Newspaper Page Text
Jj .iiii I S B t
UYr 0. X. W011DEN & J. 11. COliXELIUS.
An Indrprndcnf I'atnily Xcivs Journal.
ESTABLISHED IN 1S43....WI10LE NO.. 773.
LEWISBURG, UNION CO., PA., FRIDAY, FEU. 4, 1859.
At S.I.50 per tear, always lu Advance.
AX IMlfcPCNDtXT riMILT KLW-H Al'ER, j
ItsueJ Frihigtjut L'lfijurjjL'niuti Cv.lt.
TEK VV. l.rn jh-t ycjir, T- uc rui ix AnVAScr j,t; 1
t tin- s.nn- r it.-!' -r a I-ur r 1. niter -'iiiti. Tlni. Mi
rn will t'ny fur l nr ui-tul.-. 7;i tl- f..r m niuntlis. 1 ! .1. i
t .r i'!it m-mtt;.-. -1 .1.1. i.r M.yti.-ii ni-titli. tiui.fi.r two ;
yw. f.'i itir l.ur ru, u nu- j,r:.r, J iu .r t.-u ropiff ihih '
y.mr. ic. J-iu.:W- N".'. i cist. iVnui'til l.y m Hi v:iil)
t o-ivi-J iu p-I-i. tni-s. or kmk n;-K at tU ir
&.u h'Tf. Mu t km 1 !'ri.lui-f fiv.M.i ul t ('ire. i
) lifti tin- i.iut- vijtir-i. I .r wlii.h i..-t- r i- yaAt
(tluW- wt- Inivi- a ruiniiii' Kii-.uiil i ii is t'lMIThli.
AiiVtHTi-LMi.Nr-. tmii.l isii'-ly li-l.-J. at .'.u rl r
p'juari- nntf k, .!. -t . --h atti-r m.-citinti, i J.tl f.r six
lu..nthi. iJ"l. j.,-r . ar. a h ju ttv -J.:, ds. lit its. '1 i
M, : -l -l. T.i v ,r.- 1 ..Vt, i.v . s y, rvltitu'.A.-.
Ii-it ovi-r nu.-t nuili ! a P'tluinu, 1" d !. jt-r y nr. Ollu r '
nt.f . ui.iv I .' :-r.-rJ ii'iit. A i-iuarv t- i J lin- -r
frraall. t or tti m.-m lariT'T. A.iv. ni itt.-nU of a
U''"i r;iii.i:ii: tvii-iViii-y. ami lur'.' cut;-, n -t H-liuitt. .1.
Ouutinuniraliiina J-.ir.-l au toiv ofiwniir! llC'-rr-f t
In ill in (In- r.ii- t i :triian or tiaiau r-utt-rt,iitij
-r.iiiJ.tiil' t liv l ii- nra.'i'. tv:il ivunr iiu.I Mn-s.
Tii M ViMlH TKLUili Al'tl Ul-iutnliu tW office
f Ui 7trtiW. (,v to Ii wt- ofiu ium'TL nui-orUut Nt w
lu mtTMtic- t th.- rhi;:i I. Mi.tlf.
OtiiitiHctt-t m :t 'u t i i. art iii'n- m.TtThlP fr mrtit
kiiiJsot JOE raiNTIN-J, wln. li u-.n-uu-d with
B.''ual A.tv.-r:i.M-iu--ni lo W ii.ii4 fur uU-ii haitilitl
Union Cuiiulv Court Aflliirs.
Adjoin ncil e:i 1 I'l o !:mi:ili,Mi.
Wile na-, lluii. .!fahatu S Wiisuii, lYt
idfiit Juilc lur thf -('ill Judicial l)iirict
IVmiy'vatiia, C(inviiJ vt 1 lit counties of
Vninn. Mitlt.u anJ riivder, anil riiiliji K'.iliU
nnl Juhti U' i:iioiit.Mi,l-j, AtSMCi.itf Juilfs
!'ur I'mutt omiiiv, L.T.e i.sucti their prfffpt,
beannir dau tut -Mli day of l)crM l.rW,
a nil in nit liin-cu'.!. I.r the h!lnt of a Court
itl Cuiimmii lita- :i; Jfu-ibur2 l"ir the cotiuiv
! I'mon on Itic -first M ittioi j 1 ' Urunry nut,
(bein;; the ih ilav) is":t,aiul i cmitnuie one
week, .N'O'J'R'K is ihcrelore hereby i vcn i.j
M'ltnes-e ati 1 all t-1 . ti . interested in ihe
!--ue K:t,t. be (hen and iheie present and nut
tlepirt U'iiIiMit leave. JiinTs arc requested
tn be puii''tua! in liu-ir ailendauce ai the lime
appointed, agreeable tn ii.'tiee.
4 Jiven iiiider my ban 1 and eai at the lier-ifl-
:li -e in I.f wis'.urj, ihe r.ih day vt' Jan'y,
A I. is.V.i, and in ilu" eihiy-lhird jear ol the
Iiidepeiidrnee ol the I'.S. of America.
Ciud save ihe t ' uiitii.mut-alih !
Jtn t ii'siiiiovi:, heiitr
Juivr fr A'j. D: dart.
Lncisburiz Jidin Jone- J C Krllv, 'S Trites,
J. dm I! irL 1. !!. J .M.ih Itaker, V II lieever,
J dm H-itz, i:nl iedde.s, .Natlian Kawn, C i
i' .aitr lev, Anir Suuihl.pn, Jis (treen j
Wfiitr IhrrW'ux L iliuer, Samuel Marhall,
Aaron Smith !
Ar Jidiu Ai'-xiiiJ.r, Jhn Shuck, Thomas
H'tjfchtry iM'hamherlin. Andiv H.mrk,Vm
T I. inn, i "orife Mear, (ifihom lliddle
Htrtl'tn Henry K Oharlev, J.du Laslills
Arw It rtln Sa:nnfl Uuop. llenrv Sl(muu
J.intstnn Julm SiiuiUie, Tims V ltarber
yrAy Jaenb Smith, Julia MX'ail, Audrew
oi'k. (ieuie IlrotielitT
V tttun feiiieiiois Stncker.
Wrt titf.ihr John Jlayes, Matthew Kelly,
Henry Ooerd .rf
East ItuffaUte Thomas I'enry
J.rtt'i Saintiri (irov
Mtjfhhbttrz Ji'hn Ca-t
Issue L fur Ailj.Cmirt & Fi'!).T,lfj.
1'eU-r llumi'ii'I unJ Wile vs Daniel Renglir
T Church V C'u v Nili.mon M.i)r
DavhI Finhcr vs J.in.tihan Dii'li'tiicicrfir
HuiiserktT fur l-'liurch vs Jos I) lVrrey
'J'hos Church vs same
atu'l S Marlon vs Jusrph .Meixell
J.thn Miyr vs Fred'k Wurinau
Chas Cawley vs J.)!m Vounsuiau tt al
llruben Stemn'pr vs Allrcd Kucass
Trice J l'ailun it Co vs Jacob Mecklry
John Itoland vs S;aie Mutual Ins Co
John Locke v$ Ivi.ttcr: Hilamls
Jos F Cuniniins v Chas K Cronraih
Comrs I'll Color .M"Cuilcy vs Syphtr's Alms
M'eilrr A: Kills vs John i-eit r unii lie
Jihn Kjlaud vs Mania II Kcrd
rhili SecbolJ vi al vs David tpitler ft al
same Kcubcn Oldi i al
T 0 Campbell et al vs 'J'eed Ac Marr
Howard Malcotn vs James I iioss
I.udvri? A: Kanck vs Isaac lianck's Ex's gar
David S;eninpcr vs Win H Marr
I. F AlbriL'ht vs A iam Si hreck surv H Hih
Francis Knck vs Alexander Amnions
Daniel KansliT vs John Lapp
Marsarei Forster vs Alex Cuminins
.V DU'eidensaul fr Shirk vs ChurcliAForrey
Isaac Hrown vs John Locke
Levi K Shoch, deed's admrs vs J Ve.r?er
Samuel Merlz vs J I SeeboM and J Seebold
L J'almer indorsee of J F Linn vs Levi Sterner
same vs 7 others
Martin i Reed, 3. minor, Ac vs C Dreisbach
James Russell vs Jacob Dtinkle
Christian Uarlch vs Daniel Ifci.ner
John Kessler vs fleddes, Marth & Co
I'hilip Seebold vs 1'eter Heaver et al
Isaac Walter Vc. vs Jesse ISchreyer
Trustees M E ch at Mifllinbg vs J M Kleckner
Kline & Carroll vs Win Inholf
Abram and John Aurand vs Chas F Schaffle
Martin ( Keed &.C vs John Roland
Cieoree Meixel vs Lcib A: Leib
John Mier A- wife same
Isaac K Dunkle vs Henry Ruble
Daniel Rensler Jr vs Chamberlin A Stout
Rev .Samuel iule!ius vs Saml H Orwijr
Wm Jones, ind. Jn Locke vs Laac Waller
same vs Jn Locke, ind
Abram Wolfe vs Heaver ied M A Co
Heber A: Musser vs corporation University
H M Whinner vs Jacob Kloss
Samuel H Oriri; vs Henry W Crotzer
L Beck vs Deitnck A- Sheckler
'harlev Hunter vs Saml shirk
Keish A Reisli vs Peter Reish's Adm'rs
Chas fi Cruz vs Win II shriner
Davi l F.-tter by his father vs Jacob Hartinan
aml I. licrk vs Chailes Stees
John Many vs John lianly
same vs 4 others
,: ri- fr s orwi-r vs J M C Kanck
Ncots l're,l,y Church vs John M Call
Israel (.eyer vs Aaron Smith
m Kauilman vs IVter Kiuifman Admr
Jacob Swan vs Conrvl itl.iid and wile
MCur.lv Tate vs ;s i!ri ut
James II Mason vs Saml I) Masou
Charles Mason vs same
Thos Raser's Admr's vs Aii.mons & Rawn
m Frick & Co vs m Wolfe
Cyrus Eaion vs Sf i V s ISosenreif
ljaniel tiash vs Ludwi- & Ranck and Joel R
"in VantJezer vs J H Ii .iienoid
Prifltinu anil JinHinn,
'sood sijie mid on f air Terms,
, X M.T XhTIi-E,
4T THE "CHROKICLE'1 OFFICE,
5!!et Square, Levis'jurg. ,
I.""1' IIM i:. An excellent fil-
I.i:vi:i WATCH for sale al a '
""'" nust s. Inquire of
C. DENORMAXDIi:, Lewiburg
TU . J !vr I r Jus.i7.T und
y-IJ.V 1 1YO C.mstablos, lor -.le
" P'tmU to ofli, r. -u chr,., ;,-!.. t un.-
liR IHC LilWISlllfcl. CiJr.i.KLf-.
IMSTOH TO ISIS L.1M11.V
A l'ator h' lamls" tucutue
Aiul liikf liiui dy til- liaud.
An I 1 1 "! lii- in rariy life
uu.tl ix'i'k ILe "better" latid.
Bat. -lt! lii; !(iin? hi'art wiu grlm J,
N. m .in dli F'tUM
Tt i.ikr I. tin 1 Ihv hiiti'l, and fay
lu uiJtr L-if un'i tv4Ait ;
VIiiJi we ar yiiuvfi wr rmp to Seik
t ur l itin T'". uiniti'Th ;
V. 1 M. . r oiiier rt..iuieti do,
ll's'i ; Tie the Lord:'
tu: Jou- wi!I fi-rif, if hdw
nil UUki- tin- r.'-Wn-tr;
Ait l tti 'ii your pi-t -r . inr-ut' heartfl
U itb ni.iJiie.-B mil rcjuii-v. AMICt'S.
Tit fjr Tat... Conservatism.
The iWSiavcrj hocafucos of the Atuer
Utiiuu Lao tcca for eoiuc ycur
j what i'i i nail ihe "Monroe doctrine,"
viz : that 110 A'iin,j,: ,in J'victr thull hcruif
tcriAii'iin uig tifirc html in Anurt'ra. Well
aroutj Lut tLeu Eupposo tlie "Kurojican
1 I'oiVeis" also adojit Ihu "Monroe doctrine"
and tay that Iteiuiftcr tc L'nihJ S!iti
huH vlt ilii no more land i'a America ?
Wl.at, tlicn, will become of the tbicvisb
plan to " abs itb Cuba" to steal Mexico
incb by inch to let loose robbers and
murauders upon Central America ? Ves,
aiopt tLc "MoLroe Jcctriuu" all arouud
let Cuba, Mexico aLd Central America
aloue abstaiu from "all entangling alli-
,, , . . . ,
slices, as aeuingtou advise J develope
, , ... .
and elevate our own land, aud we shall
have enough to do. "Mind your own
business," aud cheek wholesale pluudcriug
and throat cutting, by Filibusters, and
all will be right aud prosperous.
Oppression nlII riake tvin a Wise Man, mad:"
Some of the Free Stale citizens of Kan-
tas j'ivc it as their opinion that Captains
UiU'WX aLd Mo.Tiu.MEitY are moiioma-1
MMcs ou the sul j ft of their wrongs. They
are sensible, reasonable meu ou any other
; topic good neighbors, kind father?, law-
j abiding meu ; but the losses they have cn-
dured, aud the iudiguiiies they have suf
; fered, from the IJorder Huffi-ius all ag-
gravated by the fact that the latter have
j been protected and applauded by the Gen
eral Government have infused iuto the
breasts of Jirown and Montgomery an ir
reconcilable, morbid bate of their oppres
sors, and they have firmly resolved aud
think they are doing God eori
taliaie vhencrer aud vhrrcver they can.
'Old lirowu" had a darliug son ruthlessly
murdered chopped to pieces, by inches:
he has himself been reduced to extreme ,
poverty ; he has seen the murderers aud .
thieves lewa.ded by Fierce and Uuchanau,
aud a price set upon bis own head for de-1
fending his neighbors and his own hearth-!
stone. What wonder if his overburdened ;
brain has become one-sided, and fierce re-
venge uas taken exclusive poscss.on : 1
Capt. Montgomery, also, has been wrong
cd and insulted beyond endurance; his
nei 'hbors men, women, and children
fled to hitu as their leader; he has risked
everything, even to life itself, in their be
half ; he has been waylaid aud harassed
for years by infernal human beings clothed
with Territorial and Federal authority ;
and can poor outraged nature wonder that
hr, too, should sternly swear that bo would !
trike down a ISorder Kuffun as an Irish
man would a snake wherever be could bit
biui ? When he is tortured, and hunted
to the death, under color of law, (as tbe
Whigs were by tbe Tories in the Revolu
tion) is it to be expected that he can rev
erence law? Or when agreements of
peace are broken by his opponents, will it
be insisted that he should regard them ?
All past history is read in vain, if
such characters do not spring up from tbe
blood-stained toil of Kansas. Ilannibal
likc, many a youth will be trained to utter
detestation aud undying hatred of every
ruthless minion of tbo Slave Power iu
that dark struggle. The thirst for re
venge is, unhappily, too natural the in
stinct of retaliation too universal for the
thoughtful observer not to forsee that some
of the relatives, descendants, and sympa
thizers of tbe Martyrs to Liberty in Kan
sas will keep their indignation up to fever
' beat these very many years Peruse tbe
' fierce contests of the M'Gregors, the Cam
! crons, the Douglases of Scotlaud the
I M'Mahaus and the O'llriens of Ireland
the border warfares of South America and
of our own early history and learu how .
bard it is to permit robbers and assassins j
uvun though shielded by Governmental j
sanctity to escape the slecpless,viudictive j
fury of a people or clan in whose bosoms .
rankle a thousaud unredressed family aud j
Slcore of 7& simiaS j
eitCd, .0 their last iL would slay
any Indian whom they could Iind.or wuom 1 meuuo.i iue ..s
the. met ..not for any evil the Indian ! about forty gallons ; Davis Jones Samuel
himself bad done, but to atone for the foul : Oberdorf, Jlarinau G. Kline, Jeremiah
a ts of others of his rmc-(iu eonte.ts.too, j Culp, Michael Keefer, and others have
where perhaps they were as much the in- all made for family use. I he State of
jured party as their opponents ) The Iowa, it is said bas saved milhons of dol
ilood of the murdered Freemen of Kansas lars, that would have left tbo State for
will, in like manner, call from theground
for ven-eaucc-againsi the actor, at least
iu those damnable decds-fof years to
cinne 1 The attempt to extend fclaviry
iu the repeal of tbe Missouri Compromise
ov l.'iiuu, ........ .'j - ..
. J r- 7 .... i- 1 '
l ..l.i. f liv l-ierop 21111
Rucbanan, opened a lloooga.e o woe ana
caruagc which may incarnadine the stream
. ' "i,;: f.,r ..rations vet to be I
Varieties of Indian Com and Beans.
Mil. ClinuMCl.i; : Oue of the first tbiugs
I do, on getting your paper, u to run uiy
eye over your rditoriuU for Ihe local news
of our regiju, au J tben I look for your Aj
ri ultural information but alas ! I often
Cud it novrbere. And bence, although
I have at limes beeu tempted to write
something for you in this line, I have ab-
s ained fearing that I iniLt be intrusive.
Not at all happy to bcai from you,
irtill, I venture now toslalo that I last
eeasou cultivated tuecessftiliy the follow
ing varieties of Indiau Com moat of
wLieh are new iu this rcgiou. Among the
jeilow corns, the early Yellow Canada
Flint, the Yellow lutton, Yellow Dent,
Yellow Oregon or Shoe peg, and the Im
proved King Philip, both the yellow and
the reJJish-hued sort. Among the white
corns I raised the White 1'iour corn, the
New Mexican White Flint, the Wyau
dutte, White Prolific, Ilauce's Extra Early,
and Adam's Early. Among the sugar or
sweet corn, very hue roasting ears, I raised
the l'tuu'a Sugar Corn, Mammoth Sugar,
aud Stowell's J.ate Evergreen Sugar corn.
And among those of other colurs, I have
the Uluo Mexican corn and the l'op corn,
which contains grains of divers colors on
the same cob.
I also have, in (bo Jlcan line, some
."."'J s. s..uhisui, niuuo, UI1L'IV
1 1 1 111 i n .
colors, sueb as black, white, vellow, blue.
Inm. oil .1 IT..,,,,,, 1 ,..,1, .f .!:.. ..
brown, speckled, c., aud early as well
as late ripening kinds, those that require
poles to ruu ou, aud ulsj euch as do not
To give a particular description of these
. Corns and Lcauf, would occupy too much
fpace in your paper, aud perhaps tben do
no good so 1 forbear describing them.
lut, as I have some of theso choice seeds
j to spare, I will here say that if any one
i of your readers, who may desire the same,
will foiward me twelve cents in postage
stamps, I will send him, post-paid, a pack
age of any two varieties of my corn or
beans he may wish.
And if he wants
more varieties of them than two, I will
scud him more in proportion to the amount
of stamps seut uie.
Address "Uox No. 19, Milton, North'd
Co., l'enna." West IjIIA.ncii.
The Farmer's Festival Perverted,
mean to repeat our exhortation, over and
over agtiiii, that agricultural fairs should
not be perverted from their original and
Fopcr JiSign yh ,0 prolnot0 ,he io(cr.
t ,(s bf aricuUure. lt ;3 plaia cuou&h
that th bcjng ffiajCj jn mmy
(luarterS) t0 Lave thelu au9(f(;r tll9 j,ur.
p0Sl.s of a fc,rilEj Lu.iJiIV ,0 ,ake tbe j,lace
of t)C oIJ .irailiug jajSj" or ,0 hc , surt
f , Tudencudence Dav. In manv
showmen, pedlers, i
gamblers, and humbug catch-pennies of
all sorts hang ubjut the fair grounds, be
getting dissipation and vice. Drinking
and betting, wrestling and fighting, fol
low close behind mammoth women, hogs
with five legs, aud nimble Jacks, to the
great annoyance of all sober people, and
to tbe moral injury of tbe young aud un-
I experienced, aud to the degradation of the
farming interests. Female equestrianism
and fast driving arc a part of this pervcr
Anybody with half an eye can see where
this thing is leading, it is,perbaps, swell
ing the numbers of those who attend our
fairs, but is it not also bringing in the mob?
Farmers, aud respectable, sober minded
country people, find themselves elbowed
aside by horje-joekics and "fast" people
of all sorts ; and, year after year, tbe fairs
are made up less and less of those for
whom they were origiually established.
Agricultural fairs, at this rate, will soon
be run iuto theground. We beg the man
agers of these annual festivals to look
ahead, and act wisely.
If all they aim al is simply to furuish
"fun for tbe million," let them go on.
Rut if tbeir object is to promote an intel
ligent interest in agricultural pursuits,and
to encourage farming, let them change the
tactics. American Ajriculturitt.
CniSESE Suuab Cane. Because there
is less said and written about the sorghum
than formerly, it must not be supposed j
that it has died out, or been a failure, it
has been extensively planted as an exper- j
intent in this cofjnty and neighborhood
among our farmers, aud with satisfactory
results, and next year thero will be a
large and increased production. Many of
our farmers, even as au experiment, have
nia(je ag ,,,.1, anj Iuore molasses than
J ' J
Whood, in Upper Angus Twp we may
sugar anu molasses. 1
I in ibis State, one of lhe paperssays.it
U" a perfect god-send IU view of tbe total
failure of the npple crop, the juice of the grco as Ucueral n alter represents ica
caue Laviug been readily sokl at two aud j ragua.
three dollain per barrel, for tbe manufac- 1 . "T' ,. ..
tuiei. uui.u.o j , M.Hlern Demrtcraru mean!! Ilnlolil mtl-
. 11 . 1
...... ..r I .n ,.. an Teplleiit and
. - --" ""TL.
who.csuuie suostitutu for apple, butter. ,
Ethics of Fillibusterisin on
Till: Cl'KAX JI LSTIO
Argumrnts of EcrhansB. Uuuglai, Slldrll t to.
Says Captain Robb to Farmer Cobb,
"Your farm is very fine, fcir;
Please give me up your title-deeds
I claim it all as Aiinr, Sir."
I'ray, how can il be thine 1" says Cobb j
I'm sure I never sold it ;
"I'vras left me by my father, Sir j
only ought to hold it."
"Nay, Cobb j ihe 'march of destiny'
"J'is strange you dob'l peiceive it
Is sure to make it mine, some day ;
I solemnly believe il."
'Uui have you not already got
.More laud than you can nil. Sir!
More rocks than you can ever blast ?
More weeds than you can kill, Sir V
Aye, Cobb, but something w hispers me
A sort of inspiration
That I've a rifi to every farm
Not under cultivation.
I'm of the Anlo-Saxon race,
A people known to lame, Sir;
But you what risht have you 10 land !
V ho ever heard your name. Sir 1
I deem you, Cobb, a lazy lout,
Foor, trudden-down, aud blind, Sir;
And if I lake your useless land.
You oui;hl tu think it kind, Sir!
And with my scientific skill,
I set it down as true, Sir,
That I can gather from the farm
Full twice as much as you, Sir.
"To be explicit : 'Tis, an age
Of freedom and progression ;
No longer, Uog-in-manger-like,
Can you retain possession.
The farm long since you forfeited,
Uecau.-e you failed 10 nil it ;
To ine it clearly now belongs,
Simply because Juilltt.
"My ogic if you disapprove,
Ur fail of comprehending.
Or do not feel convinced that I
Your welfare am intending,
I've plenty mure of arguments
To which I can resort. Sir
Six-shooters, rifles, bowie-knives,
Will indicate the sort, Sir.
So, prithee, Cobb, take my advice
Make over your domains. Sir ;
Or, sure as I am Captain Robb,
Will I blow out your brains. Sir."
I'oor Cobb cau suiely griud hi. teeth,
And grumble protestations
That might should be the rule of right
Among tnlightm'd nations.
San Francisco Pacific.
Rapid Decrease of Democrats.
At the August election in Kansas, ihe Ox-
! roBD I'bsci.ict, (which, when Candlebox Cal
houn had the footing of the returns, gave
nearly eighteen hundred votes,) stood as fol
For the English Bill, 16
This is an unhealthy season in Kansas ; but
hisjisloiiishing mortality, and all in the Dem
it is not however, confined to Oxford alone.
Ssawhei, which gave eight hundred majority
at Calhoun's command, only a year ago, now
foots tip thus :
For English Bill & Buck, 41
Against do do 0
Here is a decreased Democratic strength that
needs explanation. The "agr" can not have
shaken so many people out of their homes in
so short a time !
Moreover, the same distressing fatality ap.
Pelrs 10 "ave rreva"e1 lu '",
which, one year before, all the Democracy
swore gave tuxlce hundred rotrt on their side ;
but the official reiurns of August count up
For Democracy and 8lavery, 6
Fornenst do do 14
O most distressing cholera morbus, or what
ever dire disorder decimated dear Democracy
at such a deadly rate !
But, seriously, what a commentary are
these (acts on the most important incidents of
Kansas history ! When the Free 8tate men
one year knowing how they were to be dejrmi-
did refused to vote, the Chicago Times (with
Buchanan and all the Loco speakers and
presses,) declared that they would "thereaf
ter have no more right to say what institu
tions they would live under than so many Fe
jee Islanders," and Douglas coincided in that
opinion. The people of Kansas always vo
ted, when they could, and when they suppos
ed their voles would be honorably returned ;
bat they would not give apparent sanction lo
an election in which they knew the ballot
boxes would be stuued against them. They
acted right, and nobly; they could neither be
menaced nor ensnared by Ihe Border Ruffians
in power; and by their bravery, wisdom, and
firm adherence to Truth, they have we trusl
in substance won the Victory !
Railroad Dancieus. The casualties
on the railways of America, since 1853,
are stated as follows :
Accidents Killed Wounded
lK.ri.l :js 3:1.1 4. i6
1SS4 1OT I8fi fM9
85r 113 1 in sail
ISM MS 193 6S8
1857 1SB 1311 130
1858 80 77 416
Total, s:i3 9:m 31U9
On all tbe English railroads, iu 18j7,
25 persons were killed, andCil wounded.
In Frauce, from 7th Sep. 1S55, to Dec.
31, 1857, among 224 millions of travel
ers, !'!'! were killed, and 1979 wounded.
Of the former class 51) 1, of the latter 1S3G,
were railroad officials.
In Austria, in 1857, of 10,250,000
travelers, uot one single death occurred
save by gross carelessness.
In Prussia, in 1S57, only one railroad
traveler was killed, and one wounded,
both by their own fault
Severe. The New Y'ork Times desig
nates Presideut Ruchauan "Tbe Great
American Mistako of the 19th Century,"
and says that he represents tbe United
States in about the saiuu sense aud de-
lions for more Slave Territory, and raise
the rates of postage from 3 to 5 cents.
Winter in Russia.
Ihiring tbo present season, which the
almanac has been pleased to designate as
winter, we have had but a few "cold snaps
to remind us of what this period of the
year was in former times, and ought, for At ten degrees below i;roof Keaumur.
the sake of health and pleasure, now to be. the moustache becomes stiff, at fifteen de
Snow hag fallen only to disappear; ice has grecs k solid mas--, and at twenty degrees
been formed, only to dissolve. All class- below, "you can not walk forty yards with
es have been cheated the boys of their out having ice enough 00 your upper lip
skating aud sliding, the young men and for an ordinary sherry cobbler." At this
maidens of their sleighing, the middle- temperature, a lady's handkerchief, made
a"cd of that toning up of the physical of the finest cambric, will in a few seconds
system which comes of good, honest, fros-
ty weather, and the old of that tranquil
flow of pleasing reminiscences which a
hearty, old fasbioued winter seems peculi -
arlv to provoke.
It 18 pleasuut to turn irotn me aamp.wg
gy, rheumatic days, the miserable, raiuy
nights, the eternal mud, the fleetiug sun
shiuc, all too warm for the time of the
r . . ...... .1
year, to the geuuiue, permanent, mtense
winter portrayed in the "Sketches aud
Studies in Kussia" of 11. Sutherland Ed
wards, one of the most chatty, graphic,
and agreeable writers of the day.
In Kussia, the gray-beard king of the
year gives timely waruiug of his approach,
iu the shape of two snow storms, the
first of which lasts but a few days, the
second about a week. Then comes the
third snow storm, which remains five
months. It is not like our snow soft,
feathery, flaky, but so thoroughly crystal
iz.d as to resemble Epsom salts. Of
course it lasts, just as Northern ice outlasts
Southern ice. Nor is the approach of cold
more sudden than that of the five months
snow. I ue liussians navo ample time lor
preparation. Wiuter sets in early iu Sep
tember, but not until Christmas does the
XikuUiy Ikrot or Frost of St. Nicholas
begiu. Long before that time, the houses
have been provided with double aud even
triple sashes, with cotton placed in the
pace between the sashes to serve as a still
further protection against the keen, insid
ious wiud, which Grcgorovich, in his Win
ter's Talc, says, "howls like a dog, and like
a uog win bile ine luei auu caives 01 mosc
who have uot provided themselves with
furgolosbes and doubly-thick pautaloons."
Simultaneously with tbe doubling of the
sasbes, tbo stove is lighted, never to go
out until winter is over. The Russian
stove is not made of iron or any other 1
mntil nnr la ll. irilhll ll .f
,v " m the walls 10
centre of the house, so that one stove may
serve to warm many rooms. In a furnace
in the basement a fire is built of wood, and
permitted to burn until tbe wood is thor
oughly charred, and every vestige of flame
has disappeared ; then tbe top of tbe
chimney is shut down, and, as it were,
hermetically sealed, aud certain port holes
..;.,,. f, . n,.,n nr .ixo ;.tn th !
room.a'ro unclosed, permitting tbe hot dry
air to enter, whereby the apartment is kept
warm for twelve or fourteen hours, and ! campment, bad greatly added 10 tne dim
even longer. If by mistake the port holes cities of the party 5 but, as tbe Glasgow
are opened before the charring process is ! remarks, the grand fact has been
completed, then Death enters tbe room iu ' established that the Ziiubesi affords a
,1.. r r ,.i..,;,. ; 1 ,., ...! navigable passage into the interior of
IUC IOI 111 Ui iJluvuiu ".-- 1 " -
the Russians call it. Strangers are always
in danger, but the natives instantly ree
nnniza tha onntir. and. rushinir into the
open air, counteract its effects by applying ,
snow to the temples and forehead.
Snow is the Russian's best friend. It !
converts his vast country into a sea of j
suiootb ice, bridges the rivers at all points,
and renders transportation so easy that tbe
game of Fiuland and Siberia, tbe fish
from cverv sea and river in the Empire, j
are furnished to the markets of Moscow j
and St. Petersburg iu a state of perfect
freshness and preservation. One of the
most curious sights in Moscow, about
Christmas, is the "Frozen Market." Here,
under a forest of Christmas trees, is ex- j
hibitcd all manner of fish, flesh and fowl. )
frozen stiff as stone; and, besides these, j
innumerable little jars of cream, hundreds J
of cabbages, thousands of potatoes, each j
and every iar, cabbage and potato, careful-!
ly wrapped up in matting to prevent them j
from freezing. The animal provisions
thus frozen, will keep sweet and fresh du-
ring the whole winterand if placed in j
lhe ice cellar with which almost every '
Russian house is provided, may bo kept
far iuto the summer months.
Wa learn from Mr. Edwards, that the
iutensity of cold, in Russia, has been j
greatly exaggerated. Travelers speak of
thirty and thirty-five degrees (Reaumur)
below the freezing point, as if it were
nothing unusual ; but the thermometer
does not mark thirty degrees more than
once in twelve years; the average maxi
mum for seventeen years being twenty-one
and two-fifth degrees a temperature
not nnfrequcntly experienced in Maiuc,
Minnesota, and even in Northern New
York. Rut, generally, there is a differ
ence of seventy-two degrees between the
temperature inside and outside Ihe house
in Russia, to encounter which, lhe great
est precautions in tbe way of thick cloth
ing, especially abuot the bead, cars, aud
lianda. are taken bv the uatives. For
eigners, strauge to say, aud Englishmen !
particularly, g' mu.h less thickly clad j
than tbe natives. This lasts but the first j
. . 1 .1 . .. 1 .!. t
winter; uunug iuo sieoim, .u .v.v.eU.. (
adopts i-rccUely the costume of the Kits- j t
in, and conform iu all respects tu his
The test of cold for the gentlemen
walking or riding out iu the open air, is
1 the moustache, and for the ladic a veil,
j freeza iuto some thing like the coarsest
The color of the features is
S In.o w r,. red vou
.. .... ...-j, J
. arc safe; when they turuwhite.it is a
sure rroof that vou are frost bitteu. it
, . ,( ,., .
is necessary to feel your exposed features
, . ... 1 -i ... 1
fF,.m li.i.n ts Inn. If Toll khllll ll fctl'l-
denly discover that your uose has become 1
bard as stone, you may feel no immediate
iuconvenicuce, but unless you begin rub
bing it with snow, you will probably lose
it altogether, lluriug the coldest Kussi tu
winters, pigeons have been seen to fall
dead while in the act of living. At such
times, there is rarely any wiud stirring. A
slight gale would render out door life
impossible. All is still. A column of
white steam rises from the nostrils of hor
ses and men, and during the early hours
of the morning the smoke from the chim
neys lingers long above the house tops.
This clears the way, the sun shines out
with intense brilliancy, the hardy and ver
satile nativcs,uoablc to follow their summer
callings, now adapt themselves to other
pursuits, and chiefly to the driving of
sleighs, thousands of which are continual
ly dashing about at the velocity of twelve
ur fifteen miles au hour. The fashionable
world is out in gayest equipage and attire,
the highly oxygenated atmosphere enlivens
alike the rich and poor, the weans of
subsistence are plentiful and cheap, the
weather promotes the heartiest health,and
Kussia, buried in snow, and barred with
cruel frosts, becomes a mighty temple of
Mu whcrin mmteT is ,rlDsforuled to
a long, joyous carnival, unknown aud in
conceivable in climes more genial.
While contemplating this picture, and
contrasting with it our own damp.ebauge
ful, vexatious winter, it is not difficult to
perceive that the wondrous compensations
of Providence have made all oeasoua aud
r., TJ...,I .!. .1:0! i.
1 lull', .'.u. juufctu, lug UlUlCUtlT 19 HOC
; ropine a tl)C barJ ,0( ui(.h has CQn
j aigncJ U3 ta tUa torruents cf a temperate
j fone.Alftl-more .W,V,i.
Dr. Livingstone. Letters have been !
received in Glasgow from Dr. Livingstone
to tbe Gth of October, when all tbe persons
lorming ine expedition were wen. ine
war between the Portuguese aud their
! WI slaves, who were making a sort of
jCanada, or land of refuge, of tbeir en.
Africa, through which Dr. Livingstone
and his party moved onward iuto the ;
heart of the laud, without the loss of a
'"gle nJ "ith erJ liltle "ckoeas.
j At tbe date of tbo last advises, the bead-
qers were at Tete, from which the ex-1
Potion intended to push on further P j
the river. They had tried in the steam
launch tbo coal discovered by Dr. Living-
m bis downward passage, and louud
it to be of good quality, while there were
immense quantities of it. The Djctor, in
one of his letters, says : " For six months
steamer drawing live to six feet water,
would ruu from the sea to Tete in a straight
l-nc- During the other six months a
steamer drawing thirty inches would run
w't" very few turnings." The expedition
up the little cngiue and the sugar mill
above Tete. Mr. Thornton, tbe naturalist,
aud Mr. Kac, the engineer, report well of
the coal. Il approaches more nearly to
the Welsh than other coal, haviug very
little sulphur. " With abundauec of coal
and irou," says Dr. Livingstone, "surely
the Great Architect designs something
else for Africa lhau it should always be a
"lave market."' The Portuguese Gover-
ill of kver, was encountered at the
scene of strife, aud tbo Doctor took him
on board tbo steamer and cured him
Douglas, vs. Popular Sovereignty.
The Official returns in the Secretary of
State's office, of the vote for Representa
tives in the Legislature of Illinois which
is, of course, tbe true test between Lin
coln and Doi'flLAti shows a total for
Lincoln of 12t,G'J8, and a total for Doug
las of 121,11)0 a majority for Abram
Lincoln, of turke tiiuisanu five nu.f-
liflED AND EIGHT. Who is the jKiiple't
choice ? Can Arithmetic figure Mr Doug
las into anything else thau A MI.nokitv
(.KNATult .Stnuor vhit is nut littclmut
tj' the jifijA- he rrjirt.it at '
Lincoln or "Old Abe," as the Illi
nois papers familiarly call Douglas late
oppoueut is a great wag. After Douglas'
ileciiou, he was asked how be stood il?
He good naiurediy replied that he fell l.ke
tbe Kentucky boy, who, after having his
iiueer ooueezed pretty badly, felt "too hi"
cry, aud too-badly htut to lau -;h
0 . . -
AUNT BETSY'S YARN.
You know Mrs. Livingston, and bow
"stuck up" she is called, though I Deter
thought her so. Well, I ofteu run over
(here, in the inoruiug, without any cere
mony, and she never mikes a stranger of
me. So, some weeks ago, I was there in
her loudoir, and she and Ihe breakfast
things were not yet removed, (for the lady
had risen late, and, beiog indisposed, b J
taken her meal alone,) when the mulatto
waiter, whom I never could bear, he it to
dignified, came in and said, "There is a
girl in the kitchen, waiting to ee you,
: madam ; she says she heard yoa wauled
"Send her up, James," said the lady
and in she came. The girl was tall, slen-
der, very pale, aud poorly dressed, but
, r 1
I with a kind of "I am as good aa you air,
t wnieu 1 nave nouceu in .American gins,
kind of started when she saw her first, but
recovered herself and invited her to ba
eatiJ ; tben made inquiries as to what
work she had been accustomed to do; and
finally asked her name.
"Jane Craig," replied the girL
''Indeed ! 1 thought your face looked
familiar. And jour mother?"
"Did she once live on Green street?''
'''Tis as I expected. Where does ah
reside at present ?''
There was a minute's hesitation : then)
abe replied : ''On Law street." (A most
wretched locality.) She appeared to bo
nerving herself for an effirt, and contin
ued : ''My mother has been a widow,somd
time ; she takes in washing."
Tbo lady turned to me and said : "This
young girl's mother and I were neighbors,
when we were both very poor. She was
rather better off, then, for she owned
cow ; and many times I have been indebt
ed to her for the luxury of a cup of cream
to enrich tbe tea which formed so large a
share of my best meal. She was the kiud
est neighbor I ever had. I have lost sight
of her a long time, but I am now going
to see her, directly. I am sura Aunt
Iletsy, (I am everybody's Aunt, you
know,) will excuse me."
Tben to Jane : "My dear, tit down,
and take a cup of tea, (yoa mast have bad
breakfast early,) while I dress my sell"
Sn avine, she poured out the tea, and
forced the girl iuto a seat by lu8 fire. 1
must confess I opened my eyes a litUe fa,
see tbe aristocratic Mrs. Livingston ffU
would not perceive the advances madd by
Mrs. Jones for ber acquaintance, although
the latter was the wife of a millionaire,
who gave the most splendid partita in
town,and whose husband, having made his
uioucy by pork-butchering, now iu his
grandeur ignores lard, and could not en-
. dure the squeal of a pig-jet, here tba
was aeknow edging her former poverty
without a blush, and reckoning op her
indebtedness to a poor neighbor, with all
tbe case and grace imaginable. She soon
returned, warmly but plainly clad, with a
large woolen shawl Her her arm, and a
pair of thick-soled walking-shoes in bar
band, both of which she insisted on Jane's
we"'uS- , .ii .1,
A vuuv m .11. .n.i.aiu.j . ww
girl, handsomely dressed, studying her
kssong nUler lhe Ud 8upervi,ion,iu the
M. LiviDston caIl8 her .ljennie dear
Oue day, I saw her coming out of a thread
and needle store, on a genteel street. She
stopped at the door to shake hands with
a well dressed, middled aged woman,
whom she called "Mother."
"Give my love lo Mrs. Livingston, and
tell her I will be around iu the morning,"
said the elder.
1 thought to myself, Mrs. Craig's cops
of ereaiu brought large interests; and I
guess she fouud a neighbor, lately, in tha
euse meant by our Savior in the parable
of tbe Good Samaritan. Rl'TU. IIalL.
" I TAK5 CARE OF MY LAMB." Let
teachers and parents weigh well the sig
nificance of the following extract :
"A gentleman in England was walking
over his farm with a friend, exhibiting
his crops, herds of cattle, and Socks of
sheep, with all of which his friend was
highly pleased, but wilh nothing so much
as his splendid sheep, lie had Seen the
same breed, frequently, before, but bad
never seeu such noble specimens ; aud
wilh great earnestness he asked to kaov
how he bad succeeded iu producing such
flacks. His simple suswer was " tot
cure of my limbs, sir." Here was all the
secret of bis large, heavy-fleeced, lut
sheep J be look rare of them when they
were lambs." Jil-'mcU Teacher.
The Washington correspondent of tha
Boston Advertiser called ou the Presideut
on New Year's day, aud had ihu privilege
of shaking hands with Miss Lauo, and hav
ing his pocket picked simultaneously, iu
the presence of a strong foroo of Irish po-
lice. All this was accomplished lo the
I tuns of Star Spaugled Hauner, played by
; a feeble band in au iuvi.-ible chaiuUr.
Dissolute Young Men, every whets,
should cut out the following aud pi-'e il
in lhe crowa of their hats: "The l umari
constitution is oue that can not be auieoi.
id by a two lhiiJ totv."