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p:'llPevoled to Politics, Foreign and Domestic Intelligence, Iditei•attire, Science, agricidliii•e, the Mechanic . ..Iris,. Intermit . Improvement,' and General
ihdivered before the Fairfield Temperance Society,
on the 25th of December, 1834.
1r DANIEL M. SMYNER, ESQ.
Goatlases of the Fairfield Temperance Society—
I. 11AVZ not felt myself at liberty to de
cline the invitation with which you have
'bettered me, of addressing you this day on
tne great Lind interesting subject of the
•-. .Veinperance Reformation. Ardently de.
Trend' to the Cause from principle as well as
fitt.ling, I deem it no less a duty than it is
s p,eneure, on all suitable occasions, to lend
my feeble aid to its advancement; and my
heart's prayer to God is, that 'what shall
"•:- this day be sown in weakness, may be gait/.
ered in strength. Here an interesting re.
Section arises. The anniversary of the Sa
viour's nativity, cannot, in my opinion, be
more appropriately hallowed, than by such
a celebration as that in which we are this
. , day engaged. Deeds of beneficence—en
lightened efforts to ameliorate.the condition
of society—are, indeed, at all times praise.
- Worthy and in season: but they possess a
peculiar aptitude and congenial relation to ,
—7-this-consecrated day. Among the ninny
enterpriZes of genuine as well as of spurious,
philanthropy, of the age in which wo live,;
: 1 know of none more intimately associated
both in character and results, with the ob
, ject of the Redeemer's mission. It is to be
lamented that by ton many, this anniversa
ry is marked only by scenes of festivity, too
often blended with wassail, riot and drun
kenness, without their hearts feeling one
grateful throb, or their bosoms expanding
with one devout aspiration, towards firm
who 'died that they might live. Strange,
that there should be beings capable of in
&tieing in such scenes on a day • so well cal
culated to elicit nil of gratitude, veneration,
love and awe which the human heart is ca.
pable ofcherishing I
We, gentlemen, have met for a different
purpose: and, if I •may be permitted to judge
from what I know of those whom I see a
round me, in a different spirit. We have
met, I trust, for the purpose of endeavoring
to raise another •embankment against the
flood of intemperance which is deluging our
land, and which threatens if not arrested by
the united eflines of the friends of humanity,
to sweep before it the choicest treasures of
liberty and virtue.
I deem it wholly unnecessary to expatiate
to this audience, on the immorality, the dan
gers and the evils of Intemperance; far less,
by any labored procesi of reasoning; to de
monstrate what all admit. - The evils of In
temperance are all Around and about us.—
.We see them—we feel them—they are pal.
pable to sense. They have been so often por
trayed, and the means of information are so
numerous and ample in our day,that it would
be presuming a degree of ignorance in this
audience, certainly not justified by the fact,
to suppose you unacquainted with them.—
They have become familiar as household
words; arid to dwell upon them, would only.
consume time - that might be more profitably
devoted to the consideration of other mat-
Ants. All know that it is Intemperance that
peoples the gaols and penitentiaries of our
land—fills the alms-houses and poor-houses
—subjects the country to an immense annu
al expense for their support—diminishes
the wealth, by taking away from the pro.
ductiye industry of the nation—furnishes the
gallows with three.fourths of its victims—
and annually hurries myriads to untimely
graves. " The number of its victims in the
United States, is estimated at from thirty to
thirty-five - thousand annually. Intemper
ance is as directly and certainly the instru.
ment of this frightful carnage, as is the war
rior's steel when it strews the field of battle
with hecatombs, of the slain. The cost of
Intemperance has been variously estimuted;
but the lowest estimate that has been put
upon it, makes it more than double the a
mount of the revenue of this country. All
this is, now, worse than lost to the nation:
for it is expended to cherish and perpetuate
the direst curse that ever afflicted a people
s-4 might go on, and swell the catalogue to
a volume: but, for the reasons already as
signed, I shall forbear taking up more of
your time on this branch of the subject.
Such, then, and so great, being the evils
of Intemperance, the next part of the inqui.
ry is, into the REMEDY. It is extremely
simple—and is comprised in one word
Anorisretece! Candor here requires of me
the acknowledgement, that even among the
friends of Temperance, some diversity of
opinion has prevailed as to the extent to
which this abstinence ought to be earried.
Some thnk that a qualified abstinence is
all that is or ought to be required. They
can see no great harm in moderate drink
ing. I cannot subscribe to this opinion.—
My reasons I will briefly give. In the first
place, I belieire, (and in this
‘,;lr. f , •siorhofiv • wo ft
i!: lie d A
'anariett‘ that the— is IF! F,uCI
moderate '!sr , .tit.lollt fry in
health. It 11 it. er,lrtvi..,
_.;tine, anti can signify only that one man is
less intemperate than another. As a meth.
eine, Alcohol doubtless has its uses; and
when first discovered was only considered
Ad used as such, ranking in the Mntcria
Ifitdice, with Niercury, Arsenic, Antimony,
and similar drugs, and administered with
- the same cautior. and prudent reserve. It
• Wits tong after, that it grew into common
use; nnd, in view of the evils it has engem.
derd, we may well wish that its virtues as n
medicine had never , been revealed. This
being its nature, when taken in any other
way • than as a medicine, no matter in how
- Saudi quantities, it cannot but be hurtful to
Ahisaystera. Its immediate effects and the
its operation in producino• a de
• • spitsgenumt of the powers both of body and
A may not be , as apparent in the moder
ate 'drinker ss in the confirmed diunkard,
Au to superficial observers, may not be ap
lattaat atoll; but to eN oases, it is now con.
sided, dike% altipittiah i nitperoyti his and
slow, are fatal and sure. Again—lf drun
kenness be a vice, it must bee vice in all its
forms end degrees. There is no neutral
ground between the two, where a man may
plant his foot, and there indulge his propen
sities without respousibility or fear. !fit is
wrong to get di unk, it cannot be right WO
halldrunk, or quarter drunk, or one-twenti
eth drunk. Why do men never speak in
praise or excuse of moderate swearing or
moderate lying? And yet it would be bard
to assign a reason why either should not be
as innocent as moderate drinking.
But, grant, if you please, that a man may
touch pi' ch and not be defiled —in other
word., that he may indulge in moderate
drinking without any very serious injury:
and that you may divide and subdivide illy
sin until it becomes so small us to be no an:
at all;—the danger still remains, that he
may be I'd on step by step, imperceptibly a ,
it were, from the moderate to the immotler
ale use. This is the great danger Men
do not become Drunkards by constitution
hat by habit. No man was ever born a
drunkard, or deliberately determined with
himself to become that loathsome thine: but
it is the habit of "taking moderate drinks,
and this habit growing and acquiring
strength by indulgence, that makes the
drunkard what he is—a libel on his species
—a blot on the fair time of creation—an out
cast_ from his God! Now it is manifest that
this habit if never began, could never be
formed; and therefore moderate drinking
has been styled, not unaptly, the-Settee', OF
DatirmAnns! This is a danger from which,
although some may escape, none ore exempt.
Why should we needlessly court temptation,
when the danger is certain, and eicape pre
carious? Is it that we may have the glory
of conquering in the struggle? Alas! This
is a contest in which no laurels are to be
In the last place, the moderate drinker
induces and encourages others by his exam
ple, to Court the same danger, who may not
be equally fortunate with himself in escap
ing from it. This is a solemn reflection!--
Certainly, the inar. who by his example,
leads another to perdition, incurs an awful
weight of responsibility. We should riot
rest content with merely abstaining frum the
commission of evil ourselves, but should al
so strive to deter others from its practice;
and this both by precept and example. If
our example is the occasion of leading oth
ers to do wrong, and knowing this, we still
persist in it, we are as guilty us though we
had counselled and advised its commission.
In things in themselves indiff;rent or involv-
ing no moral obligation, it is our duty ns
Christians, to deny ourselves even innocent
gratifications, when their enjoyment would
tend to the injury of others; far more, where
the indulgence is confessedly hurtful to our
selves. Now we all know that nothing is
of more frequent occurrence than for intem
perate men to quote the example of moderate
drinkers in extenuation of their own conduct.
If; then, partial abstinence from ardent
spirits is inadequate to remove the evil of
intemßerritiocoind if even their moderate use
is necessarily hurtful and always dangerous,
it followslhat Total Abstinemce is the only
remedy that promises to be at once effica
ciods and safe. If we are sincere •in our
professed desire of arresting the onward
march of Intemperance, I am at a loss to
conceive of a rational objection to this plan,
or what better plan could be devised. W hat
objection can there be? It' injures no one; it
interferes with no man's rights; it takes a
way no man's privileges, (for the pledge it
requires is_purely voluntary:) neither does
it curtail any man's enjoyments; at least no
wholesome and real enjoyment; for ardent
spirits never become a source of pleasure
until the system has become depraved and
the appetite corrupted by a course of vicious
indulgence. Shall total abstinence be com
plained of as t breach of privilege? Alas!
that man should account self-debasement
a privilege! Is then the prerogative of get
ting drunk of so high value as to deserve to
be guarded with such anxious vigilance?
Voluntary associations on the basis of
'total abstinence, are the means by which
the Temperance R-formation has difiliced,
ling must still diffuse itself in the U. States.
Such associations are no novelty in the his
tory of our country. The non-importation
agreements of our fathers anterior to the
Revolution, furnish a strikingly parallel
case; with this difference only, that the ty.
ranny which the one was designed to resist,
aimed, only to enslave the body, whilst the
other seeks to rivet its iron fetters on both
body and soul.
There are many well.menning persons,
who, whilst individually and privately they
practice a rigid Temperance, deem it im
proper or at least unnecessary to give any
public pledges on the subject. But this view
of the subject is certainly a mistaken one.
As well might our patriotic sires have con
tented themselves with determining, each
one for himselfand by himself, not to import
or wear the fabrics of Great Britain until
they should have obtained a redress of their
grievances. For their individual selves,
this would have answered every purpose; just
as with this clacks of the friends of Temper
ance; but would its moral efli.ct, either in
this country or in Eneland, have been the
same? The notion ,of these men, I -think,
arises out of a mistaken view Of human na
ture. Ili morals, as well as in politics, there
is always a nameless throng influenced sole
ly by the weight of numbers, authority, and
example. Prepared alike to espouse either
side of a question, the preponderance of
numbers and inflUence, and the probabilities
of success, are their only criterions of right.
Now, the friends of Temperance lose all the
benefit of this prevailing principle, (if prin
ciple it may be called) if they do not open
ly avow themselves and publicly array their
forces beneath its banners.
;itr.2, a, •:,
This is one advantage. Another is, that
it gives unity of design and concentration of
effort to individual sentiment, which would
otherwise waste itself in feeble, desultory
and often ill-directed and contradictory ex
enitm. Moreover t by bringing the friends
of Temperance into constant correspondence
and intercourse, it facilitates the acquisition
of useful information and intelligence, and
enables them, by a compa risiin of sent i mcnt,
to devise the most efficient method of secur
ing the attainment of their grand and bene
A common objection to Temperance So
cieties, is, that the pledge which they re
quire seems to imply a doubt of the power
ofilinSe who give it, to live temperately with-•
out it: am! here the paltry vanity o 1 pour h.i.
man nature takes the alarm and starts up,
and having mined itself to the teeth in its
panoply of pride, throws itself back. on its
fancied dignity, and from thence, as from au
impregnable fortress, bids defiance to every
efrirt of reason to dislodge it. If, indeed,
the Temperance pledge were des;gned only
to embrace drunkards or those who ate in
immediate danger of becoming such, then a
man might with reason, feel himself insulted
by the doubt of his sobriety implied in his
being asked to give it. But this is not the
only, neither is it the math object of the
Temperance Reformation. Its grand de
sign, rightly understood, is to persuade eve
ry individual in the community if possible,
to enlist under its banners; and thus by em
bracing all the elements of society within its
scope, to raise such a harrier of moral and
social influence as shall he impregnable to
all the assaults of Intemperance. If the
virtuous, the intelligent, the enlightened arid
the influential of our land, would to a man
unite in bearing their testimony against In
temperance, and let their acts and their tes
timony accord, it is reasonable to hope that
it would become,ln the first instance, so
unfashionable, and in the end, so adverse to
the moral sense and feelings of the commit•
nitv, as to be at once banished from our
land and fiwever excluded from our shores.
There is a fashion in morals as well rr in
dress: and whatever system of faith or prac
tice is, for the time being, most fashionable,
will always he sure to have its train of devo
ted fiillowers. Nor need we be surprised
that so disgusting a vice as Intemperance,
should ever have became fashionable. We,
daily see instances -of as gross deviations
from propriety and good taste. Let some
capricious fair one who, for the time reigns
Queen of the Mode, introduce those unsight
ly, immense, misshapen sleeves which, I
believe, are now all the rage among the
master-pieces of creation—or, let some
spruce, conceited coxcomb who sways his
ephemeral sceptre over the Empire of Fash
intionake his appearance in those vile abom
inations, fashionable tights—and straight
way Miss is miserable until she sports a pair
of sleeves as large as the mainsail of a man
of war, and young Master cannot sleep until
he has his nether man clad in garments, vie
ing in the tightness of their fit, with nature's
integuments. When Fashion cuts such
whimsical vagaries, need we be surprised
that she shout I sometimes throw off the
comic and appear in a tragic guise?
Among the duties devolving upon mem
bers of Tempuran, , eociciles, , I.woUla in
culcate, as first in importance, that of Mod
eration and Forbearance. Remember that
the success of our cause must depend en
tirely on the moral influence we are able to
exert; and, that that influence, to be salute-
ry, must he free. We cannot constrain
public opinion; and any attempt to coerce it,
would deservedly recoil upon its authors.
You may fill the Statute Book with laws and
entictments ;n favor of Temperance; but if
public sentiment is not with you, they will
all be unavailing. Our object should be to
conciliate.and persuade; not by harsh meas.
uree and offenfiive language to drive uff those
who might in time be induced to pin us. If
we cannot gain over our enemivs, wi• may
at least, by candor and moderation, disarm
their hostility. Hence the harsh and con
demnatory tone too often assumed by the
zealots of Temperance, cannot be too high
ly censured. Their indiscreet and hinder-
ant zeal has done as much to retard the pro.
tress of our cause as the Open opposition of
its enemies. Bitter denunciation, angry in•
"yertive and contemptuous abuse, nevet yet
made oonverts to anv cats e—and never wiII.
There is something , in the heart of every
man that indignantly revolts at such trent
ment; and the feelings and sympathies attic.
world are ever against a cause so advocated.
We see daily exemplifications of this in the
political world around us. The scurrilous
attacks of political derperadoes . on private
character, hnve always had the efihct of
elevating the character of the traduced, at
the expense of the traducer. So it is in re.
Bard to Temperance. We can never, for
Instance, convince the grain-grower and
distiller, that it is wrong to 'minister the
means of indulgence to the drunkard, by
flatly accusing them of immoral;ty and ful
minating angry denunciations against them.
This only renders them justly indignant, and
excites the prejudices of the public against
us and our cause. I appeal to your own ex•
perience and observation, my friends, wheth-
er you have not found• it so 1 Let Temper
ance members, then, remember that it be•
hoves them to be temperate in all things.
Let them reason from established facts and
acknowledged principles—let them warn—
let them exhort—let them, ndmonish—let
them adjure their fellow men by all that is
solemn and all that is tender, to abjure In
temperance in all its forms and degrees, and
give the whole weight of their influence to
this good-ewe: But, let them, as they val.
ue its success, be temperate in their zeal!
But,whilst carefully avoiding the excesses
to which an intemperate zeal too often leads,
it ix no less their duty to he actively and
earnestly engaged in promoting the spread
of their cause, by all the lawful means in
their power. Too many fancy that if . they
join a Temperance Society and live up to its
rules, they have done all that is required.
Do not, I heseech von, fall into this fatal mia
take! The Saviour cursed the barren fig
tree: and the fate ofthe unprofitable servant
who hurried his Lord's talent in the ground,
may be profitably brought to your recollec-
to improve it. De diligent m seeking oc.
A R ct.
casions of advancing the cause.. Your hav
ing joined the Society, instead of absolving
you from the duty of further exertion con
firms and redoubles the obligation. it you
are lukewarm and indifferent, yoti bring re
proach upon the cause whicli s it.ts your duty,
and prof;•sm2d desire to promote: for sur]
has ever been the way oldie world—systems
and institutions are judged rather by the
conduet of their members, then their intrin
La-41v, members of Temperance Socie
ties, steed strive to make their Orals her•
monize With the whole and with one another.
This is evident and requires no illustration.
We have 'high mithority for saying that a
house divided against itself cannot stand.
Indulge me, gentlemen, in . conclusion,
with a tew words on the . prorrress of the
cause in which wo are jointly engaged. 1
t)u• to from the last A naiversary Report of
the Pennsylvauia State Temperance Socie
ty. It is therein stated, on the authority of
such men as Matthew Carey, Dr Physic '
and others, that "more than 1,250,000 per
sons in the United States have united with
Temperance Societies. More than 3000
distilleries have been stopped. More than
7009 merchants have ceased to sell ardent
spirits. More than 8000 drunkards have
abandoned the use of all that intoxicates.—
More than 1000 vessels are navigated with
out ardent spirits."—and, in relation to this
latter clause, let me add another fact, that
vessels navigated without ardent spirits, aro
insured at a much lower rate than others, and
preferred for freight both at home and a
Are not these encouraging results? And
supposing no other good to result from the
Temperance efrirt that is now making in
the United States than has already resulted,
would it not of itself be a sufficient reward
for all that it has cost? We are not, howev
er, to suppose that the work has been corn
pleted. It is only just begun. There yet
remains far more to he done than has yet
been accomplished. With these animating
results, however, before our eyes, we need
not despair of final success. Let us then
press on with undiminished ardor and untir
ing perseverance—assured that abeneficient
God, whose kind and gracious Providence
is over all his works, will still prosper our
efforts and finally crown 9zL .... hopes with
0::7 - From the proceedings of a late meet.
ing of the Anti-Masons of Union county, we
are pleased to find that active measures are
in progress for the maintenance of the prin
ciples of Anti-Masonry. At the meeting
alluded to, Committees were appointed
To draft an address to the citizens of U
To draft petitions and procure signatures,
requesting a legislative investigation of Ma
To draft nn address to our Representatives
in the Leg islature , on their endeavors to in •
vest igate Masonry.
A Committee of four in each township,
was appointed to procure signatures to the
petitions for an investigation of Masonry.
OZ7A large and respectable meeting o
the Anti-Masons of Indiana county,we learn
from the "Indiana Register," was held in
the Borough of Indiana, on the 22d ult. A
Committee was appointed to solicit for pub
lication the Renunciation of Free-Masonry
by the Hon. RICHARD COULTER, LOW in the
possession of a citizen of that county. Wm.
Banks, Esq. was chosen a delegate to rep-
resent that county in the state Convention:
The following resolutions were adopted by
1. Resolvrd, That all Secret Societies
must be wrong, from the very fact, that
they swear to conceal the principles of their
Order; and no good man or party ever vet
was ashamed of good principles or good
2. Resolved, That Free-Masonry is a
fraud and a cheat upon Community, in all its
pretensions to antiquity, to benevolence, to
charity, and morality, and ought to dvscend
with the rubbish of barbarous ogcs to the
tomb of the Capulets,
3: Re:se - toed, That Masonry has so firm
ly seized 'Upon the politics of the Country,
that no man who is not its devotee can be in
favor with the State administration; that, as
proof of this, before every annual election
the Masons and their friends keep up a don
tinual cry of "Democracy," in order to de
ceive the innocent people; and so soon as
the-election is over, if they gain any of their
candidates, then they cry that they are put
ting down Anti-Masonry. It is clear, then,
that their real design and principles are bet
ter known by their BOASTING after the elec
tion, than their DECEITFUL cry in favor of
Democracy before the election.
4. Resolved, That Secret Societies are
totally inconsistent with true and genuine
Democracy or Republican priaciples—there
fore, we will support distinctive Anti-Ma.
5. Resolved, That TITADDEI76 STEVENS,
Esq., deserves to be held in everlasting re
membrance, by all freemen over this globe,
as the champion of equal rights in the Penn
sylvania Legislature--and the Spartan band
of our Anti-Masonic friends in the Legisla
ture, are worthy of , our warmest 'remem
6. Resolved, That the election of JAMES
BUCHANAN, Esq. of the city of Lancaster,
to the Senate of United States in Congress,
by a Legislature who pretend to be demo.
erotic, is another among the many thousand
deceptions practised by the Masonic party,
who now rule the destinies of a people who
should and ought of right to be free—that
the selection of one who has declared, "that
if he thought he had one di op of Democrat
ic blood in his veins he would have it drawn
out," proves, conclusively,that a pure Delno•
cratic administration of the Government is
not the object of the Masons; but that the
' real object is to deceive, dupe, and gull.the
people,in order that they may profit thereby
—that notwithstanding the notoriety of-the
blue-light Federal principles of loins Be.
CIIANA7V, Esq., he has been preferred before
JAMES CLARKE, Esq. of ibis county, an old
and tried democrat, possessing talents equal
if not superior to his successful competitor—
that it is, therefore, abundantly plain, that
when a Free- Mason is the opposing can&
date; he intik and will prevail with the Ma
sonic pasty, be his political sentiments ever
so hostile to the freedom of the country.
() -- A Harrisburg correspondent of the
Uniontown (Pa.) Democrat, thus notices
Mr. SrEvorls' re3olutions for an investiga
lion of Masonry, and their effect upon the
friends of :hat Order:—
No persdo who has not witnessed it can
conceive the expression of feeling which
was evinced by the Masons of the House,
while Mr. STEVENS was rending with his
commanding voice, and noble mien, the
preceding indictment against the lodge.—
The Clerk of the House who is a Mason,
faltered as he read it—the blood settled un
der his-eyes, which glared with an unusual
lustre, and his whole countenance was,Thish
ed. Nearly every Mason in the House
might have been distinguished by his coun
tenance. The reading having been finished
a motion wns made to have the' usual number
printed (150) for the use of the house, and
was decided in the negative by a complete
party vote—every Mason and Jack mem
ber voting against the printing. Not a soul
rose to deny the truth of the charges—not
an excuse for not printing was ofliired, but
the same power which has muzzled every
press, not Anti-Masonic, in the Union,—
which suppresses inquiry into the truth of
the crimes cast into the teeth of the hood
winked and cable-towed slaves of Masonry,
was victorious as usual. No time is yet
fixed when Mr. Stevens will call up leis re
solutions, but be it when it may, the Roman
Orator did not pour forth upon the midnight
conspiracy, which was plotting against the
liberties of Rome, with more power of tho't
and glowing patriotism, than will Mr. Ste
vans assail the midnight conspiracy again.%
the liberties of America.
We ask the attention ofour readers to the
preamble and resolutions offered by MR.
STEVENS, in the House of Representatives,
for the prohibition and suppression of Ma
sonic, Odd Fellows, and all other secret ex
tra judicial oaths.
We have given'the preamble, resolutions
and vote of the members at length, believ-
ing that the action of the House which took
place on that subject, is of the utmost im
portance to the people of Pennsylvania, as it
has fairly drawn the line of distinction be
tween those who are politinlly tenacious of
their rights, and those who are willing to
barter their own rights and those of their
fellow men, for Masonic titles and dignities,
or for leave to bask in the sunshine of Ma
sonic intrigue, corruption and treason.
In the preamble and resolutions of MR.
STEVEN I, is to be found a correct represen
tation of tl►e evils of Masonry, and we are
pleased to find that every Anti-Mason in the
House, as well as most of the Whigs, have
recorded their votes against the existence of
a monster, the secret and uncontrollable
workings of which, have corrupted and sha
ken to their fimndations, every government
in which it has been permitted to exist. Po
litical parties in this State are, by the vote
on this question narrowed down to ►Masonry
and Anti-Masonry—Jacksonism, Van Hu
renism, and all the other flags which have
heretofore been hoisted in opposition to Ant
Masonry are now lowered, and the warriors
who fought under these false colors have
gone over to, and are now fighting the bat
tles of Masonry, the sworn enemy of the
equal rights of man.
It will be seen that the mo'ion to print
the resolutions was lost by a vote of3B to SP.
The Anti-Masons and Whigs, although in
the minorit), have acted their part bravely
in this instance, and their conduct must meet
the decided approbation of their constitu
en t s.—Holidayshurg Aurora.
That fearless champion of the laws T.
STEVENS, et will he seen has introduced a
preamta. qeititig forth the evils of Free-Ma.
sonry, accompanying it with a resolution in
structing the Committee on the Judiciary
to report a bill to suppress the adininistra
tion of Masonic oaths. The motion to print
the preamble and resolutions was negatived,
by a vote of 58 to 38. Thus the Legisla
ture has again voted to uphold this blood
stained institution, giving it full privilege to
initiate members, and administer its blas
phemous oaths.—Mercer Luminary..
The reader will find under our Legisla•
tive head, a preamble and resolution on the
subject of Masonry, which was introduced
into the House of Representatives by Mr.
STEVENS. The preamble has been pro
nounced to he one of the most valuable corn.
pends ever published of the evils and abomi
nation of Masonry. "It is," says the Lan
caster Herald, "most concise, clear and
comprehensive; and the resolution is such
as must meet the approbation of every really
free man in the State."—Wilkesbarre Adv.
The resolutions of THA DDEUS STEVE:qS,
on the subject of Secret Societies, deserve
attention. Free-Masonry is exhibited in its
true colors,—its impious oaths and ceremo
nies; its aristocratic titles and,dignities; its
tendency to thwart the administration of
justice, because of the pledge given by mem
bers of the lodge to "conceal the secrets and
crimes of each other, not excepting even
murder and treason," its incompatibility
with the exercise of freedom of opinion; its
profaning of the Scriptures; its dangerous
interference in all the affairs of the country,
are hold up to the view of the intelli
gent portion of the community, and should
convince all who have a proper conception
of the meaning of liberty, that such an in.
stitution is its most dangerous foe; that ita
ceremonies are utterly inconsistent, with
morality, justice and religion.— Wesimore.
From the Lancaster. Examiner.
It is both interesting and amusing to look
over the different parties in the state, and
contemplate their position as respects the
nomination of candidates for Governor at the
The. Anti4Viasonie party is settled, firm,
resolute, confident and united.. They are
united in the determination to nominate some
thoroUgh, long tried, decided and active An
ti Mason as theireandidate for the offive---a
candidate who, if elected, will know, and
feel, and regard the interests of the peuplo
--the interests of the real people of the
state. And there is very little, or rather
no diversity of sentiment among the Anti-
Masons of the- State in the choice of their
candidate. All seem to point to Mr. RIT.
NEtt, through whose agency they confident-
ly expect to overturn ihe Masonic nobility
and aristocratic usurpers that have for years
past been treating the people as their patri
mony and their rights as their inheritance.
But what is the condition of the Masonic
party as to their candidate for Governor?--
They are in the most woful perplexity and
confusion; and the direst feuds arid divisions
prevail amona e . them. The chief of the Ma
sonic nobility adhere firmly to their Mason
ic brother, the present Governor, Wolf.--
The Grand Lodge now holds all the princi
pal offices of the State. Both of the United
States Senators, the Governor, most of tho
heads of the State Departments at Harris
burg, nearly all the Judges, the lending
members of the Legislature of the Masonic
party, and the greater part of the county of
ficers, are Masons and sworn dependants up
on the Grand Lodge of Pennmylvania.--
, These cable-towed nobility cannot brook
the idea of having a Governor to whom they
cannot make secret Masonic signals un
known to all the world except the brother
hood themselves. To the Grand Lodge is
joined the great body of Gov. Wolf's office
holders in every county, who are deeply
penetrated with the advantage that would
be derived by themselves from the election
of the present Governor for another term or
three years. And the Canal Commission
s, and all the canal nobility and cormoranrs
are likewise of the opinion that there can
be no better Governor for them than Gov.
Wolf. They, as well as the other State
and county officers,obey with great cordiali
ty the orders of the Grand Lodge, and hoz
zn lustily for the re-nomination of the pres
On the other hand the great body of Ma
sonic hod-carriers and bottle.Lolders who
are not in office, but who want offices, wines
much and are very restive in the Masonic
harness. They hate as well as fear their
Masonic masters and they know that their
masters in turn despise them. Yet they
have not the courage to oppose their Mason
ic rulers except in murmurs and somewhat
in secret. These office-hunting unsworn
agents of Masonry are loud and clamorous
for the nomination of Mr. Muhlenburg, or
some other such Mason of the degree below
that of entered apprentice. How the con.
test will terminate between the Grand Lodge
and its unworn dependants—whether Wolf
or Muhlenburg will be placed in front, in
dragging the Masonic Juggernaut next sum
mer—it is difficult to determine.
To Anti.l4asons—to the people—to the
tax-payers of the State—it is a matter of in
difference whether the candidate of the Ma
'sonic party for Governor be a Mason above
or below the degree of entered apprentice.
They care not whether it be Mr. Wulf or
Mr. Muhlenburg. Both of them are tools,
in a greater or less degree, of the Grand
Lodge; and both are opponents of Anti-Ma
sonry end the equal rights of the people.
OUR RELATIONS WITH FRANCE.
United Stales and France.
(K - Much useful as well as important information
may be gathered from the following article, copied
from the New York Courier Sz Enquirer, one of tho
best conducted, most correct, and withal;cheapest
newspapers published in the U. States.—.Fn. STAR.]
From the year 1793 to 18011, there arose
various causes of complaint between the two
governments. They were, however, in
part amicably adjusted by a convention sign
ed on the 30th September, 1800. Such of
them as were postponed to "a more conve
nient time," were settled by the treaty of
session of .t.ouisiana, signed on the 30th
April, 1803. From that period, up to 1806,
there existed no.serious difficulties between
the governments of France and the United
.States. But from 1800 to 1812, our com
merce was constantly plundered by the free
booters both of England and France. Some
times under the pretext of Orders.in Coun
cil, or Berlin and Milan decrees. At other
times without even this flimsy apology fur
the depredations committel.
It is for these wrongs that we now de
mand remuneration from France. Our
commercial losses have been estimated at
upwards of fourteen millions of dollars, ex
clusive of an average interest on this capi
tal, for 25 years,which added thereto, would
increase the amour.t to nearly forty millions
of dollars. And yet Mr. Rives agreed to
surrender these claims for five millions of
dollars; and then triumphantly announced
to the world, thaghis sum was "amply suf
ficient to satisfy all the just claims of our
Citizens of evei y description, comprehended
in the scope of the negotiation."
The injuries for which we seek redress,'
arose out of seizures made by the French,
- The Berlin decree, dated the 21st No
The Milan decree, dated the 23d Novem
her, and 17th December, 1807.
The Ramboullet decree, dated the 23d
The Trianon decree, dated sth August
The seizures were made, in An'werp in
1807. In liolland
_in 1800. In 13iWoe,
Oz Devoted to Polities, Foreign .and Domestic Intelligence, Literature, Science, sligriculture; the .Mechanic &iris, Internal Improvement, and (Jeneras 07ilmdom, •4;
St. Sebastian, Bayonne, Port Passage, &c. the treaty, and to recommend nt the same
in 1810. In addition to all which we have I time to that body the measures, in his judg
a claim for upwards of thirt y vessels, with merit, proper to be adopted on that most un
their cargoes, captured and b urnt at sera by I expected event. It may not be inexpedient
French squadrons, to prevent their giving I before the assembling of the next Le„,frisla
information to the British of the position - of tore, to make Count de Rigny sensible of
the squadron. I the source of the error into which he has
These infiries had been the subject of- fallen; and that the President could not,with
discussion from 1812 to 1831. In 1812 , out disregarding the plain import of simple
Mr. Barlow commenced the negociation, language, .have'anticipated the course that
and in the hones of bringing it to a final ; has been decided upon.
close, followed the Emperor Napoleon to I Leaving the whole matter to the increas-
Russia; but died at Wilma during the re- ed responsibility of France, the President
treat. In 1814 Louts the 18th was pro- I will place the subject in its just light before
claimed King of France, and in November'opening Congress at the of the session, and
1810, we agaie appealed to the justice of ! await with tranquil con fidence the result of
the French Government through our Mims- the action of the Legislative functionaries of
ter at that Court. In January and April France, and of the United States.
1817 the Prime Minister M. de Richelieu, I am, sir, your obedient servant,
admitted that indent ~'icaitoti was due to our .101 IN FORSYTH.
merchants; but avoided liquidating the deb.,
in consequence of the embarrassed state of
the French finances. In 1819 and 1820
separate claims of our citizens were again
prosented. 111.11nm:ivy 1822 our Minister
addressed a note to Viseomte de Montmo
rency, of the department
_of foreign affairs,
from which resulted an interview, and prom
ises of future adjustment were made. At
this period, differences existed on the subject
of tonnage; and the two governments were
carrying on a "Custom House war." These
differences, however, were arranged by a
Convention signed at Washington in June
1822 by Hyde de Neuville. From this pe
riod, up to 18:10, the negociations were car
ried on, alternately, at Washington and
Parts, but without any favorable result.
Ir. January 1830, Mr. Rives commenced
two negotiations, one official, and one confi
dential. They continued until the nth
June, with prospects of ultimate success.—
But then followed the revolution of July, in
which the existing Government, termed, in
France, the restoration, was overthrown.—
As soon as the new government was organ
ized, the negotiations were renewed and
continued until the 4th of July 1831, when
a treaty was signed at Paris
'rids brief summary will afford the casual
render an idea of the character of our de
mands and the efforts which have been made
to adjust them; while, at the same time, it
will serve as an Index for those who may
desire to examine the public documents re
lating to the subject. At no period from
1812 to 1831 have the French pretended to
deny our right to indemnification in a great
er or less degree for the spoilations commit
ted' rin our commerce. The controversy
was to the quantum of enumeration; and
the time and mode of payment. These
were the points which it became the duty of
Mr. Rives to adjust. The revolution ofJu
ly 1830, rendered it not only discreet, but
imperative on every branch of the French
-'`government, to exercise, with great caution,
the authority delegated to it, but in an espe
cial manner, it was necessary for the Min
istry to avoid assuming powers, which of
right appertained to the inm-diale repre
sentatives of the people. In that country
no co ordinate branch of the government,
dared to usurp tlte powers of another branch.
Oty-In the House of Representative,on the 27th ult.
the President of the United States,m answer to a re
solution of Congress,trausmitted a mass of Correspon
dence between the Representatives of France and the
United Statcs,in Washington and at Paris,concerning
the delay on the part of France to comply with the
treaty of indemnity of Id3l,with the U. States. We
can only make room for the reply of the American Se
cretary of State to the last letters transmitted by our
Minister,in relation to what had passed between him
and the French Minister for Foreign Affairs—which
cads as follows:
MR. FORSYTH TO AIR. LIVINGSTON.
• DEPARTSIENT OF STATE,
Washington, 6th Nov. 1834.
Sts—Your despatches and those of Mr.
Barton, to No. 56, inclusively, have been
received, with copies of your correspondence
with the Government of France to the 7th
of August, on the subject of the treaty of the
4th of July, 1831. 1 have the President's
directions to express his approbation of your
conduct, his regret at the indisposition that
has rendered a temporary absence from
Paris necessary, and his hope that a speedy
restoration to health will enable you to re
sume your post before• this communication
can reach France. It is..especially desire
hie that von should be in Paris, that the
Government of the United States may be
apprised at the earliest possible hour, not
only of the final determination of the ques
tion of appropriating the finds for the exe.
cution of the treaty, but of every indication
of opinion relative thereto in the adminis
tration, or in the Legislative Chambers.
It is not the wish of the President that
you should urge again the propriety of a
called session of the Chambers. His just
expectations have been made known and
disregarded. Ho has been disappointed.
The causes assigned by Count de Rigny are
not satisfactory to him. The President did
not rely on Mr. Seriirier's assurances of the
disposition of the administration of France
to hasten, by all constitutional means, the
presentation of the law to the new Chambers
—he relied upon the solemn assurances of
the Minister of. France, that it was the in
tention or the administration to dse all con
stitutional efforts for that object—an inten
tion, it seems, not to be executed, until the
exercise of the constitutional power of the
King, in that regard, is entirely compatible
with the personal convenience of the indi
viduals composing the Legislative branch of
the Government. Personal convenience
public functionaries must disregard, when
duty requires the performance of an act of
justice. In construing Mr. Serurier's note
of the sth of June last, it is by substituting
disposition for intention that the Count de
Rigny is enabled to persuade himself that
there is nothing in the course prescribed to
itself by the Government of France incon
sistent with those declarations contained in
it, upon which the President took upon him
self the high responsibility of omitting im.
mediately to communicate to Congress the
rejection by the Chamber of Deputies of the
law appropriating funds for the execution of
CaZ AUZt4Y 4 Qa. 0
6 TurawAir 7 21
7 WRDNICSDAY 7 21
8 THURSDAY 720
9 FRIDAY 1 7 20
10 SATURDAY 17 19
11 SUNDAY _ 7 19
12 MONDAY 17 18
At 82 per annum, half...yearly in advance.
TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 0.
o:;r'FLoun in Baltimore last Saturday $4 50
03 %Vo received Mr. SMINER'S Address a: a late
hour, and, in order to give it entire this week,
must omit our usual variety.
Such articles ought to be handed in early in the
week, or left with those who will divide the manu.
script, so that etch one of the Editors can, at the
same time, meet his other arrangements without
interfering with those previously made. We do
not intend to cast censure, in this case, on any
person—least of all on Mr. Smyser. After delive
ry, and, by request, handed to the Society, the
Address was no longer at his disposal.
El:rWe call attention to the advertisement ofthe
When received, or as soon after as possible, we
shall give the advertisements of the 'LADY'S Bootc,'
the "POST," and (last though not the least,) the
TO THE FRIENDS OF JOHN iII'LEAN.
LIT We believe the time has arrived for those
Editors who are the friends of JOHN WLEAN, OP
0/110, to buckle on their armor and take their
stand, manfully determined to support their and
the people's choice. His and our country's ene-
mien have began the war—they aro assailing him
at all points—at all points they must be met. We
nive no cause to fear the result. Our candidate
is invulnerable the shafts directed agitinst him
by his opponents—let them institute the most rt.
gid scrutiny into his qualifications and character,
and, like pure gold, the brighter they will shine.
To the rescue, then! The offico-holders and office
seekers, with their favorites, are already in the
field. The People must fight their own battles—
they have no pap-fed menials, (nor do they wish
any,) to lead them on to battle. Such may en.
deavor to mis-lead therm and it is hero we are
wanting—having been placed as "Sentinels on the
Watch-towers of Liberty" by tho People them
selves—to warn them who are, and who are not
their and their country's friends. Shall we, then,
sleep on our high end responsible poets? No—
NO: we trust none will. For ourself, we wore a
mong the first to recommend Judge M'Lean for
the Presidency—we shall be the last to desert him
—and shall, henceforth, advocate his nomination,
and, it nominated by our party, shall give him all
the support in our power. Our first and last
choice, then, for the Presidency, is
JOHN M'LEAN, OF 01110.
up-The Editor of the Harrisburg Intolligencer,
to whom belongs the honor of bringing out the
"third Washington"—or at least ofattempting to
do so—for the Presidency, is very—very bitter a.
gainst Judge IVPLEAN! Ho can't swallow him!
He, however, strains at a Judge and swallows a
Grxrexitat., "boots, spurs, and cock'd hat, too!" Ho
is at perfect liberty to swallow who and what he
pleases, provided ho does not "grass the thing"
at the expense of the People's man. He modestly
assorts,with he "boldness" too of a neighboring
brother Edit r, that the Editor ofa NPLeac journ
al in Ohio, says there is no prospect of giving
Ohio to Jon M'Loan, in case he is a candidate
for the Pretildency! Now, we won't contradict
him—avyould be uncourteous. But see what is
contained in -the following article—the Editor
mentioned, being the same one alluded to by the
Strong Harrison man of the Intelligencer:—
JUDGE M'LEAN.--The editor of the Cin
cinnati Gazette, writing from Columbus
(Ohio) under date of the 18th inst. says:—
"There is reason to believe that the
Hon. JOHN NPLEAN will receive a nomina
tion for Presidency, if not by a majority of
the members of the Legislature, at least up
wards of FIFTY out of one hundred and
eight, the number in both branches. This
movement is necessary, to insure our distant
friends that HE ALONE IS THE CHOICE OF
OH To."—Ba hi more Pat.
So, it seems atter all, JOHN ArLEAN "ALONE
is Tux cnotcv OF 01110 !"
rrir it bo true, that the third"General"—and,
we auppuse,"third Washington" also—ts A Nlesora,
hie Is a gone case—salt-watery however Strong,
won't SAVO him ! '
117 The Bedford Inquirer is perfectly right in
saying that the attempt of certain papers to "per
suade the people that the claims of Gen. Harrison to
the Presidency are superior to those of almost any o
ther man," is all loco purpose and that it 'wou't take'
with the people —because,as the Inquirer justly ob
serves, " they have had enough of military "glory"
for one right years."
We object to his nomination, first, because we un
derstand that he is a HIGH AND BIGOTED MASON—
secondly, because we believe the people have not on
ly become tired of military, but also of Masonic "Oa .
ry"—both of which we have been blessed with in a
buudance,during the last few-yeas!-rand, that the
D. H. M.
First Q. 6 422 A
Full M. 14 4 5A
Last Q. 21 951 zs
NewM. 28 4 1 A
People have long since pointed,with great unanimity,
to that pure patriot, upright judge, and honest man,
JOIIN M'LEAN, of Ohio, as the successor of Presi
dent Jackson. The People are for M'Lcan, and we
find it "glory enough" to go with them at all times.
(ni-Great dissatisfaction prevails among the"Demo
ends" as to who shall be their candidate for Govern
or. The office-holders are for Wolf, the office-hun
ters for Muhlenberg, and the Go-Between for "hen,.
est George Kremer!" The Harrisburg Reporter, by
authority, asserts that if nominated, Gov. Wulf will
not decline. The Philadelphia Pennsylvanian says
Wolf ought and must follow the example set by their
Great Chief at Washington—retire after the second
term and let Parson Mublenb.,rg take his place! A
little Johnny Raw, away over in Union county, sanc
tions the first proposition,but protests against the last,
and contends that 4 flonest George,' whose "still small
voice" was the first to sing the song of "Bargain and
Sale!" has the best right to be nominated—that he
is the legitimate heir to the State throne! How this
Kilkenny battle will cud, we shall not premise. Hot
we guess JOE RITNER, MY JOE JOHN, will
be apt to come in in time to sweep off their tails—if
they do not "go the whole hog" and eat themselves
up, tails, bristles and all!
CO-The Maryland Republican contains the pleas
ing intelligence that Judge Dovatt., one of the Justi
ces of the Supreme Court of the U.Statcs,has not only
not resigned, but that his health and hearing have so
far improved as to relieve his friends of apprehension
and to assure the continuance of his services to his
country, in the department of which his long experi
ence and comprehensive mind eminently qualify him.
10-The Maryland Legislature assembled at Anna
polis on the 29th ult. The election of a U. S. Sena
tor,if not alreAdy chosen, will be among the first busi
ness of the Legislature. We know not who arc the
candidates spoken of for that office. Maryland can
boast of many distinguished sons who would do honor
to the State and to the station—and among that num
ber, the virtues and talents of RICHARD POTTS, Wit
miss! Ross, or Far.oznicic A. SCHLEY, of Frederick
city, would shine not the least brilliant.
07 Much excitement, we learn, exists in sever
al parts of Frederick county, at the result of O'-
Connor's trial, and that both him and the jury
have been first hung in effigy, and afterwards
burnt ! Such proceedings are entirely wrong and
at variance with the laws of our country—well
calculated, if encouraged, to subvert our liberty.
Whatever may be the opinion of the citizens of
that county as to the justice of the verdict render
ed by the jury, they ought to remember that it
was the deliberate conclusion, after solemnly
swearing to make up their verdict according to
the law and the testimony, of twelve "good men
and true"—and among the most respectable of
their friends and fellow citizens. However at va
riance with individual opinion, all good and
peaceable citizens should respect the decisions of
the ministers of law and justice. Besides, Fred.
erick county has always heretofore prided herself
in being opposed to acts of vioilnce and the "con.
struction" of the Laws to suit individual gratifica.
Lion. The citizens will not, we hope, at this late
day, follow the example set by a certain high per
sonage, and take the execution of the laws into
their own hands, after the solemn verdict of a jury
—even if contrary to their wishes, or their expec
07We learn, ft om the Duyton Republican, that
petitions have been presented to the Ohio Legis
lature, 'praying for an investigation of Masonry.
As a bill for the incorporation of the Odd Fellows'
Lodge at Cincinnati, was indefinitely postponed
by the Legislature, a few days since, we aro lod
to believe, that the prayer of the petitioners will
be granted. If it is not, the responsibility will
rest upon the shoulders of the Whigs, as they con
stitute a large majority in the Legislature.
Or -The Ohio State Journal has nominated DANIEL
Wm=Ea for the Presidency.
OZ:rThe Boston Patriot nominates the
Hon. Joux QuiNci ADAMS * as a suitable
candidate for the next Presidency.
Co-We learn, from the New York Courier & En
quirer, that the most extensive band of Robbers ever
known : in the U. States,has lately been discovered at
Barnegat Inlet, New Jersey. The band is thought
to be upwards of a hundred strong-12 or 13 have
been arrested and imprisoned.
.Iflants ) Eulogy on Lafayette.
(rr We give below two articles on this
subject—the first from the National Intelli
gencer, and the second from the talented
correspondent of the Baltimore Patriot.
WASHINGTON, January I.
The ORATION, on the life and character
of Gen. LAFAYETTE, was pronounced yes
terday, by Mr. ADAMS, agreeably to appoint
ment, in the Hall of the House of Represen
tatives, in the presence of the two Houses
of Congress, the President of the United
States, and all the principal officers of the
Government, and an immense concourse of
citizens and strangers, including some of the
representatives of foreign Governments,who
attended in accordance with special invita
tion. It occupied in the delivery, nearly
three hours, and well it might, for wide was
the ground it covered, being no narrower
than the history of the last half century, and
numerous and various were the topics which
I'o say that the' Oration was of great a
bility, it is enough to know who was' the
author. To attempt any analysis of it would
be unjust and supererogatory besides, for
the Oration will doubtless be published un
der the direction of Congress,eagerly bought
after, and universally and delightedly read.
The circumstances of this ceremony were
of n nature calculated to affect any mind of
ordinary sensibility. There was a moral
beauty in the whole scene, seldoin equalled
in public exhibitions; under the influence of
which, it may be hoped, a pure and elevated
patriotic feeling pervaded the whole assem
bly. Who, indeed, could listen unmoved
to the eloquent accents of the accomplished
Orator,pnuring forth the gushim;,vs ore grate
ful heart in memory of the benefactor of his
country, and of mankind? Who, that bore in
mind the station which the Orator had filled,
and the presence of illustrious men in which
this mark of respect was paid to the memory
of LAFAYETTE, but felt the inspiration of
the occasion, rejoiced in it, and responded,
from the inmost recesses of his heart, to the
strains uttered in honor and gratitude to the
deceased, as well us to the pious aspirations
of the Orator for the future welfare and
prosperity of his beloved country? None,
none; we hope nut one.
W ASHINGTON, Dec. 31, 1834.
"All the world" have been out to-day to
hear the eulogy upon Layfayette by J. Q.
Adams,--and the production was well worthy
of drawing forth such a choice congregation.
The 'Hull of the House of Representatives
was full—galleries and the floor,—of gen-
tlemen and ladies,—end all with whom I
have coniersed, express great satisfaction
with, and approbation of the eulogy. The
President was there, the whole Cabinet, in
cluding Mr. Post Master Barry, who, it
seems has become a part of the Cabinet,—
the Senate who adjourned in form to the
Hall of the House,--and strangers, visitors
here from all parts of the Union. Indeed
the nation, through its Representatives, thus
assembling in its organized capacity, and in
the very Halls of its Legislation, suspending
all business, and consecrating one day for
this especial purpose, has paid a tribute to
the great and good Lafiiyette, such as it is
the fortune of'but few men to receive. The
organ selected to pay this tribute renders it
the more valuable too, as he has been the
President of the People in whose behalf he
has spoken;—and the address which he has
given will not only be read by Americans
with pride and pleasure, but it will be read
across the Atlantic, and exert its influence
over every people in Europe, of every name
One of the most interesting spectacles of
the day was the meeting of the President
and the Heads of Department in the Senate
Chamber, previous to their marching in
form into the Hall of the House of Represen.
tatives. There, if you remember, he and
his Cabinet were invited,—with the mem
hors of the Foreign Legations that are now
in this city, of whom by the way, there were
but few present, and among the absentees
were M. Serrurier, the French :Minister,
and Sir Charles Vaughan, the British Min.
ister. ft so happened, curiously enough,
that Jackson, Forsyth, Woodbury, Dicker
son, Cass, Barry and Butler, were fronted as
they sat in chairs close together, by Clay,
White, Webster,. Calhoun and Poindexter,
all of whom were in an area not ten feet
apart; Clay directly in front of Jackson.,
Poindexter and Calhoun not fur ofr,—and J.
Q. Adams but a little to the left, none of
whom, you know, but White and Webster,
are on speaking terms with the President.
Old Jackson, with his bristled hair, peeped
into the galleries, and whispered with For-
syth, who was at his right hand. Clay sat
as unconcerned, with the exception ofa look
somewhat prouder than usual,—as if he were
telling a story in a circle of .gentlemen.—
Father White seemed to be contemplating
the spectacle with a musing-like 'aspect.—
Calhoun was whisperingwith Buchanan, to
pais-; he awkward time. , Poindexter looked
things unutterable. Benton sat in his chair,
as .teif t - a!, plotting. Inisehief,-101 opposite
hint, on the otherske, - who Issao,Hill, who
for a moment had suspended his everlasting
scribbling to chuck the fingers of both hands
into his mouth, as he threw himself back
into his chair to witness the show. And
then there was little Martin, whom 1 must
not forget in the Vice-President's chair,
smirking and smiling, with that self-satisfied
face, which no description can paint', but
which_ is as descriptive of his character as
any thing can possible be. In this awkward
position, thus crowded together, fitce to face,
these very great friends sat for twenty
minutes nr more, in a silence unusually
great in the Senate Chaintier, as all the spec
tators, who commonly make the noise, were
in the Hall of the House, securing seats be
fore the Orator of the day came from the
POST MASTERS LOOK OIIT!--The proprie
tors of the Philadelphia Times last week re.
covered judgment against a Post Master for
a paper not taken from his office of which he
neglected to inform them. All Post Masters
who do so, render themselves liable, and
ought to be held accountable.
HUGH L. WHITE.—The Editor of the
Harrisburg Intelligencer, says, "there is
something so supremely ridiculous in the at
tempt of some of the Philadelphia Editors,
to make a party for White in Pennsylvania,
that it scarcely deserves a notice." There
is something so supremely ridiculous in the
editor of 'the Intelligencer's suspicion that
some of the Philadelphia Editors are think
ing of making a party for Judge White in
Pennsylvania, that it scarcely deserves a
act-Mr. L. Srmicixotr,of the neighborhood Oxford,
in this county, had the misfortune to lose, by fire, his
dwelling-house and a great part of his furniture, on
the night of the 95th ult.
The Legislature of South Carolina ad
journed on the 17th inst. Among tho acts
passed, was one to incorporate a new Bank
in Charleston, with a capital of 2,000,000,
and liberty to increase it to $4,000,000--au
act to incorporate the AtlantieSteam Packet
Company—an act to prevent dueling—and
act to incorporate the Charleston Cotton
Seed Oil Manuflicturing Company—and an
act to provide for the instruction of the deaf
and dumb in the State.
The Legislature of t'm State of GEORGIA
terminated its session on the 20th ult. A
committee was appointed to sit during the
recess, to investigate certain charges against
Judge HOOPER; of that State, who had fallen
under the displeasure of the Legislature, by
a decision in some case in Court to which
Indians were parties.
ANECDOTE.-A young man and female
stopped at a country tavern to pass a day or
two. Their awkward appearance excited
the curiosity of one of the fitmily, who com
menced a conversation with the female by
inquiring how farshe had travelled that day
—"Travelled," repeated the stranger some-
Nvhat indignantly, "we didn't travel we rsd."
((}The Rev. Mr. WAl.9os will preach in the
Prrahyterian Church next Sunday moraiug at 11
o'clock, aud In the everting at early candle-light.
Tho Rev. Dr. Sehmuckcr will preach In the Ger.
man language on Sunday morning next,at 10 O'clock, in
the German church.
oa-The Rev. Mr. Young trill preach in the Me.
thodist Church in this place, on Sunday morning next
at 11 o'clock and in the evening at early candlegight.
On the 23d ult. Mrs. Atts Bovca consort of Mr.
George Boyer, of Menallea township, in the 31st
year of her age.
On the 20th ult. at the honse of Mr. Essig, in Cum
berland township, Miss ROSINA Nina, at an advan
On "l'hnrsday last, at Antietam Iron Works, Mr.
SAMUEL A. COBEAN. (son of Col. Alexander Cobean,
dee'd,)form.•rly of this Borough,aged about 31 . 1 years.
air Those who promised us
Wood are requested to
deliver some immediately.
P•t4 y te t44ii
Gems of Literature, Witand Sentiment,
For 1835—Enlarged and Impioved.
WHE Publisher of this periodical,which has now .
reached its ninth volume,would respectfully an
nounce, that he is now engaged in making such ar.-
rangcments u will considerably increase the attrac
tions of the volume for the year 1635. Profitting by
the experience of the past,as it has made him more fa
minim with the literary taste of his rcadcrs,and desi
rous of shOwing his gratitude for the libe'ral patronage
which has hitherto been extended to the Casket by a
discerning public, the proprietor feels assured that he
can do much towards promoting the intellectual grati
fication ofhis readers; and he is resolved to spare nei
ther labor nor expense in carrying into full effect, the
improvements he designs to make. In general terms,
them:intents of the Casketfor 1635 wilt be as follows:
1. Biography. Sketches of distinguished Americans
and others,emiuent for p at riot i s m,le arui i I anthro
py, or devotion to science. This department is one
rich in instruction for all classes of readers, as there is
no species of literature so profitable to the mind,as that
which teaches by example. This' department will oc
casionally be illustrated with engraved pi?rtraits.
2 Historical Sketches.—Reference to important e
vents in the history ofeivilized nations,with occasion
al glances at the peFnliar situations of foreign powers,
and notices of prominent rulers.
3. Progress of Science.-Under this head,we design
to furnish occasional articles calculated to show the ra
pid advances of science and the arts,particularly iu the
U.States. It will be our desire to avoid prolixity and
technicalities,and to give only such matters as will be
of general interest.
4. Natural History.-Condensed notices of remark
able productions of the animal kingdom,and reference
to botanical and 'mineralogical curiosities, occasional
ly illustrated with engravings.
6. Literature.-In this department,we include tales,
essays,poetry,humorons readings,and those various el.
ceieras,which,united,form an agreeable melange. Co
pious extracts from all prominent new publications
within our reach,will be given,in order to awaken and
keep alive literary interest; and due encouragement
will be given,as usual,to competent American writers
to favor us with their productions. In previous volumes
of the Casket,a large portion of the reading matter has
been furnished by approved correspondents;_ and it ii
our desire to give an equal quantity in the forthcom
ing volume,provided it can be obtained of an encamp
tionable,finteresting and instructive character.
6. Plates qf Pashions.-In thiiimurse ofthe year,two
handsome colored engravings,of the latest London &
Parish fashions, procured engraved expressly for this
work,will be given, with appropriate letter press de •
7. laigraoings.-Esch" number of the' Casket will
contain one handsome steel orcopper-plate engraving
and two or more wood cuts,of superior workmatiship,-
illustrative of arehitecture,scenery,fanay sketches,&c.
In this department the Casket has hithertoktOOd pre-,
eminent, and the exertions of the Iniblislier*lll be .
itrentiously directed to increase rather thaitliiiiinlah ,
the attractioni bi the volume for 1836, in thisirarthistl
lar. A number of beautiful dealgus are alreiio.
hands of competent engravers.
8. Music.-Au approved piece of musie s arranged for
the piano forte or gtutarovil I be given .in each number
Finer and better paper than usual will be used for
the Casket for 1835,& great attention will be bestow.
ed upon the typographical appearance of the work. It
is the intention of the proprietor,in short,to introduce
such improvements as he feels assured will be grati
fying to his numerouspatrons,& tend to give the work
still stronger claims upon the patronage of the public.
In addition to the improvements noticed aboee,there
will be an addition of twelve pages of reading matter
to each number of the Casket, without any additional
charge. The publisher has been induced to incur the
expense of this enlargenient, on account of his having
been compel led,in many instances during thr_past year
to omit articles which we would gladly have furnished..
The enlargement will bo equivident.to the addition of
one-fifth of the whole. Instead of 48 pages of matter,
60 will be foruished,and the volume,at the end of the
year,will comprise 720 pages, instead of 600 as form
erly. In the additional 12 pages, a
will be furnished, containing notices of new publica
tions,with occasional sketches of their contents,and a
variety of miscellaneous and literary readings. It is
cenfidently believed that these improvements and ad
ditions will be met by a corresponding liberality on
the part of the reading community.
JANUARY, 1835.-The first No. of the Casket for
1835,which will be published about the middle of Ja
nuary inst. will be embellished with a handsome Map
of Pennsylvania,engravcd expressly for the work. It
will be beautifully colored, and will contain, carefully
and legibly marked, all the railroads,
roads completed or in progress, and coal - beds in the
State This matter has been undertaken by the pro
eter, under a conviction that the subject is one of
vast & increasing importance. The internal improve
ments of Pennsylvania have now become of great mag
nitude,and every citizen should be familiar with their
value,extent and character. This map will be valuable
for reference,and the accompanying description iu let
ter-press,will be full,ample and satisfactory.
FEBRUARY,IS3S.-The February No. of the Cas
ket,which will be published early in that month,will
be ornamented with a plate of the latest London and
Paris Fashions, handsomely colored ,expressly engra
ved for the work. It will be accompanied with de
scriptions of the dresses and materials worn by the
fashionable belles of Europe,and much relating to ern
broiderv,&c. This engraving,as well as that design
ed to be fa:Ai : shed in the January number,will be pre
pared by the first artists in. the city. The value of
these two numbers alone, will be fully equal to the
whole cost for one year.
TERMS —Each number of the Casket will contain
60 royal octavo pages ofletter.press,on fine white pa.
per,and 4 pages on colored paper,forming a cover,ma
kinin each number 54 pages.
The work forms,at the end of the year,a volume of
about 720 pages, to which an engraved title-page and
a general index,will be added.
Subscription price $2 50, when paid in advance—
s 3 if not paid until the end of the year.
Agcnts,at a distance,remitting six subscriptions,are
entitled to a copy gratis,3r. 10 per cent for collections.
Clubs of five persons,remitting $lO in iulvanee,free
or postage and discount, will be furnished with copies
for one year.
Complete setts of the Casket for 1826, 1329,1830,
31, 32, 33 and 34, may be obtained at the publication
office. Address, (post paid.)
S. C. ATKINSOIV, Pr.
36 Carter's Alley,Philadelphia.
Jauuail, 6, 1635
G A.RUE'N, %.E'ED‘A.
Blood fleet, White Head Lettuce,
Sugar do. Early curled do. do.
White Onion, Specled do. do.
Yellow do. Long Scarlet Radish,
Red do. Savoy Cabbage,
Orange Carrot, Early York do.
Early Horn do. Cayenne Pepper,
Red do. Double Peppergrass,
Long Cucumber, Summer Savory,
Early Washington Pens.
For sale at the [)rug store of
Dr. J. 'GILBERT, Gettysburg.
January 6, 1835. tl+-410
W ILL be sold at public . rtlif,• l3l3
premises, on Jim:4y the 213th fvfli',
at 12 o'clock 3x.
The one-third of 54,A.oreN 117 Ir
Situate in.. Franklin township,AfinFlX Ma. .7 4 /
ty, adjoining binds 'of Hugh Iseult,
McClellan and others—to be sold wOhtaly,
tate of ISAAC Peortns,dvceased.
• provemento mild propetiii# ff .
a one and a half atoll
1- 11''1—: ILO Cr 114.0113111E6 - r.
Stable, stc, with water quite convenient....
'rerms made known on day of , eala, nod*
tendance given by - ,
JOS IA H FER KEW' 11 amen '
January 6, 1835. _ h i* Aa
• • t
r':• 7 o* fr. nbllte Witt
pursuance of an order.ofthe orphtine ..",
Court of Adams county, tome directed, .
I will expose to public sale; at the Court- -;
houso, in the Borough of •GettYiburg, api
Tuesday the 27th day_of ,Tanua4 inst. it
1 o'clock r. is certain
TRACT or worn'
Containing lO Acres, more or letir4.adjOja..
ing land of James M'A !lister, Peter . Frery„
and others—on which are erected a
6 4 .-.%. story %% LATHER. - BOARbga:
127°.g1-- 11 - 0 rfi E
Log Stable, two springs'of water,,and au.
excellent orchard—late the East" Of ! Unit ";,";
W. HAGEN, deceased.. • .
January 6, 1835.
TO MY CREDITORS*
HAKE NOTICE, that I have applied to
the Judges of the Court of Common
Pleas of Adonis county, Po., for the benefit
of the Insolvent Laws of said Conmon.
wealth; and that they have appointed Tues
day the 26th inst.,lar the hearing of me and
my creditots, at the court house. in the.
Borough of Gettystuttg,, when and :were
you.may attend if you think proper..
Jantiary 5, 1835. te*-40
HYDRO-OXYGEN Micrioscora.--This eX.
traordinary instrument, which is exhibitirw
at 108 Broadway,, has the'power of
fying a single drop of watir-2,490,340 - timea.
occupying the aurfiice of it disc of 240 square,
feet. The still small drop of w o ccr;' . which
to our ordinary optics apptirs to be perfect ::: •;.;•
ly - pine and pellucid; entirely too
contain any livhig object; and even if II aid,
too:clear. and transparent: to'conceal : it from
our sight, when viewed through the medium
of this inatrument,appeara an extensive tar.
bid pond, in which thousands of living:ken*:
nude are swiming about, sporting, andifreyz*,
rug on each other, and.pursoiug the bent of 3 '
their nature with as much eagerness-and , - 7 .
animation RS the mightiest monsters of the
deep.—N. Y. paper.
• PutAres.—At Boston, on tho 26th nit.
twelve men were tried for piracy. Seven of
them. were found guilty, but one of them re- •
commended to mercy, and the tubers acquit.
ted. The facts in relation to this case are as
follows:—An American vessel was attacked : •
,by them on the high seas, the crew driien • -
below, and the hatChWays fastened; the wee.,
eel robber, destroyed the compass with . .Aber
nautical . instruments, sails, dm. and on lets-
ing set fire to the vessel: fortunately one
of the hatchways was not well secured, and
the crew got on deck, put out the tire, and
arrived at Salem. The tidings of the . pirs.
cy was borne on the winds to the uttermost
parts of the earth, and with a description of
the piratical vessel. Months passed away,
and the news reached Africa; and a British -
vessel cruising on that distant coast. The
piratical vessel, the Pauda, was there, and -
immediately suspected!' She was captured
by the Britigh' vessel, and with the - crew
brought to Salem, about two years after the
act had been committed, to be confronted by
the very men whom they had robbed and .
considerad dead and butted in the deep.=;,;
What an astonishing train of events! The
extravagant tales of fiction are realized
The offenders nre brought-to trial and con.
deinned to death.. Such•are the inscrutable •
operations of an overruling and divinnPro.. .• 4
videtice. . • .•,
Thek New York Mirror makes tin amus
ing yet perfectly correct definition of the
differeneo between the patrons and the ready
pay cash customers of a publication.' The
following contrast is but the echo of iexpe
"Patrons may aid the starting of a paper;
but customers must sustain it. Patrons are
a vacillating description of people, whit are
constantly changing their support from erie,
journal to anothet--custorners are solid,
stendy friends, whom you find on your
scription list year after year, always with
the word paid after their names, and who -----
never think of -discontinuing- their paper
whilfi they can afrord to take it. Petrone
send you uncurrent notes, and forget to peY
the postage--customers enclose 'gmd
and their letters are always post paid. ,
trona will stop their subscription on . the
slightest provocation--cu.toment will stick
to you like wax. Patrons will expect you
to open your columns to any comMuntentiOn
they may stud you—customers will expect
you to he,governed 'by' your own judgment
to all such matters. Patrons will quarrel,
with you for advocating or opposing any
measure in which ,bey may happen to be
interested--customers will respect you ro T ,
advocating or pursuing an independent
course. The one clewis.a prop to this lit.
erature'of the land'-4he other is a went 'lg.
nisfatillis, which leads the unwary prvrie.
for into difficulties and Isitrlos himtlistSo