Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday, July 6, 1865
THE VANDAL WCAUSLAND.
A correspondent of the New York Citi
zen, writing from Ganley - Bridge, West
Virginia, graphically describes the scene
ry, improvements and celebrities of that
section. Ee l thus speaks of the ex-General
John A. McCansland of the ex-rebel ar
"On the lower side of the Katiackmll, and just
opposite Point Pleasant, is a modest, unaskurning
brick dwelling, surrounded by trees and shrub
bery. In this lives John A.- 3le'Causland, late
Brigadier-General in the late Rebel army, who
bears in the North the unenviable reputation_ pf
being responsible for the - burning of Ctiarubet7,-
burg, Pa. Gen. McCausland has recently return
ed. He denies his, responsibility for the burning,
and says that it was ordered by Gen. Early, and
that he (McCausland) protested against any such
barbarous proceeding; and that afterward, when
he returned to the Shenandoah Valley, he demand
ed of Early,atatement exonerating him from all
blame in the affair. This statement 3eCausland
received from Early, and it is now in the hands
of our authorities:'
We are not surprised that so unscrupu
'•lous a brute as McCausland should resort
to the mast shameless falsehoOd to escape
the just consequences of his barbarities
practiced in this place on the 30th of July,
1864. It is true doubtless that Gen. par-
ly ordered hint to burn Chambersburg.
He exhibited such an order-here when he
was importuning citizens to raise him mo
ney to ransom;the town ; but his state
ment that he protested against the burn
ing must beewholly false. There were of-
fivers and iner(of his command who did
fotest against. MeCausland's atrocities;
t he was ,the master spirit of every
fiendish act perpetrated here on :that
eventful day. At the house of Mr. Green- .
await near town, where he breakfasted
that morning, he resented with fury the
remonstances Of 'Gen. Bradly Johnston
against burning anything bat public build
ings, and he there blasphemed •-inost vio
lently because he was not able to reach
Chambersburg until after day-light. His
greatest ambition seemed to be to fire A,
defenceless town of six thousand inhabit
ants in the dead hour of night, which
mast have resulted in the loss of many,
lives of women and children. Of the lead
ing officers who discussed the destruction
of our town at Mr. Greenawalt's, M'Caus
- land stood alone in favor of applying the
torch indiscriminately, and he manifested
his tunningled brutality by boasting to the
lady of the house of the terror he would
visit upon the women and children of
, Chambersburg. He was the commander
of the invading force, and he had the
power to execute the order of Early with
some regard to humanity or with the fe
rocity of the_ savage,. and he chose the lat
. ter; because he.seemed incapable of any
thing else. He was present in the town
when it was tired, saw and apprbved the
conduct of his subordinate officers in giv
ing their..men free 'access to liquor, until
some of his officers begged the citizens to
get the women out of the way of the sob.
diers, as \they were intoxicated and their
commander was brutal enough to tolerate
any. coarse of conduct they might choose
to adopt. He witnessed their almost in
discriminate robbery of private houses of
every species of valuables they could carry
off with them, and in uo 'instance that we,
have heard of did he attempt to restrain
any of his men from the high carnival of
savagery they indulged in on every hand.
Some of his own °dicers defied his orders
refused to apply the torch, and thus
ilaved a considerable portion of the town.
land even privates stood by and wept at
;the shocking scenes. the ruling fiend thing
lout to stain with indelible infamy himself
lend his cause on that day. McCausland
and McCausland alone is the hero of the
free-booter's triumph in Chambersburg,
and the , reponsibility cannot be shifted
upon others to enable him to enjoy the
luxury of his home in West Virginia.
It is possible that he has procured from
Early—who is reported as insane—a state=
went that the responsibility for the sacking
and burning of Chambersburg belongs to
Early Lbut if we mistake not the authoii
fies, Early's statement has been
sent, 'are fully advised of the facts in the
case, and we were not surprised therefore
to see the announcethent recently that his
arrest had been ordered. If we mistake
not ' , the government is in possssion of
conclusive evidence of his deliberate mur
=der of prisoners as late as April last, and
the certificates of a ciazy s superior will not
avail him much. Such, We are assured is
the voluntary testimony of some of his
own subordinate, officers, who witnessed
his coldLhlooded murder of wounded pris
oners, and when he, gets to Washington
he will probably find much mare to an-
• swer than he now dreams of in his quiet
home on the green banks of the Kanawha.
It would be a crime against humanity for
the government to allow such a monster
to live in the land he sought to de•iolate
with fire and sword regardless of all the
amenities of war, and it is some gratifica
tion to know . that he is not likely to, es
„cape the avenging arm of justice.
Political "bummers" seem to rule the
movements of both parties in this State
just now. The Democracy started out
for the campaign at an early day with
banners streaming ready for any new de
vice that might be deemed expedient, and
they called their Convention to meet in
June to nominate a State ticket and adopt
such principles as might promise them a
show of success. In due time the tnion
Convention was called to meet on the 19th
inst. and a full attendance ettniestirg
ed, as business of great importancetis to
be presented. So far all was progressing
elegantly on both sides; but soim after
the death of President Lincoln this bum
mars about the skirts of the dilapidated
Democratic camp began to snuff the flesh
pots afar off, and they have made the shat-
tered remnants of the coppery army sus
pend hostilities while the bummers at
- tenipt to crawl into Johnson's camp and
bear off an assortment of plunder•. The
batnmers prevail, and Mr. Ward postpones
his convention until August to give his
• flanking columns a fair chance, to bring
in a supply of males, geese, asses, negroes,
old clothes, and any other phinder to ap=
phase the'cravings of his famished follow
ere. It was meet for Mr. Ward so to do.
for his political larder is entirely empty,
and his lean, lank.. cadaverous adherents
are ready for any port in a storm. If they
can crawl -into the Presidential kitchen
through the back door, or down the chim
ney, or under ground, it matters not how
black. or dirty, or ragged they may be
when they get there, only so that there
may be a few crumbs of plunder for them
to feed upon ; and be does wisely, because
he cannot do anything else if he would,
to allow his -whole discordant 'belligerent.
and starving army to turn bummers en
masse and feed on_auy" husks which may
be found in any of the by-paths of politics.
That Ward should turn bummer himself
and lead his whole motley crew in the
bumming tnule politically, we therefore
conclude tube the most rational use that
can be made: of his odd remnants of polit
ical power. True, it may not pay; but as
nothing else will pay for that organization,
it may as well go bumming with one chance
in a million as to stay within its own metes
and bounds and starve.
But bummers seem to beset the organ:
ization of the Union party also, and
Gem Cameron has capitulated to the bjm
mers of his camp. ,The Union Conven
tion had been called for the 19th inst. and
so far as we know Union men generally
were prepared for it. But it seems that
the :bnitanters were biizzing around pros
pective United States Senators, embryo
Governors, and hungry contractors, and
they-have frightened the commander out
of his senses, compelled him to recede
limn his chosen position, and tetreat with
out day into indefinite chaos politically.
Were the Union bummers afraid that
they might get ahead - or behind President
Johnson ? that they might be guilty of
au act of impolicy by. telling the truth and
standing squarely np in behalf of our Na
tional and State administrations and the
principles on which they were chosen?
There can . be no other solution of this
triumph of the political btu:timers in the
- Union party ; and now that the wrong
has been done, the method of redress is
to fix the earliest day for the Union Con-,
vention that is practicable after the meet
ing of the Committee on the 19th. It
won't hurt any body's claims for Senator,
who has a ghost of a chance now ; it won't
make or unmake any body who wants
to be Governor, and if it does distress the
retinue of camp-followers Who are trem
bling lest President Johnson is as corrupt
as themselves and may depart from the
principles which triumphed by his elec
tion, it will do no material harm. Let
the Inimmers ply their vocation to their
hearts content; but the Union organiza
tion has rescued the Republic from trait
ors North and South by its matchless fi
delity, and it cannot afford to go mousing
now into the dirty sluices of the bummers
to perpetuate its triumphs. While it is
successful it Must have bummers ; but
while they prey on its plunder in imita
tion of the Democracy, let the Union or:
ganizatiou maintain its integrity, and
never he-itate to unfurl its banner to the
breeze and declare its doctrines to the
people IN hose great cause it has brought.
through the crown
ing victorr of the nineteenth century !
COL. TILOS. A. SCOTT AND GEN. POPE
As most of our readers know Col. Scott
personally they will keenly appreciate
the point of the following incident of the
war in the South-west. Col. Scott spent
the spring and part of the summeis of 1862
in the Mississippi, as A..‘istant Secretary of
War, giving his personal attention to the
campaign fur the opening of the river.
Ever vigilant and no less unobtrusive, he
hail occasion to give Gen. Pope a very quiet
but most impressive lesson on good man
ners. and we doubt not that one was quite
enough for the pompons commander.—
We quote from the Tribune:
I heard, while'at Pillow, an anecdote of Geu.
Pope—an otiii:er of ability, but sometimes a very
unpleasant man, with a pompous and hectoring
manner—which will bear repetition. While at
his headearters the general was approached by
a rather small, plain-looking, and entirely unas
suming man, in citizen's attire, with the question:
"Are you Gen. Pope, sir , "
" That is my name," was the answer, in rather
a repelling tone.
" I would like to see you, then, on a matter of
"Call on my adjutant, sir. He will arranue
any business you may have." -
"But I wish to have a personal conversation
"See my adjutant," M an authoritative voice.
"Did I not tell you to see my adjutant ?
Trouble me no more, sir," and Pope was walk
"My name is Scott, General," quietly remark
ed the small, plain man.
" Confound you! What do I care," thundered
Pope, in a rising passion, "if your came, is Scott,
(is. Jones, or Jenkins, or &looks, for the matter
of that See my adjutant, I tell you, fellow !
Leave my presence !"
"1 aiii, 4 eiitinued the via, man, in his quiet
way. "the Assistant Secretary of War, and—"
What a revolution those simple words made in
the general's appearance and manner!
Ilia angry, haughty, domineering air was die
pelledin a moment, and a flush of confusion passed
over his altered face.
" I beg your pardon, Mr. Scott, I bad no idea
%hum I wax addressing Pray be seated ; I shall
be happy to grant you an interview at any tune."
Possibly a very close observer might have seen
a faint half-contemptuous smile on the Secretary's
lip, though he said nothing, but began to.milidd
his business without comment.
Alter that unique interview Pope and th As
sistant Secretary were very frequently - together,
and I venture to say the latter had no reason sub
sequently to complain of General's rudeness.
Tii Union men of Perry county have elected
John P.. Shuler Representative Delegate to the
Union State Convention and conceded the other
delegate to Franklin. The following among other
resolutions were adopted,:
That we extend to AndrAv Johnson iu his as
sumption of Presidential responsibilities, our con
fidence and support, pledging a, continuance of
the deVOtloll to the Federal Flag which was
always promptly extended to his predecessor.
That now as the w is practically ended,Mid
our brave citizen soldiery may return to their
homes acid the avocations of peace, we extend to
them the grateful thanks of the, people, and a
welcome such us only the patriotic audthe brave
are entitled to receive.
That we approve of the official action of Gov.
ernor Curtin, "the Soldiers' Friend ;" and he
has the thanks of all the honest and patriotic
people of this Commonwealth for the faithful and
able adininistrutiou of his office.
That we humbly return thanks to Almighty
God for the deliverance of our State and Nation
from the further perils of war, and we devoutly
recognize His hand in the, great work which has
been wrought in the last four years for our pee
ple and humanity.
—William Orton, of New York, has been ap
pointed Commissioner of Internal Revenue, vice
TRE private papers of Jetr.-Davis and General
Beauregard recently captured in Florida, were
brought into Jacksonville a few days since, by
one of the drivers of the wagon in charge
they had been placed. The capture includes all
the private desk' atches and correspondence of
Beauregard. togetyeV with a considerable quan
tity of the personal effects of Davis. Aiming
other things are three splendid uniforms presen
ted to Beauregard by the' ladies of Columbia,
South Carolina, Augusta, Georgia, and Selma,
Alabama. An impertan t private telegram to the
following effect was al.-xi discovered:—
CHARLESTON, S. C., October 13, 186.2.—H0n.
Wm. P. Miles, Richmond, Va.:—Has the bill for
the execution of abolition prisoners after Janu
ary next been passed ? Du it, and England will
be stirred into action. It is high time to pro
claim the black flag after that period. Let the
execution be with the garrote.' ,
G. T. BEAUREGARD
THE GRAVE OF WASHINGTON .-A corres
pondent of the Boston Transcript states that-on
a recent visit to Mount Vernon he saw returning
veteran soldiers refused admission to the place
because they had not enough money to pay the
fee demanded by the secession occupant. A Col
onel of a regiment was sn hulled out of WO for
the privilege of allowing his regiment a five min
utes view of the place. The Washington estate
belongs to the Mount Vernon Association, com
posed of ladies, of which a Virginia woman(doubt
less a She-Rebell is Regent. Her administra
tion of the Estate needs looking alter.
THE Copperhead Senate of the State of Dela
ware, true to its rebel Instincts, refused to concur
in resolutions of respect to the memory of Presi
dent Lincoln, which had previously passed the
House of Representatives! There is not another
State, North or South, except possibly New Jer
sey, which would have thus disgraced itself
THE Court that tried Atzerott and other eon
spiratora with Booth, hoe reached its finding and
adjourned. The result vein he promulgated offi
cially. G. W. Gale, la ho advertised a reward for
the murder of the President and others, has been
remanded to Georgia for trial.
WA - B . HINGTON
neopth of President Johnson—The
tary Commission—Special Applications
for Pardons—The Army of the Potomac
—lnterments on the Battle Fields of the
Wilderness—The Wine of Fractional
Currency St opp e d —Mosby—C.plebrm
lion of the 4th—Horse Stealing.
Correspondence of the Franklin Iteposhory
The heather still eontinuell extreme!) warm
the The in ureter standing at 95 degree. in the
President Johnson has been quite unwell for
some time, owing to the immense labor he has
had to perform. During the past week there has
not been a - day that there were less than a hun
dred persons waiting for an interview. Many of
these visitors are prompted to act from a desire
a'nd curiosity to see Mr. Johnson, while others,
far the largest number, are after office. To
such an extent has the thing grown that for the
past few days 00 visitors have been admitted ex
cepting on important business.'
The Military conmiis.•i:,o is now sitting with
closed doors—deliberating on the arguments for
the criminals, and weighing the evidence which
is so voluminous that it will require a number of
days. There is however cry little doubt but
that a verdict of guilty will be pronounced against
all of them
Special appbeatioul for pardon ft4n distin
guished rebels are still pouring in by the thou
sand. They are first for pardon and then for
The glorious old Army of the Potomac tt ill soon
be numbered with the things that were. Iu wo,E,
weeks more hardly a division of it will be in exist
ence. The veterans yet remaining are being for
warded bonne a. rapidly Iv, pouqiblo to to• 11111 -
Capt. J. M. Moore, of the Burial Bureau, A%ith
his corps of assistants, toss successfully accom
plished interring the bodies: of deceased offica's
nod men who fill in the battles of the Wild( r
ness and Spongy lvama Court House. Over 700
remains were interred, and over the graves were
erected neat head-hoards containing the names
and such other information as could be gleaned.
The billowing names of Pennsylvanians are among
11:i." number: Lieut." E. Brockway, 14th: Capt.
W W. Moore, 141st; Capt. Deieraux, 145th;
Capt. Foster, 14dth: Capt. John tauter, 6th;
Lieut. Cot. Thos. Hesser, 7•dl :`Lieut. H. C. Jack
son. 4Elth ; T. .J. Lynch, 51,st Lieut. .1. Moore,
51st ; Lieut. J. A. M'Oui re, l4Pth ; Col. John W.
Patterson, 102 d ; Lieut. C. Schwart, lObth ;
Major H. P. Truebit, 113th ; Capt. H. Tury,
149th; Capt. L. F. Wakes, 99th ; Capt. P. War
ner, 119th ; Lieut. Zeisert, 99th.
There were a large number of both Union and
rebel soldiers interred of whom no information
leading to their identity could be discovered.
Head-boards were also placed at the graves of
these men, bearing the words, "Unknown U. S:
soldier," or nnknow•h "Confederate." They are
buried in two cemeteries, laid out similar.to the
government cemeteries near this city. One of
the cemeteries is on the Orange Court House
Turnpike, and the other on the Plank Road.
Hand-hoards have been erected at various places
giving the direction and distance to them. Thv
working parties proceed to the battle fields a
o,ld Harbor and - North Anna to inter the bodies
of soldiers exposed to view.
The Secretary (if the Treasury has decided not
to issue any more fractional ciirrem.y of a less
denomination than ten cents. This will bring into
use, the two and• three cent metallic pieces which
are now being coined at the mint in large quan
There in no preparation making here to cele
brate the 4th of July, save by the colored people
who are going to have a "good time," having re
ceived permission from President Johnson to use
the grounds south of the Prenidentlusion.
Major Gen, Hnnter has kindl3 consente to de
liver an address to the audience and Rev. John
Pierpout will be present and read au original
poem which he has written for the occanion.—
Several other distinguished persons are to be
present and take part.
Horse Stealing is carried on in this city in the
most bold and daring manner. Many persons
have left their horses in front of the post•office or
a store, and returning in less than a minute find
the horses gone.. Stables are nightly entered and
choice animals carried off.
There ii considerable of :sickuess in the city,
such as dysentery and fevers, all owing to "the
dirty and filthy condition of the streets, sewers,
&c. S. c.
BOEGIITON AND'EGTPTIAN WHEAT
To the Edttors of the Prashltn Repository:
thmancient maxim, that " in nothing do men
approach so nearly
_unto the Gods, as in giving
health unto man," is possessed of any truth, cer
tainly we may with equal propriety say that in
nothing do men more fully complete the measure
of usefulness designed by the beneficent Giver of
all thing than in developing to their entire per
fection the various products of the soil.-
This can only be done by proper care and at-.
tention in selecting seeds teat will be best adap ted
to the different qualities of Poll and changes of
climate, and such as will enable the husbandman
to produce two:heads of grain or two blades of
grass where but one formerly grew.
In your agricultural department, about a year
ago, you - tirgedupon ihrmers the importau&,of
thethat variety of grain which would npen
the earliest, and thus escape injury from mildew.
Acting, n part, upon your suggestion, I used the
tepositorD, et)ambtroburg, Pa.
iarly white or Boughton variety and the Egyptian,
an early amber wheat, and now, for your gratifi
cation, and the benefit of your numerous 'readers,
give-you a short schedule, showing the relative
value of these. Both should be sown early, and
if the land is strong', either will well repay the
fanner for his labor. The samples which I send
y o u are the product of 50 heads each. Of the
white variety you will find 1370 grains, weighing
6110 gre., and of the Eg) ptbm or amber variety
you have 1288 grains, weighing 735 grs., smaller,
as 3ou will notice, in number, by 82 grains, but
weighing 105 gre., more:
Now if we take tiO lbs. as the standard weight
of wheat, we base in each bushel 345,600 grains
by weight, and by the simple rule of three we find
that each bushel of Egyptian wheat will contain
606,983.41 grains in numbefs, while each bushel
of white wheat will contain:sEs4'46s grains.
If we reflect that the husk Cr bran is on the
outside of each grain, we must see that the vari
ety that has the smallest number of grains per
bushel, must have the largest proportion of flour.
It is claimed for the Egyptian that it will yield
from a pound to u pound and a half utdre flour
per bushel than can be produced from any other
variety, tlec-trtith of which. I presume, could be
estaldishWby stir enterprising townsman, C. W.
Eyster, who, I understand, has grown this.wheat
to a large extent, and who will no doubt give his
own mill the benefit of his crop.
I may be able, at another time, to give you the
yield of each per acre, which I will gladly do if
others will, through you, give to their fellow-men
the benefit of their experience, and thus contrib
ute their share to the great store=house of knowl
—.Mosby, ex-guerilla, having been pardon( d
has opened a law office in Culpepper, Va.
—Charles McClure Hays, a well-known mein
her of the Pittsburg bar, died ill - Harrisburg an
'--The President'B tinnily, including WA tWo
!secretaries, when all assembled, will number fif-
—lntelligence hag been received at Washington
of the death of Hon. James Duane Doty, Gore?,
nor of Ltah.
the Alabamian who published a reward
for Mr. Lims.d's assassination, and who is now.
in priiim at Washington, will be tried in his own
—The President has pardoned Charles James
Faulkner, of Virginia, Mr. Buchanan's Minister
to France, he having qualified himself by taking
—Jeff Doris' health is represented to be better
than vilen he. first- landed at Fortress Modroe,
He is out in irons, and his quarters are very cum.
—Lieutenant General D. H. Hill, who bits air.
plied for pardon, has not been in attire service
for a year or more, in consequence of big differ
ence with .Jr' Da%
—Rev. Dr. Wal. l'aNton, pastor of the ]etPres-
Lt ternui Church, Pittsburg, formerly - ofGrecnead
tic. has resigned, after fourteen yi.ars tiervice: on
account of ill health.
—Mrs. Lincoln has accepted the proposition nf
the misieitition for building the monument at Oak
Ridge, and giving her and her family the use ofthe
lot as a Mirial place.
—lt i, positively ascertained that there has been
no consultation by the Executive branch of the
Goserument us to when, where and how Jeffer
son Davis is to be tried.
—Gen. Grant's monthly pay, income tax de
ducted. is $1,062,70. This sum is exclusiie of
commutation of ['porters. &c. which amounts to
nearly as much more.
—Major Gent :al George Crook has been re
lieved from command of hid cavalry corps, and
ordered to report to the Adjutant General, by let
ter from his Place of residence.
—Charles O'Connor, Esq., the distinguished
Irish law3er of New York city, and the warm per
sonal friend of the late Archbishop Hughes, has
been retained as counsel for Jefferson Davis.
—Jenny Lind Goldsehmidt sang recently at a
enueert iu London, to sintsoinee to the public
Herr Latior, u blind pianist. It is said that she
never sung with more Inspiration and fervor.
—The Boston Courirr sap, it is a singular Met,
that the eldest son of President Tyler was " Bob
by," the eldest son of President Lincoln is Bob,"
and the eldest son of President Johnson is Bob,"
—Henry A. WLSe arrived at Norfolk on Wed
_afternoo4, iatending to stay a few days.
Gem Lee has gone to a country seat in Cumber•
land county,'• Virginia, to spend the summer
—Gen Logan say's that "although he *as for
merly a strong Democrat, he is now an Abolition
ist, and would ire his 'mules' to see Jett Davis
hitng—which he has no doubt will be the fate of
—Colonels Ould and Hatch, Rebel Commission
ers of Exchange, and Major Carrington and Capt.
MotEt, Prowst Marshils of Richmond under Re
bel rule, were all released from CaStle Thunder
-on Monday week.
—Among the applications for pardon received
by - the President are that of Ex-Governor Vance,
of North Carolina, and John A. Gilmer, formerly
a prominent Amerielin or " Know•Notbing" mem
ber of the United States House of Representatives
from that State.
—Mrs. Jeff, Da%hi is at present residing at the
city of Savannah, Georgia, and is in rtmost des
titute and helpless condition. She is wholly
without money and a sufficiency of necessary
clothing, and bus not a single corn ant to nurse or
care for her young children.
—Gen. Grant's father, in a speech-at the Ohio
State Cons cation, said: "He had been often ask
ed if he did not feel proud of that boy of his.
This remindedhim of an occasion when this ques
tion was asked in the presence of eDutchnian,
who interrupted him In saying, 'He isn't to blame;
he couldn't help it.' " •
—Gen. J .D. Cox, the Repurilican candidate: -
fOr Governor in Ohio, is of the Puritan stock, his
mother being a lineal descendant from Elder
Brenyster, of the Mayflower. Fitz is a lawyer by
profession ; when the war broke out he was a
member of the Ohio Senate, and held the com
mission of Major General in the Ohio State mili
—On the 8111 inst., the steamer Admiral Du
pont was sunk between Fortress Monroe and
New York, by a collission with The British ship
Stadacana, and two lives were lost. On Friday
morning, to five o'clock, the Admiral died, and
on Saturohy morning, just twenty-four IMtire af
terwards, the locomotive named in his hodor was
WOW(' to atoms on the trestle-work near the
Almshouse, Philadelphia. By this accident the
conductor,'Mr. J. Barnard. was slightly bruised,
and the engineer, Mr. Wm. Clifford, was badly
scalded and had oue of his legs broken. Mr. Clif
ford died about seven o'clock on Saturday even
ing. On Sunday afternoon; at be o'clock, while
minute guns were being fired, at-the Union Re
freshment Saloon, Philadelphia, during the time—
ral of Admiral Duport, Samuel Dankly was
shockingly injured by the premature explosion of
—The Chicago Voir; of the Fair briefly al
ludes to two ladies as follows: Our, lady readers
who have not seen the wives of Generals Grant
and Sherman will, no doubt, be interested in
knowing how they looked and what they wore at
tite Grant reception on Saturday, when both of
these ladies were on the platform with their die,
tinguished husbands. Mrs. Grant was dressed in
plain traveling attire, a white straw hat with
green trimming, a short black veil over her face
—altogether a modest, unassuming attire. She
is of a medium height, not exactly slendei, and
has an exceedingly cheerful countenance. She
and Mr's. Sherman are about the same size and
age—kobabli about thirty-five years. Mrs. Sher
man wore Mourning,: having lost a son some
months since. She is graceful and easy in her
manner, and has a pleasant face. Neither of these
ladies are handsome, but both of them are very
lady-like, modest and unpretentious—just Such
women as men of good common sense woulese
—The real name of Payne, the 'man who at
tempted to assassiiiate Secretary Seward, it ap
pears, from the -arganient made by Mr. Duster,
before the military tribonal, is Lewis Payne
Powell, son of Rev. Gorge C., Powell, a Baptist
minister, residing at Live Oak Station, Florida,
between Jacksonville and Tallebasse. He was
born in 1E45, and is consequently about, 20yeuts
old. He bad six sisters and two brothers—the
latter being killed in the rebel service. He went
into the 2d Florida Infantry at the age of sixteen
awl served throughout the peninsular campaign.
He was in the battle r s of Chancellorsville and An-
tietam, and wasi wounded and captured at Gji
tyaburg. He then served as a hospital nurse in
one of our hospitals; -then went to Baltimore;
thence to N/rginia;: where he joined a cavalry
regiment, but firiallyidemrted, took the oath and
went to Baltituoze.' pespised by Unionists as,a
rebel and by,the rebels as a descrtfr, pLinnileas
and starving he fell in 'with Booth, whom he be
came acquainted with in Richmond at the com
me/nem:pent orthc war, and thus readily became
the actor's agent in the conspiracy.
W. W. Irwin declines the - Union min
intim for Auditor Ge'neral.
A —Moses A. Ross' bag been renominated for
Assembly by the Union men orSomerset count}'.
—The Richmond Uhig, June 24, says the Vir
ginia Legislature adiMirned on Friday, after[_
session of five days.,
—The late election in Washington Territory
resulted in the ittcce'ts'ot Denny, the Union can
didate for Congressional delegate.
` sl t,
—The House of Representatives ollceei Hamp
shire On the 29th ult., passed the constitutional
amendment aboli;ifiing slavery, by a vote of, 215
yeas to 96 nays:
—The Democratic State Conventton of Ver.
mont'nontinated C. N. Davenport for Governor,
and pissed resolutions of confidence in the poliCy
of President Johnson.
-4-An election Kill be held in Tennessee on the
3d day of Anguid for Representatives in the Thir
ty--uiath Congress, and to supply vacancies in the
Legislature of the State.
j--Gtneral Lovell H. Rousseau has aceeptCd
the ‘nondnation of the Union members .of the
Kentucky Legislature tbr United States Senator,
and will canvas's the State.
—Cot .. .Jacob M. Canipbellhasimen nominated
fur Senator by the Union men of Cambria county,
with authority to select his own conferees. The
district is Cambria, Indiana ud Jefferson.
--Gov. Lewii, of Wisconsin, positively declines
a re.clectitin. The Republican party will proba
bly nominate Gen.-Lucius Fairfield for his succes
sor. He is the present Secretary of State.
—We are informed that of General
Hartranft will - he urged by his friends as a can
didate for the nomination of Surveyor General,
at the approaching Union State Convention.
—Hon, John A. Hasson, Member of Congress
from lowa, Mis started for Kentucky to stump a
portion of the Stnte in behalf of the Constitu
_The election takes place in
—New Jersey elects a Governorthis fall. The
Republican candidates for the nomination are
31.ircus L. Ward,, Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
and George T. Cobb; the Democratic, Nehemiah
Perry, Andreir J. Rogers and Theodore Runyon.
- 7 -The Springfield Cnicfn (Republican) nomi
nates General Rutter for GovernOr of Massachu
setts. It adds:: 'Trod) , the hills of Berkshire
and all through the Connecticut Valley we hear
his name mentioned as the man, above all others,
for the gubernatorial office."
—The Vermont Union State Convention has nom
inated for Governor, Paul Dillingham ; for Lieu
tenant Governor, Abraham P. Gardner; and for
Treasurer, John B. Page.' The Convention was
large and harmonious. 'The resolutions 'include
one in favor of negro suffrage. _
—After the nomination of General Cox for Gov
ernor by the Republicans of Ohio, Senator Sher
man made a Speech at Columbus in which hesaid
that General Cnx wqr.ld have no 'more decided
:supporter in Ohio than his brother, General. Wil
liam T. Sherman. The father of Gen. Grant also
made a sitexch in favormt Gen. Cox.
—Governor Bramletts addressed - the citizens
of Louisville in favor of the Constitutional amend
ment and the advantages of free over slave labor
in Kentuoiy. He said slavery had been utterly
overthrown, and proved the impossibility of its
restoration, and urged the people to proceed to
establish a system of free labor, as dictatedby
wisdom and interest. He showed by the statis•
tics of the population and the occupation of lands
by slave and non-slaveholders, that the rich lands
of the State vvere in the hands of a class exceed
ingly small, in comparison with the popular mas
ses, -He urged an organization of free white la_
borers in the State, to take care in future of their
own interests. He said the necessity existed for
the immediate action of Kentucky in disposing of
this vexed question of slavery. •
—Gen. Sherman has gene to Texas.
--Texas is becoming rapidly "pacified" under
the new order of things.
—General Canby has sent troops against out
laws in the lower part of Jlisaissippi.
.The Potomac army, at one time composed of
seven corps and 300,000 men, is to be reduced to
three divisions, or 16,000 men. -
—lt is reported that Gen. Hooker"ts to suc
ceed Gen. Dix in the command of the Depart•
ment of the East.
—There is a rumor that Gen. Banks has been
ordered to turn over his command to Gen. Canby
and remain at New Orleans until he receives fur
ther orders from the'War Department.
—Gen. Griersou's cavalry corps, after serNiipg
a three months' campaign in Florida, Alal2aaja,
and Mississippi, have arrived at Vicksblirg.—
They report having seen hundreds of thousands
of bales of cotton in their journey, beside's a good,
upply of other Crops. They passed through por
tions never before visife,d by our army.
—The last glimmer of the rebellion dies out
with the surrender of Galveston. There is noth
ing left to be surrendered. The old flag once
more fluats in undisputed authority from Maine
to Texas, and peace rests upon all our borders.
The Proclathation issued by the President, simul
taneously with the official announcement of the
news, reopens all the ports to foreign and domes
tic commerce. The immediate evils of the war
and the - restrictions upon trade which necessarily
accompany hostbities, existing no longer, the na
tion may now safely address itself to the work of
reorganizing the vast interests which have. fallen
-43ev. Curtin, in conjnuctieuatith . -13ttig. Gen.
has procur4a 'fist of the Pennsylvania•
soldiers who died in. Andersonville prison. The
names were collected by responsible parties who
were in confinement there, from the head -boards
marking the graves, and various" other sources,
and are believed to be reasonably accurate. The
list is considered too lengthy for publication in
the newspapiers; but, with a vietv 61 disseminating
the informaiion it ciontains, and relieve the anxie
ty of the friends and relatives of such of our RA
diers who were known to be prisoners at Ander
soin ille, the Surgeon General, be direction of the
Governor, is having it printed in pamphlet form,
which will be ready for circulation in.a few days.
The document reveals a history of cruelty and
suffering unparalleled in the annals of Warfare.
Amongthe accompanying papers is a list of the
Federal prisoners received at aintlersonville, the
total number of whiCh is 17,594. Of these 403
took the oath of allegiance to the Rebel authori
ties to preserve themselves from starvation. Six
of the prisoners were tried by Court Martial and
executed within the stoekadi in our day. The
total number of deaths were , 12,884 ; the deaths
on a single day, the 2.3 d of :August; being 127.
The several lists only embrace the prisoners con
fined at Andersonville from February, 26, 1804,
to March 24, 1865.
From the New York Tribune.
THE ATLANTIC lELEGNAPII
It is something less than seven years since the
first Atlantic cable was laid and messages sent
through it between Europe and America. Into
what ecstasies of delight and 'admiration that
partial success lifted the people of the two conti
nents We have not yet forgotten. The "Cable
Celebration" will live long in the memory of New
Yorkers, and the keen interest with which the
brief lite of that link between the Old and New
World was invested will be remembered as snore
than romantic. The hopes of Humanity—in our
then exaggerated estimate of the importance of
couniandeation—seemed to hung on the..slender
thread that stretched trim Ireland to New Found=
land; hnd, when it broke, we should have been
inconsolable if other-events more momentous and
vital had not succeeded.
Now, that the great telegraph enterprise of the
century is once more to be renewed, the public •
Jukes the matter more coolly. The tremendous
'excitements of the last four years. have superse
jled our interest in peaceful aft:firs. so that, though
we have heard front time to time of the progress
of the new cable,-we content ourselves with lam
"glad speculations on its probable success or want
of success—quite ready to welcome it, heartily it
it‘prove deserviug of welcome, but by no means
disposed to set the City Hall off fire again, should
IL message once more cross the ocean.
Yet it would be am affectathm to deny that we
look anxiously and hopefully - and eagerly to the
great experiment which is once more on the eve
of a great success or great failure. The new ca
ble is completed. The last mile has been rolled
and spun and twisted and coated, and all, or near
ly all, of its immense length' is safely coiled away
in the huge tanks of the Great Eastern. Yet we
do not know that the anxiety or indifference of
the public has much to do with the piobable-suc
, cess of the voyage whit neat month will see be
gun and completed. It Is safe to presume that,
if the cable 18 once fairly down, our municipal
fathers will find ample opportunity to organize
auother celebration, and spend or steal a comfort
able sum of money in announcing the event.
Comparing the circumstances of the last at
tempt with the present. there is - abundant cause
for expecting good tbrtutie now when :before we
had only ill. The very first question is, of course,
the Cable itself —and the ditierenco.between the,
too is the difference between an awkward and
hasty attempt of ignorance, and the intelligent,
deliberate effort to which ripe experience and
conscientious devotion have contributed, their best
resources. The presert cable is 2,600 Miles long.
Its central conductor consists of seven fine cop-,
per wires, twisted into one complete strand, and
perfectly insulated. Four layers of gutty percha
inclose it, each of them insulated like the conduc ,
for itself. This outer covering is- profectell by
- eleven strong wires, each wound with strands of
hemp, saturated with tar. During the process of
manufacture, the cable has been kept constantly ,
exposed to severe tests of its conductive. power
and of its insulation, having been all the time im
mersed in water and traversed by electric cur
rents of such density and force as to develope the
‘.entkoexa of the stiles, it it anywhere existed.
The difference between the process of Mauutac
tine of the first cable and of the present is re-'
inarkable. Then everything seems to have been
taken fur granted now, nothing is left to'cbance
or theory. The strength' of the cable, as well as
its insularity and " conductivity," has beert per
fectly establishment. It will bear a weight of
nearly eight tons, and can safely be depended on
to support eleven milts of its length in water. In
stead of being committed now to two ships, as
Mrderly, the whole cable is stowen un board the
Great Eastern : and to that vessel, aided by es
corts which will supply assistance but carry none
of the wire, the great task of depositing the cable'
on the bottom of the Atlantic is to be intrusted.
It is stowed in three tanks, which are respective
y, 51 feet, 58 feet 6 in., and 58 feet in diameter,
and will hold a coil—the _firist of MO miles, the
second of 840 miles. and the third of t5O miles of
cable. The mechanical arrangements for its de
livery are not materially different from those on.
the Niagara and Agamemnon. It is on the char
acter -of the cable itself that the company rest
their chief hopes of a -more permanent success
than attented their last experiment.
It would be, unjust not to give credit to the
leading men in this enterprise for their persistent"
faith in RA final success, and their unremitting ef
forts to secure it. They have not refused to prof
it by the lessons of experience, but, in the min=
utesrdetaila as well as in the general scheme of
the present undertaking, have sought to avoid the
errors which caused a failure before. If this
also should, from fitly cause that cannot be fore
seen or provided against, be necessarily abandon
ed, we presume the mine men willnith the same
zeal and faitk renew their efforts. and
them till the two continents are permanelifly uni
It is expected that the Great Eastern, with its
invaluable freight and precious hopes, will begin
its voyage in the earl!, part of July—a time cho
sen purposely later than that of the first expedi
tion in 185. Capt. Anderson, who is to com
mand the Great Eastern, is an old officer in the,
Cunard service, and it is in accordance with his
mature opinion that the time of sailing is selected:
The voyage ift to be a slow one—the speed of the
ship being limited, except in certain contingen
cies, to six knots an hour, and it is calculated that
the whole time consumed in the passage from
Valentin in Ireland to the Bay of Heart's Content
in Newfoundland, will be from 12 to 14 days.—
The English papers, which have kept a much ful
ler record Min we have of the progriissmf - the
enterprise, seta tq be inspired with an undoubt
ing confidence that the present Summer will give
uS an instantaneous and 'permanent communica
tion between the two continents.
PRESIDENT JOHNSON ON THE SOUTH
`lTne Springfield, Illinois, correspondent of the
Chicago Republican, gives'- the following report
of an interview between President Johnson and
General Logan, at which reconstruction Was dis
cussed at considerable length:
[Gen. Logan commenced by congratulating the
President on the conservative Riney which he
had initiated, and which was already productive
tisuch excellent results. He said that the era
o war was necessarily closed, and that of reason
and conciliation opened; and that it was essential
to peace that the passions of both sections .should
be allay ed' by kindly and considerate, yet firm ac
tion on the part of the Executive, and be looked
upon the President's us such.
President Johnson replied that he desired to
have the Seceded States return buck to their for
mer condition as quickly as possible. Slavery
had been the cause of the war. That cause was
now, most - happily, removed, and consequently
he desired to see the Union restored as it was
previously to the war, or, as the President laugh
ingly remarked as our democratic friends used
to'say—" the Constitution as it is, the Uniott as
it was"—always-saving and except slavery, that
Mi l d been abolished. The war had decided that
and forever. --
A gentleman present spoke of negro suffrage,
and suggested that iu reconstructing the Union,
it would be necessary to disfranchise some (lead
ing rebels, and enfranchise others,) ineunirg loy.
h I colored people, or that the Case o. the Virginia
legislature re-assembling would be repeated over
again. The gentleman is,a.strong advocate of
The President replied that the case of the Vir
ginia Legislature was easily disposed of ;`that it
had no power as a legislative body, and that it
could do nothing anyhow. With regard to the
extension of suffrage, the sentiment of the coun
try at present appeared to tend towards a restrie-
July 5, 1865.
tion rather than an extension of the right of suf•
General Logan endorsed the views of the Pres
ident on the above, mid then said that it might
not be polite to give the rebels the right of suf
frage immediately. lie thought that it might be
fund advisable at first to huld them in- a sort of
pupilage by military force. As soon as they could
be trusted, then give them the samo-power they
possessed before. The General also' &marked
that the wheel of reconstruction was a large and
ponderous one, and that many who would, take
their stand upon it would be ground to powder.
Ho had-been fighting far four yeani to save the
Ulliou. He now proposed that those who desired
to reconstruct it, might go in and see what. they
could do. For his part he felt inclined to be ra
ther a looker-on than an active participant in the
contest which would naturally grow out of it.
The President said: "General, there's no such
thing as reconstruction. These States have not
one out of the Union. Therefore, reconstruction
is unnecessary. Ldo not mean to Arviat them as
incubate States, - but merely as existing under a
temporary suspension of 'their governments; prg•
vided always that they elect loyal men. The doc
trine of coercion to preserve a State in the Union
has been vindicated by the people. It is the pro
rime .of the Executive to see that the will of the
people is carried out in the rebabitatiun of these
rebellious States, once mere under the authority
as well us the protection of the Union."
General Logan responded. " That's so."
The Persident then passed on to the question of
of the public debt. He said that the tiunntws of
the country were in a hopeful condition: that
probably it was possible to resume specie pay
ments immediately, were it not fbr the ci miner
chi. distress it would create throughout the coun
try. genendly. -As to the public debt of the country,
he was iu favor of paying it to the last dollar, and _
would never countenance any man, p.arty, - seet or
measure that even smiinted - at repudiation in any
form. The debt was incurred to save the country.
It was a legacy of the war, bequeathed to us for
good or evil. It was nut possible to shirk it.. On
the other hand the great question should be to
make it, it possible, an instrument of good; not
evil, to the public generally.
The above is the substance of the conversation
between those two distinguished men, brought up
in the same party, and it seems to me that its
purport is reassuring to the loyal masses pf the
country.. On the question of negro suffrage the
President appeared to be somewhat noncommit
tal, probably, like Mr. Lincoln on emancipation,
wmrin g to feel the public pulse upon it, and then
acting as he thought they would desire him to act.
At any' rate, he did not utter a word nn opposition
to it, it those having the right to pass upon the
question acted a&-they saw fit.
In Illinois Regiment Struck
Mon Killed anciThirty-btreollVo'unded.
11F.Aug'lls 15:1D ILL. INFANTRY VoLUNTEmm,
Tullahoma, Teun., June 19, 1865.
EDITOILS CHICAGO THHICNE:—Our regiment
Was yesterday the scene of one must terri
ble calamities which it has ever been my lot to
witness. About 2 O'clock, P. M., a violent thun
der storm visited us. It being Sabbath, the
" guard mounting" was deferred until two o'clock,
on account of the morning being occupied in
a grand review. , While the old guard was being
turned out to receive the new guard, a blinding
flash of lightning was seen, accompanied instantly
by a terrific peal of thunder. The whole of the
old guard, together witii part of the new guard,
were thrown violently to the earth. The shock
was so severe and sudden that in moat eases the
rear rank men were thrown across the front milk
men. One man, Jeremiah Cooley, of Captain
limiter's company C, was instantly killed, and
thirty-two others were more or less severely
burned by the elactric fluid.
The own were mostly injured -in the region of
the shoulders, arms and hips': the men having
bean standing at shouldered arms, in IN hieh ease
the " barrel of the musket would rest in' the hol
low of the right ann and shoulder, the butt of the
piece resting against the hip." One man who
was on guard in front of the hospital tent had his
musket thrown from his hands, and the' bayonet
srmiek into the ground. .The man himself was
shocked pretty- severely, but nut thrown dovin:
One man who had heed to the rear and was re
turciiim was struck down and severely injured iu
the eves. In some instances the men s boots Ond
shoes were torn from their feet and torn.to pie-)
cos, and strange as it may appear, the men were
injured but little in the feet. •
At first I thought that Lieutenant Rea, of Com
pany E, would nut live, but he is reviving slowly.
In all the cases, the burns appear as if the.) had
been caused by scalding hot water, in many in
stances the skin being - shriveled and torn off.—
The men all seem to be doing well, auyl u part of
them will soon be able to resume their duties in a
The man who was killed was buried to-day, the
whole regiment, together with Gen. Dudley, and
most of his staff, accompanying the remains to
the cemetery. The occasion was a very impres
sive one, the remarks made by the regimental
Chaplain, Rev. John M. Preshaw, being very ap
propriate. . .
Much praise is due:our gallant Major, Colo—
nel John H. Nule of Vicksburg lame who ren
dered all the assistance in his power to aleviate
the condition of the sufferers.
My Assistant Surgeon, Edwarb P. Catlin, and
Heapital Steward, John W. ..M'Eaddeu also ren
dered valuable assistance in dressing tiewounds.
H. S. PLUMER,
Surgeon 152 d Reg. 111. Vols.
311111 DER OF UNION PRISONERS.
Senator Wade, as chairman of the Committee on
the Conduct of the War, is now revising the sheets
of the report of that committee, Comprising re-'
cent testimony as to the treatment of our prison
ers received at the hands of the rebels. The
committee say the evidence clearly shows that
tens of thousands of our brave soldiers have fal
len victims to that savage and infernal spirit"
which actuated those who spared not the prison
ers at their mercy, who sought by midnight arson
to destroy hundreds of deleneeless women and
children, and who hesitated not to resort to
means to summit nets so horrible that the nations
of the earth stand aghast as they are told what
has been done. The prison surgeons' report of
the Richmond prisons fur one quarter shows that
a fraction over one-half of all the cases entered
resulted in death,mnd most of these deaths were
more the result of. inhuman treatment and neg
lect than disease. But a little more than half the
necessary number of beds were provided, and
the nurses often occupied theta to the excluidon
of -the sick. After our men died, their bodies
were treated as the carcasses of so many dead
animals. They were piled in the dead house,
and their eyes and cheeks eaten out by rata be
fore they were put in coffins. The keepers gen
erally manifested almost total indifference to the
lives and condition of the prisoners. And as one
of the many illustrations of this, a witness testified
to the following: "I was standing one day by
the hospital. One of our negro soldiers, Ca-p
-tared at the explosion of' the mine near Peters
burg, was standing near by, engaged in skirmish
ing—as we priioners call it—examining his duties
for vermin. A rebel sentinel, at whom I happen
ed to be looking at the time, drew up his musket,
took deliberate ann and fired, killing the neri
On the spot. On being asked what he did it for;
he answered, ' To see the black son of a
b— drop."' The rebels said they got thirty days'
furlough fir shooting a Yankee. The committee
say it is a matter of congratulation that ; notwith
standing the great provocations to pnrsue a dif
ferent coarse, our authorities have ever treated
their pr toners humanely and ',generonsly, and
has e, in all respects, conducted this contest ac
cording- to the rules of the most civilized warfare.
—Washington Correspondence of the New York
GEN. MEADE'S FAREWELL ADDRESS.
IIEAN/CARTERS AllBl OF 7118 POTOMAC,
Juus 2d , 186.5.
Soldiers :--This day two years I assumed com
mand of you under the orders of the President of
the United States. To-day ,by virtue of the same
authority, this army ceasing to exist, I have to
announce my transfrr to other duties and my Sep
aration from you.
It is unnecessary to enumerate here all that has
occurred in these two eventful years, from 'the
grand and decisive battle of Gettysburg, the turn
ing point of the war, to the surrender of the Ar
my of Northern Virginia, at Appomattox Court
House. Suffice it to say that history will do you
a grateful country will honor the living.
cherish and support the disabled,
twain' the dead. -
In parting from you, your Commanding,Gen
eral will ever bear in memory your noble devotion
to your country, and your patience and cheerful.
nets "under all the privations and sacrifices you
have been called on to endure.
Soldiers, having accomplish the work set be•
fore us, having vindicated the honor and integrity
of our Government, let us return thanks to Al
mighty God for His blessing in granting us vitt°.
ry and peace, and let us earnestly pray tor strength
and light to discharge our duties as citizens as
we have endeavored to discharge them an soldiers.
GEottion G. MEADE,
Gen. U. S. A. Commanding.