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ttoxo .worn upon the Altar-of God, eternal Hostility to every form of Tyranny ov
er tho Mind of Man." Thomas Jefferson
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LETTERS addressed on business, 71111st
oe post paia.
From the New Haven Herald
SOCIABILITY OF BIRDS BEAUTI
Letter from a young Lady to Rev. Mr.
Lindsley, of Stratford.
Ueau bin: Having often heard that
yourself anil family wero very fond of birds
and something of a very fond interesting
nature conoerning them, having come
directly under ray own obacivation, indeed
entiiely in connection with mysell',1 thought
an account of it might not prove uninterest
ing to you. Early in the summer of 1810,
as I was one morning receining on my
couch, in the back room, tho doors being
open, a very small bird come hopping in,
and tan about the.floor, apparently in quest
of something to cat- I happenedto have a
soda biscuit about mc, and instantly throw
it some crumbs, which it ran to eat, b if
hungry.In a few minutes it flew out. Before
1 fed them Goth plehtinffly.aricT they now
out In n short timo one rcturncd.and partook
B"ain; after a while the other, bo they con
tinued through tho day. I did not think of
seeing them any more, but I had no sooner
takenDmy accustomed p)ace on my couch
the next morningwhen in caino one of my
littlo visiters, quite Umo and quitoat home,
it ran near me, took a hasty breakfast and
ran out. Soon its male came, and look his
in quite as friend? a mrnner. Thus they
continued coming from ten to thirty times
a day, and soon became so attached to their
hostess that they would seldom take their
meal, ever ready on a clean paper by the
door, but would run close to my counh,and
look up to mc, to have mo drop it to them
at my side, which they would take, perfect
ly uriconccrcd. They nppcared a lime
q'uite afraid of strangers, particularly chil
dren, and would look to mo. as they came
in, as if to ask, is it safe? However, they
soon lost their (ears of them, and would
como in when three or four were present.
After a few weeks they began to carry away
pieces overy timo they came, after satisfy
ing their hunger,, which convinced mo they
had little ones to feed, and I was astonish
ed to see what a little load they would car
ry, oftentimes threo pieces at once, as large
as half a largo pea. .Thus they continued
visitinir me for months: until somo ijme in
the last of Sentembnr. itiel after tea, at tho
ediroof a delightful evening, I heard such
n nhirnintr and chattering as almost deafen-
ed me.In an instant the little mother appear
cd, enticing along her dear little ones, which
'wore almost splitting their littlo throats
with their chattering; and soon tho father
-annearcd. Thov ran up the steps into tho
room, and stopped just at tho door, per
'fcctlv still, except the mother, who ran to
crne,very hastily, stopped at my side, look
ed up in my face, and began to talk, sho
thought, as intelligently as any person
would, conversing with mo. I never was
more astonished' I supposed that sho was
nUincr mc nrotect her little ones. She
fitnnd in this manner a few momonls, talk
ing as fast as she could, when sho ran back
to her children, and they all commenced
eating their abundant meal, which had been
nrenared for them When finished they
flaw out. and visited mo no more. I was
then convinced that the mother was ex
pressing her fralitudc, instead of asking
I mourned the loss of my dear little fami
ly, not expecting ever to sco them again;
when. O how was I delighted, as sitting
nt my bedioom window ono Sunday morn
jug, rarly ir. tho month of tho next June,
the dear little creature who first made its
appearance, camn running up the walk,
direi tly to the door. Feeling vety ill, and
,he morning being rainy, I could not go
and let it in,(lhe family being at Church)
nd una obliged to let it go away(whieh it
jid veiy biokeivheattedly, after wailing
mOQBISBPRQ, COLUMBIA COMTY, FA.
'or some timo) without giving a welcome
I reconciled mvsnlf. iliinb
I I '"B WUUIU IB1
mo nexi uay; uut 1 waited for it dii
not come, and I had entirely given un lb
idea of seeing it any moro when, how I
overjoyed ono morning; to seo it fly into
me uoor anil run directly to my couch
oiiGsiepneu direct v before mn. nLn,i
. ----- suvj IUUI11.U
and began to cliinnor- T .nnctvnrnil
little Iiow do do. and fTflVn !inr ennm ft-).
si. one ran out and soon her mate came
ncii wry cuminuEU me r visit mm inn
to forty times a dav. somoiimpH iniroii,-
sometimes alone, would often stay and run
uuuui uiu room, anu annenrei m ,. ,ir,.i
wnen i ieit afte to answer 1 inir nr.ni. .
. T ,. . ' I " "-'UIIIIUI
niuiuiy uuvs. noi nninnr nhia in
uamp air irom an open door, thev, when
finding it closed. would coma in ilin"wi.i...
and flutter, begging to come in.
1 would open the door a little space, just
Ihnv .,.l.i: l;.i a 7 UB"
".kk wjumlmi iui muni i( nrnq iitvni.ni..
and crowd through, cviileml
...wr "uiu nituiuuiiiiui v liv nn inn cnrinr...
nrwt I. .1" : ' ? 1 -r"B"-
, . "' "uw llc'r -j;raiiiuues Alter ta
king thSiiyneal, totally-unconcerned at be.
mg siuit in, tlipy would nmusn tlmmoi......
jiuie, men crowd out again on tho sera
I - , ...wnmtiua
(er, ana uy to their nest. J linn 1I1
"1C visits iu inca'rain inr mnm ,
quite at home, and for several of Hie list
"ti-.ua carrying an-ay a ianro niEcs nrv
visit, which convinced mc they had again
a littlo chargo to feed, when one beautiful
morning, about 10 o'clock, oli. such i
hirping nil of a sudden ! and in a moment
iiuu 11 vu miiu visiicrs on inn t hmniw. , e
uuur, me young ones llutterine and
mrping so as almost to deafen me. l.m
ppeanng so happy as hardlv l0 know
rhalto do. I threw down a "larg mess
I crumbs, when the parents instantly ran
3 me, and look ihem 10 il.nir. i;.,i. ...
flegded children, put it in
anu . gain and aaam. for snmn m;n..io. r
jer being sufficiently fed, all flew ou't '
1 bus thoy continued to come, at times all
itiguiuer. soinciimes ie it n
Onnp. nno np
two at once, somelimni nnn r
geincr. and'Jlarufy leaving .Ino alone at all,
unning round my leet wlien at iho table
and picking up tho mites as thoy fell, and
trying to amnso me. in about two weeks
tl.-ey all came al once, aftor lea, took an
abundant meal, ran about and chattered to
me, and ran nut. I saw the dear little
creatures no more. Had any ono havo told
mc ono half what I had witnessed, I should
have thought .it exaggeration; but myself
was their only hoslees, and I can in truth
attest that what I h.avo written gives bul
Itle idea of the interest they exeited.
Should they return again the coming sum
mer, as they probably will, 1 shall give you
a further history. In the meantime, believe
Most respectfully yours, C. C.
STUATronD, Feb. 4, 1812.
The above mentioned bird is the Chip.
ping Sparrow, (Fringilla Socialis of Wil
son.) She and her mate havo again re
turned to visit their hostess. If you deem
tho above worthy an assertion in your Daily
it is at your service. It furnishes good evi
denco of what kindness and f entleness to
tho feathered race, at the hands of a young
lady can accomplish.
Yours, Sic. J. 11. LiliNUotiij 1 .
Eds. Daily Herald.
'The assertion that a man raroly mc to
wealth by the work of his own hands, is
It is a common idea Ihat as a man accu
mulates wealth, he is entitled to increased,
respectability. Now, this idea instead of
being encouaraged should be repudiated by
those who havo, in any wise tho direction's
of the public thought, or tho guardianship
of Iho public morals. It is a manifestion of
no virtuous niinciplo no exhibition of Iho
noble and moro generous impulse that chal
lenge the esteem ot the good and iho great,
to sco a man engaged in tho pursuit of gain
indifferent to all other considcralions.Thesc
good propensities aro often smolhored and
sunnrcssed by this master passion When
a thirst of acquisition becomes a principle
with a man, he must close up all the aven
tics of the heart his feelings become indu
rated and obdurate, and ho is abandoned to
self alone. No gcntlo sympathies slir his
breast n.i appoals to his generosity no
cries of distress move his compassion. It is
will this consideration that wo find fault
with tho wording of the paragraph wo havo
(mated. It is as frequently the case that
men snn as 'rise to- wealth. men irequcnuy
. . . . 1 r
'rise to' noveitv.Mind cast in a mould sun
ilar to John Howard's frequently do so.
Va must nut more stress upou merit and
less upon woalth, and then we will incul
cate a propor sentiment.
The dank is but tho guinea's stamp,
The man's tho gold for a' that,'
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY II. WEBB.
iwUiVJbY.Look at that fellow trud"
ig aiongwiina bag of specie on his
shoulder. How nleaseil lm is. A miin
curls his lip.and he treads tho pavement
..mi uiauam. no dows to every body lie
meets, and looks important, just as if he
carcu ic-r nobody. See how other seyo and
envy him as he passes along he observes
unu siruis moro consequentially. Ah!
money is the thing lo make a man feel
comfortable it makes him bold, fearless
ami inuupenacnt. A man with plenty of
money in ins nockcts carps nnt for dm .
marks & opinions of the crowd, his money
is a sure passport to favor.
SCO that tllill. Mllnvprnno l.olr,
his way through the crowd with all care, r.s
11 afraid of treading on somebody's toes.
How timid ho is. His coat is threadbare,
Itiough neatly brushed: h IS lt.it id amnnlli
and greasy from long use. No smile dim
l'les on his cheek, and as lm
icd man approaching, ho respectfully slops
jisido and gives him a wide row. Look at
film his appearance tells as plain as
words could tell that ho h IIS 51 II nil t nnrcr.
. " -'Rill IIUIOU
Tis queer what a feeling money inspires
f iil'iiv v uu'.in.
n that word nonpi."wliir.li U nntu
UU3UIH ,ji every one. I hero ir n r hnrm
eil by iho conscious thai monev is voura.
h-ven tho dravman. who is IrnnfprrinrT iltn
liicuy uoxes 01 meials rom t in vmili nf
ono uanK 10 another, steps higher, speaks
more emphatic, and cracks his whip with
a feeling of conscious superiority, from the
u.i.,u iiiuugiii 01 1110 value of bis charge.
Money is the urand ilnsiilnrninm ii, io...
I'll uiuill UIU IUIC
by which the world may be removed; its
influence is supreme.ils power incalculable.
All men are sirivinu to amjss nmnnvtiiav
say to themselves 'put money in thy purse?'
u ..nun uirrf, out lew wou d irnlv
ho who steals ray purse steals rai!'
Summer fallowing is a most imnnrinni
ploughing with a carclul inversion ol tho
surface, followed by tho harrow, oilier &c,
will fit tho earth for the reception ol the
eed. Ilut such farms aro few, and on all
otner, summer fallowing1 can alone be relied
on for the proper tillage of the soil. If the
soil is properly constituted, there is not the
east dancer of over ullage, and in summer
fallowing the true rule seems to be to plough I
till there is not a root, plant or seed left in
the ground to vegntate or interfere with the
crop, l realeu in tins way tne sou is tho
roughly cleaned, its particles divided and
xposed to atmospheric mtiuenccs, anu tno
ecotnposition of the animal matteis'is facil
itated In this country, wo as yet know
little of what would bo called summer fal
lowing ir. England or Belgium; although it
is nrobablo an improved agricultnrc will
render such examples less uncommon
among.us. Juno is not too early fir break
ing up lands, and from tho first operation,
the plough should bo used so as to prevent
vegetation of any kind on tho lallow. Ci
ivalor. THE TURNIP FLY.
Il is credibly tsserled lhat tho ravages of
this insect, which for years past has proved
so destructive to the turnip crop, may uo
effectually remedied by sprinkling the
youthful plants with house-ley or urine of
any Kind, in wn:cn tuiro or munaio ui buuu
has been dissolved. This remedy, if effec
tual, and wo have no scruple as to lis entire
efficacy, is certainly a cheap ono. Muriate
of soda is but another name for common
sail, and of nitre, the common salt-pelre of
the shops, overy larmer has usually a sup
ply on hanu. Wo havo-lriod this liquid on
a bed of onions, a portjpjfrpf which, not
withstanding tho carlinejjjKif tho season, had
been nearly destroyed by small black fly
or insect, with entire success. A single i ap
plication proving sufficient to frustrate their
oporatious and effectually to destroy all rel
ish for tho mlant plants, we hope mat
those of our farmers and gardeners who arc
so fortunate as lo possess tho requisite fa
cilities.for making this simple but important
experiment, will do so without delay. A
remedy lhat shall prove eueciusi in preeorv
ing the turnip plant from the ravages of this
pestiferous insect, would if promulgated, bo
worth thousands annually to iho State.
A poor married woman was telling a staid
lady, somewhat on tho wrong side ot liny
of some domestic troub es which she in
great part attributed to thp irregularities of
her husband. "Well," said the, old inaid,
'you have brought these troubles on J'oijV
self. I told von not to mairv him. I.was
suro ho Would not make you a 'goodilius-
band." "Ho is not a good ono, iq'Jjb sure.
madnm. ' replied tho woman, "but ho is a
great deal better than none al all,'
MuituuMS OF VA
Tim clrtH. r .1. . -
U.h ::n? I- ' " l" 0 BVS Genera, and
nt, ' : """nuurancoof its inhabl
inuicv centuries hence.
considered more a kin to romanci Z
Belonging lo actual reality. Lwpiied by tli,
llll !,0 c;ro,llas 'look tho crois,' and
mo; r;.- ,:".:!0 "si"
icrmiiiaiion, Urn wfopl l
llMlI I. . . , ...W.W1V
utc" 01U was born to her weak
with hatre.1. ,1,..,,... . " 7 ""gieu
i 1C L' N l)nli.r .... l 1
u-inr,. ir, .T "M"V " unmitigable, und
w S 1 be"eKe ridiculed that devotion
which brought womnii 1.. .1.- .
confided thecareofthobeu d c ly ,
expcrienco.t hat k. n. b ' 10
. ,, . ' uiusiasm 01 a super
..; 11 u"ce rollsctJ. o sacrifice is
o--., nu uutruig8 past endurance.
... .w LUllimuilLX- UCIH tfl onor..lo l:n.
it, II, O- .W..IUOICU,
-..u ,u,u,., uiicrwards to Gouvian St.
wyr, anu, ....any, ,0 AJarsflal AU(,ercau.
.k u,,u j..urjiice marked tho conduct
u, u. HIi -.3-oostinacy and conlempt
ul hnniTpr. Klfiunnna .1 ...,r..-!.. . 1
:-a--' 'iu ouuenng, charac
terized the exertions of the besieged. When
the castle of Monjuro was literally a hean
of ruins, ihn rnmiimi nrii. i
- '- - ui wic jarrison enter
en iiuu mc wwu. anu cairying
but loaded with cenades nmi
" " .""r ""-case irighllullv jn.
creased; but it was death even to name the
wo.d, capitulation.' Three practicable
breaches were open, and each wide enough
for 40 men to mount abreast. Thev were
repeatedly assaulted, and on ono occasion
liamilin nnmn n ,t ; i t . . - .. o M"
our times in
vo hours. Tho !?,i.
fought hand lo hand
with iho Spaniards;
and such was the fe
'impatient of tho lime iiniri 'L.l. ,' " Ll
their muskets, the defendant, n,.,u. ..5
stones from ho breach, and brained their
enemies with iheso readier weapons'' A
partial supply thrown into the citv l.v
while lfostairich, where -tho magazines
had been provided for the use of the
beleagurcd fortress, was seized by a
a French division under Genernl Pino, the
(own burnt, and the. provisions carried off
Famine was now awfully felt, and in
conseqeuenco disease became moro extend
ed and more malignant' i ho situation of
the inhabitants was hopeless, for the ingen
uity and weariness ot the besiegers prevent
ed tho possibility of succors being intro
duced' 'the opaniarus now died in such
numbers, chiefly of dysentery, that the
daily deaths, were never less than thirty
five, and sometimes amounted to seventy;
and the way to ihe burial piace was never
vacant. Augcread straightened the blockade
and that the garrison might neither follow
tho example of O Donnvl, nor receive any
supplics,however small, ho drew his lines,
strotched cords witn oeus aiong tne mier
spaces, and kept watch dogs at all tho posts,
Tho sullenngs already endured by tho
inhabitants almost exceeds belief, and the
official report delivered to Alvarez the
governor, by Samaniego, who was at tho
head of the medical staff, and has left
written record of the seise told-a frightful
tale of the horrors which reigned over that
brave and devoted city. lliaro did not
remain a single building in Gerona which
had not been injuied by tho bombardment;
not a houso was habitable: the people slept
in cellars, and vaults, and holes amid the
ruins, and it had not unfrequently happen
ed that tho wounded were killed 111 the
hospitals. Tho slreets wero broken up,
so that the rain water and the sewers
stagnated there; and thpe estitential vapors
which arose wero renucreu more noxious
by tho dead bodies which lay rotting amid
the rums. The seigo had now endured
seven months' Iho very dogs before bun
ger consumed them, had caused to follow
after kind; they did not even fawn upon
their masters; the almost incessant thunder
of artillery seemed lo maRo them sensi
bje of the state of tho city, and the uiina
tural atmosphere affected them as well as
human; it even affected vegetation; In the
garden within the walls tho fruits withered,
. . . ...LI. II I.-
and scarcely anv vegeiaaia couiu uo rais
Within die- last three week3 above five
hundred of tho garrison had died in the
hospitals; a dysentary was ragtng and
spreading; the sick wero lying upon tho
ground, without ueas, nunosv wunoui ioou,
and Ihero was scarcely fuel to dress tho
little wheat that remained, and the few
horses which yet unconsumcd; In this
wretched 6late, the skeleton of what had
been a garrison sallied, were successful for
a moment, bu't,.in turn wero, repulsed and
driven back' "ithis was a dying effort;
unablo even,tp inter the dead ono hundred
bodies lying oyer the giounu; naneu, couin
less, ana putrescent, anu uiu. gutomur uu
dor tho delirium or n fever, thoso of thd
inhabitants that remained, accepted honora
ble terms, and yielded all that was standinff
at Gerona. Maxwell' s Lfc of JFcMing-
CAN THIS BE JlfsTICfi,
As the sun shone down gaily ono morri
mg on tho crowded slreets of ihe great
metropolis, a drunkard came forth from 'a
Utile gfog shop where ho had passed tho
night' Jle stood and pondered. Ho was
racked by the agonies wMpIi mm-t, i. .
riod immediately subsequent lo a fit of in
toxication. Pain nnil turn. . t'.i.
despa.r, mortification, and deep disgust
With himself hurnt h Is cnni tIA .ti t
1 , ' "wmii uu JUH 1119
uegredation. With an llntvnnlcrl l.iiin-
ncss, thoughts of many clftnccs neglected
-of weeks spent in.riot-of the scorn of
he world, and tho superciliousness of
those called respectable, cui his heart with
a sharp grief. Heaving an inward groan,
he started off, and down a bye street id
walk away if possible such font fill ,nrt
. - - --.MB ft VllbVi
After a whilo his nnnnitfn
and ho wished for food. Wishing merely
was vain, for ho had not a rtd cent. In
an evil moment he vichlpd tn ii, .
e saw in a sma rnMri t i'
, b ; uicuu nil-
ed on a barrel top. He entered, and whilo
y u Uilrrci 'OP- Ho entered, and wi
llie owner was busy at the back shelf,
ravenous creature jiuBinod a loaf, i
made off with it. The 'keeper of tho C
cener nr ilm rn-
eery saw, him as he wcnUwliscovered life
heft and pursued the cri.ri?3al. Ho waa
Drought back, a nnlicnmnn naii.i ..
, ...... wUiii.u, UHU lilt!
deed substantiated by tho preseneo of the
used. So the thief was tnkpn ntr ,n
son, and being arraigned a few hours after
wards, was summarily ennviptp,!
on tenced to the customary place just out
f ihe city, there to remain fur mn,r
t hard labor and confinement.
. . " w muii r UaV D
JitllMS.tUe Lsamo hnur wliPfrin
mahogany. Jio-pc'rsonage who sat there
seemed of about middle size, rather short
and stout in figure, and head a little bald.
On a table near him lay a hat with a broad
brim. By the opposite side of tho tablo
stood a second gentleman, elegantly alliied,
and with a Iottly loolc th-a spoUc of pndo
And can the transfer be maoo without
iho others knowing it!' said the gentleman
in the chair.
As easy as speak, answered the other,
they never examine.'
'But they might examine.'
'I tell you, only pay them a handsome
dividend, and they'll rest easy rny length
Then tho middle aged geutleman put his
finger under his chin, and looked down a
'Have you not determined yetr asked
Iho personage standing.
Long ago, sir, long ago. Uut it is a
dangerous gamo, and must be played cau
tiously.' 'Well, shall wo lake this step or riotr
The bald man raised up, his twinkling
cyo moi iho eye of his companion, and-ihe
two looked at each other a moment there
was an evil fatabilitv in that look. Then
the stout gentleman bent his head gently
two or three times without spealcing.
The other understood him; ho smiled, and
turning, left the apartment.
Who, think you, wero iheyf l wo ras
cals of rank. The one seated was princi
pal officer of a monied institution the back
part parlor which was the sceno ol tho
incident just described. The second a
dealer in tho kind of article which die
institution had manufactured had como
there to have a private conference with tho
first. The subject of that conferencu was
a scheme for making a splendid forluno
jointly, by means of peculiar facilities for
cheating possessed by bntn.
Our narration must skip over interven
ing events, to the period when the conspi
racy of those two wicked men worked its
way out. The bubble burst. The master
hand had arranged things well, and thoy
Yet was the tempest a terrible ono I -Widows,
left with a narrow competence;
young children; sicfc people whose cases
were hopeless, but who might linger on for
many years; sailors away upon tho ocean;
mechanics, fishermen, whose earnings
were scant and dearly bought; serving
girls, keepers of small shops, young men
just commencing business, economical
doctors and clergymen in their novitiate,
all theso and a hundred more, had either
deposited money in tho institution, or wero
sufferers by its bankruptcy in other ways.
It would be an endless effort, almost to (ell
who was wronged.
Yet the tempest blew over after a time.