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THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 20, 1011.
"Dry" Law Has Prevailed For
HISTORY OF LEGISLATION.
Brigadier General Dow Was Father of
the Movement Agitation For Repeal
Was Started Because of Wholesale
Violation of Statute.
Prohibition In Maine Is sixty years
old. The recent election. In which
the "wets" appear to have won, al
though thero will bo a contest In
the courts, was the first time in twenty-seven
years that her citizens were
called on to vole on tho subject. Brig
adier General Neal Dow was the lather
of the movement. It was he who In
1851 drafted the first severely prohib
itory law of the state. He was In the
forefront of the fight over all succeed
ing prohibition laws, which culminated
in the constitutional amendment of
1884, repeal of which has Just been
That amendment came up for consid
eration after Maine had tried state
wldo stntutory prohibition for over n
quarter of a century. It was proposed
by the Sixty-first legislature and sub
mitted to a test vote on Sept. 8, 1SS4.
It was overwhelmingly approved, 70,
783 persons voting for It and only
23,811 against it. Governor lloblo Is
sued a proclamation In regard to It on
tho following Dec. 3, and tho amend
ment actually went Into effect in Janu
ary, 1883. It prohibited the manufac
ture and sale of Intoxicating liquors,
not Including cider, but legalized the
Bale of liquors for medicinal and me
chanical purposes and for tho nrts.
Tho artlclo In full reads:
Tho manufacture of Intoxicating liquors,
not Including elder, and the sale and keep
ing for salo of Intoxicating liquors are
and shall be forever prohibited, except,
however, that the sale and keeping for
pale of such liquors for medicinal pur
poses and the arts and the sale and keep
ing for Bale of cider may bo permitted un
der such regulations as the legislature
Tho legislature shall enact laws with
suitable penalties for the suppression of
tho manufacturing, sale and keeping for
nolo of Intoxicating liquors, with tho ex
ceptions herein specified.
Tills clause of tho constitution was
unquestioned for twenty years. In
1904 Governor Cobb attempted a strict
enforcement of the prohibition law.
When he ran for re-election his plu
rality shrank from 27,000 to 7,000.
"With the swinging of tho state this
year from the Itepubllcan to tho Dem
ocratic column state leaders figured
that perhaps a majority of tho voters
were not In favor of "no license."
Tho history of prohibition In Maine
Is declared to havo been marked by
wldo violations of the law. Secret
bars are said to have flourished every
where. Tho mail order liquor dealers
aro said to havo smuggled llquor'lnto
tho state by tralnloads, while moon
shine distilleries flourished.
Finally tho legislature enacted the
Sturgls law, authorizing Governor
Cobb to appoint a commission to
search homes for forbidden beverages.
Tho legislature repealed the Sturgls
law In 1008, but Governor Cobb vetoed
tho repeal. Then arose tho movement
for nreamendment of tho constitution.
Tho campaign Just closed was hard
fought on both sides and attracted tho
attention of temperance workers all
ovor the world. Mrs. Lillian M. N.
Stevens, national president of tho
Woman's Christian Temperance union
and herself a Portland woman, took
charge of the fight for the prohibition
clement. Campaigners were enlisted
from all over tho country. Tho Inter
national Prohibition association flood
ed tho state with literature containing
interviews with prominent men and
women gathered all over the world.
Tho National Temporance society, the
Anti-saloon league ond the Good Tem
plars also were active.
TO KILL FRUIT PESTS.
Electric Shooks Instead of Sprays
Used In Washington.
Electricity as an agency to destroy
tho codling moth and other bug pests
Is tho latest Innovation Introduced in
modern apple orcharding in tho Spo
kane valley, Washington, where was
recently made what Is declared to have
been the first demonstration of its
kind In the world. Tho test was made
In a six-year-old orchard, and more
than a score of second brood moths
and many green aphides were killed In
a Jew minutes.
Tho apparatus consists of a storage
battery to charge the incandescent
light globes, each of six candle pow
er, which are netted witli lino steel
wire, coated with copper and tin, al
ternately. Attracted by tho bright
lights in Uie trees to which the globes
nro carried at the ends of a covored
wire, tho moths fly against tho net
, ting, complete the electric circuit and
It is estimated that one battery to
nn aero of trees will keep the moths
trader control, thus eliminating the
usual spraying nnd saving many dol
lars annually for help and equipment.
One Wheeled JInrikisha.
A ono wheeled JInrikisha on the
monocyclo principle Is being intro
duced among the Chlneso of the Malay
states. It Is said to be safo and to
havo many advantages over tho old
How Bp's Appralso Navies
c! Groat Nations,
GREAT BRITAIN IS STILL FIRST.
Two American Warships, Utah and
Florida, Are Largest In Service of
Leading Powers, Whilo the New
York Will Excel Any Being Built.
SInco the new American Dread
nought Utnh arrived In port at New
York to Join her sister ship, the Flor
ida, now ncaring completion at tho
Brooklyn navy yard, naval men havo
been discussing with renewed interest
tho relative position of American sea
fighters as compared with tho navies
of tho other nations. While experts
concede that Great Britain has tho
largest aggregate of warships, with
filther Germany or tho United States
second, It Is asserted -that tho two new
Dreadnoughts of the United States out
rank in size and strength anything
The British battleships Lion nnd
Orion will excel tho two newest Amer
ican ships, but neither of these Is ns
yet in service. Germany also has a
number of powerful Dreadnoughts in
course of construction, but the largest
German ship In commission Is of less
tonnage nud efficiency than the Utah
nnd Florida, which have displacements
of 22,000 tons each ns compared with
tho original Dreadnought of 18,000
tons. They take the lead over tho
Delaware and North Dakota, 20,000
tons each, which heretofore were the
prize ships in the American navy. Be
sides leading the ships of nil the great
powers' In size, they nls.o bring Ger
many and tho United States nearer
together In the race for second place
among naval powers.
Among the experts tho original
Dreadnought has become tho accepted
unit of sea fighting efficiency. Count
ing It as a unit of 100, the American
battleship Delaware and her sister
ship, North Dakota, have an efficiency
ratio of 110 encu, while tho Florida and
Utah havo a ratio of 125 each. These
ratios for American Dreadnought ships
aggregate (i"0 as against an aggregate
of about 700 foy Germany. So Ger
many nnd tho United States aro sep
arated by only a few p.oints for posi
tion of second when tho -Dreadnought
unit of fighting strength Is the basis.
On ships below the Dreadnought unit
the scales nro turned In fav(- of tho
The super-Dreadnought New York,
whose keel was laid recently, will out
rank In tonnage anything thus far
built er under way in England and
Germany. Her tonnage will bo-27,000.
The largest British ships under con
struction are those of the King George
class, 25,000 tons, nnd the largest of
the new German ships building, are of
23,000 tons. The British designers,
however, are planning the Q.uocn Mary,
20,000 tons. Tho New York represents
the largest warships' being built, while
the Utnh and Florida nro the largest
in tho service of any of tho great na
tions. HUGE BUTTERFLY.
Specimen Found In Brazil Is as Big as
a Sparrow Hawk.
W. M. Mann nnd Frederick Baker,
members of tho Stanford Brazilian ex
pedition who romainod behind, have
sent news from Madeira, on the Ama
zon river, of tho discovery of a hith
erto unknown species of tho morpho,
a hugo butterfly. The new species is
as large as n sparrow hawk and
caused considerable fright to the mem
bers by flying toward them in an at
titude of attack. When within a few
feet of Its enemy It strikes and soars
to a height of twenty or thirty feet,
returning to repeat the attack. Sev
eral large specimens of the insect have
been preserved and will bo further in
vestigated upon the party's return to
The remaining members will travel
up tho Amazon for a distance of 500
miles and will gather specimens of tho
animals and plants all along tho route.
The river, after a hundred miles or so
from tho mouth, is so thickly infested
with crocodiles nnd largo gar that
bathing In tho river is absolutely im
possible with any degree of safety.
Tho crocodiles are of tho larger species
of tho floating variety and aro dan
gerous. Fresh water fish, such as carp
and catfish, which in this country do
not excel In size, on Hbo Amazon at
tain tho weight of from 300 to 500
pounds under tho equatorial sun.
Tho struggle for existenco of vegeta
tion Is Indescribable, and tho bank
along the river is one solid mass of
tangled vines, palms, mosses and
orchids. It is Impossible to set foot
on tho ground for a distance of a mile
from tho banks. Monkeys, snakes and
parrots are the only animals which can
exist In the denso clusters.
Family Record on Turtle's Back.
Gcorgo L. Stillman, a business man
of Westerly, It. I., was strolling about
his farm, about a mllo from tho village,
when bo en mo across a big turtle
which was sunning Itself on tho banks
of n pond. Ho secured it and found
engraved on its shell tho initials of bis
grandfather, Adam Stillman, engraved
In 1805. Further examination disclosed
the name of nnotber Adam Stillman,
his great-grandfather, engraved in
1808, and the name of Paul Moxon,
onrvpd in 17fB.
CHILDREN WHO AHE SICKLY
Mothers who value their own com
fort and the welfare of their chil
dren, should never bo without a
box of Mother Gray's Sweet Powders
for Children, for uso throughout tho
season. They Brenk up Colds, Re
lievo Feverishness, Constipation,
Teething Disorders, Headaches nnd
Stomnch Troubles. Used by Mothers
for 22 years. THESE POWDERS
NEVER FAIL. Sold by all Drug
stores, 25c. Don't accept any sub
stitute. Sample mailed FREE to
any mother. Address, Allen S. Olm
sted, Le Roy, N. Y.
FINDS A BRYANT POEM.
California Woman Discovers Hitherto
When Mrs. Elizabeth Mumford of
Pasadena, Cnl., was looking through
several autograph letters of William
Cullen Bryaut she discovered written
on one of the sheets of paper a hither
to unpublished poem. The verse wns
written on the back of a letter sent to
Mrs. Mumford about thirty years ngo.
The linos follow:
There's a dance of the leaves In the pop
There's n flutter of wind In the beechen
There's n smile on the fruit and a smile
on the flower
And a laugh from the brook as It runs to
FIND mUmIFIED CAT.
Died Eighty-threo Years Ago In an
Episcopal Diocesan House.
Stonemasons altering the front of nn
Episcopal diocesan house, New York,
were tearing out the stonework at the
top of the second story when Patrick
Shine, the boss mason, discovered a
dusty object which ho dug out with
a trowel. It wns n mummified cat, "a
perfectly good cat except for lack of
breath," said Shine.
The diocesan houso was built In
1828, so Shine figured that the cat
was born eighty-three years ago at
I The F. B. Steams Company
1 SVaotoG-g the Engine that supplanted th
ITWORE YOU INVEST IN A NEW CAR, EX
JD AMINE THE STEARNS-KNIGHT. SEE FOR
YOURSELF THE ENGINE THAT IS REVOLU-
I TIONIZING MOTORDOM THAT HAS
ADOPTED BY THE EUROPEAN LEADERS IN AU
G FOR MANY YEARS THE ENGINEERS OF THE
MOST FAMOUS CARS THE WORLD HAS EVER
KNOWN HAVE LABORED UNCEASINGLY TO
PROVE THIS ENGINE. FOR TO DISPLACE THE
POWER PLANTS WHICH MADE THOSE CARS
PRE-EMINENT MEANT A MOTOR FAR IN AD
VANCE OF ANYTHING BEFORE PRODUCED A
MOTOR WHICH WAS NOT A MERE IMPROVE
MENT BUT A REVOLUTIONARY STEP IN AD
VANCE. G CARS EQUIPPED WITH THE KNIGHT TYPE
ENGINE ARE EVERYWHERE THE CHOICE OF
KINGS EMPERORS OF THOSE ACCUSTOMED ING THAT CAN GET NOISY. AND REMEMBER
TO THE BEST THE WORLD AFFORDS. IN THAT THE QUALITIES WHICH YOU MOST AD
EVERY COUNTRY THE GREATEST CAR NOW MIRE WILL ONLY IMPROVE WITH USE. A POS-
USES THE SILENT KNIGHT THE DAIMLER IN
Equipments Include Warner Auto-Meter Model K, Dtnker Windshield, Klaxon Horn, Vetta Electric Generator
Lighting System, 311k Mohair Top, Continental Q. D. Demountable Rims, Mulder Cut-out, Etc.
SOUTH GOT 91,030,000,000
FOR SHORT COTTON CHOI.
Largest Amount Ever Received For!
tho Commodity, Says Hester.
New Orleans, La. "No American
cotton crop ever grown has sold for
as much as tho one Just marketed,
tho total value, Including the seed,
having been $1,030,000,000," ac
cording to the report last week of
Colonel 'Henry G. Hester, secretary
of the New Orleans Cotton Ex
change. With 1,700,000 bales less than
contained In the bumper crop of
1308-09, the crop Just marketed
netted the South ?254,000,000 more.
The 13.511,000-bale crop of 190C-07
brought $222,000,000 less than the
season which ended September 1,
Champion Lady Rncer of tho World,
Adelaide 10. D'Vornk, at tlio Rink
nil tills week.-
Throughout tho world there are
about three thousand weddings every
of HAWLEY3 PA, I
Announces the STEARNS-KNIGHT f
STEARNS-KNIGHT FIVE-PASSENGER T0TJMNG OAK.
Candidate for Prothonotary
TO THE REPUBLICANS OF WAYNE COUNTY:
Pursuant to the requests of my many friends In tho county and
the general understanding three years ago that I should again offer
myself as a candidate for the nomination for Prothonotary at the com
ing primaries, Sept. 30th, I would
state that after a short start by
way of an education in the public
schools of Wayno county, I com
pleted a course nt the A. M. Chls
bro Seminary In Monroe county, N.
Y. My post-graduate course was
about thirty years In the school
of hard knocks as a farmer and
lumberman In Wayne county.
Have met many people in the var
ied relations of n business man
and this long experience has en
abled me to meet many whom I
esteem as friends and gain at
least enough knowledge to appre
ciate the needs and requirements
of my fellow man.
My aim has steadily been to
deal honestly, frankly and fairly
with all and to dearly cherish all
of our country's Institutions, and
to encourage and assist every
true effort to maintain and ad
vance them. I Invite the fullest
investigation of my record and
with pleasure refer you to the ex
pression given at the polls by my WALLACE J. BARNES,
home district three years ago as Indicative of the feelings of those who
knew mo best. Although always a resident and large taxpayer In
Wayne county, I never asked for office except on the aforementioned
occasion when I was defeated by M- J- Hanlan who, though opposed to
me, never, to my knowledge, said or did anything detrimental to me.
I therefore earnestly request your support and promise if nominated
and elected to faithfully perform the duties of the office to the very
best of my ability and in all things observe the spirit of the Golden
WALLACE J. BARNES.
have adopted the ICnight Type
ENGLAND, THE MERCEDES IN GERMANY, THE
PANHAND IN FRANCE, THE MINERVA IN BEL
GIUM AND IN AMERICA THE STEARNS.
Judge this Engine Yourself
G JUDGE THIS MOTOR BY YOUR IDEALS OF
WHAT A MOTOR SHOULD BE. JUDGE IT AS
DID THE ROYAL AUTOMOBILE CLUB OF ENG
LAND IN "THE GREATEST ENGINE TEST ON
RECORD "A TRIAL THAT ESTABLISHED A
NEW STANDARD FOR MOTORS.
G THEN JUDGE IT BY ITS SIMPLICITY THE
ABSENCE OF COMPLICATIONS. REMEMBER
THAT ALTHOUGH IT IS A FOUR-CYCLE MOTOR,
THERE ARE NO VALVES TO GRIND. THERE
ARE NO NOISY TIMING GEARS, CAMS AND
SPRINGS. REMEMBER THAT THERE IS NOTH-
TAL BRINGS FULL INFORMATION.
lid l A
in the World !