Carlisle herald. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1845-1881, March 31, 1865, Image 1
EfilkM St, 0 0.11 , E.RI: tine kkinio one insinito ' 00 Sash stibsequent inseition ors Irbr Me. candle 4dyertlinnenta, Legal Noticeu Proterstionsl Oardi iiitiont paper, Obituary Notices an ,Oonnaunloft. tionsl4 , llDg to matte , aof pri vate Int t erosta alone, 1.0 cants per Hire: JOB PRINTING.—oar Job Printing Oaks Is the argot and' most complete establishment in the qocui y. Pour good Presses, and a general variety of mfiterfal stilted for plain and Fancy work of every kend,, enables us to do Job Printing at the shortest fuitlce, and on the most reasonable terms. Persons in want of Bills, Blanks, or anything In tho Jobbing line, will find it to their irlterest to give us a call. ;oval Natant/din. 11. S. GOVERNMENT Prsildent—Anianale LINCOLN, Vice President—Haw:mac Ilmousr, 'Secretary of State—Wm. H. Bowan'', Secretary of Interlor—Jrto. P. Demo, Secretary of Treasury—Wu. P. lessaaNDEN, Secretary of War—EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of Natry—GlDsoN Wottra„( Post Blaster General—Wu. Doineldble. Attornoy Honeral—Jassos 8. Brom, Chief J native of the Unit 1 Mateo—Simeon P. Cnasi STATE GOVERNMENT. Governor—Axpnrw G. CunriN, Secretary of State—ELl Burnt, Surveyor General—JANlS a'. BAAS, Aeditor General—lSAAO SUNK WI, Attorney General—Wu. M. MeatDITH. Adjutant General—A L. Stream, State Treasurer-11mm D. Moons, Ohlef.ftastle of the Supreme Court-010. W.WOOO. WARW. COUNTY OFFICERS. President Judge—lion. James 11. Graham. Associate Judges—lion. Michael Cocklin, Hon. Hugh Stuart. District Attorney—J. W. D. 0111elen. Peothonotary—Samuel Shireman. Clerk and Recortior—Ephralm Coruman, Register—Geo W. North. ugh Sheriff—John Jacobs. County Treasurer—Henry S. Ritter. Coroner —David Smith • County Cl Karns, John M toy, Mitchell McClellan, Superintendent of Poor House—Henry Snyder. Physician to Jail—Dr. W. W. Dale. Physician to Poor House—Dr. W. W. Dale. BOROUGH OFFICERS Chief Burgess—Andrew B. Ziegler. ♦instant BUrgess—ltobert Allison Town Council—East Ward—J. D. Rhineheart, Icahn& P. Maier, J. W. D. Gilielen, George Weisel, West Ward—Geo. h Murray, Thos. Paxton, A, Oath gsrt, Joe. D. Parker, Jno. D. Gnrgas, President, of Council, A. Cathcart, Clerk, Jos. W. Ogilby. Borough Treasurer—Jacob Itheem. High Constable Samuel Sipe. Ward Constable, Andrew Mmirtin. /tumor- -John Et utshall. Assistant Asseserorti,Jao Geo. t 3. Baotou, Auditor—Robert D. Cameron Tax Collector—Alfred ithinebeart. Ward Collet• tort—Hut Ward, Chas, A. Smith. West Ward, T. eo. Oman:tan, Street Commissioner, Worley D. Matthews. Justices of the Peace—A. L. Sponsior, David Smith, Abre2. Dehuilf, Michael Holcomb. Lamp Lighters—Chas. B. Muck, James Spangler. CHURCHES lint Preebyterien Church , Northwent angle ofCen tre Square. Rev. Conway P. Wing Paetor.—Sery keel every Sunday Morning at 11 o'clock, A. M., and 7 o'clock P. M. Second PrenhyterLen Church, corner of South flan over and Pomfret, etreets. Rev. John C Pllee, Sanyo, Boreice• commence at 11 o'clock, A. M., and 7 o'clock P. M. Bt. John's Church, (Prot. Episcopal) northeast angle otOenlra Square. Rev. J C Cleve, Rector. Services ■t It o'clock A. M., and 6 o'clock, P M. English Lutheran Church, Bedford, between Main and [souther streets. Rey. Js-ob Fry, Pastor. Ser viees at II o'clock A. M., and 64 c'clock P. M. German Reformed Church. Louther, between Ilan. over and Pitt streets. Rev. Samuel Philips, Pastor. Services at it o'clock A. M., and 6 o'clock P M. Methodist E. Church (first charge) corner of Main and Pitt Streets. Rev. Thomas H. Sherlock, Pastor. ssuites at 11 o'clock A. M., and 7 o'clock P. M. Slethodist E. Church (second charge,) Rev. S. I. Batsman, Pastor. Pervicesin Emory M. E. ChurchaS 1• o'clock A. M., and 334 P. M. Church of Hod Chapel, South West eor. of Week St. and Chapel Alley. Rev. B. F. Beck, Pastor. Services At 11 a, m., and 03.4 p.m. St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Pomfret near Eastst. Rev Pastor. Services every other Sab bath, at 10 o'clock. Vespers at 3P. M. German Lutheran Church. corner of Pomfret and Bedford streets. Rev 0. Frits°, Pastor. Services at 11 o'clock P. M. 3.. When changes In the shore are necessary the proper persons are requested to notify us. DICKINSON COLLEGE Re♦ Harman M. Johnson, D. D., President and Pro. •esor of Moral Science. Wllli►m G. Wilson, A. M., Professor of Natural Science and Curator o' the Museum. Rev. William L. Doswell, A. Greek and Darman Languages. Samuel D. Millman, A. M., Profe•aor of Mathemat, John X. Staym K., Professor of the Latin and trench Languages. Hon. James H. Grs ham, LL. D. Professor of Lan. Des. Usury 0. Cheston, A. B . Principal of the Grammar School. John Hood, Assistant in the Grammar School. BOARD OF SCHOOL DIRECTORS E. Cot-moan, President, James Hamilton, H. Saxton, E. C. Woodward, Henry Newsham, C.P. Humerich, Beet'y, , 3. W. Eby, Treasurer, John Sphar, Messenger. Meet on the lot Monday clench Month at 8 o'clock A. M., at Education CORPORATIONS CYRIABLZ DZPOSIT Dina.—President, R. M. Hender son, W. M. Bestow Cash. J. P. thunder and C. B. Ptahler Teller., W. M. Pfahler, Clerk, Juo. Underwood Mee ■enger. Directors, R. 31. Ileilderson, President, It. C. Woodward, Banes 'Woodburn, Moses Bricker, John Zug, W. W. Dale, John D. Gorges, Joseph J. Logan, Jl3O. Stuart, jr. FIRST NATIIVIAL BANC—PreSidellt, Samuel Hepburn Cashier. Jos. 0. Hoffer, Teller, Abner C. Brindle, Mee. Seeger, Jamie Brown. Wm. Her, John Dunlap?ltich'ff Woods Woods, John C. Dunlap, Isaac Brenneman, John B. , Sam'l. Hepburn, Directors. CONIIIIIELAND VALLEY RAILRoAD COMPANT.—President, Trederick Watts: Secretary and Treasurer, Edward M. Biddle: Superintendent., 0. N. Lull. Pasaruger train. three times a day. Oar Hale Accommodation, Eastward, leaves Carliale 5.55 A. M., arriving at Car. lisle 5.20 P. M. Through trains Eastwerd,lo.lo A, M. and 2.42, P. M. Westward at 9.27, A. M., and 2.56 P. CAILTSLI Gail AND Waisn COMPANY.—Preeldent, Lem uel Todd; Treasurer, A. L. Spon.ler; Superintenoon, George Wise: Directors, F. Watts, Wm. Deetemt Ift. H. Diddle, Henry Saxton. It. C. Woodward, J. W. Patton, P. Gardner and D. 8, Croft. SOCIETIES Cumberland Star Lodge No. 107, A. F. M. meets at Marlon Hail on the 2nd and 4th Tuesdays of every month. Bt. John's Lodge No. 260 A. Y. M. Meets 8d Thurs day of etch month, at Marion Hall. Carlisle Lodge No. 91 I. 0. of 0. F. Meets Monday evening, at Trout's building. Letort Lodge No. 63, 1. 0. of G. T. Meets every Thursday evening In Ebeem's Hall, 8d story. FIRE COMPANIES. The Union Fire Company wan organised In 1700.- 110 ms In Loather. between Plttand Hanover. The Cumberland Fire Company was Instituted Feb. IS. hBOP House In Bedford, between Main and Pom fret. The Good Will Wire Company was Instituted In March, 1855. House In Pomfret, near Hanover. The Empire Hook and Ladder Company Wu Institu ted In MO. House in Pitt, near Main. RATES OF POSTAGE Postage on all letters of one half ounce weight or under, 8 cents pre paid. Postage on the HICRALD within the County, free. Within the 804813 cents p er annum. To any part of theNnited States. 28 cents Postage on all tram aid st papers,' eents per ounce. Advertised letters to be shorted with cost of advertising. MRS. R. A. SMITH'S ThOtographs,Ambrotypes l lvorytypes Beautiful - Albume I Beautiful Frdmes I Animas far Ladle's and Gantlemon. . . • Albums for Misses, and for Children, Pctekoi Albums for Soldiers and Civilians! . , choicest Albums I Prettiest Albums! Cheapest Albums' • FOR CHRISTMAS GIFTS I • Trash and New from Now York and Philadelphia Markets, lim 'n want aatisfaotory Pictures and pouL o ittentlon. call at Dire R.. A. Smith's, Photo , phie G allery , South East C o l m a r of Hen Over Street Xra ' laid Market Square, opposite the Court Normand Post rialco,,Carliele, Pa.' ..• , kiss. R. A. Smith, Well known as Mrs. R. A. Reynold', And so well known as abaguerreara Artist, gives per penal attention to Ladies and Gentlemen visiting 'bar gallery and having the best of Artists and .polite at readapts 'Can. safely promise, that In no other (Unary ran those who favor her. With a call get pictures supe rior to hers, not even in New York or Philadelphia, or inset with more kind and prompt attention. Ambrotypea Inserted In Rings, Lockets, Dread Pins, 'kg. Perfect copies of Dagtierrotypes and Ambrotypes made of deceased friends. Where Copies are defaced, ife-like pictures may still be bad, either for frames or Or cards,' All negatives preserved bite year and orders ti mail or otherwilepromiftly attended to. December '9'1,18647.., it riIHE'FORWARDING AND GRAIN ll business ibrinerly conduatad by Line,' Glyler Is-now carried on by-- REAsoN . , JOHN JiaTrip, 1.864—tr Gyeagon. Comb. tb. - DR. WN. IL COOK, , kINIQEOPATHIO PHYSICIAN, Surgeon. and Acp:ighour 9strePPICE zit his residence in Pitt ati • sAjoinlin blethopt qire4l. 1,1 ° 04 . • CHOICE. ELUAIIB 41Angn's vADMS; An - infinite variety ofltmu sitiisna Inirtinettie"Onmes at Ifavervilekotilirog and' rAnt7 More, 2600 4 00 rOO Union Meeting in Wilmington A large and spirited Union meeting was lately held in Wilmington, N. The proceedings wore of such a character as to warrant us in the belief that the Union sentiment is increasing in that portion o the Confederacy, and that ere long the supporters of the rebel Government will be in a hopeless minority. Among the most prominent and active of those who desire a return of the people to their al legiance to the Government, is the Rev. Mr. Hepburn, aeon of Hon. Samuel Hop-, burn of this place. We copy from the New York Tribune the resolutions of fered by him as well as his remarks in support of the same. In obedience to the request of the Mayor, the Rev. Mr. Flepburn, the Pres byterian minister, came forward and again read the resolutions to the meeting.— Their second reading was greeted with even more marked enthusiasm than they were at first. WI:UREA/3, The city of Wilmington has 'gain been restored to the authority of the United States, and the opportuni ty is given the citizens without regard to past party differences to give public ex pression to their views and purposes: therefore, " At., Profes.or of the Resolved, 1. That we will remain a our homes and cheoffully submit to the authority of the National Government, pledging to it a loyal obedience and hearty support. Resolved, 2. That we believe that by this course we are promoting not only the interests of Wilmington, but also of the State of North Carolina, by doing what is in our power to restore her to the Union in which she enjoyed so great prosterity in the past, and inlwhich alone she can look for peace and Republican freedom for the future. Resolved, 3. That assuming in good faith the obligations of citizens of the United States, we do not place ourselves in the attitute of a subjugated people, but claim the rights and privileges guar anted by the Constitution to American citizens, and assured to persons in our peculiar condition by the Proclamation of the President. Resolved, 4. That we can call upon our fellow citizens of North Carolina to join with us in protesting against the mad ness of the authorities of the State in urging the prosecution of this fratricidal war for a cause which we believe to be h'opeless, whose continuance will only render our ruin more remediless in the end, and which is waged for the sake of a government in- which the people have justly lost all confidence. Resolved, 5. That we urge them to no cept the condition in which the fortune of war has planed them, and to submit to the national authority, so that our noble State may be speedily restored to the Union, where the mass of the people have in their hearts always wished her to be. Resolved, 6. That in view of the fact that a large number of our citizens have been reduced to poverty by this war, and for want of occupation are in danger of great suffering, of becoming dependent. upon the bounty of the Government for support, we would respectfully urge the expedience of affording te,our communi ty as speedily as possibl‘, such facilities for commerce and industry as may be compatible with military movements and the general interests of the country. Resolved, 7, That we take pleasure in bearing testimony to the general courte sy and good order of the national troops, both officers and privates, the promptness and efficiency of the military authorities in protecting the citizens, and• especially their liberality to the poor and suffering in our midst. ~Resolved, 8, That copies of these re solutions bo aent to the President of the United States, the Governor of North Carolina, and the leading newspaper of the State. Being requested to addrem,the Meet ing, Mr. Mg:Niro spalie aoTrAllows; • The Rev. Mr. lIRPBURR'S Speech. VOL. 65. ItHEEM & WEAKLEY, Editors & Proprietors. 4livitiol. Let us Make the Best of it Life Is but a fleeting dream, Care destroys the seat of It; Bwlft It glidoth like a etream— Mind you make the best of It I Talk not of your weary woes, Troubles, or the rest of It; If we hays but brief repose, Let us make Ma best of It If your friend has got a heart, There Is something fine In him ; Cast away hie darker part, Cling to what's divine l■ him, yiiendehip is our beet relief— Make no heartless jest of it; It will brighten every grief, If we make the best of it. Happiness despises state; 'Tie no sage exporlinent, Simply that the wise and great May have joy and merriment; Rank Is not Its spell relined— Money's not the test of it. But a calm contented mind, That will make the beet of it. Trusting In the power above, Which, sustaining all of US In one common bond of love, flindoth great and small of us, WhatsoS•er may befall -Borrow■ or the rept of It— We shell overcomelhern all, If we make the hest of It. ionlintzu. Correspondence of N. Y. Tt Ibuno RESOLUTIONS a le FELLOW-OrTrzuNs : I am making no unmeaning apology when I say that I sincerely regret that the duty of opening the discussion upon those resolutions has devolved upon me. Not that I have the least hesitation in publicly declaring my views and feelings upon any of the subjects referred to in them. It is the duty of every man now to avow his hon est convictions. The great error of con servative men has been that they have been too prudent, or timid, rather. We ought to be wiser in the future. But I would prefer that some of the older citi zens of Wilmington, so many of whom have taken such an active part in this meeting, should address you instead oi me. Still, as the interests of all of us are involved in the course pursued by this community and by our State, we have all a right to speak and to be heard. " We have - not assembled in any mere spirit of exultation. We see about us too much of the frightful results of war for this ; we miss many familiar faces which we shall never behold on earth again ; we see many of our citizens reduced to pov erty and want; we have seen to-day cit izens of a neighboring State brought into our midst, many of whom were once in affluence, who have been left homeless, and are now dependent upon the chari ties of the authorities and of our citizens for their support. He would be hard hearted indeed who could in the midst of such abounding misery indulge in frivo lons exultation. No, we have come to gether us e-rnest men to decide on ma tern of greatest importance to our whole community. " I may say, too ; that we say nothing in reference to past opinions and conduct, In such a large assemblage as this all va rieties of opinion must have been held.— It is no disgrace for a man to change his opinions ; it is dishonest and unmanly to disavow his past life ; this baseness is not asked by these resolutions of any man We have nothing to do with the past; 'let the dead past bury its dead;' all that we propose is to declare clearly and firmly our present views as the course which we deem it our duty to pursue. " The sum and substance of the reso lutions is that we renounce the Govern ment under which we ha'Ve been living for some years, and then we heartily de sire that our State may once more be re stored to the Union. " If there is any one present who still has any lurking feeling that the Confod crate Government bas any claims upon him, let him but review the course of its rulers for the past four years, or if he pre fer it, for the last year, and let him then say what motives of honor or duty bind him to it. Treason, gentlemen, is a crime of which not merely the subjects of a Government may be guilty; the rulers also may be guilty of it: Right-minded people will always exercise great charity oward their rulers, and will endure much from them ; but there is a point beyond which obedience ceases to be a, duty.— When the Government becomes unjust and cruel ; when rulers demand what 'freemen dare not give,' then the rulers become the traitors, and not to resist and renounce them is treason against freedom and against humanity. What has been the course of the Confederate authorities from tbp,heginning ? Of all those rights which Ne have been taught to regard as most sacred, what one is there that they have not violated ? This Confederacy was founded on the principle of State rights; and the rights of the States were at the very first trampled under foot.— Then we had a conscript law ; it was de nounced by some of the leading men of our States as unconstitutional, and as what ought never to be in a free coun try; but the law was passed, as sweeping, ruthless; and cruel a system of conscrip tion as even disgraced the legislation of any country, Every year added to its injustice and severity, until at tho last Mr. Davis demanded all exemptions should \ I be revoked, a d that in his hands should be lodged the whole power of deciding whether a man hould serve the Confed eracy At home or in the field. He was to detail men to practice wedioine, preach the Gospel, edit newspapers, make laws, Sm. What a claim was that to be put forth in this once free country ! :Then we had most oppressive taxes—'the. fast diet was wrung from the clutched hand ' of poverty'—and owing to some mysteri ous blunder or fraud, that tax must be doubled, it ad we remained much long er in their power, there are many here who would have bad to sell everything to' pay pay their taxes. .1 need not dwell on the repudiation of the currency, the suspen sion of the writ of habeas corpus; legal, ized robbery called impressment, the want of good faith in , their dealiogs with our citizens, the secret sessions-of- Congros, 440., &o. To close the catalogue of their. follies and crimes, we see that , Slavery, which was deOlared by Mr. Stephems , the, corner-stone of the Confederacy, will soon be completely destroyed by them, 'I any; then, what claims bas a Government which hag thus forsaken all the prinoi pies upon which it was founded, not which has beep'' guilty of so prolonged and systemitio injustice and oppression, upon any_ map for. confidence or support ?. Truly do these fesOluticins declare that the watis now-ward-for -the `Bak° of a 1 ME Government which has forfeited all tains to our confidence and affection. "We declare also in these resolutions that it is our conviction that our only hope for peace, security and freedom is in the restoration of the Union in all its integrity, and that we desire to see our State once more a member of that Union. This I believe is the sentiment of the large majority of the people of North Carolina. Ido not believe that she ever lost her attachment to the old Govern ment. North Carolina never gave in to the heresy of Secession.. When the hour I of trial came, when war was seen to be inevitable, and she was called upon to take sides in the.struggle, she yielded to the strong claims of blood andlindred, and even against her convictions she gen • erously stepped forward to defend those against whose views she bad always pro tested, and most gallantly has she fulfill ed the pledges she then made. She was trained in a different political school from some of her sister States of the South. Some two years ago I had to look over a number of speeches and orations made by prominent men of our State through a long series of years.. I was struck with the uniformity of their views on the in estimable value of the Union. All who referred to the subject enforced the ne cessity of presetwing the Union in its in tegrity and power as the only means for securing to the States the blessing of peace and liberty. Especially do I re member the remarks of one whose name will always be held in honor not only in this State but throughout the whole United States—l mean Judge Gaston. I asked myself, as I read these strong declarations, whether these wise and good men were only indulging in empty decla mation, or whether they were expressing their deliberate convictions. We now know that their's were words of truth and wisdom. It was an evil day to us when we turned a deaf ear to their voice. By four years of suffering and bloodshed we have learned the value of that Gov ernment which once laid so light upon us that we scarcely knew that 'we had a Government, and which diffused so quiet ly its blessings, that we learned to despise it; and to-night we declare that we come back to the faith of our fathers, and hope for security - for ourselves and prosperity for our State in the restoration of the State to tnat Union in which she enjoy ed so great prosperity in the past. "I know :that in the minds of many there is the feeling that although the in dependence of the South is now hopeless, yet it would be better for us if we could be an independent nation. It is a fatal delusion. The worst thing that could befall the South would be for her to gain her independence. 'Were the choice giv en us to-night of choosing between recon struction and the establishment of the South as a separate and independent em pire, we should decide without a Moment's hesitation in favor of reconstruction. I say so, because I am convinced that free dom and this so-called independence can not exist together. Lot me ask every wavering mind, if there be any such present, to reflect upon this. Supposing that the original scheme of the Secession ists lad succeeded, and that they had established a separate Government in Southern States, what would have been the inevitable result? Does any one sup pose that the two nations could have lived together in peace? I remember that Dr, Thornwell, in a speech made about the time that South Carolina passed the ordinance of secession, drew with his accustomed eloquence a glowing picture of the two sister Republics growing up in harmony side by aide; but it was as wild a fancy as ever entered a sane man's brain. Two such nations, speaking a common language, with different forms of civilization, rival interests, and feelings em bittered by years of controversy, could not live together in peace. Perpetual war would have existed between them. Large standing armies would be required to guard our bound aries and our coasts ; and whence would these armies be found ? Where Slavery exists there is no foreign emigration; from our own men, from the middle class, from the small farm ors and mechanics, those who make the pride and strength pf a free country, and are the controlling power, would the armies be sup plied by a stern conscription; while those who possessed broad lands and large numbers of slaves would have been the exempts, and these wbuld have formed the ruling class in the nation. We should thus have had a slave aristocracy ; the slaves to till the soil and do 'the little manufacturing that would have to be done, while the poorer ()lass of white peo ple would compose the army. .You may be sure that such a system would soon degener ate into a most cruel military despotism. Yet. therecan be nodoubt that snob was the scheme 01 Jdhn C. Calhoun and of those whp attempt ed to act out his prinaiples. But do you sup pose that there would be only two Republics? 'lf the work-Of separatiofi should once com ,mence, it, would not end until the whole na- Lion should be resolved into its original ele ments; and we should soon have a multitude Of 'petty military despotisms, the contempt of all fcireign nations, wasting each other's air'ength in bloody and endless feuds. we ?nye seen the commencement of this work of disintegration during the, 'ast four year's. The people of the trans-11 . 436W Depart ment have for some time regarded the rßee l y ei , as independent. know it to be a feet, iheit' when Gen. Hood was placed in' COLADABAd of the' Army of Tennessee ) an order was sent 'beyond the .14issiisippi for. 20,000 men te're inforcobim; and the men refused to obey tlio order. • Spat Present, how comes it that Gen. Zee's weakened' army receivee reirifirce mente_ from_that quarter? Ye it not evident io ail that ibelate of the Confederacr will CARLISLE. PA., FRIDAY, MARCH 31, 1865. be decided by the results' of the military movements east of the Mississippi? Why then are not the largo armies which, we aro told, are beyond the river, added to Lee's forces. I saw it stated not long ago that the men had again refused to come, and I believe the statement. Yes, if even the Southern Confederacy had become separate nation, the Mistissippi River would soon have out it in two, and you would have had two confed (trades instead of one. Nor would it have stopped there. Hardly had the war fairly commenced when we hoard it said openly and frequently, that the border States, Vir ginia, North Carolina, Kentucky and Ten nessee, could not long live in harmony with the coitott States; already*a new Confeder acy wet making its appearance. And so it would have gone on. Who can depict the degradation, the horrora of such a state of things? May Heaven in mercy avert from us and from our posterity such a fate I " We desire, then, the reestablishment of the authority of the general Government over all its territory, because we are firmly persuaded that under the protection of that Government alone can we find refuge from such a state of anarchy and ruin; because we believe that under ita fostering care alone there can be any progress in art, industry, science and literature, any security for our lives and property, any enjoyment of plain, practical republican freedom. , 4 In reference to the future of our own State I have no prophecies to make. lam not so desponding as I find some of my friends to be. North Carolina is a great and noble State. With her dowry of fertile lands, her fisheries and mines, and streams and valleys, and her bra4o and honest people, she has all the elements of greatness. She prospered in the past, in spite of all the obstacles in her way. Lot us hope that when the storms of war are passed, and the confusion incident to our transitive state is gone, that under a new and we trust bolter order of things, she will at once enter upon that career of pros perity and honor which Heaven has marked out for her." These remarks, which he delivered in a subdued but earnest tone of voice, indicating the deep and earnest feeling by which each word was inspired, held the audience in breathless attention—which 'as only broken by occasional applause during its deli very and at the close. GOING DOWN HILL BY MRS. S. P. bOUGYITY "That looks bad." exclaimed farmer White, with an expressive shake of the heap, as ho passed a neglected garden and broken down fences, in one of his daily walks. "Bad enough," was the reply of the companion to whom the remark was ad• dressed. "Neighbor Thompson appears to be running down hill pretty fast. 1 Can remember the time when everything around his little place was trim and tidy." "It is quite the contrary now," return ed the farmer. "House, outbuildings, and grounds all show the want of the master's care. lam afraid Thompson is in the downward path." "Ho always appeared to be a steady, industrious man," rejoined the second speaker.—"l have a pair of boots on my feet at this moment, of hie make, and they have done me good service." "I have generally employed him for myself and family," was the reply, "and I must confess that he is a good work man ; but, nevertheless, I believe I shall step into Jack Smith's this morning and order a pair of boots, of which I stand in need. I always make it a rule never to patronize-those who appear to be running behind hand. There is generally some risk in helping those who do not try to help themselves." "Very true, and as my wife desired me to see about a pair of shoes for her this morning. I will follow your example arid nail upon Smitb. He is no great fa vorite of mine, however—au idle, quar relsome fellow." "And yet he seems to be getting ahead n the world," answered the farmer, "and lam willing to give him a lift. But I have an errand at the butcher's. Step in with me for ?moment. I will not de. am you." At the buteher's they met the neigh• bor who had been the subject of their previous conversation. He certainly pre sented a rather shabby appearance, and in his choice of meat there was a regard to ()condi:ay which did not escape the ob. servation of farmer White. After a few passing remarks, the poor shoemaker took his \departure; and the butcher opened his account book with a somewbatanxions air, saying, as he charged the bit of went : "I believo it is time that neighbor Thompson and I came to a settlement. Short accounts make long friends." "No time to lase, I should say," re• marked the farmer. "Indeed! Have you beard of any rouble, ueighbor White ?" "No, I have heard nothing : but a man has the use of his own oyes, you know ; arid I never trust any - one with my mon. ey who-is evidently going down hill." "Quito right; and I will !Moil in my bill this evening. I have only delayed on aotmunt of the ciskness which the poor man has had, in hia family all winter. I !suppose he must have run behind hand a Attie, hut still I gnat take oars of num, her one." "Speaking et Thou:wpm, are you 1 4 " ob. : nerved a bystander, who epp,eate4 te take an interest in the eormireation. —f!going tiawn I must `look out for thy selfolitin, He owes me qulte a snug sum foe leather. , .'l'-did Wand to give TERMS:-42,00 in Advance, or $2,60 within the year. him,another month's credit, but on the whole, I guess the money would be safer in my own pocket." Here the four worthies separated each with his mind filled with the affairs of neighbor Thompson, the probability that he was going down hill, and the best way of giving him a push. In another part of the little village similar scenes were passing. "I declare I" exclaimed Mrs. Bennett, the dressmaker, to a favorite assistant, as she hastily withdraw her head from the window whence she bad been gazing on the passers by. "If there is not Mrs. Thompson, the shoemaker's wife, coming up the stops with a parcel in her hand. She wants to engage me to do her spring work, I suppose, but I think it would be a venture. Every one says they are run ning down hill, and it is a chance if I ever get my, pay." "She has always paid us promptly,' was the reply. "True, but that was in the days of her prosperity. 1 cannot afford to run any risk." The entrance of Mrs. Thompson pre vented further conversation. She was evidently surprised at the refusal of Mrs. Bennett to do any work for her, but as a great pressure of busi ness was pleaded as an excuse, there was nothing to be said, and she soon took leave. Another application proved equally un successful. It was strange how busy the village dressmakers hadsuddenly become. On her way home, the poorshoemaker's wife met the teacher of a small school in the neighborhood, where two of her smell children attended. "Ah ! Mrs. Thompson, I am glad to see you," was the salutation '•I was about calling at your house. Would it be con venient to settle our little account this af ternoon ?" "Our acoount !" was the surprised re ply• "Surely, the term has not yet ex piredi '•Only half of it, but my present rule is, to collect my money at that time. It is a plan which many teaohers have adopt• ed of late." "I was not aware that there had been any change in your rules, and I have made arrangemeffis to n - eet the bill at the usual time. - I fear it will not be in my power to do so sooner." Tho countenance of the teaoher showed great disappointment, and as soon as she passed on in a different direction, she muttered to herself : "Just ,as I expected. I shall never get a,ceni: — Everybody says that they are going down hill. I must get rid of the children in some way. Perhaps I may get a pair of shoes or two for payment for the half quarter, if I manage right, but it will never do to go on in this way." A little disconcerted by her inter view with the teacher, Mrs. Thompson stepped into a neighboring grocery to pur chase some trifling article of family stores. "I have a little account against you Will it be convenient for Mr. Thompson to settle it this evening ?" asked the civil shopkeeper, as he produced the desired article. "Is it the usual time for settling?" was again the surprised inquiry. "Well, not exactly, but money is very tight just now, and I am anxious to get in all that is due me. In future, I in tend keeping short accounts. There is your little bill, if you would like to look at it. I will call around this evening. It is but a small affair." "Thirty dollars is no small sum to us just now," thought Mrs. Thompson, as she thoughtfully pursued her way toward home. "It seems strange that all these pay ments must be met just now, while we are struggling to recover from the heavy expenses of the winter. I cannot under stand it." ' Her perplexity was increased upon finding her husband with two bills in his band, and a countenance expressive of anxiety and concern. "Look Mary," he said, as she entered, "here are two unexpooted calls for mon ey; one from the dootor, and the other from the dealer ih leather from whom I purchased my last stook. They are both very urgent for immediate payment; al though they have always been willing tozi wait a few months until could make ar rangements to meet their claims. But misfortunes never come singly, and if a man onoe gets a little behind band, troubl le seems to pour in upon him." "Just so," replied his wife. "The neighbors think we are going down hill, and every one is ready to give us a plash. Here are two more bills for you—one from the grocer and the other from the teacher." Reply was prevented by a knock at the door. and the appearance, of `a 'lad` who presented a lleAtly folded piper and dis appeared. The batch - Bes account, as I live I" ex claimed the astonished shoemaker. "What •iiiiTo be Aim) Mary? So much money to be Paid out, and very little coning in; for some of my customers 'have left me, -althongh - my attic "hatalwayi given sage faction. If I could only have 'as . much employment as usual, and the issusle'redit ellowe(t me, I could peon flatisfy pit these r p claims ; but to meet them now is ims- I sible, and the acknowledgement of my inability will send us still further on the downward path." "We must do our best, and trust in Providence," was the consolatory remark of his wife, as a second knock at the door aroused the fear that another claimant was about to appear. But the benevolent countenanoe of un cle Joshua, a rare, but very weloome visi tor, presented itself. Seating himself in the comfortable chair which Mary hastened to band him, ho said, in his somewhat eccentric, but friendly manner: "Well, good folks, I understand that the world does not go quite as well with you as formerly. What is the trouble?" "There need be no trouble, sir," was the reply, "If men would not try to add to the afflictions which the Almighty sees to be necessary for us. The winter Was a trying one. We met with sickness and misfortune, which we endeavored to bear with patience. All would now go well, if those around me were not determined to push me in the downward path." "But there lies the difficulty, friend Thompson. This is a selfish world. Everybody, or at least a great majority, care only for number one. If they see a poor neighbor going down bill, their first thought is whether it will affect their own interests, and provided they can se cure themselves, they care not how soon he goes to the bottom. The only way is to keep up appearances. Show no signs of going behind hand, and all will be wel' with you." "Very true; uncle Joshua, but how is this to be done P Bills which I did not expect to be called to meet for the next three months, are pouring in upon me. 11Iy best customers are leaving me for n more fortunate rival.—ln short, I am on the brink of ruin and naught save a mir acle can save me." "A miracle which is very easily wrought, then, I imagine, my good friend. 'What is the amount of these debts which press so heavily upon you, end how soon in the common course of events, could you dis charge them ?" "They do not exceed one hundred dol lars," replied the shoemaker ; "and with lay usual run of work I oould make a right in three or four months." "We will say six was the answer. "I will advance you $l5O for six months. Pay every oent that you owe, and with the remainder of the money make some alight addition or impr, vetnent in your house, and put everything about the grounds in its neat order. Try this pl7l for a few weeks, and we will see what ef fect it has up . nn our worthy neighbors. No, no, never mind thanking me.,_ only trying an expeiiment on human na- ture. I know you of old, and hive no doubt that my money is safe in your hands." Weeks passed by. The ad :ice of Un• ole Joshua had been strictly fbllowed, and the change in the shoemaker's prospects indeed wonderful. He was now spo of as one of the most thriving men in village, and many marvellous stories were told to aooount for the sudden al- was ken the teration in his affairs. It Was generally agreed that :a distant relative had be- queathed to him a legacy, which had en tirely relieved him of his pecuniary diffi culties. Old customers and new ones crowded in upon him. They had never before realized the beauty and durability of his work. The polite butcher selected the best pieces of meat for his inspection, as he entered and was totally indifferen al! to the time of payment. The dealer in leather called to inform him that hie best hides awaited his orders. The teach er acoompanibd the ohildren home to tea, and spoke in high termsof their improve- meat, pronouncing them among her boa scholars. The dressmakersmidenly found herself free from tho great press of work, and in a friendly note expressed her de. sire to oblige Mrs. Thompson in any way in her power. "Just as I expeoted," exclaimed uncle Joshua, rubbing his bands exultingly, as the grateful shoemaker called upon him at the expiration of six months, with the money which had been loaned him in. the hour of need. "Just as I expected. A strange world They are ready to push a man up bill if he seems to be ascending, and just as ready to pqsh him down, if they fanny that his face is turned that hat way. In future, neighbor Thomp eon, let everything around you wear en air of prosperity, and you will he nye, to prosper." And with a satidail air uncle Joshua placed his money in hie pocket book, ready to meet NORIO other claim up• on his benevolertee, whilst he whom he had thus befriended, with light stops and oheerful Countenance, returned to his happy 119448. AolOevemorkta of .7Qung Nen. Do you , suppose that I hold yofith genius ; ail that I say is, that geninsi when young, is divine. 'Whx, the great- est captains 4.appinkawitoodora times' both concinged 1/ 2&.1 Youth .RtTeAlfi..Y.ANth, ..OVRthfiow".ths I>ersian empire. Don John, of_Auctria, won Ce panto at 25—the great battle of modern times; had it not been for the jealoisi of Philip, theinext year be would have bee tk :Ettipepoi .or Diauritinia. Geet e es do Foix star only 22 whhn be stood . a victor on the plain of Raionna. Every one remembers Conde and Rooroy at the same age. Gustavus Adolphus died at 28. Look at his captain—that wonder ful Duke of Weimar—only 26 when be died. Banner himself, after all his mfr. aolea, died at 45. Cortex was little more than 30 when he gazed upon the ottPe las of Mexico. When Mourice, of Sax ony, died at 32, all Europe acknowledged. the loss of the greatest captain and pro foundest statesman of the age. Thett _ there is Nelson, Clive—but those' are warriors, and perhaps you may tbi4 there are greater things than war. Ido not, I worship the Lord of Hosts. But take the most illustrious achieve ments of civil prudence. Innocent 111. the greatest of the Popes, was thedetipa of Christendom at 37. John de Medici' was a cardinal at 15, and Guiceiardini tells us, baffled with his craft Ferdinand of Arragon himself. He was Pope ae Leo Xat 37. Luther robbed even him of his richest province at 34. Take Ig natius Loyola and John Wesley—they worked with young brains. Ignatius• was only 30 when he made his pilgrim. age and wrote the " Spiritual Exercices." Pascal, (the greatest of Frenchmen,). wrote a great work at 16, and died at 87. Ah ! that fatal 37, which reminds me of Byron—greater even as a man than e writer. Was it experience that guided the penoil of Raphael when he painted the palaces of Rome ? He died at 37. Richelieu was Secretary of State at 81. Well, then, there were Boiling-broke and Pitt, both Ministers before other men. leave off cricket. Grotius was in prac tice at 17, and. Attorney General at 24. And Acquavia was General -of the Jes— uits, ruled every Cabinet in Europe, and• colonized America before he was 37. What a career The secret sway of Europe! But it is needless to multiply instances. The history of heroes is the history of youth.—D' Israeli. The Old Flag of Sumter. NO, i 3. It is generally remembered that the gallant General Anderson, who so nobly defended Fort Sumpter in May, 1861, saved the torn and riddled flag that had waved over it. He has kept the tat tered banner as a sacred thing ever since with the publicly avowed intention of having it restored to its place, whenever Sumter should be recaptured. Nearly four years have since gone by, years of blood and gloom and terror, years of thunder and " earthquake and eclipse," and the rent and wounded standard-sheet has lain at rest, sometimes rustling per haps as before the breath of a spirit wind when the shouts of victory re sounded over the land, and now at last the'time has come, the long expected time, when it is to go back in all the pride of triumph and resume the old place where it received its terrible iron, baptism. And there it will look down from its airy height, and hardly reeog— nize the old fort not less mutilated than itself, and gaze abroad toward the city and either side and behold a hundred starred and striped meteors, kindred to. itself, 'all fluttering with joy and hailing its return as young warriors greet the appearance of some glorious and scarred veteran. It wilLnot be fired on as it was in the time long past, and yet it will: hear great guns thundering as loud and as fast as then, guns roaring a glad wel come to its honored fblds. As for the rebel flags, all of them will have slunk fifty or a hundred miles out of sight, and no rebel cannon will be near enough to make a ripple in the air. It was deemed by the guilty monarchs. of the olden time that a comet in the sky portended that some direful change would take place, but we apprehend that Sumter's old ensign will be to the eyes of the guilty Confederacy, if she can get near enough to see it, equal to a hun dred blood-red comets, with tails millions of miles long, announcing not only that a mighty change will take place, but that one has taken place alivady.. If it could be known throughout the country on what day and at what how% the old flag of Sumter is to reascend to its glorious home, the atmosphere of the whole loyal portion of our country would. quiver and vibrate with tremendous sounds from the throats of cannon and, the throats of men. And why shall not, the day and hour be named ? villa Journal. Luxumous SMOKING.-" The most luxurious smoking I never knew„" says. Mr, Paget, "was a young Transylvanian, who told me that his servant always insert. ed a lighted pipe into his mouth the first thing in the morning, and that he smoked it out before he woke, It is so pleasant,* he observed' 'to have the proper taste re% stored to one's mouth beforo or/0 is sensibita even of its want."' A PAT REPLY. —Lord John Russell erk, deavored to persuade Lord Langdale to ! , resign the permanent Alastership of tlia. Rolls for the uncertain position of Lott Chancellor, and paid the learned lord *cry high compliments on his talent - and se, quiremenis. "It is useless ' na7 lord," said Langdale. "So long as Ten,jey.,, the Rolls, I care nothing for your butter."' RELVIVNEI OF NANICIND.--By what curious links, and fantastioal relations, are mankind oonnected together. At the die. tanoo of half the globe, it ilindoo gains hist support by, groping nt tbo bottom of thq, see for the morbid poncretion of .a Oleg-, fish, to decorate the tbtrogt of a. Londor, elderman's wife. WILXES AND lanEwArlr•—Wkerilillkot waa u rranoe, e n d at court, Madua . VlM, Pa_d;lV .10/401880 44_ 'ml , 4 tv , nehmen are ' Ape toilowo; pray how ,fint; may ei man ga i,n k4is , abnoe of the, Royal family among you aI do not' at prea, ant know," Teplied 'he, d7/7; bA4 d vi 6316 W."