Newspaper Page Text
BY S. J. KOW.
CLEAmELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, APEIL 16, 1862.
VOL. 8.-NO. 33.
PEOrESSPNAL 4 BTSHfEgf CABM.
. .. Tow. Indiana, l'a
'CH. Ph vsrrus , Curwonsville, Clcar
unty, i'enn'a. May 14.
Lj cRAys, Attorney at inw ana iveni estate
jient. Cioarfield, Pa. Office adjoining his
residence, on Second street. May 1ft.
WM. M'CULLOUGIl, Attorney at Law, Clear
. field. Pa. Office, with L. J. Crans, Esq.,
on Second Street. ... ' July 3, ISM.
LM A. WALLACE, Attorney at Law.
Clearfield, Pa. Office, adjoining bis rest
'dence on Socond street. Sept. 1.
ROBERT .I.WALLACE, Attorney at Law. Clear
field, Pa " Office in Shaw's new row. Market
street, ppe-sito Naugle's jewelry store. May 28.
HF. NAL'tfLK. Watfh and Clock Maker, and
. dealer in Watches, Jewelry, Ac. Room in
Graham's row, Market street. Nov. 10.
HBUCIIEU SWOOI'E. Attorney at Law.ClcaT
. field, Pa. Offict in Graham's Row, fourdoo s
wt-st of Graham A Boyrton's store. Nov. 10.
J P. KUATZElt Merchant, and dealer in
. Boards and Shingles. Grain and Produce
Front St, above the Academy, Clearfield, Pa. jl2
4 J. PATTERSON. Attorney at Law. Cnrwens
ville, Pa, will attend to all business en-
trusted to his care.
Office opposite the New
Jan. 15, 1862.
WILLIAM F. IRWIN, Marketstrcct, Clearfield,
Pa.. Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Mer
chandise, Hard ware, Qucensware, Groceries, and
family articles generally. Nov. 10.
R. WM. CAMPBELL, offers hi? professional
services to the citizens of Morris and adjoin
ing townships. Residence with J. I). Denning in
Kykrtown, Clearfield county. May U,l8ja.
J 11 M'ENALLY, Attorney at Law, Clearfield,
. Tit. Precticcs in Clearfield and adjoining
c-nnties. Office in new brick addition, adjoining
tbo ruidenco of Jaines 15. Graham. Nov. 10.
T01IN GUELICII. Mamifaoturer of all kinds of
1 1 Cabinet-ware, Market street, Clearfield, Ta.
lie also makes to order Coffins, ou short notioe. and
attends funerals with a hearse. AprlO.'i'J.
TIC1IARD MOSSOP, Dealer in Foreign and Do
JLv tnestic Dry Goods, Groceries, Flour. Bacon,
Liquors, Ac. Room, n Market street, a few doors
Mfstat Jvuni'ilOJiff, Clearfield, Pa. Apr27.
JOHN RUSSEL A CO.. Tanners and Curriers.
Pennville, Clearfield Co , Pa. Keepconstantly
on hand an excellent assortment of leather, which
they offer for sale at the lowest cash prices. Hides
of all kinds taken in exchange Julyl5-5t.
IARRIMER A TEST, Attorneys at Law.Clear
J field. Pa. Will attend promptly to all legal
and other business entrusted to their caro in Clear
field and adjoining counties. August 6, 1850.
JAS. H. LARR1MER. 15KACL TEST.
DR. M. WOODS, tender his professional servi
ces to the citizens of Clearlield and vicinity.
Residence on Second street, opposite the office of
L.J. Crans. Esq. Office, the same that was recent
ly occupied by Hon. G R Barrett, where he can
be found unless absent on piofcssional basiness.
TnilOMAS J. M'CULLOUGIl, Attorney at Law,
L Cleurfield. Pa. Office, over the ' Clearfield
co. Dank. Deeds and other legal instruments pre
pared with promptness and accuracy. July 3.
i. c. ian. :::::::: t.j.m'cclloioii
BUSH A M'CULLOUGH S
Cot.LBCTioN Omen. Clearkield. Tenx'a.
JALT! SALT!! SALT!!! A prime arti
? ! nf crnnnil nluin Halt, nut ut in patent
oks. at S3.25 per suck, at the cheap cash store of
November 27. R. MOSSOP.
1 PROPOSALS, Proposalsfor the building of
aPrivcy at the new Court House in the bor
ough of Clearfield , will be received at the com
missioners office, until the 27th day of May next.
Plans and specifications can be seen at the com
missioners' office. By order of the board of Com
missioners. WM S. BRADLEY, Clerk.
BRIDGE STOCK FO It SALE. The Com
missioners of Clearfield county, will offer at
1'itUie Salr. at the court house, on Tuesday the
27th day of May next, at 2 o'clock, p. ni.. one hun
dred and thirty (13U) shares of stock in the bridge
across the Susquehanna at Cicarfield. By order
ot the board. WM. S. BRADLEY. Clork.
DK. LITCII 'S MEMCl.N ES. A fresh sup
ply of these invaluable Family Medicines
are for sale by M. A. Frank. Clearfield, consisting
'f Pain Curer; Restorative , a greatcure for colds
and cough; and Au-ti-ltUtoHx Physic. They have
been thoroughly tested in this community, and
are highly approvud. Tnv them.
"jVOTICE Daniel Faust of Curwonsville has
11 charge of my business in my absence. He is
kuthorized to receive and receipt for money due
me. and is the only peison authorized to do so.
Persons having business with me will please call
en him. JOHN PATTON.
CurwensviMe. April 2. T3G2.
MOKHISDALE IIOrSE. The undersign
ed having taken the Morrisdalo House, sit
nate in the town of Morrisdale, Cicarfield county,
respectfully solicits a share of the public patron
g. No pains or expense will be spared to ren
der guepts comfortable. Charges moderate.
April 2. '62 G KORGE RICHaRDS.
IiLASTEUING The subscriber having lo
cated himself in tho Borough of Clearfield,
would inform the publicthat he is prepared to do
work in the above line, from plain to ornamental
of auy description, in a workmauli'tc style. Also
whitewashing aud repairing done in a neat man
cer. and on reasonable terms.
April7.185S. EDWIN COOPER.
PROVISION AM) GROCERY STORE.
- The undersigned keeps constantl on hand
t his store room in Philipsburg, Centreyconnty. a
fall stock of Flour, Hams. Shoulders, Sides, Cof-f-e,
Tea, Sugar, Rice, Molasses, Ac. Also, Li
quors of all kinds, Tobaoco, Segars, Snuff, Ao.; all
of which he offers to purchasers on the most ad
vantageous terms Give him a call, and try his
articlei. Unar21 1 ROBERT LLOYD.
VULCANITE BASE FOR
Attention is especially called to this article, as' a
institute for gold in insorting teeth. Many per
'ons who have tr rd all kinds of metalio bases pre
fe' this, and in those cases where it is applicable,
it will in a great measure beoome a substitute for
Cold, silver or platina. Its chief advantages are,
Cnapness, lightness and perfect adoption to the
Oouth ; it having a soft fleshy feel to the parts of
the mouth with which it comes in contact.
..A.M. Hillg is prepared to put up teeth on the
n'canite Base, with Goodyear'a Patent Gnm,
tich is the only reliable preperation, and can
n'jr be had through, their regular agents J
Vr- Dills will always be found in his offloe on
nday and Saturday, unless notice appears to the
e:atrary,in.tha t3wn papers, the previous week,
THE CELESTIAL ARMY.
I stood by the open casement.
And looked upon the night,
And saw the westward-going stars
Pass slowly out of sight.
Slowly the bright procession
Went down the gleaming arch,
And my soul discerned the niusie
Of the long triumphal march ;
Till the great celestial army,
Stretching far beyond the poles.
Came the eternal symbol
Of the mighty march of souls.
ADDRESS OF GOV ANDREW JOHNSON.
DELIVERED IS THE II ALL OF THE HOUSE OF REP
RESENTATIVES, IN NASHVILLE, MARCU 22, 18(52.
Ladies and Fellow-Citizens : 1 am here
to-day under extraordinary circumstances. It
is not my habit to make long exordiums, nor
will I make a long one to-day. I must begin
by calling your attention to what I said long
o, when I made my valedictory in this hall,
when retiring fnmi tlie (tutiesyou had imposed
upon me, and passed them to other hands.
When I made that address, I feel sure my fellow-citizens
will testily to the truth that the
affairs ol the gubernatorial office had been
faithfully administered, and that I yielded its
honors when all was in a state of undisturbed
repose upon ihe bosom of peace. Peace with
all its atteudent happiness, pervaded the Com
monwealth then. How is it now 7 What con
dition do we find Ihe country in now ? Look
out, and see wliat is to be found. When yon
extend yonr vision over tho vast boundary of
this beloved country, what do you find l'ou
see men armed in all the appointments of war ;
marching columns of infantry, cavalry, and
artillery ; you look upon battle fields, and see
fellow countrymen bleeding. Why all this?
And may I not inquire what it lias l en for 7
Why do we behold weeping fathers, disconso
late sisters, and broken-hearted mothers 7
Why is the matron clothed in black and bathed
in tears 7 " Why is this distress brought upon
a contented and happy people ? Why is our
beautiful iairJ tho asylum of tho oppressed
of every c!ime bathed in human blood 7 I
hopo you will keep up the inquiry. Why all
this 7 four years ago I left my beloved Stale
quiet and happy ; her free sons and lovely
daughters had not a dream of disorder. I re
turn to-day in the midst of civil war and the
camp ; in the sound of the cannon's roar, and
in tha view of glittering bayonets. Again I
ask, Why all this ? Sisters, mothers, fathers.
I intend to ask you something, and call upon
you to hold the guilty responsible for shed
ding innocent blood. You know that if has
be-'n said and said to me that this is an un
just war, that the United Stales is unjustifia
bly prosecuting war against the South. It is
saird tho South is carrying on tho war for
righfs Southern rights. Who ever sought
to abridge their rights ? Tho Government
has never ceased to respect and foster its na
tional structure. This, our mother, knows no
East, no West, no North, no South it is
purely national in its character. The inquiry
runs along, and what is the conclusion reach
ed 7 They complain of lost rights, and s;y
they have been deprived of their just and con
stitutional rights in the Territories. Permit
me to make an inquiry in no offensive sense,
but simply that I may be understood another
inqniiy. What right hs been denied, what
privileges withheld, what prerogative lost, un
der the Constitution and the laws of the Uni
ted States, by any citizen thereof and partic
ularly a citizen of Tennessee 1 What one 7
Can you tell f Can you point it out 7 Can
you take up the Constitution and call atten
tion to any right there gurrantied which you
have lost 7 Can yon see it smell it taste
it feel it 7 You may tax all your faculties,
and cannot tell what right has been lost.
What excuse, then, is there for all this tur
moil of war 7 What has the South lost under
the Constitution, that palladium of our liber
ties, framed by the patriot fathers of another
century 7 "Slavery" is the reply. Where has
the institution or slavery been invaded 7 Can
any one tell 7 Here Governor Johnson allud
ed to the fact that he and others, who had de
termined to stand firm by the principles of
self-government, had been denominated trai
tors, and read Ihe constitutional definition of
treason. 1 If, continued he, it be treason to
stand by one's country, l am nere io-aay a
traitor in your presence. I was making the
iuquiry, Why all this 7 I direct jour atten
tion to some" facts in onr history. In the fall
of 1860, you remember the memorable contest
lor the Presidency, inree canaiuaiea were
put before tho people Bell, Breckinridge,
Douglas. fourth was nominated Mr. Lin
but ha had no ticket in this State. I
ask of Mr. Bell's friends, what position did
vou take 7 Tho Union, the Constitution
onri tim Hnlnrcuiuetit of the laws." What did
the Douglas men propose for your approval 7
Th. Union, the Constitution and the enforce
ment, r.f thu las. How did Breckinredge
Rtnnri 7 The same.
I voted lor Breckinridge because I thought
him a better Union man and a stronger canai
date than either Douglas or Bell. And here
lt m ask those Bell. Douglas or Breckin
ridge men present if tDey did not cast their
votes under the impression inai. iiiejr weio
trying to elect the strongest Union candidate 7
My belief was that Breckinridge was a more
eligible man than Bell ; that from his well
known position in the eyes of the nation he
could defeat and put down Secession. He
was a stronger man in the South than Douglas,
whilo it was agreed that Douglas was the
stronger at the North. We had reason to
hopo that by a combination of their strength
Lincoln might be defeated. If all were de
feated but Mr. Lincoln, we would give him a
rial. If he administered the affairs of State
...iir- ami constitutionally, we would b
thankful j if not if he attempted to encour
tr actional legislation and administered af
fairs disparagingly to any part of the country,
turn bira out. .
I was not for breaking up this Government
imraiiKa. forsooth, the aims of any set of pol
iticians had miscarried. If we are to have
rAvnlntion imon sue h a Ditiful pretext, what
stability of government do we possess 7 To
yield to tho displeasure of a certain set or
party, so far as to partition a poiiwcai
ture of such grandeur a ours, wotild be to fol-
i in thH tiotsteDs of distracted Mexico. I
fold mv countrvmen to give Lincoln a fair
chance. If he sought to invade their rights
or compass their Ireedom, elect anotner : me
ballot-box, and not tne awora, wa iuo iuiu
tatnt to wield. Io the support of Breckin
rldgo for the Presidency I had labored through
a latiguetng canvass, exposing myself to all
the unpleasantness of travel and the exhaust
ing of declamation. I was enlisted in his for
tunes for the sake of my country. 1 believed
him to be tho safest for the crisis ; and I can
produce evidence from many sources to justi
fy the belief. Threats were boldly made to
destroy tho country if Breckinridge was not
elected. , , . ,
To avoid this calamity, I would make tho
sacrifice of my health, nay, my life, my all.
Bell men, bow can you justify yourselves for
the part you are enacting in this bloody drama7
JLet mo ask, Douglas supporters, how could
youtgo of! into the disunion cause 7 I was a
witness of the reign of terror which followed
the defeat of Bell, Breckinridge and Douglas,
and when the election was over I repaired to
Washington. It was there that Breckinridge
showed the cloven-foot. South Carolina was
basely and adroitly attempting to dissolve the
Union. I saw Breckinridge and conversed
with him ; told him the people were all disap
pointed ; that we bad been caught in a snap ;
Secessionists would break up the Union.
What was his reply 7 ''Can we coerce a State?"
I remarked, "It is our duty to save the Gov
ernment." "Will you coerce 7" We again
demanded. I told him not to deal in techni
calities ; the laws must be enforced.
If one man in South Carolina should rob the
P'int, counterfeit money, or cpmmit any other
crime against the laws of the United States,
he would bo punishe4 ; and it matters not
whether the law was broken by one man, or
twenty, era hundred, or even by the Stale
itself, the Government must be vindicated.
The soul of liberty is the love of law. . If this
be so, and you have no authority to enforce
it. you have no law to protect the weak and
defy the strong. My interview with Breckin
ridge was like an iceberg in my bosom. 1
was deceived in him, and clescovered that
Breckinridge had no hope of being elected,
no hope but for Kentucky and Ihe Southern
States. I asked him if he was willing to dis
unite the States because of Mr. Lincoln's suc
cess, and because discontented South Caroli
na agitates the subject 7 To this question
Bieckinridgo ' replied in ad captandum slang
about subjugation and the horrors of civil
conflict, convincing me that he had gone into
the arms of disunion. As he could not be
President of all the States, he was witling to
divide them and become President of part of
them. We separated. I turned my back on
him, and said, "You deceived me then, that
was your fault ; but when you deceive ma
again, it will be mine." Let me ask Bell,
Breckinridge and Douglas men what duty is
left for you to perform ? Only one. . If you
cannot find out what , rights you have lost,
come forward like a band of brothers, gather
around the alter of your country, and say the
Constitution shall bo preserved. In return
ing to my native State, I offer the olive branch
in one hand and the Constitution in the other.
With and for it I have come to perish, if need
be to pour out my blood, a free libation for
its preservation. The Federal Government is
made responsible for this war by the men who
have entailed its horrors upon the country, by
crying out their pretended rights are gone.
Let us forget all parties and former associa
tions, and see the question as it is. I tell
you that the slavery question has been made
tho pretext for breaking up this Government.
In 1832 an attempt was made to break up
tho Government, and I well remember to have
heard read, by a man named Russell, while
seated on my 3hop board in that memorable
year, the proclamation of President Jackson,
and felt then, as I now do, that'it contained
the only doctrine to secure the preservation of
the Government. It was sustained by those
master-statesmen, Webster, Clay and Jack
son. I stand now as they stood in the first
storm of State ; and for this lam persecuted.
Do not blaruo me, but yourselves, who have
gone wrong ; come up, show your manhood,
acknowledge the error of yonr purposes, and
resolve to support the United States Govern
ment the greatest and best fabric of God and
man. In 1832 the year of nullification
Jackson wrote a letter to Mr. Crawford of
Georgia. I invite your attention to it. What
did he say 7 "There existed an effort to break
np the Government."
It is now twenty-nine years since ; few dif
fered with Jackson then, as to the preservation
of the Union; none can difler now. Were it
possible for Old Hickory to return to us, and
see what is going on, what would be the treat
ment of Southern traitors is illustrated in the
answer of an old man who knew and loved him
well. He came to see me a short time ago,
and in reply to my question if any had been
impious enough to plant the Stars and Bars
over the old hero's grave, he said : "Yes ;
and I'll be damned if I didn't expect to see
the old man jump from his grave, and order
the last traitor to be ignominiously hanged !"
If it were possible for the dead to know what
is passing here upon earth, and leave their
lonely tabernacle to mingle again in the busy
scenes of life, I would long since have ex
pected to see Jackson at the seat of Govern
ment, and heard him exclaim, with that ex
traordinary finger elevated "By the eternal,
the Union must and shall be preserved !"
Tariff" was tho pretext for disunion in 1832,
and the slavery or negro question is the pre
text now 7 How do the facts stand when we
come to examine them.
Let us go back to the proceedings of the last
Congress. What was the true phase of the
times 7 A compromise, you iemember the
Crittenden proposition was introduced. The
Southern Senators, including Benjama'n, Iver
son, Toombs, and a list ol others, pretended
that if the measure passed, the South would
be satisfied ; but tbey desired everything els
but compromise. Senator Clark ottered an
amendment which he believed would be ac-
ceptible to the South. I had critically kept
pace with these pretenders. Their protest
was only to disguise their real intentions.
When the vote was put on Clark's amendment
mark well only fifty-five ballots were re
corded. The amendment was adopted by two
votes thus defeating the original compro
mise. Who is responsible fo this work of
destruction 7 Six Southern cenators stana
ing there and refusing to record their votes
If the Crittenden compromise had been adopt
ed, they would have been deprived of a pretext
for their treason.
Judah Benjamin, a sneaking thief and per
jurer, and an unconscionable traitor, was seat
t'ri nar me w hile the vote was being taken
I told him it was his duty to come to the relief
of the country by voting upon this important
proposition. He eneeringly answered that
when he wanted my advice he would make
the request." I said, you are a Senator, and I
demand that your vote bo recorded. With
six others, he contrived to defeat the measure
by slipping out. They wanted no compro
mise. This, then, has caused the present
difficulties. These six Senators destroyed the
compromise, upon which they based revolu
tion. Let us examine ourselves, gentlemen,
and females, too, that wo may arraign the
guiltv ones at the shrine of public suffering.
Did Lincoln or the Republicans disolvo the
Union 7 No. Who, then, are to blame 7
Men who in themselves were capable of avert
ing thu storm, and yet cried there was no hope
lor the South no escape from separation..
You know the clamor has been raised that
the non-slaveholding States would amend the
constitution, so as to legislato upon the sub
ject of slavery. 'On the 20th of December
South Carolina passed an ordinance of Seces
sion, took Fort Moultrie, and the revolution
corameuced. Soon after South Carolina went
out, seven other States followed. Their argu
ment was, that the Free States would interfere
with their peculiar institution by legislation.
By the withdrawal of these States, the North
had over three-fourths of the votes in Congress,
and consequently had the power to legislate.
Having the poiver, did they so amend the
Constitution 7 No, they did not. They came
forward with an amendment to the effect that
'Congress, in all future time, shall have no
power to legislate upon the subject of slavery."
The amendment was passed by a vote of two
thirds. Why did you not accept it, instead of
being governed by a petty tyrant 7 I will now-
pay my respects to some gentlemen who have
been deprived of their rights in the territories.
We have had some clamorous harratigues
about Southern rights. The most of them
have proceeded from noisy distinionists, who
never owned a negro; ihey have been terribly
disturbed. I myself, owned a few only sev
en and I expect they cost me more labor
than those who owned a hundred. During the
last session of Congress three Territorial bills
were passed, and afterwards the amendment
was adopted taking the power away from Con
gress to legislate upon the subject of slivery.
The tbreo bills organizing the Territories of
Dacotah, Nevada and Colorado, embracing
every inch of territory owned by the United
States, provide that the Legislature shall have
no power to interfere with the private proper
ty of citizens; defines and declares slaves to
he private proporty that no tax shall be laid
on him (the citizen) to drive him out of the
How much of the question is left for Seces
sionists 7 Their Senators defeated a proposi
tion, offered in a spirit of fairness and cordial
ity, and which, if accepted, would have restor
ed the government, and no blood would have
flowed upon our consecrated soil. Where,
then, are your Southern rights? Whence the
cause ot this rebellion ? What rights have
been taken away 7 Who wan's to take negroes
into the territories, and is unable to do so 7
Who has lost any rights under the Constitu
tion 7 When Mr. Lincoln came into power on
the 4th of March, we bad six of a majority in
the Senate against him. He was powerless for
evil. He could not form his Cabinet without
our approval ; he could not send a minister to
a foreign court ; we had power to reject treat
ies entered into by envoys ; he could not .-end
a consul ahroad. Lincoln could not even draw
his $25,000 a year with which to buy bread
and meat for the White House, without our co
operation. Where was the danger then ?
Why not remain and control his action ?
Hence, all the pretext for the crime of seces
sion is unreasonable and silly.
In this connection I must be permitted to
repeat, that after establishing thu truth that
negroes have been the excuse for all the
scenes of domestic butchery and th confused
scenes of war which have darkened the histo
ry of 18Gl-'62, the authors of this commotion
had in view some startling conspiracy. Some
thing underlies their conduct, showing slavery
to bo nothing more than a pretext. I was
tanght, in my earliest days, to believe the
people ot the United States capable of sell
government; but a certain portion of the
North and South repudiate that dociine.
The great boast of the Secessionists was, if
the Government would not permit them to
seperate peaceably, after the prostration, de
moralization and combined horrors of a vig
oious war, the country would submit, and let
them revel in the elegance of their stolen
treasures. I will not elaborate any further,
but will repeat that the negro is only a pretext
now as the tariff was in 1832. When worn out
by toil and blood, the people ot this great
country will accept my opinion of government.
Who is Jeff. Davis? When a boy he was
taken under the fostering care of the Govern
ment of the United States, and educated at
West Point. All bis honors and reputation
were obtained at tho expense ot the United
States. Now you find him with sword in hand
and arm - uplifted, ready to plunge the the
deadly weapon into the bosom of his mother
the United States. Are you prepared to
bow the knee to him a traitor to his country
and Government a Government ot the peo
ple, and, consequently, of God the wisest
and most benificent which was ever devised
or ever will exist. What kind of government
were these concocters of treason about to
establish 7 'Read the Richmond Whig, which
publicly and boldly expresses a preference for
Queen victoria over the united States Gov
ernment. Queen Victoria is doubtless a good
women. but do you desire her to rule over you 7
AH our women are equal to Queen Victoria.
The Examiner says a dictator should be had.
The Chronicle and Sentinel, of Augusta, Ga.,
and many others advocated similar absurdities,
The Memphis. Ivalanche wants Harris for king,
and the Mayor of Memphis a despot. Isham G.
Harris to be a dictator ! I know the man!
Isham G. Harris to be Ring ! Isham G. Har
ris who fled from the capital with such das
tardly precipitation. We are to be his slaves!
He should not be my slave much less my master.
As we travel along, what more can we find ?
The provisional government of the pseudo, so
called Confederate States prohibits the slave
trade, while their leaders declare that a slave
republic is the only republic for the South.
No white man should be allowed to vote un
less be owned slaves, because no State can
enter tne confederacy unless with slavery.
In South Carolina no man is eligible to a
seat in the Legislature nnless he owns ten ne
groes and a proportionate amount of land.
Their principles of representation and taxation
is most unjust to the poor man. Go to South
Carolina to get yonr rights ! I could not drop
into the Legislature there because I owned
only seven negroes, threo less than the re
1 believe man to ba capable of self-government.
What makes government 7 Not prop
erty, but men. An infatuation, a delirum
seems to have swept over the land. It seems
like a dream. What has it all been for 7
Look at the battle-field, covered with bleeding
and mangled corpses ; hear the cries of the
wounded and dying. There is no cause for
this war, this shedding of blood, this sacrifice
of" life. What is Secession 7 A demon ty
rant, a serpent in Eden. The wily serpent
first whispered Secession into our grandmoth
er's ear in the garden of Eden, and our first
parents seceeded and hid themselves. South
Carolina went oi.t of the Union, and ran up
the palmetto instead of the glorious Stars and
Stripes. Louisiana elevated the pelican, a
bird notorious mainly on account of its capac
ity to swallow ; and the mints, forts, &c, were
soon swallowed by Seceesion. Alabama was
represented by the snake a good emblem for
the venomous secessionists of that region.
Who commenced this war 7 South Caroli
na went out on the 22d of Febiuary. What a
misfortune to the country that Andrew Jack
son was not in the Presidential chair in place
of James Buchanan, who sat still, and allowed
the traitors to go on consummating their un
holy schemes. What did South Carolina next
do 7 Attacked Fort Moultiie andCastle Pinck
ney.drovo the gallant Anderson into Fort Sum
ter, and thus, under the direction of Beaure
gard, who is sometimes styled Noregard, com
menced erecting their long line ot bntteries
and forts. Be-turegard continued erecting bis
forts until, on the 11th of April, he had a con
ference with the gallant Anderson, who told
him he would be out of provisions on the loth,
and would then, unless relief was sent, be
compelled to surrender. Pryor, of Virginia
(that then loyal State), was in Charleston at
the time, and maintained that a blow must be
struck or Virginia would be lost. An unarm
ed vessel, laden with provisions, was selit to
the relief of Fort Sumter, but was fired upon
by the Rebels and turned back. On the 12th
Beauregard followed the advice of Pryor, in
order to help Virginia out of the Union. I
need not tell you of the many long and weary
hours of suffering endured within the walls of
Fort Sumter by the brave and patriotic Ander
son, and bis little band of faithful soldiers
you have all doubtless read of them. Here,
for the first time in the nation's history, was
the national flagoftheUnitedStatesdisgraced.
Soon after tho fall of. Sumter, Secretary Wal
ker publicly boasted that on the 1st of May
the Confederate flag should float over the Cap
itol at Washington, and preparation was made
by the Pro visional Government of the Rebel
States to raise an army of a hundred thousand
All this was done before the proclamation
of President Lincoln appeared. Davis com
menced the war and you were called upon to
assist the Southern Confederacy, to join them
and take back Washington, which already be
longs to you. Von are called upon to join a
band of rubbers and distinionists, to get back
what already belongs to you I The North is
carrying on this war to maintain the law and
the Constitution. When submission comes
the war ends. When I look areund and see
those gentlemen clothed in the uniform of
their country, my heart beats, and I welcome
the soldier as the protector and savior of his
family. They are not your enemies, but
friends who come here to protect those sacred
rights and privileges guarantied by the Con
stitution, and to restore peace to our distract
country. There are more abolitionists in
your own State than in the army of the United
States all deny any hostility either to you or
to yonr property or institutions. The asser
tion that they have any other motive is only a
contrivance to delude and deceive.
When your own people see that they are
about to be punished when they feel the rope
about their necks they want yon to destroy
yonr city, while thev burn your bridges and
rob you of your substance, that they may be
saved. Will you do It? The brave soldiers
who are now among you are your friends;
they come to save, not to destroy. I heartily
welcome them, officers and privates. ' You
have alteady seen many, but there are legions
more ready when needed. Those who have
been deceived and deluded into a f eeling cf hos
tility to the Government shall be treated as
leniently as possible, but conscious, intelligent
treason must be punished ; and when that is
doue your Government will be stronger than
ever. It is a Government made and sustained
by the voice of the people, which is the voice
of God himself. 1 love to hear our national
airs, which have no doubt sent a thrill of joy
to many a heart after being subjected so long
to a reign of terror "Hail Columbia," "Star
Spangled Banner," "Yankee Doodle," &c.
Again I ask, what is this war for 7 Can you
not see that they are in the wrong, and must
lose, while we are right, and must triumph 7
There can be no protection for slavery but in
the United States.
Governor Johnson here spoke in" feeling
terms of those who had been slain in battle or
died from fatigue and exposure, and said Se
cession was responsible for their untimely
death, and motbersand fathers were responsible.
"Let us have no more of this," continued' he ;
"call back your sons, and let the guilty lead
ers be punished for their treason." He then
referred to the mountain people, and describ
ed some of the indignities and persecutions
they had been subjected to by the Confeder
ate troops, and said he trusted "the time
would soon come when the glorious old flag
would be flying over the highest peaks in East
Tennessee, and the people freed from-the op
pressors. He alluded to the letter from the;
Southern Commissioners to Lord John Russel,
and to the proposition made to the French
Government, and said. , "Will yon not under
stand these questions 7 Let us come forward
and stand by the Stars and Stripes Liberty
and Union, one and inseperable, now and for
ever. Our colors will be bathed in fire and
blood, until the Government and the Constitu
tion are maintained." .
The Governer now returned his thanks to
the ladies, who, he said, "are as patriotic
in former times, when they stripped them
selves of their jewels and gave them up as a
sacrifice for freedom. I appeal to them to
prevail upon their husbands- and sons to take
up arms in defence ot freedom. After an eu
logy on patrlotio women, he said, "Let us
look forward to the time when all will be well.
I come here to restore Tennessee to the posi
tion it ocenpied when I relinqoistcd the reins
ot Government four years ago, having done
which t will rtirc, and leave it in such bads
as you may select. After alluding to the Tort
Donelson prisoners, and to the suffering of
many helpless families here in Nashville, ha
said, "You have got to understand that yon
who have inaugurated this war must be made
to take care of the widows and children ; and
if those marauding and guerrilla parties aro
not stopped, you will be held responsible tor
the destruction of bridges and other property
in the neighborhood." Again he returned
thanks tor the attention paid to him, and sat
dawn at fitteen minutes past two o'clock.
A Warnixo. It is staled in an English pa
per that Miss Burt, of Glasgow, recently broke
her neck in resisting the attempt of a youag
man to kiss her. This is a fearful warninz to
young ladie, especially yrttty ones. Why
will girls peri! their delicate necks in absurd
endeavors to avoid tho application of that de
licious and soothing "two lip" salve, w hich is
an universal corrective of chapped lips, and
will ultimately cure tho worst form of palpita
tion of the heart. No ladies of taste or sense
will conduct themselves in a manner so repre
hensible and fraught with so much danger.
Besides, they well know, that kissing liko
charity, blesses both alike. "It blesses As
that gives, and her that takes."
Imperial Absurdities. Of the Chinese
Emperor, every one, e.ven those of his own
chaiober, stand in the greatest imaginable awe,
and on no pretext does any one address him
save with the use of his grand and gloriou.t
titles. It is the etiquette in the Chinese
couit for the Emperor's physician to apply tb
same titles to his diseases as to himself; and
accordingly they talk of IIis High and Mizht
y Stomachache," "His Imperial God like Dys
pepsia," and "His Eternal and Never-ending
"Do you believe in fore-runners 7" asked a
lady of Deacon L . "IVs, ma'am," replied
thedeacon; "I've seen them !" BIes3me!"
exclaimed the lady ; "do tell!" "ies," con
tinued the deacon, fixing his eyes with a sol
emn stare on the dark corner of a room ; "
see one now .'" "Mercy on me !" shrieked the
lady, "where 7" "There ! there!" said the
deacon, pointing to where his eyes were di
rected. -'That cat, ma'am, may be called a
fore-runner, for she runs on all fours."
A Nice Man ior a Small Partt. A conn
try magistrate, noted lor his love of the pleas
ures of the table, speaking one day to a friend,
said, "We have just been eating a superb tur
key ; it was excellent, stuffed with truffles to
the neck, tender, high flavor ; we left only tho
the hones." "How many of yon were there 7"
said his friend. "Two," replied tho magis
trate. "Two!" "Yes, the turkey and my
self." The Oswego Times says, that at a recent
wedding in that city, the bridegroom, being
an army officer, wore his side arms at the nup
tials. A little wide-awake brother of the brido
was attracted by the display ot weapons, and
as he has another sister whoso "tru love" In
a carpenter, he boldly inquired : "Ma, when
J- comes to many Millj', w;ll he wear his sar
and hatchet by his side 7"
Two of the Protestant Episcopal churches
of Washington have been closed by the Pro
vest Marsh !, on account ot the clergymen
having refused to read the special prayer in
behalf of the country, prescriled for the di
ocese. The Wardens of a third church have
taken action to dismiss their pastor, Mr. Lyle,
for the same reasons. II j denies their author
ity, and refuses to submit.
The New Orleans Crescent says that they
shall need at least eight hundred thousand
men, including the militia, to repel thu North
ern invaders. It therefore suggests that all
the lands of tho cotton States will be needed
to raise food for the army.
Make the rule work both ways : If you are
dunned with the plea that your creditor has no
money, while you have but little, tell him bo
has your sympathy but cannot have your mon
ey, as it would leave you without any.
It is recommended to the Directors of the
Pottstown Bank to have a new plate prepared
without the head of James Buchanan on it, as
his inister visage does not add much to the
attraction of the notes.
Soldiers, sailors and marines are by law per
mitted to deposit their letters in any post
office without the prepayment of postage, and
such letters must be forwarded.
An agent of the Japanese Government is
said to have contracted with the Queen City
Oil Company, Buffalo, for 400,000 gallons o'f
Prentice says the reason why all the rebel
troops are turning their backs on us Is, that
they are getting heartily ashamed to show
"Ma, If you will give me an apple, I will bo
good." "No, my child, you must not be good"
lor pay ought to be good for nothing."
Gentlemen who smoke allege that it makes
them calm and complacent. They tell us the
more they furuo the less they tret.
Morose men are'undeltahtcd amidst all de
light, joyless aniidit all ehjoymunt, stateless
in the very lap of satiety.
When children die, they only attain raatn
rity in a readier way than by the tedious route
of this mortal living.
Spooks-says tho best agent to stink a dog
out ol a tan-yard is the perfume of crude Pe
To all men the best friend Is virtne ; tho
companions-arc bigo endeavors andhononble
Shut up a brood of evil passions in your
bosom ; like enraged aerpants, they will biU
Young women are never in more danger of
being made slaves than when the men are at
their feet. .
- It a fat hog comes to ten dollars, what wjlj a
lean one come to 1 To a backet ot slop.
What Is good for determining a tnaoV
we!gbt? The balaneat his bankr'sv