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j affection from this legiflatuve—that in
fp \.,, P ndituresof' the public money, the gien
'If' LnmV ought to be observed—that thi
J 1 //ns ofthe people will be fufficiently great, t
ie theabfolutelv neceilary fupplies,many o,
P™V ties it was observed might be pei formed L_
fc Secretary of the Senate—that encreafingot
£ , andoroviding for the minutiae of admini
Son in this way, would fupercede the necel
• f a legillative body —whole expence 011 this.
r is „eedlefs, &c. It was therefore move.
fhat the firft clause of the reloluuon fliould bi
lLi -ro k tUcfc and many more observations, Mr.
Vining replied, in defence of his propoiuion—
bathe had waited till the bills for
the executive departments were compleated—ln.
'■'nil that thole bills did not embrace the object.-
f the resolutions— that these objects are ot 1111-
° rtance and ought to be noticed will be gram
ed—this department is as neceilary as any elta
bliflied except that of the treasury—The Preh
.lent Ihouldbe relieved from the burden of tbek
inferior duties as much as pollible—governmen,
is a complicated machine—The Prefulent fhoulu
be at the head, to fuperinrend the w hole—he
ibould have his mind free and unembarraHed.
that he may more effectually observe the move
ments ofthe various parts.—As to tothe expence ;
he obferved,that this would be a plan of economy :
information 011 these points is neceilary to be
bad—and the question is, whether a contidentiaj
officer is not a better medium, than vague inform,
ation, by letters fromperfons, perhaps intei efteci
to deceive. He then adverted to the several du
ties to Ihew their importance, that they are not
comprized in any oliice already constituted, and
could not with any propriety come under the cog
nizance of those departments. Mr. Vining
pointedly disclaimed all personal motives, i;i
bringing forward this bulincfs—he came forth, he
observed, upon the broad basis of the public good.
The motion for striking out the clause, bein»
put, palled in the affirmative.—The committee
thenrofe, and the Speaker relumed the chair.
Mr. Sedgwick introduced a motion that a
committee be appointed to bring in a billfupple
mentary to the acft for eftablilhing the depart
ment of foreign affiairs—declaring that said de
partment should hereafter be denominated
to which certain additional duties were to be
annexed —fucli as keeping the seals, making out
comniiflions, &c. &c.
This motion after some debate was negatived,
and then the House adjourned.
KRIPAY, JULY 24.
Mr. Gerry ofthe committee appointed for
thatpurpofe, brought ill abill to provide for the
registering, and clearing of veflels—for regulat
ing their tonnage, and the coalting trade, which
was read—voted that 100 copies be printed for
The engroflecl bill for allowing compensations
toTHE I'kESI DF.NI aild VICE PRiSIDtNT, sol"
their refpee r tive services, was read a third time —
this bill provides that the '/ia-PreJident flrall, in
cafe the powers and duties of the President de
volve upon him, receive the compensation allow
ed to the President, and his allowance as Vice-
President is then to cease.
Uponmotion it was voted that this bill be re
committed, and that the House will this day re
folveitfelf into a committee of the whole for the
purpose of taking the fame intoconfideration.
The committee to whom was recommitted the
till to provide for the settlement of accounts be
tween the United States and individual States, re
ported an amendment to said bill, which impow
ersthe President of the United States to nomi
nate and appoint, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, proper persons to lill such
yacancies as have taken place, or may happen,
in the Hoard of Conimillioners 011 Accounts, ap
pointed under the ordinanceof the late Congress,
alio authorizing said Board to appoint a Chief
Clerk, and luch other clerks as the service may
iliis amendment after some debate,was adopt
ed, and the bill ordered to be engrolledfora third
reauing on Monday next.
In committee of the whole.
Mr. B cud i not in the chair.
l lie engrolled bill for allowing compensations
tO . ' :e i'relidentand Vice Prelident was then read,
an amended, by more particularly fpecifying the
t'lne \\hen the compenfat'* ns lliall commence,
Y z - At the time when theyfhall enter on the
uties of their respeCtive stations."
he clause refpecling the Vice-President's re
ceiving the compenlation of President, in cafe the
powers and duties of that office should devolve
pon him, was voted to be ltruck out.
he committee then rose—and it was ordered
'bat the bill lye on the table.
P°n motion ofMr. Fitzsimons, theeftimate
fiderat" 1 was and taken into con-
r tllen v . ote d 'hat a committee of ways and
\.' c appointed, to which the said eitimate
Upon motion it was voted that this committee
on (I it of eleven—the ballots being collected, the
jllowing gentlemen were chnfen, viz.
Meflrs Livermore, Vining,
Gerry, Smith, (Maryland)
W adi'v/ortli, Madifori,
Laurance, Smith, (S. C.)
UPON THE MANU FACTURE OF GLASS.
BO 1 FLES, blackor green, are tliemoftfim
ple of all the glass manufacture—the profit in
naking which depends upon the greatelt number
of workmen being employed at the smallest ex
,:>enfe of fuel. From eight to sixteen blowers can
work all at once, at one melting furnace, fix feet
iiameter, which Mill take fixcordsof wood every
wenty-four hours. The belt coiiftrufted green
glafi furnace in this country is in New-Jersey—
where the whole business of smelting, blowing,
and cooling is done with one fire, by the particu
lar conllrmftion of the furnace.
WHI FE GLASS may also be made in the fame
furnace : but it is much more curious in its com
pofitio'n : for to make it white, it must partake
;>f all the colours—for this reason—in smelting
the purest materials, they naturally have a green
ish and purplish tinge ,• to dislodge which a black
illi foffil fubltance is made use of—upon this prin
ciple, that one colour in glass making will destroy
another ; so that at last a beautiful glass is produ
ced called -white ; but like the chriftaline humour
of the eye, it partakes of all the colours, as may
be fcen in the best Englilh white glass, which has
a changeablenefs like soap bubbles ; but in the
best London crown glass, or mirrours, you will
not perceive any of that fpaikling, changeable
power, because it would distort the object fefcn
through or reflected, on account of the refracting
power of such glass ; therefore this is made
of pure salts and sand only and has a native
greyifli colour, as maybe feenby the broken pieces
that, like water, they may reflect the objeifts tru-
CROWN GLASS may be made here to greater
profit than any other glass—on account of the
plenty and cheapness of materials—the quantity
that can be made—and the great consumption of
it.—The method of making which—form and di
menfionsof the furnace—preparations of the ma
terials—l lhall wave for particular reasons.
FOREIGN AND lOMESTIC MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES.
LONDON, APRIL 9.
It is said that the following fix noblemen hold
43 boroughs at their disposal :
LOl d Lonfdale, 11
Duke of Newcastle, 8
Lord Elliot of Port Elliot, 7
Lord Oxford, 7
Lord Falmouth, 5
Lord Edgecombe, y
A molt outiageous tumult has happened at
Barcelona, in Spain, in consequence of the high
price of bread. 011 the ill ult. a very numerous
mob began to fetfire to the town magazines,where
the corn is deposited. Having finifhed here, they
burnt two houses belonging to principal corn
dealers, besides some others.
The King of Sweden has received the molt af
fectionate addreHejfrom all parts ofliis kingdom,
declaring how extremely ready the people are
to second Uis willies for carrying 011 the war. The
Finlanders have been particulaily forward, which
is the more agreeable to his Majefly, as it was
feared that these people would be gained over by
the Empress of Rulua, their ancient Sovereign.
She has not been wanting in promises towards
tlieni, but they have been rejected. Even tliofe
towns which lie nearest the borders of Ruflialiave
seemed the molt loyal to the King; of Sweeden.
This spirit, which runs through every part of
the mukitude, will have the molt beneficial ef
sects in the prosecution of the war.
The famous Abbe de Raynal is now living at
Marleilles, in the 76th year of his age. He was
requelted by that city to be their representative
at the States General, but excused himfelfon ac
count of his age and infiriuities. The following
is an extract of a letter he wrote to the magistra
cy, as an apology for not accepting their oiler :
" I am now in my 76th year, and four months
tedious sickness has deprived me of the small re
mains of physical as well as moral strength of
mind, which age had left me. The least reflec
tion weakens my enfeebled nerves. You will
from thence judge, that under these circumstan
ces, I can neither fulfil the fundtionsof bein^your
representative, with that dignity which is clue to
you, or, if 1 may be allowed to fay it, to myfelf."
Last week died Jervis Gibfon, Esq. senior al
derman of Lincoln, aged 84. His death was oc
casioned by taking poison through a mistake.—
Having been in the medical line, he used to mix
his own medicines ; and, intending to take some
f ills, he ordered his servant to bring him a paper
out of a drawer, part of the contents of which he
mixed in warm water, and after drinking it off,
on finding a sediment, he was alarmed, and oil
examining the paper found he had taken corro-
I five sublimate. The proper means were tried
without efFeift, and he died in half an hour. The
j coroner's inquest, on view of the body, bi ought
in their verdict, accidental death.
NEW-HAVEN, JULY IJ.
The anniversary of Independence was cele
brated here the 9th inft. by the Society of the
Cincinnati.—After fele<sling their otlicers for the
ensuing year, they went in procession to the
Brick Meetting-Houfe, where divine services
wa performed, by the Rev. -N. Perkins—After
which Col. David Humphreys delivered an
elegant Oration—The profound attention and
united and reiterated applauses of a most 1 efpec
table and brilliant audience, are the best pane
gyric upon this ingenious, sensible and manly
NEW-YORK, JULY2S, 1789.
On Tliurfday I ast that venerable patriot
CHARLES THOMPSON, Esq. religned to The
President of the United States his office of Se
cretary to Congress—a post which he has filled
for nearly Fifteen Years, with reputation tohiui
felf, and advantage to his country.
When Heav'n propitious fmii'd upon our arms,
Or scenes adverle ipread terror and alarms.
Thro' every change the Patriot was the fame—
And FAITH and ROPL attended THOMPSON'S NAME.
From Georgia to Nevj-HatnpJhire the public pa
pers teem with accounts of the joyous cele
bration of INDEPENDENCE. —The present
Anniversary appears to be considered by every
part of the continent, as a 1110 ft auspicious era in
the hiftoryof our country —anticipatingtlie bles
sings of security and good government under the
administration of our excellent Constitution >
Independence appears adorned with new lustre.
A correspondent obf'erves, that there are sever
al circumstances which concur to embarrass the
circulating medium of this city—one is the ex
cess which is put 011 the value of French crowns—
this conduces to the advantage,not of the citizens,
but of ft angers, who makeaprofit of 1 pi. cent,
upon all the crowns they biing here : This cir
cumstance drives the change out of circulation,
and the dollars out of the State.
Another embarrailing circuniftance is the want
of small bills of the paper money—none being is
sued less than five lhillings : To diminish this dif
ficulty, recourse was had to an expedient which
has increased the evil—and that is the introduc
tion of an iminenfe quantity of copper coin :—
This arrived at last to such an abuse of the public
confidence that their circulation 011 a sudden has
aim oft ceased ; but to the cruel injury of many
persons who fuffer by this sudden stagnation ; the
injury is not much alleviated by being told that
they must part with tlieir property at a loss of
200 pr. cent, some advertizing that tliey will take
coppers at 60 to the shilling which have been cur.
rent a 20.—These things ought not so to be.
The education of youth in all free countries,
has always been a prime objedt of attention.—An
enlightened people can never be enslaved :—The
nioft benevolent plans for the poor are the means
of acquiring knowledge :—The wife and virtu
ous are sometimes plunged indiftrefs; but the
wretched part of every community will general
ly be found to consist of those who have been neg
ledted in their education, or who never were in
circumstances to acquire information.—Every so
ciety is bound to make public provision for the
inftrucftion of the poor,
Extraß of a letter from Boflon, July 7.
Commencement was celebrated on Wednesday
last, with the usual eclat —variety, ingenuity and
taste were difcoveied in the several exhibition*.
A 1110 ft numerous and biilliant collection of la
dies were present.—Forty-six young gentlemen
received the Bachelors Degree. —
It is expected that the gentlemen who are cho
sen to represent this State in the Senate of the
Congress of the United States, viz. Philip
Schuyler, and Ruius King, Esquires, will
take their feats in that honorable body in a few
days. Mr. King arrived here on Wednesday,
from Albany, and Mr. Schuyler it is supposed, is
now on his way from that city.
The Hon. Abiel Foster is elected a Repre
sentative of the United States, for the Diftri«st of
New-Hampshire—this choice compleats the Fe
Several fanners, in the vicinity of Hartford,
have, the week past, reaped their English grain,
which proves exceedingly good : in consequence
of which, oldgrain is plenty, and the price con
siderably fallen ! [Con. Coi/r ]
(fsT"Amcricanus is unavoidably omitted.—Original Specimens of
Kloquence will be continued. _______
Thursday Sloop Jenny, Taylor, St. Croix. 7 days.
Friday. Brig Lovely Peggy, White, Montego-Bay.
Schooner Hawk, Matthews, Grenada.
Polly, Burnham, Cape Francois. 12 days.
Sloop Union, Watson, Philadelphia,
Sloop Unity, Simmers, Philadelphia. 6 days.
Sloop Charlotte, Chafe, St. John's, 24.