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THE CITIZEN, FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1912.
Hout Votes $50,000 For Participation
by the Government.
An appropriation of $50,000 to en
able the United States government to
participate In next year's celebration
of the fiftieth nnnlvcrsnrr of tbo bnt
fks of Gettysburg w nnrsed bjr the
homo after Representative Burke of
Pennsylvania had nked to have the
subject discussed by bringing up the
enato concurrent resolution covering
The resolution provides that tho fed
eral government will look nftor tho
tcntnge, policing and sanitation of tho
huge enmp which will bo necessary to
accommodate tho thousands of veter
ans of both sldea who nro expected to
Representative Burke said that in
some instances tho states have appro
priated $1150,000 each to send their vet
erans to the reunion and celebration.
In reply to n question by Represent
ative Mann of Illinois, Mr. Burke said
that both Confederates and Union vet
erans would be cntertnlned and should
be provided for by the states and fed
Representative Lamb of Virginia, a
Confederate veteran, who was In tho
battle and whose announcement of
that fact elicited loud cheers from llio
members present, made an enthusias
tic appeal for the passage of the reso
lution. FIND 12 DINOSAURIA IN UTAH.
Dr. Holland of Carnegie Institute Calls
It Groatest Discovery Made.
Dr. W. J. Holland, director of the
Carnegie lustltulc museum at Pitts
burgh, who is accounted the highest
authority In this country on the dip
lodocus and dinosaur, has Just received
news of paleontological discoveries In
Utah. Dr. Holland Is known for his
work abroad In mounting the replicas
of the frame of the gigantic Dlplodo
cus carnegll, which Andrew Carnegie
presented to the king of England, em
peror of Germany, czar of Russia, the
kings of Italy and Spain and tho Aus
trian emperor, the doctor each time
being decorated with orders.
The doctor learns that etrippings in
a quarry near Jansen, Utah, have re
vealed the existence of three or four
fossil dlnosaurla of huge size, which
appear to be lying undisturbed. Up to
the present time the work of excavat
ing has disclosed nearly a dozen skele
tons, one-half of which are practically
perfect, all the bones lying in place.
Dr. Holland says it is the greatest col
lection of Sauropod dlnosaurla which
has ever been found In tho history of
The quarry, which is under the su
pervision of Dr. Holland, Is nine miles
north of Jansen. Tho bono level now
reached is in the bed of an old river,
where cobblestones nnd shells abound
with the sand covering. It would seem
that the mammoth animals lay down
In the river nnd a flood blanketed them
with stones nnd sand.
KIPLING ATTACKS HOME RULE.
Bitter Poem Against the Irish Bill by
the English Writer.
Rudyard Kipling's slashing denuncia
tory poem on tho Irish home rule bill
is entitled "Ulster." It follows:
Tho dark eleventh hour
Draws on and sets us sold
To every evil power
We fought asalnst of old
Rebellion, rapine, hate.
Oppression, wront and creed
Are loosed to rule our fate.
By England's act and deed
The faith In which we stand,
Tho laws we make and guard,
Our honor, lives and land
Are given for reward
To murder dono by night.
To treason taught by day,
To folly, doth and spite,
And wo are thrust away.
Tho next two stanzas of "Ulster" de
clare the homo rulers to bo England's
foes. The poem concludes:
We know war Is prepared .
On every peaceful homo;
We know hell Is declared
For such as servo no Rome:
The terror, threats and dread
In market, hearth and field
We know when all Is said.
Wo perish If we yield.
PUinArcn'c; iiiucmii c pnuoiie
Illiterates, Defectives' and Babies Un
der Four to Be Listed.
Selection of supervisors and enumer
ators is being made by the superin-
paratory to the biennial school census,
which will begin May 2. The census
will show the name, address, sex, ago
and nativity of each child us well as
the parents' nativity.
The census will record the number of
Illiterates between twelve nnd twenty
ono years, tho number t children be
tween fourteen nnd sixteen years who
aro working, those neither working nor
attending school, the number of deaf,
dumb, blind, crippled and epileptic chil
dren of school nge, the causes for Il
literacy and a completo list of babies
under four years old.
Orchestra of One Armed Men.
Portland, Ore., lias nn orchestra of
ono armed men. It Is believed to be tho
only one in the world. Two men aro
required to play tho Instruments whero
two bunds are needed.
First All Night Theater.
The owners of tho Lyric theater, Chi-
cago, have decided to keep open all
night nnd all day. This is tho first all
night theater In tho United States.
IN 1,000 YEARS
Charles F. Gammon Tells of
China's Hungry Millions,
50,000 MILES ARE AFFECTED
Relief Fund Used Largely In Employ
ing Sufferers to Reconstruct Dike
and Roads Destroyed by Excessive
Floods People Work For Food.
Charles P. Gammon, who has spent
seventeen years nmong the Chinese,
line written the following description
of that great country's distress:
"In n period of 1,000 years China has
had over 800 famines, yet practically
nil of these have been unknown to the
world at large. The great famine of
1S78, taking Its terrible toll of 0,000,
000 to 13,000,000 lives, aroused the at
tention nna sympatny of the whole
world, and the generous response
which followed tho appeal of 11 famine
committee nt that 'time did much to
break down tho barriers of nntl-forelgn
feeling which up to then had been in
surmountable. "The present famine, unlike the
drought famine of 187S, has been due
to excessive rains, followed by ty
phoons and floods, affecting nn area of
over 50,000 squnre miles and a popu
lation of over 3,000.000 people.
"Pnst experience has rendered pos
sible the distribution of famine relief
on a most systematic and economical
basis. Tho pauperizing effect result
ins to some extent from relief opera
Hons in other famines, due to affording1
support to thousands during prolonged
periods of enforced Idleness, has boon
practically eliminated in this.
How Fund Is Used.
"Tho famine fund is being largely
used In employing tho sufferers to re
construct their own dikes nnd roads,
which were destroyed by tho floods.
Thus the idle and despairing people
nre enabled to earn a living while wait
ing for another harvest and are at the
same time helping to restore normal
conditions nnd to prevent future occur
rences of this nature. Wages nre paid
in food only, and this reward is neces
sarily so limited as to offer induce
ments only to those truly deserving.
To save and sustain Hfo Is the object
of famine relief, and since the means
never equals the need tho rations must
bo carefully distributed and those who
are suffering least ignored for those
whose necessities are vital.
"These extreme cases make no dem
onstration. They have got beyond that.
They do not even beg, but are mute
and motionless, the spark of life hardly
struggling to retain Its hold upon their
emaciated forms. Sometimes when they
understand that tho ticket given them
means food and life tears roll down
their cheeks. Tickets for food aro giv
en only in the home, except in ex
change for labor, tho necessaries of
each family being Judged not by the
home, but by tho fnces of its inmates.
A man may bo hungry and suffering
for food, bnt unless his face is swollen
from anaemia he must bo passed by
for those more terribly needy. Were it
not that through centuries of poverty
nnd extreme "hardship only tho strong
have survived half the 3,000,000 now
suffering would havo died In the first
months of the famine.
Horror Difficult to Realize.
"It 13 difficult for us to rcallzo tho
real horror of these extensive famines,
confined almost wholly to China, India
and Russia. Under the best conditions
the Chinese live but a sordid life, de
void of many things we would regard
as necessary to existence and with
every form of luxury unknown. What
the Chinese know as prosperity we
should regard ns the severest hardship,
ns it means a coarse and meager liv
ing, a cramped and cheerless hut and
the most trying toll from tho rising of
tho sun until the -all of darkness.
"Milk and butter nro practically un
known, meat la rarely tasted oftoner
than once a week, nnd then only under
prosperous conditions, nnd In tho fat
years there Is little surplus to bo saved
for the lean' years of famine, nence
when drought or flood destroys tho
crops there is nothing for the hard
working farmers to fall back upon.
Conditions Existing Today.
"In the case of a man of ifflWhrr he
cells first his cow, the wnter buffalo
that plows his fields, then his farm
utensils, nnd Anally his household
goods. Ono by one all nre "eaten up,"
as ho would sny. Then tho doors and
windows aro taken from tho mud-brick
but and carried to market, and at last
the few timbers that support the roof
go to nourish the family. I.oft ut Inst
without a roof, they Join tho endless
procession of refugees, somo to drop
nnd die whero they fall and others to
struggle nnd stagger onward in tho
hope of reaching some moro prosper
ous region. Often they aro huddled into
tiny huts, hardly larger than a half
barrel, cut endwlso and made of cheap
matting, nnd in theso camps pestllencn
soon finds Its way, often in tho form
of relapsing fever, frequently tho dead
ly typhus, and nlso in smallpox.
"These nro tho conditions existing to
day over an Immense area of China. It
Is tho result of tltreo lean years fol
lowed by excessive rains and floods,
with terrific typhoons, which wiped out
wholo towns nnd villages from tbo map
and turned the roads Into bogs."
GARDEN SEED SOWING.
Hrd to Find Man Who Can Perform
Among tho different gardening opera
tions there is none more dlfllcult than
seed sowing. To get a man who cun
properly sow both broadcast and with
hand drill nil tho various seeds is al
most 11 hopeless tnsk. The subject
needs close study to avoid heuvy loss
es, which may cotne either way by over
or underseedlng or by entire failure.
Some operators would make us believe
that the time for broadcast sowing Is
past absolutely. Such Is not the case.
There are times and subjects when
broadcast seeding In very successful.
Tho reason for this is very plain upou
investigation. Itroadcastcd seed Is cov
ered nt varying depths, so that under
nlmost all conditions a stand is obtain
ed. If the weather turns wet after
seeding (hose seeds nearest tho surface
will sprout; If dry the deeply burled
ones will have their chance, while by
the drill method they nre all uniformly
covered; hence if tho weather turns un
favorable for the depth at which they
were sown the whole lot may be u fall
tire. Old market gardeners know from
experience that It itf easier to get a
stand of lettuce, splimch. radish or tur
nip by broadcasting than by drilling:
hence the method is still In use. We
do not like broadcasting, hut admit Its
uses, says (Jnrdcnlng.
To operate seed drills successfully
requires close attention. Where n vet'
thlu stand Is desired nnd u drill set
very close It will be found that after
some time tin; machine has actually
sifted the seeds by allowing the small
ones to pass nud rejecting the large
ones and thereby reducing the stand
for the last cine-half. Some machine
will not stand close regulation at nil,
as they choke up unless the How is lib
eral. When this is the ease the only
way out is to proceed rapidly, t hereby
reducing the time for the seed to roll
out. Where land Is too rough for nice
work such machines as have a two
piece coverer can often be made to
work by removing one side of the cov
ering device, thus allowing clods to
pass. Another way to handle rough
Innd is to precede the drill with a sin
gle wheel hoe, using one slim cultiva
tor tooth to open a mark and roll the
clods aside. This can bo made to work
where nothing else will. Soils that
bake readily can be handled similarly
by opening a slight furrow, removing
the covering device entirely and de
pending upon the roller to firm the seed
without covering. This permits tho
weak seedlings to come up through the
crevices. There cun be no greater mis
take made than preparing land too una
if it is liable to puddle nnd bake. A
certain amount of roughness is abso
lutely necessary to keep such soils
GOLDEN LINKS. 1
The harvest fields are the gold
en links that connect the ages
and the zones and nssoclato to
gether the most distant times
nnd the remotest nations in one
common bond of sympathy and
dependence. They make of the
earth one great home, of the hu
man race one great family and
of God the universal parent.
Everlasting Post Holes,
Hero Is a way to set posts for a yard
or garden fence so they will stay
where you put
them. Dig tho
then take a post,
A, and make
it six 1 n c h e s
makes a nice
nn Inch hole through each way at B.
Then put two pins, C, through so
each will rest on the ground and
thus hold the post in place. Then fill
space D with concrete. After this
sets awhile lift tho post out, take it
to the next hole, and so on. Then
dress your- postB all to this pattern
and drive them in. If they rot off it
is an easy matter to put in new ones.
Farm and Fireside.
Among the Chickens.
No use to sputter about it and call
folks fools because they insist on hav
ing white eggs. Just get yourself into
a position to cater to the tasto and let
it go at that.
Don't forget that meat is good to
mako hens lay, but don't go crazy on
tho meat question nnd glvo them too
much, for you can easily make them
alck. Meat two or thrco times a week
is often enough.
Why not feed tho laying hens some
potatoes, cabbage, turnips, etc., and
thus make them feel somewhat as
they did in tho summer, when they
found plenty of green material for
food? Then your egg basket would
also fill up as it did "in the good old
Roup is usually n fatal malady, and
very HUIe can bo dono for tho fowls
unless in tho first stages, when the
following is effective: Balsam copaiba
ono ounce, Hcorlco powder half nn
ounco nnd plperlno ono dram. Mix
well and divido Into thirty doses.
Glvo each fowl three doses dally.
Listen In the henhouse after dark and
if you hear wheeling you have roup
FOR THE CHILDREN
I wonder where the days all go
And what makes other days.
Borne hurry by, nnd BOme nro slow,
llut not ono ever stays.
I wish I knew n way to keep
A long and happy day,
llut when I sleep they always creep
So silently away.
I'd llko to keep a day with me
Tho one that was tho best.
It would mnybe Just let mo see
What happens to the rest.
If I could only hldo behind
Tho dny I loved and peck
It wouldn't mind If I should find
How days can mako a week.
And I woutd tnko him by tho hand.
And ho nnd 1 would RO
To Sutirlso 1 And, whero days alt stand
Just wultlri? In a low.
And t would amj the hours crow
To innku my dearst dny,
And then I'd know why somo oro slow
H'hllu others rush away.
In tho Heart of a Tree.
Two men with nxes chopped nt the
trunk of a great Imsswood tree, nnd
then they went at the notch with a
long saw, one ninn nt each end. The
tree stood in the forest nlong the
Montreal river In Wisconsin. The
men sawed nwny, nnd all of it sudden
the saw rasped on something hard
the tough heart wood doubtless. The
sawyers worked the harder, but it
wns to no effect. The teeth of the
saw were blunted, and tho men took
to tho axes again.
Can you Imagine what they found
when the tree had fallen with a roar
that shook the surrounding woods?
Their axes had uncovered the edge
of another ax blade, hidden In the liv
ing tree, covered so deeply thnt no
mark had remained on the bark to
tell of what was within. Tho blade
must have been In Its plnco for a cen
tury or moro, while the wood was
growing about It nnd beyond. Its
owner must have been ono of tho ear
ly settlors or perhaps a French hunter.
The ax, still In Its bod of bnsswood,
will be kept on exhibition In the
Smithsonian Institution at Washing
ton. Washington's Birthday Party.
For n Washington's birthday party,
given for children between the ages of
eight and fourteen, tho following will
be sure to prove amusing:
Pictures of George Washington nnd
n number of his generals, n drum, a
boat, a Hag, a tent, n picture of Mount
Vernon and a caunon have been cut
out of whlto cardboard. Red, white
and blue crayons aro to be given to
the children, with the request to dec
orate their designs. The latter are
chosen by blinding the eyes with a
handkerchief and then leading the
child to the table. This method of ob
taining tho picture precludes auy pref
erence. Allow half an hour for tho
completing of the pictures. Each guest
is to keep the figure that ho or she col
ors. Cut the sandwiches with a hatch
et shaped cutter, and tho ice cream
should bo molded in cherry forms.
Tho Game of Pairs.
Great fun may be got out of the
game of "pairs." Each boy chooses a
partner for himself. Tho host, who
pretends he is a lawyer, walks up and
down tho room in front of the pairs,
asking questions of any ono he pleases.
Tho answers to his questions must be
made not by the ono addressed, but by
his partner. If the girl bo addressed
tho boy promptly answers. For In
stance, the lawyer says, "What is your
favorite occupation?" to the boy. nis
partner answers, "Dressing dolls" or
"Making beds." He may ask a girl
"What do you llko best to do?" nnd
the boy by her Bido nnswers, "Playing
leapfrog," or somo other masculine
sport. If any one answers out of turn
he or she mustpay a forfeit. The
saucier tho answbrs tho greater tho
A Real Hidy Tree.
Did you ever bean of a thread and
needle tree? It is rather a handy tree
to havo growing In tho back yard, don't
you think, especially when there are
boys in the houso with buttons coming
off about every other minute?
This strango treo grows in nearly nil
tropical countries and in some places
nearer homo whero the climate is
warm. It gets its name by which wo
know it from tho curious formation of
its leaves. At the tip of the leaf there
is a sharp thorn, which is tho needle.
If you grasp it firmly nnd pull it out
there you aro with a needle nlready
threaded for your sewing. This fiber
thread Is very strong, and tho Mexi
cans use it for weaving n coarse kind
of cloth as well as for sewing.
Why Is a car strap llko conscience?
Ilecauso It Is nn Inner check to the
Why Is It dangerous to sleep In a
steam car? Ilecauso the train runs
What should you do if you split your
sides with laughter? Run until you
get a stitch In them.
Which of tho birds would bo sup
posed to lift tho heaviest weight? The
Why is a dirty child llko flannel?
Because It shrinks from washing.
Happenings In Nursery Town,
Jack Frost, tho famous artist, has
painted somo beautiful pictures on the
nursery window panes.
Wo are so sorry for our friend nnd
neighbor, tho snow man. His nose
molted away yesterday nt noon when
Ilia nun v hlirh.
Designer and Man
Office and Works;
1036 MAIN ST.
JOSEPH N. WELCH
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Office: Second lloor Masonic Build
ing, over C. C. Jadwin's drug store,
POPHAM'S ASTHMA REMEDY
gives instant relief and an absolute euro
in all cases of Asthma, Bronchitis, and
Hay Fever. Sold by druggists ; mail on
receipt of price $i.oo.
Trial Package by mall 10 cents.
WILLIAMS MFG. CO.. Prop... ClereUnd. Ohio
FOR SALE BX
C. C. J AD WIN.
Good work dono promptly at the
THE NORTHWESTERN MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF MILWAUKEE, WIS.
Asency at Honesdale, Wayne Co., Pa.
FROM THE 53d ANNUAL REPORT.
Total admitted assets ? 273,S13,06J.G5
Total Insurance In force 1,0S0,KI,703.(M
Total number policy-holders 42S.481.0O
New Insurance Reported and paid for In 1910 118,79,033.00
Increase In Insurance in force over 1509 67,240,613.00
Total Income for 1910 61,979,892.23
Total payment to policy-holders 32.863,899.00
Ratio of expense and taxes to Income 12.78 per cent.
YOU WILL. MAKE NO MISTAKE IF YOU INSURE WITH
H. A. TINQLET, Afjent.
of the estates of your minor
pal and accrued ncomek
All of the crops of 1911 experimentally
tested and hand picked from the yield of the
justly celebrated gardens of Vick.
at the drug store of
C. C. Jadwin9
D. & H. CO. TIHE TABLE
.... Ijike Lodore ...
To Patrons Along ilie .Scranton
Branch of the Erie Railroad,
Tho afternoon train leaving Scrax
ton as per schedulo following, runs
dally directly to Honesdalo, giving
people tlmo to transact tholr business
at tho county seat and return homo
tho snmo evening.
8:20 Scranton 1:30
8:13 Dunmore 1:37
8:02 Nay Aug 1:4a
7:54 Elmhurst 1:56
7:43 Wimmors 2:07
7:40 Snco 2:10
7:34 Mnplowood 2:16
7:20 Lako Ariel 2:34
7:09 Gravity 2:41
G:59 Clomo 2:51
C:53 Hondlcya 2:56
6:37 West Hawloy.. ..3:27
0:12 Whlto Mills 3:38
6:03 East Honesdalo .3:47
6:00 Honesdalo 3:50
Published by tho Greater Honesdalo
Hoard of Trade, Honesdalo, Pa.
1 WHEN THERE
J IS ILLNESS
jj in your family you of course call
li a reliable physician. Don't stop
H at that; nave his prescriptions
J put up at a reliable pharmacy,
JJ even if it is a little farther from
tX your home than eonie other store.
jj You can find no more reliable
ti store than ours. It would be im-
8 poseible for more care to be taken
jj in the selection of drugs, etc., or
g in the compounding. Prescrip
tions brought here, either night
ti or day, will be promptly and
H accurately compounded by a
jj competent registered pharmacist
H and the prices will be most rea-
O. T. CHAMBERS,
Opp. D. A H. Station IIoNnsDALE. Pa.
C. We wish to secure a good
correspondent in every town
in Wayne county. Don't be
afraid to write this office for
paper and stamped envelops.
dren. It has the very best facilities
for the profitable and wise invest
ment and re investment of the princi
- The Scranton Trust Co.
510 Spruco Street.
LV A.M. P.M.