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AND .BLOOMSBURG GENERAL ADVERTISER.
mm L. TATE, Editor.
$ 66 PER ANNUM
"TO HOLD AND TRIM TUB TORCH OF TRUTn AND WAVE IT O'ER TIIE DARKENED EARTH."
&VOL. 15.--NO. 21.
fTuBLISHKI) EVERY SATUtlDAY, 11V
W. LEVI L. TATE.
mBtOOMSDORO, COLUMBIA COUNTY, , FA.
fit (At iw Brick Building, cppotH4 the Krehtng e, by lldt
" ( Omrl Ifouie. "Ihmocralie Ittad Quarter,"
. tchms of sumcniPTioN.
91 Ot) In futvnuco, for unR copy, for tit montln.
1 1 75 1 In a'lvRTicu, for one copy, one yew.
' 00 If not pat'l u it lit n the first three inonlht,
'S tStf not until uitliin the flrnt fix months.
''3 M If not mlI within the year.
' ittTtfo inscription taken Cr lens than tlx moniltt,
fcnd tio pitpvt discontinued until all arrearage! shall Iiao
CT. Orillnnrr Advkrtiukmktm Inanrteil, mid Jon Work
executed, it th't entaMisliodnncfM,
BALTIMORE LOOK HOSPITAL.
I) It. JOHNSTON,
T UK founder of this Cclchnitctl Inntitntion, niTer the
moat certain, Fpcedy ami only tin'ectuM remedy in
Mia world for eifrcWfrr (Jii'ela, 8t riitu rem Haul ual uvnk
nem, tains in tliii I.oliti, OminUtutional Debility, Impo
tebey; V.kite of tUo Uuck anil Limlis, AtlcitiunM nf
the Kidneyi, 1'atpitatlon of the Ik-art, Iliupcpula, Nur
vuui' Irritability. Disenso of tho Ilcml, Thrunt, Note or
Skin,' and all those vr)on and mOaiuholy HiHonlurt
mrUlnf from the-dcftnativu lmbiluf Vuuth, which dc
troyi both body and mind. Tlirio merit and niiitary
practices, ure more fatal to their victim ihau the song of
the tfyrtnn lotlii mariners L'lysscn. blighting their imt
brilliant hoptf and aiitliipatioiM, rendering marriage &.c,
Married ponons, or Yoinuj Men contempl.itin mar
rlaje, being itwiirotn" phyairal uuakiiPHu, uriraiiic dvabill
ty, deform i tkfl, ice, should Immediately cumuli Dr
Johiuton, and bi restored to perfect health.
II who place litiusilf under thu rare of Dr. Johnston,
nay rclijiuly courtJe in his honor a a gentlemen, and
confidently rely uuouiiUxkill .is a phyician.
Immediately cured and lull Igor restored.
This den cast) is Hie penalty mut fn."iucnlly paid by
Utoie rvho hare become tho Iclim of improper Iritliileii
aiee. You u (j person aro too apt to commit excmn trom
uot being aw are of the dreadful cotiiequencu that may
enue.d Now, w ho that understands the miljer t u ill pro
tend to deny that tha puwer of procrrntlou fg lo?t sooner
by tbuse falling into improper habit than by tho prudent.
Itetidei being deprived ot tho pleamro of healthy uif
opriogi.the mPt serious and destructive t mptom to
both body and mind arim. The system becomes dcrang
df the physlcaljind mental power wcakcneil, nervciis
debility dyspepitia, palpitation of tho In-art, indigeftloii,
awaiting ol the trame, Cuuyh, Hjmptonu of Con hu nip
tCOtBce, No. 7 Foutii Fredrick Shiest, seven doora
from Haiti more struct. Uaxt hide, up thu ittepn. He par
tlcular In ubsmiug theNAMC and NUMllUlt, or jem
will mlitake the pKice.
A Curt' tt'arrtnttd, or no Ckargt Mailt, in from One to
'ieo Day I,
NO MERUL'KY Oil NAt'rillOL'S DHUCa UdKU, i
& J)Jt. JOIIAWUJV j
JKomberof tho Royal College of Kiirjcconit, at London. ,
Graduate from one of tin iiiot emhiviit College of the
United State-), and tliu greater part of n hone life has
b-ien ipijiit in the first llfsijtaU of l.oinlon, P.irlx, l'hila
Uclphiaand el-tew here, has ttrected koiho of the inot a
louuhlugi cures that were ever known; many tnrubled
with ringing In the htnd and ears wIumi iinlecp, unat
nerrousue!, b-'ini alarmed at sudden pounds, mid baali
futntiss, with fre'pliit bliliihiiig, attended foinet lines w itll
dttfanxemeut of mind, were cured Immediately,
0f ACKItTAIN MtfUAtfi:.
Wheotue mUgulded ami Imprudent otary of pleasure
ftuds h4 ban imbiaM the seeds of till painful ilm-ae, it
loo ofleuihappenatli.it an ill timed semni ofharne or
'dread cftdiricov-ny, detL'r hi in from appl) ln(i to lh""u
who from ftduc.itlon and reMpect ability ran nlmie h.-frh ud
hBi,"ilelayiug till the conrititutlonary xyuir touts oi tliii
horrid diseaitt! makes tli"ir appearance, such it it ulcerated
ore throat, dheaned nose, uocturce, pains In lliulu-ad
and limbs, dimuenHof eight, tlafneifi, inile! on thu lit
bones, and a nut, liloirhit on tbo hend, fare und extreiu
lies, progressing with rapldity.till at last tho p-ilatu of
the inouthaiid hitncx of the ioho 1 .ill in, and the, let i m of
this desraie become a horrid objt it of mmml'toratiou
till death puts a period to his ilreaiifat viitlnngs, by ten.
dog hitu to "tint lioiirim from wIkhco no traveler ro
iQrm.'V'To such, therefore, Dr. Joltustitu pledges him
slf tJ presort r the tuo-it envtoablo n-crery, and from his
axtensire practice in tho firt lloipit.il of Europe und
America; ru ran confidently reromtnend rnfe nnd speedy
cure to the urfurtuuiitH victim of thin horrid disease.
: TAKK I'AIITIILTJA11 NOTICC
Or. J.ddresiti-a all thoe wlni have Injured Ihcnuelrcfl
bypritrkte and improper I udul fences.
Tbese are some of the sad and melancholy etfects pro
dueed by earlyhabits of)o'illi, via: Weakness of tho
Back aid 'Limbs, I'aiu in the Head, Diuutcss of iiit;ht.
Loss f Mutcutar i'ower, Palpitation of thu Heart. 1) a
pepsia, Vervous Irratabittty. Derangement of the Higes
u Function!, General Debility, swuptoiusof Coiuump
Uon.dccw MENTALLY. The fearful elfects upon thu mind nro
much to be dreaded, Lois of Memory, Confusion of Ideas
Uepresilon of tho Hpirits, Lvil Ton bodlngs, Aversion
of Hoclety, TiniUy, At, are some of the evils produced,
Thousands of person of all ages can now Judge what
Is the cause of their dttliiiiug health. Loosing their
vigor, becoming weak, pale and tmaci it-d, imhig oin
fular appearauc about the ti)es, cough and fjuiptoms of
OV3 IN'VIGORATINO UI.MKDY FOR
X OltCAMU WLAKNLHH.
By Ibis great and important remedy, weakness of the
organ are f speedily cured, nnd full vigor restored.
Thousands of Hie most uurtous nod dibilitated, who
had lost all hope, have been immcdiatrly relieved. All
impediments to Marriage, Physical and Mental Itis'iuali.
Acatlon, Nervous I rratabilit), Tremblings and Weakness
or ixhaustatiou of the moat fearful kind, ppcedily cured
by Doctor Johnbtoiu
jKho have injured tlimsclves by n certain practice,
itiuulgcd In when alone nhubit frcmently learned from
evil companions, or at school-tho effects of which are
nightly felt, even when asleep, and if not cured renders
marriage Impossible, and deatros both iiitud and body,
saould apply Immediately.
What a pltty that young man, the hopo of his country,
and tho darling of his parents, idmutri bo snatched from
all prospects and ciJn incuts of life, by tho conseuen
ces of deviating from the path of nature, and indulging
in a sertaiu secret habit, tiueh persons before con
ahould reflect that a sound mind and body are the mon
necessary reuisities to promote couutibntl happinem
Iudced, without these the journey tbrouiiU Jil'u In tomes
n weary pilgrimage, the prosper! hourly darkens to
the view; the mind becomes shadowed with despair &
filled with tho melancholy ri flection that tliu happiness
of another becomes bliubted with oar own,
OFFICE NO.-7 HOUTII Fit ED El! I CK ST., JUltinore, ,VJ
ALL HUUUIL'AI. Ul'EKATIUNS PEUFUUMEl).
N. U. Let no false uiodctty prevent you, but apply
immediately either personally or by Utter.
.tftSKIN DISEASES KIT.K1UIA' CURED.
, , TO STMMtKitS.
The mahy thousands cured at this Institution within
the last 15 years, and tlio numerous Important tiurgiral
Operation a performed by Dr. Johnston, witnessed by
tho reporters of the papers nnd many other persons, no
tices of which liavo appeared again nod again before tho
public, besides his standing ns a gentleman of character
xpd responsibility, is n suilicient guarantee to the alQicte i.
, "P?1C TAKE NOTICE.
N There aro so many icnoraut nnd worlhleit
Quack advertising themselves Physicians, ruining lhj
healtli of Uw already aflticted, that Dr. Johnston ileimis
it neeeisaryito say, csjK-ciatly to those uiiaciuainted
with his rewitatlou, that his credentials and diplouns
always hanf In his cilice.
C7" Tajik JtfoTice. All letter inuFt bo post pal.!, and
contain postage- stamp for tho reply, or no answer will
tie scnt.-Wf Vfc-. '
H HOWARD ASSOCIATION PHIL
.ADELrillA. A Uenevolent Institution established by special endow
went; for, the relief of the Hick and Ditrced. atllicted
with Virulent and Epidemic Diseases, and especially
for the Cur of Diseases of tko Sexual Organs. Dis
pensary frtwtu patients In all parts of tho Umicdtatcs
VALUAULE UEl'OllTH on fperumtorrlio;a, and otb
er Diseases of tho riexual Organs, and on tho NEW
UEMEUtES employed, sent to the altlicted in seal id
letter envelopes, freo of charge. Two or three Ptampi
ftir postage will bu acceptable, Address DH. JtfKII,.
LIN HOUGHTON, Acting Burgeon, Howard A isola
tion, No. 9 South NiutU Street, Philadelphia Va.
JesTPuUUIiid.in a .calcd envt'lopo, on the nature.
Mre.tmeut antl tailical eure of PiHrmutttrrliu-'a. or
S.minal WvakriQSB, tiuxual Utbihty, iivrtouiiiff. and
Involiiutarremissioui, Inducing liiipotuncy uuJ Mental
ni) pUntcat inenpacfty,
iiy uour. j, cuLvrnwrti,. m. n..
fmmW Autliorof tlwdrci n Ilook,"&r.
Tap world-rrnowm'd nutlinr, tit till, ndinirulld Lec
ture, emrly prove, from till own experience tliat tlio
anrul MHStijiicnco.i.r Self nliuia may Ira (flVetually re
I oved without ineilielnennil nitliout Iniijcroiii aureiral
oporatlopabnugici, in,trument, r 1 hum or eorffiala,
pointinr out . muiio 0f me nl onc0 ctftaln nnd tiTectu.
al, hy whleh eviry .utferor, nnninti'r what !! eomli.
tlou rnw bariuay cum liim.tlf cheaply, prlvuttlyand
radically, lliia lecturo will prova a boon to thouiaud.
Si.nl under a in n plain envilnpc. to any aildrc,
po;t paid, on tn. reei Ili, of thu two puitasn ataiupi. by
addrratiu Vi.Ut. 1. KLINU. 1.7 lloniry, U V.
jpWIillJul I'uilUllitu bulliJ.ll
UOW LOIT. AMD HOW BfSTn.vn.
THE NEW-MOWN HAY.
DT PARK BENJAMIN
Talk not to mo of Southern bowcrt,
Of odora breathed from tropic flower,.
Or .plce trceaancr rain j
Hut or thojo iwcctl that freely flow
When June'a fond breeze, atir tho low
Ura,, heaped along the plain.
Till, morning ttood the verdant apear,',
All wet with diamond dew tho tear.
Uy Night nercncly iliect;
Thl. evening, like an army .lain,
They number the pacific plain
With their fast fading dead.
And where they fell, and all around
Buih parfumea in tho air abound,
A. If long-hidden hive.
Of nudden Helmuts were unicalod.
When on the freahly-troddun Held
They ylilded up their live,.
In idlo mood I love to pam
Thciu mini of the crowded gran,
Or llatlea.ly to lie,
Inhaling the dclicioua .ccnta
(.'ruihed from theta donncant, rcrduroua tentt,
It li a pure delight, which they
Who dwell in cltlc,, far away
From rural teeiiei lof.ilr.
Can netcr know in lighted roomt,
I'crtadedby exotic bluouii
Thli tntto of natural nirl
Thl. air, to loftcnedby tho breath
Uxhaled and wafted from tho death
Of herb, that limply bloom,
And, tcarccly noted, like the bcit
Dear frlendt, with Mhomthi, world i, bleat,
Await tho common doom
And leavo behind lurhawcet regret
Aa in our henrti It living yet.
Though hcroei pat. away-
Talk not to ine or louthem bowera,
Or odor, breathed from tropic flowert,
Hut or the new-mown hay.
A Great Man's Patronage. The
Prince of Couti was embarrassed for want
of money would to Leaven that tho want
were conliucd to tho Prinea of Conti 1
Peoplo refused to trust him nnv loncer.
The coachman came to him ono morning,
and said :
"Tho horses, my lord, want hay and
"Give them hay and corn, then," said
"Hut, my lord, tho farmers nnd corn
chandlers refuse to supply mo any more
until their accounts nro discharged."
"Ah! that niters tho matter," quoth
tho Prince, very gravely."
"Hut, your highness, what shall the
horses havo !"
"Have 1 call iny steward."
Tho steward appears.
"So tho corn-chandler nnd farmer ro
fuso us credit tho rascals, do they I" said
"l'cs, my lord."
"Humph ! Who does givo credit!"
"IS'o ono your highness."
"Yes, now I think of it, my lord, tho
pastry cook docs."
"Honest follow,we must caoourago him,"
cried tho prince Coaohman, your affair
is settled ; givo tho horses chceso cakes
aud custards 1"
To ourk us of our immoderato lovo of
gain, wo should seriously consider how
many goods thcro aro that money will not
purchase, and theso the best; and how ma
ny evils thcro aro that money will remedy,
and those tho worst. An ancient philoso
pher of Athens, where tho property of tho
wealthy was open to tho confiscations of tho
informer, consoled himself for tho los3 of
his fortuuo by the following reflection : I
havo lost my money, and with it my cares ;
for when I was rioh I was afraid of ovcry
poor mail, but now that I am poor, every
ricli man is afraid of mo.
Tiie memories of tho loved and lost steal
upon us as "tho sweet South wind upon a
bed of violets:" thoy come hko the breath
from tho gates of heaven's bowers, left ajar
wucn tucy entered.
A schoolmaster requesting a littlo boy who
had been wiipcring, to step into tho nest
room, is wittily spoken of by ono of our ex
changes as " starting on a whaling excur
sion.'' WantiId. - Material aid for construct
ing a life-boat that will float on "a sea of
troubles," riso on tho "waves of raisfortuno
stem tho "tidoof adversity," sail clear of
tho'"quickands of orror," and dtecr safely
to tho "heaven of rest."
Fools and Fate. Fato must trouble
itself about a great numbor of foolish peo
plo ; for, no sooner docs a fool get into
trouble of his own making, than ho puts
it nil down to fato.
We suppose that a man who never speaks
may be said always to keep h'n word.
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA -
EDITKU BY LEVI L. TATE. 1'KOmiETOR.
BLOOMSBURG , PA.
SATURDAY MOUNINO, JULY 27. 1861.
QyTho National Intcltiscnccr has a
good article on "tho present status of tho
slavery question," whioh wo publish j and
wo dosiro to call attention to tho significant
fact that all, tho announcements over which
tho ifcj'A'.cergratulat03 itsolf havo been
made by Democratic getwrals. And whilo
no chargo is mado against tho administra
tion, tho proceedings of congress, and the
editorial of tho 2ibune toll a difforcnt
story. Tho republicans havo a majority
in congress, and wo call attention to its
action of a fow days ago.
A resolution was offered and adontcd.
agreeing to do nothinc but legislate on tho
great subject, for which thoy were brought
together. Then l.ovejoy, republioan abo--
litioiuVt, offered a resolution, "that it was
no part of tho business ol tho army to re-
turn fugitive slaves." Objected to, as out
of order under first resolution. Tho
speaker decided it in order, and it was
Several days after tho adontion of Love-
Mr. Allen (Ohio) asked leavo to offer
the following :
Resolved, That whenever tho states now
in rebellion against tho General Govern
ment, shall coaso their rebellion and bo
come loyal to tho Union, it is tho duty of
tho Government to suspend tho prosecu
tion of tho war.
ltcsolvcd. That it is no nart of tlin nh.
jeet of tho present war agninst tho rebel
lious atatcs to intortero with tho institution
Mr. Blako (Ohio) suffcestod an amend
ment to Mr. Allen's resolutions by adding
tho words "and surrender their leaders
io bo hung."
A question was raised that tho resolu
tions were not in order under tho rules
adopted last Monday, which point tho
Can any sane man seo why Allen'3 res.
olutions were not in order.whilc Lovejoy's
were I Tho truth is tho republicans were
afraid to show their hands. Why not
adopt tho resolutions !
-Tho Boston Daily Courier, of Juno
17th, a Republican paper, in speaking of
some of its party organs favoring the abol
ition of slavery by tho Govornment at
Washington, nnd of its unconstitutional
tendency, continues '
" In this view of tho caso, wo aro sur
prised to seo in a niornim; cotcmnorarv of
Saturday, such a declaration as this, in
its lending article:
"But wo may add that present appear
ances indicate that slavery itself, together
with all responsibility for it. Southern as
well as Northern, seems likely to be swept
away before tho whirlwind of destruction
invoked by tho mifguided policy of South
In nccordanco with this idea, perhaps
inspired by it, wo find in tho samo number
of tho samo sheet ono of Mr. Whitticr'a
fiercest poetical outpourings, quoted from
tho Independent, tho following stanza of
whioh expresses tho general sentiment :
"In vain tho bells of war shall ring
Of triumphs and revenges,
Whilo still is spared tho evil thing
That severs and estranges.
But blest tho car
That yet shall hear
Tho jubilant bell
That rings tho knell
Of slavery forever !'
From ono of theso passages wo must
understand that present appearances indi
cate tho violent abolition of slavery in this
couutry, and of necessity, therefore, tho
overthow of tho Constitution, and from
the other, that tho war is altogether in
vain, unless its object bo to accomplish
such an cud 1"
Wo call attention to this mattor now,
becauso wo aro perfectly certain, that to
this complexion will things como nt last ;
and wo then shall find these samo papers
lauding tho administration for doing, what
thoy now admit will bo "tho overthrow
of the Constitution." Wo also call atten
tion to tho artielo from tho New York
World, a Republican paper, on tho Tri
bune, published in another column ; for
tho purposo of showing by tho following
extract from tho Tribune, that according
to tho World, it is and has long been for
Disunion, and is now; and according to tho
Courier it is, being for tho abolition of
slavory, for "tho overthrow of tho Consti
tution. Tho Tribune says : of tho Fod
oral troops entering Virginia
, ''Was it uot thu Army of Freedom en
tering into tho land of BonQago, to pro
claim liberty for all men t 1 trust to ; for ,
if not, it was only an idlo and a worthless
pageant, and will bo a burning shamo on
tho froo men of tho Freo North. Yc3,
freedom for tho divino Humanity! If,
Ms War tcerejor any tfting sho't of real
izing a perfect equality of rights for every
human being, it. wouU be the most foolish
crusade, or tlie direst butchery, thai this
earth was ever stained withal. On the
triumpth of freedom ovor slavery rests the
uonor ana into of this nation." i
Sffl Several weeks ngo wo published a
pretty full description of tho eizo, shapo,
&o. of tho Amoriean Flag : but as wo soo
many papers and flags not entirely corract
in themselves ; we once more, and at great
length, refer to tho history of our national
At the commencement of tho Revolution
the necessity for a standard, by which tho
Amerioan troops oould recognize each oth
er at a distance became apparent. On tho
18th of July, 1770, Gen. Putnam unfurled
a flag on Prospect Hill, in tho presence of
a large number of troops, which boro on
ouo side tho motto, "Qi transtuW, sus
tinet'' (He who brought us over will sus
tain us), and on tho other, "An appeal to
As early as 1751, before the colonies
becamo united, a very popular standard
boro tho representation of a rattlesnake,
divided into thirteen parts, each bearing
tho initials of a colony, and underneath
tho motto, "Join or die.". When tho Un
ion took placo, tho parts were united.
Tho only traces left for this devico are to
bo 6een on tho seal of tho War Department
and tho flag of South Carolina. A yellow
Hag, with a coiled rattlesnake in tho con
tor, and tho words underneath, "Don't
tread on me," was, in 1775, first used as
the standard for tho commander in-chief
of the navy, and was firat displayed by
the gallant Paul Jones, who hoisted it with
hia own hands as the oommandcr-iu chief
embarked on board tho Alfred, December
7, 1775. it. - .j.., .a.
Aftcirthbunion of the colonies, a flag
combining the crosses of St Gcorgo and St
Andrew united (tho emblem of tho United
Kingdom of .Great Britain), with a field
composed of thirteen stripes, altcrnato red
and white, was adopted, and called the
"Groat Uuion flag." Tha union of tho
crosses represented tho union aud nation
ality of tho colonies, whilo tho thirteen
stripes symbolized tho body of that union
and the number of members which com
posed it. The colors of the stripes indi
cated defiance to oppression and purity,
symbolized respectively by tho red and
In 1777 Congress appointed a committee
to design a national flag, and onjtho I4th
of Juno a resolution was passed "that tho
flag of tho United States bo thirteen stripes,
alternate red and white ; that the uuion
bo thirteen stars, white, in a bluo field,
representing a new constellation.
In 1704, by an net of Congress, tho
number of stripes and stars were increased
respectively to fifteen, and this was the flag
used during tho war of 1613. On tho 4th
of April, 1818, tho flag was again altered,
and a return was mado to tho thirteen
stripes, and, by tho plan proposed, a star
was to bo added ou the 4th of July follow
mg the admission of caoh stato. At first
the stars wcro arranged in a circle, but at
this time it was decided to arrange- them
in tho form of a largo star, Tho resolu
tion, in full, was ns follows :
Be it enacted, J-c, That from and after
tho fourth day of July jioxt the flag of the
United States be thirteen horizontal stripes,
alternate red and whito; that tho union
bo twenty stars, white, in a bluo field.
'Aud that, on tho admission of a new state
into the Union, one star bo added to tha
union of tho flag ; and that such addition
shall take effect on the fourth day of July
next succeeding such admission."
The sizo of tho flag for tho army is six
feet six inches in length by four feet four
inches in width, with seven red and six
white Etripcs. Tho first seven stripcj (four
red and thrco whito) bound the squaro of
tho bluo field for tho stars, tho stripes ex
tending from the extremity of tho field to
to tho end of tho flag. The eighth stripo
is whito, extending partly at tho baso of
tho field. Tho number of tha stars sinco
July 4th is thirty-four.
Moro Now Blanks.
Deeds, Summons, Executions, Scire Fa
clas, Stato Warrants, Commitments, Oapi'
asos, School orders, Exemption, Judgment
with Single and Doubla Notes, etc., just
printed and for salo at tha office of tho
5y"Col. John W. Fornoy has been lec
ted Secretary to tho Uuitcd States Scnato,
by a vota of '-10 to 10,
, SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1861.
Frosont Status of tho Slavory
It is known to all that tho soccssion
movement professed to tako its origin and
motivo in a desiro to protect tho institution
of slavery from tho apprehended hostility
of tho Federal Government in tho hands
of tho Republican party. Wo havo re
peatedly shown that this "apprehension"
was purely factitious, booause of tho pro-
dominance in Congrcsa of a majority op
posed to the present Administration. But
ignoring this faot, moro than ono of tho
'sovereign Conventions" which passed an
ordinanco of secession proceeded to justify
it3 decision by a declaratory proamblo,
basing tho propriety of its act on indis
pensablo considerations of publio safety.
Thus tho Alabama Convention held tho
" hcrcas tho election of Abraham Lin-
coin and ilanuibal Hamlin to tho offico of
President and Vice President cf tho Uni
ted States of America, by a sectional party
avowedly hostile to tho domestic institutions
and peace andfeeurity of the peoplo oftho
Stato of Alabama, &c. Thcrcforo
"Bo it declared nnd ordained by tho
people of tho Stato of Alabama in Con
vention assembled, That tho Stato of Ala
bama now withdraws from tho Union
known as tho United States of America."
Tho Convention of Texas adopted a
similar preamble, reeiting among othor
grounds of secession the following :
"Whereas, tho action of tho Northern
States of tho Union is violative of tho
compact between tho States nnd tho guar
antees oi tno constitution ( ana whereas
tho recent developments in Federal affairs
mako it evident that tho power of the Fed
eral Government is sought to be mado a
weapon with which to striko down the in
terests nnd prosperity of tho peoplo of
J.exas anil tier sister blavcuoldmg States,
instead of permitting it to bo, aa was in
tended, our shield against outrago aud ag
gression : Thoreforo
"Wo, tho peoplo of tho Stato of Texas.
by delegates in Convention assembled, do
ueeiaro and ordain," Ho.
Tho attentivo observer of current ovents
cannot havo failed to remark tho signal
falsification which such sinister misgivings
havo received, even during tho stato of
hostilities superinduced by tho secession
movement. Beforo tho outbreak of tho
war tho fugitivo slave law was efficiently
enforced by tho civil authorities of tho
present Administration, and sinco tho com
mencement of military movements tho
commanders of tho Federal forces seem to
havo vied with each other in repelling all
suspicions of an unfriendly purposo to
wards tho peculiar domcstio institutions of
tho Southern States.
Hardly had tho troops of New York and
Massachusetts landed on tho soil of Mary
land beforo they woro oalled to "tako
position" upon this dolioato subject ; and
ovcry reader remembers how prompt Ma
jor General Butler was to offer his oora
mand for tho suppression of a slave insur
rection, tho rumor of whioh reached An
napolis soon after his arrival at that placo ;
aud his proceedings undor this head having
been called in question by Governor An
drow, of Massachusetts, ho dofended his
determination as follows :
"I appreciate fully your cxccllonoy's
suggestion ns to the inherent wenknoss of
tho robels, arising from tho prepondoranco
of their sorvilo population. Tho question,
then, is, in what manner shall wo tako
advnntaio of that weakness t By allow
ing and of oourso arming that population
to riso upon tho defenceless women and
childron of tho country, carrying rapino,
arson and murder all tho horrors ot Han
Domingo a million times magnified
among thoso whom wo hopo to ro-unito to
us as Drethrcn many of whom aro already
so and all who aro worth preserving will
bo, when this horriblo mad boss shall havo
passed away or bo threshed out of them I
W oultl your Excellency adviso tho troops
under my command to mako war in person
upon tho defenceless women and ohildrcn
of any part of tho Union, aoompanicd with
brutalities too horriblo to bo nninod ! You
will say, 'God forbid I' If wo may not do
so in person, shall wo arm othors so to do
over whom wo can havo no restraint, ex-
crciso no control, and who, when once
thoy havo tasted blood, may turn tho very
arms wo havo put in their hands against
ourselves, as a part oftho oppressing whito
raco ! Tho roading of history, so familiar
to your ixccucney will tell you tho bit
terest causo of complaint which our fathers
had against Great Britain in the war of
Revolution was tho arming by tho British
Ministry of tho red man with tho toma
hawk and sealping.knifo against tho wo
men and children of tho oolonies, so that
tho phraso, 'ilay wo not usa all tho moans
whioh Gcd and naturo have put in our
power to Bubjugato tho colonics!' has pass
ed into a legend of infamy against tho
leader of that ministry who used it in par
liament." Tho proclamation mado by Major Gen.
MoClcllan to tho peoplo of Westorn Vir
ginia is equally explicit on this point, ns
will bo seen in tho following extract :
I "I havo ordorcd ttoppa to cross tho riv
er. JLhey como at your friondsand broth
ers as enemies only to armed robols, who
aro proying upon you. Your homes, your
families, and your property aro eafo under
our protection. All your rights shall bo
religiously rospeoted, notwithstanding all
that has boon said by tho traitors to induoo
you to bclicvo our advont among you will
bo signalized by an interference with your
slaves. Understand on thing clearly :
not only tcill tee abstain from all such in-
tcr'rencc, but tee tcill, on Ua contrary,
with an iron hand crush any attenpt at
insurrection on tlictr part."
And Major Gen. PattcrsoD, command"
ing tho Department of Pennsylvania, holds
tho samo languago in his recent adrcss to
tho troops under his ordors. Under dato
of Juno 3d, ho says :
"You aro going on Anerican soil to sus
tain tho civil power, to relievo tho oppres
sed, and to rctako that which is unlawfully
You must boar in mind yon nro going
for tho good of tho whole country, and
that, whilo it is your duty to punish sedi
tion, you must protect tho loyal, and, should
occasion offer, at once surpress servile in
surrection." Tho disposition that should bo mado oftho
fugitivo slaves who osoapo within tho for-
tifioations or entrenchments of tho Federal
troops, undoubtedly presented to tho Gov
ernment an cmbaarrassing question ; but
it is difficult to say how it could have been
arranged moro prudently than has been
dono in directing as follows. Wo quoto
from tho late reply of Mr. Secretary Cam
eron to Major Gen. Butler :
"Whilo you will permit no interference
by tho persons under your command with
the relation of persons held to service un
der tho laws of any State, you will, on tho
other hand, so long as any Stato, within
which your military operations are con
ducted is undor tho control of armed com
binations, refrain from surrendering to al
leged masters any porsons who may como
within your lines. You willl employ such
persons in the sorviccs to which they may
be best adapted, keeping an account of tho
labor by them pcrlormcd,of tho valuoof it,
nnd tho expenses of their maintenance
The question of their final disposition will
bo reserved tor futuro determination."
We think it will bo admitted, in viow of
such facta, that tho war now raging is cer
tainly not directed against slavery, and
that tho Administration baa not shown
that "hostility" to this domcstio institu
tion which tho Convention of Alabama
professed to apprchond.
Tlio Tribune's Dlsanlonlsm.
Tho Tribune, which has always been un
surpassed for ooarso vigor and virulonec,is
doing great misohicf to tho causo of tho
Union by hounding on Gen. Scott to mako
a rash nnd precipitnto nttaok on tho rebels,
and trying to poison tho publio mind against
him and tho administration becauso thev
will not hazard defeat by virtually surren
dering to Mr. Greeley tho direction oftho
war. Tho truth is, tho conductors of tho
Tribune aro at heart disun!onist3, and
havo been for tho last eight years. In tho
spring of 1854, or thereabouts, that paper
published a long and Tory noticcablo sc
ries of editorial nrticlos, running through
soveral months and fortified by a great ar
ray of statistics, aiming to provo that tho
Unicn is not a blessing to tho North, but a
disadvantage. It went so far a3 to com-
puto, arithmetically, tho preciso amount of
pecuniary loss entailed annually on every
inhabitant of tho froo states by tho oontin
uanco of tho Union which it eiphorod up
to bo a sum that would look formidable if
oolleetod annually by a tax-gatherer.
Thoso dclibcrato and elaborato articles, so
shoeking to all tho traditions handed down
to U3 by tho fathora of tho republio, natu
rally attracted wido attention at tho timo.
Tho Tribune ha3 neither retracted their
views nor acknowledged tho inaccuraoy of
their statistics from that day to this. On
tho contrary, thcro is no labor whiich it
has performed with such zeal nnd gusto,
and with such a profession of olumsy ridi
culoi as that of sooffing at every publio
man or political party that expressed any
oars of tho dissolution of tho Union. In
tho wcll-stookcd arsenal of abusive epithets
and ribaldry which has always bcon tho
Tribune's chiof controversial rcsouroo,
there is no ono which it has seemed to
consider as so damaging, or aa making tho
person pelted with it quito so ridiculous,
as "Union-saver." Thoso atttcinpts, pur-
suod through long years with remarkablo
tenacity of purposo, to make every man
who oared for tho preservation of tho
Union nn object of derision, very naturally
culminated in tho early part of last winter
in tho advooaoy, by tho Tribune, of tho
Southern States to ecccdo and set up for
thomselvcs, in articles wherein it quoted
from tho Declaration of Independence in
support of thia right: Its deadly enmity
to Mr. Seward led it, iu tho latter part of
tho winter, when it supposod ho was aim
ing to bring about a peaceful settlement of
tho controversy, to mako a sudden somer
sault, and try to dam ago that statesman
by turning against him tho patriotic pop
ular sentiment which called for a vigorous
manner of dealing with tho rcbollion. In
pursuanco of this design tho Tribune found
it convenient to disguise for awhile itsinvct
erato hostility to tho Union, but a disoano
that is so deeply seated will broak out. It
has now for a long timo bcon tho Tribunes
daily business, oithor by open attacks or
cowardly insinuations, to weaken tho ad
ministration and tho commanding general,
and drivo them into hazarding a battlo bo
foro thoy aro prepared, in order that tha
defeat of our army may afford it a pretext
fir again advocating secession, as it did
last winter. Tho roadcra of that sheet
cannot hajo failod to notico tho frequent
cropping out, during tho last two weeks, of
the idea that, if wc do not whip tho rcbols
in tho first battlo or two, wc ought imme
diately to recognize their indopondonco j
and this idoa has been constantly put for
ward in tho articles in whioh that sheet
has urged a battlo beforo the greatest mili
tary commander in tho world thought it to
Do safe. 1 he tribune wishes the Union
forces to be beaten, and is therefore hound.
mg on Gen. Scott tofght bffore he is ready.
it h,as already given notico that, if ice lose
the first battle, it goes for southtrn inde
pendence. Tho following extracts aro
from its yesterday's issuo ;
Tho simplo question to bo decided is
Aro northern men tho equals of southern!
or, Aro they poltroons who will run at tho
sight of a lino of advancing bayonets?
AND ONE FAIR BATTLE WIT.T.
SETTLE TniS CONCLUSIVELY.
There is no neod of a long war no ohanco
for it, unless policy and oraft will so havo
it. Let fifty thousand defenders of tho
Union boat as many rebels in fair battle,
and tho war will bo substantially ended.
Thoro will remain skirmishes, and ambus
oados, and a few cowardly shots at sonti
nols ; but assassination is not war.
If, as wo rcjoico to hear, Gen. Scott is
now roady to try conclusions with Jeff.
Davis and Beauregard, tho war Is noar its
end. Wo say this in no boastful spirit
we concede the possibility cf the rebels pro
ving the stronger party j but ir tiiey do
LET US rnAHKT.Y OWN IT, AND rttOMrT
LY ARREST TUB WANTON EFTUSION Off
blood. And if they cannot kept inn
FIELD against ub tuby will do 1IKH-
Ono would eupposo a journal that thinks
tho fato of tho Union hangs on tho success
of a single battlo, would wish tho federal
army to enter that battle strong in num
bers and with tho best foot forward. But
nol tho Tribune insists that Gen. Stcot
shall rush a sot of raw levies, that havo
novor stood firo, into tho concoa'lcd traps
and masked battorics of tho enemy, before
ho has taken tho precautions rcquisito for
tho success of a campaign in an cnomy'a
country, in ordor that our patriot soldiers
may bo ignominiously boaton, and its own
long cherished hostility to tho Untoa may
be grntifiod in its final dissolution. And
it wishes this result to bo roaehod "forth
with." Tho following oxtract shows how
ready it is to givo np tho union without a
second trial, if tho robols boat ua in tho
battlo which it wishes to bo fought con
trary to tho judgmont of tho highest milt
In short, wo bolicvo tho pntriot soldiors
aro to-day ablo and eager to whip the reb
els, and wo want to sco thorn allowed to
try. If they are not able to tirash tte trai
tors in fair, stand-up figlu, our pride re
volts at the idea of tloicly starving than in
to sulfation, or whipping them by virtue
of money borrowed tn Europe. Wo say,
ohallcngo thom to meet tho patriot volun
teers in fair fight ; if thoy quail, thoy aro
ruined; ij they fight, and are beaten, they
must give it up; WHILE, IF THEY
BEAT US, WE OUGHT TO DO THE)
SAME. LET US HAVE THIS MAT
TER DECIDED FORTHWITH, so that
our bravo men may quit soldiering and
return to moro profitablo vocations. It
docs seem to us that to let tho rebels ro-
main in foroo for months within a day's
maroh of Washington is tho next thing to
acsuoiyjeugiug lucir inacpcnacnco, ana
that wo should cither chase them away or
own that wo aro unablo.
Wo submit that, in tho light of this ex
pose, wo nro justified in asserting that tho
Tribune is a moro dangerous enemy of
tho Union than tho army of Jeff. Davis,tha
Y. Worlds Jul, 11.
Breakable. "Ain't yam afraid yoa
will broak, whilo you are falling so I" said
a chap in tho pit of a eircuy to the clown,
"Why so V said tho cloW
"Becauso you nro a tumbler," bswlod
tho wag. j
The houso in a roar. Exit clown bo
hind tho scenes.
SGS Prentico says tho talent of making
friends is uot equal to the talent of doing