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THE LARGE8T VOLCANO IN ALASKA
Mt7 Attempt Mmr ncn Mda tm
ItMh th Glunt, bat 11 Lira Ho fur
North That tha Abacnna of VUon
II mm Raadarcd It Irc-nlMii.
Tlie grandwt momitnln of North
America hiM not yet been visited by ex
plorer. It ta'an active volcano called Wran
gell, located in the interior of Alaska,
and it frost wreathed dome forms pre
anmably tho apex of the continent.
Mount Wrangnll lies alwut 200 miles
north of the celebrated Mount St. Elias
and is in the center of a region en
shrouded in mystery. Gigantic tnonn
tain ranges rise like terraces cne upon
the other, guarding in their midst this
snowy monster of the north.
About forty years ago a party of Rus
sian explorers on the Capper river, of
Alaska, first sighted the peak away to
the northeast, and being duly impressed
with its majesty conferred upon it
the title of their honored governor,
Baron Wrangcll. They made no at
tempt, however, to reach the mountain,
it being in the country of hostile na
tives and presenting snch apparently
insurmountable obstacles to approach.
Several other companies of Russians
made partial ascents of the Copper river
about the same time and met with dis
aster. One party of seventeen, under
Seberinikoff, was massacred by the na
tives. No new knowledge of the Cop
per river was obtained, and no approach
was made to the volcano.
It was not until 18M that nnother at
tempt was made at exploration in thn
Copper river region. Then Lieutenant
Allen, one of the most during men who
ever entered Alaska, forced his way with
several white companions np the Copper
nearly to its source and circled half way
round the Monnt Wrangoll district,
viewing the mighty peak from a distance
of forty or fifty miles, bnt finding no op
portunity to reach and ascend it. In
deed he was on the verge of starvation
t the time and it would have been
suicide to have attempted to scale the
The terrible experiences of Allen dis
couraged further explorations by way
of the Copper, and when, in 1800, 1 en
tered Alaska for the second time, I at
tempted to reach Mount Wrangell by a
new avenua of approach, viz., from the
northeast. This route necessitated an
overland march of 800 miles from tho
Yukon river, and when provisions be
came exhausted my party was still fully
forty miles from the volcano and tan
gled np in a labyrinth of mountain
ranges. Gigantio peaks, snowclad, de
void of vegetation and animal life,
barred onr progress in front, and an at
tempt to scale them, with nothing to eat
and naught in sight, would have been
sheer madness. So a circle was made to
the northwest, crossing Allen's trail,
and we forced a way to the Yukon, 700
miles distant, barely escaping starvation.
In 1891 Lieutenant Schwatka, famous
as an explorer of the Yukon, tried his
hand at traversing the southern border
of the Mount Wrangell domain. He
proceeded overland from Fort Selkirk,
on the upper Ynkon, piercing an un
known district and emerging on the
Copper river south of Mount Wrangell.
He also had a close call from starvation.
These few explorations constitute the
sum total of the discoveries in the vicin
ity of Monnt Wrangell np to date. Sev
eral sketches of the volcano have been
- made as it appears from a distance, but
no accurate information concerning it
has yet been obtained.
It appears to be fully as high as Mount
St Elias, and may be even higher. The
natives living in the vicinity are super
stitiously afraid of venturing near the
volcano, and this fact adds to the inter
est which surrounds it. I believe that
Monnt Wrangell can be reached by ex
plorers who will establish depots of sup
plies, projecting one post beyond an
other and arranging for the systematic
forwarding of the provisions to the
terminal. No food can be depended
upon in this region after leaving the
river except that brought in by the ex-
Slorer. The scaling of Monnt Wrangell
eights would require many days, bnt
could probably be accomplished.
There is apparently little chance that
Monnt Wrangell will ever be reached
from the direction of Mount St Elias,
that is, fiom the south. It is proper to
state that the region between Mount 8t
Xlias and Mount Wrangell is the only
glacier field in Alaska. A few isolated
glaciers can be found elsewhere along
the coast, but in four-fifths of the inte
rior no snow or ice exists during the
summer. A dense wilderness of coni
fer surrounds the ice region and
blankets the country for hundreds of
miles eastward. The volcano of Mount
Wrangell offers today a unique field for
the explorer and the professional moun
tain climber. Cincinnati Post
Several species of ants in South Amer
ica make raids on the black ants, rob
them of their larv and compel the poor
black ants to be their slaves. In the
burying of their dead, ante show won
derful intelligence, having cemeteries,
and even bury their slaves in a different
place from their masters and are quite
up in funeral pageantry. Much may be
. learned from ant life in their wonder
ful government, sanitary arrangement,
common brotherhood, nursing and care
of the young, temperance and love of
fresh air. Cincinnati Commercial Oa
sette. Btraat Hallways la' Oraat Jttrltala.
There are 868 miles of tramways
opened for passengers in Great Britain.
The working stock consists of 4,067 cars,
and animal traction is still the favorite
. method. In 1801 0,000 horses were era
ployed and 078 steam locomotives; 605,
000,000 passengers were carried, and the
receipts were $16,4M,000. The value of
the tramways is about $70,000,000. The
value of the roads in the state of New
York is 78,000,000.-New York bun.
Uadar Torrid Mktaa.
Oh, for a ham within sight of the-sml
Oh, for rot within mind of the wave!
Oh, for the null wind, o fragrant and free,
Blnglngof mermaldrns, cool In their carat
Oh, for the open iky, emnkelnM and falrl
Oh, for the wave sparkles born of Us imilel
Oh, for dene breathe of the strong vital air,
Crlnp with the f reMinens of mile after mllel
Oh, to plunge down la the life giving main,
(Ireen and transparent, where eea creature
Tlirn to lie loaned hy the billows again
High on their crest Ilk a bubble of foaml
Even Care's self would grow merry and
Lightsome and youthful and happy of heart,
Wnnhlng away, tn the liquid deMght,
Stain of the city and mire at the ntartt
When the nnpltylng dog star la high.
When the parched pavement are hot to th
When not alnud shadow softens theaky,
When not a mist wreath assuage the heat.
Oh, for the saH wind, ao fragrant and free.
Singing of mrrmaldena, cool In thetrav!
Oh, for a home within sight of th seal
Oh, for a cot within sound of th wav9
A t-nehless Tonlh.
A Calcutta clerygyman vouchee for
the fact that a young government clerk
In that city has tried three times to
marry the girl of his choice, but has every
time been hypnotized at the altar. Thn
last time he tried when he got to his
turn to say "I will" he fell down in a
stupor, which lasted several hours; then
ho made another attempt, and had an
other At Probably the would be bride
was a snake charmer of India. When
at the altar ehe thinks of how she will
manngn the young man in the years to
come; the magnetism of the thought is
communicated through the hand that
holds hers, and the young man gets a
preliminary idea of how things are going
to le with him.
Possibly some spiritualist might ex
plain that some one of tho other side,
out of compassion for him, is striking
the cup from his lips every time he es
says to tatite it There is a whole lot in
that spiritualism and hypnotizing busi
ness which men do not know very much
about, but surely that young man, if he
is the least bit superstitious, will give
up that particular girl and decide in his
own mind that some good spirit is try
ing with all its might to draw him away
from what would be liable to make his
life a lively one. Salt Lake Tribune.
A Len That Has Been Begun.
The greatest refracting telescopes yet
known are made by Alvan G. Clark, of
Cambridgeport, Mass. So fine is the
work required on the lenses of these in
struinents that the glassmakers com
menced work on two disks from which
a 40-inch lens is to be made four years
ago, and only one has as yet been sent
to Mr. Clark. If there is the most mi
nute speck of any kind in the glass it is
rejected. A disk forty inches in diameter
and ten inches thick costs $8,000. After
Mr. Clark has determined what curve
to give the glass, an iron casting is made
of the size and shape required. The
disk is revolved upon this and ground
with steel cruBhings.
Next, eight courses of emery and an
adjustable tool are used, and at this
stage measurements are made with au
instrument that measures one thirty
thousandth of an inch. The final shap
ing is made with beeswax and rouge,
and even the bare thumb does it part in
the polishing. The lens must be so
exact in its curve that every ray striking
it shall center at a predetermined
mathematical point Publio Opinion.
Latest Elevator Safety Device.
An invention consisting of a quadrant,
with projections placed on the wheel of
the starting machinery, together with
an electrical arrangement by which the
door of the elevator shaft on each floor
is connected with a pair of magnets con
trolling a lever, which prevents the
starting wheel from moving unless every
door of the shaft is closed and locked, is
the latest elevator safety device. On
opening the door the current is broken
and the armature lover is released.
The machinery cannot be started un
til the door is closed again and the
armature lever withdrawn. This in
vention can be supplied at a nominal
cost to elevators in any building, and
there is neither reason nor excuse why
every elevat r should not be equipped
with it, thus placing one more safeguard
around human life. New York Tele
gram. Oar Popalatlon.
Final tables issued by the census office
compute the entire population of the
United States in 1890 at 63,879,768. Of
the total population 7,688,860 are col
ored, comprising 7,470,048 negroes and
mixed blood, 107,460 Chinese, 9,088 Jap
anese and 68,808 civilised Indians. The
foreign born inhabitants numbered
9,249,547, and those of foreign parentage
numbered 11 ,508,678. The figures given
regarding civilised Indians do not cover
the entire Indian population, which is
put at 825,464, though this total includes
some whites. Bradstreet's.
Aged, bat Vigorous.
The Rev. Elijah King, aged eighty
nine years, an energetic Baptist preachei
of the old school, which surmounted
every obstacle, walked from Parkham
to Wellington 7i miles the other day
to attend a quarterly meeting. If that
doesn't illustrate old time religion!
vigor we should like to hear of a cast
that does. Augusta (Me.) Journal.
Hanged Himself with Barbed Wire.
Hans Ungman, aged sixty, a prosper
on farmer residing in the town of Fish
Lake, committed suicide by suspending
himself from a tree with barbed wire.
Cor. St. Paul Globe.
Tuberous begonias for winter use
must be kept in a cool, dry place until
they insist on growing. When they re
fuse to longer remain dormant pot them
and let them grow. '
During three weeks eighty-one cases
of horses overcome by the heat were re
ported to the Philadelphia Society for
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals,
fToffc nf tfiadirtstlaa Kndeavor oeletle.
Those who say there is nothing now
jnnder the sun would be sorely put
to it to find the counterpart of the Yonng
People's Societies of Christian Endeavor,
When, before this year of grace has the
earth thrilled to the tread of 1,200,000
foung people bound together with a
single pledge to do what? Pedal a bi
bycle or swing a tennis racquet? No; to
read the Bible and pray every day, to
rake part regularly in prayer meeting,
support their own churolios nnd engage
(n active Christian enterprises. There's
t new aspect of young America for yonl
Young America? I should rather say
If any one thinks that Christianity is
senescent he lias sufficient answer in
this army of 1,200 full regiments. It Is
marching with the steady swing of vet
erans, and yet with tho buoyancy of
youth. Now and then nn old Christian
shrugs his shoulders, "After us, tho
deluge." True; a deluge of fresher vig
or, keener wits, stronger faith. Look at
the young people's religious societies of
this decade and yon will have no fear
for the church of the Twentieth century.
To one who believes all this it is in
deed astonishing that there are some
who never heard of the Christian En
deavor movement, who do not know
how, only eleven years ago last Febru
ary, from tho elements of a revival in a
church in Maine, an earnest pastor and
faithful people, was crystallized this new
jewel of the church's scepter, the Chris
tian Endeavor pledge. What was at
tractive about it? Where were the jokes,
ihe uniforms, the cake and candy, the
glitter and gayety that alone were sup
posed capablo of drawing yonng people?
If for nothing else, the world owes this
movement its profound gratitnde for
proving the deep seriousness of the
young. It nsed to be said, "Win them
by persons." Now it is said, "Win them
by principles." Harper's Weekly.
That it is not wise to experiment
with cheap compounds purporting
to be blood -purifiers, but which
have no real medicinal value. To
make use of any other than the old
standard AYEK'8 Sarsaparilla tho
Superior lllood-purifler is simply
to invite loss of time, money, and
health. If you are afflicted with
Scrofula, Catarrh, Rheumatism,
Dyspepsia, Eczema, Running Sores,
Tumors, or any other blood disease,
be assured that
It Pays to Use
AVER'S Sarsaparilla, and AYER'S
only. AYER'S Sarsaparilla can
always be depended upon. It does
not vary. It is always the same in
quality, quantity, and effect It is
superior in combination, proportion,
appearance, and in all that goes to
build up the system weakened by
disease and pain. It searches out
all impurities In the blood and ex
pels them by the natural channels.
Prepared by Tr. J. O. Aver It Co., Lowell, If is.
Bold by all Druggists. Price SI; sli bottles, e.
Cures others, will cure you
$1,000 TO THE MAN
That breaks thU record. This Ih June (I, and
I have nvelved hIiich May lit, III palli'iitn
tlmt were aSlli-twl with tuM worm. I re
moved elulil u( tlii'm and huv two pii'imrliiK
for treatment. Now. some of the hiikhw1
hrlirlit UxlitM of Allegheny, IMttoburic and
BUhurlM say I buy tho tune worms, eanvora,
etc., tlint l exhibit In my windows, from the
hoNnitnlH. In uiiHWer I simply onYr to give
SUM) to any of these all-wlM being's It they
will produce a manor set of men that will
meet and compete with me lieforu the public
on cures of tune worm, cuncer catarrh,
scrofula, or all tn ho called Itii'iirnlilu Hll
nienls uf the human family, Kuither, I will
take my System Renovator and noon public
exhibition with any or all such all-wise
people, all patent medicine men mid all
advertising quacks In the land and take like
cases as they come and lieat them and prove
to the public that they do dot know what the
human body Is composed of, or If they do,
they do not know how to treat It In slckuuss,
I treat through tho blood with nature's
remedies, roots and herbs. System Henova
tor Is a non set-ret, honest preparation, com
posed of dandelion, Mayapple.hurhu, quassia,
cinchona, easeara.sagruda, gentlaii.sasHafraM,
hoiieset, kidney wort and sarsaparlia.
System Uenovator costs S1.IK) per bottlo) or
buttle. fortt.00, at H. Alex fluke's or
I)U. J. A. HUKGOON.
47 Ohio St., Allegheny City, Pa.
Office Hours M A. M. to S P.M. Hours for
Consultation s A.M. to 2 P, M. hundiiy office
hours and for consultation a A. M. to 12 M.
SUBSCRIBE FOR '
S1.50 PER YEAR.
Kubbui' Htiunps. Send for
i'rlue I.lst of (Hunts, to
J. K. W. Dnrmaii A Co.,
'217 Bast Herman Street,
linltiuiore, Ma., V, S. A.
lick $ Warnick
Fancy and Staple
Oil, Flour! Feed.
An elegant line con
pi ntiiig of Hour, sweet
nnd mixed pickles.
On ions, show oliow,
nnd others too numer
ous to mention.
C All endless variety on
hand; always fresh.
Try our fruit and
leads the list; it's a
dandy. Try it. We
have In stock, 'Our
"Imperial," "N. W.
We have no oil wagon
on the road but we
deliver you a 5 gal.
best 150 oil for f0
cents. Get our rates
on oil by the barrel.
.1 FULL STUCK of iwks fit our
line iiliiwiH on IhiihI. lltyhext
market price paid for country
UUUIS UECEIVED '
It A JL Y,
XO OLit UOOItS
McKcc & Warnick,
Cor. lith and Main St.,
. HriHolilm-tllr, l'enim.
B FIG A
I want to close out my sum
mer goods to make room
for fall stock, and
Outing Cloth, 6i cents,
Sold before for 8 cents.
Outing Cloth, 8 cents,
Sold before for 10 cents.
Outing Cloth 12 cents,
Sold before for 12 i cents.
Challie, 10 cents,
Sold before for 12 k cents.
Challie, 10 cents,
Sold before for 15 cents.
Sateen, 10 cents,
Sold before for 15 cents.
Indigo Blue prints
6 cents per yard.
Men's Seersucker Coat
and Vest at 65 cents,
Sold before for 1-00.
Men's and Boys'
At 19 cents apiece.
Men's suits at $3.60,
Sold before for $5.00.
All Men's suits reduced
From $2.00 to
$3.00 per suit.
Now is your time to save
money. These goods are all
Without schemes to entrap the
Small Profit System
Famous throughout Keynoldsville and
Here is another Slice
Against Outrageous Profits
And our well known reputation for dealing
upright with the people will prove
WE HAVE BEEN FORTUNATE
Enough to close out certain lots of TAILOR
MADE SUITS at such prices that Will
encourage you to buy whether you
wish to or not. All we ask is
For You to Call at Once
And the prices that we will let these suits
go at will certainly cause you to adver
tise our lucky purchase.
Merchants, Tailors, Clothiers, Gents Furnishers and Hatters
Or some of your friends will call to spend
a few days with you and you
should have some nice
Or a new Silver Butter
jESfHas a fine line.
BUY WHERE YOU CAN
AND ALL HINDU or
AN U CIGARS,
Everything lu the Una of
Fresh Groceries, Feed,
V.ihmI iMU'ereil free anif
place in town.
Cull on uh ami yet price.
W. C. Sehnltz & Son
public combined wi
. . . .
tgT'AH goods warranted.
GOODS DELIVERED FREE.
OPE11A HOUSE BLOCK
1 1. MORROW,
' DEALER IN-y