Newspaper Page Text
15ft alty ,
-Mackay Da a Slave-Pen.
.The 13.plowiAli is, from a recent letter of
,1 1 :4 irle,..4l4okay
On iny iirst arrival at :Sew
jitittc4ci fcr : afew moments at the c,psn
,doper of a .;;laxe depot, without daring to
fo in, ;hest I should be suspected of es-
Bianngtt,nr mere - curiosity; and elv.p::ll.iid
t seeing: among the-comp:thy an enti-
cut Merchant of Ne7iv York. WIIOSi.! friend
ship I Itadl - ko - ettifcrt,nnat...!c:4ol4.l to:nm%e,
pntl whyly_ .lin4l - q. to be no slave-dealer
pu . piNrtzr or -Slavery, I Walked in and
jotne4 lrs pitrty, - drawn thither, like
. ettriu.il.7. On
,pne side of the
rovm tb? Mate slaves, •with clean linen
and shiiling new bats an bo, - Irs, Ware. ar-
ranted , and on the other the feniales
were in their best attire, roost
,of 00m -r ex ceedingly neat, but some I./•
with ribbons, of colors more Oar-
ing and tawdry than elepnt or appi•upri-
ate; crag immediately beset with nn
p:o,6o; f.o purchase ; .
me," said a yonnlinegresz, who
ppoke French and no "I am a
pin.' ""cook-and*a good ueudieww4an. Buy
" Buy me," said amither, in the same
language ; "I am accustomed to el:ihlren,
arrj (44 mnlte myself useful is 'the nur
felt a sensation sorrielhat similar to
that of the iirst qualm of s.:a-sic'.;ress to
tle:sO addressed by my fellow:ere:tures—
feelir.g of nausea, as if I wcre about to
I. told the roar (woman that i was
a stranger, who lied n)t c:me to buy.
tut:they were incredul4us ; and whnn at
last convinced, they retained to their se :ts
w:th a sigh and an expression of deep dis
pppt,intment on their dark and good - hu
mored features. I entertained -such a
hatred of Slavery that, had it ly.:en in my
power to abolish it in one ins:aut off the
face - of the earth by the mere- expre,i on
of iny will, at that instaut - Slavery wadd
have' ceased tAi exist,
Then I walked to the male shte a-the
slaye mart, where' I was beset
entreaties, 'urged in e-cery variety of-t' ne
pr manner, and by almost every Tariel
pf laborer and handieraft,tuan.' Some
were accustomed to the cotton a nd . 0:110
to theisugar plantation. ; some we:e .ea r_
eoters, some gardeners, smile. eoiclim
sonic barbers,:t4otne waiter 4, but all
anxious to I 3 sod. Ono man—who
to My ihesporieuoA eys -seemed as whit
as myself, and whom - I aronee put down
in my own mind as an Irishman of the
purest quality, of the ceatnty of Corl:—got
up from his seat as I passed and asked me
fa buy him.
- •aut a good gard'ier. your honor."
said ho, wit 4 en umnictalmkk .;
a:n also a bit of a carpenter, and canlool;
after the horses, and do any sort of a job
about the house." 4
"u But . you :r: joking," said I, c, you Tcrriior,!c ,n . the t, - n;t. , ,,,
- , st tt•?-3. to detrt , lninef - i
arc an. Insinuan?" ' .
t:i mseiv,s, whet; pre-;
" My father was an Irishman," he-said. . :ire ' t. 5) b e ,,, n ,„,, 5 ,,,,,,,,
At. this moment the'-slave,deale.r and; t :e l.ma'aim ehar.lctet I
owner pf the depot cane 'up. i u.' ;IT .it t;,.,n: , ti:u im
`i Is there not a mistake here r I in-• :mnl th t every itttenip
fin. the-part of the Gen-i
quivd. t' This is a white man." I ;,,
. e7a, overall' ent tid
~ His mother was a nigger," he repli,2d.i control their choice or
t' We hale sometimes much whiter men i prevcia in an; Iva" the:
fur sale than he is. Look at his hair and) Free cnioymeat Gt . titaf
lips. There is no mistake about him." i right, is an irre:.oll:it
1 and ine--itirnate exer.
Again the sickness came over me, and l eise of'its authority.
I longed to get into the open air to breath which deserve:; to her,:
a purer atniosphere. I proha . e i, and, ought tit
”I: would like to bay that man and sa- , l bre -: , te. ll ):' tilt coasti'
=ion:Ll rnPati3. '
lirn free," I said to one of our party.
. " You would do hint no good," \us the The, re,olution and platform, as the
reply,. "A manum:t ed ,lave has seldom i reader will uhserve, so flir as either refer
any . self-reliaoce .:1- energy. Slavery sot to the partictqur in,htiition known to be
degrades and cripples 4lic moral faculties iin dispute, are identical. The re so lu t i o n
pf the negroes that they require, the crutch, i says Cougresi shall not interfere on the
even in freedom, and cannot walk alone. i subje:A, - so flue, the :platform ;—the for-
They find it impossible to compete with nor says pettpie alonc shall - determine the
the poor whites, and if left to themselVes,! It-latter :so does the latter. The platform
sink ;pc° the lowest and most miserably , says the people way have, slavery
,if the . )
paidlocunpations." . . want it. , The resolution in substance af
-" Ton are an Englishlamn and a travel- firms that :lueli is their l sueeedriyht. :;.‘;ow,
pr, '!_said the slave-dealer, " •and 1 shoula !we (.12ti'y this whole Itssuniption, resting
be much obliged to you if you would put our f,;et, where JeErSon, Madison,
do:ph and the early
questions to the negroes.".-zites-Itt(nt stood, that
P What questions ?" said 1.. " Shall I in Ter6tory already free, slaVcry shad
ask, them whether they prefer Freedom or' never be. aliuwed to het a foothold, much
:Slavery. ?" . 1 less alloy it to be established just because
•" I don't mean that," he replied. " Ask i a new squatters so decide it by their votes.
them whether I do not treat them well ; l These great men excluded it front the
whether I am not kind to them ; whether
they tIo not have plenty to cat and drink
While.they aFe.with me ?"
I told him I had nu doubt of the, fact;
that they looked clean, comfortable and
well fed; but—and in that hut" lay the
whole ease—though the worthy dealer'ol
New-Orleans was totally incapable of com
endnig it. The stung feeling seem:
to.e4ist all through the,Sla.ve States—but
Inure of this hereafter. .
Progress or Pabtie Opinion in
Seventy r ears.
At' the first session Of the legislature of
Maryland, "to which William — Pi :fel - ney
was." elected, he made a speech upon the
report of a committee appointed to eon
sidor tbi latys of that Str,te prohibiting
the c , oluriiary emancipation of slaves, in
the .course"of which he used the followin: ,
extraordinary language; at least we shou;c;
thiriti such language extraordinary if it
were to fill from the lips of a Maryland
legislator -in our days:
"Per shanie, sir ! let us throw off the
tuasl,'tis cobweli one at best, and the
threugif it.' It will ipt du_
thukiiiiialk: like plidoSupliers,and act like
unrelenting tyrants ; be ii:3rpettrilly
pernieuizitigit with ditlerty for our text,
and . .actuat oppressicm for our comment
"That the dangerous eousequenceS of
phis; system of bolidage have not as vet
7 - •
, bee - h . ieliolot.lmilrgriiiirit'dy - iiMir - 71
be. At leaSt the experinient has 'not
`be2n suffici6ntly made to preclude ipecu
rlation aid conjecture. To me, sir, ncith
ing'for Whicji 4,0 t the.cidet);c4, Q
tofizens'es, is piorp ,elear," than that l rill
41 ne dfelli,assfr.6l/ Met iccio'encdfor.l4cF r.
I;y.whic4 is 'he
Was cot this language prophetic ? *re
we not now ruled by a:nil-eminent which
sneers at_ the Declaration of Inder.;len
d'ence ; a government whi_ch is Alm : first
that hastiet.lcelcbrated..tbe anniver.iarv,.
of that - declaration at the'Ved‘ii•al capital . ;
*a government_ which does not; hesitate to
de - criiie that men were, end Owed by nature
with unequal rifflits,•and that ' i some Were
d•isiti:M..l" to be slaves and others to be,
their masterti. -
If a man were to utter such 6entimitts
as we have j Alucted from this! speech bf
Pinckney's, in the lemislature of Mary
land in 1857,_ he ivould, doubtless be eOm
pelted to leave:the state. -Scarcely al less
severe peualty Was-visited upon a-ge - ntic.
man only-one year ago . , who'censentdd to,
Act as• a secretary of a Meeting which
elected Francis P. Blair a ldelegate tai the
Pittsburg Convention. - -. Pinckney,' how
ever, instead of being, proscribed for his
plain speaking, was elected a member of
file Executive Council of Maryland as
soon as laif,"4.legislative tern -e pied, and
be: , nne President of the Board: • - ,
What—can any one 141 us the
nature or the - prozress Nte hate rntide
since the hi liberal atid. enlightened
•ztatesuianship.--X. f..h. , !3. Post. •
.From the Norristown Ilqpubtiean.
. Q'E ATIER SG 1,1 EMIG X I.`
We observe .by the Chester county pa
pers that the united opposition in their
niectilig at W t Chester, on the .14th,
pa f sed resolution - substantially endoN.
the Cais-Douglas doctrine of splatter
,sovert.igntv, which Vie take to be in thc
the pnbliean basis of 1556,
and which, if embodied in -a - National
platiorm fer htD, cannot receive our Stip-,
We :dial proceed to revic-r. it, c,)nfi-1
d?.nt th.it %v•J can eimvinec: any Itepubli- ,
can that -it is a virtual and almost literal
reve.s.ti of our deelaratioiii at Philadel
phia two ye.trs ago; and that no arili—lave
ry voter cmi go into a State or National
ca upx. , zu upoa such a resolution, without
seirstultitieatiJn, the most tibjeet
e r ;retr,iO4.
We'lii•ouounee this resolution adopted
at the Chester County Union. Meeting,
in substance. and aline ;t in latigua!ve, the
same as 'that embodied in the Cincinnati
platforinrand in Doirlas' Kansas-Nebras
ka bill. We ptoceed, - then, to collate the
two foNner side-by side.
eo. eiltqmiati Pta'ferrn.
Resolved, That : we • Th:it we
r eogniso, :•ssert, And ret•ognise the right of
will tna dl the Territories,
people em er; J clu:ling K insns and
hr 1.,a11y aod i:;ti:i.t
expross,ad will c.f a ma
‘.):uty of , autual re.i
-.l.uits,, and wb,Luiever
nuinher or ;heir in
for7;it a Conx'ileiii
or teilhottt ra , 11 . 1 ,- .5; :r_
cry, and be admitted in
-4u the tsilion upon
turn' of pr.rfeca equal
ty with the utile' :
fve North-western States tiv.prohibition;
and when tit,• people of Indian `Territory,
over Ivjiieil t.e late President liarrisiu
was 0101 . Governor, by-a cunventiuu its
people, asked Congress to authorize them
to hire,-Or employ slalte labor for only
years, the Cumui ittee, of which John Bap
dulph was Chairman, answered, no ! Slav
ery is an evil, and we_ will not allow yon
to titstenthe curse on .your soil even for
ten rearS. This was . . the ground taken
by . tim Buffalo Convention in 184 S, and
by every Free-Suilass.embly till the memor
ab:e Fremont and Dayton Rep
Conention at Philadelphia in ISSG, when
the following resolves were adopted, which
the reader will see are in direct and pal
pable contradiction to these Union Rest,-
Tinnar.lc ts RESOLVES -o Tag 17TH or Jt;NE,
IS51; —Resolved, That the Canstitution- con
fers No!! Congas:7s Sovereign power over the:
rerritories of the United States for their gov
•rnaleat, and that ;in thei., excetnee of Alas
ouyer 7 it, is both the right Mid iir.perativc du
ty of COn'gresi; to prOhibit in the Territoriee those
win reli6i of ha rba ris ta--Pulygain.),-. aryl Slav,
* * ' *:.Twa t derci t
:he authority of (7°7 , 1;7' res.m,! of:a Tereitarial Leg
.slature, for. of any 'indiridt4al or association of
Lulividmils to give eXi.itence to Slavery in
toy Territory of t , .(j - United. States, while the
Fesent• Ounstitutio4 shall be maibtn
TIrE Jersey Shore 1 - edc:te
t!le West Branch Canal ha4' been pur-
Chased by John A. Gamble & Co.
CCIIPERSPt)RT, PA., '
- -,1 ( ) 11 .4 4 )qii ittql 1 5, l'gASP'
T. Sf. gIiASE,: EDITOR AN
Paul Miuncsotion deftiaCs
a - Democrat
wino can poll thelarget.npuiber of 'votes
with the fewest men. - -
Washington._ cerrtisporidenf :of
theßoston Post says that the Democratic
, • party : keeps a stiff uppei•-lip A 'dead
iiocly : generaiiy has a stiff„ s apperf-lip—atid .
a stiff•tinder one too, •1.
)ice' The oe# regular ineetizg
ot.theicannsiltionia 2'eacheil ..&-
sociaiiom will be bold at 011. ANTON, Lii
zerne Odunty..coannenci ngi Tuesday, Ailz,
I.oth. 'Professor StOddard, will dellyer .
the.ittaugural address, anthe Ifon, fitov 7
a, President...l, of tioch College,
will he ono of the chief speakers. This
of itself ought to secure a larziatteri.danee
Of Teachers and friends of edivia:ion.
The Ifropzan'..; the
title of a PaPer published iu
edited :by AN E. iNI'DOwELL, with
LYDIA J. PEAasoN sfor , fiou-piTo`aclihg ed
itor. It is devoted to the interests of
Women generally, and particilarly to the
interests of working-women; and is edited
with mach ability and taste. Price 82,0 P
per annum. It is now about closing its
111 Volume, and the new volume will be
a Rood time to continence a subscription.
I'laase place us on your regular exchange
list, AN.Nt.:. We don't want those cuts—,
have no use for them here.
I par We 'are sorry -tu see a disposition
lon the part of several leading men who
desire to unite the entire opposition in
'this stab-, to abandon the - position of the
Re,lublieun platform of 165 . 54, and to en.
done so mueh of the Cinoinnati platform
las refers to Squatter Sovereignty. Now
we are willing to bold some of our prim
etp.es in ane:.anee fur the sake of union,
bat when it comes to endorsing the plat
form of our enemies, we make atlat re
fusal. \\ l e are' with the Norristown Re
tm this question. For the Po
sition of the RTulil;can, see article in
- CHRONOLOGY OF IMPORTANT EVENTS
I N KAN S A S.—We dip_ the follinying
statement from the Quindaro Vhindoican,
as being of interest to our readers :
A. 11. Reeder become Governor, Oct. d,
First Terr:Cl Leg. elected 31ar. 30, 1853
Wood-on becamO Aetting Gov. July 31, "
Wils n :Shannon hecaine " Sept. 1, "
Tope:: Constit - tiQon ratified " Dec. I'i, ct
elutries Robinson e,' , 71,-(1 Gov. Jan. 15, 1856
Wood on he time Act. " Aug. 2 " •
John W. Geary beecnie " Sein.ll, •'t
&coml Te Ivo-Iqt Election, 01,. 6. "
(Inust.ln I Cot Bill liaised Feb. 19, 057
F. P.. - itanton b..corra.i Act, (dor. Apr. "
Rob._ rt J. WolI:er b..eemes •"'. May 27, "
Third. Territori;rl Eicrtinn, Oat. 5, "•
F. Stanton b , leomes Act. "
.1. W. Dent Cr rif,Colll •S Act. D e e. ;0, "
Dod..te suinni“inn of Leenm:in, " 21, "
Marshall. or Smith Gov. Jan. 4, 1058
Leavenwll eonstitif n ratified, 51 , iy IS, "
Ilenry J. A doins d
J. W. Denver bocatne " " 3, 0
The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher
We tried to secure the attendance of
this most remarkable man at our celebra
tion, but failing in that, she next best thing
We can do is to give our readers an extract
from the oration which he delirercd•.in
.Druolilyn on the sth to a large concourse
of people consisting in part of the _Mayor
and Municipal authorities, four regiments
of militia under command of General a.
Crook, the G rand Lodge of Freemasons..
the Knights Tern p [ars, the Turuveri As
sociation and other societies.
The oration v.as deli•:ered in front of
the City had.
Tho remsrable Dr. Lyman Beecher ;
t4t.;.er of the oratw tin , day, and !ley.
Mr. Milburn, "the blind' preacher,'' were
arm.ng the persons seated un the platfertu.
Prayer was olferedl?y kiev.
(Episcopalian,) and the Declaration of In
dependence was read by Mr. E. T. Wood.
The 3: Ere. !rub , from which" we
- take these proceedings says of the ad
dress 4 "t -
J'llt was pronounced by some who heard
it, one of the clevereSt things be has ever
done. Whether he lies surpassed it or
not, j.t: was wise and instructive, and cue
of the very few speciineus of Fourth of
Judy oratory produced since 1776 which
deserves to live."
Thus 'cominended, we trust every per
son .who sees this paper will resolve to
make the Fourth of July a time for re-,
membering the great truths in relation to
human,rights,forrwhieh our fathers pledg
ed all they lira, and that they : will read
to themselves,., their_ families and, their
neighbors, the following, extrztet frona . Mr,
Beecher's Fourth of .hily oration : ,
"I,most happy . here at - least, 'to
for the Union, as must heartily '141o;
our' undividc;d - allegiance. For there is
no' .4acriniee, tooi;reat to pay for ..91e
of tlie — se gfales, utilcss we s,acrifice that
for Which the; Union was first rriade T -Ltb 4
erty„,. '[Cheers . ':] We will itiffer;mileh
for the. sake o'f',, l ::the Union-4 7 -We .Dili 'gibe
nrany s .secitpival„gobits Or::•ptide;:l :but
hen we are fare . akket - i to
spirit which ariithatecUltemewpf:the Res;.-.
blution4r7the-44iirit `of:-Liberty-;_4lrat-; . svil
can •troydr . give' up. [Loud oheersl
«We declare that, any true patriotism
must.be patriotism which shall include in
itself 'the knOwledge and- love of- those
principles .fi ,- s t embodied . ;ju the Deear . a.
Lion of r lUdependence—the rights of
Mau-,the deelaration-. that all ; tuen. are
born; free arid [4-Pla.U.4e],r;F'itirj
~that.; is- '.cot' jritriotisin in
nayl2ic patriotism 111 Aus;-:
trh, bait not America - . The patriotism?
that 'does, not- •inolude "within 'the'
doctrine: that :every-Man' has inalienable
rights of life,liberty arid ''prtiparty7-ethe
patriotism leaving that out, a man
without . a heart or a head, , ,-a hollow!
corpse. - •
4 ' We have had patriotism of all shapes
s and . forms. Sometimes it goes itn , 4l
doWn. the cOuntry preachin!t, Union hrid•
patriotism, hut with everything ofdibi,7ty
left, oat. Our fathers embrace-4 in their
patriotisny•evervthing pertaining to sa
cred liberty, and by their sufferings land
struggles they maintained their'(k:lara
ton. Our patrietisat must be a patriot
ism that takes ih Maine, and New Il:rmp
s4hirt, f.11(1 Vermont,' and Ma,isnehnsAts;
and Rhode Island, and 'Connecticut and
,New Jersey,'-and Ohio,' and Pennsylvania,
and Viigiuia, and Deleware, 'and Mary
land, and North Carolina and even South
Carolina. I Laughter.l Yes. and Geei'gia ;
Louisiana, Mississippi and Arkansas., Ten
essee and Kentucky, and dear oid Indi
ana, and Illinois, and Missouri. bound for
freedotn, mid Minnesota and Wiscoivin,
and I not how litany besides. , [A',
voice, or Toxas."]- Yes: Texas and Cali-;
fornia. : and all the states, named and un-1
natied ; that are yet. tO come. Don't any-
indy say Kansas. [Laughter and ap
nlause.] A patriotism it-must be thatlshall
take in every state that stands within the
confederacy—a patriotism not for putty'
broils, party spoils, sfinabbles, content ion,
wrangle 4 and base ambition ; but a !
otism that shall - givein'every one or tlto
states the foundation laid by enr• rcvolu-'
tionary struggle—liberty, liher v, nothing ,r
else ti an liberty I. [Loud Cheers.]
" What are our Fourth-of-Jul in which
these great truths are . left out?: What
that patriotism which ignores, or claim ily
touches and passes by this greatest tho'i,
this most noble heritage of civilization—
liberty for every-man? This is a patriot
ism which will save our great country.
I am not an' ill-omened prophet : I do not
balky° we shall go to. wreck ; I believe
God has built his temples on .these shores.
Although. like temples in other times it
may have been oceaSionally delayed-and'
marred; in some parts at least, yet .the
temple is reared to ChriSt and Liberty.
I believe it will be perfected and God will
preserve this nation by Ihe instrumental
ity of your hearts, your hands, your head,
and your fidelity to original revolutionary
principles. [A ppl ttle.]"
Every Inch a Mall
The editor of the Milford, ( Delaware)
.N;!ics, though living in a SI-we State,. hr.s
thrown oti.the tramMels of th. Slave Pow:
er,i and speaks,so like a true.maii of the
()Idea time that we are sure that our .read
e:.s will be delighted with the following
glorious proclamation from his pen: .
"In addition to other appellations we
have received during the past year, we
have lately ben called "a ricgro sympa
thizer. "- This expression, we suppose,
is designed to convey the idea that a por
tion of the human family in this boasted
land of freedom having been, without any
wrong or provocation on their part; 'en
slaved, bought, sold, kteked, cuffed, lash-.
eti, kept-in ignorance, debased, downtiod
i den and opprassed, we pity them and
'Sympathize - with -them. \lre do pity
them, We do sympathize with them; and
when we, blush to own it, may that blnsh
our last.- Can any oue tell - us how it
is that in Delaware; where we are taught
rev Paled natural to ii ion. his
! tory, pe , try, and by all sout•ees of -knowl
edge combined, that pity and. sympathy
for the unfortunate and oppre. ,, d are
;among the highest virtues-4tan any due
iinform us why it is that th , least ',Tress
! ion ttt . sympathy it,r tho crushed ,slime is
I held up as :t reproach ? a iolitical and so
crime ? Prom what source-hat•e• the
I,people of Delaware learned this ? Unles
I steps are taken to prevent it, in the course
of a f'ew years a.thowiand or two children
will be bout, in the State of Delaware,
`slaves, liable to be bought, sold and snb
jected to all the degradation of the most
ahjeet slavery. We have- shown, and
shall , eoutinne to show, that duty and
terest imperatively command us to take
steps - to preVent. it,- and we are ettileda
on e gro sgropathAer." and are, of coat.: p,
e4pected to hang 'our heads under the
, dreadful appellation. Now, on the eon-
Itrary; we-stand ready to look our aceus4r
is the titre, and -say to him that we do
entertairfa:sinoore,'deep, heartfelt, burn
ing sympathy r for this oppressed Trople;
and' if-it is a crime, we desire to live orim:
ivals, die- criminals and receive a crimi
nal's reward. •
IN the -lowa Democratic State Qonvett
tiOn on the 24t11 nit., 4 resolotionapprov
ii3g the administration of ,Mr. Buchanan
was laid oil the table by a vote of 163 to
The rcF,olutions adopted do tun
mention Kansas or Lecompton, but one
Of 'them thiclares that the rights of the
States should be maintained alike against. ;
ihe - encroachnients ofre,cleral,.power and
the pq,l 9f .I . 4id _payt . - .
^As a good. thany of our- citizens: ha.
corn ;re"euee4 'raising this r delleious 4ruit,
arika . good inanyothers doub_tless
havkthe rod setiSeito eciinnienee soon,
we clip, the following 41ireetions for -the
Vultpit; of StrawbeiTies,.frorn the Cotinfr:y
Geziti;nzam, publishe'd‘A.lbany' ,
- N. Y.
As those directiob h
s are te,oppositeof
those generally given, we trust_ some of.
our reaaers i will give this modes thorough
alul,report the result.
1 ESsn,9. Erafous—l noticed on page,
mode of cuitivating-the:strawherry. , 'Now
-I differ -Materially Mr. 11.. in the
cultivation' pr strawberry; I have
tried a great many experiments . witli it ;
and hate come to. this conclusion t The,
I soil fur st'awberries, wants to be rich and
I deep—no matte how deep; en plow .or
Ispade it. If' it is three. feet, do not make
the gruund, any richer than you would for
drop.uf corn. . Set your plants in
the e sprinfl,.i and Mit in the fall. Let the
rows .be. three, and a half ~feet apart. and i :
the plants:six:inches in the row. 'I gen : .
erally plant beans for'carly use between
the rows tile first year—hoe and
them clean-till the first of August—then ;
clear away the:bean vines,' cultivate and
make the giound nice and mellow.. Then I
let theta triune until the first u August ,
the next year, or Until you have: uicked.!
your crop ~ of berries. Then cultivate I
a , ain, and make all nice and mellow be-. 1
tween the T o ws, but never break off- a
runner after the Rlth of August,_ ii til
you have. picked ywir crap the next sca
sa-in, nor walk among the vines, especially_;
when' they, arc in 'illy:sum, - nor pull. a
weed. Do not tonetf the 7round in thel
fall or spring, if sim want berries that are
nice and pleat;; of !them, for your plants
want all the ground.
Mr. EL saye, pill cdT the runners.
• would as soon pull: oft the leaves as the
runners., if i wantal:g.ood, healthy plants.'
Brother gardners, try my •mode of cull
tore, and your vines will not freeze out
duriug whiter, and yon need act Muleh
them neither, and V on wall have as many
attain and lar , rer' on 0 1 . 1 , 'tame 1
niece of !2.irourid. than if you follow the
old way of pul/it.;•off runners : , m1 hoeing!
continually. Ido not cultivate the kinds
that Mr. 11. does. Thpy mat; suit him,'
kiut, they Would not me. 1 prefer._Largt.!
Early Scarlet, Dundee, Boston Pine, and;
These suit toe the hest!
of the many kinqsj luiVe tried. Large
Early Setlrlet beats for quantity, vat !
Burr's New Pine for flavor: I have nev
er tried the Albany or Hooker or. Pea- j
body, Perhaps 1 may like 'them better: ,
—G. A. H. Port Byron, •
"Motu: fruit and less pork and qui
nine," s:rys a friend. He is right. The
mass of people have*.neglected the very
important matter of fruit. No excuse
for this. , Even if an ankle coulp Hot be
grown, the smaller fruits can be, elreapiy,
and in great -abundance. Strawberries,
raspberries, gooseberries, currants, black
berries, etc., only need the ini-itation and
a little attention, to insure a heaping re
ward of pleasant and healthfulpfruit.—
That the farmer has Dui time to devote - to
these matters, is a Mistake. There is no
man who Cannot devote two or three days
to this department—not one. 'The out
lay of time and expense, is utterly insir:-
mticant in comparison to the return.—
Wisconsix Oh icy:
Let the peonle all say, "more f-uit and
less pork," and this will soon be a pros
perous.mid 'happy country. Pork, whis
key and tobacco eist more money,'lwing
on more sickness and misery; and:cause
more filth and squallidnes,,, than any
other three things that can be named.
Vigilaaee Committee h* Wig-
Correspondence of the Potter Journal.
BLACK RIVER FALL'S, Wis., July 4, 1858
The. new Court House which has late
!ly been under Construction at this place,
and ucarly enuipleted,.is now a massive
ruin, with nothing to mark -its Wherea
ihouts.but a smoking pile of combustibles.
LEriday morning last, at about 2 o'clock
we ware starded••by tit my of „"jirel
Lfire!" and hastily.puttiug on our clothes,
we ran to -the streets, to ascertain the
cause of so much noise, when to our sur-
prise we beheld the China House wrap
ped in ono lurid flame of fire. A large,
crowd of the citizens .were soort:•pthered
together, anxiously watching the ascend-
ling flames. • Their countenances Showed
i plainly tne indignation they felt, for well
they knew hat. the act, was counuitu d by '
!seine unpriimipled villain, for the night
I was dark and .stormy; aud 'no accident
could have' set it oulirmi -,
In the afternoon, funs persons.were ar
rested on suspicion, but; uo.positiF4.l proof
being found against thew they were dis-1
charged..l A Convention was then held,
and a conitnittee..of Owe-appointed to
give 4, list of the names 9f the most ,sus- '
picious characters in the, town; live or
six nameS_ were immediately handed in'
for the consideration of the people:;. Sex,'
eral spec ekes were then -made, -Ift,th for.
and against . he suspected ; perSona i —
George K. If aswell, first. took .the stand,
and spoke in favor of•the criminals,. after
which William T. Price, C. :-.Z. Johnson
and. others took , the stand • aud• spoke
against the :criminals.' A committee was
then appointed to, request the individuals
whose.. names were handed in, to leave
.in twenty-four hours, . or' means
would be taken to rid the community of
.1 their presence. " The time is up,. and they
goinii-to keep. a vigilance ,committee -for
the...purpoe of -vratehing the - town and
feeping - it secure Lom ,the depredations
_Of worthless vagrants. It,is hopeful they
indy auceeect in rooting out ill the evil
doers. Then, and then only will our vil
lage flourish as it ought. No more at
present. YOurs, with pleasure,
. J. MANLEY.
_.-. 3 1 7 r0nt the Radical Abolitionist.
Abolitionism Among the Meth-
As - a
refreshim. contrast. to the' servile
proccediints of the American Tract Socie;..
ty, we glailly:Tc6Ord.tpelfolloliing.-,-....;---:
At the late: annual inCetitig-of tlieNew
York 7 East': Cii ti faten e'en!' the ' neiliCiarir
(Episcopal Church,il. hiliViat:lliealhirry
Street, Church, New .York •Eity,.:thufoh.
lowing Re.solUtions, reported:l;lr Rev. Br;
Witr.np,;(, Chairman ; of the' - Committee:,
on . Slavery, were discussed during 'Por
i tion* of.six:successii.:e days; and:severally
adopted by large majorities, viz::: . '
' . I.....Resulved, That we afErni' the lan" --
01.u , e 'of our Church in 1784; namely;
, that the practice of'holding. out fellow
creatures to jsis;v4l..y is contrary ,ta Alin..
7olden ruk °lA:loci:and the .inaliCnablp.
ri-hts of mankind-, as well as the princi
ples of the_Amerieanßevolution; tindle
therefore deem it:onr - toost bounden .dUty
to take some effectual method- to extir
pate this aboaduatiou from among un-, . :
2. Resolved, That it is the duty of our
Church as a unit to educate 4rnieniber-•
ship to the 1ii , ,,11: Standard of these her
primitive dOctrines,-and to -thisend it.is ,
her duty to inculcate them prudently, but
firmly, through her organ, Whether press
or pulpit. • ,
8. Resolved, That while we oppose
slavery as eirizens, and' give otirs}nipa
thy to thO•ie who, in the state, are main
twining the cau4e Of freedom against the
slave power, we are_ (specially . the. otiiii6 7. ,
vents of oppression as a siii; and the sup:
porters of enutheipation s as the require
went. of righteousness ;..and we would,
therefore, reknetnber, that
uisin should be deeply;inibued with the
spirit of the Holy Gospel; that it should
wisely een , ult the, honor and unity of our
Church, in t-he Tull faith that the highest.
pooh will lyr• uhtAiniid throu - ,h the
mate' irFt.r.thcutali - ty Iter established
4. ResOlved, That we offer our. un
feigned thanks to• Almighty God, And
tentkr our cordial . c:•ngratulations to the
friends of humanity, - fdr the rapid'exteb::
sion of the principles of justice-.andfree :
doni' during the- past year, as well as for
. elieering - prospectS of the e,,xtensiok of
Pree . Institutions in our country ; and we
cherish the anticipation that,s6th proper
effort in maintaining and .diffusing light
and truth on the subject, nil misunder
standing will disappear, and, the church
will unite,.as with the heart of one Man,
upon the ancient Wesleyan platform, and,.
as in the great English emancipation
struggle, Methodism will be unanimous
and energetic in the cause of freedom,
MINNEsoTA.- 7 —The Minnesota House
of Representatives has adopted reSolutions
44 to 20, denouncing the IcansaS policyor
the AdminiAratton.. and endorsing Doug
,Slticids. Thirteen -anti-Lecoutp
ton Democrats voted for the resolutions. -
THE Posteflice Departm nt deeities . that.
the postage ou a-letter t Canada, not,
weighing over half ail 'ouq.e,.is tew cents,
whi - ell eau be prepaid 07 -tth; 'AV'
of the sender; but if 'the
be prepaid iu full, , uo
of part, payments. .
Surveyo - : General of l i cam
ka, having expired on•th
the President has tender ,
General Ward B. Burnet,
The latter cannot possibl
as much mischief in his t
tiler tried to accomplish,
13Z - Many people du nit putout, fruit
and ornamental tree, fo the reason, as
they give it., that the sl tit never enjoy
the product. And et hese people do
not expect to die
Are there not,manj
can say to themselve.4l
trees ten years ago , b i !
mental, how valual;lei
would now have beep
over the grounds of
admire R.; work. A
season, would have .
much so.— 'Mew/sin
TEM remains of 1:.:.-Pi
were removed from Now'
on Saturday, on ' board . 'I
The ceremonies were Very
Hen. John Coehrane co,
mains to the custody of tl
Virginians in an earl e:st ,
speech, to Ni bich Mr 0.
ot Virginia, a son of Gel
accepting the trust, n' t
'colleagues, eloquent' • an
ponded. Minute.guns w
the afternoon' by the Gov
Protestant Annual Cone
ed the following resolati
"That. any parents fir m .
ing to our church;, wh,
that school of .sin, ; tie di
sending their citildr
subject to trial and r
expulsion, as the - das
If this Conte+
suspend or expel al
by refusing to obe'
soever ye would that
von., do ye; even. s 4 ti
be considered an !//
Persons unaCquaint •
stauees might supp .
'former it must
ice belly , . taken
thh;d. of:, July,
the office to
of New York.
I nn as the for=
ur readers who
f I had put out
Such *ill look
days' work each
-3 his owu as
l ie6ident Monroe
"ork to Virgini.A
, mposing, The.
isit t ned the re-.
rernor \Vise, it
le - .name of hia
id solemnly res,
'ere fired - during
.ence has adopt,
I ardians belong,.
( A n .. §ehuol, by
*cards, shell_ bo:
if, suspension or
ould . resolve to
-.tubers Of tirii
,e mdse . a-Christ
-1 he m ,lloldi d i o n . ) u ils rio
'at:// doctrine.- -
itii the dream-,
i iat danug is 1,0
n - slavehol4ing. f .: