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Art. 17. The suppression of the duties of re
moval paid by the parifli priests to' the bilhopsin
Art. 18. The fuppreflion of corporations and
Art. 19. The fuppreflion of the plurality of
Art. 20. A medal to be struck to consecrate
this memorable day, expreflive of the abolition
of all privileges, and of the complete union of all
the provinces and all the citizens.
Art. 21. Te Deum to be sung in the King's
Chapel, and throughout all France.
Art. 22. Louis XVI proclaimed the Restorer
of public liberty.
These resolutions to be printed, and immedi
ately circulated through the kingdom.
There are several other articles; such as,
the abolition of all Ullmerited pensions; all arti
zans to be exempt from taxes, who employ no
journeymen ; all suits for feignioral and royal
rights now pending in the courts, to be fufpend
fcd till the constitution is completed, &c.
The preamble to the famous Resolution which
followed the facrifices made in the National As
sembly; on Tuesday night,the 4thinftant, isfhort
and expreflive :
The Assembly considering
1. That in a free State, property lliould be as
free as the person.
2. That the ftrengtli of the empire can result
only from the entire union of all the parts, and
the perfed: equality of duties and charges.
3. That all the privileged members, and the
representatives of provinces and cities, are chear
fully disposed, even in emulation of each other,
to make a solemn renunciation in the name of
their constituents, to the nation at large of all
their particular right and privileges—
Have Resolved and Decreed, See.
The facrifices of the 4th instant independent of
the influence they will have on indultry and en
terprize, will produce savings that will fructify
the national revenue to an amazing degree. The
savings in the pension lilt will be twenty millions
of livrcs a year.
The Viscount de Veneur has given a noble ex
ample of generosity to his vallals. He has an
eft:ue near Alencon—he allembled his vaflals, and
in their presence burnt all the titles to his seigni
At St. Dcnys, the tumults of the populace have
been attended with very alarming consequences ;
the Chief Magistrate of the place was seized and
led to execution : two other obnoxious persons
were also butchered. During the uproar, the
grand benedi<ftine abbey was attacked for the fake
of its treasure ; but although the riches supposed
tobe contained in the royal tombs operated very
incentively 011 the people, in the end they forbore
to commit this sacrilege.
PHILADELPHIA, OCT. 6.
Eniratt of a letter, dated Louisville, Aug. i, 1789.
" This day week the inoft diabolical design
that ever was formed, was difcovej-ed in Martini,
co : It was an infurredtion of the negroes, who
were that night to have set fire to the large and
beautiful town of St. Pierre ; while the white
people were all in confufion,and driving to escape
the flames, they were to be butchered indiscrimi
nately, man, woman and child. The combusti
bles were laid in upwards of 100 houses, (consist
ing of hemp dipt in turpentine.) The plot was
not discovered till ; o'clock in the evening, when
a negro belonging to an old lady, flung with re
movi'e on thinking that he mull: murder the woman
who had brought him up from a child, disclosed
ittoher. The troops beingthereupon aflembled,
40 of the negroes were taken, armed with a han
ger and long knife—the instruments which were
inafew hours to have put a period to theexiftence
ot upwards of jooo people. All the inhabitants
have been under arms everfince, as they are afraid
the negroes will attempt to refque the 40 who are
in goal—but this week they will be all refcuedby
the grim hand of death in the dreadful form of
therack. As it is only fix hours paflage to Mar
tinieo, I thai I go there to fee the execution, to be
convinced if the rack is the terrible thing it isre
Extract from huidfays Hotel Diary, Sept. 20.
e have just received a particular account of
the loss of the ship William and Thomas, Capt.
lunter, ot Stockton, from Gibralterfor Patuxent.
that on the 20th of August they supposed them
elves nigh to the coast of America,but the weather
proving hazy for five days they could get no ob
eryation ; and the wind during that time blow
ing from N. E. caused a heavy swell, which, with
t ie current, set them much nigher the Carolina
c °a t than they imagined : The wind increasing
, le > "J'ove on shore in the night of the 24th of
ugult, and stranded. We areforry to add, that
'oin the dslolate part of the coast on which they
ve ieloft, the materials saved couldhave brought
ma H price to the owners.
M>. f oc ' at ' on a refpetftable part of the
C 1 chants and Traders of this city, for the dif
couragement of Smuggling, is now on the Coffee
iioiife table, where ic will remain Four weeks,
to be signet! by tliofe who chufe to support the
measure : afterwliicli time it will be printed,
with the names, in the different newlpapers of
NEW-YORK, OCTOBER 10.
Justice and Mercy are the pillars that support the throne of
the Deity : Human governments formed on these principles will
stand, will flourifh so long as those principles shall operate : The
experience of all past and present times confirms the truth of this
observation : —Happy is that people who pofifcfs the magnanimity
of spirit, firmly to resolve that all their public tranfa£lions shall,
under allpojjible circumjlances, be fquurcd by these eternal rules of
The important obje£t of making provision for the payment of
public Creditors lay with great weight on the minds of Congress;
but the variety of other bufmefs jhat claimed an immediate
attention ; and the uncertainty that rested upon the operation of
the Revenue System, as to its competency and produce, ren
dered it highly ineligible to take up so complicate, and important
a fubjeft, when matters were so situated, that no adequate plans
could be adopted : However, to give the mod positive and une
quivocal afTurances of their future determination, on the tenth of
Sept. the House of Rcprefentatives pafTcd a Resolution to the fol
lowing purport, viz. That it highly concerns the honor and inter
efl of the United States to make some early and effectual provision
in favor of the public Creditors of the Union—and that the House
would early in the next feflion take this fubjeft into consideration
—and the Secretary of the Treasury was directed to prepare and
digest in the recess, the neceflary plans for this purpose, to be laid
before the House at the feflion in January.
There is no ast of the National I.egiflature that refle&s more
distinguished honor on the illuftrfous chara£lers which compofcd
it, than their determination to establish public credit. So grea<
was their ardor to convince the community of their intention tu
do justice to all descriptions of creditors, that they could not put
off their declarations relative to this fubjeft,till funds were broughl
into actual operation. We accordingly find among their acts thai
they have honorably recognized the public debts, and given as-
Turances that they have it in contemplation to make such provision
for the purpose as the circumstances of the government will rendei
practicable. This (hould ihfpire hope and confidence in the well,
withers of order and justice ; and (hould finally extinguish the
doubts that have been entertained refpefting the eventual paymeni
of the public debts. It (hould likewise teach the enemies of our
government that they have deceived themselves in expe&ing thai
our affairs would continue to wear the fame difordcred afpefl
which formerly charatterized themjg The confufion and discord
that those restless men have wished and anticipated seem, like the
contention which Solomon speaks of, to be left off before they are
meddled with— For taking all things into consideration the Legi
slature have made as great advances towards putting into effeflual
motion the obje£ls of the Constitution as any reasonable man ever
expected. We dill however muff bear the complaints of the envi
ous and difappointcd. The oppofers of every government form
no inconsiderable class of men. Innumerable are the causes which
excite discontent and clamor; and no period of the world has ever
been exempt from men, who take a delight in stirring up uneafi.
ness amory; the people, and reproaching the conduct of all the
measures of government. Let the good citizens of this distin
guished nation learn to believe that their rulers have stronger mo.
tives to do good than evil ; that it is less probable wife and well
informed men will commit blunders than those whose situation
precludes them from knowing, what are the bed methods to pro
mote the public prosperity.
There isan unconquerable propensity in human nature to change,
—To this versatility may be ascribed a great proportion of the
evils of life : It seems to be more owing to accident, than to the
sagacity, patience, and perseverance of mankind in purfuitof pro
per objefis, that they ever enjoy the benefits connected with the
best devised plans—and if America (hould fail of realizing all that
happiness which (he hath anticipated under the New Constitution
it will be owing more to this cause than to anv imperfection of
the system, or (probably) to any faults in the administration : This
ficklencfs of the public mind has, more than all other causes, con
tributed to keep the people in flavery—for the generous exertions
of those who would become patiiotic leaders, have too often been
repressed by the dread, that the " Hosannas" of To-Day would
be succeeded by " crucify him" To-Morrow.
The revolution in France is one of the most glorious objects that
can arrest the attention of mankind : To fee a great people spring
ing into light, freedom, and happiness at once, from the depres
sions of Dcfpotifm and Bigotry, isfomething so novel, and so fur.
prizing, that the philol'opher is astonished, and the whole world
contemplates the scene with wonder, with rapture, and applause.
Americans in a particular manner,' rejoice to fee among the most
(hilling patriots of France, the most diftinguilhed names of those
veterans who fought by her fide the battles of Freedom.
Is there nothing to be done to meliorate the condition of the
lower orders of people in England, Scotland, and lieland ? There
is—They too, we trust, shall ere long be completely delivered
from every vestige of feudal tyranny.
WtD.\tso AY, Sloop Sally, Gorham, Alexandria, 8 days.
Friday, Ship Hannah, Moore, Barbadoes, 27days.
Brig Minerva, Smith, Cape de Verds.
Schooner Polly, Locey, Shelburne, i2days.
Endeavor, Cunningham, Richmond.
( NEV.'-YCUIK, Octobei io, 178 a.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Sett. 19, 1 789.
The SECRETARY of the TREASURY,
In obedience to the Order of the House of Re
presentatives, of the 17th inft .
THAT the schedule No. r contains an esti
mate of the total expenditure of the Civil Lift,
for the present year, amounting to two hundred
and forty three thousand three hundred and thir
ty three dollars, and seventy eight cents.
That the fcedule No. 2 contains an eltimate of
the total expenditure for the Department of H'ar,
for tlie prefentycar, amounting to one hundred,
(ixty three thousand and seventy eight dollars,
and fixtylix cents.
That the schedule No. 5 contains a statement of
the amount of Warrants illued by the late Board
of Treasury, which remain uufatisfied, being 189,
906 dollars, and 38 cents, which amount, as ap
pears by the fame schedule, comprises the sum of
34,657 dollars, and 67 cents, included
mate for the civil lift, and the sum of 25, 575 dol
lars, 34 cents, included inthe eftimateforrhe De
partment of War, leaving a ballance of two hun
dred and eight thou land fix hundred and seventy
fix dollars, and eleven cents, on the civil lift, and
of one hundred thirty seven thousand five hun
dred and three dollars, and 32 cents, on the De
partment of War : for which appropriations are
requisite, besides the amount of the warrants.
The Secretary begs leave to remark, that he has
inserted, in the eltimate for the civil lift, the
compensations allowed by the late government
to the Paymaster General and Commiflioner of
Army Accounts, and his Clerks, for the entire
year, oil the following grounds—The duty aflign
ed to the Commiflioner of Army Accounts, by an
ordinance of Congress of the 7th of May i 787, is
to receive from the Diltrid: Commiflioners, con
stituted thereby, the accounts and vouchers of the
several States, for certain payments and advances
on account of the Army and Militia, in the ser
vice of the United States, during the late war ;
and to examine those accounts ; palling fueh as
are atithorifed by the resolutions of Congress,
and stating to the General Board of Commiflion
ers such as do not fall under that description,
with remarks tending to elucidate the nature of
the claims they exhibit, to be decided by that
board on ; equitable principles.
Hence the Office of Commiflioner of Army Ac
counts forms a part of the system of that ordinance
which appears to have been recognized as con
tinuing in force by the aifl for fettling the accounts
between the United States and the Individual
States. The Commiflioner in question reports,
that the accounts of New-Ham pfhire, Connecticut,
and New-York, have been examined, stated, and
are ready for the General Board ; that those of
Maflachufetts and Rhode-Island will probably be
finifhed in thecourfe of a month ; and that those
of New-Jersey are now also under examination.
The Secretary begs leave further to remark,
that the annual amount of Pensions to Invalids
which has been usually comprehended in the Ci
vil Lift, is eftiinated at ninety fix thousand and
Seventeen dollars, and eleven cents, as pr. sche
dule No. 4, but it isunderftood, that a considera
ble part of these pensions, for the present year,
has been paid by the refpetftive States—though ic
is not knowij to what extent.
That there still remain unfatisfied warrants,
which were ifliied by the late Superintendant of
Finance, to the amount of ninety three thousand
four hundred and sixty three dollars, and 26
cents, the chief part of which were granted for
Supplies furnifhed to the American Prisoners dur
ing the war.
All which is humbly submitted.
Secretary of the Treasury.
ESTIMATE of the EXPENDITURE
for the CIVIL LIST of the United States, for the
Year 1 789.
First.—ln relation to the late Government.
Dol. goths. Dol. qcths.
The annual allowance made by the United
States, in Congress afTembled, the 23d Aug.
1787, including the salaries of the private Se
cretary and Steward, house rent, and expen
ses of the houfhold. is thereby fixed at 8,000
dollars pr. ann. which being estimated to the
3d of March, the time fixed for proceedings
to commence under the NcwConftitution, is, 1,358 81
The salaries to the following officers are
computed from ill of January, to thetimes to
which the late Board of Treasury have iffucd '
their warrant for payment, under a preemp
tion, that they were entitled to salary until
the delivery of the books, papers, and records
of the late Secretary's Oifice of Congress, to
the Secretary of State:—The Secretary of Con
greis, from ill January to the 30th of June, at
the rate of 2,600 dollars pr. ann. 1,300
Deputy Secretary, fame time, at 800, 400
One Clerk to do. do. 430, 225
One Clerk to the 7th of May, at 450] 158 10
Door-keeper to the 31ft March,at4oo, 100
Do. for taking care of Office, for
nine months last pad, 40
Carried forward, ~'*~ 3 '° g ,
(To be continued.)