Newspaper Page Text
t funitlin tpooitorg.
Wednesday, •Ja/Y /2, 1865
TAE :Union - county Committeemetlere
on Saturday last, and fixed Saturday,
August sth for the Union Delegate Elec
,and Tuesday, August Bth for the
County Convention. T. Jefferson
Esq., was chosen Representative Delegate
to the State Convention, and the appoint=
ment of John R. Shtder, Esq., of Perry
county, concurred in. The Senatorial
Delegate was conceded to Adams. The.
Union men of the county should see in
time that there is a full attendance at the
delegate elections. so that there may be
a fair expression of the preferences of the
• party in the Convention, and a strong and
acceptable ticket nominated.
On Friday last Mrs. Mary E. Surratt,
Lewis P. Howell alias Lewis Payne, Geo.
A. Atzeroth and David E. Harold suffered
tlui.,extleme penalty of the law by hang
ing, in accordance with the verdict of the
military court convicting them of partici
pation in the assassination of the Presi
dent and the attempted murder of Secre
tary Seward, and Michael O'Laighlin,
Samuel Arnold, Dr. Samuel A. Mudd and
Edward Spangler have been consigned to
hard labor in the Albany penitentiary—
thethree former for life and the Latter foi
the term of six years. Thus in less than
ninety days alter the conspiracy culmina
ted in the murder of our Chief Ruler, all
ho actively participated in it have been
,brought to fearful justice, sere JOhn H.
&mutt who_is still a fugitive ; and he must
soon learn that his fiendish :Mother has
atoned for her revolting crime on the,gib
bet. Carefully and profoundly as the great
conspiracy was conceived and .planned
in all its details, the government was ad
vised of the names, whereabouts and par
ticipation of all the leading actors therein
a very few days after the Nation was ap
palled and shrouded in gloom by the un
timely and Violentdeath of Mr. Lincoln ;
And but one has escaped the just penalty
for the horrible deed. The aet for which
they in their madness hoped to be blessed
by millions of people, made them shunned
and abhorred of all mankind—of friend
and foe of the Republic, and they were
wanderers until justice brought them
within its terrible grasp. Booth, the chief
conspirator and murderer was turned from
almost every door without sympathy.—
Even in the land of treason he had to dis
own his name and crime to procure shel
ter, and finally he died unwept by any
save the few who were dishonored by his
name and blood. and' none but the chief
of the secret police and one trusted as
sistant can mark his grave. Now four
others who shared his perfidy to their
common country andjoined in the crown
ing crime of the nineteenth century, have
been hurried, ly the avenging arm of jus
tice, to the bar of Him who shall judge all
the living, and their names will live hence
_ forth in histor G y only as typical of the
deepest infamy with which the annals of
crime in the Western World axe blotted.
We would that they had been tried by the
civil authmitie's---not because any injus-
tice has been done, but because the im
partial historian must record the consti
tution of a military tribunal for such a
trial when the function& of the civil tri-
bnnals were frilly and freely exercised, as
a grave error and a dangerous precedent ;
-but the verdict and its fearless execution
will stand approved wherever' justice is
—Thus swiftly and terribly has the
strong' arm of justice fallen upon those
-who were the immediate conspirators to
deprive the nation of: its constitutional
and beloved ruler by violence; but we in-
sist that the - - work of justice is yet unfin-,
ished. These columns.have never coun
seled or sanctioned vengeance on the part
of the government. In its great triumph
over treason it will best serve its great
purpose and vindicate its invincible pow
er and blameless majesty by the magna-
niniity that:ever characterizes the noble
victor; but treason has given birth to
. crimes hitherto unfinowri in the history of
civilized nations, and if would be neither
just to the 'martyred dead nor Merciful to
'the living to demand no atonement there
for. Jefferson Davis was the chief exec
- ntive of the so-called confederacy. He it
was who wielded despotic power for fora•
years in the revolted States. He dictated
and enforced the policy, of the insurgents,
and he it was who, as a part of his system
of warfare, deliberately and remorselessly
doomed thousands upon thousands of
Union prispers to the most horrible death
by starvadon and wasting disease.. This
monstrous crime stands out as the colos
sal crime of the war ; the master-piece' of
treason's savagery. ground Anderson
ville alone sonic seventeen thousand have
welcomed the grave as 'a refuge from. re
bel brutality and starvation, and other
thousands still linger in hopeless disease,
waiting for the fulness of treason's work.
,This revolting chapter was no accident,
and *as not dictated by necessity. It
was deliberately planned by the rebel au-'
thorities and enforced with relentless cru
elty by Jefferson Davis, now a prisoner in
Fortress .Monroe. Sonic, of his officers
have protested, and his Congress was com
pelled to take formal cognizance of the
barbarities into which treason had drag
ged them ; but Mr. Davis, who was su
preme in power and had j but to command
or suggest and the starvation of prisoners
would have ended, persisted in the dia
bolical murder until the last shadow of
his power had
If Mrs. Sturatt and Payne and their co
conspirators. were justlyo executed, as is
confessed on every hand, what should be
the action Of the government in disposing
of its-arch-criminal now in Fortress 'ion
roel They murdered one man—though
a chosen and revered rifler he had but one
life to give to the demons who destroyed
him. Davis has tilled thousands of- un
timely graves with the victims of the most
cruel murders in our history. It was wan
ton, causeless and without the shadow of
excuse or palliation. He did it in insolent
violation of the a9cepted rules of war- If
he had shot down a prisoner brought be-
fore him in Richmond, who could gainiay
that he should be tried by a - military tri
bunal for. violating the laws of war, and
condemned to die ?—and when he, by the
mere exercise of despotic power, deliber
ately dooms thousands of prisoners to the
most shocking cruelties and death, what
should be the penalty ? We insist that
he should be tried in conformity with the
laws of. war, by a commission composed
of the ablest officers of the army, and when
shown to be guilty of the' horrible charge,
he should die as did the•murderers of less
note and less guilt on Friday last.
Hon. Philip Johnson, M. C. from Eas
ton, has had the singular fortune to be
reared in the Tenth Legion where De
mocracy, draft riots,, bounty jumpers, and
coppery serpents generally do most vege
tate. Had he been a resident of a more
enlightened and patriotic section, with
his moderate tittainOtents and immoder
ate semi-rebel proclivitives, he would
have been an outcast and a repobale ; but
with a people in harmony with his views,
he has managed to worry his way into
Congress, and has been thrice elected be
cause his constituents have - never been
able to decide which of the many better
men offering should be taken. Being in
Congress. be well appreciates his own im-
portance, and is a fit leader for the Mi
cawber branch of the late Democracy.
He is weary of standing out in the cold,
hungry for_ the flesh-pots, and like
the sanguine MicaWber himself, he cq
siders_the eventful hour at hand wlatit
something is certain to turn up.
He tried to pursuadc the people of the
Nation that the war was a failure—voted I
steadily against men and means to prose
cute the war, denounced every qfit of the
govettiment for the suppression of the re
bellion—had draft riots and the murder
of government officials as common occur
rences in his district; but in spite of all
these persistent efforts of his in behalf of
treason and slaN'ery, - both have collapsed,
and with them - the prospects of the whole
Micawber school. Something else must
be done—sOmething must tern up : and in
the fertility' of his invention he proposes
to fling his slimy, treasonable arms around
President:Johnson and compass his des
truction by his proffered support: He
says, in an effervescing 4th of July letter,
that President Johnson "has proven his
devothin to the South and the Union by
holding - on to both and making more and
greater sacrifices for both than any other
man north or south. Let blue but 'be well
adrised 4woclaims this sanguine politi
cal MicaWber. -- and all will be well. Let
him but throw himself into the hands of
the men who pursued him and his CillF.t)
with tireless antagonism—let him 'dis
pense to his own and his country's delq
ly foes the honors and emoluments
in his gift, and Micawber Johnson will
hail President Johnson as "the restorer of
his country," and sottlid his praises while
his patronage lasts. But the negotiations
seem to work badly. Since the letter was
written, President Johnson has so far for
gotten himself as, to hang four of Micaw
ber Johnson's friendS in Washington, sim
ply because they were treasonable mur
derers; and probably the futsome,praises
of Micawber will cease. If President
Johnson- shall be r so rude as - to reject
Micawber_ Johnson's tender proposals,
let Micawber turn to some more con
genial and appreciative friends. There
is one Robert E. Lee in Virginia ; one Da
vis at Fortress Monroe; obe Breckinridge
any where outside the confines of the
United • States, and various others of the
same sort, all of whom areeminently de
voted to the Micawber theory, and t will
join hands to praise or condemn the Pres
ident as circumstances may warrant. AVe
beg Micawber Johnson to 'be patient—
somebody will take.him although Presi
dent Johnson will not; and if he can't
get terms tesuct,himself and his seedy fol
lowers, he mu‘t suit himself and his crew
to such terms as he can get. Patience is
a virtue and we beg MicawberJohnsoti to
study it. Jibe can't get President John
sons old clothes, he can denounce hint and
wait tor the good time coming for Micaw
bers. It may come in the next forty years,
'and if the old Micawbers can't wait for it,
they c,au console - themselves by assuring
the little lficawbers that the far future
has something in store for them, How-
ever little or long ahead. it will be some
thing to break the cruel surges of despair
In the meantime Alicawber Johnson ca
go in freely---he can try all around. If
the front door won't open, let him try the
back door, the window, the kitchen, the
cellar, or any other point with a savor of
plunder about the White House, and
When lie. has exhausted all his efforts, an
finds just nothing for his labors and eu
logies, he can return to the old camp of
the Democracy no worse than when he
started, and keep waiting, ever waiting.
for the luckless day when something will
'turn up" for the Micawber Democracy.
WE arc gratified to notice that the prom
inent busiiness men of the 4th Senatorial
district, Philadelphia, have requested
Geo. Connell to consent to a re-election to
the Senate. Mr. Connell entered the
Senate in 1860, and has served two terms
with much more. than ordinary efficiency
and fidelity to his constituents, his State
and his country, and the
which be is called upon again to a can
didate is but a just tribute to his great
political and personal worth. Soon . after
his first election he became paralyzed so
that he has not been - able to stand for
some five rears past; but his efileiency
has not qt - M impaired, nor 'has his ardor
in behalf Of right in any degree abated.
lle will doubtless be re-elected by an in
creased majority. _
GEN. HARTRANFT, the hero of Fort
Steadman, is warmly urged by Eastern
Union papep for the nomination for Sur
veyor General. It would be a proper tri
bute to a most gallant soldier, and the
people would gladly ratify such a nomin
ation at the polls.
TUE 'Harrisburg Telegraph his shown its dis
regard of a, bathing out by enlarging its dime]]
thong four columns and giving every evidence o
in e yeased-vigor and prorperity.
QII)e franktin nepositg:rn, iliambersbutg, Pa.
WE 'give in to-day's paper the proceed'
ings of the inauguration of the Soldierk
National Monument on the 4th inst.' The
oration delivered by Gen. Howard, the
poem by Miles OTiley and a letter from
President Johnson will appear in oursnext.
MR. EFCRANAN BEARD FROM.
The nation will be glad to hear that James Bu
chanan still lives, no matter for or on what sub
ject, he demonstrates it; and they will not be
disappointed to find him, in his second childhood,
hastened and intensified by his wrongs to a peo
ple who lavished their highest honors upon him,
adhere to the delusion that Democracy may ye
win the respect and sanction of the nation. He
admits however that he is not likely to live to see
the day, showing that he still has some lucid
streaks. We copy his letter written to the De
mocracy of Harrisburg, declining attendance of
the celebration of the 4th of July :
WHEATLAND, July t, 1865.!: -
GENTLENrgx—I have received your kind invi
tation to unite with "the Democracy of Harris
burg and vicinity" in celebrating the approaching
anniversary of our National Independence, and
regret to say that I shall not be able to enjoy this
On this hallowed anniversary let us rejoice
that, through the intervention of Divine= Provi
dence, peace has once More returned to bless our
land. Our joy, however, will be tinged with a
cloud of sorrow for the loss of our kind-hearted
mid distingn§hed President by a diabolical crime,
and this, too, at the very moment when, by wise
clemency, he was about to convince the world
that peace has its triumphs as well as war.
I am gratified to observe that everywhere
throughout the State the old Democratic party is
renewing the energies of former years. It can
never diel while the Constitutim and Union shall
live. It will be a bright and glorious day for the
people of the,country—and this will surely come,
though at my advanced age I may not live to see
it—when the well-tried and time-honored princi
ples of Democracy, as expounded by Jefferson
and Jackson, shall regain the ascendency in the
administration of the Federal Government.
Yours, very respectfully,
WE are glad to notice that a new edition of
McPherson's Political History of the Rebellion is
about to be issued. It will make a complete
compendium of leading political events from the
6th of November. 1860, to the 15th of April, - 1865,
from the first election of President Lincoln to his
tragic death, and Nvill give besides'a copious chap
ter on - the church and the rebellion. It will be
a magazine of facts, arranged in logical order or
grouped in natural harmony, and will contain an
exhaustive index making_reference to both names
and subjects ready and easy. Most of our read
ers need not be told that Hon. E. McPherson,
the author of this valuable work,. is unsurpassed
as a,carefill student of political history, and he is
eminently fitted to compress the momentous events
of the war intelligently. We know of no work
either published or contemplated that approaches
this one in value hip' the politician and indeed
every intelligent student of our thrilling history.
It can be supplied by Shryock. Price $5 per
WE have received from J: B. Lippincott & Co.,
Philadelphia a little book of 150 pages devoted to
Petroleum and Petroleum Wells, by J. A.
Bone. It gives the author's theory of the forma
tion of Petroleum, t tells where it - is found, what
it is used for, where to sink wells, how to sink
them, and gives besides some interesting and in
structive chapters on oil investments generally.
It will well repay 'any one interested in the oil
shares to read the book. It can be had at Shr3-
WE have received from Horace. Waters, No.
481 Broadway, New York, the following pieces
of Music, by Mrs. E. A. Parkhurst, who is one of
our most popular composers. " Funeral March"
to the memory of Abraham Lincoln, the matt) r
President; " Oh! Send * me one Flower from his
Grave." Price 30 cents each. The March, with
vignette of the President,so cents. Mailed free.
The New York press speak in the most flattering
terms of these pieces.
Titti Philadelphia Press appeared in a new
and beautiful suit on the 4th inst. It stands con
fessedly in the very front of the Union Ritrnals
of the country, turd its success, we are glad to
know, in commensurate with its merits
WE are indebted to Hon. J. K. Moorhead for
valuable public documents.
CHE FOURTH IN GREENCASTLE
TO the Editors of the Franklin Repository
In pursuance of public notice, a meeting of the
citizens of Antrim township was held in Green
castle on the sth of June, 1865, when it was una
nimously agreed to celebrate the approaching An.
mversary of the Declaration of Independence.
Several committees were appointed to make the
proper arrangements for the occasion, and when
the day arrived, Greencastle was not behind her '
sister towns of the county in celebrating the na
tion's birth-day. The day was commemorated,
more especially, with expressions of gratitude'in
behalf of those who " died on the field of hOnor,"
and in giving a,heartfelt welcome to those whom
God in His mercy has spared to return again to
their loving homes.
Although - the Fourth brought with it the busy
time of harvest, when many persons were en
gaged with sickle and scythe, while others had
gone to witness the laying of the corner-eh4ff of
the National Monument at Gettysburg, still our
neighbors were here from the four quarters of the
county and from Maryland, to participate in a
celebration which far exceeded the eipectatioq of
all in attendance. It has been long since Green
castle saw such a day. Every person felt a deep
interest in doing honor to the day which gave our
country a place in the family of nations.
At 9 o'clock A. M. a procession was formed in
front of the Presbyterian Church, under the di
rection of the Chief Marshal, Gen. David Detrich,
assisted by Copts. C. F. Bouner and J. B. Strick
ler, consisting ofacompany of Cavalry from the
2.'2d Pu. Vols., Capt. T. D. French commanding.
A wagon neatly decorated with many wreaths
and flags, conveying thirty-six little girls all dress
ed iu snowy white, accompanied by the Antrim
Brass Band. Next in order Were the soldiers of
1812; then the retyrned soldiers of the war just
ended, and the citizens from the town, township
and' vicinity. After them followed a long train
of wagons filled with heaped up baskets of viands
which had been gathered from the four quarters
of the township the day previous.
1O o'clock A. M. the procession arrived in
Mr. Snively's woods, where all in attendance
gathered round the "altar of our country," to
commemorate the proudest day of a fortunate
people. The exercises commenced with the stir
ring strains of "Hail Columbia" by the Brads
Band: The Rev. W.' Eyster, Pastor of the Lu
theran Church of this place, then offered up a
fervent prayer, after which the Declaration of
independence wits read by George W. Zeigler,
Esq. Then followed the oration by Colonel D.
Watson Rowe, which was delivered with- much
feeling and eloquence, and was listened to by the
large audience in the most profound and uninter
After the oration the audience repaired a little,
ways doWn the woods, where* ladies had re
lieved the baskets of their bu ahem, and had trans
ferred them to the long tables prepared for the
occasion. Dinner Was •uovl served. This was
an important feature in the programme. After
dinner the. ydung ladies and young gentlemen
promenaded along the silvery stream which winds
its way through the woods, describing a sinusoid
An its course. The members of the choir made
the welkin ring, with their voices swelling up on
the air the tune of "The Star Spangled &Mier,"
"The Prisoner's Hope," "The Heroes &Gettys
burg," and other patriotic, songs, while the boys
described a semi-circle upon a _rope oscillating
from a centre twenty feet from, the earth. All
seemed to be happy with the day's entertainment.
At lh o'clock P. 31.-the audience was again
called together with music by the Brass Band,
when eleven toasts, appropriate to the occasion.
priihred by G. W. Zeigler, - , Esq.; were read,
when three hearty cheers were given tiir the
ITnion, and the members of the choir again filled
the woods with patriotic airs. •
The rest of the afternoon Was taken up with
addresses by Rev. J. W, 'Wightman; Rev. W.
tyster, and Dr. A. H. Strickler, These addres
ses were bstmed to with the profoundest atten
tion. The approbation and delight of the audi
ence were manifests They were intended to be
short, that variety might enliven the occasion.
Dr. Strickler's almost iinpromptu speech IA as ex
ceedingly creditable. and was especially well re
ceived. A benediction by RA , . J. W. Wightman
closed thO exercises,lai the shades of evening
were beginning to fall`.
The old Antrim Band. which had been in a dis
organized condition since the war, we have the
pleasure of informing the public, is again re:or
ganized, and is in a flourishing cMid aim]. Although
they had but No weeks practice, they met ad
mirably the exig,encies of the occasion. The
audience expressed themselves highly gratified
and delighted with the music both by the Band
and by the Choir.
In the close of the evening, when the day's en
tertainment had ended, the participants r Iturned .
to their homes, to remember as long as they live
the memorable day - when the sun of peace rose
to thrice beautify the starry flag of libertyl, and to
shA bright rays of cheer upon a nation born
anew. The day was observed with profound
respect. and the good . order kept throughout the
day b) all in attendance, made everything pass
off pleasantly and agreeably to all concerned.
THE REST AND WEEVIL IN WHEAT
To the Editors of the FrooLlio ErPo'l:.r!/
I was gratified with your admirable article in a
late number of your paper on the above subject,
and as you desired an expression o 1 opinion on
the part of those who had cultivated the Tappa ;
}mono& or (white smooth eared) Boughton wheat,
I•take the liberty...of contributing my observation
and experience in regard to its cultivation for
three years past.
So far it has snore than realized My expeeta:
lions, although the severe winter of 1863-4 da
maged the cro?j in every instance in this vicinity:
so far as I know, except my lot of 21 acres, which
was ripe for the Cradle on the 25th of June (1861),
and yielded 66 bushels of as fine a specimen of
plump, white wheat as I ever saw. The flour
from it was ex4ra good. The reason wby mine
was not frozen' out is to be attributed, I suppose,
to the fact, that I top-dressed it in the fall. My
red Mediterranean wheat in an adjoining lot,
sowed on the same day as the white (19th Sep
tember), was greatly damaged by the fly. It
yielded only 16 bushels to the acre.
This year I had but 21 acres of Boughton wheat,
and none of the red. It was ready to cut on the
23d of June, although .the threatening,aspect of
the weather prevented me from having it-reapt
until the 271),. Nbither weevil or rust effected
it—not at all. It stood heavier on the ground
than any white NI heat I ever had. It stood up
well, although the growth - was rank and unusually
tall. Owing to this last, I attribute the fact, - that
the grains are not quite as plump as they were
last year, although they are of fair size and I
think will hold out in weight, (Last year the weight
was 64 lbs. per bushel). I gave a slight top-dres
sing to a portion of it last_ fall also, and even the
stubble now show bow grateful the Ind is for a
little extra favor bestowed in this way. I think
you are perfectly richt when 3on pal, that the
Boughton wheat should have a little extra culture.
Give it a Rood soil and it will give a good yield.
I have 64 dozen of wheat from the above 2#
acres. if it should yield only 50 bushels, it will
be better than a great many of our best fields of
rod wheat will 3 field this 3 ear. lint lam inclin
ed to think it gill yield nearer 641 than 50 bushels.
Of one thing I am fully convinced—we must
discard such wheats as are late 6 ripening, at
least until the weesil, fly and rust pass away.
Whatever preferences we may have in other re
spects, we should see twit that we obtain wheat
which ripcna early, W hatever kind of w heut ithat
may be. So far the Boughton wheat has answer
ed my purpose well, and hence I shall hold on to
it. I may perhaps try the Amber wheat also, as
it, is said to be au early kind. B. S. SriviErk.
Cm3aniViSDURG, ,Tuis R.
—The Unionixtff of Venarmo county hoe non
Mated W. L. Whann for Assembly.
—W. W. Barr, Esq.. has been nominated by
the Democracy of Clarion county fbrAssembly,
—The Union men of Craciford county hat:e re,
nominated C. Sturtevant and GPO. H. BeMos
—The new constitution of Missouri ..has been
adopted by a majority of one thousand eight hun
dred and sixty-two.
—Gen. Schenck is said to be in the field as a
competitor is ith lion. John Sherman for the
next Ohio 11. 8. Senatorship.
—The Union nien of ArnistrOng have nonaina
ted Lieut.-Frank Meritling for Assembly, an(
reeomtnimded Cot. Saninel 31..laelvon for Sena
—The Union men of Lawrence county have
nominated Robert Andley for Senator and Swill
eiChiney (present member) and Alexander P.
:due for Assembly. .
—The National Democratic. Coiiinlittee at
Washington has issued an addres4 to titu Demo
cents of the country, asking them to give their
Fiipport to the Administration of President .N111)-
—Gm. Fletcher. of Missouri. has issued a
proclamation announcing the adoption of, the. new
Constitution for that State. The .majority for
the Constitution was 1, , • 4 6 . 2. 'lt went into ope
ration on the 4th inst.
—The Union men of Indiana county have )m.
minuted Colonel Harry White, of Libby Prison
fame, for Senator by a vote of 1,213 to 1,114 for
Dr. Thomas St. Clair, present Senator. ;mil re
nominated George E. Smith Mr Assembly-
—The Limon Convention of Bedford county
have nominated D. B. Armstrong fur the Legis
lature: John T. Kelm) for District Attorney;
Captain Adam Weaverling for Associate Judge,
and Captain Simon Dick i erhoot fur Treasurer.
—Hon. C. L. Pershing has !won re-nominated
for Assembly by the Democrats of Cambria. He
has served four consecutive I.e,mnis, and with
gnat credit to himself and to the House. Since
Cambria is pretty certain to prefer a Democrat
for member, we are glad to see Mr. Pershing the
—Col. Mundy, candidate for Congress in the
Louisville district of Kentucky, made a telling
oration On the Fourth, in %NW!' -lie took decided
ground in favor of the constitutional amendment
abolishing slavery. He also affirmed the remark-
able doctrine for a Border State politician, that
" emancipation must be accorded as a natural
right, and with it, the attendant prcCilegeA of a
state of freedom."
—The Pittsburg Daily Commercial warmly ur
ges the nomination of Wm. flurry Markle, Esq.,
of Westmoreland county for Auditor General.
It says that Rs the West is entitled to one of
he positions the name of Wm. Harry Markle,
Esq.. of Greensburg, • is-atrongiy urged as the
candidate of the - -:West. Mr. Markleis a long
tried 'Union man, and a gentleman of aFIC,
qualified for • this important post. His • numerous
friends, we understand, present his claims and
qualifications with strong eqnfidence that they
will be recognized by the Onion party and the
people of the ;Stale.
. —The reported pardon of Cbarleg James Faulk
net is contradicted.
banquet' was given to Gen. Sherman at
Louisville on Monday week.
—Mr. Johnson, the Provisional Governor of
Georgia, has arrived at Savannah.
—James Daubs; a prominent and wealthy
citizen of Philatlelphia, died on the 4th inst.
—David Gregory and William Hopkins, mur
derers, are to he hanged in Philadelphia on the
11th of August.
—Pretident Johnson has appointed Benjamin
P. Perry, of South Carolina, Provisional Gover-,
nor of that State.
—Dr. Geo. A. Eckert M. C. from Schuylkill
and subsequently Director of the Mint died in
Philadelphia last week.
—Hon. Thomas 11(s, formerly a member of
Congress from this State,_died at his residence in
Doylestowni on Saturdai-weeh.
—Hon Ma Packer, of Mauch Chunk, has do
nated $500,000 and fifty-seven acres of land for
the establishment of a College near Bethlehem.
Application for the bodies of Mrs. Surratt, At
zeroth and Harold was made on Friday last by
friends of the deceased. Their request was not
Leteher, of Virginia, and Co ,
lonel Northrop, ex-rebel Commissary .General,
lime been reduced to poverty by the failure of
—Major Eckert on Saturday Week entered on
his duties as Assistant Secretary of War, in place
of Mr. Dana, who is going to Chicago to edit the
J: B. Fry,..well known for his connec
tion with music criticism and the literature of
the operatic stag's, died at his residence in Phila
delphia, on the Iskinst.
—Hon. James Paul, State Senator from Montt
gomery county, from 18.35 to 1839, died at his
home, in Moreland, township, a few dais since, at
the ripe age of 86 years, •
—Mr. Frederick Seward has so far recovered
from his injuries as to be able to ride ont;each
day, weather permitting, and he expe As shortly
to he able to visit his home in 'The State of New
7 -Winitwit Orton, of New York, entered upon
the duties of Commissioner of Intern . al Revenue,
at Washington. on Saturday week. He succeeds
Joseph J. Lewis, whose. services while in that
position were equally valuable with those of the
first Commissioner, Governor Boato.-ell.
—lt is duthoritatirely denied that Secretary
Seward has tendered his resignation to President
Johnson; or that a changet in the Department of
State is contemplated. Mr. Seward, after great
peril and suffering, has reappeared at his post,
and it is not too .much to say that the people of
this country recognize in him its ripest statesman.
He has fairly won this distinction.
3IILITA RV INTELLIGENCE.
—The rebel Commissioner Ould has been un
—Gen. Logan has issued an order for the mus
tering out of his entire army.
—Gen. Granger, in Texas, has issued an order
proclaiming the abolition of slavery iu th . at State-
—Geneiol Logan has issued au order reducing
the Army of the Tennessee to fifteen thousand
.--fteneral Hnlleck will soon. leave Washington
to take command of the Department of the Pa
—Au order from the War Department directs
all volunteer officers on detached serried to join
their proper commando. •
—lt if officially announced that the ram Stone
wall is to be delivered up by the Spanish authori
ties to the United States.
—Gen. 3feade has assumed command of the
Military Division of the Atlantic, with his head
quarters at Philadelphia..
—Brevet Major-Genival ti. Wylie Crawford,
lately in command of the Third Division, Fifth
Corps. will shortly be assigned to a new com
—Richmond paper,' nE Friday my that the rail
roads throughout the South are being rapidly re
paired, and that cornmunieMion With New Or
leans by rail will soon be open;
—The Provisional Corps, under General Wright.
will encamp for the summer on the tipper ,Poto
mac. The headquarters of the Army of the Poto
mac has been lhoken up, General Meade having
gone to-Philadelphia. General Hunt, Chief of
Artillery, _goes to Kansas. General Hulleck
leaves for' California soon. General Ord is ex
pected to assume command of the Department of
—A veritable black flag, raised by .the rebels
over the college building at Russellville. Kentucky
it has been deposited in the Indiana State
Libra!". by Col. Wells, of the Fiftieth Indiana
regiment. The flag is about seven feet in length
byteur feet in width, and is made of black alpaca.
In the center is a large White skull, with a ghast
ly grin, and beneath it the cross-bones, done in
white paint. It is a striking illustration Of the
chivalrous character of the fiends we have been
Jane U. isAehn visited Washington dur
ing the trial of the convirators, and spent a mor
ning itnessmg the trial. She thus describes the
murderers and the beetles attending the trial in a
letter to the Pittsburg Commercial:
Long before this reaches you Mrs. Surratt will
have suffered.the;eitreme penalty of the law,
and my pity Wr her fate cannot add one drop to
that octian of el mpathy which threatens to wash
av‘ ay the land-marks between vice and virtue in
inakiffg them equally sate; hut when justice is
satisfied, we may profitably consider the extent of
complicity in that crime for which Mrs. Surratt
suffered. Unit only knows how she suffered !
It is customary to represent her as a monster
with an unlimited amount of cunning and cruelty
in her face: but she is simply a representative
Southern woman, no better or worse than the
majority of Southern women. I know those who
have known her as the belle and beauty of her
county, the petted, spoiled tiworite of tier friends,
the idol of parents, husband and children. Her
face, and indeed her whole figure, while on trial,
was soft, rounded, tender and motherly. Her
large gray eyes alone gave indication of reserved
strength. Iler behavior, during that long and
terrible ordeal, was full of delicacy and dignity.
She made no scenes, as a weak or vain woman
would have done. When her daughter came
into court, and, with quivering lip and streaming
eye, appeared on the point of breaking down,
with a gestve of command and entreaty she res
trained her.i. All the long, hot days, she sat with
her heavy mourning veil down; and a large paint
leaf hW held between her face and the crowds
who gathered, and crushed, and struggled to gaze
at tier, as if she had been an alligator—kundreds
of persons in these crowds making the Most in
sulting reniarlts in her hearing.
Tour reader§ are no doubt familiar, with the
form of the Caireroom, and know that her posi
tion was in the southwest corner facing the east,
and that a door leads in from an anti-room on the
south, about tour feet from the railing behind
which she sat. On my one visit I had a chair
close to the wall behind this door and the railing,
so that I was within lefartharrtwo feet of the rail;
ith orders to keep that apace clearbut the press
at the door forentrance was so greatthat I grad
ually Imoved; my - chair until it was close to the
rail, and eat there an hour before being discover
ed. During all- that time she leaned her head
wearly, againstthe wall, and by changing hands
steadily before herface, and every few minutes
a low, stifled moan escaped her. Man and wo
man stood a tip-toe, and stretched and strained,
or having gained entrdnce, stood cooly and made
such remarks as " Where's Mrs. Surratt?" " I
want to fee her " Oh, goodness,just look if she
isn't pretending to be modest !" "I wish I could
see her face better!" "Isn't she a devil r " She
looks like a devil !" " Hasn't she a horrid face?"
" I hope they'll - hang her—tee, bee, bee"' All
these remarks, and more such,someof them again
and again, -and often accompanied by coarse
laughter, I heard during the two hours and a half
I sit near her, and she must have heard them as
distinctly - to I did. They were evidently meant
for her. •
It appeared to me so cruel and cowardly thus
to insult a prisoner, in chains that I' could not
refrain from answering, and several times said:
"She has not a bad face. She has a good face,
and if she had not, it is cowardly to insult her!"
She dropped her fan and looked at me with
such an expression of gratitude as I shall never
forret. I looked full into her eyes; mine were
not-dry. while hers filled with heavy tears: Sev
eral asked me if I was a friend ofMrs. Surratt,"
so strange did any pity for her appear.
CAPITAL CONVICTION OF FOUR!
THEIR EXECUTION ON FRIDAY LAST!
Mrs. Surratt, Pay - ne, Atzeroth and
Harold Hang !
HOD, ARNOLD AND O'LAUGHLIN
SPANUER 13IPRISONED FOR SIX TEARS!
The President's Approyal of the
DETAILS OF THE EXECUTION
On Wednesday last the President approved
and promulgated the sentences in the cases of the
assassins of President Lincoln, and FA/ay—two
days thereafter was fixed;for the execution; and
Gen. Hancock charged with the fulfillment of the
order. The sentence of the court in the cases of
David E. Harold, Lens is Payne (Hociell) Mary
E. Surratt and Geo. A..Atzeroth was that they
"be' hanged by the neck until-be Or she) be dead,
at such time and place as the President of the
United States shall direct." Michael O'Laugh
lin, Samuel Arnold and Dr. Samuel A. Mudd
were sentenced to be imprisoned at hard labor
for life, and Edward Spangler was sentenced to
hard labor and imprisonment for six years.
THE PRESIDENT'S APPROVAL.
The following is the President's approval of the
sentence and his order to Maj. Gen. Hancock to
EXECUTIVE MANSION, July 5, 1565.—The
foregoing ~ententes in the cases of David E. Har
.old, CI: A. Atzeroth, Lewis Payne and Mary E.
Surratt, are hereby approved; and it is ordered
that the sentences in the cases of David E. Har
old, G. ATitzeroth, Lewis Payne and Mary E.
Sarnia be carried into execution by, the proper
military authority, under the direction of the Sec
retary of War, on the 7th day of July, 1865, be,
tween the hours of 10 o'clock A. 31., and 2 o'clock
P. 3L ofthat day. (Signed)
ANAHEW JOHNSON, President.
Therefore you are hereby commanded to cause
the foregoing-sentences in the cases of David E.
Harold, Gt,:t. Atzeroth, Lewis Payne and Mary
E. t.iurrnttito be - duly executed, )n aeepridance
with the President's order. •
By command id the President of the United
States. E. D. T016.7.1END,
THE SENTENCES REAL ) TO THE' PRISONERS
About noon on Thursday Gen. Hancock, who is
charged with the execution of the sentences, pro
ceeded to the Penitentiary, and in company with
Major-General Hartranit visited the cell of each
prisoner and informed each what, verdict had
been rendered. No one was present at this in
terview but the two Generals and the turnkey.
Mrs. Surratt, on learning her tate, was ex
tremely depressed, and wept bitterly. She was
alone, her daughter having left her a short time
before,not knowing the sentence was to be an
nounced to her mother that day.
Payne, seemed to regard it as a foregone con
clusion, and manifested little or no emotion. He
had evidAntly nerved himself to meet his - death
with firm resolution.
Atzeroth was violently Agitated and almost
paralyzed with fear. He evidently hoped Fier a
different result, but it is, difficult to see how he
could have.expected it to have been otherwise.
Harold listened to the reading of the order in
his case with boyish indifference, but soon after
became impressed with thosolemnity of his situ
ation and appeared more serious, asking that his
sisters might be allowed to visit him.
Payne asked that . Dr. Strecker, a Baptist
clergyman of Baltilubre, be sent for, which was
done, and that gentleman arrived here this even
ing, and is in attendance upon the prisoner.
Mrs:Surratt asked that Fathers Walter and
-Wiget, Catholic priests of Baltimore, be sent tor.
Her wish was immediately complied with, and
both the clergymen arrived this evening, and were
admitted to her cell.
Atzeioth could name no 'clergyman he wished
to attend lain; but upon Gen. liartrailft naming
Rev. Mr. Butler, a Lutheran clergy - man of Wash
ington city, the prisoner desired he might be sent
for, and he was in attendance upon the prisoner
early this afternoon.
TIEE ASSASSINS-LEWIS PAYNE.
A great mystery envelopes this man, a mystery
which seems impenetrable. As the assassin who
attempted the life f Secretary Seward, more than
Ordinary interest was attached to the testimony
affecting his case. Who he is no one appeared to
know on the trial. The nearest approach to any
thing satisfactory is, that he is the son of a Rev.
Dr. Powell, a Baptist Minister, residing in Flori
da; but even this is nut positively. ascertained.
Miss Brandon, 'a witness produced in his behalf,
remembered him as a nurse in one of the hospit
als after the hattic of Gettysburg. Ile then went
bv the name of Powell; but early in 1865, while
boarding with Miss Brandon's mothe'r, in Balti
more, lie assonant the name of Payne.
The testimony against him during the trial
brought out the fact•that he was employed by the
Rebel plotters Who had taken refuge in Canada
to.assassinate Secretary Seward.' He was a fit
tool for these persons, Bev. Tucker, G eo . N. San
ders, C. C. Clay Jacob Thompson; W, N. Cleary,
et. al. Booth sitcceeded, but thanks to kind Prov
idence. Payne failed. If Abraham Lincoln was
to be the martyr, Win. H. Seward, his t rusty coun
sellor and friend, was to live and behold the tri
umph of our cause.
Payne went on to play his part in the work on
the 4th of March, bat as the scheme was postpon
ed. he found his 'wdy to the house of Mrs Surratt:
At her house he Pased under the nameof Wood.
The part which he enacted in the assassination
plot is explained ;hi the testimony givertduring the
Payne is a bad looking mam.tall and of huge
proportions, neck bare, lace smoothly shaven, a
shock of black .air over a low forehead, and
fierce eyes with small corner, around- which -the
white is always ;disagreeably visible., He leans
his head straight back against the. wall and
when looked at blares the looker out of collate
GET). A. ATZEROTIt.
Atzeroth. who , was to murder' Me. Johnson, is
a vulgar looking creature, but not apparently fe
rocious ; combativeness is large, but in the re
eon of firmness his bend is lacking where Payne's
is immense. He( has a protruding jaw and mous
tache turned up pa the cud, and a short, insignifi
eaut looking fact. lie isjust the man to-prom
ise to commit a murder, and then fail on coming
,to the point. Mes. Surratt calls him a " stick,"
and she is probably right.
Atzeroth was captured during the week which
succeeded the crime, and was taken to Wa s hi ng _
tbn. He had a room almost directly over Mr.
Johnson's. He had all the materials-to do mur
der, but larked spirit or opportunity. lie ran
away so hastily that all his arms and-baggage
were - discovered; . a tremendous bowie-knits and
a Colt's cavalry fevolver were found between the
mattresses of his bed. Booth's coat was also
found there, showing conspired flight in company,
July 12, 1865.
and in it three boxes of cartridg a map of
Maryland, gatintlets for riding, sem and a hand
kerchief marked with the name of 13ooth's.moth
er-f-a mother's souvenir for a murderer's pocket
Atzerotb fled alone, and was- found. at the house
oats uncle in Montgomery county.
DAVID C. HAROLD.
Harold, the accomplice of Borah in the alassai
nation of'President Lincoln, is not der twenty.
• three years of age. He was born in I flaffhtnd,
and received his education at Chartottee Ball, in
St. Mary's county. His father, a most estimabl e
man, resided for many years in Washington, and
held the position of prmcipal clerk in -the naval
store. Young Harold was perfectly acquainted
with the topography, of thel o wsp or ti on o f the
State,lying between the Chesapeake Bay andthe
Potomac River, au& made a most excellent guide
for Booth, with whom he was on most intimate
terms for several &maths previous to the assassi
nation. Harold led a very dissipated life and
was notoriously indolent, while it was a matter
of general surprise how he obtaided means to
live. It is probable now that money was furnished
him from the secret service fund of the Rebel
Government, as to Booth, Payne and the other
Harold is an inveterate talker, and a great
coward as his anxiety to surrender when in Gar
-rett's barn sufficiently prove. Since' his capture
he has been talkative and reticent by turns, and
although wearing generally au indifferent air
while m Court, when in his cell he frequently
gives way to fits of weeping.
MRS. MARY E. SURRATT
Mrs. Mary E. Snrratt is the mother of John H.
Surratt, and the evidence adduced dining the
trial, proves her to have been one of the most
active and energetic - of the conspirators. _There
is no doubt but that she aided them in every man
ner in her power. She had the carbines prepared
and the bottles of whisky ready for Booth and
Harold when they arrived at her old tavern in
their flight. She is a woman of great nerve and
energy, and an out and out Rebel at heart. Mrs.
Surratt is a Marylander, about forty five or forty
eight years of age. Mrs.- Surratt shut up her
house after the murder, and waited with her
daughters till the officers came. She was_ im
perturbable and rebuked her girls for-weeping,
and wpuld have gone to jail like a statue, but that
in his extremity Paynoknocked at her door. He
had come, he said, to dig a ditch for Mrs Sundt
whom he very well knew. But Mrs. Surratt pro
tested that she had never seen the man at all,
mid had no ditch to clean.
" How fortunate, girls," she said, " that these
officers are here; this man might have murdered
us all !"
Her effrontery damps her nsworty oteompan
ionghip with Booth
WASIILNGTON July 7.
On the petition of Mary E. Barrett, through
her counsel, Messrs. Aiken and Ciampi% Judge
of the Supreihe Court of this districtissued
a writ of Habeas Corpus to Gen. Hancock, coin
nianding him to produce in court, at 10 o'clock
this !morning, the body of Mrs. Sumitt, with the
cause and day of her detention.
A WRIT SERVED UPON GEN. HANcocti
The writ was served on Gen Hancock at the
Meth opolition Hotel, at eight o'clock this morning,
who made a return, of which the following was a
EXECUTIVE 0 F F IC E, July 7, 1865—ee o'-
clock:A. M.—To Major General W. S. liadeock ,
commander. &c.: I, - Andrew Johnson, Presiden t
of the - United States, do hereby declare that the
writ ,of habeas corpus has been heretofore gospel} ,
ded in such cases as this, and I do hereby especi
ally suspend this writ, and direct that you pro—
ceed to execute the order heretofore 4iven upon
the judgment of - the military commission, and
you. will give this order iirreturn to this writ.
ANDREW JOELISON, President.
PREPARATIONS AT TILE GALLOWS.
At an early hour to-day,guards were placed an
around the arsenal grounds, to prevent the intru
sion of persons to the scene of execution, none be
ing admitted excepting those previously supplied
with tickets by Major General RSII - COCk.
THE PRISONERS VISITED BY THEIR FRIETVDS,
The relatives of Mrs. Barrett and Harold spent
several hours with them during the forenoon, and
they were also attended by their spiritual advisers,
as were also Payne and Atzeroth.
THE CONDEMNED PROCEED TO THE SCAFFOLD
A few minutes after one o'clock the outer pris
on door was opened and Mrs. • Snrratt "was sup
ported on her way to the gallows by two military
Next followed Atzeroth, Harold and Payne ac
companied by a guard and•their respective minis
ters_of the gospel. Front seats were provided
for them on the platform, in the following order:
Mrs. Surratt, Payne, Harold and Atzeroth. The
officers entrusted with the execution and the
ministers, occupied intermediate paiitions.
SCENE AT THE GALLO**. -
Major General Hartranft, who has -been from
the commencement in charge of the prisoners,
came forward and read the order of the War
Department already published, approving the
sentences and ordering the penalty of death to be
A heavy guard was stationed on the walls sur
rounding the ground, while below soldiers were
formed on two sides of a square. Perhaps sev
eral hundred civilians were present, anxious spec
tators of the solemn scene. One of the priests
attendant on Mrs. Surratt repeated a short pray
er, to which Payne, who was seated next to her.
attentively listened.. The minister who had been
adtuinilitering to Payne, expressed, in the name
of the latter, his sincere thanks to Gen. Hartranft
iind the officers and soldiers who bad charge of
him, for their personal kindness. They had not
uttered an unkind word nor given an unpleasant
look or gesture, but seemed to compassionate his
PRATER OFFERED FOR THE CULPRITS
The minister then uttered a brief prayer asking
for Payne the forgiveness of all his sins and a
passage out of this world into the joys of Heaven.
The - ministers wbo attended Harold ,also re
turned thanks for the kind treatment of the pris
oners, end offered a prayer that God - would re
ceive his soul. Harold was affected to tears.
The minister who attended Atzeroth, also re
turned for-him thanks to Gen. Ilartranft and oth
er officers Tor kind attention,, and then inyoked
the mercy of God upon the prisoner. .
THE FLVAL PREPARATION
The condemned were then required to rise
from their seats, when the chairs were removed.
They were noW all on the drops ; their hands
were fastened behind them, and their legs banda
ged both below and above the knees, and white
caps placed over their heads.
Atzeroth, while being prepared for the execu
tion, exclaimed : "Gentlemen, farewell! Take
good care Goodbye. Gentlemen now before
me !" One of the clergymen standing near, e.x.-
claimed : ""May we all meet in the other world !"
As soon as the noose was placed around each
neck; Mrs. Surratt being the last one adjusted;
the section of the platform on which they had
been standing suddenly fell, and the culprits were
hanging several feet from the ground.
Mrs. Surratt and Payne scarcely moved° mus
cle; Atzeroth exhibited some twitchings ; Harold
showed more nervous sensibility than any of the
others. The bodies hung until life was extinct,
and were afterwards given over for burial the
rough coffins being already at hand for that pur
pose. The arrangements for the execution were
• INFORALkTiON FREE.— To Nervous Sufferers.
—A G en tleman, cured of l ervousDeblity, in COthPetee.Y""
Premature Decay, and Youthful - Error, actuated iry a de
sire to benefit others, will be happy to furnish to all Who
need it, (FREE OF OIiABGE.,) the recipe and illreetdMs for
making the simple remedy used In his case. Sufferers
wishing to profit by the advertiser's sad experience, and
possess a sure and valuableremedy, can do so by address.
ing hint at his place of business. The Recipe, and full in.
formation--of vital importance—still be cheerfully sent by
return mall Address JOHN' B. OGDEN, CO Nassau street,
P. B.—Nervous Sufferers of both sexes will find this in
formation invaluable: aprat2-3m
.E go to Clippinger & Thompson's to get the
truest pictures. Mr. John W. Odiorne, late of Gate.
krmst's Imperial and Morgan /4 —Reasstar's Excelsior
Gallery, is operating for
_them. Mr. Odiorne, fnim pest
experience , of nine yeare,. deems himself 'competent to
make pictures equal to any made in the first class Gil-
lanes of New York, Philadelphia or elsewhere, therefore
they can assure their patrons to give them satisfaction In
all cases. Dont forget the place, Sien'of the Red Flag,
Second Street juneklm
GELrviors & Bynum/tam have returned from
Philadelphia and New York with a new and very heavy
lot of goods. It is their determination to make this hazi
ness pay them by selling great . quantities of. pods, and
not by large profits. R e advise all who wish to boy
goods cheap . and to have the largest and most varied stock
to make their selection from, to call with this Ann before
THE ,BRIDAL CILAMBER.—A note of warning
and advice to those suffering with /Seminal 'Madmen,
General Debility, or Premature Decay, from whatever
cause produced., Read, ponder, and ceded! Be wise in
Sent FREE to any address, for the beet of the MEM
ad. Seat by return mail. Address JAILER B. BUTLItn,
Broadway, fcew York. Apr 1119.3111.
ANODYNE CORDIAL, the Mother's Friend and
RelieL—Tble valuable medicine is again for gals
, I. at MILLER'S NEW DRUG STORE, next door vest or
Brown's Hotel. It to far superior to all Soothing Bird^
or any other preparation for children in ZEtealbirt-V 11 " 140 .
Diarrhea, or inward Palm.
BEDFORD BFRINGS.—Bedlord W.ster, fresh
from the eminp, for We by the Gallon. at CrItESSLER'S
Drug Stem - Also DelisACIA saas water, with obince