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THE CITIZEN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1913.
Historic Mansion Scene of
but Twelve Ceremonies
In a Century.
WHEN Miss Jessie Wilson, sec
ond daughter of the presi
dent, becomes the wife of
Francis Bowes Sayro on
Nov. 25 she will have the distinction
of being the thirteenth young woman
in the history of the republic who has
been wedded within the historic walls
of the White House. "All the world
loves 11 lover," and n love affair that
finds Its denouement behind the clas
sic portals of the president's official
residence holds an interest to the pub
lic that is quite above and beyond that
of ordinary, everyday romances. In a
sense the executive mansion is the
people's own house, and so it naturally
follows that one who is married there
is in some decree the cY.oson child of
nil the great family of whom the presi
dent is the olllcial head.
t For generations the White House
has been a familiar ilgure to the Amer-
MISS JESSIE WILSON.
lean people. It- lias stood a central
landmark in the national capital since
the time of its founding and is known
the world over as the home of the
chief executive of the republic. Gre
cian in its architecture, it stands a
monument to the stern simplicity of
Iho true Ideals of the nation.
So it happens that whenever a wed
ding takes place within the White
House the nation is prone to weave a
mystical web of beauty and romance
about the principals that sets theirs
quite apart from other bridals and
pedestals them high in the court of the
country's nffection and regard.
Previous White House Bridals.
Prior to Miss Wilson's wedding there
have been just twelve young women
fortunate enough to have their wed
dings celebrated within the executive
mansion. The last of these was Miss
Alice Roosevelt, the daughter of Presi
dent Roosevelt, who was married to
Representative Nicholas Longworth of
Ohio on JTeb. 17, 1000. Until then
there had not been a White nouso
wedding for nearly twenty years, the
previous nuptials being those of Miss
Frances Folsoni, now the wifo of Pro
fessor Thomas J. Preston of Princeton,
to President Grover Cleveland on Juno
The marrlago of Miss Alice Roose
velt was one of tho most brilliant cer
emonies ever held in the White nouse,
differing much from some of those in
the last century. Some of tho White
House marriages have been severely
simple, and tho approaching wedding
also will partake largely of the demo
cratic simplicity which Is tho dominant
note in tho dally life of tho bride and
her family, but Miss Roosevelt's mar
riage, like tho first held in the Whlto
House, which was in President Madl
Bon's administration, was accompanied
by much display.
Early Administrations Brideless.
In the early days of the republic,
when tho nation's capital was located
at New York' and Philadelphia, thcro
were no weddings at tho executlvo
mansion. Nellie Custis, tho beautiful
and charming stepdaughter of General
Washington, was too young to be mar
Tied during tho period that he occu
pied the presidency, and the second
president, John Adams, was unfortu
nate in having no young people in bis
household during his incumbency.
President Jefferson's administration
was the first, that began and ended in
the Whlto House, no was a widower,
and whatever success his administra
tion had of a social character was duo
to tho presence of Mrs. Madison, wife
of the secretary of state and tho great
est social factor of Washington official
The election of James Madison
brought this most popular of American
women to the highest social position
in tho republic.
Tbero wero two weddings in tho
White nouse while she was its mis
tress, and she took as much delight In
""Woe tbem tenor ooctulwia as
s , jams-:?
IN WHITE HOUSE!
Some Were Brilliant and
Simple In Form. 4
though both brides had been her own
children. The first wedding to occur
in tho president's house was that of
tho widow of n nephew of George
Washington, Lucy Payne, Mrs. Madi
son's younger sister, who was married
at tho ago of fifteen, In 1792, to George
Steptoo Washington, and lived during
her widowhood with the Madlsons in
The engagement of this sister in the
winter of 1810 to Justice Todd of tho
supreme court, a widower, many years
older than herself, the father of five
children and a resident of the then far
distant state of Kentucky, was approv
ed by her family, and Mrs. Madison
reveled in the preparations for the
fine wedding she gave the couple. It
was celebrated on the evening of
March 11. 1811.
Tho second White House wedding
took place after the war of 1812 was
ended. The bride was a relative of
Mrs. Madison by marriage, Miss Anna
Todd of- Philadelphia, and tho bride
groom was a member of congress from
Virginia,. John G. Jackson, a great
uncle of "Stonewall" Jackson.
The third wedding was that of Miss,
Mario Monroe to Lawrence Gouverneur.
Being the daughter of a president, it
might have been expected that the oc
casion of her wedding would have
been marked by great festivity. But
such was not the case, and the affair
1013, by American Press Association.
Jilt. FRANCIS BOWES BATHE.
was a distinct disappointment to those
who thought they had a right to expect
more from the White House family.
Monroe Marriage Simple.
Mrs. Monroe was a city bred woman.
She had been brought up in the exclu
sive circle of New York, and she did
not approve of the Virginia style. So
the wedding of her youngest daughter
was tho reverse of a grand affair.
The circular or blue room was cho
sen for the wedding, and the Rev. Dr.
Hawley of St. John's church perform
ed the ceremony, which took place at
Tho fourth marrlago celebrated in
the president's house was that of John
Adams, the son and private secretary
of President John Quincy Adams, no
was married to his cousin, Helen Jack
son of Philadelphia. Miss Jackson was
n niece of Mrs. Adams, and her broth
er, Walter Jackson1, was a secretary to
tho president and lived in the Whlto
It was an evening affair, and tho
ceremony was performed Feb. 10, 1828,
in tho bluo room in the presence of
a distinguished gathering. Dr. naw
ley officiated on this occasion as he had
done at Miss Monroe's wedding, and
tho president and Mrs. Adams, though
it was known that they did not whol
ly approvo of tho match, made the
wedding a' notably gay one.
The Jackson Administration.
Andrew Jackson's administration
succeeded that of John Qulney Adams,
and it is recalled as one during which
there wero three weddings.
Tho fifth marrlago in Whlto House
history was that of Miss Delia Lewis
of Nashville, Tenn., whoso father, "Wil
liam B. Lewis, was one of President
Jackson's most intimato personal
friends. Ho practlcnlly lived in the
president's house and was a member
uf that famous kitchen cabinet carica
tured so persistently In that day.
Miss Lewis was married to Mr. Al
phonso Joseph Yver Pageot, a native of
Martinique, who was secretary of the
French legation at tho time of bis mar
riage. President Jackson was intensely
fond of hie wife's relatives and, being
a childless widower and having not a
relative in the world of bis own, fath
ered about him many jwmg pgipie,
WHITE HOUSE WEDDINGS. f
Twelve weddings have been held A
In the Whlto House In tho history a,
of the United States. The marriage f
of SIlss Jessie Wilson will bo the ?'
thirteenth. The twelve are: x
1811 Lucy Payne Washington to
' Judge Todd. j
1S12 Anna Todd to Itepresontatlve ?
John G. Jacltson. 5?
1S20 Mario Monroo to Lawronco
1S2S Helen Jackson to John Adams, $
1829-37 Delia Lewis to Alphonso Jo-
seph Yver Pageot; Mary Easten
to Luclen U. Polk; Emily Martin J
to Lewis Randolph.
1842-Ellzabeth Tyler to William
1874 Nellie Grant to Algernon
Charles Frederick Sartorls.
1S7S Emily Piatt to General Rus- &
sell Hastings. ?
1SSC Frances Folsom to President x
X Cleveland. x
s 190G Alice Roosevelt to Representa- i
tlvo Nicholas Longworth. y
among whom were several of Mrs
Mary Easten, a Tennessee girl, was
one of these nieces, and when she was
mnrrled to Luclen B. Polk of Tennes
see tho president arranged to have tho
ceremony take place In the Blue room,
Another White House marriage that
occurred during President Jackson's
administration was that of Miss Emily
Martin, a niece of Mrs. Donclson, who
became the bride of Lewis Randolph,
a grandson of Jefferson.
The eighth wedding to occur in the
White House was that of Miss Eliza
beth Tyler, daughter of tho president
of that name, to William Waller of
Virginia, tho bride being but nineteen
years of ago, on Jan'. 31, 1S-12.
The next wedding, tho ninth to oc
cur in tho While House, did not take
place until the Grant administration,
when tho general's beautiful daughter,
Ellen, or Nellie, as she is better known,
became tho bride of Mr. Algernon Sar
torls. Tho ceremony, which was with
out doubt the most brilliant function
held at the Whlto House during her
father's tenure there, has become a
recollection to which nil who witnessed
It delight to revert.
It was the first wedding ta bo cele
brated in tho east room and took place
on May 2!, 1S74, or nearly thirty years
after tho Tyler wedding.
The Tenth Bridal.
The tenth White House wedding was
that of Miss Emily Piatt, niece of Pres
ident Hayes, who was- married to Gen
eral Russell Hastings on Juno 10, 1S78.
Tho brido had been to the president
nnd Mrs. Hayes ns a daughter, and
she had lived in their homo for many
years, going to the White House with
them from Ohio.
When next tho blue room was decoi
rated for a marrlago ceremony tho
Photo by American Proas Association
MRS. NICHOLAS LONQWORTII.
wedding was tlt of President Cleve
land, tho first president to bo married
In the White House.
Miss Frances Folsom, the bride, was
twenty and was noted us being grace
ful and winsome. Her engagement to
tho president was made In tho summer
of 18S5. Soon after she went to Eu
rope with her mother nnd remained
there until n few days before her wed
ding. That occurred on tho evening of
Juno 2, 18S0, at 7 o'clock, in tho blue
The wedding of Miss Alice Roose
velt to the then Representative Nich
olas Longworth of Ohio in 1000 is of
too recent date to need more than pass
ing mention. It was the twelfth of
tho series and was by far tho most
brilliant ceremony ever held In the
White House, with tho single excep
tion, perhaps, of that of President
Cleveland and Miss Folsom. It took
placo in the east room, where the com
ing nuptials of Miss Wilson and Mr
Sayre aro to tako placo.
Yet whllo Miss Jessie Wilson wW
have tho distinction of being the thir
teenth young woman to become n
bride in tho White House, ns mention
ed at tho beginning of this article, it is
by no means certain that hers will be
the only wedding ceremony to bo held
there during her father's administer
tlon. The president has two other
daughter, who Tie with their sister in
charm ana attractiveness, and it is by
no means impossible that the names of
one or both of rthese may yet bo added
to tho distinguished list of Whit
(Conducted by the National Woman'a Chris
tian Temperance Union.)
ATTITUDE OF THE W. C. T. U.
President Lillian Stevens Makes
Statement Before Portland Con
vention as to Status.
A statement of the nonpartisan at
titude of tho Woman's Christian Tem
perance union was made before the
Portland convention by Lillian M. N.
Stevens, national president, which 1b
The Woman's Christian Temper
ance union is neither a sectarian nor
a partisan organization. Each mem
ber is freo to chooso her own church
and her own party. While tho Wom
an's Christian Temperance union
women, in somo of tho northern
stateB, have been using their influ
ence for tho election of Republican
candidate's who stood for state-wide
prohibition on a prohibition platform,
tho W. C. T. U. of some of the south
ern states, have by tho samo token,
worked for the election of Democratic
candidates. A careful study of the na
tional platforms reveals that only one
party recognizes the ovils of the
liquor trafflc, and declares that it
should bo destroyed. Whllo some
white ribboners still, have hopo that
the old national parties, and tho new
national party, will redeem them
selves from the onus of favoring the
mighty vested interests of the liquor
traffic, having a combined capital of
a thousand million dollars, others re
gard the national prohibition party as
tho party which is to lead tho people
out of tho wilderness of strong drink.
DRINKING MEN NOT. WANTED
Official Prefers Man Who Would Steal
to Frequenter of Saloons
Cause of Accidents.
We would sooner have a man In the
road's employ tako money than that
he should Indulge in intoxicants. Tho
damage that would result from steal
ing would be trifling compared with
the trouble which might result from
a conductor, or an engineer, or even
a brakesman, partaking too freely of
Intoxicants. An Official of tho New
York Central Railroad.
The American Railroad associa
tion's standard code has a rule which
reads as follows: "Tho use of intoxi
cants by employes while on duty Is
prohlbltetd. Their use or the fre
frequenting of places where they are
sold Is sufficient cause for dismissal."
Roughly, I believe that eighty per
cent of the accidents to trains, equip
ment and omployeB in tho train and
yard service of tho railroads of this
country are directly or indirectly
traceable to tho violations of this
rule. Mr. Mitchell, Chief Agent of the
Railroad Terminals Association of St.
EXPOSE OF MODERN SCIENCE
Many Aroused by Discovery That Al
cohol Is Life Destroyer Attl
tude of Scientists.
The discovery of science that alco
hol is a life desroyer, Is arousing many
who heretofore have been uninterest
ed In the temperance problem. Mr.
Francis G, Benedict of tho Carnegie
Institute, after an extended tour In
Europe visiting nearly all of the im
portant physiological laboratories,
writes that he was continually Im
pressed with tho temperance attitude
of notable scientists; and Mr. Bene
dict further says:
"When thoe men, whose wholo life
is engaged in tho problem of preserv
ing life, preventivo medicine, and pa
tient scientific research, find that they
are infinitely better off without alco
hol than with it, their evidence must
bo carefully weighed, for what is good
for a psychiatrist in the University
of Munich, a physiologist in the Uni
versity of Helslngfors, a chemist in
the University of Lyons, and a chem
ist in the Imperial Military Academy
of St Petersburg, is certainly good for
DRINK HABIT FALLING AWAY
People of Los Angeles Awakening to
Fact That Liquor is Harmful
No Sign of Increase.
The secretary of the Los Angeles
Liquor Industries, and one of the old
est wholesale liquor dealers in Los
AngeloB, is authority for the state
ment that people do not drink as they
used to do. He says: "The population
of Los Angoles four or flvo years ago
was in tho neighborhood of 200,000.
it has been more than doubled today.
Wero conditions now as they used' to
be there should bo a marked increase
in the liquor trafflc. Thero has not
been a sign of increase. The only
logical conclusion for this is that peo
ple are awakening to the fact thai too
much liquor is harmful."
Bir Frederick Treves, surgeon of
King Edward of England, speaking of
alcohol as a work-producer, says: "I
was with the relief column that mored
on to Ladysmlth in the South African
war, and of course it was an exceed
ingly trying time. In that enormous
column of thirty thousand men, the
Urst who dropped out were not the
tall men or the short men, or the big;
men, Or the llttls men. they were the
drinVei, and; &gr propped oat as
clearly as if thr n4 been
Wit ft Mg letter la tWr f k."
Care Needed To Keep Your Seed
i By Manley Champlin, in Dakota
i&ittcmal Crop Improvement Service.
Those who arc trying to frow pure
seed grain will find that their difficul
ties are many and that great care is
required to keep the seed from be
coming mixed. There is possibility o'
mixing every time the grain is handled
at the bin, the drill, the binder, the
thresher and the elevator. There i
also danger from volunteer grain i
the field if small grain of one kin,
follows small grain of another kirn
There are several things that can b
done to help avoid mixtures:
1. Grow the seed grain on clean
cultivated corn land.
2. Grow not more than two vari
eties on your farm, preferably one
early and one late variety of each
cereal you are raising.
3. Encourage neighborhood co-operation
so that a given township or
community will specialize on a very
4. Sec that the drill, bind-er, fan
ning mil, sacks, wagon boxes, etc,
are thoroughly cleaned before chang
ing from one variety to anotner.
5. Insist that a custom thresher
clean his machinc thoroughly before
threshing your grain fields even if yon
do have to pay him for it. Take a
broom or sprayer and disinfect the
thresher with formaldehyde solution,
one pint to forty or fifty gallons of
water to avoid most forms of smut
that may be brought in the machine.
6. Clean the grain thoroughly with
a good fanning mill.
7. If you are planning to sell seed
grain, run a seed plot of about an
acre each year planted from selected
heads and thus grow as rnurh of your
own seed as possible from plots that
have the mixtures and weak plants
8. Disc the field early to bring up
volunteer grain. If you feel like sa
ing, "What's the-use?" just figure i
out yourself. Suppose you are trying
to get started in some variety, that hr
shown itself superior at 'the exper
mcnt station. Such varieties ho
been found to yield many per cent
better in eight and ten-year averages
than other varieties. Then suppose
it is badly mixed the first year. Think
Vhat you will lose. For example, if
Red Fife is ten per cent Bluestem, vou
will have to cut the field long before
the Bluestem has filled, and thus lose
the greater part of that ten per cent
or one hundred dollars per thousand.
Tho Citizen ofilce Is fully equipped
to do nil kinds of Job Printing.
NOTICE OF INCORPORATION.
Notice Is hereby given that applica
tion will bo mailo by EdKar Jadwln,
Graco A. Jadwln and Fred M. Spencer,
to the Governor of Pennsylvania on tho
3rd day of December, 1913, at 10 o'clock
a. m., under the provisions of an Act of
Assembly, entitled, "An Act to Provide
for the Incorporation and Regulation of
Certain Corporations," approved April
29, 1874, and the several supplements
thereto, for a charter for an Intended
corporation to be called tho JADWIN
PHARMACY, Inc., the character and ob
ject of which Is tho manufacturing, buy
ing and selling drugs and medicines, at
wholesale and at retail, and dealing in
stationery and other supplies, and for
these purposes to have' and possess and
enjoy all the rights, benefits and privi
leges conferred by tho said Act of As
sembly and Its supplements.
WILLIAM II. DIMMICK,
CHESTER A. GARRATT,
Honesdale, Pa Nov. 10, 1913. 91w3
Estate of Charles H. Mills,
lato of Lake Township, deceased.
The undersigned, auditor, ap
pointed by the Orphans' Court to
hear and determine all claims on the
assets and report distribution of
said estate, will attend to tho duties
of his appointment on
TUESDAY, DEC. 9, 1913, 10 A. M.,
at his office in tho Borough of
Honesdale, at which time and place
all claims against said estate must
bo presented or recourse to the fund
for distribution will be lost.
CHARLES A. McCARTY,
pal and accrued income,
NOTICE TO WATER
The use of hose for sprinkling is abso
lutely prohibited, except between the hours
of apd 8 a, m. a.nd $ and 8 p. pi.
Honesdale Cpn Waiter Qq.
$100 REWAltD, $iOO.
The readers of this paper will bo
pleased to learn that there is at
least one dreaded disease that
science has been able to cure In all
us stages, and that is Catarrh.
Hall's Cutarrh Cure is the only posi
tive cure now known to the medi
cal fraternity. Catarrh being a
constitutional disease requires a
constitutional' treatment. Hall's
Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood and
mucous surfaces of tho system,
thereby destroying the foundation
of tho disease, and giving the patient
strength by .building up tho consti
tution and assisting nature In doing
its work. The proprietors have so
much faith in its curative powers
that they offer One Hundred Dollars
for any case that it falls to cure.
Send for list of testimonials.
Address P. J. CHENEY & CO.,
Sold by all Druggists, 75c.
Tako Hall's Family Pills for con-Btlpatlon.
r N THE DISTRICT COURT OP
THE UNITED STATES FOR
THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OP PENN
SYLVANIA. In Bankruptcy No. 2572.
In the matter of LEVIN A. WALTZ,
To the creditors of Levin A.
Waltz, of South Sterling, county of
Wayne, and district aforesaid, a
Notice is hereby given that on tho
4th day of November, 1913, the said
Levin A. Waltz was duly ad
judged bankrupt; and that tho
first meeting of its creditors will bo
held at the office of the referee, in
the borough of Honesdale, county of
Wayne, and within the said district
upon the 24th day of Nov., 1913,
at 2 p. m., at which time the said
creditors may attend, prove their
claims, appoint a Trustee, examine
tho bankrupt and transact such oth
er business as may properly come be
fore said meeting.
WM. H. LEE,
Referee in Bankruptcy.
Honesdale, 5th Nov. 1913.
Lato of Lebanon Township.
All persons Indebted to said es
tate are notified to make immediate
payment to the undersigned; and
those having claims against the said
estate are notified to present them
duly attested for settlement.
WILLIAM S. YALE,
Cold Spring, Pa Oct. 30, 1913.
JOHN B. LEONARD,
Late of Scott Township.
All persons indebted to said es
tate are notified to make immediate
payment to the undersigned; and
thoso having claims against the said
estate are notified to present them
duly attested for settlement.
W. B. RAYMOND,
.Sherman, Pa., Oct. 30, 1913.
LEGAL BLANKa for sale at Tha
Citizen office: Land Contracts,
Leases, Judgment Notes, Warranteo
Deeds, Bonds. Transcripts, Sum
mons, Attachments, Subpoenas, La
bor Claim Deeds. Commitments, Ex
ecutions, Collector's and Constables'
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