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TBI BUTIiKR CITIIKHi
FRESH FALL l WINTER STOCK
" BITS Ml SHOES, ~
B. C. HUSELTON'S.
Mens', Boys' and Youths' Hand Mads Kip Boots,
ALP VEAL, CALF BUTTOX-g LACE SHOES.
KUBBKK BOOTS, WOOL-LINED ART ICS,
GRAIN BOOTS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED ROR TEAMSTERS AND OIL MENS WEAR.
Large Stock of all kinds of Toilet Slippers, Ladies', Misses' and Children' Kid, Goat and
Pebble Button and Polish Boots.
Kip and Calf Shoes, Hand Made, Elegant Goods for Winter Wear.
CH6 Ladies' Warm Shoes and Slippers a Specialty.
Misses' and Children*' Calf Button School, one pair will out wear two pairs
* of all Goat Try them.
IIICE STOCK OF LUTHER HD FilDliGS.
REPAIRING OF ALL KINDS DONE AT REASONABLE RATES.
Estate af Abel Grant.
Letters testimentary on the estate of Abel
Grant, dee'd, late of Allegheny township,
Bntler county, Pa., having been granted to the
undersigned; all persons knowing themselves
indebted to said estate will please make pay
ment immediately, and any having claims
against said estate will present them duly au
thenticated for settlement.
8. P. EAK in, Executor,
Sep. 30, 1882. Parker City, Pa.
" An Intelligent and honest man who thor
oughly understands the manufacture of Black
from natural Oas. Address with particulars as
to former experience, references, Ac. Capitalists,
augl6,2m P. O. Box. 672 NEW YORK.
From two to five hundred tons of clean
oat straw, to be delivered at our works in large
or small quantities. Inquire at the office of the
Glass Works «ear the depot, Bntler Pa.
D. Ihmsen & Sons.
Justice of tlie Peace
Main street, opposite Postofflce,
Z KI.IBNOPLB, PA.
CATARRH A CURABLE DISEASE!
NOCDREI NO PAY!
Dr. Dodge treats all Chronic Diseases suc
cessfully with vegetable remedies exclusively.
Call on or address for all information.
DK. J. DODGE,
22C Lacock Street, Allegheny City, Pa.
Union Woolen MilU
11. FULLUItTOIV. Prap*r.
Manufacturer of Blankkts, Flannels, Yarns,
Ac. Also custom work done to order, such as
cardlug Rolls, making Blankets, Flannels, Knit
ting and Weaving Yarns, Ac., at very low
prices. Wool worked on the shares, If de
325 Pern Avenue, Pittsburgh, Fa.
Will offer for a short time, to reduce st. ck be
fore going to Paris, aa exquisite assortment of
Imported Dresses, Mantles
All recently received for the Suirmer, and cf
be most fashionable description.
NEW UVEBY STABLE.
Cunningham St., East of Main,
JAMEH BEL.LERH. Prop'r
HAVING removed my Livery Stock from Mil
lerefofcn to Bntler and located in the old
KELLY STAND, on Cunningham street. I
aolict a share of yonr patronage, I haYe
reliable horse* aod good rigs, which I will let at
reasonable prices, me a call. maSl,Bi ly
" Two for Hale.
The heirs of Robtof MeKftmey, dee'd, late of
Adams twp . Butlei'county, **
private sale, and in lots, a farm W 9 er
200 A>cres s
situated one and a half ibileS from Templet on
btation. ou the Pittsburgh 4 Western Rsilroad.
in said Adams twp. For particulars inquire of
A. J Fleinirg on the premises.
ALSO A FARM OF 123 ACRES
in Cherry twp., Butler Co., Pa., on the line of
the Shentcgo A Allegheny Railroad, and mid
way between BOY ard and Anandale Stations.
For particulars aa to this farm, inquire of Mr.
Alexander Porter, living on adjoining farm.
A* J. FLEMING.
* Pinafore P. O. Butler Co., Pa
Valuable Properly at Orphan*'
By virtue of an order of the Orphans' Court
of Butler county, held at Butler, Pa., on the
28th day o*JnM, IMB, the undersigned K*e
cutor of th<£jiwltai »M.tfetaue«t
Cooper, late of Mercer towttfnip, Ilutler county,
Pa., dee'df Will offer at public, sale on the
SATUKDAY, OCTOBER 14th.
at one o'cle4k y f.jf., the feUoviag described
farm, situate »a Mareer towflihip, near the
borough of HarrisvilU,'4n<i in sight of U, to-wit:
EIGHT ¥ -£IGTTT
more of less, bounded and described as follows:
On the north by lands of A. Wilcox and the
Murritijiville road, on the east by lands of John
Snyderau4 others, on the south by R. K. Wick
and on the west by James Kerr and others ;
frame house and barn thereon erected, good
orchard thereon, good spring of water
dwelling and farm well watered.
This farm is underlaid with coal, iron ore
and lime-stone, the greater part of it is cleared,
there is from twelve to fifteen acres of good
TKHMS OF HAL 10 i
One-third of purchase money on confirmation
of sale and the remainder in two equal annual
payments thereafter, with interest.
LEVI DALE, Executor,
North Liberty P. 0., Mercer Co., Pa.
JOHN E. BYERS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
my2l-ly] BUTLER, PA,
Office on Jefferson street, opposite
[ Flour Store.
JDEZSTTISTIEo X .
Of/ WALDRON, Graduate ol the Phil
H adelpbia Deulul College,id prepared
• Is •to do anything in the tins of hit
profession in a satisfactory manner.
Office on Main street, Butler, Union blotk,
ap stairs. apll
HENRY G. H AI.K,
nit mm TIILOB,
COR, PENH AND SIXTH STREETS,
JACOB B. HUBLEY & CO.'S
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN'S
DINING and LUNCH BOOMS,
On the Europeon and American Plan.
Library Hullrtlnop, H»!5 renn
Ave., PITTH HCHOH, PA.
Our citixeus visiting the Exposition at Pitts
burgh, will find it greatly to their advan
tage to stop at Hubley's and get Dinner,
Lunch, etc., just as desired, European and
American plan, at low prices. These rooms
are located in the heart of the city, but a short
distance from the Exposition and Fair.
Parties, Weddings, etc., furnished to
order in the latest approved style. Prompt
attention given to mail orders. Sept 20 1 m
Mutual Fire Insurance Co.
Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts.
GK C. ROESSING, President.
WM. CAMPBELL, Treasurer
11. C. IIEINEMAN, Secretary.
J. L. Purvis, j E. A. Helmboldt,
William Campbell, J. W. Buikbart,
A. Troutniiin, Jacob Schoene,
G. C. Roessing, John Caldwell,
Dr. W. lrvin, J. J. Croll.
A.B.Rhode*, H. C. lleineman.
JAS. T, M'JUNKIN, Gen. Ae't-
J. L. PURVIS. L. O. PURVIS,
S.G. Purvis & Go.,
M4NUTACTUHERS AND DEALERS IH
Rough and Planed Lumber
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION,
Brackets, Gauged Cornice Boards,
SHINGLES & LATH.
PLANING MILL AND YARD
Wear German Catholic Church
The most complete Institution in the United
States for the thorough practical education of
vonng and middle-aged men. Enter at any
For circulars giving full particulars, address
J. C. SMITH, A. M., Pittsburgh, Pa.
# % 198 LIBERTY ST. B
. f»ITTBB0KOH. PA.
A Household Article for Vnlverul
Family l T ae.
■■HHBSI POX, Measles, and
all Contagion* Diseases. Persons waiting on
the Sick should use it freely. Scarlet Fever has
never been known to sprra<! where the Fluid was
used. Yellow Fever has been cured with it after
black vomit had taken place. The worst
cases of Diphtheria yield to it.
sons refreshed and and
Bed Sores prevent- PITTING of Small
ed by bathing with p ox PREVENTED
Darbys Fluid. . , .. ,
Impure Air ma.ie A member of my fam
harmless and p, rifled. '!>' u . U ' n . w, ' h
For Sore Throat it is a I used the
sure cure Flu,d , •, thc Patient was
Contagion destroyed. "? l delirious, was not
For Fronted Feet, P'"t d ' and a^ out
Chilblains, Pile., the house again in three
Chafing*, etc. an . d "° " therl
Rheumatism cured. a C , J. ..•
Boft White Complex-
ions secured by its use.
Ship Fever prevented. H E
To purify the Breath, ■ D'Tjhtlieria ■
Cleanse the Teeth, ■ ■
it can't be surpassed. H ■
Catarrh relieved and ■ .tTSVGGtOCI. I
Burns relieved instantly. The physicians hen
Soar, prevented. | use I>arb ' „
Dysentery cured. successfully in the treat-
VV ounds healei rapidly. m ent of Diphtheria.
"Onrvy cured. , A. STOLI-HNWRRCK,
An Antidote for Ammal Greensboro, Ala.
or Vegetable Poisons, *
Stings, etc. Tetter dried up.
I used the Fluid during Cholera prevented,
our present affliction with Ulcers purified and
Scarlet Fever with dc- healed,
elded advantage. It is In case:* of Death it
indispensable to the sick- should be used about
room. —WM F. SAND- the corpse —it will
roitD, Eyrie, Ala. I prevent any uupleas-
The eminent Phy
■Scarlet Fever E
I I York, says: "I am
I Cured. I convinced Prof. Darbys
R I Prophylactic Fluid is a
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.
I testify to the most excellent qualities of Prof.
Darbys Prophylactic Fluid. As a disinfectant and
detergent it is both theoretically and practically
superior to any preparation with which I am ac
quainted.—N. T. LUPTON, Prof. Chemistry.
Darbys Fluid is Recommended by
Hon. ALKXANDEK H. STETH rr-fs, of Georgia-
Rev. CHAS. F. DEEMS, D.D., Church of the
Strangers, N. Y.*;
Jos. LBCONTR, Columbia, Prof,University, S.C.
Hcv. A. J. BATTLE, Prof, Mercer University •
Rev. GEO. F. PIEKCB, Bishop M. E. Church.
INDISPENSABLE TO EVERY HOME.
Peifectiy harmless. Used internally or
externally for Man or Beast.
The Fluid has been thoroughly tested, and we
have abundant evidence that it has done everything
here claimed. For fuller information get of your
Druggist a pamphlet or send to the proprietors,
J. M. ZEIMN A CO.,
Manufacturing Chemists, PHILADELPHIA
will cure dyspepsia,heartburn, mala
ria, kidney disease, liver complaint,
and other wasting diseases.
enriches the blood and purifies the
system; cvres weakness, lack of
energy, etc. Try a bottle.
is the only Iron preparation thrt
does not eolerthe teeth, and will not
cause headache or constipation, as
other Iron preparations will.
Ladies and all sufferers from neu
ralgia, hysteria, anil kindred com
plaints, will find it without an equal.
GET THE BEST
An«l Silver-Plated Ware.
at the lowest cash prices at D. L. CLEE
LANDS, one square South of Court House.
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Spec
tacles cirefully repaired to order and satiefuc
~ Is a new remedy, originally compounded m
. and Introduced to the medical profession, tf
2 and then to the public at large, by S. B. E
® Hartuian, M. 1). He lias prescribed It to
"3 over 40, («*) patients with tlio most gratify- •
lug results, W
P Its effect upou tlie system Is (iitlrely un
like that of any other remedy, and Is the »»
a only medicine needed lu almost everydis- a
4 ease to which flesh Is heir. (InConstlpa- w
_ tlon. Diseases of the Liver and Kidneys. t-<
MANALIN should be given with It. ■■■ " 0
£ PkrPXA IS composed of purely vegetable o
«• ingredients, each one, according to medl- -•
i|P cat authors, a great remedy lu Itself. ■■§ a
£ I>r. Hartman has succeeded In extract- G"
Q ing and combining Uio active principles
of these IngredieuU Into one simple com tf
H pound, which perfectly coincides with the
" VIS JIKDICATUII N ATI; HA In every dls- *»
>, ease, and a cure necessarily follows. There o
P U not an organ It will not reach nor a dls- ■
ease it will not cure. w
3 Ask your druggist for I>r. 11 art man's
o pamphlet on the "illsof Life," Dr. S. 11. v
m liartmau * Co., Osborn, 0., proprietors, o
For Piles and Pelvic Diseases, take
I fSfSubscribe for the Citizjk.
BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER !i, 1882.
Summer is gone and the autumn,
With a .stately, solemn tread.
Conies on like a king with his banners
Waiving above his head.
I see the mist 011 the river ;
I hear the breeze on the hill,
And the cricket allday in meadow
Is chirping loud and shrill.
Few flowers doth autumn cherish,
And he lays by the robe of green,
Which spring in her loom of beauty,
Wove fair for the summer queen.
For he loveth gold and purple,
In which nionarchs of old were dressed,
And the scarlet plnme o!" warrior
Is waiving on his breast.
I know no' why—but from childhood,
The music ot autumn to me
Has been sweeter thau the vernal breeze,
Or the summer melody.
And though it awaken wild echoes,
And longings I cannot define ;
It leaves on my spirit a blessing.
And a happier life is mine.
COfLTEESVILLE, PA., Sept. 30. W. H. P.
Comparative Cost of Living.
For a number of years past there
has been a general and gradual in
crease of personal and household ex
penses in families of all degrees of
wealth and social standing. One by
one new wants have arisen, making
new and larger demands upon the
resources of the pocket. In no other
I particular is the contrast between
j the present and the past greater or
: more marked thau in the style and
cost of living. The plain, simple but
substantial fare of the "olden time"
has been superseded by the production
of viands and costly dishes which
almost rival the feasts of pagan an
tiquity, when to eat, drink and
carouse constituted one of the princi
pal objects of life. Is this increase
simply a result of reckless and thought
less extravagance on the part of the
people ? or is it one of the inevitable
necessities growing out of an advanc
ed civilization ? It is usually at
tributed to the former cause, but a
little reflection will convince almost
any mind, we think, that the last
mentioned cause is really the more
potent of the two.
The word civilization may be taken
to express or embody the combined re
sults of intollec ual and moral growth.
The simplest foi ji of life is the nomadic
or wandering stage of development.
The desert Arab, the American Indian,
as he was before the advent of the
white man upon this continent, the un
educated peasantry in many parts of
Europe, and the natives of Africa, may
be instanced as examples of this class
Their range of thought and desire is
exceedingly limited, their taste simple
aud their wants few. A tent or rude
hut for a habitation, garments enough
to shield them from climatic changes, a
dog or horse for service and companion
ship, and some kind of we pons for
hunting aud fighting, constitute about
all they need or care for as means or
instruments of life. To eat, sleep,
hunt and go to war make up their
Of course, the cost of living in this
primitive stage of development is ex
ceedingly small. The existence and
uses of money with Such people are
either unknown or very much restrict
ed. But take any one of these classes
designated a td bring them into a high
er state of civilization, and their per
sonal and household expenses will at
once begin to multiply in exact pro
portion to their elevation or advance
The philosophy of such a movement
would seem to be that, the physical na
ture of mankind everywhere strives to
keep pace with the improvement in
the upper departments of being. As
new light and knowledge flow into
the brain and expand and quicken the
feelings, these internal forces of life
seize upon their lower and extern
al concomitants and pull them up to
their own new level. Consequently,
new and varied physical wants arise,
waits in regard to eating aid cloth
ing, which necessitate an increased ex
penditure. And thus the cost of living
multiplies with the area of intellectual
acquirement and the cultivation of
finer and nobler feelings in the heart.
There is, no doubt, a great deal of
unnecessary and wasteful extravagance
in the prevailing methods of American
household life, but all of the present in
creased cost of living cannot justly be
laid to that account. A part of it is
the inevitable result of our present
advanced civilization. The range of
human wants is legitimately much
larger now thau fifty or a hundred
years ago. The external must try at
least keep up with the internal in de
velopment and progress. And this
fact makes poverty seem ten times
more harsh and unbearable than
ever, and makes laborers strike for
higher wages because they cannot
meet the multiplied demands of their
households and families. There is lit
tle prospect of any decrease in this re
spect uutil absolute want compels it.
As long as people can have what they
want they will in some way manage
to procure it or go to ruin in the ef
fort.— Chicago Journal.
A Rooky Mountain Hallway
The Denver and South Park Divis
ion of the Union Pacific Railroad
pierces the main range of the Rocky
Mountains 150 miles southwest of
Denver, Colorado. The length of the
tunuel is 1,700 feet, and its altitude
above the sea 11,500 feet. The ap
proaches on either side are described
as marvels of engineering skill, laid
through scenes unrivaled for granduer
aud magnificence. Although the tun
nel commences with a sharp curve at
its eastern end, so nicely was the en
gineering done, that when the work
men from either side met in the heart
of the great snowy range, they found
only about one inch variation in their
This tunnel, said to bo the highest
in America or Europe, leads to tho
new silver region of Gunuison.
wonders of modern chem
istry are apparent in the beautiful
Diamond Dyes. All kinds and colors
of ink cau be made from them.
Damp IIOIINCH IMRI How t
Damp houses are fruitful source <
discomfort ami disease, aud yet, as ire
portant as their influence is, it is amaz
ing how seldom means are taken h
which the evil may be prevented
When a house is said to be "we
drained,'' however true this may be o
the plans adopted for carrying awa
the refuse water of domestic operations
it very rarely means that the site ha
been drained to prevent damp.
When experienced medical men se
house after house built on foundation
of deep retentive clay, inefficiently
drained, they foretell the certain ap
pearance among the inhabitents of
catarrh, rheumatism, scrofula, and a
host of other diseases of a similar
nature. Where a damp house exists
in connection with deficient sewerage,
drainage or a cesspool full of decom
posing material—an unfortunate con
junction too often met with in country
and suburban houses—other and more
dangerous diseases, as typhus fever,
are introduced. The watery midst of
fog rising from a damp soil affords an
admirable vehicle for the subtle and
deadly exhalation of the decomposing
drainage matter, by which they are too
certainly conveyed to the interior of
the house. And, physiologically de
pendent upon the condition of affairs, a
mental as well as a physical depression
is induced, which drives those sub
jected to the temporary relief afforded
by the use of ardent spirits and other
stimulants. Thus, in this, as well as
in other departments of sanitation, the
connection between physical aud moral
disease is easily traced. There can be
no doubt as to the increased pecuniary
and sanitary value of land suitable for
building sites, arising from efficient
drainage being carried out. The great
er the inducements offered by the
healthy condition of a neighborhood,
the greater the value of the land for
building sites. An excess of moisture
in uny district inevitably influences the
local climate both as regards dryness
The most effectual preventive of
damp houses is the complete drainage
of the site on which they stand. All
other remedies in name, more especially
when the soil is very damp ; in such a
case lead or slate placed round the bot
tom course of the foundation with
water-proof cement may prove efficient
for the time, but will ultimately become
inoperative. The system of drainage
for carrying off surplus water from the
land is different from that adopted for
conveying away domestic refuse water,
etc. In the latter it is essential, nay,
imperative, that the drains should be
water-tight, capable of conveying the
water admitted to their interior im
mediately to its ultimate destination,
but incapable of passing any of it to
the surrounding soil through which
the drains are laid. The former, on
the contrary, should be permeable
throughout their length ; that is, have
apertures of sufficient width throughout
which the water of the surrounding
soil can finds its way into the interior
of the drain, which should be of such a
shape as to facilitate the removal of the
water to its destination, preventing its
return to the soil.
In laying and forming the drains the
following points should be attended to :
The first to be observed is the uniform
ity of slope or level of the bottom of
the trenches. The method of accom
plishing the perfectly uniform slope of
the drains, from their highest point to
their outfall, is by the use of level-rods
or the spirit-level.
Pnjiiig Iler Mile to Cooper.
From Philadelphia Times, Sept.29.]
At the Regular Republican head
quarters yesterday afternoon, while
Secretary Taggart and half a score of
clerks were busy at desks and tables
in the main room, a young girl, about
eighteen years of age, of prepossessing
appearance and plainly but neatly
dressed, came in. Hesitating as she
entered the room, in evident embar
rassment she asked: "Is Senator
Thomas V. Cooper in?"
"He is not," said Secretary Tag
gart, risine: and walking forward.
"Can I do anything for you?' l
"I've brought my money," said the
girl, drawing out a well-worn old pock
et-book and taking out two one-dollar
bills. Secretary Taggart was at once
himself again. Jumping into his chair
at the table again, he asked the girl to
sit down, while he opened a drawer
and took out a book
In Senator Cooper's private room at
the same time loud voices and boister
ous laughter were h«ard, and then
came out and filled the main room a
thick cloud of smoke from fragrant Ha
vana cigars. The smokers were Sena
tor Cameron, who a few days ago, ac
cording to an enthusiastic and admir
ing Washington letter-writer, sat be
fore a safe of the Guarantee Life and
Trust Company and clipped coupons
for four hours, Secretary Quay and a
few boon companions. They were
telliug funny stories and laughing over
Secretary Taggart having opened
his book, looked across the table to the
young woman, who sat abashed, evi
dently unused to such scenes.
"How much is it?" asked the secre
"Two dollars," said the girl, trem
She handed the money the
secretary dropped it into a drawer,
turned the key, entered the sum on a
book and began to make out a receipt.
"What's your first name V he ask
"Emma," said the girl, timidly.
Mr. Taggart wrote it out and hand- J
ed her the receipt.
"I suppose," said the girl, rising as
she folded the receipt, "eyery little
"Oh, yes," said Mr. Taggart, me
"And it doesn't make any difference
—my giving it to you instead of Mr.
Cooper, does it"
"Oh, no," said the amiable secreta
"Good-bye," said the girl, bowing
as she withdrew
"Good-bye," said Mr. Taggart, turn
ing to his work.
» How lo Walk.
It may seem at first ridiculous to
F pretend to teach grown people how to
walk as though they had not learned
this in infancy. But we are willing
to venture the assertion that not one
person in twenty knows how to walk
well. How few people there are who
do not feel slightly embarrassed when
obliged to walk across a large room in
which are many persons seated so as
to observe well each movement!
How many public speakers there are who
appear well upon the platform so long
as they remain standing still, or nearly
so, but who become almost ridiculous
as soon as thej attempt to walk about.
Good walkers are scarce. As we
i step along the street, we are often
looking out for good walkers, and we
. find them very seldom. What is good
i walking .' We answer, easy, graceful,
I natural walking. Nearly all iln- gond
walkers there are will be found among
, gentlemen, since fashion insists on SJ
trammeling a woman that she cannot
walk well, can scarcely make a natural
movement, in fact. To walk natural-
I requires the harmonious action of
j nearly every muscle in the body. A
good walker walks al! over ; not with a
. universal swing and swagger, as
i though each bone was a pendulum
j with its own separate hanging, but
! easy, gracefully. Not only the mus
cles of the lower limbs, but those of
the trunk, even of the neck, as well as
the arms, are called into action as
natural walking. A person who keeps
his trunk and upper extremities rigid
while walking, gives one the impression
of an automaton with pedal extremi
ties set on hinges. Noihing could be
more ungraceful than the mincing,
wriggling gait which the majority of
young ladies exhibit in their walk
They are scarcely to be held responsi
ble, however, since fashion requires
them to dress themselves in such a
way as to make it impossible to walk
otherwise than awkwardly and unnat
We cannot attempt to describe the
numerous varieties of unnatural gaits,
and will leave the subject with a few
suggestions about correct walking.
1. Hold the head erect, with the
shoulders drawn back and the chin
drawn in. Nothing looks more awk
ward and disagreeable than a person
walking with the head thrown back
and the nose and chiu elevated
2. Step lightly and with elasticity—
not with a teetering gait—setting the
foot down squarely upon the walk and
raising it sufficiently high to clear the
waik in swinging it forward. A shuf
fling gait denotes a shiftless character.
But do not go to the other extreme,
stepping along like a horse with "string
halt " A person with a firm, light,
elastic gait will walk much farther
without weariness t' an one who shuf
fles along. A kind of a measured
tread or rymth in the walk also seems
to add to the power of endurance,
although, for persons who have long
distances to travel, an occasional
change in the time will be advantage
In walking do not attempt to keep
any part of the body rigid, but leave
all free to adapt themselves to the
varying circumstances which a con
stant change of position occasions
The arms naturally swing gently, but
not yioleutly. The object of this is to
maintain the balance of the body, as
also by the gentle swinging motion to
aid in propelling the body along.
Correct walking should be culti
vated. It ought to be taught along
with arts and sciences. In our mili
tary schools it is taught; but these
schools can be attended by but few.
Invalids, especially, should tt»ke great
pains to learn to walk well, as bv so
doing they will gain more than double
the amount of benefit they will other
wise derive from the exercise.— Home
I,iii<?olu'M Tillcot Ruil-Splillcr.
From Century f»r October.
Mr. Seward was nominated in the
convention by Mr. Evarts of New
York. Mr. Lincoln was nominated
by Mr. Judd, of Illinois. The nomi
nation of Mr.|Lincoln was seconded by
Mr. "Delano, of Ohio, who said: "I
desire to second the nomination of a
man who can split rails and maul
Democrats—Abraham Lincoln." This
probable originated the term "rail
splitter," which immediately became
popular. Decorated aud illuminated
rails surrounded the newspaper offices,
and became a leading feature of the
campaign. "Rail-splitter Battalions"
were formed in the different citiea and
minor villages of the north. At the
great ratification meeting at Cooper
Institute, Juue 8, after speeches b}-
Messrs. Evarts, Blatchford, G. W.
General Nye and Judge Tracy, the
last named said : "We wage no war
upon the South, we harbor no malice
against the South. We merely mean
to fence them in (pointing significantly
to a rail exhibited on the platform) ;
this is all we propose to do, to stop
the extension of slavery, and Abe
Lincoln has split the rails to build the
New York State has 9,665 growers
of hops, who cultivate 39,072 acres in
the crop, with a product in 1879 of 21,-
628,931 pounds. Next comes Wiscon
sin with 2,317 growers, 4,433 acres in
the crop, and a product of 1,966,427
pounds; then California, with 89 grow
ers, 1,119 acres, and 1,444,077 pounds
production; Washington Territory,
with 55 growers, 534 acres in hops,
and a crop of 703,277 pounds; Michi
gan, 433 growers, 400 acres in the
crop, and a product of 266,100 pounds;
Oregon, 70 growers, 304 acres in the
crop, and 244,371 pounds product. Of
the New England States Yermont takes
the lead, with 214 growers of hops, 265
acres under the crop, and a yield of
109,350 pounds; Maine conies next,
with 141 growers, 219 acres in hops,
and a crop of 48,214 pounds; then New
Hampshire, with 54 growers, cultivat
ing 56 acres, and securing 23,955
pounds; aud Massachusetts, with 82
growers, 23 acres in hops, and a yield
of 9,895 pounds. Only eighteen States
raise hops for the market, and of these,
five raise'less than 10,000 pounds each.
—iV. V. Times.
r.tig;iOi und Aiiii-riouu l.adle*'
Mrs Scott-Sidd<»us is quoted as
having said: "An American servant
will tie on her veil in a natty, graceful
way that an English duchess knows
n thing about.'' Mis. Siddons will
not be charged with an over-strained
regard f« r the Yankee, or a wit-h to
favor them at the expense of her own
cuuntry *vomcn. Ia thus placing the
•servant and the duchess in contrast
she was simply emphasizing a truism
which was less a fact at that time
than it is at the present hour. For
among all civilized jieople the Euglish
women are the most ill-dressed, and
seem to lack the natural gifts, the self
reliance and ability of choice and se
lection which are the inborn attributes
of American women. An English
nursery set off against a nursery iu
th : s country mny lie tiiken as a type in
miniature of the taste in dress and all
that the term involves in the differ
ences which characterizes the women j
of the two nations. In this country
little girls find constant satisfaction
and congenial employment in arrang
ing and adorning their doll's apparel
Left to their own intuitions, and ham
pered by little or no pupilage from
their elders, it must be owned that the
taste and ingenuity which they dis
play are often simply wonderful. An
English lady who passed thirty years
of her life in her native laud, and who
has lived in this city half of that time,
once said:—"The homes of American
girls, so far as I am familiar wiib
them, are schools of art in dress adorn
ment, and whether their t:i»te and
[ skill are natural gifts, or acquired l»y
observation, I do not pretend to say,
but there is nothing to compare with
it in our homes in Englaud." Con
sistent with this admission is the al
most universal toue of the English
press and of most travelers who visit
our shores from other lands. That
English women study coaifori and
provide themselves with rich fabrics
aud costly adornment in dress, is past
dispute. A dowager or duchess ar
rayed in gorgeous silk, satin or yelvet
attire, with the complement of green
Jrloves nild vnllfnv rilihnna nmf shnri
with broad, heavy, loosc-fiting boots,
is hardly a pleasant, though it is a
constantly recurring, p : eture of taste
in dress among the wealthy classes in
English life. If the wearer has any
idea of the contrast of colors, any per
ception of the shocking incongruities
which the tout enzemble of her costume
presents to a cultivated eye, nothing
is seen of it in the ease and self-satis
faction of her demeanor. While the
fact remains that American women are
tho best dressed ladies in the world, it
is also to be remembered that while
they, with a vast majority of their sex,
yield to the current of prevalent fash
ion, it is not a blind or slavish 'Sub
mission; they think for themselves,
and stoutly, on occasion, assert their
own individuality, and refuse to suc
cumb to the dictates of fashion, mo
diste or milliner. Their natural or
cultivated good ta3te, wh'ch includes
the lines of beauty Mr. Beecher made
himself merry over rerently, is gener
ally all-sufficient in doubt and emer
gency. Their "glory" is to dress
tastefully and becomingly. Their "hal
lejuah" is the acclaim of a successfully
consummated purpose.— New York
The too humble obeisauce is some
times a disguised impertinence.
The reputation of a man ie like his
shadow—gigantic when it preceeds
him, and pigmy in its proportions
when it follows.
More evil truths are discovered by
the corruption of the heart than by
the penetration of the mind.
The rich man despises those who
Hatter him too much, and hates those
who do not flatter him at all.
The imagination of men is often
the refuge of their prejudices.
The sovereign has a little mind who
seeks to go down to posterity by
means of great public buildings; it is
to confide to masons and bricklayers
the task of writing history.
The love of glory can only create a
hero; the contempt of it creates a great
The errors of great men and the
good deeds of reprobates should not be
taken in our estimates of their charac
Both erudition and agriculture
ought to be encouraged by the gov
ernment; wit and manufactures will
come of themselves.
Too much sensibility creates unhap
piness ; too much insensibility creates
What I have beeu taught I have for
gotten ; what I know I have guessed.
Certain acts can be rendered legal,
but can never be made legitimate.
Life to a young man is like a new
acquaintance, of whom he grows dis
gusted as he advances in years.
In love we grow acquainted because
we are already attached ; in friendship
we must know each other before we
A generous man will place the bene
fits he confers beneath his feet, those
he receives nearest his heart.
A narrow minded man can never
possess real aud true generosity; he
can never go beyond mere benevo
If you wish to appear agreeable in
society you must consent to be taught
many things which you know already.
There are many vices which do not
deprive us of friends; there are many
virtues which prevent our having any.
I remember having been told in my
vouih that the love of glory was a
virtue. Sirauge must be that virtue
which requires the aid of every vice.
There are two things to which we
never grow accustomed—the ravages
of time and the injustice of our fellow
We must learn to submit with grace
to the follies which depend upon char
To succeed in the world it is much
more necessary to possess that pene
tration to discover who is a fool than
to discover who is a clever man.
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exceeding one-fourth of a column. *6 perinrl -
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additional maertion. Marriages and deatl s i,ub
listicd fri-e oi ciiarge. Obuuvr* notice* charged
as advortieeiaeuts, and payable' when banded in
Auditors' Notices. *4; Executors' and Adminis
trator*' Notice*. $3 each; Esiray, Caution and
Dissolution Notioes, nol exceemng (en tinea
From the fact Hi at the OITIZIN I« >Le oldett
established and most cxtensiv. »T circulated re
publican newspaper in Butler cccntv. (a Iteput
ucarj country it must be apparent" to bnsinesa
men that it is tbe medium they should Qte in
advertising their business.
Unbouuded modesty is nothing
! more than unavowed vanity.
The passers-by in Wall street, New
York, were surprised a few davs a'o
bv the sight of a stalk of Indian corn
from Missouri, which measured over
fourteen feet in bight. It was tied to
a lamp-post, and for a while was "the
observed of-all observers."
1 he moulting season for hens occurs
about this time, and it is good policy
to keep them iu the best possible con
dition during that period. The better
they are cared for now, the more likely
will they be to give a generous supply
of eggs in winter, when a high prico
can be obtaiued.
A Texas paper describes an 8,000
acre ranch in that State entirely devot
ed to the breeding of ponies for chil
dren. Ihe breeding stock consists of
sevc-n Shetland staliions and furiy-fivo
mares, a!, ill. roughbred, aid two "hun
dred fiiiail d pony mares. There
JiUle pouies over the prairies
like sheep, anu iue described as verv
Ju rves, brain, and muscles gain
MMiUth iiU iLc power of euduraneo
t) lit ug Liowii's Iron Bitters.
A gentltman, whose custom was to
eniti jtiu vt r_\ olu-ii a circle of friends,
obt«-i\iiig iL»ii one of them was in the
babu ol t uuug M>iiiething before grace
was a.-k. d, Ot termined to cure him.
Ipon the rej-.t Ution of the offence he
said, l"(i| m iiat we are about to re
ceive, anu lor w iiat James Taylor has
BlreuJ) receixtn, the Lord make us
Dr. Dawes, of Rothamsted, England
iniu private now, to the Jiurnl A T eir;
) ot Ler, under «lute of August 20, say»
he iiad juai eu:. his winter oats a
luifcUiticeutcrop, ibe straw over six
leei high. All iho crops, he adds, are
SfouJ except wheat, of which England
wiil waul 15 to 10 million quarters
trom OOUJC where. Fortunately, Ameri
ca will have enough and to spare.
This is the seaso.i of Agricultural
Fairs. So far as they are what they
purport to be, and not mere horse races
in disguise, they are, when well manag
ed, of considerable benefit to farmiug
communities. A competition in fine
stock, in the products of the field,
garden and dairy, is one to be coni
mepded ; but horse racing, with its in
variable accompaniment of betting,
ought to be sternly frowned upon by
all respectable farmers.
The Tariff Commission is swinging
around the circle, and lately reached
the South, where it met as elsewhere
with some curious and interesting
characters and experiences. If the
record of testimony taken by the
Commission is printed in full, it may
not help much toward a right solution
of the Tariff problem, but it will make
"mighty entertainin' though disj'inted
readin'," as the old lady remarked
after her half hour trial of the diction
"It is claimed that New York wo
men look younger at 50 than Boston
womeu do at 40, or Chicago vtomeu
at 30,'' for the reason that they have
been taking Peruna for the past three
months, but Boston "and Chicago wo
men are coming up in fine style—en
tering upon the home-stretch on Man
alin. I got one of your books on the
"Ills of Life" from your druggist as a
present, and, as it directs, have been
taking Peruna and Manalin. My
bowels are in excellent condition, and
the lungs and heart are improving
finely. J. M. WALKER, Lawas, Pr.
Save bone 3of every sort. Their
value as fertilizers can hardly be too
strongly stated. Even if placed in the
ground whole, the roots of plants will
be sure to find them out and feed
luxuriously upon them. It is undoubt
edly better, although not essential, to
dissolve them with lye or sulphuric
acid, or ground them to a powder. But
broken into bits they do very well, and
should by all means be preserved and
applied to the enrichment of the soil.
Whenever there is an extraordinary
occurrence—a team runs over a child
without hurting it; a mechanic falls
from a third-story window, and in a
week after he is at work again, we are
wont to exclaim, "what a miracle!"
So when Mrs. T. S. Ererline, then of
Allegheny City, Pa, had been sick
with consumption for a very long
time, bad been told by several of the
best physicians of that her time was
but for a few hours, that she must die,
and when the use of but one bottle of
Peruna in a week's time placed her on
her feet again and made her the heart
iest eater of the family, all the people
around, as with one rejoicing voice, ex
claimed, " what a wonderful miracle!"
See page 30 of the "Ills of Life."
Your druggist will give you one gra
Among the labor saving inventions
shown at the New England Fair was
a large eighteen disk La DoW harrow
fitted with pole and whiffletrees for
three horses. The implement will do a
third more work without extra pay for
driver, for one man can drive three
horses as easily as he caa two.
One advantage in pasturing sheep,
and one which greatly promotes fertil
ity, is that these animals naturally se
lect the highest points it the field for
reclining at night. As these spots
are usuall less fertile, the feed consum
ed on the low lands helps to bring up
what needs fertilizing most, and thus
an equilibrium of fertility is preserved.
"Hough on Rat*."
Tho thing desired found at last
Ask Druggists for "Rough on Rats."
It clears out rats, mice, roaches, flies,
bedbugs. 15c. boxes.
—Bargains in Muslins, Sheeting,
Ticking, Blankets, Flannels and Yarns,
at L. ST*IW & SON'B.
Advertise in the 'CITIZEN,*