Newspaper Page Text
11313. 1 03 OF PUBLICATION.
THE FRANKLD: REPOSITORY is published
every Wednesday morning by "THE REPOSITORY
ASSOCIATION," at $2 50 per amoral, ci ADVANCE, or
83 tt not'paiii within the year. All subscription cc
counts iIL'ST be settled annually. No paper will be sent
mien! the State unless paid for in advance, and all such
subscriptions will Invariably be discontinued at the expi
ration of the time for which they are paid.
ADVERTISEMENTS are inserted at FIFTEEN cesis
peiline for first Insertion, And. TEX cracra per line fur sub
sequent Insertions — A liberal discount is made to persons
advertising by the quarter, half-year or year. Special nu
lives charged one-half more than regular advertisements.
AR resolutions of AssoCiations ; c o mmunications of limited
or individual interest, and notices of Sfartes and Deaths
exceeding five lines, are charged fifteen cen per line.
rr AU Legal Notices of every hued, and all Orphans'
Court and other Judicial Sales, are required by law to be
;advertised in the REPOoITOILE—it baring the LARGEST CIR
CULATION of any paper published in the county of Franklin.
JOB PRINTING of every kind in Plain and Fancy col•
ore, clone with neatness and dispatch. Handbills,
Cards, Pamphlets, 6G. of every• variety and style, printed
at the shortest notice. The REPOiI roux Omer, has just
been refitted with Steam Power and three Presses and
every• thing in the Printing line can be executed in-the
most artistic manner and at the lowest rates. TERMS ES
Eir Mr. John K. Shryoek Is our nuthonzed Agent to
receive Subscriptions and Advertisements. and receipt 'for
the saute. All letters should be addressed to
rcumE & STONER, Publishers.
lard Gotate ales.
VALUABLE STEAM PLANING AND
SAW 3IILL FOR SALE—The Administrator of
the estate of Rev. Joseph Clark, deed, will join the own
ens of the other undivided interests OF ALL THE REAL
AND PERSONAL PROPERTY iir the firm of SHE' ,
LER, CLARK, & CO., and expose to sale. so as lb girt
fu4,t and complete possession and title, ou THURSDAY,
SEPTIIILBER TWENTY-FIRST at TEN O'CLOCK. A.
M., ou the prernises, the following REAL AND PER
Ist; A LO'F. OF GROUND in Cbambersburg, close to
the Cumberland Valley Railroad, with connecung track,
ou which is erectedu Frame PLANING- AND SAW-
Al-ILL, with all the necessary machinery for manufacturing
all articles uirtally manufactured in suck establishments,
and a good steam-power capable of driving all the inachi
inery in the mill and a sun in good order.
2.1. All the worked and un-worked Ll'3lßElld AND
31ATERLAL of all kinds en bond at the Mill. This em
braces a large assortment of cut Lumber and Logs, look
ing a complete stock for supplying everything in the line
3rd. A LOT OP GROG \D, adjoining, the mill proper
ty, fronting on Broad street and running , Jo the Cumber
land Valley Railroad, containing about one acre.
4th. A TRACT OF 'P13.1.13E1i LAM), purchased from
Mr. Geo. NV. Immell, adjoining lands of Jacob Nickles,
Jacob Lehman and Samuel Mellinger, in Guilford town
ship, about three -miles from Chambersburg. containing
20 acres and 95 perches. Part of this tront is covered with
very fine Oak timber.
Ith. A TIZTACT OF LAND pirchased from Michael
Diehl, situate in Antrim township, adjoining lands of 31.
Diehl, Col. D. 0. Gelu. and Mrs. Beaty, containing. fifteen
acres. This tract is covered with very superior OAK TEM
ERR andds very valuable.
6th, A TRACT OF MOUNTAIN LAND, situate in
Hamilton township, adjoining lands of Mr. Snyder and
othersabout 8 miles West of Chambershurg. containing 27
acres. This tract has been cut oil within a few years,
and is now growing up with tine Chestnut timber.
7tb. EIGIIT•HORSES, three Wagons, Gears, Chains,
Bth, A LOT OF GROUND fronting on .Broad stream
=attuning to the Railroad, adjoining property' of said de- ,
"cede= on the North, with a double:, -TWO-STORY
FRAME House, good stabling, corn-crib ifcc.., thereon
erected. The horse is quite large enough for two families.
91.11. A. LOT OF GROUND fronting on Broad street.
and running south to an alley, with a TWO-STORY
BRICT DWELLING HOUSE thereon 'erected.
Poseeaaton will be given of all the above property
immediately upon the purchaser or purchasers eaMplylng
with the terms of sale.
The entire business-portion of Chambersburg was
burned by the rebels, and to now being rebuilt rapidly
and in rely good style. It offers the beet opening for en
terprising 'mechanics or builders to conduct the inceineesof
a Planing and Sau.Thll rf 'any town in the State.
TErtsts OP SALE.,—Tenper cent of the purchase money
must be paid when the property is sold; the residue of
one-half of the purchase money must be paid when pos
session is giren,or secured by notes acceptably endorsed
at sixty days and tour months, and the other half to be
puld in two equal annual payments teeth interest from
date of sale, and to be secured by judgment on the prop
erty. A. K. krt.:LURE,
Adm'r. of Rey. Joe. Clark, dee.d.
sepl3 A. K. 7,II'CLITRE, Agent.
A. 'Zs:Er-lux, Auctioneer.
PUBLIC SALE !-drhe- subscriber will
sell, by Public Sale, at Welsh Run, one-fourth of a
mile from Bowie's Store, on Friday, the 2.2 d day of Sep
tember, 1865, the following PERSONAL PROPERTY, to
wit 1 Horse ; 2 Mitch tows, both of which are fresh; I
Fat Hog 1 Sleigh and Tongue ; 1 Wheelbarrow ; I set
of fine eagle Harness; 2 string's of Bells ; I extra Saddle:
Bridles and Halters; Forks, Bakes. Shovels, &c. ALse
HAY BY THE TUN; Corn by the bushel; Potomes in
the ground ;
3 barrels Flour; one and adialt barrels Vin
egar ; Lard by the pound Applebutter by the gallon; 1
new Stir• Net ; a lot of Bugs, &c, Also. a quantity of
LUBBER. Frames and Boards; 2AOO Palleg - s ; by
the coat; 100 cwt. of Coal: Ace, Saw ood Bock.
Also, a large and well selected variety of Household
(loads, embracing, in part, 1 set of fine Ch amber (Walnut)
Furniture, including Marble-Top Dressing Bureau and
Wash Stand, Bedstead. Wardrobe Rucking and other
Chairs, and a full set P Chamber Ware; 1 Sofa; 1 Sec
retary; 1 Centre Table; 1 Extension Dining Table; 1
Cherry do.; 3 Bedsteads; 3 Hail 3latzuss new ; 1 Tuck•
er's patent Spring for Bedstead I set of Cherry Cane.
Bottom Chairs; 1 set Walnut dd. ; 3 Rocking Chairs; 1
pair Venitian Blinds; 1 pair of Oil do. ; I set of Book
Shelves; 100 yards new Carpeting; 60 rants Oil Cloth
do., two yards wide ; 40 yards of Cocoa Slatting ; one ex•
tra Cook Stove and Fixtures ; 2 Parlor Coal Stores and
Pipe: 2 new Template Stucco with DMIII and Pipe; 1 ex.
'lra Kitchen Cupboard; 1 large Iron Kettle; two Kettle
Racks; a lot of good Crocks Barrels, Tubs, Benches, and
Tables, and a great variety of KiWhen Utensils - . not nec.
Mary to enumerate.
Sate to commence at 9 o'clock A. 31.. precisely,
on said day, when the terms will be made known.
At the same time will be offered my FARM. consisting
of 130 ACRES of excellent LIMESTONE LAND, in a
high state of cultivation. Thirty act!, of the above, are
well Timbered. The Improvements are a No. 1 D WELL
ING HOUSE, built in nuslern style, two stories high,
with ten large rooms, Slate roof. with an excellent cellar
under the whole house ; a new Frame and Stone Barn
80 ft. long, with 4 large stables., two fee ding. rooms, and a
room for Farming implements; good well of water; two
large cisterns which hold from 75 to 100 hogsheads of wa
ter ; Ice house and other building's The purchaser can
have immediate possession. with the corn fodder on the
farin, and other conveniences
DH. JOHN S. ANGLE
TWO FARMS AND MILL FOR
1 SALE !—The undersigned, Executors to the Estate
of Jacob Deitrich. late of Hamilton township, deed, will
offer at Public Sale, the following Real Property, late the
Estate of said decedent, viz:
A SLATE LAND FARM, situate in Hamilton town
ship, en the road leading from St. Thomas to Strasburg,
about seven wiles from Chambersburg. containing One
Hundred and Eighty? Leo Acre., This Farm has been
well timed within the last tenyi ars. and is now producing
heavy' of Hay and Grain. The improvements are,
a two-Storied i'Veatherboarded and Brick Dwelling
House; large Bank Barn; two Wagon Sheds; two Car•
rage Houses; and a large STONE MILL 45 feet by 40.
lately repaired and now in the bast order, and is located
in a 14 . 001/ neighborhood for Grain and Custom Work,
which gives it a decided advantage rar er many other Mills.
About If acres of iha aloes e Tract are Meadow, and about
10 acres Timber Land- This Farm will be divided to suit
Also, Three Lots of TIMBER LAND. adjoining lands
of Henry'Reefer, Martin Detwiler and William Bunsen,
containing. respectively, 23 Acres and 104 Perches, 19
Acres and 10 Perches, and 20 Acres.
The above property v. ill be sold on Wednesday the 211th
Also, A LIMESTONE FARM. situate in St Thomas
township, within a half. mile of St. 'Thomas, containing
'X ACRES. This Farm is well improved, Las lately
been limed, and ull under good fence, the greater part be.
tog post-and-rail About 15 Acres are in good Timber.—
The improvements are a large BRICK 1101; S E an d
Bank Burn, nearly new, and all the necessary out.build•
logs. This Farm will be sold on Thureday, the .21st of
Sole to commence at ID &clock on each day, ri hen
thr,terms will be made known.
- JOHN DIETRICH,
Executors; of J Dietrich, deed
VO FARMS AT PUBLIC SALE.—
rhe _undersigned, Executor of William Christ,
dee'd. will offer at Public Sale. on the premises, en Fri.
dew, the 6th day of Octobr, r. 18b3. the following desirable
Real Estate, to wit: A TRACT OF SLATE LAND.
situated in Antrim township, lying between the St. Thom
as Road and the Road leading to Nave's Saw 31111—about
two and a-half miles from Greencastle, two and a-half
miles from Stitzel's Mill end two miles from Itankio's
Mill, containing 157 ACRES, Forty Acres of which are
well Timbered; a large portion Meadow, and the balance
In a good state of cultic ration The improiernents are a
Two-Storied LOG HOUSE, Log Bans and other Out -
Buildings. There is a_Acell of good Water at the Dwel
ling, and good ranning Water from Springs through the
Farm far watering stock. Tkere is, also, a young Or
chard of choice Fruit Trees on the premises.
nT Sale to commence rat 2 o'clock, P, B. when the'
termewill be made known.
Also—there will be offered, on Saturday, Ortobrr7th,
200 ACRES OF SLATE LAND, !ornate in Montgotre
ery township, on Dun's Gap Read, about seven miles from
Mercemburg, adjoining lands of Jacob Slartin and others
Fifty Acres of the above Tract are in Timber a large
part in good Meade*, and the balance in a high state of
cultivation. The Improvements ure a large, two-storied
WEATIIERBOARDED MOUSE, Log EarmYand oili•
er Out-Buildings. There is an excellent Spring . of Water
near the Dwelling, nod a large Orchard of choke Fruit
Tree on the premises, 'nth as Apple, Peach, Pear,
Plumb., Cherry, &c. This Farm is well adapted, and ad
vantageously located for raising Stock, &u. Licking
Creek runs through this Farm. and Las on it, belonging
to the Estate, a good SAW .MILL.
. Sale to commence at 1 o'clock, P. M. when the
terms will be made known.
sepl3-4t GEORGE S. GRIST, Ex'r.
ITIRUSTEES' SALE.---Ther e will be ex
posed to sale, by way of pubtle oulery. Thar ,,,,, ;
September 28th, on thespretises, the following described
Real Estate, situate in Quincy township, Promdin comity.
Pa, containing 160 ACRES nod allowance. adjoining Le-
Sanders, Robert' M'llvaney and Samuel Sear, ghoul 120
Acres of which are clear said 12 Aereq good Meadow—all
fenced and under good cultivation. There is a go o d t wo .
Story STONE DMr ELI,' NG ROUSE, Sto ne Spring
Rouse, Stone Darn and other linildings thereon erected.
The Land in Limestone, and lies 3 toiler North of Wnynes
boro, on the road lending to Chatnbershurg. Little
tarn taws through the tract, and the cattle have access to
irater from ev ery field but one.
TER)IB t —One-balf of the purchase money to be paid
Ist April, 186t5, balance in two equal annual payments,
Lettring interest from 101 April, ISMI,
- 4.4t - .• --. ..:::„..: , ,t4itiiitilt . At->:-_.#_-‘littt,ti,'-',.
BY M'CLURE & STONER.
tied Oztate *alto.
VALUABLE TOWN PROPERTY FOR
BALE—ADJOURNED SALE.—By virtue of no
order of the Orphans' Court of Franklin county, the under
signed, Administrator of the estate of Rev. Joseph Clark,
deceased, will sell by pnblio outcry, on the premises, on
THURSDAY, THE TWENTY-FIRST DAY OF SEP.
TERMER, AT TEN O'CLOCK, A. Id., Ike following dese 4 b.
I. 'rho Lot and Dwelling House of the late Bev. Joseph
Clark, situate on Broad street, Chambersburg, and run
ning to the Cumberland Vallet- Railroad. The lot con
tains about one acre, and in good condition, with trees,
fruit, &c., planted and growing , well. The House is a
large story-and•a-half cottage building, constructed of
Brick, in the best style, well finished and admirably sr
ranged throughout It is one of the most commodious and
comfortable dwellings in Chambersburg.
t?.. A Lot containing nearlyone acre, adjoining the dwel
ling house on the south, fronting on Broad street and run
ning to the Railroad. It adjoins the Planing Mill on the
3. A Lot of Ground adjoining the mansion property On
the north. fronting on Broad street and running to the Rail
road, with a small two-story BRICK ROUSE thereon
4. A - Lot fronting on tholloilroad, and adjoining the lot
last above described, with a small frame home thereon
5. A - Pasture Lot containing about one acre, fronting on
Brand street, adjoining lots of T. B. Kennedy and others.
• s l'ossession of the above properties will be given
on the tat of April next, excepting the unimproved lots,
of which possession will be given immediately.
Terms will be made known on day of sale by
A. K 3FCLURE,
sepl , 3 Adm'r of Joseph Clark, deed.
F. A. ZAKILts, Auctioneer.
EXECUTOR'S SALE OF REAL ES
TATE.—In pursuance of the last will and testament
of Daniel Conrad. late of Peters township, Franklin coun
ty. Pa., there will be exposed to Public Sale, on the pre
mises, on Saturday. October 7th, 1E45, at 1 o'clock, P. M.,
the following property, to wit: The FARM of said dece
dent, lying along the Cove Gap Road. 1 mile tram Cove
Gap, adjoining lands of Win. Welton' and Geo. Crozier
on the west, David finger's hews on the north, and others
on the east, containing 187 ACRES, with the allowance,
of Santimml,Clay land. About 140 acres are cleared and
in a pretty*ood state of cultivation; 18 acres in Meadow,
and fasre"Meadow Land can be made; the residue covered
with valuable Timber. The improvements consist of a
uossl two-storied Log and WeatherbOard DWELLLNG
110 USE and Kitchen; Smoke House and Granary, with
Cellar under it, in the yerd near the Dwelling; a good
Frame Barn, and all necessary out-buildings; a good Cis
tern, and a Well of Water convenient to the house. There
is also on the premises a fine young APPLE ORCHARD,
of choice trees, with a variety of other Fruits, such as
Plum, Pear, Cherry, &c. A Mae large stream of water
mns through the farm, to which particular notice is called.
The stream passes through the barn-yard, making it con
venient for watering stock. A lane extends through the
farm connecting-with all the fields.
The above farm will be divided to suit purchasers, if
not sold in a body. If not sold on said day, it will be of
fered for rent. Persons wishing to view the property can
do so ht calling on thepremises.
sepl3-4t ~ .„DANIEL CONRAD, Executor.
PUBLIC SALE OF REAL ESTATE.
The undersigned, Executors of the last will and tes
lament of Henry Brewer, late of Warren township, deed,
will offer at Public Sale, on or near the premises. on Sag
turday, the 311 h' day of September, 1865, the following de
scribed Real Estate, to wit:
No. 1, The ALANSION FARM, adjoining Lands of Ja
cob Myers, Jonathan Yeable and Samuel Furry, contain
ing 25 , ACRESund 95 PERCHES, with a WEATHER
BOARDED DWELLING HOUSE, Frame Barn and
other improvements thereon erected.
No 2. A tract or messuage of LAND, adjoining lands
orFrOtlk Fritz. Josiph Phenime and others, containing
ACRES and 13 PERCHES, with a two story• STONE,
DWELLING ROUSE, Bank Barn and other improve
ments thereon erected.'
No. 3. A tract or message of LAND, adjoining lands
of Samuel Zimmerman. Solomon Cook, John H. Thomas
and John Zimmerman:containing 111 ACRES and 40
PERCHES, with a LOG DWELLING HOUSE Log
Barn and other ini , roverneuts the'reon erected.
No. 4. A tract csf MOUNTAIN LAND. adjoining lands
of Denton Brewer, Joseph Phenicie and the mountain slu
rr. ev, containing El ACRES and ISt PERCHES.
the abort described property is well supplied with good
water, andArelt Timbered with a reasonable number of
Fruit Trees on the same. _
Sale to commence at ten o'clock, A. on said day
when terms vrtlibe made knossliby
SIMON BREWER l
DENTON BREWER, EX'"
VALUABLE FARM AT ORPHANS'
COURT SALE,—By virtue of an Order issuing out
of the Orphans' Court of Franklin County, there will be
exposed at Yubito Sale on Saturday, the 30th day of Sep
amber, 7 Btii , on the premises, the following Real. Estate,
The MANSION FARM, late the property of Jan, Law
son, deed, situate in Montgomery township. containing 436
Acres and 71 Fetches, neat measure, with a large and
comfortable DWELLING- HOUSE, a good Barn and
other necessary• improvements thereon erected i two hum
dred and eighty Acres of which are good Farm Land,
part Limestone and part Slate; the balance is set with
ttinvinFUltestnitt, Poplar, hickory, and. Onk Timber.—
There is oho a valuable Meadow belonging to the Farm;
and two never-failing Springs of water near the Dwelling
lloutle. with running water in every field. Also, a thri
ving Young Orchard. of (-kind Frith. The Farm is con
venient to Storrs, Mills and Churches, and will be sold in
whole or separate tracts to suit the purchaser. Any one
Wishing to see the property can do so by applying to the
undersigned or to the Messrs. Lawson on the premises.
Also, A tract of TIMBER LAND. situate on the Clay
Lick, well covered with Pine. Chestnut and Rock Oak
Timber, containing 33 Acres and 113 Perches, neat me-ms
Sale to commence at 1.2 o'cicok, on said day when the
terms wft be made known. W/LLIASI BOYD,
Adair de bon& Iwo with the will Annexed of James
Lawson. deed. sepG-ts
WO FARMS FOR SALE.—The sub
scriberr offers at Private Sale, the following valuable
Real Property, to wit: A TRACT OF LAND, situate
is Hamilton township, on the Warm Spring Road, about
31 miles from Chambersburg, containing aa ACRES,
more or less, of good Gravel Land, adjoining lands ofJohn
Martin, George Fisher and Chnsthin Bitner. The im
provements are a two-storied BRICK HOUSE, Brick and
Frame Bank Barn, Wagon Shed and Corn Crib, Carriage
House and other out-buildings. There is a Well of good
Water at the Dwelling and Cisterns at - Barn ana House.
About 'Si 0r 30 Acres of the above tract is well set with
thriving young TIMBER. There is a large young OR
CHARD on the premises, now in full bearing. A large
Garden adjoins the House, and contains 180 Dwarf Pear
Trees. 3tl Dwarf Apple Trees, and 40 fine bearing (choice
variety.) Grape Vtlies., - There is also a Tenant House,
Stable, Blacksmith Shop; Lime Kiln, Draw Kiln, Se. on
Also—About 14 ACRES OF 310UNTALN LAND, sit
uate in St. Thomas township, about it miles from St.
Thomas. well set with young Chestnut.
If the above properties are not sold previous to the 6th
diry of October, they will on thnt day be offered nt Public
Sale, on the premises, at 1 o'clock, P. M.
Persons disposed to view the above premises, will be
shown the fame, by calling on John N. Snider or Michael
Rutt, residing near the first named tract.
JOHN N. SNIDER,
ang3o-5t JACOB E. BUTT.
SHENANDOAH VALLEY LANDS!t.
REAL ESTATE AGENCY AT HARRISONBURG, VA
TOW AND COUNTRY PROPERTIES FOR SALE.
We bave now for sale very desirable Farms, located in
the counties of Ang - usta, Rockingham, Shenandoah, Page,
Pendleton and Hardy.
The Farms cilatam from 40 to 503 Acres, and we are
pririlegell to suledivide large tracts of land if desired by
Many of the Farms are within an easy drive of the
county town in which they are located, thereby securing
an early market.
The improvements are gener4ly good, and on the farms
are springs and running stream* of water, Lusa ell as plenty
of the very best timber.
- It is sathcient recommendation for these lands to say
that they lio to the very heart of the Shenandoah Valley,
st hich has a worldwide reputation for fertility of soil and
beauty of scenery.
Par description of properties and ternin, apply or
address us at our office, in Harrisonburg Rockingham
County. Va. (july`26-3ml J. D. PRICE &
_Llj ÜBLIC SALE.—WiII be offered at
Public Sale, on the premises, an Thursday, the 514
day Of October, 1005, at 1U o'clock, A. M., the following
dedrable Real Estate, T A TRACT OF LAND, sit
mite in Montgomery township. Franklin county, Pa.,
withia twoand admit miles of Idereersburg, undone•
fourth of a glile from the Pike leading to Greencastle,
bounded by lgtids of Dr. J. W. Meister, Noah Myers and
others, containing 110 ACRES and 20 PERCHES. The
above Farm to ina high state of cultivation , and has there
on over See hundred pannels of good Post-and• Rail Fence.
The Improvements are a good BRICK 1101111 E, with a
go o d Log Kitchen and Dining room attached; a good
double Log 13am, shedded all round, with two Floors ;
Brick Granary •, Carnage HOuse; Wagon Shed; Smoke
House, doe. 'rheas. is also, on the
,premises, a well of
never-failiag Water, with Pump in' it, neur the Dwelling;
running Rioter convenient for stock, and a good thriving
Orchard of grafted Fruit. A small portion of said Farm
is in good 'limber. There is a good Water Power and
Still Sent on said premises. Also, about 17 Acres of gond
TIMBER LAND, about onedburth of a mile from said
Farm, which . n ill be sold with or without the alxrve, to
suit purchasers. . .
r:ir Persons wishing tot ton• the prenlisus, prerlons to
sale can do so by calling on the undersigned, residing
thereon. JAMES WITHEESPOOII,
unglG fits Ex'or or John Witherspoon, deed.
ADJOURNED PUBLIC SALE OF
REAL 'ESTATE.—In pursuance of an order of
the Court of Common Pleas of Franklin county, I will sell,
on the premises, in Letterkenny township, Franklin corm•
ty, on Saturday, the 30th day of September, 1565, the
FA/LII owned by John Richter and Abraham Sabm,
dee'd, containing Two Hundred and Forty-Nine Acres
and Our Hundred and Fifteen Perches. This land is in
good order, sad has on ft in good DWELLING HOUSE,
a good Born, and other convenient and necessary out
buildings There is n large and never.failing Spring of
excellent Water between the House and the Barn. This
property is a most desirable one, and the title indisputa•
re A mall Dower interest, duo to the Widow of
Abraham Salem, dee'di will remain in the Farm. The
balance or the Farchase Money will be paid as follows :
51,000 on the day of sale, and the remainder on the let of
April, Ina'', when possession and a Deed will be given the
purchaser. To persons wishing to invest money In land,
this is a desirable chance.
Person.. wishing to view the property previovs to the
day of sale, will be accommodated by culling on John
Sliehter,, at his residence, or on Susannah Siam; on the
1V bale to'commence at 1 o'clock, P, M.
sepl3 t# High Sheriff of Franklin Ctmnty, Pa.
ffIWO FARMS AT PUBLIC SALE.-
..L. The undersigned, Administrator with the will an
nexed of John Spitzer, deed.. will offer at Public Sale,
on the premises, on Friday, the ißth of September, 1863,
the following Real Estate or said deed, consisting of TWO
FARMS, situated in Dublin township, Huntingdon coun
ty, Pa., one-half mile East of Bug t Cabins;
Tract No. 1, contains 179 ACRES of Land in good state
am:titivation. About 33 Acres is well TIMBERED.—
The Improvements are a DOUBLE LOG DWELLING
HOUSE, Log Bean, Large Frame Stable and Corn Cribs,
Wash House, Spring House and never failing spring nea
the door, and an Apple Orchard-
Tract No. 2, a,* Ming the above, containing one lints.
deed twenty ACRES of Land. in good state of cultivation.
About 23 Acres is well TI3IBERED. The improvements
are a FRAME DWELLING HOUSE, Frame Barn,
Spring of Water near Dwelling, and an Apple Orchard.
The above properties will be sold seperately or to
gether, to suit purchasers.
above Farms Ile within one mile of the late survey
of the Satithern Penna. Railroad.'
Possession given on the first day of April next.
Sale atone o'clock P. M. Terms made known at Sale.
JAMES CREE, Administrator
scpll-3t] with the will annexed of John Spitzer, deed.
'ALUABLE F ARM AT PRIVATE
V SALE.—The undersigned offers at Private Sale,
his FARM, situated in Lurgan township, Franklin coun
ty, Pa.. adjoining lands of John E. and John :irony,
Danielappinger, Joseph Mowers, and others, near the
Conodogninett creek, and about 5 miles from Shippens
burg, containing 268 ACRES of good SLATE LAND,
well limed. 70 acres of this tract is well TIMBERED,
25 acres in MEADOW and the balance in a high state of
cultivation, aliin excellent order and well fenced. The
above Farm will be equally divided and sold separately.
The Improvements on the cne tract are a two storied log
WEATHERBOARDED HOUSE, new Bank Barn 72
feet long, wagon shed and another necessary and convert
tent out-buildings. There is a Well of never failing Wa
ter at the door. There is a good TENANT HOUSE on
the Second tract with a well of Water convenient to the
House, and all necessary out-buildings. There is an Or
chard of choice fruit on both of the above tracts.
Persorii wishing to view the Farm can do so by calling
on the subscriber, living in Hamilton township, or on John
E..IPCIay, adjoining the Farm_
If the above Farm is not sold by Private Sale, on or
before Thursday, the sth dayof (ktobrr, it will on that
day be offered at Public Sale, at 1 o'clock, P. H. If not
sold on that day. it wilt be rented.. Possession given on
, the Ist April, 1666. [sepl3.3t] JOHN ZOO%.
FA-I'mATPUBLIC SALE.—The un
dersigned will sell at Pnblic Outcry, on the premises,
on Wednesday, the 4th of October next, a TRACT OF
LAND, situated in Guilford township. Franklin county,
adjoining lands of. Thaddens Stevens, Henry George and
others, containing about 149 ACRES. There are over 100
Acres cleared and in good farming order, most of it clear
ed within the last 7 years. A small portion of it is Lime
stone Land, the balance Sand Stone. The improvements
are a good twesstcated BRICK DWELLING HOUSE,
good Frame Bank Barn, Wagon Shed with 2 Corn Cribs,
Carriage House and all necessary out buildings. There
are TWO YOUNG ORCHARDS of good Fruit on the
place, and a well of excellent, neverlailing Water near
the House, a good Cistern at the House, and also one near
the barn. There are about 30 Acres of excellent RUSE
TIMBER LAND on the place, among the best Timber to
be found in the county, and there is good IRON ORE on
a considerable portion of the farm. Possession trill beigi,
yen on the Ist of April next, or as soon as sold if desire".-
Sale to commence at 1 o'clock on said day, when the
terms will be made known by
sepl:3-3t JAMES M. RENFREW.
VALUABLE FARM ATPUBLIC
SALE—The undersigned will offer at 'Public, Sale,
on the premises, on Thundery, the 12th day of Odober,
1865, at one I'. M., when the terms will be made known,
their FARM, situate on the road leading from Chambers.
burg to Brough's Mill, about one mile from the formes
place, containing ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY
ACRES, about two-thirds of the very best quality of
Limestone land, the balance Tumbling Stone and Slate.
The improvements consist of a good two story BRICK
HOUSE, a very large Stone and Brick Bank Barn, near.
ty new, Wagon Shed, Corn Crib, and all necessary out.
buildings, a Well of excellent Water and Cistern at the
door, and an ORCHARD of choice Fruit in good bearing
Also—at the same time and place, will be Wiled A
TRACT OF TIMBER LARD, situate in Hamilton
township, opposite Walk's Mill, containing about FIF.
Persons wishing. to 'slew the premises can dose by call
Mg on Peter Brindle, residing therein, or either of thOin
uersigned- SAMUEL GREENAWALT,
M 3 MI!
A DESIRABLE FARM FOR SALE. -
Will be sold bv Publlc Out-cry, on the 30th of Sep
tember neM, TWO - HUNDRED AND SEVENTEEN
ACRES of Gravel and Slate land, situate in Hamilton
township, Franklin county, Penns, about 5 miles South-
West of.Chatabershurg. This farm is well Watered, hay.
ing Water in every field and well reticulated for raising
stock. The unprovensents are a LOG LOUSE, (Wendt
erboarded,) Log Balm, Wagon' Shed, large flay Shed,
Spring House, Smoke House and Wash House, with a
Well of never failing Water at the door. On another part
of the torso there is a Log Sloane, part Weatherboardod.
and Log Darn and Wagon F.thecL This tract of land Is
all in a good state of cultivation and all under good fence.
Back Creek runs through the farm, where improved.
Flood Fences are put up. There Is also twenty•five acres
of TIMBER, and else a good Tenant Sloane. There is
upon the farm IrA FRUIT TREES. just commencing to
bear. It Is well suited to dreads into two farms. 'nile
farm joins lands of John Miller, David Gips', John Grove,
Jacob Picking and others. and will be sold without re
serve. Persons wishing to purchase will please call anal
view the premises. [angt2) JOHN SARVER.
TRUSTEE'S SALE.—The undersigned,
Trustee. appointed by the Orphans' Court of the
County of Franklin, will sell at Public Sale, on Saturday,
the :Art day of -Orlober nem, the following described Real
Estate of Christicsa Royer, late of Antrim township, drc'd,
situate on the Cgambersbarg and Greencastle roast about
one mile and a 11-aIl from Greencastle. containing FIFTY
FOUR ACRES •ansi r -EIGHTY-ONE PERCHES, neat
measure, bounded by lands of A. Flemming, Joe. 'PO,-
seeker, Jacob Grave and others, having thereon erected a
good BRICK DWELLING, a Bank Barn, Spring house,
with a Well of good c)Vater near the door, a good Hogs
Pen, all new and in excellent repair. There Is also on
the premises a YOUNG ORCHARD bearing choice fruit.
The provost ) is in good repair, in a line state of cultiva
tion and near market, making It a very desirable prop
erKrsons wishing to view thepropeThy can do so by cull
ing on the undersigned. living adjoining the farm.
Sale to commence on said clay at one o'clock, when at
tendance xr,lll be given and the terms make known, by
sepl3 ennisTfrAN ROYER, Trustee.
lIABLE FARM—By order of the
Orphans' Coart of Franklin county, Pa., will be sold
at Public Sale, on the premises, on Wednesday, the 4th of
OcrobrrLlS6s, the FARM belonging to the Estate of Nan
cy K. Carib:3, dec'd, situated two miles South-Rest of
Mercearusg, containing 137 ACIW.S of first-rate Land,
adjoining !awls of Adam &M. fluke and others. On the
premises are a never-falling Struain of Water, Bank Barn.
STONE HOUSE, Wagon Shed and Corn Crib. Also, a
first-rate Apple Orchard. More than one-half of the Fen
cing is Locust Post and Chestnut Rail.
Also, at the same time and place, TWO TRACTS OF
UMBER LAND, 17 ACRES and 153 ACRES, within
two and three miles of the farm.
. . .
Terms, as prescribed by the Court. Ooe.balf on the
first day of April, .1.5C.4 and the balance in three equal an
nual payments, with Interest.
Sale to commence at 1 o'clock, P. M.
Persons wishing to view the premises can cull on the
tenant or James 0. Carson. of Mercersburg.
soptl3.4t. TiIO3IAS CARSON, Adm'r.
PUBLIC SALE !—The undersigned
of Public Sale, on Saturday, the ‘2, - id day
of September, 1885, the FARM situate in Letterkenny
township, , on the road leading from Strasburg to Roxbury,
two miles from the former and two and nbalf miles from
the latter place, adioining lands of Abraham Wenger,
Remy Rife, John Rife and others, containing 124 Acres &
84 PERCHES OF SLATE LAND; about'S acres of the
above are well Timbered, and 20 stereo in Meadow, the
balance is under good cultivation and well fenced. The
improvements are a two-storied Rungliditist HOUSE,
with - a otiesturied Kitchen, Frame Weatherbourdeit Barn,
and all necessary nut buildings, There is running water
through the land and a well of excellent water at the
kitchen door. There is also an Orchard of Choice Fruii
On the premises. Persons wishing to view the property
can do so, by calling on 'Wm. Creamer, residing on the
ItaP Sale to commence at 1 o'clock, when the terms
will be made known by
sepG HENRY H. WENGER.
A LIEN &C 0.,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
have fur sale come CUOICE LANDS in Augusta, Rock
bridge, Fauquier and Albemarle counties, Va. There
are five oP six FARMS in Augusta; averaging about 200
Acres each, with good improvements, a very valuable
farm of about 200 Acres within three roues of Lexington,
in Rockbridge county, well improved; about 2,900 Acres
of the finest Grass and Wheat Land In Fauguler county,
on the Manassas Gap Railroad, which will be divided Into
farms Insult purchasers, the celebrated BLENIIEIM ES
TATE, in Albermarle county, containing about POO Acres,
with Improvements of the best kind, and a large tract of
land abounding with Iron Ore and well Timbered on the
Central Railroad, in Augusta county, with .a Furnace
thereon, now in full operation, and oilier lands exceeding
ly desirable. ..,Entire pence and perfect order exist to the
counties in which these lands lie.. Address
sep6-titc - ALLEN & CO., Staunton, Va.
VALUABLE MILL PROPEItTY AT
PRIVATE SALL—The undersigned, agent for the
heirs of Matthew McKee, deed, offers at Private Sale,
the " WOODSTOCK MILLS," eltnated in Green town.
Alsip, Franklin county, Pa. The property contains about
15 ACRES of land, bassi two story Stone and Weather.
boarded GRIST 31ILL, SAW 31ILL, an excellent two
story BRICK ROUSE, two story Weatherbotaded Rouse,
Miller's Molise and other improvements thereon erected.
The Mill is in good repair. The watei power one of the
best on the creek.
Posaessloa given immediately. Terms easy.
sepl3.tf JOHN It OM Agent for Heir's.
PRIVATE SALE OF REAL ESTATE.
—The undersigned offers at Private Sale, Omit 70_
ACRES of highly improved wheat Growing SLATE
and GRAVEL LAND, situate about 2 miles fidm Chow
bentbrug, between the Turnpike and Wlland's road, ad-
Joining lands of Charles Evans and D. S. Raisher. There
Is a large LOG BARN on the premises and a Wall of ex
cellent Water. Much of the above tract is watered by
Springs, used for meadows and pasturage. 'rite whole
is well fenced and in good condition, and will he eold in
whole or in parcels to salt purchasers. Possession gia en
Immediately. atucg-tf D. S. REJSIILIL
TWO FARMS FOR SALE.—The sub
scriber offers at Private Sale TWO FARMS ad a
LOT OF MOUNTALN LAND. Persons disposed toper.
chase will please call on the undersigned, residing on the
Mansion Tract, on the Baltimore turnpike, one mile East
of Fayotevillet 7ane"Ltf JOHNO BIGIIAM.
CHANBERSBURG, PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTRAIRER (20 186,5.
ipIARDI AT PUBLIC SALE.—WiII be
offered at Public Sale, on the premises, on Thursday
the sth day of October, lE4' at 10 o'clock, A. 3L, the fol
lowing desirable Real Estate, viz A FARM, situate in
Montgomery township, Franklin county, Pa., about three
miles from 3lercersburg, on the road lending to the Corner,
bounded by lands of Daniel Miller, Abram and Noah My
ers, containing 125 ACRES OF SLATE LAND, nearly
allAcif which has been fresh limed. and on which there is
a t five hundred panels of good Post•and-Rall Fence.
The Improvements are, a good LOG DWELLING
HOUSE ; good Log and Frame shedder' Barn ; Wagon
Shed and Corn Crib ; a well of never-failing Water in the
yard, nod a floe young Orchard of choice Fruit. About
twenty acres of the above tract is excellent TIMBER.
Cp'` Persons wishing to view dm premises, previous to
sale, can do Sc, by calling on the undersigned, residing
about one•fourth of a mile from them.
nug 19, ISG;i•ts JAMES WITHERSPOON.
WOOLEN FACTORY AND REAL
ESTATE FOR SALE.—The undersigned offers
at Private Sale the property well known as GOOD'S
W OOLEN FACTORY, situated in Green township,
Franklin county, Pa., one mile north of Fayetteville, on
the Cold Spring Run, a never failing stream, with suffi
cient head and fall for driving any kind of machinery.
The Factory is a two Storied Frame Building, with a set
of Carding Machines. Fulling Mill, it Power Looms, Spin.
ing Machine and every thing necessary for the business.
There is also a Coloring HousB convenient to the factory.
Also—ld ACRES of LAND, '2O Acres of which is under
fence, the balance is well set with young chestnut timber.
The improvements arc a two Storied ROUGILCAST
DWELLING, near the factory, I Tenant Rouses, Wagon
Shed, Stable and other out bantling's.
The Factory is well known and has at present a goal
run of custom. For further particulars apply to or ad
dress MICHAEL GOOD, Fayetteville, P, 0.
GOOD PAC TORY, Aug. 21-3 m
PIIBLIC SALE.—There will be offered
at Pablie Sale, on the premises, on Thursday, the
list of September 'next, a desirable FARB, situate in Pe
ters township, Fninklin county,i-Pa., two miles west
of Mercersburg, and one mile east of the Cove Gap, on
the Turnpike leading to :IPComiellbhurg, containing 215
ACRES, mare or less, about 30 Acres of Which are Tim
ber land. The improvements consist of a large BRICK
HOUSE, Bank Barn, Tenant House, and all necessary
out-budding& Them are two wells of never-failing Wa
ter and a good Young Orchard on the Farm.
Persons wishing to view the premises can do so by call
ing on Joseph Briggs, near the farm, or the undersigned,
If not sold on the above day it will be offered for rent.
rAo3O Ex'r of Geo. Brim. decd.
Pir On the same day will be offered all the PERSO
NAL PROPERTY of the said deceased. Sale to com
raerial at 9 o'clock.
ORPHANS' COURT SALE.—By virtue"
of an order of the Orpbans'Court of Pranklai county,
Pa., the undersigned, Administrator of J. B. 31'Cune, late
of the Borough '43t Mercersburg, dee'd, will offer at Public
Sale, on the premisci, an Thursday, the ilist day of Sep
sanbcr, at 1 retook, P.M., the following described Real
Estate of said deceased. viz
A LOT OF GROUND. known on plan of said Borough
as Lot No. 51, situate on _Main street, and having thereon
erected a DOUBLE BRS CS DWELLING HOUSE,
Log Stable and other buildings, together with sufficient
ground foran Alley lending from stud lot to California st.
'Fho property is in good condition, with Fruit Trees of an
excellent quality thereon.
Also—The LOT known as No. 116, on Back street, on
which is erected a DOUBLE LOG DWELLING HOUSE
arranged for the accommodation of two families.
Possession of said properties to be given on Ist day of
April next. Terms made known on day or sale, by
aug3o ~. W. B. 31.'CUNE,`Aduir.
- VEAL ESTATE AT PUBLIC SALE.
xu—The undersigned will offer at Public tile, on the
premsies, on Friday, the tth day of dslitasmt , , 12-63, the
following Real Estate, towitt about `.2I..VES of excel
lent LIMESTONE LAND, situated in uilford town
ship, at Newt Franklin, adjoining Heins of Jno Renfrew,
Phases and Jne. Duffield, and others. The imps. e
meats art a two-storied LOG HORSE Weatherboarded
Ritchen, LOG BARN. in good repair, and other nec
essary out-huildings. .Their is also a variety of FRUIT
TREES on the premises and a cistern at the house, and
one at the Barn for watering stock. This is the most
;instinctive land in Franklin county, and is only offered
far sale on account of the owner living irs the West.
Sate to commence at I o'clock. when the terms ffin ho
made - known. (sepl3-3to, ELIZABETH FRILL.
ORPHANS' COURT.SALE.—By virtue
of on order of the Orphans' Court of Franklin Co.,
Pa., .I. will expose to Pubhc Sale, as the promhYs, 011 Fri
' e.sy, tke ‘22724 , day of September, iatis. at 1 o'clock. I'. NL,
all' that TRACT of LAm), situate in Guilford township,
in said (want), adjoining lands of Wm. Reed. Jeremiah
Harmon., Fredrk. Geltrii and others, on the road leading
from Marion to Greenwood, about ii miles East of the cif.
lageorNow Franklin, containing about 13() ACRES neat
measure. This tract Is all Limestone, with a Log Weath
ertmarded DWELLING ROUSE. Wash 110 - use, Log
_Barn, Frame Wagon Shed, with Corn Cribs,' a well of
never failing water at the house. with cisterns at house
and barn. There are about as Acres to growing Timber,
— with two 07.01=13 of good fruit.
martin HIRAM SOWERS.
EAL ESTATE AT PUBLIC SALE.
undersigned will offer at Public Sale, on the
premises, on Saturday, the 7th day of Ortober, 186.5, the
following Real Fhtate, via: about ISi ACRES of excel
lent Slate Land, Situated in Hamilton township, roe toile
from Charriberslattg. on the Straomrg fired. The im
provement aro a LUG ROUSE, Log Barn and - other out
buildings. There is a well of good water at the house and
choice Fruit on the premises. This is a desirable tract of
land. being' highly improved and well fenced.
Sale at I o'clock, when the terms will be made known.
eepl:3-9t. EIENRY FA t:BEL.
PUBLIC SALE.—WiII be sold by Pub
lic Sale, en the premises. on fratucsday, the
inst. at 2 o'clock, A LOT OP-GROUND. containing
about ii ACRES, situated t4t, and a.half miles west of
Chambersbury, on the Turnpike. A large part of the
ground was timed a year since. The fine variety of Apple,
Peach. Cherry. and Pear Trees, in thriving condition,
and its proximity to town, make it a dedmblelocabon for
any one disposed to engage in raising vegetables and
hunt for the Chambersburg Market.
Terms made known on dal: of Sale by
eepl:kat' A. WELWAIN
VALUABLE TOWN PROPERTY AT.
V PRIVATE SALE.—The subscriber offers at Pri
vate Sale. the LOT OP GROUND sauated at the corner
of Main and Queen Streets, long occupied by Huber St
Tether! ns a Hardware Stare.
The lot front,' 01 feet on Main Sithet and 140 feet on
Queen, and Is one of the oldest and ine.a desirable hard
ness Ils , atons in Chamberaburg. It will be sold with the
trutterud on the ground, in the moot advantageous terms.
'No money required for Pive years.
aug,3o.4t D. WOLFF.
MILL PROPERTY FOR SALE.—The
subscribeiintendiug to more West, offers tit Pri
vate Sale his valuable MILL PROPERTY, situate in
Southampton township, Franklin count•, Pa, one mile
east of Orrstowa and four miles West of Shippensburg,
comprising 54 ACRES of land, with n Stone and Frame
GRIST MILL, running two ixtir of Burrs, a new SAW
MILL, anew two storied BRICK DWELLING and oth
er necessary buildings ebei-eon erected. Persons desiring
to purchase will please call on the undersigned, residing
on the property. [ang9.3m) JACOB 3IETZ.
i l lersonal Vrqertg „Salts.
G O V ERN lIEN T MULES
AT AtETION TN
at Champions Batarr, ho 11'26 Rau Street.
100 MULES '
Will be sold each Wednesday and Saturday throughout
the month qf September, commencing at 10 o'elock, A. 31.,
These Melee are nearly all2,6rst Class, and in good con
dition,' being sold only for scant of use.
Even- facility will be allbritittl, for an examination, on
the part of buyers.
Terms Cash in Government Funds.
ALBERT S. ASH3LEAD,
ang3lblit, Capt. and A. Q. 31..
LOOK HERE.—The BOOK AND PE
RIODICAL STORE at GREENCASTLE. Pa.,•
which is dohig a good bustnegi, is offered for sale. Fur
100 SHARES BANK STOCK FOR
SALE—One hundred shades of the capital
Stock of the NATIONAL BANK of CIIAIiIIiBILSBURO
fur sale, in lots to suit purchasers. Apply at the IMI'OBI
- Office. angt.l:34l
HAY PRESSES.—Three Hand Hay
1111 Presses, In good order, for Sale eheap.
julyl9.tf j GEO. A. DEITZ, CluunbeNburg, Pa.
Hagerstown iterabi copy 2t, charge ItErystimtl.
tale by SHOEMAKER & SENTMAN,
net ' st• Roxbury, Franklin County, Pa.
FOR SALE.—A full course Scholarship
in the Quaker City Ihininess College of Philadelphia
Apply at this (dice, (seta-
Al 5 0 ti'ed}:'."2,T. eN„'.l l :andAletenttBo:eltlittnhe
BARTLE:Tr SERTNG MACHINE. price $125; fully heensed
under patents of note, Wheeler & Wilson, (MA-ET &
Baker, and Singer S. Co. Ive will pay . rrmonthly salary"
and expenses. or allow a large COMIIIIMIOU on hales. For
particulars, illustrated emalogne, territory, &e, enclose a
stamp and address PAGE BROTHERS, solo Agents for
United States, 22t Summit st., Toledo, Ohio. fauglte3m
- WA N T E D.—Agents, MALE or FE
v V MALE to introduce the best selling EtaLoo
FAMILY SEWING MACHINE;
in the world. All complete—Hemmer. Self-Sewer, Bin
der. Buster, Tacker, Se. We let good agents ray
for the machines after they sell them For rrartieulars,
address or cull on LATHROP & Cit.,
sepfiam 20. 142 Southtith St., Ithint, Fa.
REMOVAL OF B LT S li'S TOBACCO
AND NEDAR STORE.—The undersigiusl has re•
inured his Tobacco and Seger Store to his new w.s.m. on
SECOND STREET, nal door to the Friendship Enpne
Howse, where he will keep en band a complete stock of
TOBACCO AND SEGA RS, such as Natural Leaf, Mich
igan and Brieking Tobacco, Pipes, &xi.
C. li. BEM
Ural, 05tate *atm.
FETTERTIOFF & ATHERTON
BY HON. THADDE.IIS STEVENS
An Address Delivered to the Citizens of Lancac-
ter, September 6, 1865
FELLOW-CITIZEN s: In compliance with your
request, I have come to give my views of thetpres
ent condition of the Rebel States—of the proper
mode of re-organizing the Government, and the
future prospects of the Republic.. During the
whole progress of the war, I never for a moment
felt doubt or despondency. I knew that the loyal
North would conquer the Rebeldespots whosought
to destroy freedom. But since that traitorous
confederation has been subdued, and we have en
tered upon the work of " reconstruction" or "re
storation," I cannot deny that my heart has be
come sad at the gloomy prospects before us.
Four years of bloody and expensive war, waged
against the United State by eleven States, under
a government called the "Confederate States of
America," to which they acknowledged allegiance,
haveinverthrovm all governments within those
States which could be acknowledged as legitimate
by the Union. The armies of the Confederate
States having been conquered and snbdned,and
their territory possessed by the United States, it
becomes necessary to establish governments there
in, which shall be republican in form and princi
ples, and form a " more perfect Union" with-the
parent Government. It is desirable that such a
course should be pursued as to exclude from those
governments every vestige of human bondage, and
render the same forever impossible in this nation;
and to take care that no principles of self-de
struction shall be incorporated therein. In effect
ing this, it is to be hoped that no provision of the
Constitution will he infringed, and no principle of
the law of nations disregarded. Especially must
we take care that in rebuking this unjust 'end
treasonable war, the authorities Of the Union shall
indulge in no acts of usurpation which may tend
to impair the stability and permanency of the na
tion. Within these limitations, we bold it to be
the duty of the Government to inflict condign
punishment on the rebel belligerents, and so
weaken their hands that they can never again en
danger the Union; and so reform their municipal
institutions as to make them republican in spirit
as well as in name.
We especially insist that the property of the
chief rebels should be seized and appropriated to
the payment of the National debt, caused by the
unjust and wicked war which they instigated.
How can such punishment be inflicted and such
forfeitures produced without doing violence to es
Two positions have been suggested.
First—To treat those States as never having
been out of the Union because the Constitution
forbids secession, and therefore a fact forbidden
by law could not exist.
Second—To accept the position in which they
placed themselves as severed from the Union ; an
independent government de faao ' and an alien en
nyy be dealt with according to the laws of war.
It seems to me that while we do not aver that
the United States are bound to teat them as an
alien enemy, yet they have a right to elect so to
do if it be Mr the interest of the Nation ; and that
the " Confederate States'are estopped from de
nying that position. South Carolina, the leader
and embodiment of the rebellion, in the month of
January, MU, passed the following resolution by
the unanimous vote of her Legislature :
"Respired, That the separation of South Carolina from
the Federal Union is putt, and she has in further interest
in the Constitution of the United States : and that the only
.ippropriate egbe iatons between her and the Federal Gov
ernment are as to their mutual relationsus foreign States--
The Convention that formed the government of
the Confederate States, and all the eleven States
that composed it, adopted the same declaration,
and pledged their lives and fortunes to support it.
That government raised large armies and by its
formidable power compelled the nations of the
civilized world,as well -as our own Government
to acknowledge them as an independent belliger
ent, entitled by the law of nations to be considered
as engaged in a publi3 war, and not merely in an
.iinoirreethin. It la Idle to deny that we_ treated
them as a belligerent, entitled to all the rights.
and subject to all the liabilities of an alien enemy.
We blockaded their ports, which is an =doubted
belligerent right; the extent of coast blockaded,
marked the acknowledged extent of their terri
territory criminally acquired but de facto
theirs. We acknowledged their sea-rovers as pri
vateers and not as pirates, by ordering their cap
tive crews to be treated as prisoners of war. We
acknoWledged that a commission from the Con
federate Government was sufficient to screen
Semmes and his associates from the fate of law
less buccaneers. Who but an acknowledged
Government dc jure or de facto, could have power
to issue such a commission I The invaders of the
loyal States were not treated as nut-laws, but as
soldiers of war, because they were commanded by
officers holding commissions from that Govern
ment The Confederate. States were, for four
Sears 'what they claimed to be, an alien enemy, in
all their rights and liabilities. To say that they
were States under the protection of that Consti
tution which they were rending, and within the
Union which they were assaulting with bloody
defeats, simply because they became belligerents
through crime, is makim , theory overrule fact to
an absurd degree. It will, I suppose, at least be
conceded that the United Stales, if not obliged so
to do, have a right to treat them as an alien ene
my now conquered, and subject to all the liabili
ties of a vanquished foe.
If we are also at liberty to treat them as never
having been out of the Union, and that their dec
larations and acts were all void because they con
travened the Constitution, and therefore they
were never engaged -in a public war but were
merely insurgents, let us inquire which position
is best for the United States.. If they have never
been otherwise than States in the Union, and we
desire to try certain of the leaders for treason,
the Constitution requires that they should - be in
dieted and tried "by an impartial. jury of the State
and district wherein the crime shall hare been com
mitted, which district shall hare been preciously
ascertained by law."
The crime of treason can be committed only
where the person is actually or potentially pres
ent. Jefferson Davis sitting in Richmond, coun
selling, or advising, or 'commanding an inroad into
Pennsylvania, has committed no overt act in this
State, and can be tried if anywhere, only in the
Richmond district. The doctrine of constructive
presence, and constructive treason, will never, I
hope, pollute our statutes or judicial decisions.
Select au impartial jury from Virginia, and it is
obvious that no conviction could ever be had.
Possibly a jury might be packed to convict, but
that would not be an "itripartial" jury. It would
be judicial murder, and would‘rank in infamy
with the trial of Lord Russel; except only that
the one was the murderer of an innocent man, the
other of a traitor. The same difficulties would
exist in attempting forfitures, which can only fol
low conviction in State protected by the Consti
tution; and then it is said only for the life of the
malefactor—Congress can pass no "bill of attain
Nor, under that theory, has Congress, much
less the Executive, any power to interfere in re
modelling those States upon reconstruction.—
What reconstruction is needed ? Here are the
States which they say, have never been out of the
Union, and are consequently now in it without
asking leave of any one. -They are competent to
send Senators and members to Congress. The
state of war has broken no constitutional liga
ments, for it was only an insurrection of individ
uals, not a public war waged by States.. Such is
the reasoning, notwithstanding every State acted
in its municipal capacity; and the court in the
prize cases (t: Black 673) say: "Hence in organ.
2:ing this rebellion they have acted as Stoics." It
is no loose, unorganized rebellion having no de
fined boundary or'possession. It has a bohndary,
marked by lines of bayonets, and which can be
crossed only by force—south of the line is enemy&
territory, because it is claimed end held in pos
session by qp„ . .urganized, hostile and belligerent
power." What right has a* one to direct a con
vention to be held in a sovereign. State of this
Union, to amend its constitution and prescribe
the qualifications of voters ? The sovereign pow
er of the nation is lodged in Congress. Yet where
is the warrantin the constitution for ouch sove
reign power,Much less the Executive, to inter
meddle with the domestic institutions of a State,
mould its laws, and regulate the elective franchise 1
It Would be rank, dangerous and deplorable usur•
ration.: In reconstruction, therefore, no reform
"can be effected in the Southern States if they have
never lett the Union. But reformation must be
effected; the foundation of their institutions, both
political, municipal add social must be broken up
and relaid, or all our blood and treasure have
been spent in vain. This can only be done by
treating and holding them as a conquered people.
VOL. 7t....WHOLE NO: MU.
Then all things which we can de 're to do, follow
with logical and legitimate authority. As con
quered territory, Congress would have .il power
to legislate for _them; for the t4rritories are not
under the Constitution except so far as the ex
press power to govern them is given to Congress.
They would be held in a - territorial condition un
til they are fit to form State Constitutions, repub
lican in fact, not in form only, and ask admission
into the Union as new States. If Congress ap.
prove of their Constitutions, and think they have
done works meet for repentance, they would be
admitted as new States. If their ConstitUtions
are not approved of, they would be sent back, un
til they have become wise enough so to purge
their old laws as to eradicate every despotic and
revolutionary principle—until they shall -have
learned to venerate the Declaration of Independ
ence. Ido not touch on the question of negro
suffrage. If in the Union, the States have long
:go regulated that, and for the Central Govern
ment to interfere with it would be mischievous
impertinence. If they are to be admitted as new
States they must form their own constitution;
and no enabling act could dictate its terms. Con
gress could prescribe the qualifications of voters
while a Territory, or when proceeding to call a
convention to form a State government. That ie
the extent of the power of Congress over the elec
tive franchise, whether in a territorial or State
condition. The',.aesident has not, even this or
any other power to meddle in the subject, except
by advice to Congress—and they on territories.
Congress, to be sure, has some sort of compulsory
power by refusing the States admission until they
shall have complied with its wishes over this sub
ject. Whether those who have fought our bat
tles should all be allowed to vote, or only those - -
of a paler hue, I leave to be discussed in the fu
ture when Congress can take legitimate cogni
zance of it.
If capital punishments of the most guilty are
deemed essential as examples, we have seen that,
on ono theory, none of them can be convicted on
fair trials—the complicity of the triers would de
feat it. But, as a conquered enemy, they could
not escape. Their trials would take place by
courtenartiars:- I do not think they could thus
be tried for treason; but they 'could be tried as
belligerents, who had forfeited their lives, accor
ding to the laws of war. By the strict rights of
war, as anciently practiced, the victor held the
lives, the liberty and the property of the van
quished at his disposal. The taking of the life,
or reduction to bondage of the captives, have long
ceased to be practised in case of ordinary wars;
but the abstract right—the summum jus-13 still
recognized in exceptional caset where the cause
of the war, or the character of the belligerent, or
the safety of the victors justify its exercise. The
same thing may be said of the seizure of property
or land. Halleck (437) says some modern wt.],
ters—Hautefeuille, for example—contends for the
ancient rule, that private property on land May
be subject to seizure.- They are undoubtedly cor
rect, with regard to the general abstract right.
as deduced from the law of nature and ancient
practice." Mattel says : "When, therefore, he
has subdued a hostile nation, he undeniably may,
in the first place, do himself justice respecting the
object which has given rise to the war, and in
demnify himself for the expenses and damages
which he has sustained by it." And at page 369 :
"A conqueror, who has taken up arms not only
against the sovereign but against the nation her
self, and whose intention it was to subdue a fierce
and savage people, and once for all to reduce an
obstinate enemy, such a conqueror may, with jus
tice, lay burdens on the conquered nation, both
as a compensation for the expenses of 'the war,
and as a punishment."
I am happy to believe that the Government has
come to this conclusion. I cannot otherwise see
how Capt. Werze can bee tried by a Court Mar
tial at Washington for acts ,done by . him at An
dersonville. He was in no way connected with
our military organization, nor did he as a citizen
connect himself with our Army so as to bring his
case within any of the Acts of Congress. If he
committed murder in Georgia, and Georgia was
a State in the Union, then he should be tried ac
cording to her laws. The General Government
has no jurisdiction over such crime, and this trial
and execution of this wretch by a United States
Military Court would be illegal. But if he was
an officer of a belligerent enemy, making war as
an independent people, now being conquered, it
is a competent, holding them as a conquered foe,
to try him for doing acts contrary to the laws of
war, gild if found guilty to execute or otherwise
punish him. As lam sure the loyal man at the
head of the Government II ill not involve the na
tion in illegal acts and thus set a precedent inju
rious to our national character, I am glad to be
lieve that hereafter we shall treat the enemy as
conquered, and remit their condition and recon
struction to the sovereign power of the nation.
In short, all writers agree that the victor may
-inflict punishment upon the vanquished enemy
eveli to the taking of his life, liberty, or the con
fiscation of all hie property ; but that this ex
treme righFis never exeictsed except upon a
cruel, barleaous, obstinate, or dangerous foe who
has waged an unjust war.
Upon the character of the belligerent, and the
justice of the war, and the manner of conducting
it. depends our right to take the lives, liberty and
property of the belligerent. This war had its or
igen in treason without one spark of justice. It
was prosecuted before notice of it, by robbing
our forts and armories, and our navy-yards ; by
stealing our money from the mints and deposito
ries, and by surrendering our forts and navies by
perjurers who had sworn to support the Consti
tution. In its progress our prisoners, by the au
thority of their government were slaughtered in
cold blood. Ask Fort Pillow and Fort Wagner.
Sixty thousand of our prisoners have been delib
erately starved to death because they would not
enlist in the rebel armies. The - graves at An
dereonville have each an accusing tongue. The
purpose and avowed object of the enemy "to
found an empire whose corneretone should be
slavery," renders its perpetuity or revival dan
gerous to human liberty.
Surely, these things are sufficient to justify the
exercise of the extreme rights of war—"to exe
cute, to imprison, to confiscate.". How many
captive enemies it would be proper to execute,
as an example to nations,l leave others to judge.
I am not fond of sanguinary punishmeuts, but
surely some victims must propitiate the manes of
our starved, murdered, slaughtered martyrs. A
court martial could elo justice according to law.
But we propose to confiscate all the estate of
every rebel belligerent whose estate *lle worth
$lO,OOO, or whose land exceeded two hundred
acres in quantity. Policy it' not justice would re
quire that the poor, the ignorant, and the coer
ced should be forgiven. They followed the ex
ample and teachings of their wealthy and intelli
gent neighbors. The rebellion would never have
originated with them. Fortunately those who
would thus escape, form a large majority of the
people, though possessing but a small, portion of
the wealth The proportion of those exempt
compared with the punished would be I believe
about nine-tenths. ,
There are about six millions of freemen the in
South. The number of acres of land is 465,000,-
000. Of this those who own above two hundred
acres each I number about 70,000 persons, hold-
Mg in the aggregate (together with the State)
about 394,000,000 acres leaving for all the others
below 200 each, about 71,000,000 of acres- By
thus forfeiting the estates of the leading rebels,
the Government would have 394,000,00 0 of acres,
beside their own property, and yet nine-tenths of
the people would remain untouched. Divide this
land into convenient farms. Give, it you please,
forty acres to each adult male freedmen. Sup
pose there are-one million of them. That would
require 90,000,000 of acres, which deducted from
394,000,000 leaves three hundred and fifty four
millions of acres for sale. Divide it into suitable
farms and sell it to the highest bidders. I think
it, including town ptvPortY> would average at
least ten dollars per acre. Tirtt would produce
s3,s4o,ooo,ooo—three billions live hundred and
thrty millions of dollars-
Let that be applied as follows to wit :
1. Invest $300,000,000 in six per cent govern
ment bonds, and add the interest setni•annually to
the pensions of those who have became entitled
by this villainous war.
2. Appropriate $200,000,000 to pay the dam.
ages done to loyal men, North and South, by the
3 pay the residue,, being $3,040,000,000 to
wards the payment of the National debt.
What loyal man can object to this 1 Look
around you, and everyschere behold your neigh
seine with an arm, some with a leg, sonic
with an eye, carried away by rebel bullets. Oth
ers horribly mutilated in every form. And yet
numerous others wearing the weeds which mark
the death of those on whom they leaned for sup
port. Contemplate these monuments of rebel
perfidy, and of patriotic suffering, and thee say
it too much is asked for our valiant soldiers.
Look again, and see loyal men reduced to pov
erty by the confiseationa by the Confederate
States: andlzr..the Rebel litatearrino-linioltnien
`robbed of * O 4 prcilierty, and their diveltniglilaid
in ashes by rebel raiders, and say if too mucltii
asked of them. But above all, let tia inquire
whether imperativeduty to the present -genera
tion mato posterity does not mamma as to com
pel the ni4ed enemy to pay the expenses of thisr.
tatiast - var- In ordinary transaction he who rais
es a false clamor and prosecutes an =founded
ma , is adjudged to pay the costs on his defeat.
We have seat, that, by the law of nations, the
vallquipbed in an unjust war must pay the ex
Our war debt is estimated at from three to four
billions ol dollars. In m y j u d gmen t, when a ll i s .
funded and the peranons c apitili ze d, it will mel t
more than font billions.
The interest at 6 percent, only (now mach
The ordinary expenses of oar Government
For amity - ears the extraordinary expenses
of our army and navy will be ............ . 110,000,000:
S Mow '
Four handred and seventy millions to be raised
by taxation=our present heavy taxes will 'not, in
ordinary years, produce but little more than halt
that sum. Can our people bear double their pres
ent taxation; He who unnecessarily causes. it
will be accursed from generation to generation.
It is fashionable to belittle our public debt, lest
the kieopla should become alarmed, and political
parties should suffer. I have never found-it wise
to deceive the people: They can always be trust
ed with thdtruth. Capitalists will not be effect
ed, for they cannot be deceived. Confide in the'
people, and you will avoid repudiation. Deceive
them, and lead them into false measures, and you
may produce it.
We pity the phor Englishmen whose national
debt and burdensome taxation, we have heard
deplored from our childhood. The debkofGreat
Briton is just about as much as ours, ($4,000;
000,000) four billions. But in effect it is but
half as large—it bears but three per cent. inter
cit. The current year the chancellor, of the ex
chequer tells us, the interest was $131,8 . 09,990.
Ours, when all shall be funded, will be nearly
- The plan we have proposed would pay at least
three-fourths of our debt. The balance could be
managed with our present taxation. And yet to
think that even that is to be perpetual is sicken
ing. If it is to be doubled, as it must be, if" res
toration" instead of " reconstruction" is to pre
vail, would to God the authors of it could see
themselves as an execrating public aud_posterity
will see them.
Our new Doctors of National law, who hold
that the " Confederate States" were never out of
the Union, but only insurgents and traitors, have
became wiser than .Grotius and Puffendorf and
Rutherford and Vattel, and all modern publicists
down to lialleck and Phillimore. They all agree
that such it state of things as has existed here
for four years is publie war and constitutes the
parties independent belligerents, subject to the
same rules of war as the foreign nations engaged'
in open warfare.
The learned and able Professor at Law in the,
Cambridge University, Theophilus Parsons, late
ly said in a public speech—. '
"As we are victorious in war we have aright to Impose
noon the defeated party any terms necessary for our se
curity. This right is perfect It is not only In itself ob
vious. but it is asserted in every book on this subject, and
is illustrated by all the wars of history. The rebels forted
a war upon us ; it was a long and costly and bloody war ;
and now that we have conquered them, we have all the
rights which victory confers."
The only argument of the Restorationist is,
that the States could- not and did not go out of
the Union because the Constitution 'forbids it.'
By the same reasoning you could prove that no
crime ever existed. No man ever • committed_
murder for the law forbids it! He is a shallow
reasoner who could make theory overrule faet! -
I prefer to believe the ancient and modern pub
licists, and the learned Professors of legal science
to the extemporised doctrines of modern Sciol•
If " Restoration," as it is now properly chris
tened, is to prevail over "Reconstruction," will
some learned pundit of that school inform mein
what condition Slavery and the Slave laws are?
I assert that upon that theory not a Slave has
been liberated; not a Slave law has been abroga
ted; but on the "Restoration" the whole Slave
code is in legal force. Slavery was protected by
our Constitution in every State in the Union
where it existed. While they remained under
that protection no power in the Federal Govern
ment could abolish Slavery. If, however; the
Confederate States were admitted to be what
they claimed, an independent belligerent tie facto,
then the war broke all treaties, compacts and •
ties between the parties ; and Slavers was left to
its rights under the law of nations. These rights
were none ;..for that law declares that "Man caw
hold no property iu man." (Philimore, page
316.) Then the laws of war enabled as to de
clare every bondman free, so long as wd held
them in military possession. And the conqueror,
through Congress, may declare them forever
emancipated. But if the States are " States in
the Union," then when war ceases they resume
their positions with all their privileges untouch
ed. There can be no "mutilated" restoration.
That would be the work of Cengress, alone, and
would be "Reconstruction."
While I hear it said everywhere that slavery
is dead, I cannot learn who killed it. No thought
ful man has pretended that Lincoln's proclama
tion, so noble in sentiment, liberated a single
slave. It expressly excluded from its operation
all those within our lines. No- slave within any
part of the rebel States in our possession, or in
Tennessee, but only those beyond our limits and
beyond our were declared free. So Gen.
Smith conquered Canada by a proclamation!
The President did not pretend to abrogate the
Slave laws of any of the Stated. "Restoration,"
therefore, will leave the '.' Union: as it was"—a
hideous idea. lam aware that a very able and
patriotic gentleman, and learned historian, Mr.
Bancroft, has attempted to place their freedom
on different grounds. He says, what is undoubt
edly true, that the .proclamation of freedom did
not free a slave. But he liberates them on feu
dal principles. Under the feudal system. when a
king conquered his enemy, he parceled out his
lands and conquered subjects among his chief re
tainers ; the lands and serfs were held on condi
tion of fealty and rendering military service when
required. If the subordinate chief rebelled, he •
broke the condition on which he held then], and
the lands and serfs became forfeited to the lord
paramount. But it did not free the serfs. They,
with the manors, were bestowed on other favor
ites. But the analogy fails in another important
respect. The American slaveholder does not
hold, by virtue of any grant from any Lord para
mount—lest of all by a grant from the General
Government. Slavery exists by no law of the
Union, but simply by local laws, by the laws of'
the States. Rebellion against: the National au
thority is a breach of no condition of their ten
ure. It were more analagous to say that rebel
lion against a State under whose laws they held,
might work a forfeiture. But rebellion against,
neither government would per se have any such
effect. On whom would' the Lord paramount
again bestow the slaves?. The theory is plausi-,
ble, but has no solid foundation. .
The President says to the rebel States, "Before
you can participate in the government you must
abolish Slavery - and reform your election laws."
That is the command of a conqueror. Mit is
Reconstruction, not Restoration—Reconstruction
tthe powers of Congress. This
illlead to melancholy results. NOr can
th e - constitutional amendment abolishing Slavery
ever be ratified by three-fourths of the States, it
they are States to be counted. Bogus Conven
tions of those States may vote for it.' But no
Convention honestly and fairly elected will ever
do it The frauds will not permanently avail.
The cause of Liberty must rest on a firmer basis.
Counterfeit governments, like the Virginia, Louis
iana, Tennessee, Mississippi and Arkansas preten
ses will be disregarded by the - sober sense of the
people, by future law, and hy_the courts: "-Re
storation" is replanting seeds of rebellion, which
within the next quarter of a century will germin
ate and produce the same bloody strife which has
just ended. .
But, it is said, by those who have more - sym
pathy with rebel wives and children than for the
widows and orphans of loyal men, that this strip
ping the rebels of their estates and driving them
to exile or to honest labor, would be harsh and
severe upon innocent women and childrtM. It
may bk, so ; but that is the result of the necessary
laws of war. But it is. revolutionary, say they.
Tlds plan would, nooloiibt, Work' a radical reor
ganization in southern -institutions, habits and
manners. It is intended to revolutionize their
principles and feelings. This may startle-fee
ble minds and shake weak nerves. So do
great improvements in the political and radial
world. It, requires a heavy impetus to drive for
ward a sluggish people. When it was first pro
posed to free the slaves, and arm the blacks, did
net half the natiou tremble I The prim conser
vatives, the snobs, and the male waiting-maids in
Congress , were in hysterics. '
• The whole fabric of Southern society must he
changed, and never can it he done if this opportu
nity is lost. Without this, this Government can
never be, as it never, has been, a true republic.
Heretofore, it had more the features of aristocracy
than of democracy. The Stiuthe rn States have been
despotisms, not goiernmentii of the people. It is
impossible that any practical equality of rights can.
exist where' a fdiv thousand men ntonOpol4olto
whole landed property. The larger tbountiitMr.