Newspaper Page Text
BY S. J. BOW.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, APEIL 4, 1886.
VOL 12.-1 30.
aVtH BROTHERS, Dealer in Square A Sawed
1 Lumber, Dry Good, Groceries, no, 0'l)
1, , Ac, BarnsideP., Sept. 25, 1853.
' i iREDERICK LEITZINGER, Manufacturer of
K ilUkina. of Stone-ware, Clearfield, P.. Or--er-solicited-wholesale
or retail. Jan. 1,1863
iRANS BARRBTT, Attorney at Law, Clear-
neia, r. j
UOBBRTJ. WALLACE. Attorney at Law. Clear;
field, Pa Office in Shaw' new row. Market
meet, opposite Mangle' Jewelry toro May 36.
HT NAUGLE, Watch and Clock Maker, and
. dealer ! Watohe, Jewelry, Ac. Room in
iy.fow.Marketrtreet. Nov. 10.
HBUCHEB SWOOPB, Attorney at Law, Clear
field, Pa. Office inGraham'e Row, fourdoo
wct of Graham A Boynton' tore. Wot. 10-
H" ARTS WICK IRWIN, Dealer in Drags,
Medicine. Paint, Oil. Stationary, Perfume
rr Fancy tJoods, Notions, etc., etc., Market street,
Clearfield, Pa - Deo, fi, 1865.
77"KRATZER SON, dealer in Dry -Good,
I i Clothing. Hardware, Queenwere, Groce
ricV Provisions. Ac, Front Street vabove the A
7hmyjatiigM.Pfc.: - , Dec 27,136a.
WiiiTijI F. IRW IN, Market street, Clearfield,
Ps Dealer in Foreigri anM Domestic Mer
chandise. Urdwre, Quenswar .Groceries, and
fsu.ily article generally. 10-
GrELICH; Manufacturer of all kinds of
CtMoet-ware, Market street, Clearfield,-Pa.
lio tlflo makes to order Coffin, on short norice.'and
attends funerals with hearae., .. ; Aprlu,'3Q--
DK M. WOODS, PBACTieiw Pricujr, and
Examining Surgeon for Pension,
vace, South-west corner of Second and Cherry
Sire t, Clearfield, Pa. ,.- . Janaary 21, 1863-
mHOMAS S. MTCULLOCGH, Attorney at Law,
J. Clearfield, Pa. Office, easfrof the "Clearfield
Dank. Deeds and other legal instrumentspre
pured with promptness end accuracy. July 3.
i R M'EN AT.T.T. Attornevat Law. Clearfield,
roiii. :: "
J. Fa. Praotieea in Clearfield and adjoining
cau:itles."" Office in new brick building or J. Boyn
Itn, 3d street, one door south -of Lanioh'a Hotel.
1) 1 CHARD MOSSOP, Dealer in Foreign and Do
I; mestie Dry Goods, Groceries, Flour, Bacon,
Liquors, Ac Boom, on Market street, few doors
V . I J - - fit .!.! P. A r.v")7
inmiu n w ViHlHE l.ind Survevor and Con
.L veyancer. Office at his residence, i mile east
of Pennville.- Fostoffioe address, urampian urn
leeis and other instruments of writing neatly
executed. un uu, io-ij.
"II7M. ALBERT A BRO'3,Dealers in Dry Goods,
V Groceries. Hardware. Queensware, JMour,
fcacon, etc, Woodland, Clearfield county, Penn'a.
Also, extensive dealers in all kinds of sawed lum
ber, ihingles, and square timber. Orders solid
ted. ' -Weodland, Aug. 19th, 1S63.
T SLAKE WALTERS. Scriviner and Con
tjf veyancer, and Agentforthe'purchase and sale
ef Lands, Clearfield, Pa. Prompt attention giv
n to All business connected, with the. county offl-
eee. Office with Hon. W. A. Wallace. - ' Jan. j
i. n. n'm-KRAr., : : : : saijei, xitcbeli..
Ill 'MPRRAY MITCHELL, - Dealers in
iJ Foreign and Domestic Merchandize. Lrii
ksa. Float; Grain, Ao.,"Kew Washington, Clear
field eounty. Pa. October 2a, 1365-lyp.
AirARDLK REE1) 4; CO.; Wholesale
I? Gkocebs, and dealers, in Tobacco, Tea,
Spices. Ac , North East corner of Sixth and Mar
ket Streets, Philadelphia. fobl4-6m.
UBuBtji r. wardli. : : charlxb m. reed.
A VCTlONEER.-'The undersigned having
j been Licensed an Auctioneer, would inform
theeltiien of Clearfield county that he will at
tend to calling sales, in any part of the county,
Kheaever called upon. Charge moderate
Address, - JOHN M QUILKIN,
May 13. Bower Po., Clearfield eo., Pa. -
VrCTIONEER. The undersigned having
been Licenced an Auctioneer, wonld inform
the eitisen of Clearfield county that he will at
tend to calling sales, in any yart of the eounty,
whenecer called opoa. ' Charge moderate.
Address. NATHANIEL RISHEL,
- Feb. 22. 1M4. .' Clearlleld, Pa. ,
THE MASON It HAMLIN CABINET
OKUAN-Fotty different styles.- adapted
to sacred and secular music, for $S0 to SfiOaeach
PIFTY.OSB GOLD or SILVER MEDALS, or oth
er first premiums awarded'them. Illustrated Cat
alogtiesfroe. Address, MASON A HAMLIN, Bos
ton or MASON UROTITERS, New Yorkv
NewYork.Noi'eajher 21. ISSJiryj"
R A FTS MAN 'S JOUR.NAI1. : T
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION,-ADVERTISING
srrcAs cim rolcooMrar ordck. r
8scrlption, in advance, 1 year, , 1 : : 82. 00
Adm'rs and Ez'r notices, each, fl times, 1
Aaditor' oetices, aoh, - -' : "
Caatiou ud Estray. each, 3 time, -Dissolution
notices, each, 3 times, 1
Transient Advertising, per square of 19 !
line, or less---3 times, or less,
For each subsequent insertion,- ' '
Official AdvertMing, foe each equate ef l
lines, 01 less 3 times, or less,
" For each subsequent insertion, 1 f
rrotessioaa) A bufineseardsS line, L y
"cal notioes, per line, 1 time,
Obituary'notiee. Tf i tfnps, pflnf J-
; I 6
Advertising, 2 months. 3 months
'On square, (10 lines) t 3t - 5 4. CO
i.79- 1v . . J 0,00, , -Three
squares, " n.00 8,00 '
fwra,MrMk:i: r . 8,00i-. W,w0--
Yearly .AdtertieiDg, one square, :. ; : 1,.
early Advertising, two squares; : : 'J t'
YaartyAdvartieiag, three equareaw-i r . :
early Advertising, one-fourth column,
Yearly Advertising, one-third colnmn,
YeaxJy Advertising, one-ialf column,
mo aoove rate -sqrpiy oniy to advertisements
t up plain, AdTertiaomenta setin large type,
or with cuts, or out of plain style, will be charg.
idonWe the above sateaforapaoe occupied' c
Blanks, sinele quire, : : : : : , ;. i 5 5 . 2 50
"lanks, 3 quires, per quire, : : : : : 2 00
o ackst Squire, ner.qulr : : 175
oret 6 quueg, per quire, : : : ; 154
Handbills, eighth sheet, 25 or less, 150
fourth sheet, 1 ii : . v , v , j 50
" half sheet, 25- 430
: whole aheet,,., r , 25; -.5 ifrm M
jlgfjaaehiQi aJaoy,;at proportionate! nsaC
5 Inecovet UeaboWaBupbA Rake'. Cod Lit!
rU, Jaype'sand Avers Medicinee. for ml. hw
A 'Afi?.T0bK: OF.GLASS, pai
TRIABLE CHAINS a Rood article, on hand
V and for sale by . MKKHELL A BIGLER
CJEWING MACHINES. Persons desirous
O of having a superior Machine, sbonld buy
Wbeeler A Wilson's Sample Machines on band.
Clearfield, Feb. 28, 66. H. F. NAUGLE. Ag't..
; A LARGE LOT OF CLOTHING inelu
J. ding some extra quality of Beaver Over-coats
and a complete assortment of caasimere goods
made up in suit to match for sale by
Dec. 6,1865. IRVTN A HARTSHORN
BONDS AND NOTES FOR SALE The
undersigned is prepared te furnish, to those
wa.iog investments, uoverameni ana county
Donas. Also nve per cent Government notes.
- H B. SWOOPE,
Clearfield May 4. 1864. Att'y at Le
ffrisWANTED, 1,000, 5,000, 10,000
j7j Agents, male or female, of respecta
ble standing, to make from $2,000 to S2.500 per
annum, sure, at borne or abroad, bend Is cents
and get sample and full particulars. Address,
- , J. R. KENNEDY A CO.
44 A 49 Fifth Street, Pitts-burgh, Pa.
March 7, 186i5-6t-pd.
CLEARFIELD HOUSE, CLEARFIELD
PA- The subscriber having purchased the
lurmtnre and interest from 11. 11. Morrow. 10 said
House, is now prepared for the reception of tran
stent and permanent boarders. ' Kvery depart
ment connected with his establishment will be
conducted second to none in the eounty. He res
pectfully solicits a ehare of public patronage.
July 11, 180.-y.. GEO. N. COLBL RN.
HB. MARTIN, Wnor.iESALE n Rbtaii.
' Ghoceb, corner of Blair and Montgomery
Streets. Hol lid ays burg. Blair county, l'a.. has
alw ys on hand a full supply of Family irooo-
ries, such as Iuhut flour, licon, t l&h.balt. Coffee,
Teas, Sugars. Syrups Cheese. Lard. Soap. Brushes.
rsrooms, liuckets, liaskets, bancy Articles, ch old
est brands cigars, french confeetionaries. foreign
nuts ana candies, o. Jieo. 14, i5i-:i m
TtT IS1CAL INSTRUMENT S
lfX . B. M. GKEENK
Has opened his Music Store, one door west of
W. Lewis' lioos Store, where he keeps crnstantly
on hand . Stein way "A Sons' and -Gabbles Piano
Manufacturing Company's Pianos, Mas-in A Ham
lin s Uabinet Organs and I arnart. teedham A
Co.s' Melodeons; Guitars, Violins, Fifes. Flutes ;
Uuitar and Violin Mrings.
- Musio Books Golden Chain, Golden Shower
uolden Uenser.Qolden irioc Ac, Ac.
Sheet Music He is constantly receivine from
Philadelphia all the latest music, which persons
at a distance wishing can order, and have sent
tneraby mail at publisher s prices.
RrPianos and Organs Warranted for five vears
.- Thofe wishing to buy any of the above articles
are invited to call and examine mine before pur
chasing elsewhere. My prices are the same as in
riew xork and 1 niladelphia.
circulars ot instruments sent promptly upon
applieation with any additional information de
sired, a. Al. (ilihiKN, -
Hill street. Huntingdon, Pa , One door West of
Lewis' Hook More. Dec. 6, 1855.
BE V P. L. HARRIS'). A. tf. PRINCIPAL.
The Third Session of this Institutiou will com
mence on Monday, March 12th, 1866. -
I'ji pi La can enter at any time. . They will be
charged with tuition from the time they enter to
tne close 01 the session
The course of instruction embraces everything
included in a thorough, practical and accom
plished education of both sexes.
The Principal having had the advantage of
in hod experience in nis proiession, assures pa
rents and guardians that his entire ability and
energies will be devoted to the mental and moral
training of the youth placed under his charge.
Terms of Tpitios :
Orthography, Reading. Writing andFrimary
Arithmetic, per session, (11 weeks.) S." 00
Grammar, Geography, Arithmetic, and Histo
ry. So. 00
Alirebra.Geometr v. Triironometrv. Mensuration.
Surveying, Philosophy, Physiology, Chemistry
and Book-keeping. Sy.UO
Latin and ureek. with any of the above
branches, SI 2,00
EvTNo deduction will be mnde for absence.
For further particulars inquire of
JtlEV. f. L.UAKIilSON,. a M.
Feb. 28,1866. Principal.
13 IJOU TE It I E. &c,
Worfh-Ntarfy One Miltii Dollars! All to he
Sold for ONE DOLLAR. EACH, without ,e
. garrt to value.!! No. article to be paid for .
until yon know what it is and its value.
No Lottery! No Gift Enterprise ! !
LIST OF ARTICLES.
500 Solid Silver tea sets, complete, $50 to $300
. 299 Uosewood and JUanogony Mu-
'i ; . eieal Boxes,
250 Gold Hunting Watches, ' ; ,
220 Ladles'. Enam. Gold Watches, ; .
500 Gent's Hunting Silver Watches,
500 Open-faoe Silver Watches, i
50 to 200
75 to 2j0
50 to 200
35 to 100
25 to 50
500 Moth'r of P'rl. Lor'netts A Op 'a.
GUaasts, . - - 25t
300 Six Barrel Revolvers, 15 to
300 Oil Paintings,; - ' 50 to
259 Marble Statuettes, Busts, Ac, 5) to
250 Diamond Rings, - -; 50 to
fi.OOtt Photo. Albums, all sizes A sty les, 5 to
10.000 Gold Vest and Neck Chains, 1 5 to
10, OOOVSoldRhmb'a. Sleeve Bat's. Lk"ts, 3 to
10,000 Signet, Cluster, Chased and Plaia
llin-a, ' - -t i-v 3 to
10,000 Gold Pen, with Silver and Solid . . .
' Gold Holders, o to
1,000 Set Ladies' J' wiry, all the. New
Styles, ; . . . tQ
,0Silrer Goblets Aad DTting Cnp, 8 to
3,000 Silver Castors, Fruit and Cake
Baskets, eto.i - . -20 to
20,000 Other Articles ranging from 1 to
Thenlanis this: Certificates naming every ar
ticle, of oar stock- are put into blank envelopes,
sealed, and mixed ; and . Then ordered., are taken
out wifhont regard to choice, and jorwaruea as
directed... The holder of any certificate iaentitled
to whatever article it may jiame,.npon the pay--ment
ot One Dollar, whether thatarticle is a S25Q
Watah, $75 Diamond, or a S3 Bosom Pin Hav? 1
ing purchased five, ten or twenty Leruncaiosyou
can take jast as manj prjutt as few of .tha articles
they severally describe as you please.,. You must
pay, One Dollar r piece ior all you send for how.
Ter- '"' ,,!.'.' M . .1 , . .-,.- s-. i t:
Toreimbrsensfertheco8tof printing, mailing
and advertising, 'we'eharge for-certificates and
the time and trouble -of properly attending to
the.busines -a fyw usor .fiva,,$l eleven
S3; , eighteen $3; twenty-eighl 54; thirty-fiv
$5: fifty $7,50: ixty-ix 510 ; one, hundred $15
and two hundred S30. '.' - ,
Ait Elegant Ptemtum with' 'each club of fpur ,
dollars or. upward, will be forwarded with the ,
Certificates. ' , '..' y '
N. B. See fall lists of "Premiums and special
terms to Agents in our circulars Address. ' ,
T. A H. GAL'GUAN A CO.
March 14. lS66-4t.
f ADIES FtrnS. and Gents' fur caps, for
M.J sale at the '-corner" store. Cnrwensville, Pa.
A COMPLETE ASSORTMENT of good?
of every variety, sold a low for cash, a at
any store in the county, by
Dec. 6. 1305. IRVIN A HARTSHORN.
TRUSSES and abdominal supporter of every
kind, and ot the - best improvments. for sale
at the Drug Store of .
Jan. 10 1366. IIARTSWICK A ISWIX
TO HORSE OWNERS. The undersigned
having recently discovered an infallible and
simple cure for that annoying malady in horses,
known as ' Hoof-bound." Any person sending SI
in a letter, will receive by return mail a reoipe
giving proper directions as to the necessary treat
ment. Address, ' JACOB IRWIN. -September
21, 1864-tf. : Clearfield. Pa.
fAR3I FOR SALE. The subscriber offers
i. for sale his property situate on PottgRnn.
Jordan township, consisting of 127 acres of land
16 of which are cleared. There are several good
veins of coal pu the place, and au exeellout wa
ter power which, jf suitably improved, would
drive asaw or grist mill most of the year. Will
be sold cheap for cash: ; T LIDDLE.
. March 21. 1866 tf. Clearfiuld borough.
1T b'.W FI IOI. The undersigned have this day
11 formed a copartnership under the firm i:aua
of Irvin A Hartshorn, for t he tr;iQSne'ion of a gen
eral merchandise and lumber business. A larpo
and well selected stoc't of goods ha been nducd
to that already on hand at tbo "corner store"; ia
Curwensville.where we are-uow prepared tJshuw
customers a complete assortment, . wilu prices as
low astho lowest. The highest market rates 'paid
Jor loniher of -all descriptions.' The patronage of
the public is respcettullv solicited. - '' . .
.: ' E A -IRVIN.
. W. U. J1AUTSIIORN.
Curwer.sville. July 17, 1865
JOI1N TKOUTJIAS ,.
Having resumed the manufacture of chairs, at his
shop located on the lot in the renr ot his residence
on Market street, and a short distance west of the
foundry, is rrcrrared to accommodate his old
friends, and all others who may favor him with i
call, with every description of Windsor chairs
He has a good assortment on hand, to which he
directs tue attention ot purchasers, iney are
made of the very best material, well painted, and
finished in a workmanlike manner, and will be
sold at prices to suit the times. .Examine them
before purchasing elsewhere.
Clearfield, Ta., March 28. 1865.
U. XTJ. KJT GRAPH Kil, havinjr Durcha?
cd the Photograph establidhment formerly con
ducted by H. Bridge, would respectfully anuouuoe
to the citizens of Clearfield and adjoining coun
ties, that he has recently made additional -im
provements to both sky-light and aparatus, and
he Hatters h imself that he can satisfy the most
fastideous taste in a true and lifelike likeness
He aim keeps constantly on hand a good assort
ment t f Guilt, Rosewood, and Walnut frames
Albums of all sizes and (styles and an endless
variety of cases, lockets, etc.. which he will dis
pose of at very moderate prices, for oash.
His gallery is n r-haw s row, (up stairs,) Mar
ket street, Clearfield, Pa , where be is always rea
dy to accommodate customers, who may be in
want of a good Likeness of themselves or friends.
Particular attention paid to copying all kinds
of pictures, etc. . - , November 1, 1865 " ;
EW FURNITURE ROOMS!
Respectfully informs the citizen of Clearfield
and vicinity, that he has commenced the manu
facture of all kinds of 1'urniture, in the shop on
Market street adjoining the Foundry, where he
is prepared" to make tor order such furniture as
may be wanted, in good style nn l' finish, to wit:
BUREAUS ASD SIDEBOARDS,
Wardrobes and J'ook-cases of all kinds 7 Bed- - -
steads of every description ; Sofas, Work-stands,
iat-racK4, Wash. stands, etc. .And will furn
ish to order Rovking and Arm ohair.-', and
Parlor, common, and other chairs.
The above, and many other articles are furnish
ed to customers at fair prices for cash, or exchang
ed for approved country produce. Cherry. Poo
lar, Marie,' Lin-wood, and other Lumber suitable
for Furniture will he taken in exchange for work.
tieraeinoer, tne snop adjoins the Foundry.
December 13, 1365. K. M'COKkLE.
r MERCHANT TAILOR,
Market Street,. Clearfield, Pa.,
One door East ( the Clearfield House, .
Keeps on hand a full. assortment of Gents' Fur
nishing goods, such as Shirts, (linen and woolen,
Undershirts, Drawers and T5ocks :Neck-tie3. Pock
et Handkerchiefs. Cloves, Umbrellas, Hats, etc ,
n great variety.-,- Of piece, xoods he keeps the
Best Cloths (of alt shades,). Black
Doe-skin ' Cassimeres of the best make,
Fancy CaLssimcrcs In great variety. ,
Also. French Coatings; Beaver, Pilot, Cliinebillaj
an I Tricott Over-coating, all of which will be
soi l cheap for cash, and made up according to
the latest styles, by experienced workmen. , Also
aent for Clearfield county, for' I. M. Singer A
Co's Sewing Machines.- Nevem'oer t, 1865. '
E W AB E'A NGEHENT
The subscribers have entered into co-partner
ship, and are trading under the name of Irvin,
Baily A Co.. in lumber and merchandise, at the
old stand ef Kllis Irrin A on, at-tfee mouth of
Lick RmaJ They would inform their irientls; and
the, world in general, that they are prepared to
furnish to order all kinds of sawed or hewn lum
ber, and solicit bills, for either home or'. eastern
markets.' ' V ' ' ' ' ' '
They wonld also announce that they have" just
opened k. .
of well selected goods, suitable to the season, con
sisting ot-every variety usually kept in country
store. Xbetr purchases nave been made, since
the late decline in prices., which enable them to
sell at such rates.-as wirt astonish their customers-
One if their partners, Thomas L. Baily, reside
near Philadelphia, whose business it w be to
watch the maraeU and, make-, purchase " on the
moat favorable terms. ' Call and jee n. V , f(
- ELLIS IRVIN,
' THOMAS L. B A rLT,
Goshen tpDee.tl, 186S.' LBW1S I. IRWIN, '
ALT a good article, and very cheap at the
K. inniA. uiearnei 1.
T EATHER an 'aaiprtment for sale by
M-J MERRELL A BIGLER
December Hi 1864:: - ; Clearfield Pa,
TO-DAY AND T0-Y0BE0W.
Xon't tell me of to-morrow ;
Give me the man who'K say,"
That, when a good deed's to bo done,
"Let's do the deed to-day." .
1 We may all command the present, v
'If wo act and never wait; , ,.
But repentance is the phantom
Of a past that comes too late.
Don't tell me of to-morrow ;
There is much to do to-day, " '
That can never be accomplished,
If we throw the hours away.
Every moment has its duty,
Who the iuturecan foretell ? . ..
Then, why put off till to-morrow
What to-day can do as well ?
Don't tell me of to morrow ; ,
If we look upon the past,
How much that we have left to do
-' We cannot do at last;
To day is the only time,
. For all on this frail earth ;
It takes arTa lo farm a life,
. A moment gives it birth. ' ,
;t. .. r Tie Dead Se.
A ROinewiiat interesting letter Ly a rever
end iieutleman, who is abont to pxillish a
work on lhe Holy; Land, for the: Christian
Knowi Sc Society, Las appeared, on the
buhjeet of-.the' Dead Sen. The reverend
gentleman, who has for a long time resided
on the bliores of this famous lake," 'with a
view to the study: of the natural history ot it
environs and of the land generally, briefly
dissipates route of t ho most erroneous but
best established illusions nnd traditions re
Hpecting this maligned spot. Hitherto it
has been supposed, and even decided in
school IkioUs, thnt the -niarfrin of the great
salt sea was fatal-to-animal and vegetable
life. This is that "first 1'ooli.sh fond . tradi
tion' which this'new authority hastens to
dispel. So far from beina: fatal, one hun
dred and eighteen specimens of birds either
swim, through or fly over its waters The
birds which fell plump dovn.de;id as Cole
ridge s albatross, killed by the niephitic
vapors-! the gloomy pool are a nieremvrh
More than forty specimens of mammalia
revel on its banks, in its cane-brakes and
jungle. Indigo, maize and barley crow on
soiue of its approaches to within a few feet
of the margin. Hence it must be consider
ed rather a Paradise than a Aceldama. The
reverend writer, indeed, suggests that; on
account of its salt and sulphur spriugs, it
should be adopted as a . sanatorium, iancy
the Jfead ea as a new Uaden, and a com
pany established to make it a place of fash
lonable resort. Things more unlikely have
happened ere this ; and save that bathing is
more or less " impracticable, because one's
feet will rise above one's head in swimmiug
en these dense waters, there appears no
practicable difficulty in ' the way of such a
scheme. . 1 - , - ..
-- - ' ." Tlg Dead of 1865. ; '
xne 3rear tnat nas just passed awav was
too momentous with srreat events to have
its liistory conuensea into a newsnaner- ar
ticle. jNot the least ot' its achievements
was the bearing away with it into the solemn
past ot some ot the brightest, names known
among men. iirst in the illustrious list, as
he stands hrst in the hearts of Americans,
is Abraham Lincoln. With him have cone
from our own land, TJiomaa Corwiu, Jacob
JJrough, Preston King, Jacob Collamer, and
Lid ward Ji.verett; while we mourn with x.dg
land at the loss of llichard Cobdeu and
Lord PalmeFston. Science has been robbed
of Valentine 3Iott, the greatest surgeou of
his time, lnoke, the. Prussian astronomer.
Paxton, the Lnghsh inventor, Ollendort,'
the great grammarian, and others. Litera
tiire mourns Worcester,' of dictionary fame.
Mrs. (jaskeli, ivjrs. fcigourney and luchard
llwdre.th. rrom the ranks ol flic nobility
have fallen King Leopold, the Duke of
Northtimberlanl, the Jtussian Czarewitch"
and Joseph Uunaparte. Of women - noted
through . themeives or their relations , to
othersjiave been the wile of Secretary, fcew
ard the wife of LouisKossuth,thc widow of
the poet Moore, the widow of Aaron Burr,
and the mother tt lhackcray. A:vast ad
ditional number, of greater or less renown,
have followed these in their march to the
tomb and to eternity.. ; , , -
- Firxside Education. The fireside is a
seminary of infinite importance. - It is itu-
portant oecause it is universal, ana oecause
the educiition it bestows, being woven into
the woof of childhood, gives form and col
or to the whole texture ot lite. I here are
few who can receive the honors of a college,
but all are the graduates of the hearth,. t
A mother, lirinff four miles east : of No-
leEsville. Tennessee,1 iust on the edge -of
Rutherford county, gave iirth on- tJie ' 4th
of February, to four fine, ; robust babies
three girls and one hoy. . .. .:
An Irishmaa being in church, where the
collection apparatus resembled boxes, on its
being handed to him, whispered to the car
rier that he was not- naturalize and could
notvbte.5" .. ' : ' '.. ".. vJ,
L ' A young lady out' West, -who lalely collid-
ea witu an lce-nouna siacwaiK remaricea, as
ehe 'assumed an upright positioti", HF11 have
a man to hang on to pefore another winter."
! A; French newspaper says that only three
of its subscribers are bald ; and they are' in
arrears for subscription e- c ; ' -
''Tin pu the trail of a dear,"- as the fel
low said when he stepped on the trail of a
a beauty in the street.-
' ""Lhato'dbctbr bU'4t as'llie?man'"di
wien ne, caught tne, lamuy pnysiciau.Aiaa
ing Ms wife. - ' . "" "j ' ; ' ,
If a loafer and a gallon 'pf whrskey. are
sitting side by side, which J' will be drunK
VETO MESSAGE, NO. 2.
President Johnson Eefuses to Approve the
v Civil Eights Bui. ;. :j , '
COSSTlTCTlOSAt OBI.tCATIOSS." ' "
To the Senate of the United. States : I regret
that the bill which has passed both House of Con
gress, entitlod "An act to protect all persons in
the United States iu their ninl rights, and furn
ish the means of their vindication,'' contains pro
visions which I cannot approve consistently with
my seu.-e of duty to the whole people, and my
obligations to the Constitution ;of the tnited States.
PBOVISIOSS. ' - '
I am, therefore, constrained to return it to the
Senate, the House in which itoriginated, with my
objections to its becoming a law. By the tir-t
section ot the bill all persons born in the United
States, and not subject to any foreign power, ex
cluding Indians not taxed, arodeclarod to beciti
xens of the United States. This provision com
prehends the Chinese of the Pacific States, Indi
ans subject to taxation, the people called Oipsies.
as well as the entire Tace designated as black,
people of color, negroes, mnlattocs and persous
of Af rican blood.
" ' FEDERAL ClTlZKSfHUp".
Every individual of these races, born ir the
United States, is by the bilf made a citizen of tho
United States. It doesnot purpose to declare or con
for any other right of citizenship than Federal
citizenship." it does not purport to n: thwe
classes of persons any sttttus as citizens of Slates,
excopt tha't which may result from their statu as
citizens of the United States. The power to con
fer the ritrbt of State citizenship is just as exclu
sively with the several States as power to confer
tho right of Federal citizenship is with Uuiircss.
Tne right of Federal citizenship thus to be con
ferred on the several exoepted race before men
tioned is, now for the first time proposed loi be
given by law; f, as isclaimed by many, all persons-
who are native born are by- virtue of the
Constitution citizens of the United States, the pas
sage of the pending bill cannot be necessary to
make them such., ..- - ' . ..
If. on-the other hand, such persons are not citL
iens, as may be assumed from the proposed legis
lation to make them such, the grave question pre
sents iUelf whether, when. eleven ot the thirty
six States are unrepresented in Congress at this
time, it is sound policy to make our entire colored
population, and all other excepted cla-sses. citi
zens of hc United States. 1 Four millions of them
have just emerged frcmslaverv into freedom.
Can it he reasonably supposed that they possess
the requisite qualiiications to entitle them to all
the privileges and immunities of citizens of the
Vnited Statfeg ? , Have the people of the several
States expressed such conviction ? It may alio be
afked whether it is necessary that they should be
declared citizens in order that they may be se
cured in the enjoyincnt-of the civil rights propos-.
ed to be conferred by the bill ? Those rights are,
by Federal as-well as State laws, secured to all
domiciled aliens and foreigners, even before the
completion of the process of naturalization, and
It may safely be assumed that 'the same enact
ments are sufficient to eive like protection and
benefits to those for whom this bill provides special
legislation. - --).. ;::;; if;
Besides, the policy of the Government, from its
origin to the present time, seems to have been
that persons who are strangers to and unfamiliar
with our institutions and our laws, should pass
through a certain probation, at the end of which
before attaining the coveted privilege, they must
give evmenco ot ineir ntness to receive and to ex
ercise tho rights of citizens, as contemplated by
tne onsuiuuon 01 mo united states.' . -
" " ; . TUB ECRO RACE. : .. r.
The bill, in effect, proposes a discrimination
against aiarge number of irelligent, worthy
and patriotic foreigners, and in favor of tho nogro,
to whom, after-long years of bondage, the ave
nues ot I r ecu 0111 a 11 a intelligence bave just now
been suddenly' opened. He must, of necessity,
i rum n is previous uniortunate condition of scr
vitudo, be lefs informed as to the nature and
character of our institutions, than he who, coming
from abroad, has, to some extent, at least, famil
iarized himself with the principle of a govern
ment to which he voluntarily intrusts life, libertv
and the pursuit of happiness." Yet it is now pro
posed, ty a single legislative enactment, to con
fer the rights of citizens upon all persons of Af
rican descent born within the extended limits of
the United States, while persons of foreign birth.
who make our land their home, must undergo a
probation of five years, and can only then become
citizens upon proof that they are of good moral
character, attached to the- principles of the Con
stitution or tne united fetate8ana well disposed
to the good order and happiness of the same. . ,
lhe nrst section of the bill also contains an enu
meration of the rights to be eujoved by these
classes sj mad citisens in every State and Ter
ritory of the United States.' These rights are u
make and enfotee contracts,. tu sue, bo parties and
gijre evidence; - to inherit, purchase, lease, sell.
bold and convey Tent and personal property, and
to have full, and equal benefit of all laws and pro
ceedings for the security of person and propgrty
as is now;. enioyea oy wnito citizens- jso. too.
they are mado subject ,ta the same punishment,
pains and penalties In common willi white citi
zens and to none others. Thus a perfect equality
of the white and colored racts is attempted te bo
nxed by f ederal law in every state ot tno union
over the vast field of State .jurisdiction covered
by these enumerated rights. In no one of tbeso
can any Stare exercise any discrimination between
the different races. In the exercise of State pol
icy over matters exclusively affecting tho people
of each State, it has frequently been thought ex
pedient to discriminate between the two faces.' .
: i' STATE 8S.1CTJ SSTS. r - rf
' Ey the' statute of soaio of the States, Northern
as well as Southern, it is enacted, for instance,
that no white person shJCllntermarTy with a ne
gro or mulatto. Chancellor Kent fays, speaking
of the blacks, "that marriages between l hem and
the whitog are--- forbidden in om6 of the Htntes
where slavery did not exist, and they ore niohib-
ito t in alt ihesjavc-holding States; .and when not
absolutely contrary to law, fheyarc revolting. and
regarded as an oienso. against publio uecoruai.;
I do not say that this' bill repents State laws on
toe saljjeetof marriage between too two races.fer
as the whites .are iorbilden . to. intermarry with
the blacks, the blacks, can euly make such con
tract as the - white .themselves are allowed lo
make; and taerebre cannot . under ihis bill, en
ter .into the marriage contraot with the whites.
L cite tb is discrimination, however," as an In
stance of the State. policy as to. discrimiuatioa,-
and to inquire whetber- ir yongress can a o ro
tate all State laws of discrimination between the
two race in the matter of real estaea, pf suit,
and 'of contracts generally. Congress may not al-.
0 repeal the State laws, as to the contraot of mar
riage between the races 1 Hitherto every uhjct
embraced in the. enumeration of rights contained.
in this bill Has DeenoDosiaerea atexciuBlvety be
longing to the States; iney au relate to the inter-.
nal policy and economy of the
The re matters whieh. ia eaoh b'tate. concern tha
domestic condition of its people, -varying in each, i
according i na own peculiar circumstances and .
the safety aad well being of its own citizens.
I , raOaaAL RESTBAIHT8. . -. '
I do not mean to say that npoa all these subjects
theri are-not FederaK restraint.- 'As-forrttstanee, -
in the State power of legislation over contracts,
there is a Federal limitation that no State shall
pass a law impairing, the obligations of. tbe cob- '
tract; and as to crimes that no State snail pass
intt vo.i far to law - to uuceT.' tht ; ne! itato .
shall make anything but gold and silver a Wgal .,
terttlerj But wnere ran we una a teatrai pro
hibition against the power of'auyfcUte to dis.
criminate as to most of them, between aliens and
citizens, between artificial persons, called corpo
rations, and national persons, in the right to hold
real estate '.
.' If It be granted that Congrvns can repeal att
State law discriminating between white and
blacks iu tho subject covered by this bill, why, It
maybe asked, iuay not Congress repeal. Iu the
name way, all those law discriminating between
the two raefce on tho subject of suffcage and of
fice ? If Congress can declare, by law. who sbaH
hold lauds, who shuJt testify, wbe shall have ea
panity to make a contract in a State, then Con
gressman by law also declare who, without regard
to race or color. shalU bnvo the rivrht to sit as
juror or as a judges to hold any otfie. and finally
to vto. in every itatc and Territory in the Uni
ted Urates. - '.AsYopecw thevl'erritnries, they enme
within the power of Ooojrr-v. fhr as b them iho
law-making power is the Kederal power; bat as
to the States, no similar provision exists.' vesting
in Congress the power to make rules and regula
tions for them. ; -r . .
Biscnii?c.iTivB pnoTrcTio. - -
The object of tbesecond section of the bill is to
afford discriminative protection to colored per
comin the full enjoyment f all the rights se
cured tn them - By the preceding section ir le
elaros that "any. person who. under eolorof tbe
law, -statute, -ordinance , reflation or custom,
shaltE3iljectrruj-o to K sul.jitctod. any inhab
ilantof any t-l;iloT Territory to lhe ae riv.ition
of any 'right secured or -prelected by this act, ot
to different punish mer.t. pftiua,- or pcnnltio. on
account of such, person having at uy time ben
held in a condition of slavery, or involuntary
servitude, exsept as a 'punishment for eriaao
whwreof the party h.ill have beca duly convict-'
cd. or by reason of his ouhor or race than is pro
scribed for the pnnishmcnt of white persona,
shall ho doemed guilly of a misdemeanor, kad
en ennviotiou shall bo punished by. fie wot s.
coeding one thousand dollar.- or imprisonment
not exceeding one year, or both in the descretion
of the court."-... m .- 3.;; r. ;.-. : . ..1
This' section seems to be designed - to apply to
somo existing or future lawof aSiateor Territory,
which may conflict with the provisions of the bi'tt
now under - consideration. - It firovides for coun
teracting such forbidden legislation by imposing
a fine and imprisonmont apon the legislators who
may pas such oontticting laws, or upon the offi
cers or agents who shall putor attempt to put them
into execution. . It means an ofiioial offeace. sot
acommon erime com mil tod againrt law apon tho
person or property of the black man.: acfc an hot
may deprive tbe black man of -his preperty, bat
not of tbe right to hold property. it means de
privation of this right itself, either by the State
judiliary or tho State Legislature, ft in, there-
lore, assamed taat, under this section, soeraber
of State Legislatures, who shoo Id vote for laws
conflicting : with., the provisions of this bill, that
judge of the State Conrta ,who should render,
judgments in antagonism with .its terms, and that
marshals and sacrixU who. snould, as ministerial
officers, execute process sanctioned by .State. laws
and issued by State iudires in execution of Jhcir.
judgments, could be brought before other tribu ,
nals, and. there subjected to aline and imprison
onment for the performance of their duties which
eueh State laws might impose. ' ' .
The legislation thus proposed invade the judi.
cial power of the State. , It ayi to every SUto.
court or judge. '-If you deciao that this act ia
unconstitutional;, if you refuse, under the pro
hibition of a State, to allow a negro, to testify; if
you hold that, over such a subject matter, the late
is paramount, and under coJor. of a Stato law re
fuse the exercise of the right to tbe negro, your'
error of judgment, however conscientious, shall.,
subject you to 6neand punuhment." , I do cot,
apprehend that tbe conflicting legislation, which,
the bill seems to contemplate, is likely to occur a
to render it necessary at this time to adopt atnea
uro of such doubtful constitutionality. . v
In tho next place . this provision of the .bill
seems to be unnecessary, a adequate judicial
remedies could be adopted to aeonro the desired .
end without involving tho immunities of Legia-..
laturcs always important to . bo preserved in tho
interest s of public liberty, without assailing tbo
independence of the iu.liciarv.alwavg essential to
tbe preservation of individual rights anJ without ,
impairing the. efficiency of. ministerial ofiieera, ,
always ncccshry for the maintenance: of publio,
peace and order The remedy proposed by this
section reeius to be in this retpect not only ononia-,
lous, but unconstitutional, for the Constitution -
guarantees nothiug with certainty if it does not .
insure to the several States the right of making
and executfTig laws in. regard to all matters aris
ing in tbeir jorisdiotion. subjecl'only to the re- .
atriction that in case. pf conflict with tbe Consti-.
tution and constitutional lawsouue United States,
the latter should be held to be tho supreme law
of the land.
, ' .' . tr.OAi. JDRisnicTios. .
The third section gives tho District Court- of
tho United. States exclusive cognizances of alt
crime? andlfcnccs commuted against tbeprovif- ;
ions of tbis'Act. and concurrent jurisdiction . with ,
the Circuit Courts of the United Slates of all civil
and cryniual eases effecting persons who are de
nied 'or cannot "enforce In the courts of judicial .
tribunal of the State or locality, wherever they :
may be,any of the rights ?eiu ret to them by the'
fiixt section ; and tho construction which I hare ''
givn to- the second section if strengthened hp this' '
third section, for it makes clear what kind of de
nial or deprivation of the rights secured by the '
Erst section waa in contemplation. It is a denix '
or deprivation of suth tights in the courts or jo -d
icia I tribunals of the State." It stands, there
fore, elear of doubt rhat the offence and penalties;
provided in the seoond section are intemfed 'for "
for the Sttte judge, whoj id tho clear oxercipo of. ;
Li functions as a judge, sot acting : ministerially-.'
but judicially, shall decide1 contrary to this l"ed- '
ral taw; - -'!'' . - -. - 1 1 --
, -In other words, when a State judge. itfii5nj 3
o a quoatioii involving aoonflfict between a State1
law and a Federal law, and bound:' according' to 5
bisowri judgment aud responsibility to grve an
impartial decision bdtween the; two. conies to the ''
cowclns1onthtthertate lawis valid and Uie Ped--'
eral law Is InvaHd. be most - not follow tbe. -die---'
tates of bis own judgment t hff peril ef fine and 1 :
imprisonment. Tho leffsd4tivo -' department of '
thiovernment of- the United States thus 'takeo"
from tho judicial department of tho 1 States tho
saerod ad exclusive sduty of 'judicial 'deciniOB'
and oonvert the State jadgetnto a mere minis-'
teria) officer, bound to decide according to the
will of CongroM. a ir . .-..--ji-S
PERSONAL It fOlrrfl l!f TTIE BTiTCS. ' ' ; - '
It U clear that in tbo States which deny to per-'
sons whose right are secured,1 by tho first section -
of tho bill any one of these right.- all criminal- -
and civil ease affecting them, will, by tbe pro-'
vision of the third section eome under tbe ex,o!-"
give cognizance oMho-Tederal tribunals. It fol
low that if any Stato which denies to a colored
person any boo of alt tboe -righr that person'
shoald commit a crirao against the law of tbo "
State," murdor, arson, rape or any other erime. all
protection or ponwhment Xhroueh the court of
the States - are takes away, surd ho an -only bo '-:
tried and puoisow in tne federal eonrts. rlov
is the criminal to b tried if the offense ixprovl
ded far ca puniwiea oy rerai taw, taat law
and not the State law is to. iro-vera
If Isonlywheh trie 'offense docs not happen to'
be Within the-pnrvicw bf the Federal law 'tbat
the Federal eonrts- areTfo' try and punish 'him. ''
Under any other law, when renort is to be ha te'a j
the common law as modified and changed' by''
State legislation, so far' ashe same" is not incon,
sistentwith the Constitution and laws of the Cnf
ted State. ' 80 that "over tbis -va-tr domain xrf :
criminal jurisprdience:' provided br each Stale ; '
lor the protection f ira owar't hiens.- and for the