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•, bilitk atilt fitness: - • , •
, - Permitac here, to•state . ; , - i fact, strait- .
, • 1y illustrative of tie inezaittiable value of
... • co:iffidence and i:ri.dit. •, . .
~ • -At the first meting of the •Tritstees:of
the nte'Steplien Cbafil's Bank, ortvliich
• I_Avas one, :kid whit ft meeting nquiheld
.. i n - onecflately. aft er-If is- decease.,--: we euntr
'to our aut4z,cment, that the iv 11.015.0nount
• _of specie ifihis tiattk•wps but S 15,693 80,
one W . LIS iTi• current.'
coin..:—Dri "making ihisAmPleasant disCo••
vet wasdeputed by my colleagues to
call On the. 1.14,nk0f - the•United.Stares;.
iomalteknovii our :situation and to stint*
"their'aid. The Directors forthwith tender , ,
.ed theloan:of.S:lo,o6o. •A's; - 'however, -
imoney soon came into our hands from the
•• debtors:of ,the bank; wu did noravtrtl - 15 - or
selves. of thiszen - e — rotiS olfsr. tmentioti•
• . .the circumStance as 'aliother instaneelof
the liberal' spirit _in Which the affaits,of
• ' Ole Bank Of - the Vnited Stacey have•eVer
• been administered, and-of how much inay
be. accomplished Where, as in•the caSe
Stepheni"Giiard, confidence:. •bnd. credit
• :were neither suspected. or impaired:.
nut it ilkserted thatthelraOk employ
cil thePresTor-yoliticar purposes.. -..St u:1
aii imputatiou;:in - the ab;ence of ail Proal
is uuly to . be ; met .with a flat cleoial. het
• charged :with impure in - ptiVeS and base
actioni, it certainly caused The truth to
`be published in its .own defence: this. is
• the•wholeirtith'of the matter.
silent had, however,- resolved on its . de.
.struction. He thought oldie' Bank as the
farmer did of-his:_pillave_Ltuarfed
yoti-and fattened yuu, till you , haife be
komet sleek and *anima—you most;un
_,_ gratefukscoundrel.--thar-you must make
your throat?'" ='•
beo - contended'on •th-is floor that
• if we dispense'With paper currency„-:.s.pe
ciezWill flow Intb; - the'cOiitry to supply
•• its place.` - Such an idea t .is:fallacious in
the extreme. We must ;et s >tele as we
get every thing else -- , - hygi - Ving ,its value.
wc. disehargp.oui', pockets of our bank
_..z. - .notes, we .shall
placew'rll -e supplied by Bolt! or silver;
• unless we have shineihing to give'aS au
- equivalent. .•
Are we never to 1)e donef_wiih Crude
experiments, and rash experithentas?.
• the amount of our currency, we can, make .
-onollai - rg o - a S'ia•rwslo
-am) 1 Will tell . -you what ..more- you
may. do. 13 y' - reducing , . it
may ma e.ont... dollar go as' fat as
Bu o vv . a- Whyohe- : the
• uow - gets' his:dollar -a day, would then get
• len cents,,and the farther, .who. hats his
land mortgaged forSsooo,will have to. pay
-560,000, while-the..salat•ia Onkel* Of-go
v - erftmentwill!lave their . iilcotheSlirCreits
"td hi the same ro onion: Secrethr
• -: 'Woodbury, for inStance, who now re
'''" — ZeTia"lix ililiA . 7disflirsr ”irieTcr7, lir.
. receive sixty • thdusap;d! And the Presi- .
- dent - Who-.:recefves-,t , Wenty.five thou Sand„,
i . will receive two / lanitti7M and:fifty 'bait:,
- • - mptill I It willAcleed lie . a glorious g6ld•
en age, a tullinium for the office holders,
but . I. guesii will proVe a little -worse
.'than-Purgatory to some other follis. - :
- ' IWill - tell you • what further you-may
I T T':ci6-:- you rnay liffix suebleavy, b — tinth — eits
'._.. on your Banks, .by I„cnrtailing the:.,of..
.. __. their earnings,• and by sub — F.J bting the
existence of their .. chanters, to ..the
caprice of ..the popular will, which like
. the wind; blOweth as.it .-. Ilsteth,
man know; whence it - cometkand w h it It
er it goeth that no prudent man will in
•. your folly,- drive away capital — from
--- - your State, and cause it to enrich your
rival neighbors. • But I will . tell 3nu
what yOu cannot do.' . After driving
---- tt ' -- 'to -- 'IE - 0 - .t., it
..aWay, you Fo
nan . t get,
back agafn, when .you•• want it. A
man .may ver?-easily set his` harn on
fire, but he cannot quite 'so easilkput it
The Deligite from the -.county
a Sort of left handed eompliment fo'the
'Directors of the Bank of :the United
4tateS„ after saying or the Bahlt that if
• *bad fallen like Lucifer to rise no more:
Il<e-called. the attention_a.the_bouse_to
,the splendid dwellings of Somenf the
directors.. In doing` this his object4as
• perhaps merely-to _give pungency to his
eloquence; perhaps to
or. perhaps to intimate his. suspicion
~that they-had Made a free :use 'of the
rrioney_of_the institutiom.but .of'suc'h an
insinuation I do not accuse him. "Wh at
cV.er motive may hive 'had the. prepon
derance for the -time - in his fruitful. intei-.
lect; I can assure him, and the house,
'that having served in that board -for
many years. -and consequently -had'
v -. . 11 the br
and with t,. Jusiness of the,Bank, fcaty
directiars were not large borrldWers; -that
they. were men of intelligence, and
spotleskintegriti; that they *ere select- 1
• cd - froin among our most 'respectable
Citizens, and were incapable of using
• the funds cif the bank to 'any s igister
and as to,
that Inever.borroweawdoilar.frosn the
bank, ()Iliad the .use of its funds whileca
ilifector; nor at any other time • I May
add that :1 . am itbe now in the direction.,.
having r6lintiaished my..seat on becem=
ing theinbet.lof this Convention. )
it has beetithainuated alse,.that the.
Ba*.oflbemore devoted to
e .ac . ccimtna4fion • Of—the wealthy,,
than of the. middle Blass of our Te110y,,,,v
jeltizetit• 'This ehargetlijte_ others___Ls.l
._. _ .
Avithout4otintlation. r 'So. far . froni this
is • the fact, .that i . have a - titgt.i4t. reeel
lectlidit that fOr yOars. - durihg which
. 3viwo regularly:Oh,-
•inued the discbuntOfctne . note
orikih;was, : thihk for
. Thirty dullats,'.and afterwards reduced to
orenty,;a,f:; h chlatttrrate rt was renew.-
. et) from..tinieto tune , and remained'un
' psid , ' whenl lett tkie institution... One such
iastanCe proba Ilaye
counts Paper ofTirraflcr.dbnoMinatiott?'
If so,let that bank lib-design : a te:d.
,• . We'Aave : it constran4•sunc, , . in our..
leans and -the delegate..from Susquelia tr,••_
oafimvingjcaught — the — riotOlias. been
'pleased - to amusehincsell• and the•hous&
_wi th_ eilar-m-anyi--41-rat-w&ira-rej--trow:
inthe United States..eighly_tnillicas: of
dollars' in specie. Ilow dees . ko)crio ty .
this fact?'. Yes - , task these :amen of
' I do :not 'say "Bribes iii
.thoods,'! :no 1 wish they . ‘vere_hallas
intiocent--1 ask then.-thO•se rmeir of
the . woods.," .undertake ' • , f() instruct-. us 'in - •Financiering and.
Bankibg, - how s •Oley:knowtliat we have
theS:b•eigh.tx millions?: I tell them they
are perfect bribe's upon th i s sul)ject. 7 --
Tkey mar.know • the amount
(anq r)i:k iio%idEdge. it•
to 'be grant,) because . that. is a natter of
reeord, - no ship being permitted •to.dis
eharge:her':eargo, or to break bulk, mil
•til She is-regularly entered .at.::the CuS,
Ai)a) 11,inistiana, a permit obtained..- 7 —,
But no tiv.in I repeat 'it; and can know
tihatnins I:avej- been eipo 'led. No
entry of that need - ,.be made:. Tens of
AhouSands, and hundreds of thousands
.may lie sliippedand are shippet. :
Without' beingrciMrted at -01, so that :
.evil. these .ve - ry men bf the woods Of
. -Sttsqueltentiza,,Atirhci arf to teach -Os, &
nut us to rights, accordmg7tO the proni- .
Fsed intimation of' their - delegate, will
.find . they - find infortmrtiod on. thi-p i
•subjettentirely-unas;ailOg% :- •Ship own,
ers for Obvions - reasotisXdonot—let, their
ship's crews 'know' - What ' specie if
- bbard,'oi that; There- is al v on board;
and - even'The-ti wners - a,n(l captains May .
beS ignorant•tif '.lli - esuins stowed ivi , ay -
T)y - piisserigers an ng their baggage.
But Gen, Jacks° , fursotfth, L juipor
-1-ed-specie! 1' it-no-iv,14,-Linipo-phad-Ltlie„,
Trench Inilermay - in gold. •It was - the - ,
'pr.o . pgrty, 9(109_ (leeplyj i)jured_atiksuf-„
fering.mercliants. . Ile - did not e'onsult
them: on- the - Suldeet; but ' they. were
ne'verl4l:ess Charged 5 per . cent, com- '
missithis,..Ste,: , '"for. the fav : o - ti, whep,.
liad i•t been.. -left to__their givii_t , atiage,_
went, they cdtild have . rdalizedlp them
selvesaprofit Of 10 per cent. 'l3iit it
_ln a y.,:he_ asked ...UiLlu:_ii otgi_v_e_.l hpiii_ilte
golcLon its arrival? No_Jle:kneWilet :
, ter:Wila t was - good lot-t lierritliati . they
•cl),(l.:_Sotno small plortion7wits"&plett out
to them, and.the balance! Perhaps the
office-holelci,v-.cati . tell: - that 'become of
'l36t. .it-is trium
j2rin , g . sj.?eqie . into the
I,t coffaiiii . ; did, hiiii. j_ki,ow
one rperchAnlAtha mad.p eighty thous-
artitle.--,ltow much was ?futile by (idl
ers, it is . dillictiktO calculate. It open
ed 'a wide 'door for profitable specula-,
tidn. Let. us remember; by the 'ivay,.
that although this Government clemands
specie_ 9 f_ its_de b tors c _it._is_Ar.c iry___S'cr_upu.-
lons or:paying in specie";
. m.l. precious
. little seems to .escape - from. its strong
box. Indeed they do not.bppoar ever
to hasre been in the habit of
away mu h specie. I speak with posi 7
ti'Ven;elff:Vilie - O - I — Say thatrthey never.
placed a, li• r of.i tin the Unfted States.
nank,•not ev ?. of their „priginal sub
'scription T of-sevell-millionS-of:-the-stock.
The whole 7,000,000 'was paid by, the
.Governmect in tertifiehtes of -public
debt, bearing .an interest of $ per 'cent.-
N at. a fu rthing was_pa id in cain..
Spezie, as 4 eirCulating medium, As
expensive • and invinvenient for: la(ge,
tralysactions: Tlie alrtival - lopsby - mere
use,.that is, by 'actual.wear and friction,
has been show n to be very great, though'
scarcely n oti ced by. the publid, and.lo, -
20 or 30 per-cent: , loss --in-valtie,,ott• an
article of constant cle'tnancl, become, 'a
very serious' alrair. Again, suppose-I
. . . . .
wished to . purchase - in New _Orleaos, . No. 5. It-may objected that- thisiteni,,
5000 - bales - of - Cutten - which - are - prpba-- -se-far es-tegerds-theAalances-in the, free ..
bly -wiarth $250,000. - It would take a sury, should- be hike omitted. But if
month perhaps toconvey that money to balances arc drawn out 'then - is the
. out, 'then ,
amount tht . own°,into circulation: If re
that City. There would besides be the
tamed in the Treasurin then - there are so
hazard of accidents- and robbery by the . • ..- , . '
many millions locked up, and taken from
way. Against these I might insure, but ,
the currency of the country, which in' the
not without paying a premium. Suri.z. 'views'and-fdr' the object r havi: proposed.
posing- lifter all risks had been-incurred, to-Myself, must--greatly- ernbarrass the
the price of Cotton should have risen so business .of the community, and acid to
-high, es to render..e.pure.hirse'improtlent. the general distress. .
I must in -that ease-travel hack-with,tinyi • No..t. This is meant' to include, not
load. at the same cost-and risk. which only the Civil Lists "of the several States;
J ineurred,ln_the outward journey_,.wi_th ; but canals, railroads,...tncopikesi Er-c-_,lt -
'the loSs of interest in the bargain. - Sup- I will - niat, -- ilierefore, be considered as, top
pOse r ontile-null) ett_ltan4i ristesd - °Eve.- _hi g h.._ . _.._
~_ • . .
Cie ) -I sirrhplv write- to .my * -- eorrespori No....s._As__to
il Cin ; Til 1 ieci iiiii,lii rii — to. in aketliP—ptiFtl;e-in-fliture,---I-aiw-ignorant..---.-717-Ive-pre...
the a i lli thi l o l :9llMptiOn• is that
-w en commerce shall
phase, and draw, on me for
again flourish, h
_tey ill be greedy en--
W,bether he succeed or . not, I lOse:no
hanced. - . . . ' .-•
time - , - and 1 :irietir neither liazet'd nor . '
I•'We have, then, the very Considerable
expense.,-Ipt . cpuld not this be done, stun in theie:s'eliet al items alone, of tiocive
if wez had
.no banks?—yes, doubtless— hiodi•ed matiii'ill - iif dollars, to be put in
but either. I must du as I have stated,,br motion -by a hard, money eirri:'ditcy, as'•
I must -pay some body Ilse for. doing it; -sumed to be eighty millions.- But this is
for without some system of -paper °XT.'? not all. We, have,yet to:provide fog; our
- fact or ies,ltioAshops; merchandise (tvhole
1-sale , and"retail,) our daily receipts and
payments, not comprehended in either of
; the above items. „The receipts and pap,
merits et our BanltS,'&.c. will obligP us to
Ladd at least another tutelite htodred mit:
Ilions to our- list:- For .the purpose" of
stewing that this last estimate is'not over
leharg'ed, permit me to add, that - the daily
1 average receipts rind payments friw.the
',zccitint - e - V4f - Ilie - Milk; of th United . Stat es,' -
I for sit months, .and - e
at 'a. dull time, has'
jbeen 56900,249. - 'lt is not pretended that
,- the - 'husinen .of any othee of the numer-
I ous Banks -will be of the same magnitude,
L I but then, according 'to , Secretary Wood- .
If burry, there are 794 banksin'thertuited
jStates . , and.aceording -to' More recent ac
sp_unts_B23. .1- -rney also nveatipo„, that .
in 1837 the value ; of merchanclize,:- , sent
frerti-Philadelphja to Pittsburg•to supply
the Western' trade, was computed at 'se
venteen -millions pf dollersjj'
S and in 1818 .
-et-ttweuty--millionsH ' . . .
'ehatige, ?the transportion of coin Could
not he.avoided.. , .This might further be
exemplifiedy•bot 1 will waste no more
'time- on , to 'Slain • matter:
may, .however, obServe,...tliat if The ,!
specie iiithe ease supposed ; shotild
er reach •NeW.Orleauo should entire
ly foregp my,:-,parehase, acid all adkiii—
tages connected . with it; for
the,..seasou pass and my
object iri the purchase be frustrated.,
. The all powerful love of the people!
the dein .pOple! How patriotic finis!
„profess Marty seem' I,o\l
love thein sEil-ardenily, as CO ; bO:tvil I jog' ,
to AO alniost•exlery thing to Serve them - -;
selvris; out - thiS - pliFe - 1 7- I‘4 Hi t - t
loved the people-;--Robespiereloyed: the I
people-.-Napoloon :loved the peoplo-- . 7
•ati'd may , I say , ' : it? 4ndi•ety.Jacksoo
loveti - jitle - PedPie' They .in
eav-Ittitifc laPerara altM VirPatilitaT
prpfessed a • yeir'.cifence. •fti.r l'Elidlili-•
ea,nisnr, and it -. lv&iild-be curious. to tate
theii• manner of showing'. it. 1., willino.t.
atteniptjliat. Don't . .jou remewbor•the
'Ea pi ion, of thejis.4t„Q‘nitil's: .0 itltb?
• FIT. n ell he- i i-kb&,..0.1L , sz. in I iyjsi I) I e.?!
‘tatiql,r - Aviinity; • rta ter ii ity . '
, I, Napoleon qunaparle,-D.ecree,'. -:,
Our 1:01'111 is more :•' '
- ‘l, A Odrew tipon - the Responsiii - j4k.. l ' • • •., . I
dente for,' awl. itt flip dear peoph.;,-, N,Ve
liretTaiin - illTietlaSA - iirtirilt - ouse top, hat
.‘ys. are willing to trust the . peoplo
all.p - Ower; 3vhile We :actually seek id
bind thero r neek and foot,...wil,hcconsti-
JptiorugJ(!atrietion on.theii; ec i
0, bill 'is the Jegiulaturei we
,waht '‘v hat
,is • the'.-Leg
iSlatu tt assembled people" n the
only - eapacitylin which it is possible for
a-people to be_beard, and to declare
their sovereign will, by the:enactment'
of laws? I heed not 3v•liari• said to•be'
the Will 'grille lieo,pl< wheivspoken in
taverns, in This or iu that conictiy. It
inust .be, 'declared through..their chosen
Repil.‘ 4 sentatiVes; .to, be - 0f- legal
I trill now proceed to show the-oh
-solute folly pod Impracticability pr the
attempt to force et: on't-he-- . niQunity an
exclusive metallic eurreney; This
rtot:_odealty_i:muelt ; - 0:11,y-stur .a
hOur- - glaSs is' nearly' - exansted. ' Kaye_
Jun Ice - cl over sarctaey - Wood - hory l s, - In - st. - .
last annual 111;Port,•- and. shall endeavor
tojdraw such. deductiniti'. front, it as'
ought, to stitlsl:y the niost credulous of
. SeereN W
ry oodbur it
yearly value - of -the-brea&st uff-i-donsu
- 2a.liaki•ng the value of all
r fattiily expe It-.
• ditureS — dt etre time4lllG: -
value of bread, it gives us 620,00 . 6 ; 000
states 'the bal-.
Jai). '183+3, 26,700,060
• lle'pls. 1836 -48'8:' , 0,007.
105, 100 000
Bal., Jan., 1,
45:900, C; 00.
- FUG;tToo . OOT;=
The yearly avcragz may be
assumed in round•nu ink rs
" • -
4th. Th 6 annual receipts and
• payments °Lail the Slate.
governments Marbe as=,- /
sumecl• as • • - _ - ;]qo,coo,opo
50,TheSecretary y states the • /
impoty of-1837,•being 99 /
millions less than 1816, as .40,000,0'90
And the. ntports of 1837. he
ing 11 millions - IL5s / than
in 1836, as •/
No: -I ;--SO‘c -
orrinit'Q ENCtr+Hb h-at
portion /cannot tell. "is consumed by the
growers; but the difference . is made up by
the value of inferior grains for horse feed,
Sr.e! sold by the growtts to.non,cultivators.
which - to lest-the-aecuracrof-this-iteiny
Some thinli, it much too low, altd that it
Anight...beisifely„assu med ten aines Abe.
.value of •I.n'ead, being designed to include
provisions, of all kinds ; (withthe exception
of bread) clothing, servants, wages; house
rent, and.in short,extry species of house-
hold expense,— have,:therefoic, pt:oba:-
bly as4umed an - " estimate Sufficiently., mo
.think. )nn, will nd\v'be prepared. to
say, 'with ine, 'the "attempt cin
this cnnimunity, ,an . exclusive , Metallic
currency,- is 'about as wise, and •abont as
Kaertieable, as tlia-Col: the neq •n
tempted to measufre-the-fcliffiTaity.otra
ter in the Chelapealti: Bay. wsit.4].mitn.-etip'4l,
'The - steamer. Conititutiim,
ye'slqilay - . fronro a l ost %Orieli phwe
she left„on Stithlaylast, brings the latest
telligellde 'fro - n TcsaS.'
• -- A great panjc.was.dreated at Iloustcin.
by . the 'arrival of an , exprcis With:the;.re
po'it.that Bexar (San ii - toniO) had be'eii
stirro.ondetl.by a 1)(4.0' Mexicans. .',lt
wcts i however, : sceitaine4 subsequently
that the' whole story arose fram,the
cUnitancc•ol GO or 10 41cxican
having littaeled the Tost. The. outer
sentry. was c•soldier captured°,'
.and,the horses of-th& aValry'cirried 'of;
' • Captains Carnes 54.. l t fis pursued tho
ituractlcr3, - bn't Ira yin g• n horsc,, they .
rettircrell Without effecting any thing.
VorOVS'ecl *by these rumors of irtmiion:—
Pool'huntfrol arid ninety fiV'e men had
hem raised at 1 - 16uston and great anx
,was nmtlifeted to. c•ilLioutiterllye
cinecny whether he.shoult make an
.rttptioti from the , West, or.' a . descent
Atro t hri r aSterttfczast— •
—ii.additiOn_to_thn foregoing, we give
r i f
flay evening, communicated to the. Con,
stitution genticinvi : --Whu left sau
IA n Urn io,: tie 40 inst a nt:"' .. "" '"•"
'The ruiric.o..ailoat;-.reltifivoto an inva
sion from Mekieo; 'Originated from .
. io a 'body of
ry ejicanipmelit -e . xhibited narks
about a bulidre'd-fires. They' had
wagons; and-possibly sokne.e . an non.
. was_ geperally : _sApposed at -San.
Antonio, that they-had been-spilt-nut
to protect, the 11erdsinLn,.wliti aye„driv
ing cattlp.toward; the itio Orands:",
Forty pqirs when, Ni - grass sat iii
peti,tions/were sent in.for
the aLt~liiiu~~ of
tike / sla•ye trade, and of
11rery,Tust aslboy art; now, for the.ab 7.
are new, td receiving or referring thent,
but the attempt was defeateit at-that day,.
by ad overwhelming urajorky. James .
I\ - i.ddison., one of \ the purest and most:lk
.lu z stribus men of our couii;i2yrpOitti4en
CongresS, and the debateBitlieli4arose
on referring these peOtiriniiTliiet.4 . )!s,t)*
very same groumj henry Clay't%Q:tt~fi:Cß.
Csaril - he,TaiiylitilaibT - eite**. iC
will.ariso from the opposition toa,qtfer.
.ca,ce , of these petition?,' for, I . iasA4.t . ,,pc,ep
"treated in the iis.ual way,,t041:44111
have been,made so as fo
Just- , so--said - -James- Mallloo-:"fotly
years just so-essays --Henry
yiulatiori ufa peiticiple 7 . - -;T)fx
- pritteiple` n hick entet*** , ,tlie - lrery
sejlee,of free goyerunietid thiy
not be wurthy_ofilie_iianieLof,freenzemil
they Intl. iwt.oneTagOe,fin. ab
olitiouis'ln—indeca,-ye . fire opposed to it,
heart and hattd . . Biifl;if,iitell'you,_gen
tleinen-of the south, thikiikire will never
give up the right of petition, the sacra
-right of petition- , --for -John C.. Calhouti„,
arfd all South Carolina, anil, Texas, to:
boUt, at his baCk. Del. Stale' Jaiii•a-a7..•J
There ie a strange want of American
'eelint.),. in the Comments uttered by
Rhett, of South Carolina, in
on the atrocious "outrage pitn-
iittO Gv the BiitiMl at SOldiki. 'Bath
these gentlemen, in the debate which oa ,
cOrred in their respective housesjustilled,
• —fully justified,_ this act_of.,,atrocity and
. inuider, committed by - foreigners upon
our shores, which were: stained by thein:
with the blood of Our people, Mr. Rhea
declared, that if he_had been in the same
situation with the • British authorities:)e
would - hate7 - d00.e7-the• - •-same-thin We
have sufficiently _expressed our npiiiithis:
nyt rCa ilititi•an-wl4ineric a us . - go
into the British territory to, aid the insur,
gen ts, flierhave d
selves, have, grossly violated the lawly of
may deal with th Ci'mhg•theYtplease. „But,
..Ifmglishinen invade our Curl
tory r told - slaughter ohr r unresisting citi
hens, :the American who. could coolly jus
tify such an atrocity, is unworthy of the
name. - 'The fact is these .nullifiers have
se long indOlgeil the habit of "calculating
the' value of tlieUnion,Pthat there 'seems '
to be not a. spark of Anierican feeli o g. in
their hesoms: - This - cold -- blood, this
Dutch phlegm, on the occurrence of such
an event, is: . not Characteristic of the
South... It indicates a state-of lecliag, of
alienism, ..of hostility. to the union and
country:-- -, lt indicates that they vaLue
tilood of thcir•countryinen::--ib,
•• • .
.ST . I;.;AM BOAT. .q,XPLOSION
The.Steatn 13eat jjomEparrivecrat the
laiiaing last ev - eniugabooyqi4e.o!uluek;
frEh . Louisville, She kafbeen at the
W . I6A b - ut - a - Tery - ferv-ininutes;4lieri-the
'Jolley burst,. and gealtletl•
f4fally.' . .• The koffereYA`all belonged to
thel3oat; ',four, were overboard,
e:. - arcs. ; •
• • D,llif!.e,
NEW Ot LEati4 , Jan. 1:2, 1838. s•
- 11y..11te Expc;3ityrr
efigrabcrituati Connty . tycetiltt,.
Lyceum met on tie2oh December,.lB37 o
a 4 nrgaiiizca by appoiM.inr:
Cameron- 1 . PrTl.sidcrit'prO tem. - : :
..After iccei whim the credentials from toivn
ship Lvccum &jitliers, Prof. Caldwell, tram'
the cob - lmittee 'to enquire into the cause of
the - languid stare ,, . &C. t Ly.cen , sub
nlitiid the f,:ll,lwbig . I cpcal,.
unarinnou 4 sly alloyed: •
• . —• C'X'ar:fsr.F. .Dre. 30,1837
- At a very late Inurr, it .occiii'red to,,your .
coin ni t hat.they - were appAnted, at•some
antecedent inecting to consitler the languish
ing.state of .oar • A ssoe iation, - ifild to inquiie
into the' causes, and to; suggest qu'Amedy. •
The coaftnittee leay. to -present, as the:.
result of a very_ [hinted inv_estigatioo Air the
matter; the .
' Your•committee,.in looking for. the cakes.
of the'want ufhiterestso acknow
ledged to exist,,iii'the - meetings as well as
the general olijcets of...mr, association, hae.
come to the 'eonclusion, that. thefollciwing
are among the rddSt in:pot:tont:—
ihbr,,c, to our . deliberations.- This'
,ynur•e:nnwil.l.w . 'do not' tofei• to :loy want - pf
interest nit :Pe Pai Lathe people; but in the
f it st place,to the places which - we select for
holding our meetings, twit' in, the second
place,• to the%tct that •we.giv'e no general in
vitathms to. the people to attend:' The
. mediate tilt. , ets - of the .'at ,
sunce. of spectators
Fir:;t; 'Their we /:ave mei:elyenotfthig to
do. f Bring now fairly organized, we have
few-matter_s_to-discu4s,' bat such as-conceili
the inkbfic interests; and td discuss these
ceives to.bc onvery-little,consequence.
- conff, -- ,774T71 . rlio,9e----sitho-a----airpoinied-bo
nyiktitrflort,s on in4eresany - iyaestions,- and
t_oculdre,es..us_oit_lfee.:obj.ccts_of_Ltiteociety a .
make,only - a :very - temporciry - and pit - fatil
/wt./it:ration for tk discharge - ofTheir
tieyt - • This is precisely, what we ,ught to
_fkom the private . charattelf of our
meetings. This reSfilts . in 'a third` effect,
which • .7'hat even the' teneliers arid lite,
• very 7)1C.11 !he; county; and of 'lke Salt:,
find nothing in our doings to reward
fp' t fle-Froulde4inite.:rpcnse ota cm - -
ing our nufetings. - 'Of 'course- they stay
.aevq.,;-and-the..f.itil(--is-to4)e-reita'igeef i -not to'
2. The second leading cause of the de-
' pressed.state of our a fr,d s, as a. asst.cjatiriu,
• •yrour committee think they.Llind 'in the fact,
ria 1. we father bare_noificers to preliz re
'6Tsinesy for . oar action , Terlen so - e - to:fife-To
gether,. or that tfiee offirersr.do, not 'attend
to -their d ly• in thi.s rex/feet.: licti•a Meet
ing a our stssochtfion is announced, we have
- ilerriTat t erS - olin tee - est - presented-to
c cibi an t w 'When w CrIiT(VF
assembled, come kt fore us io a mature-state
for our action- The eonsrquence k;thqt we
do Mlle or not . j.lig uhelerstandingly;;:ilitl oaf'
meetings put ion, - even 0) ourselves,_ rather
the - appearance of a face than any thing else.
If .0115 view cif the infects-in ouroperatiOns,
'is correct, the rernedies;sutvt , sst, thionseßes.
the objects to be. accom plijied or, in
other w tds, Ity,i s ng- become fill organi
hs we areiikt#Stigtrat*n.d je.atling object
should lie to Alf- • .4014 - ,feaiieou:e:ducaoon,
as we ll_ by qka . ...(1 _' t 4 die `tiitililio ' mind, as tiy.
acting, nn''` _?11•S of , the county: In
ortl . er f to this, s bot 'the.t.eachers_and
ple mii'st become intereited in ottr meetings_
it-isAiecessaryr•i the opini'on of
phir cominitteo: • .-.
nart of the town in which Mix meetings are•
held; where ii/c may luive a right to expect
the Most respectable citizens, ladies and•
gentlemen; to attend. We ,doubt not but
almost any of our churches could be secured
(pr.this object; for surely,likext to the gospel
in importance, tabst be:.entisidered . the in- -
terests .of •education—;and-the•• diffusion of
knowledge in 'any..community., Thtleed, the
diffusion of the success of the
tospo usually go hand in hand. • "
2. All the business-Or the.Lycenm Should:,
I be public; and - the meetings should be held I
successively at different points in the County.
And, at least once in the year, our meeting
should be extended two or,three days.
7 - - --- :% --r ilte - best.Speakers - nnd — writcrs.. of this
,and the adjoining counties, should be em
_ loped beforehand, tkfutiiish the fare:pre
sented to the public or these occasions.
..F.f.V l 44 , ,rendilY•be done; if our executive cam •
!tfattietwould select their speakers in season,
careful to secure the attendance
otrigiocriiiSemblies, by seletting suitable
ble noti - peOrthe same. •
4 ; . Tl elnotiCes *hiclt shonkl be given o
our be specific. The place,
the. hour, theoe.r,ciies, sl i puld all be an.
nounc - a'. - 4 — AlAr;l.V4")edple_ of the oink} ,
should be invited to attend. .
5. The subjectOisetts,sed should vary, as
i _they well might, eti . lits.to funiish interesting
.matter to all: chtsses : Of the citizens. The
object - of education, iii general; the object of
common school education; the connection of
cominoti- - school educatioir with titehaititiness.
•of the people; with iteavrogre i s, of wealth
or virtuein the community; or With tle:ji - e. -
.matiettcy...of-our , reptiblicaß institutions; the
duties, the responsibilities, the pleasures, or
the rewards , of the teacher; the importance'
of attending to
.the physical &Inc:at-ion; the.
best mode of developing the intellectual fa:
tulties - of=childtetw - tlre'best made - of. teach- -
ing, Heading, Spelling, Geography, zit rithine
tic,;4e:;:c_theAttudies_liest_suited to loor:con -
mon. schools ; the books best: adapted to the
use.„.of chilhqu_the tlestconstroction of
school huuses.;. :the advantaw s Crfaitirdeaz
ticatiOn; - the - necessity of moral education, as
well' as intellectual; . the consideration Of eih
ulatitin, as to liow far it should be imeoduced
into our common ,tichttolsk•-t i he influence of
academies • and colteges on continuo' school
etljtettioi4.-the advantages of-Lyeeunis, 0r..0f
associations for the_ diffusion of knowledge;
the advantages of associations of - teachers;
the advantagesorasSociafions of . mechanics
for - literary purposes; cite rlchnesss'of our
Cumberland Valley in ores, nittl other na
tural advantages.—These.are but a few of
the thousand subjects which might be called
Up for the mothal - interestof teachers;-litera.
1Y - Men, and the-people at large. . •
— Your committee are of opinion that our
system,. with these. changes, and put under
the direction of an efficient Executive . Board,
all of whom shpild be reSidents.of the-same
town or borough—cannot fail of success; but
be time enough to seek 'fur other
and to, recommend other iihprovements; or.
to dishml,s and tab Our influence in some
- other direction - which. shall promise — more
for the imblie'pod. • •••--, •
'Submitted- hfyour Committee., ; •
LOVVELL -- , - - 7- 1
1. • H AMILTON. '
—0 n_m °hold n(1
Moody were appointed a coMmittee to nom
inate ea ndidates for the respective officers
Of the •
On [notion, excc.titive,c6innlittec of three
was appointed, who ivith , the Pres.i4ent-anti
Secretaries,. ale to
Board for the ensuing:yeur i to tnake• all n&
cessary arrangements,. proctive: lect4rers,.
and give public notice of tlle'time and place.
cirmeetifitts• • • •• • • •
" 4 11 1 • '
' offel:ed the o w uch was
Adopted:: , • • •
j?esolcil, That the exec Wive c,on . unittee
be requned to make all neeessary• arfang.e
merits anothcr ineetin to beheld within
the next - three- months, the :Buie and place
of meeting to be'attnounccd - 3vhe9 They .haye
coniplesedllieir arrangenients. -
Ba .pfferNl'.. the ..following,
Ivltieh Was,adopa: . •
/?rsoburc/,...Tirtt• the •adcoinitli4liment,...of
Lyceuni (01).(41:ai 1011 S would 'be essentially
ed by tie exciting c f fetiode 111114d:ix:in its
• behalf,,mid. tint the co-tiperatit4l of 1.11c,,,rX,
in Cat lisle, and through Out Ole •county i -be.
&hi ts.d iir this ca•use,
cominittee'nf immityktian Made. repot;
the choice Uf the fallowing gentlemen as offi
et.t . s t.f the 1:.) crony for the ensuing.) ear.
• Rev. Dr...DURBIN,. Pres. - t , , • -
. . 1)1: / frA OA Y,
En. Bit .:1,1)111.1R Y:. Etiq • •
I' I Of. .1f,1 , 1•01tY,. CO I'. SC C '?*(1,1i7 . / . . . -
it °RT.. C.A7gy.itom. .I?ee. Serretury. '. •
. ..Artiiit'EWA-41.A1 R, Treas . iii•ei.. •
../,'Po.l: C.!altlwell, ' D. - • -,. .
. • J,- liantilloni.•..,, e Exec..' C'plintittee.
•." . Rev: .1. • F.: .11(.,.....). • • - • _
- - -.--, --,—(Utiriiteio-s'ailie-ati tact yeitt.-) . --\-
• • 01/ ITlOtitlit. ...I?r.sq)
.I pecl, ••Thltt..t.he tlratile o ,:i
the Cuniliet land (.01110 y LyCCIPM 'lie, pre.cicfn
ied, to the. Sorkty of , Eg L al Ri g ht,, fur the.
use of their Hall. - ' •
neFUL'ved; Hitt Elie 'll - eicordir,scoretat y
make such extßcts from t4e minutes, and
of.the-eoutov,-as'he ma ,-dee_m_vxpedient.,-::,
(nY - ncqunsr)
Ititif i ait A'prltog
, 11,xtract of a letter 'Worthy col tenponding
'Secretary of the Newcastle county Agrieul
oral Socit.ty, Dt laware . , to the editor of
the Baltimore Farmer aoil Gardener, dated
WilnMigtoft, Del, Qc.cobt:f 6, 1837. ' •. ,
.. .. .
...S I AL - 4 4-.K00wi0g4..11 - y;'ineerest . yoo .tai Li,
any-thing that appurtains to the agricultural
ntlynnceirrent - und peos , terity of our couritLy,
and Int av-acceputble facts and praCtical ex - -
- perineents-are , to-the.romluctates(-1-1 lie---"Far
mg and Gardener;
. I itike.the liberty- of
sending, you- a loafs 1 hi cad made from ital-,
kin Spring Mica t,- raisril on the faint of mv"
'elite - iv hang friend,. Put Lel , : Re:v - 110.1.1i, Esq.
ay [lois:know tit° WA ily_ 'of yi.1,11 . i etielerias _the
President i;f cur Aga icuittiral Society, and
.one of the most , pi oinitient farmers-in Dela ;
ware. Ile state:6 to the' metiihers-of the late
±"litAllel IN' Meeting' Of the S , A.ll't ylleilr :it New
- a 4i;711-illis.staire - ,- - - - litirigtKilelp.-AC, - 2 - 911 , 7 - 1 7- -di'thl4 , .
denee - in - the , -succetai of-the:,ll..liaer Spring.
*Wheat so higetly Sp !ern of ,truly at the
North, anc171,7 - onmeented im - in d i,tli-ferft pub :
lic a tib i m, ~ .groin eignt Itti::tels' *of the seed
prom reel by hint, fi Om Al ,' I I athe wa v of
lcanec-New -- York, he, had' raised, he said,
• about one hundred anal twenty bushels,- - and
had heard - and h2lietl, from its purity, that
- TfVFAITiI - inalc. e 1, - ro oit I; e;e7i77.-7'55111-Fill'iTiliTCP
mi cl - r_espa et a hlyt ea rulers' present- e xpressy'd .
doribts.abota ti,nin'ts Wheat, the -stw: grain.
tliey tho9glat had bsten t i led in this state many
year 5 ago, and lime the floor from it Was CAl
sidereal little .better titan Rye flour—and that
-it was- d:u k,4 and the bi cad heavy. It oc-
Currcd to us to sugge,st a trial oe'the bread
made limn this-wheatrand- that a- lot -of it
might be sent I o n disinterested *c - om mitte of
two members of the society:—the proprisi
trim WAS 1111111C(111day aeceded: i ta - by - Mr - ::
gaybold, and the- wheat . was hberally fur
, elish,Ld by him. -It was taken to the mill by
*one ;of the coot in ip i'...i!, non - oxed with any
' other- wheat, „ground and bolted in his pre
sence, and. baked by his cook in the usual
manner.--- AI the agricultural dinner, I need
scarcely add, that it gave univen,al satisfac
tion to the large and inta:ligent companf pre
s2nt, atriinig 'whom wei l e 'sezeral celebrated .
millers, heretofore'rather sceptVal, but'Who
were convinced as well as-gratlfied, as soon
as they sow of the bread made tionn wheat,
sown-on the_l7th.ofiast March. The- g ood
example of Major licyhtild, Will be exten
-sieely-followed-in-nela ware A._rautraber of
us haVe . already ordered a large supply fjr
seeding the ensuing Spring." - 1115 a very
-pretty wain, Mr. Hathaway ways of it "that
7t : produces-well,--and-will.succeed-one_wo_rn.
and meagre land, ehrtug,li of cout se the crop
Will be heavjer, on a more favorable, soil; the
fact .is -well - ascertained then.,- that land So
'light and worn down, that. it will not-produce'
-a-e444.1f-oett's, will bring a-fair crop - of - spring:
. wheatond although the season has been -very
wet with then) *atich the grain - n ot so -blight ,
as Usual, still i is plump and heavy, and
that a neighboro his has just threshed-35i.
hushelfice Wheat', rout 7-8 of an acre, and
Iwo btu eel,} sown.
To the wheat gr wers of .Maryland, and
.Virgicia, and indeed our whale middle states,
in part of the - country we think this grain is
destined to become of vital importance; and
that it will 'succeed - iii thOse , states' as we
-have-ascertained - it - Will -thilic-Delawitie,
hai'e not the least doubt. licKe its yield. lias
_beenabout 30 bushels to the here, Without
m a nn t &soil- only
fife winter wheat) in adjoining fields cylriva
ted•in the best manner, and by a good far
merEhave not gk'en half , that crop, in conse
quence of the change in our winters, and the
ravages of the Hessian Fly. The loaf I send
you is the best test given-op-Ade
stibjee't ;'as it settles and establishes . the fact
that-good-lloor-titid-ivhzter-fizhd . flightkeit4
have been made, ex/i la lied, and eaten, for
the...l4st time in this state. from alt ring wheat.
This test o h as S - w i Firs
and although our farMers should" not. aban
don winter grain altogether, it is a . most hap
py, ieflection, for them ; to know that they
have a second reSourco - in the Italian Spring
Wheat, should their first: crop fail. •' . •
- Yours most l'estieet fully .
JAINIES W. TIIOMSON.
. The above variety of wheat, received' from
Mr. ljatheway, may be had, (atd elm he
ient Harrisburt; daily by the cars,) by up
plying to John L. Peirce, Bulls head, No! th
3d street, Ppladelphia.-• • •
11 A I NE:-.Edward Kart dectid gov
ei;nor by the . p eople.--A. letter in -the
rot:timid Evening' Adveitiser, dated Ail- -
gusta,Jan'y Gth s'ys,--"funderstand that
the Chairthau tsuthe 'Committee on the
Governor's 'vtitesoyill_ re liott_olLnoiaday
inoruit!gto the house-and st4)stantiatly,iis
fullpws: That the-whole number of votes
for . GiiVernor which have lieeir legatly and
constitutionally retarned•and allowed, is
68;642, thallhemumber necessary to eon'-
sti t u titre I cr. ti en is 'B. - 4 r ; award=
Kent has 34,43 . 6,' that Gortnitii.Parks has
33 ,1n 0 ,1 1 14L0Wr periptis....have9M. apd
that Edward Kent haying, receiyed . 230
votes inure 'than all other - lifts-ens ; voted
.fur, is constitutionally ciccNAl Getternor
of - tlte - State of :Witte
ooirtisliOnifortee oftho Inquirer & Courier:
• yAsnitsrov . roN CIT Y ; Jnn. 46, 1835, .•
We 'to-(laY had ariditherofiliOsililis-
graceful scenes in. the House, whi'c'h
..often occur to mai' the dignity of •
legislatiOn;''and reflect dishonor_ on:The
' American •Congress. - •
The MiSsi,Sippi - eotitested.electionwaa
. the. especial .order of the'day; and after
the 'one - or two - prelitpipary-,
rer)utipns, Howaril,'of Maryland,
preSentca -- a letter:from tlie. Hon. John
If: H.. Claiborne, .one of
. the: sitting
members. from: . .Mis - sissippi, -- ,r-v . v.. hie!) he "
said he hoped _would •be..reail. Mr.
ClabOrrie was now confined to his I?ed,
by 'severe _illness,. .hemorrhage of - die
a...11e • could 'not attend.; the
.11Ouse.„ he 'had. addressed 'it a letter, ,
• coyerink , all the 'facts :conneeted with ,
the contested election, And was anxious
to beleard... Objection was made to the •
' , casting of the letter, Unthially it Was
`agroitilthat it should - 1)(4. read.. •
When the re'ading Of the doctiment.
had..been_concluded„Mr-13ell _of= ten-
Objected teats being read,-AS did:
Mr. Wise, of. Virginia; and the latfer •
gentlernan 'remarked that'he
,form. the House, that a:dim - on - tent, laid on •
.tka.tables of.me in be rs . .i?y. Messrs% Then
tit's and . Wood, - the gentlemen who .
.claimed 'the seats occupied . by.Xessrs.
Clailiurnb and GI/Olson, b r eeir,
'led al - their private expense.
. 'Mr.' Gholson, who was to his
and w,ro, tor-tfig i fi rst• time for the last_
hal to a
House, rose Anti_ inquire,&of Mr: 1 - 19W 7 ._
taral - ; - .if7.—±lre4rad_Tio o yea `tifif - tl - re_ p
of Mr...ClLliorne'gTetter, ; '. *: •
Mr.. Upward that he . had .not:
'thad't! such. motion; but :would submit
ono of the land t, the propeetime. if tI(
gentleirian - Wm,Nlississi - ppi did übt.pb7 •
ject-tu•s9ch alnude of-procedure. • • -
n --- .sa - iti=tltii-t=l-te=tva-s-sat
2 ' • I I
, ant ).1 only object in making tho
nfry,. - . as to_replf to a - remark, that
Inut_fal.W,n_fli) e_go n t man from_
Virg,i.uia, Mr. . That gentleman
had alluded to the matte' of
. printing. .
For himself,. lie had' to sayi.thatneither- - ,. -
co I leni2, - nc.. or Atim . selle-- •capable
of..coming to Washington to
gres4 to print anything , ror them. Ile
w'ns t.).ot capable of any - spelt meanness;
ft-nm it4ioia, %vas
sottf•ee from ‘V,llollre it emanated.
• Mr. IriistrieiOed to, the - floor; wad -
turning rouint t i Ghotson, 10 - olting at
him Inttnt.catitOpptt . iowdy,
"If, ~11/.. X'pealteer, impudence and
noranCe can. Onstity(t'fc Vacle wird
(pui.A4-1402-, to . Gtolson) there sttin
_Oe 11),a [RI e (1_ prtier,,and di
Mr. Gholson rosCi and said tliWt,the
Man who availed hinis'elfolthe priVilege
of-the House, to malte , tise of'such lan-
Nvas,a coward and a scoundrel,
and. as suchrhe pronbunced the member
fro_m s .Yirginia•
Again• Mr. •Polkinterfere, and di
rected Mr.\MlS - On to take his seat. •
• Order w as. , peedfly restored. and the
(louse proceeded to discuss the motion
to pilot the- docurherit: Wiled 11 1. "vas '-
disposed -of, Mr. Gawson of Georgia ' -'
rose•Tand said that he wished to .offer a
resolution in reference•to the seen& that, '
just transpired. 'lf said that these .._-.
saeneS.Werelisgracelid 'to the cotinte.Y . ,.
to the House; and to the age in which -
we lived; and ought to be abated. He
.thee t.:__ - I d - his resolution,: Which.'
was . iti .substanco that whereas 4 enry •
A. \Vise and 'Samuel .T. GhOlson, mew- _
_ber_s_ef_the__ll.o.tise, had_b een ...guilty - of
using -M. debate, howl:lke that was of
fensiva and IliAiiejlittable to the charac
ter of the I'louse, be it resolved 'that -
-t her-s. übmit - the - rnßalwes - to - the House.
, Alessi's. Gholson .and Wise imme
diately apologized to the House - for the;
offen'siva language they had employed,
but both' refused to-,say • one.: Word cal
• -Mr. Mercer of Virginia, now• submit- , •
ted e - a resolution - , calling upon the
gerants • to.pledge 41 - iemselves that they
would-not pursue the quarrel out of the.
- .11665e... On 'this resolutioni-ilang
bate ensued, and it was not clOsed when ,
the House adjourned.'
si n ee--=-been •
taught the propriety and- necessity, of
suffering other people to, manage their •
own quarrels in their own way, I esan
Train from remarking that : Mf. Gholson
nsta n ce_a t east_whay - in •
the t0r0n, ,, .. . I, did not see in the origi-
Lnal remar k s of .Mr. Wise any_attempt
to insult the - gentlemanfrom Mississip
pi.. What .he sant about, the printing, -
Mr. G.holson construed into-an insult, -
witheutany apparent evidence of justice •
lo•my mind; but the. retort of Alr.-Wae
was too keen and too terrific - to be en
dured. "duel may be the necessary
tonsequenciof this business. . . • •
• \ The Senate employed itself all day;. •
with the - Vermont Anti-Slavery resolu
tions,-finally, received .them, and then
laidjbein trpomhelabler. -
" ' Since I edifetiidett-, this. note, T have
been satisfied that ninety-nine men out
of . every huldred at Washington;no
tnatier 19 ivhi ;It Party - they belong, ails'
.lA Te in en io s it rue th d for atAl t r h . 6 pa . INli.hSteios:
• • •
• CREDITORS . NOTICE:
TAKE notice:that have applied to the •
Court of Common Pleas.of Cumberland cowl
-ty',"fortho tienevitt- - Of the insolvairlawp,-and
they have appointect TII.ES:I)A-Ir the 30th
day of JanpuT s for the• hearing - of me said
- rtiy - treclite;tl, It-the'CourtAltiuse-in'tlie-bor-.
oubbhrof Carlisle,: which and Where you may' ----
'atiendif you . think proper. • ••• • • ,
. . . HELL.
- • •
- January-8, 1.83,1... _ .