Newspaper Page Text
2—The Daily Collegian Monday, April 25, 1983
Wait on TMI,
Continued from Page 1
agencies at the beginning of the second term
in an attempt to upgrade our operations
bring new people, new ideas, new enthusiasm
into all of our departments. It has been seized
on as a partisan issue by opposition, but it is
not represdntative of any change in policy
it was simply a desire to make that operation
COLLEGIAN: What is your opinion of the
Supreme Court decision on Tuesday that
would allow the Nuclear Regulatory Commis
sion to permit the undamaged reactor at
Three Mile Island to re-open without consid
ering the effects of mental stress on residents
of the area?
THORNBURGH: My position has been,
since the accident took place, that Unit 1
should not re-open until we are assured that
all of the health, safety and environmental
concerns that grew out of that actident have
been satisfactorily resolved and until the
damaged reactor at Unit 2 has been dealt with
in terms of having a plan for its cleanup and
the funding of that cleanup.
In my view neither of the pre-conditions
that I would set for our looking favorably on
• , restarting have been met, so we continue to
be opposed to it. The irony of it is that we don't
have any official say. Even under the most
recent decisions of the court, the authority
and jurisdiction for dealing with that question
is still a monopoly of the Nuclegr Regulatory
COLLEGIAN: As a strong supporter of the
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mandatory five-year sentencing for all per
sons convicted of committing a crime with a
gun, do you feel that this legislature will
further decrease Pennsylvania's crime rate
in the future?
THORNBURGH: First of all, I don't think
we want to get too excited about the decrease
in the number of reported crimes. While,
we're certainly pleased that the last two
years have each seen a decrease in some
cases a significant decrease I'd want to
wait for some experience before I would pass
a judgment that we have licked the problem
of increasing crime.
I think it is in some ways related to the
demographics of the state. But I also think
that the kinds of messages and signals that we
have been sending over the last ,four years
about our attitude as a state toward crime
have had a positive effect toward reducing
the crime rate as well.
The imposition of minimum mandatory
five-year sentences in certain narrow areas is
something that I feel extremely positive
The fact that we have put our money where
our mouth is by undertaking a 30 percent
increase in our prison capacity is also show
ing people that we mean business —that we're
not going to let a lack of prison space be used
as an excuse or a cop-out for any judges that
are so inclined to not enforce the law to the
Another thing that we are very excited
about is our neighborhood crime watch pro
gram, which has been instituted in Pennsyl
vania on a wider scale than anywhere in the
country. The long-term effect of these will be
to not only reduce crime but to also have a
reasonable chance at recreating that sense of
neighborhood community that is important to
our society on the whole.
`The important thing is that, for the first time, PHEAA is
authorized to really create the kind of revolving funds for
student loans that we have used for industrial development
COLLEGIAN: What are your feelings con
cerning the future of the Pennsylvania Higher
Education Assistance Agency in light of the
recent bond sales to generate more student
loans within the state?
THORNBURGH: The important thing is
that, for the first time, PUEAA is authorized
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to really create the kind of revolving funds for
student loans that we have used for industrial
PHEAA is kind of the unsung hero or the
untold story about our aid to higher educa
tion. When I became governor in 1979 there
hadn't been an increase in funding for
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PHEAA for four years. And that had occurred
in a time of very high inflation. We've had an
increase in the first four years, stabilized it
this year and added the bond funding, which
will have the effect of increasing the flow of
money available. That unquestionably has
helped to take up part of the slack that has
resulted from gradually increasing costs in
We're committed to PHEAA; we are
pleased that this new initiative is going for
ward to provide them with the wherewithal to
increase their capacity to make student
COLLEGIAN: Pennsylvania has made
some strides in advanced technology fields.
Do you see Pennsylvania .v being a leader in
THORNBURGH: I don't think we have a
As I indicated, our economy is in transition
Worn its traditional reliance on heavy man
ufacturing —which has been the bedrock of
our prosperity over the years into some
A lot of it is going to be folded back into our
basic manufacturing base to raise the produc
tivity and make more competitive those in
dustries that we traditionally relied upon.
The Ben Franklin Partnership is designed
to capitalize on the resources that we already
have in place —outstanding institutions of
higher education and pre-eminent private
sector research and development facilities.
We simply have not heretofore had the cat
alyst to bring these together in ways that will
spin off job opportunities.
COLLEGIAN: What role do you think small
businesses will play in Pennsylvania's eto
nomic future and what priority has small
business been given by your administration?
Please see GOVERNOR, Page 3.
A great way of life
Continued from Page 2.
THORNBURGH: Small businesses are
really..going to be the major contributor to our
economic growth in the balance of this cen
tury. I think all statistical studies and esti
mates indicate that and we've taken that cue
in a number of ways to try to build up 'the
strength of our small business sector. I think
one of the first•executive orders that I signed
as governor in 1979 was to create' a meaning
ful small buSiness council.
We haven't been able to meet all their
needs, obviously, but some that we have have
been very reassuring to the small business
community., Probably the
. most important
changes were reforms in our tax laws as they
affect small businesses: the phase-out of the
unique 90 pertent pre-payment provisions of
the corporate tax; the providing of a loss
carried forward provision for the first time in
Pennsylvania's income tax law; the accele
rated cost recovery provisions of the federal
In the area of regulations, we've cut red
tape and tried to be less intrusive. We estab
lished a regulatory review committee within
the administration and now we have a statuto
ry independent regulatory review commis
sion to review all regulations for their cost
What's gotten the most attention has been
the Small Business Action Center, which is in
the department of commerce. The Small
Business Action . Center is an operation that is
designed to extradite the answers to questions
that small business men and women have.
This is a one-stop operation that guarantees
`Small businesses .are
really going to be the major
contributor to our
economic growth in the
balance of this century.'
24-hour service. They've had 25,000 satisfied
customers in the two years they've been
operating. The people are trained they
know where to go to get answers. They know
how to massage the system to get a result that
would otherwise take weeks, months to get.
We continue to keep our ear to the ground
through the Small Business Advisory Com
mittee and try to respond to the concerns that
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Incidents of serious crime decrease
By KAREN KANE
Collegian Staff Writer
HARRISBURG One of the reasons for
the 1982 statewide decrease of reported
serious crimes is that the most likely offend
ers are getting older, a spokesman for the
Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and
Delinquency said Friday.
The preliminary findings of the Uniform
Crime Reports, prepared by the Pennsylva
nia State Police,• reported that incidents of
serious crime in 1982 have decreased by
almost 6 percent on top of the 1981 decrease
of 1.5 percent. The complete report is sched
uled to be released by early summer.
The majority of serious crimes are com
mitted by people under the age of 18 the
age group that was hit hardest by the
population decline following the "baby
boom" era, Doug Hoffman, the commis
sion's chief resident statistician, said Fri
Meanwhile, reported offenses in Pennsyl
vania dropped by a greater percentage than
the nationwide preliminary statistics re
leased last week by the Federal Bureau of
The report stated that serious crime
throughout the nation decreased by 4 per
cent in 1982.
"Although the population mix is different
from state to state, the demographic char
acteristics are definitely a part of the na
tionwide decrease too," Thomas S. Buzby,
Director of the Commission's Bureau of
Program Services, said.'
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In addition to age, community anti-crime
programs throughout the nation added to
the decrease, the FBI said.
Neighborhood crime watch programs also
played a role in the state-wide decrease in
reported crime, Buzby said.
"We certainly like to think that the influx
of community-based crime prevention pro
grams has had a positive result in getting
people to be on the lookout for potential
criminal behavior, " Buzby said._
The commission is training crime preven
tion officers at police departments across
the state, Buzby said.
"Crime prevention is something very dif
ficult to measure, but by the very nature of
getting people to report more suspicious
activity in surrounding homes and business
es and encouraging them to report more
crime, we think that's bound to have some
impact on the rate of crime that occurs," he
The reported decrease occurred in the
state police departments' Part I Offenses
category which is composed of both violent
and property crimes.
The report defines violent crime as mur
der, forcible rape, robbery or aggravated
assault. Property crimes such as burglary,
larceny, motor vehicle theft and arson are
thought to be reported more frequently,
Although the number of murders com
mitted throughout the state. dropped below
the 700 level for only the second time in ten
years, incidents of aggravated assault in-
The Daily Collegian Monday, April 25, 1983-3
creased throughout the state for the fifth
"Why it's just aggravated assault, I really
don't know," Hoffman said.
Each police department in the state sub-'
mits annual records of all criminal activ
ities that occurred in the district to state
The state police, in turn, compile the data
and send' the results to Harrisburg where'
the Uniform Crime Report Statistics are -
"I don't see any major change in the way
the .state police compile their statistics,"
"There has been some decrease in the
number of departments reporting, and some
of that is just physical consolidation of
departments and shouldn't affect the report 2
ing," he added.
In addition, there have been no major
staff cutbacks or changes in technology
used to compile the statistics that could .
possible account for the decrease, Hoffman
"The reporting system itself is not to
blame," he said. "If crimes are being re
ported less to police, that's a possibilty."
Pennsylvania is just starting to "get a ,
good historical criminal statistics record" ,
detailing all types of criminal activities,,
Good data and complete reporting are
essential to accurate statistics, he said. ,
"People go out and say what should be
changed based only on their personal expe
riences," Hoffman said. "Personal experi
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