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With the Editor—
Isn't It. About Time To Take Steps
To Have Mr. Poor's Mural Finished!
Since Mr. Henry Varnum Poor finished the
main panel of his mural on Old Main Lobby there
has been no extensive .averse criticism, if there
has been any at all.
Mr. Mark McCarty of Ag Hill objects that there
rare no pigs in Mr. POO': 'S
barnyard scene but
stands for a continuation of the mural on the
grounds Mat Mr. Poor will have a chance to add
a pig of t ,vo.
If, then, even the critics of the mural are for
going on with it what is there to stand in the . way?
Tomori(cw the Class of IK2 will gather for a brief,
unpretentious dedication. When that is done the
first panel of the mural be actually and tech
nically an accomplished fact. It is high time' then
that arrangements be made - to get on with the
work if ever it-is to be completed.
Those - who are most anxious to go on with the
mural have before them several possible ways of
raising ends, would like to try each, by do
ing so are likely to get poorer results than if they
concenti.u,A on one.
It has been proposed that Mr. Poor should be
made an artist in residence - so that he may remain
here: until he completes his mural around the - Old
Main mezzanine. This would cost the College
salary al. about $5;000 a year for two or three
A second plan which has been tried before•and
will be tried again is to have the senior class pro
vide the Yunqs •as its class gift. Last year the
mural Missed , being included in the run-off final
by only three votes. This year, with Poor's first
work complete and successful, it is an almost sure
There is an outside possibility that funds may
be provided by the Carnegie' Corporation or the
-Itockefellt,i.• Corporation. both philanthropic or
ganizatiohs interested in education and art. In
1938 the University of Illinois, also a land-grant
college,. received $20;000 from the Carnegie, Cor-
poration to be used over a period of five years for
an artist hi residence. Penn State's hopes of receiv
ing such :c grant were set . back by an article in
Time Magazine three weeks ago saying that the
Carnegie C ,rporation had denied Penn State's re
quest. II: this report originated with the Corpor
ation it - is ii ) doubt correct. The College, however,
bas_ never b,-!en informed of such action.
We Changed Our Minds
Last we were saying, "Let's stop arming
Very confidently we were asking, "On what
grounds ,v - cild we fight? In 1913 we fought and
won the war to end war—the war to stop the Ger
man mesa,'.,—the-war to make the world safe for
Very iirg , -titly we were pleading." Let's not be
fooled by munitions propaganda. Who would dare
attack us*/ Not Germany stalemated at the Magi
not Line! Not Japan muddlin in the Chinese
Even through the invasion of Poland and Nor
way and Belgium and France we were asserting.
"This is ID it our war. 1 el's stop arming. Each
bomb and each bullet we make is drawing us
That was last year. Our ivory tower, much bat
tered and worn. finally teetered on its ersatz fotin
ih.tioll and fell crashing to the ground when every
one began taking pot shots at the Holy and Un
touchable British Empire.
We've stopped asking naively, "Why are we
arming, drafthig, spencting for war?" We've
changed our minds.
Thank God we had a chance to change
minds. - England. didn't . . France didn't . E.B.R.
THE DAILY COLLEGIAN
"For A Better Penn State"
Successor to the Penn State Collegian. established 1904, and
the Free' Lance, established 1887
Friday Morning, October 11, 1940
Published daily except Sunday . and Monday during the
regular College "year by the students of The Pennsylvania
State College. Entered as second-class matter July 6, 1934,
at the post-office at State College. Pa., under the act of
March 3. 1879.
Editor Business Managbr
Adam A. Smyser '4l Lawrence S. Driever '4l
WOmen's Editbr—Vera L. Kemp' '4l; Managing Editor
—Robert H. Lane '4l; Sports Editor—Richard C. Pdters
'4l : News Editor—William E. Fowler '4l; Feature Editor
—Edward J. K. McLorie '4l; Assistant Managing Editor—
Bayard Bloom '4l ; Women's Managing Editor—Arita L.
Hefferan '4l ; Women's Promotion Mariager--Edirthe B.
Rickel '4l. ,
Advertising Manager—John IT. Thomas .'4l ; Circulation
Manager—Robert G. Robinson '4l ;* Senior Secretary—Ruth
Goldstein '4l; Senior' Secretary—Leslie H. Lewis '4l. '
Editorial and Business Office
313 Old Main Bldg.
Managing Editor This Issue Stanley J. PoKempner '42
News Editor This Issue ; Ralph C. Routsoitg '9l
C. Russell• Eck
119-121 South Frazitt St.
PENNSYLVANIA AND DEFENSE
EDITOR'S NOTE:—Tnis is the. third of six
articles prepared by the School of Mineral In
dustries and released to the Collegian. The ar
ticles will appear in this column on consecutive
By DR. WILLIAM H. MYERS
Assistant Professor of Mineral Economics
, Increases in the capacity of Pennsylvania's min
eral industries since 1914 - are highly significant in
America's current rearmament drive, since it is to
this state that the nation will look for much of the
steel, coal, cement, aluminum, oil, and other ma
* terials needed to equip mechanized fighting froces.
All along the line, Pennsylvania industries, most
of them operating• far below capacity during the
1930'5, show evidence of being able to turn out the
implements of defense faster than in 1914, in
greater quantities, and without the dislocations
• felt then.
Perhaps no industry better illustrates the bene-
tits of improved' prodtetiOn methods than the pe
troleum induStry of western Pennsylvania.. During
h World ,War years, production exceeded; 8 million
barrels per year only once; but _the - discovery of
1: new methods of secondarY recovery has now made
possible a production of 18 million barrels per
year. The legalization of the water-flooding pro
cess in the Bradford district in 1921 was followed
by a steady eXpansion in production.
In view of the new emphasis on mechanized and
aerial warfare, the' value of this increased yield of
Pennsylvania oil, which is famed fee' its superior
lubricating qualities; needs no comment. At the
• same time, the refiners have increased both the
yield arid the quality of gasoline obtained from
The anthracite . industry, which reached a peak
production of 100 . million tons in 1917, is new
ezating at a• fate of approximately 50 million' tons
per year. This would aliow an immediate dOub
ling. of production should' the need arise.
Bituminous coal, needed in greater quantities
for rearmament than anthracite because of its use
in the form of coke in blast furnaces, is still char
acterized by excessive capacity dating from the
World War. Mechanizatiin of bituminous mines,
which over many years has increased' the output
per man per day by .nearly 100 Per - cent in.some
mines, was speeded during the last war, and left
many marketing headachy.; when the demand fell
off. These headaches would be turned to-good ac
count. however, if the nation should again require
The association of Pennsylvania with Portland
cement has been very close ever since the coun
try's first production of this material in the Le
liigh Valley. With a rated capacity of approxi
mately 50 million barrels' per year in Pennsyl
vania, the present annual production of around 23
million barrels leaves much leeway for emergency
THE DAllt COLLEGIAN
CAMPUS GALE AR
Mr. Jonathan E. Steere, vice
president of the Girard Trust Com
pany, will speak to all Cominerce
and Finance students in Room 121
Liberal Arts Building at 4 p.m.
PSCA community service com
mittee meeting, Room 304 Old
Main at 7 p.m.
Block and Bridle'Club important•
pledge meeting in Room 206 Agri
cultural Building at 7:30 p.m.
Short organization meeting of
all students interested in the Penn
State weight-lifting, society in sec
floor lounge of Old' Main at 7
One of the most unusual screen
stories in recent times will- make
its local debut at the Cathaurn
Theatre toomrrow and., continue
Monday and , Tuesday when• War
ners Brothers' neW filin g . "Knott
m conjunction- with nation-wide
Knute kockne Week.. -
Tommy TUcker and his hand;
leatuting: Amy Arden; will' play
a one-night- -engagement at the
Cathauni tonight with no change
in regular prices.
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FRIDAY;- OCTOBER. 11,.-1940-.
freshmen Meet Fact*
Informal gatherings have - been
planned with , a different faculty
member acting as host to fresh
men in his home every Sunday
night. Five women from. Mac Hall;
five from Woman's , Building, five
from downtown, and , fifteen fresh
man men will , be - invited every
, • Cat*
w. dtit.r.tat AVE,.
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