Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, March 1, ISM.
WI LLIAM Ilit EWSTER, Editor.
P*iY.. Sue New Ad ver tise in e n ts.
oar Hon. James Cooper will accept our
thanks for public documents.
The undersigned has purchased the Journal
establishment from S. L. Glasgow, Esq., and
all moneys now due for subscription or job
work, have been transferred with it, and are
payable to me. For advertisements inserted
for a limited time, if one half or more than ono
half of the time has transpired, the whole
amount is to be settled with Mr. Glasgow; if
one half of the time has not elapsed at this
elate, settlement is to be made with me. This
notice is given to those having accounts in the
books, so that they may know with whom set
tlement is to be made.
Feb. 24, '54.
If Wm. Hockingberry is not the true propri
etor of the Mail Stage line on the route leading
from Chambersburg to Mt. Union, it is time
another manager was appointed. Under his
management the passengers do not arrive at
the end of the route in time to meet the cars.
The passengers are often detained at any place
on the road that the whiskyed brain of Hock
ingberry in his hallucination may fancy; and
the passengers aro left to the alternative of
getting to their journey's end as they best can.
From the Burnt Cabins to Orbisonia, a din
lance of 14 miles,and tbe best road ou the route,
they occupied 6 hours, 15 minutes of which
was occupied in opening the mail. Unless a
change, is made, through passengers will go by
way ofhibtrrisburg, and way passengers will
go by Lewis' accommodation line, ns they now
do. SIGNED BY THE PASSENGERS.
air The latest notes, which has cams too
late fur us to insert at length, is, that there are
more negotiations for Peace. That there is
terrible Mortality among the Russians. Great
suffering among the Wallach'. farmers. More
Turkish, victories reported. American officers
nee joining the Turks, &e.
Graham's Monthly Magazine for March,
is on our table, containinwa veyy large number
of engravings, fashion plates, &c. The first is
a beam iful Mezzotint Fee Simile of Washing.
ton, in 1772, from the famous painting of Peale.
This number commences with Headley's life of
en. Washington. This life of the "Father of
his Country," by the most spirited writer of the
day, should be placed, by all parents, in the
hands of their children. The work being copy.
righted,'will be accessible to the reading com
sunnily only through Graham.
D/WDLAS CONDEMNED AT HOME.—The citi•
zeds of Chicago, without distinction of party,
held a monster meeting on the ith ultimo, and
denounced the Nebraska scheme of their Sen
ator, Douglas, in the most unmeasured terms.
Hon. Mark Skinner, an old Hunker Democrat,
said he had been the warm personal friend of
Senator Douglas, but was his enemy now. A
resolution was passed urging the Legislature
of Illinois to immediately instruct its Senators
and Representatives in Congre§s, to vote against
the clause of said Nebraska bill, and any bill
having in view the repeal or modification of the
The Nebraska Bill.
Every mail brings us fresh evidences of the
spread of a great excitement on the subject of
this ill-advised measure. The newspapers teem
with it, almost to the exclusion of everything '
else, and public meetings, resolutions, &T., give
token that if the bill should become a law, there
will be a grand renewal of the whole slavery
agitation. On this subject, the Now York
Courier and Enquirer lately 'remarked, with
much truth, that the soundest conservative
presses of the country are arrayed in opposition
to the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, and
most of the papers thus referred to were the
advocates and supporters of the Compromise
measures of 1850. The Louisville, Ky., Jour
nal, one of the ablest papers in the slave States,
thus concludes a long article upon the question :
"The prospects are that President Pierce
will force the Nebraska bill through Congress
at the end of the party lash. We foresee :I.a its
consequence not only fierce and extended agi.
tation now, but the absolute destruction of the
confidence of the North in the plighted faith of
the South, and the future impossibility of any
adjustment whatever. If the Missouri compro-
Buse be broken, there is an end to the era of
compromise. The sword will then be drawn
and the scabbard thrown away. The passage
of the Nebraska bill will at once sweep away
those great national compacts which laid to
rest the most exciting questions in our history,
and launch the nation upon an interminable
sea of civil discord as dark and boundless and
unknown as the future itself. Having, tbr
thesc reasons, entered an earnest protest against
it, we shall await the result with the deepest
A Valuable Squaw.
We clip the followiug from the Pittsburg
An excellent opportunity for a philanthropic
young man of an educational and agricultural
turn of mind, is now open "out West." The
Chief of the 'lupus:, Indians, in Oregon, offers
one thousand head of horses to any respecta
ble young man, well recommended, who will
marry his daughter, a girl of about eighteen;
settle down among them, and teach them agri
A correspondent of the Sturgis Prairie Jour
nal, in making the matter kuown, says:
"These horses are worth from fifty to eighty
thott,,aud dollars. I have seett this valuable
squaw. She is about medium nice, witlt toler
ably regular features, high cheek bones, sloping
forehead, black eyes, and dark hair. Her form
is square and stout. Her long hair hung over
her shoulders, profusely ornamented with shells
and beads. She wore a robe made of fawn
ekhis, most beautifully ornamented with heads
and shells. Her step was light and proud—her
suit easy and graceful."
A fine chance for all the objects men dream
about. • Fame, power, fortune, love, and ro
mance,all in a bunch, dangling from the hand
of an ndium Princess, only eighteen years old,
which hand and its accompannents await the
acceptance of any respectable, well recommit.
white vnitn., min Wlin wotaN "a 1,011111.
TO THE PATRONS OF THE JOURNAL.
THE HUNTINGDON JOURNAL CStabliSlllllelll,
having been disposed of, I have, allow me to
say, the pleasure of announcing my withdrawal
from that paper as Editnr: Dr. Nf 11.1.TAst
1111mm:ft has become Editor and Proprietor
of the Journal, and having talents and qualifi
cations fully adequate to the task, I have no
doubt he will increase its prosperity, extend its
influence, and make it one of the holiest ex
pounders and ablest defenders of Whig princi•
pies and measures in the State. The Whigs
of the county should give him their united sup
port, so that he may be able faithfully to dis
charge his duties to himself, to society, and to
the party. I retire without ono single regret,
because I have seen the "editorial Elephant"
and have no desire to see him again. To those
who were my sincere friends I feel deeply
thankful, and shall ever cherish for them a fond
remembrance;—but with those who were hypo.
critically so, I have no sympathy. And to
those editors with whom I was compelled to
wage "civil combat," I say that I have
grounded the weapons of warfare, Ad retire
with a desire fur their prosperity.
S. L. GLASGOW.
TO THE PATRONS OF THE JOURNAL.
The undersigned, having purchased and be
come the sole proprietor, will hereafter be the
editor and publisher of the "Huntingdon Jour
nal." As he will be alone responsible for
everything that will appear in its columns, he
deems this a proper oepasion to express the
views, which in his judgment, should control the
course of a public newspaper press; and by
which it is his purpose to be governed in his
connection with this paper, as its future pro
prietor and editor. •
It is unnecessary to announce that the Jour
nal will, as heretofore, be the advocate of the
principles and measures of the Whig party.—
Being the organ of that party, long established
and well known, in as sterling a Whig county
as in the Commonwealth, nothing short of this,
of course, could or should he expected, or would
be tolerated. We need not therefore, publish
in detail the articles of our own party creed, or
undertake here to define first principles to those
so well indoctrinated as the Whigs of Hunting
don county. It is enough to say, and we will
be sufficiently understood when we say, that
the Journal will be WHIG in its politics;—Whig
in its advocacy of Whig principles and Whig
measures;—Whig in its steady and zealous
support of candidates for office, who are believ
ed to be Whigs in principle—honest Whigs—
and capable of discharging public chilies in
such manner as to subserve the public weal,
the high aim of our organization, and which
wo firmly believe its measures tend to promote.
We desire not to be a Whig, much less to
be, the editor of a Whig paper, one day longer
than we can believe, as we now do, that our
party energies arc exerted, and its battles fought
from a higher and holier aim than the "loaves
and fishes" of office.
Whenever and wherever victory has perched
upon our banner, the battle has been fought,
upon broad national grounds,and has been a con
test, not for victory or for spoils, but for priori
ples. "Principles before men, but men of
principle, and capable of carrying out and
illustrating sound principles in the exercise of
official functions," is, and must be, our practi
cal party motto. We can only, indeed, carry
out our political doctrines in their benign
practical bearings upon the interests of the
country, by elevating, men to places of trust and
power; but we must fail, if we fail to select tried,
honest, faithful, and capable agents. This is
easily understood. And in glancing back over
the past, at the history of our own local party
contests,it is readily seen that our occasional dis
asters,when we should have been:triumphant,the
merited reward of permitting corrupt aspirants
or unprincipled factions or cliques,to use our or
ganization and our colors for the accomplish
ment of their own selfish purposes. It does
not require prophetic forecast to see that our
future success as a party, will depend mainly
upon the sedulousness with which we guard
against this prominent and ever-besotting elan.
"To the victors belong the spoils," is a sel
fish political risotto; but it will stillbear close
examination better than the practical motto of
many an ignorant or corrupt aspirant to office.
It ia but too true that we have those amongst us,
and in our own ranks, whose views are no more
exalted than that offices are made and estab
lished, and made and established only, for the
accommodation and emolument of the incum•
bents;,--leal .1, provided by our provident fathers
in framing the constitution of our government,
for the hungry to suck; and that party contests
are carried on for the mere purpose of jostling
aside one set of vanspvres to give another a
chance! It is quite natural and easy, too, for
those who entertain views so unworthy, to de
scend to means still more unworthy, to give
them effect. A party rondo up of such, would
be a party bold together by the cohesive power
of "public plunder." The fewer we have of
such otfice•seekiug patriots in our milks, and
the less encouragement given to such patriot.
ions, the better.
It shall be our constant aim to suppress cud
frown down this selfish and corrupt spirit,
which is ever and anon showing itself in sec
tional and local jealousies, stirred up by demo
gogucs to further their own interests. These
things serve only to injure and weaken our
cause, and rejoice the heart of the enemy.—
Such as would seek to advance' themselves by
such means, by exciting nnworthx personal
prejudices or jealousies, or local disaffection,
as attempting to array one locality against an
other, town against country, or country against
town, shall find no favor nt our hands. We
shall over hold up prominently, and insist upon,
sincere awl fried attachment to the Whig eause,
united with honesty and .capacity, as indispen
sable qualifications of candidates for office.—
. We will constantly urge it upon the people to
turn out to' the delegate meetings, and select
honest, intelligent, and independent delegates
to represent them in the county conventions;
and that done, there is little reason to fear, that
nominations will be fairly and judiciously made,
and suitable nominees offered for the support
of the party. That done, there will be no ground
for clamor about undue ihfiuonce, or packed
conventions, as a pretext for disorganization.
And when things shall be so managed by the
people themselves, the interests of the party
and of the public mainly had in view, true mer
it, he assured, will always be, incidentally, re
warded; fur it seldom happens that one who is
very clamorous in trumpeting his own claims,
is very deserving. True worth is always mod
Starting out uPotitlds old Whig platform, we
ring the late campaign, or since; and are deter.
mined to recognise none of the dissentions, or
the personal preferestees or dislikes, which' it
has been busied in discussing. The Journal,
under our control, shall be the organ of The
party, and not of coy individual, or clique, or
faction. It will be the special puffer or apo
logist of no individual, nor yet the medium
through which envy or malice shall assail him.
We shall recognise all who have acted with
us in those contests still remembered With pa
triotic pride by every Whig, as Winos; and
call upon all to firrget past dissentious and oc
casions.of difference, and molly as one man in
support of our glorious common cause, under
our coercion standard.
In political discussions,. we shall constantly
aim at avoiding the use of harsh or intemper
ate language. We are of that school who be
lieve that vituperation and low personal invec
tive, never either convince or persuade; or sub
serve any good end: while, in newspaper dis
cussions, they tend to degrade, disgrace, and
lessen the itzflueuce, of the public press. They
may show the natural proclivity nod instincts
of hint who resorts to them as his most conveni
ent and congenial weapons; but we could never
discover any reason why an editor, as such,
should not always be a gentleman; or should
ever suffer his columns to become vehicles of
scurrility. It shall be our aim to treat with
due courtesy and fairness, all our editorial
brethren, and all others with whom we may
have controversial intercourse. We shall not
intentionally or unnecessarily, write or publish
anything calculated to provoke violent resent
ment; and if we should, notwithstanding, be so
unfortunate as to excite any of the rabid class,
so ns to bring against one cheek the missiles of
ribaldry and billingsgate, it will be no severe
trial of our christian spirit to "turn the other
also;" for we hold such warfare in utter con
tempt and detestation.
Upon various questions of the day, growing
out of the discussion of the temperance cause,
and other moral or miscellaneous themes, not
partisan or political in their nature, or neces
sarily identified with the Whig party, we shall
claim the privilege of expressing freely our per
sonal opinions for which ourself and not the
party,—the editor, and not the 'Journal' as the
organ of a political party,—will be responsible.
With respect to the miscellaneous depart
ment of our paper, we shall endeavor to give it
such attention as will furnish matter useful and
interesting to all classes of our readers; and to
exclude from its advertising, editorial, and all
its columns, every thing repulsive to the most
delicate taste, or the most. enlightened In*
sense. We shell strive, in a word, to render it
all appropriate FAMILY NEWSPAPFIR; a welcome
and instructive weekly visitor to every family
and fireside, to which our friends, by their gen
erous patronage, may introduce it.
WILT.] A M BREWSTER.
Wilmot on Douglas and Nebraska.
Hon. Atm WlL3tor, since his elevation to
the bench, has not been heard of much, in the
political field, but the Democracy of Bovine
henna County held a meeting at Montrose, last
Monday, which he was invoted to address.—
He complied with the request, and among oth
or things, • thus denounced Senator Dorox.ss
and his Nebraska bill without any "proviso:'
"He spoke of his own political life in Con
gress, and of his devotion while there, to the
principles of freedom; and said that the spirit
within was still unfettered by the dictation of
Southern aristocracy. lie spoke of Douglas's
Nebraska bill as a repeal of the Missouri Com
promise and an opening anew of those agita
ting, distracting, and Union-destroying quest
tions settled by that compromise, and certain
to cause a renewal likewise of the dangerous
controversies claimed to have been settled by
Compromise measures of 1850. He charged
Douglas with introducing into the Counoils of
the Nation the exciting subject of slavery, and
all the anarchy and disunion incident to there
newel of slavery is Congress, by this attempt
to repeal the Missouri Compromise and the
Compromise of 1850, sad to itroduce slavery
into territory North of 36 degrees 30 minutes.
He considered the Nebraska bill as the bail
man's bid for the Presidency in 1856. And
that Slavery's Little Giant,' Douglas, was at
tempting more than the Southern men ever
asked for, to wit the introuduetion of slavery
on soil made free by nn act of Congress for
consderations fulfilled to the utmost extent by
the North. As well water free Pennsylvania,
with the tears of the bondman, so that the
beautiful Nebraska , now , free, should be for
ever barren from the free labor of the North,
the West, and the Middle States, by the intro
duction of slave labor or as well attempt to
convert Free Democracy itself into an aristoc
racy. _ _ .
Mr. J. 1103 S Jones, a citizen of Lebanon,
Warren county, Ohio, desirc.s information in
regard to his relatives. At the early age of
about five yearS, ho lost his father, who then
resided in Hamilton county, and his mother
being sick and poor was unable to maintain
the family. His father's name was David Jones,
who formerly resided at Brownsville, Pa. He
had connections at Steubenville. Shortly after
Ross' father's decease, his mother, whose maid
en name lie does not know, also died, probably
in Hamilton county. They left several chil
dren, viz: Charles, Thomas, Mary or Eliza, an
other sister and himself. His father leaving no
estate, the children were destitute and had to
be parted. This took place in 1824 or 1829.
Ross being the youngest was sent to the Poor
House; a brother and sister were taken down
the river, some twelve or fifteen miles, to reside
with an uncle, and what became of the others
he does not know. Young as lie was he re
membered the parting scene at the Poor house
—since which time, ho has had no tidings of
his long lost friends. After remaining only a
few days at the Poor House, lie was kindly ta
ken ont and raised by the late Judge 8011, of
It would be a scatter of great consolation if
lie could hear front any of the members of his
father's family, if living, or receive information
from any one else in relation to them. And to
the end, that his wishes may be as widely ex
tended ns possible. lie respectfully requests the
press throughout the United States to copy this
Letters concerning his friends should be ad.
dressed J. floss Jones, Lebanon, Warren co..
A Monnt. STATE.—The Vermonters claim to
live in the 'Model State.' The Rutland herald
makes out a clear case:
'There is but ono city in the State and not
ono soldier. We have no theatres nor Mobs.
We have no police, and not a single murder
.has &en committed in the State
.fin. ten years.
We hove no museums, no opera-houses, nor
crystal palaces, but we have homes, genuine
homes, that are the centre of the world to their
inmates, for which the father works, votes and
talks—where the mother controls, educates,
labors and loves—where she rears men, schol
ars and patriots.'
A WoxnEttrut, Bnbscriber to the
Bennington Banner sayst—"l hare a little
gre.nd daughter who has now 2 parents, •I grand
parents, 3 great great grand parents, 6 uncles
and aunts, 31 great uncles and auntd, •t great
great uncles and aunts, •tti 2d rousin3, 46 3d
cousins, and 8 4th cousins—making it, all 153.
She ha; not, and never haul, brother or si4ter.
The Peril Pattie confirms the statement that
.omar's movement los cut off communication
with the Russian minim
The official annouttecuient of the Czar's re
jection of the Turkish propositions has been
received by the French Government, and (Som.
munication to that effect has bum made to the
Ottoman Embassy 4
M i Kisieleff, late Russian Minister at Parfs,
18 to meet Baron Brunow, the London ex-Min
biter, It Brussels.
Orders are given to the French Atlantic
squadron to proceed to Toulon—supposed to
take troops on board.
. A Greek conspiracy had been discovered at.
Widdin. A priest was at the head of it. -Re
cent letters front Widdin say nothing of the ill
ness of Omar Paella.
The Russian fleet is understood to be concen
trated at - Italia. 'A private biter says that the
return of the allied fleets was in consequence
of a scarcity of provision at Sinope, but this is
The infant Princess of Asturias, only survi
ving child of the Queen of Spain is dangerous
ly ill. Her death would at once open the suc
cession to the Duclies of Montpenoter.
Admiral Clouds is appointed to the eotntnand
of one division of thelaaltic fleet. Tho coin.
manctin 7 thief is not yet given, hut the names
of Admiral Seymour as chief, with Sir Charles
Napier and Lord I)undouald under him, are
The family of Smith O'Brien has recent let
ters front him. He was in good health, His
friends are led to believe that a free pardon will
soon be granted hint.
A lire, which originated in a cigar store in
Leicester square, London, destroying consider
able property and 7 lives, on Tuesday, '7th ult.
At Berlin (Feb. 3) it wan generally believed
that the attitude taken by Prussia would pre
vent Orloff from visiting that Capital.
An early visit of the King of Belgium to
Berlin and Vienna is spoken of.
The Austrian Government is negotiating for
the sale of State Railroad property, valued at
at 300,000,000 florins.
The army in Bohemia bas not yet moved to
wards the Servian frontier, and doubts are.en
tertained in some quarters whether it will be
moved at present.
Sihio Pellico is dead, aged 61.
A." Declaration" Las leen made between
Britain and the Papal lievernment for recipro•
city of commerce and navigation. An diplo
matic relations are not established between the
English and Roman Courts, this arrangement
did not take the usual form of a treaty.
Sir Stephen Lakeman, who commanded the
Waterkloof Rangers in the recent Cape war,
has received command of a body of Turkish
troops in Asia.
The Very Latest,
[By Sulpnutrin, ns,l''urvean Telegraph:)
IlaussEr.s, Tuesday—M. du Kisselelf arrived
here this morning, at 6 o'clock, A. M.
Tuesdny—The Cheek •experienced
by Count Orion' in his mission is folly confirm
ed. At the same time, it must not. be thought
that Prussia and Austria arc disposed to make
common cause with the Western Powers.—
They had joined them for the purpop of avoid
ing„ by every posible means, en European war:
but if a collision took place between Russia
rind the maritime Powers, Prussia soil Austria
have resolved not to take part in the struggle.
BITUAREST. Jan. 28.—he Russians have
made n retrograde movement, and fidlen back
on Monis. The Turks remain in the positions
they last occupied.
• MADRID, Pelt. 4.—General Jose Collette,
who had resigned his commission to the Minis
ter of War, has escaped.
In the Senate, on the 15th, Mr. Cresswell
rend a hill to erect parts of Shirley township,
Huntingdon county, into a separate election
Mr. Slifer, a bill althOrizing David Keneagy
to perfect certain deeds.
Amendments made by thn House to the till
incorporating the Evangelical Lutheran minis
tubule of Pennsylvania and adjacent States,
were read and concurred in.
Amendments made by the House to the bill
relatll•e to the motive power expenses on the
Portage road, were read and adopted.
In the House, Mr. Daugherty, on leave giv
en, reported from the Committee on Railroads,
without amendment, a bill to incorporate the
Tyrone and Clearfield Railroad Company.
• Mr. Cibboney, from the 'Committee on
Claims, reported a bill to authorize the (seal
Commissioners to examine the claim of John
Cresswell & Son.
In the Senate, on the 16th, the bill -supple.
tnentary to the net incorporatinz the Lewis
*burg, Centre and Spruce Creek Railroad Com
pany, was taken up on second rending and
On motion of Mr. Darlington, the bill provi
ding for the more speedy cancellation of the
relict' issues, was taken up and passed 'finally.
In the House, Mr. Abraham offered a reso
lution making, the bill to prohibit the manufac
ture and sale of intoxicating liquors as a bev
erage, the special order for Thursday, the
ult. This gave rise to a long debate, but was
Mr. McCombs, from the Committee on Honda
and Bridges, read a bill to repeal a State road
in Huntingifon and Mifflin counties.
Mr. Parke read in his place and presented
to the chair, a further supplement to the bill
relative to fees of jubilees of the peace.
On motion of Mr. Hart. the bill to appropri
ate certain money to the Rosine association of
Philadelphia, was taken up in committee of the
whole, (Mr. Davis in the chair,) and passed
second reading. The bill passed third reading
by a vote of 57 to 28—Mr. Gibboney voting
In the House, on the 11tb, a bill to incorpo
rate a company to purchase the main lino of
the public works, was taken up in committee
of the whole, (Mr. Eldred in the chair,) and
reported to the House without amendment.—
The bill being on second rending, Mr. Strong
moved the bill be postponed for the present.—
Mr. S. stated that this bill was a very important
one, and in order that every member should
have ample time to examine it fully, he there
fore moved that it be postponed fur the present.
The motion was agreed to.
- - ---
The bill relative to the expease.s incurred by
the visit of the members of the Legislature and
Heads of Department of the State of Maryland,
at the last session, was taken up is committee
of the whole, (Mr. Ellis in the chair,) and re
ported. to the Ilouse without amendment.
The first and only section was agreed to, nod
the .bill passed final reading, by the billowing
veto :—Xeas 35, nays 19—Gibboney voting
" Prim bill authorises the Auditor General to
examine the accounts and report the amounts
to the Legislature.]
The bill relative to the appointment of nota
ries public, was taken up in committee of the
whole and passed second and final rending.
On the 18th, the Speaker • laid before the
Senate a communication from the Canal Com-.
missioners, stating that, up to this date forty.
nine free tickets have been issued to officers
and directors of railroad companies.
On the 2001, in the Senate, Mr. McClintock
rend a bill providing for a vote of the people
relative to the passage of a law prohibiting the
Sale of intoxicating liquors.
In the House,- Mr. Gibbonoy read a bill to
alter the charter of as congregation in the bor
ough of Lewistown.
On the 21St, in the Senate, Mr. Jamison of
fered the following resolution, which was adopt
Resolved, That the Canal Commissioners he
requested to examine into the frauds alleged
to have been perpetrated by Levi G. Clover,
collector at Pittsburgh, in relation to tolls on
market boats and store flats, and report to the
Senate as early as possible. •
SEZr• On the night of the .Ith of January, o
fire broke out in the Public Lunatic Asylum of
XXXIIId CONGRESS----let SESSION,
ITAstwaltow, Feb. ]6,
Several petitions, and a large number of Me.
ntorials, remonstrating against the introduction
of Slavery into the projected territory of Ne•
brasha, wore reeeged. •
A number of bills of no general interest were
taken lip nod passed.
The house took up nail discussed at length
the bill for relief of Pensioners, under the Act
of February 30th, 18:33.
The following LiTis were reporteih—To
charter the blinks of Northtunherland, Penn
Township and gontonr.
Tho Ifesine Association bill was taken up
The afternoon sesion will be devoted to pri
The following bills wore rend in plree—
signing the repeal of the Missouri Compromise;
to incorporate the Central. Savings Fund Soci
ety, and C irard Library Company, of Peen
The bill to extend the jurisdiction of the sn•
pivot° Court was taken up and passed.
. WESIIINGTON, Feb. 17.
The Senate is engaged in discussing private
The Senate then resumed the consideration
of lie Nebi•nsl:a bill.
Mr. Seward having the floor, spoke against
the hill. Ho made a strong and well consider
ed argumentin favor of the Missouri Compro
mise, and showed the probable danger which
would result froth its violation.
Mr. Dean presented the resolutions of the
Legislature of New York against the repeal of
the Missouri Compromise.
The House took •up :aud passed the Senate
bill indemnifying Indiana for the failure of a
title to a township of land granted her by the
- The House then went into Committee of the
Whole on the Homestead Bill.
°l►N[r. Stephens made an eloquent speech for
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise.
(I INCITON, Feb. 20.
?Ti. Johnson reported a hill to organize into
separate territories the Choctaw, Che•rokee,aul
Creek Indian unitary. -
The Senate then resumed the consideration
of the Nebraska bill, Mr. Petit having the
The Home took IT uiu pris.Nl the bill to ex.
The House then went into Committee or tho
wholo on the.Ktnte of the Union, and took up
Yoble baking the floor, spoke against
lie Tinian bill.
WASIIINCITON, Feb. 21.
Mr. Iltvin inlrodueed it bill authorizing the
Navy Ibpartment to have additional steam fri
Mr. introduced a bill authorising the
extension of the Transury building and the con
struction of new building ler the \l'ar and Na
The Nebrasda and Knnzas territorial bill
then came up. Mr. Summer. of Mass., took
the floor, and made an able and eloquent
speech in opposition to the bill.
In the House after Borne unimportant busi•
nest, the Homestead Bill was taken up in Com.
mittee of the Whole.
Mr. Allen, of Illinois, mnde n speech in op.
position to the Missouri Compromise.
Frauds on the Pension Bureau.
On yesterday a week '
• U. S. Marshall Wyn
hoop, and Deputy . Marshalls, John Jenkins and
George Wynkoop..arrested in this city, Judge
Daniel, 11. Vondersmith . and (ien. George
Ford, slim n warrant issued by C. F. Ifeazlitt,
I'. S. Commissioners on the nails of John Jen
kins, charging these with forgery upon the
Pension Bureau. The position occupied by
the persons, both being members of the bass.
caster Bar, and the former an associate Judge
of the Court induced the Marshal to snake the
arrest in person, which he slid, and was about
to tithe them toPhiledelphin, when he was nes ,
wed with a writ of /wheal, enrpng issued Iso
Judge Long, the President Judge of this Judi.
dal district. Upon the hearing of the writ
Thaddeus Stevens and William Mathiot,Esqrs.,
nppeared in behalf the prisoners, and asked
that they be admitted to boil 'by the Judge pre
sent, quoting the net of Congress of 1798. as
authority for their dischnrge. Marshall Wyn
hoop in beluslf of the 'United States, objected to
the proceedings—denied the jurisdiction of
Judge Long—asserted the impossibility of fix.
ins bail before a hearing was had, and protes
ted solely against being obstructed or inter
fered with in the execution of Isis duties.—
Judge Long, however, decided, that the au
thority to receive boil was with him, and no
cordingly admitted the parties to $2OOO bail, to
appear at the ensuing term of the Visited
Stales District Court, to lie held at Philadel
phia. Ile then 'wrote a!discharge of the pri
soners from custody, which was served upon
In the meanwhile additional information had
been received from Washington implicating An
other party, and on Friday afternoon last, Col.
Wynkoop, visited nor city twain, re-arresting
Vordersmith and Ford, and also taking into
custody Walter G. Evans, an acting Alderman
of the South East Ward. As in the instance,
the prisoners again petitioned for n writ of ha
liras corpus, which was again granted, Messrs.
Franklin and Kline, appeared for the petition
ers, and claimed under the same act of 1708,
the right to discharsd on bail. Marshal Wyn
hoop declined arguing the
. question, but as be
fore entered his protest against the proceedings.
Judge long after some hesitation and delay,
admitted the parties to bail in the HUM of $.;
each, and again discharged them from the eat
tody of the Marshal. COl. Wvnkoop again .ns
the representative of the foiled States flov
ernment, protested, declaring that his official
duties were interfered with, and that he was
obstructed in the discharge of his duty by su
perior force and illegal impediments placed in, -
It rtipears from the facts connected with the
discovery of these alledged frauds, and as yet
they are put imperfectly developed, that they
have extended over a since of fifteen years,
and that the amount during that period drawn
from the United States Treasury will reach the
sum of fifty thousand dollars.
The authority to institute inquiry in relation
to them proceeded directly front Washington,
and orgmated from discoveries said to have
been made there several months since. The
information was then conveyed font the Pen
sion Bureau to the Marshal of the Eastern
District of Pennsylvania, and with his consent,
one of the Deputies was employed by the Bu
reau, to trace out all evidence necessary to
prove and substantiate the charge.
We have above given all the facts in connee
lion witlt the affair, that has yet been brought
to light. The reason for not noticing in our
last issue the arrest of two of the individuals
charged with the crime, is that beyond the fact
of their arrest, nothing was definitely known,
and we were not disposed to lay before our
readers, rumors, which might possible have
been tortured into evidence of the guilt or inno
cence of the aceused.—Lancuster Herald cf
OF A Si.svE.—A. slave was recent
ly burnt at a stake in Natchez, for striking a
white lean. When thoillantes reached his body
he exhibited prodigious strength, bursting the
staple from the tree. and springing front the
burning pile. Ile was then disinttehed with ri
.1.---"Stany of the lw,.t pipers, Smith
its well us North, :we ttott stromflr tiktlinttt the
.-. . .
FOUR DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
Arrival of the Steamship Baltic:
n, r ,„ important ne, Th. , French and Brit•
i;di Ministers Orderer! In !care Peter.
. p , r
Cunard Steamers emy!ayed In toke British
Troops to (1w Itlark &sr.—Consols advan
ced and breadstart declined.—Withdrawal
of the Russian kidders from nriB and
Nim Yonx, Feb. 20.
The r. S. Mail Slemnsliip Dottie, Capt. ti ye,
nrrivvif at this port this morning, bringttm
erpool dates to the Bth inst. ; four days . later
than previous advices.
The news is highly important.
Cotton had advanced 1; the sales for three
days previous to the sailing of the Battle were
i:onsols had advanced and closed on Tues.
day at D I to 91 A. Money was easy.
On Wanesay noon, Consols 'for money
closed at. 9201921; Account 9117(1. 92.
Flour had declined one shilling; wheat three
pence, and corn sixpence.
The British and French Ministers to Russia
Loco been ordered to withdraw from St. Peters.
The final proposals of the Czar have been
Great .preparations were making by the Brit
ish and hreach Governments the hostilities.
Three 'pillions of cannon balls have beets or
dered by the French government.
Half of the British Revenue three has been
transferred to the navy.
France and England are both making im
Several Cunard Steamers have been taken
-by the government to convey troops to Con
stantinople. Six thousand men will go front
England. The others will be taken from the
different stations. About ten thousand will
soon be collected to form part of the first expe
dition. There is no doubt but that the Itnig
'ado Guards will form part of the expedition.
The 46th Regiment under orders(fo• Austra
lia, is now to hold itself in readiness for for.
eign service—taking all the best men, nod lea
ving at home the young soldiers and recruits.
The combined fleets are nt llayeos Bay.
'l'lle Russian !Ministers at Paris and London
have departed from Russia.
Six ships have again born conveyed by a
'fluids!' steamer with troops into the Black
•It is understood that four British ships, orig
inally taken up by the (lovernment to convey
troops from Ireland to Malta, and hence to the
West Indies, have been taken up on montl4
charters. do they may be available to proceed
to any point at the Shortest notice.
The government ellicers have seized some
artillery and machinery at (treenwieh under a
supposition that they were intended fin. the ,ter
vice of Russia.
The latest news from the sent of war on the
Dmmbe, represents that Omer Paella has eltee
ed most important movements, having crossed
the Danube with 50.000 men and divided the
Russian Army's right wing, which is Krajova.
The loft is at Gulatz, and the centre at Bucha
Omer crossed in person at Otenitza, and, at
the last Recounts, 1%11,1 only two days' distance
from Bucharest, where the Russian force was
It is supposed that the object of his move•
ments was to attack the rear ()cd. Russian [tr•
tar on its march from Krajorn against Kalafitt.
A despatch, received at the Turkish Emints•
q*, indicates preperations fur nu attack 11 the
Vt 11fonday Night, Feb. C.
An answer has been just received front the
lltissian Cabinet to the last proposals for pence.
The Four Powers consider it entirely unsatis
factory, and not wielded fur transmission. to.
• The above is authentic.
Admiral Seymor will undoubtedly command
the Baltic fleet, assisted by Sir Charles Napier
and Lord Dondonald.
The failure of Count Orloff's mission is fully
It is rumored that Servin will refuse to re
ceive two firomns of the Sultan without the
consent of lt emit,
It is said that the Czar is about to write an
autograph letter to the Queen Of England, in
which ho will endeavor to prove that be is not
The allied fleets hind returned to P.oj•ros Day.
There was a rumored scarcity of provisions at
One account says that the Russian fleet are
at Sebastopol, and another that they arc at
The Paris papers are forbid publishing the
movements of the troops except as announced
its the Moni[eur.
The Russian Ambassador left Paris on the
Gilt of February fur Clermany.
The Etupercir, in n discussion nt the Toiler•
ice, expressed the necessity of vigorous preps•
rations for war.
Military preparations were ordered to contim
ue night and day.
Immense orders for arms and ammunition
are kin.. executed.
The inspecting of troops is going on daily.
France will scud an army of 80,000 moo to
Turley—to be ready to embiirk in a week.
The 'lsland of Mhylene would probably be
the chief depot.
Great activity prevailed in the naval depart
ments; levies of seamen were arriving from all
The London Times of the Bth inst., the day
the steamer sailed, contains the following
,terestine despatches: .
Pratt,. Feb. 7.
"In addition to the signs of preparation, M.
de Risseleff quitted Paris yesterday evening
for Brussels by the express train. He expects
to meet Baron Brunow in that city. All that
has beets rumored of the ill success of the mis
sion of Count Orloff is now confirmed. It is
not likely that lie Will prolong his stay, but will,
it is said, take his dephrture direct for St. Pe
tersburg. Foreseeing the same rebuff at Ber.
lin, he will-refrain from visiting that capital.—
It is said that the Scrvian Government, yield.
iug to the suggestion of M. do Popoff, Secreta
ry of the Russian Consulate at Belgrad, will
refuse to accept the two firtunns of the Sultan,
unless Russia gives her consent..
"The fall in the English funds has affected
the securities on the Pub] Bourse, which in
the earlier part of the day showed a tendency
The Three per cents wet, done at GM 80e.
for the end of the month, and the Four-and.-
Half per cents ut 971. 50e.
ST. PETEIISIIunn, Tan. 29.
"It is said that tho Emperor, who is :Tully
aware of the position in which ho is placed,
will endeavor to avoid a general conflagration.
If he can only:preserve his honor and his rights,
,The influence of Count Nesselrode is again in
"It is also said that tho Czar is about to
write an autograph letter to the Queen or Eng
land, in 'which lie will endeavor to prove that
he has not been the aggressor.
"An imperial ukase• confirms the summon
ing to arms of all the reserves, as well as the
soldiers on furlough:: _
P.turs, Feb. G,
The Russian residents in Paris have already
received the circular to which I alluded yester
day, and have been informed that confiscation
of their property would be the consequence (d*
their disobedience of the order to quit France
and return to Russia within a month.
In addition tolhe signs ofpreparation I have
already noticed, I understan d that an order has
been gin to an extensive irumnaster in the
department oldie Pestle Calais for 3,000,000
cannon bells, of vrrious dimensions. It is al,
so asserted that the decrees for the movement
of the.expeditionnry force intended for the Erna
are actually prepared, and only vant the sig.
nature of the Emperor. The precise amount
is Ind stated, or rather variously stated, Jed the
general opinion is that it will, at least for the
present, he coaip o;e d of lour divisions of Illy
Marshal st. Arl.llll, W 11.15 1. I,calth is tench
proved; .nntl who, it is said, wish for the
command', retaining at the same, time his func
tions on Minister at War, and the example of
Marshal Bourmont at Algiers is instanced as
rime in point.
Orders:are given to the Atlantic squndron
to proceed to loulon, it is supposed to take
troops on hoard.
A telegraphic despatch from Trieste contains
the following from Constantinople, Jan. l 3:
''The allied fleets, fur the moment at Deices
to take on board provisions, &e.,.did, not meet
on their crake any Russian vessels. The Rus
sian fleet continues concentrated nt Kaffit.—
Fresh reinforcements are preparing to be for
warded to Asia muter the protection of the alli
ed fleets, who will immediately after Worn in
to the Black Sea. The irregular troops aro to
be incorporated in the army. The enthusiasm.
•of the Turks continues increasing. A Hellen
ic conspiracy has been discovered, and a priest,
Athanatlos, arrested. The police is very vigi
lent, and has received orders to shoot all tan
Russian spies. Baron Dahmer, a Rassian ofll
- cer, tins arrived hero with the ex-Consul
The combined fleets returned to their mock
orage off Constantinople•on January 22, with
out having seen a sinp,le Russian ship-of-war
during the three week's cruise. (This is the
same story that was told previous. to the disas
ter at. Sinope I) The steamer Niger, sent to
countermand the return of the fleets, met them,
close to Bosphorus. me weather had been:
favorable; and the ships hod sustained no dant
age. It was stated that fresh troops and aus
munition for the army of Asia would sail in a
few days limier the escort of the allies.
To January 20th no ship of the allied squad-.
ron had been seen near Odessa.
Ass English courier, together wills Col. Ar
dent of the French Engineers, and Sir Joins
Burgoyne, embarked at Marseilles, February
2, on board the French sear steamer Caradoe,
with instructions kin• the French and Englislt
ambassadors and, admirals at Constantinople.
A contract for coal to supply 11,000 horse
power lons just been completed at Copenhagen
for ass English fleet.
The ('ear is reported to have expressed him
self in terms of dissatisfaction respecting the
league of neutrality between Sweden and Don.
mark. This we can remlily suppose.
A despatch via Viert --- Mentions that Elam-
Pasha, the hearer of the Sultan's firman secu
ring the privileges granted to Servia, had art+
veil atßelgrade, where his presence caused
much agitation among the people. The lirman
was immediately taken into the earnest consid
eration of the Servian government; and Sena
tor Jankavintx, a confidential friend of Prince
Alexander, has been sent to Vienna to ask ad
vice. It is not true that Servia has rejected
the finnan. •
From the New York Dolly Times,
Important from China,
The .TapanTeilition—fleported De.strucllun
gl . lhe insurgent Fleet.
lioNt; Bose, China Sunday, Nov. 27, '53.
About ten days since we received rulviees from
Amoy, nnnottucing the recapture alba: city
by the Imperialists. Slutughae still remains
in the bawls of the insurgents, awl there ap
pears to be no preparation An an insurrection
ist movement at Canton. There have been a
number of local disturbances in the vicinity of
the lastwamed thee, but everything appears
to be quiet again.. The lints on Canton River,
saluted on the receipt of the news from Amoy:
The speedy recovery of Amoy was predict.'
soon after its rapture try the rebels, or rather
the mob, and on the tub inst., its evacuation
was commenced. Skirmishing had been go
ing on as ustuil, until the lending insurgents
began to remove their families on board their
junks. During the oth, nod part of the next.
day, the gates of the citadel was kept shut in
expectation or nu attack. On the night of the
10th, the leader of the insurgents himself em
barked mid there was a general scampering
soil breahir.g up. 'Before daybreak, on the 11th,
the Imperialist threes advanced agailist the cit
adel with sealing ladders, and the evicts ret rot,
ted through the southern gates, and pushed to
wards the wharves, in Impe:s of finding refuge
on boned their fleet; but in this, numbers of
them were disappointed, in eonsequence of the
boats which usually Is there for hire having
nil kept out of the way. Mithy attempted to
reach the junks by swimming or on planks,
but all these were unsiceessful, and most of
them were drowned.
Dreadful cruelties were perpetrated by the
captors upon these unfortunates who fell into
their hands, nod it is estimated that about 1000
were killed—a large proportion of whom were
massacred in cold blood. As an net of human
ity, the English Consul used his influence to
stop this bu tchery, nod the commanders of the
Hermes, (steamer,) and Bittern, (sloop,) con
sidered themselves called upon to interfere and
consequently landed with a body of men, drove
off the Imperialists froin the wharves; and res.
cued about .100 of their prisoners, 200 of whom
were wounded; some of them mortal and all of
those were placed under medical treatment.
Two vessels belonging to the Japan Expe
dition, the Vandalla and the Southampton,
have departed for Imo Choo, and it is thought
that the rest of the squadron will soon follow
them. The Plymouth was left nt boo Chins on
the return of the vessels lust August, and slat
is daily expected here to take on boned provi
sions and other stores. The itlissis,ippi is
ngain the flag-ship, and is lying off Macao.—
The Susquehanna and Macedonia are at this
plate, the Powhattan is off Whampon, nod the
Supply off Canton. The Saratoga is still at
Shangline, and is to meet the other ships at
boo Choo. The Queen,qa small steamer of
137 tens,) has been chartered by Commodore
Perry as a despatch vessel, and to lie off the
factories nt Canton whenever it may he deem
ed necessary during the absense of the squad
ron. The Lexington (store-ship) .is daily ex
pected from the United States, and none or the
Ringgold squadron have yet reached here.
P. S.—By an arrival from Shanghne Int
have receivud intelligence of thy capture of the
losurgent fleet by the Imperialist naval forces.
The American correspondent of the London
Mars says that the whole American navy
might be annihilated in twenty minutes by nn
English or French squadron. This correspon
dent knows little of that he writes about. Put
all our vessels in order fin• war, and they could
whip the entire British Navy. Our ships are
built more substantially, sail better, are mar
nod by more skillful gunners, and can stand ,
battering which would sink any British vessel
afloat. - Look at the tarts of the war of isl 2;
almost every prize captured by our navy was
riddled like. a sieve. fhe broadside which the
frigate Fresident gave the Little Belt, knocked,
her bulwarks '"into pencil cases t" The iron
knees so generally used in British naval archi
tecture, are the chief defeat of construction,
and cause the great thunage in engagement:4,
for a thirty-tiro
. pound shot would break one
short MT like a pipe stem, nod leave nothink
to support the benm, while the ottic knees of
our vessels would endure striking several times
about the same place belbre they bee.. Me
flicietti fin• supporters. Out• navy is no good IN
any in the world, our officers are as brave as
Julius Clesar, and our vessels are the staunch:
est that ever floated.
Tho McDonough Estate.
Some of our cotemporaries, in sprehing as
to the probable result of the snit pending in the
Supreme Court, hare greatly overrated the
value of the McDonough entitle. the me
ruins:meta, made 50011 actor the death of the.
Isolator,' it wan valued at about 82,500,000,
which may have increased since to the amount
of omit* t*o hundred thousand dollars. There
in no doubt, if the property be judiciously Into,
aged, it will in three yearn reach the sum of
three millions. A envy 01 Ihe
whru completed,intolnelited on, til thu 9lflV•
or of Italtimore, nod it is umr in the City Hell,
in a large quarto nunmeeript volume. It em