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AITS FARMERS'- A?& MECHANICS' : RIO-ZSTR.
DtlNTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY JONATHAN ItOW, SOMERSET, SOMERSET COUNTY, PA.,
TUESDAY, JANUARY 27,; 1846,
Vol. 4,-No. 1L
A GOLDG RL'IJG.
One appeal to God above,
Supplicating for his love,
Daily oiler. Peace of mind
Makes thee happy, good and kind.
Daily sing one cheerful song1,
From the bosom's fiery throng;
Daily do one noble deed,
Daily sow one blessing's seed.
Daily make one foe thy friend,
Daily from thy surplus spend;
Daily when the gift is thine, .
"Write one verse in strains divino.
Daily seek kind nature's face;
Daily seek for some new grace;
Daily dry one sufferer's tear,
Daily one grieved brother cheer.
Daily drink from sparkling eyo
Sweeter rapture; soar on high!
Then thy life will know no night,
And thy death be robed in light.
TOTIII2 PARTY OP THE
STATE OF PKWSl 17VAXIA.
At a meeting of the Whig members of
the Pennsylvania Legislature, held in
Ilarrisburg, Jan. 13th, 1816, the follow
ing resolution was unanimously adopted,
Resolved, That a committee of three
be appointed to prepare a call for a Whig
State Convention, to be held at Harris
"burg, on the 11 th day of March, 1816,
for the purpose of nominating a candidate
for the office of Canal Commissioner, and
that said call be published, with the
names of the Whig members of the Le
gislature appended. .
J. P, SANDERSON, Pres't.
Thomas Nicholson, )
John R. Edie, $ Secretaries.
In accordance with the foregoing, the
committee intrusted with that duty, re
fpeetfullv submit the following address:
The Whig members of the General
Assembly, now in session at Ilarrisburg,
on consulting together in relation to mat
ters important to the interests of the Com
monwealth, find that no provision has
been made for nominating a Whig candi
date for the office of Canal Commissio
ner, to be voted for at the ensuing Gen
eral Election in October. The office is
one of high responsibility and importance
its patronage is extensive, and its in
fluence upon the finances of our State,
immense. The present crisis of affairs
in Pennsylvania, imperatively demands
that the office should be filled by a man
of. integrity and sound principles honest
and capable not to be corrupted by
grasping selfishness, nor diverted from
the straight forward course of duty, by
parly fear or political favor. The waste
ful extravagance of the dominant party
lias involved our State in an enormous
debt of OVER FORTY MILLIONS
OF DOLLARS OUR TAXES ARE
ENORMOUS the honest farmer and
the hard-working mechanic have been de
luded and deceived by incorrect financial
statements, made for party purposes
and hungry office-holders hae fattened
on the public resources, while the Com
monwealth has been brought to ths verge
of bankruptcy. All these evils are just
ly chargeable upon the party in power,
and we believe the time has -ome for
the Whigs of the State to arouse to en
crgetic action, and endeavor to put a stop
to the continuance of such monstrous
abuses. The first step in the accom
plishment of this great end, is an earnest
effort to secure the election of a sound
Whig, as Canal Commissioner. Let a
candidate be selected of known integrity,
of competent talents, of practical ability,
thoroughly acquainted with the State, and
possessing a perfect knowledge of the
public works let him receive die cor
dial support of the Whig party of the
State, and the probabilities are strong that
his election will be secured, and a check
at once be placed on the irregular, ex
cessive and. ruinous policy of t.'iose in
Another subject of deep interest to the
whole people of the Slate, is the evident
intention on the part of the Slate Ad
ministration, TO ABANDON THE PROTEC
TIVE Policy. The recent annual mes
sage of the Governor, leads irresistibly
to this belief. Pending the late Presiden
tial election, the "Tariff of 12" was in
scribed on the banners of the Loeofoco
party. Now these banners are no longer
vit-ible, ami lite message of the Executive
advocates, clearly and decidedly, a "Re
vence Tariff, with incidental protec
tion;" and the same ruinous sentiments
have been openly avowed by leading
Democrats on the floor of the House of
Representatives. For the first time, in
the history of our State, lias this doctrine
been avowed among us, by any Adminis
tration for the first time has a Governor
of Pennsylvania dared to desert the true
interests of the Stat?, and prove recreant
t that policy1 which protects alike the
termer, the mechanic and the mrnufactu-
rer, and promotes the prosperity of all.
Shall not the rebuke be speedy and effec
tual? Will not every man, whether Whig !
or Democrat, who regards his own in- I
tcrests, who loves his State, and would
sec it free from the embarrassment of j
debt, and its people thriving, successful
and happy, repel this monstrous aggres
sion upon the protective policy?
In this emergency it behoves the Whig
party to act promptly, and with vigor.
The State Administration lias truckled to
the free-trade policy of a Southern Presi
dent, and a strong reproof from the Whig
party, and from all who regard the sub
stantial interests of the State; more than
adhesion to party, should be given with
out delay. We trust that the voters of
Pennsylvania will be no longer deceived
by the false professions of politics! lea
ders we trust that every man who reads
and thinks, will examine and see for him
self, this political treachery we trust
that the intelligent voters of every coun
ty, township and ward, will rally as one
man, denounce the shameful derelictions
of Loeofoco leaders, and unitedly sustain,
with a cordial action, the Whig policy of
a PROTECTIVE TARIFF a policy
essentially necessary to develope the re
sources, and secure the prosperity of the
State, and properly to reward the indus
try and enterprise of the people.
In view of this position of affairs, the
Whig members of the Spnateand House
of Representatives, believe it to be their
duty to suggest that the Whigs of the
Suite meet in State Convention, for the
purpose of nominating a CANDIDATE
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER of
deliberating upon subjects essential to the
welfare of the State, and of making ar
rangements for a strong, decided, and
overwhelming expression of opinion at
the ballot-boxes in October. They ac
cordingly recommend, that the usual
number of delegates be immediately cho
sen in the several counties of the Com
monwealth, and that the State Conven
tion assemble in Ilarrisburg, on Wednes
day, the 1 1th day of MARCH, next.
YM. A. CRABB,
JAMES D. DUNLAP,
JOSEPH F. QUAY,
JOHN P. SANDERSON,
A. II ERR SMITH,
C. C SULLIVAN,
TIIOS. J. BIGHAM,
II. M. BRACKENRIDGE,
THOMAS G. CONNOR,
THEO. D. COCHRAN,
JOHN R. ED1E,
WM. W. DALY,
JOHN B. JOHNSON,
THOMAS B. JACOBS,
JOHN C. KUNKEL,
JOHN LARKIN, Jr.,
GEO. LADLE Y,
M. DAN MAG EUAN,
JOHN M' FAR LAND,
JOHN M. POMEROY,
JACOB G. SHUMAN,
TIIOS. C. STEEL, .
PHILIP. D. THOMAS,
CHARLES B. TREGO,
Members of the House of
Harrisbirg, Jan. 15, 1810.
" A Groat Robbery.
The editor of the Cincinnati Atlas has
s?en a letter from a gentleman in St.
Louis to the Marshal of Cincinnati, dated
the 17th ult., which stiles that a robbery
had been committed at the town of Lynn,
Osage county. Mo., a!out 150 miles from
St. Louis, of money amounting to $17,
500 $10,000 in one hundred dollar bills
on the Bank of Missouri, $7,000 on the
different banks i-.i Wall street, and 8500
in ten and twenty dollar notes of the
Bank of Missouri.
A Xovcl Pox Cliasc.
The Portsmouth, Journal gives an ac
count of the chase of a fox by the loco
motive on the Eastern Railroad. Poor
Reynard ran like the wind lor a mile or
more, but was finally overtaken, and as
he turned his head to escape from his pur
suers, was struck by the engine wheel
and crushed to death. .
We notice that in all parts of Massa
chusetts the only balls given are "Tenv
A friend has furnished us with the fol
lowing notes of the journey of Archibald
McDonald, Esq., from the Columbia
River to this province. He was chief
factor to the Hudson Bay Company, and
was accompanied by his wife and eight
children. On the 23d of September, in
last year, the party left Fort Caldwell, on
the Columbia, 500 miles distant from the
Pacific. On the 10th of October they
arrived at Boat Encampment, near the
head of navigation 500 miles. They
then crossed over to the head of McKen
zie's River, the great northern outlet that
discharges into the Frozen Ocean
where they arrived on the 25th. On
the 4th of November they again embark
ed, but being frozen in, they were ob
liged to take dogs and sleighs for Fort
Edmunton, where, they arrived on the
4th of December 190 miles. On the
10th they arrived at Fort Edmunton on
the Sackatchawan river 100 miles
where the whole party remained until
the month of June. . The last named
river Hows into the Nelson river, which
discharges into the Hudson Bay. Leav
ing their winter quarters, they proceed
ed to Fort Garry, Red river settlement,
600. Arrived at Fort Alexander, at
the mouth of the Winipec rivers GO
miles on the 1st of August, and at Lac
la Plean, (Rainy Lake,) on the 27th
200 miles. Passing through the Lake of
the Woods, they crossed the 49th deg.
of north latitude, (the American bounda
ry;) over 47 portages, they arrived at
Fort William, on Lake Superior, on the
first of September 200. Over the grand
Portage, Mill Lacky, or One thousand
Lakes, (where about half way the water
descends into the St. Jjawrcnce,) and
traversing Lake Superior in boats, they
arrived at Sault Ste. Mary on the 24th of
September, making in all 2,850 miles.
Mrs McDonald was confined on the way
and they had the misfortune to lose three
of their children by death thus redu
cing their number to six. In this exten
sivc region, fine fields of discovery offer
to the enterprising traveller.
The most interesting objects seen in
this journey was a lake called the Coun
cil Punch Bowl, and Mounts Hooker and
Brown, in latitude 52 north. The first
is 6,000 feet above the level of the sea,
and out of one side a stream flows which
discharges into the Columbia and so in
to the Pacific, and from the other side
one that empties into McKcnzie's river,
an so on into the Frozen Ocean. Above
this lake iwo mountains shoot their tow
ering pinnacles 12,000 feet above the
ocean's level higher than Mount Blanc,
the loftiest in Europe. The name of
mount Brown is connected with the tra
vels of one whose fate in the Sandwich
Islands render his visit and ascent of i'.
a matter of melancholy interest. The
other was ascended to the height of
2,000 feet by David Douglas, celebrated
for his skill in botany, (higher than any
other individual,) who gave it the name
of his patron and employer, Professor
Hooker of Glasgow both covered with
perpetual snow. St. Cathatetes (C.
The Pensacola Gazetts, says: "The
machinery for the first cotton factory ever
attempted in Florida arrived here a few
days ago, and is now landing near Area
dia, twenty miles north of this place.
From the enterprise already displayed in
the matter, it is evident that in the course
of a month or two the factory will be in
full operation, the factory buildings being
now nearly completed."
Meeting of Slaveholders.
The citizens of Queen Anne's county,
were to hold a public meeting on the 6th
of January, at Centreville, Md., to adopt
measures to prevent the escape of their
slaves by means of the abolitionists.
The Albany Citizen of Wednesday
says: "The good sleighing still holds
out. This is the thirty-first day of its
existence. It has continued in uninter
rupted excellence the whole of this month.
Short trip over the Ocean.
The packet ship Joshua Bates, from
Boston, a new vessel, made her first trip
to Liverpool in fifteen days. This is
said to be the shortest passage on record
The property held by Trinity Church,
New York, is estimated to be worth one
hundred millions . of dollars. Real es
tate $80,000,000, other property $20,
000,000. TRUE COURAGE.
An editor in Columbia, South Caroli
na, (Col. Summer,) has declined a chal
lenge to a duel from a brother editor, on
the ground that duelling is prohibited by
the law of God and man. .
Tn Iowa they weigh pork by putting a
plank across a rail, with the hog on one
end and piling stones enough on the other
end to balance, and theft gues at the
weight of the atones,
BY EMMA C. EMBCRY.
They tell me that I must not lore,
That thou wilt spurn the free
And unbought tenderness that gives
Its hidden wealth to thee;
It may be so: I heed it not,
Nor would I change my blissful lot
When thus I am allowed to make
My heart a bankrupt for thy sake.
They tell me when the fleeting charm
Of novelty is o'er,
Thou'lt turn away with careless brow,
And think of me no more;
It may be so; enough for me
If sunny skies still smile o'er thee,
Or I can trace, when thou art far,
Thy pathway like a distant star.
Friday, January 16, 1810.
Mr. Sterigere, from the Select Com
mittee, to which was referred that por
tion of ihe Governor's Messege which
related to the Tariff, reported the follow
REOLVTIONS RELATIVE TO THE TARIFF.
Whereas, the tariff of 1812 produces
no more than sufficient revenue to defray
the necessary expenses of the General
Government and affords only an adequate
incidental protection to American indus
try and American manufactures against
Foreign competition and Foreign policy
and a consequent encouragement to com
mercial enterprise, to agricultural pur
suits, and to the dcvelopement of our own
internal resources. And whereas, it is
believed the people of Pennsylvania are
opposed to any alteration in the existing
tariff until further experience has shown
that a modification is required to secure a
continuance of such protection, and to
promote their general welfare. Therefore
Resolved, &c, That our Senators and
Representatives in Congress be and they
are hereby required to oppose all attempts
to alter or modify the Tariff act of the
30ih of August, 1812.
Rfsolved, That the Governor be re
quired to transmit a copy of the above
preamble and resolution to each of our
Senators and Representatives in Con
gress. Mr. Sanderson moved that the Senate
proceed to the consideration of the reso
lutions just reported; but withdrew his
motion to allow Mr. Sullivan to report a
bill for the incorporation of the Conesto
ga Steam Mills Company of Lancaster
bills read is place.
Mr. Heckman read a bill supplementa
ry to an act for the incorporation of the
Fire Insurance company of Northampton
Mr. Rahn read a bill supplementary to
the act incorporating the Farmer's Bank.
Mr. Dunlap read a bill supplementary
to the act relating to Orphans' Courts.
Mr. Ross read a bill supplementary to
the act relating to the recording of deeds.
Mr, Cornman read a bill supplementa
ry to an act incorporating the borough of
Germantown, in Philadelphia county; re
fered to the committee of members from
the city and co.
Mr. Williamson read a bill laying a
tax on dogs in village of West Chester.
Mr. Darsip offered a resolution that
the Senate concur in the adoption of - the
joint rules as amended by the House of
On motion the Senate proceeded to the
consideration of the resolution, and being
amended on motion of Mr. Sterigere it
Mr. Dunlap offered a resolution in
structing the Pennsylvania members in
Congress to procure an alteration of the
Constitution of the United States, in
reference to the mode of electing the
President and Yice President, so as to
enable the people to vote directly on the
choice of those officers, without the inter
vention of electors.
Mr. Foulkrod offered a resolution that
the Senate on Monday next, proceed to
the Hall of the House of Representatives
for the purpose of electing a State Treas
urer; which was agreed, to.
On motion of Mr. Fegely the Senate
proceeded to the nomination of persons
to fill the aforesaid office.
Mr Fegcley nominated James R.
-Mr. Gibbons " Ner Middlcs
warth. On motion the nominations closed.
. Mr. Gibbons offered a resolution in
reference to the appointment of a com
mittee to secure the publication of the
late Geological Survey of the State,
whtch was adopted, and Messrs. Gibbons
Creacraft and Dimmick were appointed
Mr. Sanderson renewed his motion
for the consideration of hc joint resolu
tions relating to the tariff, reported by
the Chairman of the select committee.
Mr. Bigler moved to postpone the
consideration of the subject till to-morrow
to allow time for printing the reso
On the question, shall the considera
tion of the resolutions be postponed, the
vote was in favor of postponement 12
sgainsut it 13 so the motion was lost.
The first and second resolutions being
again read were unanimously adopted,
The preamble of the resolutions were
again read, when Mr. Anderson offered
the following as an amendment:
Whereas, the Tariff Act of 1842, al
though defective in many of its details,
has induced and continues to induce the
: investment of capital in manufactures,
.1 l .1. -l 1 .
uicreuy coiiinuuung 10 me ucveiupemeiu
of the natural advantages of the people of
this Commonwealth. And waereas.
Under the peculiar aspect of the General
Government, in its foreign relations, the
aggregate revenue will not exceed a just
and appropriate expenditure in order to
assume a proper attitude of defence:
And wherees, also the position of the
General Government in its foreign rela
tions, recommends the more strongly
j the policy of encouragingthe manufac
ture of such articles as arc mdispensible
m time of war.
On the question shall the amendment
, be adopted, the yeas and nays were re
1 quired by Mr. Sullivan, and resulted as
j follows, yeas 12, nays 21.
1 he question being on the adoption of
the original preamble.
Mr. Sterigere said he had voted a
gainst the adoption of the preamble for
the sake of compromise and with a view fo
giving unanimity tothe vote upon its pasage.
The amendment stated that because the
Tariffof 1812, had induced investiments
of capital in mmufacturing establismcnts,
the people of Pennsylvania were opposed
to any alteration. He conceived that the
Tariff rested on far broader ground than
this. He had objections to the pream
ble as amended, and would prefer that re
ported by the committee.
Mr. Black said he was not in the com
mittee when the resolutions were agreed
to, or he might have united in the sanc
tion which the committee had given them.
He was willing to let the Tariff act of
1842, remain as it was, though it was
certainly defective in many of its details.
The very manner in which that act was
passed wes sufficient to stamp it with er
ror. It was passed as a measure of com
promise, and many of the warmest friends
of the tariff, voted against it. Yet he
was willing to see it remain a few years
longer until experience should point out
the remedy for its defects. The state
of the General Government required all
the revenue which present rate of duties
yielded, in order to put the country in a
state of defence, lie should therefore,
vote for the instructing part of the resolu
tions, but he wished his views on the
subject to be distinctly understood. He
was opposed to protection for protection
only, lie did not conceive that to be the
true principle of laying duties. The
only true principle was revenue with in
cidental protection; it was a matter of ex
pedience, and duties were to be assessed
chiefly to supply the wants of the Gov
ernment. Thu present act was oppres
sive upon the poor and the burdens it im
posed were unequally distributed. Yet
in the present state of affairs he should
vote for its continuance, and leave what
ever modifications were neccssorv to fu
Mr. Sterigere said he rose not to pro
long the discussion but to state briefly
his views on the subject. He thought
the present tariff ought to be continued
without essential change or alteration.
It afforded sufficient revenue and also
afforded incidental protection to our man
ufactures end commerce. The govern
ment had always recognized the princi
ple of protection. It had protected our
commerce and our shipping interests as
well aS our manufactures. He was op
posed to protection for protection and in
favor of a tariff which while it yielded
sufficient revenue, discriminated in favor
of our own interests. There was more
sound than sense in the remark made by
the Senator from Greene, (Mr. Black,)
that the present tariff oppressed the poor.
Its chief effect had been to enable the
poor man to buy at a cheaper rate'tharv he
could possibly do without it. The Sen
ator had stated that the act was objection
able; so was every one that ever had been
passed by Congress. There never was &;
never could be one passed which would
not be objectionable to some portion of
the country or other. The present Tar
iff afforded ample revenue and also ade
quate protection and therefore, he should
vote to continue it without amendment or
modification at the present time.
On the question shall the preamble be
adopted, the yeas and nays were called,
and were as follows: Yeas 22, Nays 10.
The resolutions were read a third
Mr. Sullivan hoped that as the Senate
gave a unanimous vote on the second
reading of the resolutions, the vote would
nlsn bp unanimous on their final passage.
i As a strong disposition was manifes ted in
! the South to mterlere wun me F'"'"'
' of the present tariff, a unanimous voice
' from'this State in its favor would probally
jbe decisive, and effecually prevent its ab
'teration. On the propriety of the pres
! ent tariff a great diversity of opinion ex
' isted, but he was strongly assured that
if anv evil has been felt as the result of its.
provisions it was hourly correcting itself
if it was oppressive at first it is becon
ing every day less so. Under its influ
ence the country had enjoyed a high de
gree of prosperity and had arisen from
the depression under which it had fallen
previous to its enactment, with fresh res
olution and renewed energies. As to the
question of protection, he believed tho
General Government had power consti
tutionally to impose duties for protection
alone; but as long as duties were neces
sary to be levied he was in favor of dis
criminating for purposes of protection.
lie strongly pointed out the beneficial
results of the teriff in creeling a market
for our surplus productions, and for tha
consumption of our agricultural products,
and concluded by again expressing hi
hope that the resolutions would receive a
Mr Bigler did not object to the pas
sage of the resolutions, and he shouM
vote for them, but was not certain as to
the propriety of tying down our mem
bers to the present tariff. The present
lawcontairs many imperfections, but as
it was a question of conflicting interests,
and our members had always supported
those of our own State, he shauld also
vote to sustain them.
On the question shall the preamble
and resolutions be adopted, the yeas and
nays were celled and were as follows:
Yeas Messrs. Anderson, Bcnner,
Bigler, Black, Carson, Chapman, Crabb,
Crearcraft, Darrah, Darsie, Dimmick,
Dunlap. Ebough, Fegely, Foulkrod, Gib
bons, Gillis, Ilackman. Hill, Hoover, Jor
don, Morrison, Quay, Rahn, Ross, San
derson, Smith, Sterigere, Sullivan, Wa
gonsellcr, Williamson, Sherwood, Speak
On motion ot Mr. Williamson, thu
Senate proceeded to the consideration of
the bill to incorporate the Pine Spring
Water Company, of Chester county,
which was read a second and third tima
The Clerk of the House being intro
duced, presented a bill for the payment of
the interest on the funded debt of the
State, falling due within the present fis
Mr. Black, on leave given, presented
25 petitions from cttizens of Green coun
ty, praying that the question of the loca
tion of the public buildings 'of said county
be left to the decision of tho people at the
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Friday, January 16, laiG.
Mr. Means, on leave, presen lad a pe.
tition of citizeus of Cumberland, for a
change in the poor laws.
Mr. Burrell: one of citizens of West
moreland, Washington and Fayette, for
an inquiry into the official conduct of
Mr. Gwin: one, of Royer & Shoema
ker, for damages to their property by the
The Speaker laid before the House a
communication of the city councils,
transmitting a statement of the Girard es
tate of the Philadelphia and Norristowii
Mr. Cochran submitted a resolution
that one thousand additional copies of the
reportofthe Commissioners of the In
sane Accylum, be printed, which was
Mr. Burns submitted a resolution to
print one thousand copies of the Adju
tant General's report; which was agreed
PAYMENT OF STATE IXTERDST.
Mr. Burrell. from tho Committee of
Ways an e means, reported a bill to pro
vide for the payment of the interst o:i
the funded debt of the Commonwealth,
for the current fiscal year; which was
read a second aud third time and passed.
Mr. Larkin reported a resolution rela
tive to hc piers in the river Delaware, at
Mr. Hill read in his place a bill to
annul the marriage contract of Enos East
wood. Mr. Bigham read in his place a joint
resolution relative to the postage laws of
The House again went into commitlca
of the whole, Mr. Power in the chair, on
the Oregon Resolution, and after a dis
cussion of about half an hour, Mr. Burn
side's resolution was adopted, with a
preamble offered by Mr. BrackcnriJge.
asserting our right to the 54th degree 40
seconds of Oregon.
The bill was then taken up on second
reading, and a number of amendments
were offered; one, by Mr. Matthias, was
pending at 10 minutes of 1 o'clock
Mr. Burnsidc moved to postpone the
subject for the present, which was agreed
On motion of Mr. Burnsidc, the IIouso
resolved to meet the members of the Sen
ate in Convention, on Monday, to elect 'a
State Treasurer, and Mr. Burrsid was
appointed teller on the part of tb? Hsa.
Mr. Burmide nominaJed Jcne K,
Snowden; Mr. Kunkle nominated Ner
Middleswarth, as cand."dafc3 tr bo gup
ported for State Trsavazer, Ayouiicd.