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A. B. HUTCHISON, i 1
FOR ST7BSCiratiffi , f4t. ADVERTISING
The "BELLEPONTE REPUBLICAN"
is published every "WEDNESDAY MORNING,
in Bellofonte, Pa.; by
A. B. HUTCHISON & 00.,
at the following rates:
One year (invariably in advance,)s2.oo
Six Months, " " " $l.OO .
Three Months,." " " 50
Single Copies.." 05
It is Republican in politics—devoted to
the Agricultural, Manufacturing and Min
ing interests of Central Pennsylvania.
Papers discontinued to subscribers at the
expiration of their terms of subscription, at
the optiim of the publishers, unless other
wise agreed upon.'
Special notices inserted in our local col
urns at 20 ail. per line for each insertion,
unless otherwise agreed upon, by the month,
quarter or year.
Editorial Notices in our local columns, 25
etc. per line for each insertion.
Marriage or Death WO nouncements
Fished free of charge. Obituary notices pub
lished free, subject to revision and conden
sation-by the Editors.
Professional 'or Business Cards, not cx
eeediug 10 Jines_this type, $B.OO Per annum.
Advertisements of 10 lines, or less, $l.OO
for one insertion, and 5 cts. per lino for each
Advertisements by the quarter, half-year
or year received, and liberal deductions
made in proportion to length of advottise
'lnuit and length of time of insertion, as fol
One in h(or 10 lines this typo)
Titre - inches
quaiier column (or 5 inches)
Half column (or 11 inches).....
this column (or 22 inches).....
Ali advertisements, whether displayed or
blank lines, measured by lines of ibis type.
All advertisements dne after the first in
-Tel , Work of every variety, such as Pos
ters, =la-heads, Lotter heads,Cards, Cheeks,
Envelopes, Paper Books, Programmes,
Blanks, &c., &0., executed in the best style
with promptness, and at the most reasona
Address eemnaunieutions relating to
business of this_ofiltee, to
A. B. HUTCRIS.ON & CO.,
Bellefonte Masonic Lodge, No 2.118. A. Y. M,
meet= CD Tuesday evening er or beforetbe
Constans Conavlandery. No. 37. K. T ,
meets second Friday of each nr=nth.
I. 0. 0. P. Centre Lodge. No 153, meets
every Thursday evening nt their Hall,
Forthe conferring of Degrees the lot Sat
urday evening of each in ‘nth.
Fee Degree of Rebecca, second Saturday of
I. 0. G. Lodge meets every Mon
, ay evening.
Bellefonte Church Directory
Proshyterian clitirch. Spring; St., serf ices at
at 11 a. in., and 7.1. p. : No pastor
at present. This rra:zrezation arc
now erecting s now church, in Coll`:f.lylerlie
of which the rc , tnlar religious services will
be Enid in the Cuutt Llouse until further
Methodist Episcopal Church, Ilizh St., ser
vices 10/ a. In., and 71 p. In. Prayer
meeting on Thursday nigh:. Rev. Jar.
St. John's Episcopal Church. High St.. ser
vices at 10/ a. In., and 7/ p. In. Rev.
Byron McGann, pastor.
Lutheran Church, Linn St., services 10/ a.
la , and 7/ p. in. Rev. J. it. Ilackenberger,
Reformed Church, Linn St., no pastor at
Catholic Church, Bishop St : nrvices 101
a. m., and 3p. m. Rev. T. McGovern,
United Brethren Church, High Street, west
side of creek; services—
African M. B. Church, west side of creek ;
services ai 11 v.. in., anti 7 p. in. Rev.
Isaac Pineell, pastor.
BAKERY AND CONFECTION-
- x - r Ev.
BUSH'S ARCADE, HIG II STREET,
Z. T. GUDYKUNST
Having purchased from ACiam Horkheimer,
his first class Bakery and Confectionery,
and having added largely to his stock. is
now preparcd to furnish the public with
good fresh BREAD, PIES, CAKES, CON
PECTIONS, and everything in his line. at
all times. In connection with the above, is
FIRST-CLASS ICE CREAM SALOON
for Ladies and •Gentlermen, which will be
open daring the summer. Pic-nics, private
parties, Sc., can be supplied with all kinds
of Confections, Ice Cream, Cakes and Fruits
en cry short notice.
wyi4l'69-Iy. Z T. GUDYRUNST.
- N BAKEItY.
The undersigned respect
fully incites the attention of the citizens of
11.:11cfmte and vicinity ; to his
en Bishop Street, as the only plane where
the best quality of
MINCE MEAT cfeur own
The best and neatest Ice Cream accom
modations in the town. A room neatly fur
nisb.ed and carpeted, on first floor, for la
dies and gentlemen, and a room on second
floor for private parties—ladies and gentle
men. lle prides himself on the superior
Mquality and flavor of his Ice Cream, and
ost cordially invites his friends and the
public generally,to call and realize the truth
of the assertion, that McDowell makes the
best Ice Cream in town.
jai:3%9.ly. S. J. MoDOWELL,
B AKERY & CONFECTIONERY
ALLEGHENY ST., BELLEFONTE, PA.
The undersigned would hereby respect
fully inform the citizens of Bellefonte and
vicinity,that ho is prepaicd to furnish at all
FRESH . BREAD, CAKES OF all KINDS,
PIES, &c., tc:c.,
CANDIES, SPICES, NUTS, FRUITS,
and anything and everything belonging to
Lis business. lie has recently completed a
large and commodious addition to his build
ing, and has furnished it in a style surpass
ia,g anything of the kind in the town, where
ladies and gentlemen can, during the sum
mer month, be accommodated with the very
BEST OF ICE CREAM.
]laving had years of experience in the busi
r.ess, he flatters himself that he can guaran
tee satisfaction to all who may favor h'm
; :ith their patronage.
. lv. J. 11. SANDS.
Bishop street, Belletonte;Pa,
Convenient and suitable for Boarders and
the Traveling Public.
Pare, reasonable, and on time. Especial at
tention paid to the wants of guests.
W. J. HOSTERMAN.
sept. lb, '69—tf. Propriet
ALLEGHENY ST., BELLE ; FONTE,- PA.
(Opposite the Brockerhoff House.)
A. HOTEL ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN,
Licensed by the Court of ; Centre County.
FIRST CLASS BAR, RESTAURANT,
ROOMS AND STABLING.
AN EXCELLENT BILLIARD ROOM,
with 3 tnbles, new and in perfect condition,
(lira° the 'Conrad House a trial.
H. H. KLINE.
jy2l'69 ly. Proprietor
TLe undersigned adopts this method of
informing his friends and the public gener
ally that ho continues to keep the Hotel on
the corner of Allegheny and Bishop Sts.,
known by the cognomen of
The Proprietor has spared no pains in fur
nishing the house with new furniture. The
beds and bedding are tho very best; the
rooms commodious and well ventilated. The
accommodations, boarding. are equal to
any of the high priced .14. tels. Only 25
cents for meals. Thankful foe past favors,
he solicits their continuance; and • promises
satisfaction to all.
marl7'69-Iy. WM. BROWN, Propr.
ATIONAL 110 TEL
MILLIIEIM, CENTRE COUNTY, PA.
The undersigned adopts this inethod of
informing the travelling community, and
citizens generally, that he has refitted and
furnished anew throughout, with first class
furniture, this well known and established
house—the NATIONAL HOTEL, Milli - mini,
Pa. Ho is well prepared to furnish first
class accommodations to all who desire to
make a hotel their Home, or pleasant tem
porary abode. The custom of the travelling
public, and the surrounding country, is re
spectfully solicited. Courteous and atten
tive s e rvants ar c , eag:igtd at this popular
Hotel. The Stablint , is the very best. and
none hut eirerul and accommodating Hust
lers are emplo:•ed.
_ _ _
jr14 . 69-Iv. Prop'?
Di igASANT GAP HOTEL.
dersigr•.nd having p , rchased the Hotel prop
erty at Pleasant Gap, adopts this method of
inforinint; h friends in part cular,' and the
travel Eng community generally, that he has
refs ted and furnished hi: house in the best
will be supplied with the heat the market
will afford ; and
with the best of Liquors
is the very best, and the proprietor prides
hinesslf therefore, upon the fact that his ac
commodations; both for man and beast, can
not be surpa z apd by any Hotel in the coun
try. his old friends, as well as strangers
and travellers, are most cordially invited t ,
ALLEGHENY ST., BELLEFONTE, PA
HOUSEAL & KBOM, Proprietors.
A FVZST CLA BS iIOTEL--COB VORTA 11!, 11001(S,
ALL THE MODERN CONVENIENCES,
AND REASONABLE CHARGES.
The proprietors offer to the traveling
public, and to their country friends,first
class accommodations and careful at
tention to the wants of guests at all times
at fair rates. Careful hostlers and good sta
bling for horses. An excellent table well
served A Bar supplied with fine li
quors. Servants well trained and every
thing requisite in a first class Hotel. Our
location is in the business part of the town,
near the Post Office, the Court House, the
Churches. the Banks, and the principal pla
ces of business, renders it the most el
igible place fur those who visit Belle
forte on business or for pleasure. An
OMNIBUS WILL CARRY PASSENGERS
and baggage to and from all trains free of
DAN'L GARMAN, Prup'r
This long established and well known IL
tel. situated on the southeast corner of the
Diamond, opposite the Court House, having
been purchased by the undersigned, he an
nounces to the former patrons of this estab
lishment and to the traveling public goner
ally, that he has thoroughly refitted his
house, and is prepared to render the most
satisfactory accommodation to all who may
favor him with their patronage. No pains
will be spared on his part to add to the con
venience or comfort of his guests. All who
stop with him will find
His TABLE abundantly supplied with the
most sumptuous fare the market will afford,
dene up in style, by the most experienced
His BA.n will always contain the choicest
His STABLIke. is best in town, and will al
ways be attendedbythemest trust worthy and
Give him a call, ono and all, and he feels
c!nficient that all will be satisfied with their
AN EXCELLENT LIVERY
is attached to this establishment, which
strangers from abroad will find greatly to
their advantage. ja6'69.ly.
B ELLEFONTE MEAT MARKET
BISHOP STREET, BELLEFONTE P.. 4
The oldest Meat Market in Bellefonte.—
Choice meat of all kinds always on hand.
B. V. BLACK.
Ik/ILESBURG CARRIAGE WORKS
SHIRER & WILLIAMS,
MILESBURG, CENTRE CO., PENN'A.,
LIGHT CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, PLAT-
FORM SPRING WAGONS & SLEIGHS
Repairing done with neatness and despatch
SHORT NOTICE AND WARRANTED
to give entire satisfaction
WM. ICK HOFF,
Pleasant Gap, Pa
All work- done at
"Let us See to it, that- Gzvernment of the Peopie;for the People, and by the People, shall not Perish from the Earth."
l ur S. GRAHAM, Fashionable Barber,in
IVA, Basement of the Conrad Hcuse Belle
fonte, Pa. The best of Razors, sharp .and
keen, always• on hand. He guarantees a
SHAPE without either pulling or pain.—
Perfumery, Hair Oils, Hair Restoratives,
Paper . Collars, &c., constantly on hand.
AARUN R. PAT:U...7. T. SALMONS. LEVI R RAM'.
PAUP, SALMONS kCO.; Contractors
and Bricklayers, Bellefonte, Pa., adopt
this method of informing those wishing to
build that they will furnish Brick and lay
them, by the job, or by the thousand. Will
set Heaters, and do all kinds of work in
their branch of Business. ja20'69.1y.
• JEREMIAH FASIC,
HOUSE & PURNITURE PAINTER
Paper Hanger and Sign Painter.
All kinds of Graining and fancy Painting
done to order at the lowest sates and in the
best style. Orders left at Irwin cb Wilson's
Hardware store will receive immediate at
e j P. ODENKIRK,
ARTMAN, DILLINGER" & COMPANY,
ko. 104, NORTH THIRD ST., PHIL'A.
Two Doors above Arch, formerly'226,
MANUFACTURERS AND JOBBERS IN
Carpets, Oil Coths,Oil Shades,Wiek Yarn,
Cotton Yarns, Carpet Chains, Grain Bags,
Windoiv Paper, Batting, Jr..e.
Also, WOODEN AND WILLOW WARE.
Brooms, Brushes:, Looking Glasses, ,te.,
L OSE'S LIVERY STABLE.
ed having entered into partnership in the
Livery Business, under the firm name of
Isaac Lt.so & Son, adopt this method of in
forming the people of Bellefonte, and the
public generally, that they will carry on the
business in the Burnside Stable. It is thei
determination to keep the very best
HORSES, BUGGIES AND CARRIAGES,
and to hire them out at the most reasonable
rates. Thankful for the kindness and favor
they have received from the community in
the past they will make it their chief object
to merit the continuance of the same.
apri4'69 ly. GEO. A. LOSE.
T HE WINCHESTER RIFLE(IB shiqs,)
DREECH-LOADING RIFLE , ; AND SNOT GUNS
DOUBLE AND SINGLE RIFLES,
Shot Guns, Revolvers and other Pistols
Also, Repairin . g done
AT DESCHNER'S GUN SHOP,
Bush's Arcade, High St., Bellefonts, Pa
IirUSIC, DRAWING AND PAINTING
Mug. M. S. DUNHAM
havine been a successful teacher of Vocal
anl Instrumental Music—Piano, Melodian,
Organ and thorough Bass—Painting and
Drawing, for the last twelve years, is now
prepared to admit a few more scholars to
her school, upon reasonable terms.
Having recently received a splendid new
Piano, of a celebrated Buston manufacture,
which,pupils not having instruments of their
ewn to practieo on, can have the LEO of.
Thankful for the liberal patronage here
tofore received, she hopes to merit a contin
uance of the same. Rooms up one eight of
stairs, over Centre Co. Banking House, on
Allegheny street. Also, agent for all kinds
of good Musical Instruments. Address, or
call on her at her rooms, at Bellefonte, Pa..
W"• - TRIPPLE,
BUSH'S ARCADE, UP STAIRS,
Having just received,from Philadelphia, a
large stock of Broad Cloth,Cassimers,and an
extensive variety of Spring and Summer
Goods, I am prepared to furnish my friends
and customers, the very best at the most
My thanks are due those who have patron
ized me for many years, and a cordial invita
tion is berely extended the public generally,
to call and examine my Goods and Prices
before purchasing elsewhere. I am also
prepared, at all times, to make up Goods
furnished by customers. All suits warran
ted to fit..
myl2'69 ly W. S. TRIPPLE.
GEORGE BLY3fTER ANDREW BLYMYER
JACOB C. BLYMYER JOE. P. BLYMYER.
GEORGE BLYMYER S. SON'S,
having taken possession of the Warehouse at
MILROY, MIFFLIN COUNTY, PENN.,
beg leave to announce to-the citizens of Cen
tre county that they are prepared to buy
ALL RINDS OF GRAIN
lIIGRESI MARKET PRICES.
SALT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
COAL AND PLASTER AL WA YS ON
hand. Thankful for past favors, we solicit
a continuanoe of the same.
M ERCHANT TAILORING,
No. 7, BROCKEHOFF'S. ROW
The undersigned takes pleasure in inform
ing the citizens of Centre county and the
public generally, that he is just opening a
SPLENDID AND RICH ASSORT) ENT
OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
Which he is prepared to make to order in
the latest and most fashionable .tyles, for
men or boys. Goods sold by the piece or by
the yard. He also keeps on hand a full
GENTS FURNISHING GOODS,
of every style and description.
He is also agent for the celebrated
SINGER SEWING MACHINE.
ja6'69.ly 30IIN MONTGOMERY
BELLEFONTE, PA., DEC. 15, 1869.
r G. LOVE, Attorney at Law,
Z Bellefonte, Pa. Office on High St.
TAIVIN.S H. RANKIN, Attorney at
D J Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Office in Armory
building, 2nd floor. ja6'69.ly.
E. C. minas, Preet. J. P. HARRIS, Citeler
MIIRST NATIONAL BANK Of Bellefonte
1 Allegheny St., Bellefonte Pa. ja6'69.
N. M ALLISTER. JAMES A. BEATER.
1/pALLISTER de,- BEAVER, Attorneys
...lj_ at-Law, Bellefonte Penn'a. ja6'69.ly,
EDMUND BLANCHARD. EVAN M. BLANCHARD.
Ti 41 E. M. BLANCHARD, Attorneys-at
-12.1. Law, Allegheny St., Bellefonte, Pa.
WW. BROWN, Attorney-at-Law,
Bellefonte, Penn's., will attend
promptly to all business entrusted to his
JoMt H. OWTiS. cvntis T. ALEXANIMR.
/IRV'S & ALEXANDER, Attorneys-at
kJ Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Office in Conrad
House, Allegheny St. jaG'69,ly.
WJ. KEALSH, Attorney-at
. Law, Bellefonte, Pa., will attend
faithfully to all business entrusted to his
care. Deeds, Bonds, Ace, executed in the
best style. marlo'69 3m.
TT RIAH STOVER, Licensed Autioneer,
J will attend to all sales entrusted to his
care. Charges reasonable. Address, Uriah
stoyer, Houserville, Centre Co., Pa.
A lIGUSTIIS HIBLER M. D., 'Physician
lA_ and Surgeon. Office at his residence
rear the Quaker Meeting House. Will attend
to all business in his profession at 11 times
and at all hours. jel6'69 ly.
GEORGE F. HARRIS, M. D., Physician
and Surgeon; Pension Surgeon for Cen
tre oounty, will attend promptly to all pro
fessional calls. Office on Hight St., bbirth
WM. A. ARMSTRONG SAMUEL LINN.
ARMSTRONG & LINN, Attor
neys-at Law. Williamsport, Pa., will
attend; promptly, to all business entrusted
to their care. jyl4'6o-Iy.
TAS. H. DOBBINS, Physician and
ti Surgeon. Office up-stairs in J. B. Mc-
Clure's new Building, Bishop St., Bellconte,
Pa. Will attend to all business in his pro
fession, faithfully at all times, and all hours.
A B. HUTCHISON A: CO'S. Job Print
ing Office, " Republican" Building,
Bishop St., Bellefonte, Penn'a. Every De
scription ofPlain and Fancy printing done
in the neatest manner, and at prices below
city rates. ja6'69.
- nll. E. D. TIPPLE, Homcepathie Phys
ician and Surgeon, continues to prat
tiro his profession as heretofore, and expects
to in the future notwithstanding. Office in
First Ntional Bank Building, Bellefonte,
DUSII IL - YOCUM, Attorneys-at-Law,
1.) fonte, Pa., will attend to all busi
ness entrusted to them, with promptness.—
Offlito on Nuttheast Corner of the Diamond,
in Mrs. Irvin's stone building_ jal3's9 y.
WILSON tit HUTCHISON, Attorneys
at Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Collections,
all other and legal business in Centre and
the adjoining Counties, promptly attended
to. Office in Blanchard's Law building, Al
legheny street. ja6'69.
D LAIR & STITZEB, Attorneys-at• Law,
Bellefonte, Pa. Can be consulted in
both the English and German languages.—
Office on the Diamond, next door to Gar
man's Hotel. feblo'39.ly.
rIENTItE CO. BANKING COMPANY.—
Receive Deposits and allow Interest;
Discount Notes; Buy and Sell Government
Securities, Gold and Coupons.
HENRY BROCKERHOFF, President.
J. D. SRLIGERT, Cashier. jal3'69y.
(1120. L. POTTER, M. D., Physi
'34 cian and Surgeon, offers his profession
al services to the citizens of Bellefonte and
vicinity. Office removed to house formerly
occupied by Mrs. Livingston, on Spring st,
two doors South of Presbyterian church.
1 OHN F. POTTER,Attorney at law
P. Collection promptly made and special
attention given to those having lands or
property for sale. Will draw up and have
acknowledged deeds, mortgages, &c. Office
in Garman's new building, opposite the
Court louse. 0ct27'69-3m.
Viir.M. BROWN, Licensed Auction
eer, hereby informs the public that
he holds himself in readiness at all times, to
attend to all Auctions, Vendues, or Public
Sales of personal or Real Estati. Charges
reasonable. Call on, or address, William
Brown, Bellefonte, Pa. marl7'69-Iy.
BELFORD, D. D. S., Practical
Lie Dentist; office in Armory Building,
over Irwin & Wilson's Hardware Store, Al
legheny St. Dr. B. is a graCuate of the Bal
timore College of Dental Surgery, and re
spectfully offers his professional services
to the citizens of Bellefonte and vicinity.—
Can be found at his residence except during
the last week of each month. aprl4'69-Iy.
GE. CHANDLER, M. D., Homeopathic
r Physician and Surgeon, Bellefonte,
Penn'a. Office-2nd floor, over Harper &
Bro's Store. Residence at the office.
I?eferenceB.—Hon. C. A. Mayer, Pres.
jnage of Lock Haven, L. A. Mackey, Pres.
First National Bank, J. V. V. Whaley, of
the Clinton Democrat, E. D. Macky, Teller
First National Bank. Sept. 15,'99—tf.
JW. RHONE, DENTlST,Boalsburg Cen
tre Co.,Pa.,most respectfullyinforms the
public that he is prepared to execute any
description • f work in his profession Sat
isfaction rendered, and rates as moderate
as may be expected. Will be found in
his office during the week, commencing on
the first Monday of each month, and at
such other times as may be agreed upon.
INSURANCE -LIFE k FlRE.—Joseph
A. Rankin of !his Borough, insures prop
erty for the following Stock and Mutual
companies, viz: Lycotning Mutual. York
Company, Pa., Insurance of North America,
Enterprise, and Girard of Phila., Pa., Home,
of New Haven, and any other reliable com
pany desired. Also, Provident Life Compa
ny of Phil'a., and other good Life Compa
nies. ji 6'6 9.1. y.
JF. HOLAHAN, Physician and
Surgeon, having removed from Empori
um, Cameron county, has located in Miles
burg, Centro county, Pa., where ho will
faithfully attend to all business entrusted to
him in his Professlon. Office in his residence
on Main St., where he can always be seen
unless professionally engaged. In his ab
sence from home, orders may be left at the
store of Thos. Holahan. .marl 0'69-Iy.
T• D. 'WIN GATE D. D. S., Dentist, Of
tj corner of Spring, and High, st.,
Bellefonte Pa.—Thankful for past favors,
would respectfully solicit a continuance of
the same. Has the right for Centre County
to use Dr. S. Stuch's patented improvement
putting up dental plates. That this is an
improvement we have the written testimony
of many of the best and most talented Phy
sician in the United. totes. Office rights
far sale. ja6'69-Iy.
GEO. M. YOCUM
[C ON TIN UED. ]
WAsHINGTON, D. C., Nov. 6, '69.
To the Senate and House of Representa
OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS
I have always felt that the most in
timate relations should be cultivated
between the Republic of the United
States and all independent nations on
this continent. It may be well worth
considering whether new treaties be
tween us and them may not be profit
ably entered into to secure intimate re
lations, friendly, commercial and oth
The subject of an inter-oceanic canal
to connect the Atlantic and Pacific
oceans, through the Isthmus of Darien
is one in which commerce is greatly
interested. . Instructions have been
given to our minister to the Republic
of_ the United States of Columbia to
endeavor to obtain authority for a
survey by this Government, in order
to determine the practicability of such
an undertaking, and a charter for the
right of way to build by private enter
prise such a work if the survey proves
it to be practicable.
In order to comply with the agree
ment of the United States as to a
mixed commission at Lima, for the
adjustment of claime,it became neces
sary to send a Commissioner to Lima
in August last. No appropriation
having been made by Congress for
this purpose, it is now asked that one
be made covering the past and
future expenses of the commission.
The good offices of the United States
to bring about a peace between Spain
and the South American republics,
with which she is at war having been
accepted by Spain, Peru and Chili, a
Congress has been invited to be held
in Washington during the present
A grant has been given to Eu
ropeans of an-exclusive right of transit
over the territory of Nicaragua, to
which Costa Rica has given its assent,
which it is alleged, conflicts with ves
ted rights of citizens of the United
States. The Secretary of State has
now the subject under consider
The Minister of Peru having made
representations that there was a state
of war between Peru and Spain, and
that Spain was constructing in and
near New York thirty gunboats,
which might be used by Spain in
such a way as to relieve the naval
force at Cuba, so as to - opgrate against
Peru, orders were given to prevent
their departure. No further steps
having been taken by the representa
tive of the. Peruvian Government to
prevent the departure ofthese vessels
and I not feeling authorized to detain
the property of a nation with which
we are at peace on a mere executive
order, the matter has been referred to
the courts to decide.
The conduct of the war between the
allies and Republic of Paraguay has
made the intercourse with that coun
try so difficult that it has been deemed
advisable to withdraw our representa
tive from the country.
THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN
Towards the close of the last admin
istration, a convention was signed at
London for the settlement of all out
standing claims between Great Britain
and the United States which failed tore
ceive the advice and consent of the Sen
ate to its ratification. The time and the
circumstances attending the negotiation
of the treaty were favorable to its ac
ceptance by the people of the United
States, and its provisions were wholly
inadequate for the settlement of the
grave wrongs that had been sustained
by this Government, as well as by the
citizens. The injuries resulting to the
United States by reason of the course
adopted by Great Britain during our
late civil war, increased rates of insur
ance, in the diminution of exports and
imports, and other obstructions to do
mestic industry and productions, in its
effect upon the foreign commerce of the
country, in the decrease and transfer to
Great Britain of our commercial marine,
in the prolongation of the war and in
creased cost both in treasure and in lives
in its suppression, could not be adjusted
and satisfied, as ordinary commercial
claims which continually arise between
commercial nations, and yet the conven
tion located them simply as such ordi
nary claims, from which they differmore
widely in the gravity of their character
than in the magnitude of their amount.
Great even as is that difference, not a
word was found in the treaty, andnot an
inference could be drawn from it to re
move the sense of unfriendliness of the
course of Great Britain in our struggle
for existence, which had so deeply and
universally impressed itself upon the
people of Ilia country. Believing that a
conviction thus misconceived in its scope
and inadequate in its provisions, would
not have produced the hearty, cordial
settlement of pending questions, which
alone is consistent with the relations
which I desire to have established be
tween the United States and Great Brit
ain, I regarded the action of the Senate
in the rejection of the treaty to have been
wisely taken in the interest of peace,and
as a necessary step in the direction of a
perfect and cordial friendship between
the two countries. A sensitive people,
conscious of their power, are more at
ease under a great wrong, wholly una
toned, than under the restraint of a set
tlement which satisfies neither their ideas
of justice, nor their grave sense of the
grievances they have sustained. The re
jection of the treaty was followed by a
state of public feeling on both sides,
which I thought not favorable to au at
tempt at renewed negotiations. I, ac
cordingly, so instructed the Minister of
the United States to Great Britain, and
found that my views in this regard were
shared by Her Majesty's ministers. I
hope that the time may soon arrive when
the two countries can approach the eolu-
tion of this momentous question with an
assurance of what is due to the rights,
dignity and honor of each, and with the
determination not only to remove the
clauses of complaint in the past, but to
lay the foundation of a broad principle
of public law which will prevent future
difference, and tend to firm and contin
ued peace and friendship. This is now
the only grave question which the 'United
States have with any foreign nation.
The question of the treaty for red-.
prooitybetween the United States and
the British Provinces on this continent
has pot been favorably considered by the
administration. The advantage of such
a treaty would be wholly in favor of the
,British producer, except, possibly, a few
engaged in the trade between the two
sections. No citizen of the United States
would be benefitted by reciprocity. Our
internal taxation would prove a protect
ion to the British producer almost equal
to the protection which our manufactur
ers now receive from the tariff. Some
arrangement, however, for the regula
tion of commercial intercourse between
the United States and the Dominion of
Canada may be desirable.
The Commission for adjusting the
claims of the Hudson Bay and Puget's
Sound Agricultural Company upon the
United States has terminated its labors.
The award of six hundred and fifty
thousand dollars has beeia made, and all
titles of the Company in the territory of
the United States have been extinguish
ed. Deeds for the property of the Com
pany have been received. An appro
priation by Congress to meet this sum is
THE NORTHWESTERN LAND BOUNDARY
The Commissioners for determining
the northwestern land boundary between
the United States and the British pos
sessions under the treaty of 1856 have
completed their labors, and the commis
sion has been dissolved.
In conformity with the recommenda
tion of Congress, a proposition was early
made to the. British Government to abol
ish the mixed courts created under the
treaty of April 7, 1862, for the suppres
sion of slave trade, and the subject is
still under negotiation.
It having come to my knowledge that
a corporate company, organized under
British laws, proposed to land upon the
'shores of the United States, and to ope
rate there a submarine cable under a
concession from his Majesty, the Emper
or of the French, of an exclusive right
for twenty years of telegraphic commu
nication between the shores of France
and the United States, with the very ob
jectionable feature of subjecting all
messages conveyed thereby to the sover
eignty and the control of the French
Government. I caused the French and
British Legations at Washington to be
made acquainted with the probable poli.
cy of Congress on the subject, as fore
shadowed by the bill which passed the
Senate in March last. This drew from
the representatives of the company an
agreement to accept, as the basis of their
operations, the provisions of the bill, or
of such oilier enactment on the subject
as might be gassed during the approach
ing session of Congress; also, to use
their influence to secure from the French
Government a modification of their con
cession, so as to permit the landing upon
French soil of any cable belonging to
any company incorporated by the au
thority of the• United States, or of any
State in the Union, and on their part not
to oppose the establishment of any such
cable. In consideration of this agree
ment. I directed the withdrawal of all
opposition by the United States authori
ties to the landing of the cable, and to
the working of it, until the meeting of
Congress. I regret. to say that there has
been no modification made in the compa
ny's concession, nor so far as I can learn.
have they attempted to secure one.—
Their concessions exclude the capital
and the citizens of the United States from
competition upon the shores of France.
I recommend legislation to protect the
rights of citizens of the United States,
as well as the dignity and sovereignty
of the nation against such an assump
tion. I shall also endeavor to secure by
negotiation an abandonment of the prin
ciple of monopolies in ocean telegraph
cables. Copies of this correspondence
are herewith furnished.
FR.4IIDS OF FOREIGNERS
The unsettled political condition of
other countries less fortunate than our
own sometimes induces their citizens to
come to the United States for the sole
r urpose of becoming naturalized. Hav
ing required citizenship they return to
their native country and reside there
without disclosing their change of alle
giance. They except official positions
of trust or honor which can only be held
by citizens of their native land. They
journey under passports describing them
as such citizens, and it is only when civ
il discord, after perhaps years of quiet,
threatens them or threatens their per
sons or their property, or when their na
tive State drafts them into its military
service, that the fact of their change of
allegiance is made known. They reside
permanently from the Milted States,they
contribute nothing to its revenues, they
avoid the duties of its citizenship, and
they only make themselves known by a
claim of protection. I have directed
diplomatic and consular • officers of the
United States to sorutiuize carefully all
such claims of protection. The citizens
of the United States whether, native or
adopted, who discharges his duty to his
country, is entitled to its complete pro
protection. While I have a voice in the
direction of affairs, I shall not consent
to impair the sacred right by conferring
it upon Actitious or fraudulent claim
PROTECTION TO &MIGRANTS
On the accession of the present ad
ministration it was found that the Min
ister for North Germany had many prop
ositions for negotiation of a convention
for the protection of emigrant passen
gers, to which no response had been giv
en. It was concluded that to be effec
tual all the maratime powers engaged in
the trade should join in such a measure.
Invitations have been extended to the
Cabinets of London, Paris, Florence,
Berlin, Brussels, Hague, Ccibenhagan
and Stockholm to overpower their repro
sentativos at Washington to simultane
ously enter into negotiation, and to con
clude with the United States conventions
identical in form, making uniform regu
lations-as to the construction of the parts
of vessels to be devoted to the use of em
igrant passengers, as to the quality and
quantity of food, as to the medical treat
ment of the sick,to the rules to be observ
ed during the voyage in order to secure
ventilation,to promote health,to prevent
intrusion, and to protect the females,and
providing for the establishment of tri
bunals in the several countries for en
forcing such regulations by summary
Your attention is respectfully called
to the law regulating the tariff on Prus
sian hemp, and to the question whether
to fix the charges on Russian hemp high
er than they are fixed upon manilla, is
not a violation of our treaty with Rus
sia, placing her products upon the same
footing with those of the most favored
Our manufactures are increasing with
wonderful rapidity,under the encourage
ment which they now receive with the
improvements in machinery already ef
fected, and still increasing, machinery
to take the place of skilled labor to a
large extent, our imports of many arti
cles must, fall off largely within a very
few years. Fortunately, too, many man
ufactures are not confined to a few lo
calities as formerly, and it is to be hop
ed they will become more and more dif
fused, making the interest in them equal
in all sections. They give employment
and support to hundreds of thousands of
people at home, and retain with us the
means which otherwise would be ship
ped abroad. The extension of railroads
in Europe and the east is bringing into
competition with our agricultural pro
ducts like products of other countries.—
Self interest, if not self preservation,
therefore, dictates caution against dis
turbing any industrial interest of the
country. It teaches us, also, the neces
sity of looking to other markets for the
sale of our supplies.
OUR RELATIONS WITH CHINA., &CI
Our neighbors South of the United
States and China and Japan should re
ceive our special attention, It will be
the endeavor of the administration to
cultivate such relatibiis with all these
nations as to entitle us to their confi
dence, and make it their interest,as Well
as ours, to establish better commercial
relations. Through the agency of a more
enlightened policy than that heretofore
pursued towards China, largely due to
the sagacity and efforts of One of our own
distinguished citizens,the world is about
to commence largely increased relations
with that populous and hitherto exclu
sive nation. As the United States have
taken the initiatory in the new path, so
they should be the most earnest in show
ing their good faith in making it a suc
cess. In this Connection I advise such
legidlatithi as will forever preclude the
enslavement of the Chinese upon our
soil under the name of coolies, and silo
prevent American vessels from engiging
in the transportation of coolike to any
country tolerating the syst em . I a l so
recommend that ihe niission to China be
raised to one of the first elatie.
On my assuming the responsibility of
Chief Magistrate of the United States it
was with the conviction that three things
were essential to its peace, prosperity
and fullest development. First among
these is strict integrity in fulfilling our
obligations. Seoond, to secure protec•
tion to the person and property of the
citizens of our common country wherev
er he may choose to move without refer
ence to original nationality,religion,col
or or policies ) demanding of him only
obedience to the claims and proper re
spect for the rights of others. Third,
union of all the States, with equal rights
indistructible by any constitutional
means. To secure the first of these, Con
gress has tsken two essential steps,—
First, in declaring by joint resolution
that the public debt should be paid,prin
cipal and interest in coin ; second.
by providing the means for paying it.—
To secure the defeat desired, with a
proper administration of the laws for col
lection of the revenues, and economical
disbursement of them to this object, the
administration has most earnestly ad
dressed itself with good results, and I
believe satisfactory to the country.—
There has been no hesitation in chang
ing officials in order to secure efficient
execution of the laws, and sometimes,
too, where, in a mere party view, unde
sirable political results were likely to
follow, for any hesitation in sustaining
efficient officials against remonstrances
wholly political. It may be well to men
tion here the embarrassment possible to
arise from leaving on the statute books
the so-called tenure•of•office act, and to
earnestly recommend its total repeal.—
It could not have been the intention of
VOL, 1, NO. 49.
the framers of the Constitution when
providing that appointments made by
the President should receive the consent
of the Senate, that the latter should have
the power to retain in office, persons
placed there by Federal apopiatments
against the will of the President. The
law is inconsistent with a faithful and ef
ficient administration of the goverproont.
What faith can the Executive put in offi
cials forced upon him, and these, too,
whom he has suspended for reason?—
How will such officials be likely to serve
an adminstration which they know does
not trust them ? For the second requi
site to growth and prosperity, time and
a firm but humane admininistration of
existing laws, amended from time to time
as they may_prove ineffective, or prove
harsh and unnecesary, are probably all
that are required: The third cannot be
attained by special legislation, but must
be regarded as fixed by the Constitution
itself, and gradually acquiesced in by
force of public opinion.
THE NEW INDIAN POLICY
From the foundation of the Govern
ment to the present, the management of
the original inhabitants of 'this conti
nent, the Indians, have been a subject
of embarrassment and expense, and has
been attended with continuous robberies,
murders and ware. From my own ex
perience upon the frontiers and Indian
countries, I de not hold either legisla
tion or the conduct of the whites who
come most in contact with Indians blame
less for these hostilities. The past, how
ever, cannot be undone, and the question
must be met as we now find it. I have
attempted a new policy towards these
wards of the nation—they cannot be re
garded in any other light than as wards
—with fair results, so far as tried, and
which I hope will be attended ultimate
ly with great success. The Society of
"Friends" is well known as having suc
ceeded in living in peace with the Indi
ans in the early settlement of Pentisyl
uania, while their white neighbors of
other sects in other sections were con
stantly imbroiled. They are also known
for their opposition to all strife, violence
and war, and are generally noted for
their strict integrity and fair dealing.—
These considerations induced me to give
the management of a few reservations of
Indians to them, and to throw the bur
den of agents upon the Society itself.—
The result has proved most satisfactory.
It will be found more fully set forth in
the report of the Commissioner of Indian
Affairs. For Superintendents and In
dian Agents., not on reservations, officers
of the army were selected. The reas
ons for this are numerals. When Indian
agents are sent there, or near there,
troops must be sent also. The agent
and the commander of troops are inde
pendent of each other, and are subject
to orders from different departments of
the Governknent. The army officer holds
a position for life; the agent one at the
will of the President: The former is
personally interested in living in har
mony with the Indians, and in the es
tablishment of a permanent peace, to the
end that seine portion of his life may be
spent within the limits of oivilfiation.—
The latter has no such personal interest.
Another reason is an economic one, and
still another, the hold which the Govern
ment has upon a life officer to Secure a
faithful discharge of his ditties in car
rying out a given policy. The building
of railrdads; and the access thereby given
to all the agricultural and mineral re
gions Of their country ; is rapidly bring
ing civiliied settlements into contact
with all the tribes of Indians. No mat
ter what ought to be the relations be
tween such Settlements and the abori
ginek the fact is, they do not harmonize
well, and one or the other has to give
Way in the encl.
A system which looks to the extermi
nation of the race is too horrible for a
nationtottcloryt r without entailing upon it,
self the wrath of all Christendom, and
engendering in the citizen a disregard
for human life, and the rights of others,
dangerous to society. I see no substi
tute for such a system, except in placing
all the Indians on large reservations as
rapidly as can be done, and giving them
absolute protection there. As soon, as
they are fitted for it, they should be in
duced to take their lands and to set up
territorial governments for their own
protection. For full details on this sub.-
ject I call your special attention to the,
reports of the Secretarjr of•the, Interior•
and the Commissioner, of Indian, Affairs,
The report of the Secretary of• War
shows the expenditures of the War
Department for the year ending the
30th of June, 1869, to be $80,644,042,
or which $23,882,310 , was disbursed
in payment of a debt contracted dur
ing the war. and is not chargeable to
current army expenses. The estimate
of $34,531.031 for the expense of the
army for the next fiscal year is as low
as it is believed can be relied on. The
estimates of bureau officers have been
carefully scrutinized and reduced
wherever it has been deemed practi
cable. If, however, the condition of
the country should be such by the
beginning of the next fiscal year as to
admit of greater condensationof troops
the appropriation asked for will not.
be expended. The appropriation es
timated for river and harbor improve
ments and fortifications are submitted
separately. Whatever amount Con
gress may deem proper to appropriate
for these purposes will be expended.
The recommendation of the General
formade the forts k at Boston,,Per
Philadelphia, Net; Port
land, la ndNewor
Orleans, and San Francisco, if for ua
other,is concurred in. I also ask your
special attention to the recommenda.-
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