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A3SD FAHMHEg' MECHANICS' REGISTER,
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY JONATHAN ROW, SOMERSET, SOMERSET COUNTY, PA.
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1846,
Vol. 4.-No. 12.
8. 3. MCKNIGHT.
(successors to II. Coulter & Co.)
"HSTHOLESASE Grocers, Comrnis
V t sion and Forwardirg Merchants,
Dealers in Produce and Pittsburg Manu
factures, Sixth street, between Wood and
Liberty, Pittsburgh. Pa. janlS
DR. G. tUilGKOK,
IIox, J, S. Black, Or, J, McCrkrv,
HON. A, J MOMFSON, JJR, N, VV ,
Office at Ankcny's Hotel.
SAMUEL, P SNYDER,
ESPECT F U L L Y informs his
JLu, friends and tlie public in general,
that he continues to carry on the
Saddling and IIarness-3Ia-king
st his shop on Main Cross street, north
of Parker & Ankeny's store, where he
will constantly keep on hand, or make to
order, MENS A ND If OMENS'
SADDLES, lill IDLES, UAll
NESS, COLL J US, S-c, 4 c-.
all of which lie will dispose of at very
low prices, for cash or appreved country
Having supplied himself with excel
lent materials, and being determined to
do his work in a neat and substantial
manner, he flatters himself to be able to
jive general satisfaction to all who may
favor him with their custom.
Somerset, no 1 1 '45
THREE BIG DOORS.
Vm WITH EIEXEGO
has not yet commenced", and we are still sel
ling goods at the above stand at very
TE hsve received 'this day from
Philadelphia, Baltimore and
l'llisburc a variety of
consisting in part of
CLOTHS of various qualities and colors
CASSI MERES do do do
SATTINETTS do do do
JEANS do do do
LADIES GOODS such as Rornelia
stripe. Polka Cashmere, Cashmere De
Cosse, Afghan Satin, plain, figured and
changeable Alpachas, Mouslin de Laines,
&c, &c, &c.
In selling boots and boes,
We promise to beat tbe Jews.
ALSO, on hand a choice lot of Gro
ceries, Hardware and Queensware; all ol
which we shall endeavor to sell on such
terms, as to induce a generous publie to
give us a libera! support.
Don't forget the place, remember the
Three Big Doors.
sepi30 J J fc H F SCI1ELL.
Doiit stand up tchile chairs
and sofas are so cheap,
CHAIR&'Ol GAB' MET
M A N U-
"TTTOULD respectfully inform his
TV o'd customers and the public in
general, that he has purchased from
Mr. Jocob Myers, chair maker and
w heel wright his entire stock of materials
itnl has commenced the chair making
bunness with that of cabinet making, at
his shop on main street in the Borough
nf Somerset, one door east of the resi
dence of Simon Gebhart Esq., where
he will constantly keep on hand and
will make to order, common fancy and
Muhazony Chair, bed steads, wheels,
Tables, Stands, Settees, So
fas, 5c, fyc, 50.,
He will sell common chairs at $5 per
ett, and other articles in proportion.
Thankful for the patronage heretofore
extended to him, he would invite the
public to call and exemine his work,
which he will warrant to he made of the
best materials and finished in the neatest
tmd must durable manner.
. Approved country produce will be
taken in exchange for w ork, si the high
Ol auaiket prices.
!SBk JHi JlBl
"07I1EI?EAS t!ie honorable Jeremi
V T ah S. Black, President, and G.
Ghorpenning and John M'Carty, Esqs.,
associate Judges of the court of common
pleas, in and for the county of Somerset,
and assistant Justices of the courts of oyer
and terminer amf general jail delivery and
quarter sessions of the peace, in and for
said county of Somerset, have issued
their precept to me directed, requiring;
me among other things to make public
proclamation throughout my bailiwick,
that a court of oyer and terminer and
general jail delivery: also, a court of gen
eral quarter sessions of the peace and
jail delivery, will commence at the bor
ough of Somerset, in and for the county
' of Somerset, in the commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, on the 2d Monday of
February next, (9th day) in pursuance
of which precept
Public Notice is hereby giv
en, to the justices of the peace, the coro
ner, and constables of said county of
Somerset, that they be then and there, in
their own proper person', with their
rolls, records examinations, and inquisi
tions, and other remembrances, to do
those things which to their offices apper
tain in that behalf to be done and also all
those who prosecute against the priso
ners that are, or then shall be, in the j;iil
of the said county of Somerset, are to be
then and there to prosecute against them
as shall be just.
Given under my hand, at Somerset, this
6th day of January, in the year of
our Lord 1846.
JACOB PHILIPPI, Shertf.
From the Ladie's National Magazine.
THE YOUNG REBEL.
A TALK OF THE CAKOLJ.YAS.
BY" J. M. SAUNDERS.
In a small farm-house, towards the close
of the year 1780, sat an old man, his wife
and only son. The face of the father
appeared troubled; at times he looked
thoughtful on the floor, and then he would
gaze long and wistfully at his son, a fine,
manly youth of twenty. At length he
'David, this is disastrous news from
Camden. God knows what will become
of the country now! I wish this old
wound I got in the French war had not
lamed me but for it, I should be now
shouldering my musket and marching to
defend my country."
Both the wife and son looked up at
these words. The old lady ceased knit
ting and gazed enquiringly at her boy,
and it was evident from the expression of
her face, that patriotism and motherly af
fection were at variance in her bosom.
The son, however, after encountering his
father's eye for a moment, turned confu
sedly away. The old man's brow dar
kened, and he said warmly
"David, David, why do you linger a
bout the village when your country needs
your service so much? why, son; lam
ashamed of yon! Twice before this I
have spoken to you on this subject, but
you appear to have no spirit! "What? will
you see us trampled upon by the brutal
mercenaries of Britain, and still lie here
supinely? For shame, David, for shame!
I will not call you my son. Long since
you ought to have been in the army."
"Joshua, Joshua," interposed the old
mother, "David is but a youth, then do
not speak to him so harshly. He cannot
feel what you feel, who have fought so
ol'ten against your country's enemies
Joshua he h but a boy."
"A boy, indeed, Deborah! such boys
as David have already gained imperisha
ble laurels since the war commenced. I
could name a host of them! Why, were
it not for the boys of this land, where
would be our army, which I dare say, is
one quarter composed of David's age."
The old man was excited, and it was the
first unkind word that he had ever spo
ken to his boy.
David arose and left the house. He
walked some distance apparently in deep
"What will not woman do?" he at last
muttered; "here I have been lingering a
bout the village when I should have been
off long ago. And for what? why to
meet a pretty girl, and to listen to her
musical voice; but now I will be myself
again! What did he call me? was it not
a Coward? Now, by heavens, I will
learn him that he has a son who posses
ses the spirit cf his father. Away, then
with love, for I feel that I am called upon
to act, and no longer to dream! Ere a
fortnight my father shall hear from me,
or else I lose my life in striving; for it."
And with this resolution, he turned about
and retraced his steps.
When he had reached home, he sought
the stables, saddling his horse and moun
ting him, struck into a gallop, which he
continued for several miles. At length
he stopped and looked at the windows of
a farm house, half hid between the clus
tering trees. This was the residence of
Mary Bunker, the mistress of his heart;
the light showed that the family had not
retired, and he resolved to pay her a visit
before hi departure.
She was alone when he entered, and a
few words acquainted her with his deter
mination. She burst into tears.
"No, Mary," he said, "you must not
unman me. At first I resolved to leave
you without a farewell, for I knew how
much you dreaded my taking an active
part in this struggle. But I could not be
so cruel as to desert you without a word."
"I will compose myself," said the girl,
with an effort to smile. "I know I have
done wrong to persuade you to stay; but
you cannot imagine the anxiety I sufler
on account of my brothers, and I could
not bear to have you encounter their dan
ger. But since the dreadful defeat at
Camden, I feel that every man is wanted
by our country. Go, then, dearest, may
God be with you. My prayers shall be
with you night and day."
David pressed the now weeping girl to
his bosom, snatched a hasty kiss at the
sound of approaching footsteps, wrung
her hand and was gone.
The next day he left the neighborhood
of his father's house, armed with a mus
ket and mounted on a sturdy horse. His
destination was the American camp, then
far to the northward; but as the interve
ning country was filled with the enemy,
he knew there would be considerable ad
djess required to effect his purpose. Be
fore his departure he saw a few of his old
playmates, who promised to follow him
as soon as possible.
Night found him near a lonely farm
house to which he proceeded boldly in
pursuit of a lodging. At first the occu
pant received him coldly, but a chance
expression convinced David that his host
was a tory he affected the same political
creed, and was immediately warmly wel
comed. The royalist produced his cider
after supper, and insisted that David
should join him in his potations. This
the young man did, taking care however,
not to indulge too freely, while the far
mer, overjoyed to find what he supposed
a new recruit for his party, drank without
stint, and became more and more com
municative. To his horror, David soon
learned that a party of loyalists, led by a
Maj. Wilson, celebrated for his toryism
and ruthlessness, were to start early on
the ensuing day on an expedition to seize
and hang the two Bunkers, who had made
themselves particularly obnoxious to the
royalist leaders. David knew enough of
partizan warfare to be assured that no
mercy would be shown his friends; he
also knew enough of the character of the
Major, to suspect that some strong perso
nal motive had led to the planning of so
distant an expedition, when there were
others as inviting near home. He accor
dingly set himself to discover the truth
from his half inebriated companion. Nor
was it long before success crowned his
adroit cross examination.
"Why you see," said the host, "Lbe
lieve there's a little revenge for a slight
received from these fellow's sister, mixed
up with the Major's desire to catch the
Bunkers. The girl is very pretty, they
say, and the Major, when he was down
there on a visit last year before the war,
wanted to marry her; but she would have
nothing to say to him. Ever since he
nas vowed to make her rue the day. You
may depend on it he will have her on his
own terms now; thank Heaven! there's
no law any longer to prevent an honest
loyalist from doing as he pleases to these
rascailv rebels. But yonder is the Ma
jor now," suddenly said his host, starting
up; "I will introduce you to him at once
a merry fellow you will find him.
Lord love you, he s as brave as a lion.
David, though horrified at the diaboli
cal plot he had heard, saw the necessity
of dissembling in order to learn further of
the tories plans, and find means if
possible, to circumvent them. He arose,
therefore, and shook the Major's hand
warmly; he pledged him immediately in
a brimmer; and soon contrived to make
the loyalist believe that he was anxious
to join a troop and take part against the
rebels. This induced the Major to be
unusually civil, for he wished to secure
so athletic a recruit himself. It was not
long before a bargain had been concluded
between the two. David refused, how
ever, to sign the agreement that night; he
pretended thatseveral others of his friends
were disaffected and desirous of joining
the loyalists; and his object, he said, was
to secure a commission, for himself by
inducing them to join. The tempting
bait took; the Major promised him a com
mission in his troops in case of success;
and David signified his intention of set
ting iorth after he had taken a few hours'
rest, in order to lose no time in gathering
The dread of discovery had been con
stantly before our hero during the man
agement of his negociation, for the reason
that he was well known to many of the
Major's troop, and if any of them had
come, his feigned name would not have
protected him from detection. He wish
ed to get on that night, as he had proposed
but to this neither his host or the Major
would hear, and he was forced to remain
lill morning. What was his anguish on
rising", to learn that the Major had been
gone some hours, and was already on
his way to Bunkers, with his troops.
Dissembling his anxiety, David, partook
of ft hasty breakfast and mounting hif
horse, rode slowly away. But when
out of sight of the house, he struck into a
fieace gallop, which he continued until he
came in sight of a cross road, where was
a tavern. Here he stopped, and learn
ing that the loyalists had taken the high
road, he turned aside into a narrow and
more circuitons one.
"It is my only chance to avoid them,"
he said, again dashing into a gallop.
Pray God I may reach the settlement in
time to collect a few of our lads and
march to he Bunkers. There is no oth
er hope now left.
Night had fallen, as they had- expect
ed before the tories were able to reach the
vicinity of the house they were in'search
of. At length, however, after a silent
march through the woods, it broke upon
their View. A light was burning in one
of the windows, and when they arrived
close to the premises the lively notes of a
violin reached their ears, proving that the
brothers were not aware of their presence
but enjoyed themselves in imagined se
curity. "Now, men, whispered the leader of
the tories, 'when I give the word, fire a
volley at the house by way of introdu
cing ourselves, we will then surround the
place and enter it.' -
At that instant the de$n bay of a dog
rang in their ears, and a large mastill
sprang from under the house, and rushed
at the Major.
Fire!' he cried.
Twenty guns broke upont he stillness
of the night the dog fell dead every
pane in the front of the house was shiver
ed, and the tories yelled like savages.
In an instant the lights iu the house were
extinguished the violin as quickly ceas
ed, and a noise was heard at the door.
The lories made a rush at it. But it
was already barred, and being made of
stout oak plank, resisted their efforts.-
A rifle cracked at one of the upper win
dows, and one of the tories fell desperate
ly wounded. Another report succeeded
and another fell, and Major Wilson was
awore that both Bunkers were at home
and wide awake. A shed turned the
rain from the front of the house, and un
derneath this the tories shielded them
selves from thi fire of the Bunkers, and
went to work at the door. Suspecting
such resistance perhaps from his knowl
edge of their character one of the men
had brought an axe, with which he com
menced hewing at the door, and soon cut
it to pieces. Here a desperate battle en
sued. The two brothers were powerful
men, and courageous as they were strong
and now with clubbed refies they dispu
ted the entrance of the whole tory force
The door being small, they stood their
ground for half an hour, felling during
that time some of those who had the
temerity to enter first, but finally they
overcame them and they were .flung upon
the floor bound. The tories, inflamed to
madness at the great resistance which
had been made, and at their own losses,
now seized the mother and sister, and
made preperations to hang the brothers
before their eyes. The ropes were al
ready around the necks of the victims,
when the Major addressed his men: ,
'Now, friends, as soon as these villains
are dead, we will set fire to the house
the old woman, there,' he said with a
brutal laugh, may be left Jinside but the
young one I reserve for myself.
Hist! cried one of the men in a loud
voice. The Major ceased, and they
heard a voice outside the house. Al
though the words were spoken low, the
listners distinctly heard, 'when I say fire,
give it to them.
A man with blanched cheeks now
rushed among them exclaiming
'The yard is full of men!'
'Fire,' cried a deep voice from the
vard a general volley succeeded, and so
well had the aim been directed in the
door, that several tories fell, eithr dead or
desperately wounded. In turn the tories
retreated up stairs; when David, our he
ro rushed in the room which they had
just left, and cut the cords which bound
the two Bunkers and their sister and
'May God Almighly ble&s you for
this,' cried one of the Bunkers.-
The two men sprang up, seized their
rifles which had been left in the room,
and prepared to retaliate the treatment
they had just received.
Long and desperate was the battle.
The tories fought for lite; the whigs for
revenge. But at length the latter tri
umphed though not until their enemies had
been almost exterminated. The Major
fell by the arm of our hero, who sought
him out in the hottest of the fight, and
engaged him single-handed.
No language of ours can express the
emotions of our hero as he pressed his
betrothed . bride to his bosom; and his
heart went up in thankfulness to Heaven
for his timely arrival, when he thought
that a delay of half an hour longer would
have consigned her to a fate worse than
death. The gratitude of her brothers
was expressed in many words, but her's
was silent and tearful yet, oh! how much
I almost called you a coward, son Da
vid, said his father to him, when they
met, 'but you are a chin out of the old
block, and I did Vou wronz. Deborah he
is a boy to be proud of is he not? You
may founder one of my horses every day
that you do such a deed it beat all I ev
er saw in the old French war.
David's gallantry on this occasion
drew around him in a few days a score of
hardy young fellows, who fought with
him to the close of the war, when he re
turned and was happily married to the
heroine of our story.
Friday, January 23, 1818.
The Clerk of. the House being intro
duced, presented for the concurrence of
the Senate a bill to apportion the District
of Kensington, and to regulate the Board
Mr. Rahn asked leave of absence for a
few days, which was granted.
Mr. Gibbons asked leave of absence
for a few days for Mr. Williamson, which
was also granted.
The Speaker laid before the Senate
the proceedings of a meeting of the Phi
ladelphia Board of Trade, remonstrating
against the grant of the right of way to
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com
pany, and praying for the construction of
a Kailroad from Harrisburg to Pittsburg;
also the bill from the House, erecting
Blair county out of parts of Huntingdon
and Bedford counties, which, on motion
of Mr. Morrison, was referred to the
committee on the Judiciary.
PETITIONS AND REMONSTAN
CES. Mr. Carson: a remonstrance against a
second investigation of the Lehigh Coun-
Messrs" Gibbons, Benner, Rahn, Dim-
mock, Smith and Black: each remon
strances of similar tenor.
Mr. Wagonseller: one for a change in
the place of holding elections in a certain
township in Union county.
Mr. Darsie: one for a law authorizing
the Farmers' Bank of Pittsburg to issue
an amount of notes equal to its capital;
also one for the repeal of a certain act of
Mr. Storigere: twenty-eight for a new
county to he called Jackson, which were
laid on the table.
Mr. Benner: one for a law authorizing
the opening of an avenue for the better
accommodation of the citiz ms of Mont
gomery and Philadelphia cointy.
Mr. Bigler: one for an r.ppropnation
to complete the Eastern reservoir; and
one for a new county to be called Blair.
. Mr. Sullivan: one of similar import.
Mr. Smith: a remonstrance from citi
zens of Lancaster county, against any
change of the law regulating the standard
weights of rye and corn.
Mr.. Crabb: one for a railroad from
Harrisburg to Pittsburg; also a remon
strance against the right of way; also a
memorial from Mrs. Weaver for authority
to settle claims held by the common
wealth against her husband.
Mr. Foulkrod: one from citizens of
Spring Garden, for an increase of wards
in said district.
Mr. Black: one for a new county to be
Mr. Hoover: one of a similar import.
Mr. Cornman: one of similar import;
also two remonstrances from citizens of
Spring Garden against any division of
Mr. Sanderson: one from the Luther
an and German Reformed Church of
Lebanon for authority to sell a certain
School house belonging to said congrega
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
Mr Anderson, from the committee on
Corporations, reported a bill incorpora
ting the Danbury and Point Pleasant road
Mr. Ross, from the committee on the
Militia, reported a bill to change the
names of certain volunteer companies.
Mr. Ebaugh, from the same committee,
reported a bill providing for the payment
of Thomas Jamison, Jun., Brigade In
REPORTS AND RESOLUTIONS
On motion of Mr. Wagenseller the
Senate proceeded to the consideration of
the bill relating to the collection of echool
taxes in the borough of Lewistown, which
was read a second and third time and
Mr. Rahn offered a resolution that 500
copies of the report of the Canal Com
missioners in English, and 500 in Ger
man be printed for the use of the Senate,
which being amended by the insertion of
a proviso, that the English copies be prin
ted at the cost of press-work and paper,
On motion of Mr. Sullivan, tht Senate
dispensed with the orders of the day and
proceeded to the consideration of the bill
granting to the Baltimore and Ohio Rail
road Company the right of way through
Pennsylvania to Pittsburg. Thr Senate
went into committee of the whole, (Mr.
Foulkrod in the chair,( and after some
time the committee rose, reported pro
gress and asked leave to sit again, which
was not granted.
The Clerk of the House being intro
duced, presented for the concurrence of
the Senate, a bill to change the venue of a
certain action now pending in Lycoming
county; also, several other bills origina
ting in the Senate and passed by tha
House without amendment.
On motion the Senate adjourned.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Friday, January 23, 1810.
By Mr. Sullivan- Resolved, That tli3
committee on Education be directed to
inquire into the ezpediency of so altering
or amending the common school law, as
to allow school di rectors, a reasonable
compensation for their services. Not a
By Mr. Shuman: Resolved; That tho
commitiee on Education be requested to
inquire into the expediency of reporting
a bill exempting school directors from
certain expenses, connected with tho
discharge of their duties as school direc
tors. After some remarks from Mr. Shumaa
in favor, and by Messrs. Trego and Piol
lot in opposition to the resolotion, it wan
negatived by the House. ,
By Mr. Pumroy (Franklin:) Resolved
That the committee on Education be di
ricted to inquire into the expediency of
repealing that clause in the shool law.
requiring the election of primary com
mittees. Laid on the table.
Mr. Knox offered a resolution directing
the committee on Ways and Means, to
inquire into tho expediency of so amend
ing the laws of the Commonwealth, as to
abolish imprisonment for the non-paymen
of taxes, and also to exempt from levy
and sale certain property on tax war
rants. Laid on the table.
REPORRS OF COMMITTEES.
Mr. Edie from the committee on Es
tates and Escheats, reported a bill author
izing Wm. E. Roger's executors to sell
certain real estate.
Mr. Bartholomew from the same com
mitte, reported a bill authorizing James
Smith and wife to sell certain real estata
in the county of Allegheny.
Mr. Mathias, from the same committeo
reported an act authorizing George Cad
wlalader trustee of Wm. W Train, a
lunatic, to sell certain real . estate. Also,
an act authorizing John Poulon and
Charles Augustus Poulson to sell certain
Mr. Brachenridge, from the tama
committee, an act authorizing Wm. Lit
tie and Mary Crossam, to re-convey cer
tain real estate.
Mr. Stewart (Lycoming,) from that
committee on Roads and Bridges, report
ed an act to lay out a state road in War
Mr. Bigham read in place, a bill au
thorizing the Canal Commissioners to set
tie the- claim of John Ray.
On motion of Mr. Galloway, the Hous
went into Committee of tho Whole, Mr.
Shuman in the Chair, on the bill to
change the revenue in certain cases pend
ing in the Common Please Court of
Lycoming county. The Commitiee re
ported the same with smendments. Tho
bill was snpportsd by Messrs. Galloway,
Knox, Magellan, Haley, and Bracken-
br"d;e, and opposed by Mr. Bariholomew
and passed by the House.
On motion of Mr. Trice, the Houso
went into Committee of the Whole, Mr.
Stewart (of Lycoming) in the Chair, on
a bill altering and amending the Charter
of the German Reformed Congregation of
Heidleberg tp., Dauphin county, (now
Jackson tp., Le' a ion county.) Tho
Committee reported the same without
amendments, and it passed the House.
On motion of Mr. Rider, the House
proceeded to the consideration of an act
to authorize the President or Associata
Judge of theDistrict Court of Allegheny
county, to hold Special Courts in Wash
ington county, Mr. Stcller in the Chair.
Having been reported by the Committeo
without amendment, the House took up
and passed the bill.
On motion of Mr. Haley, the House
went into Committee of the Whole, -Mr.
Taggart in the Chair, and passed the bill
to enable the executors of Win. E. Rog
ers, deceased to sell certain real estate,
which was afterwards passed by tho
House. On motion of Mr. Dotts, the House
went into Committee of the Whole, Mr.
Tice in the Chair, on an act to incorpor
ate the Trappe Brass Band of Montgom
ery County, for the further inctruction of
martial music, the Committer having a
dopted the same.
Mr. Samuels moved to strike out
"Brass" from the title, and insert "Cali
i thumpian," in its stead, but withdrew his
amendment at the request of Mr. Dotta
and the bill passed the House.
The Speaker laid before the House a
message from the Governor, transmitting
resolutions from the Legislature of New
Jersey, relative to the fisheries of tho
The House concurred in the amer.
ments made by the Senate to reduce the.
expenses of Northampton county, nd
resolutions relative to piers on tie Xkiam
ware river at Marcus Hcok.