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of sniiilllnoprietora the, more safe and Stable the
government. As the • feuded interest inustsov.:
ens, the more it is subdivided and held by mile
pendent owners, the better. What would bathe'
condition of the State of New York if it were
not for her independent yeomanry? She:would
be overwhelmed and demoraiNed by the Jews,
Modena and vagabonds of -licentious eities.—
How can republican institutions, free schools,
free churches, free social intercourse, exist in a
mingled community of nabobs and serfs ; of the
owners of. twenty thousand acre manors with
:lordly palaces, and the occupants of narrow huts
inhabited by " low white trash?" If the South
is ever to be made a safe republic, let her lands
be cultivated by the toil of the owners, or the free
labor of intelligent citizens. This must be done
even though it drive her nobility into exile. If
they go, all the better. It will be bard to per
suade the owner of ten thousond acres of land,
who drives a coach and four, that he is not de
graded _by sitting at the same table, or in the
same pew, with the embrowned and hard-handed
fanner who has himself cultivated hia own thriv
ing homestead of 150 acres. This subdivision of
the landa will yield ten bales of cotton to one that
is made now ,
and he who produced it will own it
and arid feel himself a man.
It ie far easier and more beneficial to exile
70,000 proud, bloated and defiant rebels, than to
expatriate four millions of laborers, native to the
soil and loyal to the Government. This latter
scheme was a favorite plan of the.Blairs, with
which they bad for a while inoculated our late
sainted President. But, a single experiment made
him discard it and its, advisers. Since I have
inentibned the Blairs, I may say a word more of
these persistent apologists of the South. For,
-when the virus of Slavery halt once entered the
veins of the slaveholder, no 'subsequent effort
seems capable of wholly eradicating it. They are
a family of 4 tonsiderable power, some merit, of
admirable audacity, and execrable selfishness.
With impetnons alacrity they seize the White
Honk, and. hold possession of it, as in the late
Administration, until shaken off by the overpow
ering force of public indignation. Their perni
cious counsel had well nigh defeated the re-elec
,thni of Abraham Lincoln; and if it 810illd prevail
with the present Administration, pare and patri
otic as President Johnson is admitted to be, it
will render him the most unpopular Executive—
save one—that ever occupied the Presidential
chair. NO the're—is no fear of that. He will'
soon gay, as Mr. Lincoln did: "Your TIME iIAS
This remodeling the institutions, and reforming
the rooted habits of A proud aristocracy,-is un
doubtedly a formidable task; requiring the broad
mind of enlarged statesmanship, and the firm
nerve of the hero. But will not this mighty oc
casion produce—will not the God of Liberty and
order give us such men 1 Will not a Romulus,
a Lyeargits, a Charlemagne, a Washington arise.
whose expansive views will found a free empire,
to endure till time shall be no morel
This doctrine of Restoration shocks me. We
have a duty to perform which .our fathers were
incapable of, which , will be required at our
hands by God and our Country. When our
ancestors found a "more perfect Union "'Jim
cessary, they found it impossible to agree npOn
a Constitution without tolerating, nay guar
anteeing slavery. They were obliged to ac
quiesce, trusting to time to work a speedy
cure, in which they were disappointed. They had
• some excuse, some justification. But we can
have none if we do not thoroughly eradicate Sla
very and render it forever impossible In this re
public. The Slave power made war upon the na
tion. They declared the "more perfect Union"
dissolved—solemnly declared themselves a foreign
nation, alien to this republic ; for four years were
in fact what they claimed to be. We, accepted
the war which they tendered and treated them
as a government capable of making war. We
have conquered them, and as a conquered enemy
we can pee them laws; can abolish all their mu
nicipal institutions and form new ones. If we
do not make those institutions fit to last through
generations of freemen, a heavy curse will be on
us. Our glorious, but tainted republic has been
borne to new life through bloody, agonizing pains.
But' this frightful " Restoration" has thrown it
into," cold obstruction, and to death." If the
rebel States have never been. out of the Union,
any attempt to reform their 'State institutions,
either by Congress or the President, is rank usur
Is then all lost? Is this great conquest to be
in vain 1 That will depend upon the virtue and
intelligence of the next Congress. To Congress
alone belongs the power of Reconstruction—of
giving law to the vanquished. This is expressly
decided by the Supreme Court of the United
States in the Dorr ease, 7th Howard, 42. The
Court say, "Under this article of the 'Constitu
tion (the 4th) it rests With Congress to decide
whit government is the estabhaherdoue in a State,
for the United States guarantees to each a repot.-
ican form of government," etcetera. But we
know how difficult it is for a majority of Congress
to overcome prdconceived opinions. Besides, be
fore Congress, meets, things will be so inaugura
ted—precipitated—it will be still more difficult
to correct. If 'a majority of Congress can be
found wise and firm enough to declare the Con
federate States a conquered enemy, Reconstruc
tion will be easy and legitimate; and the friends
of freedom will long rule in the Councils of the
Nation: If Restoration prevails the prospect is
gloomy, and new "lords will make new laws."—
The Union party will be overwhelmed. The
Copperhqd party has become extinct with Se
evasion. ~ B ut with Secession it will revive. Un
der "Restoration" every rebel State will send re
bels to Congress; and they, with their - allies in
the North, will control Congress, and occupy the
White House. Then restoration of laws and an
cient Constitutions will be sure to follow, our
public debt will be repudiated, or the rebel Na
tional debt will be added to ours, and the people
'be crushed beneath heavy burdens.
Let us forget all parties, and build on the broad
platform of "reconstructing" the Government out
of the conquered territory converted into new
and free States, and admitted into the Union by
the sovereign power of Congress, with another
pludt—k`Thte. PROPT.RTV OF TILE REBELS SHALL
PAY OUR NATIONAL DEBT, and indemnify freed
rims and loyal sufferers—and that under no • cir
eumstances will we suffer the National debt to
be repudiated, or the interest sealed below the
contract rates; nor permit any part of the rebel
debt to be assumed by the nation."
Let all who approve of these principles rally
with us. Let all others go with Copperheads and
rebels. Those will be the opposing parties.—
Young men, this duty devolves on you. Would
to God, if only for that, that I were still in.-the
prime of life, that I might aid you to fightthrough
this last and greatest battle of freedom!
The " Beaver Argus" contrasts the 2d resolu
tion of the "Democratic National Convifition"
orAugust 1864, and the 2d resolution of the" De
mocratic State Convention of Pennsylvania of Aug.
net, 1865,in a way that ought to make tie face of
Buchanan's Attorney General, Jere. S. Black—
who is the author of the last resolution—tingle
with shame to the end of his 4ays. Look upon
the picture of shameless stultification, which the
contrast between these two resolutions presents,
and see what utter contempt for truth andconsis
tency is displayed, by a patty whose only remain
ing stock in trade appears to be unscrupulous
falsehoodi, and gross vituperation.
- LOOK ON THIS PICTURE!
Resolved, That this Convention does explicitly
declare, as the sense of the American people, that
afte r. four years of failure to restore the Union by
the experiment of war, during which, under the
pretence of military necessity, Or war power high
er than the Constitution, the Constitution itself
has been disregarded in every part, and public
liberty and private right alike trodden down, and
the material prosperity of the country essentially
impaired, JUSTICE, HUMANITY, LIBERTY, AND
THE PUBLIC WELFARE DEMAND THAT
ATE EFFORTS BE MADE FOR A CESSATION OF
HOSTILITIES, with a view to an ultimate Conven
don of the States, or other peaceable means to
,end that at the earliest-practicable moment,'
pence]may be restored on the basis of the Feder.
al Union of the States. 2d Resolution of Dem-
National Convention, August, leti4.
AND ON Tills!
Rooked, That if the counsels of the Democratic
!Arty had prevailed, the 'Union would have been
saved in all its integrity and honor without the
'daughter, debt, and disgrace of a civil war. But
when the formation of sectional parties in the
North and South, and the advent of oue of these
parties into the seats of power, MADE WAR A
FACT 'WHICH WE COULD NOT COUNTEBAcT, WE
oUSTALNED THE FEDERAL AUTHORITIES IN
GOOD FAITH, asking nothing at their hands, ex
cept a decent respect for our legal rights and
some show of common honesty, in the manage
ment of our financial affairs, but in both these
particulars we wen• disappointed and betrayed.—
Resolution of Dcm. State Convention of Penn
syltiania, August, 1865, . .
"You see, gem'men, I has these three thimbles
and this little ball, which 1 calls the Little Joker.
I huts this ball under this thimble and shoves the
thimbles about--sot Con any gem'man - in the
party tell me under which thimble the Little Jo
t ftankpt 'i.:-_,grimiitt,lig.
WedifeadsP, September 20,1864.
UNION STATE TICKET.
FOR AVIITOR GENERAL,
GEN. JOHN E. ELNEMIHANET. of Montgomery
"FOR SERFVFOR GENERAL,
COL. JACOB 31. C2I.III.PBELL.Qf
UNION DISTRICT TICKET,
FOR STATE StNATOR,.
DAVID aicoittiGirr, of Adonis.
COL. F. S. STVIII3AEGH.afFrankna.
CAPT. GEORGE A. SHERAN,of perry•.
UNION COUNTY TICKET.
CAPT. JOHN ncEnrzu, Chambensburi.
; FOR TREASURER, •
'MAJ. JOHN HASSLER. St. Thoma.s.
FOR DISTRICT ATTORNEY, -
COL. D. WATSON ROWE, Antrim.
EMANUEL KUHN, Cluunbersbmg.
' DANIEL SKINNER, rannett
FOR mu:mon OF THE FOOR,
JAMES H. CLAYTON, Washington.
SAMUEL W. NEVI N, Southampton.
Ds. CHAR T. MACLAY, Green.
Union meetings will be held in Frank
lin county as follows :
Fayetteville, Friday evening, September
Chambersburg, Saturday evening, 4 Sept. 23d.
Greenvilltige, Monday " - " 25th
Mereersburg, Tuesday '• " 25th
Greencastle, Wednesday - " " 27th.
'Waynesboro', Thursday " 23th
'Hon. David M'Conaughy, Col. F. ,S.
Stumbaugh, candidates for Senator and
Assembly, and others 'will address the
meetings. Col. Stumbaughis well known
to' our people as an earnest advocate of
the Union cause on the stump, and Mr.
M'Conaughy is One of the most accom
plished campaigners in this section of the
State. Let the Union men see' that these
meetings are well attended. The time is
short—much remains ,to be done, and
every Union man must_ give his best en
ergies to the cause. One entire ticket can
succeed if we do ohr whole duty !
MR. STEVENS' SPEECH.
We invite the earnest. candid attention
of all to the speech of Hon. Thaddeus Ste
vens, given-on the first page of to-day's
paper. It is, like all Mr. Stevens' efforts,
characterized by masterly ability, and as
an exposition of the true policy of re-con
struction many may ridicule, distort and
quibble at it,- but none can successfully
answer it. It is well in these days of de
generacy in statesmanship, when politi
,cjamsswarm in our places of power and
bat few reach the measure of even tolera
ble popular leaders, to have a lull-in the
whirlpool, of politics and passion s , 'and
hearken to , the counsels of the few who
speak the truth for the truth's sake, and
defend the true principles of government
regardless of the blandishments of favor
or the prejudices which may happen to
rule the hour. Such a man is Mr. Stevens.
He seeks to enunciate no new or novel the
ories. He seeks not popular approbation.
He would not bow to error however for
midable or tempting its offers. He is de
voted to the Republic—has struggled with
a consistency unequaled by any other liv
ing public man, to make it true to its great
mission and -true to the thirty millions
whose inheritance•it is. Itt 'tithes past, he
has beheld the surges of popular sentiment
sweep'over him as he maintained the prin
ciples of Freedom' through evil and good
reiort, and now when his eloquent warn
ings of other days stand out in our history
as propheby fulfilled, the candid and dis
passionate will hear him for our common
cause, and weigh well his policy for the
safety of the government.
No one of ordinary perceptions-will stu
dy his exposition of the relations•the, re
volted States sustain to the present gov
ernment without sharing his convictions.
This journal has--long since declared it
alike a legal and moral impossibility to
Davis or any of his associates of
treason; and has braved some prejudice
in accepting the inexorable logic of law
and precedent which forbids the capital
punishment of - the leaders of the rebellion,
save for palpable infractions of the laws
of war. However earnestly.\ve condemn
treason, and execrate traitors, we have,
by the deliberate acts of our own govern
ment and, by the decisions of our highest
judicial tribunals, placed them in the po
sition of belligerents, and conceded them
all belligerent rights save the formal recog
nition of their government as the govern
'dent of the Confederate States. However
we may judge them now, while the Sad
bereavements of war are still thickly shad
owed about us, the action of our own go
vermment, and the undisputed verdict of
history will accept the enemy as a power
at war with us. States absolved them
selves from the duties they owed to the
parent government, in violation of the
Constitution and of their plighted faith it
is true; but the fact remains, and we must
accept it and govern. accordingly. Others
- dispute this fact with Mr. Stevens by plau
sible theories, but the fact still confronts
the government and compels obedience.
- to its laws. No One can question , the pro
positien, that if the States were not out
of the Union, then is the appointment of
a provisional governor by :the President
an act of flagrant assumption; for if they.
arc still States sustaining relations with
the parent government as such, then must
the officers of their choice, their Execu
tives and legislatures, and their Congress
men, chosen under any system of suffrage
they may adopt, be the officers who have
unquestionable right to govern and rep
resent them without restraint. To this
proposition no loyal man assents, and
none of any faith can unless the fruits of
the war are to be wasted and treason to
reign as before without terms or penalties.
Restoration is an idle term—it ,can mean
nothing.. If the States have never been
out of the Union, they have no need to be
restored; they have forfeited no rights as
States, nor can individtials suffer loss of
property or citizenship, Save by the ver
dict of a jury of their countrymen. Dis
pute as they may, all in turn, either the
oretically or practically, confess the poSi
don impregnable that we have a conquer
ed enemy to dispose of, and it is for us to
with it as the enlightened justice and
(Vie Franklin,uPtio.6 4 1orn i ilianibersbur4 o tld:
.magnanimity of a great government would
- dictate, looking to the Attainment of the
gretttestgeed to thegreatest nobler, and
-guarding apinst Wrong to any..
Accepting the South as conquered States
the grave question arises as to the best
method of bringing them within the reach
of just government in obedience to the.
accepted results of the war. That Sla
very must be a crime of the past, all con
fess'; but its legal extinction, and the so
' cial revolution necessary to wipe out its
cancerous roots, are still issues which must
reach positive settlement at au early day.
And our crushing National debt, presen
ted by Mr. 'Stevens in an aspect which all
men fear to be true while few confess it,
presents a problem that calls for a tangi
ble soltiion. Already there are signs of
discontent because of our onerous taxes,
and from Democratic journals and ora
tors on every side we are threatened with
repudiation. They do not ,avow it in
terms; but they resist every measure nec
essary to maintain our credit, and their
advent to Power would be promptly sig
nalized by so diminishing our revenues
as to render the maintenance of our end
'it an utter impossibility. If the rebel
States are admitted into Congress, at
their representatives with their ever will
ing Democratic - allies in the North should
attain supremacy, the repudiation of our
National credit would be the first fruits of
their power! On this subject we are no
alarmist. We speak advisedly when we
say that the men who are certain to be
chosen to Congress in the rebel States, un
der the elections about to be held, almost
with one accord declare that they will
have no part in the payment of our debt,
while a portion of them openly proclaim ,
to their people whose suffrages they, are
- seeking, that the rebel debt must be as
sumed by the general government if the
South must bear its share of our indebt
ness. Thus wefhave a conquered people,
who, by the accepted laws of war,. have
neither lan& nor citizenship save as the
mercy of the conqueror confers them
through the legitimate channel of power,
openly discussing how they will deal with
our National faith to our creditors, and
they are seconded and encouraged by the
hope that the faithless men of the North
will aid them not only to escape-the just
penalties for their wicked war, bat also
to strike4i fatal stab at the Republic th6y
failed to overthrow in the field, by en
tering its sanctuary of civil power, sub
verting its - councils, and hurling the great
Republic of the earth into the abyss of
We have well weighed the grave ques
tion of sustaining our public credit and
liquidating our debt. It must be dimin
ished, or it Will be practically or wholly
repudiated. It could be-tarried from gen
eration to generation, but its repudifi-
Hon is the darling object of the traitors
of the South and the Democracy of the
North, and we therefore cannot resist the
conviction that unless there shall be cer
tain measures devised for its rapid ex
tinction, we shall fail to maintain our
faith With the creditors of the -govern
ment. To avert this fatal calamity, Mr.
Stevens proposes confiscation. On his
aide are law, justice and the precedents..
of all civilized tuitions. He ftr•es it
not merely as relief for on trfully
threatened credit, but he demands it as
the only menus of supplanting the with
ering blight of slavery with an educated,
progressive and -honored industry that
will make the fair fieldsof the South reach
their full measure of fruitfulness. Ile
shows by an indisputable - array of statis
tics that the measure of confiscation-pro
posed by the Union State Convention,
would reach but 70,000 of the 6,000,000 of
Southern people, and they the direct and
responsible anthers 'of the rebellioo—the
men who have desolated our land ; berea
ved our homes.; sent thousands of woun
ded and maimed soldiers back who justly
claim the generous care of the "govern
ment, and loaded us with four thousand
millions of debt. They made causeless
strife—dragged and coerced - their mid
dle and poor classes into it, and are
now a bonquered people, subject to the
laws of war. With them the govern
ment can elect to be severely just or
generous. It may take all they possess,
without distinction, and make them per
petual aliens to their country. To citizen
ship or property they have no just claim
—it is at the option of the government to
make restitution therefrom to its own trea
sury and despoiled people, or to discrimi
nate or restore as Congress may direct.
And who will gainsay that the authors of
the war shall bear its bitter fruits ? They
have made us a mountain of deht--=-le? it
be theirs to pay, and let it be theirs to re
store to loyal men who have felt the tread
of the despoiler, and to solace the wid
owed and maimed who have been made
by treason to drink the cup of bitterness.
Is this not justice mingled with mercy ?
Nine-tenths of those who have rebelled
would receive generous pardon, and those
who have written our history of the past
four years in human blood, would in but
a small degree atone for their crime against
God and man. It would secure the certain
and early payment of our National debt;
would relieve us of our staggering taxes,
and would make treason a crime unknown
in our future history. Let him who -dis
putes Mr. Stevens' positions, show equal
fruits on the side of justice, of magnanim
ity and in behalf of our tax-payers and
imperiled credit, mill we shall be content.
SHALL REBELS BETERN TO POWER?
The citizens of the rebel States are pre
paring for the election of representatives
to Congress, Governors, Legislators, &c.,
and the requisite qualifications fin• admis:
sion into the Senate or House of Repre
sentatives are worthy of consideration.
The several States, when once restored to
there old position as members of the Un
ion can define their Own qualifications for
State officers; but Congress alone Call say
who shall be admitted , to seats in either
branch of the National councils.
In December, 1861, - Hon. J. K. Moor
head from this State, offered a resolution
in Congress • instructing the Judiciary
committee to report a bill providing that
"any person or persons engaged or im
plicated in the present rebellion. against
the Constitution of the United Statesll3e
forever hereafter rendered ineligible to
hold any office under the Constitution and
liws of the United States." It was adop
ted. and on the 4th of June . following'the
Hou e passed a bill by a vote of 78 to 47,
deela g that any person elected or ap
pointe, . I • &ice of honor or profit
under the gover tof the: United
States, either in th civi , military or na
val service, excepting e , k'resident, shall
before entering upon the duties of such
office or receiving any of the emoluments
thereof, take and subscribe to the follow
ing oath or affirmation :
"I, A. 8., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that
I have never voluntarily borne arms againsf the
United States since I have been, a citizen thereof;
that I have never given aid, countenance, counsel
or encoura,gement to persons engaged in armed
hostility thereto ; - that I have neither sought nor
accepted, nor attempted to exercise the functions
of any office whatever, under any authority or
pretended authority, in hostility to the United
States ; that I have not yielded a Voluntary sup
port to any pretended government, - authority,
power or constitution, within the United States,
hostile or inimical thereto," &c.
On the 23L1 of June the Senate modified
the bill, and a committee of conference
was appointed, which agreed upon a bill,
retaining the Oath above given, met
passed the House without a division anti
the Senate by
,a vote of 27 to 8. It was
promptly approved by the President and
is now the law of the Nation. •
—We notice that in the Southern States,
and especially in:Virginia where candi,
dates are canvassing for Congress, there
are but few candidates who can take tIM
Oath, and the few who could take it have
just no show whatever for au election.
The same men who are besieging the
President daily for pardon, and professing
•e - most cordial subinimion to the laws,
arc openly supporting candidates for Cop
-I,,ress who can never qualify under the
laws of Congress, and with one accord
they protest in their public meetings and
through their journals, against the elec.;
tion of any one who can take the oath:—
in other words, they despise and denounce
every mart as unfit for public trusewho
did not give his whole energies to their
murder - ons effort to overthrow the govern-.
went. The Staunton (Va.) Spectator of
the 12th inst. declares that," no man who
can conscientiously take the Congressional
oath won hl be a fair exponent of the sent!.
inentß o/' the people ;" and Hon. A. H. H.
Stuart, once a member of Congress and
subsequently a Member of the Fillmore
cabinet, loving disqualified - himself for
seat in Congress by signing the ordinance
Of secession in Virginia, nevertheless runs
as a professedly loyal, repentant candidate
in the Rockingham district, and Openly
declares in Lis recent Charlottesville
speech, that the Congressional oath is
unconstitutional and therefore nu l , and
void. He therefore proposes, after having
exhausted himself in a rota bloody but
unsueees,fal ettolt to overthrow the dm
eminent. to dictate his own terms of oftb
mis.sion as might the victor, not the van-
gni:died, and he gives notice - that he will
get his seat regardless of the law.. If lie
can't get his seat now,he argues .that
two years another party will be in power
which will admit traitors in full fellow
slr?p aml power without teaching the mas
ter spit-its of treason that they must an
swer to the bereaved living, to posterity
and to God for the widespread sorrow-and
desolation they have so wantonly wrought.
lie says that "the present dominant par
ty will be certainly prostrate in tWo- years."
and t here t*Ore be argues that he will procure
his seat ii elected, although his name is
subscribed by - his own hand to the stupen
dous fraud that plunged Virginia into per
iidions hostility with the parent govern
—ls it not time for the loyal people of
the 'Nation to declare that the power of
this government shall not pass into the
hands of blood-stained traitors Does
Stuart err when he assures his insolent
fellow traitors that when the Democracy
triumphs, the penalties for treason will be
forgotten'- Will the Democratic journals
THE President has pardoned Mi. Men
gel Reed, of Bedford, who ,was recently
arrested on the charge of tretistin and con
veyedto Pittsburg for trial. It is worthy
of notice that he was not discharged from
arrest by the legal authorities of the gov
ernment, nor liberated by taking the oath
of allegiance, as must have been the case
had Mr. Mengel Reed applied for relief as
a citizen of the North whose fidelity was
unjustly assailed; but he sought pardon
under the act of Congress as an enemy—
one who had taken up arms against the
government. and the pardon recites that
he is pardoned as a traitor—or,,in other
words, that be is justly' charged with trea
son and the President generously relieves.
him of its fearful penalties. Thus while
the Democratic papers of Bedford, Fulton
and Franklin have been promulgittirig all
manner of falsehoods to save Mr. Reed
from punishmenttinsisting_ that he had
no syjnpathyhthe rebels and was their
unwilling cafe=when the question is
about to be tried in the United States
Court, before' a Democratic Judge, Mr.
Reed sends Gen. Coftroth to Washington
and applies for pardon, just as every other
repentant rebel has done who wants to
escape the, just penalty for his crimes. If
Ali.. Reed is henceforth censured for both
treason and falsehood,-he must not feel
aggrieved, for his ow n icord, as made by
himself, or by his authorized representa:
tive, stamps him as guilty of 'both. We
do_qot complain of his pardon—indeed
we think it best that it: - .should be so, fora
the government has 'Ortainly mufe im
portant duties to perform than to try such
half-fledged traitors as Mr. lb'ed, who was
100 titithless to be loyal and too cowardly
to be traitor with any degree of manhood.
l le is very properly dismissed ns that class
of game that is not worth the powthir. If
in this article we do injustice to Mr. Reed,
he must return his pardon and correct his
own record before he can deem himself
wronged. It is but fair to judge him by
his ,elf-assumed position to escape the
avenging pthver of !lie law. Certainly an
innocent man would have preferred a fair
trial to a previouA pardon, which closes
the door to investigation. lIIi, OW still
be arrested for treason againit - the State,
and his pardon would be conclusive testi
mony against him: but we presume that
his arrest was designed mainly. to - estik
lisp the faCt that he -wee - .v.eltuitturre"
emit in the rebel service, and as he liaS
now yielded the whole issue and regain s
his Citizenship by the President's clemen
cy, it is likely that no farther proceedings
will be instituted. We think that he has
inflicted upon himself a degree of punish
ment never contemplated by the most vin
dictive of his,alleged persecutors. If-he
is satisfied, surely they will be content.
THE Democracy of 1864, declared the
war " but four years of failure" and de
manded "an'inamediate cessation of hos
tilities" to enable them to save their rebel
friendsfromtheir ine`vitable doom. They
were tried at the great bar of the people,
and not a loyal State sustained them.
In 1865 the so-called Democratic Conven- -
tions of most of the Northern States prac
tically declare Democracy a failure, and
act accordingly. They have at last real
ized that treason and its sympathizers
cannot win the confidence of the people..
and they therefore wipe out the shattered
remnants of Democracy and turn over a
new leaf. - The saine Democracy : in Penn
sylvania that resisted by all the power of
party discipline in the legislature and sit
the polls, the - extension of the right of
saffrage to our heroic soldiers, and that
resisted every measure designed to fill up
our armies and provide means for paying
our soldiers, now nominates two soldiers
for State offices, goes begging forsoldiers
as local candidates where they cannot
elect in the variona counties, and to vote
their tickerbecanse they are the friends
of the soldiers they have hitherto persist
ently vilified and of the Union they aided
in every way, consistent with their safety,
to destroy. In New York the adminis r
tutors of the deceased Democracy went
farther. They not only ignored the old
leaders, and the old platforms, but they
made a portion of their ticket Republican.
Gen. Slocum, their candidate for Secreta
ry, of State, and Mr. Robinson, their can
didate for Controller, aro both Republi
caus---have never voted Democratic tick
ets since the inauguration of the Republi
can party, and do not now 'intend to be
Democrats.. They endorse President John
-son, _declare for the maintenance,of our
credit; and nominate a mongrel ticket.
Can any of the Pennsylvania leaders in
farm us whathas become of the Democra
cy: that ruled in 1864 -1
WE die into-day's paper the address
of president Johnson to the delegations
troll]: the rebel States which visited him
recently. It is worthy of note that just
about the time the South Carolina del
egates were vouching for the loyalty
of their people, every Union candidate
for the South Carolina Convention was
.defeated, in accordance with the publish
ed advice of Gen. Wade Hampton to the
people to confer trust only on those who
had been faithful to the traitors' cause—
Hampton himself being one of the suc
cessful candidates. The' President is evi
dently resolved to test the fidelity of the
Southern people quite thoroughly by a
most generouspoliey ; but if asnow seems
probable, they will reward his leniency
by electing td, Congress and to their les
pevtlye legislatures the same class of men
3vg,o plunged us into wanton war four
yerzgo, Congress will promptly reject
them and the President will doubtless ac
cept the only alternative their teaching
allows, him and resort to a system of gov
ernment in the sitbjug,ated States that will
insure republican:governments and safety
to loyal citizen S.., It is for the revolted
States themselves-to determine whether
the palpable results of the war shall be
come the 'policY of the government by
their voluntary acts or by the exercise of
the strong arm of, the conqueror. We
must confess that so far we have seen lit
tle disposition can the part of the rebels
professing repentance, to submit to the
inexorable teachings of their own cause
less war, and until they do, they must not
be put in a position 'to wield -the power
of the government. If as President. Joh
nson has so often and with such emphasis
declared, " treason _is a crime and must
be punished," there must be more than
mere empty professions of fidelity by way
of atonement, when their acts persistently
confront their ready professions.
THE Lancaster Intelligencer assumes that
the chief editor of this journal made this
enateiial district with the view of being
returned to the Senate ; but he afterwards
became satisfied it could not be carriedby
a Republican, and for that reason the
nomination was conceded to Mr. M'Con
aughy. The Intelligencer errs throughout.
The majority of the apportionment com
mittee first framed a Senatorial district
embracing Franklin for the purpose of
returning the writer hereof to the Senate
last fall, and)he peremptorily declined to
accept the position under any circumstan
ces, although the nomination was well as
sured and the Union-majority very large.
We•' protested against the district as unna
tural, and did ask for• Franklin and Adams
because it isa fair district. We protested
against the whole apportionment of 1863
as wrong to the minority and dangerous
to the majority, aid had we been a member
of the legislature it would have been mo
ditted it we could have effected it. •As it
was, w"emerely protested against unna
tural associations in our own section, and
succeeded. The tithon nomination be
longed- of right to Adams this fall, as
Frinklin had it .in 1859 and: Fulton in
1862, and at no time, did any one in Frank
lin think of contesting it. Considering
that the Intelligeneer is wholly wrong in
its .premises, weiluibmit that its ungener- •
ous and vituperative deductions touching
Mr. M'Conaughy are entitled to little
credit. if it is not pow, it some day will
be a matter iaf grave regret on the part of
Mr. Stahle and his children that his record
for loyalty in,tila dark diys of the Repub
lic does not equattlidt of Mr. M'Conaughy.
He has ever been faithful, and if ho has
ever erred it was on-the side of an imper
THE re ; constiuction convention of Ala
bama decided by a vote of 58 to 34 not to
repudiate the rebel State debt; We would
be glad to see so strong a vote in the
same body in favor of paying our Nation
The following is a Dirt Of, - the legialatiretomit
nations made in the different7distriets and Comi
ties of the State, as far as theylave beencompleted
by both parties. Those marked with a star (*)
.are present members; those marked with a dag
ger(f) have beenmemberasome timeTroviously,
and those- in SMALL CAPS are independent Repub
licans: I . sY.SATontat. i
moo.l ' DEMOCRATIC.
2. Jacob E 'Rdgway.* Sam'' H. Davis, Jr.
4. Geo. o ell*. Geo. W. IL! Snuth.
12. L. D. 8 oemni . - Stanley Woodward.
19. D. M'C naughy C. M. Duncan.
22. Gen. If rry W le.l . Kennedy L. Blood.t
25. J. L. Graham. , Col. George S. Hays.
27. Rev. R. A. Browne. Col. Wm. Sirwell.
W. A. 'Wallace (Dew.) of the 23d has also been
re-nominated, but his apponents is not yet in the
'Ea. - ASSEMBLY.
1. Geo W. Ghegan. , Henry Starr.
2. W. H. Ruddiman.* i William S. Gregory.
3. John M'Caw. 1 Samuel Josephs.*
4: Wm. W. Watt.' Chas. R. Newhauser.
5. Joseph T. Thomas.' Martin 31'Neil. -
6. James Freeborn.* Edwin B. Hutchins.
7. James Sabers. Jacob A. Day.
8. James N. Kerns." . Robert W. Kensil. ,
9. Fred'k Dittman. Geo. A. Quigley?
10. Elisha W. Davia.t S. Gross Fry.
11. F. D. Sterner? Albert D. Boileau.
12. Alexander Adair. William E. Fordliarri.
13. W. Schollenberger. James Dannelly.*
14. Francis Hood.* William P. Hood.
15. Geo. Dellaven, Jr? Albert R. Schofteld:t
16. David A. Wallace. John F. Gibson.
17. Edward G. tee.* Thomas B. Worrell.
18. James N. Marks. Capt. Henry L. Hagner
Capt. Andrew Large,
Major Thomas Gibson, -
Francis M'Clure, -
Major James F. Ryan.
John P. Glass,*
G. Y. M'Ree,*
H. B. Herron,*
J. D. Danke,
Lieut. Philip S. Houck. I Dr. David S. Feller.
Lieut.. Frank. MeeWing. f A. Anderson
Capt J. Trexler,Frederick Harmer;
Capt. Joe. S. Holmes, I Henry B. Rhoades,*
Capt. Josiah Groh. •John Missinier.*
I M. B. Morrow
Joseph G. Adlum."
F. W. Headman'
Capt. Alfred Marple
Nathan J. Sharpless,* IC. Colehower,
N. A. Pennypacker,* W. L. Latta,
W. B. Weddell.* James Lysle.
Clarion ami Jefferson.
Col. John Ewing. [ W. W..Barr.*
Gen. Jae A. Beaver
Co u is and Montour.
CoL Chas. W. Eckman. I W. H. Jacoby.*
M. W. JenningS.
Co j. T. B. Kaiifman. I Philip Long. -
Dr. Lewis Heck.
H. C. ALLMAN
_ s ` Delaware
Geo. IL Bemus.
Henry B. Hoffman,
Dr. J. Seiler.
Dr. C. M. Griffith.
Capt. J. M. Dushane. f Charles E. Boyle.
Silas M. Bally. I Thomas liose.*
Huntingdon. Mifflin and Juniata. -
- Ephraim Baker,David Banks,
James M. Brown. -1 /
John M. Porter.
Indiana and Westmoreland.
J. R. li'Afee,* H. B. Piper,
James 3PElroy,*James Rutledge,
George B. Smith.* - I James B. Sansom
Capt. A. B. Schwartz,
I Nelson Weiser,*
Lieut. Jas. M ' Quillan. 'James F. Kline.*
Col. B. F. Haynes, Anthony Grady,*
Lieut. John Harding, Daniel F. Saybert,'"
Capt. Cyrns Shaw. David S. Soon.
Lycoming, Union and Snyder.
S. C. Wingard, John Piatt,
Capt. D. A. Irstirr, Dr. Charles Wilson,2
Dr. Isaac Rothrock. Daniel S. Boyer.
Gen. M. R. MlClennan, I Dr. A. D. Markley,*
Lieut. Jos. F. Moore. ( Ed. Satterthwait.*
Gen: C. C. APCormick. f Charles W. Tharp.
Perry and Franklin.
Col. F. S. Stambaugh, I
William M'L . ellan.
Capt. Geo. A. Shuman. Capt. D. L. Tressler
Gen. W. Reifsnyder, Dr. K. Robinson,
Capt. James K. Helms, John M. Crosland,
Dr. J. C. M'Williams. Peter J. Collins.
Somerset, Bedford and Fulton.
Moses A. Ross,*A. J. Cotborn,
D. B. Armstrong." George A. Smith
.Venango and Warren.
W. L. Whinan, James P. Hoover,
Col. H. Allen Joseph M. Neill.
Washington and Bearer.
James R. Kelly,* John Birch,
Joseph B. Welsh,* Asa Manchester,
M. S. Quay.* J. A. Vera.
Capt. W. Bergatresser, James Cameron,*
John Bear. - f A. S. Lawrence.
; Was returned as elected to the last louse and was re
jected in a contest with Mr. Manly. '
WE invite attention to the large sale of valui:
ble Real Estate to-morrow at 10 o'clock by A. K.
McClure, Administrator of Rev. Jos. Clark, dec'd.
It embraces the extensive Steam Saw Mill and
Planing and 'Pash Factory of -Shepley, Clark &
Co., with its large assortment &worked and un
worked material, of which possession will be
given immediately ; the desirable residence of the
late Mr Clark, and several other houses, lots, tim
ber lands, horses, wagons, gears, &o.
MR. ROGER SHERMAN, an ex-rebel officer, ap
plied for admission to the bar in Erie recently,
and Judge Johnston rejected his application.
THE Juniata County Agricultural Fair will be
held at 31ifflintown, on the 11th, 12th and 13th of
Quietness of the City Lectures by Arte
mis Ward—lllness of Werze—The Com
mission Adjourned—The Prisoner At
taekedby theilother ofTwoofHhi
Yietlins—Lo y al Pennsylvanians Coin
ing Home to Vote.
Correspondence of the Franklin Repository.
So. SLV7Lj WASIILNGTONCETT,-,September /7, 1865,
• The week just closed has been a remarkably
quiet_ one. No murder was committed and the
robberies and street fights did not amount to
more than two hundred and fifty. Thpsaumer
ous sports of the city who delight in these pass
times, are lying back taking it cool and waiting
for a more congenial season.
The weather has not been too hot for Artemis
Ward. He has come all the way here from-Great .
Salt Lake City to bid " Moo, Moo" to his hun
dred thousand friends, preparitory to his going to
Europe. This " Adoo, Adoo" has been very af
fectionate. Not a dry eye in the audience. "Ma
ny could have borrowed money from him on the
spot" During this warm weather "No family
should be without him." Although " his style is
so different from Washington Irving's, we can
not be blind to the fact that Mr. Irving's stylti
is'different from hie." His entertainments were
nightly crowded and thousands turned away una
ble to get even a "pup at him." There never
has been in this country a more witty lecturer.
His entertainment commenced by the Pianist, a
gentleman who used to board in the same street
with Mr. Gotschalk. The man who kept the
boarding house remembers it distinctly. The ov
erture at this opening consisted of a medlefof
airs, including the touching new ballads, " Dear
Sister, is there any pie in the house 7" " My gen
tle Father, hare you any Fine-Cut about you"—
" Mother is the Battle o'er, and is it safe for me
to come Home from Canada 7" and (by request
of many Cronies who. hadn't heard it) " Tramp,
Tramp. Tramp, the , boys are marching !" While
Septembee 20, i 863.
the enraptured ear drank- in , this_ sweet music (it ,
was very sweet, as.Arteurns pays hie pianiat nine
dollars a week - and " finds him") the eye wasei
chaitiekby the magnificent green belie covering
of the yanorama. The green baize cost 40 cents',"
a yard at M. Stew art's store, it. having been
in deference to the present popularity of
" The wearing of the green," for Arternua says -
he is " bound to keep up with thetimes, if he
spends the last &diem his friends have got".
Artemis next made his appearance and was
greeted with immense applause, especially by his
ushers, who were charged to particularly attend
to this,. After quiet had been restored, Artemus
'presented a rather frisky prologue of about uteri '
minutes in length and of nearly the same width,
without regard to depth." Here the green baize
is drawn aside and the moving panorama com
mences, giving a. magnificent view of .Artemus'
trip to California and thrOugh Utah territory.
The popularity. which Artemus has obtained is
derived altogether not from what he says, but the
manner in which he says it, with the most grave,
serious and immutable expression, - constantly
keeping his hearers in a roar while he himself ap
pears as if totally unconscious of having said or
done anything to awaken their risible faculties.
On account of the sickness of Werze, the corn
mission adjourned on last 'Wednesday until next -
Monday. The prisoner has greatly improved in
appearance and will be able to appear on Mon
day. His wife is allowed to visit him, but the
two spitillial advisers, Rev'. Fathers Hamilton__
and Whelan, whom he asked to see, have pot yet
visited him. This is considered a queer affair on
the part of the Reverend Gentlemen who were.
put in possession of passes to visit the prisoner
immediately after his request. Do these - fathers
consider - the prisoner sunk so low in infamy that
they refuse to, put forth their hands to pace his
soul? Verily it does appear as if the crimes of
Werze are so monstrous, so bloody, cruel and in
human, that every living thing on the face of the
earth has deserted him. On Tuesday lust as be
was being taken Co his quarters from the court
room, in charge of the guard, an elderly lady,
aged about sixty years, who had been waiting to
see him, stepped up to the guaritand inquired if
the "prisoner was the butcher of Andersonville."
'The guard answered in the affirmative, when she
flew into a paroxysm of passion, and made at the .
prisoner with her umbrella, exclaiming, "you
wretch, you butchkr, you , murdered my son at
Andersonville." Being unable to reach him' with
her umbrella and fists, she got a brickbat and
whaled away at him, praying for the guard to on
ly let her get at him. It was with great difficul
ty-she was restrained from "clawing" him. -
It was ascertained that she was en Ohio wo
man, who is here for the purpose of securing the
back paY of her sons—all four of whom hate been
in service—one having been killed in battle, one
murdered at Andersouville—shot dead en the
dead line while endeavoring to reach a mouldy
crumb of cheese to appease his hunger; another
made hopelessly insane by the - Cruel treatment of
this fiend Werze and his hirelings, and the fourth
only left to return to his home at the close of the
war a mere wreck of a 'loam sound and heifay
man. Has * not this poo l old woman a - cause for
her actions; a heart so sad, feelings of filial love
so blighted, that nothing but death alone can re
lieve her. of her misery 1 -Will the four thousand
secesh she devils from Mississippi, with their
friends and allies who are petitioning the Presi
dent for the pardon of Davis, the real author of
her misery and woe, takel into- cortsidenationbei
case and the thousands like it? Will his Excel
lency, the President, white so liberally pardoning
"distingefished," noted, rich rebels, men who have
a record almost as bled,. as Davis himself, con
sider the case of this peor old Woman How
many mothers are there like her all over the
The loyal Pennsylvania associat of persons
temporarily employed in the government service
at this place, have taken-into consideration the
importance of every vote being polled at the com
ing election in the State, and have resolved that
each and every one attend. The Pennsylvania
and Northern Central railroad companies, with
that liberality and loyilty for which they have
been noted throughout the war, have consented
to issue excursion tickets, good from the let until
16th inclusive. This will enable all the employ
ees to reach home at a small cost. s. r.
—Governor Aiken, of South Carolina, has been
—Gen. Fitz Henry Warren has been appointed
Minister to Gautemala.
—Ex-Gov. Page of New Hampshire died at
his residence in Haverhillon the Bth inst.
—Secretary Stanton and Surgeon General
Barnes are in Boston, the guests of Hon. Samuel
—Gen. Grant is expeted to reach Cincinnatti
on the 30th, and extensile preparations are being
made for a grand reception. . „
—Damel Webster, moil of Fletcher, and grand -
son of Daniel the great', died at Marshfield on
the 9th inst., aged 25. ;
Gen. Hambright, of Lancaster, bee been ap
pointed brevet LieutemMt Colonel in the regular
army, to date from the bBth of hot June. -
" —Mr. Algernon S. Roberts; an old and honor.
edcitizen of Philadelphia, died on Thursday last,
at his country seat in Montgomery county.
—The death otThonias Chandler lialiburtoo
better known to - i l he wnrid as "Sam Slick; the
Clockmaker," is announced by the lait steamer.
-3laj. Gen. Banco l ck is sojouring -with hit
family atNorristown. The hero expresses him.
self in favor of the election of Hartranft and
—Jeff. Davis, on Friday, was taken from his
casemate prison to a reom in Carroll Hall, in
Fort Monroe. The change was made on account
of the declining health Of the prisoner. -
-Letters recently received from the family of
Judge Bates, late Attoraey-General, represent the
health of that distinguished gentleman to be such
as to create the most serious apprehension.
—Ex-Governor William Smith, of Virginia, is
expected in Washington in a few days, which he
has the permission of the President to visit.—
The parole he received heretofore required him
not to leave the county of Eunquier.
Medil, a well known Democratic
politican in Ohio, 'and who has filled important
offices of trust and lionpi in the State-and nation,
died at Lancaster, Ohio, on the 241 instant. He
was 60 years of age, and died of paralysis.
Volney Dorset, Treasurer, of the State
of Ohio, was arrested at Columbus, Ohio, on
Monday week on a charge of enibezzlement and
breach of trust. Mr. D. gave hail in the stun of
$600,000. The Governor has issued a "prods,.
oration declaring the office vacant.
—We regret to announce the death of 'Miss
Rebecca Magraw, daughter of the Hon. Henry S..
Magraw, formerly State Treasurer of Pennsyl
vania. We learn that she died on Tuesday week
after a brief illness, at her, father's country seat,
near Port Deposit, Maryl an d . The d ecease d was
a young lady of rare Personal gifts and intellec-.
—A little daughter of Geo. W. Mull, of New
vile, Cumberland county, died suddenly, a few
days ago, from the eras of eating grapes. Dr.
Zitzer, of Carlisle, says he has had several cues
in his practice, this season, where persons died
from the same cause. He believes that there is
a poison of some kind in a large portion of the
grapes . ertiwn this year.