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ERNS OF ADVERTISING.
Ono Square one insertion, 81 00
For each subsequent insertion,
For Me, cantile Advertisements,
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Obituary Notices an Communica
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vate interests alone, 10 cents per
JOB PRINTING.—Our Job Printing Office is the
argest and most complete establishment In the
iouniy. Four good Presses, and a general variety of
material suited for plain and Fancy work of every
tied, enables us to do Job Printing at the shortest
notice, and on the most reasonable terms. Persons
In want of Bills, Blanks, or anything In the Jobbing
line, will find it to their interest to give us a call.
G. M. BELTZHOOVER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, CARLISLE,
PA. Wilco, South Ilanovir street. Particular
attention given to the collection of soldiers' claims,
back pay. bounty, pension, itc.
January 19, 1966.-1 y,
WF. SADLER, Attorney at Law
• Carlisle Pa. °Mee In Volunteer Building
South Hanover Street.
C HERMAN, Attorney at Law
314 Carlisle, N. Next door to the Herald Oilier
, JAMES A. DUNBAR, Attorney at
l e Law, Carlisle, Pa. Office on the south elde of the
t,ourt House, adjoining the "American Printing Office."
JOSEPH RITNER, Jr., Attorney at
Law cud Surveyor, Mechanicsburg, lia. Office on
Bail Road Street, two doors north of the hank.
pm... Business promptly attended to.
JNO. C. GRAHAM, Allorn,y et/ Lute,
Carlisle, Pa. Office formerly occupied by Judge
Graham, South Hanover street.
September 8, 1865.
I P. HUMERICH, Attorney at Law
J. Office nn Main street, In Marion 4all, three
doors east of tho First National Sank. Allbuslncss
entrusted to him will be promptly attended to.
' July 1, 1864.
I, I E. BELTZHOOVEIt, Attorney
.at Law Office in South Hanover street, opposite
Bentz's dry good store Carlisl4„ Pa.
September 9, 1894,
M. WEAK LEY, Attorney at Law
ej • After ou south Hanover street, adjoining lb
office of Judge Oraham. All professional IJuslne:s ell
trusted to him will ho•promptly attended to.
July 1, 1564.
QAMUEL ITELBURN, Jr., Attorney
at LINT. 0111ro with lion. Samuel Ilephurn, Main
St. Carlisle Pa,
July 1, 1,514,'
T AW CARD.—CHAREES E. MA
_au LA UGRIAN, A ttorney at l w Office in I nhnff'
building, just opposite the Market 'louse.
July 1, 1864-Iy.
DR. WIC H. COOK,
Surgeon and Acrourhour
(OFFICE at his residence in Pit,
streot, adjoining the Jlethodh4 Chureh.
July 1. 1854.
TAR. GEORGE S. SEA
I f , Dentist, from the Itnlq
"" 1 4111111111111 more Collage of Dental Surgery.
4M-Oftleo at the residence of bin mother, Eat ,
Louther strabt, three doors below Bedford.
July 1, 1864.
GEO. W. NEIDICII, D.. D.
Leto Demonstrator of Operative Dentist ry of t
Baltimore College o
Office at his resldenv
opposite Marion Hall, West Main street, Cot lisle. l'n.
July t, 1854.
Dr. I. C. LOOM IS
Pomfret Street few doors:ha&l '241
below South Hanover st
July 1, 1864.
G.G. Z. BRETZ, M. D;
ST D. D. S., respectfully offers
his professitnal services to the citizens of Carllgle and
its vicinity. Office North Pitt street.
Carlisle, January 5,1866-3m*
CARLISLE FEMALE COL
Rev. T. Daugherty, President. -
I'o I? .110.741?D1NG ,c• DAY SC 11(.1J„1 RS.
THIS Seminary which includes the
school lately under the charge of iktlss. Mary !lit
tler, will be open under the direction of Rev. T. Daugh
erty. as President, with a full corps of able instructors,
so as to give to the young at thorou h education In
English and Classical studies in the' French and (Jar
man languages, In :11u,ie, Painting, and other orna
Especial care will be given to boarders in the family
of the President.
A primary department for the younger scholars will
be bad in connection with the collegiate department,
The session will open on ,Wednesday, September 6th.
in the four elegant School rooms designed for that pur
pose and attached to the Emory Church.
For terms apply to the Preuident
Aug. 18. 1865.
MRS. R. A. SMITH'S
Photographs, Ambrotypes, lvorytypes
Beautiful Albums ! Beautiful Frames !
Albums for Ladies and Gentlemen.
Albums for Misses, and for Children.
Pocket Albutus for Soldiers and Civilians!
Choicest Albums! l'rettiest Albums! Cheapest Albums!
FOR CHRISTMAS GIFTS !
Fresh and Now from New York and Philadelphia
.11? you want satisfactory Pictures and
polite attention call at Mrs. R. A. Smith's Photo
graphic Gallery, South East Corner of Hanover Street
and Market Square, opposite the Court louse and Post
Ofllce, Carlisle, Pa.
Mrs. lt. A. Smith well known as Mis. It A. Reynolds,
and so well known as a Daguorrean Artist, gives per
sonaNattention to Ladies and Gentlemen visiting her
Gallery, and having the best of Artists and polite at
tendants can safely promise that iu no other Gallery
can those who favor her with a call get pictures supe
rior to hers; not even in New York or Philadelphia, or
meet with sore kind and prompt attention.
Ambrotypes inserted in Rings, Lockets '
&c. Perfect copies of Daguerrotypes and Ambrotypes
made of decease friends. Whore copies are defaced,
lice-like picture, my still be had, either for frames or
for cards. All negatives preserved one year and orders
by mail or otherwisepronrptly attended to.
December 23, 186.l—tf
Porcelain Picture or
toTHIS beautiful Picture is now made at
Lochman Gallery, In Dr. NeWe Building, oppo-
s the First National Dank, with such perfection and
style, tone and finish that it cannot help but please
every one. The percelain imparts a most clear and
charming complexion to the picture.
All other styles of
of all sizes,
CARD PICTURES and Aid BROTYPES,
aro made in the most perfect manner. A largo varie
ty of Frames and Passapartouts, Cases, Albums 'are
on hand and will be sold cheap.
Copying done in the best manner. The public is re
spectfully invited to examine specimens.
The First Premium has boon nwhrdod-by late county
Fair to C. G. Lochman, for
The Best Photographs
H OUSE FURNISHING GOODS
Twit receiving a full supply of all kinds of House
Furnishing goods, Bullshit, for thu prcsont and com
ing season, consisting of all Grades and qualities of
CARPETS! CARPETS ! CARPETS 1!
Floor 011 Cloths,
Tablo 011 Cloths,
10-4 Bl'd and Unbl'd BbeetingeP
Pillow Case Blinding,
• Table 'Damasks,
Towelling all Grades,
Alsn a well selected stock of all kinds of Domestic
Goods, which will be sold at greatly reduced prices, for
AR persons in want of any of the above for the Bpring
Season, will 9ml it to their advantage to give us an
early call, as we are determined to keep up our repu
tation, to, sell goods at,tbe lowest possible market
Fob. 0, 1800. LEIDICII & MILLER.
THE undersigned having purchased
the entire Stock of Groceries of
J. In. ALLEN Sr. CO.,
has romovoath same to tho'Storo Room of M. A
WEST MAIN, STREET,
OPPOSITE RILEY'S UNION HOTEL,
whera.tho;ntibllo will always find on hand a well
looted let of., s?
TOBACCO-& , 'efGARS,
and a moral. IrtrletY artkluneufUy, f o in4 la a
I/ P st ab rq /r9 Ca r l P la ta" ,
JNO. W. ALLEN,_
oeru~te, Bob 20,16C8^
A. K. RHEEM, Publisher
So sweet she Is, so sweet am! fair,
Such glow and glory grace hat. hair
I often used to wish she were
A little 11101'0
I tinnily trixLed iu her to son
A little less of giggling glee.
A little less of coquetry,
Anil pertness and ileriign-i
wished that tale had learnt al school
Not, how to win won and to nil°
13y making wino ones play the fool
And fooliali nova adore
But bow to use the charms she bad
In cheering hearts that else were sail
And making one heaq always glad.
And blest fnr,verrnori
I wished—hut wishing is a trade•
For boys and aimpla middens mode
nd, ifl tried it, Urn afraid
P could not set her free.
From nll the trielis and trumperies
Thal krep her nature in disguise,
And will net let her east her eyes
On quiet folks like 1111,
Soft 11111SiV dwells ant on the night,
The air is a throb with perfume;
Anil the feet of dan,rs fall light—
Vet Death crouches low in the roam
Oily stolid., him, oil stoiliTig and lilanil
tlirro suitor, ti. topeiitrii, Lill ;
Thy• 111, 110 Indild in hi , hand
Thro,,a a duhhli• ,f rod I.ii Ih,• enll
11, Im.l-fact. i 1111 , 11, with
Ate' he e hiaprre a 11:1111C in ilk
1110 Willi,' 111,011 111111 1 , 1111,11 fl . Olll 111101 0
Awl (he Sian. I.wnc 1110 111111 e.
WPrt• hi' v.iid him n proyvr
R'i•rr lill l 1111111 11111 11 1 1 / 1 11,111 1 11 1 .11111
A nhilchler ,pltlvath in th 4, 1111%
Allll the 5harp,,111,1,,, 1111011 tll .14. d.
st•,• , . Ike ,miles ht Liilihol n, lip hips
01 his wine in till . alruto :111Itrt ;
Till Ike nokile Will, toy klar.get's thin lips
Sletll kik - hill. the ek lip , lit art'?
THE TWO VALENTINES
Or tho Five Pound Note
February is net a cheerful month ; nay.
o my thinking, it is quite the dreariest of all
he year. - Whatever wintery charms there
nay have been in fro , t and snow and ice,
lave begun to pall by this time, and spring
eaves and blossorris arc never, to all ap
iearanees, so far off, as in that bleak and
I have heard people speak, with apparent
enjoyment, of the llKty pleasure; of winter,
of the exhilarating effects of keen frost, of
biting boisterous . winds. I have remem
bered certain days of my own and Ellinor's
throughout ono dark winter, and I have
bossed my head shuddering, and prayed
heaven in its mercy to succor the poor.
For my sister and I have known poverty :
not born, nor bind to it, we were vet scarce
ly woman grown, when we found ourselves
alone in the world with poverty fur our in
heritance, and 1, indeed, with nothing be
tween me and starvation save Elinor's cour
age, energy and patience. lam not going
to write a receord of our lives in those days;
it would only be that of hundreds or others,
as well born, as tenderly nurtured as our
selves—no, only a little incident that grew
out of our poverty, and that was destined to
blind those days by a curious link to the
ones that were to come.
We had tried many methods by Which to
earn daily bread, and clothes to cover us;
(what one of the many women who have had
to labor for the same, but can recall the
dreary catalogue ? The work began in hope
th end in disappointment, tho supply ever
exceeding the demands and dark and bitter
February found us endeavoring to keep the
wolf from the door by the manufacture of
o pretty, fanciful, foolish .trifles which it
o fashion of the rich and happy to Bis
on the day of St. 'Valentine.
inor had a fine taste, and drew very
prettily, and between us we had managed to
please highly the kind hearted shop-keeper
who first offered to employ us in making
valentines; but, alas! the demand was ex
austed sooner than our taste and invention
and,wMn our last order was executed wo
Ma so much material remaining that we
resolved to exercise our taste and skill to the
utmost in the manufacture of some real chefs
d'-a,uvre, a sight of which should gain us
orders elsewhere, or at-least command a sale
How well I can recall, to this day, the
making of those half dozen valentines. We
had realy made money b'!ir . , our previous ven
tures in this line, and were young and hope
ful enough to be easily elated by a little good
fortune. We laughed and talked over our
work, as if poverty had bade us farewell for
ever, and once a gleam of pale sunshine
breaking throngh the wintry gray sky, my
little linnet stirred nimbly in its cage, and
uttered a shrill. twitter. Ellinor looked up
to it with a wistful kind of smile on her face.
"Poor birdie I" said the. dare say that
little bit of sunshine is making it think of
pairing time, and, a downy nest in some
pretty green hedge. Poor little town-bred
bird, such 'things are not for you !"
"There!" said I, having put tho finishing
touch at the instant to one of our best efforts
and laying it down Wort) her—'thorn Nell,
would you not like some ono to send you just
such a valentine as that, my dear? For my
part, I think I should considor the sender
Ellinor looked, admired, and laid it care
fully away beside the completed ones.
"Valentines are not for us, any more than
the green hedgerow and the little nest are
for Charlie," she answered soltly.
"No," I said with a sigh, yet glancing at
Ellinor's fair face the while, and thinkin,_
how somo one a hundred times less good and
pretty would most likely blush and smile
Over the appropriated eomplimonts in the
foolish verses embellishing that very volon
It was a bitterly cold morning'rwith fre
quent shouters of sleety rain, when we both
sot forth,. our valentines carefully packed. in. a
box, to try:and dispose of the delicate ware,
in, such shops as seemed to us likely to in
vest in them. We were hopeful as we en
tared the first, not utterly damped as we de
parted unsuccessful, and by tho,timo Wq en-
I,ered, I think, the sixth, despnlyingolntt
IL\ L. c
resolved not to give in whilb n chance ro
It was a fashionable West-end shop, as I
remember, and the warm mellow atmosphere
as wo entered penetrated our damp garments
with a grateful sense of comfort. Two gen
tlemen stood at the handsome counter in
specting the valentines that the smartly
dressed, smiling young lady behind it was
exhibiting to them, the younger of the two
with a curious kind of dissatisfied eagerness
in his boyish face, the other with a good-na
tured assumption of interest in what his
friend evi - .ently had at heart.
I noticed ail this while Ellinor was dis
playing our poor little wares to the other
young lady, equally well dressed, but not
quite so smiling, who came forward to us as
we entered, and I was still looking, and our
valentines still strewed the counter, while
the young lady had departed to ask instr,ue
tions as to buying from the master of the
shop, when the older of the two gentlemen
turned suddenly round and saw the contents
of our box spread out. ''Hello
!" said he, 'why here are a lot more
Tom, come, I think you will be hard to
please if some of these are not up to the
mark !"—and he pulled them all towards
hire, before Minor or the young lady be
hind the counter could interfere if they
" Why those forget-me-nots' and silver
Cupids are the most killing things wo havo
seen yet; perfectly irresistible, by Jovo I And
this pretty wreath of holly berries that lifts
up, and shows a tiny looking-glass under
neath—tiler's is a neat compliment for you!
perfection of every kind set forth in the
verses, you know. Look in the glass and
you behold cm all. Why, Tom you could'nt
hope to beat that!"
Ile ended with a laugh that matched his
kind frank face, end which, like that, seemed
to draw one towards hint as it were, and
then glanced at Elinor, who was coloring
Did ymi make these pretty things r he
said, speaking very gently. "By Ge,rge!
\vital taste cum Inurt have; you must let ma
have this .me of Ulv holly berries. have
never sem, anything so pretty. -
• 110 dropped his voice itnd looked again at
Kilinor. L was the youngest, yet I saw the
emtpliment. which she never dreamed of ap
"Thu thing is for bale, sir, - he said simp
ly, and putting it into its cover laid it on the
count, r before him. AVitlrsome awk ward
noss, and a rising color in his own face now,
he took out a sovereign and handed it to her.
Ve wanted ntnney, yes, sorely, lrottven
knows, and yet a sudden impluso which I
could scarcely resist made 11113 almost dash
rward an I snatch the money from her
hand. Not noticing that, or my face, into
which a burning color had flown, Ellinor
turned towards the young lady and asked
her to oblige her with ehaiige in silver.
" indeed," the gentleman called out
hu. lily, " there is no need of change. The
valentine is worth more than that trifle—
ye,—indeed 1 insist--" and he would not
hear anything to the contrary, though
Ellinor looked distressed and even haughty.
Ile took up the other valentines, praised and
admired then;, and there was something so
i% inning in his fare and manner that Ellinor,
()ugh always somewhat shy and reserved,
talked and even smiled in answer to him.
I\l.canwhile the well-dressed young lady be
hind the counter looked on- with much lofti-
•ss, not to say disdain, which was not
abated when the other young gentleman
finally fixed upon the forget-me-nots and
Cupids, which his friend had pronounced so
killing, and the price of which Ellinor said
was five shillings. 1 know whether
the elder one by this time had become aware
of the irregular nature of the proceedings,
whether he was enlightened ns to the same
by the aspect of the young lady, but cer
tainly, with a smile and bow - towards Ellinor,
ho turned away, and, after purchasing
some trifle or other, he and his friend left
Very short indeed was the young lady's
le when she said ‘• that they had no inten-
Lion at present of increasing their stock of
valentines," and very supercilious the look
with which she eyed Ellinor's fair delicate
face, as my sister was restoring the unsold
valentines to their box once more.. Dear
Nell ! so pretty, and so unconscious I if the
handsome and kind young gentleman had
been an ugly old woman, he would have
been quite as interesting in her eyes, pro
vided 11 . 6 had bought the valentines.
iihe sighed q kind of relieved sigh when
we were once morn in the street.
" There, Tibbie,, wo have done almost
day's work in the last ten minutes, and
seem to have earned the right to go house
and warns ourselves. Your are very wet,
my child; come, we can afford to do no more
"Oh! Ellinor, I wish you had not taken
his money," I burst out. I would rather
have been cold and wet."
She looked at me wondering.
" Not take whose money ?—what, the gen
tleman's who bought the valentine? My
dear child, and why 7"
" Oh, Nell 1 we are ladies ; yes, as much
as he is a gentleman. Noll, it was different
selling our things to the shopkeeper."
•‘ You foolish child I it was differnt, cer
tainly, inasmuch as - we were three times as
well paid by the one as the other," answered
Ellinor, calmly ; '' and as for not liking to
tnke his money, let us hope that he has
plenty to spare, and will always bestow
the superfluity where it is as much needed
as he did to-day."
We said no more, for I was a little asham
ed of my unvoluntary outburst; and our
liberal customer was rover named again be
tween us. Indeed, we had other things to
thing of; for, taking cold on this very day,
I Ehor . w
vor, and my poor - sister's powers were taxed
to the uttermost to keep us from starving.
How early she worked ; how late, how pa
tiently, how uncomplainingly, must surely
be recorded in Heaven, as onegratoful heart,
will remember it on,earth while life lasts ;•
aneyet, after a few weeks, wo had but a
shillingleft-in-the-worlk and - scarce pros= -
'poet of gaining another.
Some months before this Milner bad
written to Oar solo celative in the world—an
uncle in A.histralia; and about this thno we
had fallen into t4o habit of watching rot.,
the postinen when he , entere'd, eurstreet in,
Carlisle, Pa., Friday, March 23, 1866
the forlorn hope possible that there might
come an answer to it. On this morning,
when Nell had given me my scanty breakfast,
and made me as comfortable as the misera
ble circumstances permitted. She sat down
near the window to take her own poor meal,
and watch as usual for the postman. The
water-cress woman, the boy with the rolls
the organ that always came at nine o'clock—
all made their usual appearance and departed;
but no postman caused the narrow little
street to resound with his thunderous raps;
and at last Ellinor rose.
" no must have passed before.' sat down,
I suppose," she said, cheerfully ; " never
mind, Tibblo darling, wo.still have the let
ter to hope for. What, Mrs. Smith I really
a letter for ui at last!" she called out, dart
ing towards our landlady, who opened the
door at the instant, with a letter held in her
apron, to prevent its contact with her soapy
finger and thumb. " Why, how could I
have missed seeing the postman ?"
"Lor ; Miss! posty won't be here for ever
so long yet ; always is an hour Into on this
foolish Valentine's day, a-keeping people
out of their lawful letters, all along o' t at
tom-foolery as I calls it. However p'raps
this letter, which didn't come by post, as I
understand my little Polly, may be a valen
tine, and then you won't be obliged to me
for calling it tom-foolery."
"Not come by post ?" said Ellinor, in a
very disappointed voice, as she took the let
ter and looked at the superscription and the
seal, as people will do, to discover what they
could come at so much more readily by up-
ening the envelope. --
"Open it, Nell dear," said 1, with the
fretfulness of fever and weakness ; and she
came and sat down on the bed beside me as
she did, so. A thin bit of paper fluttered out
of the envelope, and lay unheeded by us
both, as Ellinor unfolded the enclosure and
revealed a valentine—yes, a real valentine,
glistening with frosted silver snow-drops and
"Oh, Nell: a real valentine:
you! Who could have sent it'?"
"It must be a mistake," said Ellinor
turning to the superscription on the envel
ope. " But no; name and address in full
and perfectly correct.-
" Who could have sent it 9 - repeated I
" Who, indeed ?" replied Eli nor, soberly
" What a pity that snow-drops and forget
me-nots are not good for eating. Stay ! here
is something else—roses now, I suppose."
And she took up the folded piece of paper
that lay unheeded on the bed. In an in
stunt the color flashed into her face, the tear
into her patient oyes.
"Oh, Tibbie ! darling, ray child! Five
pounds I—a bank-note for live lamrat , :"
"Five pounds, Ellinor !—nonsenso!"
" Yes, yes ; a real note she
cried. " Oh, my darling, you will get well
nnw ! you shall have all I have never been
tile to give you. (lb, may God Idem.s the
ender of such a precious valentine!"
The dawn of another day of St. Valentine
dark, raw and gloomy. Out of doors the
ene is wretched enough. The trees in the
London square opposite are dripping with
dark moisture; and the London street is
slippery with the same. Inside it is differ
ent. A rosy breakfast-room, luxuriantly
appointed, the tire dancing brightly in the
polished grate, and the whole atmosphere
scented by the breath of the exotics, that
come floating in from the open conservatory
adjacent. Two ladies are its occupants,'one
of whom is busy at the breakfase T table, while
the other stands at the window, looking out.
" Why, Nell, one would think you ex
pected a valentimi."
➢ly sister did not answer; and looking
merrily towards her, I saw so vivid a color
stealing into her fair pale face as made me
stantly silent in wonder
"What were you and Captain Mildmay
talking about so lung in the dark yesterday
evening ?" I asked presently.
" About valentines," answered Ellinor,
quietly. " Yes, Tibbie, I was telling him of
the time we earned our bread by making
Oh, Noll I" I called out, aghast. But
sister's noble face rebuked my paltry
de into silence
It seemed to me only right," she went
" And did he—do you ;link he had ever
recognized us for the p r, girls he bought.
the valentines of that day'i l ' I faltered.
I don't know—if so, he did not confess
it; but I think it very unlikely. It was
natural- we should recollect - him; not like
ly that he should associate the idea of two
forlorn-looking creatures with the nieces of
the rich Australian merchant, whom ho saw
living in luxury. No; I daro say ho has
long forgotten us as he first saw us ; though
I have always thought, Tibbie, in my own
suul, that ho sent that precious valentine that
saved - you, my darling, after tho fever."
" Oh, Noll I—and you never told me bo
foro I Well, and what did ho say ?"
" Last night?—very little. I thought It
only honeSt to tell him ; it seemed to me
right ; but perhaps it has lost us a friend,
Tibbio; I don't know."
Her voice shook a little, and she turned
her face so tlult reould not see it. Just then
the postman's knock made tho house resound;
and, es if the noise had galvanized her into
motion, Ellinor darted out into the hall. I
don't know ivhat she expected, or what I
did ; but I followed her, and leant over her
shoulder as she opened the box, with her lit
tle hands trembling so that the letters as
she lifted them fluttered in hergrasp. There
wore several--I don't in the least remember
what the others were, all my attention being
concentrated on that Ellinor selected as if
by instinct—a valentine, yes, her own wreath
of holly berries, whose ruddy glow seemed
somehow to be reflected in the color flushing
my sisters happy taco.
Asi - l - loolced - atit - I - presumed - tharthe tok
en carried, its message, in words not exactly
patent to my understanding; and I know
that, though Ellinor has boon years, married
to Fred Mildmay, sht! still keeps her'• two
valentines among her, mos,t sacred ,treasures.
The silver ,snow-drops and tile :bright holly,
borries,m?t•lie tarnished now ;
nor - thi3f,wili always he frd in the remem
brance of Om faithful love whielsbas blessed
her life And made it beautiful.
"Noll :was my fate,,you see,." said Prod,.
nov. , e all stood, together in the happy fire
light. on the evening of that ilay„of
,entine; could not forget her fae9Afteq
had once seen it; and when I found out
where you lived, and sent that—that first
valentine, you know, I was thinking how to
follow it up, when behold! I was intro
duced to my fate one night, ns the niece of
the Australian millionaire. And so you
didn't think I remembered you, Nell ? Well,
I'll own I was too fla n, bergasted to be quite
sure, till you spoke. _ As to the holly wreath,
I always meant to keep it till I was in earn
nest you know, and-I told Ellinor so last
"Oh, indeed I" said I, as the little history
of the morning layrevealed to me.
"Come, come," said Uncle John, enter
ing at the instant, "what are you all doing
moping in the dark ?"
"Talking about our valentines, uncle,"
responded I, demurely.
"Tomfoolery !" growled my uncle, in the
very words of Mrs. Smith. Ellinor and
Fred glanced at one another archly, and
then Fred said:
" But, nevertnemss, I hope, in!‘
glass of St. Valentine after dinner, sir, and
own that some foolishness is worth 1111 the
LEE'S LAST BATTLES
A correspondent of the Now York Wand
gives a graphic account of Gen. Lee's last
great battles, and the parting scene between
the rebel Chieftain and his men. The ac
count is written by one of Lee's officers, and
duo alb , wance must therefore be made fur
the rebel proclivities of the writer; but it is
nevertheless an interesting chapter in the
thrilling history of the late war:
Gen. Lee had given orders for the evacua
tion of Petersburg six week:, before Grant
broke through the Confederate lines, but the
authorities at Richmond demanded that he
should hold his position, though prominent
generals declared if Grant once 'broke tb rough
their linen, "We might us well go to Father
Abraham, and say'father, sinned.'
Lee rm., itrd his fate. Reinforcements poured
into Grant. None came to the. Army of
Virginia. Then Caine (irant's bold push.
Meade fell 140,000 strOng on Lee's right near
Burgess' Mill; his most efficient carp of in
fantry arid cavalry were thrown forward ;
and a desperate attack was 'mule upon the
Confederate works on the White Oak road.
A bloody repulse awaited the first assault,
but the second was successful. At the sane
time the lines near Petersburg were broken
by a great force, and the affitir was decided.
The Confederate artily was cut in two; the
enemy held the Southside railroad, intercep
ting the line of retreat ; and what Lee's clear
military judgment had foreseen, had come
The writer then detailS the scenes of the
retreat. Gen. Lee, in full uniform, erect as
an arrow, riding his well-known iron gray,
led his army in person. The Southern army,
had been so long cooped up In its hovels and
easemates—moving only by stealth along
"covered ways"—that any movement any
wherc; was a relief In addition to this,
they had not had time to reflect. The sen
sation of being driven from their earthworks
—now like home Le them—was stunning ;
and the men did not at once realize the tre
mendous change which had all at once taken
place in the aspect of affairs. No man seem
ed yet to have persuaded himself of the fact
that "Gem Lee's army," which only yester
day had held the long lines, in defiance of
all corners, was to-day in full retreat, and
bent first of all upon escaping from the ene
my they had so often defeated. Gradually,
however, the unhappy condition of affairs
began to dawn upon the troops ; and all at
once they - looked the terrible fact in the face;
Gen. Lee was retreating from Virginia.
Most depressing of events! and it was even
a matter of very extreme doubt whether he
could accomplish even that, much. No
troops were ever better informed than those
of the South ; and the private soldiers dis
cussed the chances with a topographical
knowledge which could not have been sur
passed by a general officer with a map be
fore him. I heard one brave tatter-detna
lion, evidently from the backwoods, say,
'•Grant is trying to cut off old Uncle Robert
at Burkesville Junction ;" and another re
plied. Grant can got there first." These, in
a few words, was the essence of the "situa
AT A MELIA COURT IIUUSI•
The scene at Amelia Court House on Wed
nesday was a curious one. The huge army
trains were encamped in the suburbs of the
pretty little village, and the travel-worn
troops bivouacked in the fields. They were
still in good spirits and seemed to have an
abiding confidence in their great command
er. The brigades, though thinned by their
heavy losses at Petersburg, still presented a
defiant front ; ancl the long' nue of veterans
with bristling bayonets, led by Longstreet,
Gordon and Mahone, advanced as proudly
Ls they hadtdone in the hard conflict of the
The troops were still in excellent
morale, and had never been readier for des
perate fighting than at that moment. Men
and officers were tired and hungry, but
laughing; and , nowhere could be seen a par
ticle of gloom, or shirking, or ill-humor—
sure symptom in the human animal of a want
Gf "heart of hope." I will add that I saw
little of it to the end.
Can. Leo loft Amelia Court House on the
evening of the sth and from this time the
army was incessantly -engaged, particularly
with the Fedor al cavalry. On the 6th the
enemy was encountered in force, and lino of
battle was formed to repulse them if they
advanced upon the trains then moving to
ward High Bridge. It was on this evening
that Geri. Ewell and Anderson was suddenly
Attacked, and their, commands thrown into
great confusion, in rear of the wagon trains.
These officers .and others, -,including Gen.
Custis Lee, son of the General, were captor
edTmutthe . dralna seemed abou eon. sore ;
but it did not. To the hostile fate which
seemed to be pressing him to his destruction
Gen. Lee opposed a will as : unconquerable
as the,Greek Necessity with - her iron wedge.
The terrible result of this disorganization
of Ewell And Anderson Were averted
. 1)3 ,
-movement - of - inffintry as rapid ,and urs
pected.as that of the Federal cavalry, From
the flanking column of Confederate infantry
4 brigade was pushed across at a double quick ;
and betWcon. the disorganized troops of
Ewell and the ,viF,torleua enemy arose a wall
of ConfederatebaYonets, flanked by cannon.-
hemp tech the lyv,,ye Went back; •
TERMS:--$2,00 in Advance, or $2,50 within the year
and though the lurid glare of the signals
along the Federai lines in the gathering
darkness seemed the prelude to another at
tack, none was made.
I have spoken briefly of this scene—it was
one of gloomy picturesqueness and tragic
interest. On a plateau raised above the
forest from which they had emerged were
the disorganized , troops ofEwell and Ander
son, gathered in groups, unofficered and ut
tering tumultous exclamations of rage or
defiance. Rising above the weary groups
which had thrown themselves upon the
ground, were the grim barrels of cannon in
battery to fire es soon as the en emy appeared.
In:front of all was the still line of battlejust
placed, by Le e, and waiting camly. General
Lee had rushed his infantry over just at sun
set, leading it in person, his face animated;
and his eyes brilliant with the soldier's spirit
of "fight,"—but his bearing unflurried as be
fore. An artist designing to paint his pic
ture ought to have seen the old cavalier at
this moment, sweeping on upon his large
iron grey, whose mane and tail floated in
the wind carrying his field glass half raised
in his right hand, with head erect, gesture
animated, and in the whole face and form the
expression of the hunter close upon his game.
The line once interposed, he rode in twi
light among the disordered groups above
mentioned, and the sight arouse& a tumult.
Fierce cries resounded on all sides, and with
hands clenched violently and raised aloft.
the men called on him to lead them against
the enemy. "Its General Leel - -"Uncle
Roberti - 'Where's the man who won't fol
low Uncle Robert?" I heard on all sides—
the swarthy faces, full of dirt and courage,
lit up every instant by the glare of the Fed
eral signals near. Altogether the scene was
This took place on the evening of the 6th
of April. The main hotly of tho
army was now closing round Lee, and it
was only by obstinate and persistent fighting
that he was able to continue his retreat.
Everywhere the Federal forces where con
fronted by his excellenty served artillery:
and the thin lines of infantry marching on
the flank of the trains, net and repulsed
every attack with the old spirit of the Army
of Northern Virginia. In hunger thirst
. .weariitess and retreat these veteran
troops stood by their colors without a inur
mer: and fought as admirably as when car
rying all before them and flushed with victo
ry. Others lion - ever, were less constant—
rather, lit us say, fess physically competent.
They fell out of ranks by hundreds, over
come by hunger and exhaustion; or what was
equally had, they dropped their heavy guns
and cartridge boxes, and straggled aiong,,. a
useless, cumbrous mob. On the morning of,
the 7th, beyond Farmville, the Federal cav-
airy made continuous and desperate on
slaughts on the train, throwing everything
into confuoion. Tho, tontnotorn alwaye tho
least soldierly portion of an army, became
panic-stricken, and the terrible roads in
creased a thousand-fold the difficulties of the
march. Wagons were captured hnd aban
doned, all along in spite of hard fighting
and from this time the retreat became a
scene of disorder which no longer left any
ground for hope. I intended to descilie it,
but the subject is too disagreeable Let
some eye witness place upon record these
last scenes of a great tragedy.
On the 7th Gen. Grout opened his corres
pondence with Len. This
continued until the 9th. ''(!t first Lre re
coiled from the idea of a surrender. He
had fought as long as he could, and done all
in his power to extricate his army from a
position in which it had /tern placed by no
fault of his, but the current was too strong
fur him. He was was every whereaurround
ed, his provisions exhausted, his army rap
idly weakening in numbers. Under these
circumstances Gen. Lee determined to sur
render his army, and did so, on condition
that the officers and men should be paroled
to go to their homes and remain undisturbed
by 'United States authorities' as long as they
remained quiet and peaceable citizens. Of
ficers and men:were to retain Asir private
property and the former their side arms.
Such was the convention between Gen.
Lee and Gen. Grunt, aml such the terms
upon which the army surrendered. The ef
fect whieh it produced upon the troops is
hard to describe. They seemed to be stupe
fied, and wholy unable to realize the idea.
For Lee, the invincible, to yield up his sword
was an incredible thing; and when the
troops could no longer have any doubt, men
who had fought in twenty battles, and faced
death with unshrinking nerve, cried like
children. To yield is a terrible thinga
bitter humiliation; and if the private soldiers
felt it so keenly, we may imagine the feel
ing of the leader who was thus called upon
- to write that word "surrender" at the end of
so great a career. He had said once that he
"intended for himself to diesword in hand ;"
Wit•nOW not even this - was permitted him.—
He must sacrifice his men or surrender, and
he decided without difficulty or hesitation.
TUE SCENES BETWEEN TIIIC GENERAL AND
The scene which took place between Gen.
Leo and his men wore indescribably pathetic.
I shall not speak of them, except to say that
the great heart of the soldier seemed moved
to its depths. He who had so long looked
unmoved upon good fortune and bad and
kept, in the midst of disaster and impending
ruin, the equanimity of a great and power
ful soul, now shed tears likeca child. 'I
have done what I thought was beat:fotyou,'
ho said to his men. 'My heartis4oo full to
speak ; but rwishyou all health iiiid,happi
This retreat was a terrible episode of Mili
tary life, unlike any which the present wri
ter,ever am • but ho does no_Lregret
borne his part in its hardships, and its suf
ferings, and its humiliations. He is glad to
have seen-the struggle out under Gen: Leo,
and tiAave shared his 'flit& The greatness
and nobility of soul Which characterize this
eminent soldier, - were all shown conspi
cuously in...that , short -week succeeding - the
evacuation of Petersbinf He had done his
best, 'end accepted his fate,, with manly cour
age, and that erect brow which dares destiny
to do her worst;
,or ratberi let us, say he had
bowed subMissively. to the decree of that
God on whom he bad ever placed his reliance;
Lee the victor upon many hardlo'nghtlielAs,
was a griailgure ; but he is na less gaud:
in defeat, poverty, and adversity. Misfor
tune crowns a man in the eyes of his con
temporaries and in history ; and the Soutl
is prouder of Leo to-day, and loves hin
more than in his most splendid hours of vie
Popular Fallacies Concerning the
A somewhat interesting letter by a rev
erened gentlemen, who is about to pub
lish a work on the Holy Land, for the
Christian Knowledge Society, appeared a
short time ago, in the columns of the daily
papers, on the subject of the Dead Sea.
The Reverend gentlemen, who has for a
long time resided on the shores of this
famous lake, with a view to the study of
the natural history of its environs and of
the land generally, briefly dissipates some
of the most erroneous but best established
illustrations nod traditions respecting this
maligned spot. Hitherto it has been anii
resod, and oven decided in school books,
that the margin of the great salt sea was
fatal to animal and vegetable life. This is
that "first foolish fowl tradition" which
this new authority havens to dispel. So
far from being fatal, 118 specimens of birds
either swim through or fly over its waters.
The birds which fell plump down, dead—as
Coleridge's albatross, killed by the mephetic
vapors of the gloomy pool—are a mere myth.
More than forty specimens of mammalia
revel on its banks; in its canebrakes and
jungle, Indigo, maize and barley grow on
sonic) °fits appoaches to within a few feet
of the margin. Hence it must be considered
rather a pardiso than an Aceldema.
The Reverend writer, indeed suggests
that, on account of its salt and sulphur
springs, it should be adopted as a sanator
ium Fancy the mead Sea as a New laden
and a company established to ritalce it a
place of fashionable resort.
Thing, more unlikely have happened ere
this, and save that bathing is snore or less
impracticable, because one's feet will rise
above one's head in swimming on these
dense waters, there appears no practical
difliculties in the way of such a scheme.
LEARNING A TRADE.—It Wits R WISE law of
the ancient Jews, that the sons of even their
wealthiest men should be obliged to serve op
prenticeship to some useful occupation, so
that in case of reverse of fortune they might
have something to fallback upon •' The
same still exist in Turkey, where every man
even the Sultan himself must learn a trade.—
Ilow fortunate crook it be now, had it been
a law in this country. “Would to God I
had a trade !" is the cry of thousands of re
turned soldiers, North and South who them
selves ruined in pocket, witirno immediate
prospect of gaining a livelihood It should
teach parents that whatever else they ma
give their sons, they &timid(' givo a good
trade. One of our contemporaries most
“chntit, 11;:nit./.4 Lim& a. Fula/Int Welt
among our people is that all of their sons
adopt clerkkhip, and the adoption of the
business of book-keeping as a means of ob
taining livelihood, and every effort is made
to give them an education to that •en I.—
So far ns the education of their children in
the science of keeping proper accounts is
concerned, the idea is a good one, ns every
young man should have a sufficient knowl
edge to properly manage his own hooks
should he ever embark in business, but to
make book-keepers and clerks of all our
boys is a grand mistake. Better Witco them
n a work-shop, mill or foundry, where they
can learn independent trades, whirl, all times
will secure for them employment. and the
pecuniary compensation for which wilt be nt
least ns'much if not more, than the busi
ness of accounts. We earnestly advise all
parents to do that it is an industrious pur
suit ; and let us in the future be wired the
pain of seeing so many stout able-bodied
young men out of employment. '
Music.—lt is said that the origin of music
is ascribed by Lucretius to the whistling
of the wind in hollow reeds, and by Frank
inus to the various sounds produced by the
hammers of Tuba' Cain. Cameleon, Pon
tigttc, ptid others, attribute it to the singing
of birds, and Zarline to the murmurings of
the waters. Whatever opinion, however,
may be entertained of its origin, it an ad
mitted fact that it was first rduced to a
system by Juba!, 1800 years before Christ.
The flute, and harmony or concord in music,
was invented by Hyagnis, and the first notice
we have of vocal choruses among men, dales
back to the year '4ISG anterior td the Chris
tian era. PJ.wyJhogot as maintsined the
theory hat the motions ofthe twelve spheres
must produce delightful sounds inaudible
to human ears, and which he called the
music of the spheres. St. Cecilia. a Roman
lady, is said to have excelled so : eminently
in music, that an angel wise edii44 from
the celestial regions by the fascinating
charms of her melody; and this hyperbolical
tradition has been deemed sufficient authority
to make her- die- patroness of -music_ and
musicians. She died in the third century.
A Good Excuse.—A juror's name was
called by the clerk. The man advanced to
the judge's desk:
"Judge, I should like to be excused."
"It is impossible," said the judge decidedly.
"But Judge, if you know my reasons."
"Well, sir, what aro they?"
" Why, sir, the fact is— "and the man hesita
"Well, sir, proceed, " continued the judge.
"Well, Judge, if I must say it, I've got the
An inquisitive countryman in. Savannah,
saw a gang of darkies at work on the
street, each with a chain and ball attached
to his leg. He asked one of what itwas for.
-"To keep people , . from stealing said
Sambm "heap ef thieves about hero, TT "
A Verdant youth eaw a sewing machine
for the 'first. time in operation, at a fair.
Aft'er looking alternately at the machine
and operator for ''some lime, he gave vent
to hie feeling with,. "By jingo, it's purty,
especially the part covered' with caliket."-
"Are thase_pu re Canaries?" asked a gentle
man of a bird dealer, with whom he Was
negetiaPpg fora "gift for hls fair.": "Yes,
sir," said the, dealer,. confidently , "'I raised
them erp birds friim•eanary seed."
A smart yoang,lavryei'a clerk hearing it
stated b,iltlecturer,that , man , Is. ,morply a
EntichincOtSinarlied, "then I suppose an
' sa a suing mac 'no "
tt " ' ffVl34obeid'to Pe au
A- What Our Neighbors Bay.
• The Baltimore American—a journal Whose
unceasing deVotion to the Government, in
Maryland's darkest days; did more td' rescue
that commonwealth from the grasp of the
traitors who would have dragged her off into
secession, expresses itself as follows on our
Gubernatorial contest: -
The contest for free, government is again
opened in Pennsylvania. The old Key-stone
State,',,which, during the rebellion, has given
the world such glorious accurance of her
truth and fealty to the Union, is once more
called upon to define her future, and we do
not doubt that she will justify the confidence
which firiends of the Union and freedom
reposed in her. It will not do now to stain
the record of her honor. Her candidates
aro in the field. One of them is a Copper
head, who sufrained Buchanan, McClellan
and Woodward, and opposed the soldiers
corning home to vote. The other is a soldier,
who manfully and bravely led his cour
ageous legions on from the breaking out
of the war till the last Rebel had surren
dered. The party calling itself, by misname
Democratic, has nominated Mr. Heister
Clymer, of Barks county, as its candidate.—
The Union party has nominated the veteran
soldier of two wars, Msjcr General John
W. Geary, as its candidate, and placed him
upon a straight out,Union platform.
Mr. Clymer's record is as honorable as
sympathy for the Rebellion will permit it to
be. He was not responsible directly for the
acts of President Buchanan, but shared the
ignominy of having justified them. He was
not in the Rebel Cabinet, but gave aid and
comfort to those who were. Ho did not
meet our brave, patriot soldiers with oppo
sing bayonets, but he encouraged those who
did. He appreciated the high privilege of
voting, and used it against Curtin and Lin
coln and Johnson but refused it to the gal
lant soldiers and sailors of Pennsylvania be
cause they were out of the State fighting their
country's battles. He has been consistent
and unwavering in his support of all meas
ures tending to aid traitors and prevent the
success of the Union. The convention
which nominated him was a Convention of
Copperheads, end we do neither them not'
him injustice in saying that he is a worthy
representative of his party. The Philadj
phis .lqe endorses him, and every paper in
his State, Nvhich beeiime obnoxious for its
rewrotiable spritiumnts, follows suit. tie line
the merit of never pretending to Unionism,
but was nn untepuken opponent of the Union
and its friends from the beginning of tne re
bellion, and although lie opposed the present
Pro.i.bmt with nil his ;night, singularly
enough, dents himself upon an endorsement
of his pulley.
General Geary'a record Is one of 3tra'ght
forward honesty of purpose and honorable
fame. In polities ho has shown laruself to
be above party, end in the field a brave and
gallant officer. lie served with distinction
as Colonel of a regiment throt;li the Alexi
one war. Ile was appointed Governor of
K :1119:ts by President [Weinman, and succeed
ed in restoring order out of the chaotic and
revolutionary elements of which that Terri
tory was composed ; but he refused to be the
instrument of the pro Slavery party in power
to betray the people of Kansas into a slave
State, and made way for a successor who in
his turn, proved ton good for the place.—
Men who learned their political duty in that
school, against their party predilections,
wore not likely to fail the country when
those who had failed in Kansas tried to des
troy the Union. General Geary did not
fail None were earlier than he in taking
ffe wa4 in the earliest fights of West Vir
ginia, and at the final sn.crender of Johnson
in North Carolina, and his name is often
mentioned with honor in the reports of the
war. He was seriously wounded at Ceder
Mountain, and bears n useless arm as a re
membrance of the war. He has proven his
devotion to the Union since the war I; , y
publielly rebuking men who have uttered
treasonable sentiments in his presence, and
making a personal offence of it. His abili
ties as an executive cfficer has been tested,
am] he is known to be Lit for the position of
Governor. The soldiers of the country are
honored in his nom nation, and those of
Pennsylvania who have new the privileg of
voting in spite of Mr. Clymer, will march
up in solid column to crown the life of their
oved commander with this attestation of
The Philadelphia North American has the
following comments upon General Geary's
'The breaking- out of the rebellion found
General Geary in retirement, but his love
for the Union and his soldierly instincts
prevented Min from remaining there. Ile
raised ir regiment of volunteers,
Philadelphia, and these he led in many cam
paigns with such distinguished ability as to
make his name once more conspicuous, so
that he rapidly advanced to the command of
a brigade, and finally of the heinous White
Star Division a shern.w, glorious Army
of the ‘‘ est. lie commenced operations in
the Shenandoah Valley, but was 6Uhsequent
ly sent with his regiment to reinforce the
Western army bolero the great conflict by
xfhieh Grant relieved Chattanooga. His
first battle in the West was that of Lookout
Mountain. But after that his record is that
of Sherman's army, with which he marched
and fought from first to last. Whim Sher
man.took Savannah he made General Geary.
Military Governor of the city; but when
the army marched forward to its brilliant
campaign in the Carolinas Geary was again
with it. With such a record he conies be
fore the people of the State, nominated for
Governor by the party that fought for the
Union from fleet to last. Though he had
been a life long Democrat, the war separated
him from his aneicnt partisan affiliations,
and in 1861 he voted for Lincoln and John
son. That he will he triumphantly elected
tdoes not admit of question. The issue h e •
tween the two great parties is more fairly
presented by the records of their candidates
than by any mere platforms, General Geary
represents the wnconditional Union senti
ment of the State, while Mr. Clymer repre
sents that sympathy with the robolliou
which gave the Gcvern mina so much trouble
during the war. Hero is the issue. Who
can doubt how the people will decide ?"
"Ha!" exclaimed, Mr. John Thomas,
standing with his coat-tails drawn forwards
and his back to the kitchen fire, "I've heer'd
a good deal about the cattle complaint, but
am happy to say it aven't yet attacked my
"It is a painful thing," said Jones,who had
been deceived, to have pretended friends,
and to find them out." "Yes," said Brown,
"hut that can happen seldom. The : plague
of life is that you are always liable to find
them at home." •
It is ; - d_that_one—of—tbe—proofs--of-tho
insurrection of Jamaica was, that a great
many negroes were "riding around the
country' looking black."
A carpenter was employed by a farmer,
and rendered the following curious bill: "To
hanging two barn doors and myself seven
hours, one dollar and a half" •
• When Was Ruth ,vary rude to none/ when
she pulled his,eare'und irod on hls corn.
If a toper and a .galion of whisky were
left together, which would be drunk first?, •
Wom@u•is bald to 6a mere delusion, but
it is S'ometimes pleasant to huga'debision..
- A kibs is, a .Ficeipt,igivpa ,on paying ad
WHY' p oI
lilro an angry word? Be.
cause it often atiria upst ornoOdorAtig are.