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ihe 3)otfh f ranch Democrat.
BAHVEY SICKZJER, Proprietor.]
Hortl] Brand) ftemocrat
A weekly Democratic _
BY HARVEY StCKLER.
Terms—l copy 1 year, (in advance) *1.50 If
not pain within six months, 52.00 will be charged
10 lines orl , 1 1 l |
less, make three \ four < two | 'three ) six I one
one square weeks weeks'mo'th^rno'th mo'th^year
1 Squire 1 00; 1,25? 2.25! 2.97 3 00; 5.00
2 do. 2.00 250 3.25< 3 50! 4.501 6.00
3 do. 3,00] 3.75? 4.75 5.50? 7.00? 9.00
i Column. 4,00! 4.50? 6 50; 8,OP; 10.00; 15 00
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Business Card 9 of one square, with paper, $5
of all kinds neatly executed, and at prices to suit
BACON STANP.-NICIIOISOU, P,.-C L
JACKSOX, Proprietor. fvln49tf]
HS. COOPER. PHYSICIAN A SFRGEOX
• Newton Centre, Luzerne County Pa.
GEO. S. TUTTON, ATTORNEY AT LAW
Tunkhannock, Pa Office in Stark's Biick
Block, Tioga street.
WJ W. M. PIATT. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Of-
W fice in Stark's Brick Block, Tioga St., Tunk
R~"e. AS. W, EITTI.E ATTORNEY'S AT.
LAW, Office on Tioga street, Tunkhannock
AR V F. Y Tc KI I E R, if TOR NE Y AT LAW
and GENERAL INSi'RANCE AGENT Of
fice. Bridge street, opposite Wall's Hotel, Tunkhan
DR. J. C. CORSF.I.IUS. HAVTNG LOCAT
ED AT THE FALLS, WLL promptly att.n l
all calls in the line of his profession —may !>e found
at Beemcr's Hotel, when not professionally absent.
Falls, Oct. 10, 1861.
I>K. J. C BECKER A: Co.,
PHYSICIANS Si SURGEONS,
Would respectfully announce to the citizens o r Wy
raing that they have located at Tunkhannock wher
hey will promptly attend to all calls in the line of
neir profession. May be found at his Drug Storo
when not professionally absent.
JM. CAREY, M. P.— (Graduate of the 3
• M. Institute, Cincinnati) would respectfully
announce to the citizens of Wyoming and Luzerne
Counties, that he c witinucs his resrulnr practice in the
various departments of his profession. May nc found
at his office or residence, when not professionally ab
Particular attention given to the treatment
entremoreland, Wyoming Co. Pa.—v2n2
LATE AMERICAN HOUSE/
TUNKHANNOCK, WYOMING CO., PA
rHIS establishment has recently been refitted and
furnished in the latest style Everv attention
will be given to th comfort and convenience of those
wjo patronize the Houe.
T B. WALL, Owner anl Proprietor.
Tunkhannock, September 11, 1361.
TUN K H W'NOCK.
WYOMINO COUNTY, PENNA.
JOHN MA Y \ AR D , Proprietor.
HAVING taken the Hotel, in the Borough o
Tunkhanncok. recently occupied by Kilcy
Warner, the proprietor respectfully soli its a shire of
public patronage. The House has ben thorough!*
repaired, an 1 the comforts and accomodations of a
first class Hotel, will be found by all who may favor
t with their custom. Septetnbe' 11, 1861
NORTH BRANCH HOTEL,
MESHOPPKN, WYOMINO COUNTY, PA
Win. H. CORTRIGHT, Prop'r
HAVINO resumed the proprietorship of the above
Hotel, the undersigned will spare no effort to
•eßder the house an agreeable pl<-e ot sojourn for
HI who may favor it with their enstoin.
Win II (CKTRIHIIT.
\/T GILMAN. has permanently located in Tunk
lVX bannock Borough, and respectfully tenders bis
professional services to the citizens of this place and
ALL WORK WARRANTED, TO GIVE SATIS
Office over Tutton's Law Office near th e Pos
Dec. 11, 1861.
TO PI ervouh sufferers of both
A REVEREND GENTLEMAN HAVING BEEN
restored to health in a few days, after undergoing all
the usual routine and irregular expensive modes of
treatment without success, const-leu p his sacred du
ty to communicate to fa is afflicted fellow creatures
the means or cure Hence, on the receipt of an ad
dressed envelope, lie will send (free) a copy of the
prescription used Direct to Dr John M Dagvaxl,
168 Fulton Street, Brooklyn, New York v2n24ly
Limb for farmers, as a fertilizer
for sale at t" VERNOY
Meshoppen. Sept. 18 1861
JYSMITH, M. D, PHYSICIAN A SURGEON,
• Office on Bridge Street, next door to the Demo
crat Office, Tookhannock, Pa.
Freeh Ground Platter tn Quantities
and at priooe to oit purchasers, now for sale a
wfaoppen oj t. Mo war J*
SUNBEAMS 'MONfI THE
There are sunbeams 'mong the shadows,
There are diam nis ir the sky,
There are flowers in the darkest wild,
And a hope in every sigh ;
And they say each cloud has a sunny side,
A noon the darkest night,
And the angel guides to heaven
Are never out of sight.
Then why should fainting heart despond,
Or lose its wonted calm,
When, if it were but sought aright,
Each grief might have its balm ?
Let us seek to find the sunbeams
When shades about us crowd,
And look, when blows the tempest,
For the rainbow in the cloud.
Let us learn 10 follow meekly
Wbeie the angel-guide shall lead,
And strive to shun all error
Of practice or of erred .
Then the spirit of Contentment
Will be ever near to bless.
And on earth's sunny side we'll find
Our haven of happiness.
BY D W. M.
I have passed thro' climes more charming
Than the green igle of my sires,
I hav felt of joys mure Warming
Than the heart of fires;
I've partook of sorrow's sadness.
'Mid scenes of saddest woe,
But ever have I turned in gladness
To my home of long ago.
I have seen the sunshine gleaming
Through clouds of deep dispair.
I have felt true friedsliip beaming
'Midst sorrow and 'midst care;
All the pleasure I have known
That a mortal now can show,
But my heart in joy has flown
To mi home of long ago.
BY DAISY H .WARD.
A room in a fashionable New York Hotel,
a handsome, middle-aged woman, busily sew
ng upon a dress of some fleecy white mate
rial; a plain girl, sewing >n ditto, and ave
r\ beautiful young girl standing before a
nnrror, brushing out the most magnificent
golden-brown hair I ever saw—long, glossy,
and waving. She flung it petulantly back.
" 0 dear ! it is so long and heavy, I wish
it wert all cut off."
" No, you don't either ; and what's the
use of saying so ?" said the plain girl, al
most crossly. "That's one of your greatest
,l A beautv that you dou't possess said her
a ieptnother, tauntingly.
The piain girl burst into tears, when the
beauty ihrew d"wn her brush, and flew over
to where the girl sat weeping and, fli.iging
her arms r>und her neck, said:
" N'>w, maonna, tliat is too bad. TTcster'-
hair is real pretiy ; it is soft and glossy, and
I love it and her. ' Ami she ki -serf soft I v
'he shining but thin hair of hi r stepsister.
"Wi at a simple thing you are, Carrie!
You ,-poil lie- er."
H. ster dried eyes qniekly.
" You are a good girl, Carrie, and if moth
er would only let you alone, you will be a
4> Indeed, Miss Lester ! where did you get
our f >r.*-ig t ?"
" Hush, inatnina, please, f >r tny sake" Car
The wornm's sour fice softened as she
looked into the leauliful face of the s|>eakei.
Peace being restored, Carrie went back to
the gla-s, and began c -quitting with her own
I vely face and form, holding a part of a blip-
Iress up tn her fa<v, to see if it was hecotn
ingj and then laying her glowing cheek
against her white, polished shoulders.
" What a child vou are, Carrie !"
" I am almost twenty three years old,
" You needn't be telling every person that.
Every girl should be married before she's
Carrie laughed a glad '.ittlo laugh, and
went to singing
" No ono to love me !"
" Remember, this is your last season. If,
you don't m ike a rich mateh this summer,
you will be an old maid ; for jour father is
determined to move out to the farm nex ?
" 0 mamma, please don't talk about it. I
fairly hate rich men. I don't, want to marry
for momy, but fur love.
" Car-.lme, lam ashamed of you. Don't
let me hear you talk of such a vulgar thing
a* love. That is only for servant girls and
and tnilk-maids. Yon must keep your heart
out of the question, and make a wealthy
marriage. I ain sending you to Cape May
with the Blnnsdales f< >r this express pur
pose. Now, hiiTj up and get dressed."
Carrie sighed heavily, and Hester echoed
The ladies had an audiance of two that
they little dreamed of. In the room adjoin
"TO SPEAK HIS THOUGHTS IS EVERY FREEMAN'S RIGHT. "-Thomas Jefferson.
TUNKHANNOCK, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCT. 14, 1863.
ing sat two gentlemen, who had arrived in
the metropolis that very afternoon, and were
to leave for Philadelphia by five o'clock.—
The elder of the two was Aleck Summer
field, a man worth half a million ; the other
was his poor cousin, Aleck Thornton—both
Englishmen. The vemilat >r over the com
municating uoor being open, they had heard
the ent re c >nversauun.
'• Whew ! A'eck. What an old virago!"
" And what a swe t girl, AI ! I heard her
kissing that poor Hester; and then how
kindly she spoke !"
"Yes; but tbat old woman has spoiled
•' I doubt it. Al, lam sorry we are going
away so so< n, we might have seen her at ta
ble, or in the dressing-rooms.''
" Ah-ck, I have an idea. 'Ye have formed
no plans for t e sum ner— suppose we go to
Cape May, and ee how this sweet Carrie
carries out her work by her mother's plan*."
"That would he splendid, Al. I know
who tlu Blaisdales are, too. He has a cous
in doing business in London, whose acquain
tance I made last summer. They are a very
So it was agreed, and that very evening
Sumuierfii-id wrote and engaged rooms at
Congress Had. Ttiey tarried in Philadelphia
but t.vo days, and arrived at Cape May one
day in advance of the Blaisdales
They sat watching the artivals, wondering
il the par y they were expecting had or
would c 'me. A carriage dri wup at the
door, Iron which allighted a gentleman and
lady of middle age, then a dark-e\ed, dark
haired woman, and, las ly, a vailed figure in
■i fawn col .red dress
Just at lhat moment a gentleman came
" Ha, Blaisdale ! have you arrived ; and is
Mr-. B along and Jennie ?"
"Y. ; tliei have gone in. Carrie Lestei
is wnli us. G - in and see them."
W i arc all ugh' now, Aleck ; nothing to
do but be presented to Pappy Blai-dale, and
hmugh turn to tlie ladies. At any rate, we
wdl see the parly at dinner. Come, let Us
go and * fu-s up,' as the women folks av.-
iVe will follow tlie 11 lends to their chamber "
" W nai ads you, Aleck, man ? You seem
lu fe in a drea:u "
"I am just : Linking whether this young
girl will have purity of heart enough to
choose her own distiny, or if she will be
guided by ner worldly mother. Al, 1 some
times wish I did not own a dollar, for, if I
ever marry, I Rhould then know that my
wife li ved me ; and you know love is as great
a nece-sity of my nature as it is of any wo
man'.-. Al, suppose, just for a change, that
you beAleck Summerfield, whilst I am your
poor cousin. We have not exchanged
words with any one since our arrival here,
and nimne knows which is which. I would
like to try this fair Carrie."
"Agreed —I am in for it It w : l! be rather
pleasant than otherwise to be a person ot
importance for once But if the girl should
fall in love with me or my money, or if any
one should know us ?"
"No danger of that. Though the house of
Suinun rfield & S n is well-known here, T am
an entire siran-jer ; and even if it should be
discovered in the end, it will merely pass
for a rich man's whin "
At dinner, they saw the B'ai'dale party.
" Which, 1 wondi r, is the fair Carrie ?"
"Oil, I hope Ike beautiful girl with the
blue eyes and splendid brown hair "
" They are both lieauulul, A eck."
" Ye.- ; hut I do not fancy the-e haughty,
Later, Mr Summerfield said, carelessly, to
mine hosi of the Congress :
•' Who are the ladies with Mr. Blaisdale?"
" The tall, daik lady is Ins daughter—a
widow. Tn other is aM ss Lester, of New
Mr. Blaisdale and a f. iend stood exatnin
ing the register.
Aleck Suininerfi dd.' I wonder if thai
is of Sumnerfield & Son, tlie great English
" Y s. I'll he hound it is. Johnston wrote
me a month ago that Mr Summerfield
and a cousin of his had sai'ed for America.
I should like to make his acquaintance.—
Johnston says he is a capital fellow."
That evening, the cousins rode out in an
elegant open carriage. When they returned,
they alighted near where Mr. Blaisdale sat
smoking a cigar. He who for the present
personated Ahck Suraim-rfield, managed to
drop a fine cambric handkerchief on which |
was written, "Aleck Snramerfield." Here I
was an opening He lifted it, and walked
to where the owner stood talking to his
"I beg yonr pardon. Sir, but you dropped
this but a moment since. Tne name on it is
somewhat familiar I have a cousin. Albert
Johnston, of the firm of Johnston and Lang
don, in London, who has often mentioned the
name written upon this handkerchief "
"Ah, Sir! I have had the pleasure of
meeting Mr. Johnston, and am happy in
making 'he acquaintance of any friend of his.
Mr Blaisdale, I believe ?"
" The same, air."
" Allow me to present my ousin, Mr.
Thornton," sa'd the unblushing man.'
" I am hapDV to have met you, gentlemen.
I was just going to rejoin my wife and daugh-
ter, and should bp happy to have you accotn
pany me, if agreeable.
Here was a "consummation devoutly to be
wished." Thornton whispered, slyly :
" You lucky dog !" And Aleck blessed
Blaisdale in his heart.
Aleck Soininerfield was charmed with the
fair Carrie* Her beauty and winning ways
were jus suited to the wo: Id wearied man;
and ere the evening closed, be bad determin
ed. il wooing would bring it to pass, she
would be his wife.
Thornton, in all the grandeur of his new
found wealth, played the devoted to the
hangl ty dark-eyed widow. Aftir this came
fr.quent meetings, and long, delicious walks
on the beach, with SUtlirnerfield's proud
head bent I .w over the woman he was fast
learning to love. Tune passed on, and there
came a time when low, tender words were
spoken, and Carrie listened unconsciously,
as it were, forgetting in the new feelings
lhat were creeping into her heart, that she
was to make a wealthy- marriage. Like ma
ny another wotnan, she loved bef rw she
dreamed of danger; not that she was suscep
ible, or given to loving this one or thai,
but beeause it was her fate. Until now,
Carrie Lester had never loved.
But the spell that conquers us all, and
without which life would scarcely he worth
living, was upon her ; and so she looked in
to Suinim-rfield's calm, darn eyes, and lis
tened whilst he talked, in his pleasant way.
of life and its nee Is—its pleasures and duties,
w-.nderi.ig all the while why he was so un
like other men.
Then she would go to her room and think
it all over again and agam, thinking of hei
mother's commands with a sinking heart
This niaht, she sat down bv the open win
dow, and lo..kts 1 out over the sea. Two
f.-rms passed fr.un the hotel down toward
the beach It wis Smn uerfiel 1 and Ins
c .usiii. The tair face flushed even in the
moonlight, and s.ie watched till they passed
beyond her sight ; then, bowing her head,
her lips formed a prayer tlia. G d would un
dertake for her, so that she might be happy
through her coming life. Thus surely does
a woman's b.ve uplift and purify her heart.
The door opened s
" Star-gazing Carrie ? or dreaming of your
handsotn Aleck, which 7 You are foolish,
Carrie. Why d<.n't y<>u fall in h.ve with the
handsome Sutnmcrfkdd and his half a mill
"I do not think him near so handsome as
Mr. Thornton. He is good looking, certain
ly ; but I like dark strong, brave-looking
" Ob, you do. Has it gone so far 7"
u You are foolish, Canie II I didn't love
Tom, i would secure him for tuyself; that is,
if I oould."
u leß, but you do love Tom, J, nnie."
" Y.-S, I love hun, though he is only a I-O T
author, and would marry hun if he didn't
own a second coat."
" What will your mother say, Carrie, to
your l-.ving this poor cousin ?"
" flush, Jennie dear."
The hp- that spoke were very white; see
ing which Jennie threw hr arms around
tier, and said, tenderly J
" j'ist tell you what, Carrie, if Aleck
Thornton ask- you to be his wile, and you
love him. marry hiin. If you love hun, mind ;
for oh. a loveless 01 irria'e is, of all thing-,
the most uiisenbe! Ti live with % man
f r whom you hive nnrely t negative s rt o'
liking, or whom you like as you would a
brother - sister, or any other dear friend,
doing your duty to and hv hun, becau-e u is
your dutv and you c iuld n t be hippy else ;
t< sit opposite this mo at table three hun
dred ami six y five days 111 the year, and thi
every year of your life; then some i.me or
other, comes the hour if the fieari's awaken
ing ; for come it will—the heart, will assert
its rigrits, and you meet tluf other sell when,
perchance, it is too la'e. On, cover your
face and pray, for then comes the anguish
and the pain, the pas-ornate love lor soine
one sud lenly uiet, the expres-ion of wmch
would be sin—the very feeling of which is
sin. Then comes the spirit battles, the re
grets, and the effort to teach the heart for
ge" fulness. You mu-t banish the face that
comes between you and the other face that
you have vowed to love, honor, and obey—
between you and everything under the blue
sky. But the face will not 6tay away, and
and the thoughts will not stay away; and in
the end you will have to bind your heart with
a tripple cham, and cast it into the back clos
et in your-out, and lock the door upon it,
and fling the key far, far away, so that you
can never find it. Ttien a pale, 6ad Woman
moves through her home, with an unspoken
prajerever folded in between mute lips—
iha> God would strengthen her to do right
only that. This never happens where the
heart makes its own selection. Let poverty,
toil, and s >rrow c>me, it matters not, the
l"Ve each started with, when the j urney
began, lasts to the end. There is nothing
but sorrow comes of matches made by pa
rents and friends. Carrie, never marry a
man unless you love liiin dearer than ought
else on earth—lather, mother, sister, or
Carrie's blue eyes had been growing larger
aid larger, and when her friend paused fur
breath, she said, faint'y:
" Why, Jennie, what does ail you 1 What
do you know of all this V
"I know enough, Carrie. Oh, I know
how it all comes about. Friends are anx
ious—it will be a splendid match, wealth,
position, influence, nil of which are as fleet
ing as g dream ! They arrange it ail for you;
and von, knowing nothing of the great nec
essity of your life, think it is all righ."
" O, Jennie dear, c n it be that yuu have
suffered tint- V
'• No uiu'ter as to that, Carrie, I h>ve you
darling, and I have warned you!" And
turning abrubtlv, she left the room.
Carrie looked after her in sorrov and,
atnaZe. She knew that Jennie was married
when almost a child ; thai people ha I said
Colonel Andrews was very wealthy, and Jen
nie Blaisdale bad ma lea splendid match,
Poor Jennie ! II id she lived wiih the dark
browed Colonel all ihe*e years, feeling only
i lie cold |< ve she had spoken of 1 Had she
loved Tom, when such love was sin ? Poor
Oh, what can one ever do in this world
with one's heart 1
It so happened that one evening. Aleck and
Carrie sat in the shadow, at the end of the
verandah, far from the bright lights arid mer
ry hearts in the drawing-room. They were
both silent. Aleck wan thinking, ana Carrie
listening to the sea and to the sound of voices
and laughter coming up musically from the
moon lighted beach Aleck laid his arm ten
derly around her, and drew the brown head
down up .n his shoulder. After a little while
he said, qmetly :
" Carrie darling, I love you ! Will you be
Then he waited for her reply.
" O Aleck !"
That was all.
Then the w ndrous story was told, which
has been listened to manv a time and oft,"
not alone on the rialto, but in mansion and
palace, hamlet and town ; all over the length
and breadt hof the earth. Listening to the
wondrous story. Carrie forgot her mother,
and promised to be his wife.
" There is a lady in the reepption-room
wisi.es to see you, Mr Blaisdale; here is her
Mr. Blaisdale was talking to Carrie's lover
as the servant handed the card.
Blaisdale looked at the card. Mrs. George.
Lester. There it was plain as day.
'• Confusim ! What on earth brought her
here ? Poor Carrie ! Excuse me a moment
Thornton, M iss Lester's mother has arrived."
Alecks heart beat high as he saw a large,
handsome woman cross the verandah with
Mr. Blaisdale. A few moments later, lie
heatd him say to Jennie, who at that moment
crossed tne hall ;
"Mrs. Lest.r is here. Sue Manners told
her a long htory about Carrie refusing the at
u ntionsof the weaitfyMr. Summerfield, and
taking up with his pour cousin. It was all
spue-work with Sue.
They passed beyond hearing, and Aleck
moved resolutely toward the private parlor
adj ining Carrie's room. He heard a loud
angrv voice and Carrie's pleading tones.
" Mother, I could not help loving him, and
I have promised to be his wife."
"Fool land you refus d Mie weal'hy Mr.
Summerfield for this dependant, on his boun
" Who told you mother ?"
"Sue told mo. she heard him offer him
sell' to you with her own ears."
" Mother, 1 could not love htm."
•' Well, you can prepire to go home with
me in the next b- at, winch leaves in just one
" 0 mother, not so c onn. Mr. Thornton i
away,and I uiust see Inui bid. re I leav>-."
" 1 will not wait one hour. lam glad he
is aay ; it is fortunate."
There came a knock at the door, and Mr.
Thornton entered. Carrie prang toward
" 0 Aleck ! A'eck 1"
The fail Al.cki-ei Mrs. Lester almost wild
by putting bis arm round Cai rie, and drawing
her close to his breast.
" Remove your arm from about ray daugh
ter, Sir. I—"
" Madaui, she is my promised wife. I
have come to ask her forgivencs- for deceiv
ing her as to my name and station. Carrie
darling, lam not Aleck Thornton. Can you
love me by another name as well?"
Carrie grew deadly pale, and half with
drew herself from bis embrace. Was he not
her A'eck then? She loved the name of
Aleck—she had grown to love it and him,
and by any other name she could never love
him so well.
''And pray, S r, who may you be, that
have thus tried to win my daughter's love
under a false name ?"
" Ladv, I aiu Aleck Summerfield, and my
cousin is Aleck Thornton. Wo wore both
called after my father. I had a fancy for be
ing I'Ved f.r myself alone, and I coaxed my
cousin into bearing the burden of my weath
f>r a little while. I hope, Madam, my half a
million will be no detriment in your eyes."
It is not worth while to record the lady's
answer; we can all imagine what it was
Carrie stood sheltered by those string arms,
with cloaed eyes and tremulous lips, that,
kept whispering softly:
ITERMB: 81.QO PER ANXTJX
" Thank G >d ! lhank Gd !''
Not for the money, but because be was
her Aleck still, and became she was at liber
ty t hive him just a she choose. We all
know very well that if we learn to love a
"Charley'' or " Willie," or eTen "Sandy,"
we wouldn't like to find, after all, that hifl
name-was John or Piter.
1 hen came days when the skies were bluer
than they ever were bef..re,and the sunshine
was more golden, and the birds sang sweeter.
Then there was a wedding in Grjce Cnurch
and the solemn crown of wifehood descended
upon the of Carrie Lester.
MAKING A LIVING,
It is said in ihe day of perplexity, when
ivery one tnuM have money and there is no
uioney to be had, that it would be an excel*
lent thing to live without means. Sefing
aMde the aged and the helpless, such a situa
tion can hardlv be f. und. Who, in this wide
world, in this universal magazine, this great
store house, cannot find means for a living?
There is no honest, industrious, resolute in
dividual but can find means. Ye who have
been lingering on, hoping for batter times,
rouse up your energies, feel that yon have
that within, that may stir you up to the best
purposes of life; resolve to find means; it
may be that they will not exactly corre; pond
with your taste, but it is an nonest liviogvott
are seeking, and the World is lull of material.
The very rucks and stones we tread on, which
nature scatters so liberally, may be converted
into gold. They are hetVn into a thousaud
form, rise into the noblest structures, and
are broken into the macadamised pavements
beneath our feet. Water, the free gilt of
Heaven, is not suffered to flow idly on, telling
its history n murmers ; its made the source
of wealth and industry J it turns wheels j
spouts forth in streams, and becomes a reve
nue for thousands. Turn which way you
will, the world is lull of materials! Bat
these materials mu6t be converted into use
by those who think, those who invent, and
those who labor.
THE WEALTH OF MEXICO.
In Mexico there are over one thousand sil
ver mines, yielding between thirty-five and
h.rty millions of dollars a year. The value of
these mines is increased by the fact that
there are twenty five mines of quicksilver,
which yield from two hundred and flf y to
three hundred thousand pounds weight an
nually. Gold is also found in considerable
quantities, stated variously at from three
millions oi dollars upward. The mines are
generally located either on the top or on the
western slope of the Cordilleras, utid have
been wrought for ages. Gold and silver vas
es of great value and beau'y of workmanship
were sent back to Spain by the first conquer
ors as spoils of .var. Iron and copper are al
so produced in gfeat abandance. One great
hindrance to the realizing of this mineral
wealih is the difficulty of transporting it to
the #r a board, there being neither railroads nor
navigable rivers in the country, and the only
means of transportation being the backs of
rnu'es The commercial inertness and want
of mechanic .! enterprise of the people, and
the small extent to which the combination
and division of Jaboi are carried, have also
contributed, with the general insecuii'y of
property, to prevent the various natural rich
es of the country from their tull development.
We know not where the following judicious
hints had their origin, but we c< py them be
cau<e 'hey are worthy af attention, and many
tit ty profi by the observance :
He advtse all people to acquire in
early life the habit of using good language,
both in speaking and writing, and to abandon
as soon as p s-ible the use of slang words and
phrases. he longer they live the more dif
cult the acquisition of such a language will
be ; and if the golden age of youth—the prop
er season for the acquisition ol language be
passed in abuse, the unfortunate victim of
neglected education very probably will be
doomed to talk slang for life.
Money is not necessary to procure tfiis ed-"
ucation. Every man has it in his pouter.—
He has merely to use the language whicTlw
reads, instead of the slang which he hears;
to form his taste from tho popular speakers,
writers and poets of the coun'ry; to treas
ure up choice phrases in his memory, and
habitua'c himself to their use avoiding at the
same time that pedantic precision and bom
bast which bespeaks raiher the weakness of
a vain ambition, than the polish of an educat
There is no man, however low in rank, who
may not materially benefit his financial con
dition by following the advice and cultivate
ing at the samo lime such morals and man
ners as correspond in character with good
There is a weed called the Sica ret•
siisa, which grows wild in uufrequeut d
streets and vacant places at Brisbane, Eas
tern Australia, and is looked upon there as a
pest. This weed has been found to yield a
valuable fiber, and £3O a ton has been offer
ed f>r 3000 tons oi it, for shipment to Eng
VOL. 3. NO. 10.