The Somerset herald and farmers' and mechanics' register. (Somerset, Pa.) 183?-1852, January 27, 1846, Image 1
TP 0 mIM AITS FARMERS'- A?& MECHANICS' : RIO-ZSTR. DtlNTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY JONATHAN ItOW, SOMERSET, SOMERSET COUNTY, PA., New Series. TUESDAY, JANUARY 27,; 1846, Vol. 4,-No. 1L A GOLDG RL'IJG. One appeal to God above, Supplicating for his love, Daily oiler. Peace of mind Makes thee happy, good and kind. Daily sing one cheerful song1, From the bosom's fiery throng; Daily do one noble deed, Daily sow one blessing's seed. Daily make one foe thy friend, Daily from thy surplus spend; Daily when the gift is thine, . "Write one verse in strains divino. Daily seek kind nature's face; Daily seek for some new grace; Daily dry one sufferer's tear, Daily one grieved brother cheer. Daily drink from sparkling eyo Sweeter rapture; soar on high! Then thy life will know no night, And thy death be robed in light. TOTIII2 PARTY OP THE STATE OF PKWSl 17VAXIA. At a meeting of the Whig members of the Pennsylvania Legislature, held in Ilarrisburg, Jan. 13th, 1816, the follow ing resolution was unanimously adopted, viz : Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to prepare a call for a Whig State Convention, to be held at Harris "burg, on the 11 th day of March, 1816, for the purpose of nominating a candidate for the office of Canal Commissioner, and that said call be published, with the names of the Whig members of the Le gislature appended. . J. P, SANDERSON, Pres't. Thomas Nicholson, ) John R. Edie, $ Secretaries. In accordance with the foregoing, the committee intrusted with that duty, re fpeetfullv submit the following address: The Whig members of the General Assembly, now in session at Ilarrisburg, on consulting together in relation to mat ters important to the interests of the Com monwealth, find that no provision has been made for nominating a Whig candi date for the office of Canal Commissio ner, to be voted for at the ensuing Gen eral Election in October. The office is one of high responsibility and importance its patronage is extensive, and its in fluence upon the finances of our State, immense. The present crisis of affairs in Pennsylvania, imperatively demands that the office should be filled by a man of. integrity and sound principles honest and capable not to be corrupted by grasping selfishness, nor diverted from the straight forward course of duty, by parly fear or political favor. The waste ful extravagance of the dominant party lias involved our State in an enormous debt of OVER FORTY MILLIONS OF DOLLARS OUR TAXES ARE ENORMOUS the honest farmer and the hard-working mechanic have been de luded and deceived by incorrect financial statements, made for party purposes and hungry office-holders hae fattened on the public resources, while the Com monwealth has been brought to ths verge of bankruptcy. All these evils are just ly chargeable upon the party in power, and we believe the time has -ome for the Whigs of the State to arouse to en crgetic action, and endeavor to put a stop to the continuance of such monstrous abuses. The first step in the accom plishment of this great end, is an earnest effort to secure the election of a sound Whig, as Canal Commissioner. Let a candidate be selected of known integrity, of competent talents, of practical ability, thoroughly acquainted with the State, and possessing a perfect knowledge of the public works let him receive die cor dial support of the Whig party of the State, and the probabilities are strong that his election will be secured, and a check at once be placed on the irregular, ex cessive and. ruinous policy of t.'iose in power. Another subject of deep interest to the whole people of the Slate, is the evident intention on the part of the Slate Ad ministration, TO ABANDON THE PROTEC TIVE Policy. The recent annual mes sage of the Governor, leads irresistibly to this belief. Pending the late Presiden tial election, the "Tariff of 12" was in scribed on the banners of the Loeofoco party. Now these banners are no longer vit-ible, ami lite message of the Executive advocates, clearly and decidedly, a "Re vence Tariff, with incidental protec tion;" and the same ruinous sentiments have been openly avowed by leading Democrats on the floor of the House of Representatives. For the first time, in the history of our State, lias this doctrine been avowed among us, by any Adminis tration for the first time has a Governor of Pennsylvania dared to desert the true interests of the Stat?, and prove recreant t that policy1 which protects alike the termer, the mechanic and the mrnufactu- rer, and promotes the prosperity of all. Shall not the rebuke be speedy and effec tual? Will not every man, whether Whig ! or Democrat, who regards his own in- I tcrests, who loves his State, and would sec it free from the embarrassment of j debt, and its people thriving, successful and happy, repel this monstrous aggres sion upon the protective policy? In this emergency it behoves the Whig party to act promptly, and with vigor. The State Administration lias truckled to the free-trade policy of a Southern Presi dent, and a strong reproof from the Whig party, and from all who regard the sub stantial interests of the State; more than adhesion to party, should be given with out delay. We trust that the voters of Pennsylvania will be no longer deceived by the false professions of politics! lea ders we trust that every man who reads and thinks, will examine and see for him self, this political treachery we trust that the intelligent voters of every coun ty, township and ward, will rally as one man, denounce the shameful derelictions of Loeofoco leaders, and unitedly sustain, with a cordial action, the Whig policy of a PROTECTIVE TARIFF a policy essentially necessary to develope the re sources, and secure the prosperity of the State, and properly to reward the indus try and enterprise of the people. In view of this position of affairs, the Whig members of the Spnateand House of Representatives, believe it to be their duty to suggest that the Whigs of the Suite meet in State Convention, for the purpose of nominating a CANDIDATE FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER of deliberating upon subjects essential to the welfare of the State, and of making ar rangements for a strong, decided, and overwhelming expression of opinion at the ballot-boxes in October. They ac cordingly recommend, that the usual number of delegates be immediately cho sen in the several counties of the Com monwealth, and that the State Conven tion assemble in Ilarrisburg, on Wednes day, the 1 1th day of MARCH, next. TIIOS. CARSON, YM. A. CRABB, ROBERT DARRAGH, GEO. DARSIE, JAMES D. DUNLAP, CHARLES GIBBONS, BENJAMIN JORDAN, JOHN MORRISON, JOSEPH F. QUAY, JOHN P. SANDERSON, A. II ERR SMITH, C. C SULLIVAN, J. WAGENSELLER. WM. WILLIAMSON, Senators. JOHN BROUGII, BENJ. BARTHOLOMEW, TIIOS. J. BIGHAM, II. M. BRACKENRIDGE, JOHN BASSLER, CHRISTIAN BENTZ, THOMAS G. CONNOR, THEO. D. COCHRAN, JOHN R. ED1E, ALEX. I1ILANDS, WM. W. DALY, JOHN B. JOHNSON, THOMAS B. JACOBS, JOHN C. KUNKEL, JOHN LARKIN, Jr., GEO. LADLE Y, GEORGE MORRISON, BENJ. MATTHIAS, M. DAN MAG EUAN, JOHN M'CRUM, JACOB M'CURLEY, JOHN M' FAR LAND, DANIEL M'CURDY, THOMAS NICHOLSON", JOHN M. POMEROY, THOMAS POMROY, WM. PRICE, LYMAN ROBINSON, REUBEN STROUSS, JACOB G. SHUMAN, JOHN STEWART, TIIOS. C. STEEL, . PHILIP. D. THOMAS, CHARLES B. TREGO, Members of the House of Representatives. Harrisbirg, Jan. 15, 1810. " A Groat Robbery. The editor of the Cincinnati Atlas has s?en a letter from a gentleman in St. Louis to the Marshal of Cincinnati, dated the 17th ult., which stiles that a robbery had been committed at the town of Lynn, Osage county. Mo., a!out 150 miles from St. Louis, of money amounting to $17, 500 $10,000 in one hundred dollar bills on the Bank of Missouri, $7,000 on the different banks i-.i Wall street, and 8500 in ten and twenty dollar notes of the Bank of Missouri. A Xovcl Pox Cliasc. The Portsmouth, Journal gives an ac count of the chase of a fox by the loco motive on the Eastern Railroad. Poor Reynard ran like the wind lor a mile or more, but was finally overtaken, and as he turned his head to escape from his pur suers, was struck by the engine wheel and crushed to death. . Temperance Halls. We notice that in all parts of Massa chusetts the only balls given are "Tenv pcrance Balls." INTERESTING TOl"R. A friend has furnished us with the fol lowing notes of the journey of Archibald McDonald, Esq., from the Columbia River to this province. He was chief factor to the Hudson Bay Company, and was accompanied by his wife and eight children. On the 23d of September, in last year, the party left Fort Caldwell, on the Columbia, 500 miles distant from the Pacific. On the 10th of October they arrived at Boat Encampment, near the head of navigation 500 miles. They then crossed over to the head of McKen zie's River, the great northern outlet that discharges into the Frozen Ocean where they arrived on the 25th. On the 4th of November they again embark ed, but being frozen in, they were ob liged to take dogs and sleighs for Fort Edmunton, where, they arrived on the 4th of December 190 miles. On the 10th they arrived at Fort Edmunton on the Sackatchawan river 100 miles where the whole party remained until the month of June. . The last named river Hows into the Nelson river, which discharges into the Hudson Bay. Leav ing their winter quarters, they proceed ed to Fort Garry, Red river settlement, 600. Arrived at Fort Alexander, at the mouth of the Winipec rivers GO miles on the 1st of August, and at Lac la Plean, (Rainy Lake,) on the 27th 200 miles. Passing through the Lake of the Woods, they crossed the 49th deg. of north latitude, (the American bounda ry;) over 47 portages, they arrived at Fort William, on Lake Superior, on the first of September 200. Over the grand Portage, Mill Lacky, or One thousand Lakes, (where about half way the water descends into the St. Jjawrcnce,) and traversing Lake Superior in boats, they arrived at Sault Ste. Mary on the 24th of September, making in all 2,850 miles. Mrs McDonald was confined on the way and they had the misfortune to lose three of their children by death thus redu cing their number to six. In this exten sivc region, fine fields of discovery offer to the enterprising traveller. The most interesting objects seen in this journey was a lake called the Coun cil Punch Bowl, and Mounts Hooker and Brown, in latitude 52 north. The first is 6,000 feet above the level of the sea, and out of one side a stream flows which discharges into the Columbia and so in to the Pacific, and from the other side one that empties into McKcnzie's river, an so on into the Frozen Ocean. Above this lake iwo mountains shoot their tow ering pinnacles 12,000 feet above the ocean's level higher than Mount Blanc, the loftiest in Europe. The name of mount Brown is connected with the tra vels of one whose fate in the Sandwich Islands render his visit and ascent of i'. a matter of melancholy interest. The other was ascended to the height of 2,000 feet by David Douglas, celebrated for his skill in botany, (higher than any other individual,) who gave it the name of his patron and employer, Professor Hooker of Glasgow both covered with perpetual snow. St. Cathatetes (C. W.) Journal. The Pensacola Gazetts, says: "The machinery for the first cotton factory ever attempted in Florida arrived here a few days ago, and is now landing near Area dia, twenty miles north of this place. From the enterprise already displayed in the matter, it is evident that in the course of a month or two the factory will be in full operation, the factory buildings being now nearly completed." Meeting of Slaveholders. The citizens of Queen Anne's county, were to hold a public meeting on the 6th of January, at Centreville, Md., to adopt measures to prevent the escape of their slaves by means of the abolitionists. The Albany Citizen of Wednesday says: "The good sleighing still holds out. This is the thirty-first day of its existence. It has continued in uninter rupted excellence the whole of this month. Short trip over the Ocean. The packet ship Joshua Bates, from Boston, a new vessel, made her first trip to Liverpool in fifteen days. This is said to be the shortest passage on record for sails. The property held by Trinity Church, New York, is estimated to be worth one hundred millions . of dollars. Real es tate $80,000,000, other property $20, 000,000. TRUE COURAGE. An editor in Columbia, South Caroli na, (Col. Summer,) has declined a chal lenge to a duel from a brother editor, on the ground that duelling is prohibited by the law of God and man. . NEAT CONTRIVANCE. Tn Iowa they weigh pork by putting a plank across a rail, with the hog on one end and piling stones enough on the other end to balance, and theft gues at the weight of the atones, LOVE UXSOUGIIT. BY EMMA C. EMBCRY. They tell me that I must not lore, That thou wilt spurn the free And unbought tenderness that gives Its hidden wealth to thee; It may be so: I heed it not, Nor would I change my blissful lot When thus I am allowed to make My heart a bankrupt for thy sake. They tell me when the fleeting charm Of novelty is o'er, Thou'lt turn away with careless brow, And think of me no more; It may be so; enough for me If sunny skies still smile o'er thee, Or I can trace, when thou art far, Thy pathway like a distant star. PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE. IN SENATE. Friday, January 16, 1810. Mr. Sterigere, from the Select Com mittee, to which was referred that por tion of ihe Governor's Messege which related to the Tariff, reported the follow ing resolutions: REOLVTIONS RELATIVE TO THE TARIFF. Whereas, the tariff of 1812 produces no more than sufficient revenue to defray the necessary expenses of the General Government and affords only an adequate incidental protection to American indus try and American manufactures against Foreign competition and Foreign policy and a consequent encouragement to com mercial enterprise, to agricultural pur suits, and to the dcvelopement of our own internal resources. And whereas, it is believed the people of Pennsylvania are opposed to any alteration in the existing tariff until further experience has shown that a modification is required to secure a continuance of such protection, and to promote their general welfare. Therefore Resolved, &c, That our Senators and Representatives in Congress be and they are hereby required to oppose all attempts to alter or modify the Tariff act of the 30ih of August, 1812. Rfsolved, That the Governor be re quired to transmit a copy of the above preamble and resolution to each of our Senators and Representatives in Con gress. Mr. Sanderson moved that the Senate proceed to the consideration of the reso lutions just reported; but withdrew his motion to allow Mr. Sullivan to report a bill for the incorporation of the Conesto ga Steam Mills Company of Lancaster county. bills read is place. Mr. Heckman read a bill supplementa ry to an act for the incorporation of the Fire Insurance company of Northampton county. Mr. Rahn read a bill supplementary to the act incorporating the Farmer's Bank. Mr. Dunlap read a bill supplementary to the act relating to Orphans' Courts. Mr. Ross read a bill supplementary to the act relating to the recording of deeds. Mr, Cornman read a bill supplementa ry to an act incorporating the borough of Germantown, in Philadelphia county; re fered to the committee of members from the city and co. Mr. Williamson read a bill laying a tax on dogs in village of West Chester. Mr. Darsip offered a resolution that the Senate concur in the adoption of - the joint rules as amended by the House of Representatives. On motion the Senate proceeded to the consideration of the resolution, and being amended on motion of Mr. Sterigere it was adopted. Mr. Dunlap offered a resolution in structing the Pennsylvania members in Congress to procure an alteration of the Constitution of the United States, in reference to the mode of electing the President and Yice President, so as to enable the people to vote directly on the choice of those officers, without the inter vention of electors. Mr. Foulkrod offered a resolution that the Senate on Monday next, proceed to the Hall of the House of Representatives for the purpose of electing a State Treas urer; which was agreed, to. On motion of Mr. Fegely the Senate proceeded to the nomination of persons to fill the aforesaid office. Mr Fegcley nominated James R. Snowden. -Mr. Gibbons " Ner Middlcs warth. On motion the nominations closed. . Mr. Gibbons offered a resolution in reference to the appointment of a com mittee to secure the publication of the late Geological Survey of the State, whtch was adopted, and Messrs. Gibbons Creacraft and Dimmick were appointed the committee. Mr. Sanderson renewed his motion for the consideration of hc joint resolu tions relating to the tariff, reported by the Chairman of the select committee. Mr. Bigler moved to postpone the consideration of the subject till to-morrow to allow time for printing the reso On the question, shall the considera tion of the resolutions be postponed, the vote was in favor of postponement 12 sgainsut it 13 so the motion was lost. The first and second resolutions being again read were unanimously adopted, yeas 33. The preamble of the resolutions were again read, when Mr. Anderson offered the following as an amendment: Whereas, the Tariff Act of 1842, al though defective in many of its details, has induced and continues to induce the : investment of capital in manufactures, .1 l .1. -l 1 . uicreuy coiiinuuung 10 me ucveiupemeiu of the natural advantages of the people of this Commonwealth. And waereas. Under the peculiar aspect of the General Government, in its foreign relations, the aggregate revenue will not exceed a just and appropriate expenditure in order to assume a proper attitude of defence: And wherees, also the position of the General Government in its foreign rela tions, recommends the more strongly j the policy of encouragingthe manufac ture of such articles as arc mdispensible m time of war. On the question shall the amendment , be adopted, the yeas and nays were re 1 quired by Mr. Sullivan, and resulted as j follows, yeas 12, nays 21. 1 he question being on the adoption of the original preamble. Mr. Sterigere said he had voted a gainst the adoption of the preamble for the sake of compromise and with a view fo giving unanimity tothe vote upon its pasage. The amendment stated that because the Tariffof 1812, had induced investiments of capital in mmufacturing establismcnts, the people of Pennsylvania were opposed to any alteration. He conceived that the Tariff rested on far broader ground than this. He had objections to the pream ble as amended, and would prefer that re ported by the committee. Mr. Black said he was not in the com mittee when the resolutions were agreed to, or he might have united in the sanc tion which the committee had given them. He was willing to let the Tariff act of 1842, remain as it was, though it was certainly defective in many of its details. The very manner in which that act was passed wes sufficient to stamp it with er ror. It was passed as a measure of com promise, and many of the warmest friends of the tariff, voted against it. Yet he was willing to see it remain a few years longer until experience should point out the remedy for its defects. The state of the General Government required all the revenue which present rate of duties yielded, in order to put the country in a state of defence, lie should therefore, vote for the instructing part of the resolu tions, but he wished his views on the subject to be distinctly understood. He was opposed to protection for protection only, lie did not conceive that to be the true principle of laying duties. The only true principle was revenue with in cidental protection; it was a matter of ex pedience, and duties were to be assessed chiefly to supply the wants of the Gov ernment. Thu present act was oppres sive upon the poor and the burdens it im posed were unequally distributed. Yet in the present state of affairs he should vote for its continuance, and leave what ever modifications were neccssorv to fu ture experience. Mr. Sterigere said he rose not to pro long the discussion but to state briefly his views on the subject. He thought the present tariff ought to be continued without essential change or alteration. It afforded sufficient revenue and also afforded incidental protection to our man ufactures end commerce. The govern ment had always recognized the princi ple of protection. It had protected our commerce and our shipping interests as well aS our manufactures. He was op posed to protection for protection and in favor of a tariff which while it yielded sufficient revenue, discriminated in favor of our own interests. There was more sound than sense in the remark made by the Senator from Greene, (Mr. Black,) that the present tariff oppressed the poor. Its chief effect had been to enable the poor man to buy at a cheaper rate'tharv he could possibly do without it. The Sen ator had stated that the act was objection able; so was every one that ever had been passed by Congress. There never was &; never could be one passed which would not be objectionable to some portion of the country or other. The present Tar iff afforded ample revenue and also ade quate protection and therefore, he should vote to continue it without amendment or modification at the present time. On the question shall the preamble be adopted, the yeas and nays were called, and were as follows: Yeas 22, Nays 10. The resolutions were read a third time. Mr. Sullivan hoped that as the Senate gave a unanimous vote on the second reading of the resolutions, the vote would nlsn bp unanimous on their final passage. i As a strong disposition was manifes ted in ! the South to mterlere wun me F'"'"' ' of the present tariff, a unanimous voice ' from'this State in its favor would probally jbe decisive, and effecually prevent its ab 'teration. On the propriety of the pres ! ent tariff a great diversity of opinion ex ' isted, but he was strongly assured that if anv evil has been felt as the result of its. provisions it was hourly correcting itself if it was oppressive at first it is becon ing every day less so. Under its influ ence the country had enjoyed a high de gree of prosperity and had arisen from the depression under which it had fallen previous to its enactment, with fresh res olution and renewed energies. As to the question of protection, he believed tho General Government had power consti tutionally to impose duties for protection alone; but as long as duties were neces sary to be levied he was in favor of dis criminating for purposes of protection. lie strongly pointed out the beneficial results of the teriff in creeling a market for our surplus productions, and for tha consumption of our agricultural products, and concluded by again expressing hi hope that the resolutions would receive a unanimous vote. Mr Bigler did not object to the pas sage of the resolutions, and he shouM vote for them, but was not certain as to the propriety of tying down our mem bers to the present tariff. The present lawcontairs many imperfections, but as it was a question of conflicting interests, and our members had always supported those of our own State, he shauld also vote to sustain them. On the question shall the preamble and resolutions be adopted, the yeas and nays were celled and were as follows: Yeas Messrs. Anderson, Bcnner, Bigler, Black, Carson, Chapman, Crabb, Crearcraft, Darrah, Darsie, Dimmick, Dunlap. Ebough, Fegely, Foulkrod, Gib bons, Gillis, Ilackman. Hill, Hoover, Jor don, Morrison, Quay, Rahn, Ross, San derson, Smith, Sterigere, Sullivan, Wa gonsellcr, Williamson, Sherwood, Speak er 33. On motion ot Mr. Williamson, thu Senate proceeded to the consideration of the bill to incorporate the Pine Spring Water Company, of Chester county, which was read a second and third tima and passed. The Clerk of the House being intro duced, presented a bill for the payment of the interest on the funded debt of the State, falling due within the present fis cal year. Mr. Black, on leave given, presented 25 petitions from cttizens of Green coun ty, praying that the question of the loca tion of the public buildings 'of said county be left to the decision of tho people at the ballot box. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Friday, January 16, laiG. Mr. Means, on leave, presen lad a pe. tition of citizeus of Cumberland, for a change in the poor laws. Mr. Burrell: one of citizens of West moreland, Washington and Fayette, for an inquiry into the official conduct of Judge Ewing. Mr. Gwin: one, of Royer & Shoema ker, for damages to their property by the public works. The Speaker laid before the House a communication of the city councils, transmitting a statement of the Girard es tate of the Philadelphia and Norristowii railroad company.- Mr. Cochran submitted a resolution that one thousand additional copies of the reportofthe Commissioners of the In sane Accylum, be printed, which was agreed to. Mr. Burns submitted a resolution to print one thousand copies of the Adju tant General's report; which was agreed to. PAYMENT OF STATE IXTERDST. Mr. Burrell. from tho Committee of Ways an e means, reported a bill to pro vide for the payment of the interst o:i the funded debt of the Commonwealth, for the current fiscal year; which was read a second aud third time and passed. Mr. Larkin reported a resolution rela tive to hc piers in the river Delaware, at Marcus Hook. Mr. Hill read in his place a bill to annul the marriage contract of Enos East wood. Mr. Bigham read in his place a joint resolution relative to the postage laws of U. States. OREGON". The House again went into commitlca of the whole, Mr. Power in the chair, on the Oregon Resolution, and after a dis cussion of about half an hour, Mr. Burn side's resolution was adopted, with a preamble offered by Mr. BrackcnriJge. asserting our right to the 54th degree 40 seconds of Oregon. The bill was then taken up on second reading, and a number of amendments were offered; one, by Mr. Matthias, was pending at 10 minutes of 1 o'clock when Mr. Burnsidc moved to postpone the subject for the present, which was agreed to. On motion of Mr. Burnsidc, the IIouso resolved to meet the members of the Sen ate in Convention, on Monday, to elect 'a State Treasurer, and Mr. Burrsid was appointed teller on the part of tb? Hsa. Mr. Burmide nominaJed Jcne K, Snowden; Mr. Kunkle nominated Ner Middleswarth, as cand."dafc3 tr bo gup ported for State Trsavazer, Ayouiicd.