulletins, second floor,
first door to the lpft. corner of Main and Market
streets uioomsourg, ra.
SS'Ptnuom and Bounties Collected.
J H. MAIZE,
omce In MaUo's building, over Blllmeycr's grocery,
May M, '81.
Q B. BROCKWAY,
Offlce in his building oppositc.Court House,
2nd floor, Bloomsburg, Pa. apr 13 '8a
JOHN 0. YOCUM,
omce In Nwa Itxv building, Main street.
Member of the American Attorneys' Associa
Collections made In any part of America.
Jan. s, 1833.
A K. OSWALD,
Jackson Building, Rooms 4 and 5.
Mays, SI BERWICK, PA
RHAWN & ROBINS,
Office, corner 01 Third and Main streets.
Attorney-atLaw, Berwick. Pa.
Can bo Consulted In German.
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE
StTOflice first door below tho post office.
H. BARKLEY, Attorney-at-Law
office lu Browor'a building, 2nd story.Rooms
O BUCKINGHAM, Attorneyat-Law
JTii.onico, Brockway's Bulldlng.;ist Uoor,
UToomsburg, Penn'a. may 7, 'so-t t
JB. MoKELVY, M. D.,Surgeon and Phy
. 1l.1l n, north side Main street,bolow Markot
A L. FRITZ, Attnrner-at Law. Office
In Coluhbun Building,
p M. DRINKER, GUN & LOCKSMITH
ewt'ig Machines and Machinery of all kinds re
alrod. OfiKA lloosi Building, Uloomsburg, Pa.
Omco, North Market street,
WM. M. REBER. Surceon and
hyslclan. omce corner of Rock and Market
f R. EVANS, M. D.. Surgi
J . Physlo'.an, (Omco and Roaldenoo 1
"y II. HOUSE,
Bloomsbuko, Columbia County, Pa.
All styles of work done In a superior manner, work
warranted as represented, tiiiu unin
id wituout Pain by the use of Uas, and
free of charge when artlnclal teeth
Office over Bloomsburg Banking Company,
Jo be open at all hours during the rfaj ,
OURISTIAN P. KNAPP, BLOOMBBUKQ, PA,
11QMK, OP N. Y.
S KUOljANrS', OP NKWAHK, N, J.
CLINTON, N. Y.
l'KOl'LKS' N. Y.
These old ooaroRATioNs are well seasoned by
age and rial tistid and have never yet bad a
loss settled by any court of law Their assets
are all invested In solid siooaiTUsand are liable
to tne hazard of rim only,
L jssea raoMtTLT and oonsstlt adjusted and
paid as loon as determined by cobutian P,
KNArr, ariciAL Aoint and AD;D9Tia bloohs
, The people of Columbia oiucity should patron
Uetneageuoy waere loues U any are suttled
am nttd nv one of their ownoltliens
PROMPINBaS, KQUITY, PAIR DEALING,
ALL KINDS OF JOB I' HINTING
AT THIS OFFICE.
a. a. h-wsli., 1 ...,..
, K BITTEHBENDEB,
E. B. 8R0WER,
0A8 FITTING & STEAM HEATING,
STOVES & TINWARE.
All kinds of work in Sheet Iron, Roof.
ing anil bponting promptly
I Jrstrlct attention given to heating by steam.
Corner of Main & East Sts.,
Cloioiri CMMi! CMMi !
G. W. 3ERTSCH,
THE MERCHANT TAILOR,
AND IIRALEIt IN
Gents1, Furnishing Goods
OP EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Having very recently opened a new
Merchant Tailoring and Gents' Fur
nishing Goods Store, in KNORR it
WINTERSTEEN'S building, on
Main Btreet, where I am prepared to
make to order, at short notice, first
class suits of clothing always in tho
latest styles ana prices reasonable.
Fits guaranteed. Having learned how
to cut garments to suit customers, and
also what kind ol material will give
satisfaction, I would ask you to please
can and examine tho
BEST SELECTED STOCK
Ever shown in Columbia county,
Before Purchasing Elsewhere.
Store nent doortoFirstNaiionalBank
Corner Main & Market Sts.
(CbIi'n!:tffwn fail iccck.)
How Waich. Cases are Made.
It is a fact not generally known that the
James Jloss' CM Watch Cuaea really con
tain more pure gold than many " solid "
gold casts Tho demand for tlieso w atch
c:ihC3 has led to the manufacture of 11 wy
pour grade of solid gold watch cuses
low iu quality, ami dclkient in quantity.
These cases mo made from 4 1 to 10 ksuaU,
and a 5 or (5 karat ca.se is often sold for 12
or 11 karats. It is Nor economy to buy a
watch case to pior in quality that it will
hoon lose its eolor, or 0110 to soil that it will
lose iu bhanc and tail to shut tiht, thus
kiting in d..t and da lagiiy the wi.rlis, cr
one so thin that a slight U.nv will ln-cak
tho crystal, an 1 pcrl.ajs tho inurement.
It IS economy to l. y a James 7,'.)s' CM
Wateh C'uf, in whit h no:, i: of thes-o thinp.
crer occur. This natch nm vut ii.i i-jin i
i;ick it l-M teiu n.a le iie.u.y l.i'Wy yuiri.
llz: t ius, 1'a.. OU.W, lt!l
I 10I1I tivn ,Ia'nc-ii llo ' l -1 1 fri Own thlill
J earn bh, k h 11 llioy f.n.t c.-ino out, nuil Ihf y ni-o ih
b'ocil ci-n.'.it.ua ict. Oao of tlicm l ,-jr,lcil Iiy
r"r:cutir, Mr U r. Dmko, of IlazULm, Rinl only
tlioni) tbu uiMt iu w ic (.1 iviti 1 luixs; tlje other l.f
Mr. Uju-inrp. it Ouiiiiinxhar.; I'a.; aiul 1 t-au ) re
il:cc iuo or both ol thiwo cuw ut any time.
KlLVESlEll ENflLC, JwUr.
(lrnl a r.nt .Inmp t k.(nnt VT.Lh fn la'l.rl.H 1'MI.
dplliUlH. I'M., firr (iaiiJ.uM.r IMw.lrBlp.l -M.bl.,,)iNliiK hew
Jaium Itu..' mij k.y.lwB V dirk la.n an Ui.nr.
(Tu bi Continued.) t
THE COMPLETE HOME
book. New edition.New bindings. New llluuraiic-aa
from new deiif nt. Surerbly gotten up. Same low price
Adapted to all cla&te. Sella at sight. Arents doing blf
work. ExcellkntThrms. The handsomett prospectua
ever Issued. Apply now.
Braulhy.Gakrbtson & Co.. 66 Northith St. Phlladel.
pbta, 1'a. Also other grand new books and Bibles.
mar 28-1 y aid
Uood l"ny Tor Airenlau 8IOO In 820O it?r
mo. inntltiMlllsiB; ssisrlJrisisd Mew lllalory.
Fasauoustisisil lircUItt llulllestof (beWorltt
Wrlle lu J. C. .llcCural y Jk Co., 1'tliladelpbU, I'av.
mar 23-ly aid
laaiiwnlJ Causes no Pain
Gives relief at once,
WtAM DViril Thorouglt treat.
Not a liquid or
snuff. Apply with
Prlco so cents, by
limn or at uruiritisis.
-llov. H. It, Falrnll, I), v., editor or tho lovia
Methodist, sayH editorially, November, 18S3 : "Wa
tested Kly's Cream Halm, and believe that, by a
thorough course or treatment, It will cure almost
nverrcuseot catarrh. Jllnl.ittra. as a class, are
artllctcd with head and throat troubles, and ca
tarrh BeeniB more prevalent than over. Wo can.
not rccojiinenu f.iys wrt-aiu uaim 00 uiguiy,
March UMiv d
H. C. SLOAN Si BR0
CARRIAGES BUQQIES, PHAETONS.
SLEIQHS, PLATFORM WAOONS, &C
First-class work always on hand,
REPAIRING NEA TL YDONE.
Prices reduced to suit the times.
Jg P. HAHTJIAN
BirRXSIMTS Till FOLLOWING
AMEUIOAN IN3UUAN0E C0MPANIE8
North American ot Philadelphia.
FranUln, " "
lvnnsylvanla, " "
York, ot 1'ennsylvanla.
Hanover, of N. Y.
QumiH, of Iindon,
North llrltlsh, of Umdon,
omco oa .11 tricot d trout, No. 5, DloomaburK,
TTMtKAB lJUOWN'a lJNbUUANOB
XAsBNUV. sioer'a new building-, Ualn
street, uioomsuurKi 1a.
.Utna insurance Co., ot Hartford, conn, $1,018,120
Uoyal of Liverpool la.sco.ooo
Fire Association, Philadelphia 4, U5.no
Phceuli, of London,,, n,w,il
Undon at Lancashire, ot England . l,!i,I0
llartfor I of, lltrtford 8,IS,.M)
Hprlok'fltiia Fire and Marine l.oai.uo
As the aencles are direct, policies are written
tor tho Insured without any delay in tbe
olilco at liloomsburir. oct. s, -si-u,
Roail the paper and lio po t-
9d n tu tho best nnd cheapest
spot la tho city to buy yoiir
llcadr-made Clothing. Our
spring NtocU, now ready. In lino,
well assorted and low nrlcod.
A. C. YATES & CO.
Leaner Baiiainc, Chestaat & 6th St
Whore (lie Fire is Out.
MAO10 NO MOltK A SIYSTEitY SEEN FllOM
ACP.OS3 THE WORLD,
itaroun of Aleppo," said sir rhlllp nerval "had
mastered every secret In naturo which tho nobler
magic seeks to fathom. Ho discovered that tho
true art ot healing Is to assist Naturo to throw off
the disease to summon, as It were, the wholo sys
tem to eject the enemy that has fastened on a part,
His processes alt Included the rclnvlgoratlon of the
prtnctplo of lite."
In this the Eastern sago merely anticipated tho
practice ot the best physicians otto-day. What
llfo Itself Is, nobody knew thon nobody knows
now. Dut wo have learned something ot tho rca
Bons why tho mysterious tldo rises and falls. Pro
vided the great organs ot the body are not Irrepar
ably destroyed, medical science can always relieve,
and often save. Yet no reputable physician now
adheres to the barbarous and stupid processes ot
depletion, such as bleeding, by which It was at
tempted to cure disease by reducing the patient's
abluty to resist It, Now-a-days we do not tear
down the fort to help tho garrison we strengthen
In this Intelligent and benenclcnt work, It Is con.
ceded that PAllKElt'3 TONIC leads all other me
dicines. As an lnvleorant It acts Immediate!? and
powerfully upon tho circulation nnd the organs ot
digestion, thus giving Naturo tho assistance she
cans ior. it iouows mnu an aumcnus 01 me stom
ach, kldneva and liver aro atonce relieved or cured.
No other preparation embodies the same qualities
or produces similar results. It Is delicious to use,
and the best known antl-lntoxlcanc Prlco SOo and
(l. Iliscox X. CO., Hew York.
A SPEOIPIO FOR
Ear fILEPSV, SPASMS,
GOriyULSiOHS, FALLIKG SICKNESS,
Sr. VITUS D&HDE, ALGHOHOLISM,
OPIUM EATING, SVPHILLIS,
SDECFCLA, KINGS EVIL,
UGLY DLIJOa DI3LASES, DYSPEPSIA,
IIERVOUSiiESS, SICK HEADACHE,
H'UkIATISM, NERVOUS WEAKNESS,
CHAIN WORRY, DLOOD SORES,
KIDNEY TROUBLES AKD IRREGULARITIES.
IGSr$..50 per bottle at druggists.
lis Dr. S. A. Eictooni Med. Co., Proprietors
Bt. Tcsoyli, o. (1)
Cjrrrspctiilcnco freely cnawercd by PbyslcUQi .
0 f. CRITTENTON, Aoenl, New York.
A CLEAR HEAD.
" One year ago I wa Induced to try AVer's
1'ILI.s as a remedy for Indigestion, Con
tlputlon, and Headache, from which I
had long been a great autferer. Coimncnc
Inc nlth a dote of live Pills, I found their
action easy, and obtained prompt relief. In
continuing their use, a (Ingle Pill taken
after dinner, dally, hat been all the medl
elno I have required. An n's I'll.u lmr
kept my tysteni regular nml my hi nd clear,
and benefited me more than all Hie medl
clnet ever before tried. Every iwiaun sim
ilarly afflicted should know their value.
112 State St., Chicago, June C, 1W.
M. V. Wa-imik "
For all diseases nf the stomach and bowu.a,
try AVEit's Tills.
Dr.J.C.Ayer&Co. ,Lowell, Mass.
Sold by all Prugglttt.
y-AiNWiuaiiT & uo
MAS, 8YHUP3, COFFEE, 800 AR, MOt, 3 !tS,
N. B. Corner Second and Arch etrentc.
nr-ordert will rooelre prompt attentln
"WRIGHT'S MDIAK VEGETABLE PILLS
And all Bilious Complaints.
Safe to take, being purely regetable; nocrlplna
i'rlco M ocuu. All CruggUtt.
March 81-4 w d
BLOOMSBM PLAUING MILL
Tbe undersigned bavinir put bis rianlncr MM
on itaurono oiruei, in orai-ciftsa iuuuiudu, 10 pre
FRAMES, SASH, DOORS,
turmsned at reasonable prices. All lumber used
la well seasoned and none but sklllod workmen
ESTIMATES FOR BUILDINGS
furnished on application. Plan and pectcca
vious prepared uy an uiperieuceu urauguiBinau
' lllooitiHburg, Ph
BLOOMSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, APRIL 4,
WHO'S YOUB FRIEND ?
Lord Dortlo Kllcsmcro walked into
i wife's ditting room one afternoon,
Ith nn unusiinlly scnotm cxnrcsaion
on li'w face. For Lord Bertio was a
young man of a cheerful disposition,
not given to Bonotis tlioughts. llo
found Lady JJertio in her room, en-
rosso;! in tho absorbing occupation of
ooking in tho glass. Slio did not
turn when ho entered, but continued
to study tho dimples in her chin, tiha
ad boon a rcoorrnizeu beauty when
she married, and still held that posi
tion ; therefore sho must bo foruiven
for continuing to look in tho ulass
without apology, whether her limband
or any ono else entered tho room. Ac
tresses do not apologize tor settling
their rtiflles and studying tho effect of
their "mako up" in tho crcen room
mirror all tho while they carry on a
conversation i why, then, should not a
society beauty watch her own faco
while sho talks T It is but a matter
of business in both cases.
Lord and Lady Bertie had been
married two years, and thoy were still
xcellent friends. Mo inalously or
misunderstanding had, so far, . marred
their content with each othor.
Lord Bertie sat down and looked at
tentively for a moment at his wife's
back. It was an exceedingly pretty
back, but its prcttincss did not occupy
is mind at this moment.
"May," he said suddenly, and in a
grave voice, "is there anything you
"Anything I wantl'' exclaimed Lady
Bertie. "Well, I should think so 1 I
want an Esquimaux dotr : I want my
diamonds re-set ; -Iivanttogo to St.
Peters! urg this winter; I want I
can't think of them all now, but I wain
a hundred things 1"
"Uo you want money T
"Money 1" Not particularly at tho
moment ; but if you aro over-burdened
with bank notes, I feel sure I can mo
"Don't talk nonsense, May : I'm in
earnest. And I do wish you'd turn
"I'm busy," replied Lady Bertie.
And so, indeed, sho was. She was ap
plying with the greatest care and skill
a minuto patch of sticking plaster to a
tiny defect which sho had discovered
on her chin. "Fancy you being in
arnest P sho went ou. "What can it1
be about f
"May, have you been camblin" 1"
asked Lord Bertio abruptly.
"tiamblingl cried Lady liertie.
'Certainly not! Why I should havo
hollows under my oyes in a fortnight!
What can havo put such an idea into
your head 1"
"1 11 tell you," said Lord Bertie.
"Just now, for tho second time, I havo
seen a dreadful looking Jew, with any
quantity of gold watch chain ovor an
immense waistcoat, goiug out of this
house. Now what on earth can you
want with a Jew, if it isn't to borrow
"iJear me 1 said .Lady lijitic, with
scorn, "what a poverty-stricken imagi
nation yours must bo ! One rniuht
want a great many things of a Jow, I
should think. Jews aro very clover
Don t you mean to tell mo what;
that man comes to seo you for T" asked
Lord Bertio in a gloomy tone.
JNol said Lady liertie airily, but
with tnuoh decision ; "no, I don't.
Now," sho added, turning around at
last, "am I looking well to-day TM
"l ou are getting handsomer, 1 be
lieve," said Lord Bertie, but still in the
sanio gloomy tone.
"1 ni very glad you think so r ex
claimed Lady Bertie, with fervor.
That's all right, then. And sho loft
the mirror and came to n low chair
near her husband. She was exceed-
ngly graceful, and could sit down in
an artistic manner worthy of tho great
Sarah. Sho formed a lovely picture,
n her white wraimcr that was little
more than a cloud of Valenciennes, as
she posed herself in her favorite loungo
and crossed her pretty pink-slippered
feet. Lord Bertio hail thrown himself
into an easy but hardly graceful atti
tude his legs outstretched and his
heels on the ground, his hands m his
trouser pockets. Sitting thus, ho eyed
his beautiful wife all over with a de
jected and perplexed air.
"Its not all riglrt, ho said, after a
moment. "I hate mysteries. Wo ve
kept clear of them so far, May. If you
won t clear this ono up, 1 II cut it short
by telling the servants that Jow is not
to enter tho house. "
"Oh, do 1" said Lady Bertio : "that
will mako'stich a nico little scandal for
tho servants' hall. And by to-morrow it
will be halt over town."
"Well, I don't want to mako a fool
of myself, and I'm suro I'vo no desire
that you should bo talked about ; but
1 can t stand this state of things.
"In fact, you aro dying of curios
"JNotat all. Jsul it you are in dif
ficulties, I'm ready to gel you out of
them. There's my hand on it, May j
and all I ask is, don't go to anybody
What a dear boy you aro P said
Lady Bertio. "Bat there's nothing to
bo so serious about, I assuro you. I'm
not going to tell you why my friend
comes here, or what my business is
with him : liecauBo that would bo couin
tenancing absurd tyranny on your parti
which 1 don't mean to do."
"Don't answer mo like that, May, I
can't stand it. Tho light comedy man
ner isn't appropriate. I'm in earnest,
and you'vo dono nothing but chaff mo
since I camo in."
"Very well, I'll drop into melo drama.
Wild horses won't drag my secret
from mo ; you may take my life, but I
will not sneak! Now I must dress to tio
out ; so good-byo."
biio rose, went away to her dressing
room, and rang tho bell for her maid.
So tho conversation ended of neces
sity. For three weoks Lord Bettio lived
in a state of gloom and uneasiness,
playing tho amateur detectivo, and
playing it with no results. Ho Baw no
moro of tho Jew ; and as tho convio
tion forced itself upon him that tho
man had been trld not to como, he
grew moro cloomv and more uneasy.
For three wholo weeks ho said no word
to Lady Bertio except in public i and
oven then ho sometimes fixed his oyon
upon her iu a trimly melodramatic
manner. For a young inou of a cheer
ful disposition this tiocmed strange i
but ho was haunted by a conviction
that Lady Bertio was tnuoh cleverer
than himself, and ho was resolved not
to bo deceived by hor apparently
light-hearted Indifference to his dis
Tho breach trraduallv widened until
it becamo evident to their intimate
friends that Lord nnd Lady Bertio wero
no longer on good terms, As to their
domestic life, it Was shipwrecked, nnd
that very easily. Lady Bertio went
through her accustomed round of so
cial duties, and was just as gay and
just as bright as ovor j but sho never
saw her husband, oxcopt when ho of
fered her his arm as a matter of busi
ness. For a little whilo this amused
her rather j it was like playing in a
French comedy to have a, sulky, jeal
ous husband, and to bo consoled by a
hundred charming creatures, all ad
mirable specimens of tho various ap
moved types ot lady-killers, for conso
lation of this kind was offered on the
instant. Lady Bertio reoognised, with
a half angry and half triumphant
amusement, that tho admiration offered
her to-day was of a dilTcrent order
from that which had been hers ihreo
weeks ago. Perhaps this senso of
power, tho consciousness that thero
was abundant mockery of love ready
to hand, helped her to understand tho
value of tho real lovo which tho
world already bclioved her to havo
One morning sho sent a message to
her husband, aSkuig him to como to
her room. Ho came, nnd stood silent
ly at attention. As before, she was
looking at herself in tho glass.
"Good morning, Bertie," sho said
gayly, and turned from tho mirror to
look at him. "Don't you think this
n&nsense has gone on long onough ! I
expect in tho next twenty-four hours to
havo at least half a dozen projects of
elopement submitted for my considera
tion. Now the Duko wouldn't like a
scandal of that sort, would ho T"
"Probably not," answered Lord Ber
"Well, I don't propose to run away
just now that is, it you'll be reason
able. The present agreoablo stato of
things has dated, I believe, from the
date when I wouldn't tell you who my
friend, tho Jow, was. Now I am
going to propose terms. If I tako you
into my confidence, will you keep
what I tell you from every living
"That depends," said Lord Bertie
"Then I will not tako you into my
confidence. Consider that nothing has
been said. Wo will go on as we
were, "and things shall take their
"But I'm awfully tired of it May.
Come, say what you havo to say, and
I'll swear myself to secrecy.''
"The subject must never bo men
tioned when my maid is in the room ;
I know she talks."
"I won't forget."
"No member of tho family is to ever
hear of it ; I'll kill you if you tell your
"I have Bworn."
"Yes, I know j but you must swear
also not to tease me or drop hints."
"Well, tho Jow is coming this morn
ing and you shall assist at the inter
view, if you like Do you seo this
spot, pimple call it by any bad name
you like t"
"I seo it."
"Well, ho is going to tako it off."
"Good heavens 1 May, you don't
mean to say you'd let that man touch
"I'd be touched by by anything,
rather than have a pimple on my face.
But ho only does it with a oanv.-Ps hair
brush and somo stuff that stingj."
' "But this is radictilous nonsense, ray
"INot at all. Ho is supposed to under
stand all about tho skin, and ho has in
vented all sorts of lotions for clear
ing tho complexiou. Half the womon
you know employ him, I assure you.
Bertie j but I don't want anybody to
know I'vo come to it yet."
"But what's tho good of this absurd
secrecy 1 He'll go and tell all these
"Not ho ; he's far too wise to risk his
"There's something in that, I'vo no
doubt. Jiut I can hardly believe any
man calling himself a man can havo
such a trade."
"Well, he'll bo hero iu two minutes
you can stay and boo for yourself that
I havo spoken the truth. Aro you
going to apologizo ior the life you'vo
led mo lately r
"Not exactly j but I'll tell you what,
may. I elect myselt your complexion
clearer for tho future. We'll go yacht
ing to the Mediterranean this year.
'1 hat'U tako away the spots, and you
can throw this bnito over."
"Agreed 1" cried Lady Bertie, just
as a knock camo at the door.
Lord Beitie did not wish to assist at
tho ceremony, and ho hurried out of
ono door ns tho Jew came in tho other,
But ho oamo later in tho morning, and
went out with Lady liertio in her car
riago in tho afternoon. They seemed
absurdly contented witli each other's
society ; and tho many admirers of the
S f-,T.S T .
ucauuiui i-atiy uenio Baw very soon
that what they had takon for a serious
aitair was nothing moro than a lovers
"Lorn Bertio kept ma word : ho nover
"told, and ho took Lady Bertio to the
Mediterranean, whore they spent a sort
of second honeymoon. And at present
Lady ueitio is independent ot her Jew
ish friend h assistance.
A Liw in Optics,
Hero is a very singular illustration of
the optical delusion which a change of
position will sometimes effect :
Tako a row of ordinary capital let
ters and figures :
They are such as aro made up of two
paits of equal shapes. Look carefully
at theso and you will pcrceivo that tho
upper halves of tho characters aro
very littlo smaller than tho lotvor
halves so littlo that an ordinary oy
declares them to be of equal size. Now
turn tho paper upside down and, with
out any careful looklug, you will see
that this difference in sizo is very much
exaggerated i that the real top half of
tho letter is very much smaller than
tlm bottom half. It will bo seen from
this that thero is a tendency
to enlarge tho upper part of
upon which it looks.
iu tho oy
Lieutenant Governor Ohanncoy P. Black on
Blaine s Book.
PARTISAN I'lsKJUniCG CIsKEl'INO INTO
Tho opinions as to tho merits and
accuracy of the published tenth chap
ter of Blaine's forthcoming book with
respect to tho lato Judgo Blaik as a
member of tho Buchanan administra
tion havo differed so widely that the
J'atriol concluded to get an expres
sion from Lieutenant Governor Black
on tho subject. Tho correspondent
found Governor Black in his delightful
retreat at tho foot of the famous Brock
ic, in what ho calls his workshop. Ho
is about to publish two volumes enti
tled tho "Essays and Speeches of Jere
miah S. Black," whioh will bo a repro
duction of tho most important address
es of the Into distinguished jurist and
statesman, literary, political and foren
sic, together with his most interesting
magazino articles and tho whole scries
of brilliant controversial letters. Tho
volume will not includo any of tho au
thor's opionions as a judgo or attorney
general, will bo in no senso a record of
oflicial work, but a book which cannot
fail to interest all classes of intelligent
readers. Tho frontispieco will bo an
engraving of Judgo Black from a pho
tograph by Bradley & Ilulofson, of
San 1 rancisco. Tho lieutenant gover
nor has begun to gather materials for
tho biography of his father, but has no
hope of having it ready for the pross
before tho end of two or threo years.
Meantime, ho said, if tho correspond
ent referred to the matter it would bo
doing him a great favor to publish his
respectful but earnest appeal to all per
sons having letters over Judgo Black's
hand, of any date, to send copies or tho
originals, if not especially valued, to
his addicss at York, Pennsylvania.
OOV. lll.ACK on m.AiKi:.
When asked whether ho had read
the tenth chapter of Mr. Blaine's book,
recently published in tho newspapers,
and whether ho regardod tho statement
as to his father's course during tho last
months of Mr. Buchanan's term as be
ing just and true, Governor Black
"Certainly I havo read it. Indepen
dent of the fact that everybody reads
what Mr. Blaine has to say, whether
they liko it or not, I wets in this in
stance, for reasons quite, obvious, a lit
tle moro curious than most men. You
wished me to speak only of that which
relates to Judge Black, and I do not
want to be understood as speaking of
any other. Mr. Buchanan s fame is
under the care of his own family, and
they will doubtless look after it iu good
season. At all events they would prob
ably not thank me for interfering.
"J udgo Black was a democrat. Mr.
Blaina is a federalist, and if ho had
been wholly and perfectly fair in deal
ing with the records of a democratic
statesman, he would havo been tho hrst
federalist writer from John Marshall
dowu, who ever accomplished such a
feat of honor and decency. As it is,
he has come very near to it, and it is
pity he did not entirclv succeed.
With his portrayal of Judgo Black's
moral and intellectual character, and
ascription to him of signal and
patriotic service at tho most critical
period in tho country's history, every
ono interested in the memory of Judge
Black must bo greatly gratihed and 1
would not, if I could, suppress an nc-
nowledgement ot tho uitfiiso pleasure
which it Iws given me. fie means, 1
doubt not, lo do him political as well
as personal iustice. But it would havo
b6cn a marvel, indeed, it tho great par
tisan leader suddenly turned histori
an had failed to color his narrativo of
those important facts with somo of tho
errors his party has habitually propo
gated and tho prejudices with which it
has been saturated lor a quarter ot s
century, when ho professes to stato his
torical facts, and Judgo Black's relation
to them, ho does so with reasonable ac
curacy ; when ho draws inferences ho
draws them after his own kind. And
n ono of these gratuitous inferences
erived from no premise, excopt that
Judce Black had always been an hon-
st democrat, he docs him grievous in
nstice. umntcntiona lv. ot course,
Whilo ho concedes that after the re
moval of Anderson from Moultrie to
oumter, Judgo Blacks lnlluenco was
powerfully exerted for tho most vigor
ous measures against tho secession
movement, ho makes the impression
that at nn earlier period his attitude,
like many others, in both parties, was
different. And this is a mistake which
Mr. Blaino had no right to mako in a
work supposed to have been written
with tho deliberation of history, when
tho evidences of the truth were so
abundant and so accessible.
JUlHli; lll.ACK AND HUCIIANAN.
"Tho differences between Judgo
Black and the president which camo to
n head when tho answer to tho South
Carolina Commissioners was under
consideration, had existed all along iu
ono degree or another, and though
thoy wero differences not about ends but
methods, they appear to havo been
chronic. Judgo Black was constantly
urging tho reinforcoinent of Anderson;
ho procured the order which enabled
Audersou to move, while Mr. Buchan
an did not oven remember its terms
and his "first promptings wero to com
maim him to return. i hey wero not
in harmony on tho mcssago of Decern
ber 3. vtencral uass was much more
nearly in accord with tho president
thau was Judge Black, and uo sooner
had he offered his resignation than ho
tried to recall it. Mr. Jcucrson JJ.ivis,
you may have observed, has not shar
ed Mr. Blaine's error on this subject
llo know better, and only last year
emptied all tho vials of his wrath upon
Judgo Black's head for his belligerent
attitude toward the secessionists.
"Mr. Blaino alludes vaguely to tho
attorney general's opinion of November
'U and intimates that it propounded
heresi6s which crept into the president's
message of Deoember 3, This is an
other mistake. That opinion iB, in n
legal sense, above his criticism, No
lawyer in either party lias ovor ventur
rod in that direction, 'Its perfect sound
iil'SSj'1 said Judgo Black in ono of his
letters to tho lato Ilenrv Wilson, 'has
nover been questioned by any man
with sense enough to know his right
hand from his lelt. JHr. Blaine has
that much sense, ho has been credited
with moro and, it is for that reason
ho prudently omits to stato his objec
tions to tho document, nud I predict
that the omission will never bo sup
plied. I refer you to tho adtulrabl
THE COLUMBIAN, VOL. XVIII. NO 14
COLUMBIA DKM00HAT, VOL XLVIII, NO 6
analysis nnd conclusive vindication of
tho paper, beginning nt page 32.1, of
Mr. Curtis' lifo of James Buchanan,
It is a pity, howover. that tho
plans of both Mr. Cintls' and Mr.
Blaino's books precluded tho publica
tion of Judgo Black's 'Memorandum
for tho President,' touching tho answer
to tho South Carolina commission.
which shows the practical position of
Messrs. Black, Stanton and Holt, nud
leaves no reason for disputo concern
ing their vlows of tho powers anil du
ties of tho government at tho timo.
Hero Governor Black's attention
was called to a card signed, "J. Bu
chanan Henry," published in tho
World of tho 18th and containing tho
following paragraph :
"Tho whole and solo formation of
this malevolent tissue of
tins : w lien too president pre
pared his reply to tho audacious de
mand of the South Carolina commis
sioncrs ho made tiso of somo phraseol
ogy which Judge Black, his legal ad
viser, thought might bo subject to mis
construction on tho part of the Seces
sionists, and he asked that it might bo
modified as to those phrases so as to
clearly express what tho president nnd
tho cabinet intended, because thero
was not the least disagreement between
them upon tho great vital constitution
al questions involved. Tho president
handed the draft to Judgo Black to bo
titni-flnrl iinmurnlnkli, Wl,!., la al.n I
whole story, and Judgo Black nover
uiiMiia,in,ui,i a.iiio an luu I
told tho president that ho would re-
DI.... . , ,,..1 1 , . 1.:
rtii ui i-Ajri cnsi-is isuy tuit-iiL iu mm.
iiudgc Jiiack was not a man to tnreat-
en, or Mr. Buchanan to bo threatened.
whatever partisan enemies say of them.
Under crushing difficulties and embar
rassments, surrounded by treason and
thwarted by partisan malipo in con
gress, tho president and his loyal cabinet-were
unitedly striving to save tho
country from its deadly peril, and they
had no substantial (Inferences between
them on any of the great questions of
Governor Black said : "Mr. Henry
was, 1 believe, the president's hrst pn
vato secretary. Ho was succeeded by
James Buchanan, jr., and he, by the
lion. Auam J. lilossbrenner, who act
ed in that capacity during.the timo
covered by Mr. Henry's communica
tion. Mr. Henry is, therefore, not
specially qualified by ofhcial knowledge"
to discuss these matters. Butitissur-
prising that any one having any knowl-
edge at all of tho subject should havo got
so far astrav as lie is in this naratrranh.
When ho says 'thero was not the least
disagreement' between tho president
and Judgo Black, and Judge Black
never told the president that he would
resign, ho calmly ignoies facts perfect
ly well known and of which ho can
hardly bo supposed to be ignorant.
Mr. George Ticknor Curtis was se
lected by the personal repiesentatives
of Mr. Buchanan, Mr. Henry among
them, to wnto the life of tho president
and the book was prepared and pub
lished under tl.cir sanction. Mr. Cur
tis states in the preface that 'the whole
collection ot Ins (Mr. Buchanan s) pri
vate papers wero placed in his hands
and if any were withheld he must have
been very unfairly dealt with. Now
chapter xvui ol this book has among
other headings, Tho cabinet crisis of
December 2'Jth.' and in it tho author
narrates circumstantially the 'disagree'
ment' bo .ween tho president on the one
side, and Secretary Black, Secretary
llolt atid Attorney weueral btanton on
the other j including the announcement
to tho president of Secretary Black's
resolution to resign, at.d the conces
sion which the president thereupon
made to prevent that step being taken.
This narrative extends from page 379,
vol. ii, to page 301, when Mr. Curtis
suras it up as follows : "In all that
"related to this cabinet crisis of De
cember 29th I can see nothing but the
"prompt action of a wise statesman
"and a patriotic president in prevent
"ing a disruption of his cabinet upon a
"drait ot a stato paper m which ex
pressions had been used that might
"havo given riso to inferences which
"the president never intended should
'be drawn. Among all Mr. Buchan
"an's claims to stand in history as a
great man, bo tho criticisms made by
tho three members ot his cabinet on
his proposed answer to tho South
Carolina commissioners more or less
important, there is no one act which
better entitles him to that rank than
tho sacrifice which ho mado on this
occasion of all pride of opinion iu re
spect to the best mode of doing what
ic and Ins advisers aliko meant to do
'in order that tho country might not,
at this critical juncture, bo deprived
"ot tho services ot men whoso services
"wero important to her, and in order
that tho government of tho Union
"might not bo placed in a falso post
"I leave Mr. Henry to settle this
question of fact with Mr. Curtis. As
between lum and Mr. Blaino I have
nothing lo say except that I wish him
luck ami a safe deliverance.' "
Trench Treatment of Prisoners,
I'arls Letter In Rochester Democrat
Thero is one feature of tho French
criminal procedure that to American or
iMiglish minds seems monstrously un
just. It is the custom of regarding an
accused person as guilty until he proves
ma iiiiiKuunui;, iiiiiuii wuii uiu ijruuiiuu
of French judges acting ns prosecuting
attorney for tho state. On tho other
hand a f renclimaii naturally finds our
methods strango and ineffective. A
very intelligent French writer. M.
Darvle. who has iust published tho
most important book on Kngland since
Iannis volume, thinks tho Ktiglish
judges too lenient with tho accused
during tho trial nud loo harsh after
conviction. The French practice is lo
abuse and attack the prisoner as long
as his criminality is in doubt ; to ns
snuiQ it, in fact, in advance, and (o try
an meinoiis to entrap linn, lint whou
onca ho is found guilty ho is tivatod
with all possible consideration, and tho
French think it merciful not to let tho
doomed man know tho timo of execu
tion. When tho fatal day nriives, and
an hour or two before execution, ho is
ti-iltl tirlint iniimniia ntwl tint till tlmii
"Docs hanctner diminish tho mimher
of murdera I" Bhriokn a contemporary
otmosed to onnital DuninhmoiiL U
may not, but there Is ono thing coitain,
ss , . i : i -
it diminishes tho number of murder
fJKS Of DKiTisiNq.
1M tu s IC IT
one Inch..,..,. $aoo tiso tnoo am moo
Two Inches 300 4 00 8 00 SU) HOO
Threolnchea a on sno too lioo isoo
Kour inches 500 ?oo 900 18 oo so oo
ouarter column.. oooo 10 oo 15 co 2900
nalfcolnmn.... 1.1001 14 00 1700 an 00 so 00
onccoiumn.i,.,.i!i)oa 250) aooo 5000 10001
Ycni-lr nrtrfiritAniCnlfl vTM'oniiartTlr. Trail-
atent nilrprllHcmrnlji must bo Dald for before InwM.
cd except where parties have account.
Legal advertisements two dollars per Inch for
three Insertions, and at that rato for, additional
Insertions without reference to length. ,
Executor's. Administrator's, and Audttorsnotlcrt
three dollars. Must bo paid for when nsertcd.
Transient or Local not Iocs, ten cents a line, regu
lar advertisements halt rates.
Cards in the 'Business Directory" oolunin.onn
dollar a year for each line.
TIIK DF.IIOIUI.I7.INO EFFECT OM RAIf.ROAW
ESIl'I.OYEES 01 THIS QTJKSTIONAlr.K
Tho developments in tho recent trials
of railway conductors in Philadelphia
and elsewhero for embezzlement bring
to light a new fcaturo in tho so-called
business of ticket scalping, and explain
very clearly one of tho principal reas
ons for the crusade which is being
waged by tho railroad companies
against tho guntry whoso boast it is
that they can discount tho standard
rates of tho companies. Thero was for
a long timo tut element of myslory in
this peculiar traffic, which was partially
dispelled when tho methods of the seal-
Cers were ventilated in the courts and
y tho clear expositions of railway of-
fleers on tho subject.
T. . , . ., J:
ii is apparent mat tne scaiper de
rives somo of his support from somo of
tho various links, largo and small, of
tho longer lines between distant points.
As a matter of course, rates' by the
various lines between important centres
must be uniform, and tho longer lines
by reason of their greater length and
timo ot transit, could not, and very
properly so, hope to obtain any consid
erable proportion of tho through traffic
save by tho operations of the soalper,
who buys for tho intending traveler
who falls into his honds a regular tick-
ot by ono of tho longer routes, sells it
In l.i... f .... I.'.. 3a
ivj iiiua sua ta uuilitl ur du una tuisu at.
costs, collecting a bonus from several
of tho short lines composing this ronto
.. 1 i- If .1 . 1
asnieward for diverting the traveler
from moro direct lines, and pocketing
a fair profit on tho transaction, al
though tho passenger may not be so
fortunate, as tho greater longth of timo
consumed on tho trip, nnd consequent
increase in cost 01 meais ana Sleeping
accommodations, may moro than cover
the saving in the cost of the tioket, and
tho traveler has no compensation for
his lost time.
But this and other operations which
tho scalper Is wont to consider as "leg
itimate, ' would scarcely explain tho
inagmtudo whioh his profits must as
sume to maintain him in tho traffic, and
these lato trials furnish tho informa
tion necessary to complete a solution
of tho mystery. Tho testimony showed
that tho railway employees retained
tho tickets collected from paci.wer
and sold them at nominal rates to the
scalpors, who resold them to travelers
at a discount from standard rates, the
companies thus carrying two or moro
nassenrerA on thn namo tinkot.
These disclosures emphasize with
painful clearness tho moral character
of the scalping enterprise. For years
past it lias been the aim ot railroad
companies so to adjust their rules anJ
regulations as to relieve conductors
from even tho slightest imputation of
dishongsty. Whether this has ben
trom motives of self-interest or not, is
immaterial to the point at issue. The
result has been apparent in the esprit
du corps and the morale of their em
ployees. The feeling that, in view of
tho safeguards thrown around them,
they wero above suspicion, has wrought
a remarkable change in this class of
employees, and has mado tho position
of railway conductor a highly honora
ble, as it is responsible and exacting
calling But just as this condition of
things has been so happily consumma
ted, a new element of evil aiiscs, and
it is not strango that amongst such a
host of employees some should bo found
willing to listen to the temptings of tho
scalper, and become eventually his will
ing but guilty tools. '
in the cause ot morality, and in be
half of an important and deserving
class of railway employees, we can cor
dially endorse tho efforts of the trans
portation lines to utterly abonsh this
traffic, which has long been a misde
meanor ir this State, and we earnestly
hope that the various States will upeea
ily take cognizance of the growing evil
and, by statute similar to our own, put
tho scalper under the ban of the law
and compel railroad companies to re
deem for cash, from passengers, their
unused or partially used tickets. In
tho meantime tho traveler will do well
to consider whether he can conscien
tiously aid the scalpor or incur the risk
ot riding on a stolen ticket. l'hua
Du. Holmes on Trees. Writing to
the Cincinnati treo planters Dr. Oliver
Wendell Holmes has said : "I havo
written many verses, but tho best
poems I havo produced aro tho trees I
planted on the hillside which over
looked the broad meadows, scolloped
and rounded at their edges by loops of
tho sinuous Ilousatonic. Nature finds
rhymes for them in the recurring
measures of tho seasons. Winter strips
them of their ornaments and gives
them, as it were, in prose translation,
and summer reclothcs them in all tbe
splendid phrases of their leafy lan
guage. What are theso maples and
beeches and birches but odes and idyls
and madrigals t What aro these' pines
and firs and spruces but holy hymns,
too solemn for tho inany-hued rai
ment of their gay deciduous neigh
"Yes," said tho former, "that cow is
badly hurt and wouldn't bring $5. But
I shall get moro for her. A party of
swell city fellows aro coming down diero
to hunt, and t shall put her up in tbe
scrub pine lot and tell them deer abound
up there. Oh, she's as good as sold for
A novel lottery scheino is in prog
ress at Boyerford, Carbon county, Pa.
Twenty.fivo young men havo formed a
co-operatlvo Booiety to whioh eaoh
member of tho sooiety binds himself to
contribute ono dollar a week for ayear.
livery two weeks a fifty-dollar gold
watch, contracted for by a local jew
eller, is rallied for. Tho three watches
thus far put up have been drawn by
A towel folded several times and
dipped in hot water and quickly wrung,
and then applied over the seat of tbe
pain lu tootliaohe or neuralgia, will
generally afford prompt relief. Head
aches almost always yield to tho simul
taneous application ot not water to tho
I eel nnd the back ol the neck.
I 111 fVi-1ii (lit'Aiiifli ii tiinitisl ! .. I
'nea r paHsenL'or to kisa tho back
of w lmm with a loud, resounding
mauk. When daylight is reached ft
i . . .
onuses mo ouiur passengers to oyo each
- ouun W1UI lnui earnestness and Ulro