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Fu:' i 'ill Hi J
W. U. JACOBY, Proprietor.
Truth and Uight God and our Country.
Two Dollars per Annua.
BLOOMS BURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY JULY 31, 1861.
IV I iff TV P i LA tl 1-1 ' 9 f I t
STAR OF THE NORTH
PUBLISHED ITER Y WXDNESSAT ST
W. D. JACOBY,
Office on main St., Ird Square below Market
, TERMS : Two Dollars per annum it paid
within six months from the time of snbscri- j
bing : two dollars and fifty cents it not paid j
-. i . l. - v 1 : -.. : i i '
wuum mo ci. tuuFLMjiiiuu ianeu lur
-a less period than six months; no discon
tinuances permitted until all arrearages are
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S'heterms of advertising will be as follows :
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Every subsequent insertion, ...... 25
One square, three months, ....... 3 00
One year, 8 0o
FOR THE UNION!
Tunc. tlGjy and happy."
Hark ! the trumpet calls to duty.
See, our glorious Flag's unfurled ;
Tbe Stars and Stripes unite in beauty,
The pride and envy of the world.
So let the world jo as it will,
We are for tbe Union still.
For the Union, For the Union,
. We are for the Union etill.
If we wish that Flag respected,
We must answer honor's call;
Duty must not be neglected,
Tho' our dearest friend hould fall.
So let the world jog, kc.
Traitors have betrayed the nation.
But we. will by the Union stand;
L"t every patriot seek his station,
With, the gallant warlike band.
So let the orlu jog, kc.
To' the Rebels have exulted,
In their trea-on and their shame ;
Yet the flag they have insu'ted,
Still retains its honor'd name..
So let the world jog, kc.
'Lone its fold? shall Boat above us,
Whi'e we shout our battle cry;
4, will tight for those who lore us,
But let every traitor die."
So let the world jog, &c.
Fennsylvanians to yonr station,
Bohily meet the Traitor foe;
Fisht as bravely tor the nation,
" " As yon did at .Mexico.
So let the world jog. kc.
Then yonr names shall live in story.
And echo'd be from strand to strand;
Then fiirht for Liberty and Glory,
The Union and your Native Land.
So let the world jog, &c.
From the New York Home Journal.
TEA C MSGS OF WASHINGTON.
ST BENSOJf J. LOSSIKO.
Ikdkpendknt and supreme sta'e sover
ignty, the political error i.t the disinteres
tsi fathers that so nearly destroyed the Re
public in its infancy, and which was man
ipulated by Hayne Hamilton. Calhoun and
other politicians of South Carolina, thirty ,
years ago, into a formidable political here- j
sy, is now, under the management of vastly (
interior anu ies tcrupuiuus men, pruu 111-1113
it natural fruit in the form of positive en
deavors to destroy the Republic in it vig
orous yoath- Th'n error was discovered
and abandoned in the Convention of 1787
nd the budding hereby was utterly discar
ded by tbe founders of th"i3 nation when
they framed the National Constitution, and
the people, tbe source of soveriegnty, de
clared it to be the supreme law of the land.
Our political progress as a nation, and
or material prosperity as a people, have
cansed us to look so eagerly and proudly
forward for greater national aggrandizement
and Individual snccess, that we have selr
don looked backward. The events of yes
terday become not only history, but half
forgotten history, to-day. In the pride of
our conceit we have felt no necessity for
retrospection for our instruction. We have
spurned tuition as a work of snperogaiion.
Because of our progres and prosperity, we
have indulged half-acknowledged contempt
for the so-called wisdom of precedent gen
erations ; and instead of turning to them
frequently, or even at wide intervals, for in
etrcction or warning, we have walked
proudly and talked boastfully because of
our supposed omnipotence, and felt confi
dent of inT-alnerability against every as- j
eaalt. inat confidence in onr strength,
based cpon more mate-rial prosperity, was
We are now bumbled. Our material 1
prosperity is paralyzed. Our national
strength is menaced. Folly an J wicked
cess in our own household have brought us
to the verge of ruin. We are now more
thoughtful ; and in onr humility we are
tnore willing to tnrn our eyes toward tbe
past, and earnestly seek instruction from
the wisdom of our fathers. Let us question
the ehief of patriots, and listen reverently
to bis responses.
I have called the doctrine of independent
and supreme state fovereignty, which is the
chief moral ailment of the present rebellion
a political heresy ; and' hare asserted that it
was utterly discarded by the adoption of
the National Constitution by the people.
'The inhabitants cf the United States were
then, by their own act, made a consolidated
nation, acd tha only sufficient state sover
eignty was reserved for tbe satisfaction of
municipal wants. . Allegiance to the Na
tional Government was made supreme, and
care for the national welfare was made par
amount to the special interests of individual
elates. In support of this position I might
cite the opinions of many of the fathers, all
coinciding with tha sentiment expressed by
Edmund Randolph, of Virginia, to his con
stituents, at the close of the convention that
frarnei the National Constitntioa, sdieal he
said in referring to tha darjirs of cere coa
federa!'on-''1 come therefore, to the last,
I "".J , -'"r-"
a consolidation of the Union, as far as cir
cumstances will permit. To fulfil this de-
6irab!e object,, the Constitution was framed j
by the federal convention."1
But I will quote only from the writings of
Washington, which show his comprehen
sion of the value of consolidation, as well
as his apprehension of dangers incident to
the practical assertion oi independent state
authority, in other words, a dissolution of
the Union : .
1. ''There are foor things which 1 hum
bly conceive, are essential to the well-being.
I may venture to say, to the existence
or me united states, as an independent
power : First, an indissoluble Union of the
States under one federal head. Second, a
sacred regard to public justice. Third, the
adoption of a proper peace establishment.
Fourth, the prevalence of that pacific and
friendly disposition among the people of
the United Stales, which will induce ihem
to forget their local prejudices and politics.
These are the pillars,
on which the glorious fabric of our indepen
cy and nationality must be supported. Lib
erty is the basis. And whoever would dare
to sap the foundation, or overturn the struc
ture, under whatever spacious pretext he
may attempt it, will merit the most bitter
execration, and most severe punishment
which can be inflicted by his injured coun
try. 2 "Whatever measure have a tendency
to dissolve the Unien, or contribute to vio
late or lessen the sovereign authority, ought
:o be considered as hostile to the libetty and
independency of America, and the authors
of them treated accordingly.
3. 4tIt is only in our united character, as
an empire, tnat our independence is ac
knowledged, that our power can be regar
ded, or our credit supported, among foreign
4. "To the efficacy and permanency of
your Union, a government for the whole is
ir.dispensable. No alliances, however
strict, between the parts, can be an ade
5. "This government- the offspring of
your choice, unintiuencea ana unaweu,
adopted upon full investigation and mature
deliberation, in ihe distribution of its pow
ers, uniting security with energy, and con
taining within itself a provision for its own
("amendment has a just claim to your conti- .
deoce and support. Respect for its author-
ity compliance with its laws, acquiescence j
in its measures, are duties enjoined by the !
fundamental maxims of liberty.
6. "The very idea of the power and the
right of the people to establish government.
t presupposes the duty of every individual
I to obey the established government.
I 7. "Unless the DrinciDles of the federal
g0TerTlrneDt, are properIy supported, and
fae powerfJ of ,he Uni(m increased tbe
bmo dignity and justice of lhe nalion
w hfl iosl forever
8 "Common danger brought the states
! into Confederacy ; and on their
j safety and importance depend.
; 9. The name of American, which be
longs to you in you national capacity, must j
always exault the just pride of patriotism, !
more than any appellation derived from lo- '
cat discriminations.' I
10. "A nominal head, which, at present, j
is but another name for Congress, will no i
longer do. That honorable body, after hiv-
ing the interests and views of the several
states fairly discussed and explained by
their respective representatives, must dic j
tale, and not merely recommend, and leave
it to the states afterward to do as they
11 "We have probably had too good an
opinion of human nature, in forming our j
Confederation, 1784 J Experience has ;
taught us, that men will not adopt and car-
ry jnt0 execution measures the best calcu
lated for their own good, without the inter
vention of a coersive power.
12. "The disinclination of the individual
states to yield powers to Congress in 1784
for tbe Federal Government, their unrea
sonable jealously of that body and of one
another, and the disposition which seems
to pervade each, of being all-wise and all
powerful withiu itself, will, if there in not a
a change in the system, be our downfall as
13. '-Let the reins of government be brac
ed, and held with a steady hand, and every
violation of the Constitution be reprehen
ded. If defective let it be amended, but
not t offered to be trampled upon whilst it
has an existence.
.14 "The Constitution is the guide which
I can never abandon.
15. "I am sure the mass of citizens of the
United Slates will ; and I firmly believe
that they will always act well, whenaver
they can obtain a right of understanding ol
matter. But in some parts of the Union,
where tbe sentiments of their delegates and
leaders are adverse to the government, and
great pains are taken to inculcate a belief,
that their rights are assailed and their lib
erties endangered, it is not easy to accom
plish this: especially a the case invaria
bly, when the inventors and abettors of per
nicious measures use infinitely mora indus
try, in disseminating poison, than the well
disposed part of the community, in furnish
ing the antidote. To this source all our dis
contents may be traced ; and from it all ocr
embarrassments proceed. Hence serious
misfortunes, originated in misrepresenta
tion, frequently flow, and spread, before
they can be dissipated by truth.
16. :,A change in. tha national Constitu
lion corifrr,f? ? rriri9',nw.
cumstances of our country, has been most
happily effected by the influence of reason
alone. In this change, the Liberty of the
citizen continues unimpaired, whilst the
energy of government is so increased, as to
promise full protection to all the pursuits of
science and industry, together with the firm
establishment of public credit, and the vin
dication of our national character.
14. ''While every part of our counrty
feels an immediate and particular interest
in Union, all the parts combined cannot
tail to find, in the united means and efforts,
greater strength, greater resources, propor
lionately greater security from external dan
ger, and less lrequent interruption of their
peace by foreign nations ; and what is of
inestimable value, they must derive from
the Uuion an exemption from these broils
and wars between themselves, which so
frequently afllict neighboring countries,
not tied together by the same government,
which their own rivalship alone would be
sufficient to produce, but which opposite
foreign alliances, detachments, and in
trigues, would stimulate and embitter. In
this sense it is, that your Union ought to be
considered, aa a main prop of your liberty,
and that the love of the one ou;ht to endear
to you the preservation of the other.
18 ;In contemplating the causes which
may disturb your Union, it occur? as mat
ter of serious soncern, that any ground
should have been furnished, tor characteri
zing parlies by geographical discrimina
tions 'Northern' and Southern,' 'Atlantic'
and 'Western ;' whence designing men may
endeavor lo excite a belief that there is real
difference of local interests and views. Or.e
oi the expedients of party to acquire influ
ence, within particular districts, is to mis
represent the opinions and aims of oth
er districts. You cannot shield j'ourselves
loo much against the jealousies and heart
burnings, which spring from these misrep
resentations. 19. "The unity of government which now
constitutes you one people, is now dear to
you. It is justly so ; for it is a main pillar
in the edifice of j our real independence,the
support of your tranquility at home, your
peace abroad ; of your safety, of your pros
perity, of lhat very liberty you so highly
prize. But as it is easy to forsee that, from
different causes, and from different quarters,
much pains will be taken, many artifices
employed, to weaken, in your minds the
conviction of this truth ; as thi is a point
in your political fortunes, against which the
batteries of internal and external enemies
will be most conManly and actively (though
often covertly and insiduously) directed, it
is of infinite moment that you f-hould prop
erly estimate the immense value of your
National Union lo your collective and indi
vidual happiness ; that you should cheri.-h
a cordial, habitual, and immovable attach
ment to it ; accustoming yourselves to think
and speak of it as a palladium of your po
litical safety and prosperity ; watching for
its preservation with jealous anxiety, dis
cou menacing whatever may suggest even a
suspicion lhat it can, in any event, be aban
doned, and indignantly frowning upon the
first dawning of every aitempt to alienate
any portion of our country from the rest, 01
to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link
together the various parts."
1 might cite other interesting passages of
like tenor. It will be observed, that Wash
ington speaks of the National Constitution
not Federal. In thTi he makes a proper dis
crimination, which it is important for . us
now and henceforth to observe ; for the pe
culiar significance of terms should be re
membered. I would therefore, respectfully
suggest to the press, the use of the word
National instead of Federal, in speaking of
our Constitution, Government, and troops.
Federal expresses a league of several pow
ers or parties, and more properly applies to
the states in rebellion. We cannot, in too
many ways, impress'upon the minds of all,
and especially the young, the idea that we
are a nalion, not a Confederacy ; and there
is no more efficient way than in habitually
speaking of the National Constitution, Na
tional Government, National Troops, et eel
Our Common Schools. They give the
keys of knowledge to the mass of the peo
ple. I think it may with truth be said, that
the branches of knowledge taught in our
common schools, when taught ij. a finished
masterly manner reading in which I in
clude the spelling of our language a firm,
sightly, legible hand-writing, and the ele
mental arts of arithmetic are of greater
value lhan all the rest which is taught in
school. 1 am far Irom saying that nothing
else can be taught in our district schools ;
but the young person who brings these
from school can, himself, in his winter eve
nings, range over the entire field of useful
knowledge. Our common schools are im
portant in the same way as the common
air, the common sunshine, the common
rain invaluable for their commonness
They are the corner-stone of that munici
pal organization which is the characteristic
feature ofour sociel system, they are the
foundation of that wide spread intelligence,
which, like a moral life, pervades the com
munity. From the hnmblest village school
there may go forth a teacher, who, like
Newton, shall bind his temples with the
stars of 0:ton's belt with Herschel, light
up his cell with the beam ol before undis
covered planets with Franklin, grasp the
.' Tue editor of the Cleaveland Plaindealer,
says he has been a "flail Columbia" Dem
ocrat all bis life, and,, proposes to die a
AdTcatard of a Spy.
From the New York Evening Post
I have lately returned from the Sooth, but
my exact whereabouts in that region, for
obvious reasons, it would not be politic to
state. Suspected of being a Northerner, it
was often to my advantage to court obscu
rity. Known as a spy a "short shrill" and
a ready rope would have prevented the
blotting of this paper. Hanging, disguised,
on the outskirts of a camp, mixing with the
idlers, laughing at their jokes, examining
their arms, counting their numbers, en
deavoring to discover the plans of their lea
ders, listening to this party and pursuing
that, joining in the chorus of a rebel song,
betting on rebel success, cursing abolition
ism, reviling Lincoln, traducins Scott, ex-
ii- n ...... I
tollinsr Beauresard. desoisini? Northfirrhtrs.
, " ... '
laumng m men ititiiis Biiu sneering a;
their weapons, praising the beauty of South
ern belles and decrying that of Northern,
calling New York a den of cut throats, and
New Orleans a paradise of immaculate chiv
alry, is but a small portion of the practice
of my profession as a spy. This may not
seem honorable or desirable. As to the ;
honor, let the country that benefits by the
hat benefits by the
lings of the spy be
r, often incurred, is
nal than that of the
investigations and warnings
judge: and the danger,
more serious and personal
battle field, which may perhaps, detract '
from its desirability.
It was a dark night. Not a star on the
glimmer. I had collected my ouota of in- j
telligence and was on jhe move for the norn
em line. I was approaching tbe banks of a
stream whose waters I had to cross, and
had then some miles to traverse before I
could reach the pickets of our gallant
troops. A feeling of uneasiness began to
creep over me; 1 was on the outskirt of a
wood fringing the dark waters at my feet,
whose presence could scarcely be detected
but for their murmurs as they ruhed
thrmiTh lha rrlnnm. Th winit FiiTtifid in
centle accordance. I walked forty or fifty
yards aloti" the bank. I then crept on all
fours alon-Mhc "round and croped with my
hands I paused--I "roped aain my
breath th:ckened Dersnira'ion oozed from
me at every pore, and I was prostrated with
horror! I had missed in v landmark and
knew not where I was. Below or above,
beneath the shelter of the bank lay the si
1 had hidden, ten days before, when I com
menced operations among tho followers of
As I stood gasping for breath, with all the
unmistakable proofs of my calling about
me, the sudden cry of a bird or plunging of
a fish would act like magnetism on my
frame, not wont to shudder at a shaJJow
No matter how pressing the danger may
be, if a man sees an opening for escape he
breathes with freedom. But let him be
surrounded by darkness, impenetrable at
two yards distance, wiihin liflrs length of
concealed foes, for what knowledge he has
to the contrary , knowing, too, with painful
accuracy, the detection of his presence
would reward him with a sudJen and vio
lent death, and if he breathe no faster and
feels bis lftnhs as free and his spirit a? light
as when taking in favorite promenade, he
is more fitted tor a hero than I am.
In the agony of that moment in the
sudden and utter helplessne3 I felt to di
cover my true bearings I was about to let
myself gently into the stream and breast its
current, for life or dath. There was no
alternative. The Northern pickets must be
reached in safety belore the morning broke,
or I should soon swim between heaven and
earth from some limb of that black forest in
which I stood.
At lhat moment the low sullen bay of a j
bloodhound struck my ear. The sonnd Vas i
reviving; the learful stillness broken. The
uncertain dread fled before the certain dan
ger. I was standing to my middle in the
shallow bed of the river, just beneath the
jutting banks. After the pause of a few
1. f 1 v, :,n.. .t
Dctuuu ucan iv-.ct-j., ...ctu-.iia.., ;
stealthily, down lhe stream, lollowed, as I !
tnam f mm milliner rif llm rrrflAa nrull
" "" "-w w. ...w p......
frequent breaking ol twigs, by the insatia-
ble brute; although, by certain uneasy
growls, 1 felt assured he was at fault.
Something struck against my breast. I
could not prevent a slight cry from esca
ping me as stretching out my hands I grasp
ed the gunwail of a boat moored beneath
the bank. Between surprise and joy I felt
half choked. In an instant I had scrambled
on board and began searching for the pain
ter in the bow, in order to catt her lrora
Suddenly a bright ray of moonlight the
first gleam of hope in lhat black night!
fell directly on the spot, revealing the sil
very stream, my own skifT Chidden there
ten days before,) lighting the deep shadows
of the verging wood, and on the log half
buried in the bank, and from which I had
lhat instant cast the line that had bonnd me
to it, the supple form of a crouching blood
hound, his eyes gleaming in the moonlight
jaws distended and poising for a spring.
With one dart the light 6kifF was yards out
in the stream, and the savage after it.
With an oar 1 aimed a blow at his head,
which however he eluded with ease. In
the effort thus rnado the boat careened tow
ards my antagonist, who made a desperate
effort to get his forepaws over the side, at
the same time seizing hold of the gunwale
with his teeth.
Now or never was ray time to get rid of
the accursed brote. VI drew rny revolver
and placed the muzzle between his eyes,
but hesitated to fire, fur that one report
the frail craft so much that the water rushed
over the side, threatening lo swamp her. 1
changed my tact.es, threw my revolver into
the bottom of the skiff, and grasped my ,
"bowie" keen as a Malay creese, and gin-
tering, as I released it from the sheath, like
a moonbeam on the stream. In an instant j
1 had severed the sinewy thioat of tie
nounu, cuuing mrougn orawn anu muscie
to the nape of the neck. The
wretch gave a wild convulsive leap half out
of the water, then sank ami was gone.
Five minutes' pulling landed me on the
oiher ido of lhe river, and in an hour af
ter, without further accident, I was among hanco .ho in,ereM of coumryor IinB ,
fnenJ., encamped by the .Northern littej. lh9 po,,,, cf inciliciln!1 , ls it not t0 be '
That night I related at headquarters the in. J fea;ed thst mach of lhe mu,hroorn patriol. !
tell.sencelhadgathered.andinafewdajsji,,,, Riai)lfesIca by lhose wlo wi:i have '
shall again be gleaming knowledge in a
An old Story
Did yon ever read thai affective little nnv-
el written by an ac;ress named Kowcroft, !
ami puMiehed hall a century na;o, called ,
.... . . .. . '
4iCharlo'.iee Temple V Certainly yen have !
beard of it. O.i the day of tho funeral of :
lii.-nop Untlerdonk, I wandered about trie
1 church-yard of old Trinity, noting the quaint ;
1 in.-ciptions on stones and monuments erert- J
!"ed,some of them, a hundred years ago, and ;
Bi.-hop Onderdonk, I wandered about the j
"ow covered with mo-s or defaced by the
hand o! time. I conl.l not but think how j
true are the words of that fine old song, the !
hi' Green, song so wonderfully well twenty i
years ago, by Henry Russell :
"A dainty plant i the Ivy Green,
That creepeth o'er ruins o'.d :
A right choice food are his meals I v;een,
In hi c to lone and cold :
The wall muet be crumbled, the stone do
caved, To pleasure his dainty whim,
And the mould'ring dust tlit years have
Is a merry meal for him."
The particular slab which set me moral-
,zins was n0 whlc-' P-ny not one of
j ",c ui "i"" n
I lown Lroadway' '8 aware cover3 t!'9 re -
I niains ' a rnce beautiful and fascinating
woman, the recorc of whose romsrttic and
j ead career has ,ouched h of hnn-
',rei5j of thousands. The slab itself, the
! plcft where it lies, the strange excavation
1 made in its upper part, and the srnple name:
' charlotte temple.
cm rear the centre of the stone, i in itsp'.f
material sufficient for a half a dozen fictions
such a5 are now-a-days manufactured "on
the shortest notice and most reasonable
terms," lor the sensation pre-s. No date of
death appears on the slab ; nothing but
The legend runs, that while only sixteen,
she was seduced by a dashing, young Brit
ish officer, by whom she bore a child.
He deserted her, and then the old Story
she died. The little one, a daughter, was
tendeily cared for, at a proper ase was ta-
ken to Fngland, and a fortune of twenty
thousand pounds settled upon her by the
head of her father's family, the Earl of Der
by. She, true daughter and true woman,
came back to New York and erected this
monument to the memory of her parPnt.
lhe inscription upon it was engraved on a
soiiu laciei 01 crass an incn in uncitne's,
heavily plated with silver, and thus it read : ii as pr.blir-hed in th I'eiladelphia P'ras, heavy urti'iery fire.
This filial duty performed, the daughter ( were particularly struck with the foiiow-; i,;, teing the cs?i?, tha artillery depart
returned to England and lived a li'e of un- I inS sentu.-ient . ; rne,lt income cf great i.-.terest to the pub-
obtrusive piety and usefulness until the his- j "They may confiscated my little proper- rICj aiuJ vve are gaj !o lalie rrorn an
tory of her family was closed with the lam. lY 1 own in Tennessee. My life may be ylrh n-riod.'cal r.nd able summary of what
ily of lha late Earl. But the story of the 1 required to lay upon the altar of my couti- has been done in Europe toward important
J ' plate or taWet is left to be told. Supposed
to be of fciiver and of much value, it ierr.pt-
ed the cupidity of those who feared not to
desecrate the place ol sepulture. On a dark
night two men , with hammer and chisels,
stealthily crept to its side, and succeeded
in prying it Irom the slab ; but, while ma
king oil, hearing, or fancying thay heard
some in pursuit they dropped it in lh grass
where it was subsequently lound. They
. never w(?re delecled Tha p!ate was not
restored to its original place, aiut it was u
pome gooJ ,ieaM) joubile.-s who had known
. , i rL-iii-i .i .
j t,e eceaseu in ner uys oi cnuunoou, wia;
tl)6 6jmpie name
I waE afterwards cut just underneath the ex
cavation. There it may be seen, at any
moment, within twenty leet of Broadway,
by an one who will take the trouble to
raise himself on the stones in which the
iron fence is set, and glarce towards the
elab now almost imbedded in the turf.
The London Tunes has an editorial on the
sending ol troops to Canada. It says that it is
one oi those steps that it is difficult to pro
nounce an opinion upon as the facts of the
case are unknown , and Government may
have excellent reasons which are unknown
to tbe public.
Looking, however, at the state of a flairs,
both in America, ar.d Canada, so far as they
are publicly known, the Times sees no good
reason for the movement, and regrets that
the step has been taken. It thinks there is
little reason for apprehending an attack by
the United States upon Canada, and f6ars
thut in her present state of mind America
is more likely to regard the movement as
a challenge than as a precaution.
A ereenhorn standing by a sewing ma
chine, at which a young lady was at work,
looking alternately at the machine and at
its fair operator, at length nave vent to his
admiration with, ;by golly! it's party, j why she xvas thns insulted. "My dear la
Bncia!l th nan with caHker." ! dV rePIieJ lha 0U:!S man gaspmg w.th
Ir TOtr have a large family f to
Corruption! Corruption! I
uFour h w,dud mja.0H rf0iW, ig tl;0 Bm J
required by the administration lo pay the 1
expen5es of the war U!(U, t!iB re?u!ar CS. '
, Cmi,ress To lhi. Wfl hae no ob. ,
To this we have no ob-
1 lPrlinn if i will milt- hriri.T ifm war In ;i '
,peeJy anJ 8Ucce,su! endgam restore to j
our beioved country pcice, prosperiiy and
un:0 :, :r r- to. i.-.i-o ih frtr
u ,i, ,i .
i-jr ur- j'n,rtlj, uiiu 1, iiioj ,c nui icai
that this immense sum will often find chan- 1
nels that will become feeJers to schemes of
fraud and corruption. Will this four hun-'
dred million of dollars bo esnendJ lo en- 1
nothing, but war, fin .Is itn 2aal in tha hope ter describes the splendid accuracy of the
of a "deep dip" into these mi'lions ? Our ' o-ily rifled cannon the rebels had at Charles
country is now full of riatriols whose cry is ton. When Captain DouMedav had sue
"still for war," whi'e they arj fiiiii
government coiitr?ct. Tor intance,
our farmer-' hore at $7j ti.d S?0
-. t ".. . I. . I. . .1.-
-hkjt (jma.n inr:i u urj i;ov
ernment at SI25, making a snug profit of
S-50 or 550. We hope that love of gain has
nothing to da with the zeal .and pa!ri;i.-rn
u'"'"i ltJ UJ " ilr: ":m l'j;ilJ"!''
of those most boisterous for tl.e the Unior',
but warn the people to be vi-liar t, that
they ar3 not made to re r.rd mercenary run-
t''"-' for lue of country. There is
OIlly We for the country now in th- purity
Pa'r'lo!ism of Mr. Lincoln and his cab.
"'et, ami it is to 1 e tin eu mat uiey wi.l ,
not sutler themselves to occupy the di- j
i graceful rtVitiori ofour iate adminisira'ion. '
In conversation with an intelligent and
reliable gentleman, just from Harrisburg,
we were entighted as to tbe moile in which
some of the government contracts are filled, j
A son of Secretary Cameron's has a con.
j tract to buy peveral thousand hores for the
i government, at that piece. Hores of all
Linds many ot a very indifferent character
arc brought in anil purchased according to
; quality from mxi- to i.inety dollars a head
; me-ie i,cr-es na -3 10 uo in-pectea, ana
I it is ncceiary for the intere-t of the con-
j tractor that II should pass the foliovi in is
adopte 1. A large, fine horse i brought out
j and pis,?d upon and returned u
without being branded, but in hi
'o his sta 1
lis stead an
; indifTerer.t ar;imal is passed out at tho oth-
' er end cf the buiblitij, whre the branding
j shop i, and receives the L. S. mark the
; good horse after a score cf other eamina-
j tions, i.s again ltd out, and in ths great
nurnter is not rucognized, and is nised
upon thid time to lo bran.Ied as 'Jnited
. Maies property. And when thi inspector
rnakes out his certificates he nam3 so
many horres, inc! nling the "halt, linr.e and
blind," a well as good ones. We hope
such cases are not numerous, but too much
care cart. 01 be exercised, and the adminis-
iration should see lhat they seldom occur,
lest i.'i the future the war should be regir-
deJ as a speculation of partizans rather
j lhan a defense o f the Union and the Con-
stitutioa. Uiisknivu Review.
Senator A ndrew Johnson, of Tennessee,
was serenaded on the evening of his arrival
in Wa-hitiaton, on which occasion he made
a brief hpeech, which woi.ld prcupy too
, njUCf, p onr space
at ttn- lim. In reading
iry. out lei my country i-e savec : r.ie is
right, and t-.sht and justice rnu,t prevail,
while the stars and stripes uiay continue to
fioat over us."
We of the Northern Sla'es, where all are
loyal, known little of tha actual hazards
which men in the receded Sutcs encounter
who entertain or venture to expres? such
sentiments as these Ojr patriotism de-
manJs no sacrifice of pr?onal security and
its expression leads cs not into danger.-
Ve Fpeuk, and
j nei!,ijr.s speak,
thit.k, and !eel, as our
ar.d think, and feel, and
their is no evpoinage set upon us, to catch
our word- and carry them to self con- ! cMiee record at least a dozen different kinds
stituted vigilance committees, who are ct ruled cannon, see:a! of which have re
on the hunt for our lives. Wo sleep quiet- ceived the commendation of competent
ly at night and pursue in coijc;us security judges. Heuritim, the fct that our guns
our avocations by day. B it wi;!i men ait- can easily be ruled. a id an answer exccller.t
uatcd as Senator Johnson was at his home Iv, makes it eay to obtain any required
in Tennesice, it required a Human ceurage number of serviceable cannon at t-hort no
lo la a patriot. Treason, remorseless, t fee, and it is sta ed that several machine
bloodthirsty, was all around him; his ' shops hi the North are now employed in
dwelling might at any moment be given to rifling cannon for Government service.
lhe flames, his person to outraga or his life
to destruction. To have drifted along with
the current of rebellion would not only have
been safe and easy, but would have teen
popular. SStill, with his l.fe in his hand, !
i e spoke plainly, courageously, definitely '
in favor of the Constitution. He wavered ,
not one moment in his loyalty to the Union, i
In Tenessee, as in Washington, he avowed
his allesiance to the gloriocs Old Flag, and 1
denounced secession as alike wicked in :
principle and ruinous in policy Such men ;
should be respected and honored by he ;
true hearted millions of the Republic L ine .
A young lady in company, w ho had been j
'fi-hirig for compliments very unsucessfally i
was surprised by the young gentleman who i
sat beside her affectionately putting his ,
arm around her neck and kissing her
eu witti indignation, sue angrily uemanuea
. ... . . - t .
1 1 excitement, "1 hope i have not offended.
I Really, I onPosedih
. . Rifled CrdUiincc. ....
Rifleij ordnace ;g jikej ,n pUy an;
tain part in the war for the Union. The
rebels have without doubt a large snpplr
oflh most annrovp.l rinl nn-',h,
ti:,vp liitnrlr, bnnnn.iil Tl.oi. ttua
preparing themselves' for the struggle:
which they long inlendeJ to 'force opon the
r,; a,i llS.v. r
:, .,.4n .... .1 ' 1 ' " '
inciis. unuaii means 1 ue v luum raihe acio.ig
themselves and steal trora the Government,
to provide themselves with tbe best arms' of
a! kin.!s. In the battery at Great Bethel,
fr.im which nnr imrna ..nCfunoiai..
fepuIs,e(J the moM eIective un w a rifl,
ed cannon, which,' according to the latest
acC01)riII w CrPi, uilh reat anJ -
accuracy. One of the officers ol Fort Sum-
ceeJed in di.lodgi'ig from the carriages and
rendering useless four guns in . one of the
rer el floating bat!or;e, this rifled cannon
. . . .1 . r ...
turiie i upon ine pon irom wincn so
much destruction was done. Fortunately,
the rebels could not place the gun.so as to
fir.3 Fq-.v.ue in the port but the accuracy of
u, j M,::.,iein uiepn oui me accuracy 01
the aim and the fearful force of the shot
r:i:y le jnded from the fact that they hit
the sido of the port o constantly as after a
number of .-hots to knock away the entire
side of solid brick work aijd masonry, and
make a hole as wide 0:1 tha outside aa on
A correspondent from Williamsport writes
that the rebel, firing across the I'otomac
with Minnie rifles, cut boughs and twigs
o.Toftree on the reurisylvania side.at 1,100
However they may be lacking in money
or provisions, it is clear that ihe enemies of
the Union are supplied with the best rifled
arms ; and a? our own forces are also well
supplied with the most approved arms, we
fchall see in this war certain novel phases
of which two will propably be prominent ;
uie greater use arm advantage ot IialJ ar
lillery, and the decrea-eJ importance of
cavalry. In the wars of the first Napoleon
a brilliant cavalry charge under the leader
tlup ot such a darhing soldier as Murat
could be relied on to decide the fa'.e of the
day ; and it was a proverb that he who
"hed to live long'must enli?t in the artil-
isry. hven then, however, Napoleon was
proud of large parks cf cannon, and used to
say that ihe army which had the most can-
non would win ihe battle, but the artillery
cf f.Ge days wa cumbrous, and could be
fire. I but slowly. Field guns were untena-
ble arrainr-t a resolute assanlt of cavalry,
because they could be loaded and fired fast
enough, and were too heavy to move quick -
ly. Nowadays, owing to the reduced
, weight of the rifled gan, many more pieces
wi 1 be taken in the field, arid can be direct-
e l to all points, should the occasion arise
Of w hat avail would the most brilliant cav-
airy charge be against gnns which can fira
. three rounds a minute, and would empty
every sadd'e ere there was a chance of
reaching the battery. Onr batt'es will in
all probatillity. b? terminated by ihe bay
onet; but ere the finrJ charge, a firigb'.ful
slaughter must take place. Individual ex
r loits give way to tLe heavy masses and a
brunches cf the service.
Our own government has not been be-
hindliand i:i improvements of artillery,
' though our engineers have turned their at-
tention chiefly ta ih.j perfecting of heavy
guns frr ships, forts and stationary batter
ies. The American light and flying artil
lery earned a great reputation in the Mexi
can war, where it praved a most efficient
arm of the service. The Dahlgren guns are
not suited for service in the field. But the
inventive genius for which our people are
distinguished has tu rued its at eir.ion in this
directio.i alo, cud there are in the Talent
Qcill sats. when a woman is more chary
of offending Ler hired girl lhan her husband
it is owing to the diiTerenco of the ienutt
by which she holds them. Itdoes.'nt prove
that she is indifferent to her spouse.but only
that her world. y policy is stroncer than her
conjugal affection rial's all. Boston Post.
"1 sell peppermints on Sunday," remark
ed a good old lady who kept a candy shop,
' tecajse they carries 'em to church and
eat ?ern and keeps awake lo hear the ser
mon; but if you want pickled limes you.
mut come week days. -They're secular
Exdeavokino to mak violent love to a,
pretty girl under the table, and pres-in the
wrong foot thai of joorwife. whose corns
are tender is det-ctibed as one of the mis-
As old Count paid his adres'es to one of
the richest heirees of Pari On asking
j her hind in marriage, he frankly' said
r ,., '