Newspaper Page Text
BATTLE OF CHATTAXOOO I.
Tho following description of the bat
tle of Chattanooga, is given by Quarter
master General Meigs. It is an exceed
ingly graphic account of the recent glo
rious achievement of GRANT and his able
and'gallant lieutenants, IIOOKEB, THOM
'AS and SHERMAN.
November 26, 1803.
Edwin M. Stantem. Secretary of War :
Sir: On the 23d instantat 11:30 a, m.,
General Grant ordered a demonstration
against Mission Ridge, to develope the
force holding it. The troops marched out,
formed in order, and advanced in line of
battle as if on parade.
The rebels watched the formation and
movement from their picket lines and rifle
pits and from the summits of Mission
Ridge, five hundred feet above us, and
thought it was a review and drill, so open
ly and deliberately, so regularly was it all
The line advanced, preceded by skir !
mishcrs, and at i o'clock p. m. reached our
picket lines, and opened a rattling vol
ley upon the rebel pickets, who replied and
ran into their advauoed line of rifle pit-.
After them went our skirmishers, and into
them, along the_eentre of thn line of 25,-
000 troops which General Thomas had so
quickly displayed, until we opened fire. ,
Prisoners assert that they thought the
whole movement was a review and general
drill, and that it was too late tosend to their |
camps for reinforcements, and that they ;
were overwhelmed by force of numbers.—
It was a surprint 1 in open daylight.
At 3 p, in. tin' important advance posi
tion of Orchard Knob, and the lines right
and left were in our possession, and arrange
ments were ordered for holding them dur
ing the night. The next day at daylight.
General Thomas had five thousand men
across the Tennessee, and established on
its south bank, and commenced the eon
struction of a pontoon bridge about six i
miles above Chattanooga.
The rebel steamer Itunharwas repaired
at the right uioirft'iit and rendered effective
aid in this crossing, carrying over six thou
By nightfall Gen. Thomas had seized !
the extremity of Mission Ridge nearest the ;
river, and was intrenching himself.
Gen. Howard, with a brigade, opened '•
communication with him from Chattanoo
ga, on the south side of the river. Sklr- j
misliing and cannonading continued all j
day on the left and centre, lien. I looker
scaled the slopes of Lookout Mountain and
from *tlie valley of liookout Creek, mid
drove the rebels around tho point. II
captured gome two thousand prisoners anil
established himself high up the mountain
side, in full view of Chattanooga.
This raised tho blockade, and now steam
ers were ordered from Bridgeport to Chat
tanooga. They had only run to Kellev's
Perry, whence ten miles of hauling over
mountain roads and twice across the Ten
nessee onto pontoon pridges, brought us
All night the point of Mission Ridge oh
the extreme left, and the side of Lookout
Mountain on the extreme right, blazed with
tho camp fires of loyal troops.
Tho day had been one dense of mist and
rains, ami much of Gen. !looker » buttl
had oemf'Ught above the cloud,, which i
concealed him from our view, but from ]
WTiictl Ills tilt! k( ; \ * h<
At nightfall the sky cleared and the full !
moon, "the traitor's doom."shone upon the j
beautiful scene, until 1 a. m.. when twink
ling sparks upon the mountain side show
ed that picket skirmishing was ioing on.
Then it ceased. A brigade sent from ('liat
tanooga crossed the Chattanooga creek
and opened communication with Hooker.
Gen. Grant's headquarters during the
afternoon of the 2!id and the day of the j
24th, were in Wood's redoubt, except when :
in the course of the day, he rode along the j
advanced line, visiting the headquarters ]
of tho several commanders to Chattanooga ]
At daylight on the 25th the Stars and
Stripes were descried on the Peak of Look
out. The rebels had evacuated the moun
Hooker moved to descend the moun
tain. and striking Mission Ridge at the
Rossv-Jlc Gap to sweep on both sides and
on its summit.
The rebel troops were seen, as soon as
it was light enough, streaming regiments
nnd brigades along the narrow summit of j
Mission Ridge, either coneentratingon the I
right to overwhelm Sherman, or marching
* for the railroad and raising the siege.
They had evacuated the valley of Chat
tanooga. Would they abandon that of;
The 20-pounders and 4 J -inch rifles of!
Wood's redoubt opened on Mission Ridge. ;
Orchard Knob sent its compliments to the
Ridge, which with rifled l'arrotts answer- j
cd, and tho cannonade thus commenced,
continued all day. Shot and shell scream
ed from Orchard Knob, and from Wood's ' .
redoubt over the lands of Generals Grant i
and Thomas anrl their staffs, who wen
■with us in this favorable position, from ' \
whence the whole bottle could be seen in
i an ampithcatre. The headquarters tcerc ' ,
112 under fire all day long.
Cannonading and musketry were heard ,
from General Sherman, and Gen. How- j
k ard marched the Eleventh Corp.- to join ; ,
■i General Thomas sent out skirmishers 1
■b«vlto drove in the rebel pickets, and chased ,
them into their entrenchments, and at the j 5
foot of Mission Ridge Sherman made an .
against Bragg's right, entrenched j j
knob to that, ou which •
ThCM " 1
Sherman reached tjffe -- ->f rraai '
and held his ground for, it 1
au hour, but was bloodily repulsed hy
A general advance was ordered, and a
strong line of skirmishers, followed by a
deployed line of battle some two miles in
P length. At the signal of leaden shots
from the headquarters on Orchard Knob,
the line moved rapidly and orderly for
ward . The rebel pickets discharged their
muskets and ran iuto their rifle pits. Our
skirmishers followed on their heels.
The line of battle was not far behind. j
I and we saw the gray rebels swarm out of j
I the ledge line of rifle pits, in number; I
I which surprised us, and over the base of j
A the hill. A few turned and fired their
■ pieces, but the greater number collected
into the many roads which cross obliquely , i
its steep face. and went ontoUhelrtnp. j t
Some regiments pressed on and swarm
ed up the steep sides of the ridge, and
here and there a color was advanced be
yond the lines. The attempt appeared
most dangerous, but the advance was sup
ported, and the whole was ordered to storm
the heights, upon which not less than forty
pifeees of artillery, and no one knew how
many muskets stood ready to slaughter the
assailants. With cheers answering to
cheers, the men swarmed upwards. They i
gathered to the points least difficult of as- I
ceut. and the line was broken. Color af- I
ter color was planted on the summit, while j
musket and cannon vomited their thunder j
A well directed shot from Orchard Knob :
exploded a rebel caisson on the summit, I
and the gun was seen galloping to their
right, its driver lashing his horses. A
party of our soldiers intercepted them, and
the gun was captured.with cheers.
A fierce musketry figl.t broke out to the 1
left, where, between Th miasand Sherman.
■I mile or two of the ridge was still occupi- .
j ed by the rebels.
j Bragg left the house in which be had 1
I held his headquarter.-, and rode to the rear
as our troops crowded the hill on cither j
side of him. General Grant proceeded to '
the summit, aud there did we only know its j
Some of the captured artillery was put
Jin position. Artillerists were sent for to
work the guns. Caissons were searched
for ammunition. The rebel log breast-
I works were torn to pieces and carried to
the other side of the ridge and used in
A strong line of infantry was formed in !
the rear of Btiird's line, hotly engaged in
a musketry contest with the rebels to the j
left, and a secure lodgement was soon ef- j
The other assault to the right of•our)
cerftre gained the summit, and the rebels
I threw down their arms and fled.
Hooker coining in favorable# position
| swept the right of the ridge and captured
, many prisoners.
Bragg's remaining troops left early in j
| tho night, and the buttle of Chattantiogu, |
j after daysof maneuvering and fighting was
\ won. The strength of the rebellion in the j
centre is broken. liwrnside is relieved from J
j danger in East Tennessee. Kentucky and !
i Tennessee are rescio il. Georgia and thr
j Southeast tire threatened in the rear, and
I another victory is added to the chapter of
u Unconditional Surrender Grant."
! To-night the estimates of captures is
i several thousands of prisoners and thirty
I pieces of artillery.
i Our loss, for so great « victory, is not j
Bragg is firing the railroad as he rc-!
treats towards Dalton. Sherman is iu hot j
To-day T viewed the battle-field, which
extends for six miles along Mission Ridge
and for several miles on Lookout Moun- i
Probably not so irell ordereda battle has ■
been delivered during the war. Rut one |
assault was repulsed ; but that assault, by
■ ••lling to that point the rebel reserves,
prevented them repulsing any of the oth
crs - ,
A few days since Bragg sent to General I
| ' Irant a flag of truce advising him that it j
! would be prudent to remove any non-com- ;
! fat.tuts who might lie still in Chattanooga.
No reply ha: 1 n returned, but the ,
| combatants having removed from this vi
: cinity. it is probable that non-combatants
I can remain without imprudence.
M. C. MEWS, Quartermaster-General. ]
MußnF.it WII.T. OUT.—K. C. Morris.a
wealthy citizen of Madison, 111., has been j
arrested, charged with murdering a man !
nearly nine years ago. The arrest was i
, made on the affidavit of E. C. Clark.— !
j The Illinois State Register gives the fol
j lowing particulars of the case :
In 1855, Clark and Morris were out ;
hunting together, and Clark's testimony is :
j that they came across a man in the woods,
and that Morris drew up his gun and shot
him. Tho two together then buried the
murdered victim and took a solemn oath
never to reveal the secret. The oath has !
been kept for nearly nine years. But
"murder will out." Clark's conscience
continued to cry out against him and dis
turb him with visions of ghost by night, i
and compunctions of dread and horror by
day. lie could stand it no longer, and
; hence the oath bound secret, so long lock- !
I ed up in his troubled breast, was publisli-
I ed to the world.
Morris, now the murder has been ex
posed, accuses Clark of having committed
the foul deed, but admit# that he helped
to bury the victim, and that they had sworn
together never to reveal the secret. It is
said that Morris and Clark recently qnar- j
reled about some business matters,and thus
Clark made the expose on that account.
After the preliminary examination be
fore the justice of the peace, Clark and
Morris both pointed out the place where
they had buried the murdered man. His
bones were found and exhumed. The
name of the unfortunate victim has not yet
We have also heard that the murdered
man was a kind of railroad contractor, and
that he had possession at the time of bis
death some §7,000. which was divided be
tween the two, but as to its correctness we
Tnr ( !KKAT^Pi;IZK FI'.TIT,—The Eng- !
glish prize ring is intensely excited by a
match thai is to eome off between HEV NAN
—the Benecia Boy. as he is called in our
prize ring vocabulary—and an English 1
champion named KI.NQ. The stakes are j
05,(MM) on oacli side—the fight to enis-e off
during the coming Holiday season. An
announcement has just been made through ;
JBelTi Life, in London, under the signa- !
ftSK of' the leaders of the prize riug. that j
be enforced in this and all 1
mure figtfto. Tbebetting on the'eoming
mill w largely in the American j
champion, his baekciv*r»^Vn n „ , hei) .
thousands at the rate of sootosW. ijut- j
aiders eau scarcely comprehend the iLteift^J,.
anxiety these brutal encounters excite in i
(bo attendants upon these fights. Hund- i
reds of thousands of dollars will be staked I
upon this fight in England-, and no small
amount in this country.
JW'T am not anxious," said good Mr.
Adorns, of Falkirk, in the middle of the i
last century —and he was then near his !
journey's end— "l am not auxious either
to live or die; if 1 die I shall be with ,
God, aud if I live he will be with me." j
ROBINSON, } Editors
CYRUSI. ANDERSON,'f- L,cmors -
Wi:i)\i;SDAV.:::I>KC. it I MIS.
if.-; Liberty and Union. Now and Forever, One
and 'nseparable.*'—D. Webfter.
FOR PRESIDENT IS 18(i4 :
ABIt AITAM T/I >•<'*>
j The undersigned, would respectfully in
| form the public, that while east, a few
weeks ago, he purchased a new printing
press, with type, and till other fixtures ne
j cessary for the publication of it news pa- j
i per. upon which be intended to publish a '
weekly paper. That he has since entered j
j into copartnership with Maj. ('. E. Ax-I
lil.Rso.v, which partnership will not, in :
an vwa v interfere with the character of the
j paper, which shall goon as was originally j
! intended, under the name of the"AMER
j This paper is intended to be empliati
| eallya news paper, for the Kditors intend
;to spare'no pains, to publish at the earli
est date, all the current news of the neigh
[ borhood; as also, a summary of war news
including the various changes that mav
j seem to require notice, between our Gov
ernment and European powers,
j The politics of the CITIZEN, will be Re
publican. and will, therefore, on all prop
er occasions advocate the principles of the j
I party now in power, and vindicate the
policy ad op tod by it for the administration
of tho Government.
But iniile, in this sense it will be a par
! ty paper, the AMERICAN CITIZEN, will, du
! ring the continuance of the present rebel
j lion, direct its best efforts to procure unity
I of action on the part of the people, in sus-
I taming the Administration in its proseeu
: tion of the war; to the end that a speedy,
j lasting and honorable peace may crown its
efforts, that we may, under the blessingof
Him who controls all things for good, once
! more find ourselves united in the bonds of
: brotherly love, with the '• old flag" float
ing over every foot of territory that ever
i acknowledged its sway; beloved and ven
i erated at home, and respected and feared
\ the world over.
| The columns of the CITIZEN, shall be
open to those who, in a christian spirit,
i wish to advance the great truths of Reli
' gion; but denominational disputes will lie
discouraged, believing that they are pro
i duetivc of no good.
j The interest of the Common Seliool Rys
! tern shall not be nogloctcd, believing as
1 we do, that upon it depends the success of
! free government.
Nor shall the interest of our own brave
soldiers be neglecti I,their civil rights must
be protected, and lits political rights se
cured by proper constitutional amend
ments. And above all, '-loved ones at
homo" must be cared for. The fathers,
j mothers, wives and children of those who
have "bared their manly bosoms to whatev
er there may be of borer in war and death."
i must be taken care of. To this end, the
CITIZEN will embrace every opportunity of
urgingand directing the patriotism and be
nevolence of the people, onto practical re-
I suits. Thus alleviating the hardships of
; war, quieting discontent at home, and
| gratifying the soldier in the field, that he
| may the more effectually perform the pa
' triotic labor before him. and the sooner re
turn to the quiet.walks of life—his coun
try saVed—her flag honored, and lumselfl
covered with imperishable glory.
To Our Hcailcrs,
The undersigned, having entered into
partnership with Thomas Robinson. Esq..
for the purposes briefly set forth iu the
above salutatory, will labor faithfully to
make the Local Department of the Citi
-1 '.en —which is under his more immediate
j control and supervision—as interesting as
possible. The Political Department will
he under the entire control of Mr. Rob
inson; who, we feel satisfied, will labor j
i incessantly in the discharge of his duty j
in the management of that department. !
j While we have thus divided the work be
! tween us, for convenience, our united ef- ;
fort will !>e put forth to make the Citizen
what we have intended it should be—em- .
phatically a News-Paper. We will en
deavor to keep our readers informed on all |
matters of local it,fc rest, and will always
be guided bv fchespiritoi cuTßiotto: 1 Let .
us have faith that right makes might; and ]
in that faith let us, to the end, dure to do ;
our duty a.s we finderstaud it." But if
we should, at any time, appear to fail short
of the expectations of our readers, they j
will make all due allowance, and place the
i failure to our credit ; and, in this eonnec
illof i, iu ay as well say that we fully en
| dorse the court* laid down for the Citizen,
«s foreshaddowed atoTbi
>Our columns will always Tve apm for ;
matters of local importartce from all s<?e-]
tions of our county, aud we request all
I persons interested, to furnish us with j
whatever of local interest that may occur
in their different localities.
In appearing before the public we are
not so egotistic as to believe that we know
anything about the new enterprise in which
we are engaged, hut we are determined to
spare no pains nor labor in order t» dis
charge the duties and obligations which
our new position mar demand atour hands.
We have, therefore, flung our bannar to
the breeze, and will endeavor to breast
whatever storms may appfOTch.
C. E. Anderson.
Congress met on Monday last—both
house were organized, and have decided
wotkimg majorities for the Administra
■ tiou. Some trouble was anticipated in
the House, from the alleged defection of
Mr. Ethridge, Clerk. who refused to place
the names < 112 certimi members on the roll,
ou account of some informality in their
credentials, but the administration men
were so strong th t little trouble was ex
perienced. Mr. Colfax,was elected Speak
er. on the first ballot., having received
101 votes over Cox, Democrat, wllu had
| 4i! votes, the rest scattering.
Believing that the questions involved in
I the campaigii of 1 s(j I. will be of a momen
tous character, we #mnot expoet to be idle
spectators, but on the contrary, intend to
be active in behalf of what we believe to
be the best interests of the whole country.
As a campaign of such importance ap
proaches so near, people naturally begin
to look around for a standard bearer to rep
resent their peculiar views. Fremont,
Butler, Hanks afed others, have their ad
mirers. Hut while each of the gentlemen
mentioned, have their admirers, there is
one whom all admire, and that is Abraham
Lincoln; we, therefore, place his name at
the head of our column, hoping that he
! may be proclaimed the choice of the loyal
States, without the assistance of.even a
National Convention, and should this be
done, we believe there would be little ap
position to him at the election.
The iiiipciKilni: Draft.
We notice that there is a general effort
on the part of our neighboring counties
to raise their quota, under the impending
draft, by volunteering. Judge Agnew
was to address the citizens of Heaver, on
Monday, upon the subject. Lawrence
county, also, had a county meeting for the
same purpose, we believe, on the same day.
What will 1 Sutler county de? Cannot
she. also, make an effort fer the same pur
A\ e have heard of some persons from
our county going over to Pittsburgh and
enlisting. This ■houldnothe done, as our
county will get no credit for them. They
should either enlis' with Capt. l'illow. re
cruiting officer for this county, or some
other proper officer in this district.
IVlmt our Siildicrs Export.
\\ hen, by the influence of bold, bad
men, the Southern States were thrown
into a state of insurrection, the nation
was alarmed ; weak-kneed patriots gave
way in despair, while the truly patriotic
were moved with solicitude and burdened
with anxiety for the preservation of the
Union and maintenance of tho laws.—
Kvea the President and his advisers scarc
ly knew who to trust, so rampantwa.4 trea
son in the various departments of thfc gOJ*
crnuicnt. It was under these ciicutM
stances that the government called
volunteers; under these circumstances
(hat our patriotic fellow-citizens, by the
hundred thousand, separated themselves
from home and friends to follow the fate
of the -Old Flag" on many a battle-field
—to do or die in the cause of their coun
try. It is to be hoped that the circum
stances surrounding their enlistment have
not passed from the memory of those who
bade them ''(Joel speed." Did we not
I pledge them that those whom they left at
home should not suffer for the lack of the
| comforts of life? If so, had they not a
I right to expect that we would keep our
! pledge ? Certainly they had ; nor do we
I believe any feel desirous to shrink the
I duty thus created.
Presuming, then, that all are willing to
| perform their part, the only question re
i maining, is how most effectually to acconi
: plish it; and, in reference to that, we
have ouly to say that organization is ne
j cessary. Individual .attention is very
i good as far as it goes; but individuals
| will be over taxed unless there is united
! action. It is not to wait until some poorly- ]
| clad, distressed-lookinir mother comes to
; your door, some cold winter morning, to
i make known the fact that her poor chil
-1 dren are perishing for clothes or food. It i
j is the duty of all to mil on hr-r and see
that this state of things do not exist. We
! have no portiru/ar plan to suggest in pre- >
1 ference to oil otJwrs; but. in the ab-encc .
j of any other, wo would that the >
I citizens of each borough and towuship I
| organize, at oner, into Relief Associations. j
i There might be branches in each school
( district in the county; this would bring
] it home to all, and give each an opportu
nity of assisting in this patriotic labor.—
We care nothing for tho adoption of this
or that mode of procedure; but we do
feel solicitous that some steps be taken at
once, to provide for the coming w fitter.— j
Cannot tho ladies take tho lead in this j
matter ? In the cities they are always the
| forcmot jji acts of benevolence. Why
j can they not IMM. the initiative here, also'/
With a full faith in honcvoleuee—
in your patriotic devotion to yOxa country
and its brave defenders, we appeal to you.«
J Let not our appeal be heard in vain; but
i at ouee adopt such mode of organization
> as will best succor those, dependent upon
- our brave soldiers, from all the privations
i of tho coming winter. For this patriotic
. labor you will hive, not only an approving
i conscience, but the heartfelt thanks of
t those interested; as, also, the blessing of
II im who JoTcth the cheerful giver.
The protracted contest for the appoint
, meiit of a Judge to lrll the vacancy in this
I district, occasioned by the election of J udgc
Agnew to the supreme bench, has been
, terminated by the appointment, by Gov
f ernor Curtin. of L. L. Maguffin, Esq., of
. New Castle.
We had hoped for a more favorrble con
. summation of this contest,
i We knetr that our county was entitled
to this honor. We believed that a con
ference of the district would secure us the
I voice of a majority of the counties compo
| sing it.
We knew that, while Lawrence County
had, on one or more occasions, endeavored
to throw off Judge Agnew. we adhered to
1 him with tenacity. When his first term
expired, our people, without distinction of
1 party, tendered him their united support
1 for re-election. This, in connection with
' other political considerations, had led us
to believe that Heaver county would not
turn her back on us now. In this, bow
ever, we were disappointed. Wo met
them at their own time and place, (and
that too, at an unusual place out of the
district.) We offered togo into a nomi
nation. and to abide the result of it; hut
this did not meet the views of the majori
ty of that conference! They refused togo
into nominationa at 11. And thus, we were
obliged to return home as we went, with
1 the consolation, however, of having done
our duty—of having done all in own pow
er to retain harmony in the district.
Failing to get justice at the hands of
this conference, we next appealed to his
Excellency, (lov. Curtin—we asked,
behalf of the largest county in the district
—and.which had given the largest Re
publican vote at the late election, the ap
pointment of E. 31'Junkin, Ksq., of this
I place, a gentleman eminently qualified,
! both by nature and education, for the re
sponsible position—who. although a relia
ble Republican, is not a politician, in the
common acceptation of that term, and
would therefore bo the more acceptable to
all parties, and enjoy the confidence of all;
but again we have been disappointed.
I'ndcr these circumstances it is a satis
faction to know, that nothing has been left
| undone that could honorably be done in
Mr. M'-Junkin's behalf. It was not, after
all, very remarkable that the Governor
could not see his way clear to appoint Mr.
M'Junkiu. Our county was the only one
in the district that opposed his re-uomina-
Ition; while Lawrence and Heaver, both]
■ supported him warmly; still he had many
and warm friends here, and Mr. M'.Jun
kin was one of them—and had it been
generally known that lie desired a re-nom
inatioti, our county would have been for
If he could not gratify us by the appoint
ment of our favorite, still he could at least
have done, as was suggested, appointed
•we gentleman outside the district, to
pc until wo could elect next fall—-had
is been done, wo would not have felt
so much like complaining j as it is, wc feel
quite differently. Complaints, however.
; can do little good.
Having no personal quarrel with Judge
M'Guffin.- it is to be hoped, that while. In
remain* on 'tin- bench, our people will treat
him with that courtesy, due alike to him
and-tho position he occupies. In the
1 mean time, we trust, such action will be
taken as will best protect ourselves from
a continuance of tho wrong which we all
! feel has been done us. And, in this, we
expect to show a united people. All that
is wanting to extricate us from the hu
miliating position we now occupy, is un
yielding firmness, and all will be well.
Exemption from (lie Draft.
Tho enormous number of drafted men
who escaped military duty by reason of
physical infirmity has produced a change
in thfl regulations of the Provost Marshal
General. Anew list of causcsof exemp
tion is published, in which the catalogue ,
; of available maladies is considerably re- j
| duced. Near-sighted men, who flattered \
j themselves that their deficient eyesight j
formed a perpetual bar against tho impo- !
; sition of military obligations, are suddenly !
' and hopelessly bereft of the consolation 1
1 derived from the infliction of "myopia;" ;
; for, under the new rule, myopic individ- i
uals who are re illy too near, sighted for j
efficient field service are transferred to the j
! Invalid .corps. •• XV u'-sighte ! do«' not
; exempt,'' the stern decree of the Mar--j
i slml; hence, spectacles will not bo so pop- ;
| ular hereafter. Fat men, however, who ,
; are a proverbially jolly people, have a new 1
■ cause for good humor, for it is ordained
that "abdomens grossly "protuberant" or
"excessive obesity," are sufficient for ex
emption from any draft whatever. Imbe
ciles. insane, epileptic and paralytic per
sons are, of course exempt; but the list
of maladies through tile possession of
which a drastcd man may evade duty is
so closely restricted and defined that the
i next draft will (•oducc a larger proportion
|of serviceable soldiers than the last Ex- '
1 amining suyreons arc also required to re
pert the number of men rejected under
each of the forty-one.sections of the new
set of regulations, from which it is to be
inft'Tcd that a very curious official record
of the comparative soundness of Ameri
can constitutions may hereafter sec the 1
i light.— Commercial. i
For the American Citizen.
The Oval Tnble.
Mephistophileslmd beea twice reminded
that the bowl of hot-bear was
tlie Autocrat had drained the last drop,
and the crystal was becoming eold. The
Historian was nervously fearful of a (.fcill;
but that imperturbable funftionary devi
ated from his usual routine not a wbit;
not he, indeed —the servant of the ancient
zingaras. Ilia motions were laws, as im-'
mutable as those of the Medes and Pet
Fair Cynthia smiled as the fragrant va
pors wreathed her silvery brow. The va
grant star shone with a grim lustre. She
was in a grave mood on this anniversary.
The silence was oppressive. There was a
dreamy sense of being wound up, as the
clock sung its monotonous song—"tick,
tick"—with a dull accompaniment of
'■ hum, hum " from the depths of its ma
chinery. 'Hie winding process was in the
head—the brains of the vagrants—the
hot-bear was the motive power—its incense j
The Major threw his huge corporosity i
upon a balance upon two legs of his chair.
'1 he mahogany groaned, and parted. 31 < «tli
er earth received the Major in her bosom,
lie blushed, as he would in similar circum
stances with mil/ ftnwtr, re-seated himself
"History only repeats itself."
Of course, the Vagrants burst into a
roar ofboisterous laughter, which gradually
subsided a" Mepliistopliilcs placed the
bowl of the hot-bear on the oval table.
" I say." remarked the Major, as he
sipped the inspiring beverage, "History
only repeats itself."
'• A trite saving." said the Autocrat.
" And a true saying," observed the His
"In abstractnoss," muttered the Coun
The Major proceeded to elucidate:
"Caius Marius, who was seven times
consul of Home, was a great general, but
a bad citizen. Eventually-he became a j
traitov and led an insurgent army against j
Rome—posted his forces on the hill Jani
culum, and besiegt-l t] ic c ity. which was
defended by Octavius (wim was then con
sul). with but a small garrison; tHc.regu
lar army, under Sy 11a, being abroad, en
gaged in the. Mitliridatic' war.
1 quote from l'lutarch : " Meanwhile,
the cause did not suffer so much from the
incapacity of Octavius, as by his cnuioi'i
and uns'itst/iiab/c nttrntian to 'l"' burs. For
when many of his friends advised him to
enfranchise the slaves, he said, ' lie Would
not grant such persons the freedom of that
city, in defense of whose constitution lie
There was a constitution stickler for
you, and what was the result? 'ilia con
stitution saved neither the city nor itself.
Thousands of the stoutest men ii Home
were denied the privilege of talang up
arms in her defence—because tlivj ire/r
slitccx, —inn/ llomc fill I I maJas well
remark, that the constitution fel too.—
"History repeats itself." The Jyele of
time and circumstance is complete!. We
are now performing the tragedy <i' Caius
Marius, whose put is fitly represented by
j Jeff. Davis. The constitution Jul the |
eapitol aro besieged, but Octaviuj is not
consul. Abraham Lincoln"—
The Autocrat's hammer comii down
" Politics tabooed here," announced his
supreme Vagrancy. I ■
" It is not politics, sire Antoijat, it is
history," cried the Major, with ejiphasis.
" Tt won't repeat," said the llstorian.
"Thank God. [Several voices.!
Mephistophilcs re-appears witliihe hot- j
" A toast! Sire Autocrat!" cnlthe Va
A shade of* sadness fell upon tie brow
of his Vagrancy. AVith much natation,
and in broken sentences, he sai<l4-
"We will drink, my children to the
memory of the LOST ONUS — >>r great
sacrifice to Country and to Ilcavenf-proud '
that fn the monument ofa nation 'sJatitude
! where their names are written, wl have a
' Mecca to which our hearts,' ladln with ,
I love, make constant pilgrimage."!
Drank in silence—each Vagranlindulg- '
| ing in precious, though sad aijl silent j
reminiscences—some in the lutury of
| •• Do you' remember, James," laid the
; Historian to the Custodian, "J rk \V il- j
I day, one of the class of '57, I liink ?" j
" What! the tall Georgian, v li v.-a» so
nearly expelled for his raid on tit Semi- ;
j nary ? "
"The same. That was a r. h, but
hannlcas trick. Jack was the so; of hon
or; bin'.i a i lion; tender as : wou.au. ;
, '• An anomaly," said the Cuss. I never i
had a fancy for these long-haire „ rattle- |
| brained, would-be aristocrats—Bwardly
"Jack was not of that class. If he had j
a fault it was modesty. He lef College j
almost every person's friend. He had j
brilliant aspirations, notwithsta ding hi* j
| modesty. I believe he took a p oinincnt j
j position as a politician immedia sly after
he was established in practice it; home. 1
r-I had almost forgotten him, unl. I saw
him a# Antietam."
" At Antietam ? "
" Ves—after tho battle I saw unhand j
easily recognized him, althou I.in the |
uniform of a confederate sr. The
■same manly expression of countenance; j
the same tall, elegant fonn. but-|lifelese." '
" Yes; where the fight was thickest he
had fallen ; yet, as if sick of the noiso
and turmoil of battle, he had dragged
himself away from the strife; where, shel
tered by a high bank from the shot and
shell, and screened by a thick growth of
bushes from observation, he could die in
peace. *lle did not appear to have suf
fered much, although he had a frightful
wound; his countenance was not at all
distorted ; and he held in his hand a note
book. Templeton who, being wounded,
had fallen into our hands, was present
when I found him, and told me his short
story. lie had held a prominent position
in the.state legislature; and in tho ex
citing debates that preceded secession,
was an earnest and uncompromising friend
of the Fnion. At this time he was be
trothed to a young lady of great beauty,
wealth and accomplishments. One <-f
your Bulilahs, and a daughter of one of
the lords of the Philistines—a genuine'
; fire-cat jig rebel from the depth of her
heart. Here was a sudden obstruction to
the current of true love; and, as n matter
jof course, a quarrel was the result. Very
severe and unkind words were spoken by
| her—not a word by Jack. Templeton
. said she called him both coward and trai
i tor. You know how that would gall him.
: Heavens! had any other person said half
as iiitieli he would have killed him atonce.
'1 empleton said he seemed a broken-down
man; and, although the fair Delilah soon
beiran to repent her cruelty in sackcloth
j »n I ashes, she never told it until alter he
enlisted in the regt. Georgia, when
she repented in full. Jack was promoted
for bravery before he heard of her con
trition. Templeton thinks he got a note
film her; at all events he was a new man
from that time forward—received bis sec-
Mind promotion at the second Bull Hun,
and was booked for another —and there he
iay in his own blood—and there, too, were
his brightest hopes, bis ambition and his
I copied the following from his note
book—the last stanza apparently written
j just before his death. They tell the story.
Templeton enclosed them to .Miss ,
with the news of the sad fate of their au
thor. Poor girl!"—
Xi—tlf In iny bfMirt, sweet love; •
Kii'p warm, kt'C'|> warm:
Tin* Msist itround, tin- clouds above
Moon harm, mean harm. •
Keiftfo closer in my heart,
I'nder my life'.* cover.
Till the clouds above .shall part,
And tbofttorm ia over.
Lift- irt no more a *av or
Ilenart. sweet Love ; '
Ala#! the storm in over,
It is clear—above.
FMWISATION TO TIIK UNITED STATUS.
—The large and continuous emigration
fi im Ireland tothcKnitcd States of Amer
ica is naturally attracting a considerable
share of attention. Week by week, and
innnth after month, the people leave for
Nov \ ork. some in returning grain ships,
some in steamers, some as stow-aways, as «
la-las opportunity serves. Nothing will
stop them. Emigration has long been the
11 .-hinan's favorite resource, but now it is _,
a national < >f course, this is not
a \erv pleasant spectacle for Englishmen.
\\ v. who have relinquished home politics
in order to be free to advise the Govern
ments of the world in the management of" M
affairs, have the liiortifiction of seeing the 1
shores uf the I 'nited Kingdom abandoned,
sometimes with a malediction, by our own
people. Explanations, however plausible,
can do little to reconcile us to the fact.—
\\ e have been accustomed to repeat that a
country from which people are anxious to
escape must be badly governed. Now the
test is brought home to us, and foreigners
are saying, '• Physician, heal thyself." It
is the best portion of the Irish population
which is leaving us—the young, the hale,
the hopeful, the energetic. The strong
est influences are weak and ineffectual be
fore the all-engrocing thought of Ameri
ca. The priest, listened to so readily on ■
most other subjects, is powerless on this. L
lie tries to detain the members of his flock, J"
for Irs fellow-priests across the Atlantic I.
j have informed him of the perils which
faith encounters in the country of their j
' choice, lint in the end, his counsel be- Jl
ing unheeded, he finds himself assisting
in the arrangements for their departure
and marching them up, with little bundles
on their shoulders, to receive thb bishop's
The most various causes arc assigned
i for this universal and irresistable move
ment. It is said that the Irish goto Amer
ica because the Federal Government" will
i have them." though to give meaning to
i the assertion we should be told what all- 1
powerful means it has of making its will I
I effectual. Sometimes it is more than hint
cil that Mr. Lincoln's mormidons are in
the land: indeed Karl Russell was not
long since induced to write to .Mr. Adams
respecting rumors of Federal recruiting in
Inland. But it is evident that operations
of that kind could not be carried on for a
week without supplving abundant data for
a prosecution, which it would be tho plain
duiy of the Queen's Government to insti
tute. If no such data are forthcoming, we
may be sure that the rumor is untrue.—
Within the last few days a country gentle
man lias published a letter calling on tho I
Government to stop the departure of the
Irish for the I'nited States. But. the ex
travagance of the proposal apart, from this
prohibition would be of no use unless emi
gration to Canada were prohibited. The
Canadian Government sees its own people
flocking over the frontier into the States,
andifairthc emigrant steamers went to
Quebec the only consequence would be to
divert the course of an em juration the goal'
of which would remain unchanged. It is
not many months ago since an eminent and
popular noblemau, possessed of estates in
Ireland.learning from the increased charg
es for poor rate that the people on his
property were badly off, authorized his
steward to pay the passage-money of sev
enty of them, provided they would emi
grate to a British colony. There wero
not half-a-dozen who would accept the of
feten those conditions; but when, after
Hon.* delay, tho restriction was removed
by (be noble proprietor, the whole num
ber V. ailed themselves of it and embarked
for tlje U. States,—Zifiidott Ht'tr, Nov. 3