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plMnt OF PUBLICATION.
THE FIIANIaLC Ti.EPOSITORY is published
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ASSOCIATION," at 02 50 per annum, EC ADVANCE, or
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counts sitar - he settled annually. No paper will be sent
out of the State unless paid for in adrance, and all such
subscriptions will invariably be discontinued at the expi
ration of the time for which they are paid..
ADVERTISEMENTS are Inserted at FIITEEN - CES
per line for first insertion, and. TEN CENTS per line for sub.
see/neat Insertions. A tibetal discount is made to persons
advertising by the quarter, half-year or year. Special no
tices charged one-half more than regular advertilements.
All resolutions of Associations , communications of emited
or individual interest, and Wines of Marriages and Deaths
exceeding five lines, are charged illnien cents per line.
All Legal Narita of every kind, and all Chphane
Court and ather...,atelicial .lales, are required by lam to be
advertised in the #EPOSITORT—it having the LARGEST Mt.
MUTTON of arty paper published in the county of Franklin.
JOB PRINTING of every kind in Plain and Fancy col
ors, done with neatness and dispatch. Hand-bills, Blanks,
Cards, PamphletSTl:c., of every variety and style, printed
at the shortest notice. The- REPOsITORY OFFICE, has just
been re-fitted with Steam Power and three Presses, and
every thing in the Printing line can be executed in the
inest artistic manner and at the lowest rates. TERMS IN
W' Mr. John K. Shryock is dur authorized Agent to
receive Subscriptions and Advertisements, and receipt for
the same:, All leti - gre should ho addressed to
-- 3PCLUR.E & STONER, Publishers.
Coal, kunthq, •&c.
CARPENTERS AND BUILDERS!
Andersigned have now on hand, at their
FLARING AND FLOORING MILL,
a large supply of Sash, Shutters, Doors and Blinds for sale,
or wade to order.
Mouldings of all descriptions, front half inch to 8 inches,
Plain and Ornamental Scroll Sawing neatly executed,
Also—Wood Turning hr all its branches. Newel Posh,
Banisters, Bea — Posts, &c„ on hand
A. large supply of Dressed Flooring for sale.
Also—Window and Door Frames on hand Or made @L
shortnotlee. , _ HAZELET, VERNON & CO.,
tebl tf Harrison Avenue. Chambersburg, Pa.
N OT-VE TO FARMERS
100 TONS OF TIMOTHY RAY
Wanted by Geo. A. DEITZ
•XM WALNUT LOGS
Wanted by GEO. A. Dun
100 ASH LOGS
Wanted by GEO. A. DErn.
100 LARGE CHERRY LOGS
Wanted by GEO. A. DEM.
WkLEAT, RYE, CORE, OATS,
and all kid of Produce bought by GEO. A. GEII2, at
his Warehouse above the Railroad Depot.
STOVE AND ELITE COAL
for - sale cheap, by the ton or half tun:
OAK AND ILICKCiRT WOOD
'by the cord•or half cord.
OAK A:NI) HICKORY 'WOOD,
sawed and split for stave nee, by the cord or half cord.
• WINDOW AND DOOR SILLS,
of Oak, Walnut and Pine, always on hand.
WIINDONV AND DOORFRAME STUFF,
and all kinds of LUMBER. such as Oak and Pine Plank;
Oak,Waiiiit, Pine and Hemlock Boards ; Flooring Boards,
Joists, Scantling, Shingles, Paling, Laths, Sc. •
BEST OF ROOFES'EI SLATE
always on hand , and roots put on by the best . Slaters, who
have draw - a - medals for their superior workmanship.
CALL AT DEITES WAREIIOUSE,
above the Railroad Depot, and buy cheap. (dee2l
LEONARD EBERT 64 - . S,ON,
COAL AND LUMBER MERCHANTS.
We have on - hand all kinds of Coal and Lumber, and
are prepared to furnish Bill Lumber to order at short no
tice, all at the most reasonable terms. Our stock of Lum
ber consists of
White Pine 2 inch Plank,
" " " select Plank.
" " Plank.
" " 1 select and Culling Boards,
'• " " BoardS,
" Siding (6 inch, ) '
• Best River Shingles,
• " Worked Flaring,
" " " Siding
_• ". Joist and Scantling, all sizes,
Hemlock Joistand Scantling,
Yellow Pine Boards, Joist and Scantling,
PailiniLand Plastering Laths.
We have also always on hand a sood • supply of all
kinds of Coal for stoves and limelmrning. Also a supe
rior article of Broadtop Coal far blacksmiths. The pub.
110 are invited to give us a call, as we will endeavor to
give satisfaction to all that
Coal and Lumber. furnished on the cars to any station
on the Franklid..
on - &cond. St., in the rear of the Jail Yard,
Chamlierstnag, Pa. LEO. EBERT & SON..
QTEAM SAW .111 - .—Tile undersign
k.7 ed have erected and in operation a Steam Saw Mill
at the South Mountain, near Gruffenburg Springs, and are
prepared to saw to order Bills. ; of WHITE OAR. PINE,
HEMLOCK or any kind of amber desired, at the short
est notße and at tow rate'. One of the firm will be at the
Hotel of Sanil Greenawalt; in Chambersburg, an &Etter
day the 24th inst. and on eneh alternate Saturday thereaf
ter for the purpose of contracting fir the delivery of lum
ber. LUMBER DELIVERED at any point at the Low-
EST RATES. All letters should be addressed to them at
Graffenburg P. 0., Adams Co., Pa.
decl44y MILTENBERGER & BRADY.
"fifCg"''''' Small lots of Lumber, Shingles, &c., from our
-mitts can be procured at nor times at
W. F. EYSTER & BRO'S,
Market Street Chamberalour,g,
SMALL, BENDER CO.,
York and Goldsborough,
--- AND MANUFACTURERS OF
- SASH, DOORS, SHUTTERS, BLUCDS,
DOOR AND WINDOW FRAMES, 4c.,
Keep constantly on hand a well selected stock of seas
onkble Lumber, viz:—Joist and Scantling, Weatherboard
ing': dressed flooring, Siding, Laths, Shingles, Palings and
fgr.White Pine andffOak Bills, sawed to order at the
shortest notice._ Ali eytnfnunications should be addressed
to XoftK, PA. isvp2B-I y
IaLTIL DIN G LIMI3EII.—The iinder
-I_, signed is prepared to saw all kinds of Building Lum
ber at the lowest market price. .R. A. RENFREW,
'GHEE:MOOD MtLLO, Fayetteville P. 0. dec-ly
Eillatcbto ant jjeluettp.
WATCRE,S, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, &c
liaving}avt opened a hell selected assortment of goods
in my line, directly
Opposite the Post Office, on Second Street,
where my old and I hope many new castinners will find
me during business hour& Nfy old stock having been re•
daoed very suddenly on the 30th of July /ash I was com
pelled to buy an
- Entire New Stock of Goods,
which are of the latest styles and patterhs, consisting of
Gold and Silver (Imported and American)
Genre and Ladies' Watches,
Jewelry• of fine and Medium qualities,
- Silver Thimbles,
Fruit and Butter Knives,
Gold Pens of tine quality,
- Razors, Strops and Brushes,
Silver Plated Spoons, Forks and Butter Knives,
Nall mid Tooth Brushes,
• Redding and Pocket Combs,
Large and Small Willow Baskets.
The assartnient of CLOCKS is large and of every a•
I hare 00 hand the DENRY REPEATRiG RIFLE,
-*McKean be fired fifteen times in that many seconds.
..*lnerybody should have one for self defence.
• The public are landed to cell and examine them.
• PISTOLS on hand and orders filial for any kind that
.'rnatz be wanted. Cartridges of all sizes kept on hand.
It roar long experience I can adapt Spectacles to the sight
of the old as well as middle aged. SPECTACLES AND
'EYE GLASSES in Gold, Silver and Steel Frames al
ways on band,
• Having the niferwy for the sale of the celebrated BUR
GLAR AND It IItESI'ItOOF SAFE, manufactured by
Farrell,-Herring & Co., I will MI orders at the =induct
tures price. All Worm:Mon in regard to them given.
The public are tanned to call and examine the stock.
Watches, Clocks wad Jewelry repaired at low rates to
suit We times.
ELI HOLDEN, INVITEST H E A T.,
tentiwa of every reader of this paper, which includes
many thousand of his old patrune and acquaintances, to
Ms unusually large ane beautiful variety of AMERICAN
t & Imported WATCIIES, CLOCKS, and elegant designs
of Jk-WELRY, SILVER WARE, am,
oS Start:et Street, l'hiludelphin.
TllO DYSPEPTICS.—Having been 011 -
x ied for a number of years with Dyspepsia, I w a s
advised to try DR. WISH ART'S MEDIC:INE for that
disease. I derived great benefit and recommended it to
quite a number of my friends and who were also much
penefitted by it, and whose testimonials can be lied if net.
Ihave been appointed' by Dr. Wishful as Agent
for the Sale of his Medicine, wholesale or retail.
W. G. REED,
; t nov23 Repository &dee, Dbambersburg Pa.
TOB PRINTING, in every style, done
i at the MP ;If 11 . 1 P FRANKLIN ItroPOSITnRY
- X4J-- - fTalittiit: *Arpio,d*lotti
BY WCLURE & STONER.
COUNTY, TREASURER.—MAJ. JOHN
HASSLER. offers himself as a candidate for the office
of Cottats=Treasurer, subject to the decision of the Union
St, TROmAs, Much 1£65.
OTINTY TREASURER.—At the sac
itation of a numberr of my friends, I tmnounee ' my
aelf a candidate for the Office of County Treasurer, sub.
ject to the decision 'of the Union Nominating County
Convention [QUENCT, 3inFe1022,) W 34. FLA(tLE.
AM. CRISWELL will be.a. candidate
. for the office of County Treasurer, subject to the
decision of the Union Nominating County Convention.
- CUBE:: TOWNSHIP: May 3d, 1865. •
rrIREASURER.—SamueI F. Greenawalt
11 offers himself use Candidate for the office of County
Treasurer, subject to the decision of the Union Nomtna•
ting Conveuthet. CHAMBERSHUAG, March 15.
candidate far C T O Ii v,, E ,T R Y T T O R - ti As ‘V uRER ILL B mi E bi
et, A t
to the decision of the Union Nominating Convention.
WAvNEsnoito, June 7, 1865,
SH_ERIFFALTY.—At the solicitation
of a number of my friends, I offer myself as a Can
didate for'the office of Sheriff of Franklin County, subject
to.the decision of the Union Nominating Convention.
GVILFORD TOWNSHIP, Slarch 'F. W. DOSE.
kJ HERIFF AL TY.—Encouraged by a
number of my friends, I offer myself as a Candidate
for the offum of Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Union
Nominating County Convention. DAVID EBY.
HA3m.rox,Towssiur, March 22.'
c4HEI2.II 4 PALTY.—I offer myself as a
VJ Candidate for lite office of Sheriff of Franklin county,
. to the demon of the Union Nominating Conven
tion, THOMAS M'AFEE.
MEgCERSEWso, March 22, 1.865.
HERIFFALTY.,--Encouraged by. a
numberof my friends, I offer myself aaa candidate fur
the office of Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Union
Nominating County Convention. D. M. LEIWIER.
,CHAMMEILSBURG. March 15.
SHERIFFALTY.—Capt. Jxa. DCESIER,
of Chambersburg, 'vrslbe a candidate far the office of
Sheriff, subject to the decision of the Union Nominating
County Convention, marchls.
STRICKLER will be a candidate for pis-na cr AT-
Toß.ver, subject to the decision of the next Union County
Convention. Greencastle June 7th, 186.3.
WATSON ROWE WILL BE A.
En e ti l e," ic t ia t t o e tre u d'e 127 oof f g s
ia T e i g: T nio A n T art
ASTERN INN.—The undersigned ha
ving lately purchased the large - and commodious
Brick Building of Rev. S. R. Fisher, in connection with his
present place of business, on the comer of Main street and
Ludnig's Alley, is prepared to accommodase BOARD
ERS by the day, week or month. He is amply provided
with STABLE% to accommodate the traveling public.
Having a large LIVERY STABLE connected with the
Hotel, guests and the public generally can be furnished
with Horses and Carriages at any moment Persons visit
ing Eharobersburg with their families will find this the
most comfortable Hotel in the county, as it has been re
fitted with entire new Furnittire, and the roofs are large
and well ventilated. The TABLE is amply supplied with
all the luxuries of the Beason, and the BAR, winch is de
tached from the Brick Building, will always be furnished
with choice and pure liquors.. Every attention paid to the
comfort of guests. [octld[ S. F. GREENAWALT.
TIROWN'S HOTEL.—This Hotel, sitn-
AJ aced on the corner of Queen and Second Streets, op.
posite the Bank, Court Room, and County Offices, and in
the immediate neighborhood of Stores, Shops, and other
places of business, is conveniently situated for country
people having business in Claanrbersburg. The Building
has been greatly enlarged and refitted for the accommoda
tion of Guests:
THE TABLE trill always be furnished with the best
She Market can produce.
THE BAR will be supplied with pure and choice_ Li
THE STABLE is large an attended witha good and
Every attention will be rend 44. to make Guests com
fortable while sojourning at this HoteL
febl JACOB S. BROWN, Proprietor.
LION HOTEL.--This old and well
kJ established Hotel is now open for the accommodation
The Proprietor baring leased the three:kt' ory blockle buil.
dings on Queen Street, in the rear of his former stand, is
prepared to furnish GOOD ROOMS for the traveling and
transient cy. stona.
lIIS TrBLE will sustain its former reputation of being
supplied with the best the market can producer
HIS BAR, detached from the main building, will al
ways have choice and pore Liquors.
Good warm STABLING for fifty horses, with careful
Every attention gill be made to render guests comfort
able while sojourning at this Hotel.
janlB JSO. FISHER. Proprietor.
VATIONAL HOTEL.—The subscriber
11 would respectfully announce that he has so far corn.
pleted his Hotel building as to be enabled to open his
II A It, which he has supplied with a stock of fine and
choice Liquors. . _ •
Ile has also erected in connection with the Hotel a large
and convenient STABLE. and is now prepared to furnish
Stabling and Provender for any number or Homes.
Attached to the Stable (under cover) are a pair of HAY
AND STOCK SCALES, to which the especial attention.
of i•'armers. Drovers and Butchers is invited.
june7 DANIEL TROSTLE.'
DAVID H. HUTCHISON
has becoMe the Proprietor of the UNITED STATES
HOTEL, near the Railroad Depot at HARRISBURG,
PA: This popular and commodious Rotelthas been newly
refitted and furnished throughout Its parlors and chambers,
and is now ready forthe reception of guests.
The traveling public, will find the United States Hotel
the most convenient, in all particulars, of any Hotel in
the State Capital, on account of its access to the railroad,
being immediately between the two great depots in this
city. [Harrisburg, Jane 17, &t-1L
STATES UNION HOTEL, OPPOSITE
the Lebanon Valley and Pennsylvania Railroad De.
pots, Harrisburg City, Pa. This convenient and pleasant
Hotel is now kept by the undersigned, late of the Indian
Queen in Chambersburg, and he invites the patronage of
bis old friends and thepuldie generally. Terms moderate.
octs-tf JOHN IV. TAYLOR.
ILVER! SILVER! Si-EVER!
COSI3fONWEALTIi MINING CO.
VIRGINIA CITT, FEN - ADA.
Capital, e 2,000,000.-20,000 Shares ; 8100 each.
6250 shares in the2Treasu4v, to be sold, or so much as is
required, to raise the neees&ify working capital, the mine
now being worked with the most protnising results.
2(00 shares of stock, or so much thereof as has not been
sold, are offered for sale to raise money to pnrchase ma
chinery...and to extend the work of developing the mine.
Forty dollars per share, for full paid, and not subject to
assessment. It is not expected that more than this amount
will be sold below par thus offering great advantages to
first purchasers of this stock, which s offered in the most
entire confidence that we have one' of -the richest Silver
Mines in the world. and that every share of stock will be
worth its face in gold in one year from this time that di
vidends will be paid inonthlywrithin one year; that there
is nothing offering whose capital can find a more safe and
profitable investment: and that the funds to be raised will
be mnple for the full development of our inexhaustible
; mine, leaving two-thirds of the stock still in the Treasury,
to be divided by the stdekholders or held for their benefit.
The management of the Company has been committed
to a Board or Trustees composed of well-known, energet
ic business men, in whom the stockholders may repose
All desired information regarding this Company will be
furnished upon personal or written application to the Pres
ident, Daniel W. Vaughan (Vice President American Na.
lineal Bank), of New York, C. S. Brown, SO Broadway,
De - merest & Baldwin; 171 93roadwuy, or to W.
Bacon, Esq., - 117 - Front streg;-N. Y.
- DAN'L W. VAUGIIAN, Presl:
WILLIAMiON BACON, Sec. and Treas.
Office, SO Broadway, N. Y.
Stock for sale at the American National Bank, No. aO
13roadway, or at the office of the Company. jnly3-3t.
DEN TIS THY.-REMOVAL.-W. B.
HAYCOCK, Si:Hi:EON DEMIST, has removed hilt
villas to, the room lately occupied by Nixon's Drug Store,
OD SECOND b MEET, half-tray between the Methodist
Church and Seller's Hotel, where he is prepared to per.
loan all operations its Dentistg with cure and attention.
Prices lon- and satisfaction gu,4ranteed. july.s-7t.
DR. H. R-FETTtRHOFF, Sulu;EoN
DEMIST. Office one door \Vest of The Telegraph
Office, Greencastle, Pa.
All work entrusted to him will be promptly attended to
and warranted. tnayl7-6m*
- FIR. N. SCHLOSSER'S DENTAL OF
j plug on Second Street, one square South of the
Market House, over ?ditchers Shoe Store ang2l
rIIEACITERS WAN TE D.—The Board
of Directors of the Mercersburg Independent School
Ihstriet., oth employ SIX TEACHERS, male and female,
to teach the schools of said district during the term which
will commence about the Ist of September next..-Those
applying must come recommended by the County Super
intendent. Good wages will be paid. By order of the
Board. A. J. NORTH, President.
Attest : Juo. A. HTS.SONO, Clerk. Uune2l 41
TEACHERS WANTED.—The School
Directors of Antrim township will meet at Adams'
iu Greencastle, on Monday, Ms 71h day of Abgast
next, at 10 o'clock, A, It, for the,parpose of employing 20
TEACHERS to take charge of the school of said fonts
ship. The County Superintendent will be present Vs ex
amine Teachers. THOMAS GILLEN, prat.
F. SsavieLir ftor'v.
ursT IN WIIEAT.
Rust (t,rrecto-rubigo rem) has been fear
fully destructive in its ravages on th e whe at
Crop in many sections this season. In the
immediate vicinity of Chambersburg there
is scarcely a field that has escaped its
withering blight, in some instances utterly
destroying the graln and in others damn
aging it in various degrees. We noticed
one field, in good soil south of the town,
in which the straw was perfectly black
and no grains formed in the heads at all
save in exceptional cases and thewbut im
perfectly developed: and in nearly-if not
quite every field within a eirctiit of three
miles the rust has made its Woi'ic with
more or less destructiveness. -Rich and
poor land ; highi. low and rolling : good
and bad - aiming; early and late sowing
—all seem to have been visited with the
fatal scourge. We have wheat on low,
strong limestone land; on tumbling-stone
and. on slate—on old and new laud ; on
heavy and light, and not one field escaped
the rust. None of it is totally destroyed:
bat between the rust and the milk-weevil
we have lost fully one-half the promised
yield, and will have both inferior grains
But while the immetlltfte vicinity of
'Chambersburg is thus affected, we believe
that the rust has not prevailed generally
throughout the county. In Green, Mont
gomery, Washington and Antrim it has
not been seriously destructive. andwe be
lieve that the Northern part of the county
has in a great measure escaped also. Why
there should be rust on the most fertile
farms aroand Chambersburg, and the coun
try five miles distand measurably or
wholly escape it, is most unaccountable ;
but when it is : considered that the enemy
is but imperfeetly understood, none of its
apparent freaks or singularities need ex
cite surprise. When the origin of rust is
perfectly mastered, a remedy will proba
bly appear ; but 2ve must confess that Jest
at present it seems to defy all human in
vestigations for an effectual remedy. All
we know of it is that it is a mushroom of
the family of the uredines. It developes
upon both surfaces of the leaves, upon the
stubble and upon the beads with the ap- _
pearance of little oval points, pulverulent,.
projecting, at first yellowish in color and
afterwards becoming black, when its work
of destruction is complete. The little
streaks which at first form in parallel
lines at the side of the fibers, finally spread
and run together, forming large patches.
If the streaks formed by the rust be at
tentively examined upon the stalk, and
particularly uPem the leaf, the epidermus
or exterior coating of the plant, it will be
found.that the sap escaping through the
split gives birth to the Arm
ther it is raised from the ground by the
rains, carried through the air by the winds,
or absorbed in the earth with the nourish
ing juices of the plant, is not a settled
question. It almost invariably shows it
self when a hot sun suddenly succeeds
protracted rains. It, is at the time when
the evaporation of the water left upon the
stocks and leaves, going on too rapidly,
occasions' cracks in the vitreous varnish
which covers all parts of the growing
stock. and thus permits the sap to deflect
from its ordinary course, that this enemy
fastens upon the stock; but whether the
mushroom is formed by the mere sap es
caping, or whether the sap is thus trans
formed by exterior causes, we do not pre
tend to determine. Certain it is that as
soot as the surface varnish of the stock is
broken or split, the sap, or vital nourish
ment of the grain, escapes and flows down
the outside of the stem instead of reach
ing its proper destination to 'Perfect the
head, and both stock and grain languish
or die. 'The leaves quickly begin to dry
up and the crop ripens prematurely with
a partial or total loss of the grain. Ex
cessive heat and moisture alternating evi
dently are the immediate causes of the
development of rust ; but the primary
cause or causes, which must be fully un
derstood before a remedy can be assured,
have yet to be mastered by the scientific
The experience of wheat growers has
established the fact that in sections where
there is a natural humidity of the soil and
frequent mists, the rust has been most de-,
structive. In some sections of South Car
olina the cultivation of wheat has been
entirely aband4ned in consequence of the
prevailing misti+and dampness of the soil,
while in the vicinity of the sea the rust
seldom effects the wheat crop injuriously.
But the action of the rust ill this immedi
-ate section this year seems to defy all pre
viouslAtccepted rules touching its origin.
We haVe it on high, light, dry land as well
as on heavy moist land ; and the abund
ance of lime in the land seems to have
been powerless to arrest it. Fields but
recently limed have shared the same fate
as lands not limed at nil, thus dispeliug
the long accepted theory that Hare is one
of the most succesful foes of the rust.
The theory laid dowil by the best wri
ters on the subject is thit silicious or san
dy soil best resist rust, and for that reason
the application of lime, ashes &e., to the
soil has been invariably reconarimided as
a protection against this remorsetns agent
-of destruction. The vitreous material or
shining varnish that coats the stock and
leaves is of the same material as glass, and
is the resisting power to the escape of the
sap from the stock in its passage from the
roots to the head. The greater the thick
ness of this gloisy coat and the stronger
the stock, the greater will be its resistance
to the moisture or other atmospheric in
fluences which cause it - to crack and pre
sent false isSues to the sap: - It is there
fore naturally held that this layer of vit
reous material will be stronger in propor
tion as the soil itself contains or is sup
plied with the elements of its composition.
IN giving tile soil lime, ashes or sea-weeds.
CH A ttHERSBURG, 1. ) 1 - , WEDNESDAY, JULY IQ, 1865.
We give herewith an accurate engraving of the
design adopted for the proposed Monument to be
erected in the Soldiers' National Cemetery on the
battle field of Gettysburg, the corner stone of
which was laid on the 4th inst., with most nnpo,
sing ceremony. The design Nby James G. Bat
terson, of Hartford. Conn., and the monument is
to be executed in marble or bronze, butv,-e would
suggest that the latter be employed in its con
struction, and that the metal be mainly supplied
by cannon captured from the rebels during the
war. There are several precedents for this—
one, well known, being the Napoleon column, in
the Place Vendome, Paris, the material for which
was supplied by the cannon captured by French
soldiers from the enemies of France; just as,
some years later. the Achilles Statue in Hyde
Park, London—a votive offering to the Duke of
Wellington, "from the Women of England"—
was made ft om French cannon taken by the
itish twope, in the six-years' Peninsula cam
paign and at Waterloo.
The superstructure is sixty feet high, 'and con
sists of a massive pedestal twenty-five feet square
at the base, and is crowned with a colossal stat
ue representing the Geliing of Liberty. Stand
ing upon a three-quarter globe, she raises —with
ber right hand the victor's wreath of laurel. while
with her left she gathers up the folds of our na
tional flag under which- the victory has been
the materials which enter into the compo
sition of the glassy ,surface of the stock
and leaves, a greater quantity will neces
sarily be absorbed and the plant thus be
enabled to resist the rust more success
fully. This theory, it must be confessed,
has not proved reliable this season ; but
we regard it nevertheless as a wise one
inasmuch as it would IYe but good farming
even if rust was unknown. Bad as the
rust has been in some of the well-limed
lands, it might have been much wore
had the soil been deficient in that quality.
Another rule deemed reasonably cerain
to protect wheat from rust is early liar
i-esting—or rather early sowing and the
cultiyatiOtt of early varieties so as to make
early harvest ; but it too has failed this
year. The wheat crop has not been so
nearly ripe by the middle of June for
many years as it was this year, and yet
the rust has attacked it almost without
regard to its advanced state. We believe
that the white wheat has escaped it rather
batter than the' red, perhaps because it is,
a little earlier: but it was by no means
proof against the destroyer. We had , a
large field of it on rather high and well
hinted land, and it is half destroyed by
rust. We cannot, therefore, since all pre
cautions have failed this year, pretend to
oiler any certain remedy for rust; but
there are several general rules which may
be adopted with the assurance that they
will do good generally if they do not com
bat the rust-with entire success. Sow no
wheat that has been rusted in eyeu the
least degree, and stubble no ground that
has rust this, year. Whenever it is prac
ticable lime fallow ground, and give ashes
with the barn yard manure to oats stub
bles. Sow only clean seed from fields
II hide have entirely escaped the rust, and
in selecting it look well to early varieties.
Late wheat can scarcely escape rust in
this section, and if it should, it will pretty
certainly breed the milk-weevil in untold
n anthers. With this precaution we may
sot entirely escape rust; but it will give
the best assurance we can Suggest against
its return to devastate the golden fields
in I SUGI
LoSt; DRESSF,S.—" We do not see one lady in
ten walking in the streets,'• says a venturesome
contemporary, '• uithoutaconstmtfidgetingwith
the long skirts of her dress. Some pin them up
in regular spares giving them a rumpled appear.
ance ; others wear• pages, or an elastic cord juht
below the waist, pulling up the dress just as oter
grandmothers used to do when they went to scrub
the kitchen; others fi ;laically seize the sidebreaths,
holding them in front, having the appearance of a
desperate determination of sitting down the first
convenient opprtnity. Some walk on, letting
their dress hang, are suddenly brought upon the
front breadth . stumble, flounder, pull up, and try
it again. Now all this could be avoided. Modes
ty and respect for the opinion of mankind demand
a reformation ia this matter. Ifladies would use
a quarter of a yard less ip the length of their dress
es; they would savilXace amount the goods costa
and as much public observation."
Projecting from the angles of the pedestal are
four buttresses, supporting an equal number of
allegorical statues, representing revect ively War,
History, Peace, and Plenty.
War is personified by a statue of the Ameri
can Soldier, who, resting from 'the conflict, re
lates to History the.story of the battle which this
monument is intended to commemorate. •
History, in listening attitude, records with sty
lus and tablet, the achievements of the field, and
the names of the honored-dead.
Peace is symbolized by a statue of the Ameri
can mechanic, characterized by appropriate ac-
Plenty is represented by a female figure, with
a sheaf of -wheat and fruits of the earth, typify
ing peace and abundance as -the soldiers' crown
The panels of the main die between fhe stat
ues are to have inscribed upon them such inscrip
tions as may hereafter be determined.
The main die of the pedestal is octagonal in
form ; paneled upon each face. The cornice and
plinth above are also octagonal and are heavily
moulded. Upon' this plinth rests an octagonal
moulded base, bearing upon its face, in high re•
lief, the national arms.
The upper die and cap are circular in form,
the die being encircled by stars equal sm number
with the States whose suns Contributed their
lives as the price of thevictory won at Gettysburg.
THE TWO PRESIDENTS.
Hon. John W. Forney delivered the Oration
before the Literary Societies of Dickinsdn Col•
lege on the 2.Bth ult. His subject was "The Two
Presidents," Lincoln and'J.ohnson. Like all Mr.
Forney's productions it is eloquent in diction and
his tribute to the Presidents is as eloquent as it is
just, while his vindication of President Johoson's
policy is replete 'with wisdoniand patriotism.
We give the concluding 'portion of the address:•
It would seem as if it was intended, that these
two men should be brought closely together, iu
thb last few weeks which made the one .a glori
ous martyr and the other the chief of a great peo
ple. When the day of the second inauguration
of Mr. Lincoln approached, Governor Johnson
rwas at Nashville, engaged in his efforts to reor
ganize Tennessee and bring ber back into the
Union. He telegraphed me, asking if his pres
ence was absolutely necessary, adding that his
heart w,as in his work,and that he would rather
aid in sending his adopted Commonwealth back
to the hearth-stone of the old Union than to be
Vice President of the United States. On con
sulting with mutual friends, and especially with
Mr. Lincoln, it was decided to insist upon his
presence. How warmly the departed sage re
garded "Andy Johnson" a hundred instances
might be cited to illustrate, His knowledge of
the citizen, the Senator, and the military gover
nor was sufficient to inspire confidence; and the
terrible sufferings of the hunted and' outlawed
refugee made Andrew Johnson the object of his
keenest sympathy. They were at Richmond al
most on the same occasion, and reached Wash
ington a few hours apart from. each other—in
time to hear the greatantelligence that closed the
rebellion. lam not of:those who think that
when two men, whom God seemed to have made
almost copies or counterparts--whose lives were
so alike, and whose patriotism so equal and so
genial—are suddenly severed by the bolt of death,
) it is a dispensation to be received if not with
something like satisfaction, at least with a very
ready resignation. I accept the decree. It
would be most impious to quarrel with the in
scrutable fate that permitted it, and I thank .
Heaven that *e have, in Andrew Johnson, a pa
triot so tried and so true, and so ready for the
fierce emergencies of the future?:, But the loss of
Abraham Lincoln cannot be replaced. It was as
if some great orb had fallen from eternal space
into everlasting chaos, jarring the whole earth,
. and making the very pillars of the skies to trem
ble. Our country is not.destroyed, but be who
saved it died in the effort of saving it, and. can no
more be replaced than the mother who gives her
own life for that of her offspring. And how be
yond all price is the example of Abraham Lin
coln. It has almost revolutionized parties. Not
nie strong word that Mr. Lincoln said when he
entered office, and maintained when he was most
violently assaildd, has ever been mollified and ex
plained, but rather literated and strengthened;
yet is it true that long before the assassin stole
away his life, be had almost conquered antago
nism and dumbfounded envious faction itself. - I
may be answered that, "Success wins sometimes
more than virtue;" and this is true of vulgar
minds. But Lincoln's Victory was 'in this: he
never let go the helm. bark, thick, and tefii
pestuous were many of the - heavy hours of the
past Tour years; but the star of hope shone stead
ily on the altar of his heart. The darkest month
of the year 1861 was the month of April; the .
darkest part of the year 1865 was the middle of
the month of April. The rebellion broke upon
us in the'first and ended in the last. The earli
est martyrs to the cause of liberty gave up their
lives in April, four years ago; and the most pus.
frions martyr of tbu century gave up his life in
April of 1865. We were unprepared for war In
April of 186.1 ; we were prepared for peace m
April of 1865 ; and when the faithful recorder
shall conic to compile the materials, for the illus
tration of the close of this mighty struggle, he
will be overawed to note that a month which
commenced with such fair prospects should have
So gloomily ended. Early in the month, the first
VOL. 72,.:.. WHOLE NO. 3,714
fruits of Grant's masterly strategy were; gathered.
On the 2d of April he annountt the triumphant
Ince es aof oar armies, after the days' hard fight
ing. On the. 3d of April, he isent word to the
President that he had taken Petersburg and
Richmond, and was in full pursuit of Lee's re
treating army. On the 6th of April Sheridan,
and Humphreys and Meade and Wright repor
ted_ the continuous triumph of their conquering
columns. •On the 9th of April General Grant
telegraphed the Secretary of War that Lee had
surpendered the army of Northern Virginia upon
the terms proposed by himself.
On the 11th of April, al of gmtjtjAde to G o d,
forgiveness to his foes, and love for all, Mr. Lin
coln spoke from the windows of the Presidential
mansion these words- Which, precious as his last
on earth, sound like the syllables of inspiration as
we read them now. The rejoicing thousands had
called upon him the evening before, but that he
might weigh and condense his opinions he asked
for time to deliberate. - On the P2th we had an
other day of jubilee. and on the 13th the night was
set apart for .pe;:ial illumination. -Never did the
political capital of the nation - shine more resplen
dently in the robes of light. It was as if Peace
and Reconciliation had joined hands over the
graves of the illustrious dead : --as if war and woe
had fled to the extremest shades., The next was
Friday, the 14th of April—another morning of
happiness. But what a night As Igo back to
that:dreadful recollection, I go back to the fright
ful agony, that made millions mourn. I was in
Richmond when it was announced that Mr. Link
coin had been murdered. It seemed to me ag if
Nature had taken a pause—as if, between the
lading night- of war, and the dawning blushes of
peace stood our farewell sacrifice—as if having
just learned to love, to. revere, to depend upon
him, to place our cares and hopes in his keeping,
as in a sacred repository—he should be called
away. As Elijah was swept from earth to Hea
ven, so was our deliverer taken froinus. If there
is a solace for such a calamity, it is that he died
without shame, in the midst. of his glory, and at
the very threshold of the temple of a rescued and
Nothing is more wonderful than to see how the
President gone, and the President here agree on
the questions of the day—the very issues, in fact,
which Mr. Lincoln may be said to have; died in
the very act of solving. Longyears ago AnZrew
Johnson denied.the right of any State to secede
from the Union. Ile insisted that rebellion could
not destroy a State government This doctrine,
universally accepted by loyal men from the first
day of the war, is now cheapened by some who
would hold it in abeyance to secure an imaginary
party advantage. As it is the very kernel of the
nut—the very gold of the mine—itt fact, the -vital
spirit of the Government—for which our soldiers
fought and our statesmen deliberated—it is worth
something to know exactly where these two rep
resentative characters stood in regard to it. Mr. -
Lincoln, on Tuesday evening, the I lth of April,
leiZ, in time last speech he ever made, thus met
the question, in terms substantially identical with
the words of Johnson in the Senate in 18150 and
1861, and in the Presidential canvas of 1864 :
- - -
"We all agree that the seceded. States, so called,
are out of their proper practical relation with the
Union; and that the sole object of the Govern
ment, civil and military-, in regard tothose States.
is to again get them into that proper practical
relation. I believe it is not only it smble, but in
fa}t easier to do this, without deciding or even
,considering whether these States have ever been
out of the Union, than with it.
" Finding themselves safely at home, it would be
utterly immaterialithetlier they lied err,. been abroad.
Let us all join iu doing the acts necessary to re
storing the proper practical relations between
these Statt!s and the Union; and each forever af
ter innocently indulge his own, opinion whether,
in doing the acts, he brought the states from
without into the Union, or only gave them pro
per assistance, they never having been out of it.
The amount of constituency, so to speak,.on which
the new Louisiana Government rests, would be
more satisfactory to all, if it contained fifty, thirty
or even twenty thousand, instead of only about
twelve thousand as it really does.
"It is also unsatisfactory to some that the
elective franchise is not given to the colored man.
I LCOlLid prtfc r :kit it were now conferred
on the reeerntelligent and on those who serre our
cause as soldiers. Still the question is not wheth
er the Louisiana government, as it stands, is quite
all that is desirable: The question is • Will it be
wiser to take it as it is, and help to improve it;
or to reject and disperse it ?' Can Louisiana be
brought into proper practical relation with the
Union sooner by sustaining or by discarding her
new State government ?"
Ref!rnng to his former views the - new Presi
dent who succeeded Mr. Lincoln, said, in his speech
to the Indiana delegation, on the .2.2. d of kpril,
•'lJpon this idea of destroying States my posi
tion- has been heretofore well knon a, and 1 see
no.cause to change it now, and I am glad to hear
its on the present occasion. Some
are satisfied with the idea that States are to be
.lost in territorial and other divisions; are to lose
their character at States. But their life breath
has been only suspended, and it is a high constitu
tional obligation ire hare to secure each of these
States in the possession and enjoyment of a republi
can form of Gorernment. A State may be iu the
Government with a peculiar institution, and-by
the operation of the rebelliou lose that feature;
but it was a State when it went into rebelliwn, and
when it comes out without the institution it is still
The question of colored suffrage, which Mr.
Lincoln would give fn "the very intelligent," and
"to those who serve car cause as soldiers," is
thus met by President Johnson, m his address to
the South Carolina delegation, oil Saturday last:
" I will again sffytto you that slavery is gone. Its
status is changed. There is no hope you can en
tertain of being admitted to representatiomeither
iu the Senate or House of Representatives, till
you give evidence that you, ton, have accepted
and reeoguized that that institution is gone.
That done, the policy adopted is not to -restore
the supremacy of the Government at the point
of the bayonet, but by the action of the people.
While this rebellion - has emancipated a great
many negroes, it has emancipated stiff more
lute men. The negro in South Carolina that
belonged to a man who owned from one to fitls
hundred slaves, thought himself befter dam the
white man who owned pone. He felt the white
man's superior. I know the position of the poor
white man of the South, compelled to till the bar
ren, sandy, and poor soil for a subsistence. You
cannot deny how he was, in your eyes. of less
value than the negro. Some here iu the North
think they can controland exercise a greater in
fluence over the negro than you can, though his
future must materially depend on, you. Let us
speak plainly ou this subject. I too am a South
ern luau; have owned slaves, bought slaves, but
never sold one. You and I understand this bet
ter ; we know our friends are mistaken, and I
tell you that I don't want yon to have control of
these negro votes against the vote of this poor ,
NS bite man. I repeat, our friends here are Mis
taken, as you . : nd I know, as to where the coil-
trol of that negro vote would fall. When they
come to talk about the elective franchise, I say I
let each State judge for itself. I am for free
Government; for emancipation; and I am tbr
emancipating the white wan as well as the black
It will be seem•therefore, that President Lin
coln, while recommending that " the very intelli
gent" negroes, and those who have fought-for the
tlag, should vote does not once propose that Con
gress shall take charge of the subject. All is left
to the States. President Johnson takes the same
ground iu stronger language. He believes if Con
gress,could confer the right of suffrage upon the
South Carolina implies, their former masters
would control them; and he emphatically de
clares that he does not desire thi•, to be so, used
as these votes would be against the poor whites
ef the State, and fot the/benefit of the aristocra
cy of the soil. I might add many other sustaining
thoughts. Tile danger of giving to Congress the
right to regulate suffrage now is that it may be
used hereafter to enable a were party majority
to oppress a State or section. In all the so-call
ed seceding States, save two, the white popular
tion exceeds the colored; and in most of them.
largely so. The white people of those States,
with almost entire unanimity, are intensely hos
tile to the principle of regro suffrage. However
unreasonable or unjust this hostility May, be, it is
a fact which stares us in the face, and with which
the Government is compelled to deal. If, in re
organizing these States preparatory to their full
reinstatement iu the Union, the right of the :a
grees to vote should be guaranteed to them by
the interposition of the General Government ,
would it not have the effect of so uniting the
white voters, in all elections, upon candidates of
their own exclusive selection that the colored Vo
ters, being in the minority, would be rendered ut
terly powerless? Even in the States of South
c o mm . a.and M, ssippi, where the are
in the majority, it is by no means probable that
at a first election they would' be able to rally to
the polls in suScient , ftmrabers to outvote the
more intelligent thouglFless numerous race. It
would take time for them to learn that they had
the right to vote; and even if aware of the right,
they would scarcely have the intelligence neces
iary to its exercise in any effective manner. If
the effect would be so to unite all white voters
on the stuns candidates as utterly to nullify the
political power of the negroes, would the,ren
elected under such circumstances, probably bh of
the class most favorable to the amelioration of
the condition of the colored populationl. These
are practical considerations which it will notdo
to wholly ignore in our eagerness to establish ab
stract principles of right and justice., .
But let tis leave the question to time—to the
care of ,a loyal Congress—to the vigilant fidelity
of a devoted Union President, who proclaimed
himself the friend of the masses of the - colored
race of Tennessee, and will never allow them to
be oppressed_ by their -recent masters,_lt _will
not be many days before these latter realize, by •
the best evidences, that the only way to sectire,
the admission of their Senators and members to
Congress is to adopt the amendment of the Con
stitution abolishing slavery to provide for the
education of the colored population, and for the
payment of colored labor by a wise and generous
plan, and to repeal the odious penal_ codes made
necessary by the accursed system ofslarery. Till
these things are secured, they will be - kept out of
the halls of the nation's legislature. When they
are secured, the American citizen of African de
scent will have a chance to fit fkiinself for thatrsa•.
cred citizenship which ought never to have been
bestowed - upon ignorant or lazy men, white or
black. Both Lincoln and Johnson agree, there
fore, that there can be no destruction of State
sovereignty by secession—that the question of
suffrage belongs to the States, and not to Con
gress—and that slavery is dead by military suc
cess, by Executive proclamation, by Congress
ional statute, and by the acts soon to be comple
ted by three-fourths of the States, ratifying the
amendment of the National Constitution forever
When the impulsive Romeo, eager to propiti
ate hie love, would have hurried the philosophi
cal and tranquil Friar Laurence, who promised
to hid him in his suit, the patient priest exclaims :
Wisely - and slow; they stumble that run fart."
Let us take the axiontind the moral to our own
hearts. The swift and Vazzling panorama of
war, which flashed its meteor changes before our
astounded eyes, and achieved reforms that could
not have been wrought by centuries of peace.
should not tempt us into a spirit of fatal imitation.
The fabric of free fdiernment saved in the shock
of battle will soon resettle into the regular grooves
of law and order. Institutions necessarily set
aside, that treason might be punished, and Gov
ernment be able to put forth all iteenergies m the
/Wale for its existence, will soon - resume their
wholesome :influence. •Time, reflection, system,
are the essential auxiliaries. Nor, indeed, need
we be in haste. Least of all should we appre
hend failure, because of present doubts and con
tingent difficulties Behold the catalogue of won
ders on the page of the last four years' history—
wrought in the progress of this triumplituit war
for human freedom. In an age that, compared
with the last generations, seems like an age of
miracles, the ovetthrow of the rebellion was the
grandest and moat sublime of miracles. The ma
lignant prophecies of. our enemies everywhere,
which they are now so anxious' to forget, glare
upon them from the page of history, like so many
reproaches of their ignorance and their hatred.
In war, on land and sea, in finance, in statesman.
ship, in diplomacy, in the inexhaustibility of our
resources, in our inventions, in the.wondrons pros
perity, and comfort of the loyal people, in the de
liverance of four millions of human beings from
slavery. in the disbanding of a multitudinoui ar
my, and the dismantling of a uaritirger than that
of any.of the nations of the coati, we may find
not only the material for felicitatlen but for a su
perior and a solid consolation. There is- no lion
in the path of our future so fierce as those which
have been subdued and slain in the paths of the
past-. Let us, therefore., confide our destiny to
the constituted and constitutional agencies of the
Government, and to that benign Providence which
has ‘iritched over us from the perilous beginning
to the victorious close.
A. 8AJ..1.00:c DUEL—Perhaps the most remark
able dhel ever fought took place in 1803. It was
peculiarly French in its tone, and could hardly
have occurred under any other than a French
state of society. M. Le Granpre and M. Le Pique
bad a quarrel, arising out of jealousy concerning a
lady engaged at the Imperial Opera. They agreed
to fight a duel to settle their respective claims ;
and in order that the heat of angry passion should
not interfere with the polished elegance of the
proceeding, they postponed the duel for a month,
the lady agreeing to bestow her sidles on the sur
vivor of the two, if the other waslilled ; or, at
all events, this was inferred by the two men, if
not actually expressed. The duelists were fight
ing in the air. Two balloons were constructed
precisely alike. 'On the day denoted, Le Granpre
and his second entered the car of one balloon, Le
Pique and his second that of the other; it was iu
the Garden of .the Tuileries, amid the immense
concourse of spectators.' The gentleman were to
fire, not at each other, but at each other's bal
loons, in order to bring them down by the escape
of gas ; and, as might hardly have served
the purpose, each mronant took a blonderbus in
his car. At a given signal the ropes that retained
the cars were cut, and the balloons ascended.
The wind was moderatt, and kept the balloons
in about their original distance of eighty yards
apart. When half a Mile above the surface of
the earth, a preconcerted signal for firing was
given. M. Le Pique fired but missed. M. Le
Granpre fired and sent a hall through Le Pique's
balloon. The balloon collapsed, the car descended
with frightful rapidity, nod Le Pique and his
second were dashed to pieces. Le Granpre con
tinued his' ascent triumphantly, and terminated
his mrial voyage successfully at a distance of seven
leagues from Paris.
A SAILOR'S DESCRIPTION OF A DANCE.-
Hama had any fun with the land lubbers till
Thursday night at a dance. When I arrived in
the cabin found 'em all underweigh of a Spanish
dance. Took my station in line with Susan Tuck
er—fell back and filled, then shot ahead two fath
oms—hauled up on starboard tack to let another
craft pass, and then came stern on another sail—
spoke her and bore round against the dun, and
fell in' with another sail in full chase. Passed
twenty sails on same course and went half across
to the other shore. dropt astern—fell back—
couldn't fill, so let go anchor and hauled up far
Next time I was drawed into the current by
Cowtillion, but didn't make much headway. Shot
ahead with Betsey Stark and sailed over to the
other coast. Took a turn opposite, ranged abiast
towards other crafts and took astern again—
moved round to starboard—passed near partner's
light and made sail for berth.
Third time run me into port to the time of the.
mpest—the Yankee tar's favorite. Proceeded
along the coast accordlig to the regular order of
sailing—bore ahead again—rounded to--then
passim adversely yard-arm to -yard•arm locked
astern with the whole squadron in circular order
of s ailing—Sally Jones uaanceuvring and making
s ignals when under fall sail. Finally anchored
after a heavy squall. ,
THE New York Daily News, edited by Ben.
Wood, one of the most ultra Democratic papers
in the - country, and which has served the rebel
cause us faithfully during the war as any paper in
the South, on the -.2t , th ult. came out squarely in
favor of negro suffrage. This will undoubtedly
surprise the Democracy in some quarters who are
accustomed to shape their opinions according to
their directions from headquarters. The ground
taken by the News - is that nothing stood between
the colored man and full citizenship but slavery,
and now this impediment is gone througtLthe ac
tual operations of the war, and the liberate : A black
stands himself a citizen, and as the abstract right
to vote inheres in every citizen, why not hi the na
tive black man ? It speaks of it as a measure de
manded by the best interests of the Smith, and
says that many of the leading men in that section
are favorable to the measure, and that in negro
suffrage the acute and well instniett. - 41 Southern
statesman beholds a now world of political power.
Sonic idea can thus be forma of the motivesthat
have induced this iime or the subject on the part
of that papen. We shall see what the smaller
organs have to say concerning the new view of
the subject as uttered by their leader.
Sins. RutriNGTONS LAST,—lsaac was read
ing to his mother the head lines of a telegraph co
lumn of the Tribienc, of last week, and when he
came to "Jeff. Davis to be confined at. Fort La
fayette," the old lady threw up her hands, es
claiming: "Laws-a-me ! I knew that he wore
petticoats, but I didn't think that would happen
to him ! Well ; the confederacy' is a comae to
pieces !" The old lady resumed her knitting, and
Isaac his reading.
"TitAT's a sweet lit+Je duck you have there,"
said a friend to ad artist, pointing at the portrait
of a young lady he had - just painted. "
plied the artist. "she is Reim little canytte,haci."