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JOB PRINTING.—oar Job Printing Oaks Is the
argot and' most complete establishment in the
qocui y. Pour good Presses, and a general variety of
mfiterfal stilted for plain and Fancy work of every
kend,, enables us to do Job Printing at the shortest
fuitlce, and on the most reasonable terms. Persons
in want of Bills, Blanks, or anything In tho Jobbing
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11. S. GOVERNMENT
Vice President—Haw:mac Ilmousr,
'Secretary of State—Wm. H. Bowan'',
Secretary of Interlor—Jrto. P. Demo,
Secretary of Treasury—Wu. P. lessaaNDEN,
Secretary of War—EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of Natry—GlDsoN Wottra„(
Post Blaster General—Wu. Doineldble.
Attornoy Honeral—Jassos 8. Brom,
Chief J native of the Unit 1 Mateo—Simeon P. Cnasi
Governor—Axpnrw G. CunriN,
Secretary of State—ELl Burnt,
Surveyor General—JANlS a'. BAAS,
Aeditor General—lSAAO SUNK WI,
Attorney General—Wu. M. MeatDITH.
Adjutant General—A L. Stream,
State Treasurer-11mm D. Moons,
Ohlef.ftastle of the Supreme Court-010. W.WOOO.
President Judge—lion. James 11. Graham.
Associate Judges—lion. Michael Cocklin, Hon.
District Attorney—J. W. D. 0111elen.
Clerk and Recortior—Ephralm Coruman,
Register—Geo W. North.
ugh Sheriff—John Jacobs.
County Treasurer—Henry S. Ritter.
Coroner —David Smith •
Karns, John M
toy, Mitchell McClellan,
Superintendent of Poor House—Henry Snyder.
Physician to Jail—Dr. W. W. Dale.
Physician to Poor House—Dr. W. W. Dale.
Chief Burgess—Andrew B. Ziegler.
♦instant BUrgess—ltobert Allison
Town Council—East Ward—J. D. Rhineheart,
Icahn& P. Maier, J. W. D. Gilielen, George Weisel,
West Ward—Geo. h Murray, Thos. Paxton, A, Oath
gsrt, Joe. D. Parker, Jno. D. Gnrgas, President, of
Council, A. Cathcart, Clerk, Jos. W. Ogilby.
Borough Treasurer—Jacob Itheem.
High Constable Samuel Sipe. Ward Constable,
/tumor- -John Et utshall. Assistant Asseserorti,Jao
Geo. t 3. Baotou,
Auditor—Robert D. Cameron
Tax Collector—Alfred ithinebeart. Ward Collet•
tort—Hut Ward, Chas, A. Smith. West Ward, T. eo.
Oman:tan, Street Commissioner, Worley D. Matthews.
Justices of the Peace—A. L. Sponsior, David Smith,
Abre2. Dehuilf, Michael Holcomb.
Lamp Lighters—Chas. B. Muck, James Spangler.
lint Preebyterien Church , Northwent angle ofCen
tre Square. Rev. Conway P. Wing Paetor.—Sery keel
every Sunday Morning at 11 o'clock, A. M., and 7
o'clock P. M.
Second PrenhyterLen Church, corner of South flan
over and Pomfret, etreets. Rev. John C Pllee, Sanyo,
Boreice• commence at 11 o'clock, A. M., and 7 o'clock
Bt. John's Church, (Prot. Episcopal) northeast angle
otOenlra Square. Rev. J C Cleve, Rector. Services
■t It o'clock A. M., and 6 o'clock, P M.
English Lutheran Church, Bedford, between Main
and [souther streets. Rey. Js-ob Fry, Pastor. Ser
viees at II o'clock A. M., and 64 c'clock P. M.
German Reformed Church. Louther, between Ilan.
over and Pitt streets. Rev. Samuel Philips, Pastor.
Services at it o'clock A. M., and 6 o'clock P M.
Methodist E. Church (first charge) corner of Main
and Pitt Streets. Rev. Thomas H. Sherlock, Pastor.
ssuites at 11 o'clock A. M., and 7 o'clock P. M.
Slethodist E. Church (second charge,) Rev. S. I.
Batsman, Pastor. Pervicesin Emory M. E. ChurchaS 1•
o'clock A. M., and 334 P. M.
Church of Hod Chapel, South West eor. of Week St.
and Chapel Alley. Rev. B. F. Beck, Pastor. Services
At 11 a, m., and 03.4 p.m.
St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Pomfret near Eastst.
Rev Pastor. Services every other Sab
bath, at 10 o'clock. Vespers at 3P. M.
German Lutheran Church. corner of Pomfret and
Bedford streets. Rev 0. Frits°, Pastor. Services at
11 o'clock P. M.
3.. When changes In the shore are necessary the
proper persons are requested to notify us.
Re♦ Harman M. Johnson, D. D., President and Pro.
•esor of Moral Science.
Wllli►m G. Wilson, A. M., Professor of Natural
Science and Curator o' the Museum.
Rev. William L. Doswell, A.
Greek and Darman Languages.
Samuel D. Millman, A. M., Profe•aor of Mathemat,
John X. Staym K., Professor of the Latin and
Hon. James H. Grs ham, LL. D. Professor of Lan.
Des. Usury 0. Cheston, A. B . Principal of the
John Hood, Assistant in the Grammar School.
BOARD OF SCHOOL DIRECTORS
E. Cot-moan, President, James Hamilton, H. Saxton,
E. C. Woodward, Henry Newsham, C.P. Humerich,
Beet'y, , 3. W. Eby, Treasurer, John Sphar, Messenger.
Meet on the lot Monday clench Month at 8 o'clock A.
M., at Education
CYRIABLZ DZPOSIT Dina.—President, R. M. Hender
son, W. M. Bestow Cash. J. P. thunder and C. B. Ptahler
Teller., W. M. Pfahler, Clerk, Juo. Underwood Mee
■enger. Directors, R. 31. Ileilderson, President, It. C.
Woodward, Banes 'Woodburn, Moses Bricker, John
Zug, W. W. Dale, John D. Gorges, Joseph J. Logan,
Jl3O. Stuart, jr.
FIRST NATIIVIAL BANC—PreSidellt, Samuel Hepburn
Cashier. Jos. 0. Hoffer, Teller, Abner C. Brindle, Mee.
Seeger, Jamie Brown. Wm. Her, John Dunlap?ltich'ff
Woods Woods, John C. Dunlap, Isaac Brenneman, John B.
Sam'l. Hepburn, Directors.
CONIIIIIELAND VALLEY RAILRoAD COMPANT.—President,
Trederick Watts: Secretary and Treasurer, Edward
M. Biddle: Superintendent., 0. N. Lull. Pasaruger
train. three times a day. Oar Hale Accommodation,
Eastward, leaves Carliale 5.55 A. M., arriving at Car.
lisle 5.20 P. M. Through trains Eastwerd,lo.lo A, M.
and 2.42, P. M. Westward at 9.27, A. M., and 2.56 P.
CAILTSLI Gail AND Waisn COMPANY.—Preeldent, Lem
uel Todd; Treasurer, A. L. Spon.ler; Superintenoon,
George Wise: Directors, F. Watts, Wm. Deetemt
Ift. H. Diddle, Henry Saxton. It. C. Woodward, J. W.
Patton, P. Gardner and D. 8, Croft.
Cumberland Star Lodge No. 107, A. F. M. meets at
Marlon Hail on the 2nd and 4th Tuesdays of every
Bt. John's Lodge No. 260 A. Y. M. Meets 8d Thurs
day of etch month, at Marion Hall.
Carlisle Lodge No. 91 I. 0. of 0. F. Meets Monday
evening, at Trout's building.
Letort Lodge No. 63, 1. 0. of G. T. Meets every
Thursday evening In Ebeem's Hall, 8d story.
The Union Fire Company wan organised In 1700.-
110 ms In Loather. between Plttand Hanover.
The Cumberland Fire Company was Instituted Feb.
IS. hBOP House In Bedford, between Main and Pom
The Good Will Wire Company was Instituted In
March, 1855. House In Pomfret, near Hanover.
The Empire Hook and Ladder Company Wu Institu
ted In MO. House in Pitt, near Main.
RATES OF POSTAGE
Postage on all letters of one half ounce weight or
under, 8 cents pre paid.
Postage on the HICRALD within the County, free.
Within the 804813 cents p er annum. To any part
of theNnited States. 28 cents Postage on all tram
aid st papers,' eents per ounce. Advertised letters to
be shorted with cost of advertising.
MRS. R. A. SMITH'S
ThOtographs,Ambrotypes l lvorytypes
Beautiful - Albume I Beautiful Frdmes I
Animas far Ladle's and Gantlemon.
• Albums for Misses, and for Children,
Pctekoi Albums for Soldiers and Civilians!
choicest Albums I Prettiest Albums! Cheapest Albums'
• FOR CHRISTMAS GIFTS I •
Trash and New from Now York and Philadelphia
want aatisfaotory Pictures and
pouL o ittentlon. call at Dire R.. A. Smith's, Photo ,
phie G allery , South East C o l m a r of Hen Over Street
laid Market Square, opposite the Court Normand Post
rialco,,Carliele, Pa.' ..• ,
kiss. R. A. Smith, Well known as Mrs. R. A. Reynold',
And so well known as abaguerreara Artist, gives per
penal attention to Ladies and Gentlemen visiting 'bar
gallery and having the best of Artists and .polite at
readapts 'Can. safely promise, that In no other (Unary
ran those who favor her. With a call get pictures supe
rior to hers, not even in New York or Philadelphia, or
inset with more kind and prompt attention.
Ambrotypea Inserted In Rings, Lockets, Dread Pins,
'kg. Perfect copies of Dagtierrotypes and Ambrotypes
made of deceased friends. Where Copies are defaced,
ife-like pictures may still be bad, either for frames or
Or cards,' All negatives preserved bite year and orders
ti mail or otherwilepromiftly attended to.
December '9'1,18647.., it
riIHE'FORWARDING AND GRAIN
ll business ibrinerly conduatad by Line,' Glyler
Is-now carried on by--
. , JOHN
JiaTrip, 1.864—tr Gyeagon. Comb. tb.
- DR. WN. IL COOK,
, kINIQEOPATHIO PHYSICIAN,
Surgeon. and Acp:ighour
9strePPICE zit his residence in Pitt
sAjoinlin blethopt qire4l.
1,1 ° 04 . •
CHOICE. ELUAIIB 41Angn's
vADMS; An - infinite variety ofltmu
sitiisna Inirtinettie"Onmes at Ifavervilekotilirog
and' rAnt7 More,
Union Meeting in Wilmington
A large and spirited Union meeting was
lately held in Wilmington, N. The
proceedings wore of such a character as
to warrant us in the belief that the Union
sentiment is increasing in that portion o
the Confederacy, and that ere long the
supporters of the rebel Government will
be in a hopeless minority. Among the
most prominent and active of those who
desire a return of the people to their al
legiance to the Government, is the Rev.
Mr. Hepburn, aeon of Hon. Samuel Hop-,
burn of this place. We copy from the
New York Tribune the resolutions of
fered by him as well as his remarks in
support of the same.
In obedience to the request of the
Mayor, the Rev. Mr. Flepburn, the Pres
byterian minister, came forward and again
read the resolutions to the meeting.—
Their second reading was greeted with
even more marked enthusiasm than they
were at first.
WI:UREA/3, The city of Wilmington
has 'gain been restored to the authority
of the United States, and the opportuni
ty is given the citizens without regard to
past party differences to give public ex
pression to their views and purposes:
At., Profes.or of the
Resolved, 1. That we will remain a
our homes and cheoffully submit to the
authority of the National Government,
pledging to it a loyal obedience and hearty
Resolved, 2. That we believe that by
this course we are promoting not only
the interests of Wilmington, but also of
the State of North Carolina, by doing
what is in our power to restore her to the
Union in which she enjoyed so great
prosterity in the past, and inlwhich alone
she can look for peace and Republican
freedom for the future.
Resolved, 3. That assuming in good
faith the obligations of citizens of the
United States, we do not place ourselves
in the attitute of a subjugated people,
but claim the rights and privileges guar
anted by the Constitution to American
citizens, and assured to persons in our
peculiar condition by the Proclamation of
Resolved, 4. That we can call upon our
fellow citizens of North Carolina to join
with us in protesting against the mad
ness of the authorities of the State in
urging the prosecution of this fratricidal
war for a cause which we believe to be
h'opeless, whose continuance will only
render our ruin more remediless in the
end, and which is waged for the sake of
a government in- which the people have
justly lost all confidence.
Resolved, 5. That we urge them to no
cept the condition in which the fortune
of war has planed them, and to submit to
the national authority, so that our noble
State may be speedily restored to the
Union, where the mass of the people have
in their hearts always wished her to be.
Resolved, 6. That in view of the fact
that a large number of our citizens have
been reduced to poverty by this war, and
for want of occupation are in danger of
great suffering, of becoming dependent.
upon the bounty of the Government for
support, we would respectfully urge the
expedience of affording te,our communi
ty as speedily as possibl‘, such facilities
for commerce and industry as may be
compatible with military movements and
the general interests of the country.
Resolved, 7, That we take pleasure in
bearing testimony to the general courte
sy and good order of the national troops,
both officers and privates, the promptness
and efficiency of the military authorities
in protecting the citizens, and• especially
their liberality to the poor and suffering
in our midst.
~Resolved, 8, That copies of these re
solutions bo aent to the President of the
United States, the Governor of North
Carolina, and the leading newspaper of
Being requested to addrem,the Meet
ing, Mr. Mg:Niro spalie aoTrAllows; •
The Rev. Mr. lIRPBURR'S Speech.
ItHEEM & WEAKLEY, Editors & Proprietors.
Let us Make the Best of it
Life Is but a fleeting dream,
Care destroys the seat of It;
Bwlft It glidoth like a etream—
Mind you make the best of It I
Talk not of your weary woes,
Troubles, or the rest of It;
If we hays but brief repose,
Let us make Ma best of It
If your friend has got a heart,
There Is something fine In him ;
Cast away hie darker part,
Cling to what's divine l■ him,
yiiendehip is our beet relief—
Make no heartless jest of it;
It will brighten every grief,
If we make the best of it.
Happiness despises state;
'Tie no sage exporlinent,
Simply that the wise and great
May have joy and merriment;
Rank Is not Its spell relined—
Money's not the test of it.
But a calm contented mind,
That will make the beet of it.
Trusting In the power above,
Which, sustaining all of US
In one common bond of love,
flindoth great and small of us,
WhatsoS•er may befall
-Borrow■ or the rept of It—
We shell overcomelhern all,
If we make the hest of It.
Correspondence of N. Y. Tt Ibuno
le FELLOW-OrTrzuNs : I am making no
unmeaning apology when I say that I
sincerely regret that the duty of opening
the discussion upon those resolutions has
devolved upon me. Not that I have
the least hesitation in publicly declaring
my views and feelings upon any of the
subjects referred to in them. It is the
duty of every man now to avow his hon
est convictions. The great error of con
servative men has been that they have
been too prudent, or timid, rather. We
ought to be wiser in the future. But I
would prefer that some of the older citi
zens of Wilmington, so many of whom
have taken such an active part in this
meeting, should address you instead oi
me. Still, as the interests of all of us are
involved in the course pursued by this
community and by our State, we have
all a right to speak and to be heard.
" We have - not assembled in any mere
spirit of exultation. We see about us too
much of the frightful results of war for
this ; we miss many familiar faces which
we shall never behold on earth again ; we
see many of our citizens reduced to pov
erty and want; we have seen to-day cit
izens of a neighboring State brought into
our midst, many of whom were once in
affluence, who have been left homeless,
and are now dependent upon the chari
ties of the authorities and of our citizens
for their support. He would be hard
hearted indeed who could in the midst of
such abounding misery indulge in frivo
lons exultation. No, we have come to
gether us e-rnest men to decide on ma
tern of greatest importance to our whole
" I may say, too ; that we say nothing
in reference to past opinions and conduct,
In such a large assemblage as this all va
rieties of opinion must have been held.—
It is no disgrace for a man to change his
opinions ; it is dishonest and unmanly to
disavow his past life ; this baseness is not
asked by these resolutions of any man
We have nothing to do with the past;
'let the dead past bury its dead;' all that
we propose is to declare clearly and firmly
our present views as the course which we
deem it our duty to pursue.
" The sum and substance of the reso
lutions is that we renounce the Govern
ment under which we ha'Ve been living
for some years, and then we heartily de
sire that our State may once more be re
stored to the Union.
" If there is any one present who still
has any lurking feeling that the Confod
crate Government bas any claims upon
him, let him but review the course of its
rulers for the past four years, or if he pre
fer it, for the last year, and let him then
say what motives of honor or duty bind
him to it. Treason, gentlemen, is a crime
of which not merely the subjects of a
Government may be guilty; the rulers
also may be guilty of it: Right-minded
people will always exercise great charity
oward their rulers, and will endure much
from them ; but there is a point beyond
which obedience ceases to be a, duty.—
When the Government becomes unjust
and cruel ; when rulers demand what
'freemen dare not give,' then the rulers
become the traitors, and not to resist and
renounce them is treason against freedom
and against humanity. What has been
the course of the Confederate authorities
from tbp,heginning ? Of all those rights
which Ne have been taught to regard as
most sacred, what one is there that they
have not violated ? This Confederacy
was founded on the principle of State
rights; and the rights of the States were
at the very first trampled under foot.—
Then we had a conscript law ; it was de
nounced by some of the leading men of
our States as unconstitutional, and as
what ought never to be in a free coun
try; but the law was passed, as sweeping,
ruthless; and cruel a system of conscrip
tion as even disgraced the legislation of
any country, Every year added to its
injustice and severity, until at tho last
Mr. Davis demanded all exemptions should
be revoked, a d that in his hands should
be lodged the whole power of deciding
whether a man hould serve the Confed
eracy At home or in the field. He was to
detail men to practice wedioine, preach
the Gospel, edit newspapers, make laws,
Sm. What a claim was that to be put
forth in this once free country ! :Then
we had most oppressive taxes—'the. fast
diet was wrung from the clutched hand '
of poverty'—and owing to some mysteri
ous blunder or fraud, that tax must be
doubled, it ad we remained much long
er in their power, there are many here
who would have bad to sell everything to'
pay their taxes. .1 need not dwell on the
repudiation of the currency, the suspen
sion of the writ of habeas corpus; legal,
ized robbery called impressment, the want
of good faith in , their dealiogs with our
citizens, the secret sessions-of- Congros,
440., &o. To close the catalogue of their.
follies and crimes, we see that , Slavery,
which was deOlared by Mr. Stephems , the,
corner-stone of the Confederacy, will soon
be completely destroyed by them, 'I any;
then, what claims bas a Government
which hag thus forsaken all the prinoi
pies upon which it was founded, not
which has beep'' guilty of so prolonged
and systemitio injustice and oppression,
upon any_ map for. confidence or support ?.
Truly do these fesOluticins declare that
the watis now-ward-for -the `Bak° of a 1
Government which has forfeited all tains
to our confidence and affection.
"We declare also in these resolutions
that it is our conviction that our only
hope for peace, security and freedom is
in the restoration of the Union in all its
integrity, and that we desire to see our
State once more a member of that Union.
This I believe is the sentiment of the
large majority of the people of North
Carolina. Ido not believe that she ever
lost her attachment to the old Govern
ment. North Carolina never gave in to
the heresy of Secession.. When the hour
I of trial came, when war was seen to be
inevitable, and she was called upon to
take sides in the.struggle, she yielded to
the strong claims of blood andlindred,
and even against her convictions she gen •
erously stepped forward to defend those
against whose views she bad always pro
tested, and most gallantly has she fulfill
ed the pledges she then made. She was
trained in a different political school from
some of her sister States of the South.
Some two years ago I had to look over a
number of speeches and orations made
by prominent men of our State through
a long series of years.. I was struck with
the uniformity of their views on the in
estimable value of the Union. All who
referred to the subject enforced the ne
cessity of presetwing the Union in its in
tegrity and power as the only means for
securing to the States the blessing of
peace and liberty. Especially do I re
member the remarks of one whose name
will always be held in honor not only in
this State but throughout the whole
United States—l mean Judge Gaston.
I asked myself, as I read these strong
declarations, whether these wise and good
men were only indulging in empty decla
mation, or whether they were expressing
their deliberate convictions. We now
know that their's were words of truth
and wisdom. It was an evil day to us
when we turned a deaf ear to their voice.
By four years of suffering and bloodshed
we have learned the value of that Gov
ernment which once laid so light upon
us that we scarcely knew that 'we had a
Government, and which diffused so quiet
ly its blessings, that we learned to despise
it; and to-night we declare that we come
back to the faith of our fathers, and hope
for security - for ourselves and prosperity
for our State in the restoration of the
State to tnat Union in which she enjoy
ed so great prosperity in the past.
"I know :that in the minds of many
there is the feeling that although the in
dependence of the South is now hopeless,
yet it would be better for us if we could
be an independent nation. It is a fatal
delusion. The worst thing that could
befall the South would be for her to gain
her independence. 'Were the choice giv
en us to-night of choosing between recon
struction and the establishment of the
South as a separate and independent em
pire, we should decide without a Moment's
hesitation in favor of reconstruction. I
say so, because I am convinced that free
dom and this so-called independence can
not exist together. Lot me ask every
wavering mind, if there be any such
present, to reflect upon this. Supposing
that the original scheme of the Secession
ists lad succeeded, and that they had
established a separate Government in
Southern States, what would have been
the inevitable result? Does any one sup
pose that the two nations could have lived
together in peace? I remember that Dr,
Thornwell, in a speech made about the time
that South Carolina passed the ordinance of
secession, drew with his accustomed eloquence
a glowing picture of the two sister Republics
growing up in harmony side by aide; but it
was as wild a fancy as ever entered a sane
man's brain. Two such nations, speaking a
common language, with different forms of
civilization, rival interests, and feelings em
bittered by years of controversy, could not
live together in peace. Perpetual war would
have existed between them. Large standing
armies would be required to guard our bound
aries and our coasts ; and whence would these
armies be found ? Where Slavery exists there
is no foreign emigration; from our own men,
from the middle class, from the small farm
ors and mechanics, those who make the pride
and strength pf a free country, and are the
controlling power, would the armies be sup
plied by a stern conscription; while those
who possessed broad lands and large numbers
of slaves would have been the exempts, and
these wbuld have formed the ruling class in
the nation. We should thus have had a slave
aristocracy ; the slaves to till the soil and do
'the little manufacturing that would have to
be done, while the poorer ()lass of white peo
ple would compose the army.
.You may be
sure that such a system would soon degener
ate into a most cruel military despotism. Yet.
therecan be nodoubt that snob was the scheme
01 Jdhn C. Calhoun and of those whp attempt
ed to act out his prinaiples. But do you sup
pose that there would be only two Republics?
'lf the work-Of separatiofi should once com
,mence, it, would not end until the whole na-
Lion should be resolved into its original ele
ments; and we should soon have a multitude
Of 'petty military despotisms, the contempt
of all fcireign nations, wasting each other's
air'ength in bloody and endless feuds. we
?nye seen the commencement of this work
of disintegration during the, 'ast four year's.
The people of the trans-11 . 436W Depart
ment have for some time regarded the rßee l y ei ,
as independent. know it to be a feet, iheit'
when Gen. Hood was placed in' COLADABAd of
the' Army of Tennessee ) an order was sent
'beyond the .14issiisippi for. 20,000 men te're
inforcobim; and the men refused to obey tlio
order. • Spat Present, how comes it that Gen.
Zee's weakened' army receivee reirifirce
mente_ from_that quarter? Ye it not evident
io ail that ibelate of the Confederacr will
CARLISLE. PA., FRIDAY, MARCH 31, 1865.
be decided by the results' of the military
movements east of the Mississippi? Why
then are not the largo armies which, we aro
told, are beyond the river, added to Lee's
forces. I saw it stated not long ago that the
men had again refused to come, and I believe
the statement. Yes, if even the Southern
Confederacy had become separate nation,
the Mistissippi River would soon have out it
in two, and you would have had two confed
(trades instead of one. Nor would it have
stopped there. Hardly had the war fairly
commenced when we hoard it said openly
and frequently, that the border States, Vir
ginia, North Carolina, Kentucky and Ten
nessee, could not long live in harmony with
the coitott States; already*a new Confeder
acy wet making its appearance. And so it
would have gone on. Who can depict the
degradation, the horrora of such a state of
things? May Heaven in mercy avert from
us and from our posterity such a fate I
" We desire, then, the reestablishment of
the authority of the general Government
over all its territory, because we are firmly
persuaded that under the protection of that
Government alone can we find refuge from
such a state of anarchy and ruin; because
we believe that under ita fostering care alone
there can be any progress in art, industry,
science and literature, any security for our
lives and property, any enjoyment of plain,
practical republican freedom.
, 4 In reference to the future of our own
State I have no prophecies to make. lam
not so desponding as I find some of my friends
to be. North Carolina is a great and noble
State. With her dowry of fertile lands, her
fisheries and mines, and streams and valleys,
and her bra4o and honest people, she has all
the elements of greatness. She prospered in
the past, in spite of all the obstacles in her
way. Lot us hope that when the storms of
war are passed, and the confusion incident
to our transitive state is gone, that under a
new and we trust bolter order of things, she
will at once enter upon that career of pros
perity and honor which Heaven has marked
out for her."
These remarks, which he delivered in a
subdued but earnest tone of voice, indicating
the deep and earnest feeling by which each
word was inspired, held the audience in
breathless attention—which 'as only broken
by occasional applause during its deli very and
at the close.
GOING DOWN HILL
BY MRS. S. P. bOUGYITY
"That looks bad." exclaimed farmer
White, with an expressive shake of the
heap, as ho passed a neglected garden
and broken down fences, in one of his
"Bad enough," was the reply of the
companion to whom the remark was ad•
dressed. "Neighbor Thompson appears
to be running down hill pretty fast. 1
Can remember the time when everything
around his little place was trim and tidy."
"It is quite the contrary now," return
ed the farmer. "House, outbuildings,
and grounds all show the want of the
master's care. lam afraid Thompson is
in the downward path."
"Ho always appeared to be a steady,
industrious man," rejoined the second
speaker.—"l have a pair of boots on my
feet at this moment, of hie make, and they
have done me good service."
"I have generally employed him for
myself and family," was the reply, "and
I must confess that he is a good work
man ; but, nevertheless, I believe I shall
step into Jack Smith's this morning and
order a pair of boots, of which I stand in
need. I always make it a rule never to
patronize-those who appear to be running
behind hand. There is generally some
risk in helping those who do not try to
"Very true, and as my wife desired me
to see about a pair of shoes for her this
morning. I will follow your example
arid nail upon Smitb. He is no great fa
vorite of mine, however—au idle, quar
"And yet he seems to be getting ahead
n the world," answered the farmer, "and
lam willing to give him a lift. But I
have an errand at the butcher's. Step
in with me for ?moment. I will not de.
At the buteher's they met the neigh•
bor who had been the subject of their
previous conversation. He certainly pre
sented a rather shabby appearance, and
in his choice of meat there was a regard
to ()condi:ay which did not escape the ob.
servation of farmer White.
After a few passing remarks, the poor
shoemaker took his \departure; and the
butcher opened his account book with a
somewbatanxions air, saying, as he charged
the bit of went :
"I believo it is time that neighbor
Thompson and I came to a settlement.
Short accounts make long friends."
"No time to lase, I should say," re•
marked the farmer.
"Indeed! Have you beard of any
rouble, ueighbor White ?"
"No, I have heard nothing : but a man
has the use of his own oyes, you know ;
arid I never trust any - one with my mon.
ey who-is evidently going down hill."
"Quito right; and I will !Moil in my bill
this evening. I have only delayed on
aotmunt of the ciskness which the poor
man has had, in hia family all winter. I
!suppose he must have run behind hand a
Attie, hut still I gnat take oars of num,
"Speaking et Thou:wpm, are you 1 4 " ob. :
nerved a bystander, who epp,eate4 te take
an interest in the eormireation. —f!going
tiawn I must `look out for thy
selfolitin, He owes me qulte a snug
sum foe leather. , .'l'-did Wand to give
TERMS:-42,00 in Advance, or $2,60 within the year.
him,another month's credit, but on the
whole, I guess the money would be safer
in my own pocket."
Here the four worthies separated each
with his mind filled with the affairs of
neighbor Thompson, the probability that
he was going down hill, and the best way
of giving him a push.
In another part of the little village
similar scenes were passing.
"I declare I" exclaimed Mrs. Bennett,
the dressmaker, to a favorite assistant, as
she hastily withdraw her head from the
window whence she bad been gazing on
the passers by. "If there is not Mrs.
Thompson, the shoemaker's wife, coming
up the stops with a parcel in her hand.
She wants to engage me to do her spring
work, I suppose, but I think it would be
a venture. Every one says they are run
ning down hill, and it is a chance if I
ever get my, pay."
"She has always paid us promptly,'
was the reply.
"True, but that was in the days of her
prosperity. 1 cannot afford to run any
The entrance of Mrs. Thompson pre
vented further conversation.
She was evidently surprised at the
refusal of Mrs. Bennett to do any work
for her, but as a great pressure of busi
ness was pleaded as an excuse, there was
nothing to be said, and she soon took
Another application proved equally un
successful. It was strange how busy the
village dressmakers hadsuddenly become.
On her way home, the poorshoemaker's
wife met the teacher of a small school in
the neighborhood, where two of her smell
"Ah ! Mrs. Thompson, I am glad to
see you," was the salutation '•I was about
calling at your house. Would it be con
venient to settle our little account this af
"Our acoount !" was the surprised re
ply• "Surely, the term has not yet ex
'•Only half of it, but my present rule
is, to collect my money at that time. It
is a plan which many teaohers have adopt•
ed of late."
"I was not aware that there had been
any change in your rules, and I have
made arrangemeffis to n - eet the bill at
the usual time. - I fear it will not be in
my power to do so sooner."
Tho countenance of the teaoher showed
great disappointment, and as soon as she
passed on in a different direction, she
muttered to herself :
,as I expected. I shall never
get a,ceni: — Everybody says that they are
going down hill. I must get rid of the
children in some way. Perhaps I may
get a pair of shoes or two for payment for
the half quarter, if I manage right, but
it will never do to go on in this way."
A little disconcerted by her inter
view with the teacher, Mrs. Thompson
stepped into a neighboring grocery to pur
chase some trifling article of family stores.
"I have a little account against you
Will it be convenient for Mr. Thompson
to settle it this evening ?" asked the civil
shopkeeper, as he produced the desired
"Is it the usual time for settling?" was
again the surprised inquiry.
"Well, not exactly, but money is very
tight just now, and I am anxious to get
in all that is due me. In future, I in
tend keeping short accounts. There is
your little bill, if you would like to look
at it. I will call around this evening.
It is but a small affair."
"Thirty dollars is no small sum to us
just now," thought Mrs. Thompson, as
she thoughtfully pursued her way toward
"It seems strange that all these pay
ments must be met just now, while we
are struggling to recover from the heavy
expenses of the winter. I cannot under
stand it." '
Her perplexity was increased upon
finding her husband with two bills in his
band, and a countenance expressive of
anxiety and concern.
"Look Mary," he said, as she entered,
"here are two unexpooted calls for mon
ey; one from the dootor, and the other
from the dealer ih leather from whom I
purchased my last stook. They are both
very urgent for immediate payment; al
though they have always been willing tozi
wait a few months until could make ar
rangements to meet their claims. But
misfortunes never come singly, and if a
man onoe gets a little behind band, troubl
le seems to pour in upon him."
"Just so," replied his wife. "The
neighbors think we are going down hill,
and every one is ready to give us a plash.
Here are two more bills for you—one
from the grocer and the other from the
Reply was prevented by a knock at the
door. and the appearance, of `a 'lad` who
presented a lleAtly folded piper and dis
The batch - Bes account, as I live I" ex
claimed the astonished shoemaker. "What
•iiiiTo be Aim) Mary? So much money to
be Paid out, and very little coning in;
for some of my customers 'have left me,
-althongh - my attic "hatalwayi given sage
faction. If I could only have 'as . much
employment as usual, and the issusle'redit
ellowe(t me, I could peon flatisfy pit these
claims ; but to meet them now is ims-
I sible, and the acknowledgement of my
inability will send us still further on the
"We must do our best, and trust in
Providence," was the consolatory remark
of his wife, as a second knock at the door
aroused the fear that another claimant
was about to appear.
But the benevolent countenanoe of un
cle Joshua, a rare, but very weloome visi
tor, presented itself.
Seating himself in the comfortable
chair which Mary hastened to band him,
ho said, in his somewhat eccentric, but
"Well, good folks, I understand that
the world does not go quite as well with
you as formerly. What is the trouble?"
"There need be no trouble, sir," was
the reply, "If men would not try to add
to the afflictions which the Almighty sees
to be necessary for us. The winter Was
a trying one. We met with sickness and
misfortune, which we endeavored to bear
with patience. All would now go well,
if those around me were not determined
to push me in the downward path."
"But there lies the difficulty, friend
Thompson. This is a selfish world.
Everybody, or at least a great majority,
care only for number one. If they see a
poor neighbor going down bill, their first
thought is whether it will affect their
own interests, and provided they can se
cure themselves, they care not how soon
he goes to the bottom. The only way is
to keep up appearances. Show no signs
of going behind hand, and all will be wel'
"Very true; uncle Joshua, but how is
this to be done P Bills which I did not
expect to be called to meet for the next
three months, are pouring in upon me.
11Iy best customers are leaving me for n
more fortunate rival.—ln short, I am on
the brink of ruin and naught save a mir
acle can save me."
"A miracle which is very easily wrought,
then, I imagine, my good friend. 'What
is the amount of these debts which press
so heavily upon you, end how soon in the
common course of events, could you dis
charge them ?"
"They do not exceed one hundred dol
lars," replied the shoemaker ; "and with
lay usual run of work I oould make a
right in three or four months."
"We will say six was the answer. "I
will advance you $l5O for six months.
Pay every oent that you owe, and with
the remainder of the money make some
alight addition or impr, vetnent in your
house, and put everything about the
grounds in its neat order. Try this pl7l
for a few weeks, and we will see what ef
fect it has up . nn our worthy neighbors.
No, no, never mind thanking me.,_
only trying an expeiiment on human na-
ture. I know you of old, and hive no
doubt that my money is safe in your
Weeks passed by. The ad :ice of Un•
ole Joshua had been strictly fbllowed, and
the change in the shoemaker's prospects
indeed wonderful. He was now spo
of as one of the most thriving men in
village, and many marvellous stories
were told to aooount for the sudden al-
teration in his affairs. It Was generally
agreed that :a distant relative had be-
queathed to him a legacy, which had en
tirely relieved him of his pecuniary diffi
culties. Old customers and new ones
crowded in upon him. They had never
before realized the beauty and durability
of his work. The polite butcher selected
the best pieces of meat for his inspection,
as he entered and was totally indifferen
al! to the time of payment. The dealer
in leather called to inform him that hie
best hides awaited his orders. The teach
er acoompanibd the ohildren home to tea,
and spoke in high termsof their improve-
meat, pronouncing them among her boa
scholars. The dressmakersmidenly found
herself free from tho great press of work,
and in a friendly note expressed her de.
sire to oblige Mrs. Thompson in any way
in her power.
"Just as I expeoted," exclaimed uncle
Joshua, rubbing his bands exultingly, as
the grateful shoemaker called upon him
at the expiration of six months, with the
money which had been loaned him in. the
hour of need. "Just as I expected. A
strange world They are ready to push a
man up bill if he seems to be ascending,
and just as ready to pqsh him down, if
they fanny that his face is turned that
hat way. In future, neighbor Thomp
eon, let everything around you wear en
air of prosperity, and you will he nye, to
prosper." And with a satidail air uncle
Joshua placed his money in hie pocket
book, ready to meet NORIO other claim up•
on his benevolertee, whilst he whom he
had thus befriended, with light stops and
oheerful Countenance, returned to his
AolOevemorkta of .7Qung Nen.
Do you , suppose that I hold yofith
genius ; ail that I say is, that geninsi
when young, is divine. 'Whx, the great-
est captains 4.appinkawitoodora times'
both concinged 1/ 2&.1 Youth
.RtTeAlfi..Y.ANth, ..OVRthfiow".ths I>ersian
empire. Don John, of_Auctria, won Ce
panto at 25—the great battle of modern
times; had it not been for the jealoisi
of Philip, theinext year be would have
bee tk :Ettipepoi .or Diauritinia. Geet e es
do Foix star only 22 whhn be stood . a
victor on the plain of Raionna. Every
one remembers Conde and Rooroy at the
same age. Gustavus Adolphus died at
28. Look at his captain—that wonder
ful Duke of Weimar—only 26 when be
died. Banner himself, after all his mfr.
aolea, died at 45. Cortex was little more
than 30 when he gazed upon the ottPe
las of Mexico. When Mourice, of Sax
ony, died at 32, all Europe acknowledged.
the loss of the greatest captain and pro
foundest statesman of the age. Thett
_ there is Nelson, Clive—but those' are
warriors, and perhaps you may tbi4
there are greater things than war. Ido
not, I worship the Lord of Hosts.
But take the most illustrious achieve
ments of civil prudence. Innocent 111.
the greatest of the Popes, was thedetipa
of Christendom at 37. John de Medici'
was a cardinal at 15, and Guiceiardini
tells us, baffled with his craft Ferdinand
of Arragon himself. He was Pope ae
Leo Xat 37. Luther robbed even him
of his richest province at 34. Take Ig
natius Loyola and John Wesley—they
worked with young brains. Ignatius•
was only 30 when he made his pilgrim.
age and wrote the " Spiritual Exercices."
Pascal, (the greatest of Frenchmen,).
wrote a great work at 16, and died at 87.
Ah ! that fatal 37, which reminds me of
Byron—greater even as a man than e
writer. Was it experience that guided
the penoil of Raphael when he painted
the palaces of Rome ? He died at 37.
Richelieu was Secretary of State at 81.
Well, then, there were Boiling-broke and
Pitt, both Ministers before other men.
leave off cricket. Grotius was in prac
tice at 17, and. Attorney General at 24.
And Acquavia was General -of the Jes—
uits, ruled every Cabinet in Europe, and•
colonized America before he was 37.
What a career The secret sway of
Europe! But it is needless to multiply
instances. The history of heroes is the
history of youth.—D' Israeli.
The Old Flag of Sumter.
NO, i 3.
It is generally remembered that the
gallant General Anderson, who so nobly
defended Fort Sumpter in May, 1861,
saved the torn and riddled flag that had
waved over it. He has kept the tat
tered banner as a sacred thing ever since
with the publicly avowed intention of
having it restored to its place, whenever
Sumter should be recaptured. Nearly
four years have since gone by, years of
blood and gloom and terror, years of
thunder and " earthquake and eclipse,"
and the rent and wounded standard-sheet
has lain at rest, sometimes rustling per
haps as before the breath of a spirit
wind when the shouts of victory re
sounded over the land, and now at last
the'time has come, the long expected
time, when it is to go back in all the
pride of triumph and resume the old
place where it received its terrible iron,
baptism. And there it will look down
from its airy height, and hardly reeog—
nize the old fort not less mutilated than
itself, and gaze abroad toward the city
and either side and behold a hundred
starred and striped meteors, kindred to.
itself, 'all fluttering with joy and hailing
its return as young warriors greet the
appearance of some glorious and scarred
veteran. It wilLnot be fired on as it was
in the time long past, and yet it will:
hear great guns thundering as loud and
as fast as then, guns roaring a glad wel
come to its honored fblds.
As for the rebel flags, all of them will
have slunk fifty or a hundred miles out
of sight, and no rebel cannon will be
near enough to make a ripple in the air.
It was deemed by the guilty monarchs.
of the olden time that a comet in the
sky portended that some direful change
would take place, but we apprehend that
Sumter's old ensign will be to the eyes
of the guilty Confederacy, if she can get
near enough to see it, equal to a hun
dred blood-red comets, with tails millions
of miles long, announcing not only that
a mighty change will take place, but
that one has taken place alivady..
If it could be known throughout the
country on what day and at what how%
the old flag of Sumter is to reascend to
its glorious home, the atmosphere of the
whole loyal portion of our country would.
quiver and vibrate with tremendous
sounds from the throats of cannon and,
the throats of men. And why shall not,
the day and hour be named ?
Luxumous SMOKING.-" The most
luxurious smoking I never knew„" says.
Mr, Paget, "was a young Transylvanian,
who told me that his servant always insert.
ed a lighted pipe into his mouth the first
thing in the morning, and that he smoked
it out before he woke, It is so pleasant,*
he observed' 'to have the proper taste re%
stored to one's mouth beforo or/0 is sensibita
even of its want."'
A PAT REPLY. —Lord John Russell erk,
deavored to persuade Lord Langdale to ! ,
resign the permanent Alastership of tlia.
Rolls for the uncertain position of Lott
Chancellor, and paid the learned lord *cry
high compliments on his talent - and se,
quiremenis. "It is useless ' na7
lord," said Langdale. "So long as Ten,jey.,,
the Rolls, I care nothing for your butter."'
RELVIVNEI OF NANICIND.--By what
curious links, and fantastioal relations, are
mankind oonnected together. At the die.
tanoo of half the globe, it ilindoo gains hist
support by, groping nt tbo bottom of thq,
see for the morbid poncretion of .a Oleg-,
fish, to decorate the tbtrogt of a. Londor,
WILXES AND lanEwArlr•—Wkerilillkot
waa u rranoe, e n d at court, Madua . VlM,
Pa_d;lV .10/401880 44_ 'ml , 4 tv ,
nehmen are ' Ape toilowo; pray how ,fint;
may ei man ga i,n k4is , abnoe of the, Royal
family among you aI do not' at prea,
ant know," Teplied 'he, d7/7; bA4 d vi