Newspaper Page Text
J it !
BY S. J. ROW.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9, 1862.
n""To"DS. AUornev . L.w. 1-ndW -
. Pr..f.SMon.il huein rii "--
o cuorcli p,iv.iA?''Carweu!ri'ir!e C1,ear
I J CF.ASS. Attorney at Law and Tlcnl Estate
V A-renf-Viai field. a. 02U-0 adjoining hi
xaiJenct. on Second street. May IB.
tt' 31 M'CULLOl'GII. Aft.iTmjj at Lsw Clear
V. field. Pa. O&ce, with L. .1. Cracs. Esq.,
on Second Street. July 3, 1851.
-IX7ILLIAM A. WALLACE. Attorney at Law.
Clearfielii. Pa. OSct, adjoining his reel
det.se on t-'econi street Sept. I.
I) OBEUTJ. WALLACL. Attorney at Law. Clear
V; field. Pa Office n Shaw's hew row. Market
street, o?'''9 Naugle's .-ewtdry store. May 'in.
HF. XAUHLE. WctcL and Clock Maker, and
dealer in Watches. Jewelry. Ac. Koum in
sirah.-.ta s rirv, Market street. Xov. 10
ALT! SALT 1! S LT !!! A prime arti
do c f ground alutn salt, put up in f atent
saiKs. atSj -'' peracK, at the cheap cash ftorenf
yor-mWr 'J7. 11. M 'SS'.'l.
Hit:Uh. O'Jl'i.. Ation.cj at Lu . iMeur
. CelJ. Pa. Eet in 'iraham's i.ow. four loo s
wo3t cf Grai ata A Uoyntons store. Nov. 10.
TP IZUA12i:H Merchant and dealer in
. fto.t.-is :.r.d Sfcii.ijV. Grain and Produce
front St. above iho Academy, Clearfield. Pa. U.2
A J. PAT TKFo'.-N. A''orre at I a tv. !"iirerif-
vii. Pa, will titii-nJ io Hii busine- en
trusted to hia care. U3ou' opposite the New
Metbo Jifit Church. Jan 15. I3 i.V
IT I I.LI AM F. IKW rN.Markc: street. Clesirfifld,
Pa.. iJealer iri Foreign an I Domej'ij Mc-r-cbaridise.
Hardware. Qaeer.gwaro, llrncories and
family articles "nerally. 'v. 10.
DR. WJI. CAMPBELL, offer bis profi'esional
orvices to the citiieti!" of Morris and adjoin
in townships Hcii lecce with J. U. Denninjj in
Ky'l-rtowu, Clearfield oouuty May II. IS.VJ
J P. M'EXALLY, Attorney at Law. Clenrfield.
. Ya. rrnclices in ClearDcld and aijoinin;
otunt-?. in i:ew bri.-k ;irJ-liticc. n.'j.j'i.ing
tt.e rtai.Ien:e -f J line. B. Wrabnin. No- 10.
"10 UN IStTLlCIl Manufacturer of all M&de ot
J Cabiret-WAre, Market n!r?. t. f'learfitdd. Pa
Ha aUouiakes to order Ci:j on short n'l ir-?. ami
attcud j fun-ri with a near.. Api'.O.'.i.
Iy ICUAill MOSS:jP. r in Fu-e'-r ) i l'v
V rnestic Ury Ooods. ir"tevt-a. I Sostr. l!.io n.
Liquors. Ac. lJoom o Market btrett. af-wil'j!
west of Jo -t il fJtfre. Ctearfieid; Pa. AprJ7.
rilHOMAS .r. M'CULf."rH. Attorney at Law.
L C!earue!d Pa. ;";ce, over tue -Cle.irfield
eo. liank. lejs and other le ii ins-rumen! pre
pared i'.h f Tomptness vnd -ocuracy. July i.
r. a. tt'sn. :::::::: T.j.i"ccLLovoa
LfSIi A M'Cl'LL )UJHS
Pi.lbct:-v Uffice. Ct.aARFiai.0. Fkm.x'a.
TOIIN PXS3EL A CO.. Tanners ar,d Curriers.
Ptunville fiearCeld Co . Pa. Keepcni.-tauilv
.on han-i an excellent a.-sortnu-nt of leather, which
tliry cT -ror le a! the lowest cash prices iiides
of ail t,':ad- taken in exchange July 15-64.
LA K KIM Eli A TEr. Attori-eys at Law.Clear
field. l'a. Will uttend promptly to all legal
93 I otlicr Itusiuei-s entrusted to their care in Clear
Lei 1 and adjoining counties. August 6. !8.6.
JA-i It. i,V:iliMEI(. ISKAEL TEST.
"T"P. l. WOOPS. ttn 'ert ii professional servi
1 J tt io the :;:il';r;8 of Cearfieid and vieitii-y.
lii-'tdence on Sec-Ti I street oppo-ite the office of
L.J. C-'ne. I si. Li?", the vtm that m recent
It I hv iiuii. 7t K :" irr tt. where he can
f.ton j ; -itVs;oi:a! busines?
1 ullI'OSA L1. -I'.-' p' ? i'sf r ;h- nu:.l s14 of
a Priwy at The tc Cam'. l!u iu 'Uo bvr
ot;;'. of (. . Sv! J . w'ti! to rc:i-iv--.i at u:e f-M
hiu.-loi.vti uf.tl tc .tli day of M-iy cut
I'I.ils aii t 2, . 'Cc.i;:i.a 'zr.i, Lb 1 tho Cvtr.-Li"u-ioncr'
oillce. 1'r ,.rder of the r i f ' m;
u;..-i-..ue3. VM HitAl'LEl'. Cleik
Uin:;i:STt K l-o-.t S LK. The m
nii.:-iivri of Ot .n.f i i . wr Jii; offer :
S' , o -In. ...... rl :, .:.., . .1 1 !..., I. IV tht-
. at :ue e. i.
'I'.iU U.iy ". I it nrx' u
I nr. ! '.ir.'. ; ' . tli
o . i :' 1.1 o-ie hun-urt-.--f
v-.-rh the ri-tge
r,e:'iiiriv:'ji:il:l 4.; '.'ejrdv i 1' V orirr
'A iu.' oj
ho.. !. V.'M. a Ui-.AE'.KY. Cleik.
Tl. LITCII'S 1 i" I ! : 1 V i:.S. -Afresh sup
i- fly u' the" LvLu-fcu E.taily Medicine
i't'fiTSK.j hv .d. . r..k. C'.e.irt,e j. .'i tisij'irg
'f '; (..'-, ; .7 a-v i. c rt .i; t re ft r cold0
. jr,d ;'.. L : u: d .'.'(.- 2 "'. They have
fcro hih! i
s't ,'. ,!i tan c -ii-in i. i.i ty, at
.'1 I 't r Tiirr'.
JO ! i;-! D. p. -1 F? n- of vur 'e- fvil'e
cfcr" if in v 1 mm-'- in ni v Hts n.-'. He is
Hutl'otuci ' rtctiv-; and ri-cipt fir inuucy due
lac. and - thy n!y pe ?.n authorized to do fO.
Per--.r.s having business with tne will please call
on him. JOHN PATTUN.
Outweniville. April 2. 1S.2.
'JlTOCiriSDALF. I'.OrSK. The undersisn
11m. ed hiving taken the Morrisd ile House, sit-u.-ne
in the town of Morrisdile. Clearfield county,
respectfully rliei' n ehate of the public patron
sf. Xe p.t'n ar xpe:i?n will be spared to ren-i-.
r u-:: j c lmfurttl !e. Char'' mo lrafe
April i, (IE )', ui: nu:i UtD.
;I..S'J'I:T(1V(; The brn.' havinu lo
cated hi. i .-fif ir tii ';--o!iih of Cie:tric't
"cuid infirm !L puvi'i : thr.t he i prpred to l:
w .irk in t::e ahjve lire fr.'m p-ain to orn'ttnentil
A a:-y i -tipMon. in a w .rktcsnlike tyi.'1. Also
whiten hir.g ttid fpniring done i i a ncut tt-in
t.ir. n-'i ot; re:'iur.au(c torrr;.
Ar-ri 7. ' : -5 FTT.VP: COnrrR
JiUOVlSIO.N A.NO i.KtCi:Y .situi:.
I Vhe un I r--1 ; n l- 1 keep const n tl on band
at hit--r r in in Phi ipshurg, fi'ntrey.'ouniy. a
ln'1 : of Eitur, Ii-iui. Shou ders. Sides, t'of-l--f-.
Tc.i. Sugar. lU'e. Moasee e Al.-o. Li
ji.ur of a'l km ai. Toban.:o. Segnrs Scuff. .C ; H
' l wLioh he ;ffors to purchaser on the most al
tr Isgeou tertn tiive him a call, and trv his
i -1 . I ui a rMJ KQL-KliT L1.0YP.
'wj: cli:akfieli acadkmy wiitbe
A oj.vjjed for tue reception of purii im!e and
ffij't'! .u M.wiaay. Septetuber d J'eim.i, perses-i-'f
c!' e't-vea wetks :
PrihorapUy. l.aading Writing. Tritnary Ariih
afic an i Geography. 52.5'
Higher AritLiueUi). Ecglish Grammar tJeogra
pby and Hictcry. 3 IH
'Isebra. t.leometrT, l?atu,-al rhiloiophy. aa
fo-k Kfepfrg. SLOtl
La;ic anl Greek liaguas, $1.00
To atudetiU dv-irOui of acqtifrfng a thorough
T'rlt-h Edueiitiot, and who wah tj au-illfy thein
e'.vei for tacherl, tblt lti'i'U'ij'i vt$ de-trabie
iiTattag-M. No pupil receive i for lea than ball
i"j-iou r,d r. ds Jus ion nft pt fjr protratl
::kr.id Vuit.)n to be psid sfr the ol"eof the
.'a pay3J) C. U 8AfClUJ,4irJolpi.
A CALL TO ACTION
We a-pe living, we are dwelling,
in a grand and eventful time ;
In an eon agr teliing.
To be living is fubliine.
Hark ! the waking up of all nations,
Truth nud Error to the fray
Hark! what soundeth i 'tis creation
(iroauing for ita latter day.
Will yo play, then, will ye dally.
With your tnusij and your wine?
Up ! oh. up, thou drowsy soldier !
God sown arm hath need of thine.
Hafk 1 the onset ! Will yo fold your
Faitli-olad arind in l:izy lock ?
Up! h. up. thou drowsy soldier
Worlds are charging to the thock.
Vi'erlds are charging Heaven beholding;
1 Lou bust but an hour to fiht ;
New the blazoned cross unfoldini.
On right onward, for the right.
TENNESSEE ASL THE UNI0:T,
ITia. Lilxftw JeasoVs A' pel to th.0 People
Fkllow Citizkns : Ti-ntKhsto asnniod the
fdl lu a Im.iU x!HIC. as otltt Tilt United
Statfa it Ani rif.i. iii th" year here, teen linu
dvt 'l and iiuii'iy :ix at onct -nttiltiti toiill the
priMl.'gi if tho Fideral (lims.1 itut ion, and
lioiinit l all its ) 1 1 1 i -i ions. For tioarly sixty-fi-o
yo'ira alio com iimed in I In onjowiu-nt of
all tn-r rij-lilsi. and milif pot I'm tn im-e of all
tn-l diitie.i oil' ol tlirt inosi loyal and iL'V.itert
t t(o Sistcltiood ol Sr. lies. S lit had lioetl
tlonori'd tty tlio t-!i:v il urn of two of it-r cnizons
to tin- highest placi- in tin gilt of tilt Ann ri
Can pfiii!o, and a third had l-etsn tiimi mated
Io lb' -a'Mc hijrli ollioi., who recuivii a lilief tl
fhoiiir'i iin lKct i vf .support. Her pomIa ion
bad r ipldiy and larp-l v iticrfasod, and Ihetr
1 1 1 r 1 1 and niitoi iil i;iterots ci respond ingly
adva: Cil- IS'eVi r writ; a Jioople nii-ro plon
pcions. I'onieiited. and h ipp than tlnj pioile
of Tfii in usee nr. ier I lit (iovfrimittit ol the
United Slatfji stud none m) lntle lundeiifd lor
tho aiipport ol thu authority lv uhicli iln-y
ert protfcied. They 1.lt tbHr Govei nineiit
only in tli cotisfi iit et'joj rue tit o I ho t em-fits
it rout.--rod and the li)."..ins it tiesf ow-il.
Sofli was oi.r etivialiU conditio!! unti! with
in tin- war jn.-t past, ul.eti, timler what bano
fill iidliH-ncon it is in. t now in tny power to
inquire, the aul lioiity of lite (ioveiiinielit was
sot at dt liai.ee, and the Coiisiiiuiion and laws
cotiifintifd , by it rfl'ellioos., aiinod foice.
M.iiwho. in Htlditi"it to t.ie ordiii ary j-rtvi I
t-i;ts a'nl duli'-s ni' llin -ll."ii. iia I enjoyed
riifrel.t the l)..n;ly and i-flk-ii! pal ro'iage ot
(lit; G'-Vr-rtimt-tii. and li ive. Iiy repeal- il oaths,
oliligated trieinsoiws to its mu ji:oi t . w ith .mnl
di'it ingratitude lor tho t 1 1 t anil disicir ir.l
lor I heir s .l. Ill 1 rliz ihn:i . oii iiTo.l. dolllier
ateiy and m1 fi.l it io.i.U , in tne accomplish
ni nt 1 ita ov ert 'irow. M my . accustomed to
defer to their opinioil-t and to accept their
guid.ii'ce, and others ctrried away oy excito
ment i t.verawed iy .sedition- el iiisi'. ai raj--ed
tliem-telvet imdet their h.iniers; tlnin or
g uiizing a treasoriildt power, w hich, ftr Ihe
lime lit-inp. stitied and Mippre.sed the author
ity of the Federal Government.
In this coiiduion of f airs it devolved upon
the President, bound by hi Hici ! oath to
pieserve, protect, 'Hid defend t tis Cont i t u t ion,
and chrgeI by the law with the duty of .np
presMiig in.-.iirri-Ot ion and flniii-ttic violence,
to resist mid it pel thin rebellions lorce Iiy the
militart aria t the GtiVerntneiit, and thus to
re e-talitiah tin Federal authority. Cnugresi
ii-si-iiililiitg at an early day. found him engag
ed in the aciive ilisch irge of this moment ou
and rosponsilde trust. That bdv Cinic
jiroiojitl." to liis ai.l. and, while Mippl ing hiin
i 1 1 It tieas Hf and anus to at. t-Xtelit ill it would
pre v.,u.n! v have btceii cotisidi-rod tilni Ions,
l ie , at the name time w ith almost ahsoluie
ut.-atiMitity, flevlired t lit Ibis war was nor
w tg d ii t a-ir put with any spirit ot oipie
-ioit. p'-r I'T an.V Jj't M I ciitiqtiohl "r f"'1
j -, f hi ion. nor put pi'Mi of tiv.-r; hrow ing or in
li-r't-rMtg " (li the rihlsor est ,tililird uis'j
ti.ttoris ol ti.es" Slait 8. but to di lelid and
ii iliit.u;i the Mil r in C -l the C- listlttltioil
an 1 to preserve the Union w it il all I ho d I ; tilty ,
t ipi .li'y. and riglita ! Hie several St ttea un
in. pared ; and that as snoti as then" t'bjccts
are aoeoi;;ptished the war tnicht tti cease."
In th:.- s;.M it. mi I by such Co operation, has
tin- P:---s.l.-!it iff.! s.ctid this iiiiiihty contest,
until. a C.i 'im n l.r in Ciiel of 'he trm.v, he
lias Clllsed tl'J tltMoliil ti t, If to ill it II lid 1 8ptl t ed
over tlf c ipiiti! ol our Si it-;. .MiMtitvhilo the
Stale Government has dis ippeared. Tin Ex
ecaliv- ha- ah licait-d; the Legisl it ure Ins
ditnilvi d : the Jud.eiary is in abeyance. The
ir-at ship d Stale, Ireighled with its precious
crco ot human itif.tre.-ts ami hum tn hopes,
us sails all aet. and its glorious rl ig unfurled,
b is been .suddenly 'abandoned by her oflicers
and the intuitions crew, and left to float at the
mercy nf tin winds, and to be p tindered by
every rover of the deep. Indeed the work ol
plunder his aheady commenced. The nr-chievt-s
have been desecrated; the public
property stolen and destroy d ; the vaults of
the State Bink viol. ted. and its treasures
robbed, i iiltitl ii.i the funds cart-fully gathered
anil fniiS' crtle 1 for al. time to the Mi.-trlictiou
of our children.
In iiirti a l-tinit il.'ie rris:. the Government
i f tl.e IJnitt d St itt R foil Id not bo m fulfil I of
il.i high constitutional uliligatlon to giltranty
In tM-i-y Stato l i this Union a republic in InrtM
of government, ah onlig ttioti whi'-'t everv
S-al- has adin rt and immediate internal ill
ha i tg otiM i vi- l tnv.ard evei v ottn-r Slate,
and from which, '' n act on the p.ul ol the
people in a in Stale, ci.i the Federal Govern
ment bo jlisolteil. A ropui'lic in loitn of gov
eriitm iii. t' ron.-.oiiaiK-e with the Constitution
ot the United States, is one of the fund atneii
I tl coiidinotis of our political existence by
winch t ery part ol the c nintry is aiilie bound,
and I ruin wiiicti no pa it ban escaoe. This
(ligation the -'Natt'Oi il Government is now
attempting to discharge. I have been ap
pointed, in the absence of the regular and
est ildished Slate authorities, as MilitaryG'
em r tor iho timo being, to preserve the pn'
lic property of the Si He to give the proteC
tion if l;t.v". actively enforced, to lo-r citizens,
and, as speedily as may be, to restore her
Government to tho same condition as before
Ihe t-siiitig rebellion.
sjtJn this (trstefiil bill aidnons tirdertaking, I
shall avail iiiynelf of all Hie aid that may be
afforded by tny t.-llow-citlzens. And for this
purpose- I reapertfnlly. but em neatly, invite all
Ihe pet. pit- nt Teiitu i-see. desiroi r willing
tt see a restoration of her ancient government,
without distinction ft party affiliation, or past
poJiUcal oploivo or aVctiou, tv uaii with mi,
by counsel and co-operative agency, to ac
complish this great end. I find most, if not
all, .f the offices, both State and Federal, va
cated, either by actual abandonment, or by the
action of the incumbents in attempting to sub
ordinate their functions to a power in hostility
to the fundamental law of the State, and sub
versive of her National allegiance. These ofti
ces must be filled temporally, until the State
shall be restored so lar to its accustomed quiet
that the peuplecin peaceably assemble at the
ballot-box and select agents of their own
choice. Otherwise anarchy would prevail,
and no man's life or property would be sale
from the desperate or unprincipled.
I shall, therefore,-as early as practicable,
designate for various positions under the State
and county governments, from among ruy fel-low-titizefis,
persons of probity and intelli
gence, and bearing true allegiance to the Con
stitution and Government ot the United
States, who will execute the functions of their
lespectivo offices until their places can be fill
ed by Ihe action of the people. Tlu ir author
ity, when their appointments shall have beeu
made, will be accoidingly respected and ob
served. To tho people themselves the protection of
the Government in extended. All their rights
will tie duly respected, arid their wrongs re
dressed when made known. Those who
through the dark and weary night of the rebel
lion have maintained their allegiance to the
Federal Government will be honored. The
erring and misguided will be welcomed on
And while it may become necessary, in vin
dicating the violated majesty of the law, and
in reasserting its imperial sway, to punish in
telligent ami conscious treason in high places;
no merely retaliatory or vindictive policy will
tie adopted. To those, especially, who in a
private, unofficial capacity have assumed an
attitude of hostility to the government, a full
and complete amnesty for all past acts and de
clarations is dlered, upon the one condition
ol their again yielding themselves peaceful
citizens to the just supremacy of the laws.
This 1 advise them to do for their own good,
and for the peace and welfare ot" our own be
loved State, endeared to me by the associations
of long tid active years, and by tho enjoyment
tif her highest honors.
Ami appealing to my fellow-citizens of Ten
nessee, 1 point them to tny long public life
as a pledge for the sincerity of my motives
and an earnest for the performance ot my pres
ent and future duties. Andbkw Johnsos.
A BE2A3H OF PE0MISE CASE.
The C'eaveland Plaitidealer gives the follow
ing history ol a breach of promise case which
bis j. ist been settled in the Cleveland Courts:
I'lio case tif Henrietta D. Collins vs Kufus
F.tiue, for breach of marriage promise, which
bad been tin trial for some days, resulted in a
verdict of $20,000 tor the plaintiff. The evi
dence d i. -.closed that Paine is a wealthy nun;
living at Lima, Strk county, Ohio, and that
in lbt)0 iie became acquainted with the plain-.
1 1 If, a vming widow of twenty, at a lioarding
hoiine in Philedelplii, Ije being sixty-Seven
years old, and proposed marraige to her stat
ing that be was and his long beeu a widower
without children; was of good repute and of
deep pietj- ; belonged to the Frie ids or Qua
kers Society, and was wmth $80,000. The
proposals were accepted, and I hey were mar
lied in Philadelphia and proce -ded immediate
ly to Lima, accompanied by a younger broth
er of the supposed bride. On their arrival
there Paine requested the boy to assume his
ii line and not disclose that he was married to
his sister. This and other mysterious con
duct of Faiue in not introducing this woman
as his wile to those who came to his bouse,
and other circumstances, raised the suspicion
m her mind that something was wrong, and
she wrote to her mother Hut his conduct reu
deled tu-r unhappy.
The mother tooiirv'l the Quaker Society of
Phil el Iphia to write to that of Lima io know
the standing of I'.uue, and received an answer
th tt he was no Quaker at alt. but an infamous
ol I f .."i::idi el. and had a wife and three chil
dren living within a mile ot his house; that
be had been in the habit of keeping lewd wo
men about him, and the neighbors supposed
this to be of like character. The mother
Mrs. lioss proceeded immediately to Lima,
and called on w ile N'o. I, who stated that she
had been married to Paine more than twenty
3cais, uiid that he b id iived with her as a wife
until wiihin two or three years, and that these
were their chit iron. The mother forthwith
took away her d lighter an 1 came to Cleveland
tor legal advice, when it was decided that the
daughter should remain here until redress
could be had ; and service was obtained upon
Faiue in this county and also a petition filed
fur a divorce. In January last, after the suit
w as commenced, this deluded and injured wo
man died of grief, and the suit was continued
by her sister as udmitiiitralrix a very inter
esting girl of 18, named Sarah LousU.
The evidence was conclusive as to the pure
character of the plaintiff, and of her amiable
and correct deportment. The defense set up
was that no marriage had ever taken place be
tween Paine and Nar-dssj Aldi ich, thu woman
thai he hud lived with for twenty years anl
every way recognised as a wile and that he
was capaide and tlid perform ti e marriage con
tract wilh lleiuieiia D. Collins. In this at
tempt to tender himself still more infamous
and tj degrade the woman he had so long
! lived with and to bisttrdiz j his children, he
was repelled by a verdict worthy of a Jury of
the County of Cuy ahog.
The charge ol Judge Coffinberry, who has
just entered upon his judicial career, was clear
and i-xp icit that the representatives oT Hen
rietta I). Collins were entitled to the same ver
dict that the deceased would be if in lull life ;
thai her relatives who stood by her and smooth
ed her pathway to the grave were entitled to
all her rights; that Faiue could take nothing
by her death; and that the protection of pub
lic morals was a just considetation with the
jury in asscsniug damages.
J. B." Emerson Ethridge, In his recent
speech at Nashville, tuns spoke of the initials
J. B : "I am not superstitious, gentlemen, but
allow me to tell you that I shall always steer
clear of the Initials J. B.' J. B. indicates
John Breckinridge; J. B. stands lor James
Buchanan ; J. B. suggests Judah Benjamin ;
J.B. stands for John Bell; and, without at
tempting to be oflensire, I will remind you
that J. B. stands lor John Brown."
Color that arc liable to rua tl cedars of
tbt rbl rataimsBlt
THE WAB INCIDENTS AND NEWS.
The Noble Three Hcs-dred. There has
been splendid fighting in the battles of the
West, and some regiments have been especi
ally distinguished. But, says the Evening
Bulletin none hare shown greater valor than
the battallion ot the Eighty-fourth Pennsylva
nia Regiment that was engaged in the battle
ot Winchester. The greater part of the regi
ment was left to guard certain points on the
railroad, or assigned to some other duty.
There were, therefore, not more than three hun
dred in the battle. Of this number 23 were
killed and 63 wounded in all Stf, or more than
"tie fourth. The whole force engaged on our
side was about 7,000, and the loss in killed
and wounded about 400. This little band of
300 Pennsy Ivanians, therefore, suffered nearly
one fourth of the total loss. They were placed
in the centre of the line, and had the most
exposed position. We have heard of no flinch
ing under th terrific fire they were exposed
to; no sign or fear or panic, even when their
colonel was slain and nearly one third of their
nuruler had fallen. The charge of the six
hundred at Balaklava, highly exaggerated by
Kussel, and immortalized by Tennyson's noble
verse, was, in reality, not so great an exhibition
of biavery and endurance. It was a brief and
dashing affair; but this of our Ftnnsylvania
three hundred, was a long contest in an expos
ed position, again.-t a foe sheltered by stone
walls and trees, ending with a bayonet charge,
at the triumphant close of which only about
two hundred were left of the three hundred
that had entered the field. Where is the poet
that will worthily celebrate the valor of the
Pennsylvania Three Hundred ?
Woodstock, Va., April 2. . We have driv
en the enemy from Strasburg to Woodstock,
a distance of twelve miles, and then to Ldin
burg, seven miles beyood. He contested the
march most of the way, and at a strong posi
tion, which he contemplated making a stand
at Edinluirg. quite a sharp contest occurred.
He burned the bridgesjn his flight, except one
at a narrow passage, which we were enabled
to reach in time to extinguish the flames, we
lost but one man, and had but one wounded.
The enemy suffered more, but I cannot state
the extent. Col. Ashby received a shot thro'
his cap, which l.e exhibited with some satis
faction to the people of Woodstock Others
suffered more severely. The men behaved
admirably. During an advance yesterday, our
skirmishers were frequently fired upon by the
rear guard of Jackson's retreating force. We
shelled them through town, and as often as
they appeared in range. After passing the
bridge over Stony Creek, they set fire to it.
but our troops arrived in time to save it, and
also another pile bridge and tho ruilroad
bridge, all in two miles this side Edit) .urg.
Our artillerists endeavored to prevent the de
struction by pouring into the enemy a shower
Skirmish xf.au IlrsTEEsvii.LE.-Gen. Milroy
writes to a friend in Washington, as follows :
"I sent out a parly of scouts of the Cd Virgi
nia, to go to the vicinity of Hunt rrsville, to
Site how matters are. When within 7 ngles of
that place they were surrounded by a body of
two hundred and fifty rebels. My boys pitch
ed into them a while, but finding themselves
entirely surrounded, they cut their way thro'
and got off with the loss of one man, killing
ele.en ot the rebels. The escape of my boys
is almost miraculous. They were fired on
from all sides, and most f them had their
clothing cut by bullets. Some were grazed
and several slightly wounded."
The Pilots or our War Vessels. Here is a
class of men deserving of the notice of the gov
ernment and the notice of the people. They
stand up bravely in the pilot houses, which
are marks to be shot at by the reV'l cannon,
and, without the aid or the excitement of
wejlding a weapon or commanding either sol
diers or sailors, quietly and calmly face death
for their country. They are tiue heroes,
equal to any in the army and navy, and su
perior to the majority tn either. They are
worthy of all honor and renown.
Dvi3 Prepariso to Immigrate. A letter
received from a very intelligent America mer
chant, resident in Havana, confirms the state
ment made by the Bnrtibf Courier (whose edi- f
tor is at Havmia) that Jeff. Davis within the j
last two months, has had a large amount of
money deposited in the banks of that city. If
this is teliable, as it undoubtedly is, it is im
portant. It would seem lo indicate that the
rebel chieftain is looking forward to an early
immigration movement," and is sending on
his "valuables" in advance.
The Presiuent's Sagacity. We have the
best authority, says the Missouri Democrat,
that next to Captain Ei lesson, the credit tor
the building ol the Monitor Is due to the Pres
ident. The drawings and plans of Mr. Erics
son were rejected by the Chief Engineer of
the Navy, and it was only after the President
personally interes'ed himself in the matter
that a hearing was obtained.
Manassas Gcss at Newbkbs. A sergeant of
the 21st Massachusetts regiment writes that a
mong the cannon captured by Gen. Burnside
at Newbern, were thirteen brass field pieces
taken by the enemy at Bull Run. This fact
would seem to indicate that the Confederate
troops at Newbern. or at least part of them,
were from Manassas.
The surrender of Fort Pulaski was daily ex
pected. For thirty days all communication
with Savannah had been cut o(T, except an oc
casional row-boat, which escaped the pickets.
Several of these boatsjiad been caught on their
way down, but some are supposed to have
escaped the vigilance of the euard at nignt.
The number of rebels in Fort Pulaski was re
ported by deserters at five hundred. Two
German companies cf the garrison had revolt
ed and were placed in irons. It was the in
tention of General Sherman to summon the
fort to surrender on the first of April. If the
demand was not exceeded to, he would im
medla'ely commence to shell it. His mortars
and siege guns were so stationed tnat the guns
ol the fort could not reach them.
The greatest despondency existed among
the troops at Charleston. Tho fall of Newbern
created the greatest consternation. Th fire
eaters ridiculed the North Carolina troops,
chirglng them with cowardice. The shop
keepers and bakers in Charleston jilsn inime-di-itely
refused to receive North Carolina
money. There being two North Carolina j
regiments encamped tn the city st the time, a
revolt was the cons-quence, sod the shops
war broksa cpaja ssdths troops helped them-1
selves. These regiments had refuse! to. serve
any longer, and were allowed to return heme.
Tho Richmond Enquirer of the 27th r.lt.,
places our loss at tho Winchester battle at
twelve to fifteen hundred, theirs three hun
dred and fifty to four hundred. Among the
casualties were Col. L. S.Moorn, of Winches
ter, and T. II. Louner. of the General Assem
bly, killed, and Col. Echols of the 27th Va.,
wounded. The second Virginia regiment lost
one hundred men.
The body of Col. Cameron, who fell on the
Bull Run battle-field, has been disinterreiand
brought home and deposited in the familj
vault at Sunbury. Though short his militjiy
career, his name will live in history, and be
recorded among the martvrs to the cause of
civil and religious liberty. All honor to the i
. Intelligence has been received at Washing
ton Ironi Richmond via Baltimore that the
rebels are moving their tobacco to the interi
or, toward Danville and Faimville, and beyond
Petersburg. It is added that private citizens
have-no control over the cotton and tobacco,
the military having assumed the chaigeof it.
A despatch from Augusta, Ga., dated 31st
March, says the Charleston papers of that day
contained a despatch, dated New Orleans, the
20th, stating that two Federal gunboats on the
28th commenced an attack on Fort Jackson,
at the mouth of the Mississippi, but up to that
time nobody bad been hurt.
The advices from Florid.i are very encour
aging. Many ot the inhabitants wne renew--!
ing their allegiance. No direct information
of the abandonment of Pensacoli baa been re
ceived, but it is generally believed that our
troops bad crossed over from Santa Rosa and
occupied the place.
The rebels had withdrawn ail their forces
from the coast of Georgia, and had abandoned
their works nt Thunderbolt, taking all their
guns to Savannah. The gunboat Seminole
landed and destroyed Thunderbolt fort, which
is within five miles of Savannah, over a good
A dispatch from Charleston says General
Evans advanced on Saturday on North E iisio
with 2.000 troops, but finding that the Feder
als were at least G.000 strong, he retired in a
masterly manner. The dispatch does not say
whether there was a fight or not.
A refugee from Charleston represents that
a great panic has existed there since tho cap
ture of Newbern. The women and children
were leaving the city for safet-, and there was
a general expectation tnat a terrible blew was
about to fall on that suction.
The city of Savannah ivas understood to be
very strongly foitifled in all its approaches.
The force there was variously estim ited by
refugees at from twen'y to fifty thousand,
probably twenty thousand is most correct.
The New Orleans pipers ot the 27lh report
the loss of the rebel steamer Vanderbilt.
The captain and crew and eight passengers are
safe on the Florida coast. One boat, with 17
men, had not been heard from.
A refugee from Savannah snys that the
friends of the rebel troops in Fort Puhski had
offered $30,000 to any one wno would rescue
Rich Af?air A Mas Draws oh a Citt
Firm for a Wife. A tew days t-ince siys the
Cleveland thrall of March 20th, a respectable
business firm on Water street received a letter
from a customer near Ytmngstown, enclosing
an older for a wife! The customer was rich,
middle 8ged Dutchman, and a widower. He
said he wanted a wife right ofl. and had no
time to look up one for himself, but should be
in town in a day or two to marry the woman
which he depended on his city friends to Have
ready tor him. Such an order rather took the
merchants aback, but tho man was too good a
customer to disoblige. As they had no f-ttp-ply
of the article on hand for sale, one of the
firm went out to hunt it up, and at an Intelli
gence office got track ol a girl who could
speak German and English, was tolerably good
looking, and very much wanted to find a hus
band. A bargain was struck. The Dutch
man came in yesterday, found an article ready
lor hiru, approved of it, and took his curious
purchase home with him. We did not learn
whether the firm charged a special lee, or a
per cordage commission on the market value
of the article.
"Give her Calomel." The Erie Obserrer
tells the following good one : "We have a phy
sician in this city who iswellknon for the
lilierality with which he dispenses calomel.
No matter what tho disease is, calomel is sure
to ho a part of the medicine he administers, if
there is any chance to use it. The Doctor, too,
is subject to fits of abstraction. Ono day he
was silently sitting by the stove in one of our
stores, when the crowd of loafers around com
menced talking on thesubj et of oil. "Oil
is on the decline," said one them. "Give her
calomel," broke out the Doctor. The burst
of laughter which followed, succeeded In a
ronsing him from his reverie, and he seemed
to enjoy thu mistake as much as any of them.
Thirteen Hcxbrf.d Killed. A Havana let
ter says : "By the Farfait, five davs from Ve
ra Cruz, which came in on the 17th, we hear
that frightful explosion had taken place
within eight leagues of Orizaba, at a town
where the Mexican troops that had left that
city on tho 5th March, had encamped. The
barracks are in ruins, artd from them one
thousand three hundred bodies have teen ta
ken. It seems their stores of powder took
firo and cansed the terrible accident.
Marino Bomb shells After a shell Ins
Iteen finished, many are pnzr.led to determine,
there being but a single Pttlu hole in the ht l
low ball, how tho core is taken out. The core
is composed of sand and fiour, and after being
eroperly moulded and finisned. rs placed in
an oven and baked like a loaf of bread until it
becomes hard. - The hot metal, when It is
poured into the mould, burns the flour ont.
and the sand crumbles so as to be easily taken
An exchange recording the fall of a f e'rsnn
Into Ihe river, says. "It is a wonder he escap
ed with his life.' Prentice says: "Wouldn't
it have been a still greater wonder if ha bad
escaped without It V
Cars are now running tegularly from Alex
andria to Manassas, sod xkt road t open tovr
miles baron d.
It every contest whch h i len w-ged sTncj
types were introduced as a medium of Convey
ing Intelligence, printers have played an im
portant part, either as leaders of" armies or
controllers ot cabinet. They are alike qual
ified to fight or cutiric'.l deliberate or deoatj
and are never so well xttisSed as when serv
ing other interests than their on. At prescr.t
there ate two printers In-loie tho country in a
peculiarly honorable and important p. ;:!.o"t,
connected nnw by o.Iicial responsibility an I
actions, though lately each following such de
ferent paths, ami separated also by sisc'i a
wide discrepancy cf years. More than forty
years flgo, on. of these printers wandered
down the Susquehanna river, with no other
fixed purpose in his mind than that of battling
with and conquering lor:t,T:e, if possible, lis
knew nothing of lite, lut the polity nr;d lion
estv which he had le uiivd front his mother'
teaching he had but a faint conception if thu
opponents he was about l-t challenge in battle,
and yet hopefully, earnestly, and unJ muted. y
ho filtered thu c-jitust. Abot;t the time tl.o
Ivy had passed through the duties of a prin
ters' appfetitice, and as he stood on thi
threshold of the world -for a tuatdy contest,
another boy in a different ioliry of fie Stuto
aNo entered a print n;g ti!ite as ai appreti' icj.
The first apprentice, then a r.iau, pusti - i out
into the world. He used Ins pen as a writer
for S'jver.tl years in proenring a bveliiiood
went to Washington as a jour" o:i the .V
liomil Inlellizenccr and wiule there e'ltere l
ill'o that political associ it ion wbcil ni idj tor
him friends among ttie ablest and liest men i f
that day. It iwi lt:g btioie be was re
cognized by the adtnii.istr.ol.-n of Andr-.v
Jackson, and appointed to a position of tlo
most important trusts and from th tt boar,
catching a spalk of Old Hickory's own tire,
the voiaig printer beg.n tv tise i:: public esti
mation, and began, too, to win th it cun.1 fct c-t
which is only bestowed Ly tl.e wise o:i Hjv
During these eitrs. the oiher printer appren
tice w'e have mentioned above, as struggling
bravely with the labors ah i unties ot the oS.-e.
His tastes tiid t;ot lead Mm to aspire to a con
test w ith the world, il Is whs i fancy and an am
bition that leiVed to cv:.'. jiHpiate tn beat. til I
and sublime, w'lcr. poouy pointed t he way
and music welcomed the aspirant. And yet
the dreamy printer's apprentice soon b-zsn to
chafe in the soclusuiu of :i country printing
office. His vision slreched t-ej on 1 even
native lir:d,an.l he longed to tie-ad in otht.r
countries, amid the scenes ina ie h"lv by fha
pnrrt and immortal, by th brave. With thj
end of his apprenticeship be to,t up his stail
and bundle, crossed tne oi-jati tor the first,
time in tlie humblest an 1 cle-apesf picket
tiaveltd through Eiiropj alm-'st literally ri
foot, seeking knowledge as he went, and I. ring,
ing home with him the richest stores in inlor
matioti that ever we laid bt lore the Ameri
ca! people. Again, lie v-.!;t. east, west north
and south, throughout the w'oiid, singinr his
songs beneath the vines ot France and Italy,
or biedthing his shrill chorns-s to tht bleat:
winds of I lie Arctic rcgiona a eri .; fr in id Z-uies.
Thse two p.'iutets tiave loel i l Hie-ir p.tluJ
to honorable succe-s. Tluy h.tv.j u:t at a
time w hen the country r.ee Is t,';e-ir s-rvics.
The one. as the nation has long since known,
as the Minister plentpoti nt try to liusji and
the other, as we are informed, nt t he Secretary
of that Legation. Pennsy Ivani t del ghtstii is
iu the hoimr t.f her two printers. Simon C.ku
fRos and B.4TAKr T.vTLOit. And as liny rep
resent the interest of the nation in a foreigi
court. Pennsylvania wiii imt forget ln.-r prin
ter Minister Pienip.'te't'i iry a-d printer Sec
retary of Legation. II irrnl'trg llcroph.
ANOTHER SPECIMEV OF IitEEL 1 1 I'M IT 1'.
A Mr. Showers, wfit was ;,n uni.;'!..-:.ii'iir citi
zen of Fairfax county, Virginia, jud a L'nien
man. owning a fine farm. wi..rc f,t h i ii-ri
residing L-r many ye.Hs. aiumt half vviy 1,..-.
iween Fab fax Court hoti.e imi Vieuni, was
taken by the u-u 1 troops, ahot.t the time they
were evacuating C-nt.cViiie, uiil f irced to
march on lout with the same rapidity wifa
which the- bet i retreat u bors-tuck. S i
rapid and exhausting was the mitch, that hi
began to f liter, when the in'.i. ntu sivages,
with A brutality which would iv, dtn- j iiticn
to tlie will Inli tr:s, spori e.l hi.:i on. at tlu
point of tlie bayonet, until t:. 1 r ;a tn drop
ped dcu-n de.d on the roil. We n' fain these
tacts through a person v. nt rece.H ly t setp I
lrom the clutches ol the rebels, and who knows
these to be the facts of Ihe ci.se. Mr. Terry,
a relative of the deceased, iits been ii -vn as
far as our lines extend, in order, if possible,
to obtain Ihe hotly his mtirler'd friend, but
failed in his eflorts. Ilo learned to it the
body was buried near the rn i i side, between
Mana-s.ii and Goidonvilie, but he wr.t warno-i
Mot to go to the ple"e, as the retvl pickets
we "' l"'ktg near tho spot. ll'at if a gloi
Scif.KTiFic Th? matter of rnnnirj awsy
Ins Iteen reduced to a science by 4; rebels.
At Nuwbern, as soon & t.:ey heard of the ap.
proach of tho Yankeen, they got a train ready,
and as srori as they were w hipped, th y j inir
ed into tho cars, and run t,3 tt tin rato ot 1
miles an hour. That beats Floyd's style.
A bill has passed the Ker.tuckv Logis" tt:re
inflicting a fine ot not les iban fifty doll trs.T
more than five hundred dollars, on sny minis
ter or priest who shall solemnize marriage,
unless he shall have first taken the oitht.f
allegiance to the Unite! Stst.-. an I s-vorn
that he has never aided the rebel Srates.
"Pray sir." said a jn Ige. angrily a li":-it
old Quaker Iron whom-mi direct answer con!. I
be obtained, -"do you know wfltt 't hero
for? "Ves, verily. I do," s-id th. Q nker ;
'two of you -et for four dollars each, a diy,
and thatlat one ia the middle for lw'o thou
sand a year."
That nation cannot bo free tint Is !onght
with its consent :id sol I agitnst it: where tht)
rogue in ratrs is kept in coiinfer.anc by tha
rogue In ru31 ; md where from hih to't.-w,
there Is nothing radical but corruption, and
nothing is held contsiiij-tth.e but poverty.
"May I back this letter in yonr store." ask
ed an individual hurrying towards the pst
office. Well," qutetly replied the.torekee"v
er, "If you can't get it ic any ether way you
rsay back It in."
Deepiee ccth'.Dg In nature s'.T things !. br
klng-aca are G?d"i tiv-t.tj,