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AND BLOOMSBURG GENERAL ADVERTISER.
LEWTl. TATE, Editor.
S2 00 PER ANNUM
"TO HOLD AND TRIM THE TOUCH OP TRUTH AND WAVE IT O'EIl THE DARKENED EARTH."
VOL. 15.--NO. 20.
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA-, SATURDAY JULY 20, 1861.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY, BY
LEVI L. TATE.
M BLOOMSBUna, OOLtJMBIA COUNTY, PA.
X new BtUk'tiiUdinr, opposite the Krthanfft, hv aide
oflkt Cort Home, "JicvoeratUIIcad arter."
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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1 75 In advance, for one copy, mia jenr,
2 OO If not paid within the flmt three months.
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3 50 f not paid ulthin thoyenr.
5" No lubftcrtptlon taken for 1cm than nix montht,
i no paper dlicontluucd until all arrearages shall lia e
7" Ofdinar rAov rtisements Inserted, and Job Work
cuted. at tho eitabllshcduricca.
BALTIMORE LOOK IIOSl'ITAL.
HE founder of this Ctlttiratcd Inrtlttitlnn, offers the
most certain pcrdy, and nty effectual remedy in
world for effects ftr liieets, Hirfcturps.Hemiiml weak
s, Tains in tho Loins, Constitutional Uvtiility, linpo
cy. Weakness of tho U.uk and Minns. Affections of
Kidneys, Palpitation ot tin; Heart, Ihpi-puln, Nor
is Irritability Disease of the Head, Thn.it, Nose or
n,and all thnso serious nnd intlaiahnly Disorders
ing from tho dcstriutlvc habit of Youth, which de
oy both body and mind. These nccrtt and solitary
xllces, aro mora fatal to their victims than tliu fuiifrof
Syrens to the mariner lTlyse, Might! tig their most
lliant hopes and ant iciiulions, rendering marriage Ate.
rlarrled persons, or Young .Men contemptntliu mar
gc, being aware of ph) ieal uenkiii-Kit, organic dcnhili
dc fur initios. &r., should immediately tun suit Dr
inston, and bu restored to perfect hutlth.
Je who places himself under the cart, of Or. Johnston,
y religiously confide in his honor nt n KMillemeii, and
iftdcnlly rely upon hU skill ns a pliskian.
UHHANIO WLA KNIlHri
mediately cured and lull vigor restored.
This deseasu Is the penalty most fre'iurntly paid by
ne who have become the x ict tutor improper imlulueu
s. Young person 4 are too apt to commit uxccn irom
t being aware of the dreadful cotuemiciiru that may
ue. Now who that understand the subject u ill pre
id to deny that the power of procreation is lot hiwiiit
those fall tug into improper habits th.m by the prudent,
sides being deprived the pleasure of healthy off
rims, the most nerhms and deptruiiivu s mi.toun to
:li body and mind urine. The system littomen derail
; ine pnysicai ana meniai pun em wcnnyimii, nentMis
)ility, dyspepsia, palpitation of tho heart, imlfjretMinn,
vasting of tho frame, Cough, Symptoms of Consump
Office, No. 7 South r.iEiRif k Htri lt, sevrn doors
in uaithnora street, i;ant mue, up lite eicp. i.e. par
alar In observing the NAM12 and 1VIJMII1:K, or you
II miitako the place.
Cure Hrarrentctlt or no Charge Made, in from Opc to
NO MERCURY Oil NAUfmca DKUOd UflllD.
mber of the Knyal Colle(i of Surgeons, at London.
tduata frmuuiioof tho mot eminent College of the
itcd states, and the greater part of uhtw lifi! Ii;ih
in spMtit In tho first llofpiiiild ol London, I'urii', i'lul.i
phi.iaad elsewhere, ha elfettud koiiiu of tho Ulot n
.mtiins' cures that treevtr known; iiiuny troudii-d
til rlitglnf in taohead and iars xvIomi iifleep, ureal
rroisaess, fceing alarmed at sudden Kounds, atnl hiii-h-ness,
with frequent Mmhins, utti'iidt'dcoim-timcs with
'angemcQtof nilnd, wen1 cured iiumeiliately.
Vhen the misguided ami imprudent otary of pli neure
ds be has imbibed the ced of tlii painful dineane, it
oftea UajtpcRS that an ill limed Henie offhamu or
ad uf dittcuvery, deters him from appl)Iu,r to thocu
to from education and reppembiftty can alone befriend
n, delaying till te coitttitutionary symptoms ofthii
rrid tfiscatie Makes theicatMie,irauce, nich a ulcerated
clWreai, dusoased none, nocturee, painx in theliend
d liiubs, dlniBflss of eight, duafnextt, nodes on the t-kin
lea, and arms, klotcbes on tho he.id, face uud etremj
s, f regressing wtfc rnpidity.till at last the palate of
I laoathand bones of the none tall in, mid the Utim of
sdesuaso bucouies a horrid object ol cuiiuni'f ration
i death puts a period tolls druaiifnl sulleriugs, by ten
igbiiu tu thutbourpH(roiu wbenru no traveler re
rat." To sach, therefore, Dr. JoliUBtoii pledges him
If to preserve the mo-it itunuliie h trety, and fromtiis
teasivc practice in tliu lirH lJuitiinU uf liurojie and
erica, lie can confidently retumuttnd pu(e aud tecdy
re to the unfortunate vulim ftftais horrid disease.
T A Klil I'AItTlCCLAIt NOTICE
Dr. J. addresses all Hum' who hu tojurcd (heiustlvts
prlvaia and improper ludtUgivceft.
lhas are soiao of tbu cad and tu4anrholy effrrf pro
ced by early hahtu of mtk, it. Weakuess of thv
ck and Limbs, Tain in the Head, Dimness f iriijbt.
ms tf Muscular Tower, 1'aijuUtioii i4' Ike WoartsIlyti
ptia, Nervous Irratalnltt v, JJenuifinciit of tins lirseiU
'e Kunritntia. fltior:tl II, Iilliti'. nititnma uf ('mittiiitiik.
it.ti .luu .l 111 It'll l I'll uitiiin ijiiii imu mi tui aiu
uch to be dreaded, Loss of Manor), Confusion of Idejis
ipresslon of tho Hpirits, Cvil I'orihodiuiis, Aversion
Hocfety, Tliuity, Ate., are no me of the c ils producejl,
Thousandaof peraoiiH of nil ages cnii now Judge what.
me cause ol uieir ueiiining neniui. iioo'iiu; uicir
eor. becomlm weak, nale and cuuniated. IiaviAJ! in
Jar nppcaranc about the o)c, cough and itj mptonjs ot
ON'S INVIGOllATINO KRMLUV FOR
By this great and Importunt remeily, wiakcs of. the
gans are speedily mrud, and full vigor rtftored.
musauds of tho moitt nervous Hint debilitntHt, wjio
jl loitt all hope, havu been iiumeiliatily reliuxed. All
ipediments to Marriagu, Thynical and Mental Dia'ptali
ation, Nervous Irratability, Tremblings and Weakliest
exhuuslatisn of the uio&l fearful kind, speedily cured
1 VOUNG MLN.
Who have injured tauiseHf hv a certain practice,
dutged In when alone a habit frequently learned from
11 comnanious. of at mhnol tho etft-ctn of winch are
ghtly felt, even when asleep, and if not cured renders
imago impossible, ami iteeiroyd uutn inma ana uouy,
ould apply iaimediately.
What a Dittr tkat vavnif nan. tliu hone of his fonntry.
id the darting of his purents, should bo snatched from
I Drnsnects and cnlounents uf life, hv tliu etsm-fiuiu
s of deviating from tun path of nature, and Imlulg'iHg
a seriain secret uauu. isuai persons oviorv con
ould reflect that a sound mind and body arc tho mos
tcessary rc;ulities to oromoto ronuubiul bappineta
deed, without these the Journey through life, becomes
weary llgrimsge, the prospect hourly darkens to
e view: the mind becomes thadowed with dtiair&
led with the melancholy reflection that tho happiness
another becomes blighted with our own,
ALL BUUUlUALOI'EUATlUNtf fUl UUSl Ut,
N, It. Let no falso inodf ty prevent you, but apply
imcuiaieiy enuer personally or uy iaiut,
ukin disi!aki:h hi'iikiiily cuuud.
TO Is TRAXG KltS.
The uiany thousands cured at this institution within
o last 15 vears. and the numerous iuuiortaut Hurmcal
pcratiuns iierformed by Dr. Juhiutou, witneetl by
cos of which have atmeared anuin ami imam before tho
e renoriers oi tau nancrs ana many oiuer nersous, no
iblic, besides his standing us a gentleman of character
ia respousimilty. is a nimcient guaruuicu to uic uiiutic j
N. IL There are so many ignorant and worthless
nicks advertising themselves l'hymcians, ruining tho
jalth of the already anJicted, that Dr. Johtutou deems
necessary to kuy, i-ttpei iatly to those uuaciuaiuted
ith his reputation; that his credentials and diplomu
n ays uang in ins unire.
Takk Noticb.-AII letters must be tiost naid. ani
main a poitage stamp for the reply, or no auncr will
IIWAM) ASSOCIATION PHIL
i iteiifrvolent Institution established hv special endow
lent, for tho relief of the fckk nnd Dutrcsscd, atHicted
villi Virulent and Epidemic Diseases, nnd especially
th (liito of Diseases of the Sexual Oream. Dig
ciliary f reft to patients in all parts of tho United States
VALUAUL1J llEPOKTrf on permulorrbuja, and nth
r Diseases of the Sexual Organs, and on the NL'W
LLMUU112J eu(tcy'" sent tomeamicieu in seai-t
cite enyelop-, free of charge. Two oi three HLunp
nr HiutifA will ha accent able. Address Pit. J SKI h
.1 1 i OU G 1 1TONV Acting Surgeon, llimurd Anuua
ion. No. 3 Booth Ninth titrect, Philadelphia 1 X
Mwch if, ltWi-lJm.
1 unw LA.r. ihd now ncnonED.
IUSTJ ublUlt.J.ln a lealed envtiope, on tho nature,
t lieAtniQui una rau.cai euro "i Bncrniaiornwcn . '
tpnuujil &Vnkn... ficziial Ucliilitv. imrvuu.iii-.a all
nvoluutiry uuil.tlons. inducing iiupotcnry nnil Mental
.na poyjucaj incApacjiy.
ly&UHr. I. CL'I.VWUVr.M., M.P..
AutliDr.iftlic ':rt'vn Itm'k." &.t.
Tlia ivorld-rf uawikptl uutlim. in this udinirablol.ee-
UfP, dearly prove, from lui own c,icricnro that the
uful cfli.e4iicneeac.r ftalrabiiiQ may bu vllVctually re
noved Without medicine and w Ithnct dangcrou auroral
peretloBf. tnuiici, insiruinunia rinsa ur (ivuiai.
ointiiiK out a mode of cure lit onco certain and rtfi-clil
1, by whick every lutfurur. mi inntlT what hli conili
lou wny on. uiuy unu cucaiiiy. piiviui:. .m
adicAliy. Thl, lecture will jirovo a Itwiu to thousand.
tienl under teat, in a plain envelope, to any addreM,
nit pjid, on the rereipi of tho two pottage ttampi. by
ddre.onir Dr. I'll.; KMNn, in llowery. N. V.
ajt)'OI)Im t'u.iuiricc buitMO
The followlns from the nen nf J.imni f. Perlvitl. la
nnc of the most touching poems In the Lnglish language.
ii luuruuvvr whs me iiury oi many a vrsaKiug ncari.
THE DESERTED WIFE.
Ilccomcs not Ihavo watched the sun go down,
put ye the comes not, Once It was not so
Ho thinks not how the bitter tears do flow,
The while he holds the riot in the town.
Yet lis will come and chide, and I ihall weep,
And ho will wake my Infant from his sleep,
To Mend my fee Mo wailing with my tears.
Ohl how I love a mother's watch to keep,
Over those Bleeping eyes; that smile which cheers
My heart, though sunk in sorrow, fixed nnd deep.
I had a husband once who loved me -now
He cer wears n frown upon his brow,
And feeds his paislon on a wanton's lip,
As bees from laurel flowers a poison sip.
But yet I cannot hate I Ot there were hours
When 1 mutd hang forcter on liH eye.
And Time, who stole with silent witness by,
Strewed, as ha hurried on, his path with flowers.
I loved hint then he loved mo too. My heart
Htill finds its fondness kindle if ho smile;
The memory of our lotca will ne'er depart ;
And though he often stings me with a dart,
Venomed nnd barbed, and waste upon the vile
Caresses which his babe and mine should share
Thou eh he should spurn me I will calmly bear
His inenunrss; and should sickness come and lay
Its paralyzing hand upon him, then
I woutd Willi Kindness nil my wrongs repay,
Until tliu penitent should weep, nnd say
How injured and how filhful 1 had been.
Tho King of tho African Forest.
In Harper's Magazino for Juno is an
illustrated paper on Mr. Du Chaillu's ox
plorations in the country inhabited by that
monster ape, tho Gorilla. Mr. Da Chail
lus discoveries have made him famous in
Europe as well as here,aud wo owe to him
the Cist authentic and full aceouut of tho
Gorilla, of which so many fables had been
written most of them, curiously enough,
less strango than tho truth as it now ap
pears. Hero is a description of the mon
'Suddenly, as wo wero yet creeping
along m a tilenco which made every breath
seem loud and distinct, the woods were
filled with tho tremendous barking roar of
"Then tho underbrush swayed rapidly
just ahead, and presently before us itood
an immense .male Gorilla, lie had come
through tho jungle on his all-fours, but
whou ho saw our party, ho erected himself
and looked ui boldly in the face. Ho
tood about a hundred yards from us, and
was a sight, I think never to bo forgot.
Nearly six feet high, with immense body,
huge chest, and great muscular arms, with
Ccreo-glaring, largo, deep grey eyes, and
a hellish expression of countenance, which
scorned to mo like some nightmare vision
thus stood before us this king of the Af
"He was not afraid of u'. Ho stood
thcro and beat his breast with his hughe
fists, till it resounded like an immense bass
drum, which is their modoof oitering de-
Dance, meantime giving vcut to roar aftor
"Tho roar of the Gorilla is tho most sin
gular and awful noise heard in those Afri
can woods. It begins with a sharp bark,
like an angry dog, then glides iuto a deep
ball roll, which literally aud closely re
sembles tho roll of tho distant thunder
along tho sky, for which I havo sometimes
been tempted to tako it, where I did not
see the animal. So deep is it that it seems
SCO IllC ammai ?0 UUCP is it mm it auuina . i d o - ,. , - !
o proceed from tho mouth aud throat less "cad. What a generous disposition he , to every one as a favorito article of head
w piuu nun. ua. r if r...0 .. ii,n i,o ff.ar with children, country maidcns.wash-
than from the deep chest and vast paunch.
"nis eyes began to flash fiercer fire, as
wo stood motionless on tho defensive, and
tho crest of short hair, which stands on tho
forehead, began to twitch rapidly up aud
down, while his powerful fangs wero shown
as ho agaiu sent forth a thunderous roar.
And now, truly ho reminded mo of notli-
. , ... l...!i:.t. n
lug UUl some ..ett.su un-m -
being ot mat mueous oruer, uau u.au.uuu
bcast,which we find pictured by old artists
in some representations of tho lower regions.
IIo advauced a few stops, then sloped to
utter that hideous roar again advanced
again, and finally stopped when at a dis
tance of about six yards from us. And
here, as he began another of his roars and
beating his breast ,in rage, wo fired and
"With a groan which had something
terribly human about it,and yet was full
of bruitishness, it fell forward ou its face.
Tho body shook convulsively for a few
minutes, tho limbs moved about iu r. strug
gling way, and then all was quiet death
had dono its work, and I had leisure to
cxamiuo tho hugo body. It proved to bo
fivo fect eight inches high, and tho muscu
lar development of tho arms and breast
showed what injuicuso strength it possess
Tho Tlay Hour.
In tho Spring of 1835 I wont into a
school in lioston. There were about sixty
children belonging to it. When I wont in
they vrcTQ nil at play except two. As I
entered I saw two children, Leonard and
his sister Rebecca, standing by tho teacher.
Uobccca was four, and Leonard about
seven years of age. Kevcr did a brother
and sister lovo each other more than they.
Rebecca was a laughing, Joyous, affection
ate little child, and Leonard was all to
her. Sho did not enjoy cither food or
play, unless her brother was present to
shave it with her. They nover quarrelled ;
for tho very reason that it was Leonard's
delight to sco his sister happy, and sho
was sure to get the larger share of every
thing ho had. When Rebecca had done
anything wrong, her brother always stood
by her to avert or to share tho puuishmcut.
Those two children stood beside their
teacher. As soon as I saw them, I feared
that ltebecca had been doing wrong, for
Leonard had been crying. Tho teacher
said to mo, as I entered and sat down.
"What shall I do t I have hero a case
which I know not how to disposo of."
"What is tho matter?" I asked. "Have
Leonard and Rebecca been misbehaving
themselves in the school."
"Xo," said she ; "Leonard has done
nothing wrong, and seldom does. lie i3
ono of tho best boys in school."
"What is ho crying for, then," I asked,
"if ho has been such a good boy ? Why
does ho not go out to play with tho rest?1'
"Rebecca," said the teacher, has been
very troublesome to-day in tho school, and
as a punishment, I told hur sho must stay
in tho house when the children went to
"Well," said I, "why need Leonard
cry about that ? You do uot keep him in
to punish him because his sister has been
a naughty gir! !"
"No," said tho teacher; "but Leonard
wishes me to let his sister go out and play,
and to let him stay in and bo puuishod."
"llow is that, Leonard I Why do you
not go out and play !"
"Rtcauso, sir, Kcbocca cannot go."
"Well, but, cannot you go aud enjoy
yourself with the rest."
"1 could not play if I did go, sir."
"Why not, Leonard?"
"Recausc, sir, Rebecca would not bo
enjoying herself at tho samo time."
'Rut even if your sister should bo al
lowed logo out, she could not play with
you. Sho would bo in tho girl's yard."
"Rut then I should know the was thcro a
sir, playing with the rest."
"Rut why do you wish to stay, and let
your naughty sister go out?"
'Tleaso do not call her tiaagtihj, sir,"
said the generous boy. "I lovo her, and
would rather that she should go out than
go myself. '
"Then you think," said 1 "you would
rather sco her happy than be happy your-
selt, and you would rather bo puniancu
than sco hor punished ? Is that because
you lovo her?"
"Yes, sir," said ho ; "I am older and
stronger thau she is, and I can bear it
better than she can. I could not bo hap
py if sho stayed in. Do, ma'am, let her
go out," said tho uoble-heartcd boy to his
IIo stood with his arm round his sister,
nlnadiurr that ho misht bo Dunished in her
had! I think if Josus had been thcro. ho
would "havo taken him up in his arms
if. it ... .nv-. i
aud blecsscd him. ' It was affecting to
witness his generous devotion to his sister,
and his readiness to suffer for her sake.
"This," said .1 to tho teacher, "is 'love
thai sccLctfi not her mm.' What can you
"I will let them play together hero in
tho r sa;d sll0.
fi ... , , , . ,
If wo lovo our 'enemies,' as Leonard
did his sister, with a lovo' that scckcth not
hor own, there could bo no wars or fight-
iug in tho world ; for then wo should rath
er suffer aud dio ourselves than inflict suf
fering and death ou othcrs.-'wtt "Kits
for a Blow."
A pedagoguo told ono of his scholars, a
son of tho Emerald Islo, to spell "hostili
ty." "Il-o-r-s-o, horse," commenced Pat.
"Not horso-tility," said tho teacher, "but
hostility." "Shuro," replied Pat, "an'
didn't yo tell mo, tho other day, not to say
boss ! Ro jabers, it's ono thing wid yc ouo
day, and another the nixt."
Au old farmer in Southern Illinois, see
ing tho cannon at Cairo, remarked that
"them brass missionaries had converted a
heap of folks."
Who Saw tho Steer?
Tho richest thing of tho season, saya
tho Nowburyport HcraM, camo off tho
other day in tho neighborhood of tuo mar
ket. The greenest imaginable looking man
in slouched hat, a long bluo frock and a
pair of cow-hide shoes as big as gondolas,
with a hugo whip under his arm, stalked
into a billard saloon, where half a dozen
persons wero improving tho time in trudling
round tho ivories, and after recovering his
first surprise at tho (to him) singular as
pect of tho room, inquired if 'any of 'cm
had scon a stray steer,' affirming that tho
'blasted critter got away as ho camo tho'
town t'other day and ho hadn't seen noth
ing of him since.' Tho bloods denied all
knowlcdgo of the animal in question, and
with much sly winking at each other, pro
ceeded to condolo with him on his losses
in tho most heartfelt manner. lie watched
tho gamo with much interest, as ho had
evidently never seen or heard of anything
of the kind before, and created much
amusement by his demonstrations of ap
plause when a good hot was made 'Je
rusalem !' being a favorito interjection.
At last ho made bold to request tho priv
ilege of trying his skill, when ho set tho
crowd in a roar by his awkward move
ments. However, ho gradually got his
hand in, aud played as well a3 could bo
expected for a greenhorn. All hands now
began to praise him, which so elated him,
that he actually began to think himself a
second I'hclan, and ho offered to bet a
dollar with his opponent, which of course
ho lot. Tho loss aud tho laugh so irrita
ted him, that ho offered to play another
game aud bet two dollars, which he pulled
out of a big roll for it seems his cattle
had sold well aud he was quite flush. This
bet ho also lost, as tho fool might have
known ho would, when mad as a March
hare, ho pulled out a fifty spot the largest
bill he had, aud offered to bet that on a
notlier game. Tho crowd mustered ar
ound and raised money enough to cover it
and at it they went again, when by some
ktrango turn of luck, tho greeny won. lie
now offered to put up tho hundred. Of
course ho could not blunder into another
game, so they could now win back what
they had lost, and fleece tho fellow of his
own roll besides. They sent out for a fa
mous player, who happened to havo monoy
enough to bet with, aud another gamo was
played which Jonathan won. Auothcr
hundred was also raised and bet and wonj
aud it was not until ho had blundered
through half a dozen games and by some
accountable run of luck, won them all
draining tho pockets of his opponents of
about four hundred dollars, that they bo
gau to smell a very lrrge 'mice.' When
, ovcry body got tired of playing, gawky
' pulled his frock on over his head, took
Lis whip under his rrm and walked quiet
markiug, 'Gentlemen, if you should hap
pon to soo anything of that ctcer, I wish
you'd let mo know.' At last accounts they
bao not seen tho steer, but they camo to
the conclusion they saw the 'elephant.'
Havelocks as a Civil Institution
Tho havelock is by no moans as recent
an invention as many persons suppose.
It is anew thing to sco them worn in this
locality by men; but for time almost out
of mind they havo been patronized by tho
gentler sex. The tun-bounct, so familiar
gear uitli cluwren, country maiucns,wasu
j cr women, and watering placo belles, is
I riAfliin.. .nrtro nn, lna flinn fi 4mvotnflr !n
nothing more nor less than a havelock in
all essential particulars, and suu-bonncts
wero worn by tho grandmothers and great
grandmothers of tho present generation.
General Havelock, when ho saw that his
soldiers in India were suffering with tho
roasting heat, and that tho backs of their
necks and their shoulders wero blistered
by tho sun 'a rays, no doubt thought oftho
loug-caped whito bonnet worn by his
mother's maid when engaged in out-door
work, and ho applied tho cooling fixture to
tho caps of his men. Wo saw a citizen on
tho street yesterday with a havelock upon
his head, and shading his neck and thoul
dcrs from the sun. IIo was about as much
an object of attention as Jonas Hauway
was when ho made his first appcaranco on
the streets of London with an umbrella
raised abovo his head. Had tho wearer
eportod a military uniform, his unusual
head-gear would havo excited no comment
as it was, ho attracted general attention
aud was no doubt ridiculed. Wo regard
tho havelock as a cood institution, and
havo no doubt it will soon bocomo popular
in civil circles.
Puentici: savs tho talent of makin;
friends is not equal to tho talent of doing
Major Gonoral Butler.
Tho promotion of the commander of tho
military department of Annapolis to tho
rank of Major General will givo great
satisfaction to tho publio, with whom Gen.
Rutlcr has been winning golden opinions
ever sinco ho went to Maryland. An im
portant war, in which tho troops consist
mainly of volunteers, commanded by offi
cers not taken from tho regular army,
brings to light a great deal of latent mili
tary capacity. In a country which does
not maintain a largo standing army thcro
arc always in civil lifo many men formed
by nature to be soldiers, who aro fitted to
acquire immcdiato distinction a3 soon as
a field is open for their abilities. General
Rutlcr is a man of this class ; the boldness
of his character ; his cuorgy of will, prcs-
enco of mind, rcdincss to assume responsi
bility, combined with admirable prudenco
aud respect for privato rights, has led the
country to anticipate for him a distinguish
ed career, and it is gratifying to sco, from
his promotion, that the government shares
in tho popular respect for his military tal
ent. In the senior offices of the regular
army, who havo tho planning of tho cam
paign and tho general direction of opera-
we havo tho coolness and foresight
which arc .expected from long experience
and a great reputation for strategy, but
energy in executing plans wisely devised,
and tho ready intrepidity by which tho
enemy aro to bo overwhelmed and routed
in tho Cold, will perhaps bo as largoly sup
plied by thu commanders of tho volunteer
forces as by tho officers of tho regular
army. It is yet too early to know who
will win distinguished laurels and become
tho particular pets of tho army and coun
try. Anderson, of tho regular army, thus
far shines pre-eminent, and Rutlcr perhaps
stands next. Rut who shall win some
endearing sobriquet, like, "Old Put" in
tho Revolution, or "Old Hickory" in the
last war with Great Rritain, or "Old
Rough and Ready" in tho Mexican war,
is to be hereafter determined by a happy
concurreuco of ability with opportunity.
Whenever bostowed, it will bo awarded
by tho quick iu.-tinets of tho soldiers, out
running tho slower judgment of tho pub
lic. Taki.so a Foiit. Quito an original
method of taking a fort is described iu
RLACKW'oou'ti Magazine. In 1000, a
large Russian army besieged tho Turkish
fort at Azof, which was situated on a plain;
strongly fortified and had a small but well
disciplined garrison. No common ap
proaches could bo made to it and Turkish
cannon swept tho level with hail. In this
case tho engineering skill of tho Russians
was baflled, but Gen. Patrick Gordon, tho
right hand man of Peter tho Groat, and
tho only ono for whose death it is said ho
over shed a tear, being determined to tako
tho place at any cost, proposed to bury it
with dirt by gradual approaches. He had
a largo army ; tho soil was light and deep
aud ho set twclvo thousand men to work
with spades, throwing up a high circum
vallation of earth and advancing nearer
aud nearer every day to tho place, by
throwing up tho huge earth wall before
them in advance Tho men wors kept in
gangs, working day and night, tho earth
being thrown from ono to auothorliko the
steps of a stairs tho top gang taking tho
lowest placo every half hour in succession.
In five weeks tho hugo earth wall was car
led forward nearly ono mile until it roso
to and abovo tho highest ramparts, and
tho earth threatened to cover them. This
caused tho Turkish Governor to hang out
the whito flag and givo iu. Had ho not
dono so, Gen, Gordon would havo buried
A Poutentious Question. A largo
pond of ice was near a school house whero
ono Miss C "taught tho youug ideas."
To warn tho boys against tho danger of
amufing themselves upon tho "frozen cle
ment," ono day sho related tho following
"Two young men who were very fond
of skating, wero out.on tho river one moon
light night. Ono of them placed sticks
where ho thought thcro wero air-holes ;
but tho othor, in skating backward, pass-
ed tho boundary, tho ico broko and ho
went under. His body was found a long
time afterward by some boys who were
playing on tho river bank "
Hero tho excitement in tho schoolroom
becamo intense, aud ouo boy, about eight
years of ago, who with mouth wido open,
hair on cud, and eyes dialated to their ut
most extent, had literally swollowed tho
narrative started up and anxiously inquir
ed, "who got his skates I"
Tho Wallod Lake
A notioo of tho wonderful Walled Lako
in tho central part of Wright county, Iowa,
lias been publishod j but wo havo received
a description of it from Frederick Lyman,
which wo think will bo interesting. He
visited it recently and says it is a great
The shapo of tho lako is" oval j it is about
two miles in length and one milo in width
in tho widest part, comprising an area of
some 2,000 acres. Tho wall enclosing
this lako is over six miles in length, and is
built of composed stones varying in 6izo
from boulders of two tons weight, down to
small pobblcs, and intermixed with earth.
Tho top of tho wall is uniform in height
above tho water in all parts which makes
its height to vary on tho land side, accord
ing to tho evenness of tho country, from
two to twclvo fect high. In tho highest
part, tho wall measured from ten to twelve
feet at tho base ; and four to six fect thick
at tho top, inclining each way, outward
and inward. Thcro is no outlet, but tho
lake frequently rises and flows over tho top
of tho wall. Tho lako at tho deepest part
is about ten feet in depth, and abounds with
largo and fine fish, such as pike, pickerel,
bass, perch, &e. Tho water is clear as
crystal, and thcro is no bubbling or agita
tion to indicate any largo spring orfoedcr ;
wild fowl of all kinds are plenty upon its
bosom. At tho north end are two small
groves about ten acres each, no other tim
her being near. It has tho appearance of
having been walled up by human hands,
and looks like a huga fortress, yet there
are no rocks or stones in that vicinity for
many miles around. There aro no visible
signs of tho lako being the result of volca
nio actions; tho bod being perfectly smooth,
and tho border of regular form. Tho
lako is situated about seventeen miles from
Roon River, on tho west, eight miles from
Iowa city on tho east, and 120 miles from
Cedar Rapids. It is ono of the greatest
wonders of tho West, and has already
been visited by hundreds of curiosity seek
ers. Cedar Valley Times.
Insect Music. All that wo read is
not gospel. Cuffou, GoWsmith, and others,
tell us that flying insects, liko muskctocs,
locusts, and so on, make the humming
noiso they do by beating the air with their
wing?. It's all a mistake. They sing,
just liko ourselves, only their vocal organs
aro deposited, not in their throats, but
along the sides of their bodies. They uso
(so tho microscope assures us) a wind-pipe,
tho outlet to which is furnished with a vi
brating valvo, liko that employed on tho
aocordcon ; but then a man has only ono
of these arrangements, whilo most insects
have at least a dozen, and through each of
tho dozen, as they fly, tho air is mado to
rush with prodigious effect and eomo de
gree of melody.
Eloquence. Gentlemen, do you know
what is tho finest speech that I ever in my
lifo heard or read ? It hi tho address of
of Garibaldi to his Roman soldiers, when
ho told them: "Soldiers, what I havo to
offer you is fatiguo, danger, strugglo and
death; tho chill oftho cold night iu tho
freo air, and heat under tho burning sun ;
no lodgings, no munitions, no provisions,
but forcod marches, dangerous watchposts,
and tho continual struggle with tho bay
onct ajiainst batteries : thoso who lovo
freedom and thrir country, may follow mo,
That is tho most glorious specoh I ever
heard in my lifo. Kossuth,
A CLEitai'MAN' meeting with ono of his
congregation who recently came in poss
ession of quito a handsomo property by tho
death of his brother, inquired how ho was
getting along in tho settlement of tho es
tate. "0," said ho, "I am having a
dreadful tiraol What with getting out
letters of administration, nnd attending
1'robat.e Court and settling claims, I somo-
times almost wish he hadn't died."
Jon Printing I "Job Printing I" ex
claimed Mrs. Partington, tho other day,
as sho peeped over hor spectacles at tho
advertising pago of a country paper.
"Poor Job I thoy'vo kept him printing,
week after wcck,ovor sinco Ilarnt to road;
and if ho wasn't tho paticntost man that
ever was, ho nover could havo stood it bo
long, I'm sure."
"Sam, why don't you talk to your nias-
, tcr, and tell him to lay up his treasure in
heaven." " Wha t do use of his laying up
his trcasuro daro ho nebcr sco um again.
"A soft answer turnclh away wrath,"
as tho man said when ho hurled a squash
at his enemy's head,
As Invitation to Dinenr. It was
obsorved thttt a certain covetous rich man
never invited any ono to dino with him.
''I'll lay a wager," said a wag, "that I get
an invitation from turn."
Tho wager being acccptod, ho goes tho
next day to the rich man's house about tho
time ho was to dino, and tells tho servant
he must speak with his master immediate
ly, for ho can savo him a thousand pounds
Out camo the master. "What is that,
sir ; you can savo mo a thousand pounds ?"
'Yes, sir, I can, but I (eo you aro at
dinner ; I will go away and call again."
"Oh, pray, sir, como in, and tako din
ner with inc."
''I shall bo troublesome."
"Not at all."
The invitation was accepted. As soon
as dinner was over, and tho family retired,
"Well, sir," said tiio man of tho house,
"now to your busincsi. 1'ray let mo know
how I am to savo a thousand pounds."
"Well, sir, I hear you havo a daughter
to dispose of in marriage"
"I have, sir."
"And you intend to portion her with
ten thousand pounds."
"I do, sir."
''Why, then, sir, let mo havo her, and 1
will tako her with nino thousand pounds."
The master of the house aroso iu a pais
ion, and .kicked him out of doors.
RffinitAVE's Holland Bitteru. Tho
Philadelphia Argus, in speaking of tho
lato exhibition held in that city by tho
Franklin Institute, says :
"In noticing medicines, wo aro alway
extremely cautious, unless satisfied of tho
merits of the article. Among thoso exhib
ited is tho celebrated Holland Rittcrs.
This medicine has been extensively intro
duced into every Stato in tho Union, and
into tho Canadian Provinces, principally
within tho last two years. The exhibition
shows testimonials in every language known
in America, among which wo notico ono
from tho lato Hon. John M. Clayton, of
"Dyspepsia, Headache and Indigestion,
by which all persons aro more or less af
fected, can usually bo cured by taking
modcrato excrciso, wholesome food, and a
dose of beerhave's Holland Rittcrs ono hour
before each meal.'" Baltimore Sun.
A person want into ono of our fashiona
bio refreshment rooms, not long sinco,
and was much surprised at seeing nothing
on tho table.
"What will you havo '" said tho waiter.
Jonathan startod about him and replied,
'Would you liko a bill of faro sir !"
"Thank yo," ho replied, "I don't caro if
I do tako a small picco."
S7A gentleman employed an Irish
serrant, who lived with him for many
years. Ho told him ono day that a friend
of his was dead. His reply was :
"You don't say so, master ; havo you
had a letter from him?"
"Smith's" Conu.nduum. Why woro
tho Federal troops at Bethel unable to
copo with tho rebels ? Bcoauso they wero
Generally incompetent i Smith is now do
ing well, having had his head well soaked
An old soaker in Boston being found in
tho gutter on a rainy night, tho water ma
king a clear breach over him from hoad
to heels was askod by a passor, what ho
was doing. "I agreed to meet a man
At Norwich, Conn., on tho Fourth of Ju
ly, a party of juvcnilos paraded the strocts
with a bannor,, on which was inscribed tho
following words ; "givo us liberty, or givo
There's plenty of ups and downs in
this lifo. Pendcrgrast was onco run for
constable, and tho next day a constable
ran for him. The last run ho got in.
jfif-Aunt Retsy has said many . good
things, among tho rest, that a newspaper
is liko a wifo, because cvory man should
havo ono of his own.
jC6rTho volunt ccrs t.t Camp Baltimore
arc issucinpr a camp journal, called tho
National Guard, edited by Captain W.
Flowers fling their wealth upon tho va
cant air, and rich men often fling thoirn
upon the vacant heir.
Wo supposo that a man who never,'
speaks, may be said always to keep hU