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108 PRINTING .—Our Job Printing 01Bro Is the
argent and most complete establishment in the
Jourity. Four good Presses, and a general variety of
material suited for plain and Fancy work of ovary
kind, enables us to do Job Printing at the shortest
notice t 'aild on - the most reasonable terms. Persons
in want of Bills, Blanks, or a nything in the Jobbing
line, will find it to their Interest to give us a call.
G. M. BELTZHOOVER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, and Real
Estate Agent, Slltpherdstown, West Virginia.
op-Prompt attention given to all business in Jeffer
son County anti the Counties :uljoining It.
January 19, 106.-1 y.
WXT F. SADLER, Attorney at Law,
CarUnle Omen In Volunteer Building,
South Hanover Street.
t; TIERM AN, Attorney at Law,
11 Carlislo, Pa. Nest door to the Herald Otlive.
_ _ .
TAMES A. DUNBAR, Attorney at
♦ Law, Carlisle, Pn.. Office on the south side of the
Court House, adjoining thy "Anieriran Printing Office."
July 1, 1804-Iy.
OSEPH RATNER, Jr.,V Attorney at
Law and Surveyor, Mechanicsburg,. Pa. 0111 re on
Rail Road Street, two doors north of the Bank.
tycl.Business promptly attended to.
July 1, 18144
J NO. C. Cr RAIIA.M, llurnril Lun,
Carlisle Pa. Office formerly occuplial by Judge
Graham, South Hanover street.
September 8, 1868
t I P. HUINIERICII, Attorney at Law
Office on Main street, in Marion dull, throo
doors oast of tho First Notional Bank. All business
entrustod to him will be promptly attended to.
July 1, 186.1.
1 4 1 E. BELTZHOOVER, Attorney
.at, Law Office In South Hanover street, imposite
lients's dry good store Carlisle, Pa.
M. WEAKLEY, Attorney at Law,
Office on south Hanover street, adjoining the
office of A udge Graham. All professional business en
trusted to him will he promptly attended to.
July 1, 1864.
QAMUEL IILI MIEN, Jr., Attorney
I,aw, Wilco kith lion. Samuel livriburn, Mai❑
July 1, 11111.
T AW CARD.-CHARLES I;. MA
JLAUGHLIN, Attoruay at Law Office in InhofT's
building,)ust oppositc, the Market House.
July 1, 1E64 —ly .
DR. WEL H. COOK,
Surgeon and :Icc,aulamr
OFFICE at his residence in Pitt
street, adjoining the Methodist Church.
July 1, 1564.
D R. GEO 11G E S. SEA
a. "-"•-• RIGHT, Dont ist. from the Ilaltl
Cali more College of Dental Surgery.
too .Offlee at the reshierice of his mother, Ens
Lout her street, three deer, below Ile,lford.
July 1, 1864.
GE°. W. NEIDICII, D D. S.-
Late Demonstrator of Operative Dentistry of the
Baltimore College H of
, Dental Surgery.
Ok, - .\ r " - Offire at Ills residence
opposite Marlon flail, West Main street, Cat lisle, I.
.luly t, 1854.
Dr. 1. C. DOOMIS - -
romt) of Strout (ow doors . 11
below South Llanovor st
.Inly 1, 1861
DEry G. Z. BitETZ, 11. 1);
D. D. S., rcspeetfully offers.
his professitnal ser,vires to the riti,enn of Carlisle
its vicinity. Office North Pitt street.
Carlis!o, January ii, Irititi—jitn
CARLISLE FEMALE COL-
Rev. T. Daugherty, President
FOR BOARDING' DA sciioLAßs.
THIS Seminary which includes the
school lately under the charge of Miss. Mar) Il it
ner, will he open under the direction of Rev. T. laugh
erty, as President, with a full corps of able instructors,
so as to give to the young at, thorou tit education in
English and Classical studies in the French and Ber
man languages, in Music, Painting, and other orna
Especial ~Are git rn lo
of the In 'Admit.
A primary department MI they oungor scholars will
be had ill connection with thin collegiate department.
The session will open ou WettuuWay, September 6th.
in the four elegant School ro o ms tongued for tilat. pun -
pose and a tLached to the Emory Church
For terms apply to the Provident.
A ug. 18, 1865.
AIRS. R. A. SMITH'S
Photographs, Ambrotypes, ivorytypea
Beautiful' Albums Beautiful Frames
Albums for Ladies and tiontlemon,
Albums for Misses, and for Children,
l'ockot Albums for Soldiers soil Civiliam.!
Choicest Albums! Prottiest A !burns! Cheapest Albuo,'
FOR CHRISTMAS G IFTS !
Fresh and Now from New York and Philadelphia
you want satisfactory Pictures and
polite attention call at Mrs. it. A. Smith's Photo
graphic Gallery, South East Corner et Hanover Street
and Market Square, opposite the Court House and Post
Office, Carlisle, Pa.
Mrs. IC. A. Smith well known as Mrs. It. A. Reynolds,
and so well known as a Daguerroan Artist, gives per
sonal attention to Ladles and Gentlemen visiting her
Gallery, and having the best of Artists and polite at
tendants can safely promise that in no other Gallery
can those who favor her with a call get pictures supe
rior to hers, not oven in New York or Philadelphia, or
meet with more kind and prompt attention.
Ambrotypes inserted in Rings, Lockets, !truest Pins,
Att. Perfect copies of Daguerrotypes and Ambrotypes
made of decease friends. Whore copies are defaced,
ille-like picture ,ay still be had, either for frames or
for cards. All negatives preserved one year and orders
by mall or otherwlsepromptly attended to.
December 23, 1864—tf
Porcelain Picture or
HIS beautiful Picture is now made at
Lockman Gallery, In Dr. Neff's Building, oppo-
H to the First National Bank, with such perfection and
style, tone and finish that it cannot help but please
eyery one, The percelain imparts a most clear and
charming complexlotflo the picture .
All other styles of
PRO TO GRA l'll
of all sizes,
CARD PICTURES and AMBROTYPES,
are made in the mont . perfect manner. A largo varie
ty of Frames And Passapartouts, Cases, Albums are
on hand and will be sold cheap.
Copying done In the best manner. The public Is re
spectfully invited to examine apecimena.
The First Premiunihas boon awarded by Into county
Fair toll. b. Lochman, for
The Bost Photographs.
- web. 9, 18(16.
lOUSE FURNISHING GOODS.
receivin g a 'Tull supply of all kinds of House
Furnishin g g oods, suitable for the present and corn
ing s e ason, consistin g of all Grades and q ualities of
CARPETS ! CARPETS 1 CARPETS 11
FlOor Oil Cloths,TableOil Cloths,
Rugs, Matte, 40., &c.
104 .111'd.and Unbi'd Shootings,
• Pillow Cane .alualins,
Towelling all Graded,
Ticking Ac., &a
Also a well selected stock of all kinds of Domestic
Goode, which will be sold at greatly reduced prices, for
All persons in want of any of the above for the Spring
Season, *ill - fled it to their advantage to give us an
early call, as we are determined to koop up our repu
tation, to soil gopds at the lowest possible market
Feb. 0;1.866. • '.- LEIDIOII & MULES,
Gr- - xec)c oarless IP,
9111 E ., undersigned having. ,purchased
the °liar° Bic)* of Groceries of
ALLEN ik CO:,
has •iaixia4e . :ltho mine td the Store Room of Mr. A
BENSMIA7;', : 1 , ,
' WF9X04 7 :11 - 1„N STREET
OPPOSITE RILEY'S UNION HOTEL,
wharollio pudic 1;111' always ilnd on hard a well so•
laded lot of ' • ' -
;91 1 00eXi,e . gd
• • ~.,,T08.00.0.
and a goners' Satiety of artiolosonnudly found in a,
first clfiss, c tsocertlncre,
A. K. RHEEM, Publisher
THE NAKED TRUTH ABOUT fT
a e 3111 der seen a dallthel. Volllllllllolo+ nH 11aidee,
Attired a la mode al It Imll,,tit a "
lie whose ,lees was 80 fall flint it (earth of the lady
Coshed rather suggestively racer the top?
t a eoiree, 1.1 week, I enaW se% oral 1107.011 ii
Of such ',qilting creatures, all lathes of lon
Nyns squire for the nonce of Horne 3 ming .aathtry
didn't Hwy. 1.011t4 and hall oiler to run?
it ahame, it IYas, - they remm lied, "to 1,0
Gown nit in emarlcably, droodrouy low
Den, 000:dos, - 1 whivorod, now do be forbear
Forbearing Nola Ono
" Fashion, my tours is it species of rabies."
n't think they heard me, for Rose said to Jane,
Jenny, suppose they should bring in the
}13.! wcavldn't the} soon raise partivnlar Cain?
Sneerrd Jenny, "1)1) Took at that girl of spare habit.
With bunt just as fiat as the back of !sty hand:
Now doesn't she look like a partly-skinned rabbit?
Ilow Lhin girls can dross so, I don't understand. -
" Well" said 1, pointing ant a nnperb upper tor.,
"Von like her ripe beauty, fair 1,11,i11, I trust. -
'• Oh ! the lean one was horrid!" mod June, " bat she's
o Ilenta3,iivined! ripe enough for II I,IINI
Towu ladies," I hinted, "are open and candid:
U.., you ma) pereeke, they itlojure."
uoth Jane: '' Yun 111111 tl,Bll, sir, if over a man did ;
You'd rave If your sister dressed so, 1 1011 sure."
IVIly yes." I replied. "hurt she's not Shoddy
See is she a rig h 31 1:s Petrol a d'Or
• not Nvon't clu fur a VOIIIIIIOIIIIIII, holly—
luxurivs,nwi,l rou,ln, Our not for the poor
'rho ',lib• wore I,y hi: tine all waltzing or pulking
The hulk. , wI•i1 . tII and tilllee IX (pule
NVlutt thraightq thoir 1% hill: th it Ulm. II
1 I N ukIIIg
llt now not but r,rS 111 I' mot, tt•intorl3 ghtut
T 04, nothing to till`, 11,11111: the faille!, alp] I.roth
501'111,1 . 11, ial, ton) hRIIII rd rtjnis of al runt+,
Vhilo lull f-th . l ,1•11 8,111 51151.- , la 101 l and rout.o. 1.1,15111
Lni;and and outilirtctl el.nught,,all.l
;i1 11,1 Hi. ly
Nlot o plaLable grew as the dam iag i wvw
ii.l nil, the mipp, with .111i1,, I,nign,o,
st 1.,1 the) ova littlite,hir the ettutttgit,t.,
They'll • ertlttul en!. It it it here they
I, ha, ili1111•11 , .1 , 119 ”lit
pt. long 111,311
GENERAL JOHN W. GEA RY
ohn W. (teary was born in Westwore
d county,.]'a., and although n,w only .
ty years of age, ha, already won a
ink; fame by adheronee to Limo cause o
right and duty, in the differpnt parts of our
country in which he has been placed, in
civil, military. judicial and executive I.si-
laving h. < t his falhor \ ory rtulc in lift
he was thrown upon his own resources, and
not only sufported himself, but became. the
only stay of his widowed mother, by teaching
a village school : during is 11411 6101: 110 also,
by persevering industry and commendable
economy, acluired mean: to procure a clas
sical education, which ho completed at Juc
ferson (' a llege, Cum•nshurg, Pa., creating
friends arming professors and class-
m a t e s, by tho early exhibition or those same
eturline itittlitios that, have sine') endeared
im to so many others in social and in pub
Hac ing finished his collegiate education
e assumed the profession of a civil engineer,
the practice of which he went to Ken
tacky, partly in the employ of the Common
wealth, and partly in that of the Green River
Railroad Company ; and was engaged in
the survey of several very important branch
es of the public improvements of that State.
After an experience with the Engineer Corps,
in many of the States, ho successively filled
all the various offices from a clerkship to the
superintendency of the Allegheny Portage
Railroad, and during several years discharged
the duties of his responsible positions with
At a very early date, actuated by Ids
mathametical abilities, lie exhibited a fond
ness for military tactics, and labored stren
uously by the outlay of time and means to
perfect our volunteer system. From a pri
vate in the ranks, he rose rapidly through
all the grades to that of Brigadier-General,
to which he was elected by the brigade com
prising Cambria. and Somerset counties.
When the war with Mexico was declared
he was among the first who - responded to the
call for volunteers, and was accepted, along
with the "American Highlanders,".'of Cam
bria county, which 'splendid company he
then commanded. They were incorporated
in the Second Pennsylvania Regiment, of
which, upon its organization, he was almost
unanimously elected Lieutenant-Colonel.
His regiment joined the army of General
Scott at Vera Cruz, and served in the ad
vance under the command, and on the line
of operations, of that great chieftain through
his brilliant campaign in Mexico. Geary
was attached to Gen. Quitman's division,
and distinguished himself in the battles of
"La Hoya," " Chapultopec," " Garita de
Belen," and the " City of Mexico." Upon
arriving at the capital, his colonel having
died, he was elected Colonel by a vote of
more than two-thirds of the command. This
compliment was not the resultof mere friend
ship or political preference. It was the re
ward for his own good ci.nduet from the
hands of the gallant soldiers—the spontane
ous and grateful gift of associates in arms—
the brave men who had fought by his side,
shared his privations, suffering and dangers,
and who witnessed and knew best how to'
appreciate his merits.
:,The war hawing—closedol. Geary re-
urned with the remnant of his command to
his native State, and tho people of Pittsburgh
will long remember the enthusiastic welecine
ho received upon his arrival among them.
lion. William Wilkins, in a public speech,'
complimented the services of• the' gailant
weather-beaten and \yr-worn troops, and
the excitement of the universal jubilee ran
to highest pitch.
On the 22d of January, 1849', in return fur
-his- services in Mexico, President Polk ap
pointed Col. Geary postmaster at San Fran.'
disco, which, in consequence of the then re
cent 'discovery of gold in California, had" be
come a port of considerable importance., Ho
vpne also empowered to create postoffices, ap
point postmafitorkoatabliall mail rodeo, and
' JNO. W. ALLEN
...,..... 2 1 >
I I i
t. for /ori,,g,
make contracts for carrying the mails
throughout California. He was thus placed
in the way of his subsequent and almost un
paralleled success and popularity among the
heterogeneous population of the Eureka
On the first of August, 1849, the municipal
election of San Francisco took place, and al
though ten different tickets were framed for
the various minor offices, his name appeared
at the head of them all, and he receiyed every
vote cast that day for the office of First Al
t-aide; it being at that time the
. most, impor
tant, responsible and difficult office in the
State of California. It required adminis
trative and executive abilities of the rarest
quality. The population numbered 20,000,
almost entirely adult males, drawn together
from every section of the world, and possess
ed of every imaginable variety of character.
To effect anything like a proper organi
zation of the city, and establish an ordin
ary police force, from the chaotic material
and rebellious spirits that then existed, was
of itself an herculean task. But added to
this the duties of Alcalde embraced those of
every one of the customary officers of a city
and country jurisdiction. He was a Mayor,
Sheriff, Marshal, Probate Recorder, Regis
ter of Deeds, and even Notary Public and
Coroner. lie daily held an ordinary police
or mayor's court; an Alcalde's court for the
minor cases and general executive matters of
the city : a court of first instance with uni
versal, civil and criminal jurisdiction ; and
r court of admiralty for maritime cases.
In a word, lie was curator of the public,
doing everything that was to be done, even
' to the holding of inquests and taking ac
knowledgement of deeds. And so well did he
perform all these varied, arduous, compli
cated and difficult duties, that at the expira
tion of his first term, he was re-elected by
an almost unanimous vote, the city in the
meantime, having more than doubled its
population. During the time of holding
the office of Alcalde, Col. GEARY tried, as
Judge, over twenty-five hundred civil and
criminal eases, and from his decision not
over a dozen appeals were made, and not one
decision was ever reversed.
l'nder the old Mexican laws, Alcaldcs
had power to grant away the public lands
at twelve dollars fur I'• fifty rare lots" (211
yards' square.) All American Alcaldes,
previous to U EAR I'S time, had availad them
:telves of this privliege, and disposed of an
immense amount of valuable property at
these lucre nominal rates. A resolution,
after his election. was debated by the Ayun
taimiento (Council) directing the A Icalde to
make such grants at the legal rates. General
G EA Er assured them that, rather than make
such grants he Would relinquish his office,
because the sudden and unexpected rise o f
the value of the lands would enable the
A Icalde, i f he.were so disposed, to enrich him
self and friends to the public detriment. At
the• rates named the lands belonging- to the
city were worth only 835,000. A small por
tion of these lands were then sold at public
auction, and brought half a million rf dol
lars ."rhis sum was placed in the city
treasury. The tracts remaining unsold were
proportionally worth :weevil, million It Al
ters .' Thus was this immense sum saved to
the city. .
On May Ist, it-i 5((, the first city charter
was adopted, and Colonel GEARY was elect
ed Mapr under its provisions by a large
and flattering,vote. The manner in which
he discharged the duties of this position can
best be understood from his inaugural ad
dress to the city councils, and numerous
subsequent messages, all of which are on file,
and have been published, as well as from the
fact that at the expiration of his term of
office at petition, numerously signed by the
most prominent citizens, without distinction
to party, was presented. rogues ing him to
be a candidate for re-election, which he de
The Legislature, however, having created
a " Board of Commissioners of the funded
debt of San Francisco," Col. GEAR] was
appointed a member, and upon the organi
zation of that body, was elected its Presi
dent. Here, too, by his financial knowledge
and judicious comisels and advice, ho ren
dered valuable services to the city. Besides
all this, during his residence in San Fran
cisco, he was Chairman of the Board of
Health, had assisted in the organization of
Masonic and Odd Fellows Lodges, and was
in fact instrumental in establishing comfor
table hospitals for the sick, and was connect
ed with every benevolent : and charitable
institution of the place. He signalized him
self by his courage and intrepidity in ar
resting the progress of the great fires, and
by the promictness with which he antWered
the call of the authorities of that city,
rendered efficient aid in suppressing the
squatter riots nt Sacramento.
In the year 18-19, when Col. Geary was a
resident of California, a Convention was
formed to frame a State Constitution, and:
some of our readers still remember the in
tete anxiety and excitement which prevailed
throughout the country regarding the re
sult of its proceedings. The pro-slavery
democrats of that time were determhied that
California should only be admitted into. the
Union as a slave State, and for the solo pur
pose of exerting their influence in that be;
half, many removed from the Southern
States to that distant region. The plan was
well conceived, and intended at all hazards
to be accomplished, to insert the slavery
clause into the Constitution, and forward it
with hot haste to Washington for adoption
without presenting it to tho people for rat
ification. Col. Geary was thoroughly ac
quainted with the programme, and resolved
that the proposed measures should not be
effected. He accordingly' took strong ground,
figainst them, And used_ used_all-his-inlluences
which was then equal, at least, to that of any
man in the-territory, first to have omitted
the clause legalizing slavery, and secondly'
to prevent the Constitution, when adopted
by the Convention, from being
gross until after it should be submitted-to a
vote of the people and had received their ap
proval. No man could helve labored more
earnestly and successfully than he did to ef
fect these two ,objectS, both of Avhich, after a
most terrible struggle; wore /accomplished,
and California was received, freo'frem the
stain of ahiVery;:into the VRion of States..
It is _not...too ..pauqh to _say that had it not
_boon for the,activo patitaken by Col. Geary
against the pro-slaVeryipariy then in Cali
fornia,thii result,might not have boon no- .
,coßplioheik ' •
Carlisle, Pa., Friday, March 30, 1866
Private affairs of great importance requir
ing his presence in Pennsylvania, Colonel
Genry left San Francisco in February, 1852
and repaired to his farm in Westmoreland
county, where ho remained until again call
ed into active public life, through his ap
pointment, by Pressdent Pierce, as Governor
of Kansas Territory, which appointment,
without the usual reference to a committee,
was confirmed by a unanimous vote of the
Ho received notice of this appointment in
July, 1856, and having delayed only long
enough to receive hie instructions and make
the necessary arrangements, ho proceeded to
Kansas, reaching Fort Leavenworth on the
9th of September following.
No pen can adequately describe the terri
ble condition of the territory at the time of
his arrival. The scenes he had' witnessed in
California wore being re-enacted, with hor
rors greatly intensified. Civil war was
raging with more .than _fiendish ferocity ;
and all on account of slavery. Men wore
flocking from all parts of the South, of des
perate character, with passions inflamed to
the highest pitch, and with the express and
avowed purpose of making Kansas a slave
Slate by any means, however fair or foul!
And those again were resisted by actual set
tlers and new corners from the free States,
equally as determined, though not so brutal
and ferocious. The fiercest passions of hu
man natorB, With all their dreadful conse
quences, were visible on every hand. The
smoke of burning buildings blackened the
air ; fields of grain were laid in waste and
desolate ; women and children were driven
starving and naked from their homes to per
ish on the desolate prairies ; and the dead
bodies of murdered men were strewn along
the wayside. Chaos reigned supreme—pan
demonium had poured forth its demons—
and crime, in all its most hideous forms, ran
rampant through the land.
Such was the gloomy prospect that pre
sented itself to the new Governor. A man
of less nerve would have looked upon it with
amazement, and with dismay fled from the
seen e, as did two of his predecssors, and
many others. But Gov, Geary wile not the
man to bBierisily intimidated. He had pas
sed already through ninny a fiery ordeal.—
He took in at a glance the entire situation.
From this dismal chaos ; from this hell of
discord; from all this terifile and confused
mass of conflicting passions, he was expected
to produce order, peace and harmony. He
faltered not, however, Lut buckled on his
armor, and in good earnest applied himself
to the difficult tusk. And so earnestly and
effectually did he devote himself to the work,
that as early as September :10th, he WRI; en
abled truthfully to write to the Secretary 0
State, saying: "Pence/low reigns in Kansas.
Gnfidrnee is gradually being restored.
tiers arc returning to their claims. Cigizens
are resuming their urdinary purstit% , , and a
general gladness perradas the eummunity."--
He had arrested criminals, driven brigands
fronLthe roads, disarmed and disbanded in
vading armies, and insured protection to al
ieliceitble citizens !
But this state of tranquility, thus effected
was precisely the reverse of what the pro
slay cry party in Kansas and the adininistra-
Lion at Washington desired. Gov. Geary's
course instead of receiving their approval 'net
their decided condenination. It was inten
ded that the agitation and excitement 'should
continue until the Free State men were oi-
thur annihilated or driven from the territory,
and the pro-slavery party could have every
thing in their own hands. Hence the Gov
ernor's reports to Washington were coldly
received, and if answered at all, as coldly
answered. There was no mistaking the
tenor and spirit of their communications.—
In the meantime the leading ruffians wore
becoming more and more emboldened by
the encouragement they received from the
seat of the general governmout. At the
Lecompton Post-office, the Governor's let
ters and papers, both private and official,
were opened and their contents scrutinized.
The few troops that had been left to guard
his person and official documents, were
gradually removed by order of Jeff. Davis,
then Secretary of War. Pro-slavery mur
derers whoa. he had caused to be arrested,
were liberated by order of Chief Justice Le
compte, and public meetings were held in
which he was denounced as an Abolitionist
for refusing to give his sanction and assis
tance to the vile plots to force the institution
of slavery upon an unwilling people. One
villain, actuated and aided by otlfers less
bold, was foiled in an attempt to assassinate
him on his departure from the Legislative
Hall and almost in sight of the members
there assembled. .
To crown all, the pro-slavery mon of a
)arties, the great majority, however, being
old line Whigs, mostly from the South, met
together in convention at Lecompton, and
organized the 'National Democratic Party.'
Thera was much discussion, in regard to tho
adoption of this name, tho loading men o
the Convention declaring they could no
swallow the word "Democrat," having been
life-long "Whigs." But this objection was
overruled, by the arguments that the name
would not change pdsitions, while it would
assure thorn the support of 'the Washington
Democracy. The platform of the 'National
Democratic Party,' thus adopted, is clearly
expressed in the following unanimous reso
lutions of it's Legislature :
"WirEaß.ss, , We believe that on the suc
nese of our party depends the perpetuity of
the Union r. therefore.
Be it resolved,. By. .the Houso.of Represen
tatives, the Council concurring therein, that
it is the duty of the pro-slavery party, the
Union loving men of Kansas Territory, to
know_ but ormissue,_Slavery+-and -thnt-any
party making or attempting to make any
other, is, and should bo held, as an alley of
abolition and disunion."
In carrying out this doctrine, all the Free
State democrats were excluded from mem
bership with the National Democratic
Party.' not one of them being received into'
fellowship or allowed: to take part in its prti.'
ceedings. "This _platform was indorsed - .•bt
the democrats .at Washington , at thattiine,'
and was subsequently adopted' and'earried'
out by tho President to' the full , theastiro of
perfection.: So far 'as-ho' had the' poWer he.
ostracised all Free'State:daixitocrati, l ito mat.;
ter how long or howlfaithfully they' z had ser
ved, the party . ,• • • .
, The , National Douniat'atiC Partyl• bathe
commit Governor Geary to its policy.—
Accordingly, the Chairman of the Central
Committee called upon the Governor, with
the assurance that if he would connect him
self with the party he should be one.ol the
two United States Senators soon to be chosen.
The Chairman urged the matter with such
determined pertinacity that Governor Geary
ordered him out of his office, end declared
that if he should dare again approach him
with so vile an offer he would toss him
through the window.
Soon after these proceedings a Constitu
tion known as the Lecompton Constitution,
VMS received in Kansas by the 'National
Democratic Party,' direct from Washing
ton, where it had been carefully prepared ;
and agreeably to the directions accompany
ing it, an attempt was made to have it
adopted by an improvised convention and
returned to Washington in the shortest pos
sible time, regardless of the known wishes of
the people. An act of the Legislature to
this effect was immediately passed, which
was vetoed by Governor Geary, for several
reasons, the most prominent of which were,
that no provision was made for submitting
the Constitution to the people for ratification
and that he was satisfied that a large ma
jority of the actual residents of this territory
were decidedly and strongly opposed to the
institution of slavery, which the Constitution
was intended to force upon them.
This having occured after the election of
FirciinsAN, but before his inauguration,
Governor GEARY addressed him letters, sta
ting the true condition of affairs, but reeived
no reply. He did however, receive positive
evidence, from other sources, that the newly
elected President, had abandoned the true
Democratic principles and adopted the plat
orm of the "National Democracy." Hence,
Governor Geaav resolved at once not to
hold an office tinder his adroimistation,and
on the day he was installed in the Presiden
tial chair, wrote and forwarded hie resigna-
tion as Goveri.or of Kansas. On the 10th
of ltfarch, 18.57, he left the territory, and
again returned to the quietude of private
life. 'lad Governor GEARY been sustained
in his honest and manly course, in Kansas,
by the aeministration at Washington, there
is reason to-believe the destructive war
threngli which we have just passed, and was
then forshadowed, and even threatened,
might never have occured and the hundreds
of 'thousands of brave soldiers who' now
sleep the sleep of death, would he living to
bless with their presence the home made so
Although Governor GEAnv thus refused
all connection or fellowship with the -Na
tional Democrtic Party:' he persisted in
adhering to the doctrine lie advocated in
California sixteen years ago, and still more
recently in Kansas, that the institution of
shivery should not be forced upon an un
willing people, and never hesitated to ex
press his disapprobation of the institution
in all its forms, sentiments which have since
formed the basis of the Union Republican
platform. Hence, after his return from
Kansas lie associated himself %%lilt the party
that sustaiued STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS, Which
nits greatly instrumental in breaking up
the pro-slavery faction, and effecting the
election of AaiunAm LINCOLN to the Presi
dency, a result which he foresaw and was
desirous of having accomplished,
No sooner was the result of that election
known, than plans were adopted by the
"National Democracy" to fulfil their oft
reiterated threat to destroy the Union. Con
sequently, when after the inauguration of
Mr. LINCOLN, a war against rebellion became
inevitable, Governor Geary was again among
the first to offer his military service to the
government. He raised and equipped, at
his own expense, the Twenty-Eighth Regi
ment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, of which
he took the command. With this splendid
regiment, numbering over sixteen hundred
Men, he entered the field in July, 1861., and
continued in active service di ring the entire
four years of the war, with the exception of
twenty-eight.days, and when he was inca
pacitated for duty by wounds received in
For meritorious deeds he was promoted
to the rank _of Brigadier General ou the
25th of April, 1862, and Brevetted Major
General January 12th, 1865, 'for fitness to
command and promptness to execute,'
From reports filed in the office of the
Sect etary of War, it appears that during his
term of service General Gueav was engaged
in over fifty-hotly contested battles and im
portant skirm alms, besides many others of
lesser note. Among these engagements
may be especially named that of 'Bolivar
ll? ) ights,h
'Cedar Mountain,' the tre days,
light at Chancellorsville, the struggle at
Gettysburg, which also lasted three days,
and resulted in driving back the enemy from,
the soil of Pennsylvania, ‘Wauhatchie,'
"Lookout Mountain," "Mill Creek and Snake
Creek Gaps," ''Resaca," (two days,) "New
Hope Church," (seven days,) "Muddy
Creek," "Nose's Creek," "Itiolb's Farm,"
"Keuesaw " "Pine Hill " "Marietta," "Peach
Tree Creek," Beige and capture of •Atlanta,
(twenty days,\ seige of Savannah (ten days,)
which wits captured Dy his division ten hours
before any other troops reached that city
as was also Fort Jackson, both of which
were surrendered in person to General
GEAnY. In this capture three hundred and
fifty prisoners, ono hundred and fourteen
pieces of artillery, thirlyLeight thousand
five hundred bales 0.1 cotton and five ocean
steamers, with an immense variety of amp
munition and other stores, fell into the
hands of the victors.
Upon the . capture ,of Savannah General
Geary was appointed by Maj. General
SiishatAN its Afilitary — Governor;- - which — po - - -
altion he filled with signal credit to himself
until he.was relieved, that lie might accom
pany the ,triumphant army of SHERMAN in
' its further marcii through this Carolinas.
In the battle of Bolivar Heights ho received
a severe wound in the 'right knee, and at
Cedar Mountain he was slightly wounded
in the left ankle, and seriously through the
:,jlbow joint of, the left arm. He .was also
' struck in the right breast and' severely in
-1 jured by the fragment of a 'shell at Chancel
iorsvillo. His two sons acconipanied him
to the field, the eldest of whom. a young
man of eighteen years, who had advanced
himself by sterling , ability to' the command
of 'a batter:y, with the' rank' Of , Captain, and
gave prilmide'of utmost capacity and
tilekaiiiis 014 was at the battle of Watt-'
hatchie. "At the time that he fell," says
an eloquent writer, "he was acting as Lieu
tenant of one section of Knapp's Battery,
As an artillerist he had no superior in the
army. Ilia gun was his pride. He was
alwajs beside her, and his aim Was unerr
ing. At this battle, about twelve huncled
and fifty men under command of General
Granny, were attacked from an eminence, by
five thousand of the enemy, at twelve o'clock
at night. The unequal fight was gallantly
accepted, and though the command was at
first thrown into some disorder, they speed
ily rallied, and not only repulsed, but drove
from the field the vastly superior number
of the enemy. In the hottest of the fight
-hi the act of sighting his gun, his forehead
pierced with•a bullet, young GEARY fell and
instantly expired His father coming to the
spot, clasped in an agonizing embrace the
lifeless form of his boy—then mounting his
horse, dashed wildly into the thickest ranks .
of the foe and rode like an avenging spirit
over that bloody field until the enemy were ,.
utterly routed and put to flight." This
General HOOKER pronounces the most gal
lant and successful charge that has come
to his knowledge during the war. In his
official report of this-brittle General Hocdren
says: "During these opperations a heavy
musketry fire, with rapid discharges of artil
lery, continued to reach us from GEARY.
It was evident that a formidable adversary
had gathered around him and that he was
battering him with all his might. For
almost, three hours, without assistance, he
repelled the repeated attacks of vastly su
perior numbers, and, in the end, drove them
ingloriously from the field. At one time
they had enveloped him on three sides, under
circumstances that would have dismayed
any officer except one endowed with an iron
will and the most exalted courage." Such
8 THE CHARACTER OF GENERAL GEARY
HOW TO KEEP A HOTEL
flaying traveled considerably in my time
I have thought some brief suggestions, short
perhaps of a perfect manual on the subject,
might he useful.
Fist don't call your establishment a tav
ern, or an inn, or a hotel, even.
Call it a House and name it after some
great capitalist, big Indian, Or Saint—Mor
ton-Peto House, or "Whoup-de-Doodle
House," or '•tit. Bob-o-Link House," that
sounds very well and takes the traveler's ear.
Nothing is so vulger as to court bagmen's
and traders' custom, as you will seem to do
by naming your establishment 'Merchant's.'
or 'City,' or 'Commercial.'
These suggest a second class affair at once.
Be sure and establish an immense barber
shop on the ground floor.
It causes a grateful odor of the Balmy of
Thousand Flowers and Night-Blooming Ce
reus to prevado the atmosphere, and effectu
ally subdues and overcomes:other and less
agreeable smells, as fur instance co.:kroaches
If you can hire an Irish man cheap enough
let One man do nothing but swab the marble
hall with greasy water all day long ; it con
veys an idea of cleanliness to the guests ; at
night, when few are about, it is of 'little
en Ilsei pain CC.
1 said "guests," and hors is a point you
should by no means neglect.
Be careful, in speaking of your lodgers in
printed notices and the like, to use that term.
It is refined, and puts them on their good
behavior at once.
Procure a well dressed clerk, with curly
black hair, if possible, to stand at the desk,
and by all means insist on his wearing dia-
Seedy visitors will take no liberties with
Bach a man
When a traveler comes in your clerk is
not to notice him for the space of five min
utes at least ; it puts the obligation at once
where it belongs.
You take Aim in, not he you.
It is an excellent device to have the num
bers of your chambers reversed from the
old plan, i. e., let them begin to count from
Thus when the guest sees the clerk put
"No. 10," for instance opposite his name on
the register he departs satisfied, and is too
wuch disgusted and cowed by the time he
discovered the truth to make any complaint.
Instruct your clerk that it is not his busi
ness to know anything about departing
trains and steamboats.
Also, if your house happens to be in a
country town, to add $1 a day invariably to
the bills of ghosts from the city.
They will not think much of your house
When a guest has paid his bill. and is a
bout to depart, Ibt the clerk ask cheerfully,
'which way do you go, Mr. Robinson?',
Some persons aro so easily imposed upon
that the extraordinary fact of a highly be
dizened clerk's knowing their names two
minutes after reading them on the register
tickles them tremendiously.
In 'regard to the dining room, you cannot
have too impudent an . Irishman us head
It should be his duty when a guest enters
the room, no matter how empty it may be to
take him in convoy, and make him walk the
entire length of it before assigning him a
It not only serve to impress the grandeur
of the appartment upon him, but invariably
disconcerts bashful men, so that they devour
their meals meekly and make'no troublesome
Ladies should be served in the same way,
for exactly contrary reasons.
It affords them a fine opportunity to dis
play their clothe; and puts thorn in a_good
Lot the 802:CS be kept roligously. . apart
while feeding, unless in the case of husband
and wife. . • .
."Married man traveling along will suffer
so much from the dearth of female society,
that the next time they will probably bring
ft will scarcolybo necessary to make any
suggestions in regard to extra charges in
the bill, as they Will naturally occur to' the
feeblest of landlords.
• You should always, however, charge for,
fire in winter in every room that has conved
nionces for it, and if remonstrated with ; to::
ply that is, a !rifle of the
glicat,mizht have yo;it.
This pbraso you will Au& of immense sera
vice on 411 sorts of 000liii940,-
I: !. ". • • . ','
TERNS:--$2,00 in Advance, or 82,50 within the year
Lot all of your employes be particular to
style the hotel omnibus a 'coach,' and a
gent's wife his
Those little elogancies cost nothing and
gild the surface of life immensely.
Procure tho largest Chinese gong you can
find to awaken your guests in the morning
and to call them to meals.
They will conclude that your house is a
A negro will probably beat it more thor
oughly than a white man.
Also on the counter in the office, keep an
mmense hammer bell.
' A judicious clerk will produce a very hum
bling effect upon a modest guest by striking
it rapidly four or five times when ho is ask
ing absurd questions.
Follow these suggestions carefully, and
you will go far to prove the truth of Emer
son's aphorism that 'travel is the fool's para
Sayings of Eminent Men
The first principle and source of all good
writing is to think justly. Horace.
Every man complains of his memory, bu
no man complains of his judgment.—Roche
If men were perfectly contented, there
would be no longer any activity in the
Those who have once tasted the pleasures
of roaming at large through the woods
and mountains, can never again be happy
under the restraints of scciety.—Lardner.
Great men taken up in any way, are profi
Man is older than nations, end he is to
Nations should wear mourning for none
but their benefactors. The represntatives
of nations should recommend to public
homage cub , those who have been the heroes
Nu man is nobler born than another, du
kes ho in burl. with bottor abilities, and a
more amiable disposit.on.—Seneca.
We do not know absolutely what is good
or bad fortune.—Rossean. '
Nature never says one' thing, and wisdom
It is most certain that passions always
covet and desire that which experience for
The absent party is always faulty.—Pro
If you speak what you think, you sha
hear what you dislike.—Blair:
Sudden movements of the mild often
breuk out either from great good or great
Bear and blame not what you eanno
Anomalies of Literary History.
One of the Anomalies of Literary His
tory is, tlit it has often bedn the lot of those
men who have contributed largely to the
mirth or recreation of others to endure more
an an ordinary share of misery and wa
in their own lives. The most entertaining
porti9ns of literature have been written by
men whose hearts have been bowed sloven
bIV sorrow, and at moments when that sor
row has been heaviest. It was in the gloom
of a mother's death, deepened by his own
poverty, that Johnson penned the charming
talc of " Itusselas ;" it was the chill desola
tion of a bare and fireless garret that poor
Goldsmith, the beloved vagabond of litera
ture, sketched the highest picture of domes-
tic happiness the world aver had; it swas
from a sick bed, in sore distress, and in a
necessitous exile, that Tom Hood shook all
England with laughter. he enchantment
of Scott, the satire of Jerrold, half the
gems of Englsih wit and humor, have been
thrown out by genius in its most sorrowful
. 11 Magas ne
CONSCIENTIOUS.—In a town ih Connecti
cut resides a man wh , . made a fortune in the
milk business, by not giving the full meas
ure. As ho grew rich, ho thought he would
change his occupation to something more
respectable, and accordingly bought a grist
mill. In conversation with his . wifoo lie
said lie did nut fool right about the cheating
he had practiced in the milk business, and
wished a way could be devised whereby he
could repay in grist-mill what ho had cheat
ed in the other. At lust they settled on tie
following plan, which was to have the
measures with which they took toll as much
tuo largo as the milk measures were too
Wm. T. Coggeshall, who has been ap
pointed to the mission of Ecuador, vice Wm.
Hassaurek, a German editor of Cincinnati,
is himself one' of the oldest Qiiitors of Ohio—
his last service in that profession being in
the office of the Btatb Journal. , -- He was
appointed at the instance of Governor Cox
and Postmaster General Dennison. In his
opinions he is what the Copperheads call "a
radical," and home his appointment at this
time is I not without political significance.
Codversing one day with a fashionable
and pretty belle, the facetious Mr. Spriggs
observed that " ladies that lisped wished to
be kissed." The young lady had before been
speaking unaffectedly, but now replied,
Tho I've heard they." Ho kissed her.
EFIRNNBERU states that the bog-iron ore
of which the Berlin iron castings are made,
had its origin in leaving -creatures —animal
calm,. which preserve their vitality even
when immersed in the strongest muratic
A boy's idea of having a tooth drawn
may be summed up as follows: " The doc
tor hitched fast on to me, pulled his beat,
and just before it killed me, the tooth came
Tho Boston journal aays: 11 gentleman
traveling, along the cpast of Florida and
Georgia found a woman who did not know
i new.wapey was,- She. 40 . BOVOR
children ind a pipe in her mouth.
Rather a large mouth, that.
How TO GET 'A GOOD SERVANT.—Ko'v
on tliseharaging the bad' ones till you get
one that suits you.
WAY is' Cot O'Mahony li lf o hair C " 1 - 1`1'
Because he's a hbad(s)centek:` : '" I •
1 1ffp-F . is petroleum apeculator like the
!Secretary of the. Navy , Because he is ill.
dy on wells.
WuY is the, Secretary of the Treasurer
like a weaver.? He Met without a Opia.
A. Night in altallioad Car.
B. F Taylor of the Chicago Journal, has .
been 'taking a railroad _ ride, and having
failed, perhaps to enjoy the ride, enjoys him
self. in describing what he saw. The follow
ing glimpse at his companions as they appeal
ed whdt night said " sleep," will be appreci
aced by all who have ,4 been there:"
I came never forgetting that your old
friends were all on the train—the woman
who plumps down into your seat and regards
you with thankless and 'supercilious eyes, ,as
if you were somebody who had blundered
into breathendom without leave—and the
•man who dons his best garments to travel
in mounts the t: sin as clerical as black broad
cloth could make him, and leaves it with the
load of a dusty miller. And the night
scenes, sounds and scents are as curious as
ever. Whiffs of boots and smothering gusts
of musk, patchouili, cheese, tobacco and feet
that never could be fit to walk on Zion's hill
without a wade and wash in the Jordan, are
blended. As the night wears on, the fellow
who always fails to be funny, flickers out like
a penny clip : the ten-pin of a man who had
sat upright all day, grows as courty as Man
darin, for even " Homer nods' at times; the
girl with little giggle that had been tripping
like running water, weak, washy,' and ever
lasting, intermits, grows interestin ' and falls
asleep; men make letter Z's of themselves,
shut up like pocket knives, roll up like por
cupines, diverge like Y's; trim and shapely
women tumble to pies s, and lie in little
heaps of undistinguishable garments upon
the seat; the red and dissipated lamps wink
sleepily and hazily at you, and the clatter
tetank of the iron wheels hammer out the
long dull stripe of darkness. Then comes
the menagerie of re piration that men have
agreed to call snoring; you have barks,
snorts, snuffs and growls ; one creaks like a,
rusty hinge, another pants like an engine, or
whines like a spaniel, or is forever blowing
out candles. By and by, the car windows
turn rebel gray, for a day is beginning to
dawn. Did you ever see a woman hat,..hed
out 7 Now is the goldedoPportunity. Leda
—if that is the lady's name we read of—
whose double yoked egg gave us Castor and
Pollux—if I haven't forgotten all about it—
it was hardly more wonderful. Yonder
bundle of skirts, shawls and cloaks, as shape
less as a grist, begins to stir ; first peeps out
a pair of feet and then a hand, and then a
fair and tangled head ; at last emerges a fe
male shape, and Eve is hatched before your
eyes, and the world is better for a walking
A WIFE't3 PRAYER. Lord ! bless and
preserve that dear person whom thou halt
chosen to be my husband; let his life be long
and blessed, comfortable and holey ; and let
me, also become a great blessing and com
fort unto him, a sharer in all his joys, a re
freshment in all hie sorrows, a meet helper
for him in all the accidents and changes in
the world; make me amiable forever in his
eyes, and forever dear to him, Unite his
heart to me in the dearest love and holiness,
and mitts to hint in all sweetness charity and
compliance. Keep me from all ungentleness
all discontentedness, and unreasonableness
of passion and humor; and make me humble
and obedient, useful and observant, that we
may delight in each other according to thy
blessed word, and both of us may rejoice in
Thee having our portion in the love and
service of God forever.
A PI!ZZLINO L'ESTION.-A son of Erin
recently addressed a reverued gentleman, and
" Yet honor, you say that we are all to do
the same kiml of work in heaven that we do
Ye,, sir," replied the parson, "God is
not idle, !flu' why should his subjects be?"
"And do folks ever ilie there?" asked
'• C•ertainly not, certainly not ; they are
juQt ins immortal as the Creator himself."
"Then yer honor, could yer tell me what
they would be after twain: me to doin ; for
I am a grave digger in this world ?"
It is unnecessary to say that Pat was dis
missed without receiving the required infor
WHILE GEN. GRANT was nicking his trip
to Montreal, it was currently reported at
Manchester, N. H., that he would puss
through that city, over the Concord railroad.
Su the waggish ticket-master at that station
informed a feW friends one morning that
Gen. Grant was expected 'On the afternoon
train. Accordingly at that time a large
crowd assembled, and when the train came
in they were gratified with the sight of a
large new engine, bearing the name of our
great soldier. Among the vic'ims of mis
placed curiosity was a jocose lawyer, famil
iarly known us -Sam," who had seen the
general before, though we presume the gen-
eral had never seen Sam." This apostle of
Blackstone saw the engii e and the sell at the
same time, and comprehending his situation
at a glance, bolted incontinently for the
street and his office. As he reached the for
mer, he was asked by a knowing one if he
had seen the gener,al. "0, yes" said Sam,
ißdifferently. "How did he appear?'"Smo
king as usual."
Q. What is a waterfall ? 'A. A lot of curls
made out of the tails of dead Chinamen, and
worn by ladies on the buck of their heads.
Q. What is complexion? A. Bed and white
stuff, which is. sold in small pots at a dollar
Q. What is a bust? A. 'laving a jolly
tuck-in of soda and custard pie, a five cent
cigar, and a glass of lager, and going to a
nelodeon in the evening
Q. What is numsOmont ? A. Setting a, dog
it a Chinaman ; tying two cats together by
he tails ; cutting a girl's doll open and let•
ing the saw-dust out—or anything else that
makes you feel good.
Q. What is a patriot? A. A fellow who
loves his country and Wants to make as moat
out of it as possible.
A SOLDIER who, .on going from Balti
more to Rock Island, had met with four
accidents, was on the fifth occasion, in a car
that .completely, turned over, Making his
way through a window, and gaining ari Up
right position, he looked around him and
cooiy_ifiquired " What station is-this-r --
He thought this was a way they had of
•A. Junco:, trying a ease out in the West,
hall proceeded about two hours, when he
observed, ! 'Here are only eleven. jurymen
present where is
twelfth t" " Please
7or honor," said one of the eleven, "he has
one away about some other business, but
he haaloft hie verdict with me I" •
• ,WILY is a.beggar prev,ented by his name
from repairing his clothes? Because hei
AT WII.A.T hour did the' devil make hie ap.
pearance in 'the_ Garden of Wen ? Some
time during the night: He- certainly came
• .Nirslat associate with atnan whose olOthee
Be 'too big for him. ..erions with hogs
tidbits Should be sivoiaett •