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CLEARFIELD,, PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 23, 1866.
VOL. 12.-N0. 2!
CTvuTbROTBERS, Dealers in Sqnare 4 Sawed
enwHcited-whoIesale or retail. Jan. 1,
4 BAKRETT, Attorneyaw.C.ear
j field, Fa. VTA BARRETT.
KERT J. WALLACE. Attorney at Law. Clear
field, Pa- Office in Shaw new row Market
, J L oppose Nangle' Jewelry store May 25.
TTVnaUGLE, Watci and Clock Makerrand
dealer in Watches, Jewelry, Ac. Room in
nMgroirMarket street. Nov.
nipCHER SWOOPE, Attorney at Law, Clear
field Pa. Offic in Graham's Row four doo s
.tofGrjamBoyBton-s store. Sot. 10.
CTvRT,5WICK IRWriff, Dealers in -Drags,'
1 Medlines. Paints. Oils. Stationary, Perfnme
S1 Os, Kotions, etc., etc., Market stseet,
le.reld,P Deo. 8, 186a.
V CRATZER SON, dealers in Dry Goods,
I , Clothing. Hardware, Queensware, Groce.
VPmUi ie , Front Street, (abo.. the A.
,. Jeinv,) Cles.field, Pa. Deo 27,136a.
TI7LUAM F.IBW IN, Marketstreet, Clearfield,
VV Pa., Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Mer
ehn.lise. Hardware, Queensware, Groceries, and
lin-ily articles generally. - "
JOUNGVELICH, Manufacturer of all kinds of
Cabinet-ware, Market street, Clearfield, Pa.
lie also makes to order Coffins, on short notice, and
atwnds funerals with a hearse. Aprl0,'59.
Dtt Id. WOODS, Practicing Phtsiciak, and
Examining Surgeon for Pensions,
Office, South-west cetner of Second and Cherry
Swt, Clearfield, Pi? January 21, 1863.
PHOMAS J. M'CULLOUGH, Attorney at Law,
1 Clearfield. Pa. Office, east of the "Clearfield
lJank. Deeds and ether legal instruments pre
pared with promptness and accuracy. July 3.
-i n M'PVAT.T.V Attnrnnat Law. Clearfield.
J. p. Practices in Clearfield and adjoining
ouutitiea. umce in new Dries ouwuing n j.
t n, 2d street, one door south of Lanich's Hotel.
I) 1CUARD MOSSOP, Dealer in Foreign and Do
ij mestio Dry Goods, Groceries, Flour, Bacon,
Liquors. Ac. Room, on Market street, a few doors
woet ot Journal Office, Clearfield, Pa. Apr27.
innuie w mimchk fund Rnrvevor and Con
veyancer. Office at his residence, 4 mile eal
of Prnnville. Fostot&ee aaaress. urampian umm
Deeds and other instruments of writing neatly
executed. Jane 7th, 1865-ly.
"117 iM. ALBERT A BRO'S, Dealers-in Dry Goods,
V trooeries. Hardware, Queensware, Flour,
Picon, etc., WoodlaiH. Clearfield county, Penn'a.
Aleo. extensive dealers in all kinds of sawed lum
ber, shingles, and square timber. Orders solici
ted. Woodland, Aug. 19th, 1S63.
J BLAKE WALTERS. Scriviner and Con
veyancer, and Agent for the purchase and sale
f Lniids. Clearfield, Pa. Prompt attention giv
en to all business connected with the county efti
es. Office with lion. W.A.Wallace. Jan. 3.
j. r. m 'Murray. : : : : bamuel mitchell.
It I 'MURRAY ft MITCHELL, Dealers in
ilj Foreign and Domestic Merchandiza. Lnu
tn Flour, Grain, Ac, New Washington, Clear
lld county. Pa. ; October 2a, lsfi5-lyp.
DR. J. P. BURCIIFIELD, late Surgeon of
the 83rd Regt Penn'a Vols, having return
ed lroia the army, offers his professional services
to the eitiseaeof ClearfieldJ and vicinity. Prof
feauonal calls promptly attended to. Office on
South-East corner of 3d and Markot streets.
Oct. 4. 186& 6m-pd. '
AUCTIONEER. The undersigned having
been Licensed an Auctioneer, would inform
the citixens of Clearfield county that he will at
tend to calling sales, in any part of the county,
whenever called upon. Charges moderate
Address, JOHN M QUILKIN,
May 13 Bower Pp., Clearfield co., Pa.
AUCTIONEER. The undersigned having
been Lioeneed an Auctioneer, would inform
thacitiiens of Clearfield county that he will at
Vnd to calling sales, in any part of the county,
whenever called upon. Charges moderate.
Address. NATHANIEL RISHEL,
Feb. 22. 1865. ' Clearfield, Pa.
THE MASON ft HAMLIN CABINET
OKtiAN Forty different styles, adapted
to sacred and secular music, for S80 to $600 each
FIFTY-OSE GOLD or SILVER MEDALS, or oth
er first premiums awarded them. Illustrated Cat
alogues free. Address, MASON A HAMLIN, Bos
on or MASON BROTHERS, New York.
Sew York. November 29 1865-ly
RAFTSMAN'S JOURNAL. -
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION. ADVERTISING
AND JOBBING. r
CASH TO ACCOM AWT ORDER.
Subscription, in advance, I year, . ; : .:
Adm'rs and Ex'ra notices, each. 0 times,
Auditor's notices, each,
Cautions and Estrays, each. 3 times,
Ditsolution notices, each, 3 times,
Transient Advertising,, per square of 19
lines, or less 3 times, or less, -
For each subsequent insertion,
Offloial Advertising, &r each square of 19
lines, or less 3 times, or less, ;
For each subsequent insertion,
Professional A business cards, 5 lines, 1 y.
Local notices, per line, 1 time, '
Obituary notices pver 6 lines, per line,
Advertising. 2 months.' I months. 6 mo's.
One square. (10 lines) $ 3, $4,00 $5,00
l wo squares, ... , 4.50 0,00
Three squares, 6,00 8.09
Four squares, ; - ' 8,00 10,60
Yearly Advertising, one square, : : :
Yearly Advertising, two squares, : :
Yearly Advertising, three squares.
Yearly Advertising, one-fourth column,
Yearly Advertising, one-third oolumn, .
Yearly Advertising, one-half column,
Yearly Advertising. one aolnmn.
j 35 09
The above rates apply only to advertisements
et up plain. Advertisements eet in large type,
!i j''1 cut' 01 ont PUin tyle,' will-be charg
ed double the above rates for space eocupied.-
nks. 3 quires, per quire, : .: : :
clanks, 6 quires, pet quire, ; : : ;
"lanks. over 9 quires, per quire, : :' .
Handbills, eighth sheet, 25 er lean,
" ! fourth sheet, 25
half sheet,' 35 "
whole sheet, "' 25
1T8T " of each of above,' at proportionate rates
Salt and : plaster
in large 'quantities
J. P. KRATZER.
Jdar. 22, 1865.
LARGE STOOK OF GLASS, paints, oils
uue iaa, etc., at . K..A. lKVlN'b
CABLE CHAINS a good articlr. on hand
and for sale by MERRELL & BIG LEU
RUSS' ST. DOMINGO, Hubball's, brake's,
Hoof land's German, fc Hostetter's t Green's
Oxygenated Bitters, and pure liquors of all kinds
for medical purpose, for sale by
Jan." 10.- H ARTSW ICK A IRWIN.
A LARGE LOT OF CLOTHING inelu
ding some extra quality of Beaver Over-coats,
and a complete assortment of cussimere goods,
made up in suits to inatch for sale by
Dec. 6, 1865. IRVIN A HARTSHORN.
WANTED, 1,000, 5,000, 10,000
Agents, male or female, of respecta
ble standing, to make from $2,000 to $2,500 per
annum, sure, at home or abroad. Send 2o cents,
and get sample and full particulars. Address,
' J. K. KENNEDY A CO.
44 A 49 Fifth Street, Pittsburgh, Pa.
March 7, 1866-6t-pd.
ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE. Letters
of Administration on the estate of Titus II
Bailey, late of Bloom township, Clearfield coun
ty, dee'd, having been granted to the undersign
ed, all persons having claims rgain.it the estate
are requested to present them properly authenti
cated for settlement, and those indebted to said
estate are requested to make payment witbo it
March 7, 1866. Administrator.
CAUTION. All persons are hereby caution
ed against purchasing or in any way med
dling with the following property, now in -the
hands of Thomas' Robison and wife, of Lumber
city, to wit: All the furnilure, goods, beds, bed
ding, and all other property now in and about the
Tavern stand occupied by said Hobisonaud wife.
Also, said Hobison's claim of and in three rafts
of square pine timber, on Bell s landing, taken
out by Daniel Kooser, as the same belongs to me,
and has only been left in care of said Thomas
Robi.son and wife, and is subject to my order at
anytime. PETER BLOOM.
MUSICAL I N S T R V M E N T S.
B. M. GREENE ' ,
Has opened his Music (-tore, one door west of
W. Lewis' Book itore, where he keeps constantly
on hand Steiuway A Sons' and .Gaehles Piano
Manufacturing Company's Pianos, Mas-n 4 Ham
lin's Cabinet Organs and Carhart. Needham &
Co.s' MelodeoDH; Guitars, Violins, Fifos. Flutes;
Guitar and Violin Strings.
Music Books Golden Chain, Golden Shower
Golden Censer. Golden Trio. Ac , Ao.
Sheet Musio He is constantly receiving from
Philadelphia all the latent musio, which persons
at a distance wishing can order, and have - sent
them by mail at publisher' prices.
U"Pianos and Organs Warranted for five years.
Thoe wishing to buy any of the above articles
are invited to call and examine mine before pur
chasing elsewhere. My prices are the same as in
New York nd Philadelphia,
Circulars of Instruments pent promptly upon
application with any additional 'information de
sired. R. M. GREEN,
Hill street. Huntingdon, Fa , One door West of
Lewis' Book More. , Dec- 6, 1S65.
REV P. L. IIAURISOS, A. M. IMtlNClPAL.
The Third Session of this Institution will com
mence on Monday. Murch 12th, liiiG.
Pupils can e'ntr at any time. They will be
charged with tuition from the time they enter to
the close of the j'ehsion.
The course of instruction embraces everything
included in a thorough, practical and "accom
plished education of both sexes.
The Principal having had the advantage of
much experience in his profession, assures pa
rents and guardians that his entire ability and
energies will be devoted to the mental and moral
training of the youth placed under his charge.
Tbrvs ok Trinos:
Orthography, Reading. Writing and Primary
Arithmetic, per session, (II weeks.) Si 00
Grammar, Geogruphy, Arithmetic, and Histo
ry . S6.00
Algebra.Geometry. Trigonometry, Mensuration,
Surveying, Philosophy, Physiology, Chemistry
and Book-keeping. v $'J,l)0
Latin and Greek, with any of the above
INo deduction will be made for absence.
For further particulars inquire of
Rev. P. L. HARRISON, a .
Feb. 23.1866. Principal.
00,000 "W .-A..T C E S,
Worrfc Nearly One Millitu DHars ! All to be
Sold for ONE DOLLAR EACH, without te
gard to value '.! No article to be paid for
until you know what it is and its value.
No Lottery! No Gift Enterprise
LIST OF ARTICLES.
500 Solid Silver tea sets, complete, $50 to $300
200 Rosewood and Mahogony Mu-
: - sical Boxes, - . 50 to 200
250 Gold Hunting Watches, 75 to 250
220 Ladies' Enain. Gold Watches. 50 to 200
500 Gent's Hunting Silver AVatches, 35 to 100
500 Open-face Silver Watches, 25 to 50
500 Moth'r of P'rl. Lor netts A Op'a.
Glasses, 25 to
300 Six Barrel Revolvers, 15 to
300 Oil Paintings. ' "50 to
250 Marble Statuettes, Busts, Ac. 50 to
250 Diamond Rings, . 60 to
5.000 Photo. Albums, all sizes A sty les, 5 to
1 0,00t) Gold Vest and Neck Chains, 15 to
10,000 GoldRhmb's. Sleeve But's. Lk'ts, 3 to
10,000 Signet, Cluster, Chased ana nam
Riiurs. . - ' 3 to 10
10,000 Gold Pens, with Silver and Solid
' Gold Holders, 5 to" 20
1,000 Sets Ladies' J'wlry, all the New '
Styles, "' to 20
5,000 Silver Goblets and D'king Clips, 8 to 10
3,000 Silver Castors, Fruit :and Cake
Baskets, etc., . 20 to 15
20,000 Other Articles ranging from 1 to 100
The plan is this: Certificates naming every ar
ticle' of our stock are put into blank envelopes,
sealed, and mixed ; and when ordered are taken
out without regard to choice, and forwarded as
directed. The holder of any certificate is entitled
to whatever article it may name, upon the pay-',
ment of One Dollar, whether tbatarticle is a'$250
Watch, a $75 Diamond, or a S3 Bosom Pin- Hav
ing purchased five, ten or tweaty Certificatesyou
can take just as many or just as few of the articles
they severally describe as you please. You must
pay One Dollar a piece for-all you send for how.
To reimburse us for the cost of printing, mailing
and -advertising, .we charge for certificates and
the time, and trouble of properly Attending to
the business as fellows: For .five, M ; eleven
St; eighteen $3; twenty -eight '54 thirty-five
S5 : fifty 57 ,60: -sixty-six $19; one hundred $15;
and two hundred 30,. ,. , .
An Elegant Ptemtmrt "with each club of four
dollars of upward, will be forwarded with the
N. B. See full lists of Premiums and special
terms to Agents in our circulars Address
T. A H. GAUGIIAN A CO.
March 14, 1866-4t.
How beautiful he lies
With pouting rose-bud lip
And half closed eyes. '
While through their jetty fringe
You catch a gleam
Blue as the skies.
Above his silken head
Is bravely thrown,
The other on his breast
Is doubled as to meet
The world alone.
The darling little one,
To my fond heart
Thou art so dear
A music strain on earth
A flower of beauteous birth
My path to cheer.
But what's to come to thee,
And what wilt thou bring me,
Pleasure or paiu ?
Baby, thy way is long,
Darling the waves are strong,
And wild the main.
Temptations must be thine,
Stern wrestlings with tby kind.
Boy, thou must meet.
Gud shield thee in that hour, .
From every evil power
Heaven guard thy feet.
Father aboveo Thee,
To Thee I bend the knee
Thy aid implore:
My boy to Thee I bring,
Take him beneath Thy wing,
I ask no more.
English Goal Fields.
It is positively asserted by competent ge
ologists that the supply oi coal in England
is already iu process of rapid exhaustion.
According to- measurements, ad under
ground explorations down, as deep as iour
thousand i'eet below the surface of the earth,
only eighty millions of tons remain. This
amount of coal was consumned in 1S00.
The consumption of the mineral increases,
we are told at the rate of three and a half
per cent, per annum. Mines could not be
worked at all at the depth of 4,000 feet.
The total fields will be entirely exhausted
iu less than a thousand years. Our coal
fields are 1 94,000 souare miles iu area. .It
must be paid, however, that the probabili
ties are that when coal is u-ed up in Eng
land, science will have discovered a substi
tute that will answer for the uses of manu
facturing industry and commercial inter
course. Why so much Beauty in Poland. "'Be
cause," says Bayard Taylor, "there, girls
?o n t jump from infancy to lady-hood.
They are not sent from the cradle to the
pailor to dress, to sit still and look pretty.
No, they are treated as children should be.
During childhood, which extends through a
period at several years, they are plainly and
loosely dressed, and allowed to run, romp,
and play in the open stir. They are not
loaded down, girded about anjl oppressed
every way with countless frills and super
abundant fiouuees so as to be admired for
their clothing. Nor are they rendered deli
cate or dyspeptic by continual stuffing with
candies aud sweet cakes, as are the majori
ty of American fhildreu. l'Jain, simple
food, free and various exercise, and an abun
dance of sunshine during the whole period
of childhood are the secrets of beauty in
The prospects of Protestantism in Spain
are brightening. A Protestant cemetery
has, for the first time, been consecrated in
Madrid. Manuel Matatnoros, well known
for his sufferings in former years, on account
of his Protestant views, has established a
school, in which six young men from Pro
testant families in Spain are pursuing theo
logical studies. Another school, of the
same character, is about to be opened.
An Australian paper records the death,
at the age of forty-one, of James Morill, an
English sailor, who was wrecked on the
northwestern coast of Australia, and lived
seventeen years among the Mount Elliott
aborigines. He had forgotten his mother
tongue when he was restored to civilized
life, about two years since.
The effect of the lecline in cotton , upon
the manufacturing interest is indicated by
the fact that a few days since a large manu
facturing house at Providence, 11.1., failed
for about $ 1, (XX), 000, though , having on
hand a large amount of cotten purchased
at high prices; ' and also a heavy stock of
English and American civilization is be
ginning to make progress in China, as it
has done in India. An English school has
been opened in Pekin . for Chinese youth,
sustained by the imperial authorities, and a
Chinese official in Shanghai pays an Amer
ican missionary $2,500 a year for the same
purpose. ' " :.' ' J ' . "
; The oldest stove, probably, in the United
States, is one which warms the hall of Vir
ginian's Capitol in llichraond. .Itwasmade
in England, and sent to: Virginia in 1770,
and warmed the House of Burgesses for f0
years before it was removed to its present
location, where, it has been for J30 years.
A family of five persons resided upon a
farm in 1 erry, New Hampshire.- for a pe
riod of fifty-three years, during ivhich time
there was neither alnrth. death, or marriage
in the family. Neither did they during the
time put a letter into the Post Office, take
one out, or take a newspaper. ' 1 -. ' "
There is a '-blind lawyer at Stafford, N. . II.,
who, in addition t doing a comfortable lavr
bniness, carries on a farm, a claim agency
and two stores, in which goods are sold an
nually to tha amount of about $25,000.
Gen. Geary In California.
No portion of the career of Gen. Geary is
more characteristic of the native ability of
the man than the few years he spent in Cal
ifornia, and lest the uninformed should com
mit the error of supposing that his military
record is his sole recommendation as a can
didJte, we ask attention to the facta ot his
life in the El Dorado State, t was upon
his return from Mexico, and as a reward for
his brilliant service? during the war, that he
was appointed by President Polk to the of
fice of Postmaster of San Ftancisco, in the
year 1849, when the rush of gold hunters
had made that city a wonderful emporium.
Things were in such a chaotic condition that
the President empowered Gen. Geary to es
tablish poStoffices and appoint postmasters
all over the territory; to create mail routes,
and contract for canying the mails;' In fact
the entire postal service 'in., California was
given in his charge, and lie was a sort of
sub-postmaster general for the Pacific colo:
nies. In pursuance of this he organized the
mail service on that coast, and carried to the
new regions of the interior the blessings of
regular communication with the rest of the
world. . !
It was on the 22d of January, 1849, that
he was appointed to this office, and so influ
ential did he at once become in California,
that when in the ensuing August, the mu
nicipal election in San Francisco took plnce,
he was elected without opposition First Al
calde, the chief officer of the city, notwith
standing that there was an animated con
twtj and ten different tickets for the other
offices. 1 ' . "',' ' ;
It is difficult at this day to appreciate the
formidable task thus assigned to Gen. Gea-
try. Pew can now ie maue to unaerstana
the condition ot a city w hose only system
of law was Spanish and collonial, and whose
population, gathered as by a whirl wind from
all the ends of the earth, comprised so much
of the very dregs of society. But General
Geary, with his accustomed energy, attempt
ed this undertaking boldly. He raised a po
lice force, infused American principles into
the municipal system, introduced the com
mon law, and, as a judge, tried over twenty
five huudied civil and criminal cases, and
from his decisions not more than a dozen
appeaV were ever made, not one of which
were successful.; .His office made him May
or, Sheriff, Recorder, Bcgister, Notary Pub
lic, Coroner, .. Marshal and Judge,-and he
held a police court, an alcalde's court for mi
nor caws; a court of first - instance, , and a
court of admiralty. Indeed, this office gave
him so much power that the municipal or
ganization was entirely made by his exer
tions. At the expiration of his first term
he was reelected with little opposition, and
his second term was signalizad by an act
that deserves special commemoration. .
Thiswas a refusal to grant away city lots
at the old Mexican price of Iwelve dollars
for fifty vara lots, as provided for by the
Mexican laws. Geary maintained that this
rate, fixed for a period anterior to the gold
discoveries, was an outrage on the public in
terests at a time when the rush of gold seek
ers had made every foot of ground in the
city so valuable. The cupidity of the poli
ticians led them to try to force a continuance
of this, but Geary urged that tire whole of
the public lands of the city at this rate
would bring only $:o,(00, whereas they
should be worth an immensely greater sum.
To selt'e the matter, a small portion of the'
lands were pnt up at auction and sold for
half a million of dollars, at which rate the
whole would be worth several millions. . By
this means the attempt to swindle the city
out of its lands was ended. : -.
On May 1st, 1S50, the city adopted its
new charter, and under it Geary was elected
Mayor, which office he filled to the end of
his term with' eminent ability, as is shown
by his messages and other public 'papers.'
lie was also President of the Board of Com
missioners of the f unded debt of San Fran
cisco, and President of the Board of Health,
in both of which positions he rendered very
valuable services ; so that he was thorough
ly identified with the organization of the
city under the American system. He took
a very active part in securing California as
a free State from the pernicious influences
of slavery, at the time when the formation
of a Slate Constitution Tvas on foot, his
Pennsylvania instincts being as strong there
as subsequently were those of Raeder in
Kansas. , - ' , ..
As Gen. Geary left San Francisco in Feb
ruary, 1852, and returned to his farm, in,
Westmoreland county, Pa., his public ca
reer lasted about three" yearsl . Yet in that
brief space was compressed so much activi
ty and usefulness as to prove him a man of
first-rate capacity for. any public business.
The exact habits of thought consequent up
on his life as a civil engineer, and the
promptitude in action inculcated by a re
sponsible command as a soldier in a successr
ful foreign war, made him just the man for'
the needs of a turbulent and lawless coni-
munity like San Francisco - in the days of
the gold excitement. GcnJ Geary had ev
er a shrewd knowledge of what to do and
when to do it, so that he has never yet made
a mistake ' in his calculations. We have
shown this by his early life, and we now
point to his California record as furnishing
the most triumphant proof of his ability, '
and of that peculiar kind, too, that is need:
ed for the executive duties of the guberna
torial office in Pennsylvania. His career as
a soldier was in keeping with his public
record in civil life, and bbth alike .in the
highest degree honorable to him and to- his
nauve State. -....
is . , : ----- 3
" The Circleville (Ohio) - Union:' Says that
in one school ' district in that - country 'at a
rat hunt 2,208 rates werekilled in ten days,
every man ii the district'parttcipating. j
' ' ' - ". : ' , ? ." - . . ., ; -
' .The yellow hair furore is'raging in , Lcn
don an1 vrriiTiAn with the darkest tresses are
dyeing them, earrot color. ,;iGrayness,. or f
baldness in two years ia the penalty.. ....
A Case Stated for Everybody, , . '
Many years ago, we frequently couversed
with the first white man born on the West
ern Reserve, in Ohio.' This was before the
dtrys of railroads. His experience anteda
ted the construction of the Erie Canal, which
connects the waters of the Hudson River
with those of Lake Erie.. He described the
manner in which his . father recounted to
him the tedious emigration from Connecti
cut to Ohio. Reaching the Hudson with a
small company, they embarked in a sloop,
which took them to Albany. There they
obtained passage ' on a boat, which was
forced upon the current of the Mohawk, by
men working with long poles. Towards the
head of that river, at a very early day: a
rude connection had been made with the
waters falling into Lake Ontario.' Follow
ing this iroufc, the little company' reached
Hhe ake. There they pitched their tent,
and fell to work constructing a small boat.
When it was finished, their scanty goods
were put on board, " and ;thoy toilsomely
crept along the coast up to the mouth of
the Niagara, and then up. that stream as
far as Iiwistown. Here a portage had to
be made around the rapids and the falls. It
was a slow and exhausting labor to haul the
goods and boat to near Black Rock. At
last this point was attained, and the party
again embarked, aud ' hugging the shore,
finally reached the mouth of the Cuyahoga.
Next came the ' work of building log
houses. , They had axes with which to cut
the logs, but no horses or cattle with which
to draw them. House building, with only
such scant accessories, was a hardship ; but
finally it was accomplished. . Then followed
the labor of clearing narrow fields and get:
ting' in,, as best it could be done, some crops.
At length other settlers arrived from Con
necticut by land, bringing a few cattle and
horses with them. By excl anging. labor,
house-tuildingand field-cleariug became
easier. '.. ' . '.
The soil was reasonably good, but it took
the irocceds of an acre to buy a pound of
tea of the trader at the point where Cleve
land now stands!- All other-needful com
modities were purchased, if. at ah at cor
responding rates." . The prices demanded by
the trader were regulated by the cost and
risk of getting goods in and carrying the
produce of the soil out; and the adventurT
ous pioneers had to pay the charges ot trans
portation both ways. ; , ' " "," ' '
By and by, one after another, came in the
blacksmith, the shoemaker the carpenter,
the mason, and the "tailor. These became
consumers of agricultural products. There
was established, onthe sjot,' an exchange
of the results of labor. Costs. of transpor
tation were lesseued. The trader, or mid-dle-mau,
made no gains by these exchanges,
but the gains were made by-the exchangers
themselves, in the form of diminished prices.
Iudeed, it did not matter what prices were
put on the commodities exchanged, so long
as he prices on one side were ratable to the
prices on the other. Labor is the real meas
ure of value. ' - . ; ,
. So the settlement went on, increasing in
numbers, by fresh arrivals from the eat
and by births. Employments became more
and more diversified. Broad farms appear
ed in the wilderness; mills were : erected ;
villages arose ; roads were made ; shipsfloat
ted ou.the lake ; piers were formed ac, the
mouth of the river ; canals were dug ; rail
roads were laid ;'a city existed our family
had become a hundred thousand. . At last
the produce of an acre would buy a hundred
pounds of tea; and the acre had risen from
the value of. a dollar ' and a quarter ' to be
worth a thousand dollars ; in some instances
A consistent British free-trader, if such
an one had by ehance fallen in "upon that
infant settlement would have told the ad
venturous borderers that it was foolish for
them to desire mechanics and manufactur
ers to come into their neighborhood ; that
all the articles they required could bebdu?ht
much cheaper in London, Liverpool, Bir
mingham aud Manchester than they, could
be made in Ohio ; and that the part of gen
uine wisdom consisted in buying goods when
they were cheapest' - ' r :
Every mart of sense perceives that' such
advice, followed out, would have been fatal
to all progress; that the settlers would have
totally failed of success a;- agricult urists and
been forced to betake themselves to hunting
and fishing as the only means of ekeing out a
precarious existence. ' Free-trade would
have reduced the settlers to barbarism. .
This instance a common one illustrates
and enforces the'whole doctrine and prac
tice bf Protection to Domestic ' Industry.
The onlv wav to cheapen commodities uot
in nominal but in relative price is to lessen'
or tacilitate the changes in place; that is,
the transportation of substances between
the places were they grow or are produced
and the places-were-they are-required for
use. " Herein is 'one of the grand secrets' of
individual competence and opulence and .of
national , increase and power. J'iitsbmg
Gazette " '"
; Gen. Nye, in his speech at.the late Re
publican meeting in Baltimore, said very
aptly that the Rebels, five years ago, defied
the power of the Government to keep them
in the Union- now they "defy the pover of
the Government to , keep them, out, of the
Union. " ". . ' " . -V .
c ' ".. :. . f.
- By .the lost census of London, it apprars
that there are more , Scotch men there ; than
in Edinburgu,-more Irishmen than in Dub
la', and'jnore Jew than in Palest inc ,
' 1 : i I : -',,,' '-' - -q '--V
"What will you tike firstj In; Canada :
asked a quizzing- ITanliee of a Faithful Feni
an. '.'Hot whisky punch," was the prompt;
reply-1 . , . . :' ::4 : ,y
Thirty thousand trees ton the .Southern
coast of England were blown down ty.a re
cent tempest. ' -
We do not. often have a chance, says the
New York Tribune, to praise the Democrat
ic paity of Pennsylvania, but we never leave
one unimproved ; and we are now enabled to
gratify our natural inclination with a good
conscience. Their nomination of Heister
Clymer for Governor is one that it was em
inently fit that they should make. For, in
the first place, he is a good citizeti, of very
fair abilities.and reputable character. Next,
lie lives in Berks county, which has gener
ally given large Democratic majorities, and
has repeatedly tried to have a Governor,but
has not succeeded ; and it is but just to cive
her another chance. Then he was a .T hig
of other days: and it is but fair.thaf thd
rarty which has furnished to the present
)ernocracy of Pennsylvania so large ashar
of its brains should occasionally have (be
post of honor ; and it tdiows a proper liber
ality in the "birthright members" to accord
it. But, lastly, and "niainly, Mr. Clymer
was an unmitigated, unqualified Copperhead
throughout the war, and did not pretend to
be anything else. He supported the decis
ion ot the ' Democratic majority of the Su
preme Court of Pennsylvania which pro
nounced null and void the act of Congress
providing '"for the enrolment and calling out
of tho national forces" a decision which,
had it not been overruled, would have laid
the republic prostrate at the feet' of the re
bellion, and effected the dissolution of the
Union. We do not know that he ever at
fected to desire the triumph of the Nation
al arms we o know that all his public acts
and utterances tended to secure the success
oT the rebels. Mr. Clymer was in all things
in perfect accord with nine-tenths of his
party, is their proper representative, and
will jioll their full vote. There is no cheat
in his nomination, which makes a square,
clear issue. II lie gets beaten, it will bu
because the people are not 'of his sclrool,
but believe in upholding the Union; " -
PeDnsylvania. ; '. t '
' Governor CuitTix tvnd the State Treasur
er have visited Washington for the purpose
ot pressing ' the pa--aire of a .law to reim
burse Pennsylvania for. sums expended iu
recruiting and equipping troops during the
late war. t We hope their, mission .will bo.
successful. ' It is oa'.y just, ' in view ot the
enormous sums contributed ro the Federal
Government undar the. operation of :"tIio. in
ternal revenue laws by th loyal States, that,
it should fairly and fully discharge all pecu
niary obligations which were contracted in
extraordinary emergencies for the purposo
of defending the Republic During the
year ending June 3 , 1863, our Common
wealth paid nearly $28,000,000 of taxes up
on incomes, manufactures, etc., into the
National Trcaurv ; and while' this burden
has !eeu cheerfully borne, we have a clear "
riiiht to expect that such advances as were
made from motives of ardent patriotism or
on account of the special perils to which our
exposed frontier line repeatedly subjected
us, will be refunded. e especially desire
that this appeal may be successful, bocause
the pnyiuent of our claims would enable our
legislators, without imposing any new bur
dens upon the taxpayers, to render substan
tial aid to disabled soldiers aud to the fami
lies of our alaiu heroes. We are bound in
honor to furnish more tangible evidences
than we yet have given of our - recognition
of the heavy, debt of gratitude we owe to
these brave men. P. tMi. ." .
Judge Woodward expressed during the
war a wish that the line of the Rebel Con
federacy were so drawn as to include the
State of , Pennsylvania, and X'iyuKU voted
for him, thus sustaining him in that infa
mous wish. The Judge also decided, as a
in ember ot the Supreme Court, that the'
G overnment had no right ta. levy 'soldiers
from the State, and that the fact of .service,
in the Union army disqualified a" citizen for,
exercising the right of suffrage, and Clymer'
sustained him in this, also. Clyiner and
Woodward are thus twin : brothers in trea-'
sonable aspirations and in. hostility to the
Government and the soldier, a j
Bkrks CocntY; Unlucky. The county
of Berks has presented eight candidates, at
different times, : for Governor, only two of
whom ever succeeded. The first Governor, -Mifflin.'
was a nntive of Berks. - John Spayd"
was presented by (hat county iu 1808, and;
beaten. Joscprr lleister; orthe same coun
ty, ran jn 1817-and was -defeated, but was
successful iu 1820.' vMuhlenburgranin: bSSft.
and failed, an4 ran in 1844 again, but died
before the election. In 1841 the Whigs '
nominated John Banks, oi' Berks, and fie1
too was beaten. - Clymer makes the eighth,'
and he likewise will fail. : r ,;
" The New Hampshire Election. Thef
latest and ;fnl!est returns rfrom' ilio .New
Hampshire election give the result in , the .
State, with the exception of 29 small towns,
giving Gov. Smyth 33.C34 votes, to 28,414
for John G. Sinclair, his Democratic oppo-
nentf ' By this count1 Symth's majority. fia
5,220 votes. - - . ' -, r ::
. ' General Sherman has written a letter, "
which General Grant endorses, recommend-.'
ing the employment of Indians on the fron-3
tier and on. the prairies as mounted , scouts,
relieving our cavalry from that hatrassing
duty ,! which ' involves large expense when
they are so employed. ; -."": -ii'i
' ' The Rock -River -Mining- Comparry, in '
horine for. oil, At a-ixint hix miles from
Rork Island, struck a vein of coal, and sub--pequenlly,
at'.the depth'pf about' one, bun-,
dred feet, struck -a stratum of marble. which J
is pronounced; by Competent ' judges to be I
equaJ to the best Italian trK5- ,
VArltBt iF noU-AJ" 1 I Mr, iyivil.
The copperheads 'have' carried ; IIaris'bug,",
as1 they hare done Krery year from time im-
mpruorial. Tlit-yare rejoicinc yr r it 1 be',
cause they didn t lose it. ,