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B"ELL" - P:t.7,:toNT - it',; - ; .- _: -- _‘' - :. -- :'.!t.,.:- - j - TvI3L..Ic -- AN
W, W. BROWN,
A. B. BUTCII.ISOI\T,
The undersigned would
inform the citizens of Bellefonte and com
munity in general, that they continue to ac•
. friends at the Restaurant
North of the Diamond, opposite the Court
Oysters in every Style,
Best Phil:a, Lager Beer,
Porter, Ale and Sarsaparilla; •
Pies, Cikes. Candies. ho. Also
FREE' LUNCH EACH DAY.
Hours, 9 L.M. to 12 o'clock, M. Give us a
THE GEM RESTAURANT
MEALS AT ALL HOURS
THE undersigned avails himself of this
method of informing the citizens of Belle
fonte and vicinity, and the traveling com
munity in general, that he has opened a first
in the basement of Bush & MeLaine's new
hotel near the Pa. R. R. Depot. Us keeps
constantly on hand
Oysters in every style, Roast Chicken, Pork
Steak, Ham and Eggs, Fresh Fish. Veal
Cutlets, Cod Fish Lia:ls.Baked Fish,
Roa t Turkey,Beefsteak, Fried
Sausage, Mutton Chaps, Tea and
Coffee, Clam Chowder, Lombs Fries,
Fried Eels, and everything to suit the taste.
Feeling assured that general satisfaction
will be given, he invites 111 to pay
him a visit.
i r AR MAIN" S HOTEL
DAN'L GARMAN, Prop's•
This long established and well known Ho
tel, situated on the southeast corner of the
Diamond, opposite the Court House, having
been purchased by the undersigned, ho an
nounces to the former patrons of this estab
lishment and to the traveling public gener-
ally, that he has thoroughly refitted his
house, and is prepared to render the most
satisfactory accommodation to all who may
favor him with their patronage. No pains
will be spared on his part to add to the con
venience or comfort of his guests. All who
stop with him will find
Ms TABLE abundantly supplied with the
most sumptuous fare the market will afford,
done up in style, by the most experienced
HIS BAR will always contain the choicoEt
HIS STABLING is best in town, and will al
ways he attendedby theme's t trust worthy and
Give him a call, one and all, and he feels
confident that all will be satisfied with their
AN EXCELLENT LIVERY
is attached to this establishment, which
strangers from abroad will find greatly to
their advantage. ja6'69.ly.
The undersigned rc=pect
fully•invites the attention of the citizens of
Belief ,nte and vicinity, to his
on Bishop Street. as the only place where
the best quality of
MINCE MEAT, of our own
Manufacture. The best Norfolk Oys'ers
the Can or Quart. Also cooked in all styles'
(1 e) Fried in Crumbs, Fried in Butter, Fan
cy Roasts, Stewed Oysters. Scolloped Oys
ters, Oyster Pie and Clam Chowder.
A private room neatly furnished and car
peted, for ladies or social parties. A special
invitation is hereby extended to all.
ja13'69.1y. S. J. McDOWELL.
AGENTS WANTED FOR
SECRETS OF THE GREAT CITY,
A Work descriptive of the Virtues and the
Vices, the Mysteries. Myserics aad
Crimes in New York City.
If yen wish to know how Fortunes are
made and lost in a day ; how Shrewd Men
are ruined in Wall Street; how Countrymen
are swindled by Shapers; . how Ministers
and Merchants are Blackmailed; how Dunce
Halls and Concert Saloons are Managed ;
hew Gambling Houses and Lotteries are con
ducted ; how stock and Oil Companies Orig
inate and how the Bubbles Burst, recta this
work. It contains 35 fine engravings; tells
all about the Mysteries and Crimes of New
York, and is the Spiciest and Cheapest work
of the kind published.
PRICE ONLY $2.50 PER COPY
Send for Circulars and see our terms,
and a full description of the work. Ad
dress, JONES BROTHERS b CO., Phila
CAUTlON,—lnferior works of a similar
character are being circulated. S.ee that the
books you buy contain 35 time engravings
and sell at $2.50 par copy.
A GENTS WANTED
LIBERAL INDUCEMENTS OFFERED
TO GOOD MEN TO SELL MACHINES
THE WONDER OF THE AGE,
THE FARMERS PRIDE,
THE STUMP tz GRUBBING MACHINE
It will do more work in one day than Ten
Men with grubbinc hoes can possibly do,
and leaves no mots or stumps to sprout up
in the spring. After grubbing with this Ma:
chine the farmer can cut his grain nr grass
the first season with the Reaper or Mower.
It does its work effectually. Any person
or persons desirous of making money, will
do well to
Address, J. C., Box 227,
feb3'6o.3in. Bellefonte, Pa
[The Elk county paper and the Emporim
independent, Cameron Co , Pa., will please
insert the 11.140Vf: advertisement six times, and
send bill to Bellefonte Republican.—Ed.]
EDWARD W. MILLER,
(Late of Young, Moore. d; C 0.,)
ISAAC P, CHALFANT,
AUCTION JOBBERS IN MISERY
GOODS, NOTIONS, tl;c
No. 57, NORTH THIRD ST.. PHIVA
MIFFLIN & CENTRE CO. Branch R„ R
No. 1. leaves Lewistown at 7.20 a. m., and
arrives at Milroy 8.15 a. ru.
No. 2. leaves Penn'a R. R. 11.15 a. m., ar
rives at Milroy 12.15 p. m.
No 3, leaves Pen -'a R. R. 4.05 p. m., ar
rives at Milroy 5.00.
No. 1, leaves 'Milroy 8.40 a m., and arrives
at Penn'a. R.R. 9.40 a. m.
No. 2, leaves Milroy 1.15 p. m., and arrives
Penn'a. R. 11.2.10 p. m.
No. 3. leaves Milroy 5.07 p. m. and arrives
at Penn'a. R. R.. 6.00 p. m.
BOY th CO
Stage leaves Bellefonte every day (except
Sunday.) at 11 a. m., and arrives at Mil
r.•y 4 30 p m.
Stage leaves Milroy every day (except Sun
day) at 5.30 p. m. and arrives at Belle
fonte 10.30 p. m.
Stage leaves Bellefonte for Pine Grove Mills
every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday
mornings at ti a. m.
Western mail closes at 4.00 p. m.
Lock Haven mail closes at 10.00 a. m.
PHILADELPHIA AND ERIE R. R
Through and direct route between Phil
adelphia., Baltimore, Harrisburg, Williams
port. and the
GREAT OIL REGION OF PENN'A.
ELEGANT SLEEPING CARS
On and after MONDAY, NOV. 23th MS
the Trains on the Philadelphia and Erie
Rail Read will run as follows :
Mail Train leaves Philadelphia 10 45 p.m
" " " Lock Haven... 9 31 a. m
" arr. at Erie 9 50 p. m
Erie Express leaves Phila 11 50 a m
" " " Lock Haven... 950 p. in
" " arr. at Erie 10 00 a m
Elmira Mail leaves Philadelphia 8 00 a. m
" " " Lock Haven... 7 45 p.
" " arr. at Lock Haven 7 45 p. in
Mail Train leaves Erie 10 55 a. m
" " " Lock Haven... 11 21 p. m
" " arr. at Philadelphia.. 10 00 a. m
Erie Express leavevErie 6 25 p.
it 44 " Lock Haven 6 10 a. in
" " arr. at Phila 4 20 p. m
Mail and ExpresB.connect with Oil Creek
and Allegheny River Rail Road. Baggage
Checked through. . • . •
ALFRED L: TYLER,
p ENNSYLVA NIA It A ILROAD
TYRONE <£• CLEARFIELD DRANCIIES
OPENING OF TYRONE S; CLEARFIELD
BR ANCII TO CLEARFIELD,
41 MILES NORTH OF. TYRONE
On and after Monday. February Ist .15139
two Passenger Trains will run daily (except
Sundays) bs:ween Tyro e and Lock (Liven,
and one Passenger Train between Tyrone
and Clearfield—as follows :
Mail Leaves Lack llaren at 9 SO p m
...:Mnesharg " 'i 55 p m
" ".....B ellefon to ".. . 412 p In
Arrive at Tyrone at Fk 05 p m
B. E. Express leaves L Haven at,..10 20 a in
"...Milesburg "...11..48 a re
it "...Belleftmte "...11 55 a m
Arrivc.s at Tyrone at 1 20 p
Mail leaves Tyrone, at
' "::::..‘‘i:::Belleronto at - • • 10 50 ain
a - . - ‘'..,lklilgabiOkat 11 02. a m
A riii , o. at:_Loek.4aven, • 12 30 p n
8.1. ExpTbso,leaArea:Tiiiim'e . ' - . 1 00. p m
. . ';'.."' - - '',`..lBeileftinto at:: 850 p in
. • .- " at.. 9 05 p in
Arrives. at . toeir 10 30 p m
.YRO'NE" . /i:1!711 A RFIELD
Clenrfield Mail loaves Tyrone at.. 9 00 a m
" " Osceola at.. 10 40 a m
" "...Ph ilipsburg. l l 10 a m
Arrive at Clearfield at 1. 00 p m
Leaves Clearfield at
Arrive :it Tyrone at..
Passengers leaves Clearfield at 2 o'clock
p. m , Philipsburg at 3 5.5 p. m , Osceola at
415 p. m., arrive at Tyrone at 5 511 p. m.,
snaking connection with Cincinnati Express
East at 5 17 p. m., and with Mail West at
644 p. 0., on Main Line; also with Bald
Eagle Express, leaving Tyrone at 7 00 p. m,
arriving at Bellefonte at S 45 p. m., at Lock
Haven at 10 30 p. in.,connecting with Erie
Mail East on the Phiadelphia and Erie road
at 11. 21 p. m. arriving at Wllliamsport at
12 40 a. in.
Returning, passengers leaving Williams
port at 8 1.5 a in, on Erie Mail West, arrive
at Lock Haven at 9 31 a in, connecting with
Bald Eagle Express leaving Lock Haven at
10 20 a in, arriving at Bellefonte at 11 55 a
in, Snow Shoe City at 5 35 p m, and Tyrone
at 1 20 p In, connecting with Way Passen
ger West at 1 40 p In, and Mail East at 3 31
p m, on Main Line.
Passengers leaving Lock Haven at 2 30 p
In, and Bellefonte at 4 12 p as, arrive at Ty
rone at 6 05 p m, connecting with Cincin
nati Express East G 17 p In, and Mail West
at 6 44 p m, on Main Line.
Passengers leaving Tyrone on the Clear
field Mail or the Lock Haven Mail, connect
from the Day Express East and the Phil'a.
Express West—and on the Bald Eagle E:.-
press, connect from the Cincinnati ExpresS
East and Mail West.
GEO. C. WILKINS, Sup't.
EDWARD H. WILLIA I SIS,
PISO'S CURE FOR CONSUMPTION.
That the Science of Medicine has reached
a period of its history, when it may ba said
that CONSUMPTION can be cured, is a
most gratifying,although unlooked-for event.
PISO'S CURE FOR CONSUMTION,
is a justly celebrated medicine. It is pre
pared by llazelton a Co., Warren, Pa.
It is for sale Wholesale and Retail.
RIRAAI LUCAS & 13R0,
lioutardville, Centre Co., 1 -'9.
Agents for Centre cot.nty
HORSE FOR SALE.—Any person wish
ing to purchase a good driving or rid
ing horse, can he accommodated by e Ding
at this Alec. The horse is good end save
The purenaser can have his choice 01 two, .
snare ur puree. Also a good cow fur sale.—
For particulars, call at the office of the
a2o'69.tf• " REPUBLICAN."
WINTER TIME TABLE
On all night Trains
BALD EAGLE VALLEY
BALD EAGLE VALLEY
. 2 00 p 111
.. 2 55 p in
. 4 15 p in
.. 5 50 p m
"Let us See to it. that a G vernment of -the People, for the People, and by .the People, shall not. Perish from the Earth."
FOR SUBSCRIPTION k ADVERTISING
The "BTLLEFONTE REPUBLICAN"
is published every WEDNESDAY MORNING,
in Bellefonte, Pa., by
A. B. BIITCHULON & CO.,
at the following rates:
One year (invariably in advance,)s2.oo
Six M0nth5,....." ." $l.OO
Three Month 5,." " " 50
Single Copie: .." " 05
It is Republican in polities—devoted to
the Agricultural, Manufacturing and Min
ing interests of Central Pennsylvania.
Papers discontinued to subscribers at the
expiration of their terms of subscription, at
the option of the publishers, unless other
wise agreed upon.
Special notices inserted in our local col
urns at 20 ets. per line for each insertion,
unless otherwise agreed upon, by the month,
quarter or year.
Editorial Notices in our local columns, 25
ets. per line for each insertion.
Marriage or Death announcements pub
lished free of charge. Obituary notices pub
lished free, subject to revision and conden
sation by the Editors.
Professional or Business Cards, not ex
ceeding 10 lines this type, $B.OO per annum.
Advertisements of 10 lines, or less; $l.OO
for one insertion, and 5 ets. per line for each
Advertisements by the quarter, half-year
or year received, and liberal deductions
made in proportion to length of advertise
meat and length of time of insertion, as fol
Ono ineb(or 10 lines this typo) $5
Two inches 7
Quarter column (or 51 inches
Half column (or 11 inches).....
One column (or 22 inches)
All advertisements, whether displayed or
blank lines, measured by lines of ibis type.
All advertisements due after the first in
Job Work of every variety, such as Pos
ters, Bi 1-beads, Letter heads,Cards, Checks,
Envelopes, Paper Books, Programmes,
Blanks, &c., ac., executed in the beet style
with promptness, and at the most reasona
Address all communications relating to
business of this office. to
A. B. HUTCHISON It CO.,
Bellefonte Masonic Lodge, No 268. A.Y. M.
meets on Tuesday evening of or beforeth?
Constans Comrnandery.. No. 33, If.. T,
meets second Friday of each month.
I. 0. 0. F. Centre Lothre, No. 153, meets
every Thursday evening at their Hall,
Forthe conferring of Degrees the Ist Sat
urday cveninZ of each month.
For Degree of Rebecca, second Saturday of
I. 0. G. T.—This Lodge every Moniay
Bellefonte Church Directory.
Presbyterian church, Spring St., services at
at 11 a. tn., and 7/ p. ; No pastor
at present. This congregation are
now erecting r, new_ church, in consequence
of which the rettular religious services will
be held in the Court House until further
Methodist Episcopal Church. High St., ser
vices 10/ a. m., and 7/ p. In. Prayer
meeting on Thursday night. Rev. 110.
St. John's Episcopal Church. High St.. ser
vices at 10:1. and 7/ p. m. Rev.
Byron McGann, pastor.
Lutheran Church. Linn St., services 10/ a.
. and 71- p. tn. Rev. J. Hackenberger,
Reformed Church, Linn St., no pastor at
Catholic Church, Bishop St; services 101-
a. m., and 3p. m. Rev. T. McGovern,
United Brethren Church. High Street, west
side of creek• services
African M, E. 'Church, west side of creek ;
services al it a. m., and 7/ p. M. Rev.
Isaac Pilleoß, pastor.
S 50 a in
Vice-President, pro teen.—Benj. F. Wade
Secretary of State—William H. Seward.
Seeretaryof Treasury—llugh McCullough
Secretary of War—J. M. Schofield.
Secretary of Navy—Gideon Wells.
Secretary of Interior—O. 11. Browning.
Postmaster-General—A. L. Randall.
Attorney General—Win. M. Everts.
.See 'y of Commonwealth—Frank Jordan.
Deputy Secretary of Common tccaltlt—lsaac
Auditor General—John F. Hartranft.
Surveyor-Genera—Jacob M. Campbell.
Treasarer—W• W. Irwin. -
Attorney Genern/ 7 —Benj. H.lrewster.
Dep y-Att'y General—J.
Sup't of Com. Xehools—J. P. Wickersham.
DcA, Supt of Cont. Schools—C.R Coburn.
Sup't of Soldier's Orphan Schools—Geo.
President Judge—Charles A. Mayer.
Aisociates John Hosterman,
1 William Allison,
Prothonotary—James 11. Lipton.
Regieter &Recorder—J. P. Grephart.
Sheriff—D. Z. Kline.
Delft!' Sheriff—D. Woodring.
Dist. Att'y—H. Y. Stitzer.
Treasurer—A. C. Geary.
Commissioners, Wm. Furey,
BELLEFONTE BOBOGH •
Chief Burgess—E. M. Blanchard.
Asst '• C opt. C. T. Fryberger
Chief of Police—Wm. Shortlidge.
" Wm. Felty.
" Amos Mu!len.
" Charlo- Couk.
Town Council—Wm. P. Wilson, PreB't. •
S. M. Irwin, Clerk.
cr Robert Valentine,.
-" A. S. Valentine,
Jas. H. McClure,
di F. P. Green,
John Irwin, Jr..
Elias W. Hale,
rt - Jacob V. Thomas,
ca Gee. A. Bayard,
High Constable—James Green,
Borough Constable—James Furey.
School Directors—John Hoffer, Pr•es't.
rr Geo. B. Weaver. Seer?/.
It Wm. McClelland, Tre's
t.d S. T. Shugart,
r. D. M. Butts,
WAGON HUBS, spokes and felloes,
large and small.at
IRWIN ct WILSON's
LAMPe, every variety and kind at
IRWIN & WILSON'S
$3 ' $l2
17 1 25
BELLEFONTE, PA.; -MARO H I 3, 1869.
T G. LOVE,
0 . Attorney-ati.Law, Belle
fonte, Pa. Office on High St.. ja6'69.y
JAMBS 11. RANICIN,
fonte, Pa. Mee in Armory bdilding, 2nd
floor. ja6'69 ly.
SA3IIIEL LINN. A. 0. FURST.
fonte, Pa. -
EDMUND BLANCHARD. EVAN N. BLANCHARD.
Ect E. M. BLANCHARD,
. . Attorneys• at-Lncv,
Allegheny St., Bellefonte, Pa. ja8139.1y.
R N. /I ALLISTER. JARS'S A. Bnaczn.
MIALLISTER & BEAVER,
Bellefonte Penn'a: • j06'69..1y
WW. BROWN, .
Bellefonte, Penn's., will attend promptly
to all business entrust—d to his care "
E. C. HUMES, P,'es't. J. P. HARRIS, Cash's..
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
Of Bellefonte. Alle
gheny St., Bellefonte Pa. .
JOHN H. ORN'IS. CINIIIS T. ALEXANDER.
ORVIS & ALEXANDER,
Bellefonte, Pa. Office in Conr.d House,
Allegheny St. - ja6.69.1y.
Licensed AutiOneer, will
• attend to all sales entrusted to his care.-
Charges reasonable. Address. Uriah Sto
ver. Houserville, Centre Co., Pa.
G EORGE F. HARRIS. M. D.,
Physician and Sur
geon; Pension Surgeon for Centre county,
will attend promptly to all professional
calls. °lnce on Hight Street N .rth Side.
JD. WINGATE D. D. S.,
Dentist. Office on the
corner of Spring and Bishop streets,Belle
fonte. Pa. At home, except the rst two
weeks of each month. Teeth extracted
without pain. ja6'B9 ly.
JAS. H. DOBBINS,
Physician and Sur
geon. Office up-stairs in J. H. McClure's
new Building, Bishop St., Bellefonte, Pa.
Will attend to all business in MR profes
sion, faithfully at all times, and all hours.
A E. HUTCHISON a: CO'S.
Joh Printing Of
"Repubican" Building Bishop St..
Bellefonte. Penn'a. Every Description of
Plain and Fancy printing done in the
neatest manner, and at prices below city
B USH lz YOCUM, •
Attorneys-at-Law, Bell -
font°, Pa:, will attend to all business en
trusted to them, with promptneis. Office
on Northeast Corner of the Diamond, in
Mrs. Irvin's stone building. jal3'6ll.y.
ILSON HUTUZIS A O tt I\ '
o " rners- at-Law,
Bellefonte, Pa. Collections. and all other
legal business in Centre and the adjoining
Counties, promptly attended to. Office in
Blanchard's Law building, Allegheny
WU. H. ,LAIR
B LAIR & STITZER,
Attorneys-at-Lan - , Belle
fonte. Pa, Can be conFulted in both the
English and German languages. Mee
on the Diamond, next door to Garman's
Botel. fed 0'39.1y.
BELLEFONTE MEAT MARKET
BISHOP STREEr, BELLEFONTE PA.
The oldest Meat Market in Belle`onte.—
Choice meat of all kinds always on hand.
ja6'i9.ly. B. V. BLACK.
°ENTRE CO. BA'NKING COMPANY.
its and allow Interest; Discount Notes;
Buy and Sell Government'Securities, Gold
lIENnY BttocKF:nnorr, President.
J. D. SIIGGERT, Cashier. jal.3'69y.
7 4 4 - S. GRAHAM,
Fashionable Barber, in
Basement of the Conrad Reuse Belle
fonte, Pa. The best of Razors, sharp and
keen, always on band. He guarantees a
SHAve without either pulling or pain.—
Perfumery, Hair Oils, Hair Restoratives,
Paper Collars, constantly on hand.
AATtlir.7 R. PAU?. J. T. SAL3LONS.• LEVI It TAUP.
FIA.I 7 P, SALMONS 4.45 CO.,
Bricklayers, Bellefonte, l a.. adopt this
method of informing those wishing to
build that they will furnish Brick and lay
them, by the job, or by the thousand.
Will set Beaters, and do all kinds of
w.rk in their branch of Business.
T H. TOLBERT, AUCTIONEER.
infor7l the citizens of Nittany Valley in
particular, and the people of Centro coun
ty in general, that he has taken out a
cense and holds himself in readiness to cry
Vendues, Auctions, or other sales at all
times, and at allplaces with in thelimits of
Centre and Clinton counties. Charges
fW. RHONE, DENTIST,
Co., Pa., most respectfully informs the
public that he is prepared to execute any
description f work in his profession Sat
isfaction rendered. and rate.= as moderate
as may be expected. Will be found in
his office during the week, commencing on
the first Monday of each month, snd at
such other times as may be agreed open.
INSURANCE—LIFE & FIRE.
Joseph A. Rankin' of
this Borough, insures property fur the fill
lowing Stock and Mutual companies, viz:
Lycoming Mutual. York -Company. Pa.,
Insurance of North America, Enterprise,
and Girard of Pbiln.. Pa., Home, of New
Haven, and any other reliable company
desired. Also, Provident Life Company
of Phil'a., and other good Life Compa
0. W. 'VAN VALIN. 0. B. I,I3IBERT.
VANVALIN & LAMBERT,
PLASTERERS! PLASTERERS ! !.
We adopt this method of informing the citi
zens of Bellefonte and vicinity that we have
entered into partnership in the
All jobs entrust. tl to us will be done in the
shortest time and in the most workmanlike
manner. From our long CX perience in the
bwiness wofuel confident that we can give
failwiti.tetion to all who may favor us
with ti•eir work. Ail - dress, or cull on
febrrG9.6m Bellefonte, Pa.
sele et Poetry.
HOW THEY HAD HIM.
When I was young and tender, too,
I had to mind, and had to do
Whitever mother bade . me; .
She used to have a walnut stick
Which .ICept * me on a'double quick,
Ankthativ,as 'where she bad me
When older grown, and quite a beau
Among the girls I need to know
A lgiss Priscilla Cadmy,—
And tth.the help of smiles and nods
I fell in love at forty rods,
' Al#l l- tliere is where she had me.
When was older say sixteen,
I thought it time to have a queen--
And asked her if she'd wed me:—
She said she didn't much object,
Or words to something of that effect,
AndAhat was where she had me.
But when to mako the matter straight,
I went up to nesotiate
Affairs with Col. Carey,
He said he "didn't care to sell,"
He told me I might go to—well,
And that was where he had me.
I drowlied my sorrows in a cup
Until I goi ray dander up—
(l couldn't have been madder,)
When she proposed that we be one
In spite of Pa; the thing was done,
And,that was where I had her.
Two lovely urebins on my knee
I'm proud to say belong to me—
(That is, to me and madam)
For when we left our native sod,
We spent a year or two abroad—
And there was where we had 'em
History of the 49th Ponsylvania.
BY A. B. BUTCITISON 7
Late Captain of Company 'C.'
[ISTRODI7CTORY.—In proposing the fol
lowing sketch of the career of the 49th Pa.
Vol., I do not expect to accomplish much in
either a literary or historical way. Neither
do I expect to furnish a history of the army
with which we were identified, nor of the
war in which .we were cagaged. No attempt
will be made to write up. or down, any offi
cer or man in the regiment. What is intend•
ed, and attempted in, simply to preserve the
record of events as They occurred in, and as
they appeared to, the regiment, or at least to
one of the members of the regiment.
The events of the war will be referred to
as being matters of common knowledge, and
no attempt will be made to exaggerate or be
little the achievements of the Army of the
Potomac. °Any other. I acknowledge. in
advance, the ale derived from Rev. Wm.
Earnshttsv. Chaplain, Capt. C. Dale, Lt.• B.
11. Downing, and others of the regiment
who have allowed me the use of their memo
randa of various matters, rolls, diaries, etc.
should be glad to receive from any others,
any rosters, rolls, diaries, or letters in aid of
my effort, to make this record of our regi
ment cormilete. 'At-the close of this history
I shall try to odd a - complete roster of the
officers of the regiment. I should be glad
to print a complete roll, and may be able to
do so, if copies of the consolidation and
muster-out rolls can be secured. Having
said what I do not intend to make this his
tory. and what I mean to try to accomplish
in it, I now offer it to the readers of the RE
PUIILICAN, to be judged of by itself.
A. B. Huicniscni.]
Presentatton:—Alareh to Washing
ton by Rail—Accident near Balti
more—Amival at the Capital.
Our Regiment, the 49th Pa Vol.. was
organized by Col. William H. Irwin, at
Harrisburg, &miry , the mouths of Au
gust. and September, 1861 Col. Irwin
had served as Captain of Infantry in the
Mexican War; had been Breveted Major
for gallant and meritorious sevices, and
during the Summer had commanded the
Seventh Regiment of Penn'a Vols.. three
month's men, in the Army of Gen. Pat
terson. This first campaign had ended
with the disastrous battle of Bull Run.
The people were still very greatly excit
ed, and volunteers everywhere respond
ed with alacrity to the call of the Presi
dent for troops, The gloom which suc
ceeded the Bull Run defeat was being
dispelled, and new Lopes and new re
solves entertained by all classes of citi
zens. Early in September all the Com
panies which formed the Forty-ninth,
had rentlesvouxed at Camp Curtin, and
several Lad completed their organiza
tion. Companies —A" and "G" came
trout Centre; "B" and "F" from Ches
ter; "C"and"D" from Huntingdon; "E,"
and "K" from Mifflin, and "I"from
Juniata. As yet, but two of these were
regularly mustered into the' United
States service as companies, the remain
der waiting the requisite number of men.
The men were mustered as individuals,
or in squads as recruits, as fast as they
were accepted by the Surgeons; but n J
rolls, as evidence of this muster, were
ever furnished, the mustering officer de
clining to supply rolls except to complete
organizations. This omission was not
supposed, at that time, to be a matter of
any consequence. as all of us, officers and
men, were confident that our term of
three years would not find us in warlike
occupations during half its period, so
greatly did we underrate the means of
defence of our enemies, and so confident
ly did we. count on our speedy triumph;
relying on our own abilities, and the jus
tice of our cause to fright rebellion from
its foul design. And we relied implicit
ly, too, on the good faith of our Govern
ment, in whose service we had just em
barked, and would then have doubted his
loyalty, who should dare to question as
to whether we should be discharged
promptly at the end of three years of
honest service. Yet, afterwards, we
learned the importance of having all
things plainly written in the contract,
for the "pound of flesh" was demanded,
even as it was written in the bond. We
were compelled to serve some six weeks
over our three years. The few weeks
spent in Camp Curtin was a time of busy
preparation. The camp was crowded with
enthusiastic volunteers, and regiments
and companies were being hastily, and
in many cases imperfectly organized, and
hurried forward to the : defence of the
still ,beleaugered Capital. Guards were
not necessary then to see men to their
destined regiments. No bounties were
found necessary to persuade men to the
performance of a patriot's sacred duty
—none were found to tempt the vile deni
zens .of our Five Points, and alien con
victs to disgrace the blue uniform of the
American soldier.- .
Then we were learnitig to live in tents
—to handle the musket and the frying
pan--perfecting our very imperfect ed
ucation in warlike arts and kitchen
practices- . —itnagining ourselves soldiers,
when we were raw recruits, and believ
ing we were far from home, and endu
ring the'privations of a campaign, while
still in full view of our native mountains,
and in the midst of Pennsylvania's land
On Wednesday, the 18th day of Sep
tember, we 'received from the State au
thorities, by the hand of His Excellency,
Governor A. G. Curtin, our regimental
colors, a very. beautiful National flag,
with Pennsylvania's coat of arms, em
blazoned on the blue field amongst . the
stars. In- presenting, it., the Governor
favored us with a highly appropriate ad
dress. - Col. Irwin, in_accepting it on be
half of the regiment, pledged
sustain it in honor while one man of
them should be left to defend our coun
try's cause." We redeemed the pledge,
and brought the old flag back in tatters.
After the presentation, a review and pa-.
rade of the regiment was had, in pres
ence of many spectators, and on our dis-
missal to quarters, the gratifying intel
ligence that we should soon be moved to
the city of Washington was communicat
ed to us. The 'announcement created
the most unbounded enthusiasm, for all
were anxious to reach the then seat of
war. Accordingly,on Saturday, the 21st
of Septeruber,we embarked,on two trains,
on the Northern Central Railway, and at
noon were off for Washington. •Our pro
gress was slow, but the journey was not
tedious, for all seemed to feel, and cer
tainly behaved, like children just releas
ed from school, and bent on a holiday.—
Our cars were not the most commodious,
being the sort denominated Sox; however,
I very much question if ever excursion
train carried lighter hearts, or merrier
passengers than the soldiers of the Forty
ninth going to war. But our journey was
not permitted to end as it commenced,
for ere we reached Baltimore, by the
stupidity or negligence of those in charge
of the rear train—the regiment occupied
two—it was allowed to run into the front
one, smashing the hindmost car, and in
stantly killing two men of Company G,
Daniel Parker and John Fulton,.of Cen
tre county, who were sitting on the plat
form. It was quite dark when the acci
dent occurred, and a scene of confusion
ensued beyond my ability to describe.—
Two men lay there mangled corses, and
to each man's fancy the absence of some
comrade was magnified into his sudden
death; so friends searched for each other,.
fearing to succeed in discovering only
their crushed remains. The rest of the
men escaped, however, with only a few
bruises, while the engineer of the rear
train was found very seriously, and as it
afterward proved, mortally wounded; a
fate that, in • all probability, was no worse
than would have been hie had he fallen
into the hands of the men alive and un
hurt. We gathered up the remains of our
comrades and slowly made our way to
Baltimore. The Union Relief Associa
tion afforded our men a very palatable
supper, and morning brought us, as (tom
rades, the Forty-ninth New York Vol.,
enroute also to Washington. Sister regi
ments from sister States, our pathways
through the war have never widely sepa
rated, eaoh having a record of honor
written in blood, and neither, a stain on
her banners. Leaving a detachment of
Company Cr' to bury their dead, we sped
on our way. It was a beautiful Sabbath
day when we saw, for.the first time, the
Dome of our Capitol, and realized a new
sense of our importance as defenders of
our Government. We had longed to be
counted amongst the brave defenders of
our country's Capital, and here it was
before us, with the banners of our re
bellious foes in view of it. Our whole
regiment was thus transferred to the
Federal Capital, and to Federal control,
except only Company F, which remained
at Camp Curtin to complete its organi
zation, a matter much needed in the cases
of several other companies. Thus far
our soldier experiences were smooth—
full of enthusiasm, excitement and anti
cipation. Hereafter comes the record of
our active service—our real experience.
Camp Juniata—A March in the Mud
—Our first Bivouac in Virginia—
Camp Advance—Banco& s Bri
eting, Drilling and Fortifying— A
Rain Storm—Election—March to
Our camp in Weshington was called
Juniata, in memory of the beautiful lit
tle river we left behind us up among the
mountains of Pennsylvania, never again
to be greeted by very many of our - com
rades. Here we continued our drills and
general military education—a matter
never neglected or lightly passed over by
our soldierly Colonel; but we were still
in discontent, for we awaited, impatient
ly, the order to cross the Potomac river
—to get to the front. In matters of this
kind, a little real experience is apt to
insure to a soldier sufficient patience—
when he awaits orders to go to the froni;
after. having been there for a time, his
resignation s Mader unexpected delays, is
Finally, on the 28th of September, just
a week after out: departure from Harris
burg, we received orders to move across
the river by way of Cha;a Bridge. We .
marched through the city or Washing
ton in most - excellent spirits;' freak, and
in good humor with the condition of at:
fairs: ' Our burdens were light, for our
baggage and knapsacks were 'hauled in
wagons, of which we had this day every
large number—in fact we do not recol
lect that the Quarter Master's Depart
ment ever furnished us with a second
example_ of such wonderful liberality in
the matter of tran,sportation,as on this
But ere we reached Georgetown it be
gan to rain, and it continued to rain
faster and longer, as the mud increased
in quantity, and our heavy evercoats in
weight. As we marched up the road on
the bank of the Chesapeake and Ohio
Canal, the men picking a more road
pathway than' could be found in a
straight-forward course, straggled, wet
and muddy, plodding silently and grum
ly along—there was, perhaps, .but little
resemblance to the martial. appearance
we at least tried to put on, as we moved
in column, so prondly, a few minutes
earlier, through the streets of the Capi
tal, and by the White House. As we
neared the Chain Bridge, it began to
grow dark, evening approaching, hut
though weary and worn, when the bridge
was reached, the men went through it at
a double quick, cheering as they reach
ed the Virginia shore. Why this bridge
is called the Chain Bridge, is difficult,to
determine; there is nothing about it now
to suggest such a cognomen. It is an
ordinary wooden bridge, such as 'la us
ually built over our large streams.
Having crossed,. we marched labori
ously up the long winding ascent on the
Virginia side, answering the questions
of soldiers gathered along the road, and_
putting others to them, as to what regi
ment, where from, and hearing and re
plying to jokes, aimed at us by our new
acquaintances after the manner of sol
diers—till we reached the summit of the
bluffs which line the river at this point.
Here leaving the turnpjke u we passed to
the left, down a little ravine,' into a deep
hollow, in whieh was a small stream,now
considerably swollen by the rain..lt was
dark, and we had no guide, in conse
quence of which we forded the stream,
not more than five rods from a bridge,
and climbing to the sumit of an opposite
hill, halted: On this knoll was a hOuse
and stable, both empty. Wet, cold and
tired as we were, they were a welcome
atelier. Our baggage, even to knap
sacks, was on the train, and that in the
rear. The chances of our being able to
get the wagons up were small; and,
though parties tried to find them, noth
ing could be acertained until morning,
when the train was discovered on the
sides of the ravine opposite, the leading
wagon upset in the ditch. This being
our first forward movement in-Virginia,
was named Camp Advance, tholigh- bet
ter remembered in the regiment, froman
other circumstance, and, by a different
name. Building fires, of the fragments
of the stable . whioh fell a victim to mili
tary necessity, we biyortaced around
them, and waited for morning to take
our bearings. Then tents and baggage
came to hand, and we were soon in camp
again in order, and our excellent Chap
lain, Rev. Wm. Barnshaw, hold our first
religious services in Virginia. It was
Sunday. Here, too, we first performed
picket duty, and were turned out one
night by an alarm occasioned by some
of our troops firing upon each other by
mistake. The camp was constantly re
galed by rumors of every description,
one of which related that the enemy had
attempted to cross the river above us,
and had been repulsed by Bank's forces
with great slaughter, the river being
said to be filled with their • dead bodies
—a rumor strangely verified on our part
not long afterwards, when Balls Bluff 's
sad history was written. At Camp Ad
vance we were attached to Brig. Gen.
W. S. Hancook's Brigade of Brig. Gen.
W. F. (Baldy) Smith's Division, and
from this time forth. were never separat
ed from the Potomac Army, or relieved
from active duty in the field. Here our
'Army commenced to fellithe forests, and
build those immense works which now
environ our Capital. Here, too, were
formed the camps, in which was organ
ized, instructed, drilled and disciplined
that first Grand Army of the Potomac, of
which we may at least affirm, that we
"shall never look upon its like again•"
From Camp Advance' we moved a few
miles South to Camp Vanderwerken,
where our time was mainly occupied by
drill, picket and fatigue, the usual inci
dents of a soldier's life. On the night
of the seventh of October a heavy rain
fell, and as the quarters of our officers
were in a hollow, they spent a good portion
of the night perched on mess chests,
&c., keeping things dry—a mere incident
in camp housekeeping, in which we had
some lessons yet to learn. The eighth
of October was election day, and elect
ions were, accordingly, held in camp.—
vra discovered, on this day, that about
one-half, or a few more than a majority
of our men, were not voters, by reason
of being still minors, and the vote in
camp ivas neither large nor..-important,
and very much like the handle of a jug.
Afterwards our Supreme Court discov
ered that it was unconstitutional, so that
we might have saved ourselves this trou
ble. What a Court !
VOL, 1, NO. 9.
Next day we marched to Lewinsville,
approaching it elowly,_and with caution,
and settling down in bivouac in eight of
it at a late hour. For some reason we
were all verytired and hungry. We had
yet to learn not to be affected by the ex
citement of a soldier's life, for every
movement had, to our inexperience, a
We lay down by .a half finished rifts
pit, near a house, owned .by a Dr. Mack
lin which, being empty; was possessed
by our "Brigade ComMander, Gen. Han
cock, as his Read Quarters. Next day
we completed the rifle-pit, and Went. in
to camp on the plain near -the house -
This was Camp Griffin,, a place of many
very pleasant memories most. of us.—
Here we passed the , school-boy days of
our army life, - and we shall not aeon for-,
get the lessons we learned, nor elrer , our
stern, but brave and accomplished teach
er, the man who made viis Soldiers, and
who has since made for - himself an im
Odds. a,ncl. Ends.
—A boarding house keeper advertises
to furnish "gentle Men with pleasant and
comfortable rooms, also one or two gen
tlemen with wives."
—What is the difference betweem the
entrance to a barn and an over-talketive
person?' One is a barn door and the oft..
er a darn bore.
—Between Memphis and Nashville is
the following inscription on a signboard
at a railroad crossing: "Look out for the
Ingine when the wisle bloes or rings."
—A little fellow one day nonplussed his
mother, by making thefollowing enquiry;
"Mother, if a man is a mister,an't a wo
man a mistery?"
—A locomotive on a 'western railroad
has been adorned with the title: "I still,
live. That is more than many of.the pass
engers can say at the end of their journeyt
—An Irishman, on hearing of a friend
having a stone ooffial made for himself .
exclaimed, "By me Bowl, and that's a
good idea. Sure an' a stone coffin 'd
last a man a lifetime."
—The one who pleaded "Rock me to
Sleep," has been gratified. His mother,
yielding to his repeated solicitations
picked up a rook and rooked him to sleep.
He hasn't woke up yet.
—"Remember who you are talking to
sir !" said an indignant parent to a frac
tious boy ; I'm your father, sir , !,' "Well
who's to blame for that?" said young .
impertinence; "'taint me!"
country paper in noticing the
death of a worthy citizen, says: "As a
neighbor he was kind, as a miller up
right. His virtues were beyond all price;
and flour was always sold at ten per cent
—"That man,"says Sydney Smith, "is
not the discoverer of art who first says
the things ; but he who says it so long,
so loud, and 83 clearly, that he compels
mankind to'hear him."
—A maiden lady, alluding to her
youthful accomplishments, said that at
six month's of age she went alone. A
malicious individual present remarked
"Yes, and you have been going alone
—A little child being asked by a San=
day-school teacher, "What did the Israe
lites do after they had crossed the Red
Sea ?" answered:
don'tknow, me m; but I suppose
they dried themselves."
—An Irishman remarked to hie com
panion, on observing a lady pass : :
"Pat, did you ever see so thin a wom
an as that:"
"Thin!" replied the other. "Bothers
shun, I've seen a woman as thing's two of
her put together; I have."
—A young man who recently fell in
love with a very beautiful young lady,
says that "when he ascertained lest eve
ning that she reciprocated his passion,
he felt as though he was sitting on the
roof of a meeting house and every shin lge
was a Jew's harp."
— 4, 1'11 neither tell my age for canoe
or the sovereign," said the cook, most
resolutely, to her master, who was pre
paring for the enumerator. "Very well,
I'll put down sixty-five," was the cool
reply. "Upon my honor, sir, I was only
fifty-eight last birthday," exclaimed the
—An exchange tells a story of a die-
COn solate:widower, who, on seeing the re
mains of his late wife lowered Into the
grave, exclaimed with tears in his eyes:
&Moll, I've lost gloves—l've lost umbrel
las; yes even cows andlorsee; but I ne
ver—no never—had anything to cut me
—A strong, busy fellow, who preferred
begging to work, called on a gentleman
and asked him for cold victuals and old
clothes. The gentleman asked him what
he did for a living.
"Not much,"said the fellow, "ucept
"Well then,"said the gentleman, coolly
opening the door, "let's see you trawl."
—A lovely boy of three years old,
whose father had bought a house requir
ing some additional furniture, was bro't
In when all the fixings had been com
pleted and thereat of the flintily in, re
Why mama, you have got, moms new
Then after a further examination of
And you've got Boma nice new chairs,
too—ain't you, mama?
Being placed at the tea-tublA,eoon of
.ter and told to keep still while his father
asked a blessing. he exclaimed as Nom
as it was finished ,
Why that is the 'ante *WI Wolog"