Newspaper Page Text
roportant work, it be urged upon the churches of this
Synod, to respond liberally and promptly to such application
as may be made for this object.
That it be urged ou those, especially to whom God has
entrusted an ample portion of worldly wealth, to contribute
proportionally of their abundance toward the endowing of
this Profeeaorship, and of additions] scholarships for the
support of Indigent young men in this Institution.
Resolutions were read and adopted on the sub
ject of Church Extension.
Adjourned with prayer by Mr. Stoneroad.
FRIDAY MORNING, 9 o'olock.
Synod met in the Lecture Room. Opened with
prayer by Moderator. Minutes read and ap
Dr. J. Smith presented the following, which was
Rasolued, That it be enjoined on all our Presbyteries, to
be careful to subject their candidates for licensure and oral.;
nation, to a full and thorough examination, on all the sub-
Jests prescribed in our Form of Government; and that the
candidates be seasonably apprised that such will be the case.
Dr. Fairchild offered the following resolutions,
respecting " Old Redstone," which were adopted:
Arse/red, That this Synod regard with satisfaction the re
cent publication, entitled "Old Redstone," by Rev. Joseph
Smith, It D., as a valuable contribution to the memory
of the fathers and founders of our Western Zion, and heart.
ily commend this work. to the patronage of the Christian
And, whereas, the Synod have learned that Dr. Smith is
preparing materials fir au additional volume, bringing down
our early Ecclesiastical History to the date of the organisa
tion of this Synod, we cordially approve of his purpose, sod
recommend, to the Presbyteries and Sessions muter our care,
to afford him any aid in their power, In the collection of
[A few copies of this work may be found at the
Presbyterian Book Rooms, in this city.—En.]
Revs. Jas. Smith, Allison, Annan, and McAboy,
of the Synod of Allegheny; and Dr. Presley, of
the Associate Reformed Church, being present,
were invited to sit as corresponding members.
The Records of Clarion were approved.
Resolutions ou the Boards of the Church were
read, discussed„ and adopted, except the second
resolution on Education, which was committed to
Revs. Jacobus, Howard, and Stoneroad, to report
at the next meeting of Synod. The paper is as
DO ADD 07 EDUCATION.
Resolved. That this Synod, in view of the ,comparative
fownrai of candidates. as reported for the current year,
would earnestly call upon pastors and elders to seek out and
bring forward such pious young men as ought to enter the
Resolved, fhat Christian parents be intoned to giro their
sons to God. with a view of their being trained by the Spirit
and by the Church, for this responsible work.
Resolved. That earliest and habitual prayer is called for
on behalf of our children and youth, especially for those in
schools and colleges ; .and that very increased liberality Is
requisite to-endow our colleges and seminaries, and to fur
nish all facilities for the education of such as offer them
BOARD OF FOREIGN MISSIONS.
Resolved. That this Synod rejoice In the extended opera
tions of lisle Board. end In that enlarged policy that aims to
occupy new fields. and give the tiospel and the living preacher
as soon as possible, to all people.
Resolved. That what bas already been doneorith God's
blessing. from feeblest beginnings, is our encouragement for
what remains to be done, as proving God's faithfulness, and
his presence with the Church.
Resolved. That this Synod would express its strong confi
dence in the established policy of the Beard, for carryiug on
schools among the heathen, as an auxiliary to that mission
cry work, and with a view to the training of a native min
Resolved, That in the judgment of thie Synod, not only
Christian ministers, but Christian laymen. are called to go,
as missionary farmers, mechanics, physicians, and mer
chants, to aid In carrying the Gospel to the heathen; and
that the churches of this Synod ought to contribute more
liberally, of me BOARD s,
ÜBLICA to this gTlON .reat object.
Rewired. That this Synod regard as of very'great import
ance, the work of supplying the Church with a Boland and
suitable religious literature.
Resolved, That, to meet the wants of the churches in this
region, and to secure Itel promptly es possible such a Sabbath
School Library as shell be answerable to the demand, the
Board of Publication he requested to cooperate with the
Synod's Board of Colportage, in their preiient efforts herein.
B /ARO OF DoIIIESTIO MISSIONS.
Resolved, That the claims of this Board are greatly en
hanced by the present condition of oar country; its grow
ing extent and population, and the peculiar and pressing
need of the Gospel in all our now settlements; and that the
churches be urged by every consideration of philanthropy
and piety, to contribute liberally to this work.
Synod haring beard, with great pleasure, the Cor. See.
of the Church Exteueion Committee, detailing the progress
and encouraging resuits tf this religious enterpriee, within
the past thirteen months, therefore,
Resolved, That we most earnestly recommend to all the
churches under our care, to take up a collection for this
cause during the current year.
Resolved, In order to secure action, certain find definite,, :
that same day in the month of November be the time to
take this collection In all our churches.
A'aseived, In view of, the wants of the world, and the
great but neglected duty of Systematic Beneficence, the pas
tors are hereby instructed to present this subject to their
people. and to aim at eecuring an aloption of the Scriptural
elm', that every one lay by him In store, on the first day of
the week, acc.yrdlng as God bath prospered him.
The following persons were elected as members
of the Board of Managers for one year, of the
Board of Colportage :
Alinisters—J. R. Hughes, Richard Lea, W. D.
Howard. Eiders—J. Carothers, M. D., Luke
Looniis, John R. Willson. -.
Synod adjourned, to meet at Monongahela City,:
°tithe third Thursday (?) of October, 1857, at 2
o olock. Prayer by Mr. Painter. Apostolic Ben
ediotion by the Moderator.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
Presbytery of lowa.
The Presbytery of lowa met in Burlington on i
the 7th inst. It was a full and pleasant meeting.
Rev. T. M. Oviott was received from the Presby
tery of Chicago as a member. He is supplying
the Second church in Burlington. The death of
Rev. Robert C. McComb, one of our members,
o wes reported, and an appropriate minute 'adopted.
A minute was adopted in relation to fashionable
amusements as dancicg and attendance on the
theatre, enjoining it on our Church Sessions to
use every kind and Christian effort to induce our
members to desist from participation in them, and
when these efforts fail, to . commence a regular
course of discipline against persevering offenders.
A series of resolutions were adopted on the
subject of Domeitio Missions, requiring annual
collections in all our churches for that object, and
urging churches receiving missionary aid to use
every effort to become self sustaining as soon as
possible. Presbytery also apppointed a Commit
tee to visit every church asking aid within our
bounds, and in concurrence with the pastor, to
stimulate it to do, all that can reasonably be ex
peoted of it toward supporting its minister.
The Synod of Town, which held its sessions in
Burlington simultaneously with our meeting,
added four Counties and parts of two more to our
territory, including seven ministers and about a
dozen churches. Rev. Samuel J. Baird asked
leave to resign' the charge of the Muscatine
church. The Stated Clerk was directed to inform
the church of this request, and cite them to ap
pear by their Commissioners, at a meeting of
Presbytery to be held in Muscatine, on Wednes
day, November 12th, at seven o'clock P. M., to
show cause if they have any, why this resignation
should not be accepted.
T. STEARNS, Stated Clerk.
Nor tbe Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
';TEind.ness Appreciated. •
MR. EDITOR :—God's prerogative, to bring
• good out of evil, is variously exemplified in the
course of his,.providence. It is an evil, fully
known only to those who feel its practical opera
tion, that ministerial salaries, praduated at first
to small families and low markets, should, in gen
eral, after material changes in both these respects
have taken place, be regarded as destined to re
main without increase. But, with growingfre
quency of late; God has overruled this state of
things as the occasion of stirring up the hearts of
considerate and sympathetic persons, in the way
of bounty and personal liberality, to do well in com
municating with their respective pastors in straits
of this kind. .An instance of this, which none
oan appreciate so well as the surprised recipient,
has recently occurred in the congregation of
Elderaridge, Indiana County, Pa. A half dozen
young ladies, as a self-constituted committee,
having canvassed the congregation for the pur
pose, in a manner equally expressive of their
modesty and their generosity, left a donation of
more than a hundred dollars at the house of their
very grateful PASTOR.
Elgeraridge, Oct. 20th, 1850.
Nor the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
• • GRANytuan, Mass., Oct. 21, 1866.
REV. Dn. Molitmisv—Dear Brother:—l beg
`leave to acknowledge, in your columns, the loving
'kindness of my early friend: in Perth Amboy,
N. J., who, by means of your talented and spir
itual journal, has made me a weekly visit, the
past year, and by his recent note, promised the
same for the yearto come. This, and other cost
lier gifts from •my estimable friend; merit my
grateful remembrance, and cheer, my pathway,
now in the eventide of a long life.
TIMOTHY. MATHES COOLEY,
' • Pastor of Ist church in Granville, Mass.
CATHOLICISM IN THlCLAND.—Acoording to Arch
bishop, Cullen, the Roman Catholic Church in
*lreland is pasting through ,a perilous crisis.
"Eighteen institutions," . he says,.." are founded
. in Dublin, with the impious design of destroying
the faith and nsorals.of the poor 'Catholics ;" and
"at least five thousand every year succumb to
their influence;" and the eighteen establish.
'', Meats, ato all' appearance, make up" but a third
or fourth Pict of the nrganiiatioeferthed for`the
same purpose." In this acknowledgment of an
enemy of God's truth, we may well rejoice.
Nana anb' *borate.
PITTSBURGH, NOVEMBER 1, 1856.
TERMS. 81.50, in advance; or In Clubs,
11.251 or, delivered at residences of Subtlerle
bare, $1.75. Nee Prospectus, on Third Page.
E N EW A L S !should be prompt; a little
while before the year expires, that we may
make full arrangements for a steady
TUE RED WRAPPER indicates that we
desire a renewal. If, however, In the haste
sf mailing, this signal should be omitted, we
hope our friends will still not forget nu.
RERITTANCES. — Send payment by safe
bands, when convenient. Or, send by mall,
enclosing with ordinary care, and troubling
nobody with a knowledge of what you are
doing. For a large amount, send a Draft, or
large notes. For one or two papery send Gold
or small notes.
TO MAKE CHANGE, Send postage , stamps,
nr better still, send for more paperer may SS
for Seventy numbers, or $1 for Thlrty.threa
DIRECT sal Letters and Communications
to REV. DAVID MoKINNIGY. Pittsburgh,
Pax. Jour] . W. DuLL - Es, of the S. S.
Union has become co editor of the Anseri,
ean Presbyterian, with Mr. Wallace.
TEE SYNOD OF PITTSBURGH.—This body
had a delightful meeting, last week. The
proceedings are published in our present
OBITUARIES. — We are still perplexed
with the length of these notices of kind af
fection on the part of survivers. Subscri
bers complain much on the subject. Can
not friends be satisfied with a few expres
sive lines ?
THE DIRECTORS elected by Synods to the
proposed meeting at Chicago, 111., on the
7th of November, with a view to the estab
lishment of the "Theological Seminary of
the North-west" are requested on their ar
rival in the city to report themselves at the
store of Messrs. Spring & Sons, 179 Lake
Street, where places of lodging will be as
The Presidential Election
This very important quadrennial event, in
our country, will take place next Tuesday.
Thirty-three united Sovereignties electing
their Chief Magistrate by a vote of the peo
ple, and all abiding the result in peace, is a
thing wonderful in human history. That it
should be so, is owing to an open Bible, a
free Church, and an enlightened ministry,
under the Divine blessing.
There are those in our land, who regard
the present time as one of great danger, and
the partizanship of the day as porten
tous of new and overwhelming evils. We
are not of this • number. But great princi
ples are evidently before the community;
and there is much evil in many hearts, which
is destructive in its tendencies.
It, therefore, becomes all good men to do
their part. They should let their numbers
be knoWn, and make their wise discretion to
The Christian will,: at all times, ask for
heavenly guidance, and will pray with spe
cial fervency in a season of pressing need.
The importance , of a happy termination of
the present political 'struggle, to our coon
try's welfare, and the connexion, hence,
with Zion's interests, will cause prayinginen
to be importunate with God. He can make
even the wrath ofman to praise him, and
he will restrain the remainder of wrath.
While, then, all discharge the duty of
citizens, by giving an intelligent vote, let
each choose prayerfully, and as respon
sible to God for what he does. The Chris
tian must be the man of God—the con
scientious, obedient and praying man—at all
times and everywhere. Men are as really
bound by the Divine laws at an election, as
they are in the sanctuary;
,and the good
acknowledge and act under the obligation.
The Governor of Delaware has appointed
Thursday the 6th of November as a day of
Thanksgiving. The Governors of Pennsyl
vania, New Jersey, Maryland, Missouri,
New York, Maine, Vermont, New Hamp
shire and Connecticut, have issued procla
mations, fixing the 20th of November
for the same good purpose. It would be
pleasant to contemplate the whole Union
as thus engaged on the same day. A grate
ful nation we should be, and a public decla
ration of gratitude is most becoming. There
are evils in the land to be deplored; but the
multitude of the Divine mercies is so great,
and the favors bestowed are so marked and
gracious, that in the very fact of our un
worthiness we find an additional incitement
to intense thanksgiving.
We give, in full, Governor Pollock's
In the name and by the authority of the Common
wealth of'` Pennsylvania. JAMES POLLOCK,
FELLOW CITIZENS:--A public acknowledgment
of the , goodness of Almighty God, and of-our
constant dependence upon his providence is
eminently becoming a free and enlightened peo
As the " Giver of every good and perfect gift,"
he has crowned the past. year with his goodness,
and caused our paths to, drop with fatness. Our
free institutions, our rights and privileges, civil
and religious,.have been continued and preserved.
Science and Art, with the' great interests of edu
cation, morality and religion, have been encour
aged and advanced ; industry, in all its depart
ments, has been honored and rewarded, and the
general condition of the people improved.
Our Commonwealth has been greatly blessed.
The ravages of disease and death, of famine and
pestilence, have not been permitted to come near
us; nor have the horrors of war disturbed the
peaceful quiet of our homes. The earth has
yielded her increase, and richly rewarded the
husbandman. Abundant prosperity, with smiling
plenty and the blessings of health; have been ours.
Acknowledging, with gratitude, these blessings of
a kind Providence, let Us " enter into his gates
with thanksgiving, and his courts with praise ;"
be thankful unto him, and bless his name.
Deeply impressed with the importance and
propriety'of this duty, and in accordance with the
wishes of many good citizens, I, JADIXS POLLOCX,
'Governor of the' ommonwealth of Pennsylvania,
do hereby recommend Thursday, the 20th day of
November next, as a day of General Thanksgiving
and Praise, throughoutlhis State; and earnestly
implore the people, that, abstaining from all
worldly business and pursuits on that day, they
unite in offering thanks to Almighty God for his
,past,goodness and mercy, and humbly beseech
him foie continuance of his blessings.
Given under my hand and the Great Seal of the
Atitte, at Harrisburg, this 21st day of 'October,
in the year one thousand' eight hundred'and
fifty-si., mint' the Commonwealth the eighty-
By the Governor:
ANDRRW G. CURTIN,
Secretary of the Commonwealth;
THE PRESBYTERIAN BANNER AND ADVOCATE.
Synod of Wheeling.
It was our privilege to meet with this
body in the city of Steubenville on Tuesday
the 21st inst.
Steubenville is distant from Pittsburgh
by way of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and
Chicago, and the Cleveland and Pittsburgh
Railroads, or the Ohio river, some seventy ,
miles. The location is good and healthful;
and the city contains from eight to ten thou
sand inhabitants. Cotton . and - woollen
manufactories, and also one or more' iron
establishments, constitute a notable feature
of the place. A considerable amount of
paper is also manufactured. It has com
munication with the West, by the Steuben
ville and Indiana Railroad, which has been
in operation some two years.
The • Young Ladies' Seminary, so long
under the supervision of Dr. Beatty and'his
excellent lady, continues its career of un
abated prosperity. There are in the place
two large and flourishing churches of our
The Synod was opened with an excellent
sermon, by the late Moderator, the Rev.
James Sloan, D. D. On Wednesday, even
ing, a sermon was preached, by the Rev.
James 3. Brownson, on the proper treatment
of the careless in our various congregations
by ministers, elders and private Christian&
On Thursday evening, a sermon was preached,
by the Rev. Robert Dickson, on Systematic
Benevolence. Both these discourses were
heard with the greatest attention.
A part of Wednesday forenoon was con
secrated to devotional exercises; and in the
afternoon addresses were made by the Rev.
Drs. Van R msselaer, Happersett and Wil
son, and by Revs. Schenck and Coe, with
respect to the various objects of benevolence,
of which they are the agents of the Church.
Excellent impressions were made by all these
The reports of the agent and various
committees, concerning the Synodical Col
lege at Washington, Pa., excited much in
terest among the friends of the measure.
The Synod seems earnestly desirous to sus
tain the College at present, and to complete
its entire endowment at as early a day as
In the Presbyteries connected with this
Synod, there are some things worthy of spe
cial notice. Great care is manifested in the
reception and examination of candidates for
the ministry. ContribUtions for the various
Boards of the Church are taken up accord
ing to an established system.
Regular statements are required from the
congregations, in reference to the payment
of salaries. And the Synod itself makes
particular inquiry as to the causes of ab
sence from its meetings on the part of min
isters. At the present meeting, the Stated
Clerk was directed to write to all who had
been absent for more than two years.
We omitted to state in the proper, place
that the Rev. John Eagleson, of, the Pres
bytery of Washington, was elected Modera
tor, the Rev. Alexander Swaney, of the
Presbytery of Steubenville, Permanent
Clerk, and the Rev. William M. Grimes, of
the Presbytery of St. Clairsville Temporary
In reference to the Theological Seminary
at Allegheny, the following resolution was
" Resolved, That Synod have heard with great
pleasure the statements of the Rev. Dr. McKin
ney, respecting the prosperity and prospects of
the Western Theological Seminary, and having
not only the highest confidence in its present
management, but also the strongest hopes of its
further enlargement and success, do fully approve
the action of the'Board of Directors in favor of
the endowment of a Fourth Professorship and the
speedy appointment of a Professor."
Kansas.—A Call for Help.
We, this week, had a call from an intelli
gent Presbyterian gentleman of Lecompton,
Kansas. Lecompton is a city of a few hun
dred inhabitants. It is the seat of government
for the Territory, and would doubtless have
been much more populous but for the un
happy distractions of the country. Our vis
itant vas, till last spring, a Pennsylvanian,
and was our intimate acquaintance. He
spoke enthusiastically of the beauty and fer
tility of the country. He lamented the sad
excesses of violent men, but expressed con
fident hopes of peace and prosperity under a
firm administration •of law and a return to
the rule of right.
If we should repeat all that was told us we
might possibly give , offence to some of our
friends, on either side of an important ques
tion, who are so feverish.that the.y cannot bear
even the suggestion of an anodyne. We shall
therefore present, as appropriate to our own
sphere of operations, only the religions part
of our conversation.
Be it known, then, that in Lecompton,
and in all the region round about, there is
not a Presbyterian minister, nor anything to
supply, the place of one. 'There is a society
of, the Methodist Church North, and another
of the. Methodist Church South; but these
are too ardently engaged ,in hostilities, the
one against the other, to do much toward ad
vancing the spiritual kingdom of their Lord
There ,are a few, and only a few, Presby
terians in Lecompton ; but these are exceed
ingly desirous to have a church of their own
order, and a pastor who will lead them to liv
ing, fountains. One of them proposes that
an acceptable minister shall have, with him,
a room and board free of cost. The others
will give according to their means. Some
of the people who have no ecclesiastical con_
nexion, would also contribute; and doubt
leas our Board of Missions would appropri
Now, who will go? We are induced to re
gard the field as one of vast importance and
likely to prove exceedingly fruitful.. It
should be occupied at once - -occupied by our
Church. Standing, as we tio,,,ort the &un
dation of the truth as spoken by Christ and
his inspired apostles, mid keeping 'ourselves,
in a good degree, clear of earth's strifes, we
can go every inhere preaching the Word.
Who then will go ? •
A young man, sound in - the faith, pru
deit, fall of 'zeal, and of a ready utterance,
would have a prospect of usefulness. If he
had a few years of experience, in the min
istry, it would be still better. Could not
the Board direct an applicant for employ
ment, to that field ? Will not some one of
our readers respond to the Macedonian cry ?
Now is the time. The present moment calls
loudly. Let Christians, at once, possess the
land. Gospel influences are needed toward
laying the foundations for good government,
as well as for spiritual benefit; and the
spirit, the principles, and the order of our
own Church are well adapted to the exi
Syood of Ohio.
This band of brethren met in Zanesville,
on the evening of the 16th just:, and had a
delightful fraternal intercourse, in the dis
charge of their Synodical duties. Consider
able time was occupied with devotional exer
cises 'and preaching.' The Evangelical
churches in Zanesville were all opened to
the members of Synod, who accepted the
fraternal invitation, and occupied the pul-
pits, in the morning and evening of the Sab
bath. The Sacrament of the Lord's
Supper was administered on Sabbath after
noon, in the Second Presbyterian Church, in
which the meetings of the Synod were held,
and a large number of Christians participated
with the Synod in thiti solemn ordinance.
On Saturday the
,claims of the Western
Theological Seminary were presented, and a
cordial response was Obtained, showing the
deep interest which the brethren take in the
The principle item of business, however
was preliminary arrangements for the organi l _
nation and endOwment of a University, in
connexion with the Synod of Cincinnati.
The' subject had been agitated for some time.
At the last meeting of the Synod of Cincin
nati, the resolution had been taken to pro
gress, at once, with the work. To this reso
lution the Synod of Ohio, after much friend
ly discussion, has now responded with great
cordiality. The purpose is to endow a first
rate institution. The Synods are abundantly
able, and we trust their wisdom, zeal, perse
vexance and liberality, be equal to the
full demands of the case. There is, how
ever, one unhappy difference between the
Synods. The Synod of Cincinnati selected
West Liberty as the site. To this the Synod .
of Ohio refused assent,, and selected Chilli
cothe. The difference may be yet adjusted.
Taking the number of Universities and
Colleges as the indication, we might speak
of Ohio as : the most literary State in the
Union. There are, within its bounds, some
twenty or upwards of these institutions.
Many, however, as they are, there is need of
one more, and we trust that it will be such
an one as will be a credit to Presbyterians, and
a blessing to the Church and the Country.
The Synod manifested a deep interest in
Church Extension, Education, Missions and
Publication. On all these subjects it is de
lightful to witness the Cordiality of brethren
in different parts of our 'Zion, and their
readiness to recommend a united and ener
getic action; and we cannot but hope that
every part of our great work''-in Christ's
cause, will go on and , prosper.
synod of Chicago.
The Westward progress of .our Church is
wonderful and delightful. The. Lord is do
ing great things for us; and is doing, by us,
great things for our country. Evangelism
follows closely in the paths of the pioneer&
Our department of the Lord's family is not
always the very first in the movemeirt; but
she moves firmly, strongly, blissfully. She
does not do all the work that i&needed, nor
even all that she might do; but she labors,
and benefits, great and many, are the result.
The Lord blesses her, and she still presses
dk. brother who was present at a recent
very interesting meeting, writes to us
"The three Presbyteries, Schuyler,, Rock
River and Chicago, met in Princeton, 111.,
on Thursday the I6th, and, after a sermon
by Rev. I. N. Candee, D. D., were, by
prayer, constituted into the Synod of Chi
cago. Rev. S. T. Wilson was chosen Mod
erator, and Revs. Messrs. Matthews and
Goodhue, Clerks. The usual committees
were appointed,• and the usual business of
Synods attended to; including discussions,
exhortations and resolutions on the subject
of Beneficence through the channels afforded
by the Boards and Committee of our Church.
Dr. Van Rensselaer, Secretary of the Board
of Education, gave us an animating address
in which he extolled our section of country
rather more than ourselves. He, however,
commended our Presbyteries on their educa
tional arrangements. Each of them has a
Presbyterial Academy of, the highest order,
one at Macomb, one at •Dixon, and one at
Marengo. The two latter are not yet com
pleted, but will be ere long.
‘C On the evening devoted to Missions, we
had addresses from three returned mission
aries from China. Rev. Mr. Culbertson
gave us a very instructive and interesting
account of the manners and customs and
state 'of society in • China, and inferred the
necessity of sustaining missions there: The
missionary collection amounted t , ) forty dol
" Rev. J. M. Stephenson, D. D., as rep
resentative of the Trustees and Directors of
New Albany Theological Seminary, gave
us a statement of the condition of its funds,
and expressed their willingness to have the,
institution removed to the North. West, if a
suitable Place can be found, and proper ar
rangements made to give it a promise of
success. Our Synod appointed three Direc
tore, Rev. Mr. Matthews of Schuyler Pres
bytery, Rev. Mr. - Wilson of Rock River
Presbytery, and Mr. Spring, a ruling elder
of the S. church of Chicago, of the Pres
bytery of. Chicago. Delegates, or rather the
chosen Directors, from seven different Synods
are to meet in Chicago on the 6th of No
vember, to establish the Theological Sem
inary of the North West,' if found practi
"Rev. I. N. Candee was .
Clerk. Peace' and piety, , harmony, and
brotherly love, were sustained in all our dis
cussions and decisions.
" We adjourned to meet in Dixon on the
third. Thursday in October' 1857 At seven
After the above was in type, a communi
cation arrived from the Stated. Clerk.
Purr HILL Comm, Afisonville, Clear
field County, Pa. This enterprising people
desire a pastor. 'The country and
a comfortable support is tendered.
From. our London Correspondent.
The Russian Manifesto and Naples—The Highland
Piper at MOSCOW—Reaction in Spain—Deputation
to Mr. Dallas—The 44 Agapenione," and its Apos
tles in London—The Negative Theology—A Noble
Protest—Dissent without a Creed--Independency
and Episcopacy in contrast with Presbytery—
A case in point—Thc Bishop of Arras, and French
Schools-I%e Bishop of London's Career—The
New Sees—American Genius—Mr. Bonar, Glas
gow,-London, and the Goapet—Biblical illustra
LONDON, October 7, 1356
In the postscript of my last communica
tion, I refer to the gloomy and threatening
aspect of public affairs. It is now, said that.
Russia meant her valorous and angry mani
festo to tell on her own population; and al
though Foreign Courts were to have its con
tents communicated to them, yet it is not
directly addressed to them, but to Russian
agents. This is a distinction without a dif
ference. We now learn whence the King
of Naples has drawn the inspiration that has
led to his bold defiance of France and Eng
land. Russia, some say, will send a fleet to
the Mediterranean by-and-bye, nominally as a
guard of honor to the Empress' mother,
who is to .pass the Winter at Nice; but, In
reality, as a demonstration in favor of the
principle, that King Bombe, may, without
interference or intervention, " govern his
own subjects according to his fancy;" which,
in his case, means imprisonment and cruelty,
of the vilest description. This monster
cumbers the earth ; but " vengeance is
mine, saith the Lord ;" and therefore the
doctrine of assassination, as taught in Italy,
with a price of a thousand ducats offered to
his slayer, is to be deprecated by every
Christian man. • -
It is strange to see France joining with
England in this matter. There is surely
dishonesty here. Perhaps if the Bomba
King were deposed, one of the Napoleon
family a "parvenu" like Louis Napoleon,
might take his place among the crowned
heads of Europe. They talk Of the naval
demonstration (if it take place,) as being
"conservative," and to prevent insurrection;
but that is scarcely a candid or truthful
statement. Meantime, Russia is told by the
Times and Morning Post, in answer to the
threat about her " material forces," (which
means, I suppose, a fleet in the Bay of
Naples) that our• Jack Tars would only be
too glad to get alongside those Russian ships
which they tried in vain to descry behind
the ramparts of Cronstradt !
All this comes on the back of the corona
tion festivities, with our ambassador and his
wife at a great,ball on the Sabbath, and giv
ing magnificent entertainments themselves.
Our embassy extraordinary will cost, some
An amusing story is told of A HIGHLAND
PIPER, (an appendage to the family of the
Duke of Sutherland, and taken to the Cor
onation by the young Marquis of Stafford,)
who, placed in ,an ante-room, suddenly.
marched in, with measured tread and
" skuling" pipes, among the noblesse, at
their revels, silencing all other . musicians, fill
ing the company first with. amazement, then
with admiration, and finally- voted by the
populace of Moscow, as he struts through
the streets, with tartar and philibeg, to be
the chief of the foreign ambassadors, and
walking on foot, because none of the car
riages are grand enough for him !
Tarn REACTION IN SPAIN is progressing,
and Romish inquisitors have in their hands
M. de Mora; a zealous and good man, who
was circulating the Bible, with books and
tracts. I was asked, about ten days ago, to
join a deputation to the American arnbassa
din., in order to ask him to use his influence'
at Madrid, for 'the . liberation Of the victim
of Papal hate.
The Queen mother and Narvaez restored
to Spain, and the former having her seques
trated property given back to her, will now
co-operate with the Pope's designs. O'Don
nel's doom is sealed, by his having opposed
the proposal to stop the sale of Church
property. The treacherous Isabella has but
used him for her own purposes. Unhappy
Spain ! once more id bonds, her nascent lib
erties blighted in the bud,' and troubles and
bloodshed looming' before her in the future,
as they have marked the past. The decline
and fall of Spain, once so powerful, is clearly
traceable to the avenging providence of him,
whose martyrs' blood stained its soil, and
who hears the cry from beneath the altar,
" How long!':
Two exponents of the " AGAPEMONE"
lately appeared in. London, to expound their
principles. [See Foreign Intelligence.]
Prince, the head of the Agapemone,
actually represents himself to be an Incarna
tion.. of the Holy Ghost, and a pioneer of
Christ's second coming. Instances have been
recently referred to by one of the Bishops of
Western England r where poor persons be
lieved in him as Christ himself come again !
Great abominations have been transacted in
"The Abode of .Love," and it is high time
it were placed under State, or magisterial
visitation and control.
Probably there is real fanaticism in this case.
It is difficult to believe this of most of the
Mormon leaders, either here or in America.
-I trust the United States people will never
abuse their. noble Constitution, based, as it
is, on Bible Christianity, by admitting to
legislative powers an unclean and wicked
conspiracy against that holy institution, of
marriage between one man and one woman,
on which, as a broad, rock-like basis, society
is built, and destroying which, society is
reduced to its elements.
THE "NEGATIVE THEOLOGY" CONTRO
VERSY is partially suspended, but the heresy
itself is, I fear, diffusing its venom widely.
The tendency has been to denounce, and get
away from doctrinal definitions, and from
those dogmatic utterances in which our own
Church has always found her strength, and
by which, too, (like the Theses which Luther
nailed up on the doors of the church at
Wittemberg,) the churches of the RefOrma
tion so nobly flung out a defiance to Rome,
and all other enemies of the truth as it is in
Jesus. I fear greatly for the influence of
some of the Dissenting Colleges; I doubt if
in any of them the doctrine of imputed
righteousness is distinctly taught; and at the
best, it is a New Schbol dilution of the the
ology of the Puritan age which is .now sup
plied to students. The following, however,
from the Rev. Walter Scott, late a Professor
at Airedale Independent College, Lancashire,
is au admirable protest against the rising
heresy of the day :
Teachers had appeared in the Established
Church of our land, who manifestly assailed the
truths of Christianity, and too great indulgence
had been shown them; even in the Indepeodent
body. •Their hostility was_not so much direct as
indirect. In their liands,,the Atonement became
a mere dramatic representatiom to teach the ne
cessity of self-saerifice; and affect the heart, and
having no relation to the violated law of God;
white justification was rather the actual posses.
'sion Of the whole race, than the possible privilege
which, all might realize, through faith. • These
opinions, shrouded in a mass of clouds, fringed
with the rays, of a gorgeous imagination, and
sometimes not even in so pleasant a form, were
industriously circulated among the would-be re
ligious philosophers,,or philosophical religionists,
of the present day. They, called themselves . an
advanced 'school of theologists • -but that; in its
true sense, depended' on whether they, were ad
vancing in the right direction. That they were
in advance of the Bible was, in one sense, unquett.
tionable ; but that they had gone too far from it
was, in his opinion, also unquestionable. To
them and their offspring, let there be no quarter.
However their leaders might cant and whine,
(and they could do that when they liked,) and
complain of the illiberality and uncharitableness
of their opponents, when the Gospel was at stake,
they must not listen to this. The Cross was the
symbol of their redemption;
by it they conquered;
but without it, their churches ceased to be
churches. They were temples without altars,
and the holiest of all without the Shekinala and
the mercy seat.
What the Evangelical Dissenters need is,
Presbyterianism and a recognised Creed, by
which, as a touchstone, men's public teach
ings could be tested. Some time ago, indeed,
the Congregational Union published a "Dec
laration of Faith and Order "; but it neither
claimed, nor has it been received with the
binding authority .'of a Creed. And thus,
when error is broached, or stealthily creeps
in,there is no authoritative standard by which
it can be tried. It may be said, the stand
ard is the Bible; but so say all heresiarchs,
too; and after all, a Creed is nothing more
than a definite statement as to what the Bible
teaches, and is thus agreed upon by a body of
men, as the test of orthodoxy.
But, further; this controversy indicates the
weakness of the Independent system' 'of
Church Government, as contrasted with
Presbyterianism. Lbt me give both an illus
tration and a contrast. Some years ago,
one of the ministers of the London Pres
bytery, who officiated at Brighton, and whose
reading and tastes were much influenced by
German modes of writing and opinion, was
suspected by two of his elders (men who
had been trained up in a thorough knowl
edge of the masculine theology of the West
minster Divines;) of broaching dangerous
opinions in the pulpit, or of keeping back
part of the truth of God. They spoke to
him on the subject, and the result was so
unsatisfactory, that they came with a com-.
plaint to our. Presbytery. We invited our
brother first of all to a Conference, and a
series of Committee meetings (thirteen in
number, as I remember well, being Chair
man,) was held, in order to ascertain what
were his real opinions. It was some time
before we could discover them, inasmuch as
he affected mystic, and obscure terms, (the
objective and the subjective, &c., &c.,) and
more than this, gave such definitions of his
views, in answer to categorical questions, as
seemed formed to baffie our scrutiny. Nay,
he tried to shell that his views and those of
the Confession were identical. But, mainly
by the vigilance and ability of the late Pro
fessor Campbell, we at length elicited suffi
cient evidence whereon to found a"« libel,"
in the ecclesiastical sense of the term.
With a lawyer to advise him, he sought to
justify himself; but at length the Presby
tery found the libel proven, and after hear
ices from him a cunning defence addressed
ad populuvt, and using Evangelical phrases
in his own neological sense, he declined our
jurisdiction, and walked out of the church—
this, however, did not hinder the Presby
tery's action. A full and elaborate review
was publicly made by members of Presby
tery, of his errors on the doctrines of Substi
tution, Satisfaction and Propitiation, in
which it was clearly seen that he'(as "the
Negative Theology" is doing now,) ignored
alike human guilt, Divine wrath, the claims
of violated justice, and the doctrines of an
Atoning Sacrifice and an imputed righteous
ness---Christ's work, in his eye, being
nothing more than a surrender of his will
to the will of the Father and his death
having no other virtue or peculiarity than
being the crowning proof of Ins sell:sacrifiOe ;
and the result being a moral one, its effect
on the minds of men so contemplating it,
being to make them Christ-like and self
sacrificing too. Not one word was there in
his " Cenfessiong" to show that he believed
that Christ died for (huper) the ungodly,"
in the sense of substitution. The Righteous
Government of God, by this system, sus
tained and vindicated by penalties, is utterly
ignored. The Presbytery having thus given
their reasons publicly, and, through the
E'vanaelical press, these reasons being given
to the world, the sentence of deposition
which was pronainced, impressed very many
Episcopalians and Dissenters with the vigor
and fidelity of our system, as well as with
the - sense that their own systems grieviously
failed in cases of heresy.
It may be said, let "the Church" (the
communicants,) cast out the false teacher
and pastor. But will they? Does he not,
by his plausibilities, succeed in carrying
away many after him, and , especially the
ardent and trustful youth of the congrega
tion ; and without the brand of heresy, can
he not, at the worst, remove elsewhere, and
continue to spread a net for souls?
But what of EPISCOPACY ? Look at it
as it stands. See the Privy-Council (!) de
ciding (in the Gorham case,) that Gorham
is not wrong, and that Anti-Gorhamites are
good Churchmen too ! <Behold Pu.sey and
Jowett, the two extremes at Oxford, each
having his own poisoned cistern, for their
select disciples at Oxford to drink from.
Mark, also, the Bench of Bishops, when
they meet; bow Exeter and Oxford rown on
"My Lord of Canterberry," or on the new
Bishop of Carlisle; while "Broad Church
men" care not a fig for either party, or. say,
" Let us have peace at any cost !" Or even
suppose the Bishop nothing more than Arch
bishop Usher's " Reduced Episcopacy "
would have made him—first among his equals;
and his clergy, his peers, his fellow-preshy
tors and his fellow•judges—what bear
garden scenes (" with all respect "—to
truth !) would these Diocesan Assemblies
Mr. Gladstone has been making speeches
at Liverpool, on the independence 'of
" the Church in the Colonies ;" but let
the "Church" have its Synods there, and
the Puseyites—bishops and clergy whom he,
as Colonial Secretary, used to send Out in
shoals--and the Evangelicals who have
since gone out, will between them, make the
name of Episcopal Church Government
most unsavory in the nostrils of our Colonial
I have dwelt thus long on the " Negative
Theology," and on considerations arising out
of' it, because the question is urgent, and the
heresy is making way every hour. What do
you think of a Cambridge graduate, Mr.
Hamilton, who has just come out with a
subtle and plausible defence of this system,
who denies Christ's substitution for (in the
- room and stead of) sinners altogether Christ
saves us not from punishment, but from sin;
and saves us not hereafter, but here. Be
sides this, we have• in the metropolis a new
publication, called The National Review,
with the articles of which, on theology, is
believed to be identified the author of " The
Mystery, or God and Evil," a strange and
subtle, and the United Presbyteriantlsays,,
unsound book, written by a quondartanited
Secession' minister in London, who resigned
his charge 'several years ago ,5; and has
since lived in Germany. While in. London
he deliVered occasional public rdiscourses, in
which, to. a select audience, he speaks in
the true Germanized strain,•and makes par-.
.ties discontented, with 'the ordinary teach
ings of Evangelista.
The air in truth ispoisOned at this hour,
by many heresies, but. this lasti's one of the
most dangerous andfdelidly; for irith_evan-'
gelical phraseology mita lips, it disowns and
blasphemes the reality of guilt and of a 01 :,
went, as well as of the claims of Eter:,sl
Justice ) as awfully exhibited in G eth z , e ,, a , e -,
garden, and in the eclipse of soul w hi c h I
mighty sufferer endured fur his Church cr ,
Calvary. The recollection of the L'tVat,, ;;
case not only makes me familiar with its
subtleties, but fills my mind Witli
forebodings of the consequences. Alz,v T ,I,
Spirit of God raise up a standard a; ! ...4,,, t
"the enemy," for he is indeed coinin
like a flood
Considerable agitation has been excited
England and France, in consequence of ;, L ,
attempt, by the Bishop of Arras, to intericr:
with the MANAGEMENT OF SCHOOLS,
which "heretic" (English) childre tvert.iD
attendance. The Roman Catholic master:;
were duly admonished of their wickedrir• F
in having these young people instructed i t
their own anti-Catholic faith.; and the spiri
of the document went clei,rly to the adv,
cacy of attempts at proselytism to Popt.r7.
The "Minister of Religion," however,
Paris, has issued a mandate against.
ference with the law of the State on Diu._
tion, and the Bishop has issued another la
ter trying to explain away the meanico,..7
his original missive. Foolish, indeed,
those English parents who send their
ciren to Frenchschools, where Popery or
•dilferentism presides, while French pasi, ! ,,
and other Evangelical Protestants are
to receive and able to teach pupils sear, tn,::
this country. -Let American parents
cautious on this point, if inclined
their sons and daughters a French F.r.Y.
The BrsTroP or LONDON has formally ,P.
signed his See, and some of his clerg3
sent him a flattering address. Xi/ de
t~ris—" say nothing evil of the dead "--r,,,•„-
apply, perhaps, to a retired as well :is
deceased bishop. But, after all, of ~.ri,211
men as public characters, historical litla:y
demands that the truth should be Ittr , .,wl.
For what is good, let credit be given tr)
zeal of Dr. Bloomfield for Sabbath lob,f-r
-vance, and his liberality in aidin. r . the
'log of new churches and schools. Bur.
then, let it not be forgotten that, altl o
supposed to be Evangelical, and ofu n
preaching as such, yet he held fast to hrpti
mal -regeneration and, while he sa y s he IF
unconscious of having made any di . fferer,,, ,
in his bearing toward his clergy, that hi
patronage was mainly given to
men. Be opposed the City fur
time. 'While condemning Tractatiauisal.
he yet advocated preaching by the cleig3
the surplice (a PRIESTLY dress,) and, line l:
sent away Mr. Bennet from Kuightsbrid , ..
he had previously consecrated the Chru , ..!:
with all its serni-Popish furniture, with: w
objection. Afterwards, also, he allowed
Liddell to follow in the footsteps of hi , ri
torious predecessor. These " Com prom lie
Bishops may be tolerated by a Church :Ir.:
State Connexion, which binds the living
the dead together by a golden chain; but;!
Head of the Church himself is still t!r,.
same, and "I would thou wert cold I:
hot,". is still the utterance of his lips.
There are now to be two Bishops in tif
metropolis—one, "The Bishop of London. -
presiding over the " City" proper, and mr,
the Northern and Eastern parishes;
other, the "Bishop of Westminster," 11, v
the Surrey and Lambeth as well as th ,,
End districts under his control. Dr - s
to be the Bishop of London, as I fortnt.f',:,
timated. The other Bishop is not yet 1164-
An AMERICAN WHALE FLSRING 8810
lying in Cork harbor, whose Captain Cho:
has been on an experimental &fling tiii ,
Nova Zembla, and has caught three
He has invented a gun by Which the
pooh will be set aside, and the animal R.
be more surety and swiftly destroyed. A'
the ball enters the body, it explodes h}.o ,
shell, and it seldom faits to reach a vi:
part. There will be greater safety,
under this system for the whale &her
ANDREWBONAR Free Church minister .
Collace, is about to be translated to G1.t. , , , 1••
to work amongst an artisan population. Ii-
was the bosom friend of Robert
of Dundee, and his traveling comp:vat.
his journey to and from Palestine. Nuti
strikes the stranger more than the vi sis
crease of Glasgow on every side. It- • .
Mato on the City Arms—" LET GLA:•:.:
FLOURISH BY THE PREACHING OF
WORD," is receiving a beautiful
at present by the rapid increase of char:-
and ministers there of the right kiiii.•
this work, the Established, Free and
Churches are all zealous. Popery is Cr _
in Glasgow, from Irish immigration.
fidelity has its agents and disciples tut.
Morrisoniasin, with its free will . do.-tiiiß
its false Gospel, is busy. Still
well supplied, compared with Louden, 1,
ty London. Oh, what multitudes :ire
swallowing up, in their number, the
tion of all our great towns put t..yeT - .
We have many sects and divisions, rid
have increasing agencies_ ; but as •
Hamilton sip in his " Dew of H
the sect of.the Sabbath-breakers outna
them all. J.
P. S —lt is whispered that the lte`
the French Ewperor is bad. 1 , r , <..
various persons, urging by placards d •;.••
the proprietors of . lodging houses (n' 's
cessively dear.) The King of Nipple..
crops in Ireland add Scotland bays
cessively injured by sterui and rain.
silk crop in France has failed, and a
panic is spreading over Europe. J. V
Rev. Row ModaE, having reoeivis ,3 ,
accepted an invitation to supply the ci
of Bethel, in 'the Presbytery of
ton, ,his Post-Office address is cl! , ;
fromParliersburg 7 Wood Co. Va.. to
"Creek, Wood Co.,Va. [Presbye ,
Horne and Foreign, Repord, plea i
Rev. R. F. WiLsou has accepted a
MOOS call from the First Presh,.T , '
church, McKeesport, Pa. His
address is changed from Marion,
Rev. PETER HASSINGER, Betbalto,
sires to be addressed at Moro, 111., ••7..
is the name, now, of his post dice.
Dr. N. L. — Ries, of St. Louis, has cier:i
the call of the West Arch Street CLa--*
37. SAMUEL PATTERSON'S Post 011-1-•'''''
dress is changed from Richmond, 01 , i ,
Urick vine ) Ohio.
Rev. WILLIAM. H. KIRK has been
from his pdstoral charge at Fishkil,
His address is now, Poughkeepsie, '
The Post-Office address of Rev. B.
STRONG is changed from Grandvie;
Adena, Harrison Co., Ohio. . •
Rev. JOHN M. LOWRIE, Lancaster,
has accepted the renewed call fro , F
. I . `
Wayne,, Ind., and will enter opal l e.
labors there immediately; having beta
leased from his charge at Lancaster.
Mr. C. B. EL MARTIN has been otah:lnt ,
Evangelist, by the Presbytery ei 1w