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THEJOURNAL.I Poll, and
t a n t s a t a
t A e i s iz- n -- s T h h i e p P e r: i n d c e e n d ey .
Mr. Polk in his late message, in defend
ing and elucidating the propriety and
iabsolute necessity of the Mexican war,
together with the unparalleled sagacity
evinced by him in its prosecution, ren
ders it highly probable, it is thought,
that he will again be the Locofoco can
' didate for the Presidency in 1848. And
in the event of Mexico being subdued
jprevious to that time, and made pnrt of
Ithese United States by annexation, it is
conceited to be equally certain that his
efficient agent and ally in her subjuga
tion--Gen. SANTA ANNA—will be the
candidate on the same ticket for the
IVice Presidency. Thus the people of
the United States will have the oppor-
I I tunity presented them of at once paying
off the debt of gratitude which they owe
these two distinguished statesmen and
heroes, for . having, by their joint &rel.-
Lions, succeeded in gaining such a large
accession to their territory, and se
curing for them an honorable peace.
The prospect of defeating the Whigs
at the next contest, having been render
ed by the recent elections extremely
dubious, the annexation of the whole of
Mexico is now deemed by the more sa
gacious leaders of the Locofoco party,
as their only hope. And they think that,
by the arrangement at which we have
hinted, their success can be put beyond
all peradventure. Polk, it is thought,
can carry a large portion of the slave
'vote, of what now comprises the bound
-1 cries of the United States; and that, by
the aid of Santa Anna and the TWO
MILLIONS which he wants Congress
to give him, he can take the electoral
votes of all the States that may be
erected out of the Mexican acquisition.
To maintain and extend his influence at
home, Santa Anna is to keep up his show
of opposition to the United States, and
1 pretend to resist her encroachments to '
ithe last. As Scott and Taylor are not
of course to be apprised of the designs
of Polk and Santa Anna, some appre-
Ihensions are entertained for the safety
of the latter, should he fall into the
hands of either of the former. To pre
vent so disastrous a blow to the exist
ing arrangements, it is thought advisa
ble to constitute a new military office,
heretofore unknown in this country-1
that of Lieutenant-General. The offi
appointed to bear this title is to be
second only to the President, and will,
therefore, under him, take the field as
commander-in-chief of all the forces.
As this officer will undoubtedly be taken
from among the friends of the President,
he will be entrusted with all his secret
plans, and will of course see that no
harm comes to Santa Anna in his con
flicts against either Scott or Taylor-
The Whig party can see from the
above, that notwithstanding the recent
demonstrations in their favor, the ad
ministration is about maturing a plan,
which, if successful, may render the
next contest for the Presidency still
very doubtful. Portions of Mexico are
densely populnted, and as Kearney and
Stockton have been invested with pow
er to speak new States into existence !
there is no telling what number of elec
toral votes they may DECLARE those
States to be entitled to! This is truly a
great country!—and its limits are as un
defined ns arc the objects of Mr. Polk in
his prosecution of the Mexican war !
Huntingdon, Wednesday, Deceml'r
A synopsis of the reports of the Secretar ies
of the Treasury, Woe and Navy, will be found
open our find page.
Mr. E. W. Carr, of Philadelphia:has solicited
ws on several occasions, to authorize him to procure
adocrtiaements for us in that city. To save ourself
toy further tax, by way of postage on these appli
cations, we hereby inform Mr. C. and all others,
that V. B. PALMER, Esq., is our agent In Philadel
phia, and so long as he continues to transact our
business in his heretofore honest and prompt mari
ner, we desire to appoint no other. And while we
retain Mr. P., we shall not commit the folly of ap
pointing another to compete with him, in attending
to our own business.
D.- Snow fell in this Vicinity on
Thursday last, the depth of a foot, and
the sleighing is how excellent. It comes
very opportunely for the holiday fes
E Court commences in Hollidays
burg on Monday next.
Oz - The Pennsylvania Legislature
meets on the first Tuesday in January.
We publish in another column the
terms of the "Daily lntelligencer,"
which our enterprising friend, C. M'.
CURDY, Esq., proposes to publish at Har
risburg, during the coining session. We
take great pleasure in recommending
this enterprise to the favor and support
of our Whig friends, and all who desire
a correct and early account of the do
ings of the Legislature. We know
none more worthy of support than the
proprietor of the Intelligencer, and shall
be pleased to forward the names and
money of clubs or individuals, wishing
to subscribe. Suppose aclub be formed
in this place.
PA. TELEGRAPH.—This paper will be
published during the session of the Le
gislature twice-a-week, as usual. The
terms will be found in another column.
No paper in the interior of the State has
been kept up with so much spirit as the
Telegraph, as a newspaper. And al
though we are compelled to dissent
from the course recently taken by its
talented editor in regard to party ar
rangements, we still recommend it to
those desiring a good newspaper from
the seat of Government.
HARRISBURG ARGuS.—This paper, it
will be seen by the prospectus publish
ed, will again be issued daily during
the coming session of the Legislature.
The spirited manner in which it was
kept up last session, is a good guarantee
for the future.
The President has called upon Penn
sylvania for another regiment of volun
teers to serve in the war against Mexi
co. A sufficient number of companies
have already tendered their services in
Philadelphia to fill the regiment.
A new company has been formed in
Harrisburg, under the title of " Gover
nor's Guards," whose services have been
accepted by the Governor.
Kr ANDREW MERAFFV, Esq., of Lan-
Lancaster, is recommended by the pa
pers of that county as a suitable candi
date for Canal Commissioner. Mr. Me
hatry is a gentleman of experience and
ability, and come within a few votes of
receiving the nomination three years
since. His claims deserve attention.
OD . WM. BEBB, the newly elected
Governor of Ohio, was inaugurated on
the 12th inst. The address delivered
by him on the occasion, is replete with
sound principles and wholesome truths.
John M. Read, Esq., Attorney
General, has resigned his office, as also
his Deputy, Wm. A. Stokes, Fsq.
Benj. Champneys, Esq., has been ap
pointed to fill Mr. Read's place.
The Volunteers which passed through
this place have all arrived safe at Pitts
burg. The Pittsburg American says they
were "brought on by Capt. Samuel D.
Karns, the contractor for their transpor
tation, to whom the greatest credit is
due for his perseverance in bringing the
boats through the canal, having to cut
she ice a considerable part of the way."
Two members of the " Spartan band"
from this place, of which we spoke
in our last, have returned.
" The 'Killer.' and .Bouncers' of Moyamensing
enrolled in Hill's company, are said to belong to
the Native party—of which they are supposed to
have been distinguished leaders at home."
Is Mr. Polk, we would ask, about to
change the character of the Mexican
war'i and have these " Killers" been
sent on for a special purpose 1 We all
know that these men, or similar charac
ters, were engaged at one time in burn
ing churches in Philadelphia. Has the
President any work of this kind for
them to "do up" it: Mexico 1 It is well
known, too, that these same rowdieS,
whose disreputable conduct we were
glad to see the Standard condemn, were
among the very first whose services
I were accepted, notwithstanding a num
ber of respectable companies in the
country, with no experience in church
burning, had also tendered their services 1
to the Government.
DEPARTURE OF OFFICERS FOR MEXICO.
The Washington Union says that Maj.
Turnbull, Capt. J. E. Johnston, Lieut.
Scammon, Lieut. Derby, and Lieut. Her
castle, all officers of the corps of topo
graphical engineers, left 'Washington on
last Sunday morning, for the army of
the West. They will travel the nation
road, descend the river, and expect
to join Gen. Scott at Brazos Santiago. I
Aid to the Enemy
The Polk press, and Mr. Polk himself,
having had the tory audacity to charge all
with TREASON, who dares call in ques
tion the necessity of the war with Mex
ico, the U. S. Gazette thus shows who
has been guilty of the treason. of " ren
dering aid and comfort to the enemy" :
" We admit that aiding and comfort
ing the enemy is treason, and we have
nothing to say against the " cord and
the hangmen" for traitors. They are
not of our prescription. They are re
commended by the Polk press, and,
therefore, we say nothing against them.
" To aid and comfort" the enemy, is to
be guilty of treason. To be guilty of
treason. is to incur the "cord and the
hangman's office." These, we think,
' constitute a very pretty set of premises.
Adopting them, we will proceed.
Imprimis. To aid and comfort the
enemy is treason.
The Mexicans had become the enemies
of the United States, and were in open
field against our country. Battles had
been fought, and precious blood poured
out on both sides. But the Mexicans
constantly suffered defeat. They lack
ed a military leader, whom they loved
and feared, and who understood their
mode of warfare—a man who was ban
ished from the country, like Demetrius
and like that Poliarcetes,
was recalled in the hour of danger.—
It was known that General Santa Anna
was beloved by the army, and that he
was seeking to get again at its head.—
War, destruction, and weakness, had
rendered absolutely necessary to the
"comfort and aid" of the troops, a Gen
eral capable of commanding confidence
This great General, in attempting to
slip into Mexico, and take command of
the army, was taken prisoner, but by
command of the President of the United
States, he was released, and allowed to
enter the enemy's country, and take
command of the enemy's army. If that
is not " aiding and comforting the en
emy," we confess our ignorance of the
meaning of the words. To aid and coin
fort the enemy, it is said, is treason.
We leave to the Polk press, the busi
ness of settling the relations between
treason and the cord, remarking only
that we do not advance any such idea,
but only show a fawning, dependent,
corrupt press, to what all their miser
able assertions lead ; and that the noose
which they prepare in the cord of Jack
Ketch, may suit other necks than those
which they threaten.
Remains of Ringgold,
The Harrisburg Intelligencer says
The remains of this gallant officer, ac
companied by those of Lieut. COCHRAN,
of Columbia, were expected at Baltimore
yesterday, where arrangements have
been made to receive them with due
honors. RINGGOLD'S remains will be bu
ried at Baltimore on Tuesday next, with
appropriate funeral honors. COCHRAN'S
will be taken to Columbia,where arrange
ments have also been made to receive
the corpse and bury it with becoming
Marked demonstrations of respect
were paid to these brave officers at the
different points on their route—New
Orleans, Charleston, and Washington.
The bodies were escorted by large pro
cessions, civil and military—the flags
of the shipping were displayed at half
mast, and minute guns were fired during
the usual ceremony.
IMPORTTNT NOTICE— Writing on News
papers.—The Postmaster General has is
sued a circular to deputy postmasters
directing them to remove the wrappers
from all transient newspapers, printed
circulars, prices current, pamphlets and
magazines, received at their respective
offices, and if found to contain any man
uscript or memorandum of any kind,
either written or stamped, or any marks
or signs, except the name and address
of the person to whom it is directed,
shall be charged with letter postage, by
weight; and if the person to whom it
is directed shall refuse to pay such post
age, the postmaster is to send it to the
office from whence it came, and have the
offender prosecuted for the penalty of
$5. The name of the sender written
or stamped on the wrapper of a news
paper, subjects him to the same penalty.
The Bar and the Press,
The Pa. Inquirer says :—" The Bar
and the Press of Philadelphia have con
tributed very liberally to the Pennsyl
vania Regiment of Volunteers to Mexi
co. Among the members of the Bar
who have engaged themselves for the
war, are Messrs. Charles Naylor, Win.
F. Small, Montgomery P. Young and R.
K. Scott. The press has also contribu
ted 15 or 20 members in all, if we in
clude reporters and printers. By the
way, should the Pennsylvania Regiment
be called into action, the officers and
men will no doubt give a good account
Letter from the nom Andrew Stewart.
By the following noble and patriotic
letter from Hon. Andrew Stewart, it
will be seen that he will not consent to
be brought out at this time as a candi
date for nomination for Governor. This
is just what we expected from this source.
Mr. S. belongs to the whole party—is
the acknowledged leader of the friends
of American, in opposition to British,
Labor, in Pennsylvania; and we could
not for a moment believe that he would
ever think of lending his respected name
to produce discord in the ranks of the
We join our friend of the Telegraph
in the wish that all aspirants were ani
mated by the same lofty patriotism.
[From the Pa. Telegraph—Extra.]
WASHINGTON, Dec. 14, 1846.
SIR-I have lately seen my name men
tioned in the public press in connection
with the office of Governor of Pennsyl
vania. This is an honor to which I
have never aspired, and I wish it dis
tinctly understood that I have at no
time consented, nor can I consent, that
my name shall be added to the list of
candidates for that distinguished sta
Union and Harmony are at this time
all-important to the success of the Whig
cause. With it we must triumph, with
out it we may fail. At such a crisis,
personal considerations must yield to
the public good. The cause should be
everything, men nothing.
Pennsylvania holds a high and com
manding position in the Union. The
influence of her decision next fall, may
settle the Presidential question and the
fate of the party for years to come.—
The party in power found the country
in the full enjoyment of peace and pros
perity—they have destroyed both. The
people at the recent elections have de
manded their restoration. But the Pre
sident has spurned their demands, and
denouncing national protection and na
tional improvements as unlike unconsti
tutional, has openly declared his deter
' mination to adhere to the policy of war,
(his war,) and "free trade," with all their
The remedy is in the hands of the
people, and they will apply it. Thous
ands of honest men who have been de
ceived and betrayed, have magnani
mously resolved to abandon the admin
istration, with its partizans, State and
.National—and thousands more NOW
stand ready to follow their noble and
With these men patriotism has tri
umphed over party, and they should be
received and cherished as brothers. To
them we have been and must be indebt
ed for victory, and they should share
freely and largely in its benefits. These
changes must be permanent and progres
sive. They are the unsolicited prompt
ings of patriotism, the result of delibe
rate and sober conviction—furnishing
the cheering evidence that with the
great mass of the people, the love of
country is paramount to the love of party
—thus affording the strongest, if not the '
only guarantee, that our free institutions
and constitutional liberties are still safe
in their hands.
With the best wishes for the success
of the Whig cause, and with it the res
toration of peace and prosperity to our
1 remain, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
A. STE WART.
A public meeting of the friends of
the Central Railroad, was held in Har
risburg on the 11th inst. at which the
Hon. D. R. Porter presided. In speak
ing of the meeting, the Harrisburg Ar
gus says :
" The meeting of the citizens of this
borough, held on Friday evening last, in
favor of the Pennsylvania Railroad from
Philadelphia to Pittsburg was well at
tended. The importance of this great
work to the prosperity of the State, was
seen and acknowledged by all present,
and a disposition manifested to aid in
its construction. If the Commissioners:
persevere in the discharge of their duty,
which we have no doubt they will do,
the necessary funds can be raised. We
learn that the committees in Philadel
phia are encouraged in the performance
of their ditties by daily and gratifying
additions to their subscription list, and
that they have no doubt of final success.
We trust that the Commissioners, in the
interior will go to work in earnest, and
urge, (if it be possible that urging can
now be needed) upon their fellow cit
izens the vast importance of the im
provement, and the necessity which ex
ists for its speedy completion. It can
not be that the people of Pennsylvania
will permit such a scheme to be defeated."
THE KILLERS AND BOUNCERS.—The
Philadelphia correspondent of the New
York Tribune says : " Several of the
Bouncers and Killers who joined Capt.
Hill's company, and started for Pitts
burg, have returned to this city. These
men, after having committed the most
flagrant outrages on the line of canal
beyond Harrisburg, deserted. They
could well have been spared front a com
munity which they have infested for a
Clearfield county sends Hon. A. N.
Irvin, representative delegate, and no
minates John Linton, of Cambria, for
Senatorial, with instructions to support
From Schuylkill Isaac Meyers and
Chas. W. Pitman are representative de
legates, and 0. H. Wheeler, of Carbon,
nominated as Senatorial, instructed for
From Juniata James Mathers, Esq.,
is the representative delegate, and Jas.
Patterson, Esq., notninated as the Sen
atorial delegate, instructed to support
From Centre Jas. T. Hale is the re•
presentative delegate, instructed for Gen
From Union county Ner Middleswarth
and Michael Peters are the representa
tive delegates, instructed to support
From Warren Henry P. Kinnear is the
representative and Thos. Struthers, Se
natorial delegate—with the concurrence
of the other counties.
At a meeting of the Whigkof Clarion
held on the 7th inst., Samuel H. Lucas,
of Jefferson county, and Edwin C. Wil
son, of Venango county, were nomina
ted representative, and D. W. Foster, of
Clarion, Senatorial delegates, with in
structions to support Gen. Irvin.
The Whigs of Adams county held a
County Convention on the 24th instant,
and appointed Hon. Jas. McSherry, re
presentative delegate, and nominated
Col. Jas. D. Paxton for Senatorial dele
gate, with instructions to support the
nomination of Hon. Jas. Cooper.
After adopting a series of proper and
just resolutions in regard to the talents
and claims of their favorite, the Conven
tion passed the following:
Resolved, That whilst thus expressing
a preference for our own first choice,
this Convention feel no disposition to
undervalue or depreciate the worth or
claims of any other candidate, but will
cheerfully rally to the support of any
good and tried Whig who shall be the
choice of a majority of the delegates to
the State Convention, fairly chosen in
conformity with the usages of the party.
A SOUTHERN WAR. " —'he Charles
ton Patriot, in the course of an editorial
article, holds this significant language:
We trust that our Southern Repre
sentatives will remember, that the war
with Mexico is a Southern war."
If it is a " Southern war," we are
fearful Northern men will have to bleed
for it ; for it does not appear that any
of those chivalrous sons of invincible
South Carolina, have been engaged in it
yet. A distinguished man once said,
that " the thirteen United Colonies lost
more men during the Revolution, fight
ing the Tories of South Carolina, than
they did by British steel." If the war,
therefore, with Mexico, is a " Southern
war," we think that unless South Car
olina is pretty quick on the trigger, it
will be over before she has a chance of
mending her reputation.
MEXICAN DOCUMENTS.—The Washing
ton Union publishes the documents from
the State Department, relative to our
affairs with Mexico. They consist of
the proposition for peace which we have
made, and the reference of that propo
sition, on the part of the Mexican Gov
ernment to the Congress, which is to
assemble this month. The Union says:
"The constituent Congress of Mexico
has, by this time, assembled. Much
will depend upon their decisions. We
are not certain about their disposition to
open a negotiation with us. If they con
sult the real interests of their country,
they will accept the olive branch, and
promptly enter into negotiation. But if
they yield to their false pride and vin
dictive feelings, they will decline the
overture, and pour upon their devoted
country an immense torrent of miseries
MORE or THAT SOUP.—It is confidently
stated in several of our exchanges, that
GEN. SCOTT takes his next " soup" at
San Luis Potosi. Orders, it is said,
have been communicated to the chief
cooks in our army in Mexico, to have
things in readiness to serve the article
up in the most approved style, and sim
ilar to that of Lundy's Lane, with which
allitir some of our readers may be ac
quainted. Certainly, says the Cincin
nati Chronicle, Santa Anna has never
partaken of such a "hasty plate of soup"
as " Old Chippewa" will trent him to on
their first interview.
" Gratitude Lodge" of Odd Fel
lows, in Baltimore, pays $l2OO to the
heirs of Col. Watson, Mr. Meeks, and
Mr. G. A. Herring, of the Balt. Volun
teers, in Mexico, being $lOO to their re.
From the North American of the 19th inst.
ARRIVAL OF THE CAMBRRIA,
FIFTEEN DAYS LATER:
The Cambria arrived at Boston on Wednesday
night, and we received our European paper. last
evening by the Pilot Line.
The English grain markets were firm. Tha
news by the Britannia which arrived Dcc. Ist, pro
duced no effect upon them.
The state of trade in the manufacturing districts•
woe generally dull.
Money etti's plenty in London, of 2 to 3 per cent,
The Camhrio spoke the steamer Greet Western,
Copt. Matthews, from New York for Liverpool on
the Bth inst., in Ist. 503, lon. 24i, ell well. She
brought 78 passengers to Boston.
The most prominent political news is that of the
obliteration by Russia. Austria and Pi ussia of the
republic of Cracow, the last remnant of Poland.
There have been further riots In Canton, China.
The Spanish papers call on France and England
to establish a monarchy in Mexico, to cave the
country from falling into the American Union.
The Great Britain is still on the rocks.
Belgium has opened her porta until Oct.!, 1847,
and the export of food is prohibited.
Very little of interest has transpired
in either branch of the national legisla-
I ture during the past week, excepting the
discussion upon the President's message
and the war. The Senate have been
considering various propositions to pro
vide suitable compensation to the volun
teers and privates of the army, by in
crease of pay, grants of land, &c. It
seems to be admitted on all sides that
something should be done.
The House has. been almost exclu
sively engaged in the discussion of a
resolution offered by Mr. DAVIS of Ky.
for copies of all orders or instructions
to General Taylor, General Wool, Gen
eral Kearney, Captain Sloat, Captain
Stockton, or any other officer of the
Government, in relation to the establish
ment or organization of civil govern
ment in any portion of the territory of
Mexico which has or might be taken
possession of by the army or navy of
the United States; also, what form of
government such officers, or either of
them, may have established and organi
zed, and whether the President has ap
proved and recognized said govern
The resolution has finally been adopt•
ed, after amending it giving the Presi•
dent some discretionary power in the
During the discussion the
message of the President and the course
of the Administration in relation to the
Mexican war was commented on in the
most caustic and severe terms.
On Wednesday of last week Mr. Pol
lock of Pa. moved to suspend the ruler,
for the purpose of allowing him to in
troduce a resolution instructing the
Committee of Ways and Means to bring
in a bill to repeal the Tariff of 1846,
and restore the act of 1842. The mo
tion was lost by a party vote. In regard
to the action of the Pennsylvania Loco
focos, the correspondent of the North
The Locofocos of Pennsylvania,
with a single exception, I believe, voted
in the negative, thus proving their readi
ness to subscribe to the dictation of the
powers that be. Most of these persons
received a taste of public opinion in the
last contest in Pennsylvania, and have
taken this petty method of revenging
their defeat and of proving also the hol
low-heartedness of their professions.—
If the Keystone State doubted before the
sincerity of her .4 Tariff Democrats"
towards the protective policy, there is
now afforded a most convincing evidence
of their falsity. The doctrine of pro
tection with them has always been used
as a stepping stone to preferment. When
principle, however, happened to stand
in the way of promotion, they have never
hesitated as to its sacrifice. Now, since
the people of Pennsylvania have discar
ded them, as unworthy of trust, they
have nothing to lose by joining the forces
of the administration, while they have
everything to gain, if they can extort
offices from Mr. Polk, under the delusion
that he is gaining influence in a State
which has east him off, as rudely and
effectually as she did her betrayer Bu
On Friday last, in the House, Mr.
Boyd reported a bill to increase the pay
of volunteers two dollars per month,
from the commencement of the war with
Mexico, and granting 160 acres of land
to all who serve to the end of the war.
It was referred to the Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union. The
House refused to take it up.
ID.- The U. S. Senate has elected
the Rev. Mr. Slicer of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, Chaplain ; and the
House has elected the Rev. Mr. Sprole,
of the Presbyterian Church, to the same
jutant Gen. Bowman arrived at Pittsburg
on Monday of last week. He will order
an election for field officers as soon as
all the companies have arrived.
The President has appointed Goo. M.
Leaman, Quartermaster, and Isaac R.
Diller, Commissary of the First Regi
ment of Penna. volunteers.
TEA AND COFFEE—DUTIES, &C.—The
amount of tea imported into the coun
try during the last fiscal year, was 16,-
891,021 pounds, at a value of $3,980,.
337. The duties collected in 1832, were
$1,216,427. The duties on coffee dur
ing that year wore merely nominal, but
in 1830 the imposts from coffee were
$1,918,184. The importations of cof
fee the last fiscal year amounted to 124,-
336,054 pounds, having a value of $7,-