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yterlan Banner, Vol. V, No. 5. " O NE THING IS NEEDFUL:" "ONE THING HAVE,I DES.IRIID OF THE LORD:" "THIS ONE THING I DO." WHOLE N
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MeKINNEY, Editor and Proprietor
far beyond the scenes of earth,
sere pleasures never fade,
e is c, laud of untold worth;
God's own hand 't was made.
Living water sparkles there,
tree of life there grows;
heaven's pure, resplendent air,
w sweet she bends her boughs!
;orrow, pain, nor anxious care,
in reach that happy place;
saints are blest in glory there,
ey see their Maker's face.
ver drop the silent tear.
:hin that spirit-land;
friends and kindred, near and dear,
er take the parting hand.
:t spirit-land ! we fain would be
thiu thy sacred walls;
terc below we still would stay,
ttil our Father calls.
Ands are oft oppressed with care,
it bodies rack'd with pain;
hope of heaven, and fervent prayer,
Our drooping hearts sustain.
n earthly friendships prove untrue,
see the subtle snare;
irit-land appears in view,
no false friends are there.
fond hearts take the parting hand,
'bat can their spirits ailed?
thinks there is a spirit-land,"
'ails sweetly on the ear.
na Death, with his relentless haid,
Takes cherished friends away,
then we love the spirit•land,
Nor here would wish to stay.
e loug to juin our friends above,
To greet them on that shore
are nought but joy, and peace, and love,
hall ever enter more. MA.TTLIII.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
r. Carson, the accredited cnampion of
Baptist Church, says that the word
always means to clip. We have
tried this assertion by Scripture and
sense, tests which are alike avails
all. The meaning of a word may
fly be determined by the connexion ,
eh it stands. In this way we have
it apparent that in several instances
word baptize, as used by the 'sacred
s, cannot have the sense of dipping.
ter into particulars, we have proved,
t. That the baptism with the Holy
and with tire was not a dipping in the
Ghost and Li fire.
Id. That the baptism practiced by
irisees before eating was not a dipping
yi. That the baptism of table-couches,
.iced by the Jews, was not a plunging
le articles under water.
•th. That of the various workings of
osaic law, styled by the Apostles
.s baptisms," not one required an ab
immersion, and most of them were
Ind by sprinkling.
A,. That the baptism of the Israelites
cloud and in the sea was not a dipping
cloud and in the sea.
led with these arguments, our Baptist
are compelled to shift their ground.
dm that the word baptize, in, the
;s adduced, is used figuratively, and
:e has not its customary signifies-
Strange, indeed ! Whenever it suits
-pose, they will have it mean dip;
uch a rendering would shock
sense, they decide that the word is
.r.iti vely ! But, even this refuge
v , .i! them, for in figurative expres
always retain their proper signi
a n.l if they do not, they possess
or beauty. Thus, when we say,
louds pour out miter," and " The
Ss in the Western wave," the idea
tig, in the one case, and that of
, in the other, is brought distinctly
the mind. If, therefore, the word
as used by the sacred writers in
e expressions, does not convey the
dipping, the natural inference is,
'has no such signification in any part
always prefer to test the meaning of
.pture word, whet.) it can be done, by
lure itself. This is undoubtedly the
and surest method to arrive at the
. Our Baptist friends, however, are
pate satisfied to take this course, but
us to uninspired Greek authors, as um=
in this controversy. Let us see, then,
these authors will sustain their
(]REEK OF THE APooftyPnAt.
writers of the Apocryphal books'
;end therefore we would expect
:In using religious terms in pretty
~tne sense, as the New . Testa
did. They employ the word
.0 tw , ) instances, in each of which
lied to religious ceremony. The
where it is said of Judith, that
went out in the night, into the valley
:lulia, and washed herself hi a foun
d' water by the csanp," The words of
original are, ebaptiger o en to parenZole
es peyes tau, itudato4 ; literally, "she
.td herself in ,the, camp, at a fountain
er."—judith : 7. This she did
np]iance with a Jewish custo m , to fi t
If for her devotions. The fountain at
a she baptized herselfifrus in possession
to Assyrian soldiers; fot we %aTe told
'4 they camped in the valley 'near unto
Lila, by the fountain."
rl ; and verse 7 adds that they "Bet
ins over the founts:O." WO! ? can
me imagine that this female disrobed
Le presence of the soldigo, and bathed
'elf in a spring ? She may have washed
hands, or performed some other ablution
tiring a partial application of 'water, but
- , rsion is out of the question. ' '
BAPTISM AFTER TOUCHING' A. DEAD
The word ba : ptizo occurs in Ecelesiiiitious
siv : 25 ; " He that washeth himself after
touching of a dead body, (baptismal/oa
tou nekrou) if he touch it again
what availeth his washing" (loutro.) Here
baptism is made synonymous with washing,
baptizomenos being explained by loutrou.
The allusion is to the , law for the purifica
tion of the unclean, found in Numb. xix
"And. whosoever toucheth one that is slain,
with a sword in the open fields, or a.dead body,
or a bone of a man, or a grave, shall be unclean
seven dais. And for an unclean person, they
shall take of the ashes of the 'burnt heifer of ,
purification for sin, and running water. shall be
put thereto in. a vessel; , and a clean person shall
take hyssop, and dip it in the,water, and sprinkle
it upon the tent, and upon all , the vessels, and
upon all the persons that were there, and upon
him that touched a bone, or one slain, or• one dead,
or a grave. And the clean person shall sprinkle
upon the unclean . on the third day, and on the
seventh day; and on the seventh day lie shall
purify himself, aid' wash. his clothes,.and , bathe
himself in water, and shall be clean , at even.
But the man that shall be unclean, and shall not
purify himself, that soul shall . be cut off from
among the congregation, because he hath' defiled
the Sanetnaki of the Lord; the water of separa
tion bath not been sprinkled upon Wm.".
It is certain that sprinkling was apart' of
this baptism, and that a total immersion was
not required. The word batlLe is, in the
original, rahatz, which is the generic He
brew word for washing. Thus, when it is
said of Joseph that lie washed his fate, and
of his brethren that they washed their feet,
(Gen. xlii : 24, 31,) the word rahcstz is eirt
ployed. On the other hand, the word to
express dipping, is ta,ba,l, which is used, for
example, where the priest is said to "dip
his finger in the blood." Lev. iv : 5. On
the whole, it is evident that what the son
of Sirach called a baptism was not a dipping
but a ceremonial wrushing, the most
portant part of 'which was sprinkling. • 'For
the unclean person neglecting to comply
with the law was threatened with excision,
not because he had'not bathed himself, but
" because the water of separation was not
sprinkled upon him."—Veise 13.
WRITING& OF TRE GREEK FATUERS
The Greek Fathers of the first centuries
might be expected to follow the New Testa
ment writers in their use of religious terms.
It may be well, therefore, to inquire whether
they always use the word baptizo in the
sense of dipping.
Clemeni Alexandrinus, the most renowned
Christian.writer of the second century, uses
the following language;
"And this it would seem, is the image,
of baptism (eaptismatbs) which from Moses
has been handed down by the poets, after
this manner. Penelope, .
In waters washed, and clad in vestments pure,' ,
goes forth tce prayer. But TelemaChus,
'Laving' his hands in -the gray sea, to Pallas"
and this'obstom was so SiCrupulouslypursued
by thejeifs, that they were often baptized
in bed " (epi koite baptizesthai) Stromat } L
Lib. 4. We leave it to the reader to judge
whether these Jews were immersed in both':
Origen, another Greek writer, celebrated
for his talents and learning, uses'the word
baptize to describe the pouring of the water
upon the wood, by order of Elijah. His
language is as follows
"How came you to think that Elias,
when he should come, would baptize, who
did not in -Ahab's time baptize the wood
upon the altar, which was to be washed be
fore it was burnt by the Lord's' appearing
in fire'? But he ordered' the
,priests to do
that'; not once 'only, but says, Do it the
second time, and they did it the second "
time; and Do it the third time ; and they
did it the.third time. He, therefore, that
did net himself baptize, then, but: assigned'
that:work to others, how was he likely,to •
baptize when he, according to Malachi's
prophecY, should come ?"—Comment. in,
This. writer says that Elijah assigned to
the priests the work of baptizing the wood;
and how was the baptizing done ? The
sacred historian says, "And.he put the
wood in order, and cut the bullock in pieces,
and laid . it on the wood and said, Fill four
barrels with water, and pour it, on the burnt
sacrifice and on, the wood," &c.; 1. Kin.
: 33. Here, again, dipping is quite
otit of the question.
Athenasius mentions eight several bap
dams, of which one , is the baptism of Moses
in the sea ; another is the ceremonial cleans
ing practieed' by the Jews ; and another is
the baptism of tears.'
Chrysostom, a Greek writer, distinguished
for eloquence says, "John (Baptist) was
baptized by livinghis:hand on the head of
his Divine Master, and by his own blood."
He certainly did not mean dipped in his
Gregory Nazianzen.--'g I know of a fourth
baptism=- - that by martyrdom and blood ;
and I know of a fifth—that of tears."
If'these learned fathers understood,their
own mother tongue, then the puritcations
practiced by the Jews in bed, the pouring
of water upen the altar; the flowing of tears
over the face, and of blood' over the body,
are all correctly expressed by' the Greek
words, baritizo and baptiama. And yet
our •Baptist brethren assert that these words
always imply dipping; and on the strength
of that "assertion, proceed to unchurch nine
tenths:of Proteitant Christendom t
Another important fact may be noticed
intthis connexion. After immersion began
to tae' practiced,- the Greek Christians felt
that they needed a word which would
definitely express :that particular mode of
baptism. Baptizo would not answer their
purpose, inasmuch as in common usage, it
was applied to any kind of religious wash
ing, however partial: ACcordingly, they
adopted the word kataduo, or kataclumi,
and its derivatives, to express an immersion`
in water,.. Thus Basil, De Spiritu, a: 15.
"By three immersions, (en trisi kalaclusesi)
and by the like number of invocations, the
great mystery, of baptism is completed."
Damascenus, Orthod, Fied. iv: 10,,, " Bap
tism is a type of the death of Christ; for
by three immersions (kataduseon) baptism
Photius, Quest. spud Atlieri, Qu. 94.
"To immerse (leutaclusat) a child three
times in the bath, and' to draw him out
again, „ (cznadusai) this shows the death,” &c.
uril, of Jerusalem, uses this language :
_Thu:lgo them down (kataduete) thrice into
Os, :Water, and raise them up again." See
StuaTt an - Baptism.
low, if these Greek waters believed that
&Vag, expressed definitely thi 'act of
mer siop li why should they select othei words
to ,express that action, and emPloy' . bamizo
in otlseg, where .
, there 'mai no immersion
. r • D.
PUBLICATION OFFICE, C MDitiVD.:111101000WINPOINICIDIW
FOR THE WEEK ENDING SATURY4Y, OCTOBER 25, 1856.
For the Presbyterian Balmer and Advocate
ministers Withent Charge.
By looking over the Minutes of the Gen
eral Assembly, we learn, that in the Presby
terian Church; there is a large number of
ministers of this character. Many of these,
we doubt, are superannuated ; they toiled
in their Master's service while, they had
physical strength; •and'now, in tenured old
age, they have retired fioui 'active labor.
Others, we are aware, are debilitated ; God
has laid upon them his afflictive hand; - and
disease has forced them tnwithdra* from a
work'in 'which their souls delighted. Bilt,
in addition to these two classes,- wei have
reason to believe there is`a considerable num
ber, whose Pliyeical and• intellectual powers
remain unimpaired, , who, for reasons, best
known to.themselves, have abandoned awork
to which, they solemnly devoted their lives.
Why is this It is not because the. Church
has no need
,of ,ministers. Many of our
congregations that are, able and willing to
support the .Gospel, are vacant InViting
openings are presenting themselves in our
frontier settlements. The Macedonian cry
is heard from many directions. Why, then,
do' soldiers unbuckle, their armor before they
have gained their crown ? Various reasons
are assigned for so remarkable an anomoly,
such as want of, support, want of encourage
ment, &c. ; and we ,are free to admit, that,
these reasons may have considerable influ
ence.; but we fear the great and, special
reason is erroneous, or, at least, low views
of .the ministerial ,office. , judging_ ; from a,,
writer, in the Presbyterian, and from the ;
reports of speeches made on the floor of the
General Assembly the idea . of:the ininiste-.,
rial offien entertained by Several, is sonic
thing ; like the following,: An agreement
takes place between the minister and the
church : ; the minister stipulates to devote his
energies te,her advancement she contracts
to provide him a competent support ; and if
the latter fails, to comply with her agree
ments, the former is abselved from her, and
may lawfully turn his attention, to secular
business. Is this theory correct ? Is any
minister, who, feels that God, has called him
to preach. the Gospel, at liberty to abandon
his calling, because the church neglects to
provide him an adequate support? We
affirm, that he, is, not. Such a supposition
is at war with, the Bible, with, the Confession
of Faith, and with the deep, experience of
the Christian, Church,. We are no apologist
for churches withholding from ministers
their just dues. The laborer •is worthy of
his hire, And those cengregations wliieh
dole out to theirpastorsa scanty subsistence,
with a parsimonious hand, will ekperience
spirittial barrennese; they cannot expect to
receive a blessing. from their lust ; Head..'.
But neglect of duty .on ',the part of the
Chureh, does not warrant a corresponding
neglect on the„part of the ministry. They
are under chigher obligation to labor
their appropriate calling, thari any 0011:Veli
ticmtal agreement, subsisting between thein
and a churck.or the whole. Church. They,
are called of God. 774 are enibassadors
for Christ. They are stewards of the mys
teries of God. And on account of this re
lation subsisting between them and their
Creator, they owe to him an obligation which
infinitely transcends that commercial agree
ment existing between them and the
churches; and hence, they ,are not released
from their duty to him:, becanSe the church
neglects hers , to them.
The minister does not preach because, be
receives a stipulated salary. ,His object is
higher and nob/cr. He labors to advance.the
glory of God,: to save immortal souls, and to
promote peace and good will aruong men ;
and, on.this account, if he, has a sense of his
.Master's'presence, evinced in enabling him
to win souls to Christ, he knows he, will not
lose his reward,' though, like the Saviour, he,
has not where to lay his head. Nor, will he
be diverted from his duty by any anticipated
dangers--by.any lions, which Satan causes
to rise in the way and roar before him. In
proof of this position, we appeal to that .
cloud , of witnesses which has gone before
us. The Apostle ; .Paul could say, "The,.
love of Christ ,constraineth us." "Woe.
unto me, if I preach not the ,Gospel." Hp
was not discouraged by want of support, or
by• imaginary fear of death. When ene
mies spring up around him;, when the fires
of persecution burned with their fiercest
flames; when Satan raised and,roared, his
unshaken confidence in the protection of,
God, enabled him to make this,. courageous
declaration : "And now, behold, I go
bound: in the Spirit main Jerusalem, . not
knowing the things that, shall. befall me.
there, save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth
in every city, sayinc , that bonds and afflic
tions abide.me. none .of, these things,
move me; neither count I mylife dear unto
myself,,scrthat I.may finish my course with
joy, and,•the ministry that I have received of
the Lord J,esus,-to testify the Gospel of the
grace of God.'„'. Nor doesthe Apostle stand
alone in this sublime moral. heroism. The
devoted Matthew. Henry 'says, it is a
greater happiness to, gain„one soul, to Christ
than mountains 'of gold , and silver: to, my
self." Similar is the testimony of the
sainted John Brown, of Haddington "
Would rather beg uly bread all the laboring
days of the Week, for an opportunity of pub-.
lishing the' Gospel on the Sabbath, than
without such, a' privilege enjoy the richest
possessions ''on the
,earth." The' apostolic
Brainard could'say , of, himself, eared
not how or wherel lived, sr what hardships
I Went through, that I could but gain
souls to Christ These holy men, of Whom
the world was not'-worthy, felt ':that' they
were under an obligation, to preach the
p.,64e1, not because of any pecuniary con-.
sideration, but ore aoomint of what God had
Ilene, and what he ivould . do, for them:
The minister is under an obligation to God
to'Preach, and' this obligation 45 not revoked
by the dereliction of • the Church: But:
Jesus Christ will not permit the , minister or
his faMily to come, to want, who goes forth'
in faith in' his 'heavenly embassy:' David
says, ";have'been young and now'am old;
yet I have' not seen the righteous forsaken,'
nor his 'seed begging bread." The words
of the 'Saviour establish this point conclu
sively "And 10, lam with you alway,
even to the end of the world.' Is not
this promise of temporal `support? Since
the 'ereater of heaven and 'earth' is always
with his discipl'e's'; will' he' riot provide for
their temporal necessities?' Is it not, then,
went of faith which causes heralds of the
cross 'to be frightened from' their duty?
Jonah feared - that' if he-obeyed' and'
went to Nineviih, its inhabitants would kill
him, dust as our modern Jonahslear that
they tali die or starve, if they eall upon a
wicked world to repent. All sad; fears are
imayinarll. Listen to the testi_ by of an
aged father, found in the last umber of
the Home and Foreign Record. tile sends
a donation of $l9B to the,l3oard4.of Mis
sions, and ' says as follows: 'FiV, mut to.
say . to those- who ,are, deterred i fOn
lug the ministry, or ,perseverifga in it
through' fear of 'poverty, thereiCkaido,nger.
The Lord will, zirovide. I bavi l seen the
time, •more than,onee, when Leo ' d-, not see
h owewe:were :,to ,get,along. nex.t! pek; yet
still supplies , came; and I have ever seen
the time when my-children wanfed-bread,
and there Was none for them.7ll
* R. IL
For thelieebyterian Banner and Advocate.
Action of the 'PreSbyterjr ofClitrion on
the Subject of Temperun,e,
The foliowint , paper elk the ofeet,:9e
TemperarneelwdscaioPte,diihy l, , ,, :4% • sbytery
of Clarion; - at its Last meeting, aro,,direeted
to be published in the .Presbyteritin, Banner
As a Presbytery, we wish to '" : press our
continued and unabated' interest4in the sub
ject of Teraperariee. Wefeel thit, no words
can fully express,' nor heart' ob (seise, the
enormous evils "that flow from int i t
considered in: its civil, social; 11 and re
ligious bearings. 1... Y.,: ' 1 ~
We are also of the opinionethil this evil
is on the increase in our bound - ''andi Most
manifestly so, since the repealci f °thee late
act of Assembly, to "restrain 4t : .manufac
.:ture and sale of intoxicating :1k :rs"
• Though this law never fullyhd t our-views
'of what was required in the' ea',;l , yet, if it
hid been permitted to imiltiii - t l
have had a fair trial, we doub'Ot that it
haie been found znuelvm re; efficient
than anything . we have hadibefo o,'.or.since.
We believe, however, that the o . .ly just and
proper legislation on this- -subje t , is that of
prohibition, and not, license and, egulation;
nor do we despair of yet secur ag i this de
sirable end. For the present, tWever, we
hive failed. This failure, we :PPrehend,
was, in part, the' result of the f -rids of the
cause directing their efforts -tool exclusively
to. legislative prohibition, toth" : neglect, in
some measure, of the means wi i had been
heretofore used' to create a ntor I'B64l:mane
which would bothTdercialid ilia stain such
a law. Whilst therefore not re
lax our efforts to "obtain this la iive 'would
recommend a return to those nl arts and ap-
pliancee;sueli astho f total Ab
stinanee,. Societies., the,pre4ehi
the delivering_ of ; lectures , use_ of
moral suasion; in all the.vario,'/ z
mate waya it Can be •broug , hti: bear upon
the, public mind, so'that the se: • r and moral
part of the' community, and 0_ 4 . - ecialliour,
youth,, may ba-,lrept from falti :flyietims to'
this fell destroyer;, and ,NO,. • Xy that by
these means we may be' inktin ! , .t.tal in re
claiming even ~se
Whatever good May'llave` bee. 'ac ='
plished by the different.societies that hive
arisen of late years ; we feel that the Okurch,
and the moral and religious portion of, the
community, have a mission and'a work to
perform in thiS Matter, and One that she
cannot neglect without incurring great guilt.
Renlved, that, in the judgment" ethiS Pres-'
bytery, the manufacture aritC - traiho in ardent
spirits, as a drink, and its'nse as - such—especially
with the-light that now, shines, mpon this, subject,
not only from the Scriptures, but also from obser
vation and experienceis moral*, wrong; and
that we deem it , our duty to, do . what we can,
by the , combined influence of moral supsion and
example, to promote_ its universal abandonment.
Resolved, That it •be . recommended- to .all our
ministers, to. preach ,on: this subject, rtt their ear
liest convenience, and endeavor, by all,tlie means
in their power, to forma moral seutisneut, not only
against the abuse, but the use of spirituous liquors
as'a beverage. • - ,
Resolved, That we approve la,. and commend,
the formation. of Total Abstinence Societies, and re
commend all the members, qt, our churches and
congregations, bid young, to connect them
selves with Sitar assoCiationsVphmigingltheinielves
to'abstain from the use of all intoxicating liquors
as a beverage; and that they will use their influ
ence-to produce like abstineueeln,others. •-.
Resolved, That be earnestly recommended to
all -our churel Sessions, to exercise special vier
lance and -care over the;:eonduct of the. members
of their respective , churches,- in =relation to this
whole subject ; arul'that where.offences do accur,
they deal. promptly and firmly; ;but mildly and
faithfully, with offenders, as each 'case, may seem
to require, -so, that, the church may net even,,ieep
to wink at a sin so. enormous in its mischiefs,
and so disgraceful to the Christian name.
Resolved, That, its law:abiding 'citizens, we sub
mit to the existing license. Zatt, - till a better and a
more just - and:equitable law can be obtained ; and
in the meantime, we.rooonnnend our people to aid
in the faithful ,and vigoroua enforcement of our
present License Law ' • •
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
Madison College—A-Mistake Corrected.
Mi. EDITOR :—ln your paper of the .4th .inst.,
your' carrespondent from Ohio M. Y. makes
the following statements ~
: ,)3.oth Antrim and,
Muskingum Colleges, .in„ this ".State, have : been
compelled to suspend alinost all exercises, through
the insubordination 4 6f : the `students'. • If I am
correctly informed, the former his entirely; and
the latter nearly. ceased :operations." Now, as
the brother ,has not been ",correctly informed
with respect to ,Madison i Oollege,located at An: .
trim, 0., I feel it dun to that Institution, and' to
the public that I correct his statements(
It is not trite that "Antrim- College has been
compelled to suspend almost all exercises, through
the insubordination et ; tie students," uor,his she .
" entirely ceased. eperationSi" The fact is,' Oat
the regular recitations Of this institution 'ceased
only with the Coniniencte4ent of the current Tee
ation, as*js the case with all literary:institutions;
and they will be resumed) as usual on ,the 29th
imst.,, when the Fall „s 0 Wintor term opens.
During my entire admintration as President of
the ,College, no insubordination of the students
ever interfered' with' regular exercises".
and no case of discipline, of any importance, ever
arrested the- attention. • of. the- Faculty, until ,the
last week ot,the : aeSSien that has dust closed,
when the act of indefinite snspension was passed
upon a few of theitudents. But so far haStlis
disciplinary net been' from affecting injuriously
the interests` `and reputation:Of the Institution,
that it hay, on the -other. hand, inspired her.
patrons with increasedjeonade_ime in the Papolty,
as the unflinching guardians, of themoral,
as the intellectual inteiests of their Students.'
The prespecti of the' 'College are . more flattering
prebent thin eiter"before; and I sincerely re
gret that, the brother, whom I esteem much, and
who would not intentionally do, a neighbor harm„
has given , his sanction such a report, when he
had no conclusive:evidence of its truth:'
`Since I resigned the Prisidency, this Institution
hits been taken under theleare of the First Asso
cilite Reformed Synod 'of the, West,, and measures,
have been adopted ~,for, its permanent ,establish
ment 'and endowment.as A first-Alass College,
whieh, I doubt not, will result in the realization
of the most sanguine hoies'of its Wannest friends
and supporters. And'l cannot refrain., from ex-,
pressing my'joy at thiii..;hetien , .of the:Associate
.., 22 i -.i ~.::..
'ABOVE SMITHFIELD, PITTSBURGH, PA.
Reformed Synod. Though I have associated my
self with another branch of the Presbyterian
family, yet I love the Church of my. fathers, and
rejoice to see her graPple resOlutely with man's
mightiest foe—intellectual and moral ignorance.
It was to aid her in the go A. work of education
that I so long identified myself with the history
of Madison College, and involved myself in her
pecuniary and literary reputation. And often has
my'" heart bled for her, when 'I Came into Contact,
with difficulties which threatened the closing up
of the educational operations ofthe Church, and
which geiminated in the false views of many of
her leading members, that•the Church need-not
engage, organically ,_ in the,entablishment and en
'dohrutotat of Colleges. I hail thii effort on the
part of the Asiociate ' Reformed Presbyterian
Church, as , the, daft ning of 0, brighter day upon
her future history. Nothing will attach the ruin
istera of any Church to h'er peculiar organization,
more than to open up to than the various , fields
of usefulness which literature and science, &Swell
as pure theology, afford to the learned and pious
servant of Christ. This a Church does wherrshe
calls her : professional men to the important business
of dit.caticirt. repeat, it, therefor% I rejoice
ititatthette Refofnied.presbirterin4 , ,Okurelt
'has et,. engt
.commenced;a work so vital to hh*
, interests of humanity, and do essential to the
Church's'e'diftcation: and 'prosperity, , as the-intel
lectual and moral training of her-youth. And.l
would net have my brethren take up an evil re
port respecting the operation and prospects of an
Institution, which is destined to become the pride
of the Church that fosters it, and an honor to
think it due to the students of• Antrim Col
lege to state, that for diligence in study, morality
of deportment, respeotfol .demeanor toward ;the
EaCulty; and subordination to authority, they
have merited the high esteem of the Professors,
..and the confidence of the cominunity. ' , And Ire- ,
, •garcl it a slander upon them to 'charge the entire
fraternity of the-students with the o.cpasionat,and
unusual misdemeanors of, a very ; few students,
who apt thoughtlessly under, the excitement of an
approaching Commencement .
Raping that ray stateinenti• will: correct the
brother whose' communication' has called forth
this-random epistle, and set the public mindright
respecting the standing end prospects of 'Madison
College, I close;. subscribing myself,
Yours, truly, SAMMY. Fun:mar;
'• late President of Madison College.
Columbus; 0., Oct. 9th, 1856.
Pastoral Letter of the Presbytery of
Blairsville,`, to the Churches under
Dpan'Biturnuiti:—An earnest desire to pro
ano`te' 'the prosperity of Zion our bounds,
prompts Mill'your Serious and prayerful
attention to the subject of -your pastor's salary.
." The Lord- hath ordained that they 'which
preach the •• Gospel should live of the Gos
pel." The laborer is worthy of his hire:"
" If Wii,have sown . unto you spiritual things, is-
it al.great thing' -we shall ^ reap your carnal ,
things ?",.. The Scriptures. teach ;that itf is .the
duty of Phristirs i to giye, a competent suPport to
.those who labor among them in word and doe-'
'trine. Nor, do ,they less . clearly enjoin it upon
ministers; in 15rdintiii ,- circumstances, to make•
suitable - provision for fife' -maintenance • of theni- . :
selves and .their ) ".Provide things
honest7 ; in the eight ~of ,a 1), men," is a precept
binding alike onthose who preach and those who
hear the Word. Accordingly, Paul, in an epistle
addressed to a young minister; employs this lan
guage: " " If any. provide not for his own, and
especially for those of :his' own house,' he hatb.
denied.tlie midis worse than an, infidel."
.1,. 1 4.01t0ft0 da
tit l ipmjp„,ut e_ um. ,s e that a
members of his' family with the 'meting of 'mlb
sistenee, and the• advantages of education.. The
minister who can act thus need. not expect a
blessing to crown his labors,: and the .people
whom he serves need not be surprised if spiritual
barrenness overspread a field cultivated by one
whom God's Word 'proneunces "'worse than an
Suffer us, then, dearfbrethren, to ask how hilt
between you and, your pastor ? Within the, last
few years, great changes have occurred in our
conntry, serionely . affecting Most of our congrega
tions. Internal improvements and external in
-li:deuces have contbineclto enhance the value of real
estate, and to increase the price of rents, and : of
nearly all the necessaries of life. In many locali
ties, the cost of, a home and of provisions is fully
double what it was ten years'ago. Most 'Claises
of citizens have been.' greatly benefited 'by thus
'upward tendency of prices. .Few, indeed, iof.
those who own real estate or till the soil have,
failed to realize pecuniary advantage from it.
Upon yeur pastor, however, it has operated most
, severely." Notwithstanding the rise in lands,
reritsonarkets„ 'Ste., they, with increasing fami
lies; are for the most part, limited to the same
salaries you were accustomed to give in former
times. .The result is, that many of our ministers
have been obliged to resign their pastoral charges,
and reignite to other sections of the Country,
where, Alio people, taking into account - the in
creased expense of supporting a. household, are
giving . al more liberal compensation to pastors.
Moreover, of those who still remain, some are
diverting their attention, in whole Or in part, to,
seehlar eniployinenti to eke out a living ; while.
others are living; wholly or in part, on their own
private means, or are aetually . surfering for want
of.the necessaries of life. We may.. add, that
ministers from nhroad, understanding the condi
tion of,things amongskus, avoid this field When
seeking a settlement'; and even our' own licen
tiates, with scarce an exception, go elsewhere to
live and labor, 17nder these'circumstances, what
is to be done.?; Must our vacant churches remain
unsupplied ? Must those of our pastors who' are
still toiling at their posts be forced to retire Or
see theinselVes'and their.families beggared ?
Perinit na to thiggest that it is high time for Our
congregations.to awake to a sense- of their own
interests and duty in this matter. ,Let meetings
_each pastoral charge, and the follow
ing questions, calmlydisensseci, viz
,Firsi." Was the teiniioral'supportProinised your
pastor, tit the time'ef his ' settleinerit,'Sufficient ?
Second. Has it been promptly paid as it became
;Third. ; ; Have any changas occurred to render
his salary at present inadequate ?
Fourth. Has yourabilify to dontribite for the
support of ' the Gospel increased • during' 'his
Fifth. Would it be; for the good of your' fami
lies and congregatiops to exchange your old:
pastors for others who can serve you for less
compensations? - '
, What are you willing to dorto meet the
exigencies- of thelimes,- and secure the stated
means of religiousinstruction and grace ?
We trust, dear . brethren, you will give this
whole subject a careful investigation, and'rePort
the result to Presbytery Wits Spring meeting.
Some ; ofo , iir churches have already taken action
on'the subject, and shoWn a, laudable deterxxiina
tiburto4neet the imperious demands of the times.
Saltsburg, fbr example,. - s have,: increased,. their
pastor's salary to $BOO ,per annum, - which is
about , the sum_now generally 'required for the
comfortable support of a ministers family.
The.Piesbytery. of Huntingdon met in Sinking
Valley,: church, ,on the 7th inst. Besides the or
dinary business, Mr. X,. H. Mithers was ordained
an Evangelist', and Mr. A. 'M. Woods was licensed
to 'preach. Mr. S. T. Thompson, and Mr. R. F.
Wilson were ditnnissed as' probationers ;.the one to
the'Presbytery of.-Fort:Wayne, and the other to
the. Presbytery of Redstone.
The special attention, of pastors and churches
was called to the ,impertance aud preseetpress
ing wants of the BOard of Education..;T,he 'duty
of annual' . soritrihutione 'to 'the Fund 'of Disabled
and Superatimiatell-Ministers waswiged, andlhe
thlid'Sabbath-of,Nwrember, was numeclns keen
venientitime for the gifts ef ;the people. , , Pastors,
were negilested to interest themselves in the 'ear-,
~kS ft. ..t~
For the Presbyterian Banner. and Adardeate,
By order of the Presbytery,
A. MTA.wenr, Stated Clerk.
joy, the Preebyterhen'anner end:Advocate.
Presbiter3r of Huntinidon.
culation of " Webster's History of the Presbyte
Tian Church." Rev. J. Elliott made an interest
ing report of his itinerant labors; and a Com
mittee, of which Rev. A.. Clarke is chairman, was.
appointed to organize ,xt church in Tyrone City.
Rev. Wm. S. Morrison announced to Presbytery
his purpose to visit his friends in Ireland, in.hope
of .benefiting his health, which,at present is fee
ble. Ho intends to he absent six 'months.
The following supplies were granted:
Ashland Furnace.—Second Sabbath in Nevem
, ber, Mr. A. Clarke. Second Sabbath in Decem
ber, Wird.' Sedond Sabbath in January, Mr.'
limrdlton, to administer the I,ord's Supper. ,Sec
ond Sabbath in February, Mr. J. Elliott. Second
Sabbath in March; Dr. Junkin:
East Freedom.—First:. Sa-bbath. in November,
Mr. Stevenson; to administer the Lord's Supper.
First Sabbath in December, Mr. M'Donald. First
Sabbath in January,.Mr. Hughes... First Sabbath
in February, Mr. G. Elliott. First Sabbath in
_Fruit Hill.--Fourth Sabbath of October, Mr. A.
M;Woods. Fourth Sabbath.of November, Mr.
M'Donald. 'Fourth Sabbath' of December, Mr.
Cooper .':.: Fourth Sabbath of January, Mr. Col
lins. t Fourth Sabbath of Fe,bruary, T..
Wad. 41'onith Sabatti'ef 'March, Mr. -Shaiffer.
Haunt Ileasant.—First Sabbath of November,
Mr. Collins. First Sabbath of December, Mr.
flughis. `Fiist' Sabbath of January, Dr. Gib Son.
First Sabbath of February, Mr. M'Donald: ,First
Sabbath of, March, Mr. D. D. Clarke. First
Sabbath of April, Dr. J'unkin;
Little Aughwick.4-Tonrth Sabbath of October,
Mr. Campbell. Second . Sabbath .of November,
Mr. A. M. Woods. Fourth Sabbath of November,
Mr. G. - Elliott; to administer the Lord's Supper. ,
First, Sabbath of. December .Mr. Floyd. • Third
Sabbath of December, Mr. Campbell. First Sab
bath of January, Mr. Shaiffer. ThirJ Sabbath of
January, Mr. T'hompson. First Sabbath of F,eb;
ruary, Mr:Jardine: Third' Sabbath of February,
Mr. Spears.' First Sabbath• of. March, Dr.
Woods. Third Sabbath of March, Mr. Camp
Upper` Tuietzrora.—Third Sabbath of October,
Mr. M"Donald, to administer the Lord's Supper.
First Sabbath of November Mr. Curran. :Third
Sabbath of NeveMbar, Mr. 'M. Woods. FiftlC
Sabbath of November, Mr. D. D. Clarke.. Second.
Sabbath of December, Mr. .Jardine. Fourth
Sabbath of December ' Mr. Floyd. Second Sab=
bath• of Jammry,.Mr.A. M. woods. Fourth Sab
bath of January, Mr. Thompson. Second Sab
bath of February, Mr: Allison. Fourth Sabbath
of. February, Mr.. Shaiffer. Second: Sabbath of
March, Mr. Campbell. Fourth Sabbath of March,
Mr. Spears. •
The Presbytery, after pleasant sessions,• in the
midst of a hospitable people, adjourned onThurs
day, to meet in Leivistown,,sit the usual time,
next Aptil. ' • •
'Writhe Presbyterian Numeral:id Advocate.
Presbytery of Steubenville. •
The Presbytery of Steubenville 'met in Centre
• Unity, .October Snmnel,Patterson
was ordained; Dr: "Reettynresiding, piopcosed the
constitutional questions, ,aneli made the ordaining
prayer. . , • '
Messrs, Merrill and Watson were appointed a
Committee' to install' Mr: Patterson,. over 'Teed
Spring ohurch. One-half ;of his time is to, be
employed there, the other half at Uhrieftsville,
in the Presbytery - of Coshoeton. The ninon 'of
these two. churches ,in one pastoral charge, : and
in one Presbytery, being left to future arrangement
and the action of the General AssemblY,'Presby=
tery expressed their acquiescence in any, plan, ,
which may be agreed upon between:these congre
The Second church, Steubenville, having pre
sented a call for the Rev. ,Henry B. Chapin,
Wereiiiithorlied49, proiecuteLithefore the Pres
' bytery stmderstcarM
Chapin has accepted:the- call, and will, enter upon
his labors the last of this month.)
The Rev. D. R.' Campbell having accepted a call
from the united congregatio,ns of Cross Creek and
Two Ridges, Presbytery appointed Friday, 17th
inst., for the' installation services ; Mr. Agnew to
preach the sermon, Mr. Coming° principal, and
Dr. Beatty alternate, to preside and deliver the
The Rev. Wm. Laverty, paitor of the united,
churches of New Cumberland and Big Spring, in
consequence of continued ill health, asked that
the pastoral relation be , dissolved, and under the
circumstances,. the cmgregation assenting, his
request was grated: ' '
The following Resolutions were passed: ,
‘, Resolved, That the Standing Committee on
Church Extension, be also a Committee adutterttn,
authorized to order the dismission of Candidates,
Licentiates, and Ministers without charge, when
ever, in their opinion, it may be necessary and'
proper ; se as to save a called meeting' f Presby
teryi and to report the same at the next regular
meeting for due record and approval." This
Committee is composed of the following members ;
Miniiters, Mr. Herron ' Chairman ;•• Mr.' Swaney,,,
Treasurer; and Mr. Agnew, Secretary. Ruling
Elders, Mr. Davidson, elf-the Second'' church;
Steubenville, and Gladden, of Two;Ridges.
Resolved, That, the Rule requiring ministers
without charge, reign' arlyrte report how employed,
&0., he restored: .
Warn - see, The General Assembly has called.the
attention of the PresbYteries to thesubject of Mis.:
sioris, Domestic and Foreign; to Education ; to
Publication ; to Church Extension ; to, the Fundfor,
Disabled Ministers, &e. ; to the subjeet of Syste
naatic Benevolence in-general -; • •
Resolved That.these objects be ,renewedly re
commended to our churches; though as we have
heretofore especially acted on them-all, and call
for annual reports,from each church, it is only
necessary to refresh the meniorieti of our mem
bers, and urge them: to more re'gulai - and efficient
action, in these noble eauses,where . !fit :is more
blessed.to give than to receive."
Randved, Thatas the Hist* of the Preiffiy
terian Church, by the lataßev. , Richerd , Webster,.
, will, no doubt, be, both instructive and interest
ing, it be recommended td Many of the xneM-'
hers as may find - it convenient, to subscribe for
the same ; especially, as the,proneeds are to pass
to the benefit of the widow of wMr. Webster. •
Resolved, That theletter of the Corresponding
Secretary of the Assembly's .Church Extension.
Committee, be referred the Church Extension
Committee, of this Presbytery; to prepare a re- ,
ply, and,report at, , the adjourned, meeting, in.
Steubenville, and that. each member of Presby
' teryland to dill Conimittee' Written'stateixierit
of anything which:'„ may, aid them in :preparing
said report. ,
'Resolved, That a Counnittee be 'appointed to
inqUire whether any concerted action ought to be
taken for the promotion of the interests of vital,
godliness within our bounds during the eorriing
Winter,; and if so, What this action shall he, =and
report et the adjourned meeting. Messrs. Swaney,
Brugle, and Hunter were appointed this
The folloWing supplies were appointed by the
Presbytery of , Steubenville, in session at Centre
Unity, October Sth : • '
lilgore.—Mr. Siviney, , Third Sabbath of Octo
ber.:, Mr. Laverty,, Third Sabhath,of November.
Mr. Grier, Third Sabbath of December.
.Third Sabbath of January. Mr. , Switney,.
Third Sabbath of February; to administer s the .
Lord's Supper, and take up a. collection for the
Board of Miseions. 'Mr. 'Herron; Thiid 'Sabbath
of March. . . • .
~Cenfre,7 - 7 - Mr.. Agnew at cliaeretiotl, fei: the next
six itiveths. ' • • '
-BAinscurnwar.:--The longer I live, the
in.re I feel the r importance of. 'adhering to
the: following`Tules, which I have laid .clown
for myself in relation' to such matters :-
1. To heir as little -as possible What is the
prejudice of others. , 2. To believe nothin . g.
of: the kind tiff I am absolutely( foiced to it
3: Neirer drink in:the spirit ot one Who (dr-,
ordates an ill.repert. 4. Alwdys - : to moder •
ate; ail far air I Can, the . nnkiiidnees which is
expressed laud; othera.Nzis: 'Always ,torlie
lieve- that 'ifdthi other.t.side were heard, a
veily.different account would .he given of the
mitter.--Beri. Martell Simeon.
! , -.Ti :4 :.lick V...S' W.l. ° .1V -if 1 ...-'i 3.. J 1„ ir• ;n=l„ , ' 3,-.1
•Fairmount.-,Mr. Brown, at dieoregon, ,
Big Bpring--itir. Watson, Third Sabbath of
November. Mr. Laverty, Thiici L Sabbath of Peb- -
ruary ; to administer the Lord's Supter, and. to
,•up a collection for, the Board of Missions.
New Cimbeiland=Mr. Patterson, Third: Sab
bath Of January.: Mr.. Swaney, 'Third Sabbath of
March'; .to-administer the Lord!s Supper, and to
take up,a CollectiOn far the Soaid Myssions.
. ' 'leak R. l ..A.nrhfe% 'Stated Clerk.
LET every man ; be oceuriecipandnenupied l
iu the:lighest,empliSyment oft which hie
inre t op,Able,.4n4,ali ivith,
,the; ooneeieeo , 4
nPee that he has 4104 e 31 0 •
1 '',.;,, illf P' 6 T.,..
Philadelphia, 27 South Tenth Street, below Chestnut.
By Mail, or at the Office, 10.50 per Year,; SEE PROSPECTIIM
Delivered in the City, 1,75 " "
The Ball Room:
, , ,
Stop, mother ! Why.deck thy ehild thus
for the •altar of fashion?. .Why send that
daughter as yet untainted by 'the affection
and folly of the , world, to join 'with thoSe
who, having entered the .outer., circle ofthe,
whirlpool of fashion, are.fast.histening on,
on, to destruction. 0 think,of that immor-,
tal soul, whose destiny God has committed
to you I' Do you - thiuk she' better
prepared for the ditties - of IN; r efebe fitted
for the society of angels in heaven, after
having been trained for the ball.room; after
havingTeariled to love the so-called plea:Sire§
of the giddidance ? 'No, there is a higher'
destiny for that. undying spirit, than to be '-
thus decked, like the gaudy butterfly, to
while the midnight hours away. Better far
that God had not given you so many talents,
than that, you Sheuld "bury them thus for
ever. Let us use the influence` that the
Lord has given us; for the:geod •of-immortal
souls in. following, our 'blessed Master. Let ,
"us sit at his feet, clothed inAthe , garments
of humility, and "learn of him who was
meek and lowlyOf heart." '
I have stood in the festive throng, when
the merry laugh went roUnd, and' "wrth iit3r
cheek- flushed; by excitement, and >I for a
time thought that rI was happy; but when
the music was hushed, and that excitement
VMS over 0 how my .heart • has 'aspired for
something better and holier thin these fleet
ing joys. I hive stood apart from the
thoughtless throng, and gazed with surprise
on mothers leading their little children ; amid
associations and scenes like these, and be
held with pain„ : men whose - hairoilvered
o'er with the frost of time, told that soon
theY'would be called to join - another aisern
hip beyond the'grave: : •
Tellme, my d3ring friend, would , you have
God call you from the • scenes laf, the, ball
room to, the awful judament? Tell me
Mother, can yon 'kneel in prayer, , and ask
the Lord to bless you in sending . that little
one forth to join in tompany •with: the
prayerless, the dissipated? No,. she needs.:
the prayers of a mother, the earnest watch; : ,
care of that best of earthly friends, a faith
ful mother,,to,guide - her feet ,the paths
of religion aria virtue.---The /Wonting ;Slur.
Men who Hire by manual labor are 1°044
down upon and pitied, and it is not until they
become independent of it—until theirbrowir
and horny hands grow somewhat white and
- soft—drop the tool and wear the tawdry
ring, :that they are considered respectable
and happy. It comes not within our plan
to trace the origin of this monstrous idea,
- which has risen. •to such a reigning power
over the civilized world.. -Weaver, however,
that it springs neither from true philosophy
nor, the Bible. Pkysicatlabor is a Divine
institution . the days of human -
cerise, man was put into the garden "to
dress and'keep it.' As a Divineinstittition,
instead of being an obstruction ,to true pro
it is, one of, his most effective and, ne-
; • ry
.means to pninote vigor of body, ,
mind, °ana character Why doeS
Mighty - require 'Ail
Why does he require him to - ply his physi
°al energies in order to airtn.ct film the
earth the necessary, elements of life? Why
has he left us build our own houses to
weave our own garments, and to dig out of
the soil our own food ? Could not he, who
adorns the lily, and feeds the fowls of heaven,
have prepared all to our. hands ? Manifest
ly, yes. But he 'has not done' so, because
we have souls, and physical labor is adapted
to develop their
Progress of 'Being.
Rev. A. B: Quay.
A Meeting of the congregation of Monag,han
•Preskyderian ohurchi Dillsburg, Pa., was held in
said church, on Monday, October 6th,:1856, and
was organized by the appointment of Tames Poi
ter, President, and Richey Olark, , Secretary: The
Object of, the ;meeting was stated by the Rev. 3.
A. Murray, whereupon the following tribute of
respect was unanimously adopted:
WHEREAS, . The Rev. Anderson B. Quay' for
merly sustained to us the relation of pastor, for
About ten year's, during which time he faithfully
and„acceptably discharged the: various and otter=
ous„duties of the ministerial office r ; therefore, •
,have hard with feelings of
sorrow , of his death; and-his memory shall be
gratefully cherished by us.
Resolved, That while we bow submissively to
the will of the Lord, ive tenderly sympathize.with
the berdairediamily,. , and affectionately and,pray
erfully co n n:unend,them •to the- care of him who
g rilleveth 'the fatherlese - and' widoWs:"
Rtsolvecl; That the ptilttit.:Of this aura be
draped in mourning during the space of three
months." " "
Raolved, That the foregoing be entered upon
the church reeord, : and.published in the "Banner,"
and that a eon , be furnished to the widow of the
After prayer by the Rey. J. A 'Murray, for the
family of the deceased, the meeting adjourned.
, ' ' • 'Jmuns PORTER, President.
.Rickey Clark, Secrets.ry.
For the yresbyterian Banner and Advocate.
The PresbYtery of Blairi3ville, at their last
meeting, held at Saltsburg on the 7th and Bth. of
'this:month dismissed Rev. C. B. Bristol to connect
hiinself',witit . the Presbytery of Schuyler, and
Reii.'Cbehren Torbei to connect himself•with' the
'Presbytery of Fort Wayne, and they licensed Mr.
T. R,,,,Elder; as, a probationer- to preach the
Gospel, " ' •
It *as resolved, that the-Synod of Pittsburgh
be requested.to detach from this Presbytery the
ministers - arid "churches North of a line com
mencing at the 'month of the KiskiminetaS, pur
suing the, course of that river, and the Conemaugh
to the mouth of,the Black Lick, and up that
Creek ,to the Blairsville and/Hollidaysburg turn
pike...road, and thence; Eastward along the said
road to the Eastern boundary of the Synod; and
that the - ministers and churches so detached be
erected into anew Presbytery. , • • •
A.,pasto,ral Jotter, en, the, subject of pastors'
salaries was adopted. and ordered to be published
in the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate; •and the
pastors, were directed to read the same in their,
Presbytery adjetirned•to meet in Pittsburgh at
the Call,of the Moderator, during the Sessions of
Synod. , A. M.T.r.w r ent, Stated,Olerk.